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Dublin City Schools

Energy and kinetics practice test


Instructor: Kelcie Ellis

ID: 0849
Name: Score: / 100

Question 1 /1

What is the condensing temperature of the substance ?

0 degrees C

20 degrees C

75 degrees C

10 degrees C
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 2 /1

This cooling curve shows processes that are:

endothermic

exothermic

not enough information to tell


ID: 0849
Name:

Question 3 /1

The type(s) of matter present in section IV

solid

solid and liquid

liquid and gas

gas only
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Name:

Question 4 /1

what type(s) of matter are present in section III

solid

solid and liquid

liquid

gas
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 5 /1

WhathappenstotheheatenergyenteringthesysteminsectionIII

energy is used to increase potential energy by increasing particle spacing

energy is used to increase kinetic energy by increasing particle speed

not enough information to tell


ID: 0849
Name:

Question 6 /1

WhathappenstotheheatenergyenteringthesysteminsectionIV

Heat energy is changing potential energy by increasing particle spacing

Heat energy is changing kinetic energy by increasing particle speed

not enough information to tell


ID: 0849
Name:

Question 7 /1

Whensolidwatersublimestogaseouswater:

atoms of hydrogen and oxygen recombine to form H2O

H2O splits into hydrogen and oxygen particles

the water absorbs energy from the surroundings to increase particle spacing

the water releases energy to the surroundings to decrease particle spacing

the water particles become less disordered

Question 8 /1

Ataparkonasummerday,therearetwoslides,theyarebothatthesame
temperature80degreesF......Itismorelikelytobeburnedwhenslidingdownaplasticslide
butlesslikelytobeburnedbymetalslides.Why?
They have the same heat capacities.

Plastic has a higher specic heat capacity.

Metal has a higher specic heat capacity.

There is not enough information to tell


ID: 0849
Name:

Question 9 /1

Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Flame Energy Initial Final


Duration Added Temperature Temperature

Sodium 10.0 3seconds 150Joules 20.0C 71.2C


grams

Glass 10.0 3seconds 150Joules 20.0C 37.9C


grams

Thespecificheatcapacityofglassis:

Greater than sodium, because glass has a smaller rise in temperature

Less than sodium, because glass has a larger rise in temperature

The same as sodium, because the amount of energy added is the same.

The same as sodium, because the mass of the two substances is equal.

Question 10 /1
Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Initial Final Material Mass Initial Final


Temperature Temperature Temperature
Temperature

Copper 10.0g 72.0C 54.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 54.0C

Nickel 10.0g 72.0C 52.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 52.0C

Plastic 10.0g 72.0C 57.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 57.0C

Wood 10.0g 72.0C 53.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 53.0C

Basedonthedatainthetableabove,listthesubstancesinorderoflowspecificheatcapacity
tohighspecificheatcapacity.

a.wood,glass,copper,aluminum

b.wood,aluminum,glass,copper

c.copper,glass,aluminum,wood

d.glass,copper,aluminum,wood

Plastic, Copper, Wood, Nickel

Copper, Water, Plastic, Nickel

Nickel, Wood, Copper, Plastic


Water, Copper, Plastic Nickel
Name:

Question 11 /1

Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Initial Final Material Mass Initial Final


Temperature Temperature Temperature
Temperature

Copper 10.0g 72.0C 54.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 54.0C

Nickel 10.0g 72.0C 52.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 52.0C

Plastic 10.0g 72.0C 57.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 57.0C

Wood 10.0g 72.0C 53.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 53.0C

Ifallofthesubstanceswereheatedto50.0degreescelsius,whichsubstancewouldhavethe
leastamountofenergy?

Nickel

Wood

Copper
Plastic

ID: 0849
Name:

Question 12 /1

What is the activation energy for the reaction?

40 kJ

20 kJ

100 kJ

60 kJ
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 13 /1

Is the reaction below endothermic or exothermic?

endothermic

exothermic

not enough information to tell


ID: 0849
Name:

Question 14 /1

Which have stronger bonds?

reactants

products

neither they are the same

Question 15 /1

Therateofreactionincreaseswithincreasingsurfaceareaprimarilybecause:


there are more particles available for collision

particles are moving faster

there is less activation energy required

ID: 0849
Name:

Question 16 /1

Therateofreactionincreaseswiththeadditionofacatalystprimarilybecause:

there are more particles available for collisions

particles are moving faster

there is less activation energy needed for the reaction to take place
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 17 /1

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

Alargeamountofaluminumwasplacedinabeakerofveryhotwater.The
temperatureofthealuminumincreasedfrom15.1oCto243.3oCwhile1543
Joulesofheatwasabsorbedfromthewater.Whatisthemassofthealuminum?

318000 g

6.61 g

7.49 g

360000 g
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 18 /1

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

59.4gramsofglasswasheatedonahotplatefrom6.3oCto82.6oC.Itwasdetermined
thatthishotplatesupplied1556Joulesofheatenergytotheglass.Whatisthespecific
heatcapacityofglass?

0.343 J/(g*C)

0.295 J/(g*C)

7050000 J/(g*C)

8220000 J/(g*C)
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 19 /1

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

A222.9gramsampleofleadisaddedtoa105.5gramsampleofwater.Thewaterincreases
itstemperatureby83.2degreescelsius.Whatwastheamountofenergyreleasedbythe
lead?SHOWALLWORK.

2370 J

367 J

36700 J

237 J
ID: 0849
Name:

Question 20 /1

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

A894.9gramsampleofliquidwaterisat100.0C,eventuallytheliquidboilsandasaresultis
gaseouswaterat100.0C,howmuchheatenergymustbeaddedtocompletelyvaporizethe
sampleintogaseouswater?

0J

299000 J

Not enough information to tell

2020000 J
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Instructions for grading: Grade each question and tally the score to obtain the total test points. If the
factor does not equal 1, multiply the total points by the factor to obtain the student's nal score.

Question 1

What is the condensing temperature of the substance ?

75 degrees C

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 2

This cooling curve shows processes that are:

exothermic

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 3

The type(s) of matter present in section IV

liquid and gas

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 4

what type(s) of matter are present in section III

liquid

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 5

WhathappenstotheheatenergyenteringthesysteminsectionIII

energy is used to increase kinetic energy by increasing particle speed

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 6

WhathappenstotheheatenergyenteringthesysteminsectionIV

Heat energy is changing potential energy by increasing particle spacing

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 7

Whensolidwatersublimestogaseouswater:

the water absorbs energy from the surroundings to increase particle spacing

1 possible pts.

Question 8

Ataparkonasummerday,therearetwoslides,theyarebothatthesametemperature80
degreesF......Itismorelikelytobeburnedwhenslidingdownaplasticslidebutlesslikelyto
beburnedbymetalslides.Why?
Plastic has a higher specic heat capacity.

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 9

Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Flame Energy Initial Final


Duration Added Temperature Temperature

Sodium 10.0 3seconds 150Joules 20.0C 71.2C


grams

Glass 10.0 3seconds 150Joules 20.0C 37.9C


grams

Thespecificheatcapacityofglassis:

Greater than sodium, because glass has a smaller rise in temperature

1 possible pts.

Question 10

Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Initial Final Material Mass Initial Final


Temperature Temperature Temperature
Temperature

Copper 10.0g 72.0C 54.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 54.0C

Nickel 10.0g 72.0C 52.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 52.0C

Plastic 10.0g 72.0C 57.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 57.0C

Wood 10.0g 72.0C 53.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 53.0C

Basedonthedatainthetableabove,listthesubstancesinorderoflowspecificheatcapacity
tohighspecificheatcapacity.

a.wood,glass,copper,aluminum

b.wood,aluminum,glass,copper

c.copper,glass,aluminum,wood

d.glass,copper,aluminum,wood
Nickel, Wood, Copper, Plastic

1 possible pts.
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 11

Usethetablebelowtoanswerthefollowingquestion:

Material Mass Initial Final Material Mass Initial Final


Temperature Temperature Temperature
Temperature

Copper 10.0g 72.0C 54.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 54.0C

Nickel 10.0g 72.0C 52.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 52.0C

Plastic 10.0g 72.0C 57.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 57.0C

Wood 10.0g 72.0C 53.0C Water 10.0g 50.0C 53.0C

Ifallofthesubstanceswereheatedto50.0degreescelsius,whichsubstancewouldhavethe
leastamountofenergy?

Nickel

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 12

What is the activation energy for the reaction?

60 kJ

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 13

Is the reaction below endothermic or exothermic?

exothermic

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 14

Which have stronger bonds?

products

1 possible pts.

Question 15

Therateofreactionincreaseswithincreasingsurfaceareaprimarilybecause:

there are more particles available for collision


1 possible pts.

ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 16

Therateofreactionincreaseswiththeadditionofacatalystprimarilybecause:

there is less activation energy needed for the reaction to take place

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 17

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

Alargeamountofaluminumwasplacedinabeakerofveryhotwater.The
temperatureofthealuminumincreasedfrom15.1oCto243.3oCwhile1543
Joulesofheatwasabsorbedfromthewater.Whatisthemassofthealuminum?

7.49 g

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 18

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

59.4gramsofglasswasheatedonahotplatefrom6.3oCto82.6oC.Itwasdetermined
thatthishotplatesupplied1556Joulesofheatenergytotheglass.Whatisthespecific
heatcapacityofglass?

0.343 J/(g*C)

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 19

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

A222.9gramsampleofleadisaddedtoa105.5gramsampleofwater.Thewaterincreases
itstemperatureby83.2degreescelsius.Whatwastheamountofenergyreleasedbythe
lead?SHOWALLWORK.

36700 J

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849
Answer Key Possible Points: 20 Factor: x5.00 Test Value: 100

Question 20

SpecificHeatCapacities_J__

(g*C)

Aluminum=0.903Sand=0.740Iron=0.449

Brass=0.386Lead=0.128Water=4.18

HeatofFusionforWater334J/g

HeatofVaporizationforWater2260J/g

A894.9gramsampleofliquidwaterisat100.0C,eventuallytheliquidboilsandasaresultis
gaseouswaterat100.0C,howmuchheatenergymustbeaddedtocompletelyvaporizethe
sampleintogaseouswater?

2020000 J

1 possible pts.
ID: 0849