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# ASSIGNED QUESTIONS & SOLUTIONS

ON

APPLIED STATISTICS

(PRE 823)

BY

IYANDA, Alaba

PG/ENG1614769

SUBMITTED TO

## IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE AWARD OF MASTERS DEGREE (M.SC) IN

ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

JULY, 2017
Question 1.0

Linearize y= ae bx to a form suitable for application of equations (1.19), e bears its usual
meaning.

Solution

y= ae bx

## Comparing equation (i) with y = a + bx,

Y = log 10 y

A = log 10 a

b=b

X = x log e

Y = A + bX . (ii)

## To get the estimates (a,b);

n XY X Y
b=
n X 2 ( X ) 2

A = Y b x

=
Y b x
n n

To get a,

A = log 10 a

a = 10 A

Question 2.0

Growth of bacteria (N) in a culture solution after t hrs is given in the table below:

t 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
N 32 47 65 92 132 190 275

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Fit a curve of the form N = abt and estimate N when t=7

Solution

N = abt .(i)

## Linearize by taking the logarithm of both sides

log 10 y = log 10 a + t log 10 b .(ii)

## Compare equation (ii) with n = a + bt

N = log 10 n

A = log 10 a

t=t

B = log 10 b

N = A + Bt .(iii)

n Nt N t
B=
n t 2 ( t ) 2

t n N = log 10 n N t t
2
N
2

0 32 1.50515 0 0 2.26548
1 47 1.67210 1.67210 1 2.79591
2 65 1.81291 3.62583 4 3.28665
3 92 1.96379 5.89136 9 3.85646
4 132 2.12057 8.48230 16 4.49683
5 190 2.27875 11.39377 25 5.19272
6 275 2.43933 14.63600 36 5.95034
t=21 N =13.7926 Nt t 2=91
=45.70136 N 2=27.84439

n Nt N t
B= 2 2
n t ( t )

7 ( 45.70136 ) (13.7926 )( 21 )
= 2
7 ( 91 ) ( 21 )

319.90952289.6446
=
637441

= 0.15441

A= Nb t

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=
N b t
n n
13.7926 21
= ( 0.15441 )
7 7

= 1.50713

B = log 10 b

b = 10B

= 100.15441

b= 1.427

A = log 10 a

a= 10 A

= 101.50713

a= 32.146

## Thus N = 32.146 ( 1.427 )t is the model

When t = 7,

N = 32.146 ( 1.427 )7

= 387.342

= 387

Question 3.0

2 b
Apply the method of least squares to fit the curve y = a x + to the following data:
x

x 1 2 3 4
y -1.51 0.99 3.88 7.66

Solution

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2 b
y = ax +
x
y b
= a+
x2 x3
2
yx = a+bx 3 . (i)

## Comparing equation (i) with y = a + bx

2 y
Y= yx =
x2

a=a

b=b
1
X= 3
=x3
x

Y=a+bX

n XY X Y
b=
n X 2 ( X ) 2

x y X= x3 y X*Y X2
Y= 2
x
1 -1.51 1 -1.51 -1.51 1
2 0.99 0.125 0.2475 0.03094 0.01563
3 3.88 0.03704 0.43111 0.01597 0.00137
4 7.66 0.01563 0.47875 0.00748 0.00024
X =1.17767 Y =0.35264 XY =1.45561
X 2=1.01724

## 4 (1.45561 )( 1.17767 ) (0.35264 )

b=
4 ( 1.01724 )( 1.17767 )2

5.82244+ 0.41529
=
4.068961.38691

= -2.01605

a = Y b X

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=
Y b X
n n
0.35264 1.17767
= (2.01605)
4 4

= 0.505

2 (2.016 )
y = 0.505 x is the model
x

Question 4.0

The readings for x and y below are known to follow a law of the type y = a + bxy

x -4 1 2 3
y 4 6 10 8

Solution

y = a + bxy . (i)

## Compare (i) with y = a + bx

y=y

a=a

b=b

X = xy

y = a +bX

n Xy X y
b=
n X 2 ( X )2

x y X=x*y X*y X2
-4 4 -16 -64 256
1 6 6 36 36
2 10 20 200 400
3 8 24 192 576
y =28 X =34 XY =364 X 2=1268

4 ( 364 )( 34 28)
b=
4 (1268 )34 2

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1456952
=
50721156

= 0.1287

a= yb X

=
y b X
n n
28 34
= (0.1287)
4 4

= 5.906

Question 5.0

## Solve the equation below by Gauss-Siedel using Igboanugos method

21 = 60 + 101 + 112

Solution

## Writing the equation in matrix form;

) () []
21
(
6 10 11
= 10 20 17 1 = 37 (i)
11 17 25 2 42

## Writing equation (i) in canonical form;

6 10 11 21 R1
M0 = 10 20 17 37 R2
11 17 25 42 R3

## Divide R1 through by 6 {using row reduction technique}

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M1 =
5 11 7 '
= R1 6 :1 R
3 6 2 1

' 10 4
= R210 R1 :0 2 R '2
3 3

' 4 29 7 '
= R311 R1 :0 R
3 6 2 3

' 10
Divide R2 through by
3

M2 =

= R1 R2 :1 0 R
3 22 1
10 2 3 ' '
= R'2 :0 1 R
3 5 5 2

## ' 4 '' 43 43 ''

= R3 + R2 :0 0 R
3 10 10 3

'' 43
Divide R3 through by
10

M3 =
5
= R'1' R ''3 ' :1 0 0 0 R'1''
2

## '' 2 ''' ' ''

= R2 + R3 :0 1 01 R2
5
43
= R'3' : 0 0 1 1 R'3' '
10

0= 0;

1 = 1;

2 = 1

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