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Comparative Health Behaviors between Athlete

Students and Non-Athlete Students of Burapha


University 2016
Phanudulkitti C.*, Auamnoy T.**, Rungpanich S.***, Tantayanukol A.*** and Wechasetthanont B.***
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Burapha University, Chonburi, Thailand
*Major advisor and corresponding author: Chamipa@go.buu.ac.th, **Co-advisor, ***Fifth year pharmacy student

Abstract
Objective: To investigate athlete and non-athlete students of Burapha university 2016 in 3 aspects: 1.Health behavior characteristics 2.Compared health
behavior between athlete and non-athlete students and 3.Determined prediction factors of health behavior of Burapha university students.Method: A
cross-sectional survey research was conducted via questionnaire. The population frame was undergraduate students of Burapha university 2016.
Respondents(n=350) were divided into 2 groups (175 each), athlete students and non-athlete students. A non-probability, quota-purposive sampling was
performed. Result: 100% respondents participated in this study. Inference statistics confirmed that male got more physical activity and smoked cigarette
then female (ANOVA, p=0.000). General sciences students had better mental and emotional health than Social science students (ANOVA, p=0.047).
General sciences student had better physical activity than Health sciences students (ANOVA, p=0.040). Athlete students got more health impediments to
academic performance than non-athlete students (ANOVA, p=0.002). In contrast, non-athlete students got more physical activity and tobacco using than
athlete students (ANOVA, p=0.000 and 0.011 respectively). MRA approved 2 significant predictors of health behaviors were: gender and BMI (p= 0.004 and
0.014 respectively). The model was demonstrated in Beta equation: ZHealth Behavior = 0.157ZMale** - 0.135ZBMI** - 0.008ZGPAX + 0.063ZIncome < 4,000 baht -
0.135ZIncome 4,001- 6,000 baht - 0.172ZIncome 6,001- 8,000 baht - 0.073ZIncome 8,001-10,000 baht + 0.065ZGeneral sciences faculties group + 0.109ZSocial sciences faculties group
Conclusion: Health behavior of athlete students were better than non-athlete students. Gender and BMI were significant predictors of health behavior.

Introduction Results Table 2. Coefficients

In the present, Many people regard as 350 samples (100%) were response. 193
health behavior such as exercise for (55.14%) were male and 157 (44.86%) were
make them healthy.This study aims to female. Age between 18-22 years. 118
compare health behavior between (33.71%) had Income 4,000 - 6,000 baht.
athlete and non-athlete students and 207 (59.14%) had body mass index(BMI)
determine prediction factors of health between 18.50 - 22.99 (Normal range).
behavior of Burapha university students. Cronbach alpha of Health impediments to
academic performance Mental health scale
Conceptual Frame Work Physical activity and Substance abuse and Hierarchical Stepwise Multiple Regression
tobacco use were 0.872, 0.815, 0.740 and Analysis verified that the two predictors of
0.820 respectively. Athlete students had Health Behavior Model were male and
better health impediments, and physical good body mass indexr (Beta +0.157,
activity than non-athlete students. (ANOVA, p=0.004 and Beta -0.298, p=0.014
p=0.002 respectively). The prediction model was:
and 0.000 respectively). Non-athlete
ZHealth Behavior = 0.157ZMale** - 0.135ZBMI**
students consumed substance abuse and
- 0.008ZGPAX + 0.063ZIncome < 4,000 baht
smoked cigarette than athlete students
- 0.135ZIncome 4,001- 6,000 baht - 0.172ZIncome 6,001-
(ANOVA, p=0.011).
8,000 baht
- 0.073ZIncome 8,001-10,000 baht +
0.065ZGeneral sciences faculties group + 0.109ZSocial
Table 1. Correlation Matrix
Methods sciences faculties group

A cross-sectional survey research was Conclusions


conducted via questionnaire. The
population frame was undergraduate Health behaviors of athlete students
students of Burapha University 2016. were better than non-athlete
Sample size was calculated according to students.The strongest and significant
Hair et al 2010 yield n=350. Respondents predictors of The Health Behavior
were divided into 2 groups (175 each), model were gender and BMI.
athlete students and non-athlete students.
A non-probability, quota sampling was Questions
used to collect data. The 4-page
questionnaire (21 questions) was divided Available upon request at
into (4) parts: 1. Demographic data - age, * significant level at p<0.05, chamipa@go.buu.ac.th
gender, weight, height, body mass index, ** significant level at p< 0.01 titinun@go.buu.ac.th and/or
faculties, income and Grade Point 55210088@go.buu.ac.th
Average (GPAX). 2. General health 3. Pearsons correlation confirmed that good
Health impediments to academic body mass index had a significant positive
Acknowledgments
performance 4. Mental health scale 5. correlation with health behavior (r+0.046,
Mental and emotional health 6. Nutrition, p< 0.01) On the other hand, GPAX and
Income more had a significant negative The authors would like to acknowledge
including disordered eating 7. Physical Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
activity and 8. Substance abuse and correlation with health behavior (r-0.157,
Burapha university.
tobacco use p< 0.01, r-0.104, p< 0.01, r-0.095, p<0.05
and -0.011, p<0.05 respectively)

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