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upamana

pramana

ananda

pramana

Nyaya,

&

&

AUG - 12211/II

 

Philosophy

 
 

Paper

II

 

n'kZu'kkL=

 

iz'uif=dk II

   

Time Allowed : 75 Minutes] Note : This Paper contains Fifty (50)

[Maximum Marks : 100 multiple choice questions, each question

 

carrying Two (2) marks. Attempt All questions.

   

lwpuk % ;k iz'uif=dsr ,dw.k

iÈkkl (50) cgqi;kZ;h iz'u fnysys vkgsr- izR;sd iz'ukyk

nksu (2)

 

xq.k vkgsr-

loZ iz'u lksMok-

 

1. Nihsreyasa, according to

Nyaya,

1. U;k;erkuqlkj fu%Js;l gh voLFkk v'kh

consists in a state which is :

 

vkgs

%

(A)

a positive state of

   
   

(A)

ldkjkRed vkuankoLFkk

(B)

a state where one attains

 

svarga

 

(B)

LoxZizkIrhph voLFkk

(C)

a state where one attains the

(C)

bZÇjh; œik izkIrhph voLFkk

grace of God

   

(D)

a negative state which is

 

(D)

osnuk vkf.k nq%[kkiklwu iw.kZr% eqDr

absolutely free from pain and

 

vl.kkjh udkjkRed voLFkk

suffering

2. U;k;erkuqlkj] mieku gs %

 

2. According to

 

is :

 
   

(A)

izek.k ukghp

(A)

not a

at all

 

(B)

to be classified under sabda

 

(B)

'kCn ;k izek.kkarxZr ;srs

(C)

to be classified under anumana

(C)

vuqeku ;k izek.kkarxZr ;srs

(D)

an independent

 

(D)

Lora= izek.k vkgs

AUG - 12211/II

3.

How

many

kinds

of

laukika

3. U;k;n'kZukr ykSfdd izR;{kkps fdrh izdkj Lohdkj.;kr vkys vkgsr \

pratyaksa

&

does

Nyaya accept ?

(A)

Two

(A)

nksu

(B)

Three

 

(B)

rhu

(C)

Four

(C)

pkj

(D)

Six

(D)

lgk

4.

believe that things :

4. oSHkkf"kdkaP;k ers] oLrw %

 

(A)

do not exist

 

(A)

vfLrRokr ulrkr

(B)

exist only in the present

(B)

orZeku dkˇkrp vfLrRokr vlrkr

(C)

exist in past, present and future

(C)

Hkwrdkˇ] orZekudkˇ vkf.k Hkfo";dkˇkr vfLrRokr vlrkr

(D)

are eternal

   
 

(D)

'kk'or vlrkr

5.

Anatmavada implies :

 

5. vukReokn lwfpr djrks %

(A)

Both I and the world exist substantially

(A)

eh vkf.k tx] nksUgh ÊO;r% vfLrRokr vlrkr

(B)

Neither I nor the world exist substantially

(B)

eh vkf.k tx] nksUghgh ÊO;r% vfLrRokr ulrkr

(C)

exist substantially but the world does not

I

(C)

eh ÊO;r% vfLrRokr vlrs ijarq tx ukgh

(D)

World exists substantially but

(D)

tx ÊO;r% vfLrRokr vlrs ijarq eh ukgh

 

I

do not

 

2

Siddhasila

Lokakasa

Alokakasa

Moksa

&

AUG - 12211/II

6. The abode where the liberated self stays according to Jainism is called :

6. eqDr >kysys tho T;k LFkkuh vlrkr] R;kl tSuerkuqlkj Eg.krkr %

(A)

Brahma-loka

(A)

cz„&yksd

(B)

(B)

flºf'kyk

(C)

(C)

yksdkdk'k

(D)

(D)

vyksdkdk'k

7. Which of the following conceptions

7. [kkyhyiSdh eks{kkph dks.krh ladYiuk pkokZdkauk vfHkizsr vkgs \

of

will be acceptable to

Carvakas ?

Choose

from the code given

fnysY;k dks"Vdkarwu fuoMk %

below :

(i)

Union with God.

(i)

bZ‹oj feyu

(ii)

Freedom to be experienced in this life.

(ii)

;k thoukr vuqHkokl ;s.kkjs Lokra´;

(iii)

nq%[kjfgr 'kk'or vkuan

(iii)

Eternal bliss accompanied by the complete absence of pains.

(iv)

e`R;w

(iv)

Death.

(v)

Loph f'kykoLFkk

(v)

Stone-like state of the self.

dks"Vd %

Code :

(A)

(i) vkf.k (ii)

(A)

(i) and (ii)

 
 

(B)

(ii) vkf.k (iii)

(B)

(ii) and (iii)

 

(C)

(iv) and (v)

(C)

(iv) vkf.k (v)

(D)

(ii) and (iv)

(D)

(ii) vkf.k (iv)

AUG - 12211/II

8. The word ‘Brahman’ derived from

 

the root ‘

’ means :

(A)

that who knows everything

8. ^c`ag~* ;k /kkrwiklwu r;kj >kysY;k ^cz„u~* ;k 'kCnkpk vFkZ vlk gksrks %

(A)

loZK

(B)

that who loves everybody

 

(B)

lok±oj izse dj.kkjk

(C)

that who can speak

 

(D)

that who grows

(C)

tks cksyw 'kdrks

9. Which of the following stages of

(D)

T;kph ok< gksrs

consciousness are remotely placed in

9. [kkyhyiSdh tkf.kosP;k dks.kR;k voLFkk cz„KkukP;k lanHkkZr lokZr ykacP;k vkgsr \

so far as knowledge of Brahman is

concerned ?

   
 

(A)

tkx`r vkf.k LoIu

(A)

Jagrat and Svapna

 

(B)

Svapna and

 

(B)

LoIu vkf.k lq"kqfIr

(C)

Susupti

&

and

Turiya

(C)

lq"kqfIr vkf.k rqjh;

(D)

Jagrat and

(D)

tkx`r vkf.k rqjh;

10. The following

Vedantin is known

10. ek;koknkps lkr izdkjs [kaMu dj.kkjs osnkarh Eg.kts %

to have given sevenfold refutation

of

:

 
 

(A)

xkSMikn

(A)

 

(B)

Ramanuja

 

(B)

jkekuqtkpk;Z

(C)

(C)

e/okpk;Z

(D)

(D)

foosdkuan

4

upamana

Samkara&

AUG - 12211/II

11. According to

 

, Moksa

&

is a

11. 'kadjkpk;kZuqlkj] eks{k v'kh voLFkk vkgs

state to

be

:

th

%

(A)

achieved through

Karmayoga

 
 

(A)

deZ;ksxkus izkI; vkgs

(B)

brought into existence through

 

meditation

 

(B)

/;ku izfÿ;s}kjs vfLrRokr ;srs

(C)

experienced through knowledge

 

(D)

reached through devotion

 

(C)

Kkuk}kjs vuqHko gks.kkjh vlrs

12. According to Radhakrishnan, there

(D)

R;kxk}kjs izkIr gksrs

are

three

possible

sources

of

 

knowledge :

 

12. jk/kkœ".ku ;kaP;k erkuqlkj] Kkukps rhu 'kD; Úksr Eg.kts %

(A)

Sense experience,

anumana,

upamana

   
 

(A)

bafÊ; vuqHko] vuqeku] mieku

(B)

Saksatkara,

&

 

anumana,

 
 

(B)

lk{kkRdkj] vuqeku] mieku

(C)

Sense experience, intellectual

 

cognition

and

intuitive

(C)

bafÊ; vuqHko] ckSfºd tkf.ko vkf.k varn`Zf"V

apprehension

 

(D)

Sense experience, dream and

 
 

(D)

bafÊ; vuqHko] LoIu vkf.k rdZ

 

logic

 

AUG - 12211/II

13.

According to Vivekananda, ultimate

13. foosdkuan ;kaP;k erkuqlkj] vafre lŸkk v'kh

reality is :

 
 

vkgs

%

 

(A)

material

   

(B)

essentially spiritual in nature

(A)

tMLo:ih

(C)

idea in God’s mind

 

(B)

LoHkkor% pSrU;e;

(D)

collection of ideas created by

(C)

bZ'ojkP;k eukrhy dYiuk

 

human mind

   

14.

Which

one

of

the

following

(D)

ekuoh euk}kjs fufeZr dYiukaps ladyu

arguments

for

the

existence

14. izœfrP;k vfLrRokfo"k;hpk [kkyhyiSdh

of

is

acceptable

to

dks.krk ;qfDrokn lka[;kauk ekU; vkgs \

Sankhya&

?

(A)

We experience

Prakrti

 

(A)

vki.k izœrhpk vuqHko ?ksrks

 

&

 
 

(B)

The manifest world must be

(B)

O;Dr txkps dkghrjh vO;Dr dkj.k

 

caused

by

something

non-

vlys ikfgts

manifest

   
 

(C)

Purusa

cannot exist without

(C)

izœfrf'kok; iq#"k vfLrRokr vlw 'kdr

 

&

 

Prakrti

   

ukgh

&

 
 

(D)

Pleasure, pain and delusion

(D)

lq[k] nq%[k vkf.k eksg ;k xq.kkauk ÊO;kpk

 

being

qualities,

must

be

 

supported by substance

 

vk/kkj vlykp ikfgts

6

AUG - 12211/II

15. According

to

Vivekanand

the

15. foosdkuan ;kaps erkuqlkj] O;kogkfjd /kekZps

summum

bonum

of

practical

fu%Js;l vkgs %

religion is :

 

(A)

vk/;kfRed Js"Brsph izkIrh

(A)

attainment of spiritual height

 
 

(B)

eqDrrsph izkIrh

(B)

attainment of freedom

   
 

(C)

bZ‹ojk leosr vl.ks

(C)

being one with God

   
 

(D)

,sfgd laiŸkhph izkIrh

(D)

attainment of material wealth

 
 

16. ch- vkj- vkacsMdj gs ckSº/kekZP;k R;kaP;k

16. B.R. Ambedkar in his interpretation

Li"Vhdj.kkP;k lanHkkZr rs ;k laiznk;kps vkgsr

of Buddhism can be said to belong

to :

vls EgVys tk≈ 'kdrs %

(A)

Mahayana school

(A)

egk;ku

(B)

Navayana school

(B)

uo;ku

(C)

Hinyana school

(C)

ghu;ku

(D)

Madhyamayana school

 

(D)

e/;e;ku

AUG - 12211/II

17. Which one of the following holds the

17. fo"k;kps rŸoKku] fo"k;hps rŸoKku vkf.k

view that there are three grades of

lR;Rokps rŸoKku gs rŸoKkukps rhu Lrj

philosophy viz. the philosophy of the

object, philosophy of the subject and

vlY;kps ;kauh izfrikfnys vkgs %

philosophy of truth ?

(A)

,l- jk/kkœ".ku~

(A)

S. Radhakrishnan

 

(B)

J. Krishnamurty

(B)

ts- œ".kewfrZ

(C)

K.C. Bhattacharya

(C)

ds- lh- HkV~Vkpk;Z

(D)

Shri Aurobindo

 
 

(D)

Jh vjfoUn

18. According to Aurobindo, evolution

 

consists of the processes of :

18. vjfoankaP;k erkuqlkj] mRÿkarhrhy izfÿ;k

(A)

widening, heightening, disinte-

Eg.kts %

gration

 

(A)

foLrkj.k] mPpRokfHkeq[krk] viw.kZrk

(B)

narrowing, heightening, inte-

 

gration

(B)

ladkspu] mPpRokfHkeq[krk] iw.kZrk

(C)

widening, lowering, integration

 
 

(C)

foLrkj.k] fuœ"VkfHkeq[krk] iw.kZrk

(D)

widening, heightening, inte-

 

gration

(D)

foLrkj.k] mPpRokfHkeq[krk] iw.kZrk

8

AUG - 12211/II

 

19. Which

of

the

following

types

19. [kkyhyiSdh dks.krk Hksn e/okpk;k±uk ekU;

of

bheda

is

not

accepted

by

ukgh

\

Madhva ?

   
 

(A)

thoµtho

 

(A)

 

(B)

IsvaraIsvara

 

(B)

bZ'ojµbZ'oj

(C)

JivaJada

 

(C)

thoµtM

(D)

Jada—Jada

(D)

tMµtM

20. According

to

Prabhakara,

all

20. izHkkdj ;kaP;k erkuqlkj loZKku %

knowledge is :

 

Svargakamo

Jiva Jiva

Arthavada

(A)

intrinsically valid

 

(A)

Lor% izek.k vlrs

 

(B)

intrinsically invalid

(B)

Lor% vizek.k vlrs

(C)

extrinsically valid

(C)

ijr% izek.k vlrs

(D)

extrinsically invalid

(D)

ijr% vizek.k vlrs

21.

yajeta’ is an example

21. ^LoxZdkeks ;tsr* gs ;kps mnkgj.k vkgs %

of :

 

(A)

vFkZokn

 

(A)

 
 

(B)

fof/k

 

(B)

Vidhi

 

(C)

Nisedha

 

(C)

fu"ks/k

(D)

Mantra

(D)

ea=

AUG - 12211/II

22. The following expression is to be

22. iratyh ;kaP;k erkuqlkj] bZ‹ojkps /;ku djrkuk

repeated while meditating on

 
 

;kpk ti djk;pk vlrks %

according to

Patanjali%

:

(A)

Harih

Om

(A)

gfj% vkse~

 

&

 

(B)

Om

(B)

vkse~

(C)

Gayatri

 

(C)

xk;=h

(D)

Om

Namah

Sivaya

   
 

&

23. Which set of tattvas given below is

(D)

vkse~ ue% f'kok;

in correct order in the chain of

23. vfHktkr lka[;kaP;k erkuqlkj [kkyhyiSdh

evolution according to classical

 

?

dks.kR;k rŸokapk lap mRÿkafrP;k ‹k`a[kysrhy

(A)

Prakrti

, Ahamkara&

, Tanmatra ,

vpwd vuqÿe vkgs %

 

&

 

Mahat

 
 

(A)

izœfr] vgadkj] rUek=] egr~

(B) Mahat,

 

,

,

 
 

Mahabhuta

 

(B)

egr~] rUek=] vgadkj] egkHkwr

(C)

, Mahat,

Ahamkara&

,

 
 

Tanmatra

 

(C)

izœfr] egr~] vgadkj] rUek=

(D)

,

Prakrti

,

Mahat,

(D)

iq#"k] izœfr] egr~] vgadkj

 

&

 

Ahamkara&

   

10

AUG - 12211/II

 

24. Which of the following

abhavas ,

24. oS'ksf"kd erkuqlkj [kkyhyiSdh dks.krk vHkko 'kk'or vkgs \

according to

,

is

eternal ?

(A)

Atyantabhava

(A)

vR;arkHkko

(B)

(B)

/oalkHkko

(C)

Pragabhava

(C)

izkxHkko

(D)

(D)

lalxkZHkko

25. The conjunction among threads is

 

the following type of cause of a

25. rarqla;ksx gs oL=kps dks.kR;k izdkjps dkj.k

cloth :

vkgs

\

(A)

Samavayi

(A)

leok;h

(B)

Asamavayi

&

Samsargabhava&

Vaisesikas

Sahakari

Dhavamsabhava&

(C) Nimitta

 

(B)

vleok;h

 

(D)

(C)

fufeŸk

26.

Which one of the following is

not

(D)

lgdkjh

correctly matched ?

26. [kkyhyiSdh dks.krh tksMh vpwdi.ks tqˇr

Thinkers

Theory

ukgh

%

(A)

Bishop Berkeley

Subjective

 
 

idealism

 

fopkjoar

miiŸkh

 

(B)

Edmund Husserl

Transcenden-

(A)

fc'ki cDysZ

vkRefu"B izR;;okn

 

tal realism

(B)

,MeaM gqlyZ

vfrroLrqokn

 

(C)

C.S. Peirce

Abduction

 
 

(C)

lh- ,l- fivlZ

vWcMD'ku

 

(D)

David Hume

Academic

 
 

scepticism

(D)

MsfOgM gÓqe

lSºkafrd la'k;okn

AUG - 12211/II

27. For Kant knowledge :

 

27. dkaVP;k ers] Kku %

(A)

begins with experience

(A)

vuqHkokrwu lq: gksrs

(B)

arises out of experience

(B)

vuqHkokrwu mRiUu gksrs

(C)

ends with experience

 

(C)

vuqHkokrwu laiq"Vkr ;srs

(D)

continues with experience

 
 

(D)

lkuqHko vlrs

28. According to Hume, all perceptions

 

are :

28. gÓqeP;k erkuqlkj] loZ rÚgsps izR;{k ;k izdkjps vlrs %

(A)

impressions

(B)

momentary

(A)

laLdkj

(C)

eternal

(B)

{kf.kd

(D)

innate

(C)

'kk'or

29. The

statement

that

identical

(D)

mitr

things share identical properties

 

is known as :

 

29. vfHkUu oLrqaps xq.k/keZ lkj[ksp vlrkr] gs vfHkdFku Eg.kts %

(A)

Aristole’s rule of the mean

 

(A)

vWfjLVkWVy iz.khr lqo.kZe/;kpk fu;e

(B)

The principle of non-identity

 
 

(B)

v&rknkRE;&rŸo

(C)

Leibniz’s law

 

(D)

The principle of non-contra-

(C)

yk;fCu>pk fu;e

diction

(D)

v&O;k?kkrkps rŸo

12

AUG - 12211/II

30. According to Heideggar phenome-

30. gk;MsxjP;k erkuqlkj] ekul?kVuk'kkÛkr x`ghr vlrs %

nology presupposes :

(A)

an ontology

(A)

,d lŸkk'kkL=

(B)

a metaphysics

(B)

,d vfrHkkSfrdh

(C)

an epistemology

(C)

,d Kkuehekalk

(D)

an axiology

(D)

,d ewY;ehekalk

31. Spinoza bases his philosophy on :

31. fLiuks>kps rŸoKku ;koj vk/kkfjr vkgs %

(A)

doubt

(A)

la'k;

(B)

axioms

(B)

Lo;aflº rŸo

(C)

proof

(C)

iqjkok

(D)

critique

(D)

fpfdRlk

32. In his account of personal identity

32. gÓqe vkiY;k O;DrhP;k rnsorsP;k foospukr Lohdkjrkr %

Hume affirmed a :

(A)

Substantive self

(A)

oLrq:i Lo

(B)

Phenomenal self

(B)

Kkuxkspj Lo

(C)

Scientific self

(C)

oSKkfud Lo

(D)

Spiritual self

(D)

pSrU;e; Lo

AUG - 12211/II

33. According to Nietszche ‘will to power’ is :

33. uhR'ksP;k ers 'kfDrij ladYi Eg.kts %

(A)

l`tu'khy œrh vlrs&th Lo;aiw.kZrs'kh fuxfMr vlrs i.k vkRefo'oklk'kh uOgs

(A)

a creative activity associated with self-sufficiency but not with self-confidence

(B)

a creative acivity associated with dependence on others and self-confidence

(B)

l`tu'khy œrh vlrs&th ijkoyafcRok'kh rlsp vkRefo'oklk'kh fuxfMr vlrs

(C)

l`tu'khy œrh vlrs&th Lo;aiw.kZrs'kh vkf.k vkRefo'oklk'kh fuxfMr vlrs

(C)

a creative activity associated

(D)

l`tu'khy ulysyh œrh vlrs&th

(D)

with self-sufficiency and self- confidence

a non-creative activity asso- ciated with self-sufficiency and self-confidence

Lo;aiw.kZrs'kh vkf.k vkRefo'oklk'kh fuxfMr vlrs

34. dkaViz.khr dksifuZdu ÿkarh ;kpk Lohdkj

 

djrs dh

%

34. The Kantian Copernican revolution upholds that :

(A)

fo"k;h gk fo"k;k'kh vuq:i vlyk ikfgts

(A)

the subject should conform to objects

(B)

fo"k; gs fo"k;h'kh vuq:i vlys ikfgtsr

(B)

the objects should conform to subject

(C)

the subject should not conform to objects

(C)

fo"k;h gk fo"k;k'kh vuq:i vlrk dkek u;s

(D)

the objects should not conform to subject

(D)

fo"k; gs fo"k;h'kh vuq:i vlrk dkek u;sr

14

AUG - 12211/II

35. Berkeley rejected :

 

35. cdZys vekU; djrkr %

(A)

Mental substance

(A)

ekufld ÊO;

(B)

Spiritual substance

(B)

pSrU;e; ÊO;

(C)

Historical substance

(C)

,sfrgkfld ÊO;

(D)

Material substance

(D)

tM ÊO;

36. According

to

Kant,

rational

36. dkaVP;k erkuqlkj cqfºfu"B ekul'kkL=kph ifj.krh ;kr gksrs %

psychology leads to :

(A)

Paradoxes

 
 

(A)

fojks/kkHkkl

(B)

Paralogisms

 
 

(B)

rdZnks"k

(C)

Antinomies

 
 

(C)

}a}

(D)

Contradictions

   
 

(D)

O;k?kkr

37. Kant’s transcendental philosophy

 

is :

37. dkaVps ijkekfFkZd rŸoKku gs %

(A)

an extension of knowledge

(A)

Kkukps foLrkj.k vkgs

(B)

a correction of knowledge

(B)

Kkukph nq#Lrh vkgs

(C)

a repudiation of knowledge

(C)

Kkukps [kaMu vkgs

(D)

an assumption of knowledge

(D)

Kkukps x`ghrd vkgs

AUG - 12211/II

38. According to Witgenstein the use of

38. foV~xsULVkbZuP;k erkuqlkj] 'kCnkpk mi;ksx ;k}kjs fu/kkZfjr gksrks %

a word is determined by the :

(A)

speaker

(A)

oDrk

(B)

context

(B)

lanHkZ

(C)

rules of grammar

(C)

O;kdj.kkps fu;e

(D)

rules of logic

(D)

rdZ'kkL=kps fu;e

39. Moore’s defence of common sense

39. lk/kkj.k cqºhps ewj ;kauh dsysys leFkZu vuqL;wr vkgs ;kP;k leFkZukoj %

consists in defending :

(A)

popular beliefs

(A)

yksdfiz; letqrh

(B)

practical wisdom

(B)

O;kogkfjd 'kgk.ki.k

(C)

common knowledge

(C)

lkekU; Kku

(D)

reality of space, time and

(D)

vodk'k] dky vkf.k HkkSfrd oLrwaph okLrork

material objects

40. Russell rejects the doctrine of :

40. jlsy gk flºkUr ukdkjrkr %

(A)

unity of apperception

(A)

osnu&vuqHko&,sD;

(B)

pantheism

(B)

losZ‹ojokn

(C)

internal relations

(C)

vkarfjd laca/k

(D)

cogito ergo sum

(D)

eh tk.krks Eg.kwu eh vkgs

16

AUG - 12211/II

41. Which one of the following is not a

41. [kkyhyiSdh dks.krk dksfV&izekn

ukgh

\

category mistake ?

 

(A)

O;fDr:ikrhy bZ'oj

(A)

God as a person

   
 

(B)

izokfgr dky

(B)

Time as flowing

   
 

(C)

la[;k Eg.kts vodk'kkrhy O;kid

(C)

Numbers

as

large

spatial

 
   

inkFkZ

 

objects

 
 

(D)

[kqphZ:ikr Vscy

(D)

Tables as chairs

   
 

42. fofy;e tsElP;k erkuqlkj] O;ogkjoknkph

42. Pragmatism, according to William

ifj.krh ;kr gksrs %

 

James, leads to the doctrine of :

 

(A)

fujis{k cqºhokn

(A)

absolute rationalism

   

(B)

radical empiricism

(B)

ekSfyd vuqHkookn

(C)

absolute idealism

(C)

fujis{k izR;;okn

(D)

hard-core realism

(D)

dBksj okLrookn

AUG - 12211/II

43. By ‘language-game’ is meant :

43. Hkkf"kd

[ksˇ

;kpk

vFkZ

%

(A)

pragmatic, rule governed and

(A)

O;kogkfjd] fu;e&fu;af=r vkf.k Lo;aiw.kZ

self-contained activity

œfr

(B)

non-pragmatic, rule governed

(B)

u&O;kogkfjd] fu;efu;af=r i.k Lo;aiw.kZ

but not self-contained activity

ulysyh œfr

 

(C)

pragmatic, self-contained but

(C)

O;kogkfjd] Lo;aiw.kZ i.k fu;e fu;af=r

not rule governed activity

ulysyh œfr

 

(D)

non-pragmatic, rule governed

(D)

u&O;kogkfjd] fu;efu;af=r vkf.k

and self-contained activity

Lo;aiw.kZ œfr

 

44. Husserl studied consciousness :

44. gqlyZ tkf.kosps v/;;u ;k izdkjs djrkr %

(A)

empirically

(A)

vuqHkfod jhR;k

 

(B)

intuitively

(B)

var%izKsus

(C)

socially

(C)

lkekftd jhR;k

 

(D)

philosophically

(D)

rkfŸod n`"VÓk

18

AUG - 12211/II

45. ‘Consciousness is always conscious-

45. ^tkf.ko gh usgehp d'kkph rjh tkf.ko vlrs]* gs fo/kku vkgs %

ness of something’ is a statement of :

(A)

intentionality

 

(A)

iz;kstdrsps

(B)

phenomenology

(B)

ekul?kVukoknkps

(C)

reduction

(C)

vYihdj.kkps

(D)

bracketing

(D)

ca/kuhdj.kkps

46. For Hegel

Geist is

a force that

 

operates through :

46. gsxyP;k ers xkbZLV gh v'kh 'kDrh vkgs th dk;Z djrs %

(A)

history alone

 

(A)

dsoˇ bfrgklk}kjs

(B)

minds alone

   
 

(B)

dsoˇ euk}kjs

(C)

history and human minds

 
 

(C)

bfrgkl o ekuoh euka}kjs

(D)

eternity

 
 

(D)

vuarrs}kjs

47. Plato terms the recollection of what

 

is forgotten as :

 

47. foLe`rhP;k iquLeZj.kkyk IysVks Eg.krkr %

(A)

learning

(A)

f'kd.ks

(B)

knowledge

 

(B)

Kku

(C)

opinion

(C)

er

(D)

memory

(D)

Le`rh

AUG - 12211/II

48. According to Heraclitus the harmony of opposites is ensured by :

48. fo#ºkae/khy lqlaokn gsjkWDyhVl ;kaP;k ers ;keqˇs flº gksrks %

(A)

uks≈l

(A)

nous

(B)

vkdsZ

(B)

arche

(C)

visfjvk°

(C)

apeiron

(D)

yksxksl

(D)

logos

49. vWfjLVkWVyP;k ers cqfºxE; Kku O;kogkfjd 'kgk.ki.kkgwu fHkUu vlrs dkj.k cqfºxE; Kku vlrs %

(A)

dsoˇ Lor%lkBh

49. For Aristotle theoretical knowledge differs from practical wisdom in being knowledge for :

(A)

its own sake

(B)

orZ.kqdhlkBh

(B)

the sake of conduct

(C)

mRiknuklkBh

(C)

the sake of production

(D)

vkReKkuklkBh

(D)

the sake of self-realization

50. lar vWUlsYeœr lŸkk'kkL=h; ;qDrhoknkpk vkjaHk bZ‹ojkP;k gÓk xq.k/kekZfo"k;hP;k izfriknukrwu gksrks %

50. St. Anselm’s ontological argument begins with the premise of God’s :

(A)

Omniscience

(A)

loZK

(B)

Omnipotence

(B)

loZ'kDrheku

(C)

Omnipresence

(C)

foHkw

(D)

Perfection

(D)

ifjiw.kZ

20

AUG - 12211/II

ROUGH WORK

ROUGH WORK

AUG - 12211/II

ROUGH WORK

ROUGH WORK

22