Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

The formation of porphyry copper


deposits
Acta Geochimica

March 2017, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 915

Weidong Sun (1) (2) (4) Email author (weidongsun@gig.ac.cn)


Jin-tuan Wang (3)
Li-peng Zhang (3)
Chan-chan Zhang (1)
He Li (1)
Ming-xing Ling (3)
Xing Ding (3)
Cong-ying Li (1)
Hua-ying Liang (1)

1. CAS Key Laboratory of Mineralogy and Metallogeny, Guangzhou Institute of


Geochemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China
2. CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, The Chinese Academy of
Sciences, Beijing, China
3. State Key Laboratory of Isotope Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,
The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China
4. Center of Deep Sea Research, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Qingdao, China

Original Article

First Online:
05 November 2016

Received:
22 August 2016
Revised:
28 September 2016
Accepted:
26 October 2016

DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4

Cite this article as:


Sun, W., Wang, J., Zhang, L. et al. Acta Geochim (2017) 36: 9. doi:10.1007/s11631-
016-0132-4

1 Citations
326 Downloads

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 1/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Abstract

Copper is a moderately incompatible chalcophile element. Its behavior is strongly


controlled by sulfides. The speciation of sulfur is controlled by oxygen fugacity.
Therefore, porphyry Cu deposits are usually oxidized (with oxygen fugacities > FMQ
+2) (Mungall 2002; Sun et al. 2015). The problem is that while most of the magmas at
convergent margins are highly oxidized, porphyry Cu deposits are very rare, suggesting
that high oxygen fugacity alone is not sufficient. Partial melting of mantle peridotite even
at very high oxygen fugacities forms arc magmas with initial Cu contents too low to form
porphyry Cu deposits directly (Lee et al. 2012; Wilkinson 2013). Here we show that
partial melting of subducted young oceanic slabs at high oxygen fugacity (>FMQ +2)
may form magmas with initial Cu contents up to >500 ppm, favorable for porphyry
mineralization. Pre-enrichment of Cu through sulfide saturation and accumulation is not
necessarily beneficial to porphyry Cu mineralization. In contrast, re-melting of
porphyritic hydrothermal sulfide associated with iron oxides may have major
contributions to porphyry deposits. Thick overriding continental crust reduces the
leakage of hydrothermal fluids, thereby promoting porphyry mineralization.
Nevertheless, it is also more difficult for ore forming fluids to penetrate the thick
continental crust to reach the depths of 24 km where porphyry deposits form.

Keywords

Porphyry Cu deposit Oxygen fugacity Slab melting Sulfide Sulfate Solubility

References

Ballard JR, Palin JM, Campbell IH (2002) Relative oxidation states of magmas inferred
from Ce(IV)/Ce(III) in zircon: application to porphyry copper deposits of northern Chile.
Contrib Mineral Petrol 144:347364. doi:10.1007/s00410-002-0402-5
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00410-002-0402-5)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00410-002-0402-5)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Relative%20oxidation%20states%20of%20magmas%20inferred%20from%20Ce%
28IV%29%2FCe%28III%29%20in%20zircon%3A%20application%20to%20porphyry%2
0copper%20deposits%20of%20northern%20Chile&author=JR.%20Ballard&author=JM
.%20Palin&author=IH.%20Campbell&journal=Contrib%20Mineral%20Petrol&volume=
144&pages=347-364&publication_year=2002&doi=10.1007%2Fs00410-002-0402-5)
Ballhaus C (1993) Oxidation states of the lithospheric and asthenospheric upper mantle.
Contrib Miner Petrol 114:331348
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01046536)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Oxidation%20states%20of%20the%20lithospheric%20and%20asthenospheric%20
upper%20mantle&author=C.%20Ballhaus&journal=Contrib%20Miner%20Petrol&volu
me=114&pages=331-348&publication_year=1993)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 2/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Bryant JA, Yogodzinski GM, Churikova TG (2007) Melt-mantle interactions beneath the
Kamchatka arc: evidence from ultramafic xenoliths from Shiveluch volcano. Geochem
Geophys Geosyst 8:ISI:000246140400001
Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/scholar?
q=Bryant%20JA%2C%20Yogodzinski%20GM%2C%20Churikova%20TG%20%282007%
29%20Melt-
mantle%20interactions%20beneath%20the%20Kamchatka%20arc%3A%20evidence%2
0from%20ultramafic%20xenoliths%20from%20Shiveluch%20volcano.%20Geochem%2
0Geophys%20Geosyst%208%3AISI%3A000246140400001)
Chiaradia M (2014) Copper enrichment in arc magmas controlled by overriding plate
thickness. Nat Geosci 7:4346. doi:10.1038/Ngeo2028
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/Ngeo2028)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2028)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Copper%20enrichment%20in%20arc%20magmas%20controlled%20by%20overrid
ing%20plate%20thickness&author=M.%20Chiaradia&journal=Nat%20Geosci&volume=
7&pages=43-46&publication_year=2014&doi=10.1038%2FNgeo2028)
Chiaradia M, Ulianov A, Kouzmanov K, Beate B (2012) Why large porphyry Cu deposits
like high Sr/Y magmas? Sci Rep 2. doi:10.1038/srep00685
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00685)
Cooke DR, Hollings P, Walsh JL (2005) Giant porphyry deposits: characteristics,
distribution, and tectonic controls. Econ Geol 100:801818
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.100.5.801)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Giant%20porphyry%20deposits%3A%20characteristics%2C%20distribution%2C%
20and%20tectonic%20controls&author=DR.%20Cooke&author=P.%20Hollings&author
=JL.%20Walsh&journal=Econ%20Geol&volume=100&pages=801-
818&publication_year=2005)
Jenner FE, ONeill HSC, Arculus RJ, Mavrogenes JA (2010) The magnetite crisis in the
evolution of arc-related magmas and the initial concentration of Au, Ag and Cu. J Petrol
51:24452464. doi:10.1093/petrology/egq063
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egq063)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egq063)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20magnetite%20crisis%20in%20the%20evolution%20of%20arc-
related%20magmas%20and%20the%20initial%20concentration%20of%20Au%2C%20A
g%20and%20Cu&author=FE.%20Jenner&author=HSC.%20O%E2%80%99Neill&author
=RJ.%20Arculus&author=JA.%20Mavrogenes&journal=J%20Petrol&volume=51&pages
=2445-2464&publication_year=2010&doi=10.1093%2Fpetrology%2Fegq063)
Jugo PJ (2009) Sulfur content at sulfide saturation in oxidized magmas. Geology 37:415
418. doi:10.1130/g25527a.1 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/g25527a.1)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G25527A.1)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Sulfur%20content%20at%20sulfide%20saturation%20in%20oxidized%20magmas
&author=PJ.%20Jugo&journal=Geology&volume=37&pages=415-
418&publication_year=2009&doi=10.1130%2Fg25527a.1)
Jugo PJ, Luth RW, Richards JP (2005) Experimental data on the speciation of sulfur as a
function of oxygen fugacity in basaltic melts. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 69:497503.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 3/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.07.011 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2004.07.011)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2004.07.011)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Experimental%20data%20on%20the%20speciation%20of%20sulfur%20as%20a%
20function%20of%20oxygen%20fugacity%20in%20basaltic%20melts&author=PJ.%20J
ugo&author=RW.%20Luth&author=JP.%20Richards&journal=Geochim%20Cosmochim
%20Acta&volume=69&pages=497-
503&publication_year=2005&doi=10.1016%2Fj.gca.2004.07.011)
Jugo PJ, Wilke M, Botcharnikov RE (2010) Sulfur K-edge XANES analysis of natural and
synthetic basaltic glasses: implications for S speciation and S content as function of
oxygen fugacity. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74:59265938
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.07.022)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?title=Sulfur%20K-
edge%20XANES%20analysis%20of%20natural%20and%20synthetic%20basaltic%20gla
sses%3A%20implications%20for%20S%20speciation%20and%20S%20content%20as%
20function%20of%20oxygen%20fugacity&author=PJ.%20Jugo&author=M.%20Wilke&
author=RE.%20Botcharnikov&journal=Geochim%20Cosmochim%20Acta&volume=74&
pages=5926-5938&publication_year=2010)
Kelley KA, Cottrell E (2009) Water and the oxidation state of subduction zone magmas.
Science 325:605607
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1174156)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Water%20and%20the%20oxidation%20state%20of%20subduction%20zone%20m
agmas&author=KA.%20Kelley&author=E.%20Cottrell&journal=Science&volume=325&
pages=605-607&publication_year=2009)
Lee CTA (2014) Copper conundrums. Nat Geosci 7:1011. doi:10.1038/ngeo2039
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2039)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2039)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Copper%20conundrums&author=CTA.%20Lee&journal=Nat%20Geosci&volume=
7&pages=10-11&publication_year=2014&doi=10.1038%2Fngeo2039)
Lee CTA, Luffi P, Le Roux V, Dasgupta R, Albarede F, Leeman WP (2010) The redox state
of arc mantle using Zn/Fe systematics. Nature 468:681685
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09617)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20redox%20state%20of%20arc%20mantle%20using%20Zn%2FFe%20syste
matics&author=CTA.%20Lee&author=P.%20Luffi&author=V.%20Roux&author=R.%20
Dasgupta&author=F.%20Albarede&author=WP.%20Leeman&journal=Nature&volume=
468&pages=681-685&publication_year=2010)
Lee CTA et al (2012) Copper systematics in arc magmas and implications for crust-
mantle differentiation. Science 336:6468. doi:10.1126/science.1217313
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1217313)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1217313)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Copper%20systematics%20in%20arc%20magmas%20and%20implications%20for
%20crust-
mantle%20differentiation&author=CTA.%20Lee&journal=Science&volume=336&pages
=64-68&publication_year=2012&doi=10.1126%2Fscience.1217313)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 4/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Lee C-TA, Lee TC, Wu C-T (2014) Modeling the compositional evolution of recharging,
evacuating, and fractionating (REFC) magma chambers: Implications for differentiation
of arc magmas. Geochim Cosmochim Acta doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.08.009
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2013.08.009)
Mavrogenes JA, ONeill HSC (1999) The relative effects of pressure, temperature and
oxygen fugacity on the solubility of sulfide in mafic magmas. Geochim Cosmochim Acta
63:11731180. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00289-0 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-
7037(98)00289-0)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00289-0)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20relative%20effects%20of%20pressure%2C%20temperature%20and%20ox
ygen%20fugacity%20on%20the%20solubility%20of%20sulfide%20in%20mafic%20mag
mas&author=JA.%20Mavrogenes&author=HSC.%20O%E2%80%99Neill&journal=Geoc
him%20Cosmochim%20Acta&volume=63&pages=1173-
1180&publication_year=1999&doi=10.1016%2FS0016-7037%2898%2900289-0)
McDonough WF, Sun SS (1995) The Composition of the Earth. Chem Geol 120:223253
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2541(94)00140-4)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20Composition%20of%20the%20Earth&author=WF.%20McDonough&autho
r=SS.%20Sun&journal=Chem%20Geol&volume=120&pages=223-
253&publication_year=1995)
Moss R, Scott SD, Binns RA (2001) Gold content of eastern Manus basin volcanic rocks:
implications for enrichment in associated hydrothermal precipitates. Econ Geol Bull Soc
Econ Geol 96:91107. doi:10.2113/96.1.91 (http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/96.1.91)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Gold%20content%20of%20eastern%20Manus%20basin%20volcanic%20rocks%3A
%20implications%20for%20enrichment%20in%20associated%20hydrothermal%20prec
ipitates&author=R.%20Moss&author=SD.%20Scott&author=RA.%20Binns&journal=Ec
on%20Geol%20Bull%20Soc%20Econ%20Geol&volume=96&pages=91-
107&publication_year=2001&doi=10.2113%2F96.1.91)
Mungall JE (2002) Roasting the mantle: slab melting and the genesis of major Au and
Au-rich Cu deposits. Geology 30:915918
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-
7613(2002)030<0915%3ARTMSMA>2.0.CO%3B2)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Roasting%20the%20mantle%3A%20slab%20melting%20and%20the%20genesis%
20of%20major%20Au%20and%20Au-
rich%20Cu%20deposits&author=JE.%20Mungall&journal=Geology&volume=30&pages
=915-918&publication_year=2002)
Ni HW, Keppler H (2012) In-situ Raman spectroscopic study of sulfur speciation in
oxidized magmatic-hydrothermal fluids. Am Mineral 97:13481353
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2012.4003)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?title=In-
situ%20Raman%20spectroscopic%20study%20of%20sulfur%20speciation%20in%20oxi
dized%20magmatic-
hydrothermal%20fluids&author=HW.%20Ni&author=H.%20Keppler&journal=Am%20
Mineral&volume=97&pages=1348-1353&publication_year=2012)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 5/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Oyarzun R, Marquez A, Lillo J, Lopez I, Rivera S (2001) Giant versus small porphyry
copper deposits of Cenozoic age in northern Chile: adakitic versus normal calc-alkaline
magmatism. Mineralium Deposita 36:794798
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001260100205)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Giant%20versus%20small%20porphyry%20copper%20deposits%20of%20Cenozoi
c%20age%20in%20northern%20Chile%3A%20adakitic%20versus%20normal%20calc-
alkaline%20magmatism&author=R.%20Oyarzun&author=A.%20Marquez&author=J.%2
0Lillo&author=I.%20Lopez&author=S.%20Rivera&journal=Mineralium%20Deposita&v
olume=36&pages=794-798&publication_year=2001)
Parkinson IJ, Arculus RJ (1999) The redox state of subduction zones: insights from arc-
peridotites. Chem Geol 160:409423
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00110-2)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20redox%20state%20of%20subduction%20zones%3A%20insights%20from
%20arc-
peridotites&author=IJ.%20Parkinson&author=RJ.%20Arculus&journal=Chem%20Geol
&volume=160&pages=409-423&publication_year=1999)
Patten C, Barnes SJ, Mathez EA, Jenner FE (2013) Partition coefficients of chalcophile
elements between sulfide and silicate melts and the early crystallization history of sulfide
liquid: LA-ICP-MS analysis of MORB sulfide droplets. Chem Geol 358:170188.
doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.08.040
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.08.040)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.08.040)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Partition%20coefficients%20of%20chalcophile%20elements%20between%20sulfid
e%20and%20silicate%20melts%20and%20the%20early%20crystallization%20history%
20of%20sulfide%20liquid%3A%20LA-ICP-
MS%20analysis%20of%20MORB%20sulfide%20droplets&author=C.%20Patten&author
=SJ.%20Barnes&author=EA.%20Mathez&author=FE.%20Jenner&journal=Chem%20G
eol&volume=358&pages=170-
188&publication_year=2013&doi=10.1016%2Fj.chemgeo.2013.08.040)
Richards JP (2011) High Sr/Y arc magmas and porphyry Cu Mo Au deposits: just add
water. Econ Geol 106:10751081
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/econgeo.106.7.1075)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=High%20Sr%2FY%20arc%20magmas%20and%20porphyry%20Cu%C2%A0%C2%
B1%C2%A0Mo%C2%A0%C2%B1%C2%A0Au%20deposits%3A%20just%20add%20wate
r&author=JP.%20Richards&journal=Econ%20Geol&volume=106&pages=1075-
1081&publication_year=2011)
Richards JP (2013) Giant ore deposits formed by optimal alignments and combinations
of geological processes. Nat Geosci 6:911916. doi:10.1038/ngeo1920
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1920)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1920)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Giant%20ore%20deposits%20formed%20by%20optimal%20alignments%20and%
20combinations%20of%20geological%20processes&author=JP.%20Richards&journal=

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 6/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Nat%20Geosci&volume=6&pages=911-
916&publication_year=2013&doi=10.1038%2Fngeo1920)
Rudnick RL, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. In: Heinrich DH,
Turekian KK (eds) Treatise on geochemistry, vol 3. Pergamon, Oxford, pp 164
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-043751-6/03016-4)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Composition%20of%20the%20continental%20crust&author=RL.%20Rudnick&aut
hor=S.%20Gao&pages=1-64&publication_year=2003)
Sajona FG, Maury RC (1998) Association of adakites with gold and copper mineralization
in the Philippines. Comptes Rendus de lAcademie des Sciences-Series IIA-Earth and
Planetary Science 326:2734
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Association%20of%20adakites%20with%20gold%20and%20copper%20mineraliza
tion%20in%20the%20Philippines&author=FG.%20Sajona&author=RC.%20Maury&jour
nal=Comptes%20Rendus%20de%20l%E2%80%99Academie%20des%20Sciences-
Series%20IIA-Earth%20and%20Planetary%20Science&volume=326&pages=27-
34&publication_year=1998)
Sillitoe RH (2010) Porphyry copper systems. Econ Geol 105:341
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.105.1.3)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Porphyry%20copper%20systems&author=RH.%20Sillitoe&journal=Econ%20Geol
&volume=105&pages=3-41&publication_year=2010)
Sun WD, Bennett VC, Eggins SM, Arculus RJ, Perfit MR (2003) Rhenium systematics in
submarine MORB and back-arc basin glasses: laser ablation ICP-MS results. Chem Geol
196:259281
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(02)00416-3)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Rhenium%20systematics%20in%20submarine%20MORB%20and%20back-
arc%20basin%20glasses%3A%20laser%20ablation%20ICP-
MS%20results&author=WD.%20Sun&author=VC.%20Bennett&author=SM.%20Eggins
&author=RJ.%20Arculus&author=MR.%20Perfit&journal=Chem%20Geol&volume=196
&pages=259-281&publication_year=2003)
Sun WD, Arculus RJ, Kamenetsky VS, Binns RA (2004) Release of gold-bearing fluids in
convergent margin magmas prompted by magnetite crystallization. Nature 431:975978.
doi:10.1038/Nature02972 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/Nature02972)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02972)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Release%20of%20gold-
bearing%20fluids%20in%20convergent%20margin%20magmas%20prompted%20by%2
0magnetite%20crystallization&author=WD.%20Sun&author=RJ.%20Arculus&author=
VS.%20Kamenetsky&author=RA.%20Binns&journal=Nature&volume=431&pages=975-
978&publication_year=2004&doi=10.1038%2FNature02972)
Sun WD et al (2007a) Chlorine in submarine volcanic glasses from the eastern Manus
basin. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 71:15421552
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.12.003)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Chlorine%20in%20submarine%20volcanic%20glasses%20from%20the%20eastern

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 7/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

%20Manus%20basin&author=WD.%20Sun&journal=Geochim%20Cosmochim%20Acta
&volume=71&pages=1542-1552&publication_year=2007)
Sun XM et al (2007b) Monazite, iron oxide and barite exsolutions in apatite aggregates
from CCSD drillhole eclogites and their geological implications. Geochim Cosmochim
Acta 71:28962905
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.12.003)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Monazite%2C%20iron%20oxide%20and%20barite%20exsolutions%20in%20apati
te%20aggregates%20from%20CCSD%20drillhole%20eclogites%20and%20their%20geol
ogical%20implications&author=XM.%20Sun&journal=Geochim%20Cosmochim%20Act
a&volume=71&pages=2896-2905&publication_year=2007)
Sun WD et al (2011) The genetic association of adakites and Cu-Au ore deposits. Int Geol
Rev 53:691703. doi:10.1080/00206814.2010.507362
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00206814.2010.507362)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00206814.2010.507362)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20genetic%20association%20of%20adakites%20and%20Cu-
Au%20ore%20deposits&author=WD.%20Sun&journal=Int%20Geol%20Rev&volume=5
3&pages=691-703&publication_year=2011&doi=10.1080%2F00206814.2010.507362)
Sun WD et al (2012) Geochemical constraints on adakites of different origins and copper
mineralization. J Geol 120:105120. doi:10.1086/662736
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/662736)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/662736)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Geochemical%20constraints%20on%20adakites%20of%20different%20origins%2
0and%20copper%20mineralization&author=WD.%20Sun&journal=J%20Geol&volume
=120&pages=105-120&publication_year=2012&doi=10.1086%2F662736)
Sun WD et al (2013) The link between reduced porphyry copper deposits and oxidized
magmas. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 103:263275. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.10.054
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2012.10.054)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2012.10.054)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=The%20link%20between%20reduced%20porphyry%20copper%20deposits%20and
%20oxidized%20magmas&author=WD.%20Sun&journal=Geochim%20Cosmochim%20
Acta&volume=103&pages=263-
275&publication_year=2013&doi=10.1016%2Fj.gca.2012.10.054)
Sun WD et al (2015) Porphyry deposits and oxidized magmas. Ore Geol Rev 65:97131
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2014.09.004)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Porphyry%20deposits%20and%20oxidized%20magmas&author=WD.%20Sun&jou
rnal=Ore%20Geol%20Rev&volume=65&pages=97-131&publication_year=2015)
Thieblemont D, Stein G, Lescuyer JL (1997) Epithermal and porphyry deposits: the
adakite connection Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii Fascicule a-
Sciences De La Terre Et Des Planetes 325:103109
Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/scholar?
q=Thieblemont%20D%2C%20Stein%20G%2C%20Lescuyer%20JL%20%281997%29%2
0Epithermal%20and%20porphyry%20deposits%3A%20the%20adakite%20connection%
20Comptes%20Rendus%20De%20L%20Academie%20Des%20Sciences%20Serie%20Ii

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 8/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

%20Fascicule%20a-
Sciences%20De%20La%20Terre%20Et%20Des%20Planetes%20325%3A103%E2%80%
93109)
Wilkinson JJ (2013) Triggers for the formation of porphyry ore deposits in magmatic
arcs. Nat Geosci 6:917925. doi:10.1038/Ngeo1940
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/Ngeo1940)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1940)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=Triggers%20for%20the%20formation%20of%20porphyry%20ore%20deposits%20
in%20magmatic%20arcs&author=JJ.%20Wilkinson&journal=Nat%20Geosci&volume=
6&pages=917-925&publication_year=2013&doi=10.1038%2FNgeo1940)
Zhang H et al (2013) High oxygen fugacity and slab melting linked to Cu mineralization:
evidence from Dexing Porphyry copper deposits, Southeastern China. J Geol 121:289
305. doi:10.1086/669975 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/669975)
CrossRef (http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/669975)
Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?
title=High%20oxygen%20fugacity%20and%20slab%20melting%20linked%20to%20Cu
%20mineralization%3A%20evidence%20from%20Dexing%20Porphyry%20copper%20d
eposits%2C%20Southeastern%20China&author=H.%20Zhang&journal=J%20Geol&vol
ume=121&pages=289-305&publication_year=2013&doi=10.1086%2F669975)

Funding information
Funding
Funder Name Grant Number
Note
Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese
IS-XXXX
Academy of Sciences

91328204
National Natural Science Foundation of China
41090374

National Natural Science Foundation of China (CN) 41121002

KZCX1-
Chinese Academy of Sciences
YW-15

Copyright information
Science Press, Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin
Heidelberg 2016

About this article

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 9/10
7/10/2017 The formation of porphyry copper deposits | SpringerLink

Publisher Name Science Press


Print ISSN 2096-0956
Online ISSN 2365-7499

About this journal


Reprints and Permissions

Personalised recommendations

2017 Springer International Publishing AG. Part of Springer Nature.

Not logged in Not affiliated 103.30.114.218

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11631-016-0132-4 10/10