Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 316

CKA3AHI5I PYCCRArO HAPO,I(A

COBPAHHbIji

H. n. OAXAPOBblMb

PYGGKOE HAPOAHOE ~EPHOKHM)KIE

PYCCRUI

HAPOlHHH lITPbI, 3AfUKH, UPHCJOBbH H UPHHH

- .... -

C.·llETEPBypr'.b HS,lf.aHie A. C. CYBOPHHA 1885

(I) TUllorpa"ia A. C. CYIIOpHUa. 9pT8.1eB1o nep., A. ~ 11-2 ~

llBaH'L IIeTpoBHlJ'L CaXapOB'L, SHaMeHHTLIH apxeoJlOI".L, c06I1paTeJIL ni>ceH'L, Hapo,n;HLIX'L Bi>pOBaHiii, npe,n;aHi:it II 06LIlJaeB'L, pO,n;HJICJI B'L 1807 r. B'L rop. TYJIi>, B'L ceMLi> CBJlm;eHHHRa.OH'L BOCnHTLIBaJICJI B'L MtcTHOH cexanapia H nOTOM'L CTaJI'L rOTOBHTLCJI R'L uoeryuaeai» B'L YHHBepCHTeT'L. C06HpaHieM'L HeHClJepnaeMLIX'L B'L TO BpeMJI MaTepiaJIOB'L no aapozoBi>)J,imiB> OH'L HalJaJI'L SaHHMaTLCJI eme zo cTy,n;eHlJeCTBa. BLIrO,n;Hoe nozoaeaie PYCCRaro ,n;YXOBeHCTBa, RaR'L nocpemzsa Mez,n;y npOCTOHapo,n;LeM'L H oopa-: 30BaHHInlH, npaBJlID;HMH RJIaCCaMH, 06JIerQaJIO eMY M'O BeJIHROe ,n;i>JIo.

Ho OTRy,n;a CTOJIL CBi>TJIaJI H,n;eJl MOrJIa sa6pecTH B'L roJIOBY BlJepaIUHJlrO 6ypcaRa B'L TO BpeMJI,RO~a ,n;aze B'L MHOrOYlJeHOH Tepaaaia TOJILRO ,n;eCJITRH JIB>)l;eii: OTHOCHJIHCL C'L YBaJReHieM'L H HHTepeCOM'L R'L

,

Tpy,n;aM'L 6paTLeB'L rpHMMOB'L, a COTHH CMOTpi>JIH na

HHX'L, RaR'L na lJy,n;aROB'L, SaHJlTLIX'L co6HpaHieM'L TaROii: .lI.PJIHH, aa ROTOPYB> He CTOBT'L o6pam;aTL RH-

H. CAlAPOB'b. I. tid

n

sasoro BHHMamJl? CaXapOB'L B'L CBOHX'L SamICKaX'L *) caM'L pas'LJlCHJleT'I> Han 3T0 'IYlI,O rJIY60KHM'L H lI,tJlTe.llLHIilM'L naTpioTHSMOM'L H 'ITeHieM'L HCTOpiH KapSMSHHa, B'L soropcs M'OT'L naTpiOTHSM'L aameas ce- 6t npO'IHYID onopy. MHoro 61ilJIO ronopeno 0 BJIiJlmH ::lTOii SH~MeHHToii KHlll'H, HO em;e 60nme npHlI,eTCJI rOBOpHTL 0 HeH; B'L 6iorp8AfliH KazlI,arO 06m;ecTBeHaaro, JIH'l'epaTypHaro HJIH HaYTJ.HarO lI,tJlTeJIJI 30-x'L H 40-x'L rOlI,OB'L BHlI,HO ea nOpaSHTeJIbHOe lI,tiicTBie. Ha Caxapoaa, Ka1£'L H na MHOrHX'L lI,pyrHX'L, BapaMSHH'L BJIiJlJI'& lI,BOJlKO: nOMHMOBIilCOKaro nOlI,'LeMa aanioaaasnaro TJ.YBCTBa H "HapOlI,HOii rOplI,oCTH", KapaMSHH'L lI,aJI'L eMY npespacaaa, nJIaBHlilii CJIor'L, 1£0- TOPOMY OH'L OCTaJICJI BtpeH'L, He CMOTPJl aa Ht1£OTOplilii HelI,OCTaT01£'L JIHTepaTypHaro o6paSOBaHiII H na pts1£OCTH, B'L· 1£OTOPIilJI 38JIJIeR'L ero BnOCJItlI,CTBiH }J,yX'L ero JIHTepaTYPHo-YTJ.eHOii napria, B'L TO BpeMJI He OTJIHTJ.aBmiiicJI TepnHMOCTbID.

Em;e ,D;O CTY,D;eHTJ.eCTBa H. II. Caxapoas , HaTJ.aJI'L "neTJ.aTaTDCJI": OH'L pa60TaJI'L O,D;HOBpeMeHHO C'L ,D;PYrHMH Ha,D;'L HCTopieH pO,D;HOrO ropoza; 'IaCTL ::lToii pa60TIil HS,D;aJI'L TOr,D;a ze, a 'IaCTL nOCJIYZHJ1a xarepiaJIOM'L ,D;JlJI riC1£OJlLRHX'L apXOOJIOrH'IeC1£HX'L CTaTeii, HS,D;aHHIilX'L BnOCJIt,D;CTBiH.

B'L 1830 r. CaXapOB'L nocTynHJI'L B'L MOCROBC1£iii YHHBepCHTeT'L aa Me,D;Hn;HHC1£iii 41aRYJlLTeT'L; SRO-

*) Hane'l&T&IUi n. H. CaBaIlTOBrDI7> B7> "PyeeK. Apx.· 1873 r. 1i 6.

m

:KaJlC.II OH7> cBoei Cne:o;iULHOCTbI) )J,OBOJILHO yeep~o, HO B B7> 9TO BpeMJI He OCTaBJIJIJI7> BSJlD6JIeHHIU7> pa- 6on, no apxeozoria H HapO)J,OBt)J,ilHil), ne'laTaJI7> CT&TLH H cOOHpaJI7> ntcHB, 06pJI)J,JiI H npezaaia. B7> 1835 r. OH7> OROH1JHJI7> RYPC7> JIexapeM7>, a B7> 1836 yae HS)J,aJI7> I-I) '1aCTL CBOHX7> SHaMeHHTlU7> n CRasaBiA pyccsaro aapoza", ROTOPaJI sepeas rO)J,7> norpe60BaJla nepeHs)J,auiJI. B7> 1837 r. OH7> Hane'laTU7> »llyremeCTBiJI PYCCRHX7> JlI))J,ei B7> '1yziJI SeMJIH", a B'L 1838 HpHcTynHJI7> 1£7> ne'laTaHiI) nIIteeH7> pycesaro aapoza'" H B7> TO me BpeMH C7> pt)J,RHM7> yeepJ,ien HpH CBOHX'l> HH'ITO:ll£IIHX7> Cpe)J,CTBaX'l>, pysoBO,ullldi TOJILRO ropasea JII)60BLI) R'l> csoexy CMTOKy )J,uy, DPO)J,OJIZ&JI7> HS)J,aBaTL DO PYRODHC.IIM'l> qpeaBLl1JaiBO BaZHHe naUTHHRH CTapHHHoi pycCRoi JIHTepaTypH. Mem,ll;y rlM'l> ero Me)J,HIJ,lIHCRaJI CJIya6a maa CBOD'l> '1epe)J,oll'l>; OH'l> 6HJI'l> O)J,HO BpeMJI )'lIBBepcHTeTCRHM'l> )J,ORTOPOM7>, DOTOM'l> nepemers Ha CJIya6y B'l> nO'lTOBOe Bt)J,OMCTBO, Ha'laJILHHR'l> ROTOparo, 06pasoBaHHHi RUHSL A.lleRcaH)J,p'l> HHKOJIaeBH'I7> rOJIB:o;HH'l>, 06paTBJI'l> BHHMaHie rocyzapa aa 6001£0- pIllCTHHe Y'leHHe Tpy)J,H csoero nO)J,'1HUeHHaro. I'oCy.u;&PL nopY'IHJl7> IIX7> paacMoTptHie MHHBCTPY npocBin:o;eHiJI, uooa6BeHHoMY no cBoei JlI)6BH E'l> HaYEt rp. YBaPOBY. Oaxapoar, B'l> 1841 r. nO.llY'lHJI'l> BHC01ffimi nO,ll;apOR'l> H YBeJIH'IeHUHi (B)J,Boe) OUa)J,'L aaJ[OBaIlLJl.

lh. TO)l']) me 1841 r. BHmeJI'l> I-it TOM7> ero nCRa-

IV

saHiii" B'L 60JIl>mOM'L oKTaBt. (3-e HS,lI;aHie), B'L KOTOphIii OH'L BHeC'L H nt.CHH; 2-ii TOM'L aroro HS,lI;aHiJI BLImeJI'L B'L 1849 r.; OH'L SalUIOlIaen B'I> ce6t. Macey aarepecnsamaro HCTOPHKO- aareparypnaro xarepiaza, 1I3,l1;aHHaro He acerza C'L YlIeHoii TOlIHOCTDIO, HO Bcer,ll;a no JIY1IillHM'L HS'L H3Bt.CTHhIX'L roraa PYKOnHceii; MHorie Ba:amt.iimie naMJlTImKH HaM'L HSBt.CTHLI HCKJIIOlIHTeJIDHO no "CItaaaHiJlM'L" Caxapona; He 6y,lI;D HX'I;, HCTopiJI -Ha.meii. ,lI;OneTpoBcKOii. JIHTepaTYpIil HMt.JIa 6LI HHOii, HecpaBHeHHO 6oJIt.e To~ii .II zaJIKiii BH,lI;'L.

HBaH'L TIeTpOBHlI'L Caxapons yMep'L, B'L CeHTJl6pt. 1863 r., B'L BaJI.n;aiicKOM'L yt.s.n;t.; nocJIt.,II;Hie rO,Il;hI ero ZHSHH, no CJIOBaM'L sHaKOMhIX'L, 6hIJIH Me,Il;JIeHHoii aroaiea xaoro nOTPY,Il;HBmarOCJI .n;t.JITeJIJl.

OOBHHJITI> Caxapona sa TO, 'ITO OH'L, HS,JJ;aBaJI naMJlTHHKII, He ncerxa npll,Il;epZHBaJICJI erporaro 4JIIJIOJIOrHlIeCKarO MeTO,Il;I!-, npHHJITarO B'L nanre BpeMJI, lITO OH'L He yIta3LIBaJI'L C'L TOlIHOCTI>IO MT.CTO sanaca npe,Il;auiJI IIJIH nt.cnH, lITO OH'L He OTMt.lIaJI'L ocooeaHOCTeii rosopa, lITO OH'L He Bcer.n;a OTJlHlJaJI'L ,II; t.JIaHYIO, JIHTepaTypnylO CKaSKY OT'L HapO,Il;HOii, ,JJ;ame sa TO, lITO OH'L nOSBOJIJIJI'L ce6t. nO,1l;npaBJIJITI> CTHX'L B'L Ht.CHt., CJIor'L II coxepaaaie B'L CR~Kt.,-SHalIHT'L 06BHHJlTI> ero BpeMJI sa TO, tITO OHO I He 6LIJ[0 namHM'L BpeMeHeM'L; H 6paTbJI rpIIMMLI B'L HeMHOrHX'L HS'L CBOHX'L "Haus und Kindermarchen" coXpaHHJIH OCOOOHHOCTH ronopa H HapO,Il;noii. pt.lJH; II

v

JIyqmie repMaHBCTLl 30-x'L rO,ll;OB'L npa HS,1I;aHiB na)[JlTHHROB'L Cpe,1l;HeBtRoBOii nossia SaqaCTYID npeanO'lHTaJIB 60JIte BtPHOMY '1TemID BaPLJlHT'L, ,1I;aIDmi:H 60JIte RpaCBBLIii CMLICJI'L.

"CRa3aHiJI" Caxapoaa HmH OrpOMHOe. H 6JIaroTBOPHOO aaiaale na HCTOpiID pyccsaro HapO,ll;OBt,ll;tHiII:: OHH Bos6Y,1l;HJIH rJIy60Riii HHTepeC'L B yBa3teHie 1t'L naMaTHHRaM'J> napoznaro TBOpqeCTBa B'L ,1I;OBOJII,HO nmpOItOM'L Itpyrt pyccaaro oomeeraa; 6JIaro,1l;apJl HM'L H TpY,1l;aM'L, '1aCTI>ID BJIH Bce.o;tJIO aa HHX'j, 00- HOBaHHLIM'L, sapaaeale npOCTOHapO,1l;HLIit HaBtRH HS1I'1lUHJIO CBoii C)[LICJI'L; C'L RHurOit Caxapona B'L pylUI.X'L, KHpteBcRie, PLI6HHROBLI, rHJII><ilep,1I;HHrH, qy- 6HHCRie OTnpaBJIJlJIBCI> B'L CBOH ascnemnia; C'L nea Ha'lHHaJIH CBOH nO,ll;rOTOBHTeJl},HLI.I.I pa60TLI BYCJIaeBLI, AaaHaCLeBLI, KOCTOMapOBLI; OHa ate ,lI;OJIatHa 6LIJIa 6LITI> HRCTOJIbHOIO RHHrOID y HX'.L MHOrO'lHCJIeHHLIX'.L anarOHOB'.L.

K'L COataJItHit>, "CRasaHiJI PYCCRaro aapoaa" ,1I;aBHO yate CTaJIH 6H6JIiorpalflB'IeCKOID pt,1l;ROCTI>ID; ,. lltcHH" (HS,1I;. 1838-1839 rr.) H OT,1I;tJII>HLl.l.l '1aCTH 2-ro HS,1I;aHiJI "Cxasamii" em;e MOatHO Hait,1l;TH Y 6YKHHHCTOB'b sa ,1I;OcTynHyID .o;tHY, HO "CKasaHi.l.l" B'.L 3-M'.L, e,1l;HHCTBeHHO nOJIHOM'.L, HS,1I;aHiH e,1l;Ba )[OatHO npioeptCTH sa 25 py6JIeit; 0006eHHo P-B,1I;OK'L I-it TOM'L, ROTOPLIii ,1I;aze BLIKpa,1l;eH'b HS'.L HMnepaTOpcKoii lly- 6J1H'lHoii Bu6JIioTeKH B'.L lleTep6yprt H He nonoaHeH'L ,11;0 CHX'.L nops,

VI

A, MeZ,lJ;Y TtM'L, "CxasaHiJI" BaatHLI He ,lJ;JlJI 0,lJ;HUX'L CTY,lJ;eHTOB'L H cneniamcross: 6J1aro,ll;apJI TPY,lI;aM'L PYCCEHX'L Y'IeHLIX'L B'L nOCJIt,lJ;HiJI ,lJ;eCJITHJltTiJI, cpeaa 06paSOBaHHoii ny6JIHEH BOSHHE'L cepsesaaa HH- . repecs E'L HapO,ll;Hoit ZHSHH, 6LITY, npe,lJ;aHiJIM'L, BtpOBaHiJIM'L. Teneps HSY'IeHie HapO,lJ;HOCTH sooome H HapO,lJ;BLIX'L "cyeBtpiii" B'L '1aCTHOCTH Be JIBJIJIeTCJI HCEJllD'IHTeJILHO ,lI;tJlOM'L Y'IeBoit JlID60SHaTeJILHOCTlJ,

a ,lI;tJlOM'L npaETH'IecEoit He06xo,ll;HMOCTH ,lJ;JlJI ncasaro npasraxecsaro ,lJ;taTeJIJI, EaE'L HSY'IeHie nO'lBLI ,lJ;JIJI arpoaoaa,

Cnen;iaJIHCTLI B'L CBOHX'L CTaTLJIX'L, EPOMt "CxasaHiA" Caxapoaa, He 6es'L oCHoBaHiJI sanO,ll;OsptHHLIX'L B'L Y'IeHoii HeTp'lBOCTH, nOJlLSYlDTCJI ,lI,pyrHMH, nos~te c06paHHLIMH MaTepiaJIaMH: OT,lJ;bLHO H3,l1;am ntcHH roro HJlH ,lJ;pyroro EpaJI 06mHpHoii SeMJIH PYCCEOit; OT,lJ;tJILRO H3,lJ;aHLI no pYEonHCJlM'L H SanIlCJIM'L 3aEJIHHaHiJI, sar8J);u; H3,lJ;alDTCJI BO MHOZeCTBt yroJIOBHLIJI ,lJ;rua 0 '1apoBaHiJIX'L; TO, 'ITO CaXapOB'L aaSLIBaeT'L "qepHoEHHZieM'L", nOCJlYZHJIO Sa,ll;a'lelD n;tzaro paza COJIH,lJ;HLIX'L H3CJ1t,lJ;OBaHiit. Ho Me3t,ll;y BCtMH 9THMH HSCJIt,lJ;OBaHiJIMH II MaTepiaJIaMH HtT'L H ,lI;OJlro eme He 6Y,lJ;eT'h BOSMOZHOCTH YEasaTL O,lJ;Ry EHHrY, EOTOpaJI npe,lJ;CTaBJlJIJla 6LI ,TaE'L npespacao. COCTaBJleHHLIit H TaE'L 06m;e,lJ;OcTynHo H3J1OZeRHLIii 06S0p'L n;baro pJI,lJ;a JIBJIeHiii no Rapo,lJ;OBt,lJ;tHilD -. lly6J1Hxa He Hy3t,ll;aeTCJI B'L YJ£a3aHiIl aoaepa H naJIeOrpa.cllH'IecEUX'L npHSHaJ£OB'L, PYEonHCH, HS'L EOTO-

VD

poi B3.Il'.l"L JlIOOOIIHTHllIii MSTepiaJI'L, HK B'L oOOsHalIeHiH yts,1l;a H BOJIOCTH, rd~ aanaeaao csaaaaie; 1I8PLJIIITLI H Oco6emrOCTH roaopa TOJI:LKO oTnYrHBalOT':L ee; JlerKOCTI> H rJIR)I;KOCT:L H3JIo&eHiJI )l;JIJI HM C'L HS- 61l1TK0)['L BIlIKynaIDT'!> He,1l;OCTaTOK'L cKpynyJIeSHOii, aaYllHoi T01IHOCTH •

• CKRSaHiJI" Caaapoaa HMllIDT'L em;e O,1l;HO aeocnopDoe ,1I;OCTOHHCTBO nepezs cOBpeMeHHIlIXH TpY,1l;an H H3,11;aHiJIMH roro &e poza, "HapO,1l;OBll,1l;llI" nOCJIll,1l;HJIrO BpeMeHH ,1I;OBOJI:LHO p1I3KO pas,1l;llJIJIIDTCJI aa ,11;118 B1l1lH0 BOIDIDm;ie zarepa, O,1l;HH HS'L HHX'L - mKOJIa Han;ioH&JII.HO-MHOOJIOrH1IeCRaJI - CRJlOHHIlI BIlIBO,1l;HTI> Bell npexaaia, npOHSBe,1l;eHiJI YCTHOi noo3iH, 061l111aH, JrkP01l8HiJI H3'L OCHOB'L HapO,1l;HOii ,lI;OXpHcriaHcRoii &HSRH, ,lI;a.ate HS'L apiiicKoi npaponama; ,lI;pyrie--mKOJIa JlHTeparypHaro 3&oCTBOBaHiJl - OTIlICRHBRIDT'L, OTKYAR Hapo,ll;'L YCBOHJI'L, nepeHJIJI'L TOT'!> HJIH ,lI;pyroi CIDzeT'L, TO HJIH ,lI;pyroe npe,1l;RHie H 06pa,ll;'L; HSCJllI,lI;YJY1"I> nyTH 3TOro YCBoeHiJI, p8.3pIllBaIDT'L rJlaBHIlIM'L 06pasOM'L TOJICmit coloi HRHOCHIlIX'L, nOCJlllxpKcTiaHCKn']) Tpa.lI;HD;ii. lIX'L BSaHMHIlIJI npepesaaia, HX'L BnOJlHll eCTeCTBeHHOe cTpeMJIeHie BllIpBaT:L y nenpiaTeJIei B03)[0&HO 6oJll>mee KOJlH1J:eCTBO 4ISXTOB'L H BOmaTI> 3TH 4laKTIlI B'L CBOID paoy oseas nOYllBTeJlbHIlI ;u.tI 3HaTOROB'L, HO HeHYZHIlI H MaJIOnOHJITHIlI ,lI;JIJI HenOCBJIm;eHHIlIX'L. CaXapOB'L ,lI;lliCTBOBaJI'L B'L TO BpeD, KOr,ll;S Y1leHlllJI napria eme He oooc06HJ1HC:L H, CTaJlO 61l1TI>, cB060,ll;eH'L OT'L HCKJlID1J:HTeJIbHOCTH,

V1II

Y'leHoi TeH,lJ;eHn;iOSHOCTH H nOJIe.MB'IeCKOi JIHXOPa,D;KH; XOTa B'.L rJIaBt 0 .MB90JIoriB on O'lellL m;e,ll;p'.L aa HMeHa H aTTpH6YTH 60rOB'.L B. oorHIIL, XOTa Bet ntcHH B CKaSKH OH'.L npHSHaeT'.L nopOZ)J,enieM'.L aanioaaasaaro renia, B'.L CTRTLt 0 '1epHOKHHZiH H ,lI;p. on ,lI;OnYCKaeT'.L, ,lI;WKe caM'.L YKa3LIBaeT'.L, na MacCY .nHTepaTypHHX'.L 38.HKCTBoBaHiit B OXOTHO npB3HaeT'.L, 'ITO aama npeasa 06HJILHO nOJILSOBa.nHCL HS'.L COKpOBHm;HBn;H aHTB'IHHX'.L H BOCTO'lHHX'.L BtPOBaHiii: • .n;JIa ny6J1HKB TaKoit cItoKoiHHi, Cp6,l1;Hii BSrJI.Il,lI;'.L B

,lI;ocTynrle, H nOY'lHTeJII.Hte. .

Hacroamia BHnycK'.L SaKJI1D'IaeT'.L B'.L coot 1-11) '1aCTh l-ro (UJIH 2-ro) aaaaaia "CKasaHii" nOJIHOCTI.1I) H OKOJIO nOJIOBHHH 2-i '1aCTH; anaxe - BOO naaaoe H cymeerneaaoe (KpOMt nscerrs, KOTopHa HMt1DTCa B'.L OT,lI;tJILHOM'.L HS,lI;aniH) H3'.L l-ro TOMa ocooeaao n;tHHMarO H n;tllHaro a-ro B3,l1;ania "CKasanii", KOTOPHi 'raKHM'.L oopasOM'l> CTaHOBHTCa OOm;e,ll;OcTynHHK'.L sepess 44 roza nocJIt' csoero noaaaeaia B'.L CBtT'.L.

--~

PYCCROE B1PO~BOE QEPBOKBIIZIE

llpencKaaaHiR I CKaaW 0 PJCCKOI'h ~epHOKmil,

Hapo,u;HblH, npenaaia,

TaAlIHa Clt838HiSl PYCCK8rO H8pOP;8 Bcerp;8 cymeCTBOBIWI B'L oAHoA ceIeiblol mB3RK B HHKorA8 He 6W1l1 IHtBien 06~eCT:oeHlIHn, IHimien BCtI'L COCJIOBil sapona, Btlta H co6LITia:, H31lilHSIBmiSl PYCCKYID 3eUID, 06HOBJISlJIH DlAel BItCTiI C'L HI'L nOHSlTiSlIlH; HO B'L 9TBI'L 06HOBJIeBillI'L He .OfD J'l8CTBOBaTb BCt H3pOP;HIiUI COCJIOBiSl. JhoP;B, 6mKie 1t'L npecTOJIJ, JIIDAH, Y'l3CTBOB8Bmie B'L CJIymeHiB ~epItBH, JIJOAR, HcnOJIHSlBmie 06~eCTBeHIIHSI p;OJImHOCTH no ropOA3n - 60rle BCtI'L 06HOBJISlJIBCb; JIIDP;B npomIlIJleH!ILIe J'l8CTBOBaJIH B'Lo6HOBJIeHiH HcnoJlHeHiell'L TOJIbKO ilymA'L, DpDIiKaJIH It'}, JIIDP;HI'L C'L 06HOBJIeHIIIDUI nOHSlTiSlXH, HO HR- 1torp;a He BHIOp;HJIH H3'L rpaHB~'L celleiblol mH3HB; JIIOAH eerscsie BcerA8 R nOCTOSIHHO H8IOP;BJIBCb B'L celleiblol mH3HB. BarUH1lTe us' HI'L 38HSlTiSl B'L XIX BtKt. OHB OP;RK' H Tt a8, Kaltis 6HJIH B'L X, XII B XVIII BtKaI'L: T8n H 3dcb :reued.llie, Tan R 3Atcb CeJIbCK8S1 nposanueaaoers, T8n I 3Am nOBtpbH. JIID)J;B, 06HOBJISlBmie CBOID mH3Hb, OCT8B.ISIJ1H noaaria B noripbSl, npOTHBIIHSI 06p83y HI'L p;tICTBOBalIiSl; JIJOAH, OCT8BmiecSI B'L HeB3ItHHoi mH3HR, HHItOrp;8

R. CUUOB'I>. I. 1

2

He HSItH.!lJDI HH CBOHI'b nOHJ['ini, HH CBOHI'b nOBtpUt. BOT'b OT'b sero B'b paSCKa3aI'b nOCeJIJlH'b m p;OceJIt CJILIlIIllI'b 6LIJIH

o cTapol PycCKol ceIelHol SHSHH.

llpeAaHiJi PYCCKaro Hapop;a BItm;aIOT'b B'b ce6t Bct noP;P06HOCTH TaitHLlI'b CKaSaHUt, nepe,!l;aBaellLII'b HS~ pop;a B'b po,n;'b. HamH nHCbJleHHLIe naIJITHHKH HaJleKaIOT'b 0 HHI'b TorAS, Korp;a HYsp;a SaCTaBJIJlJIa yKasaTb HSPOP;Y aa Bpep;HLIH Cft;S;CTBiJl. llpeAcTaBJIJlen Sp;tCb CJIOBeCHLIJI npeaaaia PyccKaro Hapop;a 0 Tail:HLII'b cKaSaHiJlI'b qepHoKHHmiJl, HSBtcTHaro AOceJIt HamHJI'b npOcTOMOp;HHan.

CJIOBeCHLIJI npe)l,amJl pyccsaro Hapop;s rOBOpJlT'b, 'ITO JIIO,!I;H, nOCBJlTHBmie ce6J1 TaIHLIJI'b cKa3aHiJlI'b qepHOKHHSiJl, OTpeKaJIHCb OT'b Bora, POP;HLII'b 11 p;06pa. TaK'b nOH1DlaJIll 9THI'b JlIOp;eil: npersa, TSK'b reneps P;YIaIOT'b COBpeJleHHHKH Hamel CeJIbCKoil: .lKHSHH. B'b CTapHHY onn;eTBOpHTeJIel TaltHHI'b CKa3aHii OrJI3maJIH pa3HLIIlH HaSBaHmn. OP;HHI'b BeJIHqaJIH: KYAeCHHKaIH, qSpo,n;tJlIlH, Btp;ynsn, KOJIAynaJlH; p;pyrHI'b Ha3LIBSn: BOJIIBallH, BOpOSeJlllH, 3HalapJlIlH, p;oRan. Ho BCt 9TH JIIOP;H H3BtCTHLI 6LIJIH nop;'b 06ID;HJ1'b HIIe-Hen qepHOKHHZHHKOB'b. MLI He JlO.lKeJl'b reaeps 0603HaqHT'b sroro OTJIH'iiJl, ItaK'b He Jlosen CKa3aTb: B'b qeI'b saKJIIOqaJIOCL qepHOKHBmie HamHI'b npep;KOB'b?BtpOJITHO, 'iTO YICTBeHHoe 06PS30BSHie, C006m;aJlCb BCtt'b COCJIOBiJlJl'b, HSrJIap;Uo lIS'b HapOAHol naJlJlTH paSJIH'iie 9THI'b OJIHn;eTBopeHUt. Ho HSPOP;'b P;OceJIt em;e IpaH1ITb B'b naIJIT1I npeaaale 0 sepnoKHHmiH, p;oceJIiI eme AYllaeT'b 0 BOSJlOSHOCT1I ero 6LITiJi.

rOBOpJl 0 qepHOKHHsHIIKaI'b, HamH nOCCJIJlHe yutPJlIOT'b, 'ITO OH1I HayqaIOTCS JIIIIOJlY p;tJIY OT'b qepTel 11 BeIO CBOIO SHSHb COCTOJlT'b B'b HI'b 3aB1ICIIJIOCT1I. 3aKJIIOqaa: C'b AYXOI'L YCJIoBie na SII3Hb 11 p;ymy, OHH nOJIYqaIOT'b OT'b HHI'b lJepHYIO ItHHry, IICnHCaHHYIO saroBopau, 'lapan, 06aJlmJIJIH. BCJlKil qepHOKHIISHHK'b, yupas, 06J1SaH'b nepe)J.aTb 9TY KHlIry U1I pop;cTBeHHBK3I'b, 11.1111 p;py3bJlI'b. Bo IHOrHI'b ceJIeHisx'b eCTb nOBilpbJl, He ocnapHBaeILIJI HlI BtKaJIH, HH

3

Jll)JI.I>IH, nOBtpLH, 'ITO p:epmie '1epHOKHHmHHKH npHIO,ll,HT'L B'I> nO.lHO'ID, OdTLIe B'L 6tme CaBaHLI, B'L p;ola CBOIll'L po,ll,CTBeIlBJlKOB'L. 9TO 6W1aeT'L TOIDKO C'L Ttn, KOTOpLIe 3a6LlBU)T'L nepeAaBaTL npa eaepra qepHJIO KHHl'Y. CTapHKH p8SCKaSWl8IlT'L em;e, 'ITO nOJlHO'lHLIe noctTHTeJIH m8pHT'L no BCtl'L ricTalI'D, caAHTCJI sa CTon 11 C'LtAallT'L Bee D'L llpeAJl8raexoe. Jijlyrie &6, H8npOTHB'L, YBtPHllT'L, 6YP;TO OHH, npnOAH K'L P;OIY, CTy'l3T'L B'L ,lI,BepH H OKHa, HCTpe6- .l8J)T'D BCJlKiA AOI8mHiA CKOT'L H, npH ntRiH nOC.1Itp;HHI'L ntTp:OB'L, HC'IeSaIlT'L. POACTBeBHHKH, BWlep;eHHLIe H3'I> repntRia, BLIKallWl3IlT'L '1epHOKHHaHHKOB'L, KJIaAY''L HI'I> BO rpo6'L HH'IKOn, nOAptsWlallT'L nHTK1I, S8CLInaIlT'L Sel.llell, rAt B'L 9TO BpelH AOKa men'leT'L aaroaopa, a pop;CTBeHHHK1I B6HBaIlT'L OCHHOBLII Kon leaAY n.1le'lalH. CTapHKH pascKa- 3W1lmT'L, 'lTO KOr,ll.a-ro OAHH'L yp;amil: :lO.1l0p;ell;'L BS,II.Y:l8.11'L llO'IHTaTL ocT8BmJIOCJI KBHry nocJIt 'lapop;iIJI. Bo speaa '1TeRia aBH.lHCL K'L HelY 'lepTH C'L Tpe60BaHien pa60TLI. CHa'I8JIa OH'L HI'L npep;.1IaraJI'L pa60TLI JIerKiJ!, nOTOI'L TPYAHLIs!; 110 'lepTH see HBJ1HJIHCL sa HOBLIMH Tpe60B8BiHMH. HCTOll.1leBuLIA BLIAYIKaIH AU oTLICKaHiJi pa60T'L, OH'L Be HaIOAH.I'L yae 60JIte AJI&: HHI'L aaaaria. HeOTBJlS'lHBLIe 'lepTH saAYmBJIH YAuaro 10JlOAII;a. C'L TtI'L nops, rOBOpaT'L, BUKTO He clteT'L llPH6.11H&3TLCJI. K'L qepHoA KHHrt. IIo YBtpeRiro naPOAR, OAHH TOIDKO KOJIP;YBLI SHaIlT'L, 'ltn SaHHIaTL 'lepTeA. OHH HOCLIJlallT'L HI'L: BUTL BepeBKu US'L BOALI U neCKY, neperoHHTL TY'IH HS'L OABoA saUB B'L ApyrYIl, cpLIBaTL ropa, BaCLIllaTL 10PJl U ,ll.pasHHTL CJIOBOB'L, nOA,ll;epaalBaIOm;UI'L BeUIO.

Hapop;'L HBKorA8 He .1IIl6BJI'L '1epBOKBBaBUKOB'L, KaK'L BparOB'L cellelHoit aulSHH. qapop;tA 6W18eT'L .1IB sa CB8,11.L- 6iI-OH'L nopTHT'L H.lB aeBHla, B.1IB HeBtcTY, B.1IB rocTeit BHADT'L .IB KY,II.ecHBK'L ,ll.PYZHym aBSHL B'L celeAcTBt-OH'L nopTHT'L ,IIY&3 C'L ateHOIO, OTII;8 C'L CLIHOM'L, laTL C'L AO'1epbll. IIoccopBTCJI .1IB sH3IapL C'L nOeeJIJlHKOIO- OH'L npa-

1*

4

C8Z08eT'L eil H8 HOC'L K HJI y. 060AAYT'L J[}I KOJl,ll;ya8 npaU8memell'L H8 CB8,l1;1>6y- OH'L 6pOC8eT'L )JOp'ly H8 ,lI;Opory, r,ll;t npotszaeT'L nots,ll;'L, H TOr,ll;a cBa,ll;1>6a c6HBaeTcJI C'L TOJIKy. lIcnoptHT'L JIB Bt,ll;YH'L ze~HHy-oHa JIaeT'L c06aKOJO, IJIY'lHT'L KomKOJO, H KOr,ll;8 nOJlOZ8T'L sa aee sanepTLIil S8.0K'L, OHa BLIKJIBKaeTb CBOHX'L He,ll;06pomeJIaTeJIeA:.

CTapymKB rOBOpJlT'L, 'ITO nopxa, npOHSBe,ll;ellllWl '1epHOKHHZHHKalH, 6LIBaJOT'L BpeMellllWl H Bt'IHLIJI. BpeIeHHLIJI nopra oTroBapoaJOTcSI B'L AepeBHJIX'L ,lI;OKaIH; Bt'IHLISI me OCT8JOTCSI ,lI;0 KOHu;a ZHSHH. MOJIBa Hapop;HaSl rJIaCHT'L, 'ITO '1apO,ll;tH IorYT'L HcnOpTHTI> '1eJIOBtKa S8 TLICJI'IY H 60JJte BepCT'D, BLInycKaSI HS'L-Sa nasyu sIilJO HJlH yza, KOTopLIe sutsaJOT'L B'L 'lpeBO, H TOr,ll;a KJlHKyma '1YUCTByeT'D, 'ITO ucpsa nO,ll;KaTLIBaeTCSI no,!l;'L cePAu;e H JIeZHT'L, KaK'L napors. qepHoKHHZHlIK'L, He CIOTPJI H8 CBOJO 3JIOCTI> K'L JlJOP;JDI'L, HHKOr,ll;8 H aasoro call'L c060JO He nOpTHT'L. Bce STO ,lI;tJlaeTCJI no npocI>6t JIJOp;eit Bp8ZAJIOm;HX'L, no HeOTBJIS'lotlCTH MOJIO,ll;eZH, meJIaJOm;eit HaBeCTH CYXOTY na KP8CY dBH'lDJO H aa IOJIO,ll;6'JeCTBO. JII060BI>, BLIpaZa8IaSl B'L ceJJax'L CYXOTOlt, CJILIBeT'L H8nym;emen. B'L STon cJlY'lat npeeroJIJOJJ;HH'L, SaIilTHBmH KpacoTy ,lI;tBH'II>IO C'L CYXOTOJO, rOBOpHT'L: «STO ne-enpocra - S,lI;tCI> saMtmaJl8CI> 'IepTOBm;HHa». OT'L sroro BOmJIO B'L nOCJIOBHU;Y B'L CeJII>CKOJI'L 6LITY rOBOpHTI> npa BSrJISI,lI;t aa nenpecanaaro nDSlHHU;y, aanacaoro arposa: «STO Hanym;eHo». RpOMt sroro, '1epHOKHHmHHItan npHnHCLIBaIOT'L 06Iopo'laHl>e, ysopO'laHDe, 06aSlHie.

OBMOPO'lHTI>, CJIOBO CTOJlI> 'IaCTO noaropaeaoe B'L PycCKHX'L lIs6aX'L, BLIpamaeT'L c060JO nOJIHOe Iorym;ecTBo sepHOKHHZHHKa • .HCHO npocTop;ymie nOCeJlSIHHHa: 06IOpO'laHl>e eCTI> 06IaH'L. qapo.ll.tit, nJItHHBmHCI> KaKOIO HH6y,ll;1> Bem;I>JO, yutpSleT'L XOSSlHHa, 'ITO B'L HeA: BO,ll;HTCJI He'IHCTaSl caaa, R8K'L He nOBtpHTI> '1apo,D;tJO, SHaJOm;e.y BCJO nOA,lI;OHHYJO, BH.lI.JIm;81IY B'L SeMJIJO aa CeIl> nSlp;eit! IIpocTO,ll;ymHLIA: CO cTpaxou Bpy'l8eT'L Bem;l>, a '1apop;tA: HaBcerA8 OCTaeTCJI

5

DO.IHLII'L ea BJl8,11;tTeJIen. II 9TO 3H8'IHT'L 06.0P0'IHTb. T8K'L TO'lHO IU>lr8He yCntB3IOT'L YBtPJlTb nOCeJlHHOK'L, 'ITO B'L HU KOp068I'b, H8nO.meHHHI'L ,n;eHbr8llH H Bem;8J11f; 38BeJIHCb llepTBUJI .UmB. B'L T8KOIl'L CJIY'I8t, BS68BJIJlH OT'L IYmel, on B36aBJIHJOT'L HX'L OT'L p;eHer'L H Bem;el. II 9TO SH8'IHT'L roae - 0610PO'lBTb. B'L H8PO,n;HOIl'L P8SCK8St COXp8HHJlOCb ente Bup8meHie, COCT8BJleHHOe HS'L aroro CJIOB3. KorP;8 npoCTOJlIOP;BH8 yBtpJOT'L 0 npe,n;MeTt DpOTHB'L ero nOHJlTiH, OH'L rOBopHT'L: <'ITO TU .eHH .0po'lHmb?>

Y BOPO'lAHbE eers CH8p;06&e, npuroTOBJIHellOe ,ll;JlB nop'IH '18po,n;WH, CJlOB8; BYrOB8pHBae.YH Ky,n;eCHHK8IlH. H8mH nOCeJIHHe T8K'L BtPBT'L B'L y30pO'l8Hbe, 'ITO HHK8KHIH ,11;0- Ka38TeJlbCTB3IlH He 1l0atHO HI'L nepeyBtpHTb. .u;8P;YT'L .m CT8pyxt CH8,n;06bB OT'L JlHIOP8,n;KH-OH8 p;y.8eT'L, 'ITO ysopo'l8Hbe HCTpe6J1HeT'L ea 60JltSHb. llPHBtCHT'L JIH el38nHCKY K'L Jl8,n;OHKiI -OH8 YBtpeH8, 'ITO ysopo'l8Hbe cn8C8eT'L ee OT'L BCJlK8rO KOJl,n;OBCTB8.

OBAHHIE ecrs '1y,n;eCH8H CU8, lICTeK8JOm;8H HS'L Ky,n;ecHlIK8, npHBO,n;Hm;8H B'L He,n;BHatHllOCTb, B'L CTp8n H rpenera BCHK8ro '1eJlOBtKa. Bops 068HHiell'L YCbIUJIHJOT'L XOSJleB'L, 38ZHJ(8JOT'L pTbI c068K8n, CIlHPHJOT'L cBlmel, rrOJIBJOT'L HPOCTb s~l, yCJIlIPJIJOT'L Jloma,n;elt B'L 9TOM'L K8K'L-T0 He'l8JlHHO com.mCb H8mJI nOCeJIHHe C'L .8rneTHS101'L Mec.ep8. liteJl8TeJIbHO SH8Tb: 068HHie JlH npea,n;e cym;ecTBOB8J10, HJIH llarneTHSn MeCllep8?

PasCK83bI 6bIB8JIbII'L JlJO,n;el 0 cym;ecTBoB8HiH qepHoit KIDIl'H HCnOJIHeHbI CTp8HHbII'L HennOCTel. B'L HX'L S8noBtA8Bl1HI'L paSCK8SaX'L m CJlbImHI'b, 'ITO qepH8H KHHr8 rpaHBJI8CL H8 p;Rt .0pCKO:l'L, no,n;'L rOpH'IHIl'L K8Den Ali8TbIpell'L. K8KoI-TO Mol 'IepHOKHHlKHHK'L, S8KJ1JO'IeHHbIA B'L .tP;HOI'L ropo,n;t, UOJIJ'lBJl'L S8BtT'L OT'L CT8poi BtP;LllbI OmCK8TL KHHry. KorA8 6bIJ1'L p8spymeH'L .t,n;HbII ropo,n;'L, '1epHOKHHatHHK'L, OCB060,ll;BCL HS'L UJltH8, OUYCTHJlCB B'L :lope H P;OCT8JI'L qepHyro KHHry. C'L Ttn nops 9T8 KHHr8 ryJIHe'I;'L

6

no 6ilJlollY CBtTY. BLlJlo Korp;a-TO Bpeo, B'L sorepoe qepHylO KHHry 3aKJ1aJIH B'L CTilHLI CyxapeBoA 6a1UHH. ,u;OCeJIt em;e He 6wo HH op;Horo 'IepHOKHH:EHHKa, KOTOPLllt 6L1 .0r'D p;OCTaTL qepHYIO KHHry H3'D CTtO'D CyxapeBoA 6amHH. rOBOPJlT'D, 'ITO OHa CBJl3aUa -CTpamHLIJl'D npOKJIJlTie.'D aa p;eCJlTL TLlCJI'I'D J1tT'D.

rOBOpJl 0 qepHoA KHHrt, aanra neeeaaae YBtPJllOT'D, 'ITO B'L HeA cop;epmaTCJI '1epTOBCKiJl HaBomp;eHiJI, nHC3HHLlJI BOJ1- me6HLlIlH 3HaKa.H. Ho nama npep;KH XVI CTOJ1tTiJi 3HaJ1H nop;p06ute HaC'D, COBpeMeHHHKOB'D. OHH K'D qepHoA KHHrt npH'lHCJ1J1J1H: PatflJI1l, illeCTOKpLlJI'D, Bopoaorpaa, OCTpo.iA:, 30p;tA, AuuHaX'D, 3Bt3p;0'leTDH, APHCTO TeJIeBLI B para, MLI HH'IerO He 1l03tell'D CKa3an 06'L 3THI'D KOHraI'L, nOTO_y 'ITO HH'IerO 0 HHX'D He 3Hae.'D.

BoT'D 06paS'IHKH HapoP;JlLlI'D npep;aHHI: Hn pYCCKaro sepHOKHHmiJi. Pa3CllaTpHBaJI HX'D, Ka3t,ll;LIit MOmeT'D y6t,ll;HTDCJI, 'ITO OHH Bcerp;a cym;ecTBOBaJlH nop;'D nOKpOBHTenCTBOM'LHeBtmecTBa. CKpLlBae_LlJI B'D ce.eooA JKHSHH, KaIt'D 3anoBtp;HLlJI TaIl:HLI, CKaSaHiJi nepemHBaJlH BtKa H JIlOp;eA H, OCtHJleIlLlJl 'Iy,ll;eCHLlI'D BLlIILlCJlOn, ycntJIH 060JIDCTHTL npoCTO,ll;ymIlLIJI cep;s;n;a •

.n.peSHiR pycckiR ckasaala.

OTAPLla SAnHeH rpaIlOTHLlX'D JlIOp;eA, ,l{ome;s;miS! P;O aamHn. speseas, YBtpalOT'D HaC'D B'D ;s;aBHOCTH TaOLlX'D CKasaHiA pYCCKaro 'IepHOKHHmiJi. OHH, !taK'D BtKoBLle na_aTHHKH, yIta3L1BaIOT'D Han aa speaeaa H 06CToaTenCTBa, opera KOTOPLlX'D aBJlaJIHCL JlIOP;H C'D npep;pascyp;Kan H aa- 6JJymp;eHioH. llpO'IHTaell'L 3TH 3aHHCH.

<JItTa 6632 (1124) BOCTama BOJlCBH JllKHBie. B'D 0Y3- p;ut, H3BHBaxy cTapylO 'Iap;L, 6a6L1, no p;iaBoJllO nOY'leHw H 6tcoBaHilO, aKO CiH ,lI;epmaT'D ro6HHo H mHTO, H r0J10,ll;'D nym;aIOT'D, H 6t llarelK'L BeJJHR'D, H uap;'L no Bcell: CTpaHt

7

ToA, alto 36 .ymy eaoa meHa p;a.aTH, ,lI;a 10 1t0pKBT'L ce6a 'le.IBABBOII'L» •

c IIpiB,D;e BOJlIB'L npeJILm;eH'L 6tcon, H npmne,ll;'L 1t'L Itieuy (B'L 1071 r.) rJIarOJIame CHD;e: nOBtp;a.a JIIOp;en, HKO sa naTOO nTO ~Hilnpy Tem;H Ha Bcn.aT'L, a seu.an npiH'fH aa HHaa llteTa, HKO CTaTH rpe'lecltoA: seUR aa PyccltoA, a Pyccltoil H8 rpe'lecltOA, H npo'lu'L seu.an HSriHHTHc.a, ero me HeBerJI8CH nouymaxy, utpHiH me Haclltxaxyc.a, ~JIaroJIIOm;e: 6tc'L TOOoIO urpaeT'L sa nary6y Te6t. Ce me H 6HCTL ellY; DO e,ll;H1lJ y60 HOm;L 6HCTI> 6esutcTH. BtCH 60, nO,ll;TOltme, na BJIO BO,ll;aT'L, no cell'L me ,ClltIOTC.a, saeprma B'L nponacrs cllepTHp), H Haf'IHBmH rJlarOJIaTH, aso ee CKamen 6tCOBesee HaY'leBie H ,lI;tACTBO» t).

cBLlBmH 60 ep;HHOIO CltY,ll;OCTH B'L POcToBcTeA 06JIaCTH, BOCT8CT8 ABa BonBa on JlpOCJIauJl.a, uaroJllOm;e: aao IH cutm, ItTO 06HJIie p;epmHT'L. II Hp;OCTa no BOJlst H npiHp;oCTa B'L nOrOCT'L; Ty JIy'lma.a meBll HapH'lyme, rJIarOJlIOm;e: .8lt0 cia UTO ,lI;epmHT'L, a cm lIep;'L, a cia pH6y, a cia clt0PY. II npHBomaxy 1t'L UU'L ceCTpH cuo,.a, H lIaTepL, H meHa CBoa; OHH :Ee B'L Ie'ln npopsaoaama U'L so. llJIe'loll'L, H UHHI3- era JD060 mHTO, JII060 pH6y, JlI060 6tJIlty. II y6mna 1IH0rH 318m, DtBia XX'L oTuuaxy so. c.a; H npiH,lI;OCTa Ha BtJIo-

osepo; JI «St Y HUX'L HHHX'L JIRl,ll;eA TpHcTa. ,

CCJI)"lJlCH npiHTH OT'L CB.aTOCJIaB3 ,lI;aHL eURlm;e JlHY CHHY BmnaTHHY, H nOBt,ll;arna elY BtJIOSepn;H, .altO ,lI;Ba BOJIxBa IIpJl1lLll1l, H yata 1IH0rHX'L no BOJIst H no meltcd nory6B.1H, JI npBJllJIH em;e CtIO. JIH'L &e acnara, 'ILH eCTL c.ep,ll;H; H )'BH,II.tB'L me JlH'L .altO ItH.83.a: ero, H nocza 1t'L HHn, Hme OltOJlO ero C)'TI>, H pe'le: BH,lI;aATe BOJIXBOB'L TtX'L CtIlO, aso cllepAieB'L KH.a:S.a soern H .OH; OHII me cero He nocJIYIDama. JIH'L &e CaK'" noA:,ll.e «Ses", opymi.ll. II perna ellY OTpOn;H ero: , He XO,ll.1l «Sen opymia: HSCOPOIOT1iT'L ra, OH'L me nOBeJIt B3.8TL opyaie OTPOKOI'L, «StcTa' 60 C'L HBI'L 12 OTPOlt'L, H DoA,a:e C'L HHIIH no ricy; OHH me CTama, aeno-nrasmeca npo-

8

THBY. JlHeBH me HAym:y C'L TOIIOPKOIl1>, BLlCTYnllm3 OT'L HHX'L TpH .ya H rrpiHAom3 R1> JlHeBH, peKYlI\e ellY: BHAB, 'ITO HAelllH aa c.ePTL, HO IO)J;H. JlHOBH me 1I0Berlmmy 6HTH S, K1> IIpO'lD1> me 1I0HAej OHH me CYHJIllaeJl HS JlH3, e;n;mn. me rpilmHcL TOIIOpO.1>. &1> mo 060POTB TOIIOP1> H YAapB TLIJILon, nOBeJIt OTPOROIl'L CBOIDl'L Ct'lH HX1>j OHH me 6troma B1> JItC1>j y6Hma me TY 1I0llHHS JlHeBa. JIH'L me mOA1> BO rp3A1> K1> BtJlosopn;on, H pese HrI.: 311\e He HJleTe BoJIXBOB'L TtX'L, He HAY OT'L BaC1> sa .1ItTO. BtJlosepIJ.LI me meAme, BIlla HX1> H rrpHBeAoma HX'L K1> .HHeBH. II pese Hn .HH'L: 'ITO pa)J;H TOJIHRO lIory6HcTa 'IeJlOBtK1>? OHen ate peRUIHI'L: BEO TH AepmaT1> 06uiOj ,ll;a 311\0 HCTpe6DIL CHX1>, ,ll;a 6YAeT'L ro- 603j H 311\e xOlI\elIlH, rrpO,ll;1> T0(01) BLlIen mHTO, UH pLl6y, DH aaee 'ITO. Jln me pese: 110 HCTm JIZ3 TO eCTL: coTBOpHJI'L ecTL Bor1> 'IeJlOBilRa OT1> SeDH, COCTaBJleH'L KOCTLIH H mHJlallH OT'L spoae H HtCTL B'L Hen HH'ITO me, HO TOUO Bors eJUlH1> Btcn. OHH me UarOJI3CTa: BtILl, EaRO eCTL COTBOpeH'L 'IeJIOBtR'L. JlH'L me pe'le: R3RO? OHH me pOCTa:

Bor'L IHBCH B'L IOBRBn;t, H BcnoTtB1> orpeca BtTXOI'L H csepae C1> He60cH aa SOOlOj H paenpeea CSTaH3 C'L Boron, ROilY B'L Hen COTBOPHTH 'IeJIOBtR3. II COTBOPH AiaBOJI'L seJIOBtEa, a Bon, AYmY B1> OHL BJlOZHJl'Lj TiI.'L me all\O JIpeT'L 'Ie.lOBtK1>, B1> 38UI) HAeT'L TtJlO, 3 AJIIIS K1> Bory H,II;eT1>.1I pese HI'L .Hn: 110 HCTHHt IIpeJILCTHJI'L ecrs BSC1> 6tc1>. RoeIf Bory BtpyoTe? II pema: AHTHXPHCTY. OH1> me pe'le HI'L:

TO rAt ecTh? ORB me pesoma: CH,II;HT'L B'L 600,ll;Ht. II pese HII'L JlH1>: TO RDt-TO Bor'L CH)J;HT'L B1> 60s,II;Ht? TOA: OCTL 6tc'L, a Bor1> OCTL HS He60ctx'L, ctAHT1> HS rrpeCTOJlt CJI3BHILIit OT1> aHrOJI'L, Hmo IIpe,ll;CTOBT'L ellJ CO CTp3xon, HO lorym:e H3HL SptTH, a CHX1> aareas CBepmeH'L 6L1CTL S3 rOPAOCTL C1> He6eCH, ero me BLI rJIarOJIeTe AHTHXPHCT3, H eers B'L 6eS,II;Ht, BRO mo BLI roro rJISrOJleTe, m,ll;ym:o, erAa CRBA8T'L Bors C1> n06ecH, cero AHTHXPHCT3 on, CBBmeT1> YS3D, H 1I0C3,11;HT'L B1> orHt Bt'lHe.1> C1> CJIyr3n ero, Hme R'L HOllY BtPJDT'Lj

9

Ba .... ze H 3,11;iI npiSlTH .YKa Y .eHJI H no ,c.epTH Ta.o. OHe.'!. ae r.larOJlIO~HI'!.: Halllll603H nOBiI,II;aIOT'!.-He .0memH Han CJI,ilJI&Tb HH'IeCO me. OH'I> ze pe'le Hn; )lmyr'!. BaI'I. 603H BallUl. OHH ze pema: HU'!. CTaTH npeJl,'!. CBHTOCJlaBOn B'!. KieBiI, a TH Han He .0zemH COTBOPHTL HH'IOOO ze. HH'!. ae DOBe.tiI 6HTH HI'!. H TOpraTH 6pa,ll;11 HI'!.. CHI'I. me 6ieHHHn H nOTOpraHHHn, pese HI'!. HH'!.: 'ITO Ball'!. 603H BamH CKa&JT'I>? OHen me rJIaroJlJO~HI'I.: CTaTH Han npe)!;'!. CBHTOCIaBOII'!., II nOBeJlil HH'!. RJlem BJlOZHTH BO YCTa HI'!., H npBia3aTL HI'!. 1£0 ynpyry, H cnYCTHTH npeJl,'!. c06010 B'!. 10AI>H, a ca.'!. aa lIHIH nOHAe H CTama Ha yeTL Illeseaa, II pe'le HI'I. HH'I>: 'ITO Ball'!. 603H Balllll nOBiI,II;alOn? On ze pema: TaRO 10.!BJIT'!. 603H HamH - He 6HTH Han mHDHI'!. OT'L Te6S1. II pase HI'!. HH'I.: TO Ban npaao nOBilA&JIH. On ae peKoma: a~e HalO nYCTHmH, .Horo TH Jl,06pa 6YAenj ame .IH Hac'!. nory6H11l11, TO nory ne'laJIL npinemH H 3.110. HH'I> ae pe'le: a~e Bac'!. ny~y, TO 3JlO n: 6YAeT'!. OT'I> Bora. II pese HH'I> S'L IJOB03HHKaI'L: a~e KTO y Bac'!. y6ieH'!. 6HCTL on. CHU? OAHH me pema: y -.eusl OTHj a APyrie pese: y leHSI eeerpe, y leHSI meHa. JlH'!. me pese HI'I.: ICTHTe CBOHU. OHH nOHIme HI'!., 6Rma H B03BilcHma HI'!. na Ay6'!., OTrierie npiHIme on Bora H 0 npaBAii HHeBH me HAymy BO CBOlICR, B'!. APyrJIO-~'!. HO'lL .eABiiAL B3J1i13'!. yrpLI3e HI'!., R TaRO noru60ma Ha~eHie.'L 6i1COBCKHII'!.. HHen BilJI,~e H rJlaroJJO~e: a CBOSI nor~6eJIH He cBilA~ej sme 6LIcTa BiIAIUlI, He 611 npHmJlH H& nCTO co, HAil ze lITHIa 6LITH Daj ~e H Ha 6HCTa, no'lTO rJIarOCTa: He yJIpeTH HaIa, OHOllY mCJI~y y6JITR SI. Ho ce eCTL 6i1COBcs08 Ha~eHiej 6tCH 60 He BtAaKlT'L IHCJIH 'leJIoBiI'lOOItiSl R TaAHLI He cBilJI,~ej Bor'!. ae eARn BtCTL nOJlLIDlJIeHW 'leJIoBiI'looKiSIj 6i1CH 60 He BiI,,8J)T'I> HH'lTO me; JlKO H co CRazen 0 B30pil HI'I>, H 0 He.O~ H 0610po'leHiH HI'!.:'.

cltJuo'lHCSI DK081lY HOBrOpO)!;ny npiH,u;TH B'!. qYAL, H npillAe

, K'L KYAOOHHKY, 10TlI BOllBOB8Hil on Hero. OH'!. me, no 06LI-

10

'laID CBoeIlY, XOT.II HS'ISTB, 11 HS'IaT'L npB3L1BSTB 6tcLI B'L rpaIlIHY CBORl. HOBropo,n;eD;'L me Toil cil,n;t HS noport TO.H xpauHLI. KYAecBBK~ ~ JIemame, on;imeHilB'L B nm6e Bn 6tC'b. Ky.n;ecHBK'L me BCTSB'L, pese HOBropO)l.D;Y: 60311 He ClltRlT'L npiB,n;TH; Ht'ITO nsnm HS ce6t, ero me 60.HTC.II. OH'L JKetBOC-nOIl.HHY HS ce6t specrs; B oTme,n;'L, nOCTSB.H Kpecn, KpO.t IpSUHLJ: TOH. OH'L me H8'1ST'L DpB3L1BSTH OIl.HTL 6ilcLI; 6tCIl ate, IeT8Bme H:I'L, nOBt.n;ams, sero p8.n;1I npHmen. eCTb? IIo CeM'L me HS'IST'L BonpomsTB ero, ero me HOCBT'L HS ce6t KpeCTS. OH'L me pese: TO ecrs 3HueHie He6eCHsro Bora, ero me HSm1l ~0311 60.HTC.II. OH'L me pese: TO K8D;L1 cyTL 60311 BSnm? .n;8 r,ll;t mHBYT'L? OH'L me pe'le: 60311 Hsnm mHByT'L B'L 6e3AHsu, CYTb me 06p830n '1epHLI, B KPLlJI8TLI 11 IBOCTLI nym;e; BOCIO,ll;.HT'L me 11 no,n;'L He60, C.IJIII8Rlm;e B8nmX'L BorOB'L, BSnm-m'L Bora HS He6ecy'L CYTb; ,ll;s 8m;e ETO ppeT'L OT'L BSnmI'L JIIO,II;eil:, TO B03HOCHIl'b eCTb H8 He60; am;e JlH KTO OT'L HSmHI'L JIIO,II;el yMpeT'L, TO HOCHIl'L eCTb K'L H8mHll'b 60- rsn B'L 6e3,l1;Hy, .aK0 me 60 eCTb 11 rptmHHD;LI BO S,II;t m,n;ym;e _YXH Bt'lHLI.H, S np8Be,ll;HHD;LI B'L He6ecHLII'L mHJIHm;8X'L. DO,n;BOP.HRlTC.II co SHrem. CHD;e 60 ecrs 6tCOBCK8JI CHJ18 B dnOTS 11 HeIlOm;b, Ttll'L me npeJIbm;SRlT'L '1eJlOBtK1I, BeJt.am;e Hn rJl8rOJlSTB BH,II;ilHi.ll, .HBJUIIOm;ec.II HIl'L, HecBepmeHHLI_'L BtPORl, BO cut, HHen B'L _e'lTt, B TSltO BOJlIBymT'L H8J'16- Hien 6tCOBCKHIl'L. II8'1e zeHsn 6tCOBCR8JI BOJIllIBJIeHi.a: 6L1- B8RlT'L; B3KOD 60 6tc'L HI'L npeJtbC'l1l, 8 meHS _yms, TSKom,ll;e B'L po,n;tX'L _H03ilx'L Bcil meHLI BOJIXBJRlT'b 'l8po.n;tlCTBOI'L, 11 OTp8BORl H HHIlD 6tCOBCKHIlH 6e3,11;U, HO 11 .ymB npeJIbm;eHLJ: 6L1BSRlT'L HeBtpHiH OT'L 6tCOB'L, .IIKO ze ce B'L nepsae PO,ll;Ll:. 2).

«IIpe,n;HBHO 6L1CTb B'L IIOJlOTCKt, B'L .e'lTt 6msme B'L HOm;H, CTOH.IIme TyTHO no yud, SK1I '1eJIoBilD;LI pum;ym;e 6tCH. Am;e KTO BLIJI.II3ame B3'L XOPOIIHHLI, 10TH BH,II;ilTH, B Y.H3BJleH'L 6L1BSme HeBB,n;RIO on 6tCOB'L .HBBOID, 11' C'L roro YIHPSXY, B He CIlt.Hly B3J183HTB 1I3'L xopon. II 110 cen BO

11

AutI'L H8'18m8 aBJUlTHCJI H8 KOHtI'L H He 6t HI'L BHJI;tTH C8D.I'L, HO KOHeA HI'L BHAtTH KonWT8, H T8KO yaSBJUIIY DAB IIoJloTcKia H HI'L 06JI8CTL, Ttl'L 60 H '1eJlOBtnw rzarO.lBIy: JIXO H8 aBt 6iIoT'L IIoJlo'l8Hw:,.

B'L nOCJl8niJII'L pyCCRHI'L 8pIHn8cmpeA HBIO)l;HI'L JICHWJI A0K838TeJILCTB8 0 p8~IIpoCTp8HeHiH B'L npOCTOI'L H8PO)l;t T81- HLlI'L CKa:J8HiA. IIpHBo,II;HI'L HtROTOPWJI YR8s8Hia:

MBTponOJIHT'L (lOTiA B'L nOCJI8HiH CBoen R'L aosrepezCROIJ 8pIieHHCKOIIJ I08HUY, B'L 1410 rO)l;y, nHC8JI'L: «Y'IHre, 'IT06w 6SCHeA He C.lIJm8JIH, JIHIHI'L 686'L He npiHIUH, HB YUOB'L, RB IIpHIOJIBJleBiJI, H r)l;t T8ROIIWJI JlHIiJI 686w H8IO)J;aTCJI, y'IHTe HI'L, '1T06w npeCTBJIH» 3).

HOBropoAcRiA apIienHCItOn'L reHH8)1;iA B'L nOCJIBHiu CBoen R'L HucJIoHTY, enHCRony CYSA8JILCKOlY, rOBOpHJI'L: c Y me HLlHt H8pyr8IOTca IPHCTiBHCTBY: BamyT'L KpeCTW H8 BOPOHLI U UB BOpOHLI... BOPOH'L JIeTSeT'L, S KpeCT'L HS Hel'L BJIS8H'L, ApeBaH'L... S HS BOPOHt KpeCT'L Iil)l;HII'L. ,lI;s IIpHBeJIH KO lut nons, A8 Jl;i8KOHS, S ORB RpeCTLHHHHy )l;SJIH KpeCT'L TtJIbHHK",: ApeBo nnxyH'L, AS HS KpecTt BwptS8H'L BOPOH'L ••• 8 IPHCTiSHHH'L AeA C'L TtI'L IilCT'L y'l8JI'L COIHyTH, )l;B He nora 60.dn, )l;S Ylep'L» 4).

B'L rpn8Tt .MUCSHJlS, DTpOnOJIHTS 6tJIoropO)l;CKSrO U oooHHcxaro, nHCSHHoA B'L 1673 rO)l;y, R'L HUKOAHIJ, SPIHUHAPUTY KypcKsro 3HS18HCKSrO IOHBCTWPH, CK8S8HO: c,ll;s B'I> rOpOdI'L me H ytS)I;8I'L lymecK8ro H meHcKsro no.1IJ 6wBaIOT'L '1SpOdH H BOJIXBOB8Hiel'L CBOHI'L H '18po)l;tAcTBOII'L 1H0rHX'L JDOp;eA IIpeJILm;BIOT'L. .MHorie JIIO)I;H Ttn BOJIXBOB'L H 'l8POp;ileB'L B'L p;on K'L ce6t, K'L IUWII'L p;tTHI'L U R'L 6oJILHLII'L U8)1;eHI\8n npHSLlBSIOT'L, 8 OHH BCHKoe BOJIIBOsaale 'lHHHT'L, H OT'L npaBoBtpiH npSBOCJI8BHWX'L XPHCTiBH'L OT .Iy'l8DT'L:' Ii).

B'L CTOrJI8Bt, eocTSB.leHHOn MOCKOBCKUU Co6opon 1551 roAS, HBnHC8HO: «Htn;wu He npHIO TJlmYTCH, H nOK.len8B'L EpecT'L nt.1IJIOT'L, HB nOJIH 6LIOTCH, H RpOBL npoJlHBSIOT'L, H

12

B'I> Til nopa BOJlIBLI H lJapoAtAmlKH on 6tCOBOItJIX'I> HaY'IeRil noc06ie HK'I> TBOPJlT'I>, KjAeCLI 6LIOn, H BO APlICTOTeJIeBLI BpaT8 II B'I> PaiJlJlH CJlOTPJlT'I>, H no 3Bil3ASJI'I> H no JISHlITSJ['I> rJIJlASIOT'I> H CJlOTPJlT'I> AHel II '1SCOB'I> ••• II HS Tt '1apoBSHiJl H8AiIJICL, nOKJIe6n;s II Jl6eAHHK'I> He .aPJlTCJI, H Kpecn n;tJlYIOT1>, II HS nom 6iIOTCJI, II nOKJIenSB'I> y6HBseT'I>... 3JILIJI epeea, KTO 3HSeT'I> HI'I> H AepUTCJI ••• PsiflJIH, illeCTOKpLlJl'I>, BOPOHOrpSt, OCTpoIit, 30Ati, An.aHSX'I>, 3Bt3AO'l6TLlI, ApHCTOTen, ApHCTOTeJIeBLI BpaTS II HHLlJI KooH 6tCOBCKiJl ••• TtX'I> Bcilx'I> epeTH'IeCKHI'I> KHHr'l> y ce6J1 611: He Aepat3JIH H He '1JIH... B'I> nepBLII nOHeAtnHHK'I> Ilerposa nOOTS B'I> pom;H XOAJlT1> H B'I> H8JIHBKaX'I> 6tCOBCKiJl nOTtm AtJlT'I>... B'I> BeJIHKitlJeTBepr'I> no paHY COJIOIY n3JIJlT'I> B KJIH'lyT'L IepTBLlX'L; HtKOTopiH ate HeBerJI3CH nona B'I> B. lJ. con npeA'I> npeCTOJI'I> KJISAYT'L H AO seraepra no BeJIBn;t AHB T8n AepataT1>, H Ty OTASIOT'L na BpS'IeB8Hie .IIOAJln H CKOTon... Ilo CeJlOI'I> H BOJlOCTeI'L XO,lJ;1IT'I> JIatHBLIe npoposa, JlyatHKH H moHKB, H AtBKH H CTSPLlJl 6s6L1, HarB H 60CLI, II BOJIOCLI OTPOCTHBi H pscayera, TPJlCYTCJI H y6HB8IOTCJl, S CKS3L1BaIOT'L, 'ITO lII'L JlBJIJIIOTCJI C. llJlTHBn;S B C. AHSCTaciJl, H 3anoBtAsIOT'L B'I> cpeAY II nJlTOK'L PY'IHSrO AtJlS He AtJlSTH B ateHan He npaCTH, H nJlSTLJI He nITH, H Ka.eHiS! He pa3urSTH> 6).

B'L 1552 rOAY, B'I> HaKast, p;aHHon Bepceaesj B TIOTHHy 3a TO'IHLII'I> HCnOJIHeHien npaBBJI'I> .MocKoBcKsro Co- 60pa 1551 rOAs, CK83aHO: CK1. BOJIXBOn 6L1 II K'I> lJspoden B K'L 3Bt3AO'leTD;01l'l> BOJlIBOBaTH He XOABJIH, H Y non 6L1 (npa CYAe6HLlX'I> noe,llHHK8X'I» lJapoAtB He 6L1JIH> "). .

B'I> llCKOBCKoil: JItTOnHCB, nOA'I> rOAon 1570 0 AOKTOpt EJlHcet Beaezia, 3anHCaHO: CnpHCJlSmS HtID;Li K'L IoaHHy HilIl'IHHS, .IIOTOrO BOJIXBS, HSpHn;seJ[sro EJrllCeJl, H 6L1CTL eIj JII06l1J:'I> B'I> npH6JIBateHiH H nOJlou HS Ilapa erparenaaie ••• H KOHe'lHil 6L1J1'L OTBeJl'I> Ilapa on BtpLl; HS PYCCKHX'L JIIOAet B03J10atHJ['J) IJ;SplO cBHptnCTBO, a K'L HtIn;sn na JII060BL npeJlOatH: noaeae 6e36oatHiH J3HaJlH. CBOH.H rSAaHLH, 'ITO

13

(iI.uO 1II'L ,u;0 KOUna paaopeHHLlJ['J, 6LlTH; rore pa,u;H rasosaro 3.Isro epeTHKa H npHCJIama K'J. ueI)': noaeae Pjeesie JIlOAlI npe.rooTLHH H na,II;KJI aa BOJIIBOBauie:. 8).

B'J. KHHrt: -Y'Ieuie B XHTPOCTL paraaro crpoeaia ntxoTuLlX'J. JlIO,u;eA, Bs,u;auuoA B'J. MOCKBiI 1647 ro,u;s, CK888HO: cs aa CKSSaHHl>I.lI HAOJILCID.lI lltPLl H us BtAO.CTBO ae ua,u;bTLca, B OT'J. opymiH, H OT'J. nposeroria, H on CTpilJIL(iLl ue sarOBapHBSTLCa, seropoe see OT'J. JtiSBOJIS eCTL:t 8).

~apL IouHH" IV BSCHJlLeBH'I'J., JIBmSCL nepBoA cBoeA cynpyl'B AuacTsciH, BtPHJI'J., 'ITO oaa nOllepJIS OT'J. 'Iapo,n;t~CTBa. TaK'J. ou'J. 06'J. BTO.'J. rOBOpHJI'J. JIHTOBCKO.Y nOCJISulIIIRJ Beponae, B'J. 1572 ro)(y 10); TSR'J. 06'J. BTon nHcsn on H K'J. Kyp6cKOllY: «A C'J. meuoIO .euaBLl no 'ITO pS8JIy'lH.n?> 11). Kyp6CRiA B'J. cBoet HCTOpiH· KUJl8H BeJIHRSrO MoCKOBCRaro nHIUeT'J.: «Tor)(s nSpeBJI meHa J1lpe: OBB (KJIeBeTlIIIRB) &e ptms aRH 6Ll O'iSPOB8JIH ee llymH. ~apL me,6ylCTBa HCnOJIUHBC.lI, a6ie Hn Btpy HJI'J.:.12). KJIeBeTBHKH CBJILBeCTpa H A)(ameBa rOBOpllJIB nSpIO: «~e npHnyCTHmH K'J. ce6t aa osa, O'iaPYIOT'J. Te6a H )(tTeA TBOHX'J. ... XY)(l>Ie JIIO)(H H HII'Iero UerO)(HLIe lJSPOBUHJJ.l>I Te6a rocy,u;spa ... ,u;epmSJIH npe,ll;'J. Ttn, aKH B'J. OROBaX'J.... S TO TBOPBJIH OUH CBODH 'laPOBCTBLl, an O'lll TBOH saKpLlBSIO~e) 13). B'J. 1572 ro.u;y ~PL IoaHH'J. IV BaCHJILeBH'I'J., HcnpamHBaJI ua C060pt paspilmeuie us 'IeTBepTLIit (ipaR'J., rOBOpHJI'J., 'ITO ero nepByIO cynpyry AUSCTSCllo HSBem 8JILle JIIO,u;H 'Iapo,u;tACTBOI'J., BTOPYIO OTPSBHJIH, TpeTLIO HCIIOPTBJIH SJIOIO OTPSBOIO 11).

KU.llSL Kyp6cKiA, ronepa 0 RHast BacHJIiH IoauuoBH'It, S8IIHCaJI'J.: «BacHJIiA C'J. saKOBonpeCTynHoIO meBOIO, IOBOIO cy~eIO, can CTap'J. (iy,u;y'lH, HCK8JI'J. 'IapOBHHK'J. npeSJILIx'J. OTOBCIOAY, Aa nOMorYT'J. eI)' R'J. IIJIO.u;OTBOpeUllo ... 0 'IapOB.lIIIR3I'J. &e OHLII'J. TaK'J.ne'lamooa, nocwaIO~e no HHI'J. TOO H OBaHO, 3m'l> AO KOpeJlLl (~me eCTL ~HJIa: CB.u;BT'J. aa BeJIBKHI'J. ropax'J., nO,II;JIt Cry.u;eu8rO .opa), B oTry,u;a npOBOat3XY BX'J.

~

K" He.y ••• Rme ,1I;ep38IOT" HenpenOA06Hi1 npHBOp;HTH ce6t H8 nO.O~b H K" p;tTKU'I> CBOHn .ymel npe3JIHI'I>, '18POBHHROB'I> H 6a6", cILIBaJIel H meDTyHel, H HHHIlH P83JIH'IHLII1I '1SpY '1Spyro~HXt., 06~yro~e co JUaBOJlOIl'b H npH3YB8IO~e ero H8nOIO~b:.1O).P83CK83YBaJI o Ka38HCKOI 'ocsp;t 1552 roA8, OHt. BIDIC3oJI'b: «BKp8Tn;t eme Bcno.J1HYTH AOCTOHTt., J1KO T8T8py H8 BolcKO XPHCTi8HcKoe '1SpY TBOPIIJIH H BeJIHKyIO DJlIOBW HSBOAIlJUI: JlKO CKOPO DO 06JIemSHm rpeaa, erAS COJIBne HS'lHeT'b BOCIOAHTH, B3YAYT'b HS rpSA'b, Bctn Han 3PJl~HI'b, OBO npeCTsptBmie HX'b .ymH, OBO 6s6y, H H8'IHyT'b Bonia:TH CSTSHHHCKiJl CJlOBeCS, I8m~e OAemASIUI CBOHIUI aa BolcKO aame H BepTJI~eCJI He 6JIsro'IHHHiI. TorA8 s6ie B03- CTaHeT'b Bttp'b H CO'IHHJlTCJI 06JI8KH, ame 6y H AeHb .HCeH'b 3bo Ha'lHH8.1CJl, H 6YAeT'I> TSKiA AomAb, H cyliJi .tcTS B'L 6JISTO 06PSTJlTCJI H IOKpOTY BcnOJIBJlTCJlj H cle TO'IHO 6YJIO HSA'L BoleKon, S no CTOPOHSI'L HtCTb, HO TO'IHO no eCTecTBY aepa CJIY'lsmeCJI:.16). I'eaopa 0 MOCROBCKOI'L nomapt, n;Spb BCnOIUlHSJI'L Ryp6cKOIlY: «HsmH H3riHHBKH 60Jlpe H8ycTHma cKYAomsAmHX'b POB'L HSPO,1l;'L, '1T06Y,1l;TO I8TepH Hsmet KaTH, KHJlrHHJI AHHs rJIHHCKSJI, C'L CBOHIH p;tTbIH H ct. JlIO)J;bIH cepma '1eJlOBt'leCKaJI BYHIaJUI H TSKOBYI'L '18POAtACTBOU MOCKBY nOn8JIHJIH1 ')>>.

IJ;SpeABOPn;u AOHeCJIH HS 60JlpHHa ApTsIOHS CeprteBlI'I8 M8TBteBs n;apIO geOAOpy A.leKcteBH'IY, 'ITO OH'I> C'L AOKTOP0'" CTe4)8HOIl'b '1HTSeT'L lJepHfIO KHHry, H 'ITO HHKOJlsl Cno4)spiA 06Y'1aeT'L ero H CYRS '1epHoKHHmiIO. ,n;OHOC'lHKSIUI 6YJU1:

KSPJlS 38IapKo H J1eKSpL Bepao, 06'L 3TO." MaTBteB'L naCSJI'L B'L cBoet '1eJl06HTHot 1677 rOA8 K'L n;SpIO: «RSK'L 6YATO .II Y ce6J1 B'I> AonmKt, B'I> nusTt, C'L CTenaHOM'b ,n;OKTOpOU '1JIH lJepHyro KHHry, H B'L TO /I.e speza, 6YATO npamJIO 1t'L HaM'L B'L nSMTY He'IHCTYI'L AYlOB'L IlHOmeCTBo, H rOBOpHJlH H8n, .Ht, IO.lony TBoe.f, H ,1I;OKTOPY CTenaHY, Til He'lIlCTYe AYIH B'L CJIYI'L, 'ITO eers y B8C'L B'L 1136t TpeTil!: '1eJlOBtK'L ••• A Til Ae lJepH8JI KHHrs B'L nOJAeCTb, S TO~H-

15

HOI) B'J. nSJIb~S TpHj S y'lHJI'b l1.e 6111.TO no Tol RHHril leHa, IO.lOI1a raoero, H CLlHHmRY aoero, .A.Hl1.plOmxy, IIHKOJl31 Cnotspil> 18). BnocJIil.u;cTBiH OTRPLIJIOCb, 'ITO 60apHH'b MaTBileB'b 'lHT3JI'b JIe'lOOHHK'b, npHHJlTLIit l1.0HOC'IHK3IH S3 lJepHJ10 xlDII'Y. B'b ~apcTBOBSHie MHxSHJJ:S eeo.u;opOBH'IS, roBOPHT'b 60.11- PHS'b MaTBileB'b, H3 60HPHS3 HJlbIO ,lI;SHHJIOBH'IS MllJIOCJISBCK3I'O 6wo nOI1.KHHyTO UHCbIO, B'b KOTOPOI'I> CKSSSHO, 'ITO on y ce6H lHIilen nepCTeUb BOJIme6HLIit .u;YlHsro l1.bJlK3 IlBass rpaISTHSS. Ilpa ~spil .A.JIeKcilil .MHIsAJIOBH'Iil, 60.11- pHH'b Celen JIYKbHHOBH'I'b CTpemueB'b 6L1J1'b 06BHHen B'b BOJlDleOOTBil H COC.ISU'b HS SSTO'leHie B'L BOJIOrAY.

HCTO'lHHkH pyCckHX'h npeABHhl.

MH TepnilJIHBO BLlCJIYnIaJIH CJIOBeCHLIa npel1.3HiH, ILl BHH.STenKO nPo'lHT8JIH CTSPLlJl 3SUBCH rpSIOTHLII'b J[JO.u;eA Ill), H BO BCel'L 9TOI'I> ILl H3Bil)(8JIH, 'ITO AyI3IOT'b reneps HsmH COBpe_eHHHRH, 'ITO rOBOpH.lH HsmH npeAKH 0 TSii:HLlI'L CRS- 3ssian pyccKsro '1epKoKHHJKiJI. Tenepb, y6ill1.HBmHCb BO Bceu 9TOI'b, K3K'L B'L 6L1BSJIOI'L, ILl HeBOJIbHO CnpSmHBaen CS- 1IIX'b ce6J1: Heyate.IH 9TO eCTb nopos.u;eHie .u;yI'b pYCCKsro SSPO,ll;S? HeyateJlH see 9TO C03,l1;SB8JIOCb B'L pycCRoI selJJil? By,lI;el'b OTRpoBeHHLI K'L CIUlH.'b ce6il, 6y.u;el'b C03HSTeJlbHLI «pe,ll;'b COBpeleHHLlI'L npocBil~eHieI'L AJIJI pS3pilmeHiH CTOJlb B3.1KHSrO sonpeca: PYCCRiA H3POA'b HHKOrl1.S He C03)(3B3JI'b AJI'b AU T3ii:HLlI'b c03.u;auiAj OH'b TOJlbRO nepeaees HIt. H3'b BCe06~3ro .ipoBoro 'JePHOKHBSiH B'b CBOIO ce.eAKJ1O SHSUb. HHliorA3 H3 pyccKOA 3euil He C03,l1;3BaJIHCb T3ii:HLIa CKS3sHiHj OS3, K3K'b '13CTT> BCeJIeHHott, Blil~3JI3 Bt. ce6il TOJIbKO JIIO)(el, JCBOJIBmHIt. ce6il lIipOBLlH ILImeHiJi. B'b 9TOit H,lI;eil y6ilsJl,aen H3C'b BHHl3TeJlbHoe H3CJIil.u;OBauie Bce06~3ro IipOBoro '1epHo~HHmiH. ,lI;JIH l1.0CTOBilpHOCTH cero npel1.noJlolKeHiJl, ILl npJlcoBoxynuen HCTOpH'IeCKie IJ13KTLI, 06'bHCHJUo~ie nepe-

16

IOatp;eHie TaAHLlI'L IiPOBhII'L cKasaHiA B'L PJCCKOe 'lepHOKIIIIatie. 3p;tCL OTKpLIBaeTCS O'leBHp;Hoe CIOp;CTBO.

Bce06m;ee IipOBOe 'lepHOKHHatie npHHBAJleatHT'L nOpBLIJl'L BtKaI'}, IliP03P;3HW, Jll)AJlI'L .n;peBHeA atHBHH. OCHOBHLlJI Hp;eH P;JIJI TBOpeHiJl TaiiHLII'L CKa3aHiA BLII'OBOPHJI'L anepsae p;peBHiA Iip'L, aero Bp;eH YCBOBJrHCL BceI}' 'lOJlOBt'leCTBY. )WeBHiA Jlip'L COCPOP;OTO'IBBaJICJI BeCL aa BOCTOKt. Tan Hapop;LI, C03p;aBa.ll Hp;eH AJIJI BooB'L, AJILI AJIJI TaAIlLII'L cKa3aHiA, pasCKa3L1 0 6hlBaJIOn p;JJ.H nOBtpiA, OJrH~eTBoPJIJrH HI'L BHAtHiHD. B'L 9TIII'L BHp;tHi.HI'L cy~ecTBOBaJI'L 6L1T'L peJIHri03HL1A, nOJrHTH'IeCKiA, rpaatp;aHcKiA. Ce.eABaJl atH3HL Hapop;OB'L oCY'~eCTBJIJIJlacL 9THMH 6L1TaJlH. Mip'L ApeBHiA npomeJl'L, sapo-

AOB'L, COCTaBJlJlBmHI'L ero 6L1Tie, JILl He BHP;HI'L; HO npo,!J;'L HaJIH OCTaJrHCL III'L IIIH9L1, HI'L nOBtpLB, HI'L CICaSaHiJl. Mip'L HOBLIA csoero HH'lerO He cosp;aJI'L; OH'L, RaK'L YCLlHOBJleHHLIA H3CJltP;HHK'L, KaR'L BJI3CT8.lHH'L oreseesaro HIy~~CTBa, BCTYllHJI'L B'L pacnopJlateHie HaCJltp;cTBeHHLII'L P;OCTOJlRiel'L, nepeCO~,!J;aJI'L npep;JleTLI; cy~ecTBOBaBmie He B'L P;Ylt ero atH3HH, OTBepr'L nOHSlTi.ll, npOTJ:BHLlJI ero JILImJIeHiIO, HO npHHJlJI'L OCHOBHLlJI mCJrH, BocI~aBmiJl ero Bo06paateHie, .n.CTHBmiJl . oro cJla60cTH.

MH9L1, nepememde B'L HOBLIA lIip'L, 06pa.30BaJlH AeIOHOJIOriIO, CTO.n.KO pasHo06pa.SHJIO, CTOJILRO pa3HoBHp;HJIO, CROJILKO pa.sHOllJleleHHLI 6L1JlH HapoALI, CROJILKO pasHoBHp;HLI HI'L OJrHI\OTBOpeHW. He P;HJIIIH, He roAaIH, HO BtItaIH yCBOHBaJIHCL IH9L1 ApeBHeit atH3HH rp.IIp;y~'L nOKo.rlmiJlIl'L. KaatALIA H3- pOP;'L npHHna.JI'L HS'L HHI'L TOJlLKO TO, '1Tb JlOrJIO atHT!> B'L ero BtpoBaHiJlI'L; Kaatp;LIA Hapo.n;'L, B'L CBOIO O'lOpeP;L, npH6aBJIJlJI'L R'L Hn'L 'loro Hep;OCTaBaJl9 ,!J;JlJI ero BtpOBaHiSl. 1I3'b 9THI'L-TO YCBOOHiit H p;onoJIHeHiit COCTaBHJlHCL-JlH90JloriJl II CUMBO JIIIKa. MH90JloriJl p;peBHHI'L JIIOP;Oit octHJlJIaCL npeA.OTUH 60ateCTBeHHLID, npep;.eTaJlH OJrHI\eTBopeHHLIIB no Bod Kaat,ll;aro 'leJlOBtIta. CnBOJIHKa OTnO'laTJltBaJIaCL 3HaJleHiIlMH, KOTOPLII'L HapOp;'L He nOCTHraJI'L, KOTOPLII'L HapOA'L

17

CTpamnc.a. llpeAIeTLI, BLlpazaeme B7> CH!lBOJlHKt HenOCTHZOOCTm K 60BSBiI), SaEJII)'1aJ(H B7> ce6t nOHBTiB 0 DpHpoAi!. US'L AJI'L ApeBH.a:rO Iipa COCTaBHJlOC» '1epHOKHHZie B'L 01- )l;ofw.lIHI7> BHAaI'L KYAeCHH'IeCTBa, '1apO)l;ti!:CTBa, SHaIapCTBa, BOpoz6L1. Bo BCtX'L 9THX'L CKaBaHiBx7> ILl '1HTM"" olILlm m)l;eA, KSJ'iaBIIIllX'L UPHpOAY)I;JIJI A06pLlI'L H IY)I;LIX'L AtJI'L.

PasCKa3L1 0 6Hmu:on 06paSOBaJIII UOBtp»B, HeHCTO~LlB 1.0 UOCDAHeil BOSIIOZHOCTH, Y)I;HBHTeJILHLlB )1;0 HenOHlITHarO ocltnleBiB. B'L BapoAHLIX'L UOBtPLBI'L ILl YSHae.'L ceJleAllJIO DSHI> CO Betu 06pBAa.H.

Ta1tm.I.a eaaaaaia ApeBHBrO Iipa ocy~eCTBJlllJlHC» mALIK, OSlI3lleHOBaIlHLl1lK OOS'iHCJIeHBLIU HaSBaHiBJIH. 9TH JIIO)I;H, KaK'L 06paBOBaTeJlH, CBOH YCTaHOB.IlIellLI.a: TaHHCTBa06J1eKaJIH 'lJAeCIIID'L BLIILIClOIl'L, HaIOAHJlH UOKpOBHTeJleA H pacnpoCTpaB.a:.IlI UOCJltAoBaTeJlel. llHC»lleHa caHCKpHTCKill JBtpmT7> Hac'L, 'ITO HHAiB eCT» OT'iHSHa TaAHLlI'I> cKasaHiI, nepseP{)ABLII HAeaJl'L BetI'L UOCJJtAJIO~'L HsJIilHeBiI. Hs6paHpLle mAH ErmTa H Ilepeta, noct~aB HHp;iIO, HSY'ISJIH Tan TalBwl cKasaBi.a: a, BOSBpa~aBC» aa CBOIO POAHHY, BLlCKaSLIBa.IlI HI'L CBOHI'L copo)l;X'Ian. I'penia IIOACJIymaJJa BCt 9TH cKasaHiB x nepeAaJIa Puy H sa HHI'L rpB)I;Y~'L UOKonHiBJI'L.

OCUTPHBaB TaAHLlB CKaBaHiB CHI7> CTPaH'L, JILl BCTpt'laen B'L Kaz,lI;ol HS7> HHX'L CBOHX'L 06paSOBaTenA, CBOX upOpB~a.IH~a, CBOD: 'lepHOKHHzia, CBOH raaaata,

06paSOBaTeJlH TabLlI'L cKasaHiA B'I> ApeBHen Iipt cymeCTBOBa.m OTAtJILHLlD K8CTallJI, 8tBmBU pa~HLllI HaSBaBi.a:. TaKoBLI 6L1J1H: &CTpoJIOrH, aBrypLl, npornocraaa, IIHCtarOrB, COpTBJlerlf, rapycueKH, UHOOHHCCLI •

.ACTPOJlOrH, 06leKaeme HaSBaHiUH IaJIAeeB'L, IaTeUTJIKOB7>, BOJIXBOB'I>, UO'iHTaIOTCB c'raptlmHH8U B'I> 06paSOBSBiB '1epHOKHHziB. Ha6J11O)I;SB reseale UlaHeT'L H cosBilsp,llt, OHH BpeACKaBLlBaJIH paBHLI.a: C06LlTiB B'I> rOCY)I;spcTBaX'I> H )1;0-

B. CAUPOB1>. I. 2

.amHell'L 6L1TY. Ete.epH,1(LI-ToopeHie 3CTpOJlOrOB'L- BI'IlJIVUlI B'L coot olIHcaBiB RSBUrIlLlI'L nepellilH'L B'L He6eCHLlX'L CBtT03x'L. Heaa)!;oJlro 6L1J10 nOBtpie, 'ITO 30poaCTp'L nepcR)!;cEil nepBLIit Ha'iepTU'L '1epHoKHRaiej HO TenepL OHO, C'L OTKpLlTiell'L caHCKpRTCKRI'L DCLMeH'L, fHR'lTOlKaeTCJI.

B'L PYCCKJIO seuIO nepemH aCTpOJlOrR npa Ha'laJIt 8JI 06- ~eCTBeHHaro 6L1Ta H paCllJIO,ll;HJIR COOH nOHJlTiJi B'L ce.enol &II3HH TSK'L rJly60KO, 'ITO H TenepL B'L ceJleHiJlx'L c~eCTBJIOT'L Te!lHLle HSlleKH 0 IIJIiJIHiR lI.I3HeT'L HS CYAL6y '1eJloBtKS. B'L 1584 ro,ll;Y nTonRc~ S3nRCaJIR )J;u HSC'L, KSK'L HSPOA'L BH)I;tJI'L B'L MocKBt KOlleTY C'L KpeCTo06pasHLIll'L He- 6eCHLlIl'L sHSMeHiell'L, .eaAY l(epKBIWI 10aHHs BeJIHKarO R BJlaroBtm;eHiJl. ~SPL 10aHH'L IV BSCRJlLeBR'I'L, C.OTPJI aa STY Ko.eTY, CRaSaJl'It: «BoT'L sHs.eHie .001 CllepTH!:t nom CRI'L CJlOB'L OH'L BUilJI'L C06PSTL acTpoJlOrOB'L no Peeeia H JIan-

, JlSH •• OHH, co6paHHLle TOr)!;a B'L MocDY 'lHCJlOI'L AO 60, np8)1;peKJIR R3'L JIBJIeHiJi ceil ROMeTLI I(SpCKJIO c.epTL 20).

9TS 3anRCL R CRS3SHiJi Kyp6cKsro 0 cOBtm;aam napa 10- aaaa BaCRJlLeBH'IS C'L BOJIXBIWI OTKPLlBSIOT'L Hall'L, 'ITO aCTpoJlOrR npnO)l;RJlH K'L HamHI'L npe)J;KaIl'L H3'L JIanJlSH)!;m i '1TOOHH CBORD npe)J;CK3aaHiJID BHym3JIR HapoAY 60xSHL npa nOJIBJleHiH Ko.eT'L, Aocen eme npOAOJla3IOm;JIOCJI. 3utTHIl'L 3)1;tcL, 'ITO R PYC8K3J1 HapO)J;H3JI CHDOJIHKa eCTL nopoa)l;eHie

acrpoJlOrOB'L. .

A B n P L1, nTHl(eBoJIme6cTBJIOmie, npe)l;cKa3LlB3JIR 6YAJm;ee H3'L JlBJIeHii .0JIRm R rposa, R3'L ItpRKa R nozera IITHl('L, R3'L KJleBaHiJI Kypau sepeH'L. KPHKH BOPOHS, BOPOHLl, COBLI, ntTYxs 6L1.nt; npe)J;BtcTHHKIWI 6t)!;CTBilj nOJleT'L OPJlS, ROPmyna ptmaJI'L 1I0XO,ll;L1j KJIeBSHie sepeas KYPSU YIIPSBJlJlJIO BoeHIILID YClItIIWI. ABrypOJloriJIlIepemJls B'L PYCCKYI) selJll) co 1lH0rDlf BRAoHS.tHeHiJID. Em;e R reneps n0C8J1JIHe 60- JlTCJI BOPOHS R BOPOHLl, cTpSmaTCJllItHiJI KypR~j em;e R )1;0- cut B'L CBJITO'lHLlX'L rS)J;aHiJIx'L-COIp3HJIeTCJI KJleBsHie sep8H'L KYPRI(SD.

19

nrorHOCTHKJI PS3CimRLl6L1JIH BO Bceit I'penia, OC06JIBBO B'L 9J1BAt. 9nue~'I> KPHTCKiit, ABSPHC'L CKHOOKiit, 9.neAOU'L ArpHr8HTcKiA TSU 6L1JH Jly'lIllHIH nporROCTHKSU. 9TH DAH H3BJ1eKaJDI ra,ll;sHia H3'1> 06L1KHOBeRRLlX'I> SlBJeRUl npHpoJU>l. C'lscTie HJIH necsacrie ce.eboA ZH3RH 06'L. SCHUOCL CHSO, B033pilHien ZHBOTHLlX'I>, 3BOROI.'I> B'L ymaI'L, CJAOpoacHLIJI.'L ,ll;BHaceRie.'L ptCHHU;'L. MOJIHTBLI H O'lHDt8Hia DporHOCTHKOB'L cO)J;epacSJlHCL B'I> KHHrSX'I> OplJlelI H Iysea.

Y'IeHie nporHOCTHKOB'I> BRt)J;PHJlOCL B'L PYCCKylO CeJleAHYIO &JI3HL H3)J;peBJle H npo)J;OJlacaeTclI P;OC8JIt. IIpOCTOJlB>)J;HR'L, OO'WICHlIlI npmTLI no Y'leHiB> nporROCTHKOB'I>, H ae nommJUleTL, 'ITO OH'L BtPRLIA HI'I> nOCJlt)J;oBSTeJIL.

11K C TArO rH, HS'IaJILHHKH 9JIeB3HHCKHI'L TaHHCTB'L, H3'LaCHUH saRRlIRan TSHRCTBeRRLlJI Y'leRilI B'L CBlITHJlJIID;t IlepePIl, npa lIBJIeHiH CTpammn'L npH3paKOB'L.

BJI,II;tHm H np1I3pSKH pYCCKaro CeJllIRHRa HOClIT'b RS ce6t Orne'lSTOK'L Y'l8BiJI nCTarOrOB'I>. JIIO,II;H 6L1BaJlLle, PS3CKa3L1- BIU( 0 npH3paKaX'L, Bcer)J;a ynoOHaB>T'L utcTt 0 KaKOI.'L u6YAL TaJIRCTBeHHOn CKa3aRiH.

COPTHJlErH-JIJ),II;lI ra)J;aBmie 0 C06L1TilIX'L no acpe6ilIn, COCTaBJUlJIH oc06eHHYIO KaCTY acpeU;OB'L B'L Put. ra)J;sHilI COpTlIJlerOB'L cOBepm3JIHCL B'L ypHaI'L. TaK'I> OHH HanOJlHlIJlH ypRy BO,ll;OIO, KJlaJIH B'L aee )J;OC'I8'1KH, HCnlICSHRLllI 3HSX30, H nOTOII'L, BIlHDSJlJIX'L, H3'LlICHlIJIH 3Ha'ieHie. HRor)J;a 3SCT3BJaIH BLDDlIaTL JIOCKYTKH 6y.sr'L, HcnHCSHRLle oT60PRLlaJI

CTJIXaD. .

raAaHie COpTHJlerOB'L ,ll;oceJlt rrpo1l3Bo)J;HTcJI B'L pyccKoA seut. nOCeJUlHHH'L no acpe6iB> pilmOOT'L enopnaa C8118ARLllI Am; B'L AepeBHlII'L, aa IliPCKoA CIO)J;Kt, no acpe6ilO BLl6HpaB>T'L B'L peKpyTIl; T3K'L B'L ropo)J;aI'I> ptmaJIH no acpe6iB> &eKBIOB'L )J;JllI jl;tBymeK'L. CTapoZHJILI eID;e 3sno.RlIT'L, KaK'L .OCKBR'IB X3ZH83JIH C'L zpe6iuH B'L nepsoss HHKOJJLI I'oacTJHcKaro.

2*

20

rAP Y C n E It C LI, rS)I;sBmie no mepTBaI'L, OCHOBLlBSJIlI CBOH npe)l;CltSBsHiJJ: HS BHYTpeHHOCTJlX'L mHBOTHLlI'L, oc06eHHO ne'1eHH, OTrS)I;LIBSJIlI no nJlSJleHH H )l;LlJly.

Y'IeHie rspycneKCOB'L lISJlO HBBtCTHO PYCCltHI'L'ISPO)l;tU'Lj BnpO'leM'L, YBameme ItY)I;eCHHKOB'L 1t'L neseaa, BHHIaHie BHSxspel 1t'L )l;LIJlY BSCTSBJI.aeT'L nO)l;OBptBSTb, 'ITO H OHO Itor)l;s-:-

TO 6L1J10 B'L pycCltol Bent: '

llHeOHHCCLI-eeccsJIilcKiJr, Bome6HHD;LI, 06psBya HB'L ce6J1 oc06eHliyIO KaCTY B'L geccaJIiH, BSBopSmHBSJIH yrpLlBeHie CltOpniOHOB'L, npOHBBO)l;HJIlI 6ypIO, npHBJleltaJIH JlyHy HS BeIJIIO, OCTaHSBJIlIBSJIlI COJIHD;e, OmHBJlJlJIlI yJlepmHX'L H HHBBO)l;HJIlI mHBLII'L BO rp06'L. BcellY 9TOMY BtpHJlH BO scea I'penla.

PYCCKOe ItY)l;6CHH'IeCTBo H '1SPO)l;tilCTBO COCTSBHJlOCb HB'L npep;sm eeccsJlilcKHX'L BOJIme6HHD;'L. Hanra celbCltiJi 1t0JIp;YHbH np6,11;CTSBJlJlIOT'L HB'L ce6J1 mHBoit CltOJIOK'L C'L 9THX'L

BOJIme6HHD;'L. - ,

llpOPHD;AJlHID;A )l;peBHJlrO aipa HBpeKaJIH JlIO)I;JlII'L 6yp;ymee, npe)l;CltitJLlBSJlH B'L ,!I;tJISX'L ycntm H Heyp;s'IH. TsltoBH 6L1JlIl: npoPIlD;SJlHID;S AnoHs H AJllJlispSJI, OpSltYJlLI ,1J;eJIblJlillcltil H ,1J;O)l;OHCKiA, TpolJloHieBs nemepa,

II pop II D;U IIlD;e IOnllTEps AnoHs HSXO,!l;lIJIOCb B'J) JIIIBiACltHI'b crenars. Tsn ero KaIIllID;e, oltpymeHHoe co BCtX'L CTOPOH'L neC'ISHIDlH CTenJiIlH, opomaaoes np03pS'I!lLIJIH BO)l;SIH HCTO'IHHKS COJlHD;S. KYllllp'L, BLIJIlITLIit HB'L .t)l;ll, yltpsmeHHLlit ,!I;pSroD;tHln.IIH KSJleHbJlIH, BLlHOCIIJlH B'L P0lD;y, rd~ OH'L OTBt'lSJl'l) BonpOmSIOlD;lIn He CJlOBSlIH, S BHSltSIH. BJlsp;LI'1eCTBO AnoHs npO)l;OJlmSJlOCb HS)I;'L CTPSCTJlMH JIIO)I;eit aaorle BtltH, no BO speaa CTps60HS OHO OCJlS6tBSJlO, S npH llJIY-

TSPXt eMY yme HHltTO He BtPIlJl'b 21). -

MH He B'L COCTOJIHill ptmHTb TpY)l;HsrO aonpoea; npopsD;aJIlIID;e AnoHs n:tJlO JlH ariaaie HS pyccltyIO ceJ:ellHyIO XOIl3Hb? KsmeTcJI, C'L HecollHtHHoIO Btpo.aTHOCTiIO 1I0mHO npep;IIOJlSrSTb, 'ITO OHO, JlHmHBmHCp 3HS'IemJl B'L BtPOBaHiJJ:X'L

21

)ql8BHel JKH3HH, BC'Ie3JIO TOr,ll;S, KOr,ll;S em;e He Ha'lHHSJISCI> PYCCKIUI 06m;eCTBeHHIUI JKH3HI>.

Ilpopana rame AIlJliap'sJI HaXO,ll;HJIOCI> HS rpSHHl\SX'I> BioTiK K ATTUKH. Tan AlIlJlispatl lIBJlHJICJI BO cHil H OTBt'18.1'1> aa sonpoca.

ItTO He 3sIilTHT'I>, 'ITO BJIiJlHie AIIlJlispsJI ,lI;OCTHrJIO H PYCCKol 3eIJIHr HBJIeHie BO CHt cyateHsro-pJlmeHSrO, YKS3IlBSIOm;sro rrpOCTO,ll;YIIJHOtl ,lI;ilBynIKil HS ell CY,ll;1>6y, HOCHT'I> HS ce6t OTIIe'lSTOK'I> BilpOBSHill mOTisH'I>.

0psKyn ,n;eulJliAcKil, yqpeat,ll;eHBLIil B'I> 'IecTI> AnoJIJlOHa Ilaeiaesaro, HaIO,ll;HJlCJI B'I> BioTitcKou ropo,ll;t ,n;eJIbI)SX'I>, B'I> Cpe,ll;OTO'liH 3e1lJIH, KaK'I> rQBspHBSJIH rpeseesle HCTOpIIKH. B'I> ,n;eJILlJIsn 6LIJI'I> xpSU C'J. HCTYKauon, C,lI;tJISHHIlA: K3'1> JISBPOBIlI'I> BilTBel, KscTSJlLcKiI HCTO'IHJIK'I>, 30JIOTol TpeHOmHHK'I>, nOAAepmHBseMIli meJIt3HIlI'I> ,lI;PSKOHOI'L. IIHeiJI, B03BO.u;JIIIUI mpel\SJIH HS TpeHOatHHK'I>, OKypHBSeISJI O)l;JPJlIOm;HIH pacreataaa, B'I> 6ilmeHcTBt, bPOH3HOCHJlS CJlOBS Binn;sTeJII>HIlJl. 0pSKY JI'J. ,l);eJIblJlitcKii cym;ecTBoBsJI'I> ,lI;BS,lI;I\STI> BtROB'I> H ynsn TOr,ll;S, " Kor,n;s XPHCTisHCKSJI pemria OTKPWS Hapo.u;an HOOeCHIlJl HCTIIHIl.

Mil HH'IerO He" :lomen CItS3STI> pilmHTeJlI>HSrO 0 BJIiJlHiH ,n;eJILlJlilcKsro OpSKyJlS HS cellelDyIO mH3H!> pYCCItsro HSPO,n;S.

,IJ;o,n;oHcsiA: opssyJI'I> HSXOP;HJICJI B'I> 9IIHpCKon ropop;t .IJ;O)l;oHil, npa IIO)l;OmBt rops TOIISpH. Tsn, Cpe,ll;H CBJlID;eHHoi POID;H, B03BIlmSJICJI XpSUj TSU 61lJI'J. npoposecsia p;y6'1>j TSI'I> HSXOP;HJICJI HCTO'IHHK'I> IHHepaJILHLII'J. BO)l;'I>. Tpa: mpHl\1l B03Bilm;sJIH psmeale ,n;O)l;OHCKSro OpSKyJIS. CHp;a 6JIH31> npopO'leCKSrO p;y6s, OHt BC.1J}'IIIHBSJIHCI> B'I> myn JlHCTl>eB'I>, noTPHC8eIIU'I> BtTPOII'L, BIlBO)l;HJIH H3'1> eero oTBtm )l;JIJI ra,ll;aIOID;IIX'I>j DH npHxo)l;HJIH It'l> HCTO'IHHKY IIpHCJlymHBSTI>CJI R'I> 3BJK3I'I>, IIpOH3BO)l;JIIIlII'J. mYP'lsHien BO)l;Il, H no HHJl'I> pS3rS)I;IlBSJIH.

IIoHJlTie pyccKaro HSPOJJ;S 0 myll'll )l;peBeCHIlX'I> JIHCTl>eB'I>, o ZYP'lSHiH BO)l;Il ,lI;oceJIt COXpSHJleTCJI B'I> eeIeIDIlX'I> 'npep;s-

HiHI,)) C'L OC06eHHhIII'I> YBameHieJl'D; HO eCTI> JIB 3TO BJIiJlHie j:(O)J;OHCSSrO 0PSSYJIa, -ptmH'tI> TPY)J;HO.

Tpo41oHieBs neiaepa HSIOAlfJlSCI> 6JlHl11> JIHBSAiH. B'»

. IpS.t, nOCTpOeHHOI'J) cpeAH pO~H, CTOHJl'J) HCTYItaH'», Hs06psmSBmiA 9CKYJlsns. B'» .ps'lHoA ne~ept, HSnOJIHeHHOA SBtPJl1lH H rSAsn, orJIsmae.ol BOnJlen H CTOHOI('» .ymel H meH,», cHAtJIB mpe~ AJIH. OTBtTOB,» npllIOJl,~M,».

Han HeHsBilcTHO, 6wo JIH xaaoe aziaaie HS PYCCKYIO· selllIO HS,» nOBtpiA Tpo41oHieBhII'I> ne~ep'».

lJepHOKHH.lItiH ApeBHHro .ips COIPSHH.JIBCI> B,» llHCI>IeHHhII,» nIUlHTHHItai'». Hspo)J;'L, 6J1SrOroBtH S'» Hun, He cIilJI,» 'IUTSTI> HH OAHoro TsAHsro cSSSSHiH.. 9TO np3BO npeJl,OCTSBJIeHO 6wo .lItpe~aI'» H J1IO)J;.HJ:,» Hs6pSHHLlI,», co06pamaBmUIlCH. c'» HUH AJIH. ptmeHia CYJI.I>6Ll H dIJl,». TSItOBLl 6LlJ1H: sepaaa .aria, CHBHJlJIHHH SHHrH, KHHrH Op41eaH MyseJl, Ks6a.mcTHIta.

CKSSSHiJI 0 'IepHol uriH CTOJlI> Jl,peBHH, 'ITO HtT,» HHKaRol BOS.O.lltHOCTH OTKpHTI> HI'» nepBOHS'ISJII>HOe npOUCIomJI,~Hie. MH BCTpt'ISen nrUKOB'L B'J) HS'Iut BCtI'l> uCTopiit, H aaiaaie HI'» npo)J;oJl.lltSJlOCI> AO paenpoerpaaeaia yICTBeHHsro 06paSOBSHiH.. rOBOpHT,», 'ITO OHS c~eCTBOBSJlS OT,» HS'IUS Mips H eorpaaeaa npa nOTont XS.OI'» B,» sant. CHH,» XaJlOB,», HSBtCTHHil nOA'J) HSSBSHiJlU-Y OJl,HHI'I> MHsPSHMS, Y APyrHI'» 30poacTpa, Y TpeTI>HI,» I'epaeea, -no npeAsHiIO CBOero oma, HSmeJI'J) nocJIiI norona CKp'LITYIO KHHry ero o~o.'». KHHrH 3Tol reneps 60JIte He c~eCTBJeT,»: OHS KOrJl,a-TO 6HJIS uCTpe6J1eHS He6eCHLlI,» omexs. BtpoBsmo B,» 6HTie 'IepHoA Marm CJ~ecTBOBSJIO HS BOCTOKii B,» Talmn'» CKSSSHiHI,». Cocpe)J;oTo'Iie .arHKOB,» HaIO)J;HJlOCI> B,» ErHnTii. clJaPSOHH, OKpY.lIteHHHe xarHRSMH, npoHSBo)J;HJlH PSSHHH. J10.lltHHH. 'IYAeca. lIs'» ErunTa nepeaecs Jlariro B,» rpe~ Op41el, usIiIHHBmiA TSibmJI CKSSSHiJi B,» opriro H cs66sTCTBO. B'» ce.eitHoA .lItHSHH pjceaarc Hspo)J;a 'IepH3H. .aria HSBtCTHS nOA'» neHen 'IepHOKHHm. Hanpaeao JIll 6J,lI;en BonpOmSTI> BtKa H J1IO)J;eA 0 nepeceaeaia TsAHIll,» csassHiA B'L name OTe-

23

'1eCTBO. TellllHe HUen HSmHX'L nOCeJIBH'L 0 6LITiH '1epHOsllJGKiB COCTOBT'L B'L Ton, 'ITO OHS UUCSHS HenOHBTHlDH IIBCLIeHSI1I, 'ITO SOrA8-T0 6m8 38K.l18AeHS B'L CYXSpeBJ 68J1I11IO. B'L cOBpe.eRHoA H8meA acB3HH III eAB8 BCTp'lI'I8en Jll)AeA, 6ectAfIOID;HI'L 0 npeA.eT8X'L, 38SJIIO'I81OID;HXCH B'L '1epHOSHBmiH; HO npeAKH H8mH rOBOpHJlH 06'L STon BCHte; OHH A83te 3HaJIH I1Ioria H83B8HiB STHft CS838mBU. T8S'L OHB HC'lHCJlem B'L CTOrJI8Bt.

KHHn CHBKJIJl'L XPSHHJlHCL B'L PIS8X'L meHID;RH'LCDHJlJI'L, otBmHI'L A8p'L npoPH~8TL H OTSPLlB8TL BOJIIO ooroB'L. B'L ,ll;peBHen Kipt BCtX'L CHBHJIJI'L C'lHT8Jl0CL 12. BC'lHcJI.ae.'L HI'L!

I. CHBHJlJI8 Ilepcaacsaa, HS3L1B8Bm8BCB C8.6eTolO, HeBtCTKOIO HoeBolO, npopo'lecTBOB8J1S ,ll;BycmCJIeRHlDH CTH- 18D H3'L cBoeA SHUrH.

II. CHBHU8 JIHBiAcsaa, UJTemecTBoB8Bm8B B'L Cs.oct H JJ;eJlLlil8X'L, H, SSS'L rOBOpaT'L, ynpesaBmaa JIlO,II;eA B'L HAoJloc.llJmeHiH.

III. CHBHns ,n;encpiAcs8B, H8I0.u;BBm8J1Ca B'L xpa.t ,n;encpiAcson, H, no CIta38HilO ,n;ioAopa, nepsaa nOJIy'lHJI8 OJ.[ CuHJJJILI. Y'leme rOBOpaT'L, 'ITO rOxep'L HSBJIeS'L HS'L ea UPOp~SHiA HtsoTopLla JlHCJIH.

IV. CHBHJIJI8 9peTpeAcs8JI npe.u;CIta3L1BUS nSAeHie TpoH H, no JBtpeHiIO EBceBiB H CB. ABrYCTHH8, eA 6L1J1~ H3BtCTHLI SHHrH .MOHCM.

V. CBBHJIJl8 Rn.epiAcS8a. VI. CHiHJIJlS CaxOCCS8B.

VII. CHBHUS Ry.csaa, no ueHH ,n;eHcp06s,3HSIeHHTilAm8B U3'L BCtX'L, mJl8 csoe npe6L1B8Hie B'L RYKt. I'oBOpaT'L, 'ITO ea OTe~'L 6L1JI'L AnoJIJIoHiit, S KaTL rJlSBItS. 9T8 CDHJIJl8 npoAaJlS 'I8CTL CBOHX'L SHHr'L TspKBHHiIO I'op,ll;o.y. B'L Put SHUrH coxp8HaJIHCL B'L xpsd IOuuTep8 RaBHToJIiAcItaro, nOA'L 3euelO, B'L s81leRHoA ypn. RBHHAe~eJlBHpH, mpe~L1, cnpSBJlSlJlHCL C'L HUH B'L COIlHHTeJILHHI'L CJIY-

'IaJlI'L rocY,1I;apCTBa. Bo Bpen cozzeRiB KamrTomr, CrOpbR H CBBB.1.1DIHLI KlDIl'R. llout 9TOro OTUp8JWIem 6LLDl uocm no paSHLI.-J>. IltcTall'L ,lI;IH co6paniH CBBRJI.IRHLIX'L HSpe'leml, KOTOPLIH ABryCT'L UO.lOZllJ('L Y UO,1l;HolKiH Auo.uOHa IlaJlaTHHCItaro.

VllI. CHBH.lJla reJIJIeCUOHTCKaH upep;CKaSLIBaJIa BO BpeD COJIOHa H Kpesa.

IX. CHBHua ~pHrilcItaH nyremecTBoBUa C'b CBOHIB

upep;CKa33mHIH B'L AHKBq,t B raJlaTm. .

X. CBBRua TiI610PBHCItU RJlB A.n.61OHeAcKaH 6wa

060Z8en B'L Tx6ypt.

XI. CBBBua anHpCItU. Xll. CHBHua ErRneTcKaH.

B'L PYCCKOI'L 'IepHOKHHziH He HaIO,l;HM'L HHKaROrO nOHHTiH 0 KHHraI'L CHBHJlJI'L. P83Bt TOILKO TO npHHHTL BO BHHuHie, 'ITO HamBIIH ItOJlP;YIILmDI ,lI;OJIZHLI 6LITL Henpe.tHHo cTapym 6es06p83HLIH, H CTpamHLIH. 3a TO p;om.IH )1;0 HaC'L

sanap;HLIH CKaSamH 0 CHBH.inaI'L 22). -

KHHrH OPUH H M13EJI CO,1l;epzaJIH B'L oo6t aaroaopa, o~emH, npHrOBOpLI P;U YCLIUJlemH SlltH. Opq,eA, Hs06ptTaTeJlL ca66aTCTBa, J'Ipe,ll;HT8IL opril H APYrHI'L npaS,1I;HeCTB'L Baryea, no CK83amro Ilapnea, S8HJlCTBOBaJI'L TaHHCTBeHHLIH nOSHamH B'L ErHllTt. JI}'Ki8H'L H Ano.uop;op'L YBtPHlOT'L, 'ITO KHHrB Opq,eg COCTOHJIH HS'L rHIHOB'L.

PyCCRoe KY,lI;eCHH'IeCTBO, CO,ll;epz~ee B'L ce6t aaresepa Ha BceBOSIlOZHLIe CJIY'laB, nOK83LIBaeT'L KaItoe-TO CIOP;CTBO C'L rHIHIWI Opq,eH. 3ariTHI'L, 'ITO sarOBopLI HamBI'L Kyp;eCHHItOB'L BocntB3IOT'L 061> O,n;HOA: TOILKO celleitHoA: ZBSHH.

KABAJIH eTR R A, -sHaBie cosp;aHHoe eBpeHB P;JlHoTKpLITiJl TaBHCTBeHHaro cmcna, - COCTOHJI3 B'L RCKYCCTBt paSJIaraTL C.lOBa B B'L cuoco6t npOBSBOp;BTL CHIR CJlOBaIB 'IYAeca, npoRSHOCH HI'L 'IYA8CBllI'L o6pasoll1>.

ECTL HalleKH B1> 'IepHoKHHziB 0 up.cBoomR Ka6aJIIICTJI'I8CKarO sHaHiH SHaxapHU. TaR'L m BR,1I;D'L 1l1> PYKaX'L SHa-

I8pH HenOllJlTULUI C.lOBa OT'b JIHXOpa)J;OK'b, OT'b yKymeBiJl 6tmemn:'b c063K'b. OTKY,II;a JlBHJI8CL aanra Tapa6apCKaJI rpa.OTa?

r AJ(AUUI p;peBUJlrO llipa, pascilJIHullH no BCt." .tcTan, 06pas0B3JIB HS'b ce6JI 12 OTp;t.n.HIlI'b T3HHCTB'b. B.liJIHie K&&J(&r0 HS'b un'b sa ce.elllJlO USH» p;oeeJIil e~e orpeDeTCH. llpUCTYIIHI'b K'b onaeaam rap;aniA.

AHTPonouuTIH cop;epma;n:a B'b ce6t T3HHCTBeHUOe npopHD;auie 6y~aro no BHJTpeHIIRL '13CT9'b nm '1eJIOBt'1oouro. PilJ:cKie HllUepaTopll re.liora6aJI'L U Iy.liaH'b 83HHU.IIlCL CD'b r3p;3uie.".

Pycem HapO,ll;'b HHKOr,ll;a He KacaeTCH ,11;0 BHJTpeHHHI'b '13- cTet TtJla '1eJIOBt'leCKaro, HO 0H'b Cy,ll;RT'b TO.n.KO J1lepm3ro no Hapyamo.y ~BtTY H nOJlomeHllo TtJl3. qe.lOBtK'b, J1lepmil B'L cyp;opor3u H cnas.ax'b, KJlaJI'b UeRSrJIap;DilA nopon H3 6y,ll;~J1O J'13CTL eaoere ce.eICTBa.

AEPOUUTIH 06'Li1CHHJI3 6YAy~iH c061lTiJl HS'b COCTOJIHiH BOSJl.yxa H paBHIlI'b ero .BBJIeHil.

B'b pyccKol CDBOJIBKt 36DPK3HTia: oTpuaeTcH JlCHO. B'b HapOJl.t eme c~ecTByeT'b nonane 0 naA6HiH BBtBA'b; ,ll;oooJIil e~e rOBOpHT'b, 'ITO K3&AaJI n3)J;aIO~aJI SBtBA3 eCTL BtPHIlA npH8U3K'b CKepTH KaKOrO HH6YAL '1eJIOBtKa. B'b U3mHI'b ceJIeuUru Be'lepHeIO nopol eTapHKH paSCKaSllBaIOT'b 0 61lB8tIon n3AeHiH 06JfaxoB'b Ha BelLO) - B'b BRp;t KHceJIJI, 0 naAeHiH Kauel BOS,lI;JIllHIlI'b. He H3 9TOJI'b JIB utHiu OCHOBaHO yuazeHie nOCeUH'b K'b KaID{IO Bam'b H BamHI8, HaXOA~e-rca B'b TYJILCKOI r~pHiH, B'b Op;oeBcKon ytSAt 23)?

rHp;POUHTIH OCHOBllBaJI3C» H3 npeACKaSaHiH 6yp;y~3ro no J(BHlKeum H ~tT)' BOJl,ll.

B'b PYCCKO." 'lepHoKHHD 9TO ra,ll;anie C~OOTByeT'b BO Beet CBOet cut. HaroBopHT» H3 BOP;y, ,lI;JIJI OTKPIlTia: noxlITJITUJI Be~el, utHJIeTCH B'b He06xo,ll;DOCT» BCJIKO.y sHaxapIO.

I' 0 BTIJI couepmaJIac» npHBllB3Hien P;YXOB'b H BIlBIlB3- Bien no J1lepUIHX'b HIl1> rpOOoB'b.

26

PYCCKoe 'Iapop;iAcTBO COp;eplKHT'b B'b ce6t 06pJI,lI;H BHSLIBaHiJI AYXOB'b, H Hapop;'b BtPHT'L, 'ITO KalKAwt Hapop;Hwt 'Ia.pop;tit .0lKeT'L BHSBaTL TtHL y.epmaro.

iJ;A.KT HJIOIlAHTIJI. ra.A3IIie, npOHSBOAHBmeeca nOCpeACTBOII'L KOJIL~a P;JIJI YSHa.HiJI sparoa». KOJJL~O, nOBtmeHHoe aa HHTKt, pa.cKa'IHBUOCL Ha.;II;'L KpyrJIHII'L CTOJIOU,' soero KpaJI HCnHCam 6HJIH 6YKB8n. ByKB8, aa KOTOpoA OCTa.HSB-

JIHBaJIOCL KOJIL~O, CJIYlKHJIa OTBtTOn. .

iJ;aKTHJIOIl8HTiJI nepemaa H B'L pYCCKOe 'IepHOEHHme, TOJILKO C'L HSDHeHien. Hsm 'I8POAtH 6epyri K8ItOe-T0 SIIilHHOe KOJIL~O, Btm8IOT'b ero H8 lKeHCKOII'L BOJIOCt H P;OlKHP;8IOTCJI, Kyp;S ero 6yp;eT'L Ka'laTL BtTep'L: Kyp;a KOJIL~O 6yp;eT'L 60JIte p;tJIaTL HSKJIOHeHiJI, Tan lKHBeT'b KOJI,II;JH'b, O'iapoBaBmiA CTpap;aJIL~a., 0 ROTOPOI'L SarSp;HBaIOT'L.

KAnHOIAHTIJI. rap;a.nie, HSBJIeKae.oe HS'L lKepTBeHHSrO AH.a, 06'bJICHJIJIOCL lKpe~an HapOAY npa Ha'iaTiH p;tJI'L:

Bs pycCKoA CHlIBOJIHRt 9TO rap;aHie OCTaJIOCL co IHorH.H.

Hs.tHemJIlla. Ham nOOOJIJIHe no JUDY YSHaIOT'L noroAY H AH.on HCTpe6JIJIIOT'L IIHoriJl ~rlSHH porsraro CEOTS.

KnonTPOU.HTIJl. rap;sHie, npOH3BOp;IIIOe sepKaJIo.'L, pasptmuo OROH'ISme 60rlSHH.

B'L PYCCKO.'b 'IepHORHHlKiH SepEaJIOrap;aHie ynoTpe6JIJIeTCJI P;JlJI IHOrHX'L CJIJ'laeB'L. Ham nOCeJIJIHe H ropolK8He'raA8IOT'b B'L sepKa.1t 0 cYlKeHou, 0 lKHSHH a c.epTH OTCYTC'fBYIO~aro.

KEPOIlAHTIJI-rap;aHie BOCKOI'L;COCTaBJIJIJIO p;06poe H xyp;oe npep;sHa.eHoBaHie.

B'L PYCCKHX'L CBlITO'IHHI'L rap;aHiJIX'L AtBymKH JILIOT'L BOCR'L B'L BOAY P;JIJI YSHaHiJl CBoeA CY)I;L6H.

KJlEPOU.HTIH. ra,u;ame, OCHOBaHHoe aa .eTaHia mapaROB'L, ptmsJIo AtJIa. H HaSHBaJlOCL no lKpe6iIO.

rsp;aHie no lKpe6iIO TaR'b YCBOBJlOCL PyccRoA celleAHoA KH3HH, 'ITO HapoA'l> Bcerp;a npu6traeT'L R'L HellY B'b cnopHo.'L p;tJIt.

27

JlEltAHOllAHTllI. rS,1I;aHie, npOUSBO,1l;HBmeeCJI BaA'!. BO.u;OIO, pilm3JIo }'IBCTb .IlO.u;el. rS,1I;BTe.n. KJlSJI'L B'!. cocy,1l;'!., HaIlOJIBelllmA BO.u;OIO, ,1I;paro~ilHHye KUHH, TOHeHbKia SOJIOTya U cepe6pama ,1I;OC'le'IKU c'!. us06pszeuien SHSKon U 'IHTaJI'b saroBOpy. lIs'!. BO,1l;Y BYXO.u;HJI'L THIiA SByR'!., no.u;06ml maDilHllo sllill. 9TOT'b SByR'!. pilmaJI'b BOnpoC'b.

B'It pycexoll'L 'IepHoKHHziu COXpaHHJIHCb Dorie 06pJl.u;y ra,1l;auia HS_A'b BO,1l;OIO. TaR'!. HamB sHsxapu, KH.u;aa B'b BO,1l;y

pon., sa.il'lSIOT'!.: KHDHT'b JIB BO.u;a? -

JIHB!HO.!HTIJI. rS,1I;sHie, USBJIeKae.oe us'!. Kyp8HiJl6J1aroBOIIHHI'It cJlon, SaKJIIO'ISJlO' B'!. ce6il pilmeHie na 6J1aronpiaTHya H xY,1l;YJI OZH.u;SHiJi.

B'It pyCCKHI'!. cyeBilpHm'L nOBilpbllX'lt c.om saJlilHHJlBCb JSJI,aHOII'L, U HaPO,1l;'L npu6ilraeT'!. K'L 9TOXY ra,1l;sHiIO B'L 60- DSBJII'It.

lIETEoPouBTla. ra.u;sHie npOHSBO,1l;UJlOCL 06'LBCHeHiell'L B03,11;J1BHYI'L HBJIeail, OC06JIHBO rpoaa U .OJIHiR.

C.lt,lUl Jl8Teopo.aHTiR COXPSHHJIHCb B'L pyccKol CHJlBOJlHKil C'It DpHOOBoKynJIeHien 'pasmx'L cKassHil. TSR'b, .u;ilB~a UJIB BeIDD;HHB, ycmmaBmH BeCHOIO B'L nepBYI pan rpo.'It, 6ila:UT'It K'b BO,1l;il .u;U )'1lYBSHiJl, npemozaraa, 'ITO )'1lYBaHie B'L 9TO BpeU BO.u;OIO .ozeT'L npu.u;STL JIJ'lIDiI ~BilT'b ea JI~. TaK'It, nOCeJIJlHUH'L, US'L .HorOKpaTHaro nOJlBJeHiJl B'L JlilTBee Bpe.a rpo.a, npeJUIOJl8r88T'b, 'ITO ero ,1I;OKamHiA, CROT'L .0- Z8T'L oo30nacHo 6pO,1l;UTb no rican, He 6y.u;}'IH US'LBSBJeH'L mau.

lIIOUHTIJI-ra,1l;aHie, npe.u;CKaSYB8IO~ee 6y.u;y~eej OCHOBJ,JB3JIOCb Ha KPHKil U npozopcTBiI mmel H KpyC'L. BYJlO spesa, Kor.u;a PHJl'LTpeneTSJI'L OT'L KpHKS CBX'L ZBBOTmX'L.

B'!. PYCCKBX'4 C8JIeHiu'L nOHBJleHie mmeil: ucerp;a yrpo&&eT'L 6il,1l;cTBiaJlH. Ilsarse nOCeJIJIHHBa, HSrpY3aHHOe .Yman, npeABt~seT'L exy 6tAY BeDHY'lJlO. Ilps Ba'lad Beem mJIIJI, 6tr8lO~iJl no nOJlJln, HaBo.u;JlT'b TOCRy BB KpeCTbJIHUHa 0 Heypomat.

28

HE It P 0 IIA H T UI DpOu3BOAHJIaCb o'iapoBaHiel'I> TpyrrOB'I> P;.l1J1 BY3W1aHiJi P;YIOB'I>.

B'I> PYCCKO)['J, '1epHOItHWKiu c~eCTByeT'I> TOJIbKO OP;HO noBilpne OO'I> 9TOl'I> raMHiH. HamH '1apOp;ilH, He C:lOTPJl aa C}lOIO p;ep30CTb, He CXilIOT'I> npUItacaTbCJI It'I> TpyrraJI'I> yxepmUI'I> .lIIO}J,el.

OHHIOU.HT,IJI COCTaB.lIJlJIa ra}J,aHie no HOrTJII'I>. rap;aTeJIH HaTHpl&H HorN IaJIb'IHKaJI'I> MpeBJlHHYI'I> IaC.lIon H CaJReIO U 3aCTaJUJI.lIH AepataTb HI'I> nepe}J,'I> COJIHl\e:l'I>. nOHBHBmiJlcJI H300paateHiH pilman: rap;aHie.

Hama nOOO.lIJUle P;O CHI'I> nops 3ari'laIOT'I> 06HOBY - 6ilmH nJlTlWIIlItB, HBJIJIIO~CJI B'L cpeAHHil U Ha ItpaHI'L norTel, Cy}J,JlT'I> no I\BilTY HOrTel 0 atH3HB, 3P;OPOBbil B 60JIil3HU '1e.lIoBillta.

OOCROnl3:. Paara}J,YBaJIH B306pSateHiJi na JIlI\il, no ateJIaHm 6epexeHHYI'I> ateHII\BH'I>, P;.JIH YSHaHiJl, 'ITO POP;HT'L?

B'I> pyccltol . ceMenol atH3HH 9TO rap;aHie p;oceJIil cYII\ecTByeT'L. Bepeaeaaaa ateHII\HHS BYHHI8eT'I> BS'I>-no}J,'L HSCiliUtB Hll\o, pa36HBaeT'I>, CXOTpHT'I> ltSltoro nOM sapo}J,Ym'L, roro ate P;OJIateH'L 6YTb H 6yp;~ee ,ll;BTH.

nCHIOIlAHTIJI-~Sp;SHie,OCHOBaHlIoe aa npB3YBaHiH Til:...

HeA yxepmul'I> JIIO,II;el; COCTSB.lIJlJIO O,II;HO TaHHCTBO C'I> nespoKaHTieIO.

TEP ATOCltOHlH COCTaBJIJI.lIa oco6eITHYA pOP;'I> ra}J,sHiA HS'I> o6'I>J1cHeHiJi Heo6YRHOBeHHYI'I> JlBJIeHit B'b llpupod.

9TO rap;sHie BOm.lIO C'I> Hs:rilHeHiJIIH B'I> pyCCRyIO CH:lBO.lIBEy. TSR'L atHBOTHYJI, pop;HBmiJlcJI 0 TpeI'I> HOraI'I>, atBBOTHYJI p;BYrJIaBYJI HaBO}J,:HJIB yatac'I>' aa p;ymy npOCTOJIIO}J,BHa B 6bI.lHI HCTpe6.lIJlellbI, Kalt'b nopoat}J,eHie He'IHCTOI CBm.,

TE4>P .lHOX.lHTIJI-ra}J,allie 30.lIOIO, pa3pilmaJIo aonpoca atePTBorrpBHOCBTe.lIel.

3o.lIa B'b pYCClto)['J, '1epHOItHUziH UileT'I> noseraoe npeHII}II\eCTBO rrpep;'I> npO'lBIIH BeII\ecTBaJlH. lJspop;ilA ReerM HileT'L npa ce6il 30JIY B3'I> cen ne'leA: B nOCynOOT'b eIO cJIt}J,'b '1eJIO-

29

Bt'l8Cxiit, KOr,1l;a eoeepmaers "Iapl>I. Tax'L, p331'H1m3HIIllB noceJIJlHBB'L 6pOCaeT'L sa P;BOP'L caeero coct,1l;a rOpCTJlIH SOJIY, C'L HaripeHiel'L HCTpe6HTb see pocTym;ee Ha ero sem.

9HOHTPOUHTIJI COBepmaJIaCb rap;amen B'L SepK8JIt. eecc3JIiitcKie 'Iapop;tH SaCT3BJIJIJIH npHIOp;JIm;HX'L 'lHT3Tb orBtTI>I, RHCaHme H3 SepK3JIt KPOBiIO, OTpa&aBmiecJI H3 p;pyro.'L Tut.

B'L pyCCXHI'L CBHTO'llll>lI'L r3p;aHiJII'L 9HOHrpOl3HTiJI OCTalacb B'L HSOHeHHO.'L BHp;t.

BOT'L O'leBHp;HI>IJI ,1I;0K333TeJIbCTB3 0 nepeeexeaia TaitHI>II'L CKaS3HiA p;peBHHrO .ipa B'L pyCCKyIO seUIO H 0 COCTaBJIemH pycc~o 'IepHOKHHmiJI. MI>I c.tJIO .omen CKas3Tb, 'ITO aa Hamel pOAHoA sem HH OAHH'L PycCKiA 'IeJIOBtK'L He 61>1JI'L H306pt~aTeJIen TaAHI>II'L cRasamA. JIIO,1I;H 61>1BaJIl>le HS'L aamHI'L npeAKOB'L B'L 'lJatHI'L orpanars H 'IymeSeIm;HHa, npaIOP;HBmaH sa Harny POAHHY, paSCRaSI>IBaJIH B'L ce.eAHLII'L 6ectP;aI'L 0 cym;ecTBOBaHiH '1epaOKHHmiH B'L 'IymHI'L SeJlJIHI'L. 9TB pascK33l>1, lIana,1l;aJI B'L eepma npocTop;ymHWI, neperoAJI.1DI BS'L pop;a B'L POP;'L H KJleUHJIHCb cyedpiel'L Hamn'L npe,1l;KOB'L. T3Koe Dilme, npHHHlaelloe HanI sa nOJIOmHTeJIbHoe OCHOBaHie, Haitp;eT'L~BOe nop;TBepmp;eHie B'b coon onacaHiH 'IepHOKHHmiJI.

He C.OTpH aa TO, B'L PycCKoA mHSHH nOHJITie 0 TaAmI'L cKaSaBiux'L npe,1l;CTaBJlHeTCH COBepmeHHO B'L ,1I;pyrO.'L BH,1I;t, He&e.nI RaK'b m BCTpt'lael'L y p;pyrUI'L HapO,1l;OB'L.:no TaK'L B P;O.l&110 61>1Tb. 06m;ecTBeHHoe 06paSOBaHie pyccx3ro HapO,1l;3, COBepmlUlCb HeS3BHCBJlO OT'L BJIiaHia p;pyrHI'L H3PO,1l;OB'L, no CBOHI'L C06CTBeHHI>II'L SaKOHal'L, BLIpa&aJIOCb B'L Y.CTBeHHoit atHSHH ,1I;BJla OTp;tJIbHl>lIH IIHa.eHOBaHmlH: nOHJITiJIIH 06- m;eCTBeHHI>I.H H cenitHI>IIIH.

Pj cesia 06m;ecTBeHHI>IJI noaarla Bcerp;a cym;ecTBoBaD Ha KpaeyrO,!I>BO)['L OCBOBaHiH IpHCTiaHCKaro np3BOCJI3- BiH. Ispapra, RaK'L naCTl>lpH ~epKBH H J'lHTeJIB Hapo,1l;a, KH.lfSbJI H lI,apB, KaK'b CBJlm;eHHl>le BJI3CTeJIHHI>I H 6JI1OCTHTeJIH aspoaaa-

30

ro 6J1srop;eHcTBW, -6IUH npeACTaBHTeJlUB 0611\6CTBeHHHI'L nOHJlTiA. HSIOAacI. B'L PYKaX'L CTOJlI. Ba&HLIX'L .on'L, IIOHJlTia 9TH Bcerp;s 6LIJlH I\tJlLI H HeBpep;BnI, Rsn 6ws I\tJlS H aespeJUIU PYCCRaJI 3tHsm.. OT'L srore canro B'L Hamen OTe'leCTBt HHKorAS He 6IUO nepeBopoTOB'L B'L 061l\6CTBeHIIIlI'L nOHJITiaI'L, BHeOOmLIX'L coctAHHn Hapo;ll;an. Bee COBepmaJIOCI. nOCTerreHHO, B'L reseale nOfHx'L BtROB'L, .IIOP;I.IIH JlBJIaBmHIIHCJI HS'L CpeALI CBOHI'L COOTO'l6CTBeHHHKOB'L. CJlaBJlIDlII'L, C6JD1JK3J1CI. Ha ctBept C'L CRaH,lI;HHaBOII'L, 61L1'l> TO.lI.RO noROpeH'L ero Ie'IY, HO He CJlOBYj nJIaTHJI'L elY AaHI. CBOHD HS- 6L1TKaD, UO He XBMo6HLIJUI ntcunj ASn. eKY npmn us cBOeA: seut, HO aenpaaan, on. Hero UHCI.IeH'L. CJlSBJlHIIII'L, JK.IOHJlJlCI. Ha DOCTOR'L, c6JlHSHJlCJI C'L rpeROnj npHHan OTh Hero Btpy, npiIoTHJI'L rpO'leCRHX'L npumeJILI\OB'L, y'lHJlca Y Hero, '1ero H8P;OCTaBaJlO j{JUI oro YICTB6HHOA: mHSUH;" HO HBKOfAa He rOBOpHJl'L ero JlSLlKO.'L, HBKorp;a HO DHan CBOHI'L nOHaTiA: 06Il\eCTBeHHLIX'L HS ero nOH.IlTWj OH'L OCTaJIC.Il B'L noaHon C.LlCJlt CJlaBJlHHHon. HUKorp;a He IOP;HJI'L OH'L HS 3anap;'L. JIIOp;H cfJpazcKie CIWI npHIO;ll;HJH B'L ero &HJIHIl\e, can: npHSLIB8J1H Of 0 B'L Y'l3CTHHKH. PSBHop;ymHLIA: K'L 3anaAY, OH'L '1yzAaJlca II CJlOB'L, H p;tn cfJP.IlZCKHI'L. 06'L IOrt OH'L Sa6IU'L nO'lTH C'L Toro oaaaro BpeleBB, !taK'L cYP;I.6a 6pOCHJls ero H~'L HHJJ;iH aa selJllO cimepHoA: EBPOIILI, rAt OH'L HasBaJl'L cOOa CJIaBJIHHHon. Bo DCtX'L nopeBopoTSX'L COCt;II;HHI'L CTpaH'L OH'L HO 6w'L Y'l3CTHHKOI'L. B'L 9TOI'L-T0 ca)[oI'L sa-

, K.IIO'IaJIaCI. HOHSpymuOCTI. pyccKaro 06Il\eCTB6HHarO noaaria, ~ -, Pyccsla cexeA:RLI.Il nOH.IlTiJi cYll\eCTBOBaJIH aa CBOHX'L OTAtJILHLIX'L OCHoBaRiax'L H, nopOZAaBmiJlcJl B'L ce.oA:cTBSX'L, HHKorp;a He CJlHBaJlHCI. C'L 061l\OcTB6HHLDlH noaariasa. B'L HHI'L HO 6wo e,ll;HHCTBaj OHH 6WH CTO.lLRO PS3JlH'lHLI, CKO.IL!tO TorAS 6L1J1H pSSJlH'lHLl fp3RHl\LI pyccKoA seUB. Ha 9THI'» ssnoBtAaHHLIX'L '1epTsx'L Bee HS.tHJlJlOCI. OT'L cTe'loHia '1yaeseIHLlX'L DtmA:. 06J10KaJICI. pyecKD'L CJlOBOII'L B'L rocTonpiJumLII'L celoA:CTBSI'L, 3TH utHia nepeHoCHJlHCL on

1

31

OAHoro ceJleHiJI Itt. ApyroIy. llpUmeJIbll,Ll H JlJO,o;H 6LlBIULle 6HJ111 nepe,o;SBSTeJUlU 'IymeSe.HLllt. .HilHiA:.

llpHmeJILII,S.U Bt. pyccltoA CTspoA mHSHH HSSLlBaJlHCL Bet 'lJmese.lI,Y, JIJOAR HepyccltoA ItPOBH, JlIO,o;H HepYCCltoA:

BtPLl. llilltor,o;a ,lI;o6paa BOJlJl He SarOHSlJIa npumeJlbll,a HS pyccltJIO SeIJ1IO: HYm,o;s H 1t0PLlCTb BJleltJlH ero Itt. HaDIHIt. npeAKUt.. XJlt60COJIbCTBO pjcosoe AaBSJIO npiIOT'L BCJlItO.y npumeAbll,y. CTapilA:illHHLl ce.eA:CTBt., yrOlll,aa ssilsmsro seJlOBilKa, JlI06HJIH CJl1mSTb ero PSSCKSSLl 06t. OTASJleHHLllt. CTPSH8It.. 9TH-TO paSCIt8SLl, nepeA8BaaCb OTt. OTlI,a Itt. CLlHY, YCBOHBaJIHCb pyccltoA &HSHH, Itor,o;s OHH CHHCIO,o;HJlH CJIs60- CTDt.. lILI,JIIO,lI;H XIX BilKa,He .omen Tenepb HSCJliI,o;OBSTL, 'ITO HpaBHJlOCb Hame.y npe,o;lty, ZHBme.y B'b X H XII CTOJItTiaIt., BSt. paSCltallOB'b 'IYm6SeDLIlt.. Ho, npHHHK8J1 Bt. C006pSm6Hie TorAamHee Y.CTBeHHoe 06paSOBaHie, Aome,o;mie ,0;0 H8C'b nHCb.eHme naISlTHHItH H PSSCIt3SLl 0 6LlBaJlon Hilt. ApeBHel &HSHH, ILl c.ilJIO .oze.t. CIt3SSTL, 'ITO HsmH npeAItH m6HJlH 60,lliIe 'IYAeCHoe, nopaaasntee HIt. Boo6pa&eHie, JlIO- 6HJ1H 60JIte BeJIHItOe, nopaaaaaree HIt. yn, JII06HJlH 60JIile YZ8CHOO, Oll,imeHJlBmee HIt. 'IJBCTBa. Ilpa Bce." Ton npalI1Iell,'b 6w'b BcerAS 'IYZU'b AJISI Pyccltaro B'b 06111,8CTBeHHoA: &HIIH1I, H TOJlbltO OP;HH npocTo}J,ymHLIe npHHHK8JIH Y'lacTie Bt. ero CJIOBa.I'b H }J,ilJlaIt..

JIIO}J,bIH 6LlB8JILlIH H8 PYCH nO'lHTaJlHCL copo}J,U'IH HsmHIt. npe,ll;KOBt., JIIOAH, 6LlBsBmie Bt. 'lJZHIt. SenJilt., JIIO)UI, nepecIOTpilBmie BciI sa.opeKiSl }J.HBLl, JlIO}J,H, YCJlIl.lItA8Bmie CBOHIH 6ectAau H CTSPHlt3, H IOHomy. PascKasLl 6LlBlU8rO 'IeJloBillts SanHCLIB3J1HCb B'b lteJlLJIIt. OTmeJIbHHKOB'L 11 'I1IT3JIIICb Bt. ce.elHLIlt. 6eciI}J,SIt.. TSItOBLl 6LlJlH asma naJIOUHItH H IO}J,e6111,IH£H. OHB - HSCTaBHHKH Bt. }J,ilJISlt., BpS'IH Bt. 60JlilIlHSlIt., cOBilTHHKH Bt. ce.eAHLIIt. Ha3HS'IeHiaIt.-60JIile seero uilu B.lillHie HS BBe}J,eHie 'lJmelleuaro Bt. cuelHLISI nOHSlTiSl, Hem6J1H Y'IscTie npHmeJIbll,8. 3s TO .mAR 6LlBaJlble HHK8l'A8 He BLIIO,o;HJ1H B3t. Itpyrs ce.eA:Haro,

32

HRKOrp;a He 6IUJ1 Y'IaCTHHKIUIH B'L 06HOB.leHiJII'L 06l1(ecTBeHHoil SH3HH.

IIPHHHllaJI B'L c006paseIDe 9TH ABa HCTO'lHllK8 'lY3e3ellBHI'L BHeceHiit, ILl nOHUaeI'L; KaK'L rpYP;HO 6w:0 'lYZ636IHOllY ILlmJleHllo BoilTH -B'L CooTaB'L 06l1(eCTB6HHarO nOHJITiJl, K8K'L TPYP;HO liwo eIY YCBOHTbCJI C'L PYCCKOIO 06l1(eCTBeHHOIO SH3HbIO. Ho, He CIOTPJI aa CTOJlbKO BtKOB'L,' COBpeIeHHoe npoCBtm;eIDe ptSKOIO '1epTOIO OTlIH'I&6T'L BCt '1YZ636IHL1J1 nOHJlTiJl, Sa1lJ(CTBOB8HHLlJI Haill1lllH npeAKaIH. r lIJIAJI C'L 9TOil TO'IKR aa TalHLIJI CK83aHiJI APyrHl'b HapOp;OB'L, ILl y6tP;HJlHCb, 'ITO OHH nepemra B'L PYCCRyIO 3eUIO co JI1l0rHIR HsItHeIDJlIH, C'L HsdHeHiJlIH, BOSIOSHLlIH P;JlJI PyccRoil ceIeilHoil DSRB. Ha 9THI'L-TO B3dHeHiJlI'L ILl 6YAell'b CJltABTb OCTaTKB pYCCRaro '1epHORHBSiJI, H AaHHWIB nop;p06HoCTJIIH nOBtpJlTb BAeH, p;OnJ'll(eHHLIJI HaD HpH BC606l1(eM'L B3r.1JI,d aa mpOB06 '1epHoKHHmie.

PYCCRoe '1epHORHHZie, coo6pa3HO HapOAHLlI'L ceIeAHLII'L nOHJITiJlIl'L, ILl pasAilJIJleM'L na '1eTLIpe cK83aHiJI, COBepmeHHO pasHo06p83HL1JI no HSJIaraeILII'L B'L HBI'L npeAJleTan. B'L nepBOJl'L cRasaHiD' nOMtll(aeTCJI RJp;eCHB'IeCTBO, BO BTOpO~'L OHHCLlB86TCJI 'I a pop; 'II A C TB 0, B'L Tp6Tben npeAJl8- r86TCJI SHa 18 PCTBO, B'L 'IeTBepTOn npeACT8B.IJIeTCJI BOpos6a.

PYCCR06 RJp;eCHH'IeCTBO' ILl npep;CTaB.lJIeJl'L TaR'L, RaR'L OHO 06P8ll(86TCJI B'L YCTal'L HapOAHLII'L, 6es'L nepedHLI noHaTiA B ClIOB'L. C06J1IOp;8JI 9TO, JILl COlpaHBII'b, TaR'L CK838Tb, CJlOBeCHooTb npoCTOJlIOp;HHOB'L, HeH311i1HHLIii rllarOJl'L IHOrHl'L BtROH'L, rJIac'L JIIOp;et OTp;8JleHHLII'L H nOHJITiJlIH H nOBtpbJIMH OT'L Hamel SHSHH. ECllH C'L op;HoA CTOPOHLI Bet Ryp;ecHH'IecRie aaroscpa 6CTb cosepmeHHbII B3AOP'L, cosp;aHHLIit P;JlJI 060Jlbm;eIDJI HapOAa, TO C'L p;pyroA, ILl s8IIt'laell'b B'L HHI'L AYI'L nossia, UBmel B'L ntCHJII'L H CK83K8I'L, YCJI8Zp;aBillHl'L utRorp;a HamHl'L npep;ROB'L B'L AD cKop6HL1e •. 3p;tCb oorpaaaaacs Hama pOAHaJI, PYCCKaJI n09siJl; Sp;tCb

33

CSDOA}'TCS HaDIH n09m H CSWHj 3p;ilcL '1l1Taen ZH3HL HaJIIBI'L npe)I;KOB'L.

Bet npep;CTaBJlJleme 3,l1;ilCL 3arOBOpH nOp;C!}'maHH DOB) B'L e8IeIJmI'L pasroBOpaI'L noeeaass Ty.u.cKol ryCSepHiH, BHnHC&HH H3'L T8Tpap;KH, fiHCaHHOI nOJILCKHIH 6YKBaIH H npRBa,ll;.lezaBmel HiKOrp;a BeHeBCKOIY p;il)l;yj HilKOTOpHe nsJI}'IeHH OT'), c&paTOBCKarO nOlil~HKa, C6HpaBmSrO HI'L, no loeit npocL6il, HB'L pasCKSSOB'L BOJI3tCKHI'L pH6SKOB'Lj a P;pyrie CSIUB npHCJlSHH KO JlHil H3'L THIBHHa,OT'L r. Ilaparaaa,

BCJIfIIDIB8JlCL B'L ssroBopH, HeBOJILHO cnpsmHBsen cena:

ETO 6H.I'L TBOpn;ell'L 9TOI n09siH? Heyzen m 6Y)l;en comB8TLCS, 'ITO 9THIH HanilB8IH OrJISmaJlSCL Hsma pop;HHa, KOrAa B'L BI'L SBJK8I'L CmmeH'L pycCKilt )l;JI'L, KOr)l;a B'L IIJII'J, rOBOpHT'L pyccKOe cep,ll;n;e 0 CTapHHil PO,ll;Holt, 0 pap;ocTH ,lI;ODllIBelt, 0 6il,ll;il celeitHol, 0 m6BH )l;ilBH'lLel KPSCH, 0 8&3H001l 10JlOJ(e'leCKolt? 3)1;tCL BCt rrp8p;IeTH B3STH H3'L 3tH8HH celeitHol, 'lJZ)I;olt 06~eCTBeHHLII'L OTHomeHilt, yp;aIeHHoit B'L IH3tHHH H nOIH, COKpoBeHHolt OT'L .ssopa acnsTJI)~HI'L m)l;el. Cltp;oBaT6J1LHO, 3p;ilcL '1eJloBilK'L TOJILKO niI.I'L can C'L COOoB). 3aIt'laTe.u.HO, 'ITO 3)1;tCL HflT'L HH O,ll;Horo '1y&e3eJIHaro CIOBS, HH OAHoro BHpameHis: see rosopHT'L pyCCKHI'L S3HKon H 0 PycCKoA atH3HH. 111>1 TaKme He eden P;OnyCTHTL SdCL comHis, 'ITO 9TS n093m He 6wa AO nocJlilAHel CTeneHR nop;pamSTeJILHOB)j HO CO Beiln ril'L B'L HeA eers H C8I06HTHOej OHa BocnilBaJla no B)I;OIHOBeD PyccKaro cell,ll;n;a sanoBtp;sHHHS TaAm. 9TO m roTOBH nop;TBepp;~TL Ha6JIB)p;eHiHD.

HapoAHss n09sis BcilI'L BilKOB'L H BCtI'L HapOp;OB'L BOCniIB8.1a celeitHyIo ZH3HL. PYCCKiit Hapop;'L, llJItHSJlCL npe)l;lleTau, O'iapoBaBDlHIH ero yep;HHeHHYB) D3HL, BocnilJl'L B'L CBORX'L p;Jlan H TaitHHs CJtS3SHiH. B'L TaKOI'L aanpasaeHiB OH'L HesanTHO CIOARJICS C'L p;pyrHIH Hapop;au • .n;JlJI AOK83&Te.u.cTBa npep;C'l'aBIHell'L 06pas'IHKH 'lJze3eIHIn'L

sarOBOpoB'L.

s

34

<Le magicien LexiIis menait fort durement les puissances des tenebres, et faisait dresser les cheveux aux ass~tans, quand il hurlait ses ereerablea tlvocations.

cDivinittls formidables, s'ecriait-il, hatez vous d'accourir, et craignez d'offenser ces cheveur. gris et cette verge, qui vous ferait bientot repentir de vos dtllais. .. je vous en avertis d'avance, oMissez promptement, autrement je fais penetrer Ie jour dans vos sombres demeures, je vous en tire toutes l'une apres l'autre, je vous destitue de tout pouvoir, je rous poursuis par les buchers, je vous chasse des sepulcres; et je ne permettrai pas msme aux deserts de la Thebaide de vous receler dans leur solitude. Et toi, arbitre des enfers, si tu me erains commande a tes Esprits, commande a tes Furies, commande a quelq.ues .ombres d'accourir; pousse-les hors de tes manoirs a coups des scorpions, et ne permets pas que j'interrompe le silence des tiens par des menaces plus horribles>.

Oraison du loup: Viens, bste a laine; c'est l'agneau de l'humilite; je te garde. C'est l'agneau du Redempteur, qui a [eune quarante jours, sans rebellions, sans avoir pris aucun repas de l'ennemi,et rut tente en verite. Va droit, bate grise, a gris aggripence, va ehereher la proi", Ioups et leureteaur; tu n'as point a venir a cette riande, qui est iei, Au nom du Pere et du Fils et du Saint-Esprit. Aussi: vade retro 0

Satana! .

Priere des bergers pour preserver les troupeaur de Ia gale, de la rogne et de la clarelee, trouvee dans un manuscrit rare et preeieur.

Ce fut par un lundi au matin que Ie soleil parut, un pastoureau cherchant ses troupeaux, il dit: mon troupeau sera sain et joIi, qui est sujet a moi ZI).

Pyeesoe 'l8poJ(illcTBO OIIlICIJIBaeT'L'IaplJI, COBepm8eILUI B'L ceJleHisIx'L. Ilpazaraa, no BOSlO3tHOCTH, o6'LJ1cHeHiJl 9THI.'L 3aTilllmmlJll'L BIJIIIJICJl8l'L, ILl pilpem, 'ITO np~cToAymme

35

JIIOAB nObyT'I> CBOe OC,lIimJIeHie, IOTa p;JIa HRI'L 060JIbCTHTenHoe. C'I> 9TOIO I\bLIO B~6pSH:bI Sp;i1CL TOJILRO Til, KOTOpHe 60Jlile BcilI'I> nSJ[aTHH. JIR)P;R, IOTa rrilCKOJlLKO BHRK8Bmie B'I> HspO)Qloe cyeBilpHoe noaarie, J11OP;H, SHSIOm;ie p;oBiIpeHHOCTL nOC6JIHH'I> R'I> 1IYp;ecHollY, OrrpSBP;SIOT'I> I\i1JIL, Hs6pSHIIy:I) 118D.

PYCCRoe S H SIS P C T B 0 HSJISraeT'I> OT'I>HBJIeHHHe 0611SHhI 3HSxapel, HO ROTopLIe, no HerrOHJlTHOJlY CTe'leHiIO 06CTOJlTeJILCTB'I>, rrpHHHJI8IOTCH B'I> npOCTOII'I> HSPOp;i1 aa cnSCIITeJILBHa .u;i1ICTBiJl. MH '18CTO CJILIIIIHJ['b B'L P8SCRSSSI'L 6LIBaJIIiII'I> .mAel, KSK'L B'I> CTSPHHY SHSISPH BBeprSJIB I\i1JI1iIJI cezeaia B'I> 6i1p;cTBia. C'I> HCTHHHLIII'L meJIsmen p;06ps npocreaymHHI'L JlIO,B;JIJI'I>, H3JISrSel'I> 3p;i1CL 061SHLI SHsIspeit, 6pop;aID;IIX'I> H3'I> O}J,Horo eexeaia B'I> }J,pyroe H mHBym;HI'L HS C'IeT'I> 6JlH&HHrO.

PyCCKlUl Bopom6s rrpe}J,CTSBMeT'L HSPO}J,HLIJI rsp;smJl, pacrrpoCTpSHaemJl S8IlHCHHIH rS}J,STeJI~HHI\SIIH no ropop;sl'I> H ceJIemJll'b. lIuoria H3'I> HHI'I> rrpHHOCJlT'L OCKop6J16mJl ce.enol mHSHH no CBOHI'I> rrocJlilp;cTBiaI'I>; p;pyriJl me, aanpoTHB'I>, - RSR'I> CBaTO'lHHJI rsp;8Hia - COCT8BJIJlIOT'I> YBeceJlHTeJlI,HHJI SSUJlTiJl. :l}J,i1CL npHBO}J,J1TCJI Til R p;pyriJl - C'I> dnlO pas06JI8'IHTL TSHHCTBeHHHJI omHp;SHiJl npocrero H8- pop;s. MOmeT'I> 6LIT:bo speaa H 06CTOJlTeJILCTBS HSrJI8}J,JlT'I> 9TH GeTSTRH cyeBilpiit, rrepeme}J,mHI'I> R'I> HSmHJI'I> rrpep;K8J1'I> HS'L 'lYatIIX'I> CTPSH'I>. Ho, rrOKS H8CT8HeT'I> 9TO 6J1SrO}J,i1TeJILHOe BpeJIJI, nORS JlBJlTCa C'I8CTJIHBLIJI 06CTOJlTeJILCTBS - nyCK8it llpOCTO}J,ymHHe HSrrepep;'I> 03HSKOI.IITCa C'L HH'lTOmeCTBOJ['b ceJlI>CKHJ:'b rsp;sHiiI:.

Bo BcilI'I> HSPO,l(HLII'I> CKSSSmaI'I> m '1SCTO COlp8IJJlJII J[lJoriJI CJlOBS, rrO}J,CJIYm8HHLlJI B'I> CeJILCKHI'L pssrOBopS:t:L, uillOm;iJl COBepmeHHO p;pyroe sus'leuie B'I> COBpe.eHuol HSmel aB:sHH. MLI }J,am6 COlPSHHJIH HSSBsHiJl PSSHLII'L rsp;sHil, IOTa HilKoTopHa H3'I> UHI1. C1. nepsare BSrJIJI}J,8, K8- &e'lCJl, COCTOJlT'I> HS'I> nOBTopeHiA O}J,Horo H roro ae. He l1.y-

3*

36

nen, 'ITOl'i1>l HaC'L B'L 8Ton Ol'iBHHJIJI1I: can npeAleTI>I roBOpan. 0 TaRoA Heol'iIOAJIIOCTH. Kpollil cero, nO'lHTaen ol'i.asaHHOCTllo npeAYBilAOIIHTb nO'lTeHHI>II'L COOTe'leCTBeHII1IROB'L, 'ITO B'L HamHI'J. CKaSaHm'L He BOO TO nOllilI«eHO, 'ITO H3- BilcTHO B'L ceJlemSlI'I>. TaR'L, OAHoro 11>1 He IOUH UilCTHTL SAilcb no BHyTpeHHeB}' Ham6IY yl'ibAeHiIo, EaR'L OCROpl'iHTeJlbHarO AJI.a cespeaesaaro npocBiI~eHiJl; APyroe npejl;CTaBJIJIJIOCb npOTHBHLIJI'L Hamel mSRK R HamHI'I> OTHomeHi.an. PyCCKaJl cen.cKaJI SH3UL HeHCTO~RIa B'L CBOHX'L pasesasax'L: HaAol'iHo .HQro JIIOAel H IHoro Bpe.eHH, 'ITo61>1 BDOJlHil llpe)l;CTaBHTb ea Ao.amaii 6I>1T'L •.

CusaHiR 0 K}ReCmeCTB1.

1. BarOBOp... Oft He;1l;J1'oB'It &P&OIIol: '~bH~ B'It 60 .. ta ..

JIOJIID60BB&rO .o.llo~a.

JIOmuSCb CDSTb H, ps6s TSKaH-Ta, B'L TelHYIO Be'lepHlO1O SOPI), TeIHID'L-TeIHO; BCTSBllJIa H, TSKaJI - ra, B'L EpSCIIJIO JTpeHHlOI) SOPIO, CBtTJlW('L-CBilTJlO; YILIBaJlaCb cBtmelO BO,1;01); yTHpU3Cb 6ilJIID'L nJlaTKOII'L. Ilonua JI Hsi ABepeit BO ,l;BepH, HS'L BOPOT'L B'L BOPOTLI, H mra DYTen-,u;oporolO, cYlD'b-cyxonYTben, KO OKiSH'L-IOPIO, aa CBJlT'L OCTpoB'L; OT'L OKiSH'L-IOPX yspilJla 11 YCIOTptiIs, rJIHP;IO'IH HS BOCTOK'L spacaaro COJIHLImKS, BO 'lHCTO nose, a B'L '1HCTOII'L DOJlt yapt.la H YCIOrptJlS: CTOHT'L celB6smeHHLIit_ ,u;01l'L, S B'L TOI'L eelH6ameHHOI'L P;Olt CHP;HT'L KpaeusH ,1I;tB1I1\S, a CHAJIT'b oaa HS SOJlOTOI'L CTYJIt, CHP;HT'L, yroBspHBOOT'L He,u;yra, as KOJltHHI'L p;epmHT'L cepeopaaoe 6J1IOp;e'lKO, a as 6J11O,l;e'IKt JlemsT'L6YJl8THLIe aOmH'IKH. BsomJls H, ps6s TSKaJIra, B'b ceu6smeHHLIit p;on, CIHpHLII'L-cIHpHexoHbKo, rOJIOBol DOKJIOHHJlaCb, cepp;n;el'L nosopaaac» u saroaopaza:

K'L Te6t H DpHmJlS, KPSCHSX p;tBHn;S, .c'L nOKOpH~el'L 06'L pa611 TSKOI'L-TO; BOSblH TLI, KPSCH8JI ,u;tBHn;S, C'L cepe6pHH8ro 6.1lO,u;e'lK8 6YJl8THLIe HOmH'IKH B'L npsBYIO PYKY, 06ptmb TLI y ps6a, raaoro-ro, 6tJlyIO IHKOTb, OIn;HDH KPyrOI'L ero

38

H 06epH: CKop6H, He)J;yrH, ypOIotH, npHSOpOKI, SaTlIHH KPOsaBLUI pans '1HCTOIO H Bt'lHOIO CBOelO neJIeHOBl. 3am;HTH ero OT'L BCH&arO '1eJlOBtlta: OT'L 6a6L1-Bt)J;YHLH, OT'L )J;tBKI npoCTOBOJIOCLIH, OT'L .ymHKa-O)J;HOmeHIl,a, OT'L )J;BOemeH.I\S I OT'I> rpeeaeana, OT'L '1epHOBOJIOCarO, pLlmeBOJIOCaro. BOSLIIH TLI, KpaCHaH )J;tBHII,a, B'L npaBJBl pyKy )J;BtHS)J;.I\STL UIO'IeB'L H 3a.KHH )J;BtHamaTL 3anOB'L, H onycTI 9TH 3aIKI B'L OKiaH'L-MOpe, nO)J;'L A.naTLIpb KaleHL. A B'L BO)l,t 6tJIsa: pLl6H.I\a XO)J;HT'L, I oHa-6'L Tt KJIBl'lH nO)J;XBaTH.18 H nporaoraaa; a pLl6aKY 6tJILIH pLl6H.I\LI He nOH)[LlBaTI., a UIO'IeB'L IS'L PLI- 6H.I\LI He BLlHHIHBaTb, S 3anOB'L He OTlIJlpLIBaTb. He )J;ymHJIcSl 6L1 He)J;JT'L y pa6a, TSKorO-TO, no cel )J;eHI., no cel '1ac'L. KaK'I> sesepaaa H yTpeHHHH SSpH CTaHeT'L nOTyxaTb, TaR'L 6LI y .0- ero )J;pyra Mosro BCt.'L 6L1 He)J;yran nOTyxaTI., H '1T06L1 He)J;yr'L He )J;ymHJICH no cel '1SC'L, no Moe KptnKoe CJlOBO, no ero BtK'!..

3arOBspHBaBl H, pa6a TaRaH-Ta, esoero nOJlBl60BHaro )[0- JlOma-TaKorO-TO-OT'L )[ymHlta KOJI)J;YHa, OT'L sopoaa KSPKYHa, OT'L 6a6L1 KOJI)J;YHLH, OT'L CTap~a B CTapH.I\LI, OT'L noCIHIlHHKa H nOCXH)[HH~LI. OTCLlJIaBl H OT'L cseero )J;pyra 1lHzaro BCtX'L no dcy XO)l,HTI., HrOJII.HHK'L 6paTb, no ero BtK'L, B nosa OH'L mHB'L, BHltTO 6LI ero He 06sopo'IHJl'b H He 06npH- 30PHJI'L.

2. SarOBOJl'l> spaoJloA ~tBJI~iI 0 cCiepe.eJli. B'io ;ll;oporil BOJUDGOBJlr.rO .oJlo;ll;~a.

JIomHJIaCb cnan, H, pa6a rasaa-ra, B'L TeuylO Be'lepHBlIO 30pBl, n03)J;HLlII'L-nos)J;HOj BCTaBaJIa H B'L RpacHJBl YTpeHHIOBl 30pBl, paHLln-paHO; YJILIBaJlSCb KJlIO'IeBOBl BO)J;OBl HS'L aaropnaro CTYJl.eH.I\a; yTHPaJIaCI. 6tJILlJ['b nJIaTOJl'b, pO)J;HTeJIbCKHJI'b. Ilonna .a HS'L )J;Bepel B'L )J;BepH, as'L BOPOT'L B'L BOPOTLI, H BLInraa B'L '1HCTOe noae. B'L '1HCTOn nOJit OIOpOmHJISCI., na Bcil '1eTLlpe CTOPOHLI nOltJlOHHJISCb, aa rOpBl'lb KaleHb AJlaTLlpb

39

CTllHOBBJlllCI>, KpiIUKD'I> C.lOBOK'l> saroBOpH.lSCI>, 'IIIC'.hID 3BiIs,1l;lln O(iTLlKIUSCI>, TeJlBH)('I> OOJlSKOI'I> nOKpLIBSJISCI>. 3arOBllpBB&IO 8, ps6s TSKSS-TS, esoero nOJII060BHSro 10- JlOna--TllKorO-TO-O c6epemeHl>H B'I> )J,oporiJ: KpiJnKo aaEpiJIIKO, aa BiJK'I>, aa BCIO mHBHI>.

KTO IB'I> JIyry BCIO TpSBy B~HllHT'I> B BLliJCT'I>, HB'I> 10pH BCIO BOAY BLIllI>eT'l> H He B3UK&eT'I>, H TOT'I> (iLl J[oe CJ[OBO He DpeBOBIOr'l>, Ioil BsrOBOp'I> He pacropr». ItTO HB'I> SJILlI'I> JIIOAel ero 06S0pO'lHT'I> H 060PHBOPO'lHT'I>, H OKOJI,1I;yeT'I>, H acnopTHT'J., Y HBI'I> (iLl TorAs HB'I> JI6s rJIBSll BLIBOPOTHJIO B'I> BSTLI"OK'I>; II IoellJ nOJIio60BHOIlJIOJIO,1l;~y-TSKOIY-TO-OYTI> H ',;opoaeHLKs,;p;oopoe B,1I;OpOBl>e HS pSBJIyKiJ loel.

3. SaroBOP'ft Oft 'rOOD po~.ol: .a'rJDIB. .'J. p&UJB'II C... ~ ~'r8'rBom.

PaapLlAllJIllCI> H POAH&II, ps(is TSK&II-TS, B'I> BLlCOKOJ['l> reped poAHTeJIl>CKOK'l>, C'I> KpsCHol YTpeHHeA BOPH, BO 'IIICTO nose r .IH,1I;IO'III, HS SSKST'I> HeHarJIH,1I;HSrO AHTHTKH eaoero HCHSro COJlIlLl1llKS-TSKOro-TO. ,lI;OCH)J,iJJIS H AO OOSAHel Be'lepHeil 3OpH, ,11;0 CLlpol POCLI, B'I> TOCSiJ, B'I> 6iJd. He BSIHJlHJlOCI> m KpJIIIHTL COOH, S npH,1I;yxSJIOCI> ssrOBOpBTI> TOCKY JIIOTYIO, rpo(ioBYIO. IIom .. a 8 BO 'IIICTO nose, BSUS '1smy 6pS'lHYIO, BLlHy.lS CBiJ~ 06PJ'l&JIl>lIJIO, ,1I;OCT&JIS UST'I> BiJH'lSJILHLlI, nO'lepHHY.lS BOALI H3'I> ssropHsro cTJ)J,e~s. CTUS H Cpa,1l;H Dca ,1I;peIJ'l8rO, O'lepTKJlSCI> '1epTOIO npHSOpO'IHOIO H soaro-

BOPHJlS 3L1'1HL11'1> rOJlOCOI'J,: '

3llrOBspBBSIO H eaoero HeHSUH,lI;HSrO )J,HTHTKY, TSKorO-TO, all';'I> '1smelO 6PS'IHOIO, HaA'I> cBiJmeIO BOAOIO, HS)J,'I> nJISTOI'I> BiJJI'IlUI>HLII'I>, HS,1I;'I> cBiJ'IelO 06PJ'lSJlI>HOIO. YlLIBaIO H csoero AJlTHTKy BO 'IIICTOe JIII'DIKO, yTHpSIO nJlSTOI'I> BiJH'IUI>HLlII'I> ero YCTS CSISPHLIH, 0'111 HCHLIH, '1eJIO )J,JIHoe, JISHHTLI KPSCHLIS, OCBt'l&lO CBiJ'IOIO O(iPJ'l&JILHOIO ero CTSHOBLII KScflTSH'I>, ero manKY co(iOJIHlIJIO, ero nO,1(OOHCL ySOp'lSTYIO, ero KOTLI ma-

40

rae, ero RY,lI;pa: PYCLle, ero JIHD;O .0JIO,ll;en;Roe, ero nocTynL 60pSYIO. :GYP;L TLI, aee p;HTJITRO HeHsu.ap;iIoe, cBtute CO.IHLlIIIKS JICHarO, IUlJlte BeJIlHJIrO )J;HJI, cBtTJIte KJOO'IeBOI BOALI, 6trle . apsro BOCKS, KptII'l8 KaIHJI ropessro AJIsmpa. OTBomy a OT,)) Te6J1: '10PTS crpaaraaro, OTrOHJIIO BHIOPJl 6ypHaro, OTP;SJIJIlO OT,)) .IItmsro Op;HOrJIassro, OT,)) '1ymoro p;oIOBOro, OT,)) arero BOp;JlHOrO, OT,)) BtALILI RieBCRoI, OT,)) s.IIoI eeerpa 8JI .ypo.cRoI, OT,)) .oprYHLH-PYC3.lRH, OT,)) TpeKJIJlTLIJl6a6Ll-JIrU, OT,)) JIeTY'lsro 31tJl eraeaaaro, OTIISIHBaIO OT,)) BOPOHS Btmare, OT,)) BOPOHN-RSPKYHLH, SSCJlOHJlIO OT,)) ltaIn;eJl-Hp;YHS; OT,)) rarparo '1epHORHHmHHKa, on aarosopaaro xyp;eCHHK3, on aparo BOJIIBa, OT,)) c.IItnoro 3HSISpa, OT,)) CTSPYU-BtAym.H. A 6YP;L TLl, .oe P;HTJlTKO, 10H!')) CJ[OBOU RptllKU,))B,)) HOIIJ;H H B,)) nO.IIJHOIIJ;H, B,)) 'lacy H B,)) nO.llY'ISCLH, B,)) nYTB H AOPOateHLKH, BO CHt H HS JlBY-YKPLlT,)) on CHm Bpa.,mia, OT,)) He'IBCTLII,)) AYIOB')), c6epemeH'L on clepTH HanpacHLIJI, OT,)) ropa, OT,)) 6tP;Ll, colpsHeH,)) HS BOp;t on nOTOnJIemJl, yKpLlT,)) B,)) ornt OT,)) croptHiJl. A npHp;eT,)) 'lac')) TBOil: c.epTHHI, H TN BCnOIJlHH, .oe ,lI;HTJlTKO, npo Hsmy JII060BL .IISCROBylO, npo Haill')) XJIt6'))-c0.n. pocKomHHl, 06epHHcL HS pOAHHy CJIaBHYIO, YAapL el '1e.llon ce,ll;lepHJKp;N ceIL, pacnpeerae» C')) pO)J;HLlIIH H KPOBHNIH, llpHllSAH R,)) CLIpol sent H S3CHH CHOI')) CJISP;KHn, Henp06Y)J;HLII')).

A 6yp;L loe C.IIOBO: cHJlJ)Hile BO;ll;Ll, BLIme rops, TJlateJIte 30JlOTS, xptn'lae roplO'Iaro KSIlHJI AJISTLlpa, 10ry'l38 6orsTLlPJl. A XTO BSP;YIseT')) loero AHTJlTKY 06.opO'lHTL H ysopo'1HTL; H TOIY CKPhlTLCJI sa ropa APSp3TCKiJl, B,)) 6es;II;HLl npeHcnop;Hia, B,)) CIO.llJ KHHy'IYJO, B,)) amp')) n8JllO'IiA:. A 6Y;II;fl'1> ero '1spN-eIlY He B,)) '1SPLl, lopo'l3HLe ero He B,)) 1I0PO'lSHL8, Y30p'l3HLe ero He B,)) Y30p'lSHbe.

41

4. Saruops O%OftJID .. IIOOftllO~ ui~~ ~ aab;eB'L

&rSII 8, pS61. T8KOA-TO, 3OOBilTJIO, JIIlB8I1CL HB 6uo, HB '1epHO, yTBp8IOCL HB CYXO, HB 10Kpo. HAY .a B31. p;BepeA B1. ARepH, BS1. BOPOT1. B1. BOpoTLl, B1. 'lHCTO nOJIe, 1£1. ncy Ape-r'lelY, S B31. JIilcs ,n;peI)"Isro 6i1ryT1. Ko.ail HS BCTpil'I)' ,1I;B8AAaTL CSTSHaHJIOB1., ,n;Ba,n;n;STL ,n;wmOHJIOB1., ARaAASTL .rinDlI1., ARa,n;n;STL nOJIKaHOB1.-BCiI nilmie, BciI KOHHLle, BciI '1epHLIe, BciI 6i1.me, Beil asoosie, Beil HB3Kie, BciI cTpamHLIe, BciI po6Kie: CTaJIH Hpe,1l;O nolO Til C~TaHaRJILI, Til ,n;LJIBORJILI, Til ~ilmie, TilnOJIKSHLI, CTaJIH HS 1010 yCJIyry B nOAIory. noAHT8 BLI, C8TaH8HJILI, ,n;L8BORJILI, JIilmie H nOJIKSHLI-B1. TSKol-TO-OCTPOB1., npBrOHBTe pycaKOB1. B 6U8KOB1. HS lOB . mBLI nOCTSBHLIe: cpepe'lHLIe, sesepaie, HO'IHLIe, YTpeHHie H nOJI)',n;eHHLIe. npBrOHHTe, OCTSHOBHTe H B1. 10BI1. KJIilT8X1. 1Ip1llKllHTe.

6. Saro.ops B. ~·jI;opo.e"BJ.

'tAY JI H31. nOJI8 B1. nOJIe, B1. 3eJIemie JI)'rs, B1. ,1I;OJILHLl8 ricTa, no YTpeHHD1. B Be'lepHHI'}, 30P81'},; PLIBSIOCL liI,1I;8- 11011 pocon, YTHPSIOCL comn;en, 06JIeKSIOCL 06JISKSn, onoHCHBaIOCL '1HCTLIIH 3Bils,n;sn. 't,n;y JI BO '1BCTOn non, a BO 'lRCTOn nOJIiI pOCTeT1. O,1l;OJIeBL-TpSBs. OAOJIeHL-TpsBS! He II TOOJI nOJIHB8JI1., He 8 Te68 nOpOp;BJI1.; nopo,n;HJlS Te68 JaTL CLIPS-se1JI8, nOJIHB8JIH re68 ,n;ilBKH npOCTOBOJIOCLI8, 6s6LI-CSJOKPYTKH. O,n;OJIeBL-TpaBS! O,n;oJIili TLI 3JILII1. JIIO,n;ei: JIHIO 6LI HS aaes He ,n;YISJIH, CKBepHBrO He ILICJIHJIH. OTrOHH TLI '1SPO,1l;U, JI6eAlIHlta. Op;OJIeBL-TpSBS! OAOJIill IHiI reps BLICOKia, ,1I;OJILI HB3Kie, osepa CHoi8, 6epers KpYTLIe, JIilcs TenLIe, neBLKB B KOJIOALI. HAY .a C1. T0601l, O,1l;OJIeBL-Tpssa, 1£1. OKiSIl'L-IOPIO, 1£1. pilKiI 10MaHY, S B1. OKiall'L-Jopil, B1. pilKil IOPAsHiI JleaHT1. 6i1n-ropIO'IL KaJeHI> AJIaTLIpb. KaK1. on

42

RpiluKO JIeatHT'b npe)l,O KHOlO, TaK'b 6L1 Y 3J1L1I'I> JllO)I,eA JlaLlK'I> He nOBOpOTlIJ[CJI, PYKH He nOAWIaJIHCb, a J1elKaTb 6L1 1UI'b KpilDItO, ItaK'I> J1elKHT'b 6iln-I'oplO'IL KalIeHb AJlaTLIpb. CnpJl'lY JI TOOJl, O)l,OJleHb-TpaBa, Y peTHB8rO cepAD;a, BO Been nYTH H BO BeeA )l,opolKeHbKH.

6. SaroBop .. Ba YKpo~aie l'B'iBa po~ol: "~B. Ha BeJIHK'b AeHb JI PO)l,HJICJI, TLIHon lKeJIilsHID'b Orpa)l,HJICJI H nomen JI K'I> esoea pOAIDIoA IaTylItKiI. 3aruilBHJI8CL .0Jl pOAH.aa pO)l,ymKa, J10IaJla .OH KOCTH, II\HnaJIa aoe TilJlo, ronraaa .eHJI B'b norars, nasa .. 010 KpOBb. COJ1HD;e acaoe, 3Bil3)1,LI CBilTJILlJI, He60 'lHCTOe, zepe THIoe, nOJlJl lKeJITLIJIBCt BLI CTOHTe THIO H COpHO; TaK'b 6L1JIa 6L1 THIa H cnpHa .0Jl pOAHaa IaTymKa no BCJI AHH, no BCJI 'l3CLI, B'b HOII\H H nOJIYHOII\H. KaK'b meza nOHOCKY HOCHT'b, T8K'b 6L1 poAH.aJl .aTymK8 nJIO)l,lIJIa )l,06pLIJI CJIOBeCa sa KeHJI, caoere pO)l,HOrO CLIHa. KaK'b BOCK'b TaeT'b II rOpHT'b OT'b JlHD;a OrHJI, TaIt'b 6L1 ropilJlo H TaJlJlO cepme .oeit POAHXoit .aTymKH. KaK'I> J1e6e,II;L no JIe6e)l,KifI TocKyeT'I>, T8K'I> 6L1 KOJI pO)l,HIaa lIaTymKs TOCKOsaaa no oil, CBOel'b PO,ll;HOI:'b CLlHt. KaK'L CTYAeHeD;'L JlbeT'b no BCJI )l,HH BO)l,y, TaR'b 6L1 TeltJlO eepme PO)l,HIOit ISTymItH KO KHt, CBoellY PO,ll;HOI-y CLlHY_ KSK'L ABepb K'L KOCJIKY npHTBOpJleTCJI, TaK'b 6L1 10H CJ10BeCa K'b POAHKOit I8TymKH 'npsTBOPJlJIIICb, no RCJI AHH, no BCJI 'l8CLI, BO AHH H HOII\H, B'L noa)l,eHb H nomcss.

'1. SarOBO})'Io B& JKpo~eBie L1IoCiIllD:" C8Meu; ...

Caaycb B'b CaHH KPLlTLlJI 606pan, H C060JIJIJDI, H KyHHD;an. KaK'L JlHCHD;LI H KyHHD;LI, 606pLl H c060JIH 'leCTHLI II BeJlH'laBLI KelKAY nauaKH H nouau, KelKAY IIipOJl'b H cezo .. 'L; TaK'L .oit HapOlKAeHllHit CLIH'L 6L1J1'b 6L1 'leCTeH'b H BeJIH'laB'b KelKAY uauan H uonau, KelK,lI;Y IIipol'b II ceJlOI'L. 'BAY aa r8ABllt, y&'L nOrOHJleT'L, a CaJ.'b AIOlK1., Y naHOB'b H CYAL.eB'L

nOJlOD'L P;BOp'L CBHHea, H a TilI'L CBHBea nepeiln. CYP;'L cyAon, BtK'L BilKOI'L! CillO IaK'L. PS3HP;YTca Bet CY,ll,LH, S THa CH,lI,aT'L, ':ITO leHa ilP;llT'L. MeDa He C'LiI)l;HT'L; Y .eHa 1leP;Bilm POT'L, BOJI'Iia ry6H, CBHBHe Sy6H. CYA'L cyp;OI'L, BilK'L BilKon! KTO .oa ISK'L 6yp;eT'L Hop;6HPSTL, TOT'L DS .eHa 6y,lI,eT'L cYP;'L ,lI,3B3Tb. Cnpa':lY a CBOa I3K'L B'L zeJlilSHYIO KS,lI,L, a 6pomy Ka,ll,L B'L OKiSH'L-Iope. OKiSH'L-IOpe He BHCm3eT'L, EaAH loea HHKTO He BHHHISeT'L, H I3Ky aeero HHKTO He nop;- 6HpSeT'L. Cy,n;'L cy,n;OI'L, BilK" BilKOI'L! 3a.HKalO Sy6H H ry6Ll 3AHI'L cepAJ(ax'L, a KJIIO'I1I6pocalD B'L OKiaH'L-.ope, B'L CBOIO ze.lilSHYIO Kap;L. Kor,n;s aope BLlCOIHeT'L, Korp;a laK'L HS'L Kap;H noil,ll,llT'L, TorAa nil He 6L1BSTL. Cy,ll,'L CYAon, BilK'L BilKon!

8. SaroBop ... Ra Boaa.eRie ne ..... B .. , .. eAo

II qem POSTCH, D':Iem DJlOp;aTCa, nqeiH ClHpaTCH. CTauy JI HS BOCTOK'L, npOTHB'L ,n;OJILHea CTOPOHLl, H cJlHmy myn H ryn mers. Bepy a D':IeJIy poa, osapea, cszalO B'L yJIea. He s: re611 CaatalO, CaJltSIOT'L Te6s 6i1J1Ha sBilsP;Ll, poroHoria 1iI~'L, spaeaoe COJlHHmKO, CaZaIOT'L Te6s H YKopa':IHBaIOT'L. TH, D':IeJla, poaca y rssero-ro, aa oKpyr'L Ca,ll,HCL. 3snlltaID s: re6t, laTKa, BciI HyTH-p;oporH KJIIOqen, 3a1K0JI'L; a 6pocalO CBOH IUIO'IH B'L OKiaH'L-1I0pe, nop;'L se.leHHil KyCT'L; a B'L 3e.1eHOn KYCTiI CHP;HT'L laTKa, Bctn IaTKan CTSpmaJI, CHAJIT'L H ,n;epZHT'L ceIL,n;ecaT'L ceIL zan, a ZaJlHT'L Hen~KOpHHI'L nsers, A 6yp;eT'L BLl, nqem, 10HI'I> CJIOBaI'L He nOKOpHTeCL, COmJIlO a BaC'L B'L OKiaH'L-IOpe, no,l('L seJlema KJCT'L, rAil CHP;HT'L IaTKa, Bciln ISTXSI'L CTapmaJI, H 6yAeT'L sa same HenoKop~e ataJIHTL BSC'L IaTKa B'L ceIlLp;eCJlT'L CeIL ataJI'L. CJlOBO Iloe KpilDKO!

9. SaroBop .. B& J'1'lIXaRie SpOBB.

ABa 6paTa KaleHL CilXyT'L, p;BiI ceerps B'L oxomxo ua)l,1lT'L, ABiI CBeKpoBH B'L BopoTaI'L CTOSIT'L. TLl, CBeKOp'L, BOPOTHCL, a TH, KpoBL, YTOJIHCL; TIl, cecrpa, OTBOPOTHCL, a TLl,

KPODL, ybHCL; TH, 6pST'L, CUpUCL, a TLI, EpoBL, 3anpUCL. BpaT'L 6tZllT'L, eeerpa KPUqHT'L, CBeKOp'L BOP'iHT'L. !. 6YAL Koe CJIOBO KptnKo aa YTBIaHie KPOBU y pa6s, rasoro-ro, no cel qac'L, no CiIO UayTy!

10. S.rOBop .. 0'l"Jo JBJDlem. In ••

3.iH MaKep;OHHn;a! 3aqtu TLI, BCtU 3nHn CTSpmaH H 60JThmaa, p;tJlaemL TaKie H3'LHHLI, KycaemL p;06pLlX'L JIIOAel. C06epH TLI CBOHI'L TaTOK'L H p;H,o;el, CeCTep'L H 6paTLeB'L, BCtX'L POP;HLII'L H qymn'L, BLlHL csoe mSJlo H3'L rptxoBHsro TtJla, y ps6s rasoro-re, a eCJlH TIl He BLlHemL cacero maJla, TO HSIO:J1IO sa Te6H rp03HyIO ryqy, ESIeHLen n06LeT'L, KOJlHiett nOmmeT'L. OT'L rposHol TyqB. HHrp;t TH He YKpoemLCH:

HH no,o;'L seueIO, HJf nop;'L KemoIO, HH B'L nOJlt, HB. nop;'L soJlO,o;OIO, HH B'L TpaBll, HH B'L CLlpLlI'L 60pax'L, HU B'L TeIHLlX'l> J1ilcax'L, HB. B'L esparar», JIB B'L HJ:aX'L, HH B'L ,o;y6SX'L, HH B'L HOpaX'L. CHH.y H C'L Te6'H p;BtHa,o;n;aTL mKyp'L C'L paSHLlD mKyp~)(H, comry calOIO Te6H, pasBtIO no quCTOIj nOJlIO. CJIOBO aoe He npelp;eT'L HH B'L BilK'L, HH BO BtK1.!

U. Saro.op .. Oft, J.uem. B08lDDB •.

Ha 10pt aa OKiaHil, aa OCTPOBt aa BYHHt, CTOB.T'L P;y~'L HB. Har'L, HH op;tT'L, nop;'L Ttn ,o;y601'L CTOB.T'L J1B.UOBLltt ltyCT'L, nOA'L TtU JlB.nOBLII'L KYCTon J1eZllT'L sJlaTol KlIoxeHL, aa Ton Kant JIelKB.T'L PYHO 1JepHOe, HS Ton pyat JIemB.T'L HHOPOKaH sxiH rapa41eaa. TLI, sKiH raps41eHs, BOSLU csoe lKaJIO B.S'L pa6a TaItOrO-TO, oT6epll OT'L aero Hep;yrB.. !. KOJIB. TH He BOSLxemL caoe maJIO, He oT6epemL He,o;yrOB'L, IIHO H BLlHy ABa Homa 6YJIaTHLle, oTptmy H y SKiB. rapa41eHLI maJIO, IIoJlomy B'L Tpll cyHp;yKa meJltsHLle, saupy B'L ,lI;Ba salKa atxen;ltie. Kn:IOq'L He6eCHLlI, se.HLlI sa.OK'L! C'L sroro 'lacy, C'L UOJlj,ll;HH, C'L nOJlY1Jacy, AS 6YAeT'L 6eS,lI;LlXaHHS BCHKaH ltOSIOJILKa, B. ymaJleHiH ea B'L HeymaJleHiH. !. BLI, snB.

• 3~Ll, yaH H yzHIUl, Iilp;HllHnLl H Capa'lHnLl- 6ilrHTe DpO'II> OT'L pa6a TaltOrO-TO no eel Billt'L, no celt saes. CJlOBO loe KpilnKO!

lJ. SarOBOp!t B. oftBuie 'Iepua... lIJPieB ....

3a .open CHHIII'L, 33 .open XBaJlLlHCKU'L, nocpep;H OKi3H'L-.opa,JleaHT'L OCTPOB'L BYJlH'L;HaTo.'L OCTPOBil ByaHil CTOHT'L p;y6'L, nop;'L Tilll'L p;y601'L &HByn eep;b.epHn;ero ceIl> CTapn;OB'L, HH CKOB3HIlHI'L, HH CBll3aHHLII'L. 'llpnOp;HJI'L K'L HU'L CTapen;'L, npIIBOp;HJI'L K'L HHn TbllJ Te.'L '1epHLII'L IJpieB'L. B03bIHTe BLl, CTapn;Ll, no TpH &aJ[il3HLlX'L poaaa, KO.DITe, py6HTe '1epHLlX'L IJpieB'b aa ce.bp;eCHT'L ceIl> '1acTell.

3a .open CHHHII'L, sa 10pel'L XBaJlLlHCKU'L, nocpep;H OKi8H'L-.op.e:,J1eaHT'L OCTpOB'LBYJlH'Lj HaTOI'L OCTPOBil ByaHi! CTOHT'L P;0I'b, a B'L TOIl'L p;ollil CTosn Kap;H at8JIilSHLlJl, a Bi TtX'L K3P;ax'L J1eaan reaera meJlKOBLlJI. BLl, erapna, HH CKOBallHHe, HII CBllsaHHLle, co6eplITe '1epHLlX'L IIJPieB'L B'L K3AR ae.u:tsHLls, B'L reaera meJlKOBLlH, OT'L pa6a TaKorO-TO.

3a .open CHHHI'L, sa .0pe.'L XBaJ[LlHCKHJ:'L, noopep;H OxiaH'L-.opJl, J1eatHT'L OCTPOB'L BYHH'Lj aa TOI'b OCTPOBil BYllHt CHp;HT'L nTHD;a raraHa,C'L atuil3llLII'L Hooon, C'L lIilp;HLIIH KorrllIH. TLl, nTHn;a I'eraaa, CHp;b y p;ola, rAil CTOHT'L xaP;H &aJlilSHLls, a B'L Kap;llI'L J1eataT'L '1epHLle 1IJPiH, B'L m8JIKOBLlX'L TeHeTBX'Lj CHP;H P;PY&HO H Kpilmto,. HHKoro He no,l(nycKaI, BCilx'L OTrOHJlA, Bcilx'L KycaA. 3aroBapHBaro a CU'L sarOBOPOJ:'L pa6a TaKOrO-TO, on '1epHLlX~ lypieB'L, no ceA p;eHb, no cel '1ac'L, no ero BilK'b. A 6yP;b loA 3arOBOp'L p;o.Ion H KpilnOK'L. KTO ero HapymHT'L, roro '1epHLle IypiH C'LtAJ(T'L. CJ[OBO .oe KpilnKo!

13. SaroBop", Oft 'IepRI.

TaTapBll'L, T8TapHH'L, 3J[0p;ilAcKOA nopop;Ll, ypOP;'L HS'L BCtI'L JPo.n;OIl'L! 3a'lin TLl, TaTapHH'L, cilemb '1epooA y .oea

46

JlOmap;R HS'L TaKOrO-TO I'fIcTa? ECJlH He BbIBep;emb, TO BbIPBY Te6a C'L KopHen, sa6pomy sa CHHIOIO)I;aJIb; TbI S8COXHeillb, KaK'L nopoeraase. BcnOIHBillb TbI CBOIO OmH6KY, p;a 6yp;eT'L nosp;Ho.

14. SaroBop .. 0'1"10 ayli_ol: osop6_.

Bapa-sapaana, spacaaa p;ilBBD;a, nOJlyHo~D;a, B'L nod; SaaD;'L, B'L 10pt KaleHb, aa p;Rt JIUapb. nOKpoA: TbI, sap-

. HHlJ,a, lOB Sy6bI'CKOp6HbI ceoen 41aTolO OT'L nposaararo JIHMapa; sa TBOHI'L nOKpOBOI'L yIJ,t.lI'IlIOT'L lOB Sy6bI. Bpar'L JlHlapb, OTK3'IHHCb OT'L leBaj a eCJlB TbI 6yp;emb rpLf3TL lOB 6tme sy6bI, . COKPOIO Te6a B'L 6esp;BbI npeaenoaaia. CJlOBO loe KptnKO!

15. SaroBOp" Oft ayli_ol: 0&op6_.

MtcalJ,'L, TbI dCJIIJ,'L, cepe6pJIHhIe POJKKH, MaTbIe TBOH ROSKK. COitp;H TbI, dcJIIJ,'L, CHHIH 1010 Sy6HYlO CKop6b, YHeCH 60n nop;'L 06J1aKa. Moa CKop6b HK IMa, HH TasKa, a mea casa 1I0rJ'Ia. MHt CKop6K He nepeneers, a TBoeA: cut nepeHeCTb. BOT'L 3y6'L, BOT'L ABa, BOT'L TpK: BCt TBOH; BOSblH 1010 CKop6b. MtcJIIJ,'L, TbI itcaD;'L, COKPOA: OT'L .eHa 3y6HYlO CK9p6L!

18. SarOBop'lo Oft .yli_ol: 0&op6_.

IIp;y a HH YJlHD;elO, HK p;oporolO, a no nycTbIl'L nepe-:

Y J1Kal'L, no OBparaI'L, no K3HaJIan. HaBcTpt'IY nil 3aJIIJ,'L. 3aJllJ,'L, ThI saJIlJ,'L: rd TBOK Sy6bI? OTp;aA: nt CBOK, B03bIH lOB. lIAY a HH nyTell'L, HH p;oporolO, a TelHhII'L J1tcOI'L, ChIphIll'L 60pon. HaBcTpt'IY IIBt ctpIlA: BOJIK'L. BOJIK'L, TbI ctpoA: BOJIK'L: rp;t TBOK Sy6bI? BOT'L Te6t lOB sy6bI, oTp;aA: nil CBOB. H)I;y a HH seoelO, HH BOP;OIO, a 'IHCThIIl'L nOJlell'L, IJ,BtTHhII'L JIyrOI'L. HaBcTpt'l)' ut erapaa 6a6a. CTapaa TbI 6a6a: rp;t TBOH Sy6bI? B03bIH TbI BOJl~H ay6bI, oTp;aA: IRt

47

CBOII BHll3.lLle. 3arOBapRBaIO Sf Sy6Ll KptmtO Ha-KptnKo Y pa6a TaKOrO-TO, no celt p;eHb, no celt '1ac'b, aa BtK'b BtKon!

1'1. 8aroBOP" Oft 17111101: oBopll ..

Mapea, Mapis H Ileaarea, TpH cecrps JIa3apeBLl, nO,II;HTe K'b csoe-r 6paTY JIa3apIO, CnpOCHTe y esoero 6paTa JIa3apSf:

He 6oUT'b.IH Y Te6Sf 3y6Ll? He .I0JlSlT'b JIB Y Te6Sf KOCTH? HtT'b, CeCTplll\Ll! He 60JJlT'b J leHJI sy6Ll, He .I0lsn y aeaa KOCTII. 3arOBapHBaIO s pa6a TaKorO-TO, '1T06Ll y Hero He 60- .rlIJm KOCTII, He .lOUR 3y6Ll, no celt '1ac'b, no celt ,lI,ein., no BeIO ZH3Hb. qYAa BO,ll,SHOIt! B03b1H 3y6'b .II0JlOBOit Y pa6a rasoro-ro. He 60.lST'b y pa6a TaKorO-TO 3y6L1j 60.lST'b 3y6L1 Y KonmH, y c06aKH, y JIBCHIQl, Y aossa, y 3altn;a, Y KpOTa, y 6L1Ka, Y KOPOBLI, Y CBHHbll, Y J10ma,ll,H, Y K03.1a, Y 6apana, J OBn;L1, no Bes ARH, no BCt '1aCLI, no BCIO HI'b 3I:H3Hb, 3JILIJl'b IY'IeHbeI'b H cOKpymeHbeI'b.

18. Baro.o,... Oft ~el: • o'!piLu.

3a ,lI,OJll,HHD ropaD eCTb OKian-lope 3I:8JIt3Hoe, Ha Ton 1I0pt eeTb CTO.l6'b DAm, Ha TOI'b CTO.l6il dP;HOI'b eers n&CTfI'b WYHHLlA:, a CTOHT'b CTo.ll6'b on. 3enll 11.0 He6a, OT'b BOCTOKa p;o 3anaJl.B, 38Bilm;aen. II 3anoBt,II;LIBa8T'b TOn. nacTfI'b CBOJl)['b Ailul'b: 3I:e.lil3Y, YK.lap;y, 6Y.IIaTY KpacHOIY II coelf, CTIUH, DJl.H, npOBO.llOKil, CBHJIn;Y, OJlOBY, cpe6py, 3O.lOTY, KaIlem.sl'b, nBID;8.lD'b H cTpil.llal'b, 60pn;an II Ky.Ia'lHLll'b 6oltn;an, 60nmoit 3ariT'b:

IIoAJlTe BLI! Bemo, Ka)lellbS II CBHHen;'b, B'b CBOIO laTh 38UIO OT'b pa6a TaKorO-TO" a J1.epeBO K'b 6epery, a nepsa B'b nTJUij', a DTHn;a B'b He60, a KJleA: B'b pLl6y, a pLl6a B'b )lope, COKpoltTeCb OT'b pa6a rasoro-ro, A Be.llIlT'b OH'b: D03l:Y, TOnopy, poraTot, KHHBUY, DHID;aJID'b, cTpilJlan, 60pn;an, "Y.la'IHLII'b 601tn;al'b 6L1Tb THIIII'b II cnpHLll'b. A BeJIBT'b OH'b: He ,lI,aBaTb BLlCTpilJIBB8Tb aa leHs BCiKOly paT060pn;y

13'L ~aJlH, a BeJlHT'L CIBaTHTL Y JIYKOB'L- TeTHBLI I 6poCHTL cTpilm B'L 3eUlO. A 6yp;eT'L 100 TilJlo KpilJI'le KaUB, rsepae 6YJIary, DJlaTLe I KOJIUaK'L Kpim'Ioo naanspa I KOJIL'Iyrl. 3811L1K81O CBOH CJlOBeC8 3alKaIl, 6pOC81O KJIIO'lH UOP;'L 6ilJI'L-roplO'lL KaleHL AJIaTLlpL. A KaK'L Y 3aJKOB'L CIILI'IH KpiluKH, TaK'L 10H caoaeca lilTKH.

19. SaroBop.. Oft paHlolX.. oPfJdl:.

JIeTilJI'L opeJl'L H3'L-38 XB8JILIHCKarO 10PH, pa36pocaJI'L KpelHH H KpeIHID;L1 UO KPYTLlI'L 6epersl'L, KHHyJI'L rpoloBJ CTpilJIy BO capy 3e1JlIO. H K8K'L OTpOJJ;HJI8CL OT'L Kpl)IH.II I KpelHHn;LI ICKpS, OT'L rpol!oBoil cTpilm UO.ILII.!!, H K8K'L BLIIOP;HJlS rp03HaJI TY'la, H ItSK'L ~OJlHB8JI'L CIJILuLIA )l.OatP;L, 'ITO HI'L UOKOPHJI8CL H UOItJIOHHJIaCL C8J1BTPS-UOPOI'L, CIHP- 1IHI'L-ClnpHeIOHLItO. KSK'L P;OatP;L BOP;L1 He Hpo6IJ1'L, TaK'L 6L1 leHH, T8ItOro-TO, H 10erO KOH.!! HCKPLI H ny.IIH He up06HBaJDJ, TilJIO loe 6L1J10 6L1 ItptH'Ie 6ilJl8ro KaIH.II. H KSK'L OT'L BO)l.L1 KaIHH OTUPHP;LIBSIOT'L, I nY3apH BCKaKHBSIOT'L, Tax'L 6L1 OT'L p8THIfi'L opyp;iil UP.!!P;8JlH IDO lIeH.II CTpilm H nopOI'L-C8J1BTpa. CJlOBO 100 KpilUKO!

20. SarOBOp'Ii Oft llJu OBBBqOBr.a'li, "'~'Ii, so .. - BIU:'Ii.

B'L BLICOKOI'L TepelY, B'L UOHH30BCKOI'L, aa piJKOIO BOJlrOIO,CTOHT'L KPSCHSH p;ilBID;a, CTOHT'L, nospamaerca, P;06PLlJ('L J1IOJI..!!I'L UOIB8J1l1eTCJI, PSTHH1I'L p;'hJlol'L spaeyerca. Bo npaBoil PyItt p;epatHT'L ny.IIH CBHHD;OBLI.II, BO dBoil .tp;m.!!, a B'L HOraI'L KaleHHLI.II. Ta, KpSCHaJI ,lI;ilBHD;S, oT6epH pyatLR:

TypeD;ItiJl, T8TapCKiJl, Hillen;KiJl, '1epK8ccKiJl, PJcCKiJl, lOp)l.OBcKiH, BCHKHI'L H3L1ItOB'L H cyuocTaTOB'Lj 3aKOJlOTH TIl CBOOIO HeBHp;nolO CHJlOIO pyatL.a: BpaatiH. BYP;YT'» JIB CTpilUTI. H3'L pyZL.a:, I HI'L nyn 6LIJIH AlLl He B'L uyJIHj 8 UOmJIH 6L1 s'rH nyJI.II BO capy 3el.lllO, BO '1HCTO nere. A 6L1JI'L 6L1

49

S us BoAut u;tJI'L H HeBpeAJII'L, H .0A KOHb 6LIJI'L 6LI u;tJl'L H ueBpeAJIII'L; a 6LIJI!l 6LI .OB o,ll;eatAa EptnlJe naanapa. BanmaIO CBOH nparoaopaaa CJIOBeCa sanon H EJIIO'I'J. KH,II;aIO B'L OEiaH'L-.Ope, no,ll;'L ropIO'Ib Ka.eBb AJlaTLIpb. II EaK'L .0pIO He BLICLIlaTb, KS.HS He BRAaTb, EJIlO'IeA He AOCTaBaTb, TaE'L .eRB nyJl.8Jl'L He y6HBaTb, AO .oero atBBOTa, no EOHe~'L BiIu.

81. SaroBo}t'Jo aa .e.riao, JU&';", Cftn, rl~.

lIaTb cLIps-3eUJI, TLI .aTb BCRKOIlY ateJItsy, a TLI, ateJlil80, nO,ll;B BO CBOIO IaTepb-SeUIO, a TLI, ,ll;peBO; nOAH BO CBOIO UTepb-,II;peBO,a BLI, nepb.8,nO]J.HTe BO CBOIO IaTepb-nTHD;y, a lITlI1J;a nOJleTH JI'L He60, a KJIeA n06trH B'L pLI6y, a TLI, pLI6a, nOnJILIBB B'L aepe, a IHt 6LI, pa6y TaEOII}'-TO, 6wo 6LI npoCTOPHO no BCeit sem. J1teJltso, YKJIaA'L, CT8Jlb, .t,ll;b, sa .eHH He IO,ll;BTe, BopOTHTeCH ymbD B 60KaD. ltaE'L IBTeJIHu;a He .0ateT'L npno JleTtTb, H EO BCHKO.Y ApeBY 6JIBSKO npacraBaTb, TaS'L 6LI Jlct.'L Ban HR .0'lHO HIl npsao, HB TJlateJlO Bajl;aTb aa .eus H 1I0ero KOUS, B npHCT8BaTb EO IHt H .oeIlY EOHIO. ltaK'L y .eJILHHD;LI atepHOBa Be.PTSTCH, TaK'L ate- 1'1130, YKJI8]J.'L, CTaJIL B .t,ll;b BepTtJIBCb 6LI Epyron .eHH, a B'L .eHB He nonaA8JIH. A TtJlO 6LI .00 6wo on BaC'L He OKpOBaBJleHO, Arma He oCEBepueHa. A 6YAeT'L 1l0A nparosops KPtnOK'L B Jl.oJIor'L!

22. SarOBOp.. 11& Upfil.

TpBJJ.D;aTb meCTb KapT'L, ceerpa H 6paTbs, KyllLI H Ey.0BbS, CBaTLI H CBaTI>B, AJIAH H TeTKR, OTU;LI H I8TepH, AO'1epH H na,ll;'1epHD;LI, CLIHOBI>Jl H nacLIHKH, CBeKPOBR B SOJlOBEB, TeCTH B TeII{H, 3JlTI>Jl B CBOSKH, SOJIOBKB H HeBtcTKH, BCt BLI '1epHLIe, BCt BH 6tJlHe, BCt spacme, CKaatBTe .ut BCIO CJ'II{YIO npaBAY: 'ITO S ,ll;y.alO? 'ITO 6Y,ll;1 ,ll;y.aTb? eKasHTe, He YTaATe, no Bcel CnpaBe,lVlHBOCTH, KaIt'L BH rOBOpHJIH AO-

4

50

'Iepan HP0,ll;OBLlI'L, aa 6pa'IHOI'L DRPY, BO DO'IeTHoi:'II CTOJlY. A 6Y,II;eT'II He c~eTe Bil cym;eA npaB,II;Il, He B3~m;eTe _oeA 6t,ll;ll, RHO Ban Be atRTI> 60Jlte aa 6tJlon CBtTt; a paslIll'fJ a BaC'II no 'IRCTO_y nom, no 3eJleB~'II ,ll;y6pOBU'II, no Itpy~'II 6eperan, no CRHRn .oplln. A 6Y,ll;eT'II Bil. CKaateTe cym;ylO npaB,II;y, HHO Ban 6Y,ll;eT'II 3tIfTM npBBOJILHOe, paS,II;OJILHoe. 3arOBapBBalO a, pa6a TaK8JI-TO, aa KapTIl Ha BllBt,1l;WlaHie cBoeA P;y_ll, aa cnOSHame ,ll;tn 'lYatH1'II. CJlOBO .oe KptnKO!

IS. Saro.op.. Oft OCR.

Oca, MaTb He'llI'll OCal'll, Til nt He J:8Tb. OCHTKB-p;ilTKH, Bctn ,ll;tTHI'II )l;tTKH, Bil _Ht He ,ll;tTR. Repy H 3aKpY'IeH'bTpaBY, cymy Ha cilpon 60py, my B'II SeJleHOn Jlyry. OCHTKB, JIeTHTe aa ,ll;IlI'Il; oca, 6trH B'II CLIJIOit 60p'll. CJlOBO SaIlOK'II, K.l1O'I'II HSIlK'II!

84. SaroBop" Oft '.JlCNI.

TIl, lte60, CJlmIlHmb, Til, He60, BR,lI;HIIIb, 'ITO.a 10'IY,Jl;tJIaTl> Ha,ll;'b TtJIOn pa6a; TaKorO-TO. '1.'tJlO MaepeHa, ne'IeUb rese, 3Bt3AL1 Bil HCHIlH, coit,JJ;RTe B'II 'Iamy 6pa'IHYIO; a B'II loel 'lam'll BO,ll;a HS'b aaropaaro CTY,ll;eHD;a. M~'b Til KpacHllit, CoAAH B'II .010 KJItTb; a B'II .oeA utTH HB ,JI;Ha, 811 nospamItH. COJlHllmKO Til npIlBOJIbHOe, BSOit,ll;H na MOit ,JI;BOp'b; a aa iloen ,ll;BOpt HB JIIO,II;eit, HB sBtpeit. 3BtS,lI;Il, yituTe pa6a rasoro-ro OT'b RHHa; riCJlI('II, OTBpaTII pa6a TaKOr~o OT'b BIIHa; COJIHllmKO, ycnpH pa6a rasoro-ro OT'II BIIBa. CJlOBO .00 KptnKO!

86. SIU'OBOP'" R. OCftROUeRle Pfl!;iI.

1>xaJl'b 'IeJIOBilK'II cTap'b, KOHb no,ll;'II BIDI'II Kapb, no l.'HcTaHHI'II, no ,ll;oporan, no npHTOHHIlI'll .tcTan. Til, .aTb-pY,ll;a 3tRJlLH8JI, JKBJIbH8JI, TtJleCH8JI, ocraaoaaes, HasaA'b BOPO-

51

THCb. CTap1> 'IeJlOBtK'b Te6J1 3anHpaeT'b, H3 nOKoA corptBaeT'b. R3K'b' KOHIO ero .BOP;LI He CT3JJO, T3K'b 6L1 Te6J1, PY)l,3- laTb, He 6L1BaJlo -. CJlOBO loe KpilnKO.

28. BaroBop.. Ha OC.,aBoBJ[eJli~' PYP;iI.

H3 .opt aa OKiaHt, HaOCTpoBt U3 BYJld, CTOHT'b p;y6'b HH H3r'b, HH Op;tT'b. llo,ll;'b p;y60I'b CUP;JlT'b TpHp;eBJlTb TpU ,lI;tB~LI, KOJIJIT'b K3ny HrJl3U 6YJl3THLlIH. BLI, p;ilBU~ KpacHHJI: rHeTCJI JlU B3m'b 6YJl3T'b? HtT'b! H3m'b 6yJl3T1:

He rHeTCJI. TIi, PYA3, yIIHCb, OCT3HOBlICb, npesparacs. CJlOB6 loe KptnKO!

87. BarOROp .. HI. OO'l'&HoueJlie PJP;iI.

JleTHT'b BOPOH'L 6e3'L KPHJI'b, 6en HOr'L, C3,11;HTCJI BOPOH'b K'L pa6y T3KOIY-TO H3 rJl3BY H H3 naeso. Bopou'b CH)I,RT'b, nOCHmlB36T'b, P3H} nOT3'1lIB3eT'b. TLI, aopons, P3UY He KJIIOit, TH, PY,lI;3, H3'L p3nH He 6trH. II)I,6T'b cT3peu,'b, Bctn orasem, UeCeT'L ne'l3Tb. TLI, CT3peU,'b, OCT3UOBHCb, TLI, BOPOH'b, He K3PRaA, TLI, PY,ll;3, He KallHH. KPOBU He X3mUB3Tb, TtJly He 63J1H-

B3Tb. llyn SeDJI, OAHa CeJlbJl. BYJI;b no 10a1Y! .

88. BaroRop .. on ~H:z:opap;BH.

Ha ropax'b AeOHCKHI'L CTORT'b Ay6'h 10KpeU,KOit, no,ll;'b Ttl'b Ay60n CHAJIT'L TpUHaAeCJIT» crapness, C'h cT3pu,en ll3.HYTiel'L. IIAYT'b K'L HUn )l,BtHa,ll;eCJlT» )l,ilBHU,'L npeeroBOJJOCLlX'D, npocTOnOJlCLlX'J). II pese CT3peU,'h IIa«(IHYTiA, cs TpelJlH3AeCJlTb CT3pU,3IH: KTO cia K'L H3n H)I,Om3? II pese elY ABilHap;eCJlT» AilBUU,Il: eCI» III napa IIp0)l,3' )I,~epH, H,II;el'L H3 BeC» lip'b KOCTH 3H06HTb, TilJlO IY'IHTb. II pese cr3peU,'L llalflHfTiA CBOBl'h CT3p1J,3n: SJIOIUTe no TpH npYT3, Ttl'b CT3Hen HI'b 6HTH no TpH 30pU YTpeHHHX'h, no TpH sop. Be'lepHHI'h. B310JlUm3C» ABtH3AeCHT» )l,ilB'b K'b TPUH3- ,a;eCJlTb cTapu,3J1'b C'b cT3pu,en ll31flHyTien. H He nO'ITO me

4*

52

6L1CTJ, HI'L IOJll,6s. H US'ISm8 RX1. CTSp~ 6RTJI, rJlsroDl: 01 BLI eCH p;Btu8p;eCSTL p;tBJfflH! BYP;LTe BY TPSCYHBD;Ll, BOJl:SHH~, pa3MS6J1eHHLIS, H atHBRTe HS BOp;t CTYJl:eHRn;t, B'L lip'L He XOp;HTe, SOCTH He 3H06HTe, TU8 He .Y'lLTe. ll06troma ABtu8p;eCSTI> p;tBJffl'L Sq BOAt cTyp;eHHn;t, TpSCJ1IHn;su, BOp;SHIln;8MB, p83CJla6J1eHHLlU. '

38rOBspHBaIO S PS68, rasoro-re, OT'L H3cymeBis JlHXOpSp;KH. BYJl:LTe BLI npOUSTLI p;BtHsp;eCSTI> JJ;tBJffl'L B'L T8P'LTSpapy! OTLI;n;HTe OT'L p86s, Tssoro-ro, B'L rica TemILIe,

HS p;peBS cyxia!6). ,

99. SarOBO,.. pa~ro 1JO,KOBiBa, ~U'O .a BOADy. 1lp;y H8 ropy BLlIlOS)'D, ,lI;8Jlesyro, no 06J1sssn, no BOp;an, 8 HS ropt BLlCosol CTOHT'L Tepell'L 60SPCKOI, S BO repeIt 60HpCsOI'L CH,lI;HT'L 3S3U068, KpaCHaJI Jl:tBJfflS. TLI ,u;tBJfflS, 383u06s IOJlO,ll;e'leCS8JI, HP;Y 3S Te6s BO PSTI> HS cynoCTSTOB'L 10BI'L, BpSrOB'L-3J10;n;teB'L. BLlHL TLI, p;tBJfflS, OTe'18Csil Ie'l'L-U8;n;eUen;'L; }l;OCTSHL: TLI, p;tBJfflS, n&JfflLlpL p;tp;oBcsol; OTOIKHH TLI, p;tBHn;S, mJleI'L 60rSTLlpCsol; OTODpR TY, ,lI;tBJfflS, SOHSI BOpoHS. Mut, Ie'l'L-USp;eHen;'L, 6Y,1I;l> p;PYron, :mt, nsun;Ypl> p;tP;OBCKil, 6YP;1> POP;lILIIl'L 6pSTon, nt, men 60raTLlpCKoA, 6YP;L Btun;on 06pY'l8J1LHLlI'L, nt, SOHL Bopouol, 6YA!> y,1l;&JlLln 10JlOp;n;0J('L. BYp;H TLI, JJ;tBHn;8, BO '1HCTO nose, S BO '1HCTOI'L' nOJlt CTOHT'J, p8TI> IOfJ1J8X, 8 B'L PSTH opyatiA UtT'L cItTY. 3sspol TLI, p;tBHn;s, .eHSI cBoel .sTol: OT'L CRJILI BpaateA, OT'L IIlIID;SJlH, OT'L CTptJl'L, OT'L 60pn;s, OT'L SYJl8'1Hsro 601n;a, OT'L pST060pn;s, OT'L p;epeaa pycicsaro H 3810pcs8ro: OT'L p;y6y, OT1> BSSY, OT'L ueHY, OT'L aeeaa, OT'L eaa, OT'L PX6HHLI, OT'L noriHs ,1I;JlHHH8rO He AJIHHH8rO '1eTBepTHHHarO, OT'L JlHULI, OT'L atHIOJlOCTH, OT'L HBLI, OT'L COCHLI, OT'L H6J10Hll, OT'L sypocriny, OT'L optmRHLI, OT'L IOatateBeJILHRKY, OT'L CtH8, OT'L COJlOILI1 OT'L SOOTH, OT'L atema, OT'L yU8p;s, OT'L CT8JIH, OT'L It,ll;H sp&CHol, seze-

53

BoA, DpOBOJlOKB, OT'L cepe6pllo, OT'L SOJlOTS, on nTH'ILJlrO nepa, OT'L BeBtpBLll'L JDO,lI.eA: BsrsAcKBI'L, &t.e~KBI'L, .0p,ll,BH, TSTSP'L, 6smKBp~eB'L, KaDLlKOB'L, rYJI.aB~OB'L, 6YlSP~OB'L, KO- 6LlTell, BOBY.IIOB'L, 6YIIHP~OB'L, Typ'leBBBOB'L, .aKYTOB'L, J1YHSCOB'L, 'Iepe.HCOB'L, BOT.aKOB'L, JlH6SHOB'L, KHTsACKHI'L Dl,ll.eA.

BLl, ,lI.epeBa, on .eRH pa6s, TaKorO-TO, BopOTHTeCb; BLl, ae.ri30 H It,ll,l>, H CTIUJ>, H SJlSTO, OT.IIeTSATej BLl, J1lO,lI,H HeB'kpBLIe, oT6trsATe. A 6YJl,e·.a BOpO'lyCb no-uBY H no-sp;opoBY, HBO 6yJI,y KpSCHS-p;tBH~S T060lO nOlBaJI.aTUCH, CBoelO .0.lOAe'looKOIO nocTynblO BLlKSSLlBSTBCH. TBo.a .paTa KptDKS, KaK'L KSIeBb roplO'IL AJlSTLIpbj IOH .0Jlo,ll;e'leCKaH nocTyub CRJII>HS, KaK'L BOAS MeJlbHB'lHSJI. ,n;YX'L p;ylon, BCtI'L nHRKO.'L, Htn aasoro, .II OARH'L, nO-4KUBY, nO-SAQPOBY.

30. SarOBO}Wt pa~ro '1e.l:oriBa, Q~aro •• BOI:.,. BLlKSTBJlO spacaoe COJIHLImKO US'L-sa IOp.a XBaJlLIHcsaro, BOCIOP;HlI'L ItCJI~'L HS'L-nOp;'L CHB.a HooS, C06HPSlIBCb 0611SKS HSJI,SJleKa, C06BPSJlBCb CHSLl UTH~Ll BO rpsp;'L KSleHHLIA, S B'L Ton rpap;t KaKeBHO.'L nopop;BJls .eRJI .STb pop;aSH, ps6a TSKorO-To, a poaaa, npuroBSpUBaJIS: 6YP;b TLl, J[oe mHTKO, ·~tJI'L-ReBpeP;HI'L: OT'L nymeK1-, nH~aJleA, CTptll'L, 60~OB'L, KyJlS'IHLIl'L 60~eB'Lj 60A~sX'L Te6H He Tpe60BSTb, p&TBLI.'L opymien He n06HB8Tb, porSTUROIO H Konien Be KOJlOTb, Tonopol'L H 6ep,ll,Llmen He ct'IL, 06YIOI'L Te6H 6BTb He y6HTb, Homon. He y.aSBHTb, CTapomBlILII'L JDOP;U'L B'L 06.SH'L He BBOP;HTb, .01l0,ll;LIJl'L napHHn HH'ltn He Bpep;UTbj S 6LlTb Te6t nepep;'L HRIH COKOllon, a UI'L Jl,pOSP;SOj S 6YAL rsee TtJlO Kptn'le Ka.H.a, py6SIS Kptn'le 4Kelltss, rpy,ll,l> Kptn'le Ksn.a AJlaTLlp.aj S 6YALTLl~ B'L,II;o.tp;06pJIII'L OT~O.'L, BO nOJlt .0JlOP;~01'L, BO PSTH y,ll;SJIb~OJ:'L, B'L llipy HS lIlO60- saase, BO dBH'len Tepe.y HS nospameme, HS 6ps'lHO.'L nHpy 6es'L I8.1aro yxH~peHLJI, C'L OT~OJ:'L C'L IISTepblO BO upy, C'L <KeHOlO BO .IIap;y, C'L p;tTbD 'BO eorzaela,

3arOBapHBaIO JI CBOll: sarOBOp'L IaTepHHI'L sanoBtAaHien; a 61ilTb e.y BO Been, KaK'L Tan YKasaHO, BO -BtKH aeaapymuo. Pars )(orY'la, .00 cepme peTHBO, )(oA sarOBOp'L Bce.y npeBOS)(Or'L.

31. SaroBOp .. pa'DI&l'o 1J8~OriB&, B~f~l'O .. BOby. BlilIomy JI BO '1HCTO nOJIe, camYCb aa SeJleHlilA JIyr'L, BO ~eJIenoI'h JIyry ecrs aeaia .0rY'IiJl, a B'L HHI'L CHJIa BHAHlaHeBHAH)(aJI. CplilBaIO TpH 6WHHKH 6tJIIilJl, '1epHIilJl, apaeaua. KpaCHfIO 61ilJIHHKY .eTaTb 6YAY sa OKian'L-)(ope, Ha OCTPOB'L sa BYHH'h, nOA'L le'l'L-KJIaAeHell,'L; '1epHyIO 6fi[JIHHKY nOKa'lY nOA'L '1epHarO BopOHa, Toro BopOHa, 'ITO CBHJI'L rHtsAo Ha cen Ay6aI'L, a BO rHtsAt JIeZHT'h YSAe'lKa 6paHH3Jl, C'b KOHH 60raTlilpcKaro; 6tJlyIO 61ilJIHHKY saTKHY sa nOHC'L ysop'1aTIilA, a B'h nOJict YSOp'laTOn SaBHT'L, aamars KOJlliaH'L C'L KaJIeHoA cTptJIoA, C'L AtAQBCKOA, TaTapcKoA. Bpaenaa 61ilJIHHKa npHT~HT'b .Ht .e'l'b-KJIaAeHell,'b, '1epH3Jl 6fi[JIHHKa AOCTaHeT'b YSAe'lliY 6paHHYIO, 6tJI3Jl 6wHHKa OTKpoeT'L KOJl'1aH'b C'L XaJIeHoit cTptJloA. C'b Ttn )(e'lO)('b oT06bIO CUJIY 'Iymese.HYIO, C'b ToA YSAe'lKOIO 06paTaIO KOHJI aparo, C'L Ttn KOJI'IaHOI'b co KWleHoA CTptJIoA pas06bIO npara cjnoCTaTa.

3arOBapHBaIO H paraaro 'IeJlOBtKa, rasoro-ro, sa BOltHY eun aarosopoas. MOil saroaops KptnOK'L, KaK'L xa.eHb AJIaTlilpb.

82. Sal'OBOP" paual'O 1J8J10Bi.a, II,I;YDULl'O Ba BOby. llOA'h .open nOA'L XB3mHCKU'b CTOHT'h IilAHIilA Aon, a B'b Ton MilAHOM'L AOllt saKOBaH'b aIilA orHeHHIilA, a nOA'b 3)(ten orHeHHIilI'h JIemHT'L ceMHnYAoBoil KJIIO'I'L 0T'b KHJImeBa repeaa, BOJIOAH)(epOBa, a BO KH.IIlKOH'L TepeIil, BOJloAHlepoBon, cOKplilTa C6pYH 6oraTLlpcKa.ll, 60raTLlpeil HOYropOACKHI'h, copaTHHKOB'h )(oJIOAe'leCKHI'L.

no BOMil mHpOKoA, no KpyTLII'L 6epers." n.llYBeT" .IIe- 6e,ll;b KHJUKaJI, co ,lI;BOpS KHJUKeBS. IIobslO H TY Jle6e,ll;b, UObSIO, CIBSTSIO. TY, JleOO,lI;b, nO.11eTH K" .0plO XBsmHCKO-r, 3aK.llIOA sailH eraeaaaro, AOCTSHb KJlIO'I" ceuny)l;o.BoA, 'ITO KJIIO'I" OT" KHHmeBS repeza BO.llOADepoBa. He 1I0H." KPWbU" AO.lleTSTb 11.0 .0pH XBamHcitsro, He .0eA IO'IH p&CKJleB8Tb 31tH oraeaaaro, He IOBI'b Hors." ,lI;OT~HTb K.IIlO'I'b cenny11.oBol. ECTb HS Jlopil HS OKisut, us OCTPOBil as Byanil, BOPOH'b, Bcill'L BOpoHsn cTspmiA 6PST"; OH'b ,lI;o..IIeTHT'b )1;0 JlOpH XBSJlYHCKSrO, SSKJ1IOeT'b utH eraeaaaro, npHTS~KT'b K.11IO'I'b cennY,ll;oBo.A; a BOPOH'b nOCSmeH'b S.11OIO BilAbllOIO KieBCKOIO.

,Bo .lItcy CTOH'Ie.", BO cYpon 60py CTOKT'b Bs6ymsa, HB mKTaJI, HB KpYTaJI, S B'b Hs6ymKil mBBeT'b SJlSH Bil)l;blS KieSCKaJI. BoAAY-Jlb a BO .11ilc'b CToam, BO 60p'b Apely'lil, B30AAY-JIb H B'b Bs6ymKY K'b S.11oA Bil)l;b.il KieBCKoA. TY, S.IIaJI BilAns KieBCKsa, Be.11B CBooMY BOPOHY C.11eTSTb nO)l;'b _Ope XB8JIYHCltoe, B'b .tAHYA ,lI;0_", ssueBSTb uila oraeasaro, ,lI;OCTSTb CeJlHuYAOBoll KJlIO'I'b. 3syupUKJlaCb, SSKOPS'IJIJISCb S.118SI Bil)l;bIa sieacsaa 0 CBo.en Bo.POHil. He .oell CT3- POCTH 6pOAHTb AO Mopa-OKisH3, )1;0 OCTPOBS )1;0 BYHH3, AO '1epHSrO BOPo.HS. BpBsamB TY MOHI']) CJlOBOn salloBilARY'" ,1I;OCTSTb. BOPo.ay To.T'b cennYAoBoA KJlIO'I'b. PSS6BJI'b BOPo.H" ItARyA )1;0.1']), SSK.11eBSJI'b 3Iil.a eraeaaaro, 11.0CTaJI'b C6l1Hny,lI;oBoA K.IIIO'I'b.

OTUHp31O a Til." It.11Il'lel']) KHamoll Tepell'b Bo..11O,ll;nepOB'b, ,lI;OCTSIO C6pylO 60rSTLIpCKYIO, 60raTypeA HoyropO)l;CKBl'b, COPSTHBKOB" JlOJlOAe'leCKHI'b. Bo TOit c6pYB He y6beT'b leHa HK ~3JIb, HK CTpilJlLI, HB 6011IU>l, UK 60pIU>l, UK T3TSPCKaJI, HB K33sac~a PSTb.

3aroBspHBSIO H ps63, TSKo.ro.-TO, paTR8rO '1eJIo.BilKS, HAY~sro as BOAny, CKn .0Bn KpilnKUM'b S3rOBo.POJl". qyp'b C.IIo.BY seaem, _o.elY ,lI;ilJIY Bilaen;'b!

33. 8&1'OBOP'fo pa~o '18.110BiBa, .~aro .. BOitBJ. Ha 1l0pt Ha O&iaHt, aa OCTPOBt na BY.llHt, cu.u;un .u;06- pllit KOJlo.u;e~'L, BO HeBOJlt 3aTOlfeH'L. 1t'L Te6t .II npnomy, .u;06pLlI KOJlo.u;e~'L,' C'L nOKOpUm;en. BLI)J;aroT'L .eu pO.u;HLle 6paTI>.II' BO KUatyro paTI>, o.u;UHOKaro, neaeaararo, a BO KHIIateA para IlHt no-.u;06py He atUTU. 3arOBOpu KeHJI CBOUIl'L 1l0Jlo.u;elfeCKHIl'L CJlOBon. Pa.u;'L 6L1 CTOJlTI> BO nOJlt sa Te6J1, ropl>Karo CUPOTHHY, .u;a Kpi;nKa .0S! HeBOJlJl, .u;a rOpl>Ka 1l0.ll HCTOIla. 3arOBapHBaro.ll Te6.11 pa6a, TaKOro-TO, U.u;TH aa BoIHY BO Bcen no TOllY, KaK'L 3anoBtALIBaJI'L IlHt po.u;Hol OTe~'L. A 6y.u;eIllI> TLI paTHLIM'L lfeJIOBtKOIl'L, HHO 6y.u;1> c6epeateH'L:

OT'L ronopa, OT'L 6epALIma, OT'L nUm;aJlU, OT'L TaTapCKiJl nHEH, OT'J) xpacnaro 6YJlaTa, OT'L 60p~a, e.u;HH060p~a, OT'L 601~a epara-eynoerara, OT'L Beel noraHoA TaTapcKol CUJILI, OT'L KS3SHCKOI para, on JlUTOBCKUX'L 60raTLlpel, OT'L lfepHLIX'L BoatiHx'L JIID.u;el, on: 6a6l>lIx'L 3a30p'L, OT'L XHTpol He.01J1l, on BCtX'L He.u;yrOB'L. 1I .6y.u;eT'L Toot:, TOnOp'L He B'L TOnOp'L, 6.ep.u;am'L He B'L 6ep)J;LIIII'L, 'nUm;aJII> He B'L nHm;aJII>, rarapCKaJl nUKa He B'L nUKY, nOraHaJl TaTapCKaJI eaaa He B'L cuy, Ka3aHCKa.a paTI> He B'L part, sepaae Boaie JIIDAH He B'L Jlro.u;H, 6a61>u aasopa He B'L 3a30pLl, rarpaa He.01fl> He B'L He.O%, JlHTOBCKie 60raTLlpH He B'L 60raTLlpu, ne.u;yru He B'L He.u;yru. ItpYlfYCI>, Beplfycl> OT'L TOnOpOB'L, 6ep.u;Llmel, HHm;aJlel, nUK'L, 60itu;OB'L, 60p~OB'L, TaTspcKo9: CUJILI, KasaHcKol para, sepHLIX'L Boatiux'L JIro.u;eit OTllaxHycl> no cel BtK'L, no ceA lfac'L, no cel .u;eHb.

34. 8aroBoP'fo p&omaro '18.110BiB&, .~~&ro .& BOABy. BCTaHY .II paao, YTpeHHeA 3apeA, y.orocl> xOJlo.u;HoA poco!, yTpyCI> capoA 3eueR, 3SBSJlIDCI> sa KaKeHHol CTtHOil:, KpeKJleBcKo9:. TLI, cTtHa KpeUeBCKaJI, 6eil: BparOB'L cynocTaTOB'L, .u;roatUX'L TaTap'L, 3JILIX'L TaTaplfeHKOB'L; a JI 6L1J1'L 6L1' U3'L-3a Te6J1 II;tJI'L, HeBpe,ll;Hu. JIJlry JI n03AHO, BelfepHel 3apeil:, aa

57

e .. poA poct, BO CTallJ pSTHon; a B'bCTaHY PSTHOM'b eers Mory'IB 60raTLlpH, KHHmel nopop;LI, H3'b p;aJl&HHI'b CTpaH'b, co paTHol PyccKoA 3eUH. BLI, 60raTLlpH .0ry'lH, nepe6elTe T8Tap'b, nOJlOHHTe BCIO TSTapCKYIO 3eolO; a H 6L1J1'I, 6L1 H3'bsa BaC'b n;tJl'b, HeBpeAHI'b. Hp;y H BO KpOBaBYIO paTh TSTSPCKYIO, 61>10 BparOB'b H cynocTaTOB'b; a 6LI.l1'b 6L1 .II n;tJl'b, HeBpeAHI'b. BLI, pauLI TJlmeJlLlJI, He 60JIBTe, BLI, yp;apLl601n;OB'b, MeHH He ry6HTe, BLI, n~8JlH, .eHH He p;ecarepHTe; a 6LIJ1'b 6L1 H n;tn, HeBpep;Hn. .

3arOBapHBalO a paca, TSKorO-TO, pSTHaro 'IeJlOBtKs, Hp;ymaro aa Boby, cn'b MOHI'b KptnKU'b 3arOBOpOM1>. lIyp'b CJlOBY KOHen;'b, MoeKy p;uy BtHen;'b!

85. SaroBOPS P"'l'BArO '1eJlOBt:u,' .~J1i' .. ro K .. BOABJ. 3sBamy a, pa6'b TSKOI-ro, no naTH Y3J10B'b BCHKO.y CTptJlI>n;y HeopHOIlY, H8BtPHO.y Ha ~8JlHI'b, JlYKaI'b I BeaKOn paTHon opymiH. BLI, Y3J1LI, 3arpap;HTe CTpmn;sn BCt nyTH I AoporH, 38UBHTe BciI llHID;8JlH, onyralTe BCt JlyKH, ncaa&HTe Bet paTHWI opymia. H CTptJlI>n;LI 6L1 13'b n~8Jlell: _eHa He 6HJ1J1, CTpilm 6L1 HI'b P;O .eHH He p;OJleTaJDI, BCt paTHLIH opymia _eHH Be n06uBaJIH. B'b MOHX1> Y3J1aI'b CHJla Mory'l8, eaza Mory'la 3MtuHaa COKpLlTa, OT1> 3_tH p;BYHap;eCHTI>-rJlaBSrO, roro 311i1.a eepamaerc, 'ITO npOJleTtJl'b aa OKiSH'b-_Ope, CQ_ OCTPOBS BYHHs, CO _tABaro AO.a, roro 3Mi1H, 'ITO y6uT'I> AByusAecaTb 60rsTI;>IPI>MB nop;'b p;BYHsp;eCHTI> MyPO_CKDB p;y6ao. B'b MOHI'b Y3J1aI1> 3amHTLI 3Jl01O IlS'IBIOIO 3riBBLI.II rOJlOBLI.

3sroBapBBaIO H pa6s, rasoro-ro, paraaro '1eJlOBtKa, Bp;y~aro HS BoIHY Moun KptnKU'b 3arOBopon, KptnKo HSSpilllKO.

38. SaroBOP'fo .0JlO~~" K .. .DICiOBlt .pao.ol: dBH~.

Hs _opt HS OKiaHt, aa OCrpOBt us ByaHi, JlemHT'b AOCKa, . us TOft AOCKt JemHT'b TOCKa. BLeTca roesa, y6HBBeTCa TOCKS,

58

C'b P;OCKH B'b BOP;y, HS'b BO)l;lil B'L nOJlLlU, HS'b nom.a BLlO,];ran caraaaaa, KPH'lBT'L: naajnrsa poaaaea, 611rH noesopse, p;yit pa611, Tal£oit-To, B'L ry6L1 B B'b sy6L1, B'b en KOCTll H naKOCTB, B'L ea TtJlO 611J1oe, B'b ea eepane perasoe, B'L ea ne'lem. 'lepByro, 'lTOOhl pa6a, TaKaa-TO, TOCKOBaJla BcaKoit 'lac'b, BcaKYro IBByTy, no nOJij'p;BHI'L, no nOJlyaO'lan, tJla 6L1 Be 3alIJ1a, nBJIa 6L1 Be 3anBJIa, cnaza 6L1 Be saenara, a ace 6L1 TOCKOBaJla, 'lT06'L a eit 6L1J1'b JIy'lme 'lYmoro )[OJlOAI\a, Jly'lme pozaoro ema, Jly'lme POP;BOit .aTepB, JIy'lme pop;y-nJIelleBB. 3aILIKaIO CBOit sarOBOp'LCeJlbrop;ecaTbro ce)[l>IO sa.Kan, cenrop;ecaTbIO ce.bIO nllnHlB, 6pocaro KJIIO'lB B'L Osiam-aope, nop;'L 6tJl'b-ropro'll> &a.eBb AJlaTLlpb. ItTO llyp;peBte lleBa B3L1- II\eTCa, KTO neperaesaer» H3'b .opa sees neCOK'L, TOT'b orroBHT'b TOCKy.

37. 8aroBop" Oft Hopt,a.

Ha .opt sa OKiaBt, aa OCTPOBt aa Byant, JIeatBT'L 611JI'Lropro'll> Ka.eBb AJIaTLlpb, na TO.'L KaJIHlI AJIaTLlpll CHP;HT'L spacaaa p;lIBHl\a, msea JacTepHl\a, p;epmHT'L llrJlY 6yJIarByIO, Bp;lIBaeT'L BBTKy meJlK9BYro, pyp;omeJITYro, 3amBBaeT'L pam KpOBaBLIH. 3arOBapBBaIO a pa6a, TaKOrO-TO, OT'L nop1l3J • BYJIaT'b, npo'll> OTCTallb, a TLI, KPOBb, Te'll> nepeeraas.

38. 8arOBOp'lt Oft Be~J1'OB!o.

3arOBapBBaro a y pa6a, TaKOrO-TO, p;BlIBap;naTb CKop6- Ii:m1. Bep;yrOB'L: 0T'b TpaCaBBI\LI, OT'L KOJlIO'lKII, OT'b esep- 6ema, OT'L CTptJIL6L1, OT'L oraeaana, 0T'b JIOIIOTLI, OT'b 1£0- JlOTbH, OT'L p;epraBi.ll, OT'b aopraaia, OT'L CJIlInoThl, OT'b r JIy- 10TLI, OT'L 'lepHoit }le.O'lB. TLI, 3J1aa TpacaBuna, yitIBCb, a He TO npoKJIaBy B'L raps-rapapa: TLI, BeyroJloHHa.ll KOJIlO'llCa, OCTaHOBBCb, a Be TO comm TOO.ll B'b npeaeuomla 3eUB; TLI, cBep6em'L, npesparacs, a Be TO YTOUJIIO Te6a B'b ropa'leit BOp;t; TLI, cTpilJlb6a, OCTaHOBBCb, a Be TO sac.OJIlO Te6a B'L c.orl

59

KHny'lelj TLI, OrHeBBI\a, OUaAHCb, a He TO 3aMopomy Te611 Kpe1I\eHCKBU llOp03aUj TLI, .lI0.0Tbe, coaaaes, a He TO COKpymy Te6H 0 KaMeBbj TLI, KOJIOTbe, npBTynBcb, a He TO pae- 0.11) Te6H aa Meum 'I3CTU'IKBj TLI, p;epraUbe, BOPOTHCb, a He TO 3anpymy T060ID nJIOTHHY aa lleJIbBHI\tj TLI, 1l0praHbe, OKPYTBCb, a He TO B'b ne'lB 6aHHoit 3scymYj TLI, C.lIimOTa, CKOP'IJICb, a Be TO YTOnJIID re611 B'b p;errIDj TLI, UYIOTS, BC'IeSHB, a He TO 3aCMOJllO B'b 60'lKY H no 1l0pID nYII\Yj TLI, sepHaH HellO'lb, OTBHmBCb, a He TO 3aCTaB.lIID BO/1,Y TOJIO'lb.

Bct BLI, Bep;yrB, OTKa'IBBTeCb, OTBllmBTeCb, Y,l(aJIHTeCb 0T'b pa6a, TaKorO-TO, no ceA 'Iac'b, no ceit AeHb, noero mUSBb, 1l0BM'b RptnKHll'b CJIOBOM'b.

39. 8aroBop~ Ba DOBp&JI;8BBJ" B8DUt.

Ha MOP'll HS OKiaut, aa OCTPOBt BS BYHHt, CTOBT'b meJIil3- ilLIA CYUAYR'b, S B'b me.lltsHOM'b CYHAyd JIemaT'b HomH 6y.lISTHLIe. llO/1,BTe BLI, soaa 6Y.lISTHLle, K'b TaRO.Y B C.IIKOllY BOpy, Py6HTe ero TtJIO, RO.llHTe ero CepAI\e, 'IT06L1 OH'b BOP'b BOPOTH.lI'b nORpszy TSKOrO-TO, 'IT06L1 OH'b He YTSB.lI'b HB CHHR nopora, S BLI,l(U'b 6L1 Bee enema. BYAb TLI, BOP'b, npOKJIllT'b IOHll'b CBJlbHLIll'b SSroBOPOll'b B'b 3eUID npeBcnOAHIDID, 3S ropLl APSPSTCKiH, B'b CMOJIY KBny'lyro, B'b 30JlY rOpID'IYID, B'b TBHY 60JlOTHyro, B'b nJlOTBHY lleJlbHH'lBYID, B'b ,l(0ll'b 6e3,l(OHHLIit, B'b KJBmHH'b 6aHHLIilj 6YAb npU6UT'It R'b npBTOJlK'li OCHHOBLlI'b 1t0JlOM'b, BscymeH'b cyme TPSBLI, aSllOpOZeH'b nYII\e JIbAa, OKpett, oIpollilit, omaJIta, OJ(epBllHtit, OAyptl, 06espY'Itit, oro.IoABA, OToII\SA, BUllAcH B'b rpaaa, C'b JlID,l(bllH He CllLlKSitCH B He CB06ID CMepTiro YIPB.

40. 8aroBOpor. 060pOTU.

Ha llOpt na OttiSHt, HS OCTPOBt HS _BYRHt, BS nOJloA noJIlIHt, CBtTHT'b Jlilc.III\'b BS OCBHOB'b neas, B'b SeJleH'b J1ilc'b, B'b mBpOKiA AO.ll'b. OKOJlO nHH IOJJ;BT'b BOJIK'L 1l0IBaTLlA, HS

60

3y6ax'» Y aero BeCL CKOT,» poramj a B'L .lItC'L BOB'L He salOJVIT'L, a B,» .u;O.lI'b BOB'b He 3a6po.u;HT'L. Mtcal\'b, IltCJlI\'L- 30.lIOTLle pOZKH! PaCn.lIaBL rrYJIH, npHTYIIH HOZH, H31l0'laJIL ,1I;y6HHLI, HarrycTH CTpal'b Ha 3Btpa, '1eJIOBtKa H ra,1l;LI, '1T061l1 OHH cilparo BO.lIRa He 6pa.lIH H 'fen.lIol 6111 C'L Hero mKypLl He .u;paJIH. C.lIOBO MOe KptnKo, Kptn'le CHa H CULl 60raTLlpCKoA.

4J.. SarOBOP'fo ;1I;U .1DD6n.

lIcnOJIHIlHS eCTL 3eua .u;HBHOCTH. KaK'b aa Ilopil aa OKiSHil, HS OCTPOBt HS Bymt eCTL 6tJI'L-rOpIO'IL KalleHL AJIaTLlpL, aa TOil,» Kant YCTpOOHa orHena'.lIHllaa 6aHa, B'L Tol 6sd JIeZHT'L pa3zuraellaJI .u;OCKa, Ha Tol .u;ocKil TpHAl\aTL TpH TOCKH. Me'lyrca TOCKH, KH.u;aIOTca TOCKH, H 6POCaIOTC.II TOCKH H3'b CTtHIlI B'b CTtHY, U3'L yua B'L yron, OT'L nOJIa .u;o noTOJIKa, oTTy.u;a '1pe3'L BCt nyTH H .u;OpOrB H neperryTL.II, BOa.u;yxOIl'b H aepoll'L. Me'IHTeCL, TOCKII, KHHLTeCL, TOCKH, H 6POCLTeCL, TOCKH, B'L 6yAHyIO ea rOJIOBY, B'L TLI.lI'L, B'L JIHK'b, B'L .IICnae O'IH, B'b carapaaa YCTa, B'L peraeoe eepme, B'L 6.11 JIl'L H pa3yll'L, B'L Bom H lOTimie, BO see ea TtJlO 6tJIoe H BO BCIO KpOBL ropa'lJlO, H BO BCt ea KOCTH, H BO BCt COCTaBLl:

B'L 70 cOCTaBOB'L, nO.7lycocTaBOB'b H no.u;cocTaBOB'L. 1I BO Bet ea ZHJILI: B'L 70 JKH.7I'L, nOJIYzH.7I'L H ~O.u;JKHJlKOB'L, '1T061l1 OHa TOCKOBua, ropeaaza, n.lIaKaD 6111 H plll.u;aJla no BCaK'L .u;eHL, no BCaK'L '1ac'L, no BCJIKOO speaa, HHr,1l;t-6'L np06LITL He .0rJIS, KaK'L pLl6a 6e3'L BO.u;LI. KH.u;U8CL 61l1, 6pocuacL 6111 H3'L OKOmKa B'L oKomKo, H3'L .u;Bepel B'L .u;BepH; H3'L BOPOT'L JrI) sopora, aa BCt rryTU H .u;oporH, H nepenyrsa C'L TpeneTon, TymeHien, C'L n.lIa'len H PLIAsHiell'L, 3'11.710 cnilmHo mJla 6111 H 6'11- ZaJIa, H Hp06L1TL 6e3'L Hero HH eAHHLlJI ElllyTIlI He 1l0rJIa. ,u;YllaJIa-6'L 06'L Hen He 3s.u;YIlua, cnaJls-6'L He 3ScnSJIS, t.lIS 6L1 Be 3St.7lS, nus-6'L He 38IIH.lIa, H He 60Jl.lIaCL 6111 HH'IerOj 'lT06'L OH'L el Ka3aJICJI .ute CBtTY 6t.7laro, IB.lIte eomna npecBtTJIarO, Ilute .lIyHLI upespacaas, IlHJlte BCtl'L

~ ..

r .

61



H ,l,a&e UJlile CHY csoero, no BCJlKoe BpeIJl: HS 10JlOII.Y, noll.'L nOAH'L, HS HepeKpoil B HS BCIO,1l;t lilCJlI\s. Cie CJlOBO eCTI> JTB6PJK,1I;eHie H YKpilnJleHie, Bll'L ate YTBepZil.SeTCa, H YKpiln.IJIeTCa H 3al~aeTCJI. .AII\e JIB KTO OT'L '1eJloBilK'L, KPOlil leHa, nOKYCHTCJI oTmxaTI> CTPSI'L cell:, TO 6Y,1I;B no. '1epBI> B'D CBBII\il OpilXOBOI'L. 11 HB'Iilll'L, HB aepoas, HB B03,11;YXOI'L, HH 6ypem, HH BOP;OIO il.ilJlo eie He OTmKaeTC.lI26).

U. BaroBO,.. PO,l;"o .... "fDUC. a'll ... 00.0. MOBt oaoe. ,1I;U.ftBII.

Ha 10pt HS OdSHil, HS OCTPOBil HS BYJlHil, HS nOJloA nouri, no,1l;'L ,1I;y6011. JIOKpe~H1'L, CB,1I;DT'L p;ilBBI\S KPSCH3.lI, S CUS-TO TocKyeTCJI, scan-TO KPY'IBHBTCJI BO TOCKil HeBil,1;0101, BO rpYCTB He,1l;03Hae101, BO KPY'lBHt Heil.OCKS88HHoA. HAm cen CTSpI\eB'L C'L CTSpI\en, HeSBSHHHl'L, aenpomeaHHI'L. roil Til eCB, p;ilBBI\S KpSCHaJl, CO yTpS il.0 aesepa KPY'IIIuuu! TLJ: 'ITO, no'lTO CBP;llmD HS nOJloil nOJlJluil, as OCTPOBil Ha ByaHt, HS lOP'll us OKiSHt? 11 pese il.tBHI\S cen CTSPI\3JI'L C'D CTSpI\eI1.: USIDJIS 6ilil.s Cpeil.B OKOJlB~, suer JlS BO peTBBO eepme, lI\eoT'L, 60JIBT'L rOJlOBYmxs, ae IBJI'L B CBilT'L JlCHIliI:, nOOTIIl.la BCJI p0il.ymxa. B30nBms cen CTSpI\eB'D C'D CTSpI\eI'L, rpo3Hllu-rposHo, J'la.m JlOISTD TOCKY, 6POCSTI> TOCKY 3S OKOJIHI\Y. Klil.JIS RB,1I;USCI> TOCKS OT'D BocToKa,1l;o asnSAS, OT'D ptKH 1,0 aopa, on ,1I;OpOrB ,11;0 nepenyrDJI, on eesa il.0 noroeta, B HBl'd TOCKY He yKPllJlBj KBHYJlSCI> TOCKS HS OCTPOB'L HS ByaH'D, HS aope as OKiSH'D, noil.'D il.y6'D JIOKpeI\KOI.

3srOBspBBsm a, pO,1l;HU IaTymKs, TSKaH-TS, CBOIO HeHSrJlJlAHJIO ,lI;HTaTKY, TSKYIO-TO,· OT'L HSHOCHOA TOCKB no cel ,l,eHD, no ceA '1SC'D, no cilO UHyTy. CJlOBO loe HBKTO He npeB03JIOZElT'L HB sepoI'D, BB AYlOI'L.

48. Baroaop'll BPao.O. Jl,;b.~11 Oft MOB ••

OT'D BOCTOKa AO 3ansAs, OT'L ctBepa,l;O IOrs, OT'D pilKI .1.0 10pa, OT'D nyTH AO nepenjrsa, npoJlerusnYTD-AOp0m8BI>K3,

62

BCt." ,n;oporau crapmaa H 60JIJ,mallj no ToA ,lI,0p0Htd nJ;JlH ,lI,m;epH IIpOAOIIIl, Hecn BO pYKaX'L npyTil HBOBIl, a mn OHt BO lip'1 KOCTH CYmHTI., TilJlO 3HOtlHTI., He}l.yran .Y'lHTI..

OT'1 BOCTOKa }l.0 3ana,u;Sj OT'1 csaepa }l.0 lOra, OT'1 ptKH ,u;O aopa, aa nYTJlX'J, H rrepenYTI.JlX'L, BilpOCTaJIa TpaBymKa eo .ypaByirrKoAj aa ToA TpaBymKt co .ypaBymKoA CH}l.tJIH TOCKa co KPY'lHHOA, a CH,u;tJIH ollt, ,n;a nO}l.yIIlBaJIH: RaK'1 6Il JIIO}l.elt KpymHTI., cep}l.I\a m;eIHTI., cBtTa He B03JII06HTI.?

, On BOCTOKa ,n;o 3ana}l.a, on ctBepa }l.0 nra, OT'1 ptKH }l.0 .0PJl, Cpe}l.H 6tJloKa.eHHoA MOCKBil CTOHT'1 Tepen 60JipcKiAj B'1 Ton Tepelt 60JlPCKOJl'1 CH}l.HT'1 BO Tocd KpacHILJI }l.tBHI\a no He3HILe.oA 6t}l.t.

BIl,_ }l.m;epH IIPO}l.OBIl, He XO}l.HTe no nyTH H )(OPOlKeHI.Rt aa .ip'1 KOCTH 3H06HTI., TtJlO cymHT'1, JIIO}l.eA ly'lHTI., a H}l.HTe Bil sa TpaBymKy co lypaBymKoA, 'ITO na Ty TpILBymKy, r}l.t CH}l.HT'1 TOCKa co KPY'IHHOll:, H BeJlHTe Bil TOCKt co KPY'lHHoA, '1T06Il out H3rHaJIH H3i perasa cepma KpaCHoA }l.tBHI\Il, y pa6Il TaRoA-TO, HaHOCHYlO TOCKY, IL He nOKOpHTCJI Ba.'1 TOCRIL co KPY'lHHOA, HHO Bil y'lHHHTe 6HTI. BO npyTil HBOBil. BaroBapHB1L1O CHn .0HI'1 3arOBOpOM'I. Kp-imKo Ba-KptnKo. A RTO lOll: 3arOBOp'1 B030}l.OJlteT'1, H e.y npOBaJIHTI.CJI CKB03I. Tap'1-

Tapapil. '

44:. SarOBO~ BO.1lBlCiOBH&l'O .O.1l0Jl;D;a J[a JIlOCiOB" spacJ[ol: dBJ[D;JiI.

3a lopen as XBaJlIlHCKHJl'1, BO IIil}l.HOJl'b ropO}l.t, BO ateJlt3Hon Tep-e.t CU}l.HT'1 }l.06PIlA .0JlO}l.eI\'1, 3aTO'leH'1 BO HeBOJlt, 3aROBaB'1 B'b CeMh}l.eCJITI. ce.I. ~tneA, aa ce.I.}l.eCJlTI. celb ,lI,BepeA, a }l.BepH 3alIepTil CeIbIO}l.eCJlTI.lO CeMhIO ~alKa.H, ce.I.IO}l.eCJlTI.IO RplOlta.u. HHKTO }l.06paro IOJlOma H3'1 HeBOJlH He OCJl060}l.HT'1, BUKTO }l.06paro 1!0JIo.u;~a }l.O-CilTa He HaKOp.HT'1, .u;O-III.JlHa He HanOHT'b. llPHIO}l.HJla K'1 He.} pomaa aaT}mKa, TaKM-Ta, BO CJle3aX'b rOpIO'IUn, noaza .0Jlo,n;I\a CIl-

63

Tot lIe,ll;oBoI, KOpMHJIa J1oJlop;~a 6tJlocHtroBOI Kpynoit, a, KopDBmB 1I0JlOp;~a, can npRrOBapHBua: He CKaKaTb 6u 110- .I0A~y no 'lKCTY nOJlIO, He RCKaTb 6u 1i0JIOp;~y 'Iyzol P;06LI'1R, He CBLIKaTbCJI 6u 1I0JlOp;~y CO 6yAHLlD BtTpallH, He pap;oB&TbCS 6u 1I0Jlomy Ha paTb .oryqy, He nYCKaTb 6u 1I0JlOp;~y KUeHY CTpt.!)' no nop;He6eCbIO, He CTptJlJlTb 6u BO 6tJIUI'b .Ie6ep;et, 'ITO Jle6ep;eA KHJlziHI'b, He ,lI;OCTaBaTb 6L1 1I0JlOP;~Y .e'I'b-KJlap;eHe~'b Bpara-cynocTaTa, a ZHTb 6u 1I0JIOp;~y BO Tepe.y p0iJ;HTenCKOI'b, C'b OT~OI'b es lIa repsn; C'b pop;on n.le.eHeI'b. YZb, KaK'b BOsrOBOpHT'b ,lI;06pLIA 1I0JlOAe~,,: He 'IKCTO nO.le lIeHJI cry6uo, He 6yitHU BtTPLl SaHeCJlH aa qyzJIO p;06LI'1}', He KueHoit CTpilJlOit p;OCTaBaJl'b JI 6tJILIx'bJle- 6e,ll;el, He Ie'lOIl'b-KJlap;eH~O.'b IOTtJI'b H p;OCTaTb BparOB'b-CYDOCTaTOB'b, a cry6HJla IOJIOp;~a BOJIJI IOJlOp;e~RaJI, BO KHJI.1I'b TepeIy Hap;'b p;tBH~eit·RpBcHoit, TaRoit-To.

3arOBapHBBIO H, pOP;H3J1 IlBTymKa, TBKBH-TB, nOJl1060BHBro .oJlo~a, rasoro-ro, HB .II060Bb KpacHolt p;tBH~U, TBKoA-To. B.LI, BtTPU 6yAHue, paenopare ea 6t.!)' rpYAb, orspoare ea peraao cepme, HaBtitTe TOCKY CO KpyqHHOit, qT06b1 OHa. TOCXOBaJIa R ropeaars; qT06u OH'b eit 6w'b IHJlte eaoero ~a, cBtT.lte aeaaro P;HH, spame pop;y-nJle.eHH, npHBtTJlHBte orna C'b OTepbIOj 'IT06u eit 0111> KB3BJICH BO cHi! H aa lIBY, B'b AeHb H nOJlp;eHb, B'b HO'll> H nOJIHj)'II>j 'IT06u OH'b eit 6b1J1'b BO DPlIl'OZ6CTBO spacaoe, BO .111060Bb 33.IJqHJIOj 'IT06u OHa nmKaJla H PLIAua no Hen, H 6e31> Hero 6u pap;OCTH He BRAua, ynn He H3IOP;HJla.. KTO ga..eHb AJI3TUPb H3rJlOZeT'b, TOT'b .Oit 3arOBOp'L npeBoSIOZ8T'b. MoellY CJIOBY KOHe~'b Da .II060Bb KP&CHOit dBJmU, TaKoit-ro.

4&. SarOBOp ..•• BO';Y.

Bo '1epHot R36t, S3 p;y60BLII'b CTOJIOI'b, CTOHT'b TPJlC3BH~a HI nO.IH~t. Tu, TPJlca.BH~a, He BepTHCb, a TLI, npHTOJIXa, He CBHIHBCb. BePTtJlOCL 6u, CBHIHYJIOCb SeJleHO BIHO B'b qa.mtj

64

II BepT'IlJIo 6H BHHO, II CBIIIHYJIO 6H BIIRO see nparasaaaee, HeBtp;olloe, p;a 'ITO He CJIHIaHO, Aa 'ITO He CKasaHO B'b raRon-TO p;OIlY, aa TaROBY-TO 6tP;Y. A 6Y)J.e TH, TpHCaBHl\a, s3BepTIIIIThCJI, a 6Y)J.e TH, npRTOJIKa, CBJlInembCH, HHO 6Y)J.eT'b' Ban OT'b _eHH JIJOTOBO HeBOJIbe, p;a SJIOBO roaaease, a HS HHOBO Ban 6yp;eT'b ace nO-A06py, no-sp;0poBY, RaK'b 6HBaJlO )J.oCeJIeBo. CJIOBO 1106 KptnKO.

48. 8aro.op~ oo~o".B& .. 18Jr8BJm MCipo.y.

Xomy a, pa6'b TaKoI-To, Rpyron oerpesa, rasoro-ro, no KPYTHII'h oBparall'b, '6yepaKan, CIIOTPJO JI '1peS'b BCt .lItcs: p;y6'b, 6epesy, OCRHY, JIHrry, KJleH'b, ezs, mOOJIOCTb, optmHHY, no BCtI'D cy'lbJlI'b H BtTBH)['b, no Bctn JIHCTbJIII'b H I\BtTan. A 6HJlO 6H B'b _oel p;y6poht nO-atBBY, no-p;06py, noSAOPOBY. A B'b )[OJO 6H seJIeHJ p;y6pOBY He S3IOP;RJI'b HH SutPb, HH rap;'b, HH JIHI'b '1eJIOBtx'b, HK Btp;bll3, HR Jltmil, HR P;O)[OBoI, HB BO,ll;JlHOI, HH BRIpb. A 6w'b 6H H 60Jlbmoi Ba- 60Jlbmol; a 6HJlO 6H aee y lleHH BO uocaymaaia, S 6w'b 6H .a: I\tJl'b K BeBpep;K .....

47. 8aroBop~ Oft .1111%&1'0 '18Jlorial.

IIp;y .II no '1RCTOly nOJIJO, HaBC'I'pt'lY 6trYT'b cellb )J.YIOB'b C'b nOJlYP;YIalR, see sepaae, see sme, ace HeJlJOp;Bme.lIp;RTe BH, P;YIH C'b nOJlyp;yxau, K'b DIHn JlJOAH)['b, p;epatHTe HI'b HS npaaaaa, '1T06" a OT'b HIII'b 6w'b I\tJl1. H HeBpep;1III'b BO nYTH H p;oport, BO p;OIlY H JItcy, B'b '1YatHI'b H,POP;HHI'b, BO seut H aa BOAt, BO 06tp;t H aa nHpy, B'b cBap;b6t B Ha 6tp;'ll. Mol aareaops ,lJ;OJlor'b, 1I0H CJIOBa KptnKII. ItTO 1106 CJlOBO HcrrpOBepat6n, HHO 6HTb BO see .... HaHHOBO, nO-IYP;Y, no-ne)J.06py, RaK'b Bonpe,lJ;H, CKasaHO.

65

,

48. SaroBO}I'Ii Bpacsol ,;fI~ Oft Re~)'roB" Do.IBlCloBRAro .o.u:o,; ...

HAy .II, ,ll;11B~a rssaa-re, BS'& BOPOT'L B'I> '1BCTO nOJIe, B'L OKiaH'L-.Ope, CTaHOBJIIOCl> .II, AtBBn;a raaaa-ra, na 611JI'L-roplO'll> .Ka.eHI> AJIaTLIpl>, OnO.llCHBalOCI> 611J1oit neJIeHoA, aaroBapHBaI) cseero nOJIlO60BHaro 10JIo,u;n;a, rasorc-ro, OT'I> SJIHI'I> He,1QToB'L C'L npBHe,u;yrau, nOJIyue,u;yrau. BH, SJIHe He,u;yrB, He He,lJ.ymTe pa6a, TaKorO-TO. OTcwalO .II B3C'I> B'L OKiaH'I>KOpe, B'I> 6es,u;1IH npeBcno,u;Hisr, B'I> KOTJIH KHnY'lie, B'I> map'I> lI&IJ)'1iA, B'I> 11llpy roplO'lJlO, no celt p;eHl>, no ceA '1ac'I>, no .00 Rpilnxoe CJIOBO. A 6W'I> 6H .0A nOJIlO60BIIHA .0JIO,lJ.eu;'I> 611JI'f> H IOpOm'I>j a .ulle 6H ero He 6HJlO BO Bcen CBlITlIj a. npHBlITHlIe 6H ero He 6HJlO H BO Tepe.lI RH.IImenj a. saJIY'lHlIe 6H ero He 6HJlO BO BceA OKOJlHu;lIj a JII06HJl'I> 6H OH'L .eHB OT'I> pop;y ,u;O'BlIKY, no BCIO .010 mHSHl>. CJlOBO zoe RpllnKO.

49. &roBOP" OXO'l'JlBB& sa J'fOB", r),oel, 'fe'l'epeBel. Ha .0pll aa OKiaHil, aa OCTPOBlI aa BY.llHil, aa SeJIeHoit OCORt CH)J;HT'I> nTHn;a, BclIn IITHu;a)l'I> CTapmaH H 60JIbmaH, a ,lJ.epZBT'I> OHa rpa.OTY HenBcaHHYIO, B BeJIHT'I> OHa BClI.'I> llTHl\U'J, CJIeTaTHC.II na Taxm-TO oaepa B 60JIOTa, H BeHn BCllK'I> n~an CBdTI> OT'I> yTpa ,11;0 sesepa, OT'I> yrpeHHeit ,11;0 Be'lepHeA SOpH, OT'I> HO'IB p;o nOJIYHo'iB. 3arOBapHBalO .II, pa6'I> TaKoA-TO, YTOK'I>, ryceA, rerepesea, BC.IIKYIO nTHU;Y BlI,ll,ollJl) B HeBlIp;O.YIOCHp;lITl> Heclo,u;Ho no .0A npHIO,u;'I>, no aoe JtpilnKOO MOBO, BO BlIKB HeHapYIIDIJIO.

50. BaroBop" sa JDllCiOBr..

Ha .0pll Ha OKiaHlI eCTl>61lJI'I>-roplO% KUeHl> AJiaTHpl>, mmllK'I> HeBlI,lJ.OlloAj nop;'I> T1I1I'I> Rauen COKpHTa CHJla )10- rY'la, H CHm HilT'I> KOHu;a. BHllYCKalO .II cuy )lorY'lY aa raKYIO-TO KpacHJ10 p;lIBImYj camalO .II CBJlY )lory'ly BO BClI Co- .

H. CAXAPOB~. 5

66

CTIlBLl, nOJlYCOCTSBLl, BO BCt KOCTH H nOJlYKOCTH, BO Bet ~HJW U nOJlY~U.lILl, B'L ea O'IU aCHLl, B'L ea m;eKU PYUHLl, B'L ea 6tJIY rpYAf>, B'L ea peTUBO eepme, B'L YTp06y, B'L ea pyn U aora, BY,l(f> TLl, CBJIa 1l0ry'IS, B'L TaKOI-TO KPSCHOI AtBUD,t HeBCIO,l(HO; S mu TLl, CBJIS 1l0rY'ls, ea KpOBf> ropIO'1yro, ea CepAD,e KHIlY'Iee HS JIro60Bf>, K'L TaKollY-TO, nOJIID60BHOllY 1l0JIO,l(D,Y. A 6ws 6Ll apacaaa ,l(tBBD,S, TSKaH-TS, BO Bcen nocJIYIDHs nOJIID60BHOllY 1l0JlO,l(D,Y, TSKOIlY-TO, no BCIO ero ~HBHf>. Hu'lt ... 6Ll KpaCHaH ,l(tBHD,a He IOrJla OTrOBOPHTf>CJI, HU 3jUOBOpOn, HB npuroBOpon, B He Ion 6Ll HB CTap'L '1eJIOBtR'L, HU llJIa,l('L OTrOBOpBTI> ee CBOUll'L CJlOBOIl'L. CJIOBO zoe KptnRo, KaK'L 6tn-ropro'lf> KalleHf> AJlaTLlpf>. KTO H3'L Mopa BCro BO}.l;Y BLlnf>eT'b, KTO B3'L noza BCro TPSBY BLlm;uUBT'L, B TOllY Iol 3arOBOp'L He npeB03IO'lf>, CBJlY Iorm He YBJle'lf>.

61. 8&l'OBOP'Jo 0'1"10 .ep.ol: .e80 •••

JleTHT'L nTllD,a sa upa, 6t.lI£BT'L SBtPI> sa JIilca., 6t~HT'L ,l(epeBo B'L AepeBo, MaTf> 3eua B'L CBOro MaTf> 3eDIO, ~e.lIt30. B'L CBOro llaTf> PYII;Y, TaK'L 6Ll sepaaa HellO'll> 6t~aJla B'L CBOro llaTf> Tap'L-TapapLl, BO TI>IlY KPOIl'llIDHYro, a 6t~JIa-6'L HS3BA'L He BOpO'laro'IB, a 6LlJl'L 6Ll TSKOlt-TO '1eJlOBtK'L ~BB'L B S}.I;OPOB'L. A 6Y,l(e TLl, sepnaa HeMO'lf>, 1l0Bn pt'lan nOKOpum;a He Asm, BeJlro Te6a nTBD,t sa Mopa )'lI8CTI>, 3Btpro B'L J1llC'L 3aTam;BTf>, MaTI> seut B'L CBOro UTf> BO CLlPY seUIO 3aJlO~HTf>, ~e.lIt3Y B'L CBOro .aTf> PY}.I;Y 3SKOBaTI>, B 6YAeT'L Te6t rope BeJIBKOe, a TaKOB'L-TO '16.l10BtK'L ~BB'L B S,l(OPOB'L. 3allLlKaro CBOB CJlOBeCa CJIOBOIl'L BeJIBKHM'L, BIl'L ~e sa.LlKaroTCSl BCt He,l(yrB C'L nO.ll)'lle,l(yraJIB, BCt 60JltCTB C'L no.ny- 60JItcTa.u, BCt lBop06Ll C'L n0.llYxBop06aIlB, BCt KOp'IB C'L nOJIYKOp'IslOI; a sallLlKaID a aoe CJlOBO BeJlBKOe aa TaKorO-TO '1eJIollilKa OT'L '1epHolt He.O'IB, no celt AeHf>, no ceit '1ac'L, no BCro ero ~B3Hf>.

67

62. 8aroBOlJ'It Oft Clime.oA ooCiau.

Ha .opil aa OKiaHiI, Ha OCTpOBiI aa BYHHiI, CTOI~'L ,ll;0JI'L, a B'L Ton p;oo CI~ CTapII\a, a p;epZIT'L OHa ZaJlO. TIl, CTap~a, BOSbD eaoe muo B npiHp;H K'L pOOy, T3KOIlY-TO; BYIII> IB'L ps6a, rasoro-ro, zaJIO esepnroe. 3aroBapIB31O pam 60JJJO'IiJI us pPM'L, aa aorarr, aa rOJIOBt, BO JI6y B B'r. saTWRiI, HS 6pOBHl'l> H nop;60poP;Kt. BY,ll;bTe BO. BtKH riKOB'L aa c06aRiI '1epHol, ctpoll, KpaCHoll, ctp;oll, pIlzell 6iu:01l, CHADTe H BO BtKH He CIOp;HTe.

63. 8arOBOlJ'It 0'1'10 po~

. Ha lopil aa OKiaHt, nocpe,ll;b .0pH B1l.Iaro, CTOHT'L Mil,o;m CTOJl6'L, OT" seUB P;O He6s, OT'L BOCTOKa ,11;0 sans,o;a, a DO Ton lIiI,II;HOII'L CTOJl6i1 SSU3p;eHa llil,u;HSJI .ilNIH~3 OT'L ooricTell B IBopOCTell. IIocwslO H pa6s, TSKOro-To, B'L TO'f'L dAm CTOJl6'L, 'ITO HS 1I0pil HS OKiSH~, H sanoBilp;slO ellY 10U'L CJlOBOI'L saHoBilp;sUHIlII'L SaKJISCTb po,o;lleI\'L BO TOT'L dAm CTOJl6'L. A 6W'L 6Il C'L Toro sanoBiI,o;aHiH TSKOIl-ro

I .

~t.II'J) I, HeBpeAHII'L, BOT']) po,o;HIII\a Is6SBJIeH'L, no cell '1SC'L,

no BCIO aB3Hb.

64. Sal'OBOp'lo .O'J[OQ1llBB Oft UI'foA Clip;lI.

BInoa! JI BO HOBIl CtHH p;y60BIlJI, HS mBpoK'L ABOPT. SSOOp'IaTIlA, ruzy JI no Bctn no p;oporan H nepenyTLJlll'L, BHay JI OT'L seUR -,11;0 He6a 3Bil3P;Il HCHIlJI. Bill, p;opomeHbKI B nepenYTbHI\Il, asp;epZITe zoero :aryZS, TSKOrO-TO; Bill, SB1lB,o;Il J1CHLlH, sareaaare cBoll CBtTJIO-HPKia CBtT'L, '1T06Il.6es'L asmero CBilTymKl He 6wo HlIIO,o;y, HH npolop;y. HaCIlJIalO H HI cseapa JJJOTaro TOCKY co KPY'IHHOIO, COH'L co ,ll;pe.OTOIO, aa6HTl>e co 6eanaIJITbIO; a 6IlJl'L 6Il OH'L I UyI'L I HilJI'L no 1011 JIIOT11O 6t,ll;Y. HacWaIO JI HS CBeKpoBb 38301lJIHBylO ne-

0*

68

'1SJlL CO 6i1)1;OIO, COR'L co ApeIlOTOIO; S 6uJIS 6u' ORS c.B.ilns II uiln no 1l01O JIIOT)'IO 6i1.u;y.

55. Saro .. ,.. Q..,BOA ~~ Oft JIpIIIOpOB8B,.;

TIOCpe.u;H ORiaR'L-IOPJl BNIO)l;US Tf'13 rposuaJI C'L 6yluun Bilrpso, '1T() BilTpsn cilBeplIIDJ[, nOANDJISCL, uTeJIL co cuilrlUOl, UarOIlJLlJlCL BOJlllJ,l us BUeGR'L repen, HSJ[eT3JIH opm '1epm Ha lIIlIpoK'I> ,1I;0.r.r., BNIO.u;HJIS KpSCUSJI ,l(ilB~S K'L saropuollY CTY,1l;eHI\Y, BO Tocd, BO KP)"l1luiI, ea,l(HJISCL KpSCUSJI ,l(ilB~S Boltpyr'L ,cTY,l(eHI\S, S cus rosepus TSKOBU pt'lH: roil TU, Ty'lS rpOSUSJI, co 6YUl>IIlH BtTpsn! JIl'lIl ra,' TJ'la rpOSUaJI, TOCKY co ne'laJILlO OT'L spaeHoI .u;tBHIUi, ps6u TSKOI-ro, us OKism-llope, saCTeU eft nYTL B ,1I;opoaem.KY 'ureJILIO co cHtrso, npuKpoil npB3OpORU 611.10cilpl>lllUBO.lHlUlB, npacraas B'L CTOPO&ll '1epBHI'I> OPJIOB'L. Ylll>IBaIO a KllSCHJIO )J;tBUI\Y, TSKYD-TO, B3'L aarop'aaro cTY,l(eHD;s KJIIO'IeBOI Bo.u;ol; CTHpaIO JI C'L Kpacuol ,ll;tBHIUi, TBKOI-ro, BCt ySOpOKB C'L npusopoKSU; OTIaXHB8IO li OT'l. RPSCHOI ,l(tBHIUi, TBROil-TO, SJIOBt~HX'L BOPOHOB'L C'I> BOPOHBISO, C'L BOPOH'lSTSIDI; OTrOHJIIO JI OT'I> KPSCHOil .u;iIBUIUi, TSROi-ro, ea SSKJIJlTSrO apare, 'ITO rore apara, 'ITO SSPOHIlJI'L DpHSOPOltH B'L ea TtJIO 6tJIoe, B'L eJI eepme perasoe, 'ITO rore apara, 'ITO SSTIlHJI1> 0'lH Hcm, 'ITO Toro spara, 'ITO nopy,l(HJl'L spaeorr ,1I;tBH'lLIO, 'ITO Toro BPSrS, 'ITO cry- 6u'I> cenlO nO'leTH)'IO, 'ITO OTBJlJI'L ,11;0% OT'L IlSTepH, 'ITO COKPYlIIlIJI'I> OTI\S 6eSBpellem.ell1> AO'lepHD'L.

3arOBSpHBalO 1l0H ssnoBt)J;Hl>lJl C.lOBecS CD'L 1l0Bl'L KptnKHIl'I> ssrOBOpOII'I> HS OTrHsHie npHSOpOltOB'I> OT'I> pa6u TSKoITO, no cel p;eHL, no ceil '1SC'I>, no eJI usm.. A 6YAeT'I> aaroBOp'I> HH'ItJl'I> He nopJ1ll1lll'I>: UU BO.u;OIO, HH 3eueIO, HH oruen, UH aepoll'L, HH CJIOBOIl'L, HH AYXOK'L; S 6UTL elly BO Bce.'I> nOTOJlY, KSK'I> YPJlateUO IHOIO. A 6Y,1I;e KTO nOKycBTCJI nopymBTL .09: SSrOBOp'L, HHO ellY npoB8JIBTLCJI B'I> OOsAHl>l

69

np6HCIIO,1l;HiB:, B'1> uy yro.n.Hpl, S KPSCHOA ,1I;tBHnt, TaKoATO, 6Im. IIO-A06py, 1I0-S,1I;OPOBY.

68. 8aroBOpt,i Oft BO.l[ona H Cioriofil:.

3aroBapBBaR> Y pa6t, T3ROA-TO, KOJIOTLJI B 60JItCTH CBJI'1> lOin KpiIllKD'1> ssrOBOpoll'1>; H 3anoBt,1l;SR> Ball'b, ROJIOTLe I oo.ricTH, TSCKaTbCJI 110 Kipy 0T'b BOCTOKa ,11;0 sans)I;a, on oaeps 1J,0 60JIOTa, OT'1> ropa ,11;0 ,1I;oJIa, 0T'b IIOPJI 1f.0 10PJI, OT'1> Is6Ii )1;0 Tepe.a, on JItca 1J,0 lIepeJItcbJl, on CTSpS ,11;0 IUS '1e.tOBtxa, on. 3BtpJI )1;0 ra1J,3, 0T'b ropo)l;s 1f.0 IIPHrOPOAOB'b, on. ceJI3 1J,0 1I0rOCTa, OT'1> )l;epCBHH ,ll0 CTaHa, OT'1> 3BtSAJ>l ,ll0 ricJIlI;a; 3 R'1> BOCTORy ]J,O san3,lla He )l;OIOARTb, a B'1> 03ept co OOJIOTOn YTOHJTD, a C'1> )l;OJIa HS ropy He m3TD, OT'1> 10PJI ,11;0" 10PJI He lIepe6pOABTb, B B'1> dcy C'1> nepeJItcDeJl'b 33I(llIIBTI>CJI, a OT'1> CTSp~S )1;0 lUll. '1eJIOBtRa 61lTb n06BTY, I on. SBilpH ]J,O rap;a 61lTb 3at)l;eHY, OTt. ropoaa )1;0 nparoPOAOB'1> «SIlITI> HsrBaHY, OT'1> CMS )1;0 norocra 61lTb nOO)l;aJIb, on ,1I;epeBHH ,1(0 erasa 61lTI> aa KaHUOIl'b, OT'1> 3Bt3)1;1l 11.0 rl~s He ,1I;OCJI'Jl>. MOB CJIOBeCa BeJIHKH, loA 3arOBOp'1> KptnOK'1>, KTO me OT'1> 'IeJloBilK'1> nopYJIIBTD lOB CJIOBeca, RTO 3aAJl36T'l> pacToprHJTl>- loA sarOBOp'1>, B TOlY He 61lBaTI>, a 61lTL BO Bcell'1> 110 lloelY.

67. BarOBO,... sa B.l'JI&IIie 0 .. onpGBJDIBa adpel: • r&,1lloB'lt.

Xozy JI no 33JItCI>IO YTpeHHeA poeoa, C06HPSR> JI TpaBIl 3eJLHHJI, BSPIO TpSBIl 3eJIbHllJl BO Iltp;JlHoA poct, nOJIHBSIO TPaBalB SeJIbHIlIH co BOP;OIO no Bctn KYCTan, no Bctn nOJlJlI'1>, no BCtJl'b Ileman. BIl, 3BilpH JIlOTlle, BllIop;HTe, BY, r;w.r, Bll6trsATe, BIl, Hep;06plle JIlOAR, oT6traATe. Bo loel'1> OCTPOBHHKil 3BilpJlIl'1> He mHBSTb, ra.n;sn He 6IlBaTb, aeAofiplln JIR>P;JII'IJ He Sa.x3ZHB3T1>, S 61lTL 61l nil 60JlI>- 1RD'1> Ha60.n.mHn; S 3BtPH 61l B'1> loel'1> OCTPOBHIKiI leHH

70

t.IIJIIIIUlICl>, a raAH 6H C'J. xoero OCTpO~IIHKa npo'l'b oT6traJDI 6H. Moe KptmtOe CJIOBO Aa 6yp;eT'J. Bcell}' np6Bos.or'J.. KaK'J. llorrm TpaBH SeJIJ,lIHlI, TaK'J. 6H llorJ'ltl roro 6KJI'J. lloA sarOBOp'J. nOA'J. .0JlOP;y, nOA'J. HCIOA'J., nOA"b nepeKp6A, no BOCIOA'J. H no S3K3T'L COJlHD,3j nOA'J. nOllc'J. Caaapa H Rysespoa, no,ll;'J. 3aJl6atYll, nOA'J. OTBOPH BOPOT3, nOA'J. HscKo'la, nOA'J. 30JIeHn,3, nOA'L SBtSAH lIClIHlIH TeDHlI co BCtU SBtSP;3ll1I H nOJIYSBtsP;8I1I.

58. 8aroBoP'fo J[& JlO:Z:O~'Jo.

. CT3ay 1I pa6'J., T3KOA-T0, 6JIarocJloBllcl>, noAAY nepespeCTlICl>, HS'L Hs6H p;Bepl>ll1I, HS'J. ,lI;BOpa BOPOT3111I, BHAAY 1I B'L '1HCTOe nOJIe, cTaay H3 BOCTOK'L JlHD;On, aa sanap;1> Ipe6- TOJI'L. ,A K1I P H HOp H; H KaKO HAYT'J. napa, D;apHD;H, KOPOJlH, KOPOJIHn;H, KHlISH, KHlIrHHH, Bct npaBOCJIaBHHe pO,ll;H, H He p;YllaIOT'J. SJIa H JlHI3, TaKOatp;e H aa .eHlI pa6a, T3KOrO-T0, . He P;yxaJlH 6H SJIa H. JIHIa KaK'J. n,3PH, n,apHD;H, KOPOJIIl, KOpOJIHD;H, KHlISH, KHlIrHHH, H BCt BeJIJ,1I0atH, :II BCt npaBOCJlaBHHe POp;H, BOSP3P;YIOTClIH aoasecexarea, TaKomp;e lIeHlI p36a, rasoro-ro, YBHdJIH BH n,apH, napans, KOPOJIH, KOPOJIHI\LI, KH1I3H, KHlIrHHH H BCt npaBOCJlaBlIHe pOP;H Ip:IICTiaHCKie, BOSBeCeJIHJIHCl>j :II KaK'J. He BHP;HT'J. 113TH OT.IIJ'IeHHaro ,lI;HTlI IHQrill DTa, a YBHP;HT'J. BOSBeCeJIHTClI H Bosp3p;yeTclI stJlO BeCeJlO H pap;OCTHO, TaKozp;e lleHlI, pa63 TaKOrO-TO, YBH)J;tB'J., Bospap;OBaJIHCl> 6H :II BosBeceJIHJIHCl> n,apH, n,3PHn;H, KOPOJIH, KOPOJIHn;H, KHlISH, KHlIrHHH, BCt BeJIJ,IOatH :II BCt npaBOCJIaBHHe POAH Ip:IICTiaHcRie. RaK'L He llOatHO He6eCHHH KOJleCHHI\H npesparars, T3Kozp;e BbI lleHH H llOHI'L CJIOB'L He llOrJIH-6'J.

npeaparars, B() BtKH BtKOB'J. 27). '

59. 8I.l'OBOP'Jo OT'fo oKopol ~ooriDDC1l.

CH,lI;y 1I, 6J1arOCJIOBlICl>, noAp;y, nepespeeracs, HS'J. ABepeit BO ABepH, HS'J. BOPOT'J. B'J. sopora, B'J. '1HCTOe nOJIej B'J. '1H-

71

CTOI'L nodI Tpll ,l(oporll. H noAp;y B'L npBBylO p;opory, B'L npaB}K) ,lI;opory K'L KOJloHlO co BOCTO'lHflO CTOPQIIY, .K'L OKisH'L IOp". B'L OKiaH'L-lopll ecTL AJlaTLlpL Ra.eHL, HB TO.'L KUII'II CTOBT'L, 'IeJlOBilK'L; OH'L cTpiwleT'L no 'IlICTY nom, a y6HBBeT'L seaaia 60JlH. llpomy a, pa6'L TaKoA-To, He CTpllJlHTJ. no 'IlIcry nom, a CTpWTL pa6a, TSKorO-TO, OT'L CKOpoft 60Jlt3Hl1, OT'L ,l(oonllmKlI, OT'L OCyp;~B, OT'L 'IepHarO BOJlOC3, OT'L 611Jlaro BOJlOCB, OT'L pycaro BOJIOCS, OT'L TelHaro BOJl0C3, 11 OT'L BCHKaro He'IHCTaro' B3r.lIap;s. lloAp;y, saAp;y a pa6'L, TaKoA-ro, B'L p;o." K'L KpacHoA p;lIBlI~lI; y HeA 'lOnBTCa cBiI'18 aeeaoaaa, SB TeILHHOI'L, sa .lIap;OHOn, sa KYTMA. IloDpomy a y KPSCHOA p;lIBlID;Ll Sp;opoBLa OT'L p;ocnilmKlI, OT'L semueA, nOJIYBemHeA, OT'L .lIlITHell:, nOJIYriTHeit, OT1. oceaHell, nO.lIyoceHHell, OT'L sBlHell:, nO.lIysHlHeit, OT'L seuaHoA ,lI;OCnilmKlI, Bop;aHoft p;ocnllmKlI, BlITpaHoit P;OCnilIIIKlI, OT'L CTpil'lHBRa B nopll'IHHKB.

80. SarOBOPIJo sa O'f"",11.J .-~f lIfZen •• 00:1. CTBBY a, Be' 6.lIBrOC.lIOBHCL, noitp;y Be nepespecracs, He ABePLIIlI, De BopoTaJ:ll, a P;LIlHLII'L OKHon p;a nOp;BaJILHLII'L 6peBDon, nOJlo~y manKY nop;'L naTY, nop;'L naTY, He aa CLlpy 3eIJIIO, . He Da CLlpy SeIJIIO p;a B'L 'IepHLIit 'I060T'L; a B'L TOI~ '1060TY no611ry a B'L TelHLIit .lIlIC'L, aa 60JILmo osepamo, B'L Ton 03ep~1I nJILIBeT'L '1eJlB~e, B'L Ton '1eJlH~lI CHP;BT'L 'I0pT'L C'L '1epT~eA; mBLlpHy .II C'L nop;'L naTLl manKY B'L '1ep~B. "ITO TLl, '1epTBID;e, ClIp;BmL B'L '1e.lI~lI, C'L cBoeA '1epTIIID;eA? Cxp;HmL TLl, 'IepTBID;e, npo'IL JIB~OI'L OT'L cBoeA '1epT~lI; nO)J;H TLl, '1epTHID;e, K'L .lI1O~HI'L B'L nenezame, noCUH, '1ep~e, CBOIO 'IepT~y TaKOIY-TO B'L H36~1I, a B'L TOft H36~1I, He RaK'L TLI, 'IepT~e, co CBoeit 'IepT~eA ~BJT'L .IIO~B npBO, JII060BBO, p;pyr'L )J;pyra JlI06aT'L, '1yatIII'I. HellaBHJ[HT'L. - TLl, '1epTH~e, BeJlH '1ePTH~lI, ~T06'L

pa -,. .Q. nqa c~

72

T060A B'L '1e.llDllll;iI, TaR'L ZU'L 6y, TIIoROit-TO, co CRoeA meHok B'L Hs6J111{iI. lJ:T06'L 01l'L ee HeHaBHp;iln.. He nOIO,ll;.H, He nocTyn.H, pasJIBJlaCL 6y ero HeHaBICTL no BCe-r cap~}, a } HeA no TilJIY Heyroa6C'l'BO, He .oua 6y ellY DB B'L 'len yroAlITL I onpoTHBilJla 6y el:Y cBoeA RpaCOToA, ollepsilJla 6y e.y ooiln TilJIon. !taR'L J1erRO nil 6yp;eT'L OTCTJnHTL OT'L re6a, RaR'L J1erRO p;OCTaTL manRY US'L osepJlll{a; Te6i1, '1epTJIII{Y, XpaDBTL manRY B'L osepI~iI, OT'L Py6LI, on ·py6afta, on aaaro ftOJIAYHa. lJ:T06y He MOrJIB ee HH py6y C'LilCTL, HH pa- 6aft'L p;OCTaTL, DB SJIoA ftOJAJH'L OTKOJIp;OBaTL, aa 1OIp'L H na .lIaA'L. II BllilcTO P}'ItOnuCH RPOBHOit OTP;aIO Te6i1 .H CJIIOny.

61. S&1'OBOP'Jo Jla yp;a'IIIJm J[O:a.no ."peA.

BeTaHY .H, pa6'L TaRoA-To, 6JlarOCJIOBlICL H nepeRpeCT.HCL, 'lHcToA Bop;oA J1l0IOCL, mHTYII'L 6paHLIII'L nO.lloreHH'lItOIl'L YTPYCL, noAAY HS'L H36y, CO OT~OM'L npO~YCL, C'L MaTepLIO 6JIarOCJIOBJIl)(jL. noAAY H3'L H36y B'L p;BepH, H3'L ABepeA B'L cilHH, H3'L cilHeit sa RpYJIe'IKO, C'L KpWe'lKa no J1i1cT~iI B'L 'lHCTOe noae, B'D TBepp;ye 3aBOp;LI, B'L BOCTO'lHJlO CTOPOUY, BO Te.HLIe nea, nop;'L .HCHYIO 30PIO, nop;'L spacaoe eomne, nop;'L CBtTJILIA Mte~'L, nop;'L '1aCTY.H 3Bt3,l1;Y! HeHoA 30peA O,ll;tHYCL, KpaCHYII'L co~en OnO.HmycL, '13CTYIlII 3Bt3p;an OnOTY1JYCL; noAAY .H, pa6'L TaRoA-ro, eo CBOHII'L meJItSHYII'L KJIlI~OIl'L B'L TeMme J1tea, B'L BOCTO'lHYIO CTOPOny, B'L 'IHcroe noze, a B'L TOM'L 'lHCTOII'L non JIeuT'L 6tn-ropIO'IL KueHL; CTauy .H, pa6'L rasoa-ro, K'L BOCTORY JlB~OJI'L, R'L 3anaAY Xpe6TOII'L, sa oot '1eTYpe cropona nOKJIOHIOCL. Iloeo- 61Te I no.orHTe BY JlHt, pa6} TaxoIIy-ro, 3a o.xOTOIO IO,D;HTH, 6i1J1YI'L H ctpYI'L 3~eB'L J10BBTH; RYDB~'L, H JIB~'L, I ctpYI'L BOBOB'L, AoporBI'L 3BilpeA PLIcaA 3arOH.lITH I 3WIJ'laTH, '1T06LI 6ilmaJlB no cBoeA CTJnu H no eBoeA TPOnil, 6e- 30naCHO, aa CTOpoHY He OTJlJITLIBaJIHCL I B3a,D;'L He BOpO'la;me ... II corpaaare .eH.H, pa6a rasoro-ro, e'L KOHII'L meJIil3- .

73

1IIiJI'L K.l.BImon OT'L ypOKa H npasopa, OT'L ClTpimmoa H nOnepemHHKa, OT'L KOJIAYBa, H on Bt,qua, ,H on nOBtTpa, OT'L p;Boesy6L1x'L H Tpoosy6LIX'L, OT'L p;BOemeHHLIX'L H rpoea:elUlLlX'L, on ItpHBLIX'L H CJIilULIX'L, OT'II PYCOBOJIOCLlI'L, 11, 6tJIOBOJlooLIX'L, x '1epROBOJIOCLIX'L, H OT'L nYCTOBOJIOOLIX'L, OT'L ,lI;tBltX x OT'L napna, '1T06L1 HI'L lIeHH He HCnOp'lHBaTl>. IIoCTaBLTe OKOJIO leHH TpH TLlHa, -TLIH'L meJitsHLIil, a p;pyroll: dp;m.tlt, TpeTill: 6YJIaTHLIll:; 381lltH salKHITeCb, OTHeCHTeCb, K.IIO'IB H BaIlKH; '1T06L1 3TH ItJIIO'IH JIeataJIB Tan 6esonaclI,0, ItaIt'L eJIH It'L nOH, TaIt'L It'L KJfH~8I'L meJItsotA .ut, pa6y T8KOIY-TO, CKOK'L KptnOK'L H mecTOK'L! B'L CHHen 1I0pt CHm KaJ:eUb, B'L '1epHOn IIOpt '1epHLIll: KaleRb, B'L 6tJIOI'L 10pt 6iwd KaleRb. CeA loA sarOBOp'L.

82. 8.1'0.0,.. 11& ftCBJ P;OCipOKY JIOJ[O~J no ap&OlIoi

~B~". '

CTauy H, pa6a TaKaH-Ta, 6JIarOCJIOBHCb, noAp;y, nepespeeTHCL, XS'L Hs6L1 B'L p;BepH, HS'L p;Bopa B'L sopota, BLIilp;y B'L 'lHCTOe nOJIe, B'L nop;BOp;OCTO'lH}'IO CTopoHY, B'L nO,D;BOp;OCTO'lHOA: CTOPOHt CroHT'L Hs6a, cpeAU Hs6u JIemHT'L P;OCKa, nop;'L ,ll;OCltOil TooKa. IIJIa'leT'L TOCKa, PLI,D;8eT'L TOCKa, 6mro cBtTa ,lI;OUA8eTCH! BtJILIll: CBtl''L spaeao COJIHllIBKO P;OZHP;8eTCH, pa,qeTCH H B8CeJIHTCS! TaR'L leBa, pa6y TaKJD-TO, p;omHAIUCS, pap;OBIUCJI H seC8JIHJICH, ae lor'L 6L1 6en leH8 HH aHTJ>, DB 6UTL, UK nRTb, HH tCTb; HH us JTpeHHeil Sopt, HH Ha Be'lepHeA:; KaIt'L pLl6a 6es'L BOALI, KaIt'L lJIap;eueu;'L OOS'L IaTepH, 6en UTepHHa 1I0JIOKa, 6es'L .aTepUHa speaa He 10zeT'L ZHTI>, TaIt'b 6L1 pa6'L, TaKoA-TO, 6eS'L pa6L1, TaKol:-TO, Be .or'L 6L1 ZRTb, HH 6UTI>, HH DHTb, HK tcTL, HH aa yTpeHHoil 30pt, HH aa Be'lepHel, UH B'L 06LI,D;ell'b, UH B'L nOJlp;eHb, BH npH ''18CTLII'L 3BtSP;SI'b, HH npa 6yl1:mn'L BtTpaI'L, HH B'L ' AeHb npa COJIHu;t, HH B'L HO'lb npa lItcau;t: BUHBalcH, TOCKa, B'Ltp;aAca, TOCIta, B'L rpYAb, B'L cepme, BO sees ZHBOT'L pa6y,

74

TaROJJy-TO, paSpOCTHCb B paSpOABCl> no Bciln atBJIal'b, no Bciln KOCTIDl'b HOOTOit B CYXOTOtt no pa6i1, TaKOit-TO.

83. 8arOBOpor. O'!'ft !'pY •••

CTaHya pa6'b, TaKott-To, 6J1arOClIOBaCb, noAAy, nepespeCTHCb, BS'b )l,Bepeit B'b )l,BepB, RS'b BOPOT'b B'b aepora, B'b 'IBCTO nOJIe, B'b nO)l,BOAOCTO'IHYIO CTOPOH}, K'b 10PIO K'b OKiaH}, B'b .0pil-OKiaHiI JIeatBT'b AJlaTlJlpb. KaIeRD, aa Ton KUBiI AlI3Tlllpil CTOBT'b )l,on. llorrpomy H, pa6'b TaRoit-TO, S)I,OPOBbH,06'b TaKott-To 60JIilSHH, 06'11 Hm'lHOn Iscil, OT'b rpIJI- 30TIJI, 0T'b 60JlilTIJI, OT'b JIOIOTIJI. BilmBT'b pilRa OrHeHHaH, 'Ipe3'b OrHeHHjlO pilK} KaJIHHOBOit .OCT'II, no TO"Y KURHOBY . IIOCTY RAeT'b CTap'b .. areps 'IeJIoBilK'bj HeCeT'b B'b pYKaX'b 30- JIOTOe 6JllO)I,e'IK0, cepe6PHHO nepamae, 'lameT~ Y pa6i1, Ta'" ROtt-TO, Ce'lbAeCHT'b atBJI'b, cellbAeCHT'b KocTeit, Ce'lb)l,eCHT'b cycTaBOB'bj 36aBlIaeT'b C'b pa6a, TaKorO':'TO, Ce'lb)l,eCHT'b 60- Jlil3Hett. He 60JIH B ne JIOIIH, R He oTpmait, B He OT.KB)J.IJIBait, HB na KOHd, HB Ha BilTK'Il HBRorAa.

81. 8&rOBop" B& OC'fJP;1 .8.1(1 ~O.lIOP;U;o", • P;tBBD;e:I.

!taK'b 'laTl> 61J1CTpa pilKa BOJIr& Te'IeT'b, RaR'b neCKB co neCRaiB CnOJIaCRHBaIOTCH, KaK'b KYCTIJI CO KYCT31H CBRB3IOT_ca, TaK'b-61J1 pa6'b, TaKoit-To, He BOAHJICJ! C'b pa60it, TaKoit-To, HR B'b llJIOTb, HB B'b JI1060Bb, HB B'b IOHOCTb, HB ~pOCTbj KaK'b B'b TeJ:Hoit re .. mm;iI R B'b KJleBHHD;t, ilCTh HilmHTh npoCTOBOJIOca, R AOJll'OBOJlOCa, R rJlasa BIJIUy'IHB1IIHj TaK'b-61J1 pa6a, rssaa-ra, KaSaJl3Cb pa6y, TaKO.Y-TO, UPOCTOBOJlOCOit B )l,OlIrOBoJIocoll, B rJIaS3 BIJIUY'IBBmBj KaK'b Y KomRB C'b c06aKoit, Y c06aKR C'b pocCOllaxoit, TaK'b 6L1 Y pa6a, T8KorO-TO, C'b pa(loit, TaRott-To, He 6wo COrJlaCbJl HB AHen, HB HO'lbIO, HB YTPOI'b, HH B'b nozaeas, HR B'b na6i1)1,OK'b. CJIOBO loe KptURO.

75

IIPHMi> lJAHIJI.

I) CTapWi aallllCRR B3aTLl RS'b JIiITOn. POCT. R ReHRr. PYK • .IIRCT'), lOS, 105, 106.

t) 3TO 8~RHoTBeHBLlit pascKas'b, OTKpLlBalO~il!: C.liI)I;Ll pyecRol! .R6o.10riR. BilpoBaaie CKaa~RHaBOB'b lIlBBO OTpalilaeTCli B'b Ry.n;ecHRKU'b POCTOBCKBI'Io.

8) Bopoz6a 'Iy.n;cKaro RY)l;eCHRRa YKaBLlBaeT'b npaxe Ha ljJuHcKoe

UPOKCIoz.n;8Hie. C. .. BileT. EBp. 1828r. ~ IS, CTp. 1. ') HCT. roc. Poc. Rap. T. V, npRII. 252.

') Tan ze, T. VI, npRJI. S24;

6) PYCCR. BKBJli06. H. H. Iloaeaaro, T: I, CTp. 29.

7) B'I> napCRHn npe)l;JlOzenillX'b, .n;JIIi pilmeHili KOTOPLlX'b COCTaBJleH'l> 6LlJl'b CTOrJlaBLlit co60p'b, 6LlJIB sonpoca: 22 0 KOJI)lOBaHiB B la.n;BHiK, 24 06'b HBaHoBii ~HiI, 25 0 KJIR'IKiI aa Pa)lyHB~iI, 26 0 'IeTBeprOB!)it eO.llR, 27 0 -Bopoz6t B'b nOHe)l;ilJIy,HBR'b nocJIiI Ilerpoaa nocno

8) Hs.n;aTeJIB SaROHOB'b B. R: IOH. B. R Cy.n;e6HBKa noJlilcTRJIB

ITOH HaRaS'b, nO)l;'b RJleHe.'b BLlnKCR 1552 r. DB CTp. US.

9) HCT. roe. Poc. Rap. T. IX, npHll. 268.

10) MOCK. TeJlerp. 18SS r. 'I. 52, CTp. Sl1. tt) HCT. roc. Poc. Rap. T. IX, CTp. 216. tI) CKaS. Ryp6. 'I. 11, CTp. 112.

t8) CKas. Kyp6. T. I, CTp. 101:

U) CK&8. Kyp6. T. I, CTp. ·102.

t&) HCT. roc. Poc. Rap. T. IX, CTp. 194. 16) CKaB. Kyp6. T. I, CTP; ISS.

I') CKaB. Ryp6. T. I, CTp. S8.

18) CKaB. aa, Ryp6. T. II, CTp. 58.

19) HeT. 0 SaT. Boap, MaTB. CTp. 11, 161, 162. _

to) O'ieBb 1IH0raro 0 'IepHOltHRZiB JIll He nOJliiCTBJIR s.n;ilcy,; OAHH cBiI~ilnili OCTaBJI8HLl DUR nOTOJlY, 'ITO eme 6YJ1;eM'b 06'b HBX'b rOBOpBTb, a 0 .n;pyrul'b He rOBOpBM'b sa BBJIUmeCTBOM'b.

21) HCT. roc. Poc. Rap. T. IX, CTp. 828.

22) CIIOTPB B'b KOD~iI KlJDrR .n;onOJIHeHie ~ 1.

76

lIS) C.OT}lB B'IJ KOlmi! KIIBl'B AOnOJIBeme ]f 2.

14) 16 magician Lexilis, qui fiorissait a. TuniS, etalt fort mauvais prisonnler. V. Chroniqlles et contes de Mouchenberg. Ancienne Chronique de la odre. Jacques Meyer. Cardan dans ses contes.

") Ilosaria pyCCKal'O uapoJJ;a 0 .IllXOP&)I;K&X'IJ 8&DCTBOB&IIH OT'IJ U&B.DIKiall'I>. IIpaBOCJlBBKOIO nllPKOBhlO 6W1l1 npe;ll;allH npoKJIJITi)): B 0- np eca K'IJ Boropo;ll;Bni! 0 H8;11;Y8t . eCT8CTBeKKOII'l>, eze BIIlIKY6TC.1l rpacaaans. CII. IO&HHB, SRB. BO.ll'BpcKaro, B8A. ItB~aitAoBB~ell'IJ.CTp.210. .

26) 3TOT'IJ 8aroBOp'll BHnDCBK'IJ D8'IJ KOlle;ll;iH: 'IB p 0)1; i! it C TB 0, B~B AllAH, 0611BKYBmiitc.1I KOJllUK'IJ. CTp. 51. MocKSa 1831 rOAB.

27) IIOCJli!;II;Hie ceMb SBrOBOPOB'IJ 61lJlB C006meHIl r. IIapIIXHBIlII'L.

CKaaaHiH 0 QapOA1ICTB1.

1. 1J:apll JI& Bi!'ep",

lJ:apy HR BilTep'l> HSBilcTHY 6LIJ1J1 B'I> PYCCKOI'I> '1epHOKHHariH eme B'L XVI C'l'OJIilTiH. Kyp6CKiA, y'IRCTHHK'L CJlaBY ~p.a IOBu8 IV BRCHJlLeBH'I8, OllHCYBWI K83aHCKYIO 6HTBY, rOBOpJIT'L, 'ITO KR3Il1JCKie T8TRpy, atUM O'IRPOBRTL pyCCKyIO P8TL, H8BilB8JIH BilTPLI C'I> cBOe! cTtHY. JIIOP;H, He3H8XOJILIe C'I> PYCCKOI) celeAHOIO atHBHiJO, 1(0 CHI'I> nops 06BHWlIOT'I> KYpOOKaI'O 38 liTO HBBilcTie. lJ:To6LI YBilpUTLCII - p;titCTBUTeJILHO JIll C~ecTB)'IOT'I> '18pLI H8 BilTep'L, CTOUT'I> TOJILKO 38- rOBOpBTL C'L nepBLUl'L PYCCKHI'L CeJIJlHBHOI'L, H COTBH npuitPOB'L6yJtYT'L npep;'I> rJl8380. B'L CeJl8n rOBOpJlT'L, 'ITO KaKOitTO ll'IeJILmm'L HSJ'lBJI'L 'l8pOl(teB'L T8KO:lY pelecJJY, Korl(8 OTpOHBmi.aCJl ll'IeJIY fJleTaJIH K'L coctJ(8ll'L; HO, pa3ClaTpHBM npuriHeHi.a '18POB'L Ha BtTep'L K'L P83HLUl'L CJIY'Ian'L, BU)(HO, 'ITO ORB ()WIB 3aHeCeHY K'L Han C'L 'lfatoA CTOPOHY. KaaeTCJI, 6e3'1> BCJlKarO coutHiJl, 10atBO npep;nOJlar8TL, 'ITO '1SPy H8 Bilrep'l> u306pilTeHLI KaSSHCEu. 'l8pop;t.aO.

lJaPLI HB BtTep'L COCTBBJIJIIOT'I> meCTOK)'IO MeCTL B'L OCKOP- 6.1w. JKeJl8JI OTOICTHTL CBoeMY Bpary, nOC8JIJlHe cmpssJlBRlTC.a E'I> 'l8POl(tl), P8BCK83LIBaRlT'L CBOIO 06u1(Y, npOC.IlT'I>

,

78

ero nO'IapoBaTL Ha Btrep'L. lJapop;tA, 1I0JY'lHBmH 1I0P;8PKB:

BHHO, p;eHLrB, IOJlCTHH)', CIlp8IJ01B81lT'L: eB'L KaIWIL CTOPOHt ZBBeT'L THoll CYIIOCTaT'L?:t-eBon, B'L sToll-TO CTOPOHKt, roBOpHT'L 06H3CeHHHI, acHBeT'L _01 CYIIOCTaT'L!:t-BLlIOAJIT'L utCTt aa p;opory H 06_a C_OTPHT'L: eCTL-JIH Typ;a 1I0llYTHHI BtTep'L? ECJlH eCTLBtTep'L, Tor)J;a IIPHCTYIl8llT'LK'L cosepmeain 06pHp;a. 06HaceHHIilA 1I0ceJUllDlH'L 6epeT'L C'L p;oporH cHtr'L IIJIII IIHJIL, C.OTPJl 110 Bpe.eBB .rop;a, H OTp;ae'l"L C'L nOKJIOHOM'L 'l8POp;tlO. 9TOT'L, npHHJlBmH IILIJJ]), 6poeaeT'L aa BtTep'L, nparOBSpHB8JI IIpolWITie:

eKYJlJla, KYDa! OCJItnH rasore-ro, 'lepmlJl, BOPOHWI, roJl)'6W1, K8piH, 6tJIWI, KpaCHWI 0'lH. Pasp;yA eroyrpo6y To~e yroJILHoA JIm, 38Cymu ero Tho TOHLme Jl)'roBoA TpaBH. YIOpU ero cKopte S_tll dp;JIII1IIU>I!:t

. Ilporoaopaamanpcaaarie, 'lapop;tA uy60KOSap;ymB8eTCJI, 1I0TOI'L P8SCK83HB8eT'L: BHP;'L, nplUltm, ItCTO - Kyp;8 AOJleTtJIH ero 'lSpH; )'BtpJleT'L, K811;'L KOP'lHJIO lITOrO 'leJIOBtKa, K8K'L on· .mmaJICJI sptHia, K8K'L P8SP;YBSJICJI CBoelO YTpo601O, K8K'L H8'l8J1'L'l8IH)'TL, K8K,'L TenepL'TOOTCJI Hep;yron eseprHIiI.'L.

Iloeezaae y6tacAem, 'ITO eera lII'L Bpar'L 1I01la,u;eTCJIIIO,3;'L IIpoK.IJITie 'lapop;tJl, TO OR'L HenpeMilHHo 6yp;eT'L acepTHOlO 'lapoaaaia. Ho, K8K'L srero H8 C8.0n p;ut He 6HBaeTL, TO Bcerp;s yrtmsIOT'L ce6J1 nu, 'ITO HS 9TH 'lSpH non8JICJlIIOCTOPORHiit 'leJlOBtK'L, CIOARHi JlHn;e.'L 11 BCtO IIpmTSO C'L ero BparOI'L. BtPOJlTHO, 'ITO lISBHHeHiJr BHCK83HBSIOTCJI H8lIepep;'LCSIH1IlI 'lSPOAtJID, B'L onp8Bp;a.me, caoero 061aH8. ,lI;oBtpeHHOCTL 11 aacrpoeaaoe Bo06paaceHie Kt. 'lyp;ecs_'L CO'" CT8BJlHIOTL OCHOBY aeasarc xapoaaala. 3H8BmH npoerory no- . CeJlHH'L, HI'L P;OBtpeHHOCTL KO BceI)' 'lyp;ecHo_y, m He AOJlaHIil yP;HBJIJlTLCJI, 'l!o OBB nOSBOJlHIOT'L ce6J1 06_aHHB8TL 'Iapop;tJIJI'L. MHt lISBtCTRH IHoriH yclIJIiH, npeAlIPHHU8eIHH AJIJI lIcTpe6J1eHia cero 06UHS, HO K'L COZuilHiIO, )'BeD'IHBmia eme 60Jlte )'BilpeHHOCTL IIpocToAymRHI'L B'L p;tACTBH-

79

TeJlI>HOCTR 9THX'II 'Iap'Il. KameTCJI, 'ITO see 9TO npORCXOI(HT'II on roro, 'ITO 6JIarol(ilTeJlbHLIe nO:lil~HKH He SHaIOT'II: RaK'II BoopY3£HTbCH npOTHB'II aroro 3JIa? CnpaBel(JIHBOe YI(OBJIeTBOpeHie 0611,l1;LI, BHUsme K'II 6ilI(CTBiIo-;-MorYT'II H8BCerl(S HCTpe- . 6UTI> BilpOBSHie B'II 'ISpLI HS BilTep'Il. PYCCKUt nOCeJIHHRH'II THl'II H CnOXOeH'II, A06p'II OT'II npupol(LI, 1I0HHTJIBB'Il1(0 1I0CJIilAHeit BOSJlO3£HOCTH. CJIY'lHCI> C'II HRM'II 6il1(CTBie, on JIHmOOTex 9THl'II HSCJIilI(CTBellHIlI'Il1(06JIeCTe!, H TorAs-TO IIpeASeTCJI C'II nOJIHOIO AOBilpeHHOCTiIO B'II paenopaaeale 06J1aH~RKOB'II.

8. 1I'PII D orip;'Jo.

~SPLI aa c.II1lA'II ynoTpe6JIHIOTCH eABS JIB He BO Bcilx'II OOJIeHfflX'II. BtpoBanie nOCeJIHH'II TaK'II K'II HUIl'Ii 6e31,'pSHU'IHO, 'iTO HUKTO He. 1I03£eT'II HI'II PSSyutPIITI>. lJ:eJIOBtK'II, nOI(BeprmiAcH 9TOMY 'IspOBaHiIO, 1I0'IHTaeTCJI OT'II Bcilu noru6- mlDl'Il, He,ll;OCTynHLIM'II 1£0 BCHKOMY IIc~tJIeHiIo. TPYAHO pilDUlTI>: KorAa 3a6peJIo aa PYCCKyIO 3elllJIIO 9T.o 'IapOBSHie? lJ:TO OBO Be PYCCKoe C03l(aHie, B'II 9TOJ(']) HilT'II CO:lHtHiH. JIIOAII SSH1IKaIO~eCH 9TU'II pe:leCJIOlll'Il CyTI>: ~SHe, JIHTOB~, TaTspLI, 10JII(OBSHe, ceJlbcsie PyccKie KOBOBaJILI, 6pol(mu;ie no PYCCK1IM'II ceJIeHiHM'II C'II npel(JI03£eHielll'Il YCJIYr'Il, aceraa OCTaIO~ICH B'IlHaKJISI('II npocToAymHLIlII'II nOCeJIHHSI'II. Onp Smna! 6LIBusro-pYCCKoe nOBtpie-cOCTSBJIHeT'II npa'lHBY Bc1lu C6JII>CK1IX'L 6t,u;CTBi!. PSSCllpsmlIBSH 6LIBaJISrO 0 'lJ3£6seMHLTX'II ABKOBIIHKaI'II, nOCeJIHHe BcerAa CTapaIOTCII BLIDHTLIBSTI>, Bcte B031110.lKHLIIH CpeI(CTBSJ:1I, 06'I1 orapameaia 6tI(CTBiA. II 8I(tCI>-TO 6LIBaJILIA, KaK'Ii OllLTTHLIA 06:1S~HK'II, BaJ'lOOT'II rJIYIIOCTHIl'II BCHKsro pOI(S.

lJ:apLI BS CJItl('L eCTI> BH'ITO I(Pyroe, GSIt'II 06LIKHOBeHHSH 60JIil3BI>, HSBilCTB8JI B'II MeAII~IIHil nOA'II Hl.eBen C Tap 'I ecsaro YBHI(SBiH - Msrssmus. lJ:eJIoBilK'II COIHeT'II, repHeT'II C'II KaXCI(OIO IHHYTOIO XCH8HeBHLIH OTnpaBJIeHiH, JIHmaerea pCTBeHHLIU CIIOC06HocTeA II, B'II HCTo~eHiH nOCTe-

80

neHHOI'L, MeJ{JleHHOI'b, YMHP86T'L. Iloeezaae, He nOHUllalOll\ie CBOllCTBa 60JIt3HeD, npUnBCYBaIOT'L 9TO 60.Ii'3HeHHoe COCTOJlHie 'Iapan aa CJItA'L.

B'L CeJleHW'L 'IapY aa CJItA'L ynoTpe6JIJmTCJl: B'L .1I1060BHYI'L BHTpuraI'L, B'L P83J10JIBKt coctp;eA, B'L JlBHoA, uenpH:mpHJIoll Bpaz,u;t. B'L nepBYI'L ABfI'L cJIY'I8JlX'L 6Y,ll;TO ORB HarOHJlIOT'L TO.n.KO BiI'lHym TOCKY, OTBpall\eHie OT'L 3aHJlTiA, B Heu36t&nyll cIepTL; B'L nOCJltp;Hen ace CJIY'I8t, KPO.t TOCItH, H3cymallT'L 'Ie.noBtK8 ]J,o nocJItp;HeA B03.0acHOCTB H AOBOP;HT'L Hept]J,KO AO ca.oy6iAcTBa. BoT'L OCHOBHoe BtpOaasie nOCeJlHH'L B'L 'IapoB8Hie.

llOCeJIHHe; npe,ll;npHHBI8llll\ie cOBepmaTL 'IapY na c.nt,ll;'L, CTapaIOTCH nOA.tTHTL CJltA'L npoIOp;HII\arO 'IeJlOBtKa, eseero HenpHDpHMarO apara, 3aOTHBmH crlp;'L, ORB 3aKpYB8IOT'L ero,: '!T06y necropoaale HO HCTpe6HlIH. 'IapOAtH C'IHTallT'L Tt TO.nLItO JIY'ImHlIH hJltp;y, ItOTopYe 6LIJIH Hane'laTJltHLI: aa nooK'll, HLIJIH, rpH3B, poet, cdrt, H B'L oc06eHHocTH Tt, sa KOTOpLlI'L eCTL BO.nOCY acHBOTHLlI'L H JIIOp;eA. 3T0 YCJlOBie, Ka&eTCJl, BYAy.auo, no Ho06IOP;UOCTH, P;JIJl onpaB]J,aHw 06uHa. llpH3BaHHYit 'IapodA TaK'L HCKYCHO oTp;tJlHeT'L CnA'L, 'ITO OH'L np6]J,CTaBJlHeT'L KaK'L 6y c.ntnOK'L CO crynHH. ~.Il sroro ORB ynoTpe6J1JlIOT'L mHpoRiA HO&BK'L, KaK'L rOBOpHT'L ORB ace, OKpOBaBJleHHYit BRIpe.'L. HaA'L CHHTWI'L CJltnKon 'lBT8IlT'L TaAHO 3arOBOpy. Kor]J,8 06H&6HHWI: rpe- 6yeT'L TO.lLItO uaHeOOHW TOCItH, TOr]J,a '1apop;ilH npH'IyT'L CJlt]J,'L HJIH nOJ{'L :l8TH&Y, HJIH BO]J,'L KH83eK'L;, Kor]J,a &6 06H- . aceHHYA TpOOyeT'L CllepTOJILHarO OT~eHiJl, TorAa OH'L, B'L rAfIYll BOJIHO'IL, C&Hr86T'L CJltA'L B'L 6aut.

3.11:0, cosepmeaaoe 'IapoJ{ilHu H8]J.'L nO]J.BeprmOCH 9TO.}

. 'IapoBaHW, IOacOT'L 6YTL H YRB'ITO&6HO, 3allflTHBmH TOCKY, nOCeJl8HO npH3L1BaIlT'L BJIH A 0 K y, UH B t AY H a, HJlH 3 H arapa, H npOCJIT'L oro, C'L nop;apK8J1B, u3CiaBHTL 60.nLHOrO OT'L uOJ{yra. ~OKa, ptmHBmiA:CJl no.oraTL, npeacp;e seere OCIaTpBBaeT'L unmy, nOTOI'L KHH3eK'L, nepeC'lHTYB86T'L

81

BOJIOCLI. HOCeJIHHe cJIimo BilpJlT'I>, 'ITO p;OKalll'l> HSBilCTllO CKOJILKO} Ksacp;aro '1eJ1oBilKa eCTL BOJlOC'I>, H 'ITO BW:il3SIOmie BOJIOCLI BCerp;a nap;aIOT'I> nop;'I> CJlllp;'I>. ECJIH OHH iIaAP;YT'b CJlilp;'I> H SaIilTlIT'b B'b Hell'b BOJIOCLI, TOrp;a 06ilII\aIOT'b H36aB.l8Hie. KOrp;8 se '06ilII\aHie He C6L1B8eT¢JI, Torp;a yBilpHIOT'b, 'ITO saJlil'leHHLIe DH B'b CJlild BOJIOCLI, BilpOllTHO, npHH8AJ1eZ8JIH APyrOJJ.y. 9TO YCJIoBie eCTL npHrOTOBJIeHHOe onp8Bp;l\Hie p;JIH Heyp;a'lH. ,ll;oKa BLlHOCHT'b HaAp;eHHLlA CJIilp;'b aa YJIHn} H 6pocaeT'I> U8 p;opory, no UanpaBJIeHiIO BilTpa. 9THI'!. C811lLlll'b crOUlIeTClI TOCKS. Kor)(a )(OKa He OTLlII\eT'I> cJIil)(a, TorJt8 npe)(JI8raen 60JILHOJJ.} cse'll> 6ilJILe no)('b BJIarOBilII\euie, ynilPllll, 'ITO TOJILKO 9TO cpep;CTBO Hs6aBKT'b ero OT'b He)(yra.

Bcsmil 6JIsroJJ.L1cJI,mnil '1eJIoBilK'I>, KOHe'qHO, 6}p;eT'I> coaaJlilTL 0 3a6JI}.lIt)(eHiH nOCeJlSlH'b H, 6es'b coeilHill, nO.lKeJISeT'b BCTpe6JleHiH 9TO\'0 nOBilpiJl. lJ:TO '1SpLl na CJlil)('b eCTL 06JJ.SB'h, B'L 9TOl'!. HilT'b cOllHiluill. ItTO, KPOllil nOdII\HKOB'b H npHIOP;CIUIX'J; CB~eHHHltOB'L, MO<KeT'I> HCTpe6HTL 9TO SJIO? Ha HHI'b OCHOBLlBSeTCJI Ha)(em)(a B'b HCnOJlHeml 06II\aro ateJISHilll

8. 1Iaplol ~.IUI B&.IltB'Jo.

lJ:SPLl P;JIlI KuilK'L P;OJISHLI 06paII\STL ocooeaaee BHH.auie nOdII\HKOB'b no cBoellY SJIoynoTpe6JIeHiIO B'I> cellelHol amSUH. HPOCTOJIIOP;HH'b pilrnneJILuo BilpHT'I>, 'ITO KsriKH, .lIO,lUI o6es06ps.lKeHHLIe pasHLlu 60JIil3HlIllH, CYTL HeC'ISCTJlBB~, O'l8pOBaUHLle )(OKal1l, Bil)(yaaJJ.H. MO.lKno JlH npaP;YIaTL HeJIilnile cero SS6JIY.lK)(eHiH? PycCRil nOCeJIHHHH'I>, npa BSrJLHAil HS KaJIild., COataJIileT'b 06'1> UHI'b, no BJJ.ilCTil C'b .... tn H CTPSillHTCH, npe)(nOJlaraH B'I> HI'b TilJIil npHCYTCTBie He'lHCTOA CHJlLI. HUL3H 06BIUHTL nOCeJLHHHHa S8 91'0 nOCJIil)(Hee Hpe)(noJIomeuie: )(OCTOBilpHLIll H3BilcTill 06'b ISYpoAOBaHiH JIIO)(eA: MorJT'I> rrpHBop;HTL BCHK8ro B" Co)(porame~ ,ll;8BHO JIH BC'IeSJII B'b COBpe.eHHoA: HarneA rOpO)(CKoA: ZH3HH TOJIIfLI cJIilnLlI'I>, nO)(BO)(1lI C'I> HSYPO)(OB8HH1lIllH JIIOP;LU? ,11;0

H. CA_UPOB7J. 6

82

CHI'L nOp'L ell(e CKHTIWTCJI OHH no ceJIeHiU'L, 11.0 CHI'L nop'L ell(e npOKa31l HI1. Cyll(8CTBJB)T'L. He rosopa 0 HBHon H3JPOAOBaHiH ·.mAel, cOBepmaeJlon CJItllllU H KaJI'llKau, p;u 6J1arOBHp;Haro c06HpaHiH UJ[OCTLIIDI\ 'Iapll AJIH Ka.l1m'L p;ilitCTBHTeJILHO HaIOp;HTCJI B'L pyccKon 'IepHOKHHmiH. lJT061l yuilPHTb ce6J1, 'ITO OHB aaaeeeaa B'L Hamy pOIl.BHY C'L 'Iyaoit CTOPOHIl, pa3CJlOTpHn eoaepmeaie casare 06pHAa. 9TO TOJ[bKO 01f.H0 lIomeT'L P;OKa38Tb, 'ITO pyccKiit nOCeJlHHHH'L He 6w'L HI'L H306pilT8TeJ[en.

lJapop;ilH, AJlJI coaepmeala eseero 06pap;8, 6epJT'L 3euIO C'L' cBilmel, ilOrHJlIl, BIlHHK8IOT'L SO JI Y B3'L cem ne'leA, C06HpalOT'L COJIb B3'L cen H36'L. Bee 9TO CM.ilmHBaIOT'L BIilcTil, UB aamHBaIOT'L B'L oHJ'lH, HJlB B'L 'IyJlKH, UH R~P;JT'L B'L

. J8t1TH BJlilcTO nOp;CTBJlKH. Ben BCHKaI.'O COIlrJ>Hm, 'ITO Y'laCTHHKOII'L rasorc 06pa:p;a p;omeH'L 61lTb KTO HB6YAI> Hn celIeAHLII'L, HIH 6JIH3KHI'L J[lOlI.eA. TOT'L, KQIJ 06pe'leHo 9TO CH8p;06be, JIHmaeTca: ynoTpe6J[eHiH nora, B'L 9TOI'L a8KJ[lOsaerca coeepmeale 1J8POB'L AJIa: KaJItR'L.

06'La:CHHTb 9TO 'I8po,u;ilAcTBO JlOmHO O'leHt. HpOCTO. 3eUH, B3JlT8H C'L cBilmeA 1I0rH.llll, BCerAB a8KJ1lO'IaeT'L B'L ce6il HJIH 1J8CTHIU>I CeJIHTpeHllJl, HJIH HSBeCTKOBIlH, HO B'L cdmeHiH C'L SOJlOIO ]{ COJ[b1O 06pasyeT'L TaRoA IHn'leCKil COCT8B'L, KOTOpllA JIerRO 1I0Z6T'L nOrJIO~8Tb B'L cooa: HcnapeHiH H co06~aTb HI'L p;pyrHn TilJ[8n. TaRoA COCTaB'L, coo6~eHHllA C'L HOrolO, BeCh.8 CKOPO nOrJlO~aeT'L.HO.lKHJIO BcnapHHY, H 6YAY'lH paCTBOpHI'L 810, OBJl8&HBaeT'L, TaK'L CKa3aTb, csoen CIlPOCTbI) COnpHKOCHOBeHHIlJl 'IaCTH. ECJIH npH 9Ton 06paTH:I'L . BHHJl8Hie na cnOC06HOCTb 'IeJIoBil'lecKoA opraHH3a$1 BC8CIlB8Tb BJIamnOCTb, TO JlerKO pilpOCJI, 'ITO COCT8B'L '18pop;ileB'L P;JlJI KaJlilK'L OCHOBaH'L na BcacbIBaHiH BcnapeHiA, .H 'ITO BCJlilp;CTBie 9Toro HeHs6bHO p;OJIZeH'L 06PS30B8TbCa: BCKYC-, CTBeHHIlA peB.8TK3.'L. llPOCTOJ[lOP;HH'L, He nOHD8H 38- ROHOB'L npBpOAll, HO BilpyJl B'L peBJI8TlISJlIl, BcerAa 6yp;eT'L yuilpHTb, 'ITO TO JJ;tJl8IOT'L 3JlOCTHIle JlepTB6~, HeH8BlIp;~e

83

mm~I'L JUOAeA 3a TO, 'ITO ORB, ()YIJ,TO 6H HanepeROp'L CYAL()H, OCTaIOTCH B3&1ilH'L HI'b HaCJIalltp;aTLCa IliPCRIIlIB YAOBOJll,CTBimlB.

BoeHHHe Bpa'IH, B'L IHpHoe apesa, J(OJIZHLI oop~aTL OCO- 6eHHoe BHnaHie sa peB.aTB311ll. COJIlJ,aTH, aeJlaa H36aBHTLCa: OT'L C.lIJZ6H, A06pOBOJILHO nOIJ,BepraIOTC.II '1apan AJIlI

xaJIilx'L. . ,

HeBOSJlOlltHO J(OnyCTBTL, '1TOOH PYCCRiA nOCeJlSlHHH'L, '1YolItJJ,HA: IlIlIH'IeCKHI'L CBillJ,ilHiA, 1II0r'L ()HTl> Hs06pilTaTeJle~'L HCKYCCTBeHHarO peBlllATBSlIIa - BJIH '1apOB'L IJ,JllI KuilK'L. ECJIH ecrs H3'L PYCCKHI'L saHBlaIO~ieCH 9THI'L npolHcJIOII'L, TO, riPOJITHO, 'ITO OHB BCnOJIHlIIOT'L 9TO no npep;aHiIO, ()es'L BCHKaro nOHHTffl 0 saKOHaI'L IIlIIB'IeCKarO eoeraaeala, CSeS'b sHaHiA 0 IJ,ilACTBiB Be~eCTB'L na '1eJloBil'lecKoe TilJlo. IIOCJIil cere IIH ClilJIO 1I0Zel'L CRaSaTl>: '1apH AJIH K3J1ilK'L eCTL Hs06pilTeHie'lYolIteSeIHOe, aaaeeeaaoe B'L PYCCKJIO sellJUO. ~oced e~e OCT8IOTC.II TelHLIJI nOHlITiH 0 KJIHKymaI'L, KOTOpHI'b seeraa BHAaIOT'L sa 6i1cHJIO~HIC.II. Ho B 9TO e6TL 60- JIilSHl>: BCR'yccTBeHH8H BCTepB.Ka. KpOBOrORBTeJILHHH cpep;CTBa, Hapym3H ompaaaerde olIteHCKHI'L opraHOB'b, BOSBHm3H pasApaollteHie HepBHoA CBCTem, 06pasyIOT'L rssoe HCRyccTBeHHoe COCTO.llHie aepnaaro 9JleKTpH'IeCTBa, 'ITO Bpa'IH IUlK8R'L He 1I0ryT'L nOABeCTH 60JlilSHH sroro POA3 nOA'L OOHRHOBeHHLIe saKOHH npOBCIOolltAeHilI ()oJlilsHeA. 3mTHI'b eme saaaoe 06CTOlITeJIl>CTBo: lIIHorie HS'L nOCeJIlIH'L 06JIaAaIOT'L OCOOOmlwl'L 3HaHien ~tACTBiH Be~eCTB'L aa '1eJIOBil'lecKiA opraHHSlII'L, 3HaHiell'L HeAocTYDHHJI'b AJISI Bp3'leA. 9To-TO aaaafe, 06JIe'leHHOe pasHHIB TaHHCTBaIH, 06pHAalllH, 06J13H3IH, BCerlJ,a ynoTpe6JIHeTC.II BIB BO 3JIO. OT'L cero npoH30mJlO o()pasoBaHie lH~rHI'b HCKYCCTBeHHHI'L 60JIilsHeit.

4. 1{&PII Jla .1l0ma;lUt.

qa pH-H a JIomalJ,l>, conpOBOlltA36I1llJJ r.IIJlIHI'L BilpOB8- mell'L B'L ~eHie l[epTBenOB'b, HamJIH AJI.II ce6.11 npiIOT'L B'L 6*

84

cen.cKoll mKSBH. 38 .u;OCToBilpHoe _03KO HpHHHTL, 'ITO OCHOB8TeJIJlD cero '18pop;ilil:CTB8 6IU11 IUB8He, .:m.u;H, IIOCBHraamie BCB) CBOIO mKSHL H8 06J18HLI, OCOOOHHO npa Hpo.u;smil JIomap;ell. Kyo'leps, nOKpOBHTe.o :lTOrO 06xaHS, .u;ilJI8IOTCH B_ilcn H KCIIOJlHHTe.lB1Ol '18POB'L H8 JIoms]J;J..

lJ:T06LI COBepmHTL H8)J;'L JIOm8iU>D 'l8pLI, IIOCeJIHHe, no COBilTY '18PO)J;ileB'L, BLIT8CKHBaIOT'L H3'L rpo60B'L rBos.u;H, 6poCSIOT'L HI'L B'L KOHIOmHH; H TO'L, r.u;il :ITO 6yp;eT'L C)J;ilJISHO, J10m8.u;H JIHmaIOTCB HOr'L.

B'L 9'l'On 'l8po.u;1lllCTBil eme 60rie BHAHO ocrlIIJleHie '1epHH. rBOS)J;L, 10TH 6LI OH'L 6LIJI'L BSHT'L IIpno HS'L KYSHIIWi, HerKO .0meT'L BOHSHTLCH B'L Hory ZHBOTH8ro, H Tiln JIHmHTL ero YIIOTpe6JIeHiH nora, 06J1S~HKH IIpHKPLID 9TO 3Jl0 TaHHCTBeHHLIJI'L IIOBilpien, OCHOBaHHLIn H8 lIIII,eHiH _epTBe~OB'L.

IISCTYIH, H9'L HeHaBHCTH K'L BJlaAiln.~n .u;oJlamBHI'L ZHBOTHLII'L, B6HB8IOTL B'L nora JIoms)J;ell, KOPOB'L, OBe~'L .u;epeBHHHLIe rBos.u;H, C]I;ilJlSHHLIe HS'L OCKOJIKOB'L rpo60BLII'L ,l(OCOK'L. OT'L 9TOll zecToxol onepanla HeBHHBoe ZllBOTHoe rposaers, IIOJJ:y'laeT'L paaa H JIlIpseT'L. 06MS~'L, YBilpHBmill HpOCTO.:m.u;HBS IIOBilpieM:'L, 'ITO IIOKOAHHK'L, npHIo.u;H HO'ILIO BLIT8CKHBSTL rHOS'.u;L, J[OllaeT'L nora ZHBOTHLIJI'L, ]1;0- CTaBJIHeT'L Bcil CIIoco6LI )J;JIJI SJl8. OTKJIOHHJI OTL ce6H IIOCTLI.u;Hoe dilcTBie, IIPOCTOJlIO)J;HH'L Bo06paataeT'L, 'ITO HpH'IHHOIO c,II;1lJIaBHSrO SJIa 6LIBaIOT'L IIOCTopOHHie J1IO]J;H.

KOHe'lHO, HHKTO He 6y.u;eTi C'IHTSTL 9TOT'L IIocTynOK'L sa 'ISPOiJ;1lACTBO; HO OH'L cy~ecTByeTL B'L CeJILCKOA mHSBH, H CTOn.KO HpH'lHRJleT'L spesa, RaK'L H caOH OIIYCTomHTeJILHaH 60rlSHL. IIoceJlHHHH'L, can C060IO, He pilmaeTCJI aa 9TH '1apLI 6es'L co.u;illcTBia '1SPO)J;ilJI.

6. 1Iapil Ba UO~B'Io.

lJ:apLI Ha no.u;TeK'L IIpHHa]J;JIezaTL 60rle K'L ,1I;oxamHBJI'L 6il,u;CTBiHJI'L, Heme.o K'L 'lYP;ecan, HeHS'LJICIDIILII'L HX

85

SaKOHaI.l npHPOALI, HD: nOHUaeJllHll'L paSCY)J;ROIl'L. B'L ceJIan eCTh noaspie, 'ITO TaKHII'L 'IapoBaHien 06JIa)J;alOT'L .eJlbHHRH.

MeJlbHllR'I> PYCCKiA AJIlI CBOerO SaBe)J;eHili 6L1BaeT'L BJlilCTt H leX8HHKOM'L H rH)J;paBJIHROn. IIJIoTm8 )J;U IeJlbHH'IHarO npJ)J;8 eCTh BepX'L ero HCKYCCTB8, npe)J;lleT'L S8BHCTH coctAeA, H BdcTt JKopH3Ha ,lI;.lLfI conepHBKOB'L no pelecJIY. JIIO,lI;B HeaaBHCTHbIe np.HAYI8Jlli paspyma;h nJIOTBHbI, YCTpaHBaeMbIJI B'L reseale IHOrHI'L JItT'L. lJapO)J;tH .llBlIJIHCh es CBODB )'CJI)'r81H B 06paSOBaJIH 'IapLI sa nO)J;TeK'L, CO,ll;epJItHlLIli B'L 60Jlbmo! TaIBt. IIpHsB8HHbIe SJI06HLII'L leJlbHBKOI'L, OHB 6POC8IOT'L B'L npJ,lI;'L sMilHHoeMOJIOKo. IIOCeJIlIHHH'b. BilpHT'b, 'ITO 9TO TaK'b, RaK'b ynilplieT'L ero SH8xaph eaoero ,lI;tJI8. Ho somoe MOJIOKO 'Iapodll eCTh - JItHBali PTJTb. I£poMt sriHH8ro 1l0JIORa, 'lapo,ll;ilH COBtTYIOT'b 6pocaTh B'b OCDHHon ItmKt SOJIY no sapllM'h Be'lepHHI'L H YTpeHHHI'b, ynilPBSI, 'ITO SOJIa BLIrOHSleT'L HS'b npY,lI;8 BO)J;SlHaro )J;iI,lI;YIIlRY.

1JepHb CJItno BtPHT'b H B'b SOpH H B'L BO,ll;_lIHaro. -

Horp'L JIB 'Iapo,ll;ilH P8SPYmHTh 9THIH Cpe,ll;CTballH IIJIOTBHy, pt~TL HeBOSlomHO; HO 'ITO-9TO SJIO, B'L 9TOI'L HilT'b cOlIHtHiB. 06JIeKaSl ero IH9aMH H 'I}')J;eCHLIK'L paSCRaSOM'b 0 BLIIO,ll;iI BO,ll;lIHarO ,RS'L BOALI- 06IaH~BKH 060JIhCTBJlB npoCTO,ll;ymHLISI cep,ll;n;a nOCeUH'b, 'IaCTO He,ll;()cTynHLISI K'L cocrp8,l1;aHiIO.

8. 1J:apll Ba~.. mem. ,

lJ8PLI HaA'I> BMilelO Hso6ptTeHLI JII060BHLIIlH He06xo,ll;H.OCTaD. IIpoCTO,ll;ymHLII'L KameTC.II BOOr,ll;a BOSIOJItHLII'L npeKJ[OHHTb 'IeJloBiI'IeCROe cep,ll;n;e K'L JII06BH II e B 0 JI e 10. He ,lI;0- BOJlbCTB),JlCh O,ll;HHJIH saroacpaaa, OHH npH6traJIH K'L sapoBaHiIO, H sHaxapH .llBHJlHCL npe,ll;'L HHIIH C'L 'Iapau. BOCTOK'L .. peBHe! SHSHlI, Hs06ptTaTeJIL 'IapOBaHiit, pacrrpocTpaHH.n'L .m60BHLIH 'IapLI no BcelY CBilTY. HellilmeCTBO JIIO,lI;el npHHHJIO cs BOCTOprOIl'L 060JIL~eHie cTapoA mKSHH, YKpameHHoe

86

BOCTOparellllID1l pa3CKasaIH, poesonraon :atH3HLIO. PYCCKIUI seUll nOJlf'llLla Bet· JII060BHHH '1spOBsHiH OT'I> rpeKOB'I>, C'I> nepBHI'I> )l;Hel eaonreaia C'I> 9THI'I> Hspo)l;On.

I'zaaaoe OCHOBsHie '1SPOB'I> HS)I;'I> sll'llelO SSKJIIO'IaeTCH B'!> cyeBtpHOIl'I> BtPOBSHiH B'I> He'IHCTfIO CHJIf. 06IaHIl(HKH ycnilJlH BuymHTL HSPO)l;y, 'ITO cenperasreaie npOTHB'I> He'1HCTOI CHm eCTL HBHSH BpS:at)l;S, BCer)l;S COnpOBO:at)l;aeIIUI '1eJlOBt'leCKHIlH HeC'ISCTiuH. He nOllHIaH, 'ITO HCTO'IHHKH BCtX'I> celeitHm:'I> HeC'lSCTiA 33KJ1IO'I3IOTCH 1I'I> C06CTBeHHOA nopo'lHol :atH~HH, JlIO)I;H npHITHCaJIH HI'I> )l;fIan. npOCTO)J;ymHaH )l;tBYIlIK3, fBtpeHHIUI KOBSPHOIOCTSPYXOIO, 'ITO OHS 06- sopoaeas, 'ITO '1SpLI COBepmeHH HS)I;'I> HelO)I;JlS JII06BH raKOrO-TO, BtPHT'I> 6e3np6KOCJIOBHO H np6)1;aeTCH B'I> PfKH 06- Il3HI1(HKOB'I>. HeY)I;HBHTeJILHO, 'ITO OT'I> srero BtpoBaHiH, HH:'1TOlRHLIH 3STtH 3Haxspel CO)l;tJlSJlHCL )l;OCTyITHLID )I;JIS celemol lRH3HH.

lJSpO)l;tH, npH3BSHHHe )l;JIH eoaepmeaia '1SPOB'I> HS)I;'I> 3rielO, BPY'lSIOT'b )l;epeMHHfIO poryJIl>KY, Ior~, no HI'I> fBtpeHilO, fKPO~STL uta, H OTCLIJl31OT'I> B'I> JrllC'I> HCMTL 3I:tlO. Kor)l;s HsnS)I;fT'I> Ha 9TO mHBoTHoe, )l;OJl:atHO POryJILKOIO npa)l;SBHTL ero K'I> 3eut. B'I> 9TO Bpen Ha)l;06HO CTapSTLM npodTL CKBOSL 3MtHHHe rJIa3S Krony C'I> HHTKOIO H rOBOpllTL:

«3IliUI, 31lts! KSK'I> Te6t mano CBOHn rJl33'I>, TSK'I> 'ITO-

6LI ps6a, TSKIUI-TO, JIIO~HJlS leHH H maJItJIs:.. •

nOTOn, KOr)l;S 6LIBaen utCTt C'I> JII06HILI11'I> np6~eTon, )l;O.1l:atHO npo)l;tTL 9TOIO Hr.lOIO C'I> HHTKOIO USTLe TSIt'I>, '1To6LI 9Toro HHKTO He 3aIilTHJI'I>. B'I> npOTHBHOM'I> are CJIf'1st, '1SpLI OCTSIOTCS HH'lTO:atHHllH. Ror)l;s 9TO 6Y)l;eT'I> npaaeAeHO B'I> HcnomeHie, TOr)l;S HS'lHH3I)TCS JlI06oBL, H npO)l;OJlZOOTCH )l;OTOri, nQKS 6Y)l;eT'I> HSIO)l;HTLM HHTKS B'I> n.1lsTLt ..

Kpolt sroro, BJII06J1eHHLII )l;OJl:ateH'I> B3STL C'I> co6olO 3KilIO, BLITOnHTL H3'I> Hest CSJlO H C)I;tJlSTL CBt'lY, KOTOpfIO HOClITL C'I> co6olO. ECJlH OH'I> 6Y)l;eT'I> 3sJil'lSTL oIJIaz)l;eHie B'I> Jlr06BH, TOr,ll;S ,lI;OJl:atDO 3Sme'lL 3ItHHfIO CBt'lY, H Jlto6oBL CHOBS B03-