Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7









Television in Mexico
1934- President Lzaro Crdenas supports the work that the IPN student, Guillermo
Gonzlez Camarena, does with televisions.1934- The first images are produced in
Mexico, of President Lzaro Crdenas with his family. 1939- Guillermo Gonzlez
Camarena invents color television, surprising the world with his innovative
creation.1940- Gonzlez Camarena makes the first transmissions from a distance.
1940- The Government begins to receive applications for the opening of commercial
televisions. 1947- The Government orders the investigation and analysis of the
operation of television in the United States and United Kingdom, to determine what
work plan suited Mexico. 1948 - Investigations conclude in the United States and
United Kingdom; It is concluded that the same scheme that was used in the United
States will be worked on. 1948 - The first televised transmission is realized to remote
control. 1949- The President orders the regulation of the television stations in
Mexico. 1949- It is established constitutionally, that the Government will use the
transmissions of private television stations, for social and cultural programs. 1949-
The first commercial channel is born in Mexico City: Channel 4 (XHTV). 1950- It is
published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, the regulation of the television
that had ordered the President. 1950- The development of Mexican television (it
could be said) begins, with the beginning of operations of Channel 4, in Mexico City.
1953 - Transmission begins the first station outside of Mexico City. 1954 - The first
microwave link is built. 1954- The first cable television company is born. 1955 - The
Union of Workers and Artists Telesistema is founded. 1955 - Teleprograms of
Mexico are created, with the intention of exporting the national productions. 1957 -
The first telenovela is produced: Senda prohibida, carried out by Silvia Derbez. 959-
The first cultural station begins: Canal 11, of the National Polytechnic Institute. 1959-
The first program recorded in videotape is transmitted. 1960- The Federal Law of
Radio and Television is published in the Official Gazette of the Federation. 1961-
The Tax Law is created for Radio and Television Operators. 1961- The National
Space Commission is created, which will regulate the television space of the
television stations. 1963- The first transmission of color television is made. 1965-
The first intercontinental transmission is made: from Mexico to the United States,
Canada and Europe. 1968- It establishes a tax, that the television stations elude
granting space in the transmissions to the Government. 1970- The subsecretara of
diffusion, dependent of the Secretariat of Communications and Transports is
created. 1971- The Ibero-American Television Organization is created. 1971-
Mexico joins the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization. 1973- The
National Chamber of the Industry of the Radio and Television is created. 1973- The
Federal Electoral Law determines that the media must grant free time to political
parties. 1973- Televisa is born; In partnership with Telesistema Mexicano and
Televisin Independiente de Mxico. 1973- The regulation for the publicity of foods,
drinks and medicines is created. 1973- The regulation for Radio and Television is
created. 1976- The General Directorate of Radio, Television and Cinematography is
created. 1979- The regulation of cable television service is created. 1983- The
satellite Morelos is created and enters orbit; First Mexican satellite. Then the Morelos
II Satellite would be created and launched, with the aim of replacing I in the event of
a malfunction. 1988 - Televisa support controversy is raised to the PRI (the PRI
candidate to the Presidency is favored in the programs of Televisa); The PGR
investigated the case. 1988- Televisa begins transmissions in Europe. 1991 - It is
taken from the sale package channel 22 (cultural channel of the Government), due
to widespread protests; Was intended to be sold alongside other channels, including
channel 13 and 7, which were sold to the business group headed by Mr. Ricardo
Salinas Pliego.
Radio in Mexico
In 1921 the brothers Adolfo Enrique and Pedro Gmez Fernndez transmitted the
first radio program that included only two songs. That same year in Monterrey,
Nuevo Len Constantino de Tarnnava would premiere what is considered the first
radio space with the "live study" program. The 20 were born different organizations
around this new technology: the National Radio League, the Mexican Central Radio
League, Radio Education, and Mexico joined the International Conference on
Telecommunications in Washington, D.C. The thirties saw many seminal radio
stations born in our country. In 1930 was inaugurated the XEW presenting to the
Typical Orchestra of the City of Mexico directed by Miguel Lerdo de Tejada. In 1931
the XERF "La Poderosa" was born, also of the oldest stations of the country. In 1937
Radio UNAM was inaugurated. On the other hand in that year the federal signal
XEDT transmits for the first time National Time. 948 was a crucial year for the
development of radio in Mexico: both by the emergence of 33 and 45 RPM
microsurve disks, and by the input of the Frequency Modulated (FM) emissions. After
a period of experimentation and technological search, in this decade and the 50's
began to regulate; For example, in 1959 the Federal Law of Radio and Television
was published. There was a certain stability and normalization. In response to the
basic plan prepared by the Institute of Political and Social Studies of the PRI (IEPES)
for the presidential campaign of Miguel de la Madrid and to make operational and
explicit the national policies of communication, was decreed on March 23, 1983 the
creation Of three institutes: Mexican Institute of Radio (IMER), Mexican Institute of
Television (IMEVISION) and Mexican Institute of Cinematography (IMCINE). In 1996
the IMER installed Internet equipment, which made it easier to consult information
and strengthen the transmission of data in newsreels. The stations of IMER Opus
94.5, Reactor 105.7 and Horizonte 107.9 MHz began to transmit online from 2007
and the rest of the stations of the Institute did during 2009. After seven years of
shortwave broadcasts, in January 2011, Radio Mxico Internacional restarted the
transmissions through the Internet, as a sample of that exploratory spirit of Mexican
Television in USA
The history of television in the United States dates back to 1927 when Philo
Farnsworth, an American inventor, first demonstrated fully electric television in San
Francisco. Two years later, Vladimir Zworykin, who worked for RCA, introduced the
first system that allowed both the transmission and the electric reception of images.
Progress continued in the following decades, so according to the Early Television
Museum, 50 percent of all homes in the United States had televisions for the year
1953. The W2XB radio station owned by General Electric in Schenectady , NY,
broadcast "The Queen's Messenger," the first dramatic show in television history, in
1928, to a limited audience. Eleven years later, NBC became the first network to
broadcast regular broadcasts, broadcasting live coverage of the inauguration of the
1939 World's Fair in New York. That same year, NBC became the first television
station to broadcast an athletic contest by displaying a collegiate baseball game
between Princeton and Columbia. The immediate years following World War II
witnessed a dramatic explosion in interest By television in the United States.
Approximately 46,000 American households had a television set in 1946, according
to the Early Television Museum. Just three years later, that number had grown to
4.2 million households. Most of the big cities now had their own television network,
and many had more than one. By 1960, 90 percent of the country had televisions,
and by 1994, 99 percent of American households had at least one. Three major
commercial broadcasting channels had evolved: NBC, CBS and ABC (which were
joined by FOX and CW decades later). Unlike other nations, the United States does
not have national programming; The stations are local and may or may not be
affiliated with a television network.
Radio in USA
Radio appeared as the first means of mass communication with two opposing ends
that coexisted: information and entertainment. In its first years it surpassed even the
audiences of the cinema. Radio in the United States began as a service for the
middle class and mainly broadcast agricultural, meteorological reports ... but the
frequencies were not regulated. It has always been a fully active medium. It was
Nathan B. Stubblefield, the first to be able to transmit the human voice in 1892 in
Kentucky. Fessesen who really put a show on the air from Massachusetts. David
Sarnoff, a young executive of the Marconi Company of America who proposed that
music could reach American homes through radio. The idea had an immediate
response from the company. The first to radiate were amateur radio. At the outbreak
of the war in 1914 many issues and licenses were suspended in almost all countries.
The radio is being used to detect submarines, or at police stations. Thus, the first
broadcasts made their debut in the years following World War I. Historians do not
agree on which is the oldest station in the United States. Among those "aspirants"
are KQW in San Jose, California (now KCBS); The WHA in Wisconsin. What is
certain is that the first regular commercial broadcaster was the Detroit WWJ which
issued in August 1920. Later, in November, the KDKA of Westinghouse Electric
owned Pittsburgh from the roof of a Westinghouse factory. In a few months the radio
became a passion in the USA. By the end of 1922 there were already almost 600
registered stations and about 400,000 receivers in use. The first publicity message
was broadcast by the WEAF of New York in 1922. This year is born the NBC
(National Emission Company) formed by RCA (American Radio Corporation),
General Electric and Westinghouse. A year later appeared its great rival the
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS). In 1923, President Harding installed a radio
set in the White House. The devices were obsolete in just 5 months due to great
progress. The Second World War meant a delay in the development of the newborn
television and, on the contrary, was a spectacular radio impulse. It was the so-called
"Golden Age" of radio in the USA. In 1941 a new reform of the emission was made
and by 1948 the FM was almost completely saturated. During the 50's, 60's and 70's,
an atrocious fear of communism was born in the United States. The FCC is
overstepped in its inspections and bans. The radio drama died in the 70's to give
way to a new way of life, the "disc" that will promote a revolution in radio as it did at
the time "rock & roll". Radio is currently one of the most prosperous businesses in
the United States. Exit about 12,000 stations with about 80 different formats. And
every day new perspectives of future arise both at the technological level and at the
content level.
Television in UK
The first color television broadcast between London and New York took place in
1928. In the United Kingdom, however, there is a television viewing fee of about
145.50 per year. It serves to finance the BBC, since it is a public entity. Below we
show you the programs that have the BBC and other popular channels. In addition
to providing radio services in the United Kingdom, the British Broadcasting
Corporation (BBC) also provides television service. This British television network
based at Broadcasting House in London is a public company operating under a royal
charter. Since its founding in 1922, when it began its journey in the world of media
in the form of radio, BBC TV channels have become the most watched in the entire
country. Below we list the different options available. Although the BBC operates
several television channels throughout the country, BBC One is arguably the most
emblematic one. As its name suggests, it is the first BBC television channel, which
opened in 1936 under the name Already disused) BBC Television Service, later
abbreviated to BBC Television. It should be noted that its programming is not
interrupted by advertising cuts. The retransmission of time, last minute events and
programs on politics are also among the most viewed.
Radio in UK
One of the British customs par excellence is to listen to the radio. There are many
radio stations that can be enjoyed from anywhere in the UK and especially from
London. If you want to know the history of this entity, its main stations and which are
the most popular radio stations nationwide, do not stop reading. The BBC, acronym
for British Broadcasting Corporation, is a radio station of public character throughout
the United Kingdom. Its headquarters are in London, in the so-called Broadcasting
House, located at Portland Place and Langham Place. In the following subsections
we show you a brief history about it and what are its main stations. Across the UK,
listening to the radio is a tradition dating back to the nineteenth century, when the
first radios or wireless (short form of wireless telegraphy), a name that was given at
the time, began to install slowly in the Houses of the English upper class. Already
since 1922, the company par excellence responsible for giving radio service to the
English population was the BBC. The BBC's first radio broadcast took place on
March 15, 1932, although the Broadcasting House did not open until 15 May of the
same year. The building is characterized by its art deco style, which combines
several styles and artistic movements of the twentieth century, especially cubism,
futurism and rationalism. As we said, BBC Radio belongs to the state, which means
that it is about Of a public entity, as established by a royal charter in 1927. From
1926 until the late 1940s, several conflicts erupted between the BBC and other
media outlets such as theaters, concert halls and the record industry, as many artists
began to see how their audience was reduced in favor Of the radio. At present, the
BBC has had to face the global financial crisis like many other entities. Thus, in 2011
was forced to reduce its budget by 20%. As a result, radio programs like BBC HD
were canceled. That's why there are currently websites like SaveBBC3 and
SaveOurBBC created by its thousands of listeners to help the company overcome
this bump.