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SOHAR REFINERY IM

MPROVEMEN
NT PROJECT
(S
SRIP)

CONTRAC
CT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022
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SPEC
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AINTING & LETT
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611

DOCUMENT
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3C ISSUED FOR APPROVAL 17-SEP--2014 Y.B.K Y.S.Y
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3B ISSUED FOR APPROVAL 08-AUG--2014 Y.B.K
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3A ISSUED FOR APPROVAL 10-JUL--2014 Y.B.K K.H.S M.Y.L Y.S.Y

3 ISS
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S-000-53A0-0
S 01 Rev. No
o. 5 Date: 12/06
6/15 Page 1 of 43
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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

REVISION HISTORY

Revision Purpose Total Number List of Updated/Modified Sections


Number of Sheets (if any)
3A Issued for Approval
3B Issued for Approval 9 6.1.7, 6.4.4, 6.6.4, 9.1.2, 9.1.9,
Attachment 1.0, 2.4, 2.10, 4, 5
3C Issued for Approval 1 Attachment 2.4
4 Issued for Construction
4A Issued for Construction 3 Attachment 1.0, 5.0
5 Revised for Construction 4 3.4.2, 6.8.1, Attach.2.6, Attach.2.7

HOLD LIST

Hold No. Para / Page Description

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Table of Contents
Contents Page

1.0 SCOPE ...................................................................................................................................................... 5


1.1 DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................................. 5
2.0 OBLIGATIONS/RESPONSIBILITIES ....................................................................................................... 5
3.0 DESIGN ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
3.1 PROJECT ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 6
3.2 CODES AND STANDARDS ........................................................................................................... 6
3.3 COMPARISON TABLE STANDARDS FOR VISUAL ASSESSMENT OF SURFACES ........... 7
3.4 EXCLUSIONS................................................................................................................................. 7
3.5 TEMPORARY CORROSION PREVENTION ................................................................................. 8
3.6 HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT .......................................................................................... 8
3.7 DURABILITY OF PAINT SYSTEMS .............................................................................................. 8
4.0 SURFACE PREPARATION ...................................................................................................................... 9
4.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................................... 9
5.0 PAINT MATERIAL PREPARATION....................................................................................................... 10
5.1 STORAGE .................................................................................................................................... 10
5.2 PACKING ..................................................................................................................................... 10
5.3 MIXING ......................................................................................................................................... 10
5.4 THINNERS AND SOLVENTS ...................................................................................................... 10
6.0 SELECTION OF PAINT SYSTEMS........................................................................................................ 11
6.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................... 11
6.2 PIPING AND EQUIPMENT .......................................................................................................... 11
6.3 PIPE SUPPORTS ......................................................................................................................... 11
6.4 STRUCTURAL STEEL ................................................................................................................. 12
6.5 GALVANIZING ............................................................................................................................. 12
6.6 MACHINERY, PACKAGE UNITS, ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENT ITEMS AND VALVES ...... 12
6.7 STAINLESS STEEL ..................................................................................................................... 13
6.8 FIELD ERECTED TANKS ............................................................................................................ 13
7.0 APPLICATION ........................................................................................................................................ 13
7.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................... 13
7.2 WORKMANSHIP .......................................................................................................................... 13
7.3 PAINTING CONDITIONS ............................................................................................................. 14
7.4 DRY FILM THICKNESS ............................................................................................................... 14
7.5 MULTIPLE COATS ...................................................................................................................... 14
7.6 COMPATIBILITY .......................................................................................................................... 14
7.7 REPAIR OF DAMAGED PRIMERS AND COATINGS ................................................................ 15
8.0 HANDLING OF SHOP COATED PIPING, EQUIPMENT AND STRUCTURAL STEEL ........................ 15
9.0 INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL .............................................................................................. 15
9.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................... 15
10.0 GUARANTEE .......................................................................................................................................... 18
11.0 FINAL COLORS AND LETTERING ....................................................................................................... 19
11.1 FINAL COLORS ........................................................................................................................... 19
11.2 LETTERING OF PIPING & EQUIPMENT .................................................................................... 19
ATTACHMENT 1.0 PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION TABLE .......................................................................... 28
ATTACHMENT 2.1 PAINT SYSTEM A ......................................................................................................... 30

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.2 PAINT SYSTEM B ......................................................................................................... 31


ATTACHMENT 2.3 PAINT SYSTEM C ......................................................................................................... 32
ATTACHMENT 2.4 PAINT SYSTEM D ......................................................................................................... 33
ATTACHMENT 2.5 PAINT SYSTEM E.......................................................................................................... 34
ATTACHMENT 2.6 PAINT SYSTEM F .......................................................................................................... 35
ATTACHMENT 2.7 PAINT SYSTEM G ......................................................................................................... 36
ATTACHMENT 2.8 PAINT SYSTEM H ......................................................................................................... 37
ATTACHMENT 2.9 PAINT SYSTEM I ........................................................................................................... 38
ATTACHMENT 2.10 PAINT SYSTEM J ........................................................................................................ 39
ATTACHMENT 3.0 PRIMER AND PAINT MANUFACTURERS ................................................................... 40
ATTACHMENT 4.0 FINISH COAT COLOR TABLE ..................................................................................... 41
ATTACHMENT 5.0 PAINT SYSTEM SUMMARY ......................................................................................... 43

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

1.0 SCOPE
This specification covers the minimum requirements for lettering, shop and field painting including
surface preparation, application, materials, touch-up painting, inspection of painting for plant
components such as new equipment, piping, structures, tanks and other items installed in an industrial
& coastal environment.

1.1 DEFINITIONS
For this specification the following definitions are applicable.

Client Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company LLC, the ultimate


owner/user of the plant and its components, or its delegate.
EPC Contractor Wherever Client is mentioned in the subsequent pages, it shall be
replaced with EPC Contractor/Client

Paint manufacturer (or Paint Supplier) Is defined as the party who manufactures or
supplies paint and paint materials (see attachment 3 Approved
primer and paint manufacturers).

Paint applicator The party who is responsible for carrying out painting activities

shall is to be understood as mandatory

should is to be understood as strongly recommended

may be is to be understood as giving a freedom of choice

Carbon Steel or CS Stands for any Carbon Steel containing up to 2% carbon and low-
alloy steels, containing up to 5% chromium or 3% nickel.

Stainless Steel or SS Stands for all types of Stainless Steel.

Shop Application Stands for the application of painting systems in a dedicated paint
shop, under controlled conditions.

Field Application Stands for all painting systems applied at the jobsite.
(at field shop / at field)

Note: Protective coating and paint - used synonymously throughout this specification.

2.0 OBLIGATIONS/RESPONSIBILITIES
All painting shall comply with this specification. All deviations shall be approved by Client or its delegate.
For guarantees reference is made to Chapter 10 Guarantees.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

3.0 DESIGN

3.1 PROJECT ENVIRONMENT


The Sohar Refinery Expansion Project will be located on a plot near the existing Sohar Refinery of
ORPC, Sohar Refinery is located in the Sohar Industrial Area (SIA). SIA is a newly developed industrial
estate for accommodating the latest technology industries in Sohar, which is facing Gulf of Oman and
230 km North West of Muscat. The applicable site conditions have been specified in document S-000-
5222-001 Project Basis of Design.
With reference to ISO 12944-2 (1998), the atmospheric environment is identified as Very High Marine,
i.e. atmospheric corrosivity category C5-M (= Highest Possible Category). For site conditions reference
is made to the applicable Site- & Utility datasheet / specification.

3.2 CODES AND STANDARDS


The latest edition of the following codes and standards, including applicable addenda, form a part of
this specification to the extent specified herein.
SSPC Society for Protective Coatings (USA).
NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers (USA). Book of standards.
ISO 1461 Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and Steel articles
ISO 10684 Fasteners Hot dip galvanized coatings.
ISO 8501-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related
products. Visual assessment of surface cleanliness. Part 1: Rust
grades and preparation grades.
ISO 8502 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related
products Test for assessment of surface cleanliness. Part 1 -12
ISO 8503 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related
products Surface roughness characteristics of blast-cleaned steel
substrates. Part 1 - 5.
ISO 8504 Preparation of steel surfaces before application of paints and related
products Surface preparation methods. Part 1 3.
ISO 2409 Paint and varnishes Cross cut test.
ISO 2808 Paint and varnishes Determination of film thickness.
ISO 4624 Paint and varnishes Pull-off test adhesion.
ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems.
ISO 12944 Paints & Varnishes Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by
Protective Paint Systems (Part 1-8) 1998.
ISO 4628 1-5 Paint and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of coatings
ISO 6743-8 Lubricants, Industrial oils and related products (Class L)
Classification Part 8: family R.
BS 6413 Lubricants, Industrial oils and related products (Class L) Classification
Part 8: family R.
BS 1133 Packaging codes.
BS 1710 Specification for identification of pipelines and services.
Munsell Color standard.
RAL Color standard from the RAL German Institute (seawater intake area).
OSHA Safety Colour.
ASTM A 123 Std. specification for zinc (hot dip galvanized) coating on iron & steel.
ASTM A 780 Std. practice for repair of damaged & uncoated area of hot-dip
galvanized coatings.
ASME B31.3-2002 Process Piping.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

The order of precedence shall be the latest revision of the following:


1. National and / or local regulations, standards and codes.
2. This Project specification.
3. Licensor requirements
4. Other Project Specifications and standards
The most stringent requirement of 2 and 3 shall be applied.
Any conflict not solved by the order of precedence shall be referred to Client in writing for clarification
and resolution.

3.3 COMPARISON TABLE STANDARDS FOR VISUAL ASSESSMENT OF SURFACES

NACE ISO 8501-1 SSPC DEFINITION


- VIS 1 Visual standard for dry abrasive blast cleaned steel
- VIS 3 Visual standard for power & hand tool cleaned steel
- SP 1 Solvent Cleaning
St 2 SP 2 Hand Tool Cleaning
St 3 SP 3 Power Tool Cleaning
1 Sa 3 SP 5 White Metal Blast Cleaning
2 Sa 2 SP 10 Near-White Blast Cleaning
3 Sa 2 SP 6 Commercial Blast Cleaning
4 Sa 1 SP 7 Brush-off Blast Cleaning
- SP 8 Pickling
- SP 11 Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal
5 - SP 12 High Pressure Water Jetting Cleaning

3.4 EXCLUSIONS

3.4.1 This specification excludes:


The painting of underground piping and equipment.
The painting of building elements, such as concrete floors and woodwork, etc.
Coating systems for plant maintenance.
Internal coatings and linings. Coating systems shall be determined depending on the process
medium on a case-by-case basis, and shall be indicated on the applicable equipment
datasheet (e.g. in the notes).
Temperature indicating paint systems.
Paint used for material identification (marking) of piping materials.
Painting under intumescent fireproofing.

3.4.2 The following items shall not be painted, unless specifically described in the applicable purchase
documents:
Galvanized steel items (only touch-up of damaged galvanized surfaces).
Brickwork and tile, concrete fireproofing, concrete.
Surfaces not to be painted according attachment 1.
Plastic and plastic-coated materials, glass, rubber, mastic.
Nonferrous metals (e.g. aluminium, brass and nickel alloys).

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Nickel alloys.
Machined parts of operating equipment and gasket contact surfaces. Valve stems, motor shafts
and other such moving parts in order not to impair their free movement (refer to subsection 3.5).
Capillary tubing of instruments (if stainless steel).
Factory finished items (including nameplates), except to match color scheme.
Threads of bolts and nuts (refer to subsection 3.5).
Metal sheeting over insulation.
Anodes and anode attachment points that must provide a conductive path between anode and
cathodically protected steel.
Runways of crane trolley/wheels.

3.5 TEMPORARY CORROSION PREVENTION

3.5.1 If metal surfaces which have not been painted in the shop require corrosion prevention during shipment
and storage, an easily removable corrosion preventive shall be applied.

3.5.2 The corrosion preventive should be classified in accordance with BS 6413, ISO 6743/8 or BS 1133.

3.5.3 Machined surfaces such as threads, valve stems, gasket contact surfaces, etc. shall be protected with
a petroleum soluble rust inhibitor.

3.6 HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT


It shall be ensured that all health and safety regulations are observed for erection of scaffolding and the
use of the selected paint materials.
All necessary precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety of personnel and property. Extreme
caution shall be used when working with oil or oil-based paints, cleaning fluids, etc., especially in close
proximity to oxygen piping or oxygen equipment. Heavy concentrations of volatile or toxic fumes must
be avoided and in confined areas, blowers or exhaust fans shall be used.
Care shall be taken to protect adjacent equipment, piping, structures, instruments, nameplates etc.
from spillage and spatter during field painting by use of adequate temporary covers. If surfaces are
accidentally spattered or sprayed, the paint shall be immediately and thoroughly removed. For stainless
steel surfaces, the solvent used shall not contain chloride.
Rags and other waste material soiled with paints, thinners or solvents shall be kept in tightly closed
metal containers while on the jobsite and not in use. Waste materials outside plant site shall be
disposed in a legal manner.
All work shall be performed in accordance with applicable national, state or local codes and regulations.
Where air-operated equipment is used, the operator's hood or headgear shall be ventilated by clean,
cool air supplied through a filter, to prevent blast cleaning residues from being inhaled.
When working in confined spaces, ventilation and spark-proof lighting shall be used and a Task Risk
Assessment shall be made before starting this activity.
MSDS or sufficient HSE data on the paint used shall be available for personnel.

3.7 DURABILITY OF PAINT SYSTEMS


With reference to ISO 4628-1 thru 5, the required durability range of coating systems are;
For paint systems : H (High), > 15 Years
It is assumed that at the end of the durability range the coating has reached a breakdown level of Ri3.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

4.0 SURFACE PREPARATION

4.1 GENERAL

4.1.1 Before any surface preparation is commenced, the surface shall be completely dry and free from burrs,
weld spatter, flux, loose scale, dirt, oil, grease and any other foreign matter.

4.1.2 The preferred method of pre-cleaning is with steam (however, should be avoided in the open field). If
steam cleaning is not possible, solvent cleaning shall be executed using a suitable solvent in
accordance with SSPC-SP1. If so required detergent may be used to remove oil or grease.

4.1.3 After steam cleaning in combination with detergents or solvents the surface shall be flushed/rinsed with
fresh water.

4.1.4 Surface preparation shall be in accordance with the minimum preparation grade to ISO 8501-1,
NACE or SSPC for each paint system specified in this specification and/or the paint manufacturers
recommendation if they are more stringent. Refer to paragraph 3.3 for comparison of ISO grades,
SSPC grades and NACE grades.

4.1.5 After the specified standard has been achieved, all dust, debris and abrasive residues shall be
removed from the blasted, hand or power tool cleaned surface and the surface shall be painted before
contamination or flash rusting occur.

4.1.6 Rough welds, sharp edges, etc., shall be ground smooth prior to blasting.

4.1.7 Machinery shall not be grit blasted. The use of power tools on machinery is to be limited and if used,
the chance of ingress of particles in sensitive areas, such as labyrinths of mechanical seals, etc., shall
be avoided.

4.1.8 Blast cleaning shall be executed using one (1) of the following abrasives:
Chopped steel wire.
Steel and malleable iron grit.
Chilled iron grit or shot.
Non-metallic abrasive for CS surfaces: copper slag, garnet, etc.
Non-metallic abrasive for SS surfaces: aluminium oxide - particle size 0.8-1.2 mm, or glass
beads.

4.1.9 Sand or other potentially silicon-containing materials shall not be used, because of safety regulations.
Compressed air for blast cleaning shall be free from water and oil.

4.1.10 Blast-cleaned surfaces shall provide a good anchor pattern for primers, but shall not show excessive
roughness. The anchor pattern shall be:
Rz: 40-70 for inorganic zinc primer.
Rz: 35-50 for other primers.

4.1.11 Blast cleaning shall not be executed when:


Surface temperature is less than 3C above dew point.
RH is above 90%.
There is any possibility that the surface is wetted before the first coat is applied.
When the available light is less than 550 lux.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

4.1.12 Stainless steel, hot-dip galvanized steel and nonferrous metals shall be sweep blasted (light blast
cleaning) with a suitable abrasive.

4.1.13 For stainless steel and nonferrous metals, steel wire brushes are not allowed. Nonmetallic wire brushes
and/or scrapers shall be used.

4.1.14 Surface preparation in the prefabrication or site paint shop shall be by blast cleaning. Surface
preparation at the jobsite shall be by hand or power tool cleaning only, unless dictated otherwise by the
paint manufacturer. Blast cleaning at the jobsite is only allowed after approval of Client.
Note that when hand/power tool cleaning is specified, both methods are acceptable as long as the
required specification will be reached.

5.0 PAINT MATERIAL PREPARATION

5.1 STORAGE
The painting materials shall be stored strictly in accordance with the instructions of the paint
manufacturer. This means, in general, that painting materials should be stored in a dry, cool, well
ventilated and frost-free area.

5.2 PACKING
Paint containers shall be factory sealed and clearly marked with paint manufacturer's name, batch
number, date of fabrication, shelf life and a clear indication of the type and color of product. The
containers shall remain closed until the contents are required for use. The oldest material of each kind
shall be used first.

5.3 MIXING
Paint shall be thoroughly mixed prior to application. Mixing shall be done in a well-ventilated, clean and
dust-free area. Paints shall be mixed by rotating power mixers or rolling rigs, until a uniform
consistency is achieved.
Multiple pack paint materials shall be mixed in accordance and under the conditions as specified by the
paint manufacturer. Containers with hardener shall be completely emptied into the container of the
base material. No more material shall be prepared at the same time than can be used within the time
designated by the paint manufacturer as "pot life" (life after opening of container).

5.4 THINNERS AND SOLVENTS


Only additives, thinners, solvents, etc., as recommended by the paint manufacturer, shall be used. A
possible extension of the "pot life" by the additions of thinners is prohibited.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

6.0 SELECTION OF PAINT SYSTEMS

6.1 GENERAL

6.1.1 Paint systems shall be selected from attachments 1 & 5, "Paint Selection Tables & Scheme".

6.1.2 Paint systems shall be based on the maximum operating temperature of piping or equipment as
indicated on the line schedule and equipment data sheets. If this is not specified on the line schedule or
equipment data sheets the design temperature shall be used for selection.

6.1.3 Fireproofed surfaces will be treated as insulated surfaces in regard to painting for this specification.
Compatibility to be checked with fireproofing Seller, prior to start painting. For fireproofing, refer to
engineering specification for Fire Proofing.

6.1.4 Lines and equipment receiving personnel protection shielding shall be treated as non-insulated items
for selection of paint.

6.1.5 When a nonslip surface is required on floor plates, walkways, and stair treads (unless walkway or stair
tread is of open grating design), a suitable grit, as recommended by the paint manufacturer, shall be
added to the finish coat.

6.1.6 Paint materials containing lead shall not be used.

6.1.7 Reference is made to Attachment 2.1 to 2.10 for the split of painting works (shop application, at field
shop or field).

6.2 PIPING AND EQUIPMENT

6.2.1 Aboveground inside plot piping and equipment shall be painted according to the paint selection table,
except for weld bevels (see also paragraph 7.1.4).
In order to simplify paint selection for above ground piping, attachment 5 can be used.
Piping and equipment which are an integral part of a package unit or an equipment order shall be
painted with the same paint system and color as the main item.

6.2.2 Prefabricated piping systems will be completely coated, unless otherwise indicated in the scope of work.
The last 50 mm at the ends of spools which have to be field welded, shall not be painted.

6.3 PIPE SUPPORTS

6.3.1 Pipe supports or parts of pipe supports directly welded to pipe, such as pipe stubs, brackets, shoes, or
in direct contact with pipe, such as clamps, shall be painted with the same system and finish colour as
the associated pipe.

6.3.2 All other parts of the supports shall be painted in accordance with paint system "A" of this specification
(see attachment 2.1).

6.3.3 Integral welded supports on 9% chromium steel and stainless-steel pipes must not be galvanized or
zinc treated.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

6.4 STRUCTURAL STEEL

6.4.1 Structural steel members shall be painted (refer to attachment 4).

6.4.2 Structural steel shall be preferably fully coated in the shop; if this is not feasible it must be at least
primer coated in the shop, with subsequent coats applied in the field.

6.4.3 Handling of finish coated steel shall be in accordance with section 8. Each coat shall be cured hard
before application of subsequent coats or handling in accordance with the instructions of the paint
manufacturer.

6.4.4 Generally, structural steel such as stair treads, flooring consisting of checkered plate or grating, steel
parts embedded in concrete, etc. shall be hot dip galvanized. Hand railings, ladders, cages shall be
painted.

6.5 GALVANIZING

6.5.1 Hot dip galvanizing shall be carried out in accordance with ISO 1461.

6.5.2 The average weight (thickness) of the zinc layer shall be 610 g/m (85 microns) of galvanized surface,
with a minimum of 505 g/m (70 microns), for steel 6 mm thick.

6.5.3 Repair of small areas of damaged galvanized coating shall be carried out as described in ISO 1461,
and attachment 2.5 paint system E.

6.5.4 Galvanized surfaces shall not be painted, i.e. no duplex system, unless specified and for color coding /
safety marking.

6.5.5 Fasteners such as bolts, anchor bolts, nuts, washers to be used for the assembly of galvanized parts
shall be galvanized in accordance with ISO 10684.

6.6 MACHINERY, PACKAGE UNITS, ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENT ITEMS AND VALVES

6.6.1 Rotating machinery, package units, electrical and instrument items shall be painted, as specified in
attachment 1. These items may be painted in accordance with Seller's standard painting practice
suitable for industrial and coastal environment. However, final color code shall be in accordance with
attachment 4.

6.6.2 Each equipment Seller shall submit, for approval, the following information about his intended paint
practice:
Surface preparation method and standard.
Paint manufacturer's name, type, paint system with number of coats and minimum dry film
thickness, color of topcoats.
Maximum temperature resistance of paint.

6.6.3 Field painting is necessary only when the shop applied paints have been damaged.

6.6.4 Valves ordered in bulk may alternatively be painted as specified in Attachment 1.0 of this specification.
This is in line with Clients response to Technical Query no. SRIP-QT-JH-OH-PP-0611. The valves
shall be painted completely at vendors shop.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

6.7 STAINLESS STEEL

6.7.1 Any paint, crayon or tape, used for color coding these materials, shall be free of lead, zinc, sulfur and
chlorides.

6.7.2 Immediately prior to painting, all traces of shop-applied temporary coating or marking stifts shall be
removed by steam cleaning or solvent cleaning. Solvents shall be free of chloride.

6.8 FIELD ERECTED TANKS

6.8.1 Plates and other parts of field-erected tanks and equipment shall:
Be primed, preferably with weldable shop primer to both sides. The shop primer shall be
repaired after erection and testing and the equipment finish coated according to the paint
selection table (attachment 1) or, alternatively, with approval by Client.
be blast cleaned and final painted in situ after erection.
The inside of a field-erected tank shall be coated if specified on tank data sheet or drawing.

6.8.2 Inspection and touch-up of paint for field-erected tanks and equipment shall be the responsibility of the
tank or equipment/package unit Seller, when field construction is part of his scope.

7.0 APPLICATION

7.1 GENERAL

7.1.1 In case of conflict between this specification and the paint manufacturer's printed instructions, paint
applicator shall notify Client and obtain resolution prior to commencing with paint application.

7.1.2 Care shall be taken to ensure that the quality of prepared surfaces does not deteriorate before the
application of the paint.

7.1.3 Coating of welds shall be applied after completion of all required pressure testing.

7.1.4 The gap of 50 mm shall be left free of primer at plate edges, pipe ends, etc., which have to be welded.

7.1.5 Stainless-steel surfaces shall be protected against overspray or drips of paints, particularly those
containing metallic pigments. If stainless-steel surfaces are accidentally spattered or sprayed, the paint
shall be immediately and thoroughly removed. Solvent used shall not contain chloride. This protection
also applies to galvanized surfaces, instruments and nameplates.

7.2 WORKMANSHIP

7.2.1 Paint application shall be of a first-class workmanship, with a uniform film thickness and appearance
and shall be free of brush marks, sags, runs, foreign matter, etc.

7.2.2 Only skilled blasters and painters shall be used. A skilled foreman shall supervise the blasters and
painters. Before commencing any painting or coating work, the skill of all blasting and painting
personnel shall be verified.
For the blasters, a representative 2m steel sample shall be blasted with the equipment to be used for
the actual surface cleaning.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

For the painters, a suitable test area (approximately 1m2) shall be painted with an agreed paint system.
The test area shall be fully coated with all coats of the agreed coating system using the tools and
equipment to be used for the actual coating work. The painted test area shall be maintained for the
duration of the project as a reference.

7.2.3 It shall be demonstrated that blasting and spraying equipment to be used is in good condition and well
maintained. Blasting and painting equipment shall fully comply with any local and/or regional regulation.
The compressed air shall be free of water and oil. Adequate separators and traps shall be provided,
installed in the coolest part of the system and shall be emptied regularly. In no case shall the
temperature of the compressed air be allowed to exceed 110C. Blasting nozzles shall be discarded
and replaced when the nozzle diameter has increased through wear by more than 50% of the original
diameter.
When required, blasting equipment, its operators and the equipment being blasted shall be properly
earthed to prevent the occurrence of electrostatic discharges.
Abrasive blast cleaning equipment shall be an intrinsically safe construction and equipped with a
remote shut-off valve triggered by the release of a dead man's handle at the blasting nozzle.

7.3 PAINTING CONDITIONS

7.3.1 Priming or painting shall be carried out under the circumstances specified by the paint manufacturer.
This means, in general, that the surface temperature of the item to be painted shall be at least 3C
above the dew point of the surrounding air.

7.3.2 In general, paint, except solvent based inorganic zinc, shall be applied and allowed to cure at ambient
and surface temperatures between 10C and 30C, with the relative humidity below 85%. The solvent
based inorganic zinc shall be applied only when relative humidity is above 50%. All paint materials shall
be air curing.

7.4 DRY FILM THICKNESS


Primer and paint coats shall be applied with the minimum dry film thickness specified in this
specification.

7.5 MULTIPLE COATS


Subsequent coats shall be of a distinctly different shade to ensure complete coverage of each coat. For
each subsequent coat, paint manufacturer's recommendation on the over-coating interval at the local
temperature shall be followed.

7.6 COMPATIBILITY
Primer, intermediate and top coats, as applicable, for individual painting systems shall be fully
compatible and appropriate paint materials shall be obtained from the same manufacturer.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

7.7 REPAIR OF DAMAGED PRIMERS AND COATINGS

7.7.1 Damaged spots and holidays in the primer and/or intermediate coat shall be thoroughly cleaned prior to
touch-up priming.

7.7.2 Areas requiring to be re-primed shall be re-blasted or needle-gun cleaned for areas originally abrasive
blasted.

7.7.3 Re-priming shall be done with the same primer as originally applied. Where this is not feasible, the
primer used shall be compatible and be suitable for the operating temperature.

7.7.4 Where coating has been damaged, all damaged and blistered coating shall be removed by hand or
power tool cleaning. Edges of the breaks shall be feathered back 50mm into sound coating and the
specified number of prime and finished coats applied. Repair of coating is subject to inspection by
Client.

8.0 HANDLING OF SHOP COATED PIPING, EQUIPMENT AND STRUCTURAL STEEL


All shop-coated piping, equipment and steel shall be handled using nylon slings or other approved
lifting methods. Proper dunnage during transport, storage and jobsite erection shall be used to
minimize damage to the coating.

9.0 INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL

9.1 GENERAL
To achieve long term service life of the protective coating systems, it is essential that full attention shall
be given to the quality of surface preparation and application of the coating system. Quality assurance,
quality control, coating selection and the professional skill of painters are essential for this process.

9.1.1 Client reserves the right to inspect and/or reject any paint field- or shop applied paint system.

9.1.2 The following inspections and tests shall be performed by paint applicator and may be witnessed by
EPC contractor/Client during and after the application of paint systems:
Visual examination of surface preparation compared with international standard ISO 8501-1.

Profile check of the prepared surface with a suitable "profilometer", e.g. TESTEX method.

Dry film thickness check of intermediate and final coating layers, in accordance with this
specification and/or paint manufacturer's recommendation.

Porosity Check, as per recommendations of paint manufacturer.

Any porous area shall be repaired, but when the number of pores is greater than 3 per square
meter, the entire area shall be blast cleaned and repainted as per this specification.

Adhesion Check.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

9.1.3 With reference to the guarantees as defined in chapter 10, any defects or damages to painted surfaces
caused by careless or incorrect paint application and/or surface preparation, shall be repaired without
additional costs for Client.

9.1.4 It shall be ensured that the latest product technical data sheets are obtained from the paint
manufacturer prior to commencing any painting activities.

9.1.5 The quality plan shall reflect at least the following control activities:
A quality plan shall be submitted for approval prior to commencement of the work. It shall be in
accordance with ISO 9001.
The quality control activities during the execution of the work shall be properly documented and
the forms concerned signed off by the responsible inspector. These forms shall constitute the
quality control file which shall be available for review by the Clients representative during the
execution of the work and, upon completion of the work, shall be turned over to Client for future
reference.
Verify that shelf life of coating material has not been exceeded.
Verify adequacy of painting equipment.
Verify adequacy of cleaning and blasting equipment.
Confirm and document that surface preparation and application take place in proper specified
atmospheric conditions.
Inspect correctness of surface preparation for specified cleanliness and anchor profile.
Monitor correctness of mixing.
Monitor application of each coat for correct wet-film thickness and presence of holidays.
Inspect surface between coats to assure bonding and proper thickness of the following coat.
Verify that total dry film thickness of system is as specified.
Verify that all required repairs have been made.
Record humidity, dew point, ambient temperature and steel temperature when surface
preparation and coating application are in progress.
Record paint lot numbers or batch numbers and surface or equipment where material was
applied.

9.1.6 Inspection personnel shall be individually certified by an approved organization (NACE or equivalent).
Equipment shall include, but not be restricted to equipment to measure/determine:
Relative humidity, accuracy minimum 2%
Air-and substrate temperature, " " 0.2 C
Dew point, " " 0.2 C.

9.1.7 Wet film thickness (WFT) Spot checks shall be carried out during the course of painting operation to
ensure that film thickness is being maintained. These shall be performed according to the procedure
described in ISO 2808, Method No. 1A comb gauge.

9.1.8 Dry film thickness (DFT) measurement method shall be in accordance with ISO 2808. For
measurement of dry film thickness, the digital magnetic induction type gauges shall be used for
magnetic substrates and the eddy current type gauges for non-magnetic substrates.
The number of measurements shall be in accordance with below Table Sampling plan.
Calibration shall be done in accordance with section 2 of SSPC-PA 2.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

For the acceptance of an inspected area the following criteria shall be fulfilled:
The dry film thickness of the completed coating system shall be equal to or greater than the
specified nominal dry film thickness (NDFT),
The dry film thickness of the individual coating layers shall be equal to or above 80 % of the
specified nominal dry film thickness (NDFT). The number of readings below NDFT shall be less
than 20 % of the total number of dry film thickness measurements taken,
The dry film thickness of the individual coating layers shall be maximum 1.5 x the NDFT,
except for areas such as corners where overlaps are difficult to avoid. For such areas a
maximum of 2.5 x the NDFT shall be accepted. However, if lower maximum NDFT is specified
in paint data sheet, the same shall be followed.

Table Sampling plan


Area/length of inspection area m or m Minimum number of measurements
Up to 1 5
Above 1 to 3 10
Above 3 to 10 15
Above 10 to 30 20
Above 30 to 100 30
For additional ranges (m2 or m), the corresponding
Above 100 number of measurements shall be added.

Note: Areas above 1000 m should be divided into smaller inspection areas.

9.1.9 Adhesion
The quality of adhesion between the coating system and the steel substrate, and of the adhesion
between the coating layers, shall not be less than:
Pull-off test in accordance with ISO 4624 using a self-aligning adhesion tester: minimum pull-
off force for coating systems with a DFT greater than 150 micron shall be as per paint
manufacturers recommendations. (Ref: Clients response to Technical Query no. SRIP-QT-JH-
OH-QA-0530).
Cross-cut test in accordance with ISO 2409: class 0 for coating systems with a total DFT of
maximum 150 microns.

It shall be done on fully cured systems only.


Adhesion testing shall be carried out on each component and at least once per 100 m of coated
surface. Spots damaged by the adhesion tests shall be repaired.

9.1.10 Final Inspection


As part of the Quality Assurance, a final inspection shall be conducted prior to the final acceptance of
the paintwork. Part of this final inspection shall be a visual check of the appearance and overblast of
the work, checks on DFTs of the total applied coating system and work completed.
As part of the acceptance procedure, a report shall be prepared that shall at least include:
General
Names of the responsible personnel.
Scope of work.
Dates when work was carried out.
Good quality copy of the work- and quality plan.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Deviations from this Specification and/or the quality plan.


Inspection Equipment
Type and calibration of instruments used.
Surface Preparation
Condition of surface before preparation.
Checks on the requirements as specified for cleaned surfaces (surface cleanliness, surface
profile).
Coating Application
Information on coating systems being applied (i.e. product names, datasheets, DFTs).
Checks on requirements as specified for coating application.
Check on dry film thicknesses of the total coating system applied.
Adhesion test on complete coating system.
Porosity check.
Conditions
Checks and reporting on humidity, dew point and substrate/air temperature.
Inspection Reports
A good quality copy of the inspection reports.
Inspection reports from an independent third party.

10.0 GUARANTEE
The paint system shall provide sufficient protection of the underlying steel surface against the attack of
the environment, other than mechanical damage, chemical spillage as a result of operational activities
or other unusual occurrences from the outside caused by others.
The quality of the coating works shall be guaranteed for a period of five (5) years and for the coating
condition as specified below. These guarantee clauses regarding coating specifications are prevailing
and supersede the warranty requirements in the General Contract Conditions.
Initial acceptance of any new coating work by Client will not relieve the responsible party of his
obligation under this section until the final inspection has been carried out and acceptance of the
completed work has been agreed in writing.
An inspection shall be carried out by a party to be agreed by all parties after 1 year and 5 years after
completion, before expiry of the period of warranty agreement regarding the coating work.
In case of a dispute on the condition of the coating work that has been inspected, an agreed
independent expertise body shall conduct a review inspection without additional costs for Client. All
parties shall accept the findings of the inspection by this independent consultant. Surfaces not fulfilling
these quality requirements as described below shall be repaired immediately, i.e. after the 1 year
and/or the 5 year inspection.
The guarantee period of five (5) years, starts from the date of release from Sellers premises, or the
date of acceptance of site paint work.
The liability of the guarantee will decrease in time along a sliding scale which shall be based on the
original agreed unit prices for the application of complete protection system.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

The sliding scale is as follows:


Year 1 3 5
Liability: 100% 80% 70%

The condition of the protection provided by the coating work shall be:

One (1) year after the acceptance date of the completed coating work, the coated surfaces
shall not show rust more than degree Ri 0 (0% of the coated area).
Five (5) years after the acceptance date of the completed coating work, the coated surfaces
shall not show rust more than degree Ri 2 (0.5% of the coated area), of pictorial standard
ISO 4628-3 Designation of Degree of Rusting. This degree of rusting shall only be allowed in
localised areas and not scattered over the total surface area coated.
The quality of adhesion between the coating system and the steel substrate, and of the adhesion
between the coating layers, shall not be less than 70% of the initial values.
Visual cracking, craquelure or flaking of the coating systems is not allowed. Full attention shall be given
to areas such as corners where overlaps are difficult to avoid.
Blistering is not allowed.
No conspicuous discoloration or excessive loss of glance shall be observed of the topcoats specified
for the atmospheric zone, except the topcoat of steel floors.

11.0 FINAL COLORS AND LETTERING


Final colors and lettering shall be applied in accordance with the existing refinery.
For insulated pipe a banding system for final colors and lettering shall be considered. Interval for
Lettering and color banding on pipes shall be as below:
At 20-30 meter intervals on lengths of uninterrupted pipe work
At junctions, both sides of the valve, both side of wall penetrations, plant battery limit, skid limit,
package vendors scope limit, at the entry of underground and at all positions where their
omission would cause confusion.
For skid-mounted and vendor package items the interval of 20-30 meters may need to be
reduced for easy identification of services. The required interval to be decided based on size
and complexity of the skid mounted/ vendor package unit at application stage. For small
pipe lengths in the skid at least one set of lettering/color band shall be marked.
On pipe racks/sleepers, lettering/color bands shall be positioned at the same location of the
group pipes.

11.1 FINAL COLORS


All plant components shall be painted in the colors as given in attachment 4, except when higher
temperatures govern (e.g. uninsulated equipment and lines operating above 120C).

11.2 LETTERING OF PIPING & EQUIPMENT

11.2.1 (Un-) Insulated Process- & Utility Piping

The lettering for piping shall be provided by using the following criteria;
The lettering of piping shall be painted on pipe in accordance with Fig. 1 and Table 1.
The service fluid name shall be marked by the abbreviation in accordance with Table 2.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

The flow direction of each service fluid shall also be indicated by an ARROW ahead of the
representative service fluid name on the downstream side, as shown in Fig. 1.
The detail dimension of service fluid name (Abbreviation) and flow direction arrow shall be as
per Table 1.
The service fluid name (Abbreviation) and arrows shall be of black colour (N1.0).
The lettering shall be applied near the operating point in accordance with Fig. 2.1, 2.2 and
piping connection point on the utility supply piping lines.
For lettering of electrical & instruments reference is made to the applicable electrical & instrumentation
specifications.

11.2.2 Equipment
The lettering for equipment shall be provided by using the following criteria;
The tag number of equipment shall be clearly indicated on the surface of each equipment as
per Fig. 3 to Fig. 4.
The tag number of equipment shall be marked with black (N1.0).
Lettering procedure and size of letters for reactor, tower, heat exchanger, pump and
compressor etc. shall be as per Fig. 3 and Table 3.
Regarding the location of lettering, Fig. 4 shall be followed but detailed instructions will be fixed
at the field. The number of lettering shall be one (1) per equipment.
For the concrete foundation surface or fire proofed surface, epoxy white paint shall be applied
as a background for the lettering.
In case of lettering the equipment tag number on the corrugated jacket surface, lettering shall
be marked on the flat aluminum plate by screwed to the insulation jacketing.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ABBREVIATION OF THE SERVICE FLUID NAME (as per Table 2)

FLOW DIRECTION ARROW (as per Table 1)

D
A PW
1/2D

Fig. 1 LETTERING PROCEDURE FOR PIPING

Table 1 DETAIL DIMENSION OF SERVICE FLUID AND FLOW DIRECTION ARROW

PIPE ABBREVIATED FLOW DIRECTION


(") SERVICE FLUID ARROW
NAME
A (mm) D (mm) E (mm)
3/4 1-1/4 12 12 100
1-1/2 2 25 25 125
2-1/2 6 32 32 200
8 10 64 64 300
OVER 10 89 89 400

Note : Width between "ABBREVIATED SERVICE FLUID NAME " and " ARROW " is as required.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Table 2 LIST OF THE ABBREVIATION OF THE SERVICE FLUID NAME (as per D-000-5225-103)

Service Fluid Name Abbreviation


HIGH PRESSURE STEAM HS
MEDIUM PRESSURE STEAM MS
LOW PRESSURE STEAM LS
LOW LOW PRESSURE STEAM LLS
COLD CONDENSATE (CLEAN) CC
HOT (LOW LOW, MEDIUM) CLEAN CONDENSATE H (LL, M)CC
(LOW) SUSPECT CONDENSATE (L)SC

BOILER FEED WATER BFW


CHILLED WATER CHW
SECONDARY COOLING WATER RETURN CWR
SECONDARY COOLING WATER SUPPLY CWS
DEMINERALIZED WATER DMW
POTABLE WATER (DRINKING WATER) DW
FIRE FIGHTING WATER FW
SERVICE WATER (PLANT WATER / DESALINATED WATER) PW
SEA WATER RETURN SWR
SEA WATER SUPPLY SWS
TEMPERED WATER TW
WASTE WATER WW

PROCESS AIR A
INSTRUMENT AIR IA
PLANT AIR PA
NITROGEN N

ACID AC
AMINE AM
CATALYST CA
CHEMICALS CH
CAUSTIC NA

GENERAL PROCESS P
HYDROGEN HY
SULFUR S

AMINE DRAIN AMD


AROMATICS DRAIN ARD
HYDROCARBON DRAIN HSD
METHANOL DRAIN MAD
SOUR WATER DRAIN SWD
SANITARY DRAIN (DOMESTIC EFFLUENT) SY

FUEL GAS FG
NATURAL GAS NG

FLUSHING OIL FO
LUBE OIL LO
SEAL OIL SO

ACID FLARE AFL


ATOMOSPHERIC VENT AV
BLOWDOWN BD
FLARE FL
SLUDGE SLG

BITUMEN SLOPS OIL BSL


CRACKED SLOPS OIL CSL
DRY SLOPS OIL DSL
HEAVY SLOPS OIL HSL
ISOM. SLOPS OIL ISL
STRAIGTH RUN SLOPS OIL SSL
WET SLOPS OIL WSL

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

A. Main Pipe Rack

Lettering


Pipe Rack

Lettering A. Main Pipe Rack


Both sides of pipe rack

B. Sub-Pipe Rack to Main Pipe Rack


Only one side (endside)

B. Sub-Pipe Rack

Lettering

B. Sub-Pipe Rack

Lettering

Note : Actual location of lettering (Horizontal (Topside or Underside) or Vertical Position) on pipes

shall be determined at site in consideration of visibility to operator (near the glove valve)

Fig. 2.1 AROUND PIPE-RACK

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Lettering

1.5 m 2.0 m

Operating Floor

Fig. 2.2 AROUND PUMP

t
C-1102
L

Fig. 3 LETTERING PROCEDURE FOR EQUIPMENT

Table 3 DETAIL DIMENSION OF LETTERING FOR EQUIPMENT (MM)

EQUIPMENT DIMENSION OF LETTERING


(O.D.) t L
< 3,000 120 As required
3,000 200 As required

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

TAG NO.

Fig. 4 TYPICAL LOCATION OF LETTERING FOR EQUIP. TAG NO.

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

11.2.3 Lettering for the Storage Tank


The tank tag number shall be clearly indicated on all storage tanks.
Lettering Procedure shall be as per Fig. 5 and Table 4.
Sizes and dimensions shall be proportional to the example shown in Fig. 6.
As a guideline for the location of lettering, Fig. 6 shall be followed but detail instructions will be fixed at
the field with Client.
The number of lettering shall be one (1) per each tank.
The detail position of lettering will be fixed at the field with Client.
Client's company logo shall be painted only on the tanks facing the sea above the tank item number but
detail instructions will be fixed at the field with Client. 2 nos. of Company logo shall be considered.

11.2.4 Letter Style


Letter shall be Gothic type as per Fig. 7.
The ratio of height and width of the letters shall be proposed to Client with consideration given to the
proportions of the letters.
A consistent sizing ratio shall be used for all applications.

TANK ITEM NO. (BLACK N1.0)

t
T-5402
Fig. 5 LETTERING PROCEDURE WITH TANK ITEM NO.

Table 4 DETAIL DIMENSION OF LETTERING FOR STORAGE TANK (mm)

DIMENSION OF LETTERING
t (mm) L
ALL STORAGE 1000 * As required
TANKS

* depend on the size of storage tank

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

BLACK (N1.0)

T - 5402 t
H

2/3H

Fig. 6 LOCATION OF LETTERING FOR STORAGE TANK

ABCDEFGHIJKLMN
OPQRSTUVWXYZ
1234567890
Fig. 7 LETTER STYLE

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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 1.0 PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION TABLE

PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION TABLE

MAXIMUM
OPERATING
TEMPERATURE INSULATION OR PAINT SYSTEM
ITEMS C FIREPROOFING MATERIAL
Note 4 SHOP FIELD
APPLIED APPLIED
Structural Steel
Noninsulated
Pipe racks, pipe supports, CS A1A4 A5A8
skirt of columns, beam. Not fireproofed
t 120
Platforms, walkways,
Fireproofed
ladders, hand railings and CS A1A3 A5A7
Note 1
stairs.
Galvanized Structural Steel
t 120 - CS E1 + E2 E1 + E2
Repair and touch-up
Equipment Noninsulated CS A1 A4 A5A8
t 120
Insulated (Note 5) CS A1 A3 A5A7
Columns, reactors, Noninsulated CS C1C3 C4C6
120 < t 400
drums, exchangers, Insulated (Note 5) CS C1C2 C4C5
heaters, filters, air, t 120 Noninsulated SS B1B2,B5 B3B5
coolers, flares, vessels, Insulated (Note 5) SS B1B2 B3B4
shop fabricated tanks. Noninsulated SS F1F3 F4F6
120 < t 200
Insulated (Note 5) SS F1F3 F4F6
Noninsulated SS I1I3 I4I6
200 < t 500
Insulated (Note 5) SS I1I3 I4I6
Noninsulated CS H1H3 H4H6
400 < t 600
Insulated (Note 5) CS H1H2 H4H5
Piping Noninsulated CS A1A4 A5A8
t 120
Insulated (Note 5) CS A1A3 A5A7
Process and utility piping, Noninsulated CS C1C3 C4C6
120 < t 400
pipe supports (attached Insulated (Note 5) CS C1C2 C4C5
to this piping). B1B2,
Noninsulated SS B3B5
B5
t 120
B3B4
Insulated (Note 5) SS B1B2
Note 3
Noninsulated SS F1F3 F4F6
120 < t 200 F4F6
Insulated (Note 5) SS F1F3
Note 3
Noninsulated SS I1I3 I4I6
200 < t 500
Insulated (Note 5) SS I1I3 I4I6
Noninsulated CS H1H3 H4H6
400 < t 600
Insulated (Note 5) CS H1H2 H4H5
Bulk-ordered Valves Noninsulated or
-196 < t 650 CS / SS J1J3 -
Insulated
Rotating machinery, Paint system shall be to manufacturer's standard (refer to subsection 6.6)
packaged units, electrical color of topcoat as per section 11.
and instrument items.
Painting shall be applied for CS and SS.

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SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION TABLE

MAXIMUM
OPERATING
TEMPERATURE INSULATION OR PAINT SYSTEM
ITEMS C FIREPROOFING MATERIAL
Note 4 SHOP FIELD
APPLIED APPLIED
Field-erected storage
t 150 - CS D1 + D2 D3->D5
tanks, spheres, external.
Salt Water exposed:
Interior of tanks, immersed
areas of vertical pumps or
equipment, immersed - CS G1->G2 G3->G4
mechanical components of
water intake structures,
etc.)

Notes:
1. Paint system for painting under fireproofing shall be fully compatible with the fireproofing materials.
Do not paint before selection of fireproofing.
2. Deleted.
3. Paint system can be replaced by application of aluminum foil, 0.1 mm thick (wrapping).
4. Steam-out conditions are not normally considered. Special conditions may apply as specified on the
equipment data sheet or line schedule (start-up, regeneration).
5. Piping and equipment for which personnel protection is specified using physical shielding barriers
(such as open mesh guards, protective metal sheeting/screens etc.) shall be considered as non-
insulated for selection of applicable paint systems. Refer Cl. 6.1.4 above.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 29 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.1 PAINT SYSTEM A

PAINT SYSTEM A

Carbon-steel piping, equipment and structural steel, operating temperature 120C.


Insulated and non-insulated.

Shop applied:

A1 Surface Preparation

Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2, according to
ISO 8501-1. Remove all dust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or by jetting with dry
compressed air.

A2 Primer Coat : Zinc rich epoxy primer (For uninsulated).

Surface tolerant high solids epoxy


(For insulated).

Minimum dry film thickness : 75 microns.

A3 Intermediate Coat : High build MIO epoxy.


Minimum dry film thickness : 125 microns.

A4 Finish Coat : Polyurethane.


Minimum dry film thickness : 40 microns.

Note: Not required if surface will be insulated or fireproofed.

Field applied/Touch up:

A5 Surface Preparation

Degrease according to SSPC-SPI solvent cleaning. Hand or power tool clean to St. 2-3,
according to ISO 8501-1.

A6 Primer Coat : Surface tolerant, high solids epoxy.


Minimum dry film thickness : 75 microns.

A7 Intermediate Coat : High build MIO epoxy.


Minimum dry film thickness : 125 microns.

A8 Finish Coat : Polyurethane.


Minimum dry film thickness : 40 microns.

Note: Not required if surface will be insulated or fireproofed.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 30 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.2 PAINT SYSTEM B

PAINT SYSTEM B

Stainless steel piping and equipment, operating temperature t 120C, (non-)insulated.

Shop applied:

B1 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and a light abrasive blasting with a non-metallic and
chloride-free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove dust and loose particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with
hot air or by jetting with dry compressed air.

B2 Primer Coat:
Surface tolerant universal epoxy primer.
Minimum dry film thickness : 125 microns.

Field applied/Touch up, following B1 + B2;

B3 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and clean water on damaged areas and/or stiff non-
metallic wire brushes and scrapers.

B4 Primer Coat
Patch prime surface with a number of coats to achieve the original dry film thickness with a
surface tolerant epoxy primer.
Minimum dry film thickness total : 125 microns.

B5 Finish Coat
Two (2) coats of polyurethane finish.
Minimum dry film thickness per coat : 40 microns.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 31 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.3 PAINT SYSTEM C

PAINT SYSTEM C

Carbon-steel piping and equipment, operating temperature 120 < t 400C

Shop applied:

C1 Surface Preparation
Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2 to ISO 8501-1.
Remove all rust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or jetting with dry compressed air.

C2 Primer Coat : Inorganic zinc silicate primer.


Average dry film thickness : 75 microns.

C3 Finish Coat : Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*


Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.
Note: Finish coat not required for piping and equipment which will be insulated.

Field applied/Touch up:

C4 Surface Preparation
Brushing or tool cleaning to a minimum standard of St 3, according to ISO 8501-1.

C5 Primer Coat : Surface tolerant, heat resisting zinc-dust


graphite primer.
Minimum dry film thickness : 75 microns.

C6 Finish Coat : Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*


Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.
Note: Finish coat not required for piping equipment which will be insulated.

* It shall be made sure that the selected make/type of silicone aluminium paint is air curing or
will cure under operating conditions of the items to be painted.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 32 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.4 PAINT SYSTEM D

PAINT SYSTEM D

Field erected, carbon steel storage tanks, operating temperature 120C for non-insulated and
150C for insulated, external surfaces.

Shop applied:

D1 Surface Preparation
Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2, according to
ISO 8501-1.
Remove all dust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or by jetting with dry compressed air.

D2 Primer Coat : Weldable inorganic zinc preconstruction primer.


Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

Field applied, Following D1 + D2:

D3 Surface Preparation
Degrease according to SSPC-SP1 solvent cleaning.
Power/hand tool clean to St. 2-3, according to ISO 8501-1.

D4 Primer Coat : Surface tolerant, high solids epoxy.


One or two coats may be required to give the total film thickness.
Minimum dry film thickness total : 125 microns.

D5 Finish (Only for Non-insulated Tanks)


Two (2) coats of polyurethane finish.
Minimum dry film thickness per coat : 40 microns.

FIELD APPLIED, NO SHOP PRIMER APPLIED

The paint system shall be D1 + D4 + D5.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 33 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.5 PAINT SYSTEM E

PAINT SYSTEM E

Repair/touch-up of damaged and uncoated areas of hot-dip galvanized structural steel,


operating temperature 120C, external surfaces, ISO 1461.

Shop/Field applied:

E1 Surface Preparation
Field : Degrease according to SSPC-SP1 solvent cleaning.
Hand or power tool clean to St 3, according to ISO 8501-1.
Shop : Degrease according to SSPC-SP1 solvent cleaning.
Blasted with a pencil blast nozzle to a minimum standard of Sa 2,
according to ISO 8501-1. Adjacent zinc layer is cleaned by sweep blasting,
under correct angle and distance, so as to ensure that no more than 10
microns of zinc will be removed.

The paint application shall be applied within two (2) hours after termination of surface
preparation.

E2 Finish Coat
One (1) coat of organic zinc dust containing paint.
The dried film shall contain not less than 80% zinc dust (m/m).
Minimum/maximum dry film thickness : 75/100 microns.

Notes:
1. When this paint will be applied in the field, all stainless steel in the neighbourhood shall
be protected against zinc contamination.
2. Other methods of repair of galvanized surfaces as described in ISO 1461 shall be
approved by Client.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 34 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.6 PAINT SYSTEM F

PAINT SYSTEM F
Stainless steel piping and equipment, operating temperature 120 < t 200C, (non-) insulated.

Shop Applied:
F1 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and a light abrasive blasting with a non-metallic and
chloride-free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove dust and loose particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with
hot air or by jetting with dry compressed air.

F2 Primer Coat:
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Average dry film thickness : 25 microns.

F3 Finish Coat:
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness per coat : 25 microns.

Field Applied/Touch up:

F4 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and a light grit blasting with a non-metallic and chloride-
free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove grit particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with hot air or by
jetting with dry compressed air.

F5 Primer Coat:
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Average dry film thickness : 25 microns.

F6 Finish Coat:
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 35 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.7 PAINT SYSTEM G

PAINT SYSTEM G

Submersed carbon steel at design temperature < 50C (exposed to salt water).

Shop applied:

G1 Surface Preparation
Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2, according to
ISO 8501-1.
Remove all dust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or by jetting with dry compressed air.

G2 Primer Coat:
Weldable inorganic zinc preconstruction primer.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

Field applied, Following G1 + G2:

G3 Surface Preparation
Degrease according to SSPC-SP1 solvent cleaning.
Power/hand tool clean to St. 2-3, according to ISO 8501-1.

G4 Final (No shop primer to be applied):


Two (2) coats of immersion grade epoxy (environmentally approved coating)
Minimum dry film thickness per coat : 175 microns.

FIELD APPLIED, NO SHOP PRIMER APPLIED: The paint system shall be G1 + G4.
Note : For design temperatures > 50C, 2 layers of immersion grade epoxy phenolic of each
125 microns shall be applied.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 36 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.8 PAINT SYSTEM H

PAINT SYSTEM H

Carbon-steel piping and equipment, operating temperature 400 < t 600C


(insulated and non-insulated)

Shop applied:

H1 Surface Preparation
Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2 to ISO 8501-1.
Remove all rust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or jetting with dry compressed air.

H2 Primer Coat
Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*
Average dry film thickness : 25 microns
.
H3 Finish Coat
Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

Field applied/Touch up, following H1 + H2 +H3:

H4 Surface Preparation
Brushing or tool cleaning to a minimum standard of St 3, according to ISO 8501-1.

H5 Primer Coat
Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*
Average dry film thickness : 25 microns.

H6 Finish Coat
Heat resistant silicone based aluminium paint.*
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

* It shall be made sure that the selected make/type of silicone aluminium paint is air curing or
will cure under operating conditions of the items to be painted.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 37 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.9 PAINT SYSTEM I

PAINT SYSTEM I

Stainless steel piping and equipment, operating temperature 200 < t 500C, (non-)insulated.

Shop Applied:

I1 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and a light abrasive blasting with a non-metallic and
chloride-free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove dust and loose particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with
hot air or by jetting with dry compressed air.

I2 Primer Coat
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

I3 Finish Coat
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.
.

Field Applied/Touch up:

I4 Surface Preparation
Remove all grease using white spirit and a light grit blasting with a non-metallic and chloride-
free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove grit particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with hot air or by
jetting with dry compressed air.

I5 Primer Coat
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

I6 Finish Coat
Heat resistant, zinc free, silicone aluminium paint.
Minimum dry film thickness : 25 microns.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 38 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 2.10 PAINT SYSTEM J

PAINT SYSTEM J

Carbon steel and Stainless steel Valves ordered in bulk, operating temperature -196 < t 650C,
non-insulated or insulated.

Shop Applied:

J1 Surface Preparation (carbon steel)


Remove all rust and scale by grit blasting to a minimum standard of Sa 2 to ISO 8501-1.
Remove all rust and loose particles by vacuum cleaning or jetting with dry compressed air.

Surface Preparation (stainless steel)


Remove all grease using white spirit and a light abrasive blasting with a non-metallic and
chloride-free abrasive to obtain a good anchor pattern for further paint coats.
Remove dust and loose particles with clean water, and dry the surface where necessary with
hot air or by jetting with dry compressed air.

J2 Primer Coat
Inorganic Copolymer Interbond 1202UPC or Jotatemp 650.
Minimum dry film thickness : 100 - 150 microns (1 layer).

J3 Finish Coat
Inorganic Copolymer Interbond 1202UPC or Jotatemp 650.
Minimum dry film thickness : 100 - 150 microns (1 layer).
.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 39 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 3.0 PRIMER AND PAINT MANUFACTURERS

PRIMER AND PAINT MANUFACTURERS

All paint systems of this specification shall be selected from the Project Bidders List doc no S-000-
5410-001.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 40 of 43


SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
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CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 4.0 FINISH COAT COLOR TABLE


(Not applicable for surfaces to be insulated)

Description Color Munsell


Un-fireproofed Structural Steel (including Steel Base Plate) Light Gray N 7.5
Platform Frames Light Gray N 7.5
Ladders Light Gray N 7.5
Handrail and Cage Yellow 5Y 8/12
Grating and Stair treads Galvanized -
Equipment (Heat Exchanger / Vessel / Column etc.) Aluminum -
Tank / External Shell and Roof White N 9.0
Furnace / Combustion Furnace Casing (including Duct, Steel
Aluminum -
Equipment Stack
Flare Stack Aluminum -
Rotary Equipment (Pumps, Motors, Compressors, Turbine, Piping etc.) Light Gray N 7.0
Blower Medium Green 10GY 4/7
Structural Steel, Platform and Ladders Light Gray N 7.5
Handrail and Cage Yellow 5Y 8/12
Grating and Stair treads Galvanized -
Uninsulated Piping, Pipe Support, Valve
Aluminum -
Packaged Equipment and In-line Component
Rotary Equipment (Pumps, Motors,
Light Gray N 7.0
Compressors, Turbine etc.)
Blower Medium Green 10GY 4/7
Other Items M.S. (Note 1) -
Fire Equipment (including Piping, Valve, Sprinkler, Deluge Piping , Fire
Safety Red 5R 4/14
Water Pump and In-line Component)
Oxygen Piping (including valves) White N 9.5
Nitrogen Piping (including valves) Blue 2.5BP 3.5/10
Acetylene Piping (including valves) Gray N 5.5
Chlorine Piping (including valves) Yellow 5Y 8/12
Black and
Hydrogen Sulfide Piping (including valves) N 1.0 / 5Y 8/12
Yellow (Note 2)
Other Uninsulated Piping, Pipe Support and In-line Component Aluminum -
Aluminum or
Valve eq. such as
Metallic gray
Valve Handles Black N 1.0
Instrument Items M.S. (Note 1) -
Electrical Items M.S. (Note 1) -
Offshore Structural Steel Structural Steel, Platforms and Ladders Light Gray N 7.5
Handrail and Cage Yellow 5Y 8/12
Grating and Stair treads Galvanized -
Topside Facilities Piping Aluminum -
Equipment Aluminum -
S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 41 of 43
SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

Note 1: M.S. Manufacturers Standard Color


Note 2: Hydrogen Sulfide Piping shall be marked around Valves as follows;

(Black (N 1.0) and Yellow (5Y 8/12) )

Note 3: Colour schedule for Facilities located in Seawater Intake Area according with below schedule;

Note 4: RAL and BS codes can be applied instead of Munsell code numbers if the conformance of the
RAL and BS codes to the equivalent Munsell code numbers is guaranteed.
(Ref.: Clients response to Technical Query no. SRIP-QT-JH-OH-QA-0530)

Note 5: Finish colour of valve gear box shall be same as valve body.
S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 42 of 43
SOHAR REFINERY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(SRIP)

CONTRACT No. 21297 JOB NO : 120476 / JI-02022

Specification for Surface Preparation, Painting & Lettering O-611

ATTACHMENT 5.0 PAINT SYSTEM SUMMARY

Carbon Steel & Low Allow Steels (Insulated or Non-Insulated):


PAINT SYSTEM A : Carbon-steel piping, equipment and structural steel, operating temperature 120C.
PAINT SYSTEM C : Carbon-steel piping and equipment, operating temperature 120 < t 400C.
PAINT SYSTEM H : Operating temperature 400 < t 600C.
PAINT SYSTEM D : Field erected, carbon steel storage tanks, operating temperature 120C for non-
insulated and 150C for insulated, external surfaces.
PAINT SYSTEM G : Submersed carbon steel at design temperature < 50C (exposed to salt water).

Stainless Steel for Piping & Equipment (Insulated or Non-Insulated):


PAINT SYSTEM B : Operating temperature t 120C.
PAINT SYSTEM F : Operating temperature 120 < t 200C.
PAINT SYSTEM I : Operating temperature 200 < t 500C.

Note: Zinc containing primers or coatings shall not be used on stainless steel or 9% nickel steel surfaces.

Galvanized Steel:
PAINT SYSTEM E : Repair/touch-up of damaged and uncoated areas of hot-dip galvanized structural steel,
operating temperature 120C, external surfaces, ISO 1461.

Carbon steel and Stainless steel Valves ordered in Bulk (Insulated or Non-Insulated):
PAINT SYSTEM J : Operating temperature -196C < t 650C.

S-000-53A0-001 Rev. No. 5 Date: 12/06/15 Page 43 of 43