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HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

Activity 2. The concentration of the cell the cell Blood

Material and Method

Material : sama kan yaa ?


Methode

Place the blood coupled with a 1


that has been drop 1% NaCl
taken into the glass
objects

observe the
coupled with a 1 shape of red
tetesNaCl 0.4% blood cells

observe the
write
shape
down the
of red
results
blood cells
Result

Blood + NaCl 0,6


%
erythrocytes looks
to expand

Darah + NaCl 0,
7% erythrocytes
looks to expand

Darah + NaCl 0.8


%
Erythrosite
undergo Crenation

Blood + NaCl
0,9%
Erythrocytes are
seen experiencing
crenation
Discussion
The structure of red blood cells in human Erythrocytes are shaped plate is bikonkaf,
which is a disc-shaped, flattened cells of the Middle in the second side is concave. With a
diameter of 8 m, 2 m thick outer edges and the middle part 1 m. bikonkaf-shaped red
blood cells in order to have a larger surface area, so the cells easier to do transportation
between cells. Color is yellowish and erythrocytes can be red because color pigments
contained in the cytoplasm is red in the form of hemoglobin. like other cells human blood
cells have nucleus but in its development in the bone marrow, cells are filled by hemoglobin
and the cell nucleus to shrink and then disappear. As a result, mature red blood cells have no
cell nucleus. red blood cells can live up to 120 days.
Blood cells will swell and rupture when incorporated into a solution hipotonis,
because experience deplasmolisis and constricts (Crenation) when inserted into the
hypertonic fluids because experience plasmolysis. Meanwhile, in an isotonic solution of
blood cells did not undergo any changes

Blood cell structure that we see from the practical results it can be concluded:

1. Red blood cells in human shape discs bikonkaf and there is no cell nucleus.

2. Red blood cells in frog shape oval and clear cell nuclei.

From the results of the above observations we can determine the effect of the various
concentrations of NaCl solution to the red blood cells:

1. The giving of a solution of NaCl in 0.6% of red blood cells

Osmotic pressure blood cells on glass objects which were given a solution of NaCl 0.6%
will produce blood cells that expands caused by the osmotic pressure of NaCl 0.6% which is
higher than the blood serum and due to hipotonis solution includes causing water on aqueous
NaCl went into the red blood cells become expanding.

2. The giving of a solution of NaCl 0.7% in red blood cells.


Blood cells on glass objects which were given a solution of NaCl 0.7% will produce
blood cells that expands the same as on the giving of 0.6% NaCl but there are slight
differences. That the red blood cells are given a solution of NaCl 0.6% are smaller than the
expansion of the of red blood cells which are given by way of a larger red blood cells due to
aqueous NaCl 0.7% hipotonis solution includes causing water on aqueous NaCl went into
the red blood cells become fluffy.
According to the theory of the solution of hipotonis is as follows:
Solution of Hipotonis occurs when fluids surrounding the cells of the lower
osmotiknya and water pressure are likely to pass through the membrane, the cell goes
into the Water that
Hipotonis solution is a solution that has a osmolalitasnya lower than plasmaenters
cells. cause swelling and then broke, this State is called red blood cells undergo
hemolisa.
Hipotonis solution is a solution that is found outside the cell, the concentration of the
substance is terlarutnya lower than inside the cell.
3. The giving of a solution of NaCl 0.8 % in red blood cells.
In awarding 0,8 NaCl (hipertonis solution) seem blood cell membranes undergo
crenation due to plasmolysis. Blood plasma burst (Lysis), hemoglobin was out, the
colors become more faded, the shape becomes irregular.
Osmosenya pressure is higher than the blood serum, thus causing the water out of the
red blood cell membranes are semi-permeable and crosses and result in the occurrence
of penciutan cells red blood cells (crenation). Such events are called Plasmolysis
4. The giving of a solution of NaCl 0,9 % in red blood cells.
In granting NaCl 0.9% on blood cells will produce red blood cells remain
normal size for a 0.9% NaCl solution is an isotonic solution, in the mean isotonic
solution is a solution of the same inside and outside cells kosentrasinya so that the red
cells remain normal.
According to the theory of an isotonic solution is as follows:
The solution which has an osmotic pressure that is equal to say that the
isotonic fluid with each other if a solution is used in contact with the cell water will
get into the cells due to the difference of the osmotic solution.

Boehringer, Peter A. and Ivy L. 2006. Darden. The quest for the normal
hemoglobin concentration.published : Blood 2006 108:777-778; doi:10.1182/blood-
2006-03-008789.