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GED 210 Unit 4 Exam Answer

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1. The term second world is used to refer to:

modern, industrialized nation-states


what used to be called the soviet union and other communist countries
undeveloped, nonindustrialized countries
traditional, pre-state societies affected by contact with the modern world

1. Since the 1960s, the Ju/Hoansi San have become:

increasingly independent and isolated from the modern world


middle class citizens of the nation of South Africa
increasingly dependent upon government assistance
one of the few indigenous societies to become financially independent

1. The introduction of a cash economy has disrupted traditional Ju/Hoansi patterns of:

egalitarianism and reciprocity


food storage and redistribution
centralized decision-making
rapid population growth

1. Resettlement of Mbuti Pygmies on plantations outside the rainforest by the government


of zaire has resulted in their:

participation in the national political process


contribution to the economy through taxation
increased success at agricultural production
declining health
1. The Ju/Hoansi or San Foragers inhabit the modern nations of:

South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana


Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda
Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania
Venezuela and Brazil

1. Conflict between the Iroquois and other indigenous tribal groups in the 1600s was not
due to:

the introduction of guns and ammunition by the French


dependence on European goods
depletion of beavers and other fur-bearing animals vital to trade
ancient traditions of blood revenge and glory on the warpath

1. The displacement of Native Americans from their tribal lands in the U.S. in order to
make the land available to white settlers was:

accompanied mostly by outlaws and hired guns


a formal policy of the United States government
a myth invented by radical Indian activists
undertaken mostly by foreign immigrants

1. An example of cultural assimilation is:

the popularity of Chinese restaurants


interracial dating
english as a second language
minority quotas for college enrollments

1. An example of biological assimilation is:

school segregation
interethnic marriage
ethnic cleansing
immigration quotas
1. The systematic attempt to kill and totally eliminate a particular ethnic group is:

apartheid
fratricide
ethnocide
genocide

1. Which of the following is not a pattern of ethnic interaction?

segregation
ethnic cleansing
fratricide
genocide

1. An ethnic group may be distinguished by all but one of the following criteria:

language
religion
biology
shared historical past

1. The famous American anthropologist ___________ subjected scientific racist beliefs to


rigoroustesting and evaluation; he found that there are no superior or inferior races.

Johann Blumenbach
Joseph Arthur de Gobineau
Carolus Linnaeus
Franz Boas

1. The one-child policy in china has been:

effective at reducing the birthrate


useless at reversing trends of runaway population growth
most accepted in agricultural areas
accepted without protest by both urban and rural populations
1. Between 1980 and 1990, the annual growth rate in china fell from ________ to 1.4
Percent.

3
4
0
4

1. Which of the following countries is likely to have the lowest per capita energy
consumption?

Sudan
Japan
Mexico
Canada

1. Because of human activities and growth, it is estimated that at least one species becomes
extinct every day. In fact, biologist E.O. Wilson thinks, with the expansion of
industrialism, mechanized agriculture and deforestation, as many as one-fourth of the
worlds plant families will become extinct by the end of the next century. The loss of this
___________ is a major concern for many individuals since we, as humans, are
dependent upon these living organisms for our own survival (for food and medicinal
applications).

biodiversity
doubling time
green space
greenhouse

1. In the 1970s, a group of scientists known as the Club of Rome got together to assess
global trends and predict the future of the world and the people in it. Using a neo-
malthusian perspective and computer models, they predicted:

there will be an infinite supply of natural resources for hundreds of years to come
because biotechnology will make land more productive, and humans will invent new
ways of doing things
the world, as we know it, will end abruptly in 2048 because of the greenhouse effect,
coupled with a nuclear winter
current global trends in population growth, energy consumption, and environmental
pollution will exhaust the worlds natural resources within the next 100 years
biodiversity will increase, slowly smothering the world and all its occupants

1. Julian Simon has challenged the doomsday model since he believes the problems of
pollution and environmental stress will ultimately be solved because:

space aliens will not allow the human race to become extinct
world population will decrease due to epidemic diseases like aids
human creativity and science will provide the key to solving all problems
human populations cannot exceed the earths carrying capacity

1. While studying the use of crack cocaine in Spanish Harlem, anthropologist Philippe
Bourgois found that:

crack dealers viewed their clients as lost souls ripe for exploitation and manipulation
crack dealing was viewed as the most realistic route to upward mobility and the
achievement of the American dream
crack users could be effectively treated by administering high doses of heroin combined
with methadone
children under the age of five were often used to manufacture and distribute crack when
police activities increased in an area

1. Even though there are numerous pieces of legislation aimed at curtailing pot hunting, this
practice still persists. The text example of the looting of the __________ is an excellent
illustration of the problems that exist.

left bank of the Seine


Slack farm site in Kentucky
southern banks of the Nile
Big Dog site in Idaho

1. Whereas most archaeologists have traditionally found employment in universities or


museums, many are now working as applied archaeologists specializing in what is known
as:

application archaeology
cultural resource management
excavation archaeology
exhumation regulation

1. Early twentieth century anthropologists argued that since there are no universal moral
values, each societys values are valid with respect to the specific circumstances and
conditions of that society. Hence, no society can claim to be in a superior position in
regard to morals or ethics. The view that we cannot impose the values of one society on
other societies is called:

ethical relativism
moral dilemma
social morality
social ethics

1. In order to tolerate practices such as racism, child abuse, spouse abuse, homicide, torture,
human sacrifice, and the mass murder (genocide) of Jews, gypsies, and homosexuals by
the Nazis, one would have to abide strictly by the principle of:

lost causes
misplaced perceptions
ethical relativism
moral turpitude

1. Which of the following is a way to resolve the philosophical and moral dilemmas posed
by a strict adherence to the doctrine of ethical relativism?

acknowledging that the standards of western culture are always superior to those of non-
western cultures
formulating a universal standard of humanitarian ethics, such as the protection of
individuals from bodily harm
adhering to a policy of strict non-intervention in any decisions that would affect behavior
in pre-state societies of the third world
acceptance of any behavior as long as it is practiced by individuals within the context of
their own society