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1. 10 Ball or Pipe - A high set around the 10-foot line, intended for a back row hitter.
2. 10-foot line or attack line - A line on the court 10 feet from the net, parallel with the
net. Players in the back row cannot attack the ball above the net while in front of this line;
however, if a player jumps from behind the line toward the net and hits the ball before landing
on the court in front of the line, the attack is legal.
3. ACE - A serve that results directly in a point without further action by players on the serving
team. Typically, the ace can be detected due to an inability to touch the served ball or a shanked
pass by a player on the receiving team. However, if the serve-receiving player passes the ball to
another player and that second player can make a play on it, but doesn't, this serve is not
considered an ace.
4. ANTENNA - The vertical rods along the outside edge of the net extending 32 inches above
the net to indicate out-of-bounds along the sideline. Any ball that touches the antenna is
considered out.
5. ASSIST - Passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill. The typical
assist is a set, but generally, any ball delivered by one player to a second player to allow that
second player to make a kill is an assist.
6. ATTACK - A broad term that can mean many different things. At a high level, this term is used
to describe the offensive scheme or pattern with which a team attempts to score a point. At a
lower level, this term refers to the attempt by a player to score a point by hitting the ball in
some manner.
7. Attack Attempt - The attempt by a player to terminate a play by hitting the ball to the floor
on the opponent's side.
8. BACK SET - A set made when the player who is setting the ball has his/her back toward the
hitter.Normally the setter back sets but occasionally, a player other than the setter decides to
get fancy and back sets to the designated hitter. It looks more difficult than it really is. Many
players master back setting at an early age.
9. BACK ROW ATTACK - Typically, a player who has rotated to the back row jumps behind
the 3-meter line to hit the ball. When done by a flashy player who puts some heat on the ball,
the play is visually spectacular. However, regardless of whether a player takes off, any play
involving a back row player attacking the ball is considered a back row attack. When
accomplished by a short defensive specialist, the crowd goes wild with delight.
10. BLOCK - The first line of defense where one or more players successfully terminate a
rally or play in their favor by stopping the ball from traveling over the net. Typically, the blocking
player(s) jump in front of the opposing hitter at the net to make contact with the ball in such a
way that the ball lands inbounds on the opposing hitter's court or hits the opposing hitter before
falling out of bounds. See ROOF.
11. Blocking Error- A violation that consists of touching the net, crossing the center
line, blocking a set or any other violation which occurs while making a block attempt.
12. BUMP - The use of the forearm to pass or set the ball in an underhand manner.
13. CARRY - An illegal maneuver in which a player makes an underhand contact with the
ball where the duration of the contact last for more than the maximum amount of time.
Needless to say, this is a very subjective call.
14. CENTER LINE - The boundary that runs under the net and divides the court into
two equal playing areas.
15. CLOSING THE BLOCK - The responsibility of the assisting blocker(s) to angle
their body relative tot he first blocker.
Court Dimensions - 59 feet from end line to end line and 29 feet, 6 inches wide (18m x 9m).

Courage - The capacity to meet danger or difficulty with firmness; bravery. Mental or moral
strength to resist opposition or hardship

CROSS COURT SHOT - An angular shot made from one side of the offensive team's side of the
court to the opposite side of the defensive team's side of the court.

CUT SHOT - A spike from the hitter's strong side that travels at a sharp angle across the net.

DEFENSIVE SPECIALIST (DS) - The position on a team who is responsible for digging and
passing the ball in the back row. These players are normally short and substituted out when
they rotate to the front row. As befits their name, these players are not expected to
contribute to the team's offensive production. Some of the greatest defensive specialists in
the history of the game include Nalani Yamashita (Hawaii) and Jaimi Gregory (Stanford).

DIG - The act of successfully receiving a ball. Almost always, the dig refers to the act of
recovering an attacked ball close to the court floor. Some of the best diggers in collegiate
volleyball include Nalani Yamashita (Hawaii), Stacy Sykora (Texas A&M), Jaimi Gregory
(Stanford), and usually, any of Kathy Gregory's UCSB teams.

DINK or DUMP - A pinpoint and aggressive push of the ball over the net. 99% of the time,
this play is made by the setter. Usually performed by the setter, who delivers the ball into the
opponent's court on the second contact.

DOUBLE BLOCK - Two players working in unison to intercept a ball at the net.

DOUBLE HIT/Contact - Successive hits by the same player. (Illegal)

DOUBLES - A game with two players on a side

DOWN BALL - A ball the blockers elect not to attempt to block because it has been set too far
from the net or the hitter is not under control.

Down-Referee - Secondary referee. He/she stands on the floor at the opposite end of the net as
the up-referee.
Focus - To concentrate attention or effort. To direct toward a common center or

FIVE-ONE (5-1) - An offensive system that uses five hitters and one setter. The setter is usually
not a hitter. Most younger teams and players are used to the 6-2 system but the more
advanced teams utilize the 5-1 system. The vast majority of the college teams utilize a 5-1

FLOATER - A serve with no spin that follows an unpredictable path. Usually, the ball arcs high
up at less than full speed and then, defying all laws of physics, drops to the floor with the
force of a 10-ton truck.
Basketball Terminology

1. Alternating-possession rule:
The possession arrow changes direction after each held ball situation, alternating
which team gets possession of the ball.

2. Assist:
A pass that immediately precedes and sets up a scored basket.

3. Backboard:
The rectangular or fan-shaped board behind the basket.

4. Backcourt:
The half of the court that is opposite a teams offensive basket; the court a team
is attempting to defend.

5. Ball handler:
The player with the ball; usually the point guard at the start of a play.

6. Ball Side:
The half of the court from the middle to the sideline where the ball is currently
located. May also be referred to as the strong side.

7. Bank shot:
A shot where the ball is first bounced (or banked) off the backboard at such an
angle that it then drops into the basket.

8. Baseline:
The boundary line behind each basket; also called the endline.

9. Basket:
Attached to the backboard, it consists of a metal rim 18 in diameter suspended
10 from the floor, from which a 15-18 corded net hangs, and through which
points are scored; also used to refer to a successful field goal.

10. Beat the defender:

When an offensive player, with or without the ball, is able to get past an opponent
who is guarding him.

11. Bench Points:

The number of points scored during a game from players that began the game
on the bench. All points scored by non-starters.

12. Blocked shot:

The successful deflection of a shot by touching part of the ball on its way to the
basket, thereby preventing a field goal.

13. Blocking:
The use of a defenders body position to illegally prevent an opponents advance;
the opposite of charging.

14. Bonus free throw:

See One-and-One.

15. Bounce pass:

A pass that strikes the floor before it reaches the receiver.
Basketball Terminology
1. Boxing out:
A players attempt to position his body between his opponent and the basket to
get rebounds and prevent the opponents from doing so. Also referred to as
Blocking out.

2. Carrying the ball:

Also called palming; a violation committed by a dribbler that involves placing the
dribbling hand under the ball and momentarily holding or carrying it while

3. Center:
Also called the pivot player; an offensive position typically played by a tall
player who plays mainly in the key areas (at the post).

4. Center court circle:

The circular area at midcourt from which jump balls are taken.

5. Charging:
A personal foul committed when an offensive player illegally contacts a defensive
player who has established position or is stationary.

6. Chest pass:
A two-handed pass thrown from the passers chest in a straight line to the chest
area of the receiver.

7. Controlling the boards:

Securing a majority of the rebounds.

8. Conversion:
A made basket or free throw.
9. Court vision:
A players ability to see everything on the court during play such as where his
teammates and defenders are set up which enables him to make better
choices in passing; the best players possess this trait.

10. Crossover dribble:

A dribble in which the ball is moved from one hand to the other while the dribbler
changes directions.

11. Cut:
A quick movement by an offensive player to elude an opponent or to receive the

12. Cylinder:
The imaginary area directly above the basket where goaltending or basket
interference can occur.

13. Dead ball:

Occurs whenever the whistle blows to stop play and after a field goal, but before the
opponent gains possession of the ball.

14. Defense:
The team not in possession of the ball whose objective is to keep the opponent from
scoring; also a specific pattern of play used by a defending team.

15. Defensive rebound:

A rebound of an opponents missed shot.

Submitted By: Submitted To:

Clarice Velarde Joey Decastro