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CaeSam Analyst User Help

© Copyright Samtech

2009

Version : 5.3.3

CaeSam Analyst User Help © Copyright Samtech 2009 Version : 5.3.3

CaeSam Analyst User Help

Table of Contents

What is New

2

Caesam Basics

4

Understanding CæSam for analysts

4

Glossary

9

Using the Help

11

The User Interface

14

The Menu bar

16

The File menu

16

The Edit menu

18

Display menu

21

The Model menu

22

The Data menu

23

Result menu

23

Analysis menu

24

Maturity menu

26

Tools menu

27

User menu

27

SDK menu

27

Help menu

27

The Tool bar

28

The Interface Perspectives

29

The Tree View

30

The Property View

34

The Analysis Runs tab

37

The Editors

38

The Global Model

41

Elements

41

Running a global FEM analysis

42

Currently loaded op2 data blocks

42

Basic operations

44

Filtering

44

Selecting items

46

Using groups

48

Working with a database

48

Calculation Points

50

Create an SEA

50

Engineering Objects

51

Adding EOs to the Shared Workspace

52

CPs and EOs

55

Assigning EOs to CPs

62

Using reference values

62

Using shared values

64

Assigning parameters defined in a configuration

66

Defining local EO values

68

Analysis operations

70

Running an analysis

70

Performing a standalone analysis

72

Performing an analysis using an analysis model

73

Configurations

74

Using configurations and associations

75

Packages

78

Using Packages

78

Load cases

81

Unitary Loadcases

81

Generating Unitary Load Cases from an OP2 file

82

Creating Unitary Load Cases manually

83

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Creating Real load cases

85

User load cases

88

Creating User Load Cases manually

88

Creating User load cases from unitary load cases

89

Contents of .csv loadcase files

90

Creating Combined load cases

95

Creating Load Case Sets

97

Selecting Load Cases for an analysis

99

Tables

100

Basic tables

100

The Table Editor

103

Table descriptor

108

Using tables

110

Create a new table based on a standard template

110

Create a table from a descriptor

110

Creating a local table from a global table

111

Import table

111

View and edit a table

111

Filtering a table

112

Sort table contents

113

Viewing table data in the 3D Viewer

113

Export table

116

Export table descriptor

117

Viewing results

118

The 3-D Viewer

118

Using the 3-D viewer

120

Color scale

122

Viewing FEM results

123

Loading FEM results

124

FE viewer

124

Tools

125

Contextual menu

141

Hints and tips

144

How to view FE results

144

Terminology

146

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Chapter 1 - What is New

New in version 5.3

• Improved filtering in view by configuration

• Improved selection filter in view by configuration

• Improved command "Move Selected Associations"

• Improved command "Move Selected Support Associations"

• Unification and improvements of the global table editor and the table perspective

• Possibility to add table columns for values coming from loadcases (OP2) and from the BDF

• Export and import tables to/from Excel files in batch

• Transpose result table

For more details see the Release Notes. Select Help --> Analyst Help -->

Release Notes

New in version 5.2.

• Rearrangement of functions in the menus.

• New entry to create a specific post table.

• Editing of tables

• Perspectives can be used to apply different arrangements of the interface.

• FEM results can be viewed from AIBSPA (.obj) files.

• Get analysis messages

• Edit analysis file

• Items can be added and removed from a group.

• Attach an Eo to a CP

• Use current data set

• Edit an item in the tree view

• Different types of editors are available New for version 5.2.3 :

• Window menu

• Define bounds option for filtering the numerical values in tables.

New in version 4.1.7 See also the Release notes

• A dedicated editor is now available for the creation of load case sets

• Display of text in tables.

• The font size to display text is set in the Display options

• To improve performance it is possible to deactivate the 3D View.

• When using tables within the editor tab, column width settings can be defined.

• A printable version of the online help is available from the Help menu.

• Information about the number of patches that have been installed is available from the Help menu.

New in version 4.1.6 Correction of bugs.

New in version 4.1.5

• Improvement in performance.

• Correction of bugs.

• New types of tables that can be created.

• Shortcut to create tables in the Results menu.

• A number of user Preferences can be set.

New in version 4.1.4

• The Run button has been changed.

• A "Connect button" has been added to the Property view that allows you to connect the same value to several EOs.

• A "follow icon" has been added to the Property view that indicates whether the contents of the Property View is following the Tree View or not.

• The possibility to view FEM node ids in the display has been moved to the

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Display options dialog.

• New functionality in tables allows you to define a reference column and a support column.

New in version 4.1.3

• Tables

• Configurations

• Packages

• New options in the display menu.

• Detachable tabs

• A properties sheet is available by right clicking on items in the tree view.

• Preferences can be set using the Edit menu.

• The number of decimal places used for numeric values can be set in the Preferences dialog in the General category.

• The Post-processing tab has been removed. It has been replaced with a more generic post processing table.

• Set read only

• Duplicate function

• Load cases: It is possible to create unitary load cases from op2 files and to create user load cases from unitary load cases.

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Chapter 2 - Caesam Basics

Before using CæSam it is important to understand that CæSam is a framework in which engineering analysis processes can be carried out; it is not designed for specific analysis purposes. The analyses that can be performed are those that have been installed locally as "plugins". The details of the analysis processes are defined locally by the plugin. This Help therefore can not provide assistance on any specific analysis.

Starting up CæSam can be started by following the steps given below. Windows

From the Start menu select Start - Programs - Samtech - CæSam V5.3 - CæSam V5.3

or Double click on the CæSam V5.3 shortcut on the desktop. or Double click on the <Installation directory>\CæSam.cmd file. UNIX % <Installation directory>/CæSam (where <Installation directory> is the directory you have chosen for product installation) Note! When starting the application from a command line a number of startup options can be set.

- nolog stops the generation of a log file.

- discipline discipline-name starts CæSam with a number of plugins that relate to the discipline with the specified name

- filepath1, filepath2 opens CæSam with the specified CæSam files (.czm)

Concepts There are some concepts (described on page-4) associated with using CæSam which apply to the use of the framework, and an understanding of these will help in working within the framework.

Procedures Performing a stand-alone analysis (described on page-72) describes how to carry out a local analysis on a discrete set of structural elements that are not part of a specific structural model. The general steps for working with an analysis model (described on page-73) provide guidance on certain processes.

2.1 - Understanding CæSam for analysts

The general concepts and principles of operation associated with working with CæSam for analysts are illustrated through the use of a hypothetical example.

Structural Elements and Assemblies An analysis operation is always based on Structural Elements, (SEs) which represent individual parts of the complete structure under analysis. To illustrate this the figure below depicts two typical SEs; a beam and a plate.

Figure 1. Structural Element (SE) Plate

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Figure 2. Structural Element (SE) Beam An analysis operation can also be

Figure 2. Structural Element (SE) Beam

Analyst User Help Figure 2. Structural Element (SE) Beam An analysis operation can also be performed

An analysis operation can also be performed on Structural Element Assemblies, (SEAs) which are collections of Structural Elements. The figure below depicts a typical SEA, which is called a "Base" and which is composed of three Structural Elements (SEs); one beam and two plates.

Figure 3. A Structural Element Assembly (SEA) "Base"

3. A Structural Element Assembly (SEA) "Base" The types of SEs that can be used in

The types of SEs that can be used in the analysis operation is specified in the analysis operation definition. Similarly the number of SEs and the construction of the SEA, is also specified in the analysis operation definition. The actual SEs and SEAs used in any instance of the analysis operation is selected by the analyst.

An analysis is actually carried out on a Calculation point, which can be either an SE or an SEA. Multiple calculation points can be selected for analysis.

The Analysis {Stress} Model In most circumstances the SEs and the SEAs form part of a complete structure or significant part of such a structure, that is under analysis. The Analysis {Stress } model provides the context for the analysis and describes the topology and the relationship between the basic structural elements (SEs) and the assemblies. This concept is illustrated below where a collection of "Base" SEAs together form an analysis {stress } model.

Figure 4. Analysis {stress } model

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CaeSam Analyst User Help It is also possible to work outside the concept of an analysis

It is also possible to work outside the concept of an analysis model by performing analyses in 'standalone mode' in which analysis operations can be performed on independent SEAs.

See also : Working with structural elements (described on page-50).

Engineering objects Engineering Objects (EOs) are the means of defining the parameters that will be used in the analysis operation. Thus, using the examples above, typical EOs relating to the SEs could be Materials, Profile and Geometry.

Engineering Object

Upper plate

Beam

Lower plate

Material

Aluminium alloy-1

Steel

Aluminium alloy-2

Profile

Profile Type = "I" Required dimensions thickness = T2mm
Type = "I" Required dimensions

Type = "I" Required dimensions

thickness = T2mm

thickness = T2mm

thickness = T1mm

 

Geometry

Geometry length = L2mm
length = L2mm

length = L2mm

Geometry length = L2mm

width = W1mm length = L1mm

width = W3mm length = L3mm

Specific EOs, such as loads or other constraints, can also be assigned to SEAs.

Engineering objects also define other analysis operation parameters as well as the results that are computed by the analysis operations, such a stress levels, displacements or vibration modes.

Values for the input EOs must be defined before the analysis operation can be executed. Thus all values for dimensions shown above as well as the material properties must be specified.

These values are specified for each instance of the analysis operation by the analyst, through a dedicated editor. These values can be specified "locally" for

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

the current instance of the analysis operation, or they can be retrieved from a "centrally" defined library, known as the EO Shared Workspace. They can also form part of a set of temporary values that are contained in a configuration.

See also : Understanding Engineering Objects (described on page-51).

Analysis Operation Template The type of analysis operation is determined by the choice of Template.

Different templates define different analysis operations that can be performed on the same type of structural components.

The analysis operation template contains a complete definition of the structural elements to be used, the input parameters (EOs) to be defined as well as the computation and the results that will be obtained. It can also specify process Parameters, which determine how the analysis is to be performed and Sub operations, which are supplementary analysis processes that may be called by the principle one.

The table below illustrates the use of templates to perform different computational procedures on the same type of Structural Elements.

Base Bending Template SEs : Beams , Plates CP = SEA : Base= 1 beam + 2 plates Input parameters Materials Profiles Geometry Load cases Output parameters Displacements Stress Modes

Plate Buckling Template SEs : Plates CP = SE = Plate Input parameters Material Profile Geometry Load Output parameters Max Displacement Reserve factor

See Also : Understanding analysis operations (described on page-70).

The Analysis Process The overall analysis process is illustrated in the Figure below in which the relationships between the structural components, the template, the Engineering Objects and the specific analysis operation is shown.

Figure 5. The Analysis process

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CaeSam Analyst User Help The analysis operation is based on the analysis model in which all

The analysis operation is based on the analysis model in which all the structural elements (SEs) and their topology are defined.

The type of analysis operation that will be performed is based on the selected template.

A template is related to a model, since they both refer to the same structural components.

The specific instance of the analysis is contained in a CæSam document.

The template specifies which of the Calculation Points to be used and which structural elements these include. The analyst selects the specific CPs required for this analysis.

The template specifies which Engineering Objects (EOs) are required for the analysis. Values for all the required EOs must be specified by the analyst. These can be defined within the context of the single instance of the analysis or they

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can be referenced from a shared repository of definitions.

When all the input data have been defined, the analysis process can be run. The processes, computations and result types are specified in the template.

The results are saved with the input data as a Run in the CæSam document. Several Runs can be executed with different parameters.

2.2 - Glossary

Analysis model An analysis {stress } model defines the topology of the Structural Elements that form the structure to be analysed. An analysis operation can be performed on defined sets of Structural Elements known as a Calculation Points. Only when an analysis model has been defined can structural elements be displayed in the 3-D viewer. Analysis operation An analysis operation is a computational process performed on a (part of a) structural model known as the Calculation Point. The definition of the operation is contained in an analysis template, which specifies all the

structural elements, the design parameters and the computations that will be performed. Specific analyses can be created within an analysis document. Analyst

A user of the CæSam framework, who performs calculations based on

structural elements according an analysis operation that is defined within a

template. Association An association is a particular value that can be applied to particular EOs on SEs. Sets of associations are managed within configurations. Author Someone who creates plugin applications that can be used by analysts within the CæSam framework to perform analyst operations. Calculation Point An analysis is performed on a Calculation Point (CP). A Calculation Point can be a Structural Element or a Structural Element Assembly. Configuration Configurations allow you to manage Engineering Objects. They enable an analyst to define a set of parameter values that can to be used independently

in analyses. Configurations in conjunction with packages can be managed so

that other analysts can see the results of the work by particular analysts on particular areas of the structure using particular values for EOs. Discipline

A

discipline is a means of categorizing an analysis process. When a discipline

is

selected it acts as filter and controls which parameters will be visible and

which can be modified. Document

A CæSam analysis document contains all the data relating to a specific

instance of an analysis operation. Editor The means to define and view parameter values. Different types of editor are available depending on the plugin. In all cases a simple default editor is supplied to edit input data and view output data. Element This refers to a finite element associated with the Structural Elements in the analysis model. These can be listed in the data tree and their properties examined.

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Engineering object EO An Engineering Object defines a parameter used in an analysis operation. This can be an input (design) parameter or an output (result) parameter. The

EOs to be used are specified in the analysis template. Instances of EOs can be created within an analysis. They can also be shared between different analyses by placing them in the Shared Workspace. The complete Shared Workspace can be exported to be shared with another analyst and in other types of analysis. Global FE model This is a Finite Element Model on which an analysis model is based. CæSam enables you to open and view such a model and the results associated with it. Group

A group is a means of placing a collection of objects together.

Loadcase

A type of EO used in an analysis. Loadcases can be extracted from external

(.op2) files Their effects can be combined into single 'combined' loadcase, or

they can be grouped into a loadcase set. Maturity

A group of functions that allow you to work with configurations and

packages. as a means of grouping parts of a large model together and allowing individual analysts to use their own particular values in an analysis without affecting the model reference values or the values in other analyses. These functions will only be available if the relevant option has been set in the Preferences. Package

A package is a collection of items, such as SEs, EOs, that can be management

individually. Perspective An arrangement of the CæSam user interface. Plugin An application that has been created by an 'author'. A plugin defines all the parameters relating to the analysis process, as well as the interface used to work with it. The plugins that are installed are available under the Tools - Tasks menu. Plugins can be categorised in 'disciplines'. Reference values These are the values of Engineering Objects that are directly related with the Structural Elements; in practice they are the actual physical properties. They are edited by selecting the SE in the tree. Different values can be used in an

investigative analysis by breaking the link between the analysis and the SE. Results Results are generated as the output of an analysis. The term is also used to define data that is associated with the analysis such as geometric and material properties. Such results can be viewed using options in the Results menu. There are a number of means of viewing Results computed by the analysis. Run Runs are the result of an analysis. An analysis process is initiated by clicking on the [Run] button. Each time the analysis is executed a new run is created that contains all the results of the analysis process. Runs are listed in the Tree View. Structural Element (SE)

A Structural Element is a discrete part of a complete structure upon which an

analysis can be performed. It represents a unit structural element of the complete engineering structure. The SEs that can be used in an analysis is

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defined in the analysis template. The design parameters associated with a Structural Element are specified through an associated set of Engineering objects. Structural Element Assembly (SEA) A Structural Element Assembly (SEA) is a specific collection of Structural Elements used in an analysis operation. Standalone Analysis This is an analysis made without reference to an analysis model. It enables you to perform computations on an isolated local set of Structural Elements. Table Tables can be used in CæSam to examine sets of data relating to the current model. Information in a table can be sorted, filtered and exported to other applications. Editors may also be available in tabular form. Template An analysis template specifies the parameters are to be used in an analysis operation. A template is used to create a specific instance of an analysis process.

2.3 - Using the Help

The user documentation describes:

• aspects of the user interface

• concepts associated with using the software

• useful processes required to operate CæSam

Note! that this help does not describe any aspect of a PLUGIN

Getting Help

To view all the help: select Help --> Analyst Help --> Analyst Help Browser -

to open the JavaHelp version of the Caesam online help OR

Select Help --> Analyst Help --> Printable Analyst Help to access the Caesam

online help in pdf format.

To obtain contextual help : specific is available for some functionality using the F1 function key. When an item is selected in the data tree for which contextual help is provided, it will open in a specific browser which contains the relevant page and a list of the previous pages visited.

If there is no contextual help for the selected topic, then a dialog will appear informing you that there is no contextual help and offering to open the Analyst Help.

• If you answer [Yes], then the main online help for Caesam will be opened.

• If you answer [No], then the contextual help browser will be opened with the history of visited pages displayed.

• If you answer [Cancel], then no action will be taken.

Documentation conventions [ button ]: A button for performing an action in a dialog box is shown between square parentheses [ ] Example : Click [Apply] to view the results. < keys>: Keyboard keys are shown between angled parentheses < > Example :

Press <Enter> to define the value. Selections from the menu bar are shown as follows. Example: Select File --> Save - from the menu. Dialog boxes are shown as follows : the Opening a Document dialog GUI fields are shown as follows: Check the Use Selection box. File names and paths are shown as follows : installation/user/file.csm

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Terminology relating to the GUI application The main software application - in this case CæSam module

A separate part of a software application with dedicated functions for a

specific task.

dialog box

A window used to enter parameters relating to a specific operation,

containing input fields and action buttons that will execute the function. menu The visible menu bar in an application. contextual menu

A menu of options that appears when the user right clicks (see below) in a

specific area of the interface. The contents of the menu depends on the

current position. pop-up menu Same as contextual menu.

Terminology relating to the mouse SamTech software provides options that relate to a three-buttoned mouse. In this documentation the following conventions are used, which are based on the standard mouse configuration for a right handed user.

on the standard mouse configuration for a right handed user. Mouse button 1 - the left

Mouse button 1

- the left mouse button used for selection. Mouse button 2

- the middle mouse button or scroll wheel.

Mouse button 3

- the right mouse button - normally used for opening a contextual menu.

Actions performed with the mouse:

Click (or left-click)

- to depress and release mouse button 1; an action used for selection. Right click

- to depress and release mouse button 3; an action used to bring up a

contextual menu. Drag - to depress mouse button 1 and to move the mouse keeping the button depressed. Scroll

- to rotate the scroll wheel on a mouse. For a mouse that does not have a

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scroll wheel, scrolling is performed by dragging the scroll bar in the window up or down.

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Chapter 3 - The User Interface

CæSam is a platform in which analysts can work with tools that have been specifically designed and implemented for their field of interest. The user interface presented depends, to some extent, on the plugins that have been loaded as plugins. This help describes the interface provided in the base CæSam application.

The CæSam user interface is set out in an arrangement similar to that shown below.

is set out in an arrangement similar to that shown below. It consists of: • The

It consists of:

• The menu bar (described on page-16)

• The tool bar (described on page-28)

• The Tree View (described on page-30)

• The 3D Viewer (described on page-118)

• The Property View (described on page-34)

• The Editing area (described on page-38)

Using the interface The interface is presented as a collection of panels. By default there are four panels as shown in the screen shot above. You can modify this by clicking on one of the perspective layout buttons in the top right corner of the toolbar.

You can modify this by clicking on one of the perspective layout buttons in the top

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The button on the left provides the traditional tree perspective (described on page-29), while the button on the right provides thetabular perspective (described on page-29).

The proportions dedicated to each of these panels can be adjusted to suit your needs. You can either adjust the size of each panel individually, or you can use the short cut buttons.

To adjust the size of the panels manually:

1. Move the mouse to the edge of the panel that needs to be adjusted.

2. The mouse pointer will change to an arrow pointing at a bar, as shown in the figure below.

to an arrow pointing at a bar, as shown in the figure below. 3. Press mouse

3. Press mouse button 1 and drag the edge to the position required.

Adjusting the size of the panels using the shortcut buttons

In the top right hand corner of each of the panels there are a pair of buttons that maximise and minimize the size of the panel.

of buttons that maximise and minimize the size of the panel. Maximise This maximises the size
of buttons that maximise and minimize the size of the panel. Maximise This maximises the size

Maximise

This maximises the size of the panel. It fills the entire workspace. Minimise Minimise

size of the panel. It fills the entire workspace. Minimise This reduces the size of the

This reduces the size of the panel to a minimum. It can be restored using the Restore button. This operation can also be performed by double clicking on the tab in a panel. Restore

The restore button appears when the Maximise or the Minimise buttons have been used. It will restore the original size of the panel.

Moving the tabs

You can drag some tabs that are placed in the bottom panel to the upper panel and vice versa.

in the bottom panel to the upper panel and vice versa. Status history The back and

Status history The back and forward buttons in the toolbar

interface to previous states during the current session. Thus you can return to previous settings of the Tree View and selections. This is not an undo operation; edited values for example are not changed.

Disciplines The CæSam plugins can be categorized in disciplines. This area in the user interface allows you to select the discipline in which you want to work.

area in the user interface allows you to select the discipline in which you want to

allow you to restore the

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CaeSam Analyst User Help A discipline acts as a type of filter controlling the parameters that

A discipline acts as a type of filter controlling the parameters that are visible and

which can be edited. Click on the Discipline field to view and select the available disciplines. When the discipline "none" is selected, then no discipline is active,

all parameters will be visible.

3.1 - The Menu bar

The number of menus and the contents of each menu may be different in your case. This depends on the plugins that are loaded. The menus described here consists of all the standard entries delivered with the CæSam application.

The File menu (described on page-16)

The Edit menu (described on page-18)

The Display menu (described on page-21)

The Model menu (described on page-22)

The Data menu (described on page-23)

The Analysis menu (described on page-24)

The Result menu (described on page-23)

The Maturity menu (described on page-26)

The Tools menu (described on page-27)

The Window menu (described on page-)

The User menu (described on page-27).

The SDK menu (described on page-27)

The Help menu (described on page-27)

3.1.1 - The File menu

New This opens a new Caesam analysis document, enabling you to create new analyses. By default a new document is given the name document1.caesam When a new document is opened, it is empty and contains no reference to either an analysis template or an analysis model. Note! when you are working with a database, only one document can be opened

in

Open This opens an existing CAESAM analysis document. The Opening a document dialog appears in which you can browse for the required document. The Visited

a session. This menu entry is therefore unavailable.

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directories drop down list provides quick access to the last ten directories accessed. Analysis documents are saved with the extension .czm. These are in fact zipped files and when opened create two temporary directories {document-name}.tmp and {document-name}.caesamexternalfiles that are removed when the document is closed.

Open Recent This provides a list of the 5 most recently opened files. Clear Menu clears the contents of this list. It will not appear the next time that you open a Caesam document. This operation is unavailable if you are working with a database.

Close This closes the current CAESAM analysis document. If unsaved changes exist you will be warned before the document is closed. If there is only one document open it does not close the CAESAM application. A new empty document is opened in its place. To close the CAESAM application use File --> Exit . This operation is unavailable if you are working with a database. Only one document can be open during a session.

Save As This saves the current CAESAM analysis document as a file with a different name. This provides a convenient means of running a new analysis with a structural model that has been defined in an existing document. The Save AS dialog will appear in which you can specify the name and the location where the document will be stored. The Visited directories drop down list provides quick access to the last ten directories where documents were saved. The new document will then become the active current document.

Save This saves the current CAESAM analysis document. The current values of parameters and results will be saved. The Saving a document dialog will appear in which you can browse to the location where the document is to be saved. The Visited directories drop down list provides quick access to the last ten directories where documents were saved.

Import This enables you to import items from a number of sources:

Import EO This enables you to import a definition of a Engineering object. This definition must have been previously exported from another analysis. The Import EO dialog will appear in which you can browse for the required EO definition (with the extension .csm). The Visited directories drop down list provides quick access to the last ten directories. When the required file has been selected, it will appear in the EO Shared Workspace folder and can be linked to an analysis parameter. Note! that the name of the file in which a EO is stored is not the same as the label of the EO itself. See also : Understanding Engineering Objects (described on page-51). Import Shared Workspace This enables you to import a collection of EO definitions that are contained in a workspace that has previously been exported. The contents of the workspace that you import will be added to the workspace that exists. Note! if an EO with the same name (identification) already exists in the workspace, then this item can not be imported. You will see a message saying that an identical EO already exists. If you wish to import this EO, then you need to change its name. See also : Understanding Engineering Objects (described on page-51) and Linking an EO to an analysis parameter (described on page-55). Import Packages This entry allows you to import packages. See the Maturity menu (described on page-26).

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Export Export EO This operation is available when an Engineering Object definition is selected in the Tree View. The Export EO dialog will appear in which you can browse to the location where the EO is to be exported. The Visited directories drop down list provides quick access to the last ten directories. An EO that has been exported can be imported into another analysis by another user. Export Shared Workspace This enables you to export the collection of Engineering object definitions that has been defined in the current analysis to a location where they can be made available to other analysts. This option is available when the EO Shared Workspace has been selected in the Tree View. The Export Shared Workspace dialog allows you to browse to the location where the workspace is to be exported. Export Packages

Export All Packages This option enables you to export all packages in the current analysis.

Export Selected Packages This option enables you to export packages that have been selected in the current analysis. See the Maturity menu (described on page-26).

Page setup This option is not supported in the current version of the software.

Print This option is not supported in the current version of the software.

Exit This closes the CAESAM application. All open windows will be closed. If unsaved changes exist you will be prompted to save them.

3.1.2 - The Edit menu

Undo This enables you to undo certain operations. Not all operations can be undone.

Redo This will cancel an Undo operation.

Rename This enables you to change the name that has been assigned to EO definitions, SEs, SEAs and Analyses. The same operation can be obtained from the contextual menu obtained by right clicking on any of these items. It is also possible to rename the label of the EO by double clicking on it in the Property View panel. The new name can be entered when the current name is shown in italic text with blue background. Enter the new name and press <Enter>.

Delete This enables you to delete various items from the data tree. The same operation can be obtained from the contextual menu obtained by right clicking on any of these items.

Preferences This schedules the Preferences dialog in which you can set some user preferences. A list of preferences that can be set appears in the left panel. The contents of this list depends on the plugins that have been loaded, though some preferences are available by default.

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You can set a filter on the list of settings that is presented by entering a value in the upper field on the left side. All items that contain the string in this field will be displayed.

File Format - CSV

delimitor and separator

You can define the delimitor and the separator to be used when files are exported in a format that can be imported into Excel.

Format

Physical Dimension

Allows you to define some

properties relating to the format of physical dimensions.

Precision defines the number of figures displayed after the decimal point.

Number Notation: the

following options are provided

-Fixed e.g. 23000, Scientific

e.g. 2.3 104, and Engineering e.g. 23 103

Number Rounding Mode, the

following options are provided:

Floor, rounds down, so 7.6 becomes 7. Ceil, rounds up, so 7.6 becomes 8.Nearest goes to the closest, so 7.6 becomes 8, and 7.4 becomes 7.

GUI - Settings

Default tree presentation

Allows you to choose which item will be listed in the data tree when the application first opens.

 

Use_External_Html_Browser

This refers to the presentation of documentation relating to an EO. In the current revision this option applies only to the EO "Report" in the Results of an analysis. When this option is checked (set to True) then you can view the html report that is generated as a result of the analysis in a separate window. It it is not set, then the html report will be embedded in the Caesam application.

General

TempDirectory

This option allows you to specify a location for the temporary directory that is used while the CæCsam application is running. The default temporary directory is associated with the context in which the CæCsam application exists. This allows you to choose an alternative that might be on a disc which has more space or is faster for example.

 

precision

This specifies the number of places after the decimal point that will be displayed.

General -

LoadCaseSetTreeDescriptor

This preference defines the way in which the tree is constructed in the Load Case editor. The various options must be available in .csm files that are created by the author of the plugin. The analyst can select the descriptor file required.

Loadcases

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General -

UseDatabaseForNewDocument

When this option is checked on (set to true) then the next time that you open the CæCsam application you will be using the database for the transfer of data.

Persistency

 

CacheSize

This option enables you to set a limit on the amount of memory that will be available when working with a database. The value of 0 implies no limit on the memory. In this case the application will operate faster. When a value is set, the memory used will be limited to this value. The value entered should be defined in terms of objects!

Maturity - General

Enabled

When this option is checked (true) then the maturity options (the ability to work with configurations and associations) will be

 

Show Maturity Menu

The Maturity menu and will be available if this option is checked (true) AND the Enabled option is also set to true.

SwiXMLEditors

Font

Allows you to set the font characteristics that will be used in SwiXML editors. The presence of SwiXML editors depends on the plugin.

Unit Preferences Whenever you define a physical quantity to be assigned to an EO, the value must be defined in a particular unit. The unit in which it is defined is selected from a drop down list. This option enables you select the unit systems to be used and to manage the list of available units. To set the Solver unit system:

1. Select the required option from the drop down list.

2. Click [Apply]. (When you click [Apply] the system adapts the current units to the new ones and works with the new units for the current session.)

3. Click [Save as defaults] if you wish to save the current set as the default set.

These units will be used the next time you start this version of Cæsam. Some plugins can require that you use a particular set of units. If this option is not available, try starting Caesam without initiating any plugins.

To manage the list of available units:

1. Select the physical quantity in the left hand list.

2. The current list of units associated with that quantity are displayed in the right hand list.

3. Select a unit in the list.

4. Use the up and down arrows to change its position.

5. Click on the [X] button if you wish to delete the unit from the list. (Note that no confirmation is requested.)

6. Click on the [+] button if you wish to add a unit to the list.

a. In the dialog that appears, enter the definition for the list.
b.

If the definition is valid, then the [OK] button will be sensitive and the unit will be added to the list. A definition will be valid if it is constructed from unit dimensions that are already defined.

7. Click [Close] to apply the new list.

The next time you enter a value for this physical quantity, the new list will appear.

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Go backward one selection This returns you to the previous selection you made.

Go forward one selection This returns you to the selection made before the Backward operation described above.

3.1.3 - Display menu Note! Items can only be displayed if they are part of an analysis model and have a display format associated with them.

Show all This displays all items in model. It can be used to restore all hidden items.

Hide all This removes all Structural elements from the display. You can use Show all to restore all of the elements to the display, or you can use the Show selected options to display selected items.

Fix selection in display This option displays the item that is currently selected in the tree. This item will remain displayed even when the selection in the tree changes. To have the display follow the selection, use the option Show current selection.

Remove selection from display This option hides the item that is currently selected in the tree. This item will remain hidden even when the selection in the tree changes. To have the display follow the selection, use the option Hide current selection.

Show current selection This displays items that have been selected in the Tree View. When the selection changes the display will be updated.

Hide current selection This hides items that have been selected in the data tree. When the selection changes the display will be updated.

Topology Representation This displays a simplified, wire frame model of the structure.

GFEM Representation This toggles the display of the global FEM model that is associated with the structural elements in the analysis model. When this option is checked, the global FEM model remains on display and is unaffected by the Show and Hide operations above.

Custom Representation When this option is checked a more customised representation of the model is displayed. The custom definition must be specified in the plugin.

Display Filtered Entities When a filter has been applied to contents of the Tree View, this option will remove all the elements that have been removed by the filter from the display. Items that are displayed, but which have been removed from the list by the filter, can not be selected from the display.

View Display Axes This switches the representation of the coordinate system axes in the

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graphical display. These axes rotate when the model is rotated. Deactivate 3D View This option deactivates the 3D view. This can be used to improve performance when working with a large model. Note that even if the 3D viewer is not in use if the upper panel is occupied by an editor tab for example), the viewer is still refreshed unless it is deactivated.

Tree Structure The options from this menu enable you to select the manner in which the data in the SE tree will be structured. These correspond to the options available in the Tree drop down list available in the Tree View panel.

Perspectives Tree Perspective This schedules the tree perspective (described on page-29) layout. Table Perspective This schedules the table perspective (described on page-29) layout. FEM Perspective This option is not supported in the current revision.

Display Options This enables you to specify how the Structural and the Global FEM models are represented in the display. It schedules the Display Options dialog. The Options to determine the display of the Global FEM Model, or the Structural Model are only available when the corresponding model is available. The following display parameters can be set:

Display Mode : choose whether to display the model as: a wireframe, as shaded surfaces or as shrunk surfaces. Display (items): check the items (one-dimensional and two-dimensional) that you wish to have displayed. Note that the option to view Node IDs is only available when the "Global FEM Model" has been selected from the drop down list at the bottom of the dialog box. Shrink coefficient : this is available when the Shrink display mode is selected and allows you to set the proportion by which the face is shrunk. Beam width : sets the width of the line used for displaying one dimensional elements. Font Size : sets the size of the font used to display text in the display. Edge Color : sets the color used to display the wireframe. Beam Color : sets the color used to display one dimensional elements. Interior Color : sets the color used to display a surface face in the normal direction. Back Interior Color : sets the color used to display the reverse surface face (opposite direction to the normal). Highlight Color: sets the color used when an item is highlighted in the display as the mouse is passed over it.

Structural Elements / Global FEM Model: selects whether the defined settings

will be applied to the Global FEM or the Structural model. All parameters are applied immediately and can be seen in the display.

[Close]: this button closes the dialog and retains the settings.

3.1.4 - The Model menu

SEA Create SEA This enables you to create a new Structural Element Assembly. It is available when a suitable collection of Structural Elements (SEs) have been selected. To create an SEA (described on page-50)

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3.1.5 - The Data menu

Add EO in Shared Workspace This enables you to define a new Engineering Object (EO) (described on page-?).

List all links and versions This option is not supported in the current version of the software.

Shared workspace Import Shared Workspace This allows you to import a library of Engineering objects that had been defined and exported from another analysis. This operation is also available from the File menu (described on page-16). Export Shared Workspace This allows you to export the current collection of Engineering objects so that they can be used in another analysis. This operation is also available from the File menu (described on page-16).

Load cases Create User LC from Computed LC This enables you to create a User load case from a computed load case (described on page-89). Create Unitary LCs from OP2 files This enables you to create a unitary load case based on a selected op2 file (described on page-82).

Table This menu allows you to work with tables (described on page-100). Create Table This enables you to create an instance of a table (described on page-110) based on the table templates that are available in the plugin. Export Table This enables you to export the table (described on page-116) that is selected in the data tree. Import Table This enables you to import a table (described on page-111) that has been previously exported. Export Table Descriptor This exports the descriptor (described on page-117) associated with the selected table. Create Table from descriptor This allows you to create a table based on a descriptor (described on page-110) that has been saved. Print Table This enables you to print the contents of a table.

3.1.6 - Result menu The contents of the Results menu will depend on the environment in which you are working and the plugins that have been installed.

Select a global model file This enables you to open a file of the type .op2 that contains a finite element mesh. A dialog will open in which you can browse for the required model file. When the file has been selected and opened, it will appear in the SE tree as a "Global Model". Once a global model has been opened, it is possible to view results that are based on this model.

Only one global model can be open at any one time. If there is already one open, a warning is issued. To see which global model is open, set the Tree View to By List and then select Global Model. In the Property View click on the Global FEM Model Eo. The corresponding file will be shown.

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If necessary, open a new document in which to open a new global model.

Select a global result file This enables you to open files that contain a set of finite element results. Files of type op2 and ABISPA can be opened. Op2 files: A dialog will open in which you can browse for the required result file. These must be associated with the global model that has already been opened using the option Select global model file. When it is opened, you can click on the Global model in the tree and the associated result files will appear in the Property View panel. When the result file is selected, the list of results and the meshed model will appear in the lower editing panel. ABISPA files: These results file contain just one loadcase each. If you need to post-process a number of loadcases then you must select all the required files. Each result file has the extension .obj. If each of the loadcases are contained in a number of files that have the same root name, then you just need to enter this root name. So, for example, if you have three files called resultLC1.obj, resultLC2.obj and resultLC3.obj, you just need to enter the text resultLC in the selection field. Caesam will find all the associated files and load them. When the files are loaded, an FEM result file will appear in the Property View panel. When this is selected a dedicated viewer will appear in the lower editing panel. See also : Viewing FE results (described on page-124).

Hide result This will remove the current results on display in the 3-D viewer. This applied to results loaded using the Other options described below.

Create OP2 Result table This creates a table listing all the results in the OP2 files from which the load cases have been defined. This is a short cut to performing the operation Data -->

Table --> Create table and selecting the option Result Table By LoadCase

from OP2. Using the Table menu allows you to set some parameters.

Create Post Result table This option creates a table listing all the results with non-dimensional values from all the analysis runs currently available. The table is generated immediately with a default name and with the default parameters i.e. it takes all the valid results available. If you create the same type of table using Data --> Table --> Create table and then selecting the option Post RF Table, you can set some parameters that restrict the number of rows that will be generated in the table.

Create reduced Post Result table This option represents a short cut to creating a Post RF table that contains just one row for each SE. This row contains the RF result that represents the minimum of all the values available for that SE. More information on parameters that can be set for a post RF table are described in basic tables (described on

page-100).

Other These operations are not fully supported in the current revision of the software. See Viewing results in the 3D viewer (described on page-113).

3.1.7 - Analysis menu

Create Stand Alone Analysis This allows you to create a standalone analysis, i.e. one without reference to an analysis model. It schedules the Create a new Analysis dialog.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Filter: The filter field allows you to enter a string that will

Filter: The filter field allows you to enter a string that will be used to identify the name of the analysis you require. All analysis templates that contain the string will be highlighted and all other analyses filtered out. The results will be displayed according to the selected tree structure option.

Single list: All available or filtered analyses will be presented in a single alphabetical list.

Folder list: All available or filtered analyses will be presented in a hierarchical list. The structure of this hierarchy depends on the plugins that are loaded. All templates that have not been assigned a position in a structure will be included in the Unclassified list.

To create and perform a standalone analysis (described on page-72).

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Create Analysis This enables you to create a new instance of an analysis based on a Calculation Point that is part of an analysis model. It schedules the Create a new Analysis dialog that is described above. This operation is only available when you have a selected a Calculation Point (a Structural Element SE, or an SEA) in the Tree View. The name of the SEA on which the analysis is based will be added to the name of the analysis. The analysis templatesavailable are those that can be performed on the selected item. To perform an analysis on an analysis model (described on page-73).

Run Analysis

This runs the analyses that have been selected. It can also be executed using the

Run tool

been selected. It can also be executed using the Run tool in the tool bar. All

in the tool bar. All the parameters relating to the analysis must be

correctly defined. To run an analysis (described on page-70).

Process These options enable you to check the process of jobs (described on page-). Job Status This option schedules the Job Status dialog in which information about jobs is listed. This list contains all the analyses runs that have been started and completed as jobs. To remove items from this list you must Delete the run from the Tree View. When a job is selected in the list, the following operations can be performed:

• [Refresh] Brings the information relating to the job up to date.

• [View Status] Shows the current status of the analyses executed in the selected job. It schedules the Job Information dialog in which a list of the analyses and their status is provided. Detailed information on the process of the job can be seen by clicking on the [View log] button within this window.

• [Merge] Merges the results of the completed job with those in the current document.

• [Kill] Ends the selected job. All the computed results will be lost.

3.1.8 - Maturity menu The operations in the Maturity menu relate to methods used for working with parts of a model and using variations for parameter values. See also : Packages (described on page-78) andConfigurations (described on page-74). Note! that the Maturity menu and all other functions associated with maturity will be available only if this option has been set in the Edit-Preferences dialog.

Configurations See also: the concept of configurations (described on page-74). Create Configuration This allows you to create a new configuration. In the Create Configuration dialog enter the name of the configuration. When you click [OK], the configuration will be created and can be seen in the data tree if you select the viewing option By Configuration. Each configuration contains all the items that are in the current model. If associations (values) have been defined for an item within the configuration, these will be listed below each item.

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Duplicate Configuration This enables you to copy a complete configuration. Apply Configuration This makes the currently selected configuration the active one. The associations in this configuration will be applied to the Calculation Points (CPs). Move Selected Associations This enables you to use the values related to the selected associations to a specified configuration. This operation is only possible if there is a second defined configuration open to which you can move the association. You can only move an association if it is not used elsewhere (in an analysis for example). If the Move operation is not possible you can use the Duplicate

Selected Associations operation.

Duplicate Selected Associations This copies the selected association to a specified configuration.

Packages Create Package This allows you to create a package (described on page-78). Import Packages This allows you to import a package (described on page-78) that has previously been exported. Export All Packages This exports all currently defined packages to the urls defined when the packages were created. Export Selected Packages This exports the currently selected packages to the url defined when the package was created.

3.1.9 - Tools menu

Tasks The options in this menu enables you to perform some specific operations that have been defined in the CAESAM environment in which you are working. The entries in this list will correspond to the plugins that have been installed in the CAESAM environment.

3.1.10 - User menu Depending on the plugins loaded, user-defined menus and sub menus may be present in the menu bar.

3.1.11 - SDK menu This menu only appears if the sdk license is available and used as a start up option.

It provides access to the Help available for SDK users.

Entries in this menu are described in the SDK manual.

3.1.12 - Help menu The entries in this menu depend on the plugins that have been installed. The entries described below are those supplied with the Cæsam framework.

Installation Help This provides information about the installation requirements, system configuration and license updates.

Analyst Help Analyst Help Browser This opens the JavaHelp version of the online help for Cæsam analysts. Printable Analyst Help

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This opens a page from which you can download a printable version of the help in pdf format. Release Notes This opens a page from which you can access the release note information for the latest version of Cæsam.

General plugins information This schedules a dialog in which information about each of the plugins available is provided. In the General Plugin Info dialog, you can see the information relating to each of the plugins and set the log level for them. To set the log level for all plugins: Select the required option from the Change all levels to field at the bottom of the list. To set the log level for a single plugin: Click in the Log level field for the plugin and select the required option from the drop down list.

Help Contents This schedules the contextual help if it exists. See Using the help (described on

page-11).

Cæsam context information This entry schedules a dialog that lists all the files and their locations associated with the current application.

Installed Patches information This schedules a dialog that lists all the patches that have been installed. You should consult this information if requesting help from the Help Desk.

About Cæsam This provides information about the current version of Cæsam.

3.2 - The Tool bar

The standard entries in the tool bar are shown below. Note! that user defined tools may be present in the tool bar. This depends on the plugins loaded. The standard entries in the tool bar are shown below. Note! New : This opens a New : This opens a new Caesam document.

Open : This opens an existing Caesam document. : This opens an existing Caesam document.

Save : This saves the current Caesam document. : This saves the current Caesam document.

Close : This closes the current Caesam document. : This closes the current Caesam document.

Run : This starts an analysis run : This starts an analysis run

Undo :This undoes the last operation performed :This undoes the last operation performed

Redo: This re-does the last operation that was undone. : This re-does the last operation that was undone.

Redo : This re-does the last operation that was undone. This displays the number of items

This displays the number of items that are currently

selected (described on page-46).

The back and forward buttons in the toolbar allow you to restore theitems that are currently selected (described on page-46). interface to previous states during the current session.

interface to previous states during the current session. Thus you can return to previous settings of the Tree View and selections. This is not an undo operation; edited values for example are not changed.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Perspective layout buttons. These buttons adjust the perspectives (described on page-29)

Perspective layout buttons. These buttons adjust the perspectives

(described on page-29) presented in the interface. The button on the left schedules the default tree perspective. The button on the right schedules the tabular perspective.

3.3 - The Interface Perspectives

A number of perspectives of the user interface are provided:

A number of perspectives of the user interface are provided: • The tree perspective is the

• The tree perspective is the traditional perspective which includes by

default four panels. If you wish to view and edit ALL of the properties (Eos) relating to an item, then you need to use the tree perspective.

to an item, then you need to use the tree perspective. • The tabular perspective presents

• The tabular perspective presents the current contents of the Tree View

in a table. The table contains columns that represent properties common to all the items in the row. The data in these columns can be edited and it thus allows you easily edit sets of common properties. It does not provide a view or the possibility to edit all the individual EOs.

Tree perspective The tree perspective presents four panels in the interface. These are: the Tree View, the Property View, the View 3D and the Editor panels.

The Tree View contains a list of Cæsam items. When an item is selected in the Tree View (or the View 3D) a list of all its properties and their attributes can be edited in the appropriate editor.

Figure 6. Example of the tree perspective.

editor. Figure 6. Example of the tree perspective. Tabular perspective When the tabular view is selected,

Tabular perspective When the tabular view is selected, the Property View panel disappears. The list

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of items available in the Tree View is reduced. When an item is selected then the current list of these items appears in the Tabular Editor.

The figure below shows the same data as above but displayed in the table perspective.

Figure 7. Example of a table perspective

table perspective. Figure 7. Example of a table perspective The tablular view can only show columns

The tablular view can only show columns that are common to all the items listed in the tree view. So in the example above, only four EOs are presented as columns.

The contents of the tabular presentation can be filtered either using the Tree View filter or by using the filter in the Tabular Editor. If you set a filter to view only panels or stringers, then the number of columns displayed would be increased to show those columns (EOs) that are specific to the selected SE.

When editing the values of EOs in the tabular view you can retrieve values that are in the shared workspace but not enter local values.

The tabular view can be edited using the tools provided in the table editor. See also : Using tables (described on page-110)

3.4 - The Tree View

The Tree View panel provides a structured view of the data in a model or analysis.

This panel enables you to obtain different views of the contents of the data, to filter the contents and to select items for specific operations.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Viewing the contents of the tree The Tree displays the contents of

Viewing the contents of the tree The Tree displays the contents of the initialized model or any standalone analyses. The items that can be viewed in the tree depends on the selected discipline, and which perspective has been selected.

You can re-structure the contents of the Tree by selecting different options from the Tree drop down list. In addition you can, in some cases adapt the listing of the selected items using the additional drop down menu. The default presentation is by List as illustrated in the Figure below.

is by List as illustrated in the Figure below. Selecting an alternative from this list allows

Selecting an alternative from this list allows you to organise the items into types or groups.

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See also: filtering the contents of the tree (described on page-44). By List This provides a flat list of all the items in the current analysis or model. No hierarchical structure is created. By Hierarchy This arranges the data according to the directory structure in which the items are organized in the model. By SEA Structural Element Assemblies are listed at the highest level. A hierarchical construction shows the Structural Elements, Configurations and Analyses associated with the SEAs. An SEA can also contain another SEA. By SE Structural Elements are listed at the highest level. A hierarchical construction shows the Structural Element Assemblys (SEAs), Configurations and Analyses associated with the SEs. By Analysis Analyses are listed at the highest level. The color indicates the status; an analysis which has not yet been run is shown in red, an analysis that has been run is shown in black. One that needs to be re-run or updated is shown in yellow. A hierarchical construction shows each Structural Element and Structural Element Assembly associated with the analyses. By Run Runs are listed at the highest level. The icon used to designate the Run depends on the outcome. A hierarchical construction shows the analysis associated with the run. By Element (Finite) Elements are listed in a unstructured list. This option is only applicable if there are finite elements associated with the current model. By Group Groups are listed at the highest level. A hierarchical construction shows the type of item contained in the groups. By EO A list of all the defined EOs is obtained. Items to which an EO is assigned are listed. Note! that Loadcases are not presented with this option, only loadcase sets. To see load cases you must select the By Loadcase option. By Package Curently defined packages are listed. A list of objects contained in the package is displayed. By Global table All currently defined (global) tables are displayed. By Configuration Currently defined Configurations are listed. A hierarchical structure shows the items included in the configuration and a list of associations (links) attached to the item is displayed. The association with the asterisk (*) next to it is the active association. By Loadcase This lists the defined load cases. Loadcase sets are presented using the By Eo option.

Actions This section lists the operations that can be performed on items in the tree from the contextual menu. Selection (Left) click on an item to select it. The item will be highlighted with a colored background and will also be highlighted in the display. An item can also be selected in the display (if it forms part of a model). A series of neighboring items can be selected using the <Shift> key. A series of non-neighboring items can be selected using the <Ctrl> key. It is also possible to select a set of the same items using the operation Select same type from the contextual menu. See also: selecting items (described on page-46). Show This entry only appears if the item is currenly hidden in the display. It adds

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the item to those shown in the display. (Items can only be displayed if they form part of an analysis model.) Hide This removes the selected object from those shown in the display. Edit This option is available for items that have been defined as being editable by the plugin. It will schedule a tabular editor listing the properties of the selected item - or the common properties if more than one item is selected. See also : Editing (described on page-38). Select same type This will select all other items of the same type currently in the Tree. Properties This displays a list of properties that are associated with the selected object. These are presented in the Properties dialog. If more than one object is selected, then the Properties dialog contains one tab for each object and an additional one called "Summary" that lists the number of each type of object in the selection. Add EO in Shared Workspace This operation enables you to add a new engineering object (described on page-52) to those available in the shared workspace. Run analysis This operation can be performed by right clicking on an Analysis. The selected analysis will be run, but you should check in the Property View that all the analysis parameters have been defined. Edit analysis file This option is available when an analysis is selected in the Tree View. This operation is only useful when an analysis has been run. It will open a browser in the process directory defined for the analysis in which files associated with the analysis can be viewed. If no process directory has been defined an error message will appear. The process directory associated with an analysis can be see by selecting the Properties of that analysis. If a process directory has been defined, but the process has not been run, then the browser will open in the home directory. Get last analysis messages This option applies to an analysis that has been run. This is indicated by the color of the text in the data tree: if it is red the analysis has not been run, if it black it has been run successfully, if it is orange it needs to be re-run to be updated. This schedules the Job information dialog which lists the processes associated with the analysis. For each process the logged messages are displayed. Create analysis This enables you to create a new instance of an analysis. This operation can be performed by right clicking on a Structural Element Assembly (SEA) or an SE on which an analysis can be based. Create SEA This enables you to create a new Structural Element Assembly (SEA). This operation can only be performed if you have selected the correct arrangement of SEs to form an SEA (described on page-50). Create Group This enables you to create a group that contains the selected items. The tree view will switch to the By Group presentation. Select Group Content This selects all the items that are contained in the current group. Add to Group Adds the currently selected item to a group. Remove from current Group This removes the currently selected item from the current group. Move to Groups(s) This removes the selected item from one group and places in another. This option is only available for items that are currently in a group. Duplicate Creates a copy of the selected item, that by default is labeled 'Copy of <selected item>'. This operation can not be performed on items that form part of the analysis model. The duplicated item can be renamed using the Rename

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option. Delete This operation deletes the currently selected object. It is not available for objects related to the analysis model. Rename This operation enables you to rename the currently selected object. Put in Package This places the selected object in a defined package. This option is available when at least one package has been defined. Remove from Package Removes the selected object in a defined package. This option is available when the Tree setting is set to By Package. Apply configuration This makes the current configuration the active configuration. The active configuration is indicated by the presence of an asterisk. Duplicate configuration This makes a copy of complete configuration. Duplicate Selected Associations This duplicates the currently selected associations and places them in a different configuration. At least two configurations must be defined in order to perform this operation. Update table This updates the current table to match the current values of the items that are displayed in the table. Rebuild table This refreshes the current table. If new items have been created that are contained in the table, this operation adds the new items and updates the table to show the latest values of all items. Attach EO to CP This allows you to attach an EO to the selected item. Normally the EOs associated with a item are defined in the plugins in which they are used. This allows you to add additional EOs that may be needed in specific situations. It schedules the Choose EO dialog in which you can select the EO that is to be associated with the item. Use as current working set This allows you to apply a filter to the items in the model. When items are selected as the current working set, then the list in the Tree View is limited to just those items that relate to the current set. To modify the number of items in the working set, use the option Unset current working set. Expand all Expands the entire contents of the selected item. This applies only to specific types of listings, e.g. to By Configuration and By Hierarchy, which contains sub-folders. Collapse all Collapses the entire contents of the current item. This applies only to specific types of listings, e.g. to By Configuration and By Hierarchy, which contains sub-folders.

3.5 - The Property View

This panel shows the properties of items selected in the Tree View.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Note! the Property View only appears if you are using the Tree

Note! the Property View only appears if you are using the Tree perspective

Note! not all items selected in the Tree View will appear in the Property View When you click on an item in the Property View list, the properties of that item will be displayed in the Property Editor tab where they can be viewed and edited.

The Property View can contain:

.
.

• A set of function buttons (described on page-35)

• An Eo tab (described on page-35)

• A Configuration tab (described on page-36)

• A Parameters tab (described on page-36) - which appears when certain types of Analysis are selected in the Tree View

• A Sub Operation (described on page-36) tab - which appears when certain types of Analysis are selected in the Tree View

• A contextual menu (described on page-36) containing operations that can be performed on selected items in the list.

The function buttons A number of function buttons appear depending on what has been selected in the data tree. The Connect button This button appears when an analysis has been selected in the Tree View and an EO has been selected in the Property View. It indicates that you can connect the value of the EO to a shared value in a configuration or the shared workspace. It connects the same value to all selected EOs. See also : Defining analysis parameters. (described on page-62) The Follow icon

This icon indicates whether the selection in the Property view is following the selection in the Tree View. If for example you click on an item in the 3 D Viewer or you select items by entering a string in the filter field, items that are highlighted in the tree are not necessarily selected in the Property View. This icon is coloured grey when the selection in the Tree View is not shown in the Property View. The panel size buttons

is not shown in the Property View. The panel size buttons These allow you to minimise
is not shown in the Property View. The panel size buttons These allow you to minimise
is not shown in the Property View. The panel size buttons These allow you to minimise
is not shown in the Property View. The panel size buttons These allow you to minimise

These allow you to minimise or maximise the size of the panel.

The Eo tab The Eo tab is always present in the Property View. It lists the Eos (Engineering Objects) associated with the selected item. For more information about

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Engineering Objects (described on page-51).

The Configuration tab This tab allows you to see which configuration the value of an EO is contained in. See assigning values contained in a configuration (described on page-66).

Analysis parameters This appears when particular analysis types are selected in the Tree View. Currently the analysis parameters concern :

• The context in which the analysis is run (Process Context). If the analysis is running in the background, you can view parameter values that are used in the analysis but you can not edit them. If the process is running in the foreground you need to wait till the processing is complete before any other operation can be performed.

• The Steps involved in the analysis (Step Parameters)

When this item is selected, a list of the steps in the order in which they are executed by the analysis process is presented in the Editor panel. This shows:

Status When the status is green it indicates whether a step has been successfully executed or never been executed. If it is red it indicates that the processing of this step has failed.

Label The name of the step.

Optional This is an indication as to whether the step is optional in the overall process. This status can not be changed.

Execute This check flag allows you to decide whether to execute a particular step. This is interesting when you are testing a process and want to know if the first few steps are working properly. The order of the list reflects the order in which the steps are executed. Checking a flag "on" will select all the preceding steps. Non-optional steps can not be skipped unless they are the last non-optional step in the series.

The SubOperation tab This tab appeas when partcicular types of analysis are selected. It enables you to define processing parameters associated with sub-processes called by the selected analysis. The status of the sub-processes can be seen from the list. It is necessary that all sub-processes have a valid set of input parameters and an overall valid (green) status. To correct the parameters associated with a sub-process, select the local analysis in the SE tree and define a valid set of input data.

Actions in the contextual menu Right-clicking on an entry in the Properties list will produce a pop up contextual menu from which the following actions can be performed. Create New Local EO This allows you to create a new EO. The Eo created is independent of the SE /SEA on which it is based and of the same type of EO used in other analyses. Enter a name for the EO in the label field and enter all the required values. Properties This displays a list of properties associated with the selected object. These are presented in the Properties dialog. If more than one object is selected, then the Properties dialog contains one tab for each object and an additional one called "Summary" that lists the number of each type of object in the selection. Goto Data This operation will switch the contents of the Property View to show the Configuration that is related to the EO on the CP. If there is no configuration defined, it shows the information relating to the support CP. You can return to the original EO using the Back button. Goto Support This operation will switch the contents of the Property View to show the properties of the EOs related directly to the support CP.

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Export EO in Shared Workspace This makes a copy of the EO and sends the copied EO to the shared workspace. The operation can be performed on any EO. Publish EO in Shared Workspace This sends the selected EO to the Shared Workspace. Modifying the value of the EO in the shared workspace will affect the current value of the EO. Set readonly This sets the properties of the EO to be read only. Once this has been done this command changes to Unset Readonly, which reverses the operation. Import EO from File This enables you to retrieve a specific EO definition from a file. EO definitions can be saved in file using the Export EO to file operation. A selection dialog opens in which you can search for the file containing the EO definition. Export EO to File This enables you to save an EO definition in an external file, from where it can be imported into other analyses. A selection dialog opens in which you can define the name and the location for the file. Update table This option is available and described in the Tree View (described on

page-30).

Rebuild table This option is available and described in the Tree View (described on

page-30).

Use as current working set This option is available and described in the Tree View (described on

page-30).

Attach EO to CP This option is available and described in the Tree View (described on

page-30).

3.6 - The Analysis Runs tab

This tab appears when the Run button

- The Analysis Runs tab This tab appears when the Run button has been used to

has been used to launch an analysis

or when a Run is selected in the Tree View. Runs can be selected when the Tree option is set to By Run.

The Run tab shows details of the process associated with an analysis run once that run is complete, as shown in the Figure below.

run once that run is complete, as shown in the Figure below. The left hand panel

The left hand panel shows a list of processes associated with the analyses. Clicking on any entry in this list will show details on that specific process.

There are three buttons provided. [Stop] stops the process at the end of the current step. [Abort] stops the current process immediately. Data can not be recovered. [Skip] This option is not supported in the current version of the software. See also : Running an analysis (described on page-70).

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When a analysis is running as a "job" then the Run panel shows the status of the job (described on page-) and allows you to merge the results when the job is complete. This is illustrated in the figure below.

job is complete. This is illustrated in the figure below. The Run panel can be closed

The Run panel can be closed by clicking on the [X] button.

The name of the run whose details are contained in the panel is shown at the top. When more than one Run is selected, separate tabs will appear for each of the runs.

3.7 - The Editors

Editors are used to enter and view analysis parameters. Specific editors can be created in plugins, but there are a number of editors provided within the Cæsam framework.

The editing facilities depend to some extent on the perspective you have chosen.

You can adjust the size of the Editor panels using the panel layout buttons on the

right. These allow you to Maximise (

the size of the editor panel.

Editing in the tree perspective The figure below shows a schematic representation of the tree perspective.

The figure below shows a schematic representation of the tree perspective. ), Minimise ( ) and

), Minimise (

The figure below shows a schematic representation of the tree perspective. ), Minimise ( ) and

) and Restore (

)
)
The figure below shows a schematic representation of the tree perspective. ), Minimise ( ) and

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

An item has been selected in the tree. This item has a number of EOs associated with it which are listed in the Property view. The EOs have a number of properties associated with them. When an EO is selected, these properties appear

in the associated editor and values can be entered for them.

The upper right panel contains the tree editor. If an additional tree editor has been defined for the item, this will appear when it is selected. This may, for example, be used to provide a sub set of properties associated with the item, which the author of the plugin feels are the most important, so making it easier for the analyst to define the required data.

Editing in the tabular perspective The figure below shows a schematic representation of the tabular perspective.

shows a schematic representation of the tabular perspective. The same items are in the tree, but

The same items are in the tree, but the Property View has been removed. The list

of

have common properties.

A tabular editor is provided, in which the items in the tree are listed. All the

properties that they have in common are presented as columns and the corresponding EOs displayed for each. This provides a quick way to view and modify a set of EOs. The tree editor, if available, is presented in the upper panel for the selected items.

Types of editor There are different types of editor provided with the Caesam framework, and others may be provided in the plugin. Those available are accessible from the down-arrow icon at the top of the editor as shown in the figure below.

items that can be presented in the Tree View is restricted to those that can

presented in the Tree View is restricted to those that can Default Editor This is a

Default Editor This is a simple editor in which a property name and the corresponding values can be entered. Tabular Editor

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

This presents the information in a table. See the description of the functionality available in tables (described on page-103). The tabular editor is available when the tabular perspective is selected. It also appears when a number of similar items are selected in the tree view and the Edit operation is selected from the pop-up menu. Form Editor The form editor is a type of editor that can be created by the author of the plugin in which groups of parameters and their values can be entered.

Using the editors To specify local values for EOs, you need to use the Property Editor. Select one or more items in the tree view, select the EO to be defined, then enter the values. If more than one item is selected in the tree, you can use a single version of the editor and enter the same value for all the items. Or, you can select the “one-by-one” editor and enter separate values for each of the selected items. You can also link to Eos in the shared workspace from the Property View by clicking on the connect icon. Some items can not be edited in the Property Editor (Eos in the shared workspace for example). To edit these items you must use the Tree Editor.

To open a series of editor tabs, select the items in the tree, right click and select Edit from the pop up menu. A new tabular editor tab will be created containing the name of the selected item(s) as shown below.

containing the name of the selected item(s) as shown below. These tabular editors will provide an

These tabular editors will provide an overview of the properties of the selected items. The contents will be updated as the data is changed. The same item may be included in more than one tab.

These editors can be closed by clicking on the cross (X).

You can lock an editor so that it no longer follows the selection in the tree by clicking on the pin icon. This is illustrated in the figure below.

no longer follows the selection in the tree by clicking on the pin icon. This is

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Chapter 4 - The Global Model

The global model is the object that contains all the objects that describe a model.

A global model can be loaded using the Results menu and the results associated

with it can be post processed.

See also : Viewing FEM results (described on page-)

Result .op2 files can also be used as a basis for creating loadcases.

The global model has the following properties:

Nastran Analysis BDF File The location of the bdf file as the source for the analysis. auxiBDFFile A list of auxiliary files associated with the BDFFiles. Right click in the Value field and add the number of rows required. Enter the Id of the file.

Sol

The Nastran solver number required for the type of analysis. Samcef Analysis Bank File The location of the Samcef bank file for the analysis. Module The computation module to be used in the analysis. MeshBankName The name of the MeshBankFile. GFEM The object derived from the processing of source bdf and op2 files that described the finite element mesh for the model. SE Topology The object derived from the processing of source bdf and op2 files that described the finite element mesh for the model.

4.1 - Elements

Elements refer to the Finite elements associated with a global model.

Elements and their properties can be viewed by selecting By Element from the Tree menu in the Tree view (described on page-30).

On selecting an element in the list, its properties can be viewed in the Properties view.

You can see the finite elements displayed in the 3D View by selecting Display --> GFEM Representation from the menu bar.

Eo properties

In the Eo tab you can view information relating to:

The Material properties of the element. This displays the material properties assigned to the element. You can also assign a different material by linking to another material in the Shared workspace.

The Coordinate System. This displays information about the position and orientation of the element. This information can not be edited.

Element properties The Element tab displays the identification of the nodes that form the selected element. This is for information only and can not be edited.

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4.2 - Running a global FEM analysis

This process is required in order to compute load cases. In order to so this the following conditions must apply :

• the stress model must contain a 'GlobalModel' Calculation Point.

• A 'CæSamEO_NastranProcessTemplate' operation must be associated with the global model Calculation Point.

• Unitary loadcases must be initialized with the following information:

• the bulkdata where the corresponding SUBCASE is described

• the name of the OP2 where the results are to be stored.

1. Set the Show option in the SE tree to By EO.

2. Define/check the locations of the bulkdata files of the main model.

3. define/check that for all loadcases the following information is correct: the bulkdata location, the target op2, the ID

4. Set the Show option in the SE tree to By Analysis

5. Select the Nastran Operation.

6. Selected the loadcases you want to run.

7. Tune the parameters if necessary:

8. Run the analysis.

Notice that loadcases are now flagged ComputedUpToDate (back in the left column of the selector) or ComputedWithError (remaining in the right column).

Global post-processing

1. In the EO Library: select the loadcase you want to post-process

2. In the Editor view, click on the [Process Result File] button.

4.3 - Currently loaded op2 data blocks

In order to use .op2 files for results and the global model the following conditions apply:

For MODEL op2 The following blocks are mandatory:

1. CSTM or CSTMS (coordinate system transformation) + BGPDT or BGPDTS (basic grid point definition) or exclusively GEOM1 or GEOM1S (grid point and coordinate system)

2. GEOM2 or GEOM2S (element connectivity + material angle)

The following limitations apply.

• GEOM2, GEOM2S:

only the elements CROD, CONROD, CBEAM, CBAR, QUAD4, TRIA3, TRIAR, TRIA6 ,QUAD8 ,QUADR, QUAD144

• GEOM1, GEOM1S:

only GRID, CORD2R, CORD1R are read

In order to generate the required .op2 files the following bulk data cards are required:

ASSIGN OUTPUT2='someOP2FilePath',UNIT=someUnit,UNFORMATTED,DELETE PARAM OUNIT2 someUnit

PARAM POST

-1

Note! if PARAM POST is -1, the PARAM OGEOM is automatically YES

for RESULTS OP2

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

In order to use the .op2 files to generate unitary load case automatically, it is recommended to include CASECC (case control information)

The following data blocks are recognized:

• OUGV2 or OUGV1 (displacements in SORT1 format or SORT2 format)

• OPG1 or OPG2 (applied loads in SORT1 format or SORT2 format output by SDR2 module)

• OEF1X (element forces in SORT1 format output by SDRX and SDRXD modules)

• OGPFB1 (grid point forces output by GPFDR module)

• OES1X1 (element stresses in SORT1 format output by SDRX and SDRXD module)

• OSTR1X (element strains in SORT1 format + 1D element strains output by SDRX and SDRXD modules)

The following limitations apply: no composite results (data blocks OES1C,

OEFIT, OSTR1C,

In order to generate the required .op2 files the following bulk data cards are required:

) are read

PARAM POST -1 PDISP=ALL ARAM POSTEXT YES

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Chapter 5 - Basic operations

This section describes some basic operations and methods associated with using Caesam.

Filtering (described on page-44)

Selecting items (described on page-46)

Using groups (described on page-48)

Using a database (described on page-48)

5.1 - Filtering

The filtering functionality enables you to reduce the contents of the Tree. Filtering affects the contents of the list in the tree, it does not affect the selection of items. Note! It is also possible to reduce the number of items listed and displayed in a model by using the option Use as current working set from the pop up menu in the Tree View. This applies a filter to all the items that are associated with the selected item, irrespective of their name and type.

1. Create the filter if necessary by selecting None from the filter list.

if necessary by selecting None from the filter list. 2. Click on the New filter button

2. Click on the New filter button

3. In the Create filter dialog, select the Type of Filter you require.

.
.
filter dialog, select the Type of Filter you require. . • By Name : When this

By Name: When this option is selected, the filter will operate simply

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on the name of the items in the tree irrespective of the type. For example entering the string "ST11" will create a filter that will retain all items that contain the string "ST11" in their name.

By Type: This option enables you to select which type of item you wish to retain in the list. You need to select the object to be retained, and the specific class (sub type) of the object required.

By Analysis Status: This option enables you to retain analyses in the list according to their status. Select the analysis template from the list of those available and check the status conditions that you wish to have retained.

• There may be other options in this list created by the authors of the plugins that you are using.

4. Click [OK] to define and apply the filter.

The list will be adapted and the newly defined filter will appear in the drop down list of filters.

defined filter will appear in the drop down list of filters. The appearance of the filtered

The appearance of the filtered list depends on the option selected from the Tree menu!

You can use a short cut to create a filter based on the Name by simply typing the filter string into the Filter field.

can use a short cut to create a filter based on the Name by simply typing

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Items that have been filtered from the list can be removed from the display by

selecting Display --> Display Filtered Entities .

To remove the filter: Select None from the Filter drop down list.

To delete the filter: Click on the Delete filter button

.
.

5.2 - Selecting items

Items can be selected for display as well as for viewing and assigning properties. Note! It is possible to reduce the number of items listed and displayed in a model by using the option Use as current working set from the pop up menu in the Tree View. This applies a filter to all the items that are associated with the selected item, irrespective of their name and type. Items that have been selected are highlighted and their position in the list is indicated in the scroll bar as illustrated in the screen shot shown below.

scroll bar as illustrated in the screen shot shown below. Note! that the selection process operates

Note! that the selection process operates in conjunction with the filtering process. If a filter is defined, only non-filtered items can be selected. In the example above, the filter has reduced the list to those containing "ST05" in their name. Of these items, those containing the string "BC" have been selected.

It is possible to move through a history of selection operations using the back

and forward arrows next to the selection field

history of selection operations using the back and forward arrows next to the selection field .

. The Left arrow will

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apply your previous selection, the Right arrow will re-apply your current selection. Note! that a selection will be discarded when another command is implemented, e.g. if you click on an item in the list or the display. However, a selection criteria remains in the Selection list and can be re-applied

Items that have been selected can be viewed in the display selecting Display --> Show Selected . They will be added to the items on display.

The number of items that are selected is displayed in Selection field in the tool bar.

selected is displayed in Selection field in the tool bar. There are several ways to select

There are several ways to select items:

Manually (described on page-47)

• In the 3D Viewer (described on page-121)

• By defining a selection criteria (described on page-47)

• Selecting items of the same type (described on page-47)

• Selecting items in a group (described on page-47)

Selecting manually

• A single item can be selected by left-clicking on the item in the tree or in the display.

• Multiple items can be selected by left-clicking and using the <Shift> key to select continuous items or the <Ctrl> key to select disconnected items.

Selecting items of the same type Items of the same type can be selected by clicking with the right mouse button on an item and choosing Select same type from the pop up menu. You can also select items by Type using a Selection criteria as described below.

Selecting items in a group Items can be selected by first placing them in a group (described on page-48). Right click on the group and choose Select Group Content from the pop up menu.

Selecting items that match a criteria

1.

2. In the Create filter dialog, select the type of filter you require.

Click on the Create filter button next to the Selection field.

By Name: When this option is selected, then the selection criteria will operate simply on the name of the items in the tree irrespective of the type. Enter the string that you want the items to match. For example entering the string "ST11" will create a filter that will select all items that contain the string "ST11" in their name. There is a short cut to performing this operation by simply typing the selection criteria directly into the Selection field.

By Type: This option enables you to choose the type of item you wish to select. Choose the object to be selected. Choose the specific class (sub type) of the object required.

By Analysis Status: This option enables you to select analyses according to their status.

3. Click [OK] to define and apply the selection criteria.

The selected items will be highlighted in the Tree. Remember that the selection depends on the applied filters too.

To remove the selection: Remove the selection criteria from the Selection field, or click on the display background.

To remove the selection criteria: Select it from the drop down list, then click

on the Delete filter button

.
.

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To change a criteria: Edit the criteria in the Selection field, then press <Enter>

to apply the new criteria.

5.3 - Using groups

Groups are collections of items that you wish to use together. These items can then be easily selected for a specific operation.

A group contains items that have been selected. Groups can contain different

types of items.

To create a group Creating a group from items in the Tree View

1. Select at least one item to be included in the group.

2. Right click on one of them and select Create group.

3. In the Group dialog, enter the name for the group.

4. Click [OK] to create the group.

Creating a group from items in a Table

You can create a group from all the items that are contained in a column, by clicking on the little arrow at the top of the column and selecting Create group

from column.

You can also select individual items in a single column and select Create group from selection from the contextual menu.

To view the items in a group

1.

2. Click on the group whose contents you wish to view.

Set the Tree option to By Group or By List.

To add items to a group

1.

2. Right click and select Add item(s) to Group(s) from the pop up menu.

3. In the Add item(s) to Group(s) dialog, select the groups (s) (using the

Select an item that needs to be included in a group.

<Ctrl> key if necessary) to which the item is to be added.

4. Click [OK] to add the items to the groups.

To modify the contents of a group

1.

2. Select the items to be moved or removed.

Open the group whose contents you wish to modify.

3. Right click and select Remove from Current Group or Move to Group(s).

4. Select the groups to which the items are to be moved if required.

To use the items in a group

1.

2. Right click and select Select Group Content from the contextual menu.

Select the group that you wish to use.

All the items that are contained in the group will be selected.

5.4 - Working with a database

It is possible to use Cæsam in combination with a database. In this case the data

will be retrieved from and stored in a database. This mode of working is transparent to the user, but can have an effect on the performance if the operations you are performing require a lot of data transfer to and from the database.

When you work in database mode, there are some restrictions that apply:

• Only one document can be open during a session - so when you start a new session, the File- New operation is not available.

• Once the active document has been saved then the operations, Open, Open Recent and Close options are also unavailable. To operate in database mode:

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

1. From the menu bar select Edit - Preferences.

2. In the General category click on Persistency

3. Enable the check box UseDatabaseForNewDocument.

4. Enter a value for the cache size if required. The value defined specifies the memory that will be allotted to the document. If the value is set to 0 then the system will operate more quickly but use an unlimited amount of memory. The value entered should represent the number of objects!

5. Click [OK].

6. Restart Cæsam.

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Chapter 6 - Calculation Points

Calculation Points are the parts of a physical structure on which an analysis is performed. Calculation Points can be either Structural Elements (SEs) or Structural Element Assemblies (SEAs). The concept of Structural Elements (SEs) and their assembly into Structural Element Assemblies (SEAs) is introduced in the section on understanding CæSam (described on page-4).

Calculation Points refer to the use of SEs and SEAs in an analysis, in which specific values are assigned to the CPs (described on page-55).

Structural Elements (SEs) Structural Elements are the physical objects forming the structure under analysis. Structural Elements are related to:

• The analysis {stress } model in which they are contained.

• The template in which analysis operations can be performed on them.

The contents of the tree can be adjusted to list SEs as the primary level by selecting the option By SE.

SEs as the primary level by selecting the option By SE . Structural Element Assemblies (SEAs)

Structural Element Assemblies (SEAs) Structural Element Assemblies (SEAs) are composed of a number of SEs or SEAs.

The contents of the tree can be adjusted to list SEAs as the primary level by selecting the option By SEA.

SEAs as the primary level by selecting the option By SEA . In the structured view

In the structured view of the listing, the SEs and the analyses associated with the SEA are listed below it.

6.1 - Create an SEA

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A Structural Element Assembly (SEA) is constructed from a number of

Structural Elements. In the example shown here, a 'Base' SEA is constructed from a Beam SE, and the plates above and below the Beam. The number of SEs making up an SEA as well as the way they are constructed is defined in the

analysis template. CæSam will only allow you to create SEAs that match the specification in the analysis template.

To create an SEA using Beam4, you must select the SEs 'Beam4', 'Plate7' and 'Plate8' from the list of available SEs.

and 'Plate8' from the list of available SEs. 1. In the Tree View, set the Tree

1. In the Tree View, set the Tree option to By SE.

2. Select the required SEs from the list.

3. Right click on the selected items and choose Create SEA, or select Model --> Create SEA from the menu bar.

4. In the Create SEA dialog, enter a name for the SEA.

5. Select the type if there is more than one option possible.

6. Click [OK].

The new SEA will appear in the list and can be selected for an analysis. All the EOs associated with the SEA will appear in the Property View.

It is also possible to create an SEA from SEAs.

6.2 - Engineering Objects

Engineering Objects (EOs) are are used to define the data required as input for the analysis operation and the data resulting from the analysis operation.

The EOs that you must work with are defined by the type of analysis operation you are performing. So, for example, one analysis on a Calculation Point (CP) may require that input EOs defining "External Loads", "Material" properties, and

a "Geometry" are defined, and that as a result an EO representing the deflection

of the structure is computed. In another analysis on the same CP, it may be

required to define EOs for the thermal conductivity and compute an EO for the temperature variation.

EOs are identified by: a type (property), a label and a set of specific parameter values (also referred to as members). The Figure below shows that the parameters "Young's Modulus", "Poisson's Ratio" and the "Elastic Limit" are required for the Material EO.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help Using an EO value There are several ways in which values can

Using an EO value There are several ways in which values can be assigned to EOs for a specific analysis:

• Using the physical values associated with the actual SE (the reference values).

• Creating a local version of an EO in an analysis.

• Linking to an EO that is held in the Shared workspace.

• Linking to an EO that is part of a configuration.

All of these options are described in assigning EOs to SEs (described on page-?).

Status of EOs In order to run the analysis, suitable values must be assigned to the EOs.

When an analysis is selected, the list of Engineering Objects associated with the analysis will appear in the Property View. An example of such a list for an example model is shown below.

example of such a list for an example model is shown below. In addition to the

In addition to the name of the EO the status of each of the properties is indicated.

of the EO the status of each of the properties is indicated. - indicates that all

- indicates that all defined values are valid.

- indicates a problem e.g. a material definition contains a non-permitted value, a load has not been specified.

a non-permitted value, a load has not been specified. yet. - indicates a warning - in

yet.

- indicates a warning - in this example that no results have been computed

6.3 - Adding EOs to the Shared Workspace

The EO Shared Workspace represents a repository of Engineering Object definitions that can be referenced in different analyses. The steps below describes the general method for creating EOs directly in the workspace. See below for alternatives methods to create EOs.

1. Either select Data --> Add EO in Shared Workspace from the menu bar OR set the Tree View to By EO and select Add EO in Shared Workspace from the pop up menu.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help 2. In the Add Engineering Object in Shared Workspace dialog that appears

2. In the Add Engineering Object in Shared Workspace dialog that appears

select the type of object to be defined from the drop down list. You can choose to view a single alphabetical list or a structured list of EOs. If you enter an identification string in the filter field, all the EOs that match this string will be highlighted.

all the EOs that match this string will be highlighted. 3. Select the type of EO

3. Select the type of EO to be created.

4. Enter a name (label) for the EO.

5. Enter the number of EOs of this type that you wish to create. The first will be given the specified name and the others will receive default names which

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

you can change using the Rename function available from the popup menu.

6. Click [OK].

7. Click on the + sign to open the EO Shared Workspace directory. The newly defined object will be in the subdirectory associated with the type.

8. Select it in the list, then click on the Tree Editor tab. The parameters associated with it will appear in the editor panel.

associated with it will appear in the editor panel. 9. Enter the values and press <Enter>.

9. Enter the values and press <Enter>. The new EO will be available to link to parameters in the analysis (described on page-62).

There are other methods that can also be used to add EOs to the shared workspace. These are :

Exporting or publishing an EO

a. Select an EO that is used in an analysis.

b. Adapt the values if necessary.

c. Right click and select either Export EO in Shared Workspace (to send an unlinked copy to the workspace) or Publish EO in Shared Workspace (to send an linked copy to the workspace). Importing an EO You can import individual EOs or an entire workspace into the current EO shared workspace using the option in the File Adding a EO from the Property View

You can create a new EO that is based on an EO associated with either an analysis or an SE.

a. Select either an SE or an Analysis in the Tree View.

b. Select an EO in the Property View.

c. Click on the Connect icon at the top of the panel.

d. In the Choose value dialog, click on the + icon.

e. The Add Engineering Object in Shared Workspace dialog appears

with a list restricted to the type of EO selected.
f.

Enter a name for the new EO.

Click [OK].

g. h. Select the new item in the Choose value dialog and enter the required

values.

i. Click [Close] to just create the new EO in the workspace, or click on the link icon to link it to the EO in the current analysis. If you have linked the new EO directly to an SE then this will be indicated in the EO Shared workspace.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help 6.4 - CPs and EOs The parameters that will be used in

6.4 - CPs and EOs

The parameters that will be used in an analysis operation need to be assigned to the Calculation Points (which may be Structural Elements (SEs) or Structural Element Assemblies). Analysis parameters are assigned using the concept of Engineering Objects. The analysis operation template specifies the Engineering Objects (EOs) that are associated with an SE and examples could be 'Material', and 'Geometry'.

In order to run an analysis operation, you must assign an EO and values to each of the SEs and there are several ways in which this can be done.

Consider the example below of a plate SE which is under analysis. We will consider the EO "length".

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CaeSam Analyst User Help • Case1 - following the SE (CP) The actual, physical value of

Case1 - following the SE (CP) The actual, physical value of the plate length (referred to as the reference value) has a value of 10. Analysis 1 uses a value that is linked to this reference value. Whenever the reference length of the plate is changed the value used in this analysis will change too.

Case2 - Using values in the Shared Workspace Analysis 2 uses a value for the plate length that is held in the EO shared workspace. Whenever the value is changed in the shared workspace the value used in Analysis 2 will be modified too.

Case3 - Using values in Configurations A configuration has been defined for this plate in which a value for the length (=9) has been defined. Analysis 3 uses a value that is linked to the plate length in this configuration.

Case4 - Using local values A fourth analysis, Analysis 4, has been created in which a local EO has been defined. This value has remains local to the analysis and is unaffected by any changes that are not made in this analysis. We will now consider in more detail the four options described above.

Case 1 - following the SE (CP) The value of an EO that is directly associated with the physical SE (the length of the plate) is termed the reference value. In terms of the analysis, the plate is referred to as the CP (Calculation Point). Normally when a model is initialized, the EO will take the reference value. So in this example the length of the plate will be 10. You can see the reference value of an EO by clicking on the specific SE in the Tree View and viewing the value of the EO in the Property View. When an analysis is created based on a CP, the value of the EO used initially in the analysis corresponds to the current value associated with the SE. So in Analysis 1 the value of the EO length also equals 10 and will follow the value of the CP. There is a blue link icon next to the EO with the indication SE.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help When the Plate is selected in the tree and the value of

When the Plate is selected in the tree and the value of Length is changed to 10.1, the value of the Length in Analysis 1 is also changed to 10.1.

value of the Length in Analysis 1 is also changed to 10.1. You can break the

You can break the link by clicking on the link icon. You can then change either the value in the Analysis or the value of the SE and neither will be affected by the other.

value of the SE and neither will be affected by the other. You can re-establish the

You can re-establish the link by clicking on the Connect icon and then following the option to "follow the CP". The link between the Analysis and the CP will then be re-established and the values in the Analysis will follow those of the SE (CP).

See the instructions to follow the CP (described on page-62) (use the reference value).

Case 2 - Using values in the Shared Workspace The EO shared workspace is a repository where EO values can be accessed and shared amongst analysts and analyses. If there is an EO of the required type in the Shared workspace then you can link this either to the SE itself or to an analysis. A shared EO value can only be edited in the Shared Workspace. Linking the value in the analysis to the EO Shared Workspace Consider again the Plate that has a reference length of value 10. When Analysis 2 is created based on the Plate, the original value of the Length will be that which corresponds to the current value of the plate (10).

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help You can now link the value of the length in this analysis

You can now link the value of the length in this analysis to a value in the EO Shared Workspace which currently has a value of 11. The value in Analysis 2 will now follow the value in the EO Shared Workspace and the reference value on the plate remains the same (10).

and the reference value on the plate remains the same (10). Linking the value on the

Linking the value on the SE to the EO Shared Workspace You can also link the value of the EO that is related to the Plate itself to the value in the EO Shared Workspace. In this example the value of the SE will change from 10 to 11. When an Analysis 2a is created the initial value of the length will be 11, but if the value in the EOSW is changed (to 11.22), the value on the SE and in the Analysis will follow it.

the value on the SE and in the Analysis will follow it. In the figure above

In the figure above you can see that there is an indication of a link between the SE and the EOSW. The value in the analysis is indicated as being linked to the SE.

If you break the link between the Plate and the EOSW, then value of the SE can be modified independently. When this is changed the value in the Analysis will follow it.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help The chain icon indicating the link between the SE and the EOSW

The chain icon indicating the link between the SE and the EOSW has been removed, but the EO in the Analysis is still linked to the value of the SE.

To break the link between the value in the Analysis and on the plate SE requires two actions:

The first break removes the link between the Analysis and the SE. The link icon will change and the value in the analysis will be linked directly to the value in the EOSW. Modifying the value in the EOSW will modify the value on the SE and in the Analysis, since they are both linked to it.

SE and in the Analysis, since they are both linked to it. Clicking on the link

Clicking on the link icon again in the analysis will then break the link between the analysis and the EOSW. A copy of the 'Length' EO will be made in the analysis that can be edited independently.

and the EOSW. A copy of the 'Length' EO will be made in the analysis that

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

See the instructions to use shared values in an analysis (described on page-64)

Case 3 - Using values in Configurations

A configuration allows you to define complete sets of values that can be

modified independently of the SE and independently of each other. In this example where the plate has a length of 10, assume that there are also two configurations in which lengths of 9 and 8 have been defined. When we create a new analysis (Analysis 3) based on this plate the EO will take

an initial value of 10 for the length. The link icon indicates that the EO is linked

to the SE.

The link icon indicates that the EO is linked to the SE. In Analysis 3 we

In Analysis 3 we will now make a link to configuration 1. The value of the

length EO takes the value in the configuration and will follow the changes in configuration 1. This EO in Analysis 3 now has an orange link icon associated with it. This indicates that the value is not following the SE and is not the same

as the value in the SE. (A green link icon indicates that the value is not following the SE but that at the moment the actual value is the same as the SE.)

that at the moment the actual value is the same as the SE.) You can view

You can view the information associated with this EO by executing the indicated commands from the pop up menu on this EO in the analysis. The command Goto Support, will show the information about the EO value that is related directly to the SE. The command Goto data, will show that this EO is linked to the value in Configuration 1.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Now, let us assume that Configuration 2 (in which the EO length has a value of 8) is made the active configuration. This will affect the value of the EO associated with the SE and a new analysis created on this SE will take the current value of 8.

created on this SE will take the current value of 8. Note that the value in

Note that the value in Analysis 3a is linked to the SE not to the configuration, as indicated by the blue link icon. This does not affect the value in Analysis 3 which remains linked to Configuration 1 and so retains the value 9.1.

See the instructions to use configuration values in an analysis (described on

page-66).

Case 4 - Using local values As in all cases, when an analysis is created it is based on the current state of the SE, so the original value of the length will be 10.

of the SE, so the original value of the length will be 10. You can create

You can create a completely independent EO and give it the value you wish.

a completely independent EO and give it the value you wish. This will break the current

This will break the current link with the SE which will be indicated by the removal of all link icons. You can use the Connect icon to restore the link to the SE by selecting "follow the CP". You can also make links to values in the EOSW or a configuration if such values are available.

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See the instructions to use local EO values in an analysis (described on page-68).

6.5 - Assigning EOs to CPs

Before you can run an analysis within the CæSam environment, you need to define all the input parameters. Input parameters are specified through Engineering Objects (EOs). An analysis is based on a Calculation Point, which can be a Structural Element Assembly or a Structural Element. When the input parameters have been defined, the process can be run and the output parameters calculated.

There are different ways in which you can define the input parameters that relate either to the physical structure or to the process parameters:

• Using locally defined values (described on page-68).

• Using values in the EO shared workspace (described on page-64).

• Using values that are related to the Reference SE values (described on page-?).

• Using values defined in a configuration (described on page-66).

Note! in all cases assigning values to EOs requires using the various editing facilities (described on page-38).

6.5.1 - Using reference values Reference values are related directly with an SE. The reference values for an SE are defined by selecting the SE in the Tree and entering the required values for the EOs in the Editor panel.

the required values for the EOs in the Editor panel. In this screen shot above, an

In this screen shot above, an SE called 'Stringer2' has been selected in the tree. All the EOs relating to this SE are listed in the Property View. The values defined for "Stringer Geometry" are the reference values. These will be used in all analyses which are linked to the reference values for the SE, “Stringer2”. By default an analysis that is based on an SE will take the reference values. This can be seen by the presence of the "link" icon next to the EO when the analysis is selected in the Tree.

can be seen by the presence of the "link" icon next to the EO when the
can be seen by the presence of the "link" icon next to the EO when the
can be seen by the presence of the "link" icon next to the EO when the
can be seen by the presence of the "link" icon next to the EO when the

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Analysis1 -- SE reference values NOT used Analysis2 -- links to SE reference values.
Analysis1 -- SE reference values NOT used
Analysis2 -- links to SE reference values.

When a reference value is used i.e. the linked icon is present, (

cannot change the values within the analysis.

To change the value used in the analysis you must either:

To change the value used in the analysis you must either: ) then you • Change

) then you

• Change the reference value by selecting the SE in the Tree. This will of course change the value in ALL analyses that use this reference value.

• OR Break the link to the SE and use a different local value. Making a local value the reference value:

To use a local value in an analysis as the reference value for the SE, there must be no link between the EO in the analysis and the SE. This is the case with Analysis1 above.

In the case of Analysis2, the link must be broken, by clicking on the link icon till it disappears.

1. If necessary click on the link icon until it disappears.

1. If necessary click on the link icon until it disappears. When the link has disappeared,

When the link has disappeared, a copy of the original EO is made.

2. Enter the required EO value using the Editor.

EO is made. 2. Enter the required EO value using the Editor. 3. Right click on

3. Right click on the EO and select Send EO to Support.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help 4. The current value in the analysis will be assigned to the

4. The current value in the analysis will be assigned to the SE and used as the reference value.

will be assigned to the SE and used as the reference value. The link icon will

The link icon will (re)appear. This new value will be used in all analyses that link to this reference value.

6.5.2 - Using shared values

When using shared parameter values, you can either use EOs that are already present in the EO Shared Workspace, or you can add values that you wish to share from an analysis.

See adding EOs to the shared workspace (described on page-52).

Using shared EO values enables you to use a consistent set of values between analyses and analysts. This is particularly useful for parameters such as material properties and load cases.

1. In the Tree View select either an SE or an Analysis.

2. In the Property View select the EO to which the shared value is to be assigned.

select the EO to which the shared value is to be assigned. 3. Click on the

3. Click on the Connect icon

.
.

This will open the Choose value dialog that contains all types of EOs that can be used in the current situation.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

CaeSam Analyst User Help 4. Click on the Shared Workspace folder. If this folder is not

4. Click on the Shared Workspace folder.

If this folder is not present you need to add EOs.

a. Click on the

folder is not present you need to add EOs. a. Click on the icon. b. The

icon.

b. The Add Engineering Object in Shared Workspace dialog will

appear. Select the required EO from the list presented.

c. Enter a name for the EO and click [OK].

The new EO will appear in the left hand panel of the Choose value dialog.

5. Select the required EO from the list.

new EO will appear in the left hand panel of the Choose value dialog. 5. Select

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6. Edit the values if necessary, but remember that these values will be taken in all cases where the shared EO is used. You can also make a copy of this EO if required (see below).

. The

7. Click on the "link to" icon at the top right hand corner of the Editor

to" icon at the top right hand corner of the Editor name of the EO type

name of the EO type will appear in the Label field and the "link" icon will appear.

in the Label field and the "link" icon will appear. You can see that the Material

You can see that the Material EO is shown as linked to a shared value. This is shown by the presence of the link icon without the indication that it is a reference value (SE, SEA or CP).

It is not possible to edit a shared EO value locally. If you click on an EO that is

linked to shared value then you can see the value but not edit it. If you wish to change the value, you must either edit the value in the Shared Workspace, or

unlink the EO and define a local instance, or create a copy. To edit the shared parameter value:

There are two methods to do this :

Either

1.

Set the Tree View to by EO.

2.

Select the required EO.

3.

Click on the Tree Editor tab.

4.

Enter the new values in the fields.

OR

1. Select the item (SE or Analysis) with which the shared EO is associated in the Tree View.

2. In the Property View, select the required EO.

3. Click on the Connect icon

4. In the Choose value dialog select shared EO.

5. Enter the new values in the fields.

6. Click on the Link icon

.
.
the new values in the fields. 6. Click on the Link icon . to link the

to link the new value to the EO.

Remember that the new values will be used in ALL analyses that use this shared value.

To create a copy of an EO in the shared workspace

1. Click on the Connect tool to access the EOs in the Shared Workspace.

2. Click on the required EO in the left panel of the Editor tab.

3. Click on the Copy icon in the top right corner

.
.

A

copy of the selected values will be assigned to EO. These values can be edited

as

required.

6.5.3 - Assigning parameters defined in a configuration

Before you can use values in a configuration, the configuration must have been defined and the required associations created. See Working with Configurations (described on page-75).

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1. Click on the analysis in the data tree.

2. Click on the EO for which you want to define the value.

3. Click on the Connect icon

4. In the Choose value dialog, open on the "Session" folder to view the list of associations in different configurations that have been defined for this EO.

in the Label field.different configurations that have been defined for this EO. 5. Click on the required association. 6.

that have been defined for this EO. in the Label field. 5. Click on the required

5. Click on the required association.

6. Click on the "link to" icon

at the top right hand corner of the dialog.required association. 6. Click on the "link to" icon The configuration value will be assigned to

The configuration value will be assigned to the EO in this analysis. A 'link' icon will appear next to the EO. If this icon is green then this indicates that the defined configuration value is currently the same as the reference (SE) value. If the icon is orange, it indicates that the value is different to that of the reference (SE) value.

the value is different to that of the reference (SE) value. To view which configuration an

To view which configuration an EO is linked to:

1. Click on the EO in the Property View.

2. Click on the Configuration tab.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help 6.5.4 - Defining local EO values Assigning a local value to an

6.5.4 - Defining local EO values Assigning a local value to an analysis parameter means that the value for this EO will only be used in the current analysis.

This section describes how to:

• Create a new local EO.

• Make a copy of a shared or configuration EO.

• Convert a shared value to a local value.

• Replace a local value with a shared one.

To create a new local EO

1. Select the analysis in the data tree.

2. Right-click on the EO to which you wish to assign the value.

3. Select Create New local EO.

4. Enter the name for the EO in the label field.

5. Enter the required parameter values in the Property Editor panel.

Note! that if the EO was currently linked to another value then this link will be automatically removed by this operation.

To make a copy of an EO

1. Select the analysis in the data tree.

.
.
a copy of an EO 1. Select the analysis in the data tree. . 2. Select

2. Select the EO to which you wish to assign the value.

3. Click on the Connect tool

4. Select the EO from the list available in the Choose value dialog.

5. Click on the Copy tool

6. Change the name if required.

7. Enter the required parameter values in the Property Editor panel.

. A copy will be created.

To convert a shared value to a local value. If you wish to use local values for an EO that has a "link" icon next to it ( then you must first break the link.

icon next to it ( then you must first break the link. ), 1. Select the

),

1. Select the EO pair in the Property view.

2. Place the mouse over the "linked to" icon. It will change to the unlink icon

.
.

3. Click on the "unlink" icon.

4. If the link is multiple (e.g. the EO is linked to the SE that in turn is linked to a value in the EO Workspace) then only one link is broken at a time. The

blue link shown above will be replaced by a green link (

The blue link shown above will be replaced by a green link ( ). 5. Repeat

).

5. Repeat the operation to break the other links until they have all been removed. Eventually the link icon will be removed and a local copy of the EO is created.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help 6. It is recommended that you change the Label of the EO

6. It is recommended that you change the Label of the EO in order to distinguish it from the shared / reference EO. To do this double click on the Label field, enter a new name and press <Enter>.

7. Edit the specific values in the Editor.

To replace a local value with a shared one You can replace a local value by another by clicking on the connect icon You can then choose to link to:

• Reference values

• Shared values in the EO Workspace

• EO values in Configurations.

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CaeSam Analyst User Help

Chapter 7 - Analysis operations

Analysis operations are defined in templates. They are performed on Calculation Points (CPs) which are based on Structural Elements (SEs) or Structural Element Assemblies (SEA).

The analysis operation can be performed when all the input parameters required have been defined assigned through the mechanism of Engineering Objects (EOs). In addition an analysis template may also specify process parameters and sub operations.

There are two methods of performing an analysis operation :

• Standalone method in which an analysis is created in an empty document using the generic descriptions of the SEs and SEAs that are defined in the template. See performing a standalone analysis (described on page-72)

• Within an analysis {stress} model in which a number of specific SEs are defined along with their topology. Analysis operations would be performed on selected CPs. See performing an analysis based on an analysis model. (described on page-73) A number of instances of an analysis type based on a template can be included in the same CæSam document as illustrated in the Figure below.

the same CæSam document as illustrated in the Figure below. This figure shows that several analysis

This figure shows that several analysis operations can be performed within the same CæSam document; with instances of the same analysis type based on different CPs as well as different analysis types. Each time an analysis is executed, a Run is created.

All analysis types in a single document would be based on the same model.

7.1 - Running an analysis

Before you can run an analysis all the input parameters (EOs) required for the

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analysis must be defined. This is indicated by the status icon next to each of the parameters:

All is well. Required values have been entered and they match the required conditions. Note! this does not indicate that the values are correct , only that values have Note! this does not indicate that the values are correct, only that values have been defined

A value associated with the EO has not been correctly defined. To obtain a hint as to the problem, place the mouse of the corresponding Property / Label. The Tool tip will appear giving a hint about the (first) problem. Repeat the procedure if there is more than one condition that has been violated.the values are correct , only that values have been defined This sign represents a warning.

This sign represents a warning. Either no EO has been assigned, or there is a conflict between the current values. This sign appears next to output (result) parameters when input parameters have been changed indicating that the results need to be re-computed.if there is more than one condition that has been violated. 1. Select the required analysis

1. Select the required analysis in the Tree View. To see the list of analyses, set the Tree option to By Analysis. More than one analysis can be selected.

According to the definition of the analysis, a number of tabs will appear in the Property View.

2. Enter all the required input parameters. See assigning EOs to CPs (described on page-62)

3. When all the input data values are either green (good) or yellow (warning)

click on the Run button

green (good) or yellow (warning) click on the Run button in the toolbar. The Job Configuration

in the toolbar.

The Job Configuration dialog will appear.

4. Choose whether to run the analysis in the foreground or the background.

If the analysis template allows it, you may also have the possibility to run

the analysis on a job on a remote machine. In this case see the additional information relating to jobs and their configuration (described on page-).

5. Click [OK].

A Run tab (described on page-37) will appear showing information about

the current run. Note! that if you have selected to run the process in the background, you can view parameter values that are used in the analysis but you can not edit them. If the process is running in the foreground you need to wait till the processing is complete.

6. To see details about each of the steps in the analysis process, click on items

in the left side of the Run tab to see details in the right panel.

7. To view the results of the analysis, make sure the analysis is selected in the Tree View and click on the Property Editor.

8. Click on each result type to view the specific results in the editor panel.

See also: Viewing results (described on page-118).

9. When the processes are complete save the document. Note! A document should not be saved while a Run is in operation!

When an analysis has been run, it is shown in black in the Tree View. If the EOs associated with an analysis are changed, then the name of the analysis will be shown in yellow to indicate that they need updating. If you click the Run button after an analysis has been run, the current set of values will be over-written. To

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retain previous run data you need to create a new analysis.

It is also possible to view files generated during the analysis process by selecting

an analysis in the Tree View then selecting Edit analysis files from the pop-up menu.

7.2 - Performing a standalone analysis

A standalone analysis enables you to perform local computations on a isolated

set of Structural Elements (SEs) or Structural Element Assembly (SEAs) that form a CP. These structural elements are not part of an analysis structural model.

1.

Start CæSam. A new document will open called 'Document1'.

2.

From the menu bar select Analysis --> Create Stand Alone Analysis .

3.

In the Create a new analysis dialog, select the template that corresponds to the required analysis.

4.

Enter a name for the analysis.

5.

Click [Apply] then [Close]. The analysis with the selected name will appear in the Tree View. Each of the SEs associated with the analysis will be listed.

Each of the SEs associated with the analysis will be listed. 6. Click on each of

6.

Click on each of the SEs in turn. Their properties will be listed in the Property view. Default values may have been defined for these properties, or not, depending on the template.

7.

Click on the analysis. The parameters associated with the analysis will be listed in the Property View.

8.

Click on an EO Property / Label. The required values will appear in the Editor. There are a number of methods that are used to assign values to the EOs (described on page-55).

9.

When all the input parameters are valid (see running an analysis (described

on page-70)) click on the Run button

.
.

The computation will start and the progress of the calculations can be monitored in the Run tab. When the analysis is complete a new Run entry will appear in the SE tree.

10.

If you wish to run the process again with different values, you can either create a new analysis, or create a duplicate of the current analysis (select Duplicate from the pop up menu) and repeat the process.

11.

When the analyses are complete, save the document using File --> Save .

See also :