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CTOHT'h HR IW.I'i;IlHX'I. O.'['hJ~III>ln, TOC'l;,lnlIlO un Helix'l> [,.'UI)J;1IT'L Ii rOJIOCOM'f, '!iR.!lOO!IO Ir(O.HlT'h; ('.lwaaMH ('!lIIUMlt I1l1hIX'I. B'h ('JIO:UlI: BOl'IIaJl'h, ItTO-TO BhlMO_III11Jl'h:

['JrHAHTC un. Hero: Talth, Jill 1Ih1l11tlO'l"h ,lltxo)l'hlt'~ ... IhfIIUMOE>: :dlJIO: tlepT'b nouYTIl.'I'''.

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TpyOo) Jiomop'btU ocmaeuus .MU1'b C. B. 1lfa1CCU.M060, ue ,o6.!te21tU.!to .MoeU 3aOa1tU) 3aJi.!t101ta6UteL'icR in mous, 1tmo6bl) onupa,R,G1J sea coo6~euu'bte ¢aJimbt uapoOlwt'i OIC1(.J1t'M} npuomu Jro 06tlljUJllo 6bt600a~lto n ycmauo6umb C6Rdb .lW'JICdy (JI'bp06ant,R,Jltu 1Cpecm'b.fluuua U eio Orb.flmeJt'bUOcm'b1o, nOOn xomopod f1, PMy.Mrb1O nocmunscu. U noeeoenie «esoenma 6oo6~e.

Ho caua no ce6rb pa60ma C. B. Ma1(,CU.M06a U.Mrbem'O .()O.!t'bUti,R, oocmouucmea, U emo OOUO nasauiems na .Me1l.fl ()6,R,3auuocm'b 6'btnycmUm'b ee 60 C6rbmo) ne W60P,R, YOICe 0 mous, wmo U.M,R, aemopa, ocmaeueuauo maxie mpyobt, xaxo «Cu6up'b U Eamopia», «Too» na Cneepn.», «Epbt.!tam'bl,R, O.!t06a») U np., uacmosexo 6'blCOXO cmoums 60 uameu uapodHl.(,1teCXou .!tumepamyprb) wmo .cuuucm» PYCC1fUXo uumame.fe'ii noC.!trbd'HJlw C01f,uueui,R, C. B. MaJ(cu.Mol3(( 6'bt.lto 6bt npecmyn.!teuie.Mo.

En uacmO.fl~eJlto C60e.Mo mpyd1'b C. B. Ma1icu.Mol3o nO.!Zb.IOI3(l.ZC,R, ne mO.!ZblW ¢a1f,ma.Mu" COOOtU;P1lUbl.MU .MOU.MU col

mpY0'HU1WMU) 'HO Ii C06Cm6e'H'H'blMo mpOJt'HblMo sanacous 'Ha- 6.il1Ode'Hi1~) C06pa'H'HblMo11,Mo euie 60 MOJtod'ble Wdbl, «ou)« no o6paay nTbUUUO xO'JICde'HiJi) Od'fbm'bl1'i cmpa1t'HunOJto) O'HO ommpaessiscs: 60 1-tapOOo. Bz 'JICU6'blXo 06pa3axo pucyemo G61nOpo U .It.l}'JICuna) u 6a6y) lwno meuemauu. onyma'H'H'blXo 6'fbpO'ii 60 ue1J,Ucmy1O CU.lly; Co M1'bm'ICUMo 1OMOPOMo xapa'ICmepussem» npocmoeamaso pyccnaw uopma U ew 'He3am'fbI'i.llU6'blJi nposuun« U 60 mo 'JICe epeu« Co ydu6Ume.llb'HOU uy- 6U'Hoti Omm1b'HJiemo my 60Pb6y Me'JICOY MipOMo Ji3bl1J,eCm6a U xpuomiomcmea, «omopan 11, dodlWCb 'He 3anO'H1J,U.llaCb ew;e na C6JimOU Pucu.

fI3bl'IC0 C. B. _Zlfa'ICCUJlt06a c6oeb6pa3'HO - napOd'J-lblU U" 'He npeY6e.ltU1J,U6aJi MO'JIC'HO cnasam», wmo yM'fb1OW;UXo npuM'fbMmb eta mauz, 'lCa'ICo smo d'fb.lta.lto aemop» « Cu6upu U Kamopiu» 60.llbUle ne 6ydemo.

3(( pY'lwnUCb1O) ocmaexennuno nO'ICOUUUMo aemoposcs, npUUl.llOCb noptuiomam», wmoti»: npuiomoeum» ee 1(0 neuamu, a noc.lt'fbd'HJiJi «acm» 'lr!p'lt.llo/,iu-« Hpecmuas; CU.JUl» 6bM(l da'JICe 'He enoxus» 8aIWn~te1la, maxz 'IlInO ee npnu(·.r.oCb donosnum» npu nOJlOW;U co6pau1tuxo Jlt1lMi uamcpiauoe». Bees smoms mpyoo :wBepUW'Ho A. A, fJ6.tlOnOBCliIlJto, .

1.'1/. R. II, t» uuiuees.

qepn nonyram napnal - TaR'b Bet H ~arOJIOCHJIH CY~HJIII-PMFIJm:, II IIOp1lmHJIII BC'I,M'1 MiPOM'1 ero rrpOCTIIT1 • .n;a CTapmIIHa HaCTpam;a.JI'1: BceH-~e .n;epeBHeH sa Hero OTB'hqaT}, IIpII~eTCjJ. OOCJIaJIII ero na IIOCeJIeH1e. r.n;t JKe reneps P031ICRaTb roro, RTO TOJIKaJI'1 ero IIO.n;'1 pyRY 1I IIIenTa.JI'h eMY B'1 yxo? Pa3B1l CaM'1 no ce61l, B1l)l;OMbIH rrapeas-s-caapeaa, na rasoe neaoopoe .n;1lJIO p1lmHJICJI 6bI?

O~IIII'1 MOJIO)l;eI('1 C'1 MaJIbIX'1 JI'£T'1 npi06bIK'1 R'1 BO.n;R1l, )l;a TaIn, 'ITO Ror~a CT3JI'1 X03JlHHOM'b H nesoro 6bIJIO 60JITLCJI, rrpOIIHJn, ace na CM1lX'1 JIIO~JIM'1, aa rrym;ee rope llIeHbI H ~1lTeH. HaCM1lmRH H pyraH1 lie ~aBa.JIH eMY npoxona.

- .n;aH-Ra jJ Y)l;aBJIIOC1, onpocraro pysa. HeRoMY 6y~eT'h II rOJIOCHT1, a em;e Bd 6Y)l;YT'1 pa,u:bI! - nO)l;YMaJI'b MOJIO)l;eI('b npo ce6JI, a BCROP1l H BdM'I) CTaJI'b 06'1 STOM'b paacxa- 31IBaT1.

O~IIlI'1 CTapH'IeR'1 R'1 ero p1l'laMn npIICjlYIIIa.lJCa H nocoB1lTOBaJI'1 :

- TbI BOT'b lJ:TO, )l;pyr'1:-IWr)l;a rrOH)l;CIIlb ~aBIITbca HJIII 3aJIHBaT1CJI (TorrIITbCJI), TO CRa}J{H: ,rt;YIIly CBOIO OT,rt;aro Bory, a T1lJIO xepry. - IIym;aH rorna HeqHCTaJI CHJIa BJIaA'BeT'[, TBOHM'1 T1lJIOM'1!

PaCnpOCTHJICJI MyiKIIIt'1 co CBOIIMII, 3aXBaTHJI'1 BO}J{}J{II H nomem B'b JI1lC'1. A TaM'1 see TaR'b II CJIYlJ:HJIOC1, RaR'b 6bITb naao. .HBHJIIIC1 ,rt;Ba uepra, nO,rt;XBan'IJIH rro,rt;n pyrtH II nOBeJIH It'b rpOMa.n;HOH OCHH1l. A OROJIO OCHHbI c06paJIOC1 BeJIHROe C60pHm;e BCJIIWH HelJ:HCTH: 6bIJIII H IWJIJJ;YH1I, H B1l)l;bMbI, H yronJIeHHI:UtH, H YJJ;aBJIeI-IHHRH. EpyrOM'1 CTOJIT'b TpJIcY'-liH OCIIHbl H na RaJIt,rt;Oit CH)l;HT'1 no 'IcJIoB'fmy II Bd, MaUJlT'1.

- IbllTe nocaopbe: MbI BaC'1 )l;aBHO O.iItHJJ;aeM'1!

Onna OCHna H MaltymIty CBOro naltJIOIIHJIa:-upHfJIamaeT'IJ.

Y BII)l;a.JIH lIepTII nosaro ronapanra, aaUJIJICaJIH II Bau'J3JlH; IIa paJJ;oCTJlX'b ItIIHYJnreb na nCTp1l1IY, npIIIUIJIH HWb pylt'1 BOjK.iItH,

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3aXJIeCTHYJIII 3a Kpiinti:tl: CYlt1J-IIaJla,n;IUUI neTJlIO. ,lI,BOO paCTOllhIPIIJIII eo II nepxarr, na roross, TpeTifi YXBaTRJI'b sa !IOI'M II llo,n;ca;rr,IIJI'1 rOJIOBo:tl: npRMO I~'b Y3JIY. TYT'b MYJItRlt'b M BClIOMHILrr'1 CTapIIKa IT imrOBOpITJI'b, 'lTO TOT'J) eMY BeJIim,.

- Hms, BeJIIIKO ,n;tJIO rsoe MRCO-3aI~pII'laJIII Bci 'IepTM. 1!TO M11 C'1 HllM'h 6y,n;eM'b ,n;'BJIaTb? HaM'I> nyma HYJKHa, a 110 Tt.TIO BOHIO'lee.

C'b 3THMH CJIOBaMH IihIXBaTITJIII ero H3'[, ner.m II llIB[,[PnyJIII B'b CTOPOHY,

Br, nepeaaf 1I0TOM'b 06'bRCHRJ['h OMY Ton ace crapmrr.:

- IIolIIJIa 6br TBOR KOJKa HMb na 6YMary. Ilmnyn, OHH aa TOR 6YMart norosopu T'Bx'b, 'ITO nponarorr, 'iepTRM'b ("BOH ,n;ymH, H rromacsraarors CBOOW n:POBbIO, BhIrry:w;eIIHoil: H:n, 'ITaJl:P'£3a na npaaom, MH3HHII'B.

TaK'b ItaI~'h BO ncanaro '18JIOB'fma, xoroparo . 610T'1 XM'hJICHHKb (CTpaJ.I:aCT'J) aanoesn.), nenpeabnno BCeJIRCTCJI 'rapT'I., TO H BJIa,!l;'IlcT'b o lIT, aanoitlIf>IM'1> B'I> IIOJIIIYIO nDIY: JIBJ[HH<h B'b 'IOJIOB'BtJCCItOM'I, BHJI:'Il, MaHITT'[, ero TO B'h J['l;c.'h, TO In, OMYTT,. A TaK'1 I,ar,:J, 6'BC:1 BhI6upap'f[' (',00']; ~l'kT() II PHMO BT, cepnru. TO l[ IIO 6bIBaeT'h TO~Iy necuacmoxy HIII'xl; llOlWH II M'£c,Ta OT'I> crpaumof rocxrr. Iloxa )1.0l'aJ(aIOTC,JI IICI~'IlJIIf'l'I. TalWI'O 'IC.1IOB'llI-ca ep;I1IIc,TBCHllbIM'I, Haj(eJKIII>IM'h ('peJ(eTBOM'h-~' «OT'IHTI,maIlieM'b», T. e. nona He npO'IIITaIOT'h nal('I, HHM'" Breil: nca.rrrrpu TpH paaa, - IWBapm.n'[ Bpal~h '{(uoB'h'mCltal'() poRa ne IlCI)(\(,T<tIIO'f'[' oryn«l,Tl> oro II lIPOII:!BOJUlTb csoa Ko:nm,

OBJ(owluH. IlaIIIHur[,P'F"Oi(IUt oaoa, :(a II :lIlTpKH:ra 1I0 M'y.ati.:

HalUlJIa YX(Wnl> l1:n. naohl II 110 :m;UlOpl(l1M'I> ('h:p"maTM',jr, gem. Qua, CI\JIOHHU1.I'O,i10HY Ira. JlyIW, (,HIlIl'rlo IULJIIO)(lIX'h. TO IC&IK(m:a. 'ITO oua COUd;M'b O)(fllllHl(ll['(;:m XOTit TOllOpOM'I. IItl (·:bltll. Or8JIR A(}}La.nmin npm'Mlrrpllllll.'!'" alL lloA ~t:l1} ()lI8.(~(\JliSl. KaK''' ()"I oaa pyKH Ha et~n: till 1U1JlfmCllJUL, 110 1m Y('JUJ)~'IIJUf:' t)(){)(~",II&C.}) 6a()a BIIK3'l. l'OJIOliOft U'D l'JlyGOldn 1(0.IIOJ(03». T'''''t'b "

17

uanrra OIW'IeHIDlhIti H rrocHH'llJIl)1l1 rpyrrs ea. ,II;o6pble JIIO)J;lI ee He 06BHHlIJIH, a rrO.iKaJIt.lIH:

- lJepn CMYTHJI'b, CKOPO rrocrrtJI'b, B'b Cpy6'b rrHxnyJI'b: r)J;t cJIa6oil: 6a6t ooporsca C'L HHM'b?

BJIarO'leCTHBble .iKe, crporie mOAH, nOJIO.iKHBJIl"i;r sa rpfnnJIYIO )l;ymeHllKY specraoe snaacnio, He npeMlInym[OTKplITO BbITOBOPHTh, B'b cy,n;'b H B'b OCY)K)l;eHie caMoy6i:itU;bI, saB'llTHyro MbICJIb:

- KOJIH caM'L 'leJIOBtK'b HaJIO.iKHJI'b na ceria PYKHsaasars, OH'b «'l~TY 6apaH'b» *).

« qepTy 6apaH'b» B'b paBHoil:Mtpt H Ton, KTO npH?traers K'b HaCHJIbCTBeHHo:it CMepTH, H TOT'b, KTO cosepmaers nop;.iKor'b, y6iil:CTBO no SJIoil: BOJIt (no [BHymeHiIO ,n;bJIBOJIa) H Tt, soropne nonaxarom B'b necuacrie OT'b aepaeaosbcia ,n;ymeBHbIX1> cam. nepexonaaro noepacra. Ed! )l;ynreBHo- 60JIhHhle H neaopaaasmre CyTh JIIO;n:H nopxemae, BOJIeIO IWTOPlIX'b ynpaBJIaeT'b He'lHCTaJI CIIJIa, KtM'b - JIH60 nanymenaaa H Sa'laCTYIO HaTaITKHBaIOru;aJI na sJIoAi>JIHiece6t na nOTtxy. Ttman 8TH JIIO)l;1I lIepTa-;n:tJIaIOT'b IIS'b ceoa p;JIa nero «6apaHa»-B'b T'Bx'b cJIyq:aJlX'b, Kor,n;a BS;n:yxaers 6'Bc'b npoxararsca, IIorYJIHTh, norfnnan, ceria, a TO H npOCTO BOSHTh aa HHX'b BOp;y, KaK'b na cyrnecraaxs COBepmeRHO 6esoTBtTHhlX'b, 6essaru;HTHbIX'b, nO)l;06HO OBu;aM'b, If BII()JInt nO)l;'lHHeHHbIX'b. ,II;JIH roro TO co6CTBeHHO II BhI6p-ano ::ITO caaoe KpOTKoe 6eSOTB'llTlIoe .iKIIBOTHoe. OlIO .iKe y 6tCOB'b JII06llM0e, B'b rrpOTIIBOnOJIO.iKHOCTh K03JIY, noroparo sepra 60.JlTCa OT'b caaaro COTBopeHiH xipa (BOT'b noseay iepiKan )~O caxt, IIOj)). IW::l.'lOB1) na IWHIOmHHX'b). KpOMt roro, aa ca¥oy6iitu;ax'b na TOM'b CBtTt caM'L caraaa paS'b1lS.lRaeT'b

*) l;laOl'p;a-l! ropasno plliKe-llTo nsrpaaceate 8aMllHHeTcH )l;ByMl! I\VYI'HMI!: qepTy cB1ltIKa, lIepTy uoxepra (yroxsa M'llmaTb Bl> reeHHll oreea-

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18

Ta.KIIM'b 06paSOM'b, '[TO aanparaert O,lI;rnrX'b m.r1>CTO .rrOllla)l;el1:, )l;PyrIIX'b caaaers sa I~yqepa rrpasars, a CaM'b Ca)l;IITCH na r.rraBHOM'1 M1lCTt B'b paSBa.lIKY, rronyxaers II rrO)l;x.rreCTbIBaeT'h. TIo BpeMeHaM'b sa1>SJKaeT'b OH'b na HIIX'b B'b KYSHRIIbI R TaM'b rrO)l;KOBhlBae.T'b6apaHbR sonsrra rrO)l;06HO .rroma)l;RHbIM'b. Kor)l;a J[ce caraaa CR)l;RT'b na CBOeM'b TpOH1l B'b npeacnonaea, TO scerna )l;epJKIrr'b na KO.rr1lHHX'b I Y)I;Y, Xpacronponasua II caMoy6iHIIY, C'b Kome.rrbKmr:o B'b PYKaX'b, 1I3'b noroparo BcilM'b 6tcaM'h orrrycaarorca )l;eHbrR aa pasnsre pacxozsr no )l;1l.rry corora»HOB'b II Bs:orcKaHifi sa CO)l;1lHHHOe rp1lmlIbIMR .rr1O)l;bMII. Ih TaKOM'1 BII)l;1l caraay II na IIKOH3u,{'b rranryrs, .a TtX'h KapTlIHaX'b Crpamaaro CY)l;a, :K~ToPbm 06:orqHO ManlJ10Tea na sanamsrxs cTtHaX'f) rrpasocaaasrcs XpaMOB'b. A 'IT06f>l BtpH1le II Y)l;06H1le uonans BO BJlaCTb neqIICTOH ClI.IThI Bd YTorr.rre~IHIIKII Ii Y)l;aB.rreHHRKII,-liX'b cTapaIOTCH rrOXOp0H.HTI. TaM'1, r)l;t OHII coeepmana Ha)l;'b c06010 THJKKifi rp'Bx'I, caaoy6ificTBa, rrpaxexs rrorperiaror-s 3TIIX'I) HeC'IaeTIlhIX'h IIO)];'!' ronoro uacunsro, COBC1lM'b 6es'b xpecra Ii BII'l; [cJmJ~OnIU;eIlCKofi orpamr,

IIpOIl:aSDI lIepTei. IIepBhIMI! ,I[CepTBltMII Hpl! aaouBa,XI.

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I~PbI.ilhI~O npOX.JIa.u;HTI.(·JI. )l;a II nponam.. CTiUIIl utI.UTh II YCJIhIxami I'PHI;'[. B'b l\o.lIo.u;rr!;. BhIHY.1UJ H vana.ru CJrBJJ;YIOm;ee:

- II08Ba.1!'L (,BaTI. IIIfTI. 'rafr .u;a nuno. Bumon, lfaumy nnsa II yrm.u;a.JJ'!., 'ITO ne y ('BUTa H Bl, rOCTHX'!., U B'b IW.romrb, ;~a II He IIlIEO III,IO, a XO.lIO;a,nYIO BO.u;y. II He eraI\.aH'lln,o~n. f'O III.IO. a rrpaao BT. aax.lf'6h;Y .

. OJJ;rrUIW, na pH;a,y ('.T, 8TH1IUI 8.'lhIMH IIIyTltaMR, xepra, no B08- spimiJIM'!. napona, cnnonrs II PJI;a,OM'!., npRIIUMaIOT'!. n1JIIIhTX'I. nom. cnoe nOKpOBHTeJI1CTBO II OKaS1IBaIOT'!. HM'!. paanooripaaau» YCJlyrR. Ha nepB1TH BSrJIa.u;'!., B'!. TaKOM'!. noseneaia lfepTefi MOJKHO(£, J!.10TpilT1 KaK'!. 6y.u;TO I-dmOTOpoe nporaaopsxie. B'!. CaMC»I'B .u;tJIt: xoprr., SJIaa cana, npe.u;CTaBIITe.l11SJIOrO Ha'IaJIa, II

. B.u;pyr'I" onaauaaers JIIO)l;aM'I, )l;06p1Ia y(,Jlyrn. Ho na eaMOM'!.

)~t.l1t nporaaopfma S.u;tC1 HtT'!.: KaJK.u;blif maH1IH ecrs npeaore

utero c.lIyra 'lepTa: cBoei! rp'BXOBIrMI crpacn.ro I'T. BIUIY,

OH'!. «TtIIIHT'I, 6t('a», II nOTOMY 'JepTy npOC'TO Hi,T'[' pas-

csera npHlfIIHHTI) CBOlIM'!. BtpH1IM'!. C.'lyraM'l, RaIl:oe-HII6y.u;1 nenonpannxoe SJIO,-HanpOTIIB'!., eCT1 pascnerr, 0I{(tShIBaT1

lIM'!, IIOMOm;b. Cnepxs roro, HHICTO )l;pyroH, I,aK'!. RMeHHO

uoprr, naTaJIICIIBaeT'I. na 1I1HHCTBO, naBO;IJ;I1T'!, na JIIO)l;eH Ty 60.lItSH1, soropaa SOBeTCH xMtJIeBm;o:-.{'J., IIJIlI sanoesrs: OII'1, .... i\/ e.llt.u;OBaTeJI1HO, B'!. BIIHt, OH'!. H B'!. OTBtTt. He HaKasaHieM'!.

.iKe e'IRTaTI) ero sa60Tbr 0 n1aU1IX'B II ero XJIOnOT11 OKOJIO

TtX'!., noropue npJIMO JIt3YT'!. B'!. crcm. lIJIli1 BO.u;y, II He xa-

paeT'!. .IKe OI-I'J., B'!. CaMOM'I, .u;tJI'B, eCJIII 3a6aBJUIeTCH C'!. OXMt.1ItBIlIIIM'!. lfeJIOB-BKOM'!. II llIyTlIT'I> nryraa, XOTa 611 .u;aJKe 11

amra (xro eMY II IC'!..lIIIIIY, II no npasy). IIpuBeJI'I, nsanaro

I~'!. I~yMy B'!, rO(','fII-BCJItJI'!. pas.u;,rmaTJ,(·H; saxoT'IlJIOC1 III,JInOMY IUIT1-YKa3a.lI1, na 1~'1.lI1I:fi Yllian C'b nIIBOM'l,: neH ;;a,a 3y6£>1" \;(. tre paaOCH,-;IJ;O.lII'O OlIO na l~BOp'rl CTOJJ.1JO. 3I1MCpaJIO. Pas,u;'bB1IIIH'1, IIr.IIbITyeMl>Jir CTaJr'f, paavnar nca, 03.Ht')-r •• Ocuorpfuca

2"

20

II BII,n:IIT'L, lITO CII,n:IIT'f) rra CJIOMaHHOM'b nnf II 60caa nora CTOIIT'1 B'1 CH-Bry, a B,n:aJIII orOHeI~'1 CB'BTMT'L. Y BM,n:a,lI'1 ero, CXBaTMJIca 6-BJKaT1, H 6-BJI{aJI'b, ItaR'1 yrop-BJI1IIL Ha reps no 06p1IBY rrocJI-B,n:HiM caner-s norepans; y ORHa CBaTa cTYlIaJI'1 H ItPH'laJI'1: sasrepaaro, rrycrarel - I:I rrpe,n:cTaJI'1 pasyT1IM'1, pas,n:-BT1Un, 6e3'1 maIIRH. CBaT'1 C'1 ,n:oca,n:bI cnpanmsaers: «r,n:i Te6a: xeprs HOCMJI'1?»-OTB-BlIaeT'1 C'1 YB-BpeHHOCT11O II TBep;n:hJM'L rOJIOCOM'1:-«OH'1 TO xena II HOCHJI'b!» II B'1 caMOM'1 )l;-BJI'B: na OTRod Ba.rreI·miI canors namnr, mamty M rrOJIymy60R'1 CHa:JIU C'1 cylIRa B'1 .rr-Bcy, a pYRaBIm;1I Ba.lI.lIJIII{'}, rro;n:JI'B rrpopy6u na P-BR'£, HS'1 IWTOpoiI yrOrrra,rr'b )~aBHmHhliI RyM'h XOJIO;n:HbIM'I, lUmOM'b.

lIepT'1 JII06HT'1, rOBOpa:T'1, nDJIH1IX'1 no TOM npI1QUH1>, lITO TaltHX'b JIIO,n:eiI eMY .rerse HaTaJIltHBaT1 na BC.lIKiiI rp-BX'I>, BHymaT1 ;n:ypII1I.lI M1IcmI, rro;n:CKaS1IBaT1 lIeplIbI.lI H CpaMHI>IJl CJIOBa (OlIeHI> '!aCTO XJIeCTlti.lI H OCTPOYMHhl.lI), rrara.rItHBaT1 sa ;n:paKy II na ncaxte rauie nocrynun, lVIH IWTOpuxr, y BC-BX'J), aa neuM'lmieM'h rrhpuaro, 0('.'1'1> ())(J(() .J(nmnnoe ]I B-B'IHOe o upasnaino: «'IOPT'I> nonvram.».

- no Trh.lITIOMY-TO )\,h,iry lIlHJIO-JIl, '101'0 IIi' OhIBHCT'h,TO,!I;YIOT'I, OlIT,ITIU)Ie ,JIIo;n:n,-llltIIY(''f1l1''h «Oil'!'» ,lIi~"I'r, (CTpaX'I», ,;IlIOO TOCIty, TaIt'1 II nesnaao 'ITO npCACTltBJI'1'(,H. Co crpaxy ;n:H TOCIm pvirn na W()}! HlMOjlimm,. a om, II parr.; lIaQIIOT'I, 1I0,n:'1) 60I~a lIOj(TaJIICIIBa:rI>, Ira yxo rra IlIPIlTJ.! nan., 'I'bI 'rOJlbitO nCT,lIIO JIaIiIlI[f" a OIl'I> nOl(,!' pyI~y llOI(TO.:mlHlT'h-- H aaTSmeT'b. 3aT'IIM'I> OfIl! Il na aeMJIlO J)fl.:IHIOT(,5I, 'ITOO!.I nnocm 'WJIOll'l.IKa B'h rp'hX'h, II.iIll WUWCTII IiH.h'ofl-,'IlIOO npPirr..

Tpeanuo H CTflIlfllI II !>((I ,'If( I;~II llaIlOj~lIT'r. lilt O'I;(,O.ll('I;YIO t'IMy ITA M!I .. ro 11 i~pyI'IIX'h i10Ii,'IIlIlOII'" II Ot)1H11lIII01"" nnll'!> eaMtJX'" paalfOOOpl1anl>lX'h a.!IO)rhHlliHX'Io I( JUt:-IW 11'10 U()('Hl'Il'I"',!Ih<'.'flmX'f, ua lfOJIOWhIHI('''YI<) .i1(Wl1tl.. TUI\'I., nu up., 110 BIlI.\M II 1'11();II.l r;'!W:h, ,IIPO(',II'ht(yoMhlfr CTp'll.IUtMII \lo.llllill. llllJl'HlT('j{ :m '1I'.'lOlI'til\!t. 110,1\-

21

sepraa ero .lIBHOfi onaCHOCTH. IIop3.lKaJI 61lca, IbM IlpopOK'I> HJIH MHXaHJI'b ApXaHreJI'I) MorYT'b y6RTb R HeBHIIHaro. BOT'b lIO'IeMY BO npexa rpossr HaAO I'peCTHT1CJl. Haao nocrynars rroA06H11M'b JKe oopasosn. nepem, llAOIO II nIIT1eM'1, rrOMH.lI, 'ITO He'IHCTaJI CIIJIa JII06IIT'h rrposaaars, ocssepnaa HeOCB.lIIIJ;(}IIH1Ie COCYAbI lI'BM'b Ill! HOllaJIO. fho (IIO CBH)l;tTeJI1CTBY JKIITifi), MeJKAY IIPO'IIIM'b, JII06UMbUI maJIOCTII xepTefi, K'b KaKOBbIMt OHII Talolcenpn6traIOT'b AJI.lI C06JIaSHOB'b.

IIoXHmaroT'D dTeii. Bpaiuaerca 'laCTO B'b nepeseacnoxs 6bITY pyraremaoe CJIOBO OMM1bUZ, (T. e. 06MtH'b, 06MtH1Im'b), OCHOBaHHoe na TBepAOM'b B13poBaHiII B'b TO, 'ITO A1.lIBOJI'b rrO)J;MtH.lIeT'b CBOIIMII 'IepTeHJITMI!lI neapememrxa 'leJIOBt'IetKlIxi MJIaAeH:o;eB'b. Besr, pasriopy xepnr YHOCHT'b n T13X'b, KOTOP1IX'b B'b cepmaxs npOKJIHHaIOT'b xarepa, H TaIiJIX'b, KOTOP.bIM'b B'b He)l;06p1lfi 'lac'b CI{aJKYT'b HeJIa)l;HOe (uepnoe) CJIOBO B'b pO)l;k XOT1 611 JItmi:fi Te6.lI YHeC1>. Y HOCHT'b II MJIa)l;eH:o;eB'b, OeTaBJIeHH1IX'b )1;0 Itper:o;eHiJI 6e3'b HaAJIeJKaniaro npzcaorpa, T. e. aorna MJIaAeH:o;aM'b )J,aIOT'b 3aCHYT1 He nepespecraamn !IX'h, AaIOT'I> lIllxnYTL 1I He 1I03ApaCTBYIOT'b aHreJI1CI,YIO Aymy, He nO)KeJIaIOT'b pOCTa II 3;n:OpOBMI. OCOoeHHO He COBtTyIOT'b simaT1 B'b 6aHJlX'b, r;n:t 06.bIIUIOBeHHo pOJKeHu:O;bI rrpOBo;n:JIT'I) nepnue AHI:! nOCJIt PO;n:OB'b. He'lJICTaJI CHJIa 30pIW CTOPOJKIIT'b n rrOJILsyeTC.lI KaJK)I;bIM'b CJIYlJaeM'b, KorAa poaenana BSApeMHeT'b nmr OCTaHeTC.lI oAHa. Bors no'IeMY OrrLITH.bIJI rroaaryxn CTapaIOTCJI He rrOKll;n:aTL MaTepen lUI ua O)J,HY MHHyTy, a B'L ItpanHeM'b CJIY'Iat, npa B1IXOJ.I;t U3'l) 6aHH, KPCeTHTT) nd; yrJIhl. EC.TIl ,[;.e DTII Mtp1I npenoCTOP0.iKHOCTH He 6YAYT~h IlpIIHHT11, TO MaTh H H(, :laM-BTHT'b, Italt'l) aa Itphlmeii 3amyMHT'1 CIIJIhH1IH: B'BTep'I), cuyCTHTC.lI lIe'IIIeTaJI CHJIa 11 06MllHHT'h perienna, HOJIO,KHllT, IlOJ.I;'[,

60K'b pOJKeUH:O;11 cnoero «JI'IllllaQOI-IIta» HJIH «06~d)Hl>IIlLa». Y'

8TU OOM'Im1IIIlH OhIBaTOT'[' OlICHJ, TOIIJ;rr T'IlJIOM'h n ItpaA:H<I

ypO)l,.'IllBhI: HOrH Y IHlX'b . ncerna TOH8HbI\,i}I, PYItH nacan. lIJleThIO, oproxo orpouaoe, a rO.lIOBa nerrpexhuno OO.JhIlIM II CBIICllIaa na-cropony. Cacpxs roro, OHn OTJIIl'!aIOTCH npnpO)l,HofI rynocrsro M 3JIOCThIO II OXOTHO TIOI,H)l,aIOT:h ('BOHX'I, npieMHhIX'b PO,lI;YIT8.lIeH, yXO)l,a B'b .'.['Be'b. BrrpO'Ie~I'I', j[,JIBYT'b OHM ne ,lI;O.JIro II '!aCTO nponaaaiors oea'1, B'nCTII. lI~IH oopaIIIaIOTCH B'b rOJ10BllIImy.

• LITO sacaerca CY,ll;bOhI TIOXHIIIeHHhIX'b)l,'tTeH, TO '[CPTlI

06bIEHOBeIIIIO nocars IIX'b C'b C060ll, 3aCTaB.lIHH PU3AYBUTb Ha'IaBJllieca na 3eM.lI-B noatapst. Ho OhIBaeT'I, II nnaae. Iloxnmenuua A'ETH OT)l,aIOTCJl na nocnnramo pycaJII,aM'l, 1I.lI1I npOItJIHThnI'b )l,-BBKaM'b, y IWTOPhIX'b OlIII Ot.TaIOTCfl, npeBpaIIIaaCI, BIIOCJI-B)l,(',TBiu: A'Imo1lItu B'b pycanous, }·m.llh'UIKIri B'b ~I'JlllrHX,[). CrOAa 'JIW, 1,'1, lICU3B1JCTHhIM'I) «TaI1III,UI1, .noAHM'b» IVIH Ii'l, CUMUM'h )l,1JIBO.naM'b, uocrynarori, «npncnannsra )J;'£rII» , T. e. c.IY'Jaihro aa.u,ymcmlI,w MaTcp.HMH HO BPPMH ('.IW. If B'J, TOM'h, If BT, J~pyrOM'J) ('.11Y'l(1:11 JWmlt peonm.a ("IllTaPT(',J1 fIOrnOIll(,ll, ec.m (\0 ire cuacort. ca~m ~mTI> 11()(,.T())[IIIII>IMli 1\10- JIHTBaMII WI> T(\I[('l[je 40 I~"m"!, "1)[1 ('Tp();r;ailI11(,~t'" tI()('1"h. PeO(,IIOI"I). YIIC("CIIIfI,lfr «rann hDllt .1I()l~[,.\IIt». xll.la(,T('JI ('am, T811- IlblM.'b '1C'.'IOIrhl;oM'h: IIemt)~ml() iipOi~[[T'j, IlO o'll.wMY cainy. OTbICliIlBa}1 (:('{)1; nponnranie. 1 IW'!"h ~lO.IOI;(). O('T'U!.iWI moe B'b ropmuax'i, .ne6JIarOCJIOB.'H'llllJ,IM'j,. ('IIm-WI'T'j, ("r, liPblIIOK'J, el\feTany. Er.lllI )IW pe6P.1IOI\'j, Il()XHII~elI'l> ;~MIBO.IOM1" TO 110- c.lI'Jwriil lIoMilI.u;acn (\[,0 B'I> T<1Mllo(r H T'!;rrroi% TPMIIHI{,J;. X.OTH In, Te.MlIIII~'h lI'kl"h lIll ()I'IlH. IlII lilt II Hmpi'l ('MOil!.l, l.aK'h a'l> ItpOM'I\lIlllO~1'h It)l:h, aaro 1)(\(\(,)[01,'1, mUI('PI')UI .'IIfIWlP1TH ('Il'hl\l~ R 6y)~cT'r, 1r!i'fHO lIp0li.llIl1aTI, ('11010 mtTI. alt TO. '1'1'0 omt II!' y6eper,II!l ero, BIlP01IOM'h, ;r,.:llI MltTPpn. ()('.hIllIWMOn yllp<'lmWt I1oc:ropOHHRX'r. II (':rpaJ~a!oll~~ln OTt. .IW!lUlI'O IlR('lilllllllH, HM'I;<l'J'('Jl Jlll'h :IT!H'O MY'lllTf\lhlllll'O 1I0.ifOiKPllilJ IlhIX()Jrh. H(I()(ho,VtMO TpH !lO'HI Il}lO('TOaTh B'" I~OplilHt ([1\ ~1O.rrl1'1I'1I; 110 o'IWt II'I> TOM'I"

23

'ITO He BCJIRin cnanrennmcs paap1llllaCT'h ;,ITO. 'f'(;M'h HC MeII'l'le, HCC'laCTHbIJI xarepa e,wlmo BtpyIOT'b, 'IToeemI periemca IIOXHTnJIH TanHble ,'IIO,ll;II. TO om., no l'IWJII1TBt, JIBHTC.lI na CBoeM'J) M'BCTt l~tJIbIM'r, 11, no OI~pOIIJIeHiII tBJITOJO BO,ll;OKJ, OtTaneTCJI lIPBpe,ll;WMbIM'b. Ho 3aTO lVIaT€'PRM'h C'b 'lepTJIMH npencroara xuoro XJIOIIOT'b, TaIt'h KaI~'b npaxojrarea rronsepran, ce6JI TRJReJIhlM'b nCIIhITaHi.l:I11'b, IWTOPbIJI He no CllJIaM'h JKeHcKoti: npIIpO,ll;t •

.JInllh 10JIbIW HaCTYIIHT'h HO% H, .lReHIIIHHa, OCTaBllHCh oma B'h ~epKBII, BCTaHeT'b na MOJIIITBY, Kalt'h TOT'laC'h .IRe na'lJiIHaen OHa IIO,ll;BepraTbC'JI BCSIUIM'h Y.IRaCaM'h: 1l0Sa,ll;II IIO,ll;HilMaeTCH XOXOT'h II (,BHCT'h, CJIblllaTCJI ronaase, nJIJICKH, BpeMCHaMII ,ll;tTCKiti: IIJIa'I'b J1 yrpossr, Pa3,ll;aIOTCH 6tcoBCKie ronoca na C06JIaSH'h II IIOrH6eJIb:

.:...._ Or,]JIHII(,b,-OT,ll;a)I)Il'rI'b!.. l~PIPIIIT'h II pe6CHOI~'h:

- He MaTb Tbl 1IIH'B, a 3MtJI nO,ll;IWJIO,ll;Ua.ll!

OrJI.llIIYTbtJI na Ton paS1>_;3HatIHT'h, na BtRH uoryoan, CeO}1 n petiemca (paaopsyn, ueprn na 'raCTH). BI,I,ll;epJRaTh )H'!,ymeHic-SHatIIIT'h yBII,ll;tTh csoero peoenaa 'IepHhlM'h, ItaK'b yro.n., rnroparo na OiUlY lVIl1HyTy IIOKaJRYT'h llepC,ll;'h TtM'J), Kalt'b aarrsrs BTOPb!:M'h II'£Tyxall'l'h.

Ha BTOpyIO HOlJ:b IIPOIICXO;I(IIT'h :TOJKe caxoe, HO cs riM'b nnun, pa3JIJ.ipIieM'h, 'ITO na :1TOT'h pass pe6eHOK'h He RJIJ'IHen CEOC!! MaTepII, a TBep;I(IIT'b en OIl:HO CJIOBO: MOJIHch!-lIoCJIt nepnaro IItTyxa 1l0JIBJIHeTCJI ;I(HTJI !Ha IlOJ10BIIHY TtJIa 6tJIbIM'h.

TPE'TMI HOl.lb-CaMaJI OIlaCHaJI: .6tC11 na'HIHaIOT'h I~pIIlraTh A'[;TCI\IIM'b rOJIOeOM'h, llIIIIIaT'b M .IlJIatIYT'h, aaX.lre6bIBaJICb n ('.'b OTlIaJIHHbIMH B3BIIsraMII YMOJIJIJI B3JITL HX'11 WI PYIUI. Cpeaa ,n;1>JIaHHhIX'I) ROTIJlen ;I(O lIYTltarO yxa JII06H~(>A MaTepn, xpaopo Bhl;I(epjI(HBaIOll~eii Hnty(''b. ;I(OIIO('.JIT(·JI II ll'llJliHhlP :myliH lIUlI'ItaI'O roaoca, (,OB'hTYIDII(arO MO.'TJ1Th('JI:

24

- MaTYIIIKa, pO,!l;Ha}1 T11 MOJ:l! MOJUltL, MOJll!(;b - (;IWPO SaMOJInmb.

Ilponosrs TpeTiit pa3'b n1lTYX'L - 11 ,!I;bJIBOJI'b 6pOCaeT'1.

I

nepem xarepsro COBepIIIeHHO 6ilJIaro perienaa, T. e. TaI~HM'I.,

KaKHM'b OHa ero pO,!l;HJIa.

- Teneps TbI MHi pomaa MaTL-CnacII6o: 3aMOJ1IIJIa!npOKpIIlJIIT'b il:IIT.lI II MepTBbIM'b~ HO cnacennuar., OCTaeTC)! JIeJKaTI> na :u;epKOBHOM'b nOJIy.

3a OTKa30M'b CBm:u;eHHIIKOB'b, 6e3noKoitcTBa cospyuraIOITIIIXC.lI MaTepeit ,!I;OXOil:J:lT'b ,!I;O I~paitHnX'b npe,!l;tJIOB'1, H Tom)!W 6JIaro,!l;ap.lI 60rOMOJIbHbIM'b nacrpoesiaxr, OHt HaXOil:JlT'I. Y("1IOxoeaie B'b xoacrentaxs no MOHaCTblpJIM'b II B'b yBtr:u;aniHX'1> 6JIarOlJeCTIIBbIX'b crapnear., npII3HaBaeMlIX'b sa CBHTDIX'h. OT'1> crapneas rocxyionn» xareprr II npIIHOCllT'b .n;OMOil: YBtpeHHOeTI> B'b TOM'b, lJTO II ,!I;YIIIa sacnannaro MJrail:eIrqa not1:,!I;eT'h TYJJ:lt jKe, I~y,!l;a Bci )l;yrnl1 npOlII1X'b YMeprnUX'b .n;tTei1:, T. e. npJIMO B'b CBJ1TOH paa, It'b caMoMY I'ocnony Bory.

C06U3HJIIOT'L meHm;HH'L. H~'I) ll'1mmophlx1. ;Ial'l'i(r ("iI}IThIX'I.··· OC06eI:IIIO no aqioH(',IwMY IfaTcpMI_Y-Il nn lIap{)!~I!J,I:\'h rIill- 30K'b ,!I;OBOJIhHO I13B'kTHhI c.ilaj(ocTpaeTHwl H<1Ii.lOlIIIOCTll 1I("(1I'i 611cOBCIWH IlOpO.n;1I. 8TH rrax .. lIOIlIIOr'fII llI)()}lB.lJIIOTCH. I~ali'h B'j, JIfllIHbIX'b rrocrynsaxs OTA'hJLhHbIX'h o'neOll'I, T,Ui'l> II H'I> xapaxrepf JIIO)l;CKIIX'1 HCI~yIIIeHiH. UOTOMY 'ITO O'l;n.I Been) 0:\OTI[':80 HCEyrnaIOT'b JlIO)l;eli HMOUIIO B'I. 3TmI'l, nanpunxentu. Bt, HCTOpill 60pl>61>I xpncriaur-mn ("L J:l3hllJel'TBOM'h B'I, BuaalITin OCT!> He MaJIO YKa3auitl: na TyilW 6.1IYJ(UYIO HlUiJIOHllO('Th ,![I>HBO.'IOB'J, H na C.BJ131> HX'b e'[) rpO'llLIlIOLMII TO{,O BIHlMlHm. CT<HiT'L II II'" HaUIl1 )l;UH, y uacr. na l'y(~111 1l0('I\YIUlrr, M().lfOJloA 6a6'11 no ymen;meM'b rra aaplloomH ~t yjl~'II. II'!. oro(i(lI!lI<WTlt il\.(1 11)1.081. no YMOPUWM'L, II.aK" (i'I)('.1I1 11 1'()1'Ollloi )'ilW lin y,.hxy n na y(':~IY"'t. IIOJII.ay.m:r, ello('o(iIlO!:ThlO ll(lll(lKlti~hmll'r"(.'JI (llllltUU!ttRTb ua ee(ia B("RKiJr JIWmUhl) H .lOmm('.Tl>lO 11'1> ('o():m:max'h II 1I0:lOlmTe'rnnx'"

25

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27

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28

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29

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C'B)I,OH 60PO)l,OH II nerrOBOpOT.1HBbIH: Bc,m6H MOJKeT1>. yBH.n;tTb ero TCMIIOIO HOI{bIO )1,0 BTOpI)IX1> rrtTyxOB1>. B1> TtX1> JKe M':BCTa:X'b, 1I0)l,1> ITeH30H, OH1> IIHOr/l:a npHHHMaeT1> BH)l;1> 'IepHOH KOIlIKH HJIH MimKa (;1> X.JI'fi60M''b.

Ilocensscs na rrOCTOJIHHOe JKHThe B1> JKHJIOH H TerrJIOIl:

H36'h, /l:OMOBOH rass B1> HeH rrpHJKHBaeTCJI na npaaaxi, 'X03JIHHa, 'ITO BrrOJIHt 3aCJIYJKHBaeT1> npacaoeaaoe eMY B'b H'hKoTOPbIX'b MtCTHOCTJIX'b nassaaie /l:OMOJKHJIa. ECJIH OlIT, 3aMt'laeT'b noxymeaie na II3mo6JIeHHOe IIM1> ')KIIJIJZ£III;e CO CTOPOHbI cocsnaaro /l:OMOBoro, eCJIII, nanp., OH1> yJIII'IHT1> ero B1> Kpamt y JIOma/l:eH osca HJIII csna, TO nceraa acrynaers Bn )l,paKY II Be,n;eT'b ee cs TaKIIM'b OJKeCTO'leHieM'b, KaKoe CBOIICTBeHHO TOJIhKO MorY'leH HeJKHTII, a He CJIa60H JIIO)l;CKOit CHJIt. Ho O,n;Hl! JIHIIIh 'IyrKie JIIO,n;H Moryr'b cnaman, STOT'I> myM'b B'b XJItBaX'b II KOHIOmHJlX1> H OTJIH'laTh B03HIO ,n;OMOBhlX1> OT'b JIOIIIa)l;HHarO ronora II IIIapaXTaRbJI maJIbHhlX'b onerrs. E3JKAhIH ,n;OMOBOH npaaaxaers K'b CBoeH II36t B'b TaKOH CHJIhHOH crenemr, 'ITO ero Tpy,n;HO, rrO"'lTH HeB03MOJKHO BhlCeJIHTh HJIH BbIJKIITb. He AOCTaTO"'lHO )l;JIJI roro BctM'b II3- BtCTHhlX1> MOJIIITB'b H 06bI'lHbIX1> upiexoas. Hano BJIa)l;tTb OC06bIMH rrpHTJIraTeJIhHbIMH Ao6phIMH CBOHCTBaMH )l;ymH, 'lTo6hI OH'b BHJIJI'b MOJIh6aM1> H He npnsaam, 6hI JIaCKaTeJIhmre npnsera sa JIHn;eMtpHbIH rromoxr., a npeaaaraexsre noAapKH, ysasaamre 06bI'laeM'b H COWBTOM'b saaxapa, sa myT~ JIHByIO BhlXO,n;Ky. ECJIII npn nepexonf H3'b CTapOH pascsmaameHCJl H36bI BO BHOBh OTCTpoeHHYIO, ne CYM'BIOT1> nepexaHHTh craparo AOMOBaro, TO OH'b He 3a)l;YMaeTCH OCTaTLC}I JKHTh na CTapOM'b uenenanrf cpena TpyXH Pa3BaJIHH'L B'b XOJIO)l;HOH II36t, HeCMOrpJI aa B'll,n;OMyro JII060BI) ero It'b TeTIJIOMY .IKHJILIO. OII'b 6y.n;eT'b JKHTh B'I> ToeIt'll H Ira XOJIO;a;t H B'b IlOJIHOM'b O)l;HIIO'IeCTB'B, ,n;3JKe 6e:1'h cocfncraa MI>IIDeH H rapaaarroas, IWTOPbIf', BM'BCT'n co BcilMR ;a;pyrHMH

37

.iRHJlhIJ;aMH, ycn'ilBaIOTh neperiparsca n03BaHbIMII. OCTaBlIIiMCJl 1I3'b ynpaxcraa, no .1II'IHhlM'D coo6pa.iReniHM'D, lIJIH OCTaBJIenliMit no 3a6hlB'lHBOCTII ne}l;oraMHBhIX'D X03JleB'D, }l;OMOJltHJI'b npC}l;nO'IHTaOT1> crpaaars, TOMJICh II CKy'IM, Kale'b }l;'h.IIaJI'.b 3TO, MC.iRAY npoumn., TOTh AOMOBOit, soroparo Sa6hlJIH npaI':laCHTh C'D co6oit nepeceneausr B'D CH6nph. On'D AOJIrO ruraKa.J.['b U CTOHaJI'.b B'D rrycTo:a: H36t, - 1I He MOTh yrlIIIHTbCJl. TaKoil: .iRe CJIy'lail: 6hIJI'b 1I B'b OPJIOBCKOM ry6. 3A'BCb, IWCJIt noaapa n;t.JIoii: nepesaa, AOMoBble TaK'b saTOCKOBaJIII; 'ITO n;tJIhlJI no-ra 6hIJIlI CJlhIIIIHhl lIX'b rrJIa'l'b H CTOHbI. QTo6hl KaK'b-nn6Y)l,h yrlIIIIITb HX'b, zpecrsaae BhIHYjR)l,eHhI 6hIJIH CKOJIOTHTh na CKOPYIO pyKy spexeaaae IIIaJIaIIIlIKlI, paaopocars rroMt nHX'b JIOMTII noconeaaro xJIt6a, U sartM'b nparaaCHTh AOMOBhIX'b na apexeaaoe .iRHTeJInCTBO:-«XOSHHH'J,-)J;BOPOBOM, lI}l;II nOKeJI!> na cnOKOM, He oT6uBaii:CJl OT'b ABopa csoero».

B'b QeM6apCKOM'b yt3At (Ileas. r.) AOMOBhIX'b saShIBClIOT1> B'b MtmOK'b 1I B'b HeM'b nepeHOCJIT'b na aosoe neneJIIIII}e, a B'b .III06HMCKOM'b y. (RpOCJI. r.) saMaHIIBaIOT'h ropmnoxs saara, EOTOpyIO CTaBJIT'b na sarHeTI"t.

Ilpa BhI60pt B'b IIs6t onpejrsneaaaro MTICTa AJIJI jRIITbJI, ,!I;OMOBOii: He pa36op'lIIB'b: .iRlI13eT'b H sa rre'lKo:li:, II rrO}l;'h IIIeCTKOM'b, rrOCt)JIJIeTCJl rrOA'b noporoxs BXO,!l;HhIX'h JJ;Bepefr, H B'h rro,n;'hIIs6IIIJ;t 1I aa rrO,!l;BOJIOKt, XOTJI saMt'IaIOT'b B'b neM'h naH6oJIhIIIYIO OXOTY npononars BpeMJI B'b rOJI6IJ;ClX'h (p;OllIaThIX'b rroMllII}eHiHX'b OKOJIO nesa GO crrYCIWM'b B'h

.rrO)l;IIOJIhe) II B'b TryJIaHaX'b. JKeHa P;OMOBOI'O «P;OMaHJI» (m. ntKoTOpbIX'h MtCTa.."X'h, nanp., BO BJIap;IIMipclwii: ry6., AOMOBbIX'h na,!l;tJIJIIOT'h ceMeii:cTBaMII) JlI06IIT'b JItIITb B'h nO,ITnO:Ib'h, nplI'IeM'b KpeCThHHe, rrpn nepexonf B'h HOBYIO IIs6y, 3011YT'h na nOBOCeJIhe 1I ee, npnroaapasaa: «P;OM'h-P;OMOBOM, rroii:AcM'I) CO MIlOM, Be}l;II II }l;OMOBHxy-rocrrO.iKY-I"aI(''h yM1nO narpaacy».

38

=

Kor,D;a «COCt,D;KO» IIOCC.urCTCH na BOJ1.bHOM'1 B03,D;yxll, aanp., na ,D;BOpt, TO H 30BCTeH YJKe «,D;BOPOB.bIM'.b», XOTa C,D;Ba JIH rrpe,D;CTaB.1UICn C060IO OT,D;klbHaro Ayxa: 3TO TOT'1 zce «XO- 3HHH'.b», B3J1BIlJii1: B'.b cnoa pyI~n Ha6JIIop;eHie aa BdM'.b ceMei1:HhIM1, ,D;06POM'h. Ero raicse He cMtIDHBaIOT'.b C'1 JItlmyrn;HMH B'.b 6aIDlX'1 6acHHhlMH II 6aUII.bIMH (eC.'IH OH'1 6.bIBaCT'.b JIteHcxaro IIO.1Ia, TO Ha3. «BO"10caTIwi1:»), C'1 rrOCeJIHBmHMllCa na rYMuaX'1, OBHIIH.bIMII II T. rr. (CM. 06'1 HIIX'h ,D;aJI.bme). 8TO nee 60.1Ibme Hep;06poxOTbI, 3.11bIe P;yxH: na 611,D;y JIIo,D;ei1: aane.11HCb ona, II 6bI.'I0 6bI 60Jl.bIIIIIM'1 C'IaCTbeM'.b, Iwrp;a 6.bI OHII Bc1l HC'1e3.11lI C'1 JInu;a 3eMJIn. Ho KaK'.b 060HTHCb 6c3'.b noaoaaro? KTo npep;ynpep;HT'1 0 rpH,D;yrn;eH HanaCTH, ETO CI~aJIteT'.b, xaEOii: MaCTII Hap;o noxynan, JIoma,n;ei1:, EaKOil: nrepcra BbI6llpars KOPOB'1, 'IT06bI BOP;ll.'lllCb Ollt no )l;o.11ry? EC.11II rOBOparr, 'ITO CIWTnna «He EO ;n;BOpy», TO 3TO 3Ha'IIIT'.b, 'ITO ce He B3JlIo6IIJI'1 cBoe06pa31IbIi1: KanpH3HIIK'.b «;n;BOpoBbIil:

X03J111H'1}). KTO YM'lleT'1 cayman, II '1yTI\o C.11blllUIT'1, TOMY P;OMOBOil: CaM'b CBOHM'1 rO.11OCOM'b CKaJKeT'.b, I~aI~yIO Ha)l;O noI~yrraTb CKOTIUIY. Pa3'1llSJKaH aa rre.11I06lIMoil: .11OmaJeI{"B )l;OMO- \

. BOil: M01KeT'b npesparars ee 1I3'.b csrraro Epyr.11hlma B'.b TaKYIO KJIJI'IY, 'ITO maypa 6y;n;eT'b BHc1lT'.b, KaIt'1 aa naJIKll. Bs Meneasaxr, (Bnaa. ry6.) OP;HH'.b ;n;OMOX03JIHH'.b cnPJIT3..rrCJl B'.b JIC.11JIX'1 :iiI YBH,n;t.11'1, KaK'.b ;n;OMOBoil: COCKO'IHJI'.b cs cynrana, nO;n;OIDO.11'1 It'!, .1IOmap;H II p;aBail:. mesars eil: B'.b MOPiI:Y, a JIllBoil: .1Iarroil: y Heil: KOPM'.b surpeoan; X03JIHH'.b llcrryraJICJl,' a ,D;OMOBOil: BOP'IIIT'b npo ceria, lIO TaIt1) , 'ITO oxeas CJT1illIIHO:

- Kynnm 6hl Iw6bIJIIty rrsronsuy, 3a,D;OK'1 6'J3.lIem· ROil:!

Ilocrymanacs cro II KymuIll. M OIIHT!> H3'b-nOp;'h .fIC.1Ieii X03HI1R'1 BII;n;llm I~I~'.b cs cYIIIHJla eOCIW'rHJI'I. !l;OMOBOii B'1 .JIOXMaTo:ll: marncs, B1, 1KC.1IToii ('.BHTK1>, 060IIlOJI'h KpyrOM'h .1Ioma!l;b, OCMOTp'.BJI'll ee JI;a H aaroaopn.rs:

39

- BoTI) ;)TO JIOlllR,JJ;b! ;:'hy CTOll.T'h KOPMll.Th, it TO KylIll..]'}) KaKYIO-TO I\JHI'ly.

I1 ,JJ;OMOBOI\ CTM'h ee rJla,rJ;HTh, 3aIIJIeJII) na rpll.B'B IWCY, 11 na'I3.,;l'h !IO,JJ;'}, eaMYIO MOP,rJ;y nonrpeoar» efi OBeC'h.

8'1 OAlIol\ ;~epeBl[ll qepeIIOBeIIltarO iS3,JJ;a (Hoar. ry6.)

;~OMOBOH, Hl.LBa.1HIHlllleh eMY ['PYAh II ,(!(lIBOTI), ).I;l1TO! ):

- fA'B nBpKO'? Ilpaseaa ero na3a!l:'h AOMOM.

Haao OhWO na ,JJ;pyroe ,(IW yTpO k.;:aTh B'h TY AepeBHIO I.YM nponam, xosaam, ,10lIla}l;1 H paaM'BIIlIBaThcH. A TaMI> TOMY paAhI: II Y IIIIX'h, IwrAa BBO,JJ;IlJIH JIOllIaAb na ,1l;BOp'1, OHa (PblpI~a.:1a n aprauanacs, a na i~pyroe yrpo HaIIIJIII ee aero B'hMhI~TB. O}l;IIH'h XOaHIUI'f) BI) ynop'1 CIIpOCll.JI'h ).1;OMOaaro, KaIWM mepcrn noxynan, .roman., II AOMOBOM eMY lIOBeJIll.Te;lhIIO OTB'BTHJn: «XOT1 crapyro, Aa lJ:a.JlYIO» II T. n.

BI>IBaIOT'h .1IOIlUt,1l;ll. «,1l;BpaLI1IIbIH'> (nepexom, OT'1 mea Kh XOJIKB paamoeumra), Wb pa60Ty IIerOAIIhUI: Old CJIY.iItaT'h TO,11KO aa AOMOBaro. KTO 06'1 aTOM'h )l;03HaeTCJI, TOT'h C11'£!lIMTD HpoAaTh TaKYw .ronran; sa Oe3IrBnOIt'h, HOTOMY 'ITO eCJIH OHa OKOJI'neT'h na ABOVB, TO CIW.lJbKO JIOllla).1;eM lIll. HOKyrraM HOTOM'h-BC'B OHt nepenoxayn, (C'leTOMI> ~O 12-TH), H HeJIb3H 6Y).1;eT'h 60.1hme )l;ep;ItaTh 3Ty CIWTHHy. BOT'h TOJIhEO B'h 3TOM'h e)l;HHCTBeHHOM'h eJIY'la1l, BCHItiM ).1;OMOBOM, I~aIt'h OH'h HH )l;OOP'h npasoxs, OhIBaeT'h He yCTyrr'IlIB'h, II lJ:TOOnr npeaorBpaTIITh ero rnilB'h, npooyion, rroKoJI'IlJIYIO JIOma.u;b BbITaCKMBaTb He B'h sopora, a B'h OTBepCTie, HapO'IlIO rrpOJIOMaHHOe B'h CTtHTI xrsna, XOTJI II 8TO ne scerna nouoraert,

3lIM npo nOAOOHbIJI nanacra II He aaOhIBaJI nposaet, ll. KanpH:30B'h AOMOBoro, .!IIOAll Bhlpa60Ta.1IH no BcefI BeJIlIKo:ii:

PYCll, 06IIIie .u;JIJI BC'llX'h, 06hIlJ:an npn nOI,ynwh .II IIpo)l;aJK:h JIOma.u;eM n eIWTa, a TaItiKe H npn yXO)l;'B aa mum.

HO'IhIO ua MYJI:tHKa II na)J;aBJIHBaJI npaao cnpocam. (ll. TaKOBO cep-.

40

Eor}l;8. Ityml'r'D IWpOBy lIJIl! JIorua}l;]), TO nOBOA'[, on

y3)I.])I IlJIIl KOHeI~'1 BepeBO'IIII1 ncpCl~aIOT'1 lI3'1 IIOJI])I B'1 nOJIY n roaopars nOJ!\eJIaHiR «JIemoi1 PYI\J1». TIoItynaTeJI1 CHMnaers C'1 rOJIOBbI manny Jf npOBO)I.MT'1 ero OT'1 rOJIOB])I 11 mea, B}l;OJIl> cnansr If 6pIOxa «nOBOI(,ymUI». A IWr}l;a «HOBOI;YIIKY» BeJl:YT'1 Jl:OMOH, TO H3'1 nOJl:'1 HOr'1 no nopor-f nonIlMMaIOT'1 menoxny MJIll naJIOlJKY H eIO IlOrOHJIroT'b. EorJl:a jJ:e npHBeJl:yT'!> IWpOBy BO ;n;BOp'1, I10rOHRJIKY [:JTy 3a6paCbIBaIOT'!>:

_ EaI,'!> ~enOllKt He 6hIBaT1 na CTapOM'!> MtCTt" ;KaK'1

naJI01IKil 0 TOM'1 JIte He TyJItHT1 M He TOCIWBaT1, TaR'1 6nr M I:YITJleHHaJI JItIlBOTHHa He BcnOMMHaJIa CTap1IX'1 X03JIeB'1 II He emma no HIIM'1.

3aTilM'1 «HOBOKynIty» npllKapMJIllBaIOT'1 KYCOlJKOM'1 XJIi6a, a K'1 ;n;OMOBOMY npaxo 06pa~aIOTca II OTKP11TO, npa CBIl)I.tTeJIaX'1, KJIaHJIIOTCJI B'1 XJItBaX'1 BO Bet lleT11pe yraa M npoCJlT'!): nOMTb, IWPMHT1, JIaCI;aT1 II XOJIHT1 II 8Ty HOBY10, KaK'1 6bIBaJI11X'1 rrpearaaxs.

C'!> ;n;OMamHJIrO CIWTa ;n;oqpnri1 f(OMOBOH nepenocars CBOH 3a60Thl H na JIIO;n;ei1. OXoTHte ncero OR'1 CTapaeTCJI npe.n:ynpeJI{f(aT1 0 necsacnaxr., 'IT06b1 YMtJI11e X03JIeBa ycnllB3JIJ:I IlpnrOTOBIIT1CJI K'1 BCTP'B1lil n OTBpaTIlT1 OT'!) ce6JI nanacrs 3a6JIarOBpeMenHO. JIIOf(H Jl:OraJl:.lIMBhle B'1 Ta:I\IlX'1 CJIYllaJIX'1 6e3'1 CJIOB'1 pa3yMtIOT'1 Tt 3HaKM, KaItic OH'!> nonaers, soma eMY B3;n;YMaeTca. TaK'1, naIlpllMtp'1, eCJIM casmrarcs nJIalJ'1 f(OMOBOro, nnoraa B'1 caMOH H36t, TO 611T1 B'1 }l;OMt IlOKOHunIty. ECJIH y Tpy6:bI na ItP1IIII'B aaarpaem B'1 3aCJIOIIKY- 6YAeT'1 cy}l;']) H3'1-3a xanoro IIll6YAI, ;u:t,Jla H 06HJl:hl; 06MOIIHT'1 ,n:OMOBOH HOl!1IO - 3a60JI-neT'1 TOT'.& lleJIOB11It'!,; nozcpracrs sa BOJIOCbI - ocreperaaca JKCna: lIO BBJI3bIBatl:ca I1'I, crropi, cs MYJKeM'D, ne rpsrsncs (;'1 RllM'b,-OTMaJl'lHBafrCJI, a TO B1>PHO npaosers n O'IeHb 60JIhHO. 3arpeMHn ;U:OMOBOfr B'I, 1l0CTaBI~1>

41

IlocYlI:oA- OCTOpO.iKII'Be oopamaaca C'b oraexr, H 30pIW norJIJI.JU>IBaA, He 3apOHH HCKPDI, He Bcrr1IXHYJIa 611 nenorymenlIM rOJIOB1mma, He CI!;1lJIaJICH. 6DI 60JI1IDofi noaaps H T. )l;. IIJIatIeT'l> H oxaers )l;OMOBOfi - K'l> repro, a K'b pa,n;oCTJIM'I> CKaTIen, rrscaa zrpaers, CMTIeTCJI; anorna, IIO)1;))Irp1IBaJI· na rpeoemas, rrpenyrrpeactaers 0 CBa,n;D611 B'b ceM:Dl1, H T. n.

Bd xoporno 3HaIOT'l>, ':ITO )l:OMOBofi JII06HT'l> Tl1 CeMDH, EOTOPblJI .lR.IIBYT'l> B'l> nOJIHOM'l> COrJIaCiH, H Tf,X'l> X03JIeB'l>, soropue paTIHTeJI1HO OTHOCJITCH. R'l> CBoeMY )l:06py, B'b nopJI)l:R13 H ':IHCTOn )l:ep.iKaT'l> CBOil: ABOP'l>. ECJIII HS'l> TaRHX'b RTO-HH- 6Y)1;)) sa6YAeT'l>, nanp., 3aMl1clIT1 KOpOBaM'l> KOPM:'l>, 3aAaT1 JIOmaAJIM'l> csna, TO AOMOBoil: CaM'l> sa Hero n03a60THTCH.. 3a TO rlHHBDIM'l> H HepMIIB1IM'l> om OXOTHO noxoraers sarrycxars X03JIfiCTBO II CTapaeTCJI BO BCeM'l> BpeAIIT1: 3ai3JEIIBaeT'l> JIOmaAefi, :Mf'IMT'l> II 6beT'l> CKOTIIHY; 3a6lIBaeT'b ee B'b yro.rs JIcJIefi, RJIaAeT'l> ee ssepxr, HoraMII B'l> KOJIOAY, 3aCOpJIeT'l> HaB030M'b )l:BOP'b, AaBHT'l> KalR,1l;YIO HO% II copacasaers cs nesa II no.JIaTeil: na nom X03JIIIHa, X03.lIMKY, II AiTeil: HX'l>, II T. ,n:. Bnposeas, nOMlIplITCJI cs pa3Cep.iKeHH1IM'l> AOMOB1IM'b He Tpy)1;HO,-)l:JIJI aroro CTOIIT'b TOJIDKO nOJIOJElIT1 eMY nOAn JICJIII HIOXaTeJI1Haro Ta6aKY, )1;0 KOTOparO OH'l> 60JIDIDOfi OXOTHIIK'l>, IIJIH sooome CAiJIaT1 KaKoil: - H1I6Y)l;1 nonapons, BpOJJ;i pa3HOn:BiTHDIX'l> JIOCRYT1eB'l>, CTaPIIHHOfi Koniil:KII cs 1I306paJKeHieM'I> ErOp1JI na ROHi, IIJIH rrpOCTO ropriyms« xJIi6a, orpssaanoa OT'!> nenosararo napasaa. OAHaRO, HHOr)l;a 611- naerr, H TaK'l> , 'ITO, . JII06JI XOPOIDIIX'l> X03JIeB'l>, OH'b, Me.iKJJ;y TiM'b, MYTIaeT'b CIWTIIHY, a xoro JII061IT'l>, - na roro nasa.JIlIBaeTCJI BO CHl; II aa JIBY, He pa36lIPaJI HII )1;HJI, Hn HOTIII,

,. HO npemoxaraa, OJJ;HaKO, CYMepKH. 3aXO'IeT'l> JIH ,n;OMOBOH 06'bJIBIIT1CJI cs rreTIa:ll'H1IM'b IIJIII paJJ;OCTHl>IM'!> 1I3BicTieM'b, lIJIH rrpOCTO nomyran, II nonpOR33IIT1,-OH'l> npemouaraen, BO Bcix'l> TaRIIX'l> CJIY'IaJIX'l> nplIHlIMaT1 na ce6JI BIIA'l> CaMIIX'l>

42

xoaaess. Toasso ([;al;'h YClrhBa.1U 3aM1>'IaTb Hi,KOTophle) He YM'neT'b OH'b npn aTOM'I.. npnrars CBOMX'h "10IIIa,UMHHhIX'b ymeii. lh TaROM'h 06pa3'J; J.\OMOBOfi HC npous II nocooan, pa60'IHM'b, H Yl'OCTHTh IIHOrO J.\a'RC KypnTc.lhHhIM'h Ta6aKOM'h H nOM1>IIIaTh IWHOIq)a)l,aM'1, Bhlp>1J.\HBIIInC1 ,UJIJI aroro B'b X03JIiicIWe n.rarse If paCXaJKIfBaJ[ IIO J.\BOpy ~1>JIYIO HO'lb C'b BHJIaMH B'h PYI\aX'h II T. II. IIoJ.\'h r. OpJl0M'b pa3CKa3bIBaIOT'h xro O)~Ila.iK.ubI .uO}fOBbIC TaK'b pas,U06pHJIIICb ,UJIH CBOMX'b JII06IIMbIX'h X03>18B'h, 'ITO nOMora.1II HM'h B'b nOJIeBbIX'b paooraxr., a onaoro HeYJ.\a'IJIHBarO X03>Ilma CnaCJIII T'BM'h, 'ITO Ha..1aJ.\II.llI ero na ToprOB.1IO II ,n:a.lIH B03MO)KHOCTh pacroprouarsca <:'h TaIUIM'b ycrrsxoa», 'ITO Bd J.\IIBII.:IHCb II 3aBII,n;OBaJIII. 3a60TbI ll.lJ060Bb CBOJOI\'b CCMbJIM'b lIHOH «,UOMOJRIIJI'b» npOCTIIpaers zo TaKOH CTcrrCHH, 'ITO M'BIIIaeT'b TallHbIM'b rp'BxaM'b cynpy!'OBb II. I;Y)I;a He nocnfers BO BpeMJI, HaIU13bIBaeT'b BHHOBaTaro 'd'>M'h, 'ITO HaBa.1IIBaeTCJI ua nero If Ita,KJ.\YIO HO'lb ,UymHT'b. UPII 8TOM'h, TaR'b r,aI,'b Bcefl nC'IHCTOll CMJI1> socnpemeao eaMIfM'b BOrOM'h rrpIII,aCaTbCJI K'1 Aym1> 'IeJIOB'B1ICCIWH, TO, lIM1>JI BJIaCTb aairs O,UHHM'b T1>JIOM'h, ,n;OMOBbIe He ynycRaJOT'b (,JIY'Iaf! rrYCKaTb B'b XO,U'h n m.1CIII-;n ,n:o 60JIM n ~HnRH ,n;o CIIHJIKOB'b. He ycrrieT'b BHHOBHaf!, yzeruracs cnars, xopoIIIeHhlW 3a6bITbCf!, RaIt'b nO'lYBcTByeT'I, B'b noraxs TJIJReCTb II rroil:,n;eT'b 8Ta TJIJReCT1 no,n:HMMaTbCJI It'b ropJIY, a TaM'b H nasners ],;IJITb TaIt'b CHJIbHO, lITO sarpemars ROCTH H CTaHCT'b 3aXBaTbIBaTb ,n;hIxaHie. Br, TaKHX'b CJIYlIa>IX'b CCTb TOJIbRO O)l;HO cnacenie MO.iIIITBa, .~. H TO naao Xl3JIOlPIgTbCfi, cYMilT1 e06paTbCf! cs .n;yXOJ\I'b II yen'BTb nporosopars BCJIYX'b Ty caMyro, ROTOPYJO HE' .lJ06JIT'b Edt ne'IMCTbIC: «)~a nocapecaers Bori,» *) ...

*) Eo MHornx'b l'JIyxl1X'b M'l:lCTIIX'b KOC1'p. ryo., n no cn'l\I\1>lllllM'b OT'b ('OTpYJiHHltOB'b J.I B'L KaJIymcltofi, C()XpaIUlJIcn: Ol(CHE> Jl;peBHltl: o(\r;rl(litl: nOABlllUHBa1'b H!lA'b CTofiJI!lMll ltOHIOlIleH'b _ J.I nal\'h nadlt!TaMI! B'h ltypn:THJ.lltal'h

43

HOlm nacrymrrs ra (i.'r3.iKCHHaJI nopa, xoraa ora BeJIHI,M MO.1HTBa rpOMIW paaracrca na BCK) CBJITYJO PYCb H OI~1>IH'JI'h~T"b IIa-M~pTBO BCJI He'IHCTaJI CHJIa, HaIIBHble )J,cpeBCH("!;ip xoaaesa ,,(0.111'0 erne 6y,n:yT'b, TeMHOIO HO'lI>IO, 6e3'I) manna, B'b o)J,HoA py6ax1>, XO,n:HT'b B'h CTapbIH ,ll;OM'h II C'h IIOKJIOHaMH yrrpamaaars JI.OMOBOro nyxa IIO.iK&Jl0BaTb B'I) HOBhIJI XOPOMbI, r,ll;-B B'h IIo,ll;'hIIa6II~1> caMOH X03JIHCKOM IIpHrOTOBJIeHO eMY yromeaie: rrpIIco~leHbIll: He60.1bllIo:li x.wB6e~'h H BO)l,Ka B,]) 'IanU;1>. CyeB1>piJI. OCHOBaHHbIJI na noaapsnnr na npapony, T'BM,]) noporn II MH;lbI npOCTOMY, HeTpOHYTOMY COMH1>HiIDfH YMY, 'ITO ycnoxonre.u.no npaapsraarorr, xepcreyro II XOJIO)l;nyro )l;1>HCTBHTCJlhHOCTb II )l;aroT'b B03MO;KHOCTh 06,])JICHJITh CJIO.iKHhIJI JIBJleHiJI caMbIMII rrpOCTbIMII II IIO,ll;PY'IHbIMH cnocooaMH. ITpOKa3aMH noxosaro 06,])JICHJIJOT'b IIaK,]) HeHOpMaJIbIIbllI YKJIOHeHiJI II 60JI1>3HeHHbIJI OTrrpaBJICHiJI opranaaxa, Tal,'b H BceB03MO.iKHhIC CJIY'IaH IIOBCCJI.HeBHOIl: JKBSHH. BOT']) U1>CKO.lbKO npHM1>pOB'b. Y CIIJIeHHO I,aTaeTCJI rro rrOJIY JIOmap:h II MY'IHTe.llbHo 'IemeTCJI 06'b CT1>HKY H .llCJIII He rrOTOMY, 'ITO ue,n:06pbI:Ii 'IeJIOB1>K'b nocsmon, e:li B,]) rpIIBY H XBOCT'b B1>TKY mIIIIOBHHKR, a rrOTOMY, 'ITO ee He B3JIIo6HJI'I) ;IJ;OMOBO:li. Ha YTpeHHe:li sapf XOJIeHhIH HHOXO;IJ;e~']) OKaSaJICJI sees B'b MbIJI-B ne orroro, 'ITO ce:li'Iac']) BepHYJICJI na HeM'b MOJIO;IJ;O:li napeas, nero HO'Ib rYJIJIBmi:li Ta:liKOM'b OT'b OT~a H 'B3,ll;IIBmi:li no COct;IJ;HHM'h rroct;IJ;KaM,]) c']) rr-BCH.llMII II roaapmnaaa, a IIOTOMY, 'ITO na HeM']) -B3;IJ;IIJI,]) ;IJ;OMOBO:li. ITO;IJ;H.llJIOCb Y MOJIO;IJ;O:li 6a6bI B,]) spoaa oymeaaase II IIO'IY;IJ;IIJIOCb cM, 6y;n;r0 rrO,ll;XO;IJ;HT'b K'h HeB MIIJIbI:Ii .lKMeT,]) II ;IJ;aBIIT'b,-OII.llTb BIIHOBaT'b ;IJ;OMOBOB, IIOTOMY 'ITO KaK,]) TOJIbIW 6a6a USJ10B'IIIJIaCh IIpO'IllTaTb «OT'IY»-Bce II nponano.

"KypHlllilX'b H lIoIIIap;HllhlX'b 60rOB'b". )l;.111 KOHCil: TaKOBbIM'b nOorOM'b" elIYlKHT'b oco6eHHbIil: KaMeH}' C'b JI;bIpoil:, iJ,.111 Kyp'b - rop.1I.rIIIKO OT1, ItYBIIIHHa.

III.

,llOMOBOM- ,llBOPOBOtt

EaE'b HH npOCTO nepenencxne xosancrso, I,aK'h Hll MenKa, IIOBH,uHMOMY, sea 06CTaROBKa noxamaaro 6hITa, no OP;HOMY P;OMOBOMY-JJ;OMOJKHJIY co BC'BM'b ne ynpaBllThca. He TOJIhEO Y 60raTaro, HO Y BCJmarO MYJKHKa )I.ITa )IOMOBOro II3.upeBJIe nOJIaraIOTCa nOMOID;HIIKII. IIx'b pariora, B'b O)IRllX'b MilcTaX'b, He C'1IITaeTCJI sa caMOCTOaTe.lIl;HYIO, II nca IIilJIIIKOM'h npanacaaaerca OJJ;HOMY «xosaany». Bs )IpymxT> ace M':BCTaX'b YMtIOT'b JJ;orap;JIIIBO paSJIIIqaTh Tpy)Ih1 Ea.lI{,JJ;aro zoxamaaro ,uyxa B'b OTJJ;tJIbHOCTII. ,I!;OMOBOMy-,uOMOJKU.lIY npmansr B'b noMOID;h: JJ;BOpOBOii:, 6aHHlIIt'b, OBUmIlIl\:'b (OIlT> Jlte II rYMeHnUK'b) -II mamaaopa-aaanxopa; JI'BrneMY noxoraers «nonenoa», BO,uJIROMY «U'1eTUKU II nranmra» BM'BcT'll C'I> pycaJIKaMII.

,I!;BOPOBOfi-JJ;OMOBOii: nOJIY'IuJI'b csoe UMa, no MilcTY 0611'1- naro JKIITeJIhCTBa, a no xapanrepy oraonrema ItT> .uOMOBJIaw1lJIhIIaM'b, OH'b rrpnsncrerrs I,'b SJIhI1!'b JJ;yxaM'b, II Bcil pasCRaShI 0 aexs CBO)IaTCJI K'b MY'leHiaM'l> TtX'l> )IOMarnRIIX'l> JKHBOTRhIX'l>, xoropsrxs ORT> He B3JII06UTT> (nceraa II ReII3MilRHO )IpymHT'b TOJIhItO cs c06aKofi M K03JIOM'b). 8TO OR'l> YCTpaMnaers Tart'b, 'ITO CIWTMHa cnaaaers cs TilJIa, OT6HBaJICb OTT> KOPMY; OR'b .lIte nyraers eM rpnay, o6pil3aeT'I> U 06IIIHIIhIBaeTT> XBOCT'b II npox. 8TO npornm, Hero BCRICiM X03JIHR'l> Ira nOTOJIKt XJI'llBa UJIH KonIOmHH nOJJ;B'llnHIBaoT'l> y6HTym coporty, TaE'b KaK'bp;BOpOBOM-JJ;OMOBOM neuaBIIAHT'L aTY CnJIOTIUIIWnTHIIY· 8TO ero, HaROHeI~'l>, CTapaIOT<:jI y6JI!lJItltT1 BCJIKHMH

. M'llpaMII, npe.uynpOJKJJ;aTT, oro .lIwJmHij'j, yrOJItAaTI, oro nnycaas: He ,n:ep.lItaT'b 6f,JTI>lX'h IWIlICTt'I" 61lJII,IX'h ('06aK'I. II CII-

45

BLIX'D JIoma,n;efi (COJIOBhIX'[, II 6YJIaUbIX'b OlI'I, TO.iKe ODllJKaeT'h, a XOJIllT'b II rJIa,rJ,IIT1> BOPOHbIX'b II d1PbIX'b). EC.JIII <.iKe CJIy'I1ITCJI TaK'b, 'ITO HeJI13JI OTK3.3aTbCJI OT'b rroKyrrKII JIOma)];eH HeJII06lIMOfi tiaCTII. TO llX'b BBO)VIT1> BO )IBOp'D, rrplIrOHJIJI (','b

'...... '

6aaapa, He anase, KaK'b'Iepe3'b OB'IlUIHYIO my6y, paaOCTJIaH-

lIyIO B'b aoporaxs, mepcrsio ssepxs. C'D OC06eHHbIM'b mIHMaHieM'D TO'llIO TaIWKe X03JIBKII YXaJKIIBaIOT'b OKOJIO HQBOp0JliJ{eUHbIX'D JKIIBOTHhIX'D, saaa, 'ITO )IBOPOBOH He JIIQ61I'J;D HII TeJIJIT'b, HII oserrs: JIll60 113JIOMaeT'b, JIlI60 II [BOBc.e : saAyrrIlIT'b. IT03TOMY-TO TaKft'X'b HOBOpO.lK)IeHHbIX'b II CTapaIOTCJI scerna ynecra lI3'b xJIima II rrOCeJIJIIOT1> B'b 1136t BMtCTt C'D peoaraxa, OKPYJKaH IIX'b TaKIIM'b ace rrorre'IeHieM'h: npaaecenaaro CeB'IaC'D JKe CYIOT1> rOJIOBOB B'D YCToe nesa, IIJIll, ItaK'b rOBOp.lIT'b, «BO)IOM.1JJIIOT'b» (CpO)IH.lIIOT'b [C'b )IOMOM'b). Ha }(BOpt 3TOMY )IOMOBOMY He rrO)I'IIIHeHhI O)IHt TOJIbKO fKYp:bI:

Y HIIX'b IIMteTCJI CBOB 00r'D.

Ilpzrisraa K'D TO'IHO TaKIIM'D.iKe MtpaM'b YMIIJIOCTIIBJIeHi.ll )IOMOBOrO-)IBOpOBOro, KaK'b II )IOMOBOrO-)IOMO.lKIIJIa, JIIO)I1I He scerna, O)IHaKO, )IOCTRraIOT'D u;tJIII: II ,!l;BOPOBOH TO'IHO TaK.iKe TO MIIPBOJIllT'b, TO, 6e3'b BCJIltIIX'D Bll)IlIM:bIX'b rrOBO)IOB'b, aaxnHaeT1> rrpOK3.3IIT:b, JJ;ypllT:b, rrplI'IIIHJIJI rrOCTOJIHHbIJI 6e3rrOKo}ICTBa, JIBH:ble y6hlTKR B'D X03.l1HCTBt 1I npox. Bs TaKlIX'D CJIy'IaJIX'b rrplIMtH.lIIOT'b p'surarensnua MtphI R, BMtCTO JIaCKII II YI'OJliJ{eHiH, BCTyrraIOT'b C'D HRM'b B'b OTKp:bITYIO 60p:b6y II Hept)IKO B'D pysonamayro )IpaKY.

ITo BOJIOrO)ICKRM'D MtcTaM'b, xpecrsaae, 06e3YMtBIrrie OT'b 3JIhlX'D rrpouaas )IBOPOB1IX'D, ThI'IYT'b HaB03H:bIMII BIIJIaMII B'b HIIJKIIiJI 6peBHa )IBOpa C'b npnroaopoxs: «BOT'b Te6t, Bon Te6t, sa TO-TO II BOT']) 3TO». ITo HtKOTOPbIM'D M'BCTaM'b (nanp. ED HOBrOpO)ICKOH ry6.) )IOra)IJIIIB:bIH II 3HaIOru;iH X03JIIIH'b 3Unacaerca HIITKOH 1I3,!) casaaa xeprsena, nnaeraerr, ee B'D TpeXXBOCTHYIO peMeHHYIO rrners II 3aJItrr.lIJIeT']) BOCKOM'D. HI,

46

caMYIO noauo-n., 3aCB'hTHB'h ;)TY Hl1TKY, Ii Jl:Cp.lKa ee B'b JI'lmofi P)'ltt, OH'b II,n;eT'L no ;~BOP'[. 11 61eT'1. nnersro no Bd'M'b yrJfaM'b XJItBa J[ I10,n;'b JICJIJI~ur:-aBO(,1 l;aI~'L-HJI6y)l1 nonaaers

n'b naaoanaro.

Hepbasc )lOMOX03JIena TepIIJIT'1 OT'L CCOp'L, RaldJI 3aBO-

)lJIT'b MeJK)lY c060fi coet.n;Hie )lBOpOB1Ie-HeC'IaCTbC, soropos HeJIb3JI HII OTBpaTIITb, HH rrpe)lYCMOTptTb. Bs BOJIor. r. (B'b M)l;HHIWBCl\OM'b y1>3.n;1>, Bac1JIHoBc:rwH BOJIOCTH) 3JIOH «.n;BOpOBymKO» rr03aBl'I)lOmi_'I'b CBoeMY CO et.n;y , .n;06pOMY .n;BopoBymR'fl, B'b TOM'b, 'ITO Y roro H IWpOB11 C1IT1I, H Y JIOma.n;eH mepcn, rJIa,n;Ka H )laJKe JIOCHUTCJI. 3JIOH rrpOBepTtJI'J) .n;bIPY B'b "'laHt, B'L KOTOPOM'b ,n;06PJIK'})-)lBOPOBOH B03IIJI'b B'b nOJIHO'lb C'b ptItH BOJJ;y • .lIHJI'b IIOTOM'1 JJ;06PJIK'1, JHIJI'1 BO)lY B'b 'laH'b, H see JK.n;aJI'1, nosa OHa CpaBHJIeTCJI cs ItpMMII, )la TaK'b H He )lOJK.n;aJICJI:

H C'b rOPJI na MtCT'B nOBHC'b rroA'}) HII)KHeH ry60H JIOma)lRH JIeJJ;JIHOH COCYJI1KOH B'1 BHA1l· «MaJIeHI>Itaro "'le.rron1ma B'1 IlIepcTII» •

OTTYAa .iKe (lI3'1-rrO)l'b Ra.n;HIIIwna) noaysena H TaEM TIOBtCT1 (3aTIIICaUHM B'b nep. KYPOBCI\oH, I,aI,'L Co61ITie 80-X'b rOJJ;OB'1 TIpOIIIJIarO CTOJItTiJI).

«JRI;l.rra Y nacs crapaa )ltm, a, He3aMYJKHJIJI; 3BaJIII ee OJfLroH. Hy, see II XO.n;IU'L K'b Hell JJ;BopoBymI\o cnan, no HO'laM'b, II BCJIROi'!: pan 3arrJIeTaJI'1 efl I;OCY II nasasuaaas: «eCJIH T1! 6YJJ;eIlIL ee pacnaerars, .n;a uecars, TO JI Te6JI 3a.n;aBJIIO». TaK'1 OHa II .iKII.rra He'ICcoir .n;o 35 rO)lOB'L, - 1I He MLlJIa rOJIOBLl, II rperiaa y ce6JI He AepjltaJIa. Tom-no B1IAYMaJIa OHa BbI.n;TII 3aMYJK'b, n Iwr.n;a IlaeTaJI1, lI:iJBII'lHHE'h, nomaa )J;1lBKII B'1 6amo IT ee IIOBeJIIl C'b cooot'I, nC:.IaMYJKlIfOIO-TY, erapyro }I,t.BIty, HeB1leTY-TY. Ih (laIr!; cramr co MhlTI.. Ha'laJIH pacrueran. nocy 11 Jl:OJfrO ne MOl' JUI 00 pae'wcaTf.: Talt'l.-TO RPYTO 3aKpimFIJI'I. ee )(BOponYIIlIW. Ira APYI'oe yrpo na,n:o 6hIJIO B1lH'IaThCJI-npIUIIJIll It'£> Hon'il('.T'Il, a OHa fl'£, nOmeJIH

47

J1€'-'KHTI. MepTBaH, II BCH 'ICpHaH: ,u;BOPOBYllII\o-TO ee II 3a,u;aBIIJI'h».

He TOJII.IW B'b rpynaxr, II ,u;'ilJIaX'h CBOIIX'b f];BOPOBOH noXO.IK1. na iJ:OMOiKHJIa, lIO II BHtmmIM'1 BlIAOM'1 0T'h Hero 1lI1 B'h '1CM1, He OTJIIPlaeTC.JI (TaK'h .iKe IIOXOjjt'h na KaiKAarO JlUIsaro 'leJIoB1lKa, TomKO necs MOXHaTbIii). 3aTtM'h nee, 'ITO npanacuaaerca rrepsoay, CJIY.lKIIT'h JIlImb JIOBTOpeHieM'h roro, 'ITO rOBOpHT'h HpO sroparo. II 3aMt'IaTeJI1HO, 'ITO BO Bdx'b nO,ll;06H1Ix'b pa3CKa3aX'1 HtT'h JIPOTIIBOpi'liH MeJKAY nOJIY'IeHHhlMH H3'h cssepasrxr, JI'ilCHhlX'h ry6epHiii II TiMH, KOTop1Ie npHCJIaHbI H3'b 'IepH03eMHOH nOJIOChl BeJIimopocciH (1I3'h ry6. OPJIOBCKOiI, Ileaaencsoa H TaM60BcI\,0ii:). B'b co06;m;eniHX'b 1I3'h 3THX'h ry6epHiii: 3aMiQaeTCJI JIHm1 paaaana B'h rrpiexaxs YMHJIOCTHBJIeniJI: 3Aic)) HaIIJIaCTbIBaeTCH nall60JI1mee IWJIII'1eCTBO nptexom, CIIMBOJIH'leCKaro xapanrepa, cs HBH1IMII npn- 3HaKaMlI ,u;peBHiii:maro IIPOIICXOiK)l;eHiJI. Bon, aanp., I\aI~'b ;l(apHT'l) ABopoBaro B'b OPJIOBCKOH ry6.: 6epyT'h pasaomrsrHbIX'h JIOCKYTIWB'h, OBe'lneii: mepcrn, MumypbI II3'h 6JIeCTOK'h, XOTH 611 6YMaiKH1IX'b, cTapIIHnyIO RonifIRy cs II306paiKeHieM'b ROIIH, rop6yillIcy XJIi6a, orpssanayro OT'h n;'imaro IWpOBaH, II uecyrn Bee aTO B'h XJIiB'b, II xararcrs MOJIIITBY:

- I.J;ap1 ABopOBOii, X03JIUH'b f];OMOBOii, CyC'l"f];YIIIIW-,u;06poxorymxol=-a Te6H JJ;apro-6JIaro,u;apro: CKOTIIHY JIPHMH-JIOIIOII n aaaopxa.

STon ,u;ap'b, JIOJIOiKeHHbIH B'h JICJIII, )1;aJIeI~'b JIO CBOeMY xapaxrepy OT'b roro, KOTOPbIH JIO)1;HOC.HT'b aTOMY J{te )1;yxy na ciBepi, B'h JIiCaX'b,-Ha HaB03HbIX'b BIIJIaX'b IIJIn as ROH'1IIKi .lKecTKoii JIJIeTII.

AOMoB1Ie-ABopoB1Ie 06.ll3aTeJI1HO JIOJIaraIOTCJI )1;JIJI I~ajjtAaro ;l(epeBeHcKaro )1;BOpa, KaK'h )1;OMOBOM-)lOMOjjtIIJI'b )l;JIJI KaJIt)1;oii II361I, a 6aeHHlIKu .Jl:JIJI BC.llKOll 6aHII, OBIUIHIIKII IIJIH rYMeHHIIKH )1;JI.ll Bdx'b 6e3'h HCltJIlO'ieHiJI pur'b U ryxem, (rYMeI-l'J>,

48

OTKPbIThIX'b CO BeBX'b CTOPOfI'f>, 1I pnr'b, npIIRpbITbIX'b 6peBeu'IaTbIMH cpy6allIIl C'l, HenpOTeI,aIOll\IIMI1 KpbIIllaMII). BCJ! 3Ta HelflICTb-T'h Jlte I~ONIOBbre, OT.7III'IHhIB JIIIIIIb no 60JTBe 3.JIo6- HhIM'b cBoiicTBaM'b, no M'BCTY ,iIWT8JIhCTBa H no 3aT'B:llHbIM'b npOI~a3aN[,1.

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*) BJlTCKie o6pyct.llNe nepM.lllt!I, TaB:!> naasrsaesraro, 3lO}l;JIIlRClt8l'O KpaH, npoxoza lIfll'MO Jfe1l1lCTaI'O riCTa, r}l;t lKllBeT'l; !IX'b »KYCh,ll;H}l;H" cs :m:e:s:oil:,,1t1IXmI:Opoil:", CJIIilxaml B'b :s:olllfYlO nopy }l;iflTCKitl: nJIR'l'b a ronops, Baa- 1IIlT'l>, lKllBYT'h OH!I CeMhJlM!I.

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. TaKllX'b yc.l0Bi51x'b ue nananaers na I"yp'b «BCllTYH'b», (KOr)la . OHt l,p}"f1;aTU[, I;aln) yroptJI1IJI, II rra,IIaIOT'b oIwJI'ImmI1MIl}

B'1 so.roroncrnx's JI'BcaX'h (nanp. B'b OT,ll;aJIeHHOH 'mCTII HII:;O. [bCI'. y.) aa !{Hl\fIMOpolI 'lH('.lJlT('f[ n ,II06phIJ! CBolIcTBa .. YMt.JlhLM'b II cTapaTCJlbHhlM'b XOilJIllliayl'j, OHa JJ;ajlte ITOI"POBHTeJIbCTByeT'D: y6aIOKIIBaeT'l, ITO lIoqam, ~aJH'IH,j;UX'[) pe6J!n, HeBMJ(JlMO nepexusaers rqJllIII;1I [[ ORa:lhIB,U'T'[, paaH[,[J! JqlyriJI yCJIyrH IlO XOaJJl1:(,TBY, T<U,'b 'ITO HIm (\JI uwlrlh'.TBiH II TheTO XOPOIIIO B;;O:fi,rr:CT1), Jf nnporn 0YJl:YT'l> XO]lOIllO BI>IllP'ICllbI 1I IIp. Haotioport., JdlllI1BhIX1, oao'I> r,m,HMopu nf'ltaBI1)lJIT1,: OHa mesosen, xansrxt, pe6aT'b Tali'h. 'ITO T'I> Id'.nhUI noun pesyn, 6JIarnM'b )raTOM'b, rryraoT'f) IIO,Il,PO(,TIWB'b, nucoasmaa CBOIO rOJIOBY ct, 6JIeCTJIIIJ;IIMH aa BbmaTt rJra3aMU II C1> K031IIMH pOJKKa:t.Uf, II nooome BCJ!'leCKIf BPC,!I;IIT'1. Tam, 'ITO HepaJJ;IIBOii 6a6t, Y ROTOPOH He CITOPHTCR )].t.lIO, OCTaeTCJI O,Il,HO epCJJ;CTBO: , 6iJKaT1 B'b .rite'D, OTI,ICKaTb IIaIlopOTIIHK'b, nsrxonan, ero rop1Kift sopem., HatTORT!, na Bo).d, II IIcpeMhITl> Bet rOpUIItlI . II KplIBItn - KHI(IIMOpa O'IPHI, :rro0 lI'1'1, narroporrunn, Ii sa rasoe yrOlK,rr:enic MmIWT'f) OCTaBIITh In) 1l0IW·!I.

Ho e,rr:unCTIlCfmo BllPHhIM'[' II BllOJIIl'Il Mor'YII~eeTBCHHblM'1 . Cpe,!l;cTBOM'I, nporans ;lTo:A HOt[lf(',Tl! ('.JIy,nCl!'I'1. eBHToir npecrs.

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67

sers naxararo nJIeTOHbJI Y KpyJIWBHJII~'h, eCJUI OEd; e'h ~IOJIHTBOii nOJIOiImJIII na MllCTO II npJIJIKII e'l, seperenaxa H KYTy:m e1, KOKJIIOXaMII.

Ha CRMOJlWHCI:HX'I, IIOJIJlX'b (Bonoroa. ry6., KaJl;IIHlWB. y.) B1, JltTHee Bperrur ocoriaa KIIKIIMopa CTOpOmIIT'b ropoxoBHIl\a. Ona XOJI.HT'h lIO IIHM'b, Jl;epma B'b pyKaX'b KaJIeHYIO JI.o-6fua meJI1l3HYIO CKOBOpO)l;y orpoanurs pa3M'BpOB'h. Eoro nOAMaeT1, HR 'lymoM'h nOJIll, roro II asacapars.

MlIehI 0 KHKHMOpt IIpHHa!l;JIemaT'b K'h lUICJIY aaaxerrse XapRKTepHhIX'h, H napO)J;HaJI q,aHTa3iJl, OTJII'I'Iaro:m;aHCJl TaEIIM'h 6orRTcTBOM'h xpacom., B'h )l;RHHOM'I> cJ1Y'lat He OTJIIIJIaCb B'h onpe)J;fueIUIYIO ~OPMY II He C03)1;a.1Ja 3aKOH'leIIHarO oripasa *). 3TO MomIIO BH)J;tTb Y.JKe II3'h roro;: 'ITO IIMJl Ii,HKlIMOPI>!, C)J;t.JIaBIDeeCJl 6paHHhIM'h C.JIOBOM'h, ynorpeoaaerca B'b CaMbIX'h paaaooripaaauxs CJIyqaJIX'I> II no CaMhlM'h pa3Ho06pa3HbIM'h nOBO)J;aM'h. RIIKlIMOpoA OXOTUO 30BYT'h II Ue.JIIO)I;IIMarO )l;OMOct)l;a, II Jli,eu:m;IIUY, KOTOPaJI osens npIIJIemHO 3aUIIMaeTCJI npameA. lIMJI mIIIDIIMopbI cB060J];HO npacrerasaerca KO BCJlKOMy llJIyry II o6MaHuvmy (KyPJlHaMII), KO BcmwMY rreaspauaoxy nOBII;U:Y 'leJIOBtKY (cMOJIJlHaMlI II KaJIymauaMII), K'h CKpa:rt II ronsmry (TBepII'laMII), npaneamoxy, no KOnOTJIIIBoMY pa- 60'leMy (KOCTpOMlI'IaMII), nepeaomasy BtcTen II uaymHlIKy B'h cTapIIHHOM'h CMhlCJIt CJIOBa,' Kor;ua «manrsr» 6bI.JIII nasyr'IIIKaMII II: COr.JIH;uaTaJIMII, II sorna «Jl;JIJl mIIillIIMOpCTBa» (KaK,]) llIICa.JIII B'h axraxs) ;u:aBa.JIIICll (EaE'h nanp., npa IIIyncKIIx']», csepxs OEJIa;u:oB'h, nOMtcTllH sa yCJIyrII, OKa3aHHhlJI mnionCTBOM'h.

*) HllC!tOJThlto IIOllR'Be o6pnCOBI>IBaeTCli om, B'b CaMblX'b rJIYXHX'b JItcRblX'b Tp~o6ax'b. 3Ate!> COXpaHI!JICli paacaasn a TOM'l>, lITO ltl!ltHMOphl O. CBllTltax'b, B'b HeHaCTHYIO IIorofIT', pOlEaIOT'b ,ll.-BTe:tl:, IIpl!1leM'b CTpallIHO CTO:ayT'b II Bam. HOBOpOlEAeHHhle lEe =1'0, roruaes IIO llBJIeHiI! aa CBtT'l>, BhlJIeTaIOT'b If5'b I!s6or lIepeS'b Tpy6y aa YJIHJJY, rJI:JJ Ii lRHBYT'b /I,o Rpem;eHl>H. 5"

VII.

J113lIIIM

«CTO.HT'1 JrBca TeMHDIe 0T'1 SeMJIH H )];0 He6a»-IIOIOT'1 CJrImble CTapU;bI UO .HpMapKaM'1, BOCXBaJI.H.H IIO)l;BIIl'H Mory'IHK'1 PYCCKIIX'1 60raThlpetl:, II 60p16y IIX'D C'1 CHJIaMIl IIpIlPOJ(hI. II Bi CaMOM'1 )];{mT.: HeO)];OJIIIMOH IIJIOTHOtl: cTfmOR KamyrC.H CIIH1>IOm;ie B)];aJIII, pOCKOmHbIe XBOHHhIe JI1>Ca, II H1>n

. 'IepeS'1 HHX'1 HH IIpOXO)];a, HII IIp01>S)];a. TOJI1KO IITlIU;aM'1 IIO)];'1 CTaT}, II IIO)];'1 CIIJIY Tpym;06hl eJIOBhIX'1 II COCHOB1IX'1 60pOB'1, 3TH TeMHhIe «CI03eMhI» HJIII «paxerrsa», I~aK'1 IIX'1 30ByT'1 aa etBep1>. A 'IeJIOB1>I~y, eCJIJI II y)];aCTC.H CIO)];a BoIiTII, TO He y)l;aCTC.H B1IHTII. B'1 oTO:it lIam;t OCTaIIaBJIIIBaIOTelI II rJIOxHYT'1 )];ame OmeIIHhl.H MOp.H JI1>CH1IX'1 IIOjKaPOB'1. CI03eMbI T1>M'1 Y.iKe CTpaII:IHDI, 'ITO 3)1;1>C1 na I~a.iK)1;OM'1 mary, PlI)1;OM'D C'1 MOJIO)1;Otl: .iKIISH1IO CB1>JKIIX'1 rropocaea, CTO.HT'1 TYT'1 .iRe )1;epeBD.H, rrpzroBOpeHH1I.H It'1 CMepTIf II BaJI.HIOTC.H Y:lKe OltOmaTeJII>HO craasmia If IIOKPhIT1IJI, KaK'1 rp060Boii )1;OCIwii, MOXOBhlM'1 nOKpOBOM'1. Ho em;e crpamrrse CI03eMhl TtM'1, 'ITO B'1 HlIX'1 rOcnO.II:CTByen BlllJHlIH MpaK'1 H nOCTOmma.H BJIaJKlraJI rrpoxxana Cpe,ll;H JKapsaro riTa. Bcaaoe )1;BH.iKenie 3)1;'Bcb, nazeerca, aaMepJIO; BC.HIllr KPHK'I>. nyraer» )1;0 .II:P0.iKH If MypameK'b Brr, rlJI'B. EOJIeClJIOMbI8 BllrpOM'1 . .II:peBeCHhIe CTBOJIhl rpyrc» O.a;HII'L 0 .n;pyroit H CKPHIDIn C'1 TaKOIO CHJIOI<l, 'ITO BbI8hlBaJOT'I, Y lIa(')JIlo.n;aTeJUI OCTPYIO, HOIO~yro 60JII> rro.D:'b Cep.D:IIOM'I,. 3,11;lleL lIya<:TBO TJlrOCTHaro O,ll;HHO'IeCTBa H HOlIo(')'n)l;HMaro y.)!{aca nocrarsers BC.HKarO,

69

R&KiH. 6bl YCHJliJI: on R8.A'l> co6oA RII ,lI,M8..II'b. ;3,lI,1iCIl BC.lIKif'[ YiKaCaeTC..JI caoero RHqTOlKeCTB& II 6eSCII,Ilm. 3,lI,tCb po,lI,n,laCI. ~pa'nrM 6e3H~elKnaJI Btp8. ,lVIKapeA II CJIOJKIIJIaC1 B'D <POPMY llIMlaHCTBa C'b :mWMII, UeMIIJIOCTIIBblMII 60raMII. Bs 3THX'h TpyII~06ax'J, nocezaerca II H3,l1;peBJIe .lIUIBCn Ton xeprs, C'h KOTOpWM'b )1,0 CHX'h nops eute He HO.iKCn pa3JIy<lHTbC.lI aanyrannoe sooopaaeaie pyccssro rrpaBOCJIaBHarO JIIO;n;a. Opena .rr.epeBbeB'b C'1 naaacmaxa JIamaJIMJI, yKpamalOm;H~~ ax'1 na no;n;06ic 6opo,!('b, B'1 napo,ll;UhlX'b CKa3KaX'1 II B'1 peJIHriosHOM'1 EyJI1rl nepB06hITHhlx'1 llJIeMeH'1, R3'!(peBJIe IIOMtm;CHhI .iKIIJIJ1[~a 6oroB'1 11 mHhlX'1 .n:YXOB'1. B'1 eJIOBbIX'b rlcax'b, npemosraTeJIbHO npe~'b COCHOBlIMII, CCJIIITC.lI II JI1mliH, MR, RaE'I> HaShlBalOn ero Ta.K.iKe, JIllCOBII1."'1, JItrnaK'b *). B'b oTIIX'1. JIilcax'1 HaH60JIlle qYBCTByeTC.lI .iKIIBOH rperrers II JIllmilt .HBJI.lIeTC.lI ero OJIRD;CTBOpeHHhlM'b npe;n;CTaBHTeJIeM'1.

*) B'b Hosropoz, ryG. (B'h 61lJIOSepCEHX'b RP8JIX~) R B'J) HpOCJI&BCltO){']) llomexonll 9TOMy' /I,Yxy /I,8.IOTh eme aasaaaie nBOJrLHaro" R see C'J) roro :ate ~lI.n.ro, 'lTOCLI He 06IDR&Tl> ero o6m;enpRHaTLIM~ nposaamexe. fu OJIOHe~o:il: :ate ry6. JllImaro SOB~ n.[a,ll;OM'l>" (nJIJ!,!J;'b TSl B08:bMII", nnOllleJI'b It'l> .[S{,ll;&M'l>", T.-e. CTynajj: RO BdlM'l> 'lepTS{M']) R em;e npom;e rrpaxo "dlco){'])" C03HaTe.ll:bHO Bllpya B'b TO :ate BpeMJI, 'lT0 "JIllc'J) npaBe/I,eH~,-He TO 'lT0 qOpT'])". llpoSBRm;eM'b "np&Be/I,Haro" JIllmi:l!: HeH8M'BRHO rroassyerca BO BClIX~ Jlelle6m.rx'b B8.I'0BOpaX'b. BeJIRKie 8HlI.TOltR Bcllx~ JItCHLIX'b nop~oB'b K TP~:m.u:'b OOLI'l&eB'b-oJIOH'l8.He H OHe.lKaHe--8HaIOT'b He TO.ll:bRO 0 TO){,]), 'lT0 Y JItmn= RMteTca CBO:ll: naps=-aoeaona, HO H KaE'b Ha/I,O 3BaT:b ero no HMeRl!. EcJIII ETO-JIROO H3'b ero n0/I,/I,a.IlJTh1X'b 'ltM'l>-JIHOO OOH/I,HT~ JItc- 1IlIJta,-IIOCJIt,ll,Bil!: rosopar-s S&KJIllT:b6, litaJIYaC:b B'J) HeM'b aa "npase/I,H&ro JrB.ca", IIpJiIllmnmmsro JIIlXO, R npOCHT'b H86aBHT:b OT'b 6t/I,LI. B'b npOTRBHOM'b/I.e CJIYlIat 6Y/I,eT'b nOCJIaH8. rpaMOTKa napro B'b MOCItBY H napcsoe BeJIlIqeCTBO npKmJIeT'b /I,BS npasaaa (orpana) MOCKOBCItBX'b cTptJl:bn;OB'b /I,a /I,Bt

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70



B'1 JIPOCJIaBCIWM'b IIoIlIexOHb'B JI'£IlIarO nasunarcrs ~ajKe npOCTO «MYJKIPICIt'b», a Bb BOJIOrO~CIWM'1 nOJItcOBI/S JItmeMY )J,aHbI ~ajr(8 npHMtTl>I: ltpaCHhIi:t ItYillaI,'1, .lI'£Ban nOJIa KaqlTana 06bIRHOBeHfW 3anaXHYTa sa npanyro, a He Ha060poT'1, Kart'1 Bet HOCHT'1. 06yB1 nepenyraaa: npaB1IH JIanOT1 Ha~tT'1 na .lltBYro nory, JItB1IM-I-Ia npaBYIO. I'xaaa Y JItmaro SeJIeHUe II rOp5IT'1, r;,aE'1 yrJII-I. liar,'1 611 OHb Trn;aTeJIbUO HII CKP1IBaJI'1 csoero nC'IHCTaro npOIICXOJKJJ;eHilI,eMY He yzaerca 3TO C~i)JIaTb, CCJIn rroCMOTP'£T1 na nero '!CPCS'll rrpasoe yxo JIOma)J,lI.

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oaeTclt Taltalt B'l!TK& y It(rropoll: (iJ.rJIIL Ol.r COTpOr1'I!JIIIIlIU (oTI!IJloI(~K'b), 11: 0IIJ;6 ullCROlII,RO pltOI!HOBI>IX1, IUI.JlO'Wlt'h. 0,1,1111 KJI8.AP"I, II I)(J'rli n'l, NlpJI,I\8., APyl'ia HI' cnKHHoi!: xpeOe'f'h, a. O!lil'l> ,'1IX'L It Jl,pyt'IIX'" :ml'OIlOp'u I\lLlliO My'C8.1I:JL'Y

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71

(ipaOTBtTHO. Oeo6eHIIO nO.u;QHHeHhl eMY aa'A:U;hl. Onn y Hero nit TIO.lIIOM'h KpimoCTHOM'I> npass, TIO Rpafinen M'Bpt, OR'l, ;~aiKe lIM'Be1'h IUaCT!, npoarpusan, HX'D E'h xapra COC'BJI;HeMY .rluuexy. He o{:WJOO.iR)V'lIhI 01'1, Talwii .iRe 3aBHCHMOCTH H fi'h.IlIllblI crana, n pc:m OHR. nepecemacs HeCM1lTHhIMlI IIOJI·· "I H IU;a.MII , II aaOhlBali BCliKiit crpaxs nepem, qeJIOB1lIWM'h, aaOilraIOT1. If!> 60~lhlllie C1I6npCKie ropoza, npuqeM'h CKa'IyT'h no xpumaxr.. 06phlBaK)TCR B'b lle'IRDIJI Tpy61I II npnraron, ;~a.lRe B'h oxna, - TO ~i:IO HCHoe: 3Ha'lUT'h .I1ilIIIie n;tJIoii apre.nro senn a3apTHyIO IIrpy, u IIo6-B.iK.u;eHHaH cropona rnaaa npoarpsnnr, BO atarsnin C'IaCTJIlIBaro conepnasa. ITo paacnaaasn, CTapOJRII:lOB'!>, OiJ;Ha lIn TaKIIX'h rpamiosauxs urp'h se.racs B'b 1859 rOIl:Y ~re.iRi~y PYCCKUMII II cII6IIPClm.MII .rsmaxa, npnuesrs n06t,!l,II.1I1 pycczie, a nponyamieca clI6upaxa rna.'ll[ aaT'BM'h n;rb Taiiru cBol'i nponrpsmrs xepear. To60.lhCK'h na YPa.iILCKilI ropsr, B'h nexepcnyro II )Ie3el~CKYIO Taii60.TbI. Epmrt oO:Ihmoil: nrph1 apreaaxa, .1tmie OXOTHO Bei-\YT'h II Ma:ryIO, Me.iR;J:Y C060ID, C'h 6JInJKai1:mU~IH coci>JI;llMII, II neperoamors 3ail:u;eB'h II 6-BJIOK'h Ha'h rWJIKa B'1 KOJIOK'h JlO'ITII e.iKe,!l;HeBHo. .A TO CJ1YQaeTC.lI II TaK'h, QTO rraronars 8'1) 3TH KOJIKII 3aI'In;eB'b IT yronar» Mblmeil: II T. )1;. Y JI-BIlIlIX'h .iKe B'h nozuaueuia naxoaarca II IITIIIIhI II B'h noaaon aasaCIIMOCTII 0T'h naxr, BC'£, OXOTIIHItII: JII06IlMu;aM'h CBOIIM'h ORII CrOHllIOT'h nepaarsrxs lI"J'"Tb He rrOJI;'h caaoe .u;yJIO. Eoro me sa.u;yMaIOT'h aasasars aa HeIIO'ITeHie K'h ce6t, - y T-BX'h scerna oci>'IKa.

EOMY y.u;aBa.10Cb Blf)l;'BTh .1Itiliaro, XOTJI 611 II sepees .nonraaanoe yxo, Tt pa3C-Ka3hIBaIOT'h, 'ITO y Hero qeJIOB-B'IeCRi:lt oopaas. Tans, aanpmrsp»;: B'h HOBrOpO;rI;':IHH'B BH,n;aJIll .rsnraro BO otipasf pacnoscamraro CTapIIIta B'h 6-BJIoil: O)l;eJK.Il:t II 6-BJIoil: 60.JIhmoil: maarrs. OJIOH'IaHe JKe na CTOJIhKO IICKyCMIlCh B'h orr03HaBaHiII Bceit JI-BCHOil: He'IIICTH, 'ITO yrlIOT'h

72

OTJHI'IaTb HaCTOJnn;HX'b JTlmIlIX'b B'b n;'il,JIbIX'b ro.maxi, IIX'1 OT'b Tf,X'b «3aKJHITbIX'b» JIIOJl:eir, IWTopble 06pelJ:eHLI HelJ:HCTOll: CIIJIf, B'b He)l;o6pLlfr 'laC'b JIHXIBI'b IIPOKJIHT1eM'b. JHmitl:

OTJIIIBaeT'L CIIneBaTLIM'b II;Bf,T01fb, TaK'b I,aK'I, I,POBb y Hero ClIHJIJI, a y 3aKJIJITLIX'b na JIIIn;aX'b PYMJIHeu;'b, Tar,'b RaE']) JKlIBaH RPOBb He nepecraers IIrpaTL na IIX'1 nresaxs. 0PJIOBcRill: JIf,miil: - IIY'IerJIa3bIfr, cs rycrsnrn 6POBJIlIfll, AJIIIHHOil: 3eJIeHoil: 6opOJl:oil:; BOJIOCbI y Hero IIfIj!,e Ime'I'f, II AJIIIHHte, '1f,M'b y IIOIIOB'b. Ho, srrposesrs, BT, 'LCJlHo:~e:\[!IOii: 0pJIOBCEOil: ry6epHirr .TJ:trnie cram ptl-\Im, aa IIeTpe6.;IcIIic~['h IIX'1 .ilmJI1IIII'.b (T. e. JItCOB'.b), a nOTOM}r,:3a HRIIoo.:rhc ;J;OCTOBi,PIII>IMlI cB'bf,HiJIMH 06'1 3TOH IIe'IIfCTll, c:rhJ1.YcT'I> o(ipaII~aTbCJI R'b ./KIiTeJIJIM'1 cfmepa, 3,ll;f,CL 3Ta neuncn. C()XpaIlHPTCH. MtcTa~nr B'.b He1I3~rf,IIHOM'.b cTapOaaB'I>TIIOM1, lIII,l:J; (nanp .. 111> BHTCIWfr Ii BOJIOrO)l;Clwii: l'y6.).

__ ./ Hacroataift ,idHIIifl Il'hM'h, 110 I'O,IO!'UCT'h: pr!;nTl, [JilTh 6e3'.b CJIOB'.h II llO)J.OO)q)}I(lT'h ('nOlI x.rouau h('~l'h II'I, .taaonm. Hoerr, OUT, HIlOI'J((I, 110 B(,(\ rOIl,J() ("t. Talwii )JW (,lfJIOti, Ii.aI,'.b rnyMIIT'I •. TI'hc'j, H'[, ()yplO) 1I0'lTll ("t. 1I1"IPpa ,(0 noxynosa, HO He .IWOIIT'I> I rhn iJI irlrryxa II ("I> ll<'jlBlHn. BhlltpUIi.OM'b ero lIeMCjylCllllO :IaM(I.'II;;tf'T'h. Horurcn .rlmlifi 110 CBOIi~r'b .'I'IiCM[,b. 1m,,'!> ymp'h.lltliL ("(, 11(lt':lBhl'!(UIIWH OI>lt'TPOTOa: II scerra 603'1 nrarnar :I: I. I> POBI'il II p"lirlllllrh Y Hem He BII.J;IIO, IIO MOjK[[() }J('1I0 paar:IH,rh'n .. 'ITtI OIl'Io---lwqllloyxili (rrpasaro yxa 111;1'1.1. uro Bo:uwa na ['0.1011'1; y 111'['0 :J&ll('cann na .'rimo. :)TO qa(~T(~.J1 :lIuri'TlITIo. IWI'.lll Oil'" IUHU')T,a. I10~XO,lI.IlT'b Kh TPII,mmUI'It ;lI}OIlopyliollh lIoqrIiTt.('H, xora n'lo ;)TllX1, e.rytuI.IIX'f, 011'1. mr(;HTt, (.ohllillllllt·Jlit' 1l1UITaTh ('SOH) pO.4ty. B.lll,rlul, IilLli'l. II IIPO'UUI 111"1111'1'1.. 1'1I0('O(IIIIICrftlfl 1I1'(I(\~ III1I>ThIHlt'l'J,(',JI, ;rhmiri 'I aCTO 1J{llIliII.lltllllll"l'l'll lI(1o\!lilaun. ~1tI~1O •

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73

B1;IWM'b CT, KOTOMKOH sa nnexaaa. IIpH 3TOM'b H1;KOTOPbIM'1 y)l;aB3..;10C1 pa3JIH"lraT1, lITO OH'b BOCTpOrOJIOB1IH, KaK'b Bc1; nepra. 0'1 nOCJI'IWIHM'b noaasaniesrs, O)l;HaKO, CB1;)l;YIIIie .UO)l;M ne COrJIaIIIaIOTC.H; npasuaaaa B'b JI1;meM'b, Kal\'b M B'b .D:OMOBOM'b, HelIMCTL, npM6JIIDKaIOIIIYIOC.H K'b 'leJIOB1;lIeCIWH rrpaponfi, a MIIorie rrpmro-rasn BII)l;HT'b B'b HeM'b «060pOTH.H» T. e. 'leJIOB1;Ita, 06paIIIeHHaro B'b JI1;maro.

Jamie YM'BIOT'b xoxorars, aYKaT1cH, CBIICTaT1 II IIJIaKaT'b nO-JIIO)l;CKH, H, eCJIM OHII )l;tJIaIOTCfl 6e3CJIOBeCHbUflI, TOTOJI1KO npa BCTP1;'lt C'b naCTO.HIIIHMII )!{HB1IMII JIIO.D:1MH. Bo BJIa)l;IIMipcKOH ry6. *), r)l;t, ntIIIIIX'b KpeCT1.HHe Ha3bIBaIOT'b «rapKYHaMH», npaxo yBtpeHbI B'b TOM'b, '1TO 3Ta He)!{IIT1/" rrpOH30mJIa OT'b CB5:I3H )!{eHIIIIIH'b C'b He'IMCTOH CIIJIOH II OTJIH'laeTC.H OT'b '1eJIOBtKa TOJI1KO TtM'b, '1TO He HMteT'b TtHII •

.Jaillie He CTOJIbIW Bpe)l;.HT'b JIIO)l;5:IM'b, CKOJIbKO npoaaaars H mYT.HT'b H, B'b 3TOM'b CJIY'Ia1;, BrrOJIHt yrrO)l;06JIJIIOTC.H CBOnMn pO)l;n'1aM'b-)l;OMOBbIM'b. IIpOIta3JIT'b OHH rpy60, KaK'b 3TO n npaaaxao HeYltJIIOJItHM'b JI'BCHhlM'b )!{IITeJIHM'b, II myTaT'1 3JIO, rrOTOMY TITO nce-raxn OHH He CBOH 6paT'b, ItpeIIIeHbIH 'leJIOBtE'b. Caxsre 06bI'lHble rrpiesnr npozaas 11 mYTOK'b JItIIIHX'b 3aKJIIO'laIOTCH B'b TOM'b, 'ITO OHM 06XO)l;HT'b 'leJIOBtKa, T. e. scanaro, yrJIy6HBmarOCH B'b lIaIIIY, C'b II1;JIbIO c06IIpaTb rpM6bl IIJIH JIrO)l;bI, OHn JIII60 «3aBe)l;YT'b» B'b raaoe MtCTO, II3'b xoroparo HnKaK'b He BbI6paTbca, JIH60 HarrYCTaT'b B'b rnasa raaoro TYMana, lITO COBCtM'b C06bIOT'b cs TOJIIty, M 3a6JIYAMBIUiiiCJI 'IeJIOBtlt'b nonro 6Y)l;eT'b KPYJItHTb uo JItcy na O)l;HOM'b M TOM'b J1;:e MtCTt. Ho saro, BbI6paBIIIHC1 nooRaE'b Ha'b 'IallIH, nareprrlrsmiaca crpaxy IICltaTeJIb rpM6oB1l rrenpcsrtmro rrOTOMT, 6Y)l;eT'b pa3CIta3bIBaTI) (H MOJIWTT, 6J,IT[), BrrOJIIr1l lIIICTOCOP)(()lIf[O) lITO 0Il'I) llMil.'GJI'J) JI'hmaro JItlIBhIM'[),

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74

cmnnart, ero CBHCT'h, ero aynarrss H xaonam.e B'b. JIa;u;olIUI.

O;U;HaIW, BO BC'BX'b TaI~HX'b rrpHMIO'IeHiHX'b, uepf>;U;KHX'L B'1 )l;epeBenclwfr JEHSHH, ( ocotiemro rrOCJr£ ryJI.lIHOI~'L ~O CBaTaM.II II nnpoas C'L l\,YMOB1HMH), maJl0BJIllB1IM H CaM'b ry.lI1- JIHBhliI, J1tmiil sce-raxn He Be;u;eT'L .;no;u;efr ua rrp.lIMyro noI'H6eJI1, EaR'£> AtJIaeT'b 3TO uacroanua ,n;b~OJI'b. IIPlITOM'L JKe OT'b nponass JI'£CHarO MO;'h:HO aerno OT'IypaTbC.lI, - IWHeTffiO, npeaue ncero MOJIHTBolr H I{peCTHL1M'b arraaeniem., a 3aT'£M'L npa nOMoIIlu u:m'BcTIIhIX'L npiexorrs, KOTOP11M'L Y'Ian C'b MaJIOJItTcTBa, no ;mrroBtAHM'L OTI.(OB'[, II rrpa,D;'I>,n;OB'L. TaR'L 3a6JIY;U;HBIIleMYCJI pesouenryerca npacfcn. ua rrepBoM KOJIO;U;t, CHHT1 C'h ceoa II B1IBOPOTHT1 nansaarrny IIOCHJr1HOe ruarse H 3aTtM'h B'b TaIWM1, BHJI:B Ha;u;'Jm, na ('.COH. 06.lI3aTeJI1HO irpa 3TOM'b TaK;.Ke .I'ImhII"[ .rarrors na,n;'IlTh ITa npasyro 1Wry, HJIH npasyro pyl;aBIrll,~' na .1tBY10 pyr,y. EeJIII .lIW Bl, 6t;u;y I10rraJIO ,n;noe lIJIII rpoe, TO lIM'I, (',.whAYCT'[' Bl':hJ.,l1, uepesrsI1HTbCJI oll,eJK,n;oiL npeJ(IHqHlTCJI1IIO BhIBOPOTll'B'[, 0.P na l1arraHli.Y (U'1 3TOM'1 cJIY'Ia'b pCr;O])IOH,ll;yeTca nO)~[Ht,ltaT1 OO&I'Ia10 roro .lIte JItmaro, y norcparo nee HaBh1BOpO'r'f, II rraII3IIaH1ty). MOJKHO T01IHO Tal\JKe Bh1;mO~II{TbeJl rIWI> 6'hJl,b1, nporoBopIIBIIIH ,1I06:IIMYIO norosopxy ~I'BmarO, lWTOPYro y,n;alLlIIB11e JIIO;n;II ycrrtJIII nO;U;CJIymaT1 Y Hero, H3)J;aJIII: «meJI'L, nanreirs, HOTe.., PJlJI'h». A KTO cnoxsanrrca saspnuars: «OBe'I1.lI xopna, OBet[1H mepcrs», nepe,n;'1T1>M'b .T!'i;mii'r IICQe3aeT1 C'1 KpHKOM'1: «a, noraaancal»

B1IBaI{)T'1, anpososn, CJIYTIalI. Iwr)~a ad; cIIoeouI,1 60P16hl cs JI'.BmlIMII 01~a3I>IIlalOTCH Ueaell.'1bII J,[l',IH. 3To l'J!Y'laOTCJI pan 111) rO)J;'l> , E1) Ton aa[[OId)i~l!hlil neru.. I\()['i~a .rlnnie 6tCHTCJI (4-1'0 0ItTJI6pJI). lh aTOT'h )~(\IIl. :lIIa!{)![~i(l 1\.p(\('ThHIW B'f, JIrllC'b lie xo;u;aT'b.

Ha Epo~eJI MyT[(1l1Hlm Yl\lt:mllo JI'hIIIHM'h IIpOlla)~aTh lfJIII ;HtMHpaT1. Ilepem. ;)THM'[, OIUl Y'IHlUIIO'L"h lIeI1(','l'OllhIH )~PaIm:,

75

:IOMUIOT1, C'b rpecsoar, ,n:epeB.bR, 3pR rOHRIOT'.b 3B'hpe:.lt II, aaI:OHerJ;'.b, npOBaJIIIBaIOTC5I ("RBOSb 3eMJIIO, '1TOOb! RBlITbCJ:I Ira Hei!: DHOBI) , Kor,n:a ona OTOfi:,n:CT'.b IIJIII OTTaeT'.b neCHOIO, II uasan, CHOBa csoa nposasu see B'b O,ll;HOM'b II TOM'b JIre pod;.

Bo06~e, no6aHBMCh 3JIhIX'1 II HeO.lKII)],aHHbIX'.b sanA .1'BillarO, JItcHofi HapO.ll;'h He rrpo-n. na.ll;'.b HIIM'h nocxharsca, a IIOJI.hSOBaThCR ero HMeHeM'h, RaE'.b pyrarexsnsnn, CJIOBOM:'.b, BCR spemeaaa Pycs csnraers nepnsnrs Y.ll;OBOJI])CTBien (<<H,lOI R'.b JItmeMY», «JItmiil: 0])1 TeOJl 3aJJ;aBHJI'.b» JI T. n.).

CYIIJ;eCTBOBaHie «JIteoBhIX'b» BHeCJIO B'h .lKH3Hh JI OLIT'.b .I1tCHI>IX'.b OOIITaTeJIefi csoeoopaaaua B13POBaHiR, HeJIIIIIIeHHwI HtROTOPhlX'b HpaBCTBeHHhIX'.b rrpasam, TaR'b 'ITO MlIe'b' 0 .1'BmHX'.b He)],apOM'h rrpOCYIIJ;eCTBOBa.l'.b na 3eM.JIt ThICJ:I'leJItTiJr. ITo HapO.ll;HbIMl> B03sp'lmiRM'.b, JItmifi: CJIY.lKHT'.b KaRl> ON 6eSC03HaTe,lhHhlM'.b opyniexs aaaasaaia sa BOJIhHhle R HeBOJIl>Hlle rptxII 'leJIOBtKa. 'I'aics, rrOMIIMO roro, 'llTO OHl> sacraanaers oeSROHe'IHO OJIy.lK.ll;aTI> no mcy pascsaaasrxs JIIO,Il;eif, 3aOhIBmHX'.b OctHIITI> ceria RpeCTHhIM'h aaaxeaiexs npa BXO,ll;t B'1 rnyxia TPYIIJ;OOhI, - OH'b .lKC .}mJIReTCJ:I MCTIITeJIeM'B II BO MHOrJIX'.b npyrnxr, CJIY'IaHX'.b. B'.b HHROJIhCIWM1> yt3)],13, (Bonoroz. r.) aanpusrspr., JItmiif na BH)],Y Y BctX'.b YHeC'.b B'.b JItC'.b My./AHRa sa TO, 'ITO TOT'.b, H,ll;.lI na ROJIOROJIl>HIO, pyrazca HenOTpeOHhIM'.b C~IOBOM'.b. Eme CHJIhHte napaers JItmiif sa npoaauecenie npoanariii, H, eCJIJI Cny'IHTC.lI, HanpHMip'.b, 'lTO poacenaua, norepaarna B'.b MYKaX'.b PO)l;OB'.b BCJlIWe reprrsme, npORJIHHeT'.b ceria II peoensa, TO peOeHOR'.b C'IHTaeTC.lI c06- CTBeHHOCTbIO nfmraro C'.b roro MOMeHTa, RaR'b TOJIhRO 3aMep'.b nOCJIt)l;Hiif 3ByR'.b npOJI3HeCeHHaro npororaria. Oofnnaaaaro eMY peoeaaa JI'BmiJi: YHOCIIT'.b B'b JItC'.b TOT'IaC'.b no pO.lK;n;eBiII, nO)l;RJIa,n:LIBaR BMtCTO Hero «JI13cHoe ,Il;tTHru;e»-6oJIhHOe II OesnORoHHoe.' Br, cJIY'lai me, ecaa RaRHM'.b-HHOY)],h llY""

76

JJ;OM'1 aasaararo peoensa YCII-BIOT'L OI,peCTlITh paHte, Ta:m. ':lTO BsaTh ero cpa3y HeJIh3.a, TO JItmili J:Kn;eT'I. JJ;0 7 JItn OTpOTJ:eCTBa II rorna CMaHJfBaeT'I. ero' B'L JItC'1. ('[tmeMY nana OJJ;Ha MIIHyTa B'1 CyTKII, xorna OH,]) MOJ:KeT'D CMaHHT:r,' lleJIOB-BKa). B'L .IItCy IIPORJIJIThIO JI(}IBYT'D 06hIKHOBeHHO HeJJ;OJIro II CKOPO yMHpaIOT'1. A eCJI:fI II CJIyTJ:HTC~ ':lTO RTQHIf6yJJ;h H3'1 HIIX'1, no YCMJIeHHhIM'1 MOJIIITBaM'1' MaTepn, BhIJ:KHBeT'b, TO HaXO,IJ;.aT'1 ero B'L CaMOM'L J:KaJIKOM'1 Bll:JJ;t:

XOJJ;HT'1 OH'L OJJ;IITJ:aJIhIM'1, He IIOMHHT'1, 'ITO C'L HIIM,]) 6hIJIO, a coxpaaaers IIOJIHtHillee paasoaymie, KO scezy, TJ:TO ero MOJICeT'I. O.lKHJJ;aTh IIpH COBMtCTHOH .lKH3HII C'1 JIIOJJ;hMH *).

,n;epeBeHcltie CJIYXII OTJ:eHh HacTo:fi:TJ:I1BO IIPHIIHC1IBaIOT'b, MeJIC,lI;y npOlJIIM'1, JItIIIIIM'1 CTpaCT1 It']) J:KeHlU;HHaM'L II 06BHH.aIOT'1 HX'1 B'1 Hep-B,lI;RHX'L IIOXHrrreHiJIx'L dBymeR']). Koe-rJJ;t pascI~a3hIBaIOT'I. 06'1 3THX'L CBJI3JIX'1 cs MeJIRHMH IIo.n;p06HOCTJIMH H YBtpaIOT'1, lITO IIOXHrrreHHhlJI ,n;imymRII HHROr,ll;a He pOJ:KaIOT'b ,lI;1>Te:fi:. Bi, TYJI1CIWH ry6. (B'L O,ll;OeBCROM'I. y.) YRa31IBaIOT'b aa OIcpeCTHOCTH cena AHaCTaCOBa II yBtp.aIOT'b, TJ:TO B'L CTapIIHY, noraa OKOJIO cexa 6WIH 60JI1mie JIT,ca, ,lI;ilBynum caxa y6traJIII I,,]) .1I'Bm lIM']) , JI{II.1II cs HIIMH rosa ,lI;Ba-TpIl, II 3aTT,M'L B03BparrraJIHCh ,lI;OMOll C'1 RYlle:fi: ,lI;eHen II T. II. E,lI;Ba JIlI, BIIpOTJ:eM'L, BO Bdx']) IIO,ll;o6HlIX'1 pasczasaxs, JIt.mie He CM-BmlIBaIOTCJI C'L 3a,BT,,lI;OMO CJIa,o;OCTpacTH1IMlI xepraxa JJ;1.aBOJIhCRoli IIOPO,ll;hl. .[ tmnM,]) TaIOKe HaBJl31IBaIOTl> J:KeH'L OJJ;HHaKOBOH C']) HIIMU IIOPOAhl (JIT,UIalIRXa, JIT,myxa) H

"') Y OJlOHlI:aH'l> 1I'h 11)('1. ITcTr,zX'h II nenOI(&Tt.l:X1. JlllC&X'l>. «pori riIUHX1., mHByT'b milO (i('OtillllllhHl "J1llc.m.1H ('.,'apllltll" IIJUl "OTlI,f,z", ItOTOplilt6 colkr8eHHCl H :laIlIlMAIOT(·.H T'lIWh, 1['I'n ('.MIUIIHlIU()T'h D'h nilc" ,1I,lITell:, 110 C'l> It&Itoro II1lJlbKl /l.l!PlK&'M. 11)('1. ','awl. II '111M'h ItopMHT'b- ··c&~([.re cBlI,1I,y~e l1.tOTI;J! CltaaA1'L He 14orYT'I ..

77

.l\-BTem,zmeA: (4tJI-BmeHJI»), HO B'D WRX'b .l\yxaX'b OTtIacTH noaoap1JBaIOT'b jKHByrn;HX'b B'D KrufE,zmaX'b pyca.nOK'b 1£3'b rrexpemeaaaxs N.JIa..n.eH~eB'b, oruscra npOKJIJITDlX'b JIIO,n;eA, KOTOPhIe, B'l> OZHAllHill CB1lTOnpeCTaBJIeHia, OT'b 6eg,n;iJI1Jl TaKJKe npoKaSJIT'b (orsero II 30ByrCH, }{e-'K,n;y npOtIIDfb, «myrlIXaMlIY».

YIII.

rroJiEBoM.

Oana 6tJI03epCKaJI BJJ;OBa pascnaasmaers Y KO.rrOJJ;u;a COd;a;rl:

- JER.rra JI Y AJIeHbI na rOpRt. Ilponana ROpOBbI)-JI II nom.rra IIX'b IICI~aTb. B;a;pyT'b TaIWH BllTep'b XBaTllJI'b C'1 noaa, ':ITO rOCIIO,Il;II' BOJKe MO:i1! Ornaaynacr, JI - BIIJKY:

CTORT'1 KTO-TO B1> 6tJIOM'b, f];a TaI~1> II nyers, ;a;a TaR1> II ,ll;yeT1> , ,ll;a ente II npIICBIICrreT'b. a II npo ROPOB'b 3aOhl.JIa, H Clwpte f];OMO:i1, a Anena MHt II 06CI~a3bIBaeT'b:

- I{OJIR B1> 61lJIOM1> BII.D:tJIa, 3Ha'IIIT'b «Ilo.reson» 8TO. Y 0PJIOBCIUIX1> II HOBropO;a;CRHX1> srrarontaxr, JIIO;a;eH rracoopers, srors .u;YX1> , npII('.TaB.rreHHbIM OXpaHJITb XJItOHhlJI nOJIJI, RMten TtJIO xepnoe, Ii.ar;'h aeM.iIJI; rorasa y Hero pa3Hou;DiTHble; BMtCTO BOJIOC1>, rO.lIOBa IIORPbIT3. ;a;.JIIIHHoil:

SeJIeROH TpaBOH; manna II Of];ejJ~,ll;bI rrtn HIIRaRoH.

- Ha CBtTt IIX1> xnoro (TOJII~yIOT'b TaM'b): rra KaJK,II;yro nepeamo ,Il;a,Il;eHO no xersrpe nOJIeBIIRa.

8TO II IIOR.HTHO, nOTOMY ':ITO B'J, 1fepH03eMHhlX'b MllCTan IIOJIeH xaoro, 1I MYAPcno Oi~nOMY IIOJIeBIIRY IIOCII'Iman IIOBCIOfJ:Y. 3aTO JItcHble JKRTeJIll, MOId,o npOaOpJIIIBbIe, HO He Menie TPYCJIIIBJ)Ie, Bfff];aJIII «IIOJICm.IX'I,» OIIenI> P'BARO, XOTJI lIaCTO cnaxana IIX'J, rOJ10C1,. 'l"I; JKe, RTO BII.D:tJI'L, ¢pam, 11TO nOJICnHR'h .fl13JLHJICH I1M'1> B'J, BH)l;-B ypo.D:JIlmaro,· MaJIeHbI\aI'O IIeJIoBitma, 06JIa.n;aIOU~aI'0 cnocoeaocmo rOBOPIITJ). Bon uro paacaassrsana na 3TOT'I, ClLeT'b OAHa nonroPOP;CItaJI 6aoa.

79

- Ill.na fl MUMO crora. B.n;pyr1) «OH~b» II BhI(',IW'mJn., 'ITO nynups, H I~pH'mT'h: «,1I;0pO:lfmXa, CK3JKII KYTHX'B, 'ITO CTOPOJKHXOHbRa IIOMCpJIa». IIPII6'BiK3..'Ia a )!,OMOil: - lIII iKHBa na xepraa, 3aJI1l3JIa K'1 My.iKy H8. rro.rara, .n;a H roropio: «OH)!'peti:, 'ITO 11 raxoe caumana?» TOJI1KO JI nporosopara eMY, KaR1> E1> rro).J;'r)ua6uII,i 'ITO-TO 33.CTOHaJIO: «oil:, CTOPOiKHxonsna, oti:, CTOP0.iKIIXOHblm,». IlOTOM1> BbIIlIJIO 'ITO-TO'IepHOe, OnJlTh CJIOBHO MaJIeHbltiil: QeJIOB1>'Iell:1>, 6pOCHJIO HOBHHY noJI~THa II BOH1> ITOIIIJIO: ).IBepH II31> II36bI caxa eMY OTBOPHJ!HCh. A OHO Bee BOeT'h: «OR, CTOPOiKHXOHhKa». Msr H30- MJI-B.JIH: CII,1I;HM1> C1> X03JlHHOMD CJ10BHO K1> cMepTII nparosopeHHhIMH. TaK1> H yIIlJ10».

OTHOCIIreJIbHO .u;o6paro, HO npOIi.a3JIIIBarO npasa nOJIeBlIK1> mrileT'h xaoro orimaro C1> .u;OMOBhlMD, lIO ITO xapazrepy CaMb[XD lIpOKa31> OH1> HanOMIIHaeT'h JI-Brrraro: TaK1> iKe C6IIaaers C1> nopora, 3aBo.u;IIT'h B1> 60JIOTO, II B,]) ocooeaaocra norsmaerca Ha.u;1> nhJlHhlMH naxapasn.

01> nOJIeBHKOM']) ocooeaao 'IaCTO MO.lKHO BCTp-BTlITbCll Y MeiKeRblX']) JlMD. OnaT1, nanp., rra TaKHX1> M-BCTax']) COBc-BM1> HeJIb3H, ITOTOMY 'ITO .n;-BTKH nOJIeBHKOB1> (<<Mejl{eB'IIIKlI» II «JIyroBHKH») 6-BraIOT'h no MeJKaMD II JIOMT'h IITIIII,1> poaareJIJIMD B,]) IIHIII,y. ECJIII jlW OHII Haii.n;yn 31\1>C1 JIeiKaIIl,arO 'IeJIOB1>Ka, TO HaBaJIIIBaroTCJI na Hero II .u;yrrraT1>.

MK,]) Bc-B He'IlICTbIe .n;yXII, ITOJIeBIIKII-B3JlTO'IHlIKII, rop.u;eIl,bI II KanpII3HHKII. II C']) 3TIIMII CBOIICTBaMlI IIX1> specrsane BbIHYJK.n;em.I C'IIITaTbCH. TaK1>, HanpIIM-Bp1>, OPJIOBCKie seaaenamIII>I paas B1> ro.n;y, no}1,']) ,I!;YXOB1> .u;eHb, n.u;YT1> rJIYXOH HO'IbIO, KY}1,a-HlI6y.n;h nonaxsme OT,]) IIp0-B3iKeii .u;oporlI H OT'h .u;epeBHH, K1> KaKOMY-HlI6Y}1,1 pBy II necyrr, napy JlIIII,1> II Kpa.u;eHaro y )l;06phIX1> cod.n;eK craparo II 6e3rOJIOCaro n-BTyxa-HecYT1> B']) .u;ap'b nOJIeBIIKY, II npIIToM,]) TaK1> , 'ITo6bI HIIKTO He BH)l;&J1,]), IIHa'Ie IIOJIeBIIK1> pascepzarcs II IICTpe6IIT1> B1> nOJITI sees XJIi6']).

80

Y IIO.rreBIUWB'1, B'1 OTJIH'!ie OT'b nposea HelJIICTH, JIIOOH-' Moe BpeMJI- rrOJI,n;eHb *), xoraa H30paHHbIM'1 ClJaCTJIHBn;aM'1 Y,!l;aeTCJl ero BH,n;TITb na JIBy. Bnpoaesrs, osesamsr 3TH OOJI1me XBaCTaJOT'1, lJlm'1 OO'.bJlCHJlIOT'1, 60JI1me rrYTaIOT'1, lJiM'1 rOBOpJIT'1 IIpaB,n;y. TaK'1 'ITO, B'1 IWHn;i KOHn;OB'1, BHimm 06JIHK'1 rrOJIeBHKa, KaK'1 paBHO II ero xapaereps, BbIJlCRltIOTCJl OlJeH1 MaJIO, H BO Bceil: aapomoa MII80.lloriH 3TO ezaa JIH He CaMbIa CMYTHblil: 06pa3'.b. II3BicTHO TOJI1KO, lITO IIOJIeBHK'1 3 OJI'1 , H lITO IIO,!l;lIaC'1 OH'1 JII06I1T'1 CI>IrpaTI> C1. qeJIoBiKOM'1 He,n;06pyIO myTKy. .

B'1 3apail:cKOM'1 yi3,!l;i, HarrpHMip'1, CO CJIOB'1 KpeCT1JIH'b,

3aIIHcaHa rasaa 6bIBamID;HHa: ,

«CrOBopmm: Mhl 3aMY.lK'1 cecrpy CBOIO AHHy sa JIOBen;- . zaro KpeCTDHHHHa PO,!l;iOHa EYPOBa. BOT']) na cBa,n;n6f>-To, EaK,]) BO,n:HTCJI, IIO,!l;BhlIIHJIH IIOPJl;IlKOM,]), a rrOTOM'I> CBaTbI B,]) HOlJHOe BpeMJI IIOf>XaJIH B,]) csoe ceJIO JIosn;hl, lJTO HaXQ,n;HTCJI OT'1 HaC'1 He,!l;aJIeIW. BOT']) CBaTI,I-TO tXaJIII-tXaJIH, .n;a B.n:pyr']) H B3,!l;yMaJI'1 Ha,!l;']) HHMH nomryrms rrOJIeBHK,]), - IIOnaaa B,]) pf>tffiy 06f> IIO,!l;BO,n;hI C,]) JIoma,n;1MH. Eoe-zass JIOma,n;eil: H O,n:Hy TeJItry BbIPY1JHJIH H ytXaJIII ,n;OMOit, a aaae

H HtmKOM'1 IIOmJIH. Eorza .lKe ,!l;OMOit -S:BlIJIHCI>, TO CRam, xarepa TO .lKeHHXOBoH H He HamJIH. KHHYJIHCI> K'I> ptllKt, r,n;f> OCTaBHJIII TeJItry, rronaaaa ee, a IIO,n;']) TeJItroH-TO JJ I HamJIH csaxy COBdM,]) OKOlIeHtJIOIO».

*) B1> .HPOClI8.BCKOM'b llomexoHhll SHaroT'b ocoearo AYX8. (1l0.llYil;lDlII;P~ KpacllByro asrcoayro P;'BBym:lty, OA'BTYro RO Bee <iilIoo. .lIlITOK'b, BO Bp6¥4' :m:aTBhI, OHa XOP;RT'!> IIO IIOJlOCIU('b plRR H KTO B'b (l&IW:A nOJlp;a:al> pe.($oTaeT1>, nX1> GepeT'!> sa rOJIOBY HH8.tIHHae'I'h BCllT'JITD, II01t& He HATPY~ m810 ]1,0 lItI"Y"Ieit (ion:. OHa lRn naM8.HItI!&eT'& R'b pom JOJIDIX'b ~ II[ a&CT8.BlIs:eT'b JU'b ]1,OJIro Ci.nYlR,II.8.Tb T8.K'b, i{/i,iCh, 01{(lBKp;HO, Ha.pop;llOG ~oBlIp:&e ClIHBaeT(',S: C'L HIJ,I{B!Iolt ]1,OpCII()H(~ItOa MOpaJlI,IU, npIlAYW:&UlloA: lI)1J1. ocrpacrsa POOIl'1'1>,

I -,

IX.

BODJ[HOH.

Me'leTCH 1I II.llR'leT'b, ItRK'h 1\1lTH GO.llbHOe B'h aecnoxoaaoa .ll!O.~bKll, oaepo .11llcHOe.

Bt, ,JTOM'h ,u:BYCTIIIIII;1; rOBOpIlTCJI 0 He60JIbIIIOM'h oaepb, 6epera IWTOparO Bd na BII.u:y n RaCTOJIblW OTJIOrH, 'lTO pas- 6YIIIeBaBIIIincJI BtTep'h rORIlT'b )l;Bt BOJIHbI, HarORHYIO H OT- 6UBHYIO, pa3BO)U1 OnaCHOe BO.1HeHie, TaK'b Ha3bIBaeMYIO, TOJIxero. Br, 6ypIO, OHO nenpncrymro ,u:J1JI pbI6a'lbI1x'h 'leJIROB'h, XOTH IIMeHI-IO B'h ::JTy nopy o6tIIIaeT'h OOJ1'Be 60raTYIO ,u:oOr.!'!y. Ho II BO ucauoe npyroe Bpe',M}I, I~aK'h Bo06IIIe Bd; oaepa !(,pyr:WII (llop1fI>I, OlIO nonsayerca ne,u:06pon CJIaBOn 6Yllnaro II oe3nolwlmaro: camre MaJIbIe B'BTPhI SaCTaBJIJIlOT'!) ero IWJIhIXaTbCH, !taK'h OhI OT'h rpenoacasrxr, ,u:BI1J1wnin ~ KaKOM-TO ReBI1,ll;IIMOH 'ly,u:OBHJIJ;I-IOii: CliJIbI, nOIWIOJIJ;eMC.H na ,u:nt ero. II ,u:OCTaTO'lHO omoro CJIyqa.H I-Iey.u:a'lI-Iaro B11- ia,u:a B'b aanonoapfiauoe osepo, OKOI-I'lHBIIIaroC.H rH6eJThIO 'leJIOBtKa, 'lTo6'h B'h OIWJI1I-IOCTH, r.u:t BCliKiM I-Ia C'leTY H KaJlt;n;aro maJIKO, npOC.llbIJIO OHO «npORJI.HTbIM'h». IIpon:,u:yT'h rona, aa6y,u:eTC.H HMH necsacraaro, no CJIyqaH OCTaHeTC.H B'h naM.HTII cs RaCJIOMKOIO npH,u:aTIWB'b Re61IBaJIaro: npocroa c.lIyqaM npeBpaIIIaeTCJI B'b JlereI-I,u:y aa YCTpaIIIeRie HJIH noY'leHie rp.H,u:YIIInM'b BiKaM'b. Oma n3'b TaltlIX'b JIereH,u:'h CB.H- 31IBaeTCJI C'b IIMeneM'J, cysaamcaaro KHJl3J1 Arnpea Boro-

6

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JII06CKaro, YCTpOI1TeJIJI 8a.lI'BCCIW([ CTpaHbI, naMHTHarO TaKlKC no CBOI1M'1 6.lIarOrreCTIIBbIM'1 ,IJ;'BJIHiJIM'1. B'1 TeMHYro no-n., na 29 ilOHJI 1174 r., KOBapiIDIe napeasopnu, B'1 sarosopf C'1 rnyp1JIMl1 II JKeHOlO lWJI3JI, 113M'BHlIl1rreCKJ2[ y6H.lIII ero. BpaT'1 KHJI3}I, MIIXaI1JI'1, CBaJIII.lI'1 Ita3HeHHbIX'1 y6iitU;'1 B'1 sopooa II 6pOClI.lI'1 B'1 osepo, soropoe C'1 roro BpeMeHH )"(0 CHX'1 nop'1 B'1 POlWBYlO HO% BO.JIHyeTCJI. Eopooa C'1 ueratromaaa, npoKJIJITbIMFI TtJIaMII y6FITbIX'1, B'1 BII)"(1J MrnnCT1IX'1 3eJIeH1IX'1 KO'leK'1, KOJIlIXalOTCJI lIeJK)"(Y 6eperaMu, IT CJIblrnHTCJI ynbIJIlIfi CTOH'1: 3TO MyrraIOTCJI 3Jl06Hble KyrrKoBIFm. KOBapHaJI II xaJIOAyrnHaJI cecrpa FIX'1 ripomena, C'1 TJIJKeJI1IM'1 JRepHOB1IM'1 KaMHeM'1 aa mefi, B'1 TeMHYlO rJIy61 )"(pyrofo, 60JI'Be fJIy6oxaro, osepa «Iloraaaro».

Ha BceID rrpocrpaacrsf Be.JIIUWII Poccin nenana B'1 ClIJIbHOe nonoapsme H rrpi06pt.lIH A06PYIO II XYAYlO CJIaBy, B'1 OC06eI-IROCTlI, neriom.mta, HO rJIy60KiJI oaepa, HcptAIW B'1 ypOBeH1 HarrOJIHeIIH1IJI TeMHofi BOAoil, onpamenaoa JltCJIt3- HOlO 3aKI:lCbIO. OmI 06UJIylOT'1 rroA3eMHbIMIl I{'JIIOrraMH II T'BMI1 yrJIy6JIeHiJIMII ma, B'1 (POPM'B BOPOHItH, IWTOPbIJI 06pa3yIOT'1 IIY'II1HbI, fAt BbI6l1BalOTCJI BOA11 lI3'1 6e3AHbI) HJIII nornomalOTCJI eIO. TeMHbIMH HO'lalIII, B'1 O)"(HHO'ICCTBt, K'1 TaKIIM'1 BO)l;OeMaM'1 HIIKTO He pstnaerca rrO)"(XO)"(I1T1. MHOrlIM'1 'ly,!l;IITCJI TyT'1 II rpoxxoe xnonanse TO'IRO B'1 JIa,!l;OrnH, II 3aAaBJIeHHbIH XOXOT'1, nO)l;06HO COBIIHOMY, n noorime, npII3HaKII npe- 6bIBaHiJI HeB'B)I;OM1IX1> JKHBhlX'1 cymecrst., pIIcyrom;HXCJI narryraaaoxy Bo06paJKeHiIO B'1 BRA'h TyM:aHHbIX'1npH3paKoB'l>. A Talt'1 KaK'1 3TOMY Bo06paJlwniIO;'IIe YRaSaIIO rrpc)I;ilJI1HbIX'1 PaMOK'1, TO II Til CB'BTJIhlJl osepa, IWTOPhlJ{ O'lapOBhlBaIOT'b CBOIIMII KpaCRBhlMH OTJIOrIiMH: UJm OOel>IU'IIL1'bIMI1, !tpyTI>lMH oeperaaa, II{lIfBJIeItarOJlI.llhl}! BOeOJU>IM'f, It JIae!rnIOlI~nM'b' BI1- )l;OM'1, ne 1I36aBJIOrn>I TaIWlW OT'l. lIOltJIenOB'I) 11 HO OCBO-

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Bo MHornXl, UWh HlIX'b see, rrasmraa OT'b Ilpp:lBhl1Iari- 1!brX'b I'J1y6rrll1" OT'b pasHoo6pa3Hoti: Hrphl B'l, IlC[)()JIHllaX'h ctrhTa II nplPly~IlIBhIX'b OTpa.iKClIiti: na J[CJ[OM 3eplWJlr.rrofl nOBepXI[OCTIf~ - naCTpal1BlLCT'I, nOCJlyrlHroc nooripaaceuie ua npCACTaBJICuie KapTlUI'I> B'h BlfAi CJIiAOB'b lfCIICSIIYBIIIlIX'r, ecJIcnif! 11 I~i.lIhIX'b rOpOAOB'b, I~el)1WCI1: II xoaacnrpez. Cr, oripaana Jl npuMipa qCTl>IPCX'b On6JICilclmX'h rOpOAOB'b, norpe6eIIllbIX'b sa eOAOMCKie rpfixn B'I, c.DJIeIIhIX'I, BOAaX'b MepTEarO MOpJI, lIapO;J;HaJI <paHTa3iH C03AaJIa rd,CKOJIbKO IIOAO~HhlX'b JIereHA'b 0 HaIIIHX'b pyCCKIIX'b 03CpaX'b. II y nacs, KaK'b II y ll:pyrlfX'b naponos», OKa3aJIIICb raxie JKC IIOJJ;3eMHhlH ~epKBII II IIO.u;BOJJ;HbIC ropona. Tam. lITO B'b 8TOM'b OTHOmenta <ppan~y3eKaJl Bperans, rmqiM'J, He OTJIlIqaeTCH OT'L PycCKoti .JhITB.hI. Eo <ppaH~y3cIWti Bperana, B'b He3anaMJI.THWI speaena, rrororomem MOpeM'b ropojrs Hcr., II p.hIOaKH, BO BpCMH 6ypf1, BHJJ;HT'L B'b BOJIHaX'b mIIII~.h1 nepnnen, a B'll TIIXyIO noroay CJIhlmUTCH IIM'b, H:aK'b 611 HCxOAHm;iti: 1I3'b rJIy611H11, 3BOH'b rOp0JJ;CKMX'b KOJIOKOJIOB'b, B03Bim;aWm;IIX'.h YTpeIIHIOro MOJIMTBY. «MIlt lJaCTO KaJKCTCH, 'ITO B'b rJIy6lIHi xoero cepnna (nnmers 8pHeCT'L Peaam.) HaxoJJ;IITcH ropom, IIc'b, nacronlIMBO 3Bonam;iti: KOJIOKOJIa:lIHi, nparaaaraaonmxa K'.h CBJIm;eHHOM CJIYJK6i Bipyrom;IIX'b, KOTOP11C YJKe He CJI.hIITIan. IIHorJJ;a H OCTaHaBJII:IBaIOC'b, IIPIICJIYIIIIIBaHCb I~'b 8TIIM'b ;n:pOJKam;IIM'.h 3BYKaM'b, II MHi rrpe;n:CTaBJIHIOTC.lI OHM lICXO;n:.lIm;IIMII lI3'b 6e3- IWHelJnOH rJIy6IIlIbl, CJIOBHO rOJIOca H3'b npyraro xipa. Bs oco6eHHOCTII, cs IIpIIOJIHJKenieM'b CTapOCTII MHi npiHTHO, BO BpeM.lI JIiTHJlrO OTA1Ixa, npeACTaBJIHT1 ce6i 8TH AaJIeKie orro.JIOCKII HClJe3HYBllleii ATJIaHTH;n:1I».

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B'1 RepJKeHCKMX'b 3aBO.JIJKCltMX'b .JItcax'b, II'BIWrAa 3HaMenIITbIX'1 B'b I1CTopiM namero paCIW.JIa, B'1 40 sepcraxs OT']). r. CeMeHoBa, 6.'!1I3'b cena JIIDHAhI (OlIO JlW II B.JIa}l;MMipc.lwe) paCnO.JIOJKM.JIOCb 03CpO «CB'£TJIOJIpoe», ira 6epcI'a xoroparo B'1 3aBtTHble JI;Hli (na npa3JI;IllIKH B03IIeCCHJ,JI~ TllOI1I~f>I, Cphrenia H 'leCTBOBaI-lia HMeIIM B.lIaJI;lIMipCIWM: BOIRMH Marepa, <:'I> 22 na 23 ilOHJI) CTCKaeTCJI BeJIMIwe MHo.nCCCTBO 601'0- MO.JIbHarO .JIroJI;a (0C.06ClUIO na nOC.JI'll)l;IIIOIO IIWb yuaaanuuxr, HO'l1). Harmamacs CBa:TOM: BOJI;If[~hl liS'b osepa.. IWTOPOC lICycraaao IW.JIhIlII('TCJI, II oT/.(OxnYBlllII OT'I> 11'l;lIIarO xOJ[t)I,PHiJI, Btpyrom;ie u)l;YT'1 C'b )I,O.lt1amInIMH 06pa8aMH, eo craponesarHhIMIi Tpe6nlIltallfII II HOBbIMTI rrCaJITHpJIMII, :'lO.lII1TLCJI K'b TOM:Y XO.JIMY (yropy)~ IWTOPhIII B03BMlIlaeTCJI II<t 101'0 - 3arra,1I;IIOM'b

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87

nOJ(aCMHl>IX'b p'J;K'I., CJrflJ(h1 ROTOPhlX'b .HCHO YJIOB.JICHhI, n CRpbITOe 1I0J(:lCmIOC TC'ICHie acuo nosaaano. Bn;D;HMbIe CJIllJ(LI nx'b o6napyjKCIll.I 'Iel)c:n. T'I; npOBaJIhI, ROTOPbIC Sa1IaCTYIO SJ(llCb nOHB.JI.HlOTC}!, II naB'kTIll>[ nOJ('b IIMCHCM1. «rJIaSHHROB'b» lIim «OROII'b». CBCPX'I, T01'O, cnpuroe nom, aCMJICIO, nperisraanie :3THX'b PllR'b .n;OIta3I,maCTeJI T'1M'Il, 'ITO na rflX'h MllCTaX'b, r;n;ll, BhlIIJ;eJIaIUlIBaaCL, od\ll;aCT'b 3eMJI.H II oripaayers nYCTOThI, sucrynarori, na nOBCpXnOCTI, ~raJIeHhI~ia oaepa. Bs ;n;pyrllX'b CJIy'IaJIX'b ra j}\,e p'Blta BhIXO)l;IIT'b B'f. BTI)!;ll orpoansrxa paaxspoas pO)!;HTIRa ()l;O 1 0 C~K. B'b )!;iaMCTpll), HTIROr)!;a He 3axepaaromaro, a BO)!;a OLeT'h cTpyMr, narrOMTIHarorn;eti KJIy6H ,IJ;hIMa TI3'b 60.lILJlJOti napOXO;D;HOH Tpy6h!.

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6epera..x'b aaBJI:myT'b, m160. B'L oaepHofr HO,n;t nOTOHYT'b. Bo,JI,.lIHOMY BCJIKali li3'b IIliX1, rO,il;fITCJI .B'b mII:O;y *). OII:11H'h OJIOHelvtitl: BO,ll;JIlIOH TaI~'b paSLIrpaJICJI 11 paariymenancs, 'ITO OCMtmIJICJl R lIa,ll;'C, JII{))I;1Mll B1IillY'IHBaT1 CBOll 3JIbIJI npOEa31I:

B3,ll;YMaeT'b RTO B'b ero oaepf IIcKynaTbca - OH'b CXBaTIIT'b aa Hory II Tam;FIT'b K'b ce6t B'b rJIy6b OMYTa na caxoe )J;HO. 3,rJ;'BC1 CaM'I> OH'b npFIBhPIHO CFI)J;RT'b :o;tJIbIMII ;n;Hmm '. (nasepxs BbIXO)l;FIT'b JIIIIllb no HO'IaM'b) FI np11Jl:YMbIBaeT'b pasRbIJI rraKOCTFI FI maJIOCTR.

JKRJI'b OH'b, KaIt'b FI Bc1:; ero rOJI1Ie H MOKpble pO;n;H'IH, ItBJIoii: CeMbeR:, KOTOPM y aroro oroaenxaro BO;n;aHoro 6bIJIa oseas 60JIbIIlM, a nOTOMY OH'b, KaK'b rroaarasors, 60JIbme Bc1:;X'b TOBaplim;eH CBORX'b II Hym;n;aJICJI B'b cBtmIIX'b MepTBbIX'b rlJIax'b. CTaJI'b OKpeCTHbIH uapom. O'IeHb II06aHBaTbca, nepecraas HS'b roro osepa BO)l;Y 6paTb, a nasonerrs II nonxo)OlTb 6JIIISKO E'b HeMY, ;n;ame ;n;HeM']). ,I!;YMaJIII-ra;n;aJIII, KaK'b Hs6aBHTbCJI, H HH'IerO He FI306p'ilJIII. O;n;HaEO, HameJIC.lI O;n;HH'b MY)I;PbIR: 'IeJIOBtE'b RS'b CTapHKOB'b-OTilleJIbHHIWB'b, .)ItHBmHX'b B'b JItcHofi EeJIeHKt HerrO)l;aJIeKY. OH'b II nO;n;aJI'b ;n;06pbIH COBtT'b: <<Ha,n;o, rOBOpIIT'b, IIKOHbI nonsars, na TOM'b 6epery MHKOJI1l yrO,ll;RHKy nOMOJIIITbCJI, BO,ll;OCB.lITHOH MOJIe6eH'b 3aKaSaTb II TOR: CBJITOH BO)J;ofi no6pbIsraTb B'b oaepnyro BO.n;y cs KpOnIIJIa». IIOCJIYIllaJIIIC1 MymII'IKFI: saSBOHFIJIFI FI santJIH. Bnepera nOHeCJIFI u;epEOBHbIH 4>oHap1 FI n06tmaJIFI MaJIb'lIIIllKII, a csa.n;H nOTJIH}'JICJI .n;JIIIHH1IH XBOCT'b FIS'b 6a6'b H P.lI-

*) B'b OJIOHe~OM'b nparo BOl\lIHI>Ie 1\0 roro npiDitHJIIICI>, 'ITO aaBeml nOllBI>lJI l\epeBeHCEia xoaaacrsa, If B'b cTapmry IIS'b OMy'TOB'b BT>IrOWIJIH eBOH CTal\a naCTHCI> Ira 6epery pllEIi: ROPOB:&! 6:&!JIK Bci> 'lepH:&IH H rJIal\x.iJI. Ol\IIoil: TaEoil: qepHymItoil: C06JIaSHIIJICa RpeCTPHHIIH'b CClIa Y XTLl (BDIreropcsaro y.) If, rrOI\EpaBillKCI> E'b CTa)l;Y, JIOBltKM'b rrpie~wM:1> OTOl'BaJI'b ee, I\a TaR'b Yl\a'lllO, 'l:T0 Y Hero, npa Bceil: 6i>I\HOCTH,OI\HII. ROp()Sa HKItOTl\a ae nepeBOp;HJlaCI>, Ii OLIJIa OHa c:orrlle, RpyrJI1ie H MOJIO'lHlle BC1lX'b coct)l,eItlIX'L.

89

.rr.OM'1 <:'1 HIlMI! nonaeaacr, crapnrm C1, !UIOKaMIl. Ilo.rr.WI.JICH 6YPHhIU wf>Tep'1, BCKO.1hIXHy.1JOCI, TIIXOC oaepo, IIOMYTI!JlaCI, Bo.rr.a-I! BC'BM'I, CTa.10 IIOHHTHO, 'ITO C06pa.JICH BO)l;HHOll: xo- 3HIIH'b BOII'1 BhIXO)1;IIT1 •• \ I;Y)l;a CMY 6i)jf~aTI)? .EcmI na BOCXOA'1 CO.JIHrra. B'I, pimy IIIOIaIIY (n nyn. ne)l;aJII,uiii-Bcero BepCT11 ,nBt) , TO rmK'1 eMY o I>IT I, C'1 BO)l;Oll:, ROTOPaJ.I aenpeMimro IIOTe'IeT'1 aa IIIIM'1 CJ1i!l:OM'J), KaR'1 ee rroJJ;HHTb: - na nynl CTOIIT'1 ropa RpYTaJI II nncosaa? ItUHYTbCJI eMY sa dBep'1 B'1 Openaeacxoe 03epO-Tal,'1 onars naao npoxsrBaTb HaCRB03b II.JIII COBC'BM'1 B3phIBaTb ropy: BO)1;HHOll: 'IepT'1, EaR'1 AOMOC'B)1;'b II Ma.JIO 6bIBa.JIbIH, IIepeCRaRIIBaTb 'Iepe3'b ropsr He yMteT'b, He Bbly'III.JIC.a. .II;YMa.JI'b 6bI.JI0 OH'b ~yeTIIT])CJI (scero crro,npY'IHte) B'b rOH'-IIIHCROe osepo IIO COC'BAcrsy, TaR'b oTTY)l;a-TO IIMeHHO rerreps II HapOA'b Ba.JIIIT'1, II HKOHbI necyrs, H .JIaAOHOM'b 'Ia,n;JIT'1, II KpeCT'1 na CO.JIHhlIIII,t arpaers, CBep.KaH JIY'IaMH: cTpaIIIHo eMY II B3r.JI.aHYTb B'b 'Ty CTOpOHy. «EC.JIII (AYMaeT'b 0H'b) IIYCTIIT])CH cMaxy H BO

BClO CII.JIY na piEy OHTb (K'b tory), -)1;0 nee ncero neBlITb sepcrs, - TaR'b OIIHTb jKe If Ty.rr.a nopora II)l;eT'I, no 3Ha'IIITe.JIbHOMY B03BbIIlIeHilO: CIff!)! aa pi'IHOii KO.JIOAt, TyT'b He rreperperienn,». AYMa.JI'b - AYMaJI'b BO,n;JIHOll, X.JIona.JI'b ro. .JIbIMII pYKaMII no rOJIbIM'b 6eApaM'b (BC'B ::lTO C.JIblIIIa.JIH) II nOpiIIIHJI'b na TOM'b, '-ITO nYCTH.JICJI B'b ptEy 1lI0KIIIY *). II '-ITO ~TOT'b '-IepT'b nOHaAiJIaJI'b! OH'b n.JIbIBeT'b, a sa HHM'b If3'b oaepa IIi.JIbIH IIOTOK'b yrriIIH.JICJI, H BOAa nOM'IaJIaCb, EaK'b llTIIIIa IIOJIeTtJIa, IIO CTOJI'-IHM'b .JItcaM'b II IIO 3bI6yqIIM'b 60-

'.JIOTaM'b, C'b IIIYMOM'b If TpeCIWM'b (c,n;i:ra.JICH IICTOR'b H3'b oaepa B'b ptEy 1lI0EIlIY). IIJIbIBeT'b ce6i BOAJIHOfi TIIXO II MO.JI'-Ia, If Bupyr'b YC.JIbIXaJIII Bd MO.JIeJI])IIIIIl~H onpnrrs: «3bI6KY

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90

;m6wl1), 3l>IOltY 3aObljI'b!» .H B'b <.;a:r.IOM'b )I,'£.I'B- YBlI.u;a.JIlI B'1 O,n;rrOM'1 ItyTY (yrJly) osepa HCOOJI.bIIIOii: rrpO.u;OJIrOBaT1Iii: OCTpOBOK'l) (ero )1,0 ClIX'I> nopt 30BYT'1 «3116IWii: sonaaaro»). Ilpoon:paflC.b B.u;aJIL no pird, IIIoI{ill'B, BO.u;HHOit 3au'ImHJICH sa OCTPOB'1, COpBaJI']) ero C'1 W£cTa, TailIlIJI'1 sa C060H OIWJIO rrHTII BepCT'1, If ycniJI'1 C6pOCHT.b C'1 HorII JIHID.b no cepemaf ptmI. CaM'll PHHYJICfl )l;aJI.bIDe, no ItY)l;a- HeH3BicTHO. IIoJIaraIOT'1, lITO :3T0T'1 BO,n;HHOii: YIDeJI'1 B'1 JIa,n;O)ItCKOe oaepo, r.u;t BctM'1 BO,n;HHDIM'1 'IepTHM'1 )KIlT.b npocropno rrOBCIO,!(Y II nenosamo TOJI1ltO B'1 ,!(ByX'1 MicTaX'1, OIWJIO CBHT1IX'1 OCTPOBOB'1 EoHeBeI\KarO II Banaaxcxaro. Ton )Ite OCTPOB'1, 'ITO CTaI:o;IIJI'1 BO,n;JIHOii: CO craparo MtcTa, II ceii:qac'1 He CM1IT'1, 1I BCHEiii: ero nosaaers B'1 IDeCTH BepCTaX'1 OT'1 BHHIII\ItarO norocra, a B'1 rraMJIT.b 06'1 ptIti Illomrrs ero 30BYT'1 illOKIDOCTPOBOM'1. C'1 YXO,!(OM'1 roro BO,!(JIHarO, CTaJI'1 ero npe)KHiH npaTOH'1 BdM'1 )l;OcTyneH'1. Hecxorpa na 60JI1IDyIO rJIy6lIHY osepa, ,n;o CHX'1 nopt, B'1 HeM'1 HIiKTO )II~e He YTOHYJI'1, H Ha3Ba.JIH 8TO osepo EpeCTIIbIM'1 (I-tpeCT03epOM'I») II PY'IeH Ton, rrpoBe,n;emmfi BO)Umoii: CI1JIOH, EpeCTH1IM'1.

BO,!(HHOH HaxO,!(HTcH B'l) HeIIpHMHpHMO Bpa)l{,!(e6H1IX'1 OTHOIDeHiJIx'1 C'1 ,!(t,!(YlimOH )l;OMOBbIM'1, C'1 IWTOPbIM'1, npn CJIyqaii:HhlX'1 BCTpi>'IaX'1, HeYKOCBHTeJI1HO scrynaers B'1 ,!(palty. C'1 ,n;06pHKaMII-,n;OMOBbIMII Bo,n;JIHDle Be CXO)KH xapanrepoas, OCTa. BaJIC.b 3JI06HbIMH ,n;yxaMII, a rrOTOMY BctMU Ii rrOBCIO)!,y npa'llICJIJIIOTCH It'1 HaCTOJIIUHM'1 lIepTHM'1. JIIO)!,HM'1 rrpIiHOCHT'1 OHII OJ(IIH'1 JIIIIDL Bpe,n;'1 II pa,!(OCTlIO BCTP'D1IaIOT'1 B'1 CBOHX'1 BJIaJ(tHiHX'1 BctX'1 OIIJIOIDaBIDlIX'1, CJIY1laHHhIX'I) II IIaM'liPOHHhlX'1 YTOIIJIeHHIUWB'1 (caMoy6iHD;'I»). Ha yTOII.lIeIIIn!l~aX'1 OBR jEeHHTCH, a ente oxomfe na T'nX'f> )I:hBlII~aX'I), IWTOPl>IH npOEJIHT11 pO,!(HTeJIHMR.

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*) Ardea SteUaris - OYKaJUnu;e, HanOMHlI&IOIIV!C [lOlVIl:!III'O liOJlCHOB&· .TfiIlI4.'b ~llTOM'b HOI''b II RJlIOBa, H CXO,ll;HOO C'b 8JIOBllll~()IO <:OBOIO cllPlilM'b omlpemem. ROrp;&BOp;iIHo1l: RPII'UIT'b Br.rIII,IO, 8H&IIIIT~. 0111. n(!pnKJlllK&eTcl! Cl. .JIllmIIM'b.

TOM'I,. lITO :)T01'1 HOIIHOil: pees, IIOXO.iKiil: ua pem, It0POUhI, He uponasoxarr, BOiVIHoi!: xeprs, a lIa,IJ;aeTb IITIIu;a, BO upexa ('II,IJ;I(lI na mll~ax'Jlo ••

Hr/~o6po.iK(,JlaTe~ILCTBO sonanaro It'I, JIIOll)IM'!> II 3JI06HhIIT xapaercpi, .rroro Mlca BMpaJKaeTCJI B'L TOM'L, lITO OH'b neYCTalIJro CTOPOJIOI1'I, sa Ra.iK,IJ;hIM'L 'IeJIOB'BIWM'L, JIBJIJIIOru;UMCJI, no paalIhlM'b na]w61I0CTjIM'b, B'I, ero CblPbIX'!> H MOKPbIXT> BJIadmiJIXY Om YHocIIn B'L CBOH IIO)1;3eMHbIJI KOMIIaTbI, aa 6e3B03BpaTHoe .iKJiT1e, Bdx'!>, KTO B3)1;YMaen JI1lTHett nopoa synarsca B'b P1lKaX'b H 03epaXT>, IIOCJI1l COJIHelJ:HarO aassra, MH BT> caMbIH IIOJI)1;eHL, HJIH B'L caayro nOJIHO'lh. (3TH «,lWeBHble ynosona» CIIHTaeT'I> OIl'!> IIpeH~eCTBeHlIO JlI06HMbIMH H Y}J,06HbIMH }J,JIH npOJIBJIeHiH cBoeil: He}J,06poit H MOIIIHOti: CH"lbI). RpOM1l roro, tra BceM'!> npocrpaacrsf rpoMa)1;IIoIi BeJIHKOpOcciu, OH'L XBaTaeT'L U;1lIIKHMH JIanaMH II cs 6bICTPOTOIO MOJInin YBJleIw,eT'I> B'L rJIy61 Bdx'L 3a6bIBIllHX'L, npn norpysceain B'L BO}J,Y, odmHTb ce6JI EpeCTHbIM'L 3HaMCnieM'L. C'L oc06eHHbIM'L TOpjKeCTBOlf1, II y}J,OBOJI1CTBieM'L 01l'L TOIIIIT'I) ranaxr., IWTopI,Ie BOBee He nOCJIT'L T1lJIbHbIXJI. EpeCTOB'L, 3a6bIBaIOT'L IlX'1> i1.0Ma HJIII CHHMahlT'b C'b mea rrepejn. h:ynameM'b. IIo}J,'b BO}J,OIO OH'b oripamaen. 8TY }J,06bIlJ:Y B'L Iw,6a.lhubIX'L pa60lJ:IIX'L, 3aCTaBJIHeT'b UX'L nepenssars BOAY, TaCKaTb II nepeasrsan, neCOK'L II T. ):I. CBepX'L roro, BO-

. )l,HHOH 3aMy'ulBaeT'I> II IIPOH3BO}J,IIT'!> CBOH 3mra IIIYTKII cs npoXO)1;JIru;HMH, 3a6bIBIIIIIlIUI nepeKpeCTIIThCJI BO BpeMH npoxona HelJ:IICTbIX'L M1l CT'b , r}J,t OH'b IIM1leT'I> 06bI'IaH CeJIHTbCJI II H3'b BO,lWbIX'L rJIy6IIH'b 30PKO CJI1l;n,IIT'L aa OIIJIOIllaBmHMII. TaKIIX'b «noramrxr.» MtCT'b xaoro, B'L JI1lCliCT1IX'!> M'BCTHOCTJIX'L cfisepHOM Poccin, H nO'ITH BC1l OHll H3B1lCTHbI TallI'b na nepevers.

Eponononreua, B'L BH;n,t CHHiIKOB'L na T1lJlt, pam; II naparrnmr, 3aMt'IaeMbIH na rpynaxs, BbIHYTbIX'h lI3'b BO}J,!>I 'YTOII.rreHHIIKOB'b, CJIYJKaT'b HarJIJI;n,HbIM'I, CBn;II,'BTe.rrhCTBO~I['I" lITO·

94

3TH HCCIlaCTllhIO lI06hIBaJII! BT) .ranaxr, BOjjJIHarO. TpYIIhr JIIO)I;ell ons soaapamaern rre sceraa, PYIWBO,II;JICL J1IPIHhIMII KanpnaaMH II co06pa)]wrriJ1MM, no TpylIhI ,iIWBOTHbIX'h rroqTII scerna OCTaIlJIJICT'h )l;JUl ceMe~iIIaro rrpO)l;OBOJIbCTBiJI.

XOPOIIlO OCB'B)I;OMJICllIIble mOJl,l! npansrnro He 13,1];51T'h paIWB'b II rOJIJ,lX'I, PbIO-I, (B'h pOJI.'B HaJIlIMOB'h II yrpen), !taIt'b JII06HMbIX'h 6JIro,lI'h na CTOJI'B BO,lIJ1IIarO, a TaIORe H COMOBIIHY sa TO, lITO na COMaX'h, BM'BCTO JIOIlJa)III, 'B3JI.JIT'h rro,n:'h BOJI.OH 3TH xeprz;

EaK'b II BCJI 613cOBcEaJI CHJIa, BOJI.JIII:hIe JIro6JlT'h aanaaan, nap sr, II na Hl1X'h yro:m;aTb pO,lIIPlei'r H3'h 6JIIDItHHX'h II nanHHX'h OMYTOB'h, H BeCTM CMJIblIbIJI a3apTHWI nrpsr. Tart'1 JI3BtcTeH'h pascsaas 0 T9M'h, li~alt'b EYiliTosepCIWIr BOJI.lII-IOH EHJl3b CBJl3aJICJl na aaapraon nrpf B'h IWCTH C'h Moryqn:M'h u;apeM'h TartIIX'h 60JIbIIlIIX'1 BJIaJI.13rriH, ItaItT, osepo Onere. ,lVrJI sroro 60raqa II PMCIt'h 6hIJI'1 IIIIIIOlIeJI'b, H B'h Mrpt OH'1 6hIJI'b IICEYCH'Be, J2[ rrOTOMY 3aXOJIYCTlIbIlf I~apCIc'r,-ItHJI- 3ert'1 rrpOMrpbIBaJICJI BCJIRiM pan, ItaI"'b TOJIhIW ("HIIMaJICJl nrpars cs MoryqMMl> napesrr, na npyrmux» craenaxr.. Bcf TaItiJI CTaBItH 06bIltHOBeHHO IWWIaJIliCb T13~I'h, lITO nponrpsmam OHl> II BO,n:y, M pbI6y, a 3aT'BMl>, II ee6JI caxoro I~a6aJIIIJI'1. Ilpoarpaamacr B'h nyxa, OHl> II yXOJI.IIT'1 It'h uapro=-Oaery 3apa60TbIBaTb npoarpsrnrs II JfmBeT'h Y Hero B'b oarpanax», noaa He OQIICTIITCJI. Eoraa ,Re nCrrOJIIIHTCJI JI.OrOBOpHhIH CPOIt']), OHl> B03Bpa:m;aeTCJI Bl> cnoe JIOrOlllIIIJ;C C'I, BOJJ;OM H 063aBO)l;IITCJI HOBon pbI60H.

lIo H3BtCTiJIM,]} 113'1 'Iepn03CMHhIX'l, lId3CT'h BC.lHmopocciH (ry6. EanyJKcKott, PJI3aIIerWH, TYJIM'.IWii II )lPYI'.), BO)VIHble, JI.JIJ! CBOHX'b I!HPOB,]}, lIM'hroT'b xpY<:TaJII)IIbIJ[ 1Il1JlaTbl. 0 PJlOBU;bI npn6aBJIJIIDTl> enre, It'h npO'II1M'I, YlcpaIllcni>IM'I) xpycransaaro zsopua, 30JIOTO II cepe6po Yin IIOTOHYllllIHX'h eYiWll'[), H Itl1MeHb «caMOI$1>T1>)), apse ('.OJIIIl~a oCB'Im~aIOn~in Mopclwn JUW.

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Haxorna He YMupaH, BO)l;RHble uapu, T'llM'b He Mml'lle~ na nepeafmaxr, .1IYHhl II3MtHHIOTCH: sa MOJIO)l;IIIdl ona II eaMH MOJIO)l.hI, na ym;ep6'I; npeapantaaorcn BI, CTapUKOB'b. OKO.lIO OpJIa noroaapnuaiors 0 6u6JICMCKIlX'b !fJapaOHaX'b, IIOTOIIJIeHH'bIX'b B'b qepMHoM'b MOP'B: HM'I> TOjKe YKa3aIIO .!KHTb B'Y, BO)l;'B, HO, B'b OTJllltIie OT'b 6iCOB'b, OHIi }J;OJI.iltHhl yMHpaT'b, a npa .iR.U3HU HeII3MtHIIO OCTaBaTbCH B'b O)l;HOM'b II Ton .iKe 06pa3-B: B'b lleJIOBilJeCKOM'b TYJIOBIIII\i, HO C'1 p116bIIM'b XBOcrosrs, BM-BCTO aorr.. Haoriopors, BO)J;JlHhle dBepHbIX'b XOJIO)l;HhIX'b JIiCOB'b, llYMa3ble H porarsre, BMicTO BCHKHX'b xPYeTaJI'bHhIX'b nanars C'b cepeopamraa nOJIaMH II 30JIOThlMH nOTOJIKaMJI, )l;OBOJIbCTBYIOTCH necsaasnn. nOJIOM'b 06mIIpHhIX'b BO)l;OeMOB'b.

IIO)l;o6HO TOMY, KaK'b n.lIOTHHKaM'b He M-BmaeT'b )l;pY.iK6a cs ,n;OMOBhlM'b, a ,n;JIH OXOTHHKOB'b 06H3aTeJIbHa CM3b cs JI1mIHMII,-C'b BO)l;HHbIM'b TaK.iIi.e nplIXO)l;lITCH JIIO,lI;JlM'b BXO)l;HTb B'b 6JIII)KaMruiH caomeaia, aaxonarsca B'b nO)l;tIHHeIDII Y HIIX'b II 3aIICKIIBaTb.

OT'b BO,n;JlHhlX'b 'IepTeH ,n;OBO,n;IITCH Tepntn II scero 60JIbme crpanan., Kone'lHO, MeJIbHIII\.aM'b, XOTH myrKlI myTJlT'b ona II lIa)l;'b phl6aKaMII, II lIa)];'b n'IeJIOBo.n;aMII. IIPIIBbl'lHhIe BCIO CBOIO JltlI3Hb IIMtT1 .u;-BJIO cs BO.u;OH, MeJI1lIIIKU ,u;OCTIIraIOT'b TaKIIX'b y)l;06CTB'b, lITO He TOJIbKO He 60JlTCJl 8TIiIX'b 3JIbIX'b .u;YXOB'b, lIO BCTynaIOT'b cs HIIMIiI B'b .u;PY.iR.eCIUJl OTHomeHiH:. OHII .iKIIBYT'b MeJK,n;y C060IO COrJIaCHO, na 060IO,n;HhlX'b yroacreaiax», PYROBO,n;JlCb YCTaHOBJIeHHIilMH npieaaxa II YCJIOBJIeHHhlMH npaBIIJIaMII.

IIOCJIOBIIu;a rOBOpIIT'b, tITO «BO)l;OH MeJI1HIIIJ;a CTOHT'b, )l;a OT'b BO)J;hl IiI nornriaen,», a nOTOMY-TO scf noaacmr II XJIOnorsr MeJI1HIIRa cocpenoroseaa na nJIOTIIHt, IWTOpyIO pa3- xsraaers II npopsrsaers He IIHatIe, RaR'b no BOJIi II CIIJIaMU BO)J;JlHaro xepra, Orroro BCJlKiil: ;n;eH1 MeJIbHUR'b, XOT1 .u;'llJla

11'1;'1'1>, a H:rL pyIt'h ronopa He BhlllYCltaeT'h II, caepxs roro, CTapaeTCJ'I B('5JRHMlI cnocoriaua y6JIamHTb BO,D;JlHarO no sawllTaM'I> npa,!!,'I>,D;OB'L, TaKb, nanpIIMtp'.b, ynopno ,D;epmlITCJI, IIOBCK),D;Y C:IYX'b, 'ITO BOJJ:J'IHOH Tpe6yeT'h ')KepTB'h .iRlIB1IMH eyru;eCTBaMH, oc06eIIHO on TtX'D, ltOTOp1Ie CTpOaT'J:, HOBbIJ'I Me.'I1HUJJ;1I. C'h 3TOM I!'f;JI1Kl, B'h He)l;aJIeRYKl CTapHHY, CTa.:nmBamr B'b OMyT'h KaKoro-mr6Y)l;1 3an03)1;aJIarO rrYTHlIKa, a B'L HaCTOJm~ee BpeMJI 6pOCaKlT'h . )l;OX.il1IX'h .1KfiBOTH1IX'h (aenpeasano B'h IIlltypt). Booome, B'1 H1IHtiliHia speneaa YMHpOTBopeHie cepAHT1IX'h )l;YXOB'1 crane )l;eIlIeBJIe: BO)l;JlHhle, nanp., )l;OBOJI1CTBYKlTCJI 11 MYKOH C'h BO.D:OM B'b XJIt6HOM 'IamKt, H spomxaaa xJI'Ma, CKonIIBIlIHM11ca na CTOJIt BO BpeMJI 06il;n:a H T. n. TOJI1KO no IIpa3AHln~aM'1 OHH JIKl6an, 'lT06hl HX'1 rr06aJIOBaJIII BOAO'lKOM. Csepxr, 3THX'1 06WlHhlX'1 npiexom, 3a;n:a6pHBaui!! BO)l;!!H1IX'1, xnorie MeJI1HHRH HOC!!T'h npa ce6t mepcrs uepnaro K03JIa, l\lUt'1 .JlmBOTlIaro, oco- 6eHHo JII06e3lIaro BO~!II{QMY ·'IepTy.OcTOpOJIUlbIe II 3anaCJIHssre X03JIeBa, npn nocTpOMltt MeJI1HHD;'.b, no,!!;'1 6peBIlo, r,!!;t 6Y)l;eT'1 ;n:Bep1, sapsrsam mHBbIM'1 uepnaro rrsryxa H TpH «cynopuana», T. e. cTe6JIJI p.iKH, cJIY'laIIHo BblPOCIlIlIX'1 C1>AByMa KOJIOCbJlMliIi reneps C'h TaRJU,f'h .lIW ycrrsxoa» o6xo)l;JITCJl JIOIIIa)l;IIHbIM'1 ueperroxs, 6pomeHHbIM'L B'h BO,!!;y C'h npHrOBOpOM'1. B'1 TtX'1 jf{e U;tJHIX'1, na MeJIbHHu;aX'1 see erne 6epemHo nocnnrsraarorca Bet mHBOTHbIJI 'lepnOM IlIepCTH (B1>oco6eHHOCTH ntTyxH H KOIIIKH). 8TO - na Ton CJIY'la:ti, Kor!l:a BO,!!;JIHOM Ha'IHen 03JI06JIeHlIO cpunar» CBOi1: rntB'1· ira X03J'IeB'.b, npopuaaa 3anpY)1»I II IIPJIBOil.H WI, IICI'O!l:HOCTJ>. .lKepHOBa: Iloi1:,lI,eT'1 .iIWPHOB'h, aaCTY'UlT'I>, aarnen 1[(\1''h .u;a 11 OCTanOBHTCJl, CJIOBHO sa l1TO,- IlHGY,!!;l> aaid.mLCT'I>.

Y;n:atlH pbr6oJIOBOB'l> TaI{.1[;:C lIaXO)~HTeJI no lI.meTH BO!l:JIIlhIX'b. CrapHRH .u;o CIIX'h HOP'!' J~()pjlmTeH )~lIyx'[, I'JIaBHbIX'fJ. npaBHJI'1: naBJl3bIBaK)T'b cefH, !IlL lIHlnIIr.rlI r:p(I(','r'[, TpaBY

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Ilerpom, specrs *), 'ITOOI.l: 1If>, «113ypO'!HJIOCh», T. C. He 110- HBI1JI(,.JI ON 3JIOH ,ll,YX1> If He ncnopncn, ncero A'BJIa, II IIWJ. rrepsarn y.lJOBa 'IaeTL ero, I1JIH nepsyio phl6y KII,ll,aIOT'h oriparno B'h BOJ~y, 1,I\K1> ,ll,aHh II JKepTBy. H,ll,Y'In na :roBJIIO, OhIBaJIhIH phloaK'h IUlIWr,ll,a III' OTB'llTlIT'b na uonpocs, BCTpil'IHarO, 'ITO 0H1) UJ~PT1> )IOBI1TI> PhIOY, TaR'!> RaK'!> BO,ll,HHOH .1J100IIT'b cexperu 11 YBaJKaeT'h T'!>x'b .1JIO,ll,e:i1:, IWTOPbIC YM'BIOT'1) XpaHIITh TaihlhI. Hsxoropue CTapIIKII-phIOOJIOBbl ,ll,OBO,ll,.llT'h CBOH yrOJK).I;8- HiH BOAHOMY X03H1UIY ).1;0 roro, 'ITO opoealOn eMY ~eIIOTKII TaoaKY (sna Te6i>, BO).l;HHOll, TaoaKY: ).I;aBall MHi> phlOl\y») 1I, C1> TOIO .iRe I~tJlblO uonayna, IIOARypIfBaIOT'h CHaCTh 60ropo).l;CROll TpaBROH If T. ).1;.

A 3aTtM'1, H Y pbIOaKOB'h) 1{.aI''h If Y OXOTHIfROB'h, coxpaHJIeTCJI MHOiKeCTBO pasCKa30B'1) 0 HeY).I;a'IHbIX'h BCTpt'IaX'h cs BO).l;HHbIMIf, 0 mYTKaX1>, IIpOKa3aX'h 3TIIX'b ).I;YXOB'h II T. II.

Ilsexosonu nOCTaBlIJIH csoe -mcroc .ntJ1O - yxo.n;'h sa npocnamemron «BmKbeII yrO,ll,HII~ell» - n'IemWH -TaK.lKe B'b 3aBHCIIMOCTb on nonanaro H If3CTapH IIplI,ll,epiI,IIBaIOTCJI OOhI'Ia}I IWPMIITb ero CB'BJKIIM'I) .MC.nOi\[1, II )l;aplITh BOCIWM'h, noaeanot-y U3'h Kailt;n,aro YJIbH, HaKaHYHi> Cnacona }l;HH (IlpeoopaiK8ui51 I'ocnozna), nouuo, ).1;0 rrhryxoar; TO'lHo Talt.IKe OO'b TY iKe IIOPY necers n'IeJIOBO)l,'h nepBhIH POH lIJIH «rrepsaxs» B'b npy)l,'h lIJIlI OOJIOTO, 1I Ta~['b ero TOIIlIT'b. Ilpn 8TOM'.h OH'b Cy)l,lIT'b TaR1> , 'ITO soma BO;rJ;.llHOMY CTaHeT'l> B'h BO)l,i> ).I;ymHo,-OH'h .roaaers JIe)l,'l>, noxa IIpII6bIBaeT'l>, ;n;i>JIaeTCH paSJIlIB'l>. TaltOn paSJIlIB'b, :XOTJr, OhITh MO.lKeT'b, 1I He 3aTOIIlIT'l> 11'IeJIbHIIIrn, ;rJ;a xy)I,O YiKe TO, 'ITO HalWnJIJIeTCJI B'b " B03,ll,yxi> II3JIlImH.llJI C1IPOCTh, a OHa-TO II COCTaBJIHen ;rJ;JIJI II'IeJIOK'l> CY~ylO II0rJ10eJIb, HeYCTpaHBMoe HeC'IaCTie: KO BceMY BhIHOCJIlIBO OOJKbe (03).1;aH11I~e, HO HilCKOJIhKlIX'b K(\-

*) Ilerpos s KpeCT'b-OH'b ate 3a1l1li:lt ropourexs.

7

98

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neJlb xocoro )J;OJEiVI )1;OCTaTO'lRO )1;JUI roro, 'IT06bI IIorrr6'b n;'i>JIhlfi YJlefi. Onacaasse cyeB'i>phI IIn II'leJIOBO,!J;OB'1 He sa;n;YMhwaIDTCJI 6pocaTb BO)1;JIHOMy- con C'1 Me,!J;OM'1 nepsoa Hapi;3Kll <PYHTOB'h no 5 - 10 aapass. Bs Harpa)1;y sa raaie nOJl;apRll BO,rVlHOH aaers RyRymRY II npHRaSbIBaeT'1 XOSJ.IlIHY n'leJI'h nOCa)];IITb 9TY nTl'IU;Y B'h OT)l;tJIbHbIH YJIeH H nOCTaBHT1 ero r)1;t-HII6Y)];b B'h CTOPOHR'B, 'lT06'1 RHRTO He BH,!J;aJI'1 H He OTKpbIBaJI'1. ECJIII RTO 9TOT'1 YJIeH OTKpOeT'1, TO nTHD;a yJIeTIIT'h, a sa ReID YJIeTJIT'b II Bet mens. IIpH9TOM'b anatomis JIIO)];II TOJll~ylOT1" 'lTO Me,!J;'b OT'b TaRlIX'h m:eJI'1, ROTOPbIX'b HanYCKaeT'b BO,n;JIHOH, 6y,n;en nJIOXOH na BEyC'1 H He CTOJI1 CJIa)l:Kifi, II COTbI He ranie, EaR'b y HaCTOJIID;IIX'1 m:eJI'1: Y 3TlIX'b JIYHO'lRlI B'1 COTaX'1 BbIXO)1;JIT'1 RpeCTHEaMH, a' rrsena BO)l:HHarO CTPOlOT'b COThI RpYJEe'IKaMH.

Eporl yCJIyr'.b npo<fJecciOHaJIbRarO xapasrepa, BO,!J;JIHbre 6bIBalOT'1 nOJIeSHbI II B'h RtEOTOPhIX'.b )l:pyrHX'D CJIyqaJIX'b. Tass, aanp., P;JIJI roro, 'lT06bI OThICKaTb MtCTO HaXOJEll:eHiJI TtJIa yronJIeHIDIRa II HCXHTJiITb ero JiIS'I, 06'.bJITifi BOp;JIHarO, nocraroxao nycran, aa BO)1;y )1;epeBJIHHylO 'lamRY C'D TpeMJ:I BOCKOBhIMH cBt'laMH, npJiIRp'i>nJIeHHbIMli ITO RpaaM'D: norpySHBIIIHCb, OHa OCTaHaBJIHBaeTCJI-H BCJ:Ilci.fi pan Ha,n;'1 T'£M'b M'i>CTOM'.b, r)1;t JIeJEJiIT'1 YTOITJIeHHHK'.b. STO IIOB'£pne JlIIIIIIDfI pan p;OKaSbIBaeT'h, HaCROJIbKO erne cymecrsenaa H JKHBa B'D HapO)l;t Btpa B'1 BOp;J:IHaro JiI xorymecrsem. 6eSnpH'IHHHbIH crpaxs, nopOJEp;aeMbIH 9TOfi B'i>pofi. BOp;JIHOrr, nO,!J;o6HO BCtM'1 )1;yxaM'1 HS'b He'llICTII, He TOJIbIW «.rI'll,!J;YlllIW», l~aI\'b npassnno SOByT'b ero, HO a nO,!J;JlllIIIlblfi «npamyps», I~KOBhIM'b lIMteT'1 OH'b oescnopaoe npaao C11lITaTbCJI.

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