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BOOK

STUDENT'S

Katy Clements

NATIONAL t
GEOGRAPHICeI CENGAGE
LEARNING ".+ Learning'
A u s t r a l i a . B r a z i l . J a p a n. K o r e a . M e x i c o . S i n g a p o r e .S p a i n. U n i t e d K i n g d o m. U n i t e d S t a t e s
Subjectand objectPronouns
lntroduction Possessive adjectives
Thereislfhere are
, Question words
a
p 4 - 7-
1 Relationships ? TheCortugaAdventure

2 Homes
storY
Drpika's
Partsof a house
p ' 1 6 - 2 3 My home

Review 1 p 24-25 Vocabulary& Grammartasks/ Song


PastContinuous
I
3 Free Time PastSimpleand PastContinuous
Usedto
Much/manY
4 Food & Drink A lot of, lotsof, a few,a little
World Some,any,every,no; Some-,ony-' every-ano
Lucinda's
no- with -bodY,-thing and -where
p 34-41

Review2 & Grammartasksl Song


p 42-43 VocabularY
words
Education-related PresentPerfectSimple(afO;For,since'
5 Education TheCortugaAdventure
Goesto School
Bambira iust, never
already,
Present PerfectSimple(neg,question);E/er
andyet
PiesentPerfectandHow long .. ?
i '
words
words
rirelated
Body-related Perfect
. Present Simple
and,Past
6rheBodv :+ffifr"r"t:ff$il"Jl;;',"u ";,"":l;'."J""'*"'"' i i'""i"'*pronouns
p 52-59 How canI helPYou?

Review 3 p 60-61 Vocabulary& Grammartasks/ Song


words
i Nature-related simple
Future
7 Nature ?JfiecortYea
ldyllture
plants it:"1,:::Jrto;
Meat-eating :' lil- ^ -^^-

"---?-9:?*:lGJ:f==:::ry-:
-:; -:--:'=::-:*:7::*i**::+s-5i]e::*:
words: Firstconditional
g rhe Environment rt . cortugaAdventure i Environment-rerated
words Conditional
i second
I Gogreen ! necycling-related
p j G o i n gG r e e ni n. -G r e e c e
V7t v0-' 7
t t7 !"""''-'''
z 1
t!
I
Review 4 p 78-79 Vocabulary& Grammartasks/ Song I

-
Adventure I Have to;Must
9 fn Town ?Thecortusa ??l::i':l:
' N.;;;['" words
]? Town-related \i l?.',u!9,*u!1
Might; should
.:"--*.-,P:9.9::L="=!::!*G::-l:---*--.**':e:::
:::zTh" -'*"-'i=-:-'-'':-*
i ry andradio-related
words! Present simplepassrve
10 ', A Radio c";r;;;aJ;;;fy" passtve
simple
Past
1rH. rliit"ivLrtelevision , i
p 88'95 : MYfavouriteshow a

Review 5 p 96-97 Vocabulary& Grammartasks/ Song


os os
andsuperlatives;
; rhu co,trgu,{ventyl j y:::::ltransport : ^aoTou.tatives
1 1 Transport
lUndergroundTransportitransporr-relatedwordsjBoth,eitherandneither
p 98-105 ] rravet"cuide ""--*::,.^ -.*.i,-',::::!:y::p!-

catchers ?Lrptoyt.nt-telated clauses


words ! Relative
The rattlesnake
p 106-11a I Wnatdo Youwantto be? = :

Review6 p 114-'t15 Vocabulary& Grammartasks/ Song

NationalGeographicDVDWorksheets p 116-121
Play p 122-'t23
lrregular verbs p 124-125

=::ia!si=
I t rrri::in]:::,r.,

I Talkabouthow often i Similar-sounding


words ; Emphasising : Timeexpressions
, peopledo things i
of a family
I Description

Talkaboutwhenthings ow sounds abouthomes I Linkingwords(and,but,because


Talking
'happened
i andso)
: Talkabouta picture : Advert

Talkaboutwhat you were M a g i c e Talking


aboutfree I Writinqstoriesaboutpastevents
: doingin the past time : with and, when and while
i Srorv

Practise
a dialogue e, eeano eysounos What'sfor dinner? letter and emaillanguage
Talkaboutfood Email

- . :- : : 3 C t u f e Talkaboutthingsyou've Talking
aboutschool Topicsentences
(nnn
ln nzonneq done
already/jusVnever Email

io'o'','*
__"i.-_......_.._=
Describepeoplein photos s sounds At the doctor's Orderof paragraphs
Finddifferences
between Email
pictures

' , : 4 .

; Talkaboutgoingto the i ough


- sounds Talkingaboulpets Punctuation
.' z o o
I LgV
! i : Postcard
: r

-- =.,;;;;;; ^""-:--=;;it";iliffi;.il.s'"'-
:
" "';;;;,,.soiri.,.,lp,,i,'t;.
rolN ouvuL t*;;;;;,m:=::-A;;;il;;iiffiilil;;
lslyLrrlry ; JLlc))lllV ulllElcl lL Pol L) : ldlNll19 dUUUL LllC :
glvll19

-.:::.oice :Talkaboutapicture iofsentences ienvironment iPoster


::- : ctures

:= : : .ture I Givedirections i Askingfor and givingj Orderof adjectives


I Differentpronunciation
--:: :r lozenges
. of the sameletter i directions of a town
i Description
combinations
Tella story Similar-soundingworE
d sx p r e s s i n g mistakes
Spelling
:_--::r p ctures Intervrew yourpartner preferences Review
-:'^.rnremmoc (nnn

lozonoos Comparemeansof th sounds Talkingabout Headings


':
. -- se; Song transport rranSport Ronort

: = -atchrng Talkabouta job , tanddsounds Talkingaboutjobs Makingnotes


- - _-:- T-ll, -h^, ,+ ^l-+,,"^g
. J ^(
nirtr rroc totN,ouuuL PtlLur vr Article
;
_:::^ ozenges WOTKCTS
:
What is another
name for the orca?

a killerdolphin
b killerwhale
c killershark
:q-b[e_:G"!j
Iubierta-,!rd p_rp=Le=u!!T
TlgB_l
ip/;Tlg=eIg:
A Cornpletethe table. Putthe words in the correctorderto makesentences.
gatect Pronouns Object Pronouni 1 in/ any/ there/ classroom
/ the/ aren't/ children
I
2 black/there/room/ mv / a / is/ in / cat
you

him 3 ? / a n y / z o o / a r e / t h e / p e n g u i n s / t h e rien/
she
4 ? / t h e r e / d e s k / y o u ri/s/ a / o n l p e n c i l
II

WC
5 b e a c /ha t / o f / a r e l t h e r e
/lots/children/the
you
them

I Complete the sentenceswith the correct


Qge-s$-q-Ery-q
-t
otiect pronouns. Completethe questionswith these words.
" :oughtthispresent.
lt'sfrom
I ,',e visitour grandparents
oncea week.They what uhen where who whose
--oe_ everySaturday.
1 isthat boy?''That'sDavid.'
I .',^ere'sBob.Canyou see_?
--ese isthisbagon the floor?''ls it Sue's?'
booksare new.I bouqht
:- s morntng. 3 did Jimsayabouthispresent?
,'.^r'sAnna?| want to talkto
A
do you live?''At 46 BakerStreet.'
5 did youvisitEdinburgh?''Last
summer.'

'sgessive
adjectives
the correct words.
Btpp-"o-t-iU*o:Eso3Bleeg'
Circlethe correctwords.
1,,h,
l.J is35 yearsold.His/ Her.birthdayis
g l n-*-
* S::chanie
andthisis her/ my sister,
Sally
ilgnni
irir:,',e.ltto go to the cinemato watch
ffiln*r/our favouritefilm.
-':.
-. that dog.Your/ lts eyesareblue!
rlE-trtl
:
1--__
itubj
tr---_i_ii--]
I
l

Ie- :^d Tonyarebrothersand their/ our


]r{::-:. is my teacher.
j _i
1 The girl is between/ next to the dogs.
L Thedog is behind/ neK to the cat.
3 Thedog is in / on the sofa.
4 Thedog is behind/ in fiont of the computer
5 Thedogsarein / underthe basket.
6 Thedog is on l'nearthe ooy.
7 Thedog is on l underthe helmet.
B The dog is betwenI behindthe fence.
-i
| ,.^--L-,.
i fht CortugaAdventure,
l, @44->1
;

l'm l0 yearsold and


Welcomebackto Corwga! my nameisRobbie.
I'm Jake and I'm 13yearsold.

l'm Robbie'scousin.
My nameisKateand
I'm 12yearsold.

And I'm Jake's sister,


Mandy.l'm? yearsold,

l'mOliver.l'mJake
and Mandy's uncle,
;

/i,

' tt*
:: -: . ' Il
I
I
- -?aolo.I'm14
/ My nameis Todd Craine"I
r'- '.e on Cortuga"
wcrk on ,.iartuga!

W=
- > i /
'-,.i;i
l /r,
".'i.+i
I
--"';

-,;
J

#*5

I
l

ffi
t :

, / :

l l l

...

l
n Wow! Lookat that
Tie* {*rtugte Asfu'ewfus'{,
::;-4<=<-A

Q Listenand read. ship in the hatfdilfi

In the harbour
Oliver: Sorry,kids!l'm lateagain,I'm afraid
Jake: Nevermind,UncleOliver.
Kate: Hellq,Mr,Thomas. Thankyou for the qRa
invitffiSn't6vour nouse.
oliver: tts mypreH{Uf#Te';j6fir,e
company.Butwhere'sRobbie? \:
\i
Mandy: Robbie?Robbie!Whereareyou?
\\

//.<
* ) r.
f'}i-
/t 711 r\.
Robbie: I'm overhere.Thisshipis incredible!
U Mandy: Thatcrateis full of littleholes.Let'sgo and look,
Oliver: Thatisn'ta verygood idea.Let'sgo home.

Craine: Hurryup, men,don'twastemy time!What


I lazypeopleyou are!Move!Hey,you,Oliver!
Oliver: Sorrv.I haven'toot tipnefor a chattoday.
Robbie:What'sin thatci*tdfft smellshorrible.
Oliver: Comeon. Robbie!

Jake: UncleOliver,who is that man?


-5 1Oliver: Oh,lookat thetime!Here'sthecar.Comeon,kids.
Kate: Youruncledoesn'tlikethatmanverymuch.
Jake: No,he doesn't.I wonderwhy
;;;;:r. ."" "
bulary, ,:.-.*Iij";:'_
,' il,,=*", : :, rr::,'.:

3-rrnpletethe sentenceswith the correct phrases. We use these adverbsto show how often we
do something.
a4rcrdt-tis look at the time My friends sometimes come to my house.
tilme-for rilaste-sy'time ""]t1tt6--
always; usually ->often )sometimes )never
-=-: s '.1um- she's v^v )4 4t v '\i
:
always
rrvvq/J

*,.-. -cl We haven'tgot


rAl
vv
tA A4t
lcryf v' a chat. \
&\$W
ilt\.t
c'v l!
P@x
iwt!
1 100%of the time 0% of the time

Adverbsof frequencygo beforethe mainverb:


: -:- : OYl : -h-- )
) \Wtx,r*I Getbacktoworkt Theyneversee Grandod.
--:.:Wloay,b Grandad!
holiday, BUTtheygo afterthe verbbe:
- r- (l,n\t S:\ {tWl'mlateagain My friend is neveron time.

Youcanaskquestionswilh How often.


(.,lrdethe correct words. How often do you go on holidoy?
- :- =-d herbrother/ husbandJoearelan'sparents.
* ;-=-:"ra hasgot sevenchildrenandthirteen Put the words in the correctorder to make
sentences.
yandparents / grandchildren.
;t-
, '= -asn'tgoi anybrothers
or sisters- she's
an 1 nephew/ rude/ is/ always/ your
fiUl incredible
chilo.
.u -- =^CAnnaaremy'frie;dilnephews. / | /cousin/ after/ my
2 see/always/school
I -,--: raulaisveryrudel@ Snewatches TVallday
3 ? / for / late/ Mum / is/ usuallv/work
enjoyat Dad'sjokes!
t . .'.=..si6-u-g.D/

4 a m / l / n e v e r/ s c h o o/lo n / f o r / t i m e

t=E 5 ?/ how / visit/ do/often / vou/ Grandma

u6e:re PresentSimpleto talk about:


forsal truths.
rliffi-- --. a lot in winter here.
ffinmgsre do regularly. liisleningr
fie? , Grondmo every Sunday.
6mianent states. o Listento Sallyand circlethe correctanswers.
W 3fuer Liveson the islond.
visitshergrandparents
1 Sally
Negative, , . ,,,,,,, ' tlqlscl oncea week.
I don't (do not) go Sallyalways/ sometimes
-: goes he/she/it doesn't(doesnot) go hasa-banana icecream
I]t|wn:rey go we/you/they don'i (do not) go
on Saturdays.
S.ho*:anawers,,',.1-',"'
3 Dadnever/ often goeson holidayto the sea.
* r : Yes,l/you/welthey do.
4 Tillygoesto the parkeveryMondaylJaturday.
rc sne/itgo ...? No, l/youlwe,/they don't.
icrr,,they go ...? Yes,helshe/it does.
No, helshe/it doesn't.
$p-.e-@g*{
@. night/week/ month/ y ear at the weekends How often do you and your fami! do thesethings?
Tellyour partner. Useadverbsof frequency.
*re sentenceswith the PresentSimpleof
rords. my dad/ cook
| / visitgrandparents
6t not eat thirik r.*# my mum/ watchW
my family/ go on holiday
TVwith your sisters?
. -: --:- -JklTh(rieekends we stayat home
;q ; ": " : -- 'i,,, '' ri ;-- f i V . 1 t h e
h v l t h es hs thptispI ni cs ri endctrbel ed.i b l e . wit"trrgj
: ,
l'{ Nh, house everv vear.
vfr---,411
" l (h Write five sentencesabout how often you do things.
.i .2 .., 1,' rTJ, '1, ! ,-- -,-:-,. juice
-- .. .r-n o'UatfddVbuthedrinks Usea different adverb of frequencyin eachone.
11
:::iil:illirll,i:l::.:
'rrllrlllliliiailiil:l:,',

Readin
Readthe commentary for a TV show and say which animals
are going to be on Safari Speciolnext week.

=9 'r'':.it:::',
.:t
:t-
Ontoday's
SafariSpeciatwe ourfavourite
arevisiting Allof youviewers
groupof lionsagain. at homeknowtheselionsbynow
becausewecomehereeverymonth. Ah,there'sSabbi,theqrandmother.She's
watching someof thecubs.Shehasfourdaughters
cubs.Thelionesses
andtheyhaveeleven alllookafterthebabycubstogether,andtheyalsohuntforfoodasa team.
Look, twoof thecubsareplaying onthegrass. Theylooklikethey're fighting, having
butinfactthey're fun.Theirfather, is
Solon,
lyinginthesun.He'swatching thecubsandhedoesn't lookveryhappy! Butthe cubs looking
aren't and they aren't of
frightened
him.Solonneverhurtshiscubs.
fii.r1j
Solon doesn'tusuallyhuntforfood,buthealways eatsa lot!Healsoprotects
thecubsfromotherlions.Hdroars, andthenheis
veryfrightening.Lionsfromotherfamilies usuallyrunaway.
Well,goodbye fortodaylWe're a familyof giraffes
visiting nextweek,sowatchSafariSpecialthenfor morefunwithwildanimals.

cgugehe*r.slgc Vocabulanve
Write T (true) or F (false). A Completethe sentenceswith these words.
1 Viewersknow the familyof lions. tr ''
6951:':ffi,
l.
,,;lurl, ,pro
'
.firti.away.
-t
2 Sabbiiswatchingsomeof the cubs. n Parents
usually!-',{ ,n'..:! theirchildren.
3 Thecubsarefighting. tr
l.F
I

S o m ea n i m a
ls ;::,i:i o t h e ra n i m a lfso r f o o d .
4 Solonis playingwith the cubs. LrJ 3 Doyourbrothers;c.;;r"i with eachother?
rEl
5 Solonrunsawayfrom other lions. tit
4 Someanimals \tLlL f,Lt-r{rtt from Iions.They're
Lionsroarbut they Aon't ! fi, theircubs.
12,
trnde the correctwords. Look at the picture and complete the
--:- sentenceswith the PresentContinuous
r : r r o o k sl i k ea w i l da n i m a lb, u t i n l o n f a c ti t ' s of these words.
- _:-

::<s after/ at Grandmabecause


she'ssick. drink eat fight play read sleep
rimals
=-c istakingcareof I with my cat because
l'm

'.^ of /for Justin


Timberlake.
:'an is frightenedof / fromspiders.

mmar

rse::e PresentContinuous to talkabout:


trlrrrEs
that are temporaryor are happeningnow
il:Lri now.
"we Don s eatingbreakfast.
lrec',iure plans.
I * : -; my
friend tomorrow.
{unire:
rs happeningin a picture or photograph.
W 3s picture, the lion cub is playing.
.
Grandma
111
r walking. ')
lrr ".:L are)walking. Thetwins 'i"., ,aboutaT-shirt.
9e s lt's (He islShe isllt is) walking. 3 Dad in a chair.
'e./They're(We are/You are/fhey are) walking.
":i
4 Mum I a caKe.
5 T h eb a b y ; from a bottle.
rref am not) walking.
o T h e d o g s .: - . 'withaball.
$trc : rsnt (is not) walking.
--ey
uUe aren't (are not) walking
, . , . . . , , . . , ,' I ' . t : . ' , . . ,: ;, i: ' 1 , , , , . . . . : . . . . , , . 1 , . , , , , 5
$_[sJqnihg
s;'e -t walking? C) Listento Dan and Helen and write T (true)
're ithey
${tu walking? or F (false).
-Ef:i a''
rr
.r-,.,,.:'.'r-.:,.1 Danis goingshopping.t
r- \o.lmnot. 2 Danis meetingTobyat threeo'clock.\
'lrres- :t is./No, helshe/it
isn't.
oE !c,- they are./No, we/you/Ihey aren't. 3 Danis goingto a party.f
..r
r':,r.i:.:.:::,., 4 Dan'sgrandmais eatingdinnerat hlme
fi : :noment, today, this morning,tomorrow 5 Helenis goingout for dinner.
f

lamrqete the sentenceswith the PresentContinuous


d :ne verbs in brackets.
(watch)aDVDabout A Listenand tick (/) the sentenceyou hear.
t o l'm"eating
Tobyin the parr. !
(notgo)on holidaytomorrow b l'm meetingTobyin the park. tr
(lookafter) z d We'reworkingtomorrow. D
(not rain)now,so we cantake
n We're walking tomorrow. C
:_:rne parK. Areyou talking,.Jane? tr
(you/cook)?
ls it fish?
h
Areyou takingJane? D
Peter (come)
B Now listen to all the sentences.Practise
. saying each one.

13
T Readthe descriptionand write the correct
name under each picture.

t 'u f?s*
i

fle.{/olIrnClaraAppleton andthis is
''
nry farni^0yf
I''vnthirteen years o/d and I qo to
Cornoton
Secoqda;y Schoo.0. I hauupiaio/urronl
e;ery Saturday. It's greatl NextweekI,v1
the pi4noat a party. in this picture
f,*o),ng
rrtt not p{aJingnusic. I'rn
{ing oq tl,iegrass.
a pictureof rny brorher,Sa"n,roo,
]h:^':
tle s e{evenand he.fikes
footbaII.11u,,
0K but l.1e's very rude sortletinlesl ,4tthe
r1or1eqt, [e's stayingwitfi our cousinin
ureecebut le s co"lrting backqext rnonth. ri&
e
Thephotoof the diver is of Aurr1on
ho.{idqv
{,1stye1r.Slner3a.0/y{oves swinlqing
and"
qrvrng. Jhe{dughsat Dad6ec4use
heian,t
swi'n - he/ikes watchingTV.fle,s .?q.)l
so
Theotherpictureis of rly [est
friend,0//ie.
-
l"."ot: grassaqdcarrots thai's because
hes a horse!fle,0ikes running,lie,svery
Soodat it, tool

*i..;'
J+*

Emphasising
You'reso rude!
Comprehension It'sso frightening!
She'sso lazYl
Changethe words in bold to makethe sentencestrue. phrasesand
Completethe dialogueswith these
your partner'
1 Clarahaspianolessons
everyday. then practisesaying them with
2 Clarais playingthe pianoat school Mum: DiananeverhelPsat home!
nextweek. Dad:
3 Samisstayingwith hisgrandparents. Lookat that lionl
Boy:
4 D a dl i k e s w i m m i n g . Girl: Ahh I
5 O l l i ei sa b o y . MissBrown!Yourhairis horriblel
Pupil:
o O/lieis good at footbaff. Teacher: Oh, reallYl

14
I{ri!-tng:
::.==:i=il= Timeexpressions
andadverbsof frequency
A Write PSnext to the words we use with the present
r6e:e Present Simpleto talk about general
Simpleand PCnext to the words we use with the
:rr.s we do regularlyand permanentstates.
.r:btghouse. PresentContinuous.

r@ --re PresentContinuousto talk about


at the moment O now D
I :fre: 3re temporary or are happeningnow or
every
day tr oncea week C
nc-r, for fixed future plans and to say what thiswinter D sometimes D
[]
V F,
rn a picture.
-t ---.
for lunchwith my cousintomorrow.
never D today D
next month D always tr
rc tfie sentencesusing the PresentSimple
I FlesentContinuousofthe verbs in brackets. Readthe descriptionof Bobby'sfamily. Circlethe
t , (roar)!
correcttime expressionsor adverbsof frequency.

.[irrr;r-
]tt =-: Grandma (go)to
Hello,
t'mBobby
and
fr rnrstsmy famtty
Tru :.-. :- s evening. I
, | am twelveyearsold and
Itrtirrltttrr
r;-:_. a^d I (play)football 1

xlf

rflllffi
= (visit)my cousins
(go)to BentonSchool
(fight)
liir#Iffi:"il**:W
\ -l | go on holiday
(2)thissummer
/ every
summer
(3) i]ways / today swim in the sea.
andI

1 ' My twin brotherBenis betweenmy parents.


(4)At the moment/ Sometimes, he'svisitingour
1 grandparents in Londonbut he'scbmingbackon
-l Sundaynight.
;rc =fme verbs that we don't use with
tenses.Theseincludeknow, Iike, Iove, -t Mum and Dadarelaughingin the picture.Theyare
(5)always/ oncehappy!
wrtie:stand and want.
r, Youcanseemy dog. Gloves,too. He'sbig and browil
I He'sso sweetl
dre sentenceswith these words. Use
Simpleor the PresentContinuous.

low not understandwant write


...-.,,.,...:.-....*...-....-,..
.,=.---.---"**3.'..,.=.:.......,.,*'*"
Task'
my cat verymuch He'sgreat!
yoursrSter an C Write a descriptionof your family.
Usethis plan to help you.
Paragraph1
Mum anemail
All aboutme

U n c l eJ o h n IO
Paragraph2
thisword.What doesit mean? My brothersandsisters
(or My aunVuncldcousin
etc)

Paragraph3
My parents

Paragraph4
My pet (or My bestfriend)

Rememberto use time expressionsand adverbs


of frequency in your description.

15
l n ..*? - * J'"
ut"a
i iEe{'G{terg* '4*;gttf*@@+- E
--=

l;
rl, C) Listenand read.
Al Parrot's
:--a# *=+.**********

1. 7 1Kate: Areyou new here?| didn'tseeyou lastyear.


ll Well,here'sParrot's.Havefun
Seeyou at homefor dinner.
3 Paolo: Yes,we movedherelastwinter.We livein the flatabovethe caf6'
Kate: We arrivedyesterday.l'm Kate,and thisis Robbie,Jakeand Mandy.

iit
lll
Paolo: Niceto meetyou.l'm Paolo.| ...
Craine: Waiter!Waiter!
Paolo: l'm coming,Mr Craine!

lli
ili
+l
T1
t i
a i
I]
tl

il.i
LI

3l
bl
OK,seevou later,UncleOliver.

ill G o o dm o r n i n gS. o r r y| . . . a Paolo:


Kate: lt'sthat awfulman again.He didn'tliveherelastyear.
;tl
That'sTodd Craine.He hasn'tgot any friendsroundhere.
iTl
Iti
Mandy: Why not?ls he a bad man?
Paolo: Yes,he is. He'smeanand nasty.There'salsoa rumourthat he
catchesrareanimalsand thensellsthe poorthingsfor a lot
Itt
of money.
lir Mandy:- Oh,that'sso cruell
r]l Jake: But it explainsthe holesin the cratewe lookedat yesterday..'
li;
FI
rii
j,
Bringme a largecoffee.Now!

Robbie:Lookat allthatmoney!
Paolo: He'sreallyrich,He lives
in a hugevilla
Kate: Butthisis terrible! We
mustfindoutthetruth!
Paolo: I don'tknow...he'svery
dangerous, We mustbe
verycareful.
Jake: Yes,but Kate'sright!
Whydon'twe followhim
a n df i n do u t . . . ?
VocabU_lar14 ry
Vocabula
l;,rrplete the sentenceswith these words. Match.

awful careful Jarge mean {ich right


caf6.
Curcottageisn't It'sonlygot
Mandy.
oneoeoroom.
Pleasebe .^"-l on the starrs.
very ' , ;.
Sam's . He'sgot threehousesl
/ou're iJ , thischairisveryheavy
-his
houseis It'sveryold and dirty
',1y
sisterisvery ! Sheneverletsme
: ay in herroom

Grammar
, :-tf
""::-
, '"
' i

i t c use the Past Simplefor:


thingsthat started and finishedin the past. g
We moved here lost year.
: thingsthat happenedone after the other in the past. 'l
armchair D 6 sink D
at h e ;
rt I
We cleanedthe house,openedthe door and wqlked
down the street.
2 coffeetable D 7 sofa tr
o tr
!

- L^L;+^:- +L^ ^^^r


- ilourt5 ilr Urc pd5l. 3 fridge B toilet
i
ts,
I tidied my bedroom every Friday night.
4 oven tr 9 wardrobe D
F'-:
I
Affirmative i
5 shower tr 10 w i n d o w tr
I te / she/ iI / w e/ y ou/ Ihey needed
Negative
''you/he/
liistening
she/it/we /they didn't need
6) Listenand number the picturesin the correctorder.
Question
)id |/ you/he / she/tI /we /they need ...?
:
Short answers ,, 1
t es, | / you/he / she/ it / w e/they did.
1o, | /you /he / she/ iI /we /they didn't.
Time expressions
esterday
'-,
ast night,/we ek/ month/ y ear
:wo days,/amonth,/ayear ago
'-t
October/2007

Look back at the cartoon story. Underlineall the


verbs in the PastSimple.How many are there?
Speaking
r- rt r.l Completethe sentenceswith the Past Simpleof Work with a partner.Take it in turns to tell each
VES
the verbs in brackets. other when you did thesethings. Make notes
about what your partner says.
ra 1 M a n d y ^ ' , , ' . { l ' ' ' . ( n o t w a n t )a n e w b e d .
rh! 2 Thechildren"' (arrive) at Grandma's tidy/mybedroom arrive/atschool
very nousean nourago play/withmy toys visiVafriend
tbe
3 HAUI (notmove)tothe cityin February
4 (tidy)the kitchenlastnight. Writing
5 (Oliver/visit)
the new flat? Write four sentencesabout what your partner said
6 whv (they/stay)
at home? in the Speakingtask. Useyour notes.

19
I
i

I
Readthe story about Dipika.Where does she live now?

Dipikagrew up in a very poortown in Bangladesh. Lifewas hard.


Someluckvchildrenwent to school.but Dioikadidn'too.5he
collectedirtffiffifr"^the streetstn an old'bTiIketariithen she
soldit and bousht food witbihq,y?1:y
Thenone day,shemet a girlcalledShomaand they becamebest
friends.Shomacamefrom a kind and wealthyfamily.Theygave
Dipikamoneyand clopte,lfp;herfamily.ThenDipikalosther
parents.Theygot veri6ick'5ffitheydied.
Soonafter,oipin r*#fe Jriitl st'rornuand her parents.They
lovedDipikavery much.Shehad her own beQrgom,with a r
comfortablebed,a bookcaseand a beautifulru'1ibifthe floor.She
went to schoolfor the firsttime.TodayDipikais a nurseand she
worksin a hospitalfor poor children.Shelivesin a modqr-nlja9|.t
hasgot u gr"ui kitchenwith a washingmachineunduffifl!ffi
even a smallbalcony.Shehasa good life now. ,7Jertf,

-#$##.:

Go.:nprp-h-en$qnr
Answer the questions. v"b-e_a:Dqlinff
Wheredid Dipikagrow up?
',i ta.: k .^ " '. A Completeths.sentenceswith these words.
-
. t

What did shecollect? bucket hospital lucky modern rubbish


1 Thisgardenisverydirty.lt'sfullof
What did shebuywith the moneyshemade?
!
2 | workasa nursein thenew
; . a i
1

3 Youarevery You'vegot a fantastic


Where
, t does
, Dipikawork now? view from your room
'-
'7. /17';':t:'2'. 4 | don't livein a houseMy homeis
5 WhathasDipika got in herkitchen? 100 yearsold!
:ti';...'.:::' . .,,) 0,5:2!.|2: 5 Putsomewaterin the ^t^^-^
, prcd)c.

2 0 /
Match.
a_--

A Readthese words aloud, paying attention


ve now? to the soundsof the highlighted letters.
What are the two different sounds?
1 yellow 5 how
2 shower 6 snow
iJl-*-i

irei
3 now 7 brown
4 know 8 show

Now put the words in A in the correct


i- ---, columns.Then listen and checkyour
answers.
JorLUt ty
@ 5 roof @ Below Town
cookcase tl 6 rug B 1 tr
toor
D 7 vacuumcleaner tr 6 l

washingmachine tr
L

E
i
'nrcrowaveoven 8 5 7 :
4 8 :
Gramman' i
\*::**-,_-_ .n
l
a

ard.
Uc do not add *ed for the Past Simpleaffirmativeof irregular
song.:
;he rrrrbs. They changein differentways. See pages 124-125 for a
h of irregularverbs.
There woso rich old monin o housein town.
)est me o vo.cuumcleaner. He wosolwoyssod.His dog.wosbrown.
VE
|m Ccve He woslozyondwotchedTV oll doy.
k _Eata new bookcase yesterdoy.
He roaredot childrenondthey ron oway.
Conplete the paragraph with the Past Simple of the verbs He wosmeonond nasfyond frighteningtoo.
'Whot
I h brackets. Thenthe childrenwondered, conwe do?'
'Let's '
5he i s i , , e a rw e ( 1 ) (sell)our smallhousein the try to mokehim hoppy.I'm sure r" .on.
'te -:ainsandwe (2) (buy)a cottageby the sea Let's do somethingfor the poor old mon.
trlt :ay, | (3) (find)a littlecat on the street. Let's work together.Let'sbe his friends.
;e r cn't havea homeandshe(4) (be) Thenwe conmokehim smileogain.'
,e'. ; .K. Everydayshe(5) (come)to my house
One doy the monwent to hospital,yousee.
ol (give)herbreadand milk.She
The childrentidied his gardenond woteredhis tree.
(become)my pet and| (8) (take) They cleanedthe windowsond plonted flowers.
-.- :ack to the citywith me
afterour holiday They workedondworkedfor hoursond hours.
They lookedafter the dogcnd brought it food.
'Thot's
Listenin
sj Whenthe mancomebock,he soid, goodl
'My
houseis beoutiful,my gordentoo.
6l Usten to Laratalking to Neil about her holidayhome f'm very hoppybacouseof you.
ld complete the notes.
NowI conreollysmileogoin.
Thonkygu.children.Youore my friends.'
{
Homesmbroad
1 Laralivedin Greecefor
2 Everymornrngshehad
the balconY.
on
3 Theycleanedclothesin a bucket
l ntastic
tne
gotng
,meis 4 Nextyear,Laraand her familyare
to
;e. 5 They'regoingfor
i
t,il

-1

Reading
Readthe descriptionsand put the correct
names under the pictures.

I
-d

@qpd{0
We live in a houseboat.lt's smallbut it's got two bedrooms,a kitchenwith
a table and a bathroom.lt's even got a washingmachineand a microwave.
It's reallycool.
J
reeFgtrdflz
We lived in a cottage next to a river for many years.We had a beautiful
sitting room with a great view of a largegarden.But the housewas
very big, so lastyear,we movedinto a smallmodernhouse.Now we live
near my grandparents,and we often go to their house.

Wd4qpdflfl
My family and I live in a huge old housein the centreof town. lt's got seven
bedrooms,three bathroomsand two sitting rooms.l'm an only child,so we don't
useall the rooms.Someroomshaven'tgot any furnitureat all and there isn't a
very niceview from my bedroom.I don't like my home very much.

@ragpd{4 $i
We bought our flat three yearsago. We haven'tgot a gardenbut we've got a big -fl
balconyand a beautifuldiningroomwith a view of a park.I reallylikeour home.
{

Savit - lit e this!


- ' '
Talkingabout homes
Wheredo Youlive?
t livein a town/avillage/thecrtycentre'
I livein a flaVahouse/ahouseboat' yearsago'
fipmptehens:ion i .o""0 into my housesixmonths/two
My houseis big/small/old/modern'
of these phrases'
Write J (Jack),T (Tom),| (lngrid) or K (Kelly). Complete the dialogue with some the dialogue
in red to make
Who... Then change ttre w6iJs partner'
II -^^ -^^ ^ ^-.r, r"^^l hrs/her
LOrr)EEqVOI\ilVrI home?
i;;;'f;;l.l.Practise savinsit with vour
(1) you live,HarrY?
2 mentions in his/herhome?
aooliances
(2) in a cottagein a vrllage'
3 livesin a verybig house?
When did Youmovei n ?
4 talksabouta homehe/shedoesn'tlivein now? ago'
the cottagetwo Years
5 movedinto his/herhousethreevearsaqo?
lsyourhomeold?
No,(4)

22
[steuUg; C Readthe advert and complete it with and, because,
but and so.
fl Listento Paulaand Billy and changethe words
h bold to make the sentencestrue.
-
Theyvisitedhercousin's
newvilla.
I lt's nice.
: rt'sveryclean.
=
..n -^e roomsare big.
i : :'s got modern furniture.
R i
-re
gardenis full of flowers.

E
k1fl $p.e-aElgj
E
-
Hk about the flat in the picture with your partner.

HouseForsale! village' It is great


This fantastic houseis in a beautiful
it has got five
io, turg" families (1) ---------- ---
a
bedroJms, three bathrooms (2) -Ji+-
very big kitchen
f"tg" ti ri"g room. It has also got a
garden' The house
;i"h g*; view of the fantastic
" the furniture
is modern (3) -all
street'
is old. There are Nvoschoolsin the same
(L\ childrencan walk to school in
|-ir;"",".^c"*. and seethis great home soon!
Call 23{ 5694 todaY!

.
-;';r'-i;',

Taskqn
W"rrtbE D Write an advert for your home.
Llnking
words
Answer these questions.
A Readabout these linking words.
Do you livein a housewith a gardenor a
We useandto addsomething elseto a sentence. with a balconv?
Thisflat is old and dirty.
We usebut to showthat somethinqis differentto
anotherthing. Whereis it?
Thesitting room is small but beautiful.
We usebecause beforethe reasonfor something. Are therelotsof rooms?What roomsarethere?
I don't like my bedroombecauseit's verysmall.
We useso beforethe resultof something.
ies. I don't cookso I don't needan oven. ls it old or new?

lu" B Circlethe correct words. lsthe furnituremodern?


1 My bed is big and / but it isn'tcomfortable.
I Thiswardrobeis horriblebeeause
lso I want What is nearyour house(schools,
shops,etc.)?
a new one.
3 Thestairsareold andr/but dangerous.
A
+ I don't likethis flat because
/ so the bedrooms E Readyour advert and checkthat you have
used and, but becauseand so.
arevervsmall.

23
Completethe paragraph
with thesewords.
Vocabulary
balcony company incredible invitation
A Find the stickers.
kitchen microwaveonly rich
.i 2
My friendsandI got a(n)(1)
to Tanya'shousea few daysago.Herfamily
isvery(2) and her house
hasgot a swimmingpool.Sheis a(n)
(?) childandsheenjoysthe
(4) a lot.
of otherchildren
cottage crate
We arrivedat erghto'clockandTanyashowed
- -'-- usthe house.lt's(5)
t-- 4'
It'sgot ten bedrooms and fivebathrooms!We
went on the (6) because
it washot.Theviewwasamazing. Thenwe
went insideandTanyaput a pizzain the
(7) We
It wasdelicious.
ate in the (8) because
w a s h r nm
g achine rubbish
herparents werein the diningroomwith
theirfrrends.We hada greatttmeat Tanya's
5, :-: house!She'sreallycool!

D Match the opposites.


1 poor a mean
2 kind b s m a l,l
lt trV al houseboat
3 large c ol0
4 modern d wealthy
7' -E-,
5 ontime e tate

Grammar
war0ro0e naroour A Put the adverbsof frequency in brackets
in the correct place.
(always)
1 We don'tvisitmy aunton Sundays.
The words in bold are wrong. Write the correct
words. 2 Theyareat homein the morning.(never)
sisteris my uncle.
1 My mother's
2 Thatfamilylivesin a hugevilla. 3 Are Benand hiswife latefor work?(usually)
Theyareverypoor.
3 Let'ssit on the roof on the floor. at my house.(often)
4 My bestfriendsleeps
4 Youareverycareful!Don'tsleep
a l ld a y !
5 lsyourunclemeanto hisdog?(always)
My sisterhasgot threedaughters,
so l'vegot threenephews.
Prrt f ho dirtri nl:toc in
fight?(sometimes)
6 Do yoursisters
the oven, please.
spng'
My fother's wif e is my mother
ords. Completethe sentenceswith the PresentSimpleor My mother'shusbondis my fother
:he PresentContinuousof the verbs in brackets. Their doughtaris my sisfer. f'm their son.
ion (follow)the
Andwe hoveo lot of f un.
- : o k l T h ec u b lion.
- -cw often (youmeet)you friends? Our new houseis o modernhouse
',ext (take)me out. We movedin here lost June.
: weekmy uncle
ilv
- . ^ - l (notwant)toplaywith me now. Our old househod holesin the roof
SE And o mousein every rooml
.
,r) n o ! T h ec a t (run)away
. +l^^
) L tt c _ .cu (not know)Jane's
cousin. My mother'sbrother is my uncle
lot. His wif e is my ount Marie.
Their childrenare my cousinsJane ond John
wed - ,Uritethe PastSimpleof theseverbs. And they' re very good compony.
lrrdv 7 live
lWe They lived in o cottoga, a very old coftage
5e - 'un 8 sell
And onedoy the roof fell down.
- u c 9 buy They lookedfor o beoutifulvillo
enJoy 10 have And fhey found one in our town.
e come 1 1f i g h t
ctnn 12hurt
/a's
Completethe paragraphwith the PresentSimple,
the PresentContinuousor the PastSimpleof the
verbs in brackets.
n reallyexcited.Tomorrow we (1) (move.)
-to our new house.lt (2) (be)big
(havegot) four bedrooms.I
l \ (love)my new bedroom- it's
:'nk andwhiteandverymodern.Lastweekwe
5) (go)shoppingfor new furniture.
'v
m u m( 6 ) (buy)me a fantastic pink
,-d white bed.Yesterday we (7) (clean)
:-: housebecause it wasreallydirty.Tonightwe
(stay)at my grandparents' housebut
rts .rr"rorrow I cansleepin my new bed for the firsttime!

ruays) Completethe short answers.


'
l sy o u rg r a n d m ca o m i n g
rr) nextweek? No,
Do you likeyour
*Url new house? Yoc

Are we playingfootba
thisafternoon? Ypc
en)
Didyourcousins
visit
you lastsummer? No,
D i dy o u rm u m p h o n e
for a pizza? Voc

lsyourbrothergoing
to ltalyagainthrsyear? No.
.

.,*;*x*.iful.:"
*:*-T
; f i _ A
| ";:i;- '..-,.'
7<&e@u ,
*Jt f" L,srpnanci reac

ru(ate; ilvhat'"r'vvrong, i\flai-icy'l


[ t 4 a m d v :; w a s r h i n k i n g; . i : t , i L 1 . haen i r n as . l t ' s
very sr.e:"
r{ate: #eli, ! wasn't jcl<ingir:fore. I th nk we
iilLis1i:.ke actir,neLnesiop Crai re.
Jake' 'e3" 3gree.

Jake: took, Craine'sleaving!


*2 I Fobbie: Let'sgo afterhir,t!Paoiocan help he knor,vs ihe island
Paolo: O h ,l ' n rn o ts u r e l, ' mw o r k i n ga n dI d o n ' t h i n ki h i si s a
good iclea.
Mandy: Please, Paolo.Thinkof thosepooranimals.
'
Paolo: 0K" Waita minuteso I cantelillum.

Five minuteslater , .,.:a'


:;:!:ll.' . .-'-

E ' e o l o l , J : z , : w a s w . ' i i i ' i r i rl p' i t ot [ ' l e!-i:, r E i e: . t t h s t i m e


#3 ; ! Sllv lrr:'t,L-eok,in :';e ire l:i
)r'csi+i-Cay-. if
Jake: einc+cn, tret':r
flrilw him!
Kate: Yes,nut he must,il:ee Lrrsi
it'squiiehe'ii-row!
lRohbre:Pherivl
i r $ a n d y : Y e s i : i s . , A n eIl c a i r ' L s i a n da i l h e s e i n s e c t s !
frv
V/t
Ylt

,ip
\lr

Kate: I n n k f l r : ' n o i q n r n q q i n ^, v tLhrrrq- r Fu r. u" iur lvn. n


:. 5e\r.ff_9._ fl*andy: I t d o e s n t i o c k v e r y s a f e l t s ; s t a I o g l
V=@ F a o l o : tt +L )- 4^ -- +t i. ^wn t^ r v 'i ^J yi : ut nvng . lu^u, rrr f 1 7 6 1r m t t s f n t
, 'r:, , Y ' a i r i n t h e . ^ / a i e rl ,t s q u i t e d e e p
""-inu:Fslater
!J "Arew '-isobie: i * t - a \/n r nn firct

0K, i'ni auer.


you":enext
rRobble,

*f*-o-
---- :,1.?*:-, ;
;i ,
=_.,,.,f.:.---:i ;.
*f
i.ron'J.
i:r: siily! 1'ri

n e! H e ' sf a l l i n gi n l
Vocabutany: B Look at the picture and write questionsand short
answerswith the PastContinuous.
ilrn'itethe missingletters.
': - canaska personabouthtVherproblem
', :r thrsword.We useit
afterWhat's...
'
- :; arethiswhenyou knowthat
' :ring istrueor false.
: .',atercanbe this.lt meansa long
'.zvfromthe top to the bottom.
d
- -^ s is the oppositeof dangerous. 5
: - cersoncanbe this lt meanssflnid S 1 ?/theboy/read/abook

urammar
nd. 2 ?/the girls/play/tennis
a ='
6
k
lT1&
-,'""rii.l:

il'ie use the Past Continuousto:


. talk about thingsthat were happeningat a particular 3 ? / Mum / listento / the radlo
timein the past.
Lost night we were pointing pictures.
: talk about two or more thingsthat were happeningat
the sametime in the past.

E At eight o'clock my little sister was drawing and I wos


'eoding a book.
: to set the sceneof a story.
It was snowing and we were moking a snowman.
Affirmative . : 'l
ti
'' '
t.' ,
Vocabularyr
Completethe sentenceswith these words.

fall in giveup takeup try out turnon

ffi
&e
ne/she/it was walking.
; :u /we /Ihey were walking.
Xegative
"'
,r, ,'.,
he/she/it/ wasn't (was not) walking.
1:u/we/they weren't (werenot) walking.
, '
1
2
3
4
Please
I
C a nI
Becarefu| ! Don't
the light.Thisfilm isscary!
! | can'tplaythisgame.
yournew computergame?*
the water!

f,
q
Qlrestion
'1
,.
fias l/helshe/it watking?
/iere youlwelthey walking?
,,
', 5 Why don't you starta new hobby?Youcan
swimming

Slprt answers
't'
,, Listening,
'es, l,zhelshe/itwas.
'es,we/you/theywere.
No, lrlhelshe/it wasn't
No,we/you /they weren't.
o Listenand write T (true) or F (false).

tme expressions .l : ..i


1 Annabelhada greatevening
yesterday. T
:'i dayyesterday last year 2 At sixo'clockAnnabelwas listening
to herdad. D
. mOrning
=: 3 o'clock
this morning 3 Sandywasalsolisteningto the radio. D
:st Thursday
at this time last week/year
from three o'clocktill four
4 Annabeland herfamilyhaddinnerat 7 o'clock. D
Completethe sentenceswith the PastContinuous
q
Larrybroughta computergame. tr
of the verbs in brackets.
Sp,.-eqking
( t e l l ) A n na b o u tm y n e w h o b b y
Ask and answer these questionswith your partner.
Yesterdaym o r n i n git, _ (rain)and
WC (play)football Whatwereyou doingon Sundayafternoon?
3 Thetwins (not play)outside Whatwereyourparents doingat 3 o'clockthismorning?
becauseit was cold Whatwasyourfrienddoingat 7 o'clockyesterday
evening?
J Thenew DVDplayer (not work)
lastnight. Writing
5 They (eat)icecreamin the cafe Write four sentencesabout what you were doing and
at lunchtime what you were not doing at this time last week.
29
Bedtng;
Readthe information leaflet about
a hobby calledtubing. WhY was
one boy silly?

T.u,biug.
(1) stamps
Is cotl.ecting Thenreadon,
justnotinteresting?
Areyouboredofthe usualhobbies?
thishobbyis neverboringl
because
middte
tubingandyoucando it on wateror on snow!Youridein a tube.It'sa ringwith a ho[ein the
It is cal.ted
andyousit in it. (2) At veryfastspeedsyoucanfl.ythroughtheairl Onsnoryit'sa bit I'ikeskiing'
yousLide downa hiLLandthena specialmachine puttsyoubackup again!
'At whiteI wasridingin thetube,'she
Heten]acobs on,12,wentsnowtubingin Austrialastyear. firstI wasscared
Hewasstanding uPin
says.'Butafterten minutesI wasfine.Therewasonesittyboythere,though.(3)
thetubeandshouting out.one kid Laughed
whenhefel.l. butit wasn'tfunny.Hehit hisheadon a treeandhecried.'

5o,whatcanwe sayabouttubing?(4) Don'thaveanaccident!

Comp=tgl!-e_n9_ion: Vocab_qlafy,
Completethe leaflet with these sentences. A Circlethe correctanswers.

a Well,it'sgreatfun, but takecare! 1 Don'tshowoff /yawn. You'llhavean accident.


b On water,a boat pullsthe tube with a rope 2 Doesyour dad standuP/ shouta lot?
c Hewas showingoff. 3 ln thissportyou slide/ pulla rope.
d Do boardgamesmakeYouYawn? 4 Yougo downthe hill/ air at fasispeeds.
5 Don'tbe silly/ funnylYoucar^':co :rat sport'

30
Completethe sentences
with the correctadjectives.
' Eistening,
."./
bored boring
a Thatfilmwasreally
_ . I fellasleep. Q Listenand write the namesof the children.
^ | ^^',^" f^^l
J I IIEVEI IECI because
I havea lot of hobbies.
Adam Daisy Lucy Mark Tommy
interested interesting
a l'm not_ in boardgames
butI lovetubing.
c Chess isa very game.
relaxed relaxing
a A hot bathisvery_
c Nicemusicmakesyou feel
tired tiring
a I wasice-skating
for hoursyesterday
morningand I got
reaily_
c Thegamewas but we hada greattime.
excited exciting
a I'mreally
_ abouttheparty!
b Thisgameisreally
_!

ff'.iffi
dtecan use the Past Simpleand the Past Continuousin the same
-ntence to:
a show one past actioninterruptedanotherone.
I 'was watching a film when I heard the doorbell.
: tell a story in the past.
The children were hrding in the wardrobe when they hod
the occident.
fle usuallyuse when and while to connectthe two actions.
fle use when beforethe Past Simpleand while beforethe
rzst Continuous.
't"e weren't playing football when it storted to rain.
Q Soundsof English
'od o brilliont ideo while I wos wotching television. A Readthese pairs of words aloud,
paying attention to the letters in red.
How do they changewhen an
Cornplete the sentences with the Past Simple or the Past -e comesat the end of the word?
Continuous of the verbs in brackets.
Tim trme
,',rat _ (you/do)when I
tub tube
(call)youthismorning?
fin f;^^
Il tc
(get)tired
whileI
(swim). hat hate

(Ben/yawn)
whentheplay Now read these words aloud, then
(start)? listen and checkyour answers.
- T h em u s i c (not stop)whilethey
slid slide
(dance) at the disco
-np can cane
hnv (showoffl when he
pin nina
(fallin)thewater.
r'ou ( s l i d ed)o w nt h e h i l li n t h e
srow when I (see)
you

31
icading;
Readthe interview with a teenage girl'
Wtt"n do Claire'sfriends go to the cinema?

FrBB[iME
claire Halford talks about her free tim1_P19-@
Lntenriewer: So, Claire, teII me about your
free time.

Claire: WeII, five years ato' when I was


nine, I had a lot of free time and
I used to PIaY games a lot' Now
that I'm fourteen I have a lot of
homework and I can't do manY
fun things' It's sad but that's life!
NowadaYs I don't watch TVvery
often but I used to watch for
about three hours every day'

Intenriewer: Three hours? That's a lot of TV!


Yes, but now I haven't got
time for TV. All I do now is go
swimming every week. Five
years ago, I didn't go swimming
but I used to PlaY football every
day. I also used to PIaY board
games, but I don't have time for
games these daYs.

lnterviewet'. ls ttrete one ttring you used to do


lNeqss'ssles\rr:e'anrr{1srrs\\\\
do now?

Claire: WeIl, one thing is the same! I


never used to go to the cinema
and I don't go now' I don't like
it, but all mY friends gro every
Saturday' I like reading books at
the weekends' this,
Intenriewer: OK. Thank You, Claire'
-=:-
Talking about free time
freetime?
What do Youdo in Your
all'
t olav chess/fo otbatt/basketb
I ao swimmtng/ice skating/dandng'
Circlethe correctanswers. of vou likeilove +ing?
TV?
1 Claireis now ,i'r"" t,f, ridingyour bikeJwatching
a fiveyearsold. b nineyearsold c fourteenyearsold. Yes,I like/love+rng'
Yes,I lovetcesKaung'
2 Fiveyearsago,Claire
c likedhomework. I hate/can'tstand+lng'
a hada lot of homework. b playedgamesa lot
No,t can'tstanddrawtng'
3 How often did Claireuseto go swimming? I starVstoP+ tng
a never b everyweek c everyday whenI wasten'
I started Parnttng
about
4 Now Clairelikes Ask and answer questions
a reading. b boardgames. c the ctnema. ii"" tit" with Your Partner'
above'
ijt-"-.titf ltt" language
-"::':'=-:::::::::'-':":::':J:l'|"r'il':-':t:-=
\t\r.-!.:-:.,:.a'::a'..:.":-:\':irrlif#'l';'

32
Gramman B Completethe sentenceswith and, when or while.
1 Georgewas playingchess the
accident
happened.
lt: use usedto to talk about: 2 I fell in the water l w a sw a l k i n g
: actionsthat happenedoften in the past but don't on the bridge.
-appennow.
3 lt was a fantasticday.Thesnowwas falling
tt'e -sed to go to the gym every doy. the boyswereskiing
: ::ates that existedin the past but don't exist now.
'
- -j: r r: love skiing but now I think it's boring.
ffi'e:se a bare infinitive after used to. C Readthe story and circlethe correctwords.
::.r. , ' t' r...11
fuiyg ,i., ,l'-.'
'se
she/it/you/we/Ihey used to play
'
Hfiug .,,, . , , , "' 1 ,,..t:.'.t
)e she/it/you/we/they didn't use to play
t'.-:'. ' -', , We wereskiingin France
|}*ion . i ,--'.:
( 1 )a n d/ w h e nw e
]c rrelshe
/iI/you/we/they use to play ...? werehavinga greattime.
harrsyyers.....'l...:..]:...'.1.. Everymorningwe
'\es. : helshe it/we/you/they did. skiedfor threeor four hours
sm. ' helshe it/we/you/they didn't. beforelunch.
One day,we were leavingthe hotel
Lu@r at the pictures from when Dan was twelve.
(2)when/ whileI sawa boywith a blackhat
5rr nhat Dan used to or didn't use to do/be.
on in the street.I was lookingat him because

z$ffi
he wasn'twearingshoes(3)when/ and it
wassnowrng.
Tenminuteslater,I wasskiing(4)and/when
I sawthe boyagain.Suddenly he wasstanding
i n f r o n to f m e a n dI h i t h i m !l s a i d ' O h ,n o ! A r e
:E :ood aVMaths you OK?'and I stoodup (5)While/ WhenI was
lookingfor him,Dadarrived. I told him about r
the boy.We lookedfor him togetherin the
snow,but allwe foundwasa smallblackhat.
It was reallyscary.
',@""'
--4#'' '*{6#'., =4#.\ m*+r@".--*-4- +F."*4'

- :ook/forhisfamily

T--gg$,
"
Writjng D Write a story about something that
happened in your free time.
S/riting
stories Usethis plan to help you:
A Readabout the tenseswe usually use to Paragraph'l
write stories. Setthe scene.Whenandwheredid the
'
,'/eusually
usethe PastSimpleandthe Past storyhappen?
lontinuouswhenwe writestoriesaboutthe past. Paragraph2
,',1e set the sceneof a storywith a sentence
which has Saywhat happened.
:',,voverbsin the PastContinuous. We linkthe two Paragraph3
-alvesof the sentence with and. Saywhat happened
nextand how the
. ,'tosrainingond the boyswereplayingfootball.
storyended.
,',1e
canalsousethe PastSimoieandthe Past
Continuous togetherin a story.We usewhen before E Rememberto use and, when and while
:hp PastSimnlp:nd whilebeforethe PastContinuous. in the senten(eswhich use the Past
Theboyswerewatching TV when it happened. Continuousand the PastSimple
.t
lt happenedwhile the boyswerewotchrngTV.
33
il

r':rve:nlnutesleter Outsrde
' ' u 5 ! ' ! e " i a n n s .: - ; ; l ; era!ne'seabin
? ) L S a te c ' I l i i TL f e
---'
Fao!o: i ; l:roh'!ei;r.'l;;-l we go ncw? We ean follow this path. .
n"fu":..
-,.rairewa: wallii:g alol"lgit"
ftidandr.r: 'tVaita rnin;tel i'n thinsty"How mueh water have we got?
ri(ate: l,on't wori'ei,we've Eottwo botiles Here you are.

Paolo: l-ook!Ttrisis the place.


.Jake: Butwhere'sCraine?
l ' r , ' eg l i n o l d e a i r u i l Roblrie:I don'tknow,but i'm starvingl
t h e y w ei e d e l l c i o u s l Tnerearea lot of bananas
"' l't here"Whowanisone?
'tt'
,t ,' ! . / " /

l-lck! The runjrcut'is truei T,1ey're


n r , i i n - t r r n s e a n i m a l s i n t o i i a t o r a nI

a snackbeioi'eyclt Eo
ha.rre
E"jCraine: Riqht,rnen,
ba,ckto ih: shrp,i-tutrnakeii quickl
Jake: Tliey'regc:ngbaekinside.Let'sgo!
Katel Yes,comeon. t-et'sopenthe cageswhile
we'veootthechance!

{,

-'l
G Vocabulary
t Completethe sentenceswith these phrases. We use a lot of or lots of with countableand
uncountablenounsin affirmativeand negativesentences
and questions.
don'tbelieveit havea snack havegot no idea Thereare q lot of bananas on that tree.
havegot the chance hangon makeit quick There is lots of water.
We use a few with countablenounsin affirmative
how manyicecreamsI sentencesand questions.
--d yesterday. Robbieote o few bononas.
- = . J beforewe go out. We use a little with uncountablenounsin affirmative
' r u c a ne a t l u n c hb u t I sentencesand guestions.
Is there o little juice in the fridge?
.'.e haven'tnot mrrrh time!
'.lum's
at work! Let'seat all thesesweetswhile Complete the sentences with a little, a few or a lot of.

1 I ' m f u l l b e c a u s eI h a d _ c h i p sf o r d i n n e r .
! Thiscakeis huge!
2 | h a v ej u s t _ milk in my coffee.
g u y s !I ' m c o m i n g !
3 We've got _ minutes before dinner. Please
wash your hands.
Match.
' 4 You can only have _ sweets.They aren't
needsomewater. a lt'sdisgusting good for you.
- n reallyhungry. b l'mfull. 5 | o n l y h a v e_ m o n e ys o I c a n ' t b u y l u n c h .
-rat
: fishsmellsawful! c l'm thirsty.
-
' -nrt'a
roL) r" ^E-ol li 'l ,y
+--+,,1
Ld)Lyl d lt'sdelicious. Liste4ing,
: can'teat anymore. e l'm starving.
f) tisten and complete the dialogue.

Gramman Shopkeeper:Goodmorning.
Woman: H e l l oI. n e e d( ' l ) _ eggs.
Haveyou got any?I needsix.
=
Shopkeeper: Of course.Hereyou are,sixeggs.
dr: use much/manyto describequantities.We use much Woman: Canyoualsogivemethreebottlesof
n regativesentencesand questionswith uncountable lemonade? We drink(2)
-,runsond we use many
in affirmativeand negative
l e m o n a d eO.h ,a n d( 3 )
-ntences and questionswith plural countablenouns.
-::y hasn't got much lemonade. vanillaicecreamtoo. And (4)
-.ere
qren't mony opples in the bowl. of thosedelicious doughnuts
Shopkeeper: ( 5 )_ doughnuts?
ilrt uSHow much/many ...?to ask about quantitiesof
Woman: Four,please.
-:untableand uncountablethings.
- - ,', much money hove you got? Shopkeeper: Hereyou arel
- - .','mlny bananasdid you eat? Woman: Thankyou.(6)_ isthatall
together?
N o t e :W e c a n u s e H o w m u c h . . . ?t o a s k a b o u tp r i c e s . Shopkeeper: That'seleveneuros,please
'How
much is thot tin of tomatoes?''lt's sixty cents.' Woman: Right.Thankyou.
W h e nw e b u y m a n yt h i n g s ,w e u s e a l l t o g e t h e r .
'HOW 'll'c Shopkeeper:Thanks!Goodbye.
mUCh ig fhaf nll tnoothor?' hlygnfy gUt69
qnd50 cents.'

C rclethe correctwords.
Speaki4g
-cw much/ manytime do we havebeforedinner? Work with a partner and practisethe dialogue
above. Then role-playgoing shopping for food
- -cw much/ manyarethosepotatoes? with your own dialogue.UseHow much,How
-iere many, a lot of, a few and a little.
: aren'tmuch/ manytins of tomatoes.
! -.ere
isn'tmuch/ manylemonade in the bottle.
: I c we needmuch/ manyeggs?
Writipg
| -cw much/ manysandwiches do we needfor the picnic? Write down a short dialoguelike the one in the
Listeningtask. The customerasks for these things:
a a bottle of water
b some bananas
37
8thApriL
Thursday
We'rein Beijingfor a few days.Lastnightwhil'e
MumandI werehavingdinnerwith ournewfriend
Chan,thewaiterbroughtusa few crispyfriedscorpionsl
TheyLooked disgustingandI fetta bit sickbuteverybody
etsein the restaurantthoughttheyweredeticious!
Actual.Ly,insectsarea verypoputarfoodwith a lot of
peopteatl overthe wortd.Chanwastel'l.ing meabout
it tastnight.Herein Chinathe markets setlinsectslike
sitkworms andgrasshoppers bythe kil.oandtheyaren't
expensive. In cinemas in SouthAmerica, peoptebuy
packets of crunchy roastedants with theirpopcorn!
Chansaysinsectsaretastyand they're good for you,
too.Youcanboilthem,fry themor even themraw!
eat
Chanatsototdmesomething verysurprising - eating
insects hetpstheenvironment! Heexptained that
chickens, cowsand pigsneeda lot of landand water,
but insectsontyneeda Littl.elandand water. Maybe
I wil.ttry an insectnexttimewe go out for dinner. . ..:-:
Afteratt,they'renot reattydifferentfromprawnsand

Gomp_49_t1'9--49_iqn Yq=-ca_b.ul=ary;
"
Write T (true) or F (false). A Completethe sentenceswith these words.

aretasty.
1 Somepeoplethink scorpions D chickens crunchy fried kilos markets prawns
2 Youcanbuyinsects at marketsin China. D 1 Canyou feedthe nlo:cp?
sellpopcorn. tl
, r i ! v ? e

3 the cinemas
In SouthAmerica,
4 lnsectsneeda lot of landand water. tr L I love roastedpotatoeswith mYdinner
comefromthe sea.
and lobsters
5 \oe eatsorawnsand lobsters. D 4 Youcanbuy lotsof thingsat
- I often eat eqqsand baconfor breakfast.
6 I want three n5 flnr rr nlo:<a

38
Look at the picturesand complete the recipe
with these words.
We use somebody,someth!ngand somewhereto talk about
add boil chop fry mix slice one person,thing or placein affirmativesentences.
Somebodyate my sandwich!
We use anybociy,anythingand anywhereto talk about one
person,thing or placein negativesentencesand guestions.
ls there anything for lunch? I'm starving.
We use everybody,everyihingand everywhereto talk about
all people,things or places,but we use them with a singular
verb form. :
-- ---- I looked everywhere,but I didn't find a Chineserestaurant.
jL tl
We use nobody,nothingand nowhereto talk about no person,

itt,,
&" i
thing or place.We use an affirmativeverb with these words
but the meaningof the sentenceis negative.
We're hungry because we hod nothing for lunch.
N o t e :W e c a n u s e s o m e - / a n y - / e v e r y -a n d n o - w i t h - o n e
---,--ri

insteadof body.
1 into smallpieces.
the vegetables
Someoneis eoting my spoghetti!
2 in the oil untilthey
the vegetables
.* t"ft
Match.
the ricein a pan for fifteenminutes.
j
1 Waiter!There's in the room
a everybody
the vegetables
to the rice.
2 Jamesdoesn'twant b nooodycancome.
l _ andthe ricetogether.
the vegetables
3 He'sisn'tgoingout C anywherefor breakfast.
; a tomatoand placethe pieces
on
top of the rice.
A Givea caketo d somewherein this street.
5 Theshopkeeper
lives E anythingfor lunch.
Gram_man, 6 Theyaskedthreepeople f in my soup!
something
''"-1'1fl--=1T' for dinnerbut
. .l_.t- _
-
rr,'euse scn"eand any when it isn't importanthow
-any people,things or placesthere are. We use F_t:slp"n"!_48

"M
':
for affirmativesentencesand any for negative 6) Listenand number the picturesin the correctorder.
:entencesand questions.
ir'ant some cakes, please.
--,ere
aren't any people at the table.
inl:use everywhen we talk about all people,things or
: eces.lt has a positivemeaningand we use it with a
:;:gular verb form. \-_,--,
' restouront in town is expensive. -,
dli:use no when we talk about no person,thing or
iei- : !

i - i
: :;e. No has a negativemeaningbut we use it with
m affirmativeverb form.
--c-re
were no cherries on the cake.
gr:
-:"nplete
the sentences with some, an!; EUF!"-if
;r -.
-:o Cl Sounds:ofi
coldwater becauseI was hot.
- 'l n't noi packetsof spaghetti A Listehand repeat.What sound do the letters
in red make?
, ---^ k.;^^
:r)c ut il t9 tins of tomatoes.
--:re asleep honey see Lqo

is cheesein the kitchen oee money -t^^


JI IC
+ r ^g ^g
Lt
- --^ t-,
:i)c uuy )urilc
Listenand repeat the rhyme.
:rere sugarin my tea?
'
I sawa beeasleeoin a tree.
t i n o f s o u pi n t h e s h o p . I said'Wakeup, Mrs Bee,hereis somemoney.
: hnr rnht

Bringme somehoneyfor my cupof tea.'


'l make 'l
, 1 .C ^ . +
lKld)r
honey,'saidshe. don'ttakemoney
And l'm asleep,can'tyou see?'

39
awg@.rgj
Reading
ReadLucinda'swebpage. How can you contact Lucinda?

sQ9 ln.!gf.!el..-..,.,
"..,
e".* roro'""c stor f- Retrern n"*" 01 s.arrn
{ } $ il.

ffi#
t,+::;!;braok
ants
'
,i';r:xbrowreu4at

b . . - a
di<{u(rtr'f
Ant<:celieioueot

Sav it liP,ethis!
.:F
What's for dinner?
+ -tng
How about/What about
WouldYoulike" ?
omprehe6?si*s? i1o,"',tcbo'LtcookingsPaghetti?
chips?
vvotttdyc,u tikefriedeggsand
Circlethe correctwords. l'd likericdprawns
Vu, tnoft a good idea'/No'
ants'
for chocolate
/ Angelinasentthe recrpe
1 Lucinda for dinner.
it in turns to,
ants/ reciPes.
collects
2 Lucinda Work with a partner' Take
;':'il;;;' ;h.Ii "';, wl'"t.about',,1,11d
3 Theantsmustbe black/ brown.
e;;i; ,* llL*""? to make susse-:.::nt
4 You mustheat/ fry the chocolatein a pan asreeor disagree wrtn
it;ll;n;;
each "nd
other.
5 Youmix/ add the chocolatewrth the antsandthe sugar'

40
Lislenjl8,:
f) Listento Tom talking about the food Tash"
the peoplein his family like and dislikeand
completethe table. C Look again at Lucinda'swebsite on page 40.
lmagine you are her friend and write her an
. ' ,-"fiP"t,.,' .,:.uoai;;i....iG.i; email with an easy recipe.Usethis plan to
help you.
Anna prawns
Beginlike this:
Jimmy rcecream DearLucinda,
Susie friedeggs Answer the questions:
Tom .ut What'sthe nameof yourdish?
",

What ingredients
do you need?
IpeaK._r_ngt
.ook againat the table in the Listeningtask. What do you first?
'tlmen
work with a partnerand take it in turns
b saywhat the peoplethink of the food. Use
I tms words. Thenwhat do you do?

tful delicious disgusting tasty


What do you lastof all?

![jting. Finishlike this:


trrclFrsandemails Lovefrom ...
n te usethesephraseswhen we sendletters
trd emailsto our friendsand family. D Readyour email and checkthat it includesall the
phrasesfrom A and First,Then and Lastof all.
:fu6'^' p6y7l

*{),, -.
Jg:-3-1-1
!oU?
...
S_=o_ngr
f.cplete the emailto Lucindawith the f hod no ideowhot to eot.
I didn't wont onyfhingsweet.
:FaEs from A.
f soid,'Woiter,bring mesomeBeijingfood.
t
f wont whot tha Chinzseeot.'
,, ElEall ,. .,r:.,.r.:_, :.. :..,r,r
r-

1 c*o'' F::*"', #ir - &:-::" I


i He broughtsomethings thot were f ried.
Theywerecrunchyondtosty inside.
Lucinda, i i [i I wosn'tsurewhottheywere,yousee.
I ' m f i n e !l ' m Whenf foundout.f neorlydied.
= 'ecipefor WelshRarebitfor your
-ope you likeit! They were scorpions,silkwormsond roostedonts
Grosshoppers,riceondbits of plonts.
Boiledond.fried,ondrawthingstoo.
f woseotingon insectzoo!

Suddenly, f wosn'tveryhungry
:-:.: :^e onionand fry it in a frying In foct, f woso bit ongry
--e-
::d the tomatoesand the cheese ButthenI thoughfhowdelicious theywere.
{h.. -- -g togetherand cookfor five Try themlThey'reniceandcrunchy.
--.:of all, put the WelshRarebiton
;r::- : ^ 6 1p n i n v r r n l r m e a l !

-Ken il+
li
..,I
" .-=.::asa=.-.=.::tv:5.i41T1!!!t!/Eli ,
Ilt

C Choosethe correctanswers'
V.qCAbulary, 1 DannY was- on hisnew boatwhen
A Findthe stickers. he fellintothe sea.
a showingoff
2:
,1' b t a k i n gu P
c a i v i n gu P
2 BecarefullThiswatertsverY
a interesting
b deep
c tasty
dnr rnhnttt onion Maryfelt very- and shefellasleepat
s v v y ' , i i v -

t h ec i n e m a .
3, 4l a boring
b tiring
c bored
Peter,areyou - that insectisn't rare?
a safe
b sure
c silly
fryingpan lobster Mixthe butterand sugartogetherand
tnen the flourandeggs
6-
a aoo
b slice
c boil
6 l'm ! I don'twant to eat anymore
a nungry
b full
hill rope c cilspy

'l
,.7 :*8
Gnammar.
A Completethe paragraphwith the Past
Simpleor the PastContinuousof the
verbs in brackets.
Lastweek| (1) (go)to
prawn t^^
rwy a newwaterparkwith somefriends. The
sun(2) (shine)and it was
reallyhot.We (3) (stand)
nextto the waterslide when some naughty
the words in boldwith thesesynonyms'
B Replace kids(a) (shout)at us.
Thenmy friend(5) (fallin)
awful hate safe serious starving
the waterwith hisclotheson. While
he (6) (getout),
1 I can't stand the rain.
we (7) (see)that his
2 Don'tworry.ThishobbYis
trouserswerestillin the waterlWe
not dangerous. (laugh)
(8) for ten minutes!
3 Thebabywasvery hungrY. It wasreallyfunnY
A Friedantsaredisgusting.
5 Shewasnot joking.

42
Circlethe correctwords.
'
please?
CanI havea few / a littlefriedscorpions,
- | didn'tbuyanything
/ nothingat the cinema.
I I don't watchTV becauseI don't havemuch/ many
ireetime.
- Thereis a lot of / a few food here- we can't eat
' of it!
: -'e there/ lstheremanypeoplein the swimming pool?
: -:.v many/ muchhobbieshaveyou got?
,',^ereis/ areeverybody?
: = didn'tplaythe gamebecause f o
nothing/ nobody
- =.'.tne rUle5.
n
o o
t l
when or while.
V
-: , .'/ereyOU you felt sick?
eatrng
- - - - : w a t c h e dm e I wassliding rT)
v)
-- -:re hill.
f ) o
Davidwascooking,I madethe salad. Va

the accident
happened,
wasit raining?
: -.(e bUfnt I waswatchingTV We were followinga poth in the jungle
- - vnrr fool
Jaketold you Andthe insectswerebitingollfhe time
'.-? We were goingafler f hot rude man,Craine
It washot. but wewerefine.
-lll"e
*crds in bold are wrong. Write the correctwords. We sowthot the bridge wasjust atree
':ad a lot of comicsbut And Paolosoid the water wosdeep.
' = r v a t c h i nD Jake ond Mondywent over: Robbiewent next
gVDs.
But he storted to slide onhis feet.
- - usedto enjoyskiing
Le 't now. Be careful,Robbie.Nol Robbie,don't runl
:': no food in the fridge? We were wotching whenhe f ell in.
Hold on!Don'tponic.Wait o minufe.Help!Helpl O
, -^t to eatthisfood O
- r o t h i n g o n t h et a b l e . The poor boy wostrying to swim.

.\- .:ody a.rivedat the party


Hold on.Robbie,f or a f ew secondsmore
Hold onl We'llsoveyou in the end.
@
' " = -ey
w e r ea l ll a t e .
=:'s agomy brotherusesto
Poolodidn't wosteony lime. He dived in
And pulledRobbiebockout ogoin. oe
. : - : ' - a n ds u g a sr a n d w i c h e s .
- - -)e is everywhere We were relaxingo few minuteslater.
And f wosfeelingoll right.
- = - - : =S t r e e t . I soid,Poolo,nowthot f've got the chonce

: :
= usedto havelessons
- ^^.)
: : \ i
onceor I want to thonk you.Yousovedmy life.

@
43
TheCartugaAdretrttu'e
.

6) Listenand

later
-2l Halfan hour 4
Paolo: OK,we can slowdown.Crainecan'tcatchus now'
Mandy: I can't believeit. We'vestoppedCraine'sevilplans.
Kate: Not really,Mandy.He can find otheranimals'
Mandy: So what happensnow?
Jake: Nowwe go to the Policel
Paolo: Butwe haven'tgot anYProof.

::::r:tirr,
Well,we can'tlookfor it now.
It'slateand it's gettingdark.
Yes,we havegot proof!| took a photoof the men and the animalswith What abouttomorrow?
3_lRobbie:
my digitalcamera.l've got the camerain the pocketof my sweatshirt.
You can put it withyour articlein the schoolmagazine.
Jake: You'rea genius,Robbie!Theheadteacherwillloveit! Let'sseethe photo.
Robbie: OK ...er... oh, no! Where'smy sweatshirt? l'velostit!

OK. lt's gettingcold


too. Let'sgo home.
I '/ocabulary,
r ionnpletethe sentenceswith these words. We use for to show a periodof time and sinceto show
when somethingstarted.
I Lravebeen at this collegelor six months.
article genius pocket police proof
They hove been in class 58 since the autumrr.
- - _ ^
:ru
1
c
^ r ^ 1 +
9tcdL i n m ym a g a z i n e We use alreadyto show a time beforenow and just io
- ' =,en'tgotany talk about a recentevenr.
that hestolemy pencil.
-- We'vealready had q mqths test this week.
: = ' e ' Sa ( n )
on the frontof my shirt. I've just hod a brilliont ideq.
- :- -ebody brokea windowat schooland the
We use neverto talk about thingsthat haven'thappened
.:r:'er called
the so far. We use an affirmativeverb with neverbut the
- - areverycleverbut youaren'ta(n)_ meaningis negative.
I've never hod o C in geography.
Ul;tch.
Circle the correct words.
: ' : ^ s c h o ot le r m a at breaktime.
1 I ' v e k n o w n m y b e s t f r i e n d f o r / s i n c ep r i m a r ys c h o o l .
b lastsfor threemonths
-^= 2 I'vejust I never been to your school. ls it far from here?
, c e l lr i n g s c in tests.
3 M i s sB r o w n h a st a u g h t u s f o r / s i n c es i x m o n t h s .
- : -. ,Lnch in the canteen d stnctbut fair.
-^e 4 Alice is very clever.She has alreadyI never passedthe
: headteacheris e uniforms.
m a t h se x a m .
: ':.t mustn'tcheat f or bringsandwiches.
5 | havejust / never met your Frenchteacher.She'snice!
6 Jasonand Ben have already/ since gone to school.
Grammar
===:
l,istening
rtrus the PresentPerfectSimpleto talk aboutthingsthat: 6) Listenand write the namesof the children.
' started in the past and are still happening
Solly's not ot college today. She'sgone to the dentist. Ada Andrew Bill Jane Lucy
: havejust finished.
I ve just t'inishedmy homework. Con I wqtch TV now?
: happenedin the past but we don't say exactlywhen.
The heodmqster hqs been very busy this week.
: happenedin the past but havea resultwhich affects
the present.
4e s broken his hand so he con't write.
t_l
lMerake the PresentPerfeciSimplewith have and the
pmsr:articiple of the verb. Seep L24-I25 for a list of
nnrel--
iar past participles.

\:te: We use havebeenwhen someonewent somewhere


,-: ras returned.we usehavegonewhensomeonewent
::*ewhere and has not retumedyet.
--:', ':ve
--.y been to collegebut they'reof home now.
aren't here. Theyhove gone to college.

ItFrmative Sppaking
,: (l have)cheated. Work with a partner.Take it in turns to complete
-t s/She's/lt's (HelShe/lt has)
cheated. these sentences.
'rr: velYou've/They've (We/You/fhey have) cheated.
At schoolthisweek,I havealready...
3rnplete the sentences with the Present Perfect I n c l a s sI ,h a v ej u s t. . .
lrrple of the verbs in brackets. At school,I havenever...
(finish)
all hishomework Now tell the classwhat your partnersaid.
(learn)
aboutEgyptat school
(have)Englishlessons
before Writing
(do)threeteststhisweek.
What did you tellthe classin the Speakingtask?
- -- teacher (work)heresince Write down the three sentencesyou told the class
about your partner.
47
*-*r* e >P q.- **J :L"j >'*j **; j;;:*,*i
Bombirois nineyeorsold ondhe lives for work.HoveYouguessedYel?
in o speciolschoolin Thoilond.ft's Bambirois on elephont!
Mondoymorningond he hosjust hod
The elephonts go to schoolfor six
breakfost.Now it's time for lessons
yeors but they hovetime off, too.
Readthe article.Who with his troiner.Bombirois quite They don'ttroin ot weekendsond
is Bambira'sfriend? cleverond it's importontthot he gets
they hoveo holidoYf rom Morch to
o goodeducotion.
Moy.They rest in the forest.
Bombirohasbeenot schoolsincehe
Bombirohoshodthe scmetroiner
wasrhree.He is in his finolyear.He's
sincehestarted schoolsix yeorso9o
studiedten subjectsbut he hosn't
leorntthingslike history,mothsond ondthey haveo speciolfriendship.
geography.Two things he hos leornt They will be together until Bombiro
'Pull'. needsthese leavesschool.
ore'push'ond He

tf

-
,leFPk
with thesewords'
A Completethe sentences
Changethe words in bold to make the sentencestrue'
'l
B a m b i rhaa sj u s th a dl u n c h . friendship gaveup guessed pushed time off
2 B a m b i rrass t u p i d .
1 My forfortyyears
withJohaslasted
3 Bambira is in hisfirst yearat school.
2 l someof the answe"sin the test
4 Elephants spendten yearsat school.
3 I studiedfor sixdaysandthenI took
5 Theelephants havetime off from
4 |- when I wasslxteen
PhYsrcs
February to MaY.
because I hated it
6 B a m b i rhaa sh a dt h e s a m et r a i n esr l n c e
5 I n a t a w T uol o y mein the playgrc
he was a baby.
B Completethe paragraphwith these words.
Fj-tle-F""t_DB:
boardingschooleducation
exams library marks report O tisten to a teachertalking to some pupils and
circlethe correct answers.
Janehad a verygood (i) Shewent to
a \2) in \re\andand she\eft \as\vear.fhe 1 Mr Rogers/ Miss Andrewsis away.
schoolwas excellentbecause the teacherswere great fiveon pagefifteen/ fifty.
2 Theclasshasdoneexercise
and the classesweresmall.Therewas alsoa fantastic 3 Theclasshas/ hasnot readthe text on the next page.
computerroomand a huge(3) with 4 Thearticleon pagefifty-oneisaboutpeople/ elephants.
--:usandsof booksand magazines. Janegot verygood
i _ 5 Denise/ Henryreadsthe article.
allthe time that shewasat school,
all of herfinal(5)
at - s^e passed . She
.erygood(6) from herteacher.too
: o Sp,u_n_4*oJr-Eng.t!qh:
&amman, A Saythese pairs of words. Which sound starts
each word in the left column?
head Ed
:::::.i:l::
has as
lllhaven't(havenot) eaten. had add
frb,/She,zlthasn't(helshe/it hasnot) eaten. hold old
IUe/You[heyhaven't(havenot)eaten.
}*i'n B Listenand repeat the tongue twister.
ffiihreI eaten? Happyold Edheldhishat on hishead.
t{h helshe/it eaten?
fribrewe,/youltheyeaten?
Dfr answers
lhs- | have./No.I haven't.
spng.
Iftr- he,zshe,zithas./No, he/she/it hasn't.
;'ifhs"we,/you/they have./No, we /you/they haven't. Withouteducotion wawouldall be lost
Likestondingby o river thot wa connotcross
Learningis the bootfo the olher side
Let'soll get onondenjoythe ride.
lft can use ever inquestions to ask about things that have
heneO up to now and we use yet with negativesand Educotionmeonsweunderstond ourworld
mrsilbns when we want to say until now. Evercomesbefore Educotionconmokeus clever
ft e.t participleand yet comesat the end of the sentence. Everylassonwe leornhelpsusthinkondgrow
fue you ever been awoy on a school trip?
Educotionlostsforever.
ffire you cleaned the board yet?
I'm hoppythot I studiedwhenf wasot school
Cornpletethe sentenceswith the verbs in brackets. I knowthot f'm noganius,but f'm nofool
,Ve test Learningis importonf for everyone
(notdo) a spelling
:hisweek Andof course it con be lots of fun.

(MrsSmith/shout)
at you in the playground?
3 t (not have)a bad report
thisyear
4 (you/finish)your projectyet?
l We (notlearn)aboutthe
Amazonyet.
Match the questionswith the short answers.
'
HasLucygot her reportyet? a Yes,they have
I HasPetereverhad bad marks? b Yes,it has.
3 Havethey readthis bookyet? c No,'shehasn't
-: Haveyou everpassedan exam? d No, he hasn't.
I Hasit beena good year? e Yes.I have.
i

:
5wuos

F
1F'.1
. . +
*E
RFOftf: T h i s V e a r , t h e r e a r e a l o t o f n e w t e a c h e r s a t s c h o o | a n d t o d a y W e a r ewhy
interviewing oneof tn.t-, ruriJohnson, the new Frenchteacher'Mr Johnson'
did you cometo KingleySchool?
Mr Johnson: w e l l , t w a s w o r l d n g i n F r a n c e b u t o n e . c l a v l s a w a n a c t v e r t f o r t h i s j o b o n t h e l n t e r n e t ' l c a m e
backhome,got the job anclhereI am!
RFOftr: Sohow longhaveyou beenin Kingleynow? andthen we
summerholidavs
Mf Johnson: i;t;; r...-rr,r.. tonint, t think.Yes,I movedherein the
starteclin September'
RFOrtr: iuu. yo, evertaughtin Kingleybefore?
Roada few yearsaso.I loveit here.
Mf JohoSoh: ;;;j ir;;". r *oir..o in a scrioot.onHilt ,
Reporter: HaveYou taught in manv schools?
Mr Johnson: No,I haven'1 - iust three.Onein Franceancltwo here'
Reporter: Haveyou met manYPeopleVet?
ii irn,t a big town. Everyone knowseveryoneelse'That'snice!Mv daughter
Mr Johnson: yes,I havebecause
Elsahasmadelotsof friends'
Repofter: W e||,thankVouforta|kingtome.IhopeVoudon,tgiveus|otsofhomework!

Talking about school


Answer the questions' and answer these
school? With ; Partner,ask
workingbeforehe cameto Kingley
1 WherewasMr Johnson questions.

Wheredo Yougo to school? I


2 How longhashe beenin KingleY? I goto school
subject?
What is Youfavourrte
3 W h e r ee l s ei n K i n g l ehy a sM r J o h n s ow
n orked? ts
My favouritesubject
I '

What areYougood at?


hashe taughtin?
4 How manyschools l'm goodar
What areYoubad at?
5 H a sh e m e t m a n YP e o P l e ? l ' m b a da t
teacher?
Who is Yourfavourite
ts
6 Who hasmadelotsof friends? My favouriteteacher
qe$rucJ Readthe email and underline the topic sentences
in paragraphsone to three.

E Eail

U/ecanuseHowlongwith the PresentPerfectSimple ffi n"* d *o,, &r*n, $n"*.u


to askquestionsaboutthe lengthof time something
hashappened. HiSammy!
-cw longhoveyou livedhere?''Threeyeors.'
-cw longhaveyou toughtFrench?' 'Twomonths.' Howareyou?l'm writingbecauseI'vegot a
freehourso I cantellyou aboutmy schoolthis
week.We'vejust hadlunchin the canteenand
Write questionswith the PresentPerfectSimple
nd How long. l'm reallyfull.We hadspaghettiandtomato
' sauce.lt wasdelicious!
?/Sandra/studvGerman
We'vegot a testthisafternoon
andwe've
alreadyhadthreethisweek!l'veneverdone
I ? / Peterand Paul/ havepianolessons threetestsin oneweekbefore!| haven't
studiedverymuch.
? / she/ be teacher Whydon'tyou comeoverto my housethis
weekend? Youhaven'tseenmy newcomputer
e ?/youlknowLucy yet.lt's brilliant!
Youcan havelunchwithus.
Letme knowabouttheweekend!Bvefor now!
? /they / be at thisschool Kim

?/l/teach/physics

-
? / the student/ sleeo/ in class

;+-%e '
3 ? / MissJones/ work/ at GoldinoSchool +d*.

E;S-

:i:it:
*1

C Write an email to a friend in another town


about what you are doing at schoolthis
week. Use this plan to help you.
Paragraph1: Howareyou?I'm writing
because...
Paragraph2:'Saywhat is happening
at school.
Paragraph3: Inviteyourfriendto yourhouse
andsaywhat you cando together
Wil-tile Paragraph4:
Paragraphs
A Readabout paragraphsand topic sentences.
A pieceof writingconsistsof paragraphs
and each
paragraphhasa differentsubject.Thefirstor second
sentenceof a paragraph usuallyintroduces
this
subject.
Thisis calledthe topicsentence.
51
4,
C use- ild'ad
TlrcCortugnAduen

r,*gt rrrgll :r:r= -':


: S':t 3r r!r-r ijC
Paolo: d-r3 fi'3 ].S:: 3.-a-e s :.ar riow
Handp tty ingers anc :os are freezngl
Kate: Rub your handstogether.Mandy.

comingout!Be quiet!
Oh,no! Craine's Hey!Who'sthere?Whatwasthat noise?Men,
move!Thethiefis backl Findthatevilcriminal
beforehe stealsall mv animals...
q A Circlethe correct words.
rl,$cllrlttqf
+e@

1 Ow! lthinkyouh=E mynose!


A Write the missingletters. '
2 youcleanedyourteethyet?
1 Thismeansreallycold. 3 l'Wa horseyesterday
and
z Youdo thiswhen you look hurtmyarm.
for something. Mystomach hurtsbecauselhb$.$lti
Whenyou'rereallyscared, sinceyesterday.
you do this. Whenshee,#+gi*.* in Germany, she
Youdo thiswhen you take 'btCEF,L:;4
:b,fb. her reg.
somebody'selsethings.
Thingsdo thiswhenthey Completethe sentenceswith the PresentPerfect
drop off somethingonto Simpleor the PastSimpleof the verbs in brackets.
the ground. 1 l (notvisit)the dentistsince
lastyear.
I Hatch.
you ever (break)
a bone?
3 hejust (wakeup)?
4 Lastwinter Larry (grow)reallytall
5 you ( 9 o ) t ot h e
gym yesterday?

O tisten to Pollyand her mum.Write T (true)


or F(false).
'
ankle D 5 shoulder D
2 chest D 6 stomach D 1 Pollyhasmadean elephant. D
3 elbow D tail D 2 Shehasseena realelephant. D
4 knee D B throat n 3 Shehasn'tmadethe tailyet. D
4 Thetail hasfallenoff. D
Grec' 5 Pollyhasfinished
the legs. D

We use the Past Simplefor: Look at the picturesand


a thingsthat started and finishedin the past.
describewhat the people
I hurt my elbow lost night.
are doing. Use some words
b things that happenedone after the other in the past. from Vocabulary task B.
I opened the door, felt on the floor and hit my head.
c habitsin the past.
When I was o child, I wore socks in bed.

We use these time expressionswith the Past Simple:


yesterday,fast night/week/month /year, three days,/
a month/a year ago, in January/2009

We use the PresentPerfect Simpleto talk about things that:


a started in the past and are still happening.
My leg has hurt for three days.
b havejust finished.
I ve jist wqshedmy honds.
c happenedin the past but we don't say exactly when.
He hqs follen olf the horse twice.
d happenedin the past but have a result which affects'
the present.
I've walked oll oround the park, so now I'm tired.

We use these time expressionswith the PresentPerfect Simple:


ffirutr
Chooseone of the picturesfrom the Speakingtask
ever, never, already,just, for, since,yet
and write a paragraphabout it.
55
f','ZW

Underthe f loorof an ancientpyramidin Peru,sclentists


founda 1,6OO-year-old mummy.Theyalsofounda lot
of goldtreasure.Therewererings,necklaces andother
jewelleryandmanyf ineclothes too.At f irsttheythought
thiswasthebodyof animportant man,maybea leaderof
hispeople. Theyalsothought thatallthevaluable things
werehis.
Butthenthescientists thattheywerewrong!
discovered
Themummywasa youngwomanbetween20 and30
yearsold. But who was she?Womenwere not very
importantin Peru1,600 yearsago,but thiswasnot an
ordlnarvwoman.Apartfromthe treasure, shealsohad
strange ontheskinof herarms,legsand
tattoosof animals
feet.Scientists
haveneverfoundanother bodylikehers.
Westilldon'tknowmuchaboutthisancientmummy.One
bigmysteryisaboutherdeath.Whydidshediesoyourfg?
havestudiedhgl bodyandshedidn'tseemhurt
Scientists

V=o=c"Ep"g_@y;
A Completethe sentenceswith these words.
1 Themummywasnextto / underthe pyramid'
ancient mystery necklace ordinary tattoo
2 Therewerea lot of I a few clothes.
3 Themummywasa man/ woman. 1 CanI borrowyourgold

4 Themummywas over/ under30 at the time 2 My brotherhasgot a of a bearon hisshoulder


3 You haven'tgot fooi Thov'ra h r rno I

I animalson
5 Thereweretattoosof treasure 4 We don't know exactlyhow our brainswork. lt's
the mummy.
5 T h i sm u m m yi s It's2,000yearsold.
B Circlethe correctwords.
1 l'vegot a headache
/ toothache.Let'scallthe dentist.
-E-i$p:n-ugl
You'rea bit hot. I think you'vegot a temperature
I burn. o Listenand tict (Z) the correctpictures.
3 I sat in the sunfor threehoursyesterday
and now l'vegot 1 Who doesMrs Myerscall?
sunburn/ stomachache
A
Lookat the skin/ painon the mummy'sarm!
5 You'vegot a bad cough/ sneeze.Takethis medicine.
6 My eyesaresore/ ill. I neednew glasses.

2 What'swronqwith the twins?


Wl.,
Grammar,'

We use possessivepronounswhen somethingbelongs


to someoneor when someonehas a particularrelationship
with something.
That necklaceis mine! 3 Whereis grandad?
A possessivepronoun replacesa possessiveadjectiveand
a noun.
Thot'sher medicine.: lt's hers.
We can also use possessivepronounswith So to agree
with someone.
fiy h"r;;;r; 'So
cotd. are hers.'
Yy head hurfs.' 5o doesmine.'
4 What hasMrs Myersgot?
Possessive Possessive g-
adiectives pronouns
my mine
his his
her hers
your yours
(xr ourt 5 Whenisthe doctorcominq?
their theirs
iei
I
I
Note:You can't use its as a possessivepronoun. i

!
!

Circlethe correctwords.
1 'lsthat Mum'sring?''Yes,it'sher/ hers.'
2 Whichsweatshirtisyours/ your?
; 1
3 'Arethesetops their/ theirs?''No,they aren't. o sp=ux$.,e!+Eng!9_h,
4 That'smy / minefacein the mirror.
:;
A Listen to these words. How do we say the i
5 Don'ttakethat medicine.
lt isn'tour/ ours. letters in red?
1 boystoysdoesarmslegsJamesCharles
Replacethe words in bold with the correct 2 hurtssillysat soresicklesson
possessivepronoun.
1 Thoseteeth aregrandad's. B Listenand repeat the rhyme.
2 ' M y e a r sa r er e d ! ' ' S oa r em y e a r s ! ' Charles
andJamesaretwo sillyboys.
3 'Whosenecklace isthis?''lt'sAnna's.' Theysat in the sunand playedwith theirtoys
A lsthat sickdog your sickdog? Forsevenhours,maybemore
And now their facesare red and sore.
lsthis yourtreasureor is it their treasure?
5 We own thisjewellery. ' M y h e a dh u r t s ! ' ' S o
lt is our jewellery. d o e sm i n e l '
'We feel
sickand we're not fine.
Ourarmsand legsareveryburnt.
What a lesson we havelearnt.'

57
6 ,-a

.*";.
-
':ti j
--i, . --: t +R,

";, Ii'a'
air .

Readthe letters from a magazineand write down what


Dr Fostertells Jameshe must do.

F*vr crnX ffi - ' ,J


li i
&xe\pTW \
t r l
?i
? l

-'*.";;

,
DearDoctor,
don'tkqowv[at's wrong :
l'rr fourteen andl've 3ot back,Pltnr(/)-:--l attright t,t::-*1"-,^,
I
. vith^ne.l'rn iust an ordinarJlid' p{ay "otput* Sotes ":
i to'*ui huauybagio sthoo'{'but vhat can L do/
lnternet, lust {ike t, }'*t
(2- :
a
James
Dea-James,
t can'ttell you exactrywhat'swrong. (3)
you someadvice,Firstof ar, don't =-_- However,I cangive
tp"nd runyr..,*-.son your computer,
and never use it late at night.(4)
----Xirolyo, get headachesfrom
lookingat computert.t"""n, for a iong
time.sittingon a chairfor hourscan
makeyour backsore too. Lastof all,tlke
unytf,lnn"uo,don,t need out of
your schoolbag,or leavesomethings
at ,.f.,tLr r"si'
I hopethishelpsl
Dr Foster
=,,, -tli: I
l': iiil,tl"

At the doctor's
phrases'
Completethe dialogue with these

lveeota911::lsh f.t.'iil:H:dicine
OoenVourmoutn.
What'i the matter?
Doctor: (1)
My throat'srea
Patient: Q)
Completethe letters with these sentences.
soretoo.
You mustvisityour doctorfor that. Let me see.(3)
o(
Doctor:
b C h i l d r en e e dt h e i rs l e e p l that'sfine.
c P l e a shee l pm e ! Patient: (4)
I alsoget lotsof headaches. No,it isn't.(5)
I - ,

Doctor:
e Heavybagscangiveyou a soreback be fine rn a few daYs

5B
Listqn:lIgj B Now read the email below and number the
paragraphsin the correctorder.
O Listenand complete the dialogue. Em-ail _ .

Lizzie: What'swrong,Grandma? Areyou OK? #*'t" @


Grandma: Well.l'vegot a painin my (1)_
I izrig. Oh,dear.
G n a n d m a : And my (2)_ isa bit soreagain.
! izzig; Yes,it's beensorefor a while.What about
your(3) ? Haveyou taken Afterwe ate,I tookTommyto the park.We met
your (4)_? my friendKimthere.Do you rememberher?
Grandma: Yes,I took my medicine thismorning.
Grandad took hismedicinetoo. He had
Hi! How are you? l'm fine.I'm writingbecause
a(s)_
i--rie: I didn't call yesterday.ltook my dog Tommy to
Oh, dear.I hopehe'sOK.
the vet's.*
Grandma: Yes.Don'tworry.He'sfine now!

IpeaKing: Well,it'stimefor bed now.Writesoonand let me


knowyournews.
ind four differences between the two pictures.
.,ise.ave/hasgot and there islare.
Tommyhasbeensickallweek.Usually, he plays
I
a lot butthisweekhejust saton his bed.He ll

didn'tdo anythingand he wasn'thungry.Thevet !


l i

was reallynice.Shesaid'Don'tworry,he'sjust
got stomachache.Givehimthismedicineand I
he'llbe fine.'Shewasright.Thismorning,he
washungryagainand he atehis breakfast.
Seeyou
Sarah

* a vet is a doctorfor animals

I
{a$'k''
C Write an email to a friend about when
someonewas sick.Use this plan to help you.
Beginlike this:
Hi (Betty),
Paragraph1
Writeoneor two sentences.
Saywhy youarewriting.

!ing Paragraphs2 and 3


Explain and givedetails.
what hashappened
of paragraphs
Paragraph4
tead about the order of paragraphsin letters Saygoodbyeto yourfriendandaskfor hiVhernews.
md emails.
r : eceof writinghasa beginning, Finishlike this:
a middleand an
Seeyou soon!
*-: In the firstparagraph of an emailwe introduce
'l*t
subject. In the middleparagraph(s) we give.more
D Readyour email and checkthat it's got a
:r:= aboutthe topicand in the finalparagraph we
beginning,a middle and an end.
-:-: udeour writing.We oftenaskaboutthe person
'u,r;re wfitiflg to in the finalparagraph too.
59
C Girclethe correct words'
Robert: What'sthe matter?
A Find the stickers. Mark: I can'tfind mYmathshomework'
i- It was in mYbag and now there'sno
1 1 .
(i) sign/ proofof itl lthink Mike
(2) puiled/ stolelt ln the
-
(3) break/ time off. He'sgoingtc ,'. :
h i sn a m eo n i t a n dg i v ei t t o M r C ' - . =
Robert: You'rejoking,right?
eloow library Mark: No,l'm not. He neverstudiesano
4 l'm surehe (4)trains/ cheatsin tes.
'3 -:
He hasn'tstudiedsincethe beginr
of the schoolYearbut he got very
good (5)terms/ marksin hisexan's
Robert: Maybehe'sa (6)genius/ leaderl
You neverknow.He'sveryclever, a-:
anKle tattoo what'sthat on the floor?
E r 6 Mark: Oh. er ... it'smYmathshomework.
Robert: I knewMikedidn'ttakeit! Becarer-
what you saynexttlme.

Grammar.
necklace pocket
- A Completethe sentenceswith the Present
'-L g-.'-^: PerfectSimpleof the words in brackets'
1 Judy (go)tothe library.,
studyfor her Frenchtest.
(you/see)amummY?
3 J a m e as n dI (notfinishr
Knee toothache our projecron ancientEgYPt.
4 Jason (read)the
booktwtc:
q How long
the table.
Complete
badcough?
school chest cough headteacher
boarding He (not say)anYthingto
shoulder sneeze temperature report throat usall daY!

B Circlethe correctanswers.

ffi Education
1 l'm3tarvingllhaven'teatenforlsincehours
We'vebeenon holidayfor / sincethe middle
of July.I want to go backto school.
He'snever/ everstudiedfor a test, he'sjust
veryclever.
4 Johnisn'tat schoolnow.He'salready / for left
5 Haveyou ever/ neverhad a bad report?
6 Haveyou finishedyourtest just/ yet?

60
:ir; ete the paragraphwith the PresentPerfect
lrc e or PastSimpleof the verbs in brackets.
- : . . a . ,D i x i e( ,1 ) (be)sickfor three
. ' _ , . .t ( 2 ) (have)Dixiesincewe
(move)here.We (4) (go)
= ,=: thismorningbecause I wasa bit worriedabout
- = Jl (noteat)sinceyesterday and
= - _=sr'twant to play.Thevet (6) (take)
=^^cerature and (7) (ask)me a lot of
. :: , r ^s.He(B)_ (qive)me two kindsof
- : ^: for her.She'sgot a sorethroatbut the vet says
':
: : f i n ei n a d a yo r t w o .

I ::oose the correctanswers.


-=. Sally, 'No,it
isthat yournotebook?' isn't
^.tlne

-.ours
'.,
throatisreally
sore.How's , Andrew?
your
yours
.eseclassrooms alllookthesame.
Howdo we know
.vhichone is_ ?
A OUTS
b mrne
Th\sr\ng\s Mum's bu\ \he neck\ace\sn'\
It'sGrandma's. We'veoll got q heodond shoulders
a his A stomochond kneesond toes
b hers Honds,arms,legsond fingers,
Mouth, Feeth,eyasond nose.
We haven'tgot a canteenat our schoolbut my
brotherssay_ is brilliant.
With our f eet, ears,throotsondfoces
A OUTS
We conwolk,heor,coughondcry
itce b theirs Our bodiesdo whot we wont to do.
'Are 'No,he'swearing
tat thosegrandad's
glasses?' We are wonderful, you ond f .
thoseareMum's'.
a hrs We must eat goodf ood ond exercise
b him We'll 6e healthyond strong
We must lookafter our bodies
lsthis_ treasure
or mine? And rememberthis BodySong.
a your
b yours
rrs! 'Mv feetareqore' 'So
are
lre a m y
b mine
-+

l^f+
I CI L .
Where are these JaPanese
macaquemonkeYs?

a i n a h e a i e ds v ' ' i m m i nPgo o L


b rn a irotsPrinc;
c inthesea

t'
l-=
,

i
,,it,1:-

'w.
t,-
':.
= 4

,_;:lf=
_

.::n-,i :'"'
n9|): '
"

%)
:.
:.4;.
.7 =_,_
=-E-.
-4.
;2.":-

:
I'llfindthe criminaland he'll But Boss,it's cold and cloudy.
pay for thisl Move,you lazy It'sgoingto rainsoon ...
men.Bringhim to me now!

Quick! Let'sget back to the others


beforethose men catch us!

Oh, no! We'rein greatdanger.


Thereare photosof us on that
cameratoo! Let'sget out of herel
Vocabularv,'
-' +.,--' ---4- --:i

A Completethe sentenceswith these words. We use the Future Simple:


a for predictionsabout the future.
t,
dalger"idiot ,,lkill liyes '.turn on, It will roin all doy tomorrow.
b for decisionsthat we make now.
I'll look after the plants.
1 Canyou please?
thiscamera, c for offers, promisesand warnings.
We'rein great_! Let'sget out of here! Don't touch that dog, it will bite you.
d to ask someonefor help.
Don't_ that bee!lt isn'thurtingyou! Will you feed the birds, please?
Theanimals
wererunninqfor their e after think and be sure:
; Lookat that _l l'm sure the soil will be wet.
He'sshoutingat hispoordog
. A f f i i f m * v e ,. .:,,,,,..,: . i . : : - ':: .i . ,:i
l/you/he/she/lI/we/they will (l'll, you'll,he'll,she'll,it'll,
we'll, they'll)call.
'Neg:f] 1 . , , . t . ' , 1.,:r : :.. , , ' . , ; . i : : ' : , '
,. "'t,
| / y ou/he / she/ iI / w e/ they will not (won't) calt.
1 branch D ,QUe$iieii': ,-,'r1:-,'r1 : '1
r,:.,r,',:,. .-:'
2 leaves D Will |/ y ou/he / she/ iI / w e/ they call?
3 stones D S-hortanswgrs ,i,.
'.', : t .t' .
',
,,:
4 farm D Yes, | / you/he / she/ it /w e/they will.
5 nest D No, I/youlhe / she/ it / we/they won't.
6 soil ! Time expressions' ,: ,. ,, ' ' ,',,.,

tomorrow, in the morning,this weekend/summer/evening


next week/month/year, in a week/month/year

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the


Future Simple or be going to and the verbs in brackets.
Gramman 1 Don'tworry.lt (not rain).

:re We use be going to:


l'm sureit
3 Sitdown,Mum.I
(be)coldin the forest.
(feed)thehorses.

a to talk about future plans and intentions. 4 (you/take)


my cat to the vet, please?
I m going to be owoy t'or a week in June. 5 (hdcome)withus?Hashe decidedyet?
b to predict that somethingwill happenwhen we have
some proof or information
It's going to rain later - it wos on TV.
::::: ' t ,'
Affiimativg:
"': 6) Changethe words in bold to make the sentencestrue.
I ' m ( l a m ) g o i n gt o c a l l .
He's/She's/lt's(HelShe/lt is) going to call. 1 lt'sgoingto snow.
We're/You're/They're (We/You/They are) going to call.
2 Theywill not go to the zoo.
:::''ri.
Negative 3 Theycaneat theirdinner at the zoo.
I'm not (l am not) going to call. 4 Samhasgot four sandwiches.
He,/She/lt isn't (HelShe/lt is not) goingto call.
We/YoulThey aren't (We/You/They are not) going to call. 5 They'llleavethe schoolat ten o'clock

QuCstion :,r" :
Am I going to call?
ls helshe/it going to call?
5p*$rg
Arewe/you/they going to call? lmagine that you are going to the zoo tomorrow. Ask
and answer these questionswith your partner.
Short answers
What areyou goingto seethere?
Yes,I am. No, I'm not.
Yes,helshe/it is.
What do you thinkwill happen?
No, helshe/it isn't.
Yes, welyou /they are. No, we/you/they aren't
Time expressions Uittll.9
tomorrow, in the morning,this weekend/summer/evening
Write a paragraphabout your trip to the zoo
next week/monlh/year, in a week/month/year
tomorrow. Usethe Future Simpleand be going to.
65
&0m
Do you thinkall plantsneedonly light,soiland water?Thenyou'rewrong!Some
plants'eat' meat.Theseusuallygrow in areaswith poor soil.This soil can't give
them all the food they need,so the plantshavefound anotherway of gettingit -
by eatinginsectsand othersmallcreatures.Don't be scared,though.They won't
eatyou! Plantsonly eat peoplein booksand films!
One famous meat-eatingplantis the Venusflytrap.Insectsfly into the plantand
then the leavestrap them inside.Anothermeat-eqtingplant,the pitcher,contains'
a sweet,stickydrink.Curiousinsectsgo insidefor a sip and discoverthat the
floweris slippery.They slide down and becomethe plant'snext meal.
Keepingsomeof theseplantsat homeis easy.You can growthem in pots,but you
mustwaterthem often.Some of them, however,are not suitablefor the home.They
are massive- they can hold sevenlitresof water!Sometimesalizard,bird or mouse
discoversthatthis kind of plantisn'ta good placefor a drink!

; ; - , & E a. .; r"l ;' .-: '

Answer the questions.


ili,iiiaffie+
iapi'y
plantsgrow?
1 Wheredo a lot of meat-eating A Completethe sentenceswith these words.

2 Why do theseplants'eat' meat? curious massive slippery sticky suitable

1 l ' m- a b o u t h i ss t r a n g a
enimal.
insideits leaves?
3 Whicholanttraosinsects What is it?
2 I fell overbecausethe streetwas very
W h i c hp l a n ti ss l i p p e ri yn s i d e ?
3 Thisflowerisn'tjust big,it's- !
5 Whatmustyoudo whenyoukeeptheseplantsat home? 4 Theseleaves are- . Theyarestuckto
my clothes.
6 How muchwatercansomeof thesebiq plantshold? Thisplantisn't- for the home.lt must
liveoutside.
B Circlethe correctwords.
Thereare lotsof differentkindsof (1)wildlife/ fight in o $O"ugE*o,.flHng!rs__!= :
our garden.We'vegot (2)creatures/ potslikesquirrels,
A Listenand repeat the words. Which
foxesand frogs.Lastyearwe madea (3) pond/ flower words rhyme?
andwe filledit with water.Theanimalslikedrinking
from it, but one dayone of the squirrels went for a bought
(4)sip/ litreand it fell in the water! lt waswet but it brought
was OK.We alsoput out (5)seedsI trapsfor the birds. dough
Theyloveeatingthem andwe lovewatchingthem eat. rough
though
thought
tough

B Listenand repeat the tongue twister.


We can use gerunds: I broughtthe toughdoughyou bought
a as the subjectof a sentence. ThoughI thoughtyou broughtthe roughdough
Playing with snokes is dangerous. I bought.
b as the object of a sentence.
I like running in the fields.
c after prepositions.
|m not very good at looking qfter plants.
d a f t e r c a n ' ts t a n d ,d i s l i k el,i k e ,l o v e ,e n j o y ,m i s s ,h a t e
and remember $ens; ;-;# #%?
I enjoy feeding the squirrels.

Gerunds are nounswhichwe makefrom verbs.We add -T


Livingin the city isn'feosysometimes.Yb aq,
- -i to the verbto formthem.
IT',.:
fl:1:';:';:ij,l,'
li,n,.,nou."
Andthe grassbetweenmy toes. .
l,ook backat the article.Underlineall the gerunds. ,fi\
?:-J
How many are there? f like wotchingthe wildlife andf eedingthe birds.w
Oh, the wonderfulthings T've seen.
Completethe sentenceswith gerunds. Form them When it roins in the city, the city isn't pretty
I
from these verbs. fn the country,the oir is cleon.

catch feed stay swim watch And I think it's goingfo roin todoy
u We needroin to mokeour gardengrow
-
ry Don'tthinkabout TVthisafternoon. f'm goingrunningin the roin todoy
S We'reworkingin the garden. Will there be a roinbowwhenthe dork cloudsgo?
- My cat likes_ mice
f don't enjoy ployingon computersoll doy.
on a hot day.
in the seais brilliant Noture is my fovourite thing.
I enjoy the birdson the balcony. I give f lovethe changesin the weotherond in wildlife too
them bread. fn summer,winler, outumnond spring.
Thedogscan'tstand
ikegoingout.
at home.They
rj:[rjilnil#{iiiii,,,.::;
And onedoy f'll moveto o villogeogoin
Yes,the country is the plocefor me.

Lbten and complete the sentences.

I-:^ likeswatchingTV and goingfor


mru':^
his dog.
.[, -.cn thinks isa wasteof time.
^r'sJn loveswatchingbirdsand
I t h i n k ss h o p p i nigs
3 enjoys the zoo.
Reading*
-#
Read the interview. Where do the lucky pets go

he pet
when they leave the Centre?

aboutthe Pet
Can Youtell us
HarrY:
RescueCentre't
Mr Thomas: ;, ; course.{) , ffs,y, ;il""
of themareiustverl
theYhavehad
;il;;;';;" sickor
an accident'
animars?
;;;;;;" Yourindthe
Harry: PeoPl:
sometimes
MrThomas: well,(2)=- ::l%llH[
to us. andthen
a
;"";"i; catGoout Pet
we go andfinott'
goodto
So I"oPr" areusuallY
HarrY:
Iiill"r., aren'ttheY?
*"ulat of Peopleloveanimals'
Mr Thomas: (3)_,,_------
but somedon't. their
hurt Pets'
inlt" o;*le
it?
Oh,that'sawful'isn't
HarrY:
i"r, i is. Butwhen,h^e,@ awarm
"""f;
Mr Thomas:
Lli; i," ,il inem toooand
bed. (4)
;ilJ thecentrewhen
letsreave
HarY: theY?
*"Y;; bK, don't
go to new
Thomas: *"i,,,n" luckYPets
Mr
homes'(5) "---'----'.-.'.'-'-le fi'
talking
HarrY: OfCfn"nX Youfor
MrThomas'

this!
Complete the interview with these sentences. Talkingabout Pets
a l'm afraidsomepeoplearecruel. My pet is hairylfurrylcutdfrien dly/funnylcuddly'
b TheCentreis a specialhomefor petsin trouble. lVHe/She livesin a cage/dog house/baskeVhutch'
My dogis cuteand cuddty' He lives a d19house
c Theothersstayherewith us. .in
i, ,oAA,i, in a hutchin ourgardat
is veryfurrylIt tives
d Theyfind them on the streetand they want to help. or a pet yfl
e We'vegot a vet too, so we lookafterthem. Talkto your partner about lo-1t-1."^t
kil;. i;;iile ttrelansuase above'

6,8
Grqslslqt' Chanqethe letters a( Rqaqtqi[(q(\(\((Kq.\\
red to makethe sentences correct.
. , _ -
1 lsthisyourfarmI
')
Weusequestiontags: thatrabbitiscute!
a to confirmour opinion. 3 That Tree has got many branches.
Thisforest is omazing,isn,tit? 4 I likedogs.catsand horses.
: whenwe arecertainthat whatwe sayis true.
You'vegot o big garden,haven'tyou? 5 What a big nest,

We makequestiontags with an auxiliaryverb and a subjectpronoun.


We use the auxiliaryverbthat we use for the tensein the mainpart C Read Michael'spostcardand correct
of the sentence.Foraffirmativesentencesin the PresentSimplewe the mistakes.
use doldoes and for sentencesin the PastSimplewe usedid.
Thosedogs oren't running, ore they? lli tor1,
Whenthe sentenceusesa verb in the affirmative,we use a of your ho'0iday
howare you thanksfor the photos
negativequestiontag. Whenthe sentenceuses a verb in the went to
what a great beach)ou
negative,we use an affirmativequestiontag.
We go to the pork often, don't we? i'm writing this frorn rny ho'{idayfiorneyesterday
He hasn't been to the vet's todoy, has he? to keep
I found a doq in the street we re going ^
is rascd'{
We can use questionstags in all tensesand with modalverbs. hirnandtare hirnbackwith us his narne
Elephants cqn swim, can't they? great isn't he
i've drawi a pictureof ras"a'{l'1e's
Lrowneyesand sma'{'{uars
Note: Somequestionstags do not follow the rules. Jou cdn,uu l',u',got
l'm interesting, aren't i? Everyoneis here, aren i they? you wi.{.{{ove hrrn
seeJou soon
Match. xlic[ae{

1 Thathorrible
animalisn'tyours, havethey?
2 We want a quietdog, o didn'tit?
3 Theboyshaven'tgot a cageyet, c is it?
4 H ed o e s n 'lti k ea n i m a lm
s uch, d doeshe?
5 Yourrabbitdid tricks, c don'twe?

3 Completethe sentenceswith question tags.


1 Youaregoingto feedthe dog,
2 We workedall dayin the garden,
3 Thatanimal's
dangerous, s"
A Shehasn'tcleaned
the cagesyet, Task'.
5 Youcan feedthe birds
D Write a postcardto a friend about
a pet and draw a picture of the pet.
writins: Usethis plan to help you.
Paragraph1
functuation How areyou?Saysomethingabout
.{ Look at these punctuation rules. your friend.
Sentencesbeginwith a capitalletterand end with a full stop Paragraph2
Questionsendwith a questionmark: Saywhereyou arewritingfrom.Talk
Therabbitsate all the carrotsin the garden aboutthe oet.
DoesJameslikegardeningT
Paragraph3
Namesof peopleand places startwith a capitalletter: Talkaboutthe pictureon the postcard.
Davidand Susanaregoing to the zoo in Athensnext month. you pet.
Describe
We usean exclamation markfor emohasis:
Ending:
What a beautifulanimall
Seeyou soon!
We usecommasto separate wordsin a listandto separate
questiontagsfrom the restof the sentence:
Readyour postcardand checkthe
Dogsneedlots of love,exercise,
fun and healthvfood. punctuation and capital letters.
It's cold todav,isn't it?
69
birtuss.'Adi

Bruno: There'sa pictureof us withthe


J1 I
animalson thiscamera,Boss!
And some picturesof kids.
Craine: Let me see.Hmm .., wherehave

Buzz: What'sthat behindthe bushes,


Boss?
Craine: Don'tjust standthere!Go and.,:
see! Bruno,get a coupleof .'i.
torchesand go with him ...
now! Findthis RobbieSimpson
and bringhimto me!

The rubbishis in front of a cavel Yuk,this is a rubbish


lf we hideinside,we'llbe safe. dumo!lt stinks!

Don'tthey knowanythingaboutrecycling
the environmentl
here?They'redestroying
Vocabufan A Circlethe correctwords.
lf you collectl will collectcansand bottlesat
A Completethe sentenceswith thesewords. school,I will recycle them.
lf you go for a walk in the forest.you
bush destroy dump hide stink
find/will flnda rubbishdump.
1 Fires a lot of forestsevervsummer Willwe helothe environment if we
don't use/ won't usea lot of water?
2 Therearetwo treesanda laroeoreen
in my garden. Youwill seesomepictures of animalsif you
don't turn on / turn on the camera.
Thereis a rubbish outsidethe village
It'shorrible. Theseplantswon't die/ die if you waterthem
I
Let's in thiscave.No onewill find us
5 Thosepilesof rubbish Completethe First Conditionalsentenceswith
I Let'sget away
the verbs in brackets.
from here.
1 tT -t^^
| i l ) | c (go)to the beach,
shewill takeherrubbishhome.
2 Thepark_ (notbe)niceif
d - " "! * " " ; - *; '
theydon't cleanit.

--*
e
$ $
$ 3 Themenwill collectall yourrubbishif you
(leave)
it outside
- 1 can L-J
-- gardenif I payyou?
b_
\ 2 ptastic
plasticbag L_j
bag LJ g- -
f-ff
--.
_-. ,
^4J = n"*rouo"1
D i g! 5 lf theycleanthe beaches
nearherethissummer,
I (swim)in the sea.
Gt#: 4 battery tl ; I
-F- 5 qrassbotrieI r
--,:il:::::."'' = ;F; ! t :
il
.-.* n
Ei-qrp-nugi
q C) Listenand complete the sentences.
'1
Theclassis goingto learnabout
parentsrecycle
2 Susie's paper;glassand_
3 Johnnv's
mum recvcles
old
4 '*l,'o'o aspeciar
ruul+, i:ii'"',"#;*?,::"
5 Students
cannow recycle
thingsat schoolin the big
G.l:*R nroon outsidethe classroom
fe use the First Conditionalto talk about something
rhich will probablyhappenin the presentor in the future.
Sentencesin the First Conditionalhave two clauses.The if
dauseuses if followedby the PresentSimpleand the result
Sp,"ea"King;
iause uses the FutureSimple. Work with a partner and discussthe following
' ,', questions.Usevocabularyfrom this lesson.
e recycle batteries, we will help the environment.

fie can write negative sentencesin the First Conditional. a Do you think recycling
is important?WhyA//hynot?
lqe or both of the clausescan be negative. b What do you recycleat home?How often?
we don't look after our beaches, they won't be nrce.
'ff bin nearyourhome?What can
c lstherea recycling
you don't recycle, we will have a lot of rubbish!
you put in it?
le can ask questionswith First Conditionalsentenceswith
nd without questionwords:
a\at wiII happenif we destroy the environment?
,'iil this rubbish stink if we leave it here?
WfrHng_:
Write a paragraphabout recycling.Answer the
Note: lt doesn'tmatter which clausecomesfirst, but if we questionsfrom the Speakingtask.
put the if clausefirst then we use a comma.lf the
resultclausecomesfirst, we don't use a commzt.
If you grow plonts, your garden wiII be beoutiful.
Your gorden wiII be beoutiful if you grow plants.

73
Readin
Readthe article about bottled water. What two things can
you make from used plastic bottles?

Whydowelikedrinking water fromplastic bottles?Some


people thinkit is healthy andclean. Others drinkbottled
waterbecause it'seasy- youcancarryit around withyou.
Inhotcountries, likeGreece, weoftenbuybottles of cold
waterinthesummer.
However, making lotsof plasticis nota goodideaformany
reasons. Firstofall,weneeda lotof oilforplastic products.We
usually useoilasa source of energy.lf wereduced thenumber
of bottleswemade, wewouldn't needsomuchoil.Plastic
bottlesalsopollute theenvironment. lfwerecycled allour
plasticbottles,wewouldn't needsomuchspace forrubbish
dumps. ButinGreece, wedon'trecycle muchoftheplastic we
use.In2006,Greeks recycled onlyabout10%of plastic waste.
Therestbecame rubbish onlandandinrivers andseas.
Sonexttimeyouwantto throwawaya plastic bottleinthe'
litterbin,stopandthink.lf yourecycled it,youwouldhelp
theenvironment. Butwhatcanyoudowhenthereisn'ta
recycling binnearyou?Well,therearelotsof useful ways
thatyoucanuseyourbottles again. Forexample, anempty
bottle makes a greatpiggybankforyourpocket money, and
if yo-u,cuta , youwillhavea plantPot.Gogreen!

9P--uPghP**-nue&
Write T (true) or F (false). Write the missingletters.
1 In Greecpneonledrinka lot of hot water 1 Thiscomesout of the earth
ln tne summer. D and we makeplasticwith it.
2 We makeplasticthingswith oil. D 2 lf you do this,you will make
3 Plasticbottlesaregood for the environment.D the air,seaand beachesdirty.

4 In Greecein 2006,about90% of plastic 3 We mustdo thiswith bottles,


wastebecamerubbish. D cansano paper.

5 Youcan makethingsfrom plasticbottles. D 4 You do thiswhen you put


rubbishin a litterbin.
5 Youcansavemoneyin this.
74
Gramman Vo_cabrlary
Circlethe correctwords.

We use the SecondConditional: 1 We don't haveair conditioning/ oxygenin our house.


a to talk about somethingthat cannothappenin the 2 On a hot day,youcanusea fan/ dropof waterat home
presentor the future.
lf I had o garden, l'd be very happy! 3 Treescangiveusshade/ pollution.
b to talk about somethingthat is unlikelyto happenin the it.
4 Thisbottleis useful/empty.Let'srecycle
presentor the future.
5 Someoeoolethinkour climate/ weatherforecast
Thot plont would die if you watered it twice o day.
c to give advice. i sc h a n g i n g .
lJ I were you, I'd start recycling. 6 Therearelotsof greenproducts/ reasons
in the shops.

Sentencesin the SecondConditionalhave two clauses.The


if clauseuses if followedby the Past Simpleand the result g
Listenin
clauseuseswould followedby a bare infinitive.

T I wouldn't destroy that rubbish dump rf I were you.

We can write negattvesentencesin the SecondConditional.


Oneor both of the clausescan be negative.
o Do the quiz. then listen and checkyour answers.
1 How much
a 30o/o
'rubbish'from a litterbin canwe recycle?

lf we didn't keep our beoches clean, they wouldn't be nice.


b 600/o
The city would be very dirty, if we didn't recycle.
c 90%
,Vecan ask questionswith SecondConditionalsentences
'*ith and without questionwords: binsin the area?
What colourarethe recycling
,',hat would happen to the animals if there wos o fire in a blue
:'e forest? o 9reen
fiould they throw awoy plostic bottles if they knew there r hlrro end nroon
*:s a recycling bin in the street?
Wherecanyou recyclebattenesin Greece?
\ote: We usuallyuse were insteadof was after the first
ift
and third personsingular. a i n g r e e nb i n s
. r c
b i n b l u eb i n s
c in supermarkets
n -ook back at the article. Underline the sentences in
: : ::t'reSecond Conditional. How many are there? How muchof the wastein litterbinsin Greecb
is plastic?
L Completethe SecondConditionalsentenceswith a 2o/o
:te verbs in brackets. b 5Yo
;.- c 20%
lJ
!-.
'sle (have)a plasticbottle,she
nr?7- (use)it again bagspollutethe environment
Plastic
WC (help)the a for a minute.
(save)energy? b for twentyminutes.
(not have)a lot of rubbish c for 400 years.
(recycle) a lot
(be)you,I (read)
- - =- articleaboutthe environment.
j n Soun{p,o{_'E;1g!iqh'
(pollute)
the river,I i R Listento this sentenceand underline the
(call)the police , words t.hat are stressed.
lf we reallycaredaboutthe environment,
we wouldn'thaveso manvproblems
with pollution.

B Listenagain and circlethe words that are


stressed.How does the meaning of the
: =:r':=:=* sentencechange the secondtime?

75
Rs-adLus;
Readthe commentsand tips on a web page about the environment
Which two people mention recycling?
_e_9,e,
au.r !r
romarc !{ stoo { nur.rn $; no-"
\
searctr
"{

Nikos, 13, Gorfu 2119110 5.11 pm


I live on a beautiful island. A lot of people come here every year and they throw away a lot of rubbish. My friends
and I tell people, 'Never throw rubbish in the street or on the beach, always use a recycling bin or a litter bin' and
we often clean the beach near our village and throw away the rubbish. Pollution is a big problem. We must
all do somethingabout it.

Angefiki,12, Heraklion 31il10 11.12arn


lf you planta treenearyour house,the shadewill keep
your homecool in the summer.Then,afterthe leavesfall + . =

in the autumn,the sun will heatyour house.Treesarealso :


good becausethey makeoxygen.We breathein oxygenso
we can't livewithoutitl Anotherthingyou can do is use a
fan insteadof air conditioningbecauseit savesenergy' g

j
Sisi, 11,Volos 't2/5/1O 8.30am
Do you eat snacksand thenthrowawayyourdinner?That
is a waste!We throw away a lot of food everyyear and
makingthat food wastesa lot of energy!Anotherthingyou
can do is useyour bikeor walk insteadof usinga car.Go
green,it's easy!

usethingsagain.Youcan usethe sameplasticbagsmanytimesbeforeyou recycl6.i-*tem,


for example.

S,avit l*e this!


.--b-:
Talking about the environment
these words'
Gpnpre-hp".n i Cornpl"te the dialogue with
pollute recycle ride throw away
waste
i
Write N for Nikos,A for Angeliki, S for What do youto for the environment?
Sisior C for Costas. u *rt", cans'PaPer3no' ^ -
,'+ I Isrsr"
-' Helen: | (1)-
Who ... tentre' what aboutyou?
nottrtsut ttt" r"cvtr'ng
mYbike'
the thingswe eat?
1 mentions D $ Kyle: irr*rvt Q).
2 talksaboutusingthings
' car'
I nevergo bY
food
.i oo Yout:l
morethan once? D and water?
3 tatksabout transport? o J
-u.""1"n,
Kyte:
. '

I do'sometimifu'"[l,,iii['J^..\a',,2,s
t'mafraid
\ R.qtr\rq\r\sa\a\Q. S tsu\\rs\''"j-:=a
5 collectsrubbish? D -:2
your partlG-
Now practise the dialogue with
=
-=':.a.=2.-:27.:i+'+:yii''.!,|4:i'ir::<.'.='..=,::=

76
ti$I"e_t!ug: Now complete the sentencesin the Second
Conditional using the tips from A.
Q Listenand number the picturesin the correctorder. 1 lf you insteadof letters,
a * you paper.
2 lf you the lighteverytime
: you left the room,you energy
i*r 3 lf you , you
!
the environment.

C Look at the posterabout the environmentand


complete the sentences using the Second Conditional.

it-...--

(4) (not pollute)the environment

%
(save),#'
(rerycle)

5P"e:aglug:
-ook-atthe picture and say what you would do if
rou lived in this place.

''''
k$-K:
D Make a poster about the environment.
Usethis plan to help you and add photos
or drawings to make the poster attractive.
Answer the questionsfor eachpart of the poster.
p:=
What headingareyou goingto use?

Whatadvice
areyougoingto giveunder
theheadinq?
ritingj
advicewith conditional
sentences What would happenif we followedthe advice?
1llmkat these tips about the environment.
:-: s insteadof letters.Youdon't

:-- .-: lighteverytimeyou leavea room. E Rememberto use the SecondConditional for
;,::refgy. the advice on your poster.

77
Completethe paragraphwith thesewords.
Vocabulary
bottles danger difference
A Find the stickers. energy fan litres
t2
T h ee n v i r o n m e rnsti n g r e a t( 1 )
but we canalltakeactionand makea
(2) . T h e r ea r em a n yl i t t l et h ' - ;
'rubbs-
we cando. We canrecycle 60%of our
we recycle a tonneof paper,we will save17 -'='
^t ,, -- -
morethan 26,000(3) UL\.: :

anda lot of (4) I We can use


bush nnnrt
F"""
vro)) \J/ a g a i n n da g a i nI.n t h e
a
summer, we canusea (6)
:j-, :4 insteadof air conditioning. Therearelotsof things
each person can do for the environment, so don't
b e l a z y !G o g r e e n l

Circlethe correctwords.
1 Therewasa trap/ pileof leaves in the garder

seeds That hugetree isn'tsuitable/ curiousfor


squrrrel
a smallbalcony.
-: Becareful- the grassisverysticky/ slippery
iu'- when it rains.
l
I
4 Thatshopsellsonlygreenproducts/ stones
5 How muchwatercanthisbucketheat/ holdr-
I soilmustbe wet beforeyou plar''
o The leaves
new seeds.

rap shade
Gramman
:j, i9l
A Completethe sentenceswith gerunds formec
i
from the verbs in brackets.
l
1 | like (learn)
aboutthe
l at school.
: environment
(take)careof anrmalsis
verydifficult.
bin
recycling fan 3 Meg is not goodat
her roorn'
I don't remember (feed
B Match. birdsyesterday.
1 piggy a tag I MISS (sit)in Grandma's
2 plastic h bag gardenin winter
3 name C dump
4 rubbish d
bank
5 weather e forecast

78
h i
Song;

I Choosethe correct answers.


watermy plantsnextweek,please?
a Areyou goingto
b Willyou
It _ snowtomorrow.I watchedthe news.
a isn't
b isn'tgoingto
Comeon! _ you plantthosetreesand bushesin
thegarden.
a l ' l lh e l p Dumprubbisheverywhere
b l ' m g o i n gt o h e l p Andwe'll live in o dirty world
Theythinkthe new park_ a pondwith fishin it. Everyonecon do something
a rsgoingto have Everymon,womon,boy ond girl.
b will have
Tf we all recycled
Darren_ put air conditioning
in hisbedroom. We wouldlive in o world thot's cleon
He told me yesterday. Firas destroy forests
a isn'tgoingto Plantingtrees will mokethe hills green.
b won't
6 You_ sorry!That'sa promisel We musf protect the environment
a aregoingto be And carefor onimolstoo.
ff we don't protact the environment,
b w i l lb e
Whot will our childrendo?
--\
I Completethe sentenceswith question tags. Thinkof life withoutonimols
Without wildlifein the seo \ g t
1 Youdid turn off the tap, a J""e.
There won't be ony oir for us 1 1
2 Thesnakesarein the cage,
3 Thatspiderisn'tdangerous,
?
)
ff we cut downevery lree.

Yes.our climote'schonging
i t
4 She'llbe OKin thejungle,
We must chongetoo, you ond me
5 We candrinkthiswater. Tf wewere oll more careful
6 We don't needthe fan today, Whot o beoutifulworld this wouldbe.
7 He doesn'treallyhavea pet tiger,
6 I'm verycurious,

Completethe sentenceswith the correct form


of the verbs in brackets.Usethe Firstand the
SecondConditional.
1 lfwe (not lookaftedour
envrronment, we will destroyit.
2 She (hurt)herdog if she's
not carefuI
3 lf yougrewfruityou (save)money.
4 You (save)energyif you turn
off the lightswhenyou leavea room.
5 l'm afraidthistorchwon't work if you
(notput)new batteries in it.
lf I wereyou, I (ride)my bike
IO WOTK.
:
.:l
.*li

Ii
1f Kaie: before
Right,lets go. We haveto get away
thosemencomeback.lt's
stoppedrainingnow.
Paolo: tsutwhatarewe goingto do about
We mustmakea plan.
Craine?
M a n d y : Do we haveto do it now?l'm reallytired
and UncleOliveris waitinofor us.
Jake: Mandy'sright.Paolo,let'sgo homeand
we'llmeetyoutomorrowat the caf6.
Paolo: OK.l'll leadtheway.We haveto turn
leftfromhere.Followme.

Jake: Err , we'rereallysorry.We wereexploring thejungle


Wherehaveyou been?| was expecting r3 1 a n d R o b b r fee l li n t h e r i v e r l
you homefor dinner!I hopeyou haven't Kate: Paolohadto jump in and savehim!Thenwe waited
oot intotroubie!You lookterrible! in a caveuntilthe rainstoooed.
Oliver: Thatriveris reallydangerous! You mustn'tgo near
thereagain,OK?Areyou alrightnow,Robbie?
Where'syoursweatshirt?
Robbie:Yes,I'mfine,thanks.And mv sweatshirt . er ...I leftit
in the cafe.
Oliver: OK,we'llget it tomorrow. l'llwarmup dinner.Go and
get readyfor bed and thenyou can eat

Afterdinner
jii

fl
Robbie: Hello?
m reallysleepynow J Man: ls Robbiethere?
Robbie: Yes,thisis Robbie.
Man: Listento me,Robbiell'vegot something of yours!
And I knowyouraddresslKeepyourmouthshut, ;
Robbie, or you'llbe sorry!Doyou hearme?
R o b b i e : Who is this? r-

ffi^p g)l

82
Vocabulary .
':;,,,
- : :i :
A Completethe sentences
with thesewords. We use must to talk about obligationin the presenr
and the future.We use a bare infinitiveafter must.
alright explore follow shut sleepy You must buy a ticket for the bus.
We mustn't be lote tomorrow.
1 Areyou ? you lookawfull Affirmative
2 Youknowthe town.Youleadand l,ll you |/Y ou/He / She/ tI /W e/They must stay.
3 l'm not tonight.Let,swatchTV Negative i ,.
4 Let'sgo and-- the town. | /You/He/She/\t/We/They mustn't (must not) stay.
5 Thisdoor is_ and I can,topenit. Question
MusI |/ y ou/he / she/ it / welthey stay?
B Match.
Short answers

frs
,l
a ------>y
1 ' ( '
Y es,| / y ou/he / she/ iL/ w e,/theymust.
No, l/youlhe / she/ i17$1sTtheymustn't.

Note:We use cion'thaveto to show that something


isn't necessary
but we can chooseto do it if we want.
"'l Youdon't have to buy books - there'so librory in town.
d
We use mustn't when we want to say we are not
allowedto do something.We can't chooseto do it.
You mustn t throw rubbishin the street.
-,-
--...1
Circle the correct words.

1 You have/ must to go round the corner.


2 When do we have to / must be at the caf6?
3 D i d h e h a v et o / m u s t c r o s st h e r o a d t h e r e ?
4 Y o u m u s t n ' t / d o n ' t h a v et o g o t h e r e . l t ' s o a n g e r o u s .
5 You mustn't / don't have to work today. lt's a holiday.

,',e can use haveto to talk about obligationin the present,


Listening
:-e future and the past. We usea bareinfinitiveafter haveto.
':u will have go C) Listenandwrite the namesof the buildings.
to to the city centre.
'esterdoy we had
to wqlk home becousewe missedthe bus. cafd library restaurant school supermarket
Affirmative i, , 1,
You/We/They have to go.
-e/She/lt has to go.

tfegative i
You/We/They don't have to go.
-e/She/lt doesn't
haveto go.
Question i
-: l/you/welthey have to go? I
Lqng
I -:eshe,/she,zit
haveto go? Road
I

I
Short answers
- _I - _ Kinq
: Sirset
=s, l/you/we/they do. No, | /y ou/welthey don't.
=s.herzshe/itdoes. No, helshe/it doesn't.

1:.npletethe sentenceswith the correct form of


' .=
to/don't have to.
Speaking
h^
Choosetwo placesfrom the Listeningtask.Tellyour
ttc get a busnow? partner how to get from the first to the second-place.
l! =- be verycarefulwhenyou crossthe road
't
librarybookwaslateand I -- payf5l Writing
you _ buy ticketsyesterday?
Write down the directionsyou gave in the
go into town.so I stayedat home Speakingtask.
83
Readin*
Readabout New York and name four things you can do in Central Park.

NewYorkis a fantasticcityfor everyoneandyoudon't haveto spenda lot of money


ln fact,thereareevensomethrngsyoucando withoutspending a singlecent!
Firstof all,youcango on a tourof the NewYorkBayon oneof the freeStatenlsland
Ferries. Thetourtakesyouroundthe bayandyoucanseethe Statueof Libertyand
the districtof Manhattan
withall itsfamousskyscrapers andotherbuildings.
Afteryourride,youcanvisitthe BrooklynChildren s Museum. Ticketsaren'texpensive
andtherearelotsof fantastic exhibitions andactivitiesfor kidsof all ages.Youcantry
on a costume, seeanimalsandinsec6andtakea lookat the collection of 3O,OOO,
obiectsfromaroundthe world.
YoumustalsovisitCentralPark.Youcansunbathe, fishin the lakeor justgo for a
relaxing walk.Peoplefromalloverthe worldlivein thiscity,so youcanhearlotsof
differentlanguages.Goodclimberscanevengo rockclimbinglln the evening, you
cango to the theatreon Broadway. lf you'relucky,
you'llgetsomecheaptickets.
Andwhenyou'veflnishedlookingat the sights, whatcanyoudo? Eat,of course!You
mustn'tleavewithouttryingthe localfood.Bagelsaredelicious chewybreadrings.
Youcanbuythemon the street.Youmustalsotry an originaiNewYorkhot dog.
Theytecheapandtasty

Gpspgl!-emi"-qu:
Answer the questions.
1 How muchdo you payfor the Statenlslandferry?

2 How manythingsarein the museum's


collection?
V,o-cebufeju.,
3 Wherecanyou seea playin the evening? Circlethe correct answers.
1 Thisbagelis lovely.lt'sverychewyI original.
4 What is a bagel? 2 There'sa sight/ statueof a famouspersonoverthere.
3 You can fishl try on in the river.
5 What are 'cheapand tasty'? 4 How about goingon a(n)activityI tour of the city?
5 l've got a(n)exhibition/ coilectionof coins.
84
Gnamman v;
V.oc_a[qlar
Match.

We use can for the presentand the future to:


a talk about ability.
We cqn climb wqlls.
b ask for and give permission.
Cqn I toucll the statue, pleose?
You con't eat or drink in the iuseum.
c talk about what is possible.
You con walk oround the pork oll day.

We use could to talk about abilityand possibilityin the past.


He could wolk when he was one year old.
We couldn't see the theatre from the pork.

We use a bare infinitiveafter can and could.


:,1,,,,'...,.1,iii1i,
a;ti$5{ifie.,..::. 1 museum D 4 skyscraper D
|/Y ou/He/ She/lt /W e/They canlcouldspeak. 7 <nrr:ro D 5 bank D
Negative ,..;.;:...ri.i"]*,,- ? q f o n c
D 6 shopping
centre D
|/Y ou/He/ She/ lt /W e/They can'tlcouldn't
(cannot,/couldnot)speak.
,:,,,, E-i$eniqg:'
f) Listenand circlethe correct words.
Sha*':$,'-:iijiii:1=,',....1.:.111;t,11:,,=',=1,.1;i$
1 Aunt Helenwent to Athensin 2004 l2A06.
Yes,|/ you/he / she/ it / we/ they can/ could.
No,|/youlhe/ she/ it/we /they can'tlcouldn't. 2 TheParthenon
/ hotelison a hillin the citycentre
3 Aunt Helendidn't visitthe Parthenon
/ museum.
A Circlethe correctwords. 4 Joshis havingtunch/ goingshoppingin Plaka.
1 Youcan/ can'tvisitthe museumon Mondays. lt'sclosed. 5 Joshisn'tgoingto the cinema/ theatre.
2 We can't/ couldn'tgo to the theatrethis evening.
3 | couldn't/ can't go to the libraryyesterday
becauseI
wassick.
J My grandmothe r can/ can'tgo rockclimbingI She92!
i Could/ Canyou ridea biketo schoolwnen you were
a child?
i Can/ Couldn'tI go out tonight.Mum?

Completethe sentenceswith can, can't, could


or couldn't.
'
Excuse me youtakedogsintothispark?
- W e seethe exhibition
becausethe
trcketswereexpensive -.-'.*r",;;;;;-s-**:*.=*.*;,-;;;;;;":****:,-.;,;:;;*;;_*=,*

fishwhenwe werechildren. g-,.


qJrEnelis
o s_p-,tm_d b'
walkto the town centre.lt'sabout
A Circlethe odd one out and then listen and
r a l f a n h o u rby car
checkyour answers. }'
-astyearI drive.I usedto takethe bus.
1 sight right oinhi
.chn ridea bike.He alwavsfallsoff. 2 give five dive
3 wind mind find
4 some come home

Practisesayingthe words in A. Can you think


of any other words that rhyme with them?

85
DearCitY6uide,
Londonis
Onereasonthat t '{ike
Thereare
becausert's serSreen'
ever)one $oeq
a,{ot of Pdrksdqd
a
to thevna,{ot"}ou can 3o for
or
wa{k, haved Picnlc 30 lo331n3'
There dre drsq sone fantasttc
and soNleof thern are
r{iuseu'Yns,
"t'oo'
shopsc're brl'0'{'ant
Fe free. The
3 forget Youl'
but you shou.{dn't
i& lt rains a "{'rt'
:i uo,Uru{{oLecause
=
tt**
tr *:::'
:: SandraPorxer
=
= ffi
s w c
a
=
::::* *.
:::: S

tu


*

5a it l'ke this!
Asking for and giving directions
How canI get to ..'?
How canI get to the bank?
How far is it to...?
Comprehension How far is it to the library?
T u r n. . . a n dt h e n . . .
Write M for Maria, 5 for Sandraor P for Paul. Turnleft and thengo straight aheod'
Who... on the righVleft-hand side
of the street'
1 talksaboutgoingto the beach? D lhe cafeis on theright-handside
streeton the righVleft
2 mentionsplacesyou canvisitwithout paying? D the firsVsecond
Park Lane is the secondstreeton the left'
3 talksabout meetingpeoplefrom differentcountries?D
Take it in
4 mentionswalkinga lot? D Role play with your partner'
foi and give directions from
5 mentionseatingmanydifferentthings? D i,itiJio'"tt
;;;;tE;;i
the
to Yourfrous"'Practise
6 talksabout rainyweather? tl languageabove.

86
Glpmma_r, Writihg;-
:1i:= Orderof adjectives
We use mighi to talk about possibiliiy. A Readabout the order of adjectives.
It might rain tomorrow.
Whenwe havetwo or moreadjectives in a sentence.
We use a bare infinitiveafter might. we
put them in a certainorder.We usethis order:
Affirmative 1 opinron eg fantastic 5 colour eg red
|/Y ou/He / She/ tt /W e/They might go. 2 size eg big 6 origin eg Greek
Negative 3 age e go l d 7 material eg silver
'A+ )- Lr ^r. c^ i u- e eg Squafe
|/Y ou/He /She/tt /W e/They might
not go.
Note:We don'tusuallyusemight in questions Look at these sentences.put the adjectives
and we in
usually
saymightnota n d n o t m l g h t nt . bracketsin the correctorder.
1 lcomefroma(n) (old,Greek)town
'i:'
I Thisisa (new small,green)bookcase.
We use shouldto ask for and give advice. 3 Thisisa(n) (great,English,
new)frlm
You s.houldbe coreful in the city qt
nieii.
Should I tum right at Bonk Street?
Rea_dthis descriptionof a town
We use a bare infinitiveafter should. and put the adjectivesin the
, - correct order.
Affirmative ,
|/Y ou/He / She/ tL/W e/They shoutd
come.
Negative
I tYou/He/She/lt/We/They shouldn't
(shouldnot) come.
, Scorborough
Question
Should|/y ou/he / she/ it / w e they townbyiheseo.Insummer, lotsof peoplego there
/ come? ', tj
:: becouseifsgoto {2)
Short answers l ii
beoch.WhenK sunny, youconsilonlhebeochorswim,
' es, y :l
/ ou she/ it / w e,/theyshould. r i

' tc, .l you /he / butwhenifscoldyouconwotcho ployinthe 9


|/ /he / she/ iI / w e/they shouldn,t. l!
(lorge,round)theatreorvisitthe
:l
(old.beoutiful)coslle.
Youcon
Complete the sentences with rnight,
might no! conbuy I
s h o u l do r s h o u l d n , t . buvnicesweelstheretoo.Oneiscolledrock.You
of
colours
lotsofdifferenl rock.You con olsobuy :l
You-_.=- bringan umbrella.lt,sclouoy. .I
;l
we =_=.__- arriveon time.Theroadsarebusy. :l
;l
I bringa coat? il

Sitdown.Thebus
You
ho lrt6

be scared.Thecity is
e rt
il
it
lr
verysafe. Tqlh:' t,

y!:t arethe peoplesaying?Completethe D a description.of a town. Usetwo adjectives


sntenceswith the correct-form
oi mightor should. Yri],"
to describeeachthing. Usethis plan to t you.
akethisbecause Answer these questions. "ip
You=_-___-- go to
that shopllt'sexpensivel Whereis the town?

What canyou do when the weatheris qood?

What canyou do when the weatherisn,tqood?


l n n
- ' y v

:: ..,,nthisstreet? haveschooltomorrowl What canyou buy/eatthere?

Readyour descriptionand checkthat


the
ao;ecttvesare in the correct order.

87
; :
; e'f} &#sn 'Lr lt,

J\J"; : ;'rq1
1 . l(at'-e: r h i n k , . r ' :, . : i r i r i l t e [ i il ] i r . r e ra i : * ; t , , n a i n ; .= e ' i
iieip urs.
j-v;ar-leh,;".lnlFle'l:t:,=. ie;'ili arncrir.
? o o b r e ; i i h h ! O l i , i e ti , i i r ri e l a r l i . e ts g c f * r i ' ; v a l lrl i ' t
r n * h e a : : r a i e r b r e a k i e . sT l . r e i " * ' s; o r n i e t h t n g
i r i U S h C ' - l i a j v i T i - . . . ^. .r.
iake: il'K. f'illc;.r t-:,lr anelvrte8!nmee. hinr tr-ei"e.
i-.'ncile ouli,:c he rl,t:n'tmi::C.
O,'v::' i:: ,,tOii'tgl

s g i Haifan hour later


\ \ l ,

Jake; So uvhatdc youwantto t,-+ii us, R*bb,s


fl Tt4ane,ru:
,'rnscareq.wnat are we going to do? Robbie: Sornebodyr Blronedlastnight I thinkii
Itate: 'tvhatdo r;cu ihink, Paoio? ,'',7 ,', . ,1 rruas e]raine.,ie threateneoltle!
Faolo: '.iLeil,
ma5rberrueshould teli Oirver. i Fae,'lo: ttlll.lat?
Hcw dicihe knouryeur number-
i r";aslistentrgto the rlews e n a iac;,[l.adic Jake: IVIayhe le reeognised us fromtne
.ciatjontll.=::riri'nrirg.!t'._ssaid that ar in'talsare pl'lotcson ihe carnera.He saw us at
:rsappee..T. i,J - ConrulEa" lf we i.olj il'lirnit lva.s the hai'bcui'witir Uncle0ltver.
l:eiieireus.
;i-r the ne\,\t;:.it'. vrtor,rio
o b b i o : : doll't thriik \,vesilolridsa.yanrrihinc;Let's ciiscus:
iiiinEsag;Lrrr refr::rearx,rideCisiDn*u s msd6 iivait
i cl s"r"ld
rere riuhii,"- get rny mnCileaitone. I nav'ete
'a-f t i:.-r: -4 \li, -
? i'
..take

9.t

:.; ;t*.,,r; , Fivc nnrnuitesiaic


"*.

,At O Ifr,.,re
r's Ftor.rse
fJliver; ,-h, ['lelle =ecr:ir-r T h a t ' : i r i . r O l i l ' e r; a i i e c h i n ' l
r , & s j l J S . r ? . , t tt ' : .

i ia,veYou t":,t'!-*i':-:tt r.)-


:lrnethin;r'
r : C r' ' . :s Cai
irslele'rci :r
,ii i:rr,;te?
tllllv,:.:r: i,f eours:. .,-rsi
le li the l L,r
:
:lt-lC.,| :ie
i\-nnire o;.r'tlrelp Jiol.inow
,1,.1uate!' ' r l u , e r : l m i n g l r y i t h; s
/ i - " 1 -' . | \ r ] i:oit!
oh:"'

we are see l
grab hlr-rbe1'1,'e
U I E
Vo_cabularyl Completethe sentenceswith the presentSimple
passiveof these verbs.
Completethe sentenceswith these words.
not pay not play send show watch
disappear discuss lock recognise threaten 1 A lotof adverts onthischannel.
) Thatsong on the radio
People differentthingson thisshow
) J Thatreporter a lot of money.
Didyou the door?
4 lotsof letters to the DJ?
Why doesthe remotecontrolalways
5 Thisprogramme by a lot of people
that actor.He was in Titanic.
: My parentsoften
throw awayour TV.
me that they'll
VOcabufary
Circlethe correctwords.
Gnam_mar'
- . --.::
'J -.; :i-

We use the passivevotce:


a when we are more interestedin the actionthan the
persondoing it.
A lot oI televisions are made in China.
b when we don't know who does the action.
The news is shown every hour.
c when it is obviouswho does the action.
1 Thisis my favouriteprogramme / reporter.She'sgreat.
Televisionis watched in a lot of countries.
) Thisboy is in a comedy/documentary.
lf we want to talk about the persondoingthe action,we use by: 3 Thisis a nature/ talentshow.
The news isn't reqd by o locol reporter.
4 Lookat this funnycartoon/ channel.
We make the PresentSimplepassivewith am, are or is and 5 Thisradiostation/ DJis calledlvorSeedy.
the past participleof the main verb. See pagesI24-I25
o Thenews/ weatheris on now.
for a list of irregularpast participles.

Affirmative , ,,
lm given fig1ening,
he,zshelit'sgiven 6) Listenand number the picturesin the correctorder.
we're/y ou're/they' re given
Negative,, l. , Question
l'm not given A m I g i v e n. . . ?
helshe/it's not given ls helshe/it given ...?
we're/you' re/they're not given Arewe/you/they given...?
Shortranswers ,, ,
Yes,I am. No,I'm not.
Yes,helshe/it is. No, helshe/it isn't.
Yes,welyou /they are. No, we/you /they aren't.

A Completethe sentenceswith the present S i m p l e


passiveof the verbs in brackets.
1 Thisis an old comedybut it (watch)
by lotsof youngpeople.
all the songson thisradroshow
(choose)by the DJ?
speak_!ng:
Thestudiodoor (lock)at 9 o'clock Look at the picturesin the Listeningtask and tell
everynight. the story in your own words
Thiscomedy (not write)by one
person,but by threepeople. Writing'
musicvideos (grve) Write a short paragraph
to peoplefor free? about the story in the
Listeningtask.
91
Television has become a very important part of our lives and we can't imagine living
without it. Throughout the world, it entertainsand informs people of all ages.It is
also used for advertising.(t) _
The first electronicblack and white televisionwas invented in the 1920s. In the
early days,only a few very wealthy people could afford television sets.In 1936
there were only about 200 TV setsin the world. (2)
USA in the 1950s, colour televisionwas broadcastto the public for the first time,
though few people bought colour television sets as they could not show blad< and
white programmes.(3) This could show black and white and colour
prograrnmes,so people startedbtlnng thesenew TVs. In the 1960s, all kinds of
prograflrmes were shown, but quiz shows and soap operaswere very popular. We
still watch programmes like these nowadays, but we also watch reality shows and a
lot of films.
Advertising on TV startedin I94I in the USA. (4)
seenon nearly all channels all over the world.
We now have wide screenDlasmaand LCD TVs, mini pocket TV
sets and digital television. Who lqrows what kinds of TV we'll have in the future?

Go-mBrqh-e-n"ri,q-ni Yo"eeF=ularur
Completethe article with these sentences. A Completethe sentenceswith these words.
a new kindof television
a In 1967,however, advertising entertaifi imagine invent'technology
wasinvented.
all
ischanging
television
b with new technology, 1 Did Marconi
the time. 2 Television all overthe world makea lot of
companies
c But how did it begin?
4 Canyou lifewithout radioand TV?
d Later,the pricecamedown and morepeople
boughtone. 5 TV doesn'tjust us, it alsoinformsus
was for a kindof
e Thefirstcommercial 6 Thisnew !
is amazing
wnst watch.
92
B Circlethe odd one out.
1 commercial aovert watch
Eisle_nrns
2 afford show broadcast o Listenand tick (/) the correct pictures.
3 mini small wide 1 What happened
in Brightonthismorninq?
4 invent rmagine make a ' hv
5 soapopera realityshow television
set

Grammap
2 Wheredid the friendsfindthe elephant?
We make the past simplepassivewith was
or were and
past participle of the main verb.
Jne See pages I24_IZ5
for a list of irregularpast particioles.

AfJffiffi
I was given
he/she/it was given
we/you/they were given
Thoseshoes were shown on TV.
Negat$,.....
I wasn'tgiven
he/she/it wasn't given
we/you / they weren't given
This technologywosn'{invented in 1950.
Question
W a sI g i v e n. . . ? What'sthe weathergoingto be likethisafternoon?
Was he/she/it given ...? e b
Werewelyoulthey given ...?
this programme made in France?
"/qs
Sro*,:*ns*ii.i .,.,,,j::,:,,, t, , - .'.].1.ii1
f.i''r: .I
,,1 . .1'...,t1,,.
Yes,l/he/she/it was. No, l/helshe,/it wasn't.
fes, we/you/they were. Yes,welyoulthey weren't.
readthe newstomorrowmorning?
mpletethe sentenceswith the past Simplepassive
the verbs in brackets. icf
t-_-'

-rat
soapopera (show)for ten years.
'.1ycousin
(choose)for a reality
:row lastyear
thosepresenters
:ay)a lot for thisshow?
- ot of DJs (interview)
-^ for the job.
s quizshow (notmake)in London. o soUnd+o+ErgJfqh
a repofter
; A Readthese pairs of words. Write S if
-:t
send)to thesceneofthe accident? they'soundthe sameand D if they
sound different.
TV (invent)
.'ohnLogieBaird?
-: commercial
1 see she D
= rrght.
(not broadcast) 2 there their D
3 knows nose D
4 Phil feel D
5 wear where D
: B Listenand checkyour answers.

93
Readin*
Readthe magazinearticle and name the two DJson tamnsr*ffVt
== H =
=====.=',r.+- ==:;!1* !-i :i== #

*i
=1-=...:3i*i:; r r:::l: rr,:
S.:::r :!1:-!$ ffi= r5= i*tl 1
i
=.:-=::.;:.;=a-::.: : ,', i S:=:
i,==:r::::=:=::: i ;j"il: 3.=
'"-:=*::: S
=:==== ::.:::t:::,:' :,]iii| ;si==
:.,:;* :i::
i:::::,:l: ffi;= r::'i']l
S-4,::'

We oskedo clossof twelve ond thirteen yeor-oldsobout their fovourite


televisionond rodio progrommesond this is whot they told us.

@r{e@
My favouriteprogrammeis a talentshow for singerscalledX Factorbecausel'm
goingto be a singerone day.Lotsof peoplego on the showand it'snot always
easyfor them.Theyhavesingingand musiclessons but it'sstillhard.Theyallwant
to winI Sometimes theycryand they arereally
sad because the teachers sayhorrible
thingsto them. Everyyearthereare new peopleon the show. My sister
and I hope
that we canbe on the show one dav!

Nbftdn}{-1,M
I don't watchmuchtelevision
because l'm usuallybusyplayingfootball.In fact,the
onlyprogrammes I watchareaboutcars.Oneof my favourites is lop Geor.My dad
watchesit with me.Therearethreemen in it and they tell us about all the new cars.
Theydo somecrazythings,too. lt'sreallyfunny and a brt I
silly. remember oncethat
they hadto makea carfrom bitsof othercars. lt looked terriblel I really laughed a lot.
=::t $g

ii =...-=:::= H:i::*S:E**: :*eit:t;E=::::


:: i= :ia..= =:: =-:= :=i i : r*: : I I ff :iF; :.::: =-r :::: :: :::a G:t ==-

lE:.i:=+i:--:i1 Zoq@@
=
- = == :i preferthe radiobecause you cando other
I onlywatchTV on Saturday mornings.I usually
: g thingswhileyou'relistening. In the morningI listento a radiostation Lampsi
called FM on
=:==.* got called
:S=i:,* my MP3playerwhilel'm gettingreadyfor school.Theshow has two DJs
,::::*ffi::t$ Katerina and Dimitris. TheyPlaY
==--:=+!s
='== E a l lk i n d so f m u s i ca n d
=:::::=:it# they'rereallyfunny.They it lipe this!
l a u g ha n dt e l lf u n n y
storiesandtheymake Expressing Preferences
me feelhappy. favouriteshowis "'
Mv
'v|v
fivouriteshowis VeronicaMars'
D6 you .
Prefer .lo , ?
Do vouPrefer snowsto quizshows?
realfty
Comprehgnsion ',8',3lti
; rilnirs, oopop"rasto documentari es'
Write M for Mary, N for Natalie or Z for Zoe. I oreferradio to tele-utston'
/ c a n ' t ' s t a n.d. .
Who...
t can'tstandtalentshows'
1 doesn'tthinkthat herfavourite some of these phrases'
Completethe dialoguewith
programme is funny? D KYle?
Gina: What'sYourfavouriteshow,
2 watchesTV oncea week? D Kyle: is a quizshow'
knowswhat shewantsto do in Gina: DoyoulikerealitYshows?
the future? o Kyle: No.I (2
shows.
realitY
4 onlylikesone kindof programme? D Gina: | 1 l comedies talentshows?
to
talentshows.
5 watchesher favouriteprogramme Kyle: No. (4)
with someone else? D I hate comedies

94
E-i$erung: B Look at the review of a television programme below.
Find eight spelling mistakesand correit them.
C) Listenand write the numbers next to
the kinds of programme.
y favourite TVprogramme showcalled
isareality
a comedy D Suruivor.lt isn'tonW atthemoment butit wason
h documentary D lastyear.
theshow, twoteams ofpeople
aresenttoan
C quizshow D There aren'tanyhouses sothe
orhotels,
d talentshow D have tosleep Theycanonlytakeone
outside.
wtttrthem,sotheyusualy choosesomething
e the news D Thepeople
likeatoothbrush. alsohave
foodandtheyspenda lotoftimefishingand
Every
frutfromthetrees. weekoneperson
sBe-al(ngj C Er'lii:l
rh
collecting
hasto At
leeve. theend, are
there twopeople
only on
asthewiner.
andoneofthemis chozen
Interview your partner about TV.Ask these and
questions. likeSurvivor it'sveryexciting
because
I thingit
haveto dothingslikeeatinsects.
How often do you watchTV? 'entertains
youwhenyouwatchit.I don'twant
I likelivingina house!
ontheshow,however.
How manyhoursa week do you watchTV? =:,.
,A/hendo you watch TV?
,Vhatprogrammes
do you watch?
,Vhatareyou favouriteprogrammes?Why?
-low manyTVsarethere your
in house?
Task""
,Vherearethey? C Write a review of your favourite television
programme. Usethis plan to help you.

Writi!!S_:- Paragraph1
Saywhat yourfavouriteprogramme isandwhen
Spelling
mistakes it is shownon TV.
A Find the spelling mistakesin these sentences Paragraph2
and correct them. Saywhat happens on the show.
1 Thisradiostationisawfull. Paragraph3
Saywhy you likethe showandwhethervouwanr
2 | thing realityshowsareinteresting.
to appearon it.
3 Thosethinksin the advertsareexpensive.
D Readyour review and checkthat you have
4 We watch W at brekfast. spelt everything correctly.
5 He preferswatchingrealyfunnyshows.
6 Theyalwayswatchcartonson Sundaymorntngs
7 My friendsand I lisento LampsiFM. Song ;';rTS
-s,,.'; I i*
8 Jodiewason the new TV programe. \,+4"
9 Thiscomedyseamsgood. We've never waf chedsotfr
Or gamesnows
vr showson TV IV 2 .:'
10 | waslistening
to the radioan our aqo. .r.-
T pref er wildlife progrommesr4
And my wif e likes DVDs. r'f
Our kidsore jusf not interested
fn wotchingsilly shows
They like playing gamesoutside
Or listeningto the rodio.

Youmight reod o bookor drive or cook


Youconskoteboordoround,explorethe town
Youconfix your bike.Youcondo whot you like
Youconlistenoll doy to your fovouriteDJ
But you don't hoveto do onything
Whileyou'relisteningto the rodio.
V.otabutq_r,y: C Circlethe correctwords.
You haveto watchthisold (1)cartoon/ talentshow
A Find the stickers. abouta policeman calledPete.lt'sreallyfunnylHe
(2)follows/ threatens a thiefcalledSlimall around
l: ,?;
!
town becausehe wantsto catchhim. He wears
!
differentclothesand masksbut Slimalways
(3)recognises / imagineshim becausehe hasa very
funnywalk.Petelovesfood andwhen he isn'tworking,
he'sin hisneighbourhood cafeeatinghot dogsand his
(4)
favouritechocolate steps/ bagels.He'scrazyabout
sKyscraper statue them because they'resweetand (5)chewy/ sleepy.
'4- **---:: Pete's got lotsof differentthingslikemobilephones,
E i- cameras and evena(n)(6)mini/ originalW, but
mostof them arereallyold andtheyshouldbe in a
(71library/ museum.Slimalways(B)disappears / discusses
in the end,but Petenevergivesup!

trafficlights t. ^,,
uay Gramman
,6 A Choosethe correct answers.
1 You to ieaveyourcarhereandwalkto the
shoppingcentre.
a have
b must
c c a n r
reporter DJ 2 We watchthe news.Let'swatch a quiz
showinstead.
8j
"7
a shouldn't
b mustn't
c don't haveto
I turn left at the library?
a Might
b Should
remotecontrol exhibition C HAVC

You_ go to the theatreearlyor you won't find


-^,, -L-^^^ +i-l'^+-
ory Lr rEoP LTLNEL).

B Circlethe odd one out. a nave


1 shoppingcentre 0 can
channel 0anK
c must
2 realityshow soapopera NCWS
You- lt'sverygood.
missthisTV programme.
3 sights collection tour
a mightnot
4 object thing square b shouldn't
5 entertain inform invent c don't haveto
We _ go on a boattour tomorrow,but we
h:rron't doridad rrof

A MUSI
b might
c haveto

96
Completethe dialoguewith thesewords.

can can't couldn't haveto might


mightnot should shouldn't

G r a n d m a : Y o u( 1 )
I
t l

L{A."r,,
fit jj
television.
watchso much fifr
l {
I didn'twatcha lot of TVwhen
I wasyoung. {#
Jackie: Of course. You(2) watch TV
because you didn't havea TV set,Grandma ! , . .
G r a n d m a : Oh yes,I forgot.But you (3)
be outsidein the freshair.lt,sqood for vou.
1t
Jackie: But GrandmaI (4)
outsidetoday.lt's freezing
go
I]
Grandma: It isn'tfreezing! you (5)
be reallywarm,but you won,t be coldwith
a coaton. Youcango to the cinema.There
(6)
N
be a goodfilm on.
Jackie: But | (7) watch a DVDhere
at home.Cinematicketsareexpensive.
Grandma: Oh,dear.Yes,theyare.
Jackie: OK,l'm sorrybut | (8) do
my nomeworKnow
Grandma: OK,we'lltalk later.

i Changethe verbs in bold into the passivevoice to


completethe secondsentencesin each pair.
1 Davidgave me a new DVD.
a new DVDby David.
Theymake a lot of funnyadverts.
A lot of funnyadverts by them.
Canyou remember
who inventedTV?
Canyou remember
who TV by?
4 Thestudiodoesn't pay itsactorsmuch.
Theactors muchby the studio.
In the film,the thiefthreatensthe detective
In the film,the detective hri
We're flyingtodoy for ocrossthe sea
the thief. To omozingNew york. New york.
5 Theyshowed us roundthe museum. There'sso muchto do,there'sso muchto see
We fn omozingNew York. New york.
a r o u n dt h e m u s e u m .
7 D otheytake the touristson a tour?
We must see the Stotue of Liberty
the tourists Tn amazingNew York. New york.
on a tour? If the tickets are cheap,we'll seea comedy
Thepeoplein the caf6didn't recognisethe singer Tn amazingNew york. New york.
Thesinger by the peoplein 9efore it gefs dork we'll go to Centrolpork.
+11^ -^lA
rr rg Ld tu.
We cansunbotheor climb uo o rock
You,don'th.aveto pcy to soii roundNew york Boy
We'll see the sights or we'llgo f or o wolk.

97
What is the name of
this meansof transport?

a wire car
b cabletrain
c cablecar

': _-
f r.* *,.*=1:
*- l'--
*
r];^- "q
I

(
V*o-c_gbq[4yr A Complete the sentenceswith the correct
comparative
or superlative structure and the adjectivesin
brackeg.
A Completethe sentenceswith these
words. 1 Thisferry is (fast)than the bus.
brusstop catch get on 2 I neverwalk anywhere.l.m
kidnap ,.r*u*,,,
personin our family.
1 Here'sthe train.Let,s 3 Planes are (exciting)thantrains.
A
z Did he really
a boy? Thisseatis (not nice)asthat one.
3 I'm sureI just hearda 5 ls the metro (popular) means
4 We always of transport?
the businto town.
Excuse
me. ls therea nearhere? Complete.thespeechbubbleswith the correct
co.mparativeor superlativestructure of
these
B Match. adjectives.
4--**---,
f - | big good frightening slow
rEm.- i
wlg&ali
v : l'veeverhad!
Journey
1 tyre tl

ffi
-G
L

3
4
driver
coach
D
D
motorbike D
5 caravan !
;-=---

D.
U -
6 tram tl
,'FffiI
carin the world.

use the comparativeform to compare


two or more
rle, animalsor things. We often
,r. tfr" *"rj tf,r,
the comparative
form.
add -er to short adjectives.
Eltemtnff
is faster thon a bicycte.
6) Listen to Jim and Ann and circle
don't add -er to lons adjectives, the correct words.
-e before but we qJv the
'rv use r' word
the adjectirTe. 1 iim's goingto Londonwith hisparentii::f,giandparents.
by train is not more interestingthon traveiling 2 Jimthinksthat the tiiq]h,/coaehis
"l:i: more excitino.
czrnuse (not) as + adiective+ as 3 Thecoachisn,tasfiis.t/rlongas the
to comparetwo things. train.
bus rb os cheap as ih" tror. 4 Trainticketsare f l3 / f30 each.
seqt isn't as comfortqble as that
one. 5 Jimthinksthey shouldgo by trein
/eOach.

Sp*eKlgj
tickets are the cheopest. Work with a partner and compare
these different
rn't add--estto long adjectives, means of transport. Use the abjdtive;in
but we usethe word brackets.
Detorethe adjective. a planeand ferry(expensive)
tickets aren't the most expensive.
b birycleand motorbike(fast)
arative and superlativeforms of these
adjectives c train and coach(comfortable)
Comparative
better
worse
Superlative
the best
the worst
ur*"rn*
more the most Write three sentencescomparing the
meansof transportfromtl.iespJ"lingdifferent
i"rt.
101
Readin
Readthe text and learnaboutsomeof the mostfamous
undergroundtrain systemsin the world.Whichunderground
railwayis open24 hoursa day?

[nde ound
Manycitiesin the world havegot an underground railwayor
metro.Forexample, Londonhasgot the Underground, NewYork
has got the Subwayand Athens,Parisand Moscoweachhave
theirown Metro.Peopleusethismeansof transportsothat they
canavoidtrafficand movebetweendistrictsof a cityquickly.
The LondonUnderground (theTube)openedin 1863and it
is the oldest underground railwaysystemin the world' Both
the Tubein Londonand the NewYorkSubwayhavegot more
than 400 kilometres of track.The busiestunderground railway,
however, isin Moscow,with aroundthreebillionpassenger rides
a year.Moscow hasalsogot the deepeststation with the longest
escalators in the world.Oneescalator at the city'sParkPobedy
stationis 126metreslong with 740steps.Thejourneyto the top
takesaboutthreeminutesl
The Metroin Athensopenedin 2000and someof the stations
are like mini museums. Manyancientobjectswere found by
archaeologistsbeforetheMetrowasbuiltandthesearedisplayed
Youcanseethemeitherasyou walkthroughthe
in the stations.
stationto yourtrainor youcanmakea special tripjustto lookat
them.BothParisand Moscoware also famous for the beautyof
their Metrostations.However,neitherthe Parisnor the Moscow
Metrorunsfor 24 hoursa day,whilethe NewYorkSubwaynever
closes soyoucanuseit at anytimeof the dayor night.

orehensionr
.=5*4+\F*

trainsystem?
1 Whereisthe oldestunderground
Vocabulanvs
>+___:_-+,@--S:

railwayhasgot the mostpassengers?


2 Whichunderground A Write the missingletters.
1 Youcanavoidthiswhen you
stationin the world?
3 What isthe nameof the deepest usethe Metro.
2 Trainsrun on this.
4 Whendidthe AthensMetroopen? 3 Thisis a verylargenumber.
4 Thisis anotherword for triP.
5 Who found lotsof old thinqsbeforethe AthensMetrowas built? 5 Youdo thiswhen you show
thingsto people.
B Write the correctwords.

escalator rnspectorluggage streetsign


E-is-Ip-rung:
ticketmachine timetable C) Listento Lisaand talkingabouta newcar.
1l-""--.-, write T (true).. , a"frSil
1 Lisa's
mum hasgot a new car D
2 Thecarissmall.
D
3 Thecar is moreexpensive
than othercars D
4 Thecar is fast.
D
q-Nffi
5 Youcanget the car in blue,red or black.
tl
s \:,""$i
6 Lisa'sdad wantsa new car.
D
$::..
ft** \i:"-ts
\.S::.i
SS-":-\i o Sounds
of.English
A lg-94thesepairsof words.What is the
\.
i
dltterencein the soundof th in eachpair?
1 this.thin
2 either;both
3 there.thins
i
We use both, eitherand neitherto Now put thesewords in the correctcolumn I
talk about two people,
animalsor things. dependingon their th sounds.l_i;tJ;;""
cneckyour answers.
We use both with affirmativeverbs.lt ;
means
-- " one
' qnd the :
other. lt is sometimesfollowed UVunO.
I^have trovelled by both train onj
bath cloth motherneitherother thank
Ois.
Both cities hove got very good underground
roilways. brother tooth i
We use eitherwith affirmativeand negative 1 4 { .
verbs. lt
meansore or the other. lt is followed - i.:,
by or or of.
Youcan use either a ticket or a travel;;.-
I con't use either of these means
of triisiort.
We use neither with affirmativeverbs,
but it has got a
negativemeaning.lt means not one
and not the other. It is
followedby nor or of.
'teither
'reither
a toxi nor o car is o good choice.
of the trams wqs on time.
srr*
There.are!ik*, cors,busesondtramsin tor I
'n
Circlethe correct words. too!fn" r"tro;, underthe ground
.Taxis
V'/e scilona f erry,we cang.i onoplon" 4
1 | don't want to travelon either/neither .can
of theseplanes. u.r rravelthroughEuropeono new,fost troin.
2 | likeeither/ neithercarsnortrams. I he best thing is, we cango anywhere
6y rrotn.rood,seoor upin fhe oir.
3 Either/ Bothof the trarnsarefast.
J YoucantakebothI eitherthe Trovellingtokesus to differentplcces
escalator
or the stens
5 Both/ Neitherpassengers navegot a seat.
Visitingcountries,seergtgdifferent faces
Tronsport'tokes uswherewewontto qo
complete the sentenceswith both, either Aroundthe worldor just bockhome."
or neither.
expenstve
fl1i1g's.1or-e thongoingby car
I l'veneverbeenon -_-.--__- tf fostest yry to so i7 yoilretrovefting
for.
a planeor a tram. :9.:t-.
I We haveto usethe stepsbecause lililg o bikeisgoodfor eleryone
ft's fosferthonwolkingondii,so lot of fun.
the escalator
and the lift are brok.n-

: the LondonTubeand the Moscow


Metro havedeepstations.

103
j
B.eadjrg"
Readthese entries in a travel guide. Which place
still usesa very old meansof transport?

\
=

Venice, ltalY Scotland


lsle of SkYe'
ln Venice,therearebuses
t""it l"tt like anY
other uo"*:'t
siv"-,. :'l::f"?1,1 r"1,,
i",11
""i u"iti"vu?":fl Y,:l:: iscarred',us
"it,,
ilY,:$I%lJ,iil;;;i"'bus You 5,??l:Ji'itlir*"Jn:ru
The bestmeansot
trar
ln"u?o"i"oe""o'1.*:l[:",:-tiil1"i:ii#,i*,y'."
cangeta 24-hour_orlffi;t;
likeridingin Gondolas
expensive
r'-' - *' too
however. TheVaporettos
rHffj:iL";1*n""*::
iit,lti"t'u"' u'"
here'too'
bikes
others.lt doesn'treatty":i1lrl,.""aic as but
gondolas,
water taxis '-1-*::;;"'.a
tn'
theyrun Theroadsaren't a---=.
andthe it:t gettingaroundand unO
ror too busY,so it's
they'regoodenougn
safeenough{or
everyday.
children'When
you leavethe
, l=

island,Youcan
driveacrossthe
SkYebridgeor
usethe
Youcan
g p * F r a m e * s e i sS
' S,* ferrv.The terry
gettingarounl is quicXandit's
ln SanFrancisco
i,#il "ly-T"iliT#:i#l cheaPenougn
of meansof transPon' tor everyone'
ut"-iy*^
L*t, howeYgl'
:H':;#3:;::i,'lilT;
""a'i* tobe
T;:"i;",used
llKtttv w-t"^"'t]"',
but others are iust
:-i#.i.,;1,"011 fffi"Xt""-t::33"#li.l"! "^n
use special

"% forallmeans"?lri
tickets
""0
*ink thatwalking
,",iJ"
vevchea3t,y,1;f!""lr",n"re
they're aresomany
in t-hecitY is too
diiticu
ridebikes'however' Savit l*e this,
nirn.n i"1t"t people --'!-::
Talkingabout transPort
How can I get to '?
from the
Yo, .un gevtakethe tram/bus/metro
stoP/statton
-txcuse
Park,?
me, how canI get to Richmond
overtnere'
C-olnpre:hengjq, Youcan take thetram from the stop
buy a single/returntickeVbuya travetpass
Write T (true) or F (false). passescost " '
tickets/Travel
Single/Return
1 In Veniceyou musttravelon water. ! cai t AuYa travelPass,Please?
weeK'
arecheapenoughfor everyone.
2 Gondolas D Yes.Travelpassescostf8 for one
you cantravelondifferent
3 ln SanFrancisco, Wheredo I get ouoff the tram/bus/metro?
meansof transportwith one ticket. ! Wheredo I get off the bus?
Square'
4 Therearelotsof hillsin SanFrancisco. D You getofitne busat the Central
D transport' Practise
5 Lotsof peoplevisitSkyein winter. Talk to your partner about
on Skye. D the language above'
6 Not manybusesrun on Sundays t' :a r;': :i:r:'i: L tt ':-='"1:':=:
t:i:,..!t:: '.; a:'ai.:'-.:'.....:a::a,

104,
@uueF' C
l::j_.!"
eacn
report and match these headingswith
paragraph.
a Which meansof transport is the best?
We usetoo to showthat thereis moreof something b Kindsof publictransport I
thanwe c i
needandthat thisis a probtem.ft iitofL*J Cost
Thebus is too stow,so let,s
by an adjective.
d Problems
I
I
s"iti"i"iri I
i .
to showthat thereis as muchof something t ;
Y"..T"-:::rgh
*&frni
i i
as we need.lt comesafteran adiective.
I've washedthe car. ls it cleaneiough now? Hrr,Tffiimffiiilffiftr"sTtd
.1.: useenoughbeforeuncountabte L_JAtthemoment, peopte haveto takea busor a taxi
Y,.:-^.:l nounsand
prurat.countable nounsto showthat thereis lessof in Thessalonikiastherearen0 othermeans of
:"I:ll'lc
thanwe.needandthat thisis a probtem. transport.However, therewiltsoonbea Metro in
,^.1:!n t h.aveenoughmoneyfor a taxi. thecitytoo.
utctyou buy enoughbus tickets everyone?
for
D gur tickets arecheap enough for everyoneand
A Completethe sentenceswith too or theylasttor 70 minutes, so youcanqetother
enough.
buseswiththesame youtanatsob-uy
ticket. cheap
1 l'm not buyingthat car.lt,s
_ oro. travelpasses. Ataxirideusuallycostsahout
4.0f
2 Thebusisn,tfast _ let,sgo cou.rse,youcanalsogo0nfoot.Thecityis small,
_ oy car.
3 Havewe got moneyfor the tickets? andyoucanwalkforfree!
4 Youcan'ttravelalone.you are Buses cangetverybusyandyoudon'talwaysfind
-_- young.
5 Are there=--=- seatsfor all tne passengers? a seat.Youcansitdownin a taxi,butsometimes
thedriversstopandtakemorepassengers.
B Put the words in the correctorder
to make sentences. LJ Astherearelotsofbuses andtheticketsarevery
1 car/ your/ enough/ clean/ isn,t cheap,I thinktaking
thebusisthebestwaytogei
aroundThessalonikiatthemoment.
2 ? / you/ seat/too/ high/ this/ is/ for

3 ?/enough/forlsandwiches/there/areleveryone

4 big / motorbike/ this/ is/ too

lVriting: T-q$t:'
D Write a reportabout transportin your area.
Usethis planto helpyou.
Readabout headings.
Answerthe questions.
Whenwe write reports,we often useheadings
aboveeach Paragraph1
part.Theheadings tell uswhat eachpart isaboutso we
canfind the informationwe needeasily. Whatkindsof public
transport
aretherein
yourarea?

111.:ljl" headings
with the extractsfroma report
about trams in Athens. Pai'agraph '
2
'| Howmuchdo theticketscost?
Cleanand comfortable I
2 Tickets t] Paragraph3
3 When can I catch a tram? ! What problems
arethere?
4 problems
f]
Paragraph4
a ... you canget them at the tramstops.
Theycost... Conclusion:Which
isthe bestmeansof transport?
b . .. somepeoplethinkthe tram,stoo
slow.Theyprefer. . .
c Thetram isalwayscleanandyou can usually
find a seat. !hec.!that you haveusedthe correct
o ... but at weekends,
the tram runsfor 24 hoursa dav. neadingsfor eachpart of your report.

105
What is this man doing?

a He isshowingoff.
b He is fixinga cable.
c He is enjoying
the view.

]
r

.1,'..;.F*
\P 'TfueC*t'tugttAdYerctte'I
##@
.
Oliver: I can't believeyou kidswentto
Craine's camoandfreedanimals!
Don'tyou realisehow dangeroustha
was?And now Robbie'smissing!
l'm sorry,Mr Thomas.lt'sall my fau:
I suggestedthatwe followCraine.
I was so angry,I wasn'tthinking
clearly.
Well,lcan certainly understand wr.
you wereupset.Crainebelongsin
prison.l'll callmy detectivefrienda:
the policestation.Don'tworry,we ;
findRobbie.

Half an hour later


Goodidea.The
kidscan wait here.
Comeon, men!
Craine'scabinis
just overthere.
He willhearus
comingi{we
drivecloser,so
let'sget out here
and walk.

Craine: Hey!Letme go!


Detective:Theonlyplaceyou'regoingis to the
oolicestation.Craine!
Oliver: Areyou alright,Robbie? r
Robbie: Yes,I am.Thanksfor rescuingme.

'i
6l
I J

108,
Yo*c"abu!ery,' Completethe sentences
from theseadjectives.
with adverbsformed
A Write the missingletters.
careful fast happy hard hungry
1 Thisis anotherword for understand.
Youdo thiswhen you saywhat 1 Shestudied for manyyears
you thinkshouldhappen. and now sheis a mechanrc.
5
3 Criminals shouldgo to thisplace. p Thechefslicedthe onions
4 Thispersonbuysthings.
c 3 Thetaxi driverwas driving
5 Thisis a kindof boat. and I wasscared.
v

re
4 Thecustomerate the pizza
B Match. 5 Thedetectivesmiled
wnen
he caughtthe thief.

#
1 sailor D C) tisten to- five people talking about
their jobs.
2 chef o Drawlinesfromihe ipeakerst6 irr"
i.Ui.

w o
w
3 detective
4 artist D Speakeri
5 photographerD
6 mechanic o
Speaker
2

Speaker
3
We useadverbsof mannerto.describe
how we do something.
We makemost adverbsbv addtng_iy
t;;;"';;".tive, but if
the adjectiveendsin -y, we taf<eott"tfre:V
*O add _ily:
Adjective Adverb Speaker
quick 4
quickly
lazy bzity
Theartist paintsbeoutiiully.
rne detiiiii ;;;;ht" ;;" thief eosity.
Someadverbsareirregular:
Adjective Speaker
5
Adverb
hard hard
fast {^ ^r
rcl5[
high high
right right
wrong
good
wrong
well $&e-aEls:
Choose.oneof the jobs from the Listeninq
Completethe sentenceswith adverbs task.
made from the AsKand answer these questionswith yoir
adjectives in brackets. panner.
How interesti
ng/boring/easy/difficult
is the job?
1 Thedoctorarrived (quick). Whendo you haveto work?
2 Theteachershouted (angry) How muchmoneyareyou paid?
3 'Talk (slow)lI can'tunderstand
youl,
saidthe detective.
4 Thatchefcooksreally (good)
wiitirgj
5 Samisa sailorbut he swims Write..ashort paragraphabou_tthe job you
(bad) describedin the Splarrng tasr.
109
ffie:dEsaffi:
Readthe article about someonewho does
an unusualjob.When can peopleget in
touch with Heather?

g,s
w-tI *; HeatherRamirezand her husband,
from California, USA,earna livingin an
unusualway.Theyare self-employed
snakecatchers!Theycatchrattlesnakes
which havegone indoorsand return
them to the wild.
Heatherdescribes her work as
'protecting peoplefrom rattlesnakes
- and protectingrattlesnakesfrom
people!'In the areawherethey live,
rattlesnakesoften come face-to-face
with people.Theyare found in shops,
offices,housesand gardens.Heather
exolainsthat it's not the snakeswhich
are movinginto placeswhere people
live,it's the otherway round.The
snakeslivedin theseplacesfirst and
then the peoplebuilt houses.
Most peoplewho seea rattlesnakeare
frightened.lf you keepyour distance,
however,the snakewon't bite You.
In twelve yearsas a inake removeL
Heatherhasnevertoucheda snake.She
doesn'ttake the risk.Shepicksup the
snakeswith a specialtool. Thisdoesn't
hurt them, but it keepsthem at a safe
distanceso that they can't bite her. t
Heatherand her husbandarevery
busybecausethey are neveroff duty.
Catchingsnakesis a full-timejob and
they don't often havea day off. People
cancontactthem at any time of the day
or night. lt's not a careerfor everyone,
but Heatherdoesn'twpnt tg do anything

eomprehension Voeahularl'
Write T (true) or F (false). A Circlethe correctwords.

and killsrattlesnakes.
1 Heathercatches D 1 Please Thisjob is dangerous.
keepi tak/eyourdistance.
arefoundin many
2 Rattlesnakes 2 l'm verytired.I needa dayoff / on.
difforont nl:roq D 3 l'vegot a part-time/ full-timejob. I work threedays
3 Heatherdoesn'ttouchthe rattlesnakes. ! a weeK.
4 Heatheronlyworksfor a few daysa week. D 4 How do you return/ earna living?
5 Heathe
r eniovsherwork. C 5 | don't work for anybodyelse.l'm off duty/ self-employed

110
Completethe emailwith thesewords.

career employee experiencemanager staff


BisJsurff
C) Listento Ollie and Kate and tick (/) the correct
picture.
ffio.* d*o,, @ro*u- & r"*, fu *,"r" What did Olliedo at the weekend?
DearSir,
7ffiW
I IAA{ona- i id'

t#ry:im
lwantto apply
for the job asa(n)
(1)
i4ffi@i ifffi
I haveworkedin an
office for sevenyears. 2 Who isthe new employee?
so I havegot a lot of

@
(2)
At the momentI managefourteenmembers of
/?) In a company
which
maKescars.l'vebeena(n)(4)
at thiscompanyfor sevenyears.

r a mveryinterested
in havinga(n) 3 Whichdaydid the new employeestart?
(s) with yourcompany.
Pleasecontactme on 67987879gl

Yoursfaithfully,

KarenLong

4 What did Katedo lastweek?

nmunec'
We tLserelativeclausesto givemoreinformation about
people,animalsandthings.A relativeclausebeginswith a
relativ,epronounor adveib.We use*no tor petp-ie,
whichior
animalsandthingsandwherefor places. 5 Who is goingto talk to the new employee?
She'sthe womanwho managesthe restaurant.
I.w9r!<f9r a componywhichmakestoys.
ls this the city whereuncleJim worki?

Circlethe correct words.


ri * ji
'I
lsshethe womanwho/where teachesat yourschool?
2 | work in the caf6which:l,whereall my friendsgo.
3 That'sthe detectivewhih/ who livesnext door to me. ,-*.--;-;;.::.-**;;;*::,;;,---- -==
_**;;;-*:-*. _ra,,
4 ls thisthe penwhoTWhj you lost? t$p*ur!g*drEg#d* I
5 That'sthe officewhichl,where I usedto work.
A Readthesepairsof words aloud.
6 ls thisthe deskWfiich,/who you use? ilr,
ltit D tid D f;
Completethe sentenceswith who, which or where. 2mat D madD t
'l
Thechef_
3 rood D root D ff
is new isn.tverygood.
2 | don't know -__--
4 coutdD cut t] fi
yourtoolsare.
lsthat the dog
5bad tl but D i
workswith the pblice?
4 lsthisa career interestsyou?
B Now listenand tick the wordsyou hear.
i'
5 Mostof the people worKnerearewomen. =':*.'.---.*..**-
i:.
*.-*..-"j,]i'
'111

tl*Pl!q" IruA sald ll!^ e"trrPLJO riscelu aaJrll lsqrry1 .


Y^
Beeding:
Readthe commentsabout what these people want to be.
Which one doesn't want a full-time job?

trffi& @W I love onimolsmorethon ongthing


else.l've wonted to be o vet since
I don't know whot l'm goingto I know exoctlgwhot l'm goingto do. lhove I wos ten. You hove to studg for
do. I used to think obout getting olwogsloved cookingso l'm going to be o chef. obout seven geors, ond gou hove
ojob os o policewomon or o l'll go to collegefor^obout two geors where to be verg clever ond get good
detective but I don't likestudging l'llleornoll obout cooking.Then l'llwork in o morks for oll gour^exoms.You
verg much.I eqjogploging kitchen until I con becomeo reol chef. l'm going must hovework experiencewith
footboll, but I con't reollg get o to bug o nestouront ond hove lots of stoff onimolsbefore gou studg too. l'm
job doingthot. Reollg,lwont o who do ever^gthingI osk! lf l'm luckg,I will even sure I con do oll these things. The
port-timejob which gives me lots hove o TV show likeJomieOliver. Most fomous onlg thing I don't likeobout this
of moneglMg mumsogs l'm lozg, chefs ore men but there ore o lot ofverg good coreer is thot gou con get verg
but ljust wont on eosg life.Lots womenchefs, too. l'm going to be one of those! sod whenonimolsdie.
of mg friends wont the some
thing too. Whowonts to work oll
the time?

red
a.

Savit liPethis!
T #

Talkingabout jobs
gmprehensionr What do you want to be when
you grow up?
I want to be a . " because" '
Circlethe correct answers.
t witnt to be a chef because l'm good at cooking'
1 Samdoesn'tlike 3 Vetsstudy for
I want to,be a '
^
a
^l^,,;^^ f^^+l^.-ll
Ptoyr r9 ruwLUo[. a two years. l'm (very)goodaVlenjoy" '' so
to be a doctor'
b studying. 0 sevenyears. t enioynetpingpeopte,so I want
c makingmoney. c ten years. / experience / skills'
You needqualifications
Sam'sfriendswant What doesPaulthink issad? Mechanics needa lot of skills'
a a goodeducation. a studyinghard
what you want
A
u
- ^r.+ +i*^ ;^l-.
o v o t L - L r rI r E J w u . b w o r k i n ga l lt h e t i m e Talk to your partner about phrasesand
to be. Use some oiirt'"t" these
c an easylife. c a n i m a lds y i n g above'
pi".tit" the language
Toniwantsto
sellingthings
a be a famouschef. working indoors/outdoors
explaining thir,;,
h ctr rdv fnr rro:r< lookingafteranimals
helpingPeoPle
c meetJamieOlrver. fixingmachines/cars

112
E:irJs_niug: C Readthe article from a school magazine.Underline
the information from the notes in-B. Which
paragraphsdo they appear in?
f) Listento Kevin and Jenny and circlethe
correctwords. i ' ' - :
1 Jennywants to be a doctor/ teacher. i 'l'he bgqla+d the worst jobs
2 Doctorsneedgood qualifications lexperience.
There are lots of jobs which we can do. Some
3 Kevin'sdad/ cousinis a doctor.
are just ordinary jobs and others are careers,
4 Kevindoesn'twant to be a taxi driver/pilot now but each person likes something different.
5 Peterenjoys/ doesnftenjoyhisjob. My favourite job is that
6 Jenny's
sisteris a chef/ manager. of an artist. You can
make beautiful things
and you don't have to
$ee-aliils: travel to get to work.
Also, you don't have to
Look at the pictures.Explainwhat these people do_ what other people
are good at and say what is good and bad about tell you. You can decide what you are going to
their jobs. paint and then-you justdo it. The only bad tling
ts that artists don't make very much money.
The worst job I can think
of is a pilot's. You have
to work for long hours
and it's really tiring and
boring. If you make a
serious mistake, things
will go wrong. It's too
dangerous.'The only good thing is that pilots
are paid a lot of money, but rrioney isn't the
IU"ri,[ug: most important thing about a job.

Makingnotes In conclusion, every job has both good


and bad things about it, but I thdk that
A We can make notes to help us write something. artists have got the best jobs.
-
We write the notes next to headings for each
paragraph.

Look at the notes below. put the notes under


the correct headings.
Task,
p
D Write notes about the best and the worst
jobs you can think of, and then write an
article for your school magazine.Usethis
plan to help you.
Paragraph1
Introduction:write two sentences
to introduce

Werst i*b:
?u Fd*d
the topic.
Paragraph2
Thebestjob. Explainwhy this is the bestjob. Say
if thereis anythingbadaboutit.
Why is it bad?
Paragraph3
Onegoodthing
Theworstjob. Explainwhy this is the worst iob.
Facrsurit* rdds* Sayif thereisanythinggoodaboutit.

why good? Paragraph4


Conclusion:write one sentenceto conclude
yourarticle.

E Rememberto checkthat you have included


Onebadthing all your notes in your articte.

113
B Circlethe correctanswers.
/ detectivegot on the busanc
A(n)inspector
A Find the stickers. we hadto showherour tickets.

l1. Thepoliceman isn'twearinghisuniformtoc=.


becausehe'soff duty/ full-time.
nt the beginningof yourcareer/ iourney,yc,
won't earna lot of money.
4 HaveyouseenMr Frost,the newstaff/ manage/-
5 Haveyou got anyemployee/ experience
as
track
a chef?
er Hurryup and get on / keepthe bus beforetl-=
ooorscrose.
7 I want a dayoff / full-timejob on Tuesday.
Hassomebody
8 Thelittleboy is missrng.
kidnapped I caughthim?
traffic customer I display
/ suggestthat we callthe police
- aboutthe stolencar.
:E
idf-***r / contactthe snakewas in
1 0 Theydidn't realise
theirgarden.
i r

Gramman'
escalator sailor A Complete the sentenceswith the correct
comparative or superlative structure and,
.7 !9i the adjectivesin brackets.
i
i
: 1 Thisis (good)train
journeywe'veeverbeenon!
2 | think my mum'snewjob is
( b a d )h e ro l d o n e .
tyre yacht 3 | thinka taxifor four oeooleis
(cheap) asthe coach
- we stavedin
4 lt wasbrilliant
B Completethe table.
(expensive)hotelin Paris
artist chef mechanic motorbike office 5 Thisboattrip on the riverwas much
policestation prison railway tram (interesting)
the museun
Thebusis much (slow)
the Metro.

$f*ll job
(exciting)

qp
What's
v a \ rr ' v a o v a r h a d ?

8 Yourofficeis ( b i g )m i n e
Transport

'114.
5".p*-g_:
l
My motheris o soilor.My f atheris c nurse.
B Completethe sentenceswith My sisteris o soldier.
these words. f,ti teltyor.*lthing worse.
My grondmocotchesrottresnoles. she-reauy
-,iy hasno fear.
both either enough neither
too
But if's nof somathing
I wonrf, il;;; ,or."r.
In this company,you canwork ! wontto ba o biflionoireondliveonmyyocht
full-timeor part-time. With stoff whowill lookafter me and'dl-what
I will not
Youwork
Butwhenf tell my friendsthis,theyolr*r..o,
hard,why don'tyou Theytell me'Srudyhord.Don,rb,"'si T,m crozy
take a dayoff? iJiy n=yt,
Youcan be a doctornor a vet f do obsolutelynothing.Lookot me.Canyou
with thesemarks! tzll?
r oo obsofutely
nothingondf do it very well.
4 We don't have Lr,rnerewoso diplomo for doingnothinq
moneyfor the ot oll
plane- let'sgo by train. r o posswrthveryhighmorksondf,d
hongit onmywall.
D o w e h a v et o c h o o s ei r r s tn n c . ^ r n r r \ / - f.neverpassedexoms.becouse
"'* '*"'Jr f wostedmytime
whycan't*" uiri,-_-'""' aha,n, Nowmy friendshoveliveswhichore i"rirthon
f'm,reolising mine.
nowthot the future ,to.t, toAoy
Completethe sentenceswith adverbs Andf or oll these years,I hovedr.oi.d
formed my life oway.
from the adjectivesin brackets.
1 Themanager talked (slow)
whilethe employees took notes
2 We left work (happy) because
we wanteda break.
3 Thebabywaswasheo
(careful)
bythe nurse.
4 'Whyareyou sittrng
lazy)at
yourdesk?'asked the boss
5 Self-employed peopleusuallywork very
(hard).

MI
6 lf you do (good)in yourexams,
you will get a goodjob.

) Choosethe correctanswers.
1 ls he the doctor
a where who
looksafteryourgrandmother?
c which
tru
2 My brotherlivesrna house
he bought
lastyear.
a where b which c who
3 ls that the restaurant
_-- your motherjs a chef?
a where b which c who
'
That'sthe thief_ stolethosepaintings
a where b which c who
: Let'sget the bus-- goesto the airport.
a wnere b which c who
ls MrsColethe manager you'regoingto
work for?
a where b which c who
Beforeyouwatch
A Answer the questionswith your partner.
. Do you likedancing?
Why?/Why not?
. What differentkindsof dancesdo you know?
. Do you havetraditional
dancesin yourcountry?
. How do the dancersmove?
. What do theywear?

The story.
Thisstoryhappens in the UnitedStates(US),in the Hawaiian lslands.
In the storyyouwill hearabouta competition in the cityof Hilo.

Match the words to the definitions.


1 wave a a personwho decides
the winnerof a competition
2 culture b veryold
3 judge c an old storyfrom the past
4 ancient the generalcustoms
d a way of life,especially and beliefs
5 legend e water that risesup from the sea

W-h[g;y=o_u.W::4.:tIh;
A Watch the video. What type of clothes do Hula dancers
wear? What do they wear on their head, hands and feet?

Watch again. What can you see?Write T (true) or F (false).


1 Thereisa sailingboatin the sea. r
2 Thereisa longbeautifulsandybeach. D
3 Therearewomendancingin colourfulclothes. tr
4 Therearemenholdingpineapples. D
5 Thereisa manplayingthe guitar. D
Watch again. Circlethe words you hear.
1 lt isa landof legends, whichhave
or old stories
existedfor many/ a few years.
2 ln 1820,veryreligiouspeoplefrom Western
islands/ countriescameto Hawaii.
3 Peoplewant to studythe cultureand learnto
practise/ dancethe Hula.
4 Theymust practisefor manyyears/ hoursbefore
they are readyto dancethe Hulafor othei people.
5 ln the festival/ competition,the judgeslookat
morethanjustthe dance.
116.
Aft'"e-I-,yoq_.w,qfch NATIONAL
GEOGRAPHIC-
A Circlethe correct answers.
1 Hula^startedmorethan ... yearsago.
d O U

b 300
c 1820
I Whatdid the Huradancers
do afterthe queenbanned
TheVstoppeddancing. the dance?
3
b Theydancedin secret.
c Theydancedfor everyone.
What is a ,Hulaus,?
a a dance
b a school
c an rsiand
What happenseveryyear
in Hilo?
a an ancienttradition
b peopievisit,Hulaus,
c a hulacompetition

B GrammarFocus:Circle
the correctwords.
1 Much/ Manypeople
in HawaiiiearnHuladancrng
a
Z Therearea little/ a lot
of beachesin Hawaii.
'How
-f
many/ muchHawaiian islandsarethere?,
4 Onlya little/ a few people
speakthe Hawaiianlanguage
5 'How much/ manytime today.
do you practisedancrngfor?,,Anhour
a dav..

Troiect
/--v-:

Work in groups. Cho


i;;:il*fi i";.'.1J::i.i':".:#5j.H$:!.?JI?;jiiJf
:lil*:i,.ff:1",[::T#il;::I:,.

j
rcfup *ru*,.:
# - oYe Lfle Stgnts On
norseback.
o go canoeing
i!:

ij
near
tne waterfalls.

117
Befo atc
A Answer the questionswith your partner.
o Do you likeelephants?
Why?/Why not?
o Haveyou seenan elephantbefore?Where?
r Are elephants
largeor smallanimals?
r Are elephants
stupidor cleveranimals?
. Do elephantshavebig teeth?
. Do elephants
liveon theirown or in families?

B The story.
Thisstoryhappensin the UnitedStates(US),in the state
of Maryland. In the storyyou will hearaboutan elephant
trainerin the citvof Baltimore.

Wordsto know
Match the words to the definitions.
t human a someone
who teaches
an animalcertainskillsor tricks
-) ;^ --^+;,,;+,,
z il r LoPLrvrLy 0 a person
3 herd C naturalareasthat are far awayfrom towns
4 a n i m atlr a i n e r d not free
5 i n t h ew i l d e a largegroupof animals
that livetogether

W"h-ile=-uq=lli,!ry=a!c-h:
A Watch the video. Find some words that describeelephants.

Watch again. Circlethe words you hear.


and peoplehaveworkedtogetherfor overtwo /three thousandyears.
1 Elephants
2 MikeHackenberger
isan animaltrainerat the Baltimore
Circus
lZoo.
3 | checktheirfeelingsI teeth.and makesurethey don't haveingrownfeet.
saysthat elephanttrainingis better/ worsethan it was in the past.
4 Hackenberger
5 lf they are left alonefor a longtime,elephantscanstartto act in a(n)unusr$l,/normalway

C Underlinethe namesof the elephantsyou hear.


B i gG i r l
FatMan
FunnyFace
Leo
Limba

118
NATIONAL
,&,ff.ter
,*r@&$,wmacfu GEOGRAPHIC-
A Circlethe correctanswers.
1 MikeHackenberger the elephants.
_ How manyyoungelephants
a getsangrywith cameto livewith Limba?
b hits a two
c talksto b three
c four
2 Limbathe elephant
wasalonefor years WhatdoesMikeHackenberger
a th irteen trainthe elephants
to do?
b thirty a act likeelephants
c forty b cleantheirteeth
c performin a circus
B GrammarFocus:put the words
in the correctorder to make sentences.
1 elephants
/ akeady/ have/ the / eaten

t o / t h e / b e e n/ z o o/ h a v e n ,/ t y e a r
/last/ |/since

3 ? / s e e n/ h a v e / e l e p h a n/ t e v e r y o u
/ / an

4 haven't/ the/swimming/ gone


/ elephanrr yet

to / circus/ | / neverlhave/the / been

6 checked/ teeth/ Mike/ elephant,s just


/ / has/ the

fp, .^. , ** E
E I UEE.;
----'t:

Your classis making a magazine


about animals.choose an anim-al
about it for the magazinelsti.[ and write a short article
f* ar"* ana .otori) ft;;;, of your animal on your articte.

Thesebeautifulanimalslive in Africa
andAsia.Theycan
livefor 16yearsin the wild ,rO ii
V.rrc in .rptiuity.
Theyarethe onlymemberof the big
cat family
-'r that live in
a group.Thisgroupis calleda ,pridi,.

jff#f**i*--::::'
ffi a '*tt.
-

119
fuw
B"-g_f,ore..y'o-uiVlf3t=ch
t

"V

A Answer the questionswith your partner.


rDo you preferwarm or coldweather?
o Doesit snowoften whereyou live?
o Haveyou everbeenskiing?
. Whichwintersportsdo you enjoy?

B The story.
Thisstoryhappens in the UnitedStates(US),in the stateof Minnesota
It takesplacein a citycalledTaylors
Falls,
whichis nearMinneapolis.

Match the words to the definitions.


1 engineering 2 a lakeusedfor storingwater for people
2 trail that getswateror gasout of something
a machine
3 skrer c a roughpath acrosscountryor througha forest
4 pump d designing
and buildingmachines,
roads,bridgesetc
5 reservoir e a longthin straightpieceof metalor wood
6 pole f a oersonwho skis

While:,y=o,urwalc,h
A Watch the video. Put the sentencesin the correctorder.
1 A manfallsoverin the snow. tr
2 Thereisa signreading'WildMountain'. D
3 Thereis a manjoggingnextto a river. D
4 A man issnowboarding
down a mountain. tl
5 A m a ni s h o l d i n ga s n o w b a l l . C
6 A maniswalkingtowardsa snowmobilewith a redflag. tl
Watch again. Circlethe words you hear.
1 He usuallytriesto havethe skiareaopenby Thanksgiving,
which
is in December/ November.
2 Realsnowisdrier;softer/ harderand betterqualityfor skiing.
3 On the othertrails,therearethe verybig rain/ snowguns.
4 Thesixpumps/ polesin the buildingcontrolthe waterthat
goesthroughallthe pipes.
,r*.; *, "3g.
5 He istalkingaboutthe reservoir on top of the area/ mountain."s**.4
6 In the morning,the trails/ roadsarecovered with fresh,new snow.

120
I
,- '- tJ
NATIONAL
:1 Afteryouwatch GEOGRAPHIC-
A Circlethe correctanswers.
1 Minneapolis
is one of the _ placesin the US
a warmest
b coldest
c wettest
2 Thewintersin Minneapolis
areusually
_
a long
b short
C WATM

What did DanRaedeke study? i


a art :r'.
b business :
t.
c mechanical engineerin
g
DanRaedeke sayshissnow-making
machtnes
maKesnowthat rs realsnow.
a h a r d etrh a n
b verysimilarto
c softerthan

Grammar Focus:Circlethe correctwords.


1 Dan'sgot the largest / largersnow_makingequipmentin the area.
2 Man-made snowlastslonger/longestthan realsnow.
3 Thesnowfrom the machineis armostas good
/ betteras rearsnow.
4 lt istoo / enoughlateto go skiingnow.lt,sdarkl
5 Minneapolis is one of the corder/cordest
pracesin the Unitedstates.
6 sometimes thereis not too / enoughsnowto go skiingon wird
Mountain.

Troiect
---V---

lmagine you visited the wild Mountain SkiArea.in


TaylorsFalls,Minnesota.write a postcard
to your friend telling him/her about what you
did there anJwnetner you enjoyed it or not.

Dear

:',ryi
15A??TE I/NE,
SOUTI+TOWN,
Yourfriend,
sr t3 DU6,
fiIilts ENQ|'/.ND

121
G-ha-acJe-r*
Jake
Robbie
Kate
Mandy
Harry, Jake'sfriend
Other children
Teacher
Head teacher

t
t
F

S.cp.
_49_,1, 5ee.1192; t-
T
In Mandy and Jake'sgarden The children arrive at the school fair.
T
It'sSaturdayafternoonand Kate and Mandy aresitting on Jake: Wow,therearelotsof peoplehere!We'll
H
the grassin the gardenwhenJakeand Robbiearrive.Robbie collectlotsof moneyfor the animals.
is eatinga banana. Kate: Yes,and thereare lotsof gamesand
R
. compelitions. Who wantsto buy a raffle
Jake: Hi,girls.We'regoingto the fairat my school H
ticket?Therearesomegreatprizes!
thisafternoon. lt startsin an hour.Do you Rr
Jake: Thefirstprizeis a digitalcamera!
want to come?
Mandy: Great!Let'sbuy sometickets.Why don't we
Robbie: Themoneyfromthe fairis goingto helpwild Hi
get threeeach?
animalsin danger. Youmustcome!
Kate: Yes,OK.Let'sgo. Robbie, how manybananas Robbie: OK.How mucharethey? R(
haveyou eatentoday? Teacher: Theticketsare f2 each.
Robbie: E r r. . . a b o u tf o u r I t h i n k . All: Hereyou are. K:
Mandy: (LAUGHING) Onedayyou'lllookin the mirror Teacher: Thanks. We'llpickthe winningticketsat 5
andyou'llseea monkeyl o'clock,so comebackthen! Ja
Robbie: But I like bananas ... Mandy: OK,thanks.What canwe do next?

122
Pfay

Robbie: Let'shavea go at this game!What do we


haveto do?
Headteacher: You haveto eat the apples
without using
yourhands.Tenpeopledo it together
and
the first personwho finishes
wins a prize.
Jake: And what'sthe prize?
Headteacher: A basketof fruit.
Robbie: Oh,greatlTherearelotsof bananas
Let,splayl How muchis it?
in it. S:e-e""npr3;
Headteacher:Onlyf i eacn. It's fiveo'clock,and everyonewants to
know who has
won the prizestn the raffle.
a! nW the moneyandsrxother childrenplay
;el
-eyfiart with them.
eating the applesand Jake'sfriendHarry Teacher: Now it,stime for the raffle!
wrns. Thefirstnumber.
for third prize,is 134.
I'm the winner!Hurray!| cangivethe fruit
Mandy: That,smy ticketl
to my grandma.
Teacher: Congratulations! you win a watchl And
Canlhaveabanana? the
,second priz+goes to numberg6.
What will you giveme for it?
Girl: That'smine!
I haven'tgot any moremoney.I know!
Teacher: Hereyou are.you win some
What abouta raffleticket? rollerskatesl
And the firstprizegoesto... number.1291
OK.I didn'thaveenoughmoneyfor a
Harry: Hey,that,smy tickeil | can,t
raffleticket.Here's
yourbanana. believert! l,ve
won a digitalcamera.
Thanks,here'syourticket.Right,what can
Robbie: Oh, not I gavethat ticketto
we do now? Harry!
Kate: Ha,hal you got a bananainsteadof a cameral
Mandyand I want to buysomecakes.
Can Maybeyou won't be so greedynextttme,
we meet hereat five o'clockfor the raffle?
Robbiel
OK.Comeon. Robbie. let,swalkaround Mandy: Nevermind,Robbie. l,m surethey,ve
for a while.
collected lotsof moneyfor the animals!

123
lnfinitive, Pastl.Simple Past,Participfe
be was/were been
0ecome 0ecame 0ecome
bite bit bitten
break broke broken
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt burnt
buy bought bought
can could
catch caught caught
cnoose CNOSC cnosen
come came come
cost cost COSI
cut cut cut
OO did 00ne
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flv flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
9er 90r got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
nave had had
hear heard heard
hit hit hit
hide hid hidden
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
learn learnt learnt
leave left left
lie tay lain
124
-

lose lost lost


meet met met
put put put
ride rode ridden
run ran run
see -saw
seen
send sent sent
shake shook shaken
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sit sat sat
slide slid slid
spend spent spent
steal stole stolen
stink stank stunk
take took taken
tear tore w
torn
think thought
w
understand understood
thought

understood

-
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