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AC / DC Innveters
One Transistor FM Transmitter
AM Radio
Posted on Wednesday, June 21, 2017 Category: FM Transmitters
Amplifiers

Antennas

Arduino

Audio Attenuators

Audio DAC

AVR

Battery Chargers

CNC Milling Devices


Counters / Frequency
Meters
Fluorescent Lamps

FM Radio / Receivers

FM Transmitters
Frequency Wave
Generators
Headphone Amplifiers

iPOD Hacks

LC Meter

LED

Miscellaneous

Motor Controllers

MP3 Players

Oscillators

Oscilloscopes
This circuit is basically an oscillator which runs at around 100 MHz. The most important parts of the PC Circuits
oscillator are the transistor Q1 and the tuned circuit, which comprises the inductor Ll and the variable
capacitor CV1. When the battery is first connected, a brief surge of current flows from the collector to the PCB
emitter of Q1, causing an oscillating (i.e: alternating) current to flow back and forth between Ll and CV1. Phone Circuits
An oscillating voltage therefore appears at the junction of Ll and CV1. The frequency of the oscillation
PIC
depends on the values of Ll and CV1, so that varying the value of CV1 tunes the oscillations to the exact
frequency required. PLL Circuits

Power Supplies

RC Servo Motors
4 Watt FM Transmitter
Remote Control
Posted on Wednesday, March 22, 2017 Category: FM Transmitters
RF Radio Frequency

Robots

Sensors

Solar Circuits

Stepper Motors

Stereo Encoders

Test and Measurement

Timer Circuits

TV Transmitters

USB Circuts

USB Interface Adapters


USB Soundcards / USB
Headphones
Video

Volume Control

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The following is a simple yet powerful 4W FM transmitter which is tunable to 88-108MHz frequency.
Connect to your ipod/computer, etc. When this was first made, I only had a 2N2219A on hand, which
resulted in a lower RF output. I have since swapped out the transistor for a 2N3866 for full 4W output at
around 15VDC supply. In order to achieve a high output level, you will need a well tuned antenna, and a
large heatsink to dissipate the heat from T2 transistor. Transmitter was mounted in metal enclosure and
works extremely well.

300mW FM Transmitter with 2SC2538


Posted on Sunday, October 30, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

The above FM transmitter has RF output power of 300 mW and covers more than one kilometer
distance. Frequency adjustment is accomplished with MV2105 varactor diode and R7 10K
potentiometer. 2SC2538 is a class C 300mW amplifier.

500mW FM / VHF Transmitter Amplifier / Booster


Posted on Monday, October 24, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

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High performance low noise 500mW amplifier / booster for all low power FM transmitters such as
BA1404, BH1417, BH1415, 433MHz transmitter modules, etc. The amplifier chip is an integrated circuit
containing multiple transistor stages and all other parts conveniently within a single small package.
Boosting your FM transmitter has never been easier and the output signal can also directly drive 2n4427
or 2n3866 transistors for 1W or 5W of RF output power.

15W Transmitter Power Amplifier 88-108MHz


Posted on Friday, October 21, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

The power amplifier boosts 88-108MHZ 1-2W FM transmitter's power to 15 W. It includes multi-level low
pass filter and has a high conversion efficiency with strong Yi-wave suppression. With good antena
expected transmission coverage is at least 15Km. It uses high power 175 MHZ 4A 25W 2SC1972 RF
transistor that must to be mounted to heatsink for proper heat dissipation.

2-5 Km Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, June 24, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

The proposed long range transmitter circuit really is very steady, harmonic free design which you can
use with standard fm frequencies between 88 and 108 MHz. This will likely encompass 5km spectrum
(long range). It includes an extremely consistent oscillator for the reason that you employ LM7809
stabilizer that is a 9V stabilized power source for T1 transistor and for frequency realignment that may
be reached by means of the 10K linear potentiometer. The output strength of this long range rf
transmitter is approximately 1W. Transistor T1 is employed as an oscillator stage to present a small
power steady frequency. To fine-tune the freq. apply the 10k linear potentiometer this way: should you
moderate, in the direction of ground, the freq. would probably decrease but when you fine-tune it in
direction of + it would climb. Essentially the potentiometer is needed just as a flexible power source for
the a pair of MV2019 varicap diodes. Both of these diodes function as a changeable capacitor whilst you
regulate the pot. By tweaking the diode capacitance the L1 + diodes circuit renders a resonance circuit
for T1. Feel free to employ transistors similar to BF199, BF214 however be careful not to use BCs. At
this point you dont receive yet the long range fm wireless transmitter due to the fact that the electric
power is fairly reduced, a maximum of 0.5 mW.
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power is fairly reduced, a maximum of 0.5 mW.

Pen FM Transmitter Bug


Posted on Friday, May 20, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

Pen FM Transmitter bug projects have been very popular. The idea of being able to hide a transmitter in
a pen is very appealing. In an effort to reduce the size of this design, we have used surface-mount
components. Firstly, the thought of using the coil in the tank circuit for transmitting RF was a little far
fetched, but we used it as an example for those who were interested in experimenting with our circuits.
Now we have gone back to a conventional antenna, the whip. The whip or straight-line antenna can be
coiled, wound longitudinally or folded. The way it is wound makes a big difference to its effectiveness,
but when you are limited in space, you have to accept these limitations. Even though we have used this
antenna set up in our previous pen bugs we have considerably improved the circuit to the point were it
has low battery consumption, but high RF output. The size of this design has been reduced considerably
by using surface-mount components.

76MHz - 110MHz FM Transmitter with Booster


Posted on Monday, May 16, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

Three stage FM transmitter with an on board signal booster for increased transmitting range. It
broadcasts audio on 76MHz - 110MHz FM frequency via included on board microphone or from MP3
player, Phone, iPod, Computer, Laptop, CD Player, TV, Satellite Receiver via on board 3.5mm
connector. It transmit sound with excellent clarity throughout your home, office, yard, camp ground, etc.
Transmitter is supplied by 3-12V DC voltage and uses one 2SC9014 and two 2SC9018 low noise RF
transistors.

Simple Miniature FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, April 16, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

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I found this FM transmitter circuit on the internet, it works very well and it is very simple to build, even for
amateurs. I managed to squeeze all the parts on small 1.5 x 2 cm PCB. When using small wire antenna
and 3V power the range is 50m. The coil has 10 turns on a 3 mm diameter and is wound with 0.3 mm
copper wire. The microphone is an electret type. Transmitting frequency is changed by stretching or
compressing the coil. Furthermore, we can change the frequency by changing C2 capacitor (10pF
capacitor with a frequency of about 88MHz, with 8.2pF 95Mhz and 6.8pF 104Mhz). Further tuning to the
correct frequency is done through the coil. Transmitter can be powered by 3V button battery.

FM Stereo Transmitter using BA1404


Posted on Sunday, April 3, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

This easy to build transmitter transmits high quality stereo sound from your MP3 player, computer,
walkman or discman to any FM radio or car radio. The circuit is designed around the BA1404 single chip
FM stereo transmitter from ROHM. The IC requires only a small number of external parts so it is well
suited for hobbyist projects. The chip features excellent frequency stability, low power consumption &
good channel separation. The transmitting RF frequency can be set by adjusting the coil (Lx). This 2
turn coils is paired with a 39 pF capacitor (Cx) to give a frequency range from 87 MHz - 106 MHz.

250mW FM VHF Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, March 20, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

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This FM VHF transmitter will output approximately 250mW of RF power using a 2N3866 output
transistor and can operate between 75MHz and 146MHz. It utilities a variable high gain audio pre-
amplifier which can detect voices 40 feet away using an electret microphone. Using a NBFM scanner,
ranges over 5KM have been achieved using a 48cm wire antenna. Coils are 22SWG 7mm air core. L1
and L2 should be 6 turns for 75MHz to 85MHz, 4 turns for 85MHz to 100MHz and 3 turns for 100 to
146MHz. For frequencies over 100MHz the Crystal will be higher than 20MHz hence the base emitter
capacitor should be 47pF. L3 is a 4.7uH choke. It is ideal to tune up this circuit using a wave detector
meter placed a few inches away from the transmitter.

Mini FM Radio Broadcast Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, February 23, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

Have you ever wanted to broadcast your own radio station within your neighborhood? This small and
simple 87-108MHz FM transmitter is the toy that geeks have always wanted. This tutorial includes the
PCB layout and the schematics. It has a range of up to 1/4 mile or more. It's great for room monitoring,
baby listening and nature research.

Super Simple iPod FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

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FM transmitters can be complicated to build, but not this one this iPod FM transmitter about the
easiest you can possibly make. And though the science of radio is well understood, theres a magical,
emotional quality about it that we dont often stop to appreciate. You will not forget the first time you pick
up a transmission broadcast from a device you soldered together, yourself, from a few bits of copper,
carbon, plastic, and wire.

VHF FM Transmitter
Posted on Monday, January 18, 2016 Category: FM Transmitters

The circuit is a simple 88-108 MHz VHF FM transmitter circuit. It is basically a VHF Colpitts oscillator
capable of transmitting sound or music to any standard FM receiver. The circuit is powered by 9V
battery which makes it easily portable. It also has a capacitor microphone which picks up very weak
sound signals. The output frequency can be easily adjusted by potentiometer thanks to onboard
MV2109 varicap diode and the frequency stability is quite good. The range of this transmitter is 100
meters.

BA1404 3V Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, December 18, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

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This simple circuit is based on BA1404 FM Transmitter, works with two AA batteries and can drive a
300W dipole antenna for improved range. There are many applications for an FM transmitter,
particularly if it can broadcast in stereo. You can broadcast stereo signals from your CD player or any
other source to an FM tuner or radio. The transmitter uses a single IC and a few other components. It
broadcasts on the FM band (88-108MHz) so that it can be received by any standard FM tuner or
portable radio.

Basic FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, December 3, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This basic RF oscillator circuit is easy to build and the components are not critical. Most of them can be
found in your junk parts box. The circuit operated with 9V DC power supply. The L1 antenna coil can be
made by close winding 8 to 10 turns of 22 gauge insulted magnetic wire around 1/4 inch form such as a
pencil. You can experiment with the size of the coil and the number of turns to see how it affects the
frequency and signal output of the oscillator. You should be able to pick up its signal with standard FM
radio receiver. Signal In to any audio player through 0.1uF capacitor.

7 Watt FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, November 26, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This 7 Watt FM Transmitter was originally a 200mW unit, without the universal power stage added.
Together with the power amp 2SC1971 / MRF237 / NTE342 it then became a 7W unit. I used this
transmitter with a half-wave open-end dipole in a vertical position 50 feet above ground. Together with
about 70 feet of coax, this transmitter delivered great audio at a distance of 10 miles ... overall distance
was 17 miles, but the audio signal was weak. I had no equipment, other than a watt meter to measure
it's power and a digital FM tuner with a 5-LED Signal Strength Bargraph display to use as capturing the
main oscillating frequency, which was right at 87.5 MHz. This circuit worked well for me, as I had
experimented with it for nearly a year. Of course, one would be better off with more equipment than I
have had to capture the main oscillating frequency. That was, by far, one of the hardest things to
capture. It was thru trial and error, with the FM tuner, in finally finding out how to grab the right
frequency. When I finally did get used to find out where my 'main' frequency was, the unit performed
extremely well. Like I had said above, right at 10 miles, the unit was at its best giving clear audible audio
into the speakers of my car. With the transmitting antenna at 50 feet above ground, I decided to see how
well I could receive the transmitter signal from an overpass than is exactly 15 miles from the transmitter.
When I got to the top of the overpass in my car, the audio signal came in as 'clear as a bell'. I now

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understand what is meant when one says FM signal travels best in a line of sight. Well, being on that
overpass, if I had a strong telescope with me, I am sure I could see the 50 foot antenna in my oak tree.
So with the overpass being right around 50 feet in height also, the transmitter surpassed my judgement
call on its signal. I surrender this circuit to anyone who likes to experiment in things like this. Enjoy!

The Simplest FM Transmitter Ever Made


Posted on Friday, September 25, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This is the most simple and cheap FM transmitter you can ever find. This circuit is really cool. This runs
at very low voltage, by a CR2025 3V battery, current consumption is also low.And the total size of this
FM transmitter (including battery, excluding antenna) is less than that of a matchbox. The circuit has a
central RF oscillator NPN transistor BF494 (substitute: BF199). A coil takes care of the output
frequency. It consists of 36SWG wire 2.5 turns only in 5mm diameter ferrite rod. Keep the circuit as
small as possible. Try to use no wires in the main functional area (transistor and coil). The input from the
audio output of computer / PMP / mobile is given to the biased base of the transistor. The transistor
gives a RF humming accordingly to the audio input, and the FM wave is spread by the external antenna.
By using a standard TV antenna, the range of this transmitter can go up to 1KM radius, using small (15-
20cm) Ariel, it can work up to around 50M range. This circuit is most suitable for miniature FM
transmitter for use in computer, mobile etc to send music to home theater system without wires, and in
homemade wireless walky-talkies.

The Simplest FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, July 2, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This is the most simple and cheap FM transmitter you can ever find. It's powered by CR2025 3V battery
and current consumption is very low. The total size of this FM transmitter is less than that of a matchbox.
The circuit has a central RF oscillator NPN transistor BF494. A coil takes care of the output frequency.
The coil consists of 36SWG wire 2.5 turns in 5mm diameter ferrite rod. Keep the circuit as small as
possible. By using a standard TV antenna, the range of this transmitter can go up to 1KM radius, using
small 15-20cm wire, it can work up to around 50M range. This circuit is most suitable for miniature FM
transmitter for use in computer, mobile etc to send music to home theater system without wires, and in
homemade wireless walky-talkies.

Single Transistor VCO FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, May 28, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

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This simple transmitter allows you to broadcast on FM radio band 87.5 - 108 MHz. It consists of a simple
oscillator with silicon planar RF PNP transistor. Directly to the oscillator an antenna is connected. Due to
the large amplitude of RF voltage is sufficient antenna length of about 5-10 cm. I used insulated 7cm
long copper wire 1mm diameter. I eliminated the tuning capacitor, which is usual for most bugs and
miniature transmitters, because this greatly complicates the tuning. From my own experience I know
that if you get closer to such capacitor, the operating frequency is changed. That's why I chose to use
the voltage tuning using the Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO). Instead of tuning capacitor the varicap
(capacitance diode) is used, which changes its capacity by changing the reverse DC voltage. We can
tune the operating frequency by changing the DC voltage using the trimmer P1. Varicap also provides
frequency modulation.

400mW VCO FM Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, May 24, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This simple 400mW transmitter broadcasts audio on 87.5 - 108 MHz FM radio band. With good dipole
antenna transmission range up to 4km is possible. Frequency is selected by adjusting R1 potentiometer.
Transmitter should be powered by regulated 12-14V power supply with at least 100mA current rating.

Simple Audio FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, April 23, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

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FM transmitters can be complicated to build, but not this one its about the easiest you can possibly
make. And though the science of radio is well understood, theres a magical, emotional quality about it
that we dont often stop to appreciate. You will not forget the first time you pick up a transmission
broadcast from a device you soldered together, yourself, from a few bits of copper, carbon, plastic, and
wire.

Stereo FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, March 12, 2015 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a small stereo FM transmitter. Output can be tuned from 88 to 108Mhz and the transmitter can
be battery powered or be used with presented low voltage power supply. This circuit is based on the
Rhom BA1404 datasheet. The maximum voltage should not exceed 3V. The IC can be driven from a
7805 Regulator with a couple of 1N4001 diodes to reduce the supply voltage to about 2.8 Volts. RF
output power is typically 500mW but range depends upon antenna coupling and efficiency, environment
and size of antenna. A small telescopic whip has an expected range of at leaset 100 metres or more.

76-110MHz FM Radio Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, December 30, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here is a simple 76-110MHz FM transmitter that can transmit your voice or audio over an ordinary FM
radio within the FM broadcast band. It can transmit both voice using microphone and music from any
music player. Frequency is changed by adjusting 5.5 turn inductor coil. Transmitter is powered by 9V
battery or 3V-9V power adapter. Transmission range is 100 meters but can be increased with better
antenna or RF amplifier.

Super Simple FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, December 10, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

FM transmitters can be complicated to build, but not this one. Its about the easiest you can possibly
make. And though the science of radio is well understood, theres a magical, emotional quality about it
that we dont often stop to appreciate. You will not forget the first time you pick up a transmission
broadcast from a device you soldered together, yourself, from a few bits of copper, carbon, plastic, and
wire.

6W FM Transmitter 88-108 MHz


Posted on Tuesday, August 26, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

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Presented FM transmitter is built around low power PLL transmitter and amplifier that boosts its signal
all the way up to 6 Watts. The signal is amplified by three RF stages of amplification. In the first and
second stages of the transmitter one of the best driver transistors were used 2SC2053. You can use the
other transistors but only up to 500mW of power. In the third stage 2SC1971 RF transistor was used to
achieve 6W of power. For making any RF transmitter circuit at least two meters are necessary, one is
frequency counter and the other is RF field strength meter for which the schematic is provided.

Easy FM Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, August 3, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

The figure shows a schematic of an easy to build FM transmitter circuit. Mostly all FM transmitter circuits
you will find online or in books require some kind of hand build inductor/coil and after building the
transmitter you have to adjust that coil and trimmer capacitor a little to adjust the transmitter to transmit
on your desired frequency. If you are looking for an easy or simple FM transmitter circuit in which you
don't have to make a coil with your hand then the circuit given here is ideal for you. The circuit is using a
ready made 1uH inductor which can be purchased from an electronic components store. These
inductors are mostly look like resistors. The circuit also does not require a trimmer capacitor, because
we have used a fixed value of 39pF capacitor in the place of trimmer capacitor. We have already
calculated and used the values of coil and capacitors of oscillator to broadcast on FM band, so you don't
have to do any further adjustments and tuning after building the circuit. The circuit can be operated with
9 to 12 volt DC. For antenna use a 12 inch wire or for maximum range use a 30 inch wire and make it
vertical.

Mini FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, June 27, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here's how to build your own mini FM transmitter. It transmits FM waves so you could easily receive the
signals on your mobile phone, radios, etc. As the name and the picture indicates it is very small and is
approximately the size of a 9v battery clip. With this FM transmitter you could start your own mini FM
station. The circuit uses BC547 transistor to amplify the signal and then frequency modulate it. It uses
"frequency modulation" most commonly known as FM, the same principal to transmit audio signals
captured by the microphone.

Phone Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, June 15, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

This small phone transmitter will transmit a phone conversation to an FM radio on the 88-108MHz band.
It uses energy from the phone line to transmit the signal about 100 meters away. It uses the phone wire
as the antenna and is activated when the phone is picked up. Transmitter components are mounted on
a small PC board. PC layout is included.

27MHz Walkie Talkie


Posted on Friday, June 6, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

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This classic walkie talkie consists of both 27MHz transmitter and receiver all in one circuit. Nearly all the
components in the 4-transistor circuit are used for both transmitting and receiving making it simple to
build and economical at the same time. The frequency-generating stage only needs 27MHz crystal to be
removed and it becomes a receiver. Next is a three transistor audio amplifier with very high gain. The
first transistor is a pre-amplifier and the next two are wired as a super-alpha pair, commonly called a
Darlington pair to drive the speaker that is also used as a microphone. The use of telescopic antenna
will provide better reception and transmitting range. Use two identical walkie talkie circuits for two way
communication.

4km FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, May 16, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a VCO FM Transmitter. With good antenna (dipole placed outdoor and high) the transmitter has
very good coverage range about 500 meters, the maximal coverage range is up to 4 km. To calibrate for
maximum power connect 6 V / 0,1 light bulb to the output and use R1 to tune the right frequency, adjust
L1 coil if necesary. Then use C14 and C15 to adjust the highest power (the highest light of the bulb).
Then you can connect antenna and audio signal. Adjust R2 until the audio sounds as loud as the other
stations.

1 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier


Posted on Thursday, May 15, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a 1 Watt FM Transmitter amplifier with a good design that can be used to amplify a RF signal in
the 88 108 MHz band. It is very sensitive if you use good RF power amplifier transistors, trimmers and
coils. It has a power amplification factor of 9 to 12 dB (9 to 15 times). At an input power of 0.1W the
output will be 1W. You must choose T1 transistor depending on applied voltage. If you have a 12V
power supply then use transistors like: 2N4427, KT920A, KT934A, KT904, BLX65, 2SC1970, BLY87. At
18 to 24V power supply you must use transistors like: 2N3866, 2N3553, KT922A, BLY91, BLX92A. You
may use 2N2219 at 12V but you will get an output power of 0.4W maximum.

18W FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, February 18, 2014 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's FM transmitter for commercial FM band that provides 18 watts of power. Since the electronic
diagram is too large we decided to divide it into two parts. The first part is the actual FM transmitter
while the second part is 18W RF amplifier. The circuit should be built on an epoxy printed circuit board
with the upper face components reserved for interconnecting tracks and the bottom solder to the ground
plane. If powered by 14V and 2.5A transmitter outputs 15W of power, whereas 18V and 3.5A will
provide 18W. BB110 variable capacitor connected to the collector of transistor BF199 adjusts the
transmission frequency of the circuit. 2K2 potentiometer serves as fine tuning. Once the output
frequency is adjusted amplifier variable capacitors must be adjusted for maximum output power one
stage at a time. All adjustments must be made with 50 Ohm dummy load connected to the output of
transmitter.

Veronica 1W FM Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, December 29, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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Veronica 1W FM transmitter is an easy to build transmitter. Veronica is also known for frequency
stability, clean FM signal and uses no integrated circuit. The Veronica oscillator is actually formed from 2
oscillators which operates somewhere around 50 MHz in anti phase and the 2 signals are combined to
form 100MHz FM radio signal. This kind of circuit design is stable and is amplified up to 1W by 2n4427
transistor. Veronica transmitter is equipped with a mini-mixer and so you may forget an external mixer.
This consist from T1 transistor which amplifies the microphone signal before it is combined with cd-
player audio or PC signal. R1 and R2 are potentiometers (variable resistors) used to adjust the audio
level. The component between R8 and C21 represents the oscillator wich generates radio signal. D1 is
a varicap diode (like a variable capacitor or trimmer) controlled by audio signal. C12, C13 and L1
determines the frequency.

1W PLL Transmitter with MC145152


Posted on Wednesday, December 18, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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Following 1W PLL transmitter exciter provides stable, low noise operation. Transmitter uses a PLL
frequency synthesizer built with MC145152 which covers the FM band in 100kHz steps. The VCO uses
MV2109 varicap diode to automatically tune to selected frequency via SW1 dip switch. output stage
uses 2N4417 RF power transistor and provides 1W of RF power. With good antenna expected
transmission range is 2km. Transmitter may be built on a double sided PCB, with top side copper left
mostly undisturbed as a ground plane. The copper is removed only around non-grounded pins. The
ground connections can be soldered on the top side, so its not necessary to have plated-through holes.

100m Simple FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, December 12, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

Here is a very interesting and simple FM transmitter used to transmit audio in the wide range up to
100M using only one transistor. The entire circuit of FM transmitter is divided into three major stages
oscillator, modulator and amplifier. The transmitting frequency of 88-108 MHz is generated by adjusting
VC1. The input audio generated by microphone is changed into electric signal and is given to base of
transistor T1. Transistor T1 is used as oscillator which oscillates the frequency of 88-108 MHz. The
oscillated frequency depends upon the value R2, C2, L2 and L3. Transmitted audio from FM transmitter
circuit can be received by standard FM receiver.

Simple FM Transmitter with BC549


Posted on Thursday, November 21, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This is simple FM transmitter for FM broadcast band in 88-108 MHz. BC 549 is small signal transistor for
wide applications, but usually for AF. You can build simple FM transmitter with one BC549 transistor and
several other component parts. Simple FM transmitter with only one transistor is often called bug. This
project is suitable for beginners in radio amateur, education, or hobbies. As an antenna you can connect
150cm of copper wire.

Simple MP3 FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, October 16, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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A simple MP3 FM transmitter circuit shown here can be built easily in few minutes if all parts are
available to you. All the components used in this transmitter circuit are general purpose and low cost.
The circuit will work as a best FM transmitter for simply broadcasting your music around your house and
yard, and can be used to broadcast the output of any equipment like mp3 player, ipod, satellite, etc.

1 Watt PLL FM Broadcast Transmitter


Posted on Monday, September 23, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a 1 Watt PLL FM broadcast transmitter. The RF output varies from 500mW to about 1.2W
depending on the frequency selected and RF output transistor used. Motorola 2N4427 always seems to
work well. Transmitter uses CMOS PLL VCO that prevents the frequency drifts. The frequency is
selected via DIP switches. The transmitter is supplied by 12V DC and can also be powered from the
battery.

Simple FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, September 13, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM transmitter is about the simplest and most basic FM transmitter it is possible to build and have
a useful transmitting range. It is surprisingly powerful despite its small component count and 3V
operating voltage. It will easily penetrate over three floors of an apartment building and go over 300
meters in the open air. The circuit we use is based on a proven Australian design. It may be tuned
anywhere in the FM band. Or it may be tuned outside the commercial M band for greater privacy. (Of
course this means you must modify your FM radio to be able to receive the transmission or have a

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broad-band FM receiver.) The output power of this FM Tx is below the legal limits of many countries (eg,
USA and Australia). However, some countries may ban ALL wireless transmissions without a license. It
is the responsibility of the builder to check the legal requirements for the operation of this circuit and to
obey them.

Portable FM Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, September 1, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This portable FM Transmitter is easy to build. I have used a pair of BC548 transistors in this circuit.
Although not strictly RF transistors, they still give good range. Transmitter is powered by 9V battery. The
coil L1 consists of 7 turns on a quarter inch plastic former with a tuning slug. The tuning slug is adjusted
to tune the transmitter. Actual range on my prototype tuned from 70MHz to around 120MHz. The aerial
is a few inches of wire. Lengths of antenna wire should be 1 - 2 feet. The circuit is basically a radio
frequency (RF) oscillator that operates around 70-120 MHz. Audio from audio jack is fed into the audio
amplifier stage built around the first transistor. Output from the collector is fed into the base of the
second transistor where it modulates the resonant frequency of the tank circuit by varying the junction
capacitance of the transistor. Junction capacitance is a function of the potential difference applied to the
base of the transistor. The tank circuit is connected in a Colpitts oscillator circuit.

4 Transistor FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, July 19, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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This circuit provides an FM modulated signal with an output power of around 500mW. The input
microphone pre-amp is built around a couple of 2N3904 transistors (Q1/Q2), and audio gain is limited by
the 5k preset trim potentiometer. The oscillator is a colpitt stage, frequency of oscillation governed by
the tank circuit made from two 5pF ceramic capacitors and the L2 inductor. The output stage operates
as a 'Class D' amplifier, no direct bias is applied but the RF signal developed across the 3.9uH inductor
is sufficient to drive this stage. The emitter resistor and 1k base resistor prevent instability and thermal
runaway in this stage.

Low Power FM Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, May 19, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This low power fm transmitter is designed to use an input from another sound source and transmits on
the commercial FM band. This low power fm radio transmitter it is actually quite powerful. The first stage
is the oscillator, and is tuned with the variable capacitor. Select an unused frequency, and carefully
adjust C3 until the background noise is removed.

Building Simple FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, May 11, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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This article shows you how to build a very simple FM transmitter from thirteen components, a Printed
Circuit Board (PCB) and a 9v battery. This project was designed to be mounted on a PCB, however you
dont have to. You could construct the project on Vero board (strip board) or any other 0.1 pitch style of
project board. If you just want to experiment with this circuit, you dont even need a board; you can just
solder the component s together and let the completed project just rest on the work top. No matter which
style you choose, try to keep all component leads nice and short. You could also make the PCB much
smaller than the one shown here which is approx. 3 cm square. This is a good size to keep the unit
small but nicer to work on for beginners. If you wanted to make one really small, you could use all SMT
parts.

1W Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, April 16, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

Long range, very stable, harmonic free, FM transmitter circuit which can be used for FM frequencies
between 88 and 108 MHz. With good antenna transmitter can cover 5km range. It has a very stable
oscillator because it uses LM7809 voltage regulator which is a 9V stabilized power supply for T1
transistor. Frequency adjustment is achieved by using the 10K linear potentiometer. The output power of
this long range RF transmitter is around 1W but can be higher if you use transistors like KT920A,
BLX65, BLY81, 2N3553, 2SC1970 or 2SC1971.

40 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier


Posted on Friday, April 12, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

Building two stage 40 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier. RF input power should be between 0.5 and 1 watt.
Amplifier is powered by 28V power supply. The diagram shows a 2N3375 driving a 2N5643 but there
are many other transistors that will work. I used these two transistors just because they were cheap at
the time. If any of the variable capacitors are at full capacitance you can pad them out with a fixed
ceramic capacitor of suitable value. Extra capacitance also might be needed on the base of the
transistors (i had to add 3 100pF capacitors on the base of the 2N5643). The transistors are bolted to a
piece of right angle aluminum which is fixed to the metal chassis to dissipate heat effectively.

150W FM Transmitter Amplifier


Posted on Saturday, March 30, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is 150W FM transmitter amplifier for 88-108MHz band. The amplifier has two stages using BLF244
mosfet transistor for the first stage which requires 0.5 - 1Watt of RF input to get about 20watts to drive
the final stage SD1407 which can push nearly 200 Watts on this design. This design is more or less
broadband however I added two variable capacitors after each stage for optimum matching and power
output. Make sure the trimmer and the capacitors after the final stage SD1407 are a high voltage types
with at least 200V rating. The power on this amplifier can be varied by adjusting the bias voltage using
the white pot to the BLF244 mosfet. I added a zener diode onto the bias supply to protect the transistor
from too much bias voltage.

How to Make FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, March 20, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

This tutorial is for making simplest FM transmitter using only one transistor. VC1 is a small, screw-
adjustable, trimmer capacitor and its rating should be around 10-100pF. Set your FM receiver for a clear,
blank station. Then, with a non-conductive tool, adjust the capacitor for the clearest reception, rotate it
till the receiver receives a sound from the microphone of transmitter. Use the following formula for
determining the frequency.

Simple Coil Less FM Transmitter


Posted on Monday, February 25, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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For months Ive been looking for a simple FM BUG project, the ones online require inductors which you
either have to acquire or build, if you dont have a LCR meter it becomes rather hard to get the circuit
working, specially if youre a beginner without an oscilloscope! Sometimes they dont even tell you
which inductance is required and you have to calculate an estimate, which is the main reason why many
high frequency RF projects fail in the first place. This circuit on the other hand performs pretty well, even
if youre manipulating the board or touching the coax it will stay within the tuned frequency (unless you
touch the transistor or timing capacitor!).

3V FM Transmitter
Posted on Saturday, February 16, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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The objective of this 3V FM Transmitter design is to provide a simple low-power transmitter solution for
broadcasting audio from various audio sources. This transmitter transmits audio using small sensitive
microphone. Transmitter's frequency, as built is tunable via 15pF trimmer to the desired frequency, and
the coil is embedded on the circuit board. This implementation is adapted to rebroadcast the output of a
CD player, television receiver, or radio receiver. I use this transmitter so that I can move about the house
and listen to my favorite programs without disturbing others. Within and the house, I find that I can get
50 to 100 meters away from the transmitter with the small pocket FM receiver I carry in my shirt pocket.

500mW Broadcast FM Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, February 10, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

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This little broadcast FM transmitter has 500mW of RF output power and runs of 12-15V battery or power
supply. DC whose signal modulated by FM using four transistors. Transmitter includes four transmitter
stages and draws around 100-150mA of current. Using the values of the circuit components, the
frequency will be around 100 MHz but can be changed via coil. Through the 5 pF capacitor and 10K
ohm resistor, the modulation of audio signal is supplied to the tank circuit. The amount of modulation is
being managed by the 1N4002, a general purpose rectifier diode. FM Transmitter's output stage is
functioning as a class D amplifier where the output transistors act as a switch.

Solar Powered Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 Category: FM Transmitters

There are many miniature FM transmitter bug circuits online, this one is unique in that it runs completely
on solar power. No battery is required. As long as the sun is shining on the PV panel, the transmitter will
transmit. The transmitter bug is useful as a "remote ear", and can be used for anything from listening
birds to surveillance work. The mic preamp and oscillator circuits were borrowed from a common circuit
found around the Internet, a regulated solar power supply and an RF amp that extends the range of
transmitter and improves frequency stability were added.

Mini FM Broadcast Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, December 23, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

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Build your own simple mini FM transmitter. This fun project will show you how to build a mini
broadcasting transmitter that can transmit an audio signal up to a quarter mile to any FM receiver. It's
easy to build and a good learning experience. It serves as a hands-on learning tool for students or
anybody interested in electronics. Having a range of up to a quarter mile, it's great for a house security
system, baby monitoring device or simply a listening gadget that you can place anywhere!

2km Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, December 4, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

The power output of many transmitter circuits are very low because no power amplifier stages are
incorporated. The transmitter circuit described here has an extra RF power amplifier stage using
2N3866 RF power transistor after the oscillator stage to increase output power to 250 milliwatts. With a
good matching 50-ohm ground plane antenna or multi-element Yagi antenna, this transmitter can
provide reasonably good signal strength up to a distance of about 2 kilometers. Transmitter's oscillator is
built around BF494 transistor T1. It is a basic low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap
diode circuit is included to tune the frequency of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by
audio signals. The output of the oscillator is about 50 milliwatts. 2N3866 transistor T2 forms a VHF-class
A power amplifier. It boosts the oscillator signal power four to five times. Thus 250mW of power is
generated at the collector of transistor T2.

Micro Transmitter Bug


Posted on Sunday, November 18, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

Presented FM transmitter bug is built using BF414 / BF324 / BF606 transistor. The 30cm antenna has a
range of about 30m in the building, more in the open field. Power supply 2x AAA batteries have been
used with voltage of 2.75 V. I added resistor 10K in parallel with 1.5pF capacitor so that the system
works well when connected to an external source (mp3 player / computer). On the computer I had to
reduce sound to about 35% of capacity, so that I do not have clipping. I managed to improve transmitter
stability with simple shielding. The coil is 5 turns of enameled copper wire wound on 1 mm = 5 mm.
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stability with simple shielding. The coil is 5 turns of enameled copper wire wound on 1 mm = 5 mm.

BA1404 Transmitter with UPC1651RF Amplifier


Posted on Friday, October 26, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

BA1404 transmitter includes onboard RF amplifier for increased transmitting range. Operating voltage
range is 1-3V, the circuit contains FM stereo mixer, 38KHZ oscillator, FM modulator and high-frequency
amplifier monolithic integrated circuit. As the "electronic newspaper" BBS there are many users
requiring detailed information on the FM stereo transmitter, so I re-collect the relevant information on the
simple discrete, merge, integrated FM stereo transmitter experiment, that BA1404 with pc1651 mix of
the most easy to make and debug, and very high frequency stability (relative to the previous circuit
BA1404), transmission power is increased by UPC1651RF amplifier.

Stereo FM Transmitter Using BA1404


Posted on Sunday, October 7, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

A high quality stereo FM transmitter circuit is shown here. The circuit is based on the IC BA1404 from
ROHM Semiconductors. BA1404 is a monolithic FM stereo modulator that has built in stereo modulator,
FM modulator, RF amplifier circuitry. BA1404 FM transmitter can be operated from 76 to 108MHz and
power supply for the circuit can be anything between 1.25 to 3 volts.

USB FM Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, September 16, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here is a simple USB FM transmitter that could be used to play audio files from an MP3 player or
computer on a standard VHF FM radio by connecting it to an USB port. The circuit use no coils that
have to be wound. This USB transmitter can be used to listen to your own music throughout your home.
To keep the fm transmitter circuit simple as well as compact, it was decided to use a chip made by
Maxim Integrated Products, the MAX2606. This IC from the MAX2605-MAX2609 series has been
specifically designed for low-noise RF applications with a fixed frequency. The VCO (Voltage Controlled
Oscillator) in this IC uses a Colpitts oscillator circuit. The variable-capacitance (varicap) diode and
feedback capacitors for the tuning have also been integrated on this chip, so that you only need an
external inductor to fix the central oscillator frequency.

Sensitive FM Transmitter Bug


Posted on Monday, August 20, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

This easy to build FM transmitter bug can transmit voice to exceptionally good range. Tune trimmer to
hear the signal to your near radio. Transmitter frequency range is 88-108 MHz. Max current
consumption is 30mA. You can power the fm transmitter bug with a 9Volt Battery, or you can plug a
power supply to feed in 9-12 Volts. That bug will pick even a low whisper or even the sound of a breath
well far from the microphone. Great spy transmitter equipment.

6 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier


Posted on Saturday, June 23, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

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After building FM transmitter I decided to build a 6W RF Transmitter amplifier for the FM band to get
more power and we chose to copy a 6 Watt design built around 2SC1971 RF power transistor. We were
not satisfied with finished result and decided to replace the fixed capacitors around the pcb inductors
with variable capacitors, this is much better and possible to tune to your transmitter frequency.

1 Watt QRP Power Transmitter


Posted on Friday, June 8, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

The 1 watt 20 meter QRP transmitter with VXO. This is a nice QRP transmitter that can be used in
combination of one of the simple receivers. Normally these designs have only two transistors: one is the
X-tal oscillator and the second the final amplifier. A good example is my first QRP rig that is also
described somewhere on this site. Here the VXO (Variabele X-tal Oscillator) has a tuning range of 16
kHz. This VXO is buffered with an extra driver stage for a better frequency stability and a varicap diode
is used instead of a variabele capacitor. An extra transistor is added for keying the transmitter with a low
keying current. What you can do with such a simple 1 watt QRP power transmitter. This is a real low
power transmitter, so do not expect that you can do everything with it but... When conditions are normal,
you can easily make many QSO's during one afternoon with stations with distances upto 2000 km with a
simple inverted V wire dipole antenna! From Europe, I did even make QSO's across the Ocean!

500mW PLL FM Transmitter 88-108MHz


Posted on Tuesday, May 29, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

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This PLL transmitter is controlled and the frequency is very stable and can be programmed digitally.
Transmitter will work 88-108 MHz and output power up to 500mW. With a small change can set the
frequency of 50-150 MHz. The output power is often set to several watts with transistors. So therefore I
decided to build a simple transmitter with great performances. The frequency of this transmitter can
easily be changed by software and space / compress air coil. This transmitter is the oscillator colpitts.
Oscillator is a VCO (voltage controlled oscillator) which is set by the PLL circuit and PIC micro controller.
This oscillator is called the Colpitts oscillator and voltage controlled to achieve the FM (frequency
modulation) and PLL control.

3 Watt FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, May 2, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

This is the schematic for an FM transmitter with 3 to 3.5 W output power that can be used between 90
and 110 MHz. Stability of this transmitter is not bad and PLL circuit can be added on. This is a circuit
that I've build a few years ago for a friend, who used it in combination with the BLY88 amplifier to obtain
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that I've build a few years ago for a friend, who used it in combination with the BLY88 amplifier to obtain
20 W output power. From the notes that I made at the original schematic, it worked fine with a SWR of 1
: 1.05 (quite normal at my place with my antenna).

200mW FM Broadcast Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, April 1, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

A simple 200mW FM Transmitter circuit which covers frequencies from 88 to 108 MHz. It is built with 3
transistors: BC109, BFR91A and BFR96S. It is quite stable and the output power is around 200mW. The
first stage of transmitter is a mic amplifier but if you connect this radio transmitter directly to an audio
source you can remove this stage and connect the audio signal to R5. U1, 1PH51C can be replaced
with LM7805. You must use a stabilized power source for oscillator stage to prevent frequency variation.
You can remove C7 and use a linear potentiometer instead of R6 with the median connector to C4, one
pin to ground and the other one to +. FM Transmitter uses MV2109 varicap diode and C7 for frequency
tuning.

Coilless FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, March 20, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

The RF oscillator using the inverter N2 and 10.7Mhz ceramic filter is driving the parallel combination of
N4 to N6 through N3.Since these inverters are in parallel the output impedance will be low so that it can
directly drive an aerial of 1/4th wavelength. Since the output of N4-N6 is square wave there will be a lot
of harmonics in it. The 9th harmonics of 10.7Mhz (96.3Mhz) will hence be at the center of the FM band.
N1 is working as an audio amplifier. The audio signals from the microphone are amplified and fed to the
varicap diode. The signal varies the capacitance of the varicap and hence varies the oscillator frequency
which produce Frequency Modulation.

1.5V Tracking Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, February 15, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

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With this circuit you can build a very small tracking transmitter that can be tracked using a FM broadcast
band radio receiver. The transmitter can be powered from any 1.5V volt battery or power supply.
Transmitter has a range up to 1 mile depending on battery voltage, height above ground, receiver
sensitivity, and antenna length. Under certain conditions distances of 1 mile have been achieved. It is
recommended that this transmitter be used with FM radios that can tune continuously across the dial.
The better the receiver and receiver antenna system the greater the practical range of the transmitter,
however good functionality can be achieved with the least expensive radios and using only the standard
telescoping antenna included with most radios.

BH1417 USB FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, February 7, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's BH1417 USB FM Transmitter with built-in PLL circuit. Its low-frequency signal is converted into
high-frequency, which can take any audio device with FM radio (stereo, car CD, MP3, DVD player, etc.),
as a normal radio station. Transmitter power is sufficient for reliable reception of its signal within a few
tens of meters. The basis of the device is a chip BH1417F, included in a typical scheme. This device
contains all the necessary circuitry to generate a composite stereo signal c of the pilot tone, the RF
generator with PLL and power amplifier. A detailed description is given in.

300mW FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, February 1, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's a long range 300mW FM Transmitter for the 88MHz to 108MHz band. This particular TX is of
special interest to those wishing to build low power Power Amplifiers for the VHF bands since it used
impedance matching, power amplifier and antenna filtering, all of which should be used by radio
constructors, whether it be for amateur radio or any other form of radio. The features of this project are:
Higher output power - 150mW min (at 9v) and 300mW+ (at 12.5v). Very pure output signal due to
careful design and filtering. VARICAP modulation - possibility to add a synthesizer. Single sided Printed
Circuit Board, only 40mm x 72mm. Covers the domestic FM band - 88MHz to 108MHz. Easy to build,
but coil winding experience IS required

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1.5V FM Broadcast Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, January 17, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

The objective of this 1.5V FM Broadcast Transmitter design is to provide a simple low-power transmitter
solution for broadcasting audio from various audio sources. This transmitter accepts stereo input via two
470K resistors. Since there is no audio level control on the input, the audio level out from the source
needs to be adjusted. Or, you can just add a 10k as an input level control. Transmitter's frequency, as
built is tunable via spreading or compressing the coil to the desired frequency, and the coil can be glued
down. If you want to make one that's tunable, it might be easiest to reduce the 18 pf capacitor and put a
small trimmer capacitor in parallel with the inductor (across the reduced value capacitor). Voltage
variable capacitors would be an nice alternative to a mechanical variable capacitor but they don't offer
much tuning range with only a 1.5V power supply.

FM Broadcast Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, January 8, 2012 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM Broadcast Transmitter circuit will transmit a continuous audio tone on the FM broadcast band
(88-108 MHz) which could used for remote control or security purposes. Circuit draws about 30 mA from
a 6-9 volt battery and can be received to about 100 yards. A 555 timer is used to produce the tone
(about 600 Hz) which frequency modulates a Hartley oscillator. A second JFET transistor buffer stage is
used to isolate the oscillator from the antenna so that the antenna position and length has less effect on
the frequency. Fine frequency adjustment can be made by adjusting the 200 ohm resistor in series with
the battery. Oscillator frequency is set by a 5 turn tapped inductor and 13 pF capacitor.

Phone Spy Transmitter


Posted on Friday, December 30, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here is a very simple telephone broadcaster transmitter which can be used to eavesdrop on a telephone
conversation. The circuit can also be used as a wireless telephone amplifier. One important feature of
this phone transmitter is that the circuit derives its power directly from the active telephone lines, and
thus avoids use of any external battery or other power supplies.

1Watt AM CW Transmitter for 10 Meterband


Posted on Wednesday, December 28, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

In this project, you will make a simple 3-stage low-power broadcast-type circuit, using a crystal oscillator
integrated circuit and an a collector modulated AM oscillator with amplifier. You can connect the circuit to
the an electred microphone or amplified dynamic microphone. Using an electred microphone is shown
(in gray) in the diagram below. (no amplified dynamic microphone has a to low output voltage to work. at
least 100mv is needed). You could also add a LF preamp stage of one transistor to allow connecting a
dynamic microphone directly. You'll see that you can receive the signal through the air with almost any
AM radio receiver. Although the circuits used in radio stations for AM receiving are far more
complicated, this nevertheless gives a basic idea of the concept behind a principle transmitter. Plus it is
a lot of fun when you actually have it working! Remember that transmitting on the 10 meter band you'll
need a valid radioamateur license!! A wide range of different circuits have been used for AM, but one of
the simplest circuits uses collector modulation applied via (for example) a transformer, while it is
perfectly possible to create good designs using solid-state electronics as I applied here (T1 BC557). The
transmitter is build as a Colpitts Oscillator with a BSX20 transistor. HF-output of the oscillator is approx.
50 mW, depending on the supply voltage of 6 to 15 Volts. This is amplified by the BD135 and brings the
power up to approx. 1 watt @ 12volts. The transmit frequency is stabilized with the 28Mhz crystal. A
slight detuning of approx 1kc is possible when using a 120pF trimmer capacitor for C8. The oscillator
signal is taken from the collector of T2 and guided to the input of T3 which output is lead via an L-filter
and low-pass PII filter circuit cleaning up the signal pretty good and ensuring spectral purity. The
oscillator is keyed by T1 and the morse key (S). By keying the morse-key T1 is not been used for
modulation and is biased, hence lets T2 freely oscillate.

Mini FM Radio Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, December 15, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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This small FM transmitter with a range of about 50 meters designed for hoby. With lots of mini-
transmitters then you have a comprehensive, action-packed radio program. Due to the power supply via
the USB port of a high frequency stability is achieved. Alternatively, the receiver, a battery 5 to 12 volts
to operate.

iPod FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, December 6, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Here are instructions for building your own ipod FM radio transmitter. It works quite easy, there is a
power switch on the bottom to turn it on and tune your radio and transmitter to the right frequency. For
the antenna you can use a copper wire of 70 cm. The range of this FM transmitter is about 100 to 150
meters (500 feet). With R5 you can adjust the input signal and with C6 you can tune your frequency.
Transmitter is supplied by 9V battery.

Stereo FM Transmitter with BA1404


Posted on Friday, December 2, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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With this Stereo FM Transmitter with BA1404 you will be able to create a mini stereo FM station and
broadcast to your entire home, a simple way to have an audio link wireless with ease. With the FM
transmitter BA1404 Hifi Stereo you can stream your music from your iPod MP3, satellite receiver,
computer, DVD player, Mobile Phone, MP4 player and MP3 and other audio source directly to an FM
receiver with crystal clear sound.

FM Transmitter with 2N2218


Posted on Friday, November 18, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's simple FM transmitter circuit using medium power 2N2218 transistor. Micropohone is of electret
type that connects to two input terminals and the antenna should be a copper wire from 15 to 40 cm.
Below is schematic circuit of the fm transmitter.

1W Linear FM Transmitter Booster with 2N4427


Posted on Friday, October 28, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here's 1W RF Amplifier is for boosting small fm transmitters and bugs. It use two Philips 2N4427 and its
power is about 1Watt. At the output you can drive any linear with BGY133 or BLY87 and so on. Its
power supply has to give 500mA current at 12 Volts. More voltage can boost the distance but the
transistors will be burned much earlier than usual.! In any case do not exceed the 15Volts. The Amp
offers 15 dB in the area of 80Mhz to 110 Mhz. L4, L5, and L6 are 5mm diameter air coils, 8 turns, with
wire 1mm wire diameter.An easy project, with great results.

Stereo FM Transmitter with BA1404


Posted on Sunday, October 23, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

A high quality stereo FM transmitter circuit is shown here. The circuit is based on the IC BA1404 from
ROHM Semiconductors. BA1404 is a monolithic FM stereo modulator that has built in stereo modulator,
FM modulator and RF amplifier. The FM modulator can be operated from 76 to 108MHz and power
supply for the circuit can be anything between 1.25 to 3 volts. In the circuit R7, C16, C14 and R6, C15,
C13 forms the pre-emphasis network for the right and left channels respectively. This is done for
matching the frequency response of the FM transmitter with the FM receiver. Inductor L1 and capacitor
C5 is used to set the oscillator frequency. Network C9,C10, R4,R5 improves the channel separation.
38kHz crystal X1 is connected between pins 5 and 6 of the IC. Composite stereo signal is created by the
stereo modulator circuit using the 38kHz quartz controlled frequency.

Simplest FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, October 18, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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This simple FM Transmitter takes audio input through a 1/4" phono jack and, constructed as shown,
without the optional antenna connections, will broadcast an FM radio signal about 30 feet. This is the
standard model of simplest FM transmitters includes a trim capacitor to adjust the transmitting
frequency. It can be powered by a 9V battery and uses a hand-turned copper coil. The circuit is
extraordinarily simple and could be built on perfboard or on a panel almost as easily.

Simple FM Transmitter Bug


Posted on Wednesday, October 12, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a simple design of a small FM Transmitter Bug that's perfect for transmitting and eavesdropping
purposes. Due to the high sensitivity, even the ticking of the clock to hear. The range is estimated at
anything from 50 meters. With a small piece of wire as an antenna to get at least the whole house. L1
and L2 are two equal air pools. They each consist of 5 turns at a diameter of about 4 mm. The thickness
of the wire does not matter, 0.5 mm works perfectly. C4 is the frequency adjustment. Tune an FM radio
in an empty area of the FM band and C4 to turn your silence or hear a whistle. From what you can
precisely adjust the radio and the transmitter installed in a room somewhere to intercept. Note: Because
these transmitter bugs inherently unstable, you better read the short legs of the components keep the
circuit mechanically tightly together up. Also placing a 1 nF capacitor (C6) will benefit stability. R1, R3,
R4: 4K7 R2: 100K R5: 10K R6: 270 Ohms C1, C2: 10 uF C3, C6: 1 nF C4: 2-18 pF trimmer C5: 5.6 pF
L1, L2: air puddle windings on May 4 mm in diameter (see text) T1, T2: 547 BC Condenser microphone
Original Text: Ook het plaatsen van een 1 nF condensatortje (C6) over de voedingsaanluitingen komt de
werking ten goede. [Origineel TinyCAD ontwerp] Show alternative translations

PLL Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, September 23, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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The circuit shown here is of a good Stereo FM transmitter that can transmit high quality signals up to a
range of 70 feet. The circuit is based on BH1417 PLL stereo transmitter IC from Rhom semiconductors.
The IC has separate audio processing sections for the left and right channels, pre emphasis circuit for
improving signal to noise ratio, crystal control circuitry for accurate frequency locking, multiplex circuit for
making sum ( left plus right) and difference ( left minus right) {see this article for better understanding
Stereo decoder circuit} etc. Another important feature of this IC is that the transmission frequency can
be set using a 4 channel DIP switch. The IC can be powered from anything between 4 to 6V DC and
has an output power around 20mW. At full output power the circuit consumes only 20mA and has a
channel separation of 40dB.There are 14 possible preset transmission frequencies, starting from
88.7MHz and incrementing in steps of 0.2MHz that can be selected using the DIP switch. The PLL
circuitry of the IC is so precise that there is practically no frequency drift.

Miniature FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, August 25, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This miniature transmitter is easy to construct and it's transmissions can be picked up on any standard
FM receiver. It has a range of up to 1/4 of a mile or more. It is great for room monitoring, baby listening,
nature research, etc. L1 is 8 to 10 turns of 22 gauge hookup wire close wound around a non-conductive
1/4 inch diameter form, such as a pencil. C4 is a small, screw-adjustable, trimmer capacitor. Set your
FM receiver for a clear, blank space in the lower end of the band. Then, with a non-conductive tool,
adjust this capacitor for the clearest reception. A little experimenting and patience may be in order. Most
of the parts' values are not critical, so you can try adjusting them to see what happens.

FM Transmitter Circuit
Posted on Monday, August 8, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here is the circuit diagram of the simple FM transmitter using a transistor. Great performance or range is
not guaranteed here, because this is an elementary design. General purpose radio frequency transistor
BF 494 (Q1) is used here for obtaining FM modulation. A condenser mic is used here to pickup the
sound.The condenser mic converts the sound to electrical variations and this variations are fed to the
base of Q1 , which performs the amplification as well as modulation.The capacitor C2 and L1
determines the frequency of transmission.The circuit can be powered from a 9V transistor radio battery.

80 MHz - 108 MHz FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, August 4, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

FM transmitter or often called fm transmitter uses 2 transistors in this article uses 2 transistors 2n2222.
If the fm transmitter is in use voltage supply of 9 volt battery and use an antenna whose length is less
than 12 inches, then this fm transmitter will be within FCC limits. Signals from the microphone in the fm
transmitter is reinforced by Q1, Q2 with carrier frequency generator is determined by the C5 and L1. The
frequency of the FM transmitter is in the range 80 MHz - 108 MHz. L1 can be made with as many as 24
e-mail wire wrap and 6 wrap. The following is a picture series for the fm transmitter fm transmitter
referred to in article 2 of this transistor.

VHF FM Transmitter MAX2606


Posted on Monday, August 1, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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If you want to be independent of the local radio stations for testing VHF receivers, you need a
frequency-modulated oscillator that covers the range of 89.5 to 108 MHz but building such an
oscillator using discrete components is not that easy. Maxim now has available a series of five
integrated oscillator building blocks in the MAX260x series which cover the frequency range between 45
and 650 MHz. The only other thing you need is a suitable external coil, dimensioned for the midrange
frequency.

1W FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, July 27, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

A very good 1 watt fm transmitter circuit, very easy to build circuit. It has 4 transistors, one is a very
stable oscillator, followed by a buffer stage to prevent frequency variation when you adjust the
transmitter. Next is a resonance stage and the final stage built with a minimum 1W transistor which must
have a heatsink. You must use a LM7805 stabilizer for the oscillator diodes and one LM7809 for
powering up the T1 oscillator stage. This will give you a very stable transmitter frequency.

2 Watt FM Transmitter
Posted on Monday, July 18, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This 2 Watt FM transmitter will provide 10km range in good weather conditions. Use dipole antenna for
maximum range. Transmitter can be tuned between 88-108 MHz with c5. BB204 could be replaced with
conventional led (big) with reverse bias (no light given in correct polarity). 9v power for 2km transmission

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with good sound quality and up to 18v for 10km range. 2N3553 RF transistors may be replaced with
2N4427 or 2N3866.

28W FM Broadcast Transmitter Amplifier 88-108 MHz


Posted on Friday, July 15, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This RF Amplifier designed for FM broadcast using a single 2SC1946 VHF Power Transistor. This 10-
30W RF amplifier circuit provides an appropriate power boost with an input of 1-3 watt. Tower are 30
meters high will send signal surrounding air should be around 15 km. The layout of the 2SC1946 28
Watts FM broadcast RF amplifier has been created with Eagle. The pcb outline is 100 x 50 mm (width x
height), all bitmaps have a resolution of 600dpi.Use FR-4 single sided photoresist epoxy pcb material for
best results.

5 Watt Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, July 14, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a very simple 5 watt CW TX based upon a TTL logic chip. There is just one "tricky" component
and this is Cx. This component should have an impedance of about 10 - 50 ohms at the frequency of
interest. If you wish to reduce the transmitter power, increase the value of Cx. It is Cx which causes the
square wave from the output transistor to approximate a sine waveform. The value of Cx is the price of
simplicity in this TX.

Wireless Microphone FM Transmitter


Posted on Monday, July 11, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This Wireless Microphone FM Transmitter has been a very popular project with beginners and
experienced constructors alike. It has been used inside guitars and as the basis of a remote control
system. I do however, receive many requests for a higher powered circuit and better microphone
sensitivity. Now I can introduce the new FM Wireless Microphone, which also has a better frequency
stability, over 1Km range (under ideal conditions) and is good on microphone sensitivity. This has been
achieved by adding an RF amplifier buffer (with 10dB gain) and an AF preamplifier to boost the
modulation a little.
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modulation a little.

40mW FM TRANSMITTER
Posted on Friday, July 8, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

The transmitters on my homepage seem to be quite popular, especially those intended for the 88 -
108MHz FM band. I must really confess that I also favor this broadcast band, mainly because it is so
easy to find signals on the workshop radio. Everyone has an FM radio, and it is fun to play with.
Experimental antennas and the like can all be developed in this band since there are a huge range of
"beacons" all transmitting just for my benefit :-). Basic oscillators also are easy to fault-find in this
frequency band, and then later modified for other VHF bands. The V5 FM Wireless Microphone is a
10mW transmitter that featured a coil fabricated on the PCB itself. This made the project easy to
duplicate and removed "microphony" (the ability of coils to act as a microphone with spring-line reverb).
But as several people have already commented, although more stable than most other similar kits and
projects, the frequency still does vary with battery voltage. In just one session it can vary by 200kHz
when a cheap "Mighty Atom" battery falls to 8 volts.

Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, July 7, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Presented here is a Long Range FM Transmitter. This circuit is a super-sensitive, mini-powered FM


transmitter consisting of a RF (radio Frequency) oscillator section interfaced with a high sensitivity, wide
pass-band audio amplifier and capacitance mike with a built-in FET (Field Effect Transistor) that
modulates the base of the RF oscillator transistor. Transistor Q1 forms a relatively stable RF oscillator
whose frequency and is determined by the value of coil L1 and turning capacitor C4.

100W Transmitter RF Power Amplifier 2SC2782


Posted on Thursday, June 30, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a 6m band transmitter RF power amplifier (50 MHz) with 100W output. It used with my FT-736R
and drive from 10W for the 6m SSB DX. The Building information comes from Japan CQ Magazine. The
Toshiba RF bipolar power transistor is used in it. If you want to construct this rf amplifier, it's the better
way if the double side PCB use for increase the grounding and current transfer. The TX power can be
tune to 120W.

1.5 Watt FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, June 28, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Presented here is a 1.5 Watt FM Transmitter. A transmitter is an installation in which electrical


oscillations are generated by an antenna as radio waves are emitted.Although there are a variety of
channels exist in terms of size, application and frequency, each transmitter is an oscillator is present
(usually crystal controlled) that an electric thrill, the carrier, with a constant frequency electricity.This is
followed by one or more selective amplifier stages tuned oscillation circuits, which usually frequency
multiplication is performed.Modulation can occur at low power, and even strengthening of the modulated
signal to the power required to reach.Modulation can also occur at high power, when the carrier signal
and separately reinforced.

RF Field Strength Meter


Posted on Thursday, June 23, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Most transmitter has several variable capacitors which are used to match impedance for transistors and
antennas. I know people hate trimmers and so did I. The reason is that it is difficult to trim a system if
you can't measure the performances. To trim a transmitter you need to measure the output power. Most
transmitter are tuned with a dummy load of 50 ohm to substitute an antenna of 50 ohm. Not everyone
has a power meter, and how can you know that the antenna you connect is purely 50 ohm. If not, the
hole trimming is waste of time! What you would like to do is to measure the radiated power out from the
antenna you actually are going to use. If you can measure the radiated energy field you can easy tune

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the system for max output field strength (max power). So, how can we measure the radiated energy
field? The block diagram at right show you one easy way to measure the RF filed strength. To the left
you find a dipole antenna. The antenna should be cut to match the receiving frequency ...

80W RF Amplifier 88-108 MHz


Posted on Wednesday, June 22, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This is 80W RF power amplifier that boosts FM Transmitter's power using 2SC2782 bipolar transistors in
a tuned class C circuit. RF amplifier can be driven to full 80W power with less than 1 watt driving input
power, so that a large gain margin results in this FM transmitter. To obtain stability in this RF amplifier, I
employed several techniques, such as placing the resonances of base and collector chokes far apart,
damping the chokes with resistors, using RC combinations for absorption of unwanted frequencies,
using feed trough capacitors for bypassing on the board, etc. It took some tweaking, but the amplifier
ended up unconditionally stable.

RF Field Strength Meter with Attenuator up to 200 MHz


Posted on Friday, June 17, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

RF Field Strength Meter with Attenuator up to 200 MHz The RF field meter unit is a great help to tune
transmitters for best performance and output power. You can measure the radiated energy field and can
easy tune the system for max output field strength maximum power. This field strength meter comes
with selectable attenuator. You can use it for measuring the antenna gain and pattern, compare different
magnetic field strengths. See the following RF field strength meter schematic.

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8W Broadband FM RF Amplifier
Posted on Friday, June 17, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's 8W broadband FM RF amplifier using 2SC1971 VHF power transistor. The RF Amplifier PCB
layout designed for FM broadband 88-108 MHz transmitters using microstripline technique. This 8W RF
amplifier circuit provides an appropriate power boost for transmitters with an input of 500 mW.

Super Spy Transmitter Bug


Posted on Tuesday, June 14, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

A very small home made FM transmitter Bug using a single transistor and with a transmission range of
200 meters. This FM transmitter Bug is very easy to build. The size of the circuit board is ONLY 22mm x
10mm.

Building Simple FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, June 11, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here's how to build a simple FM Transmitter. This tiny transmitter has smaller radius of the service area,
lower quality of the sounds and the relatively unstable frequency. These can be considered as a
compromise to easily have your own transmitter for the time being or as a more positive choice. These
"defects" are only from the perspective of conventional transmission such as "clear stereo sound to
receive anywhere". Artist could change these to another directions. Whether or not, you can experience
a convivial wireless imagination by this transmitter.

Micro Spy PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, June 9, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This micro spy PLL FM Transmitter transmits on the 160MHz frequency (if we use a 40MHz quartz) and
therefore can be listened through a receiver tuned on this frequency. This circuit can be used to on
various frequencies, for example on the FM band 88-108 just modifying some components, among
which the quartz (25MHz). Voice is detected by an electret microphone, then it is amplified and filtered
by U1 pass-band in order then to be modulated from the carrier section, where through the varicap
diode it "mixes" with the frequency generated by the quartz, that guarantees an adapted stability.
Practically the modulating voltage is obtained applying the audio signal to the resonating circuit varicap
diode that determines the carrier oscillation. The carrier frequency (160 MHz) must be greater than the
modulating frequency (300-3300 Hz) audio band. The transmission is on the fourth harmonic, therefore
160MHz, the oscillation frequency of the driver RF transistor Q1. A small calibration is allowed acting on
the L1 inductance and the C1 Trimmer Capacitor.

Simple FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, June 8, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Mini FM transmitters take place as one of the standard circuit types in an amateur electronics fan's
beginning steps. When done right, they provide very clear wireless sound transmission through an
ordinary FM radio over a remarkable distance. I've seen lots of designs through the years, some of them
were so simple, some of them were powerful, some of them were hard to build etc. Here is the last step
of this evolution, the most stable, smallest, problem-less, and energy saving champion of this race.
Circuit given below will serve as a durable and versatile FM transmitter till you break or crush it's PCB.
Frequency is determined by a parallel L-C resonance circuit and shifts very slow as battery drains out.

8W PLL Stereo Transmitter with LCD


Posted on Friday, May 27, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This is 8W PLL Stereo Transmitter with LCD. It is a stable PLL FM transmitter based on TSA5511
synthesizer. Frequency is performed with three buttons through PIC16F84 microcontroller. Frequency of
the transmitter is displayed on 16x1 LCD. Transmitter oscillator is based around BF981, BFR91, BFR96
transistors. 2SC1971 RF power transistor can be replaced with 2N4427 or 2N3553 but they will provide
less output power.

Long Range FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, May 20, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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The power output of many transmitter circuits are very low because no power amplifier stages are
incorporated. The transmitter circuit described here has an extra RF power amplifier stage, after the
oscillator stage, to raise the power output to 200-250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm ground
plane antenna or multi-element Yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide reasonably good signal
strength up to a distance of about 2 kilometres. The circuit built around transistor T1 (BF494) is a basic
low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap diode circuit is included to change the frequency
of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by audio signals. The output of the oscillator is
about 50 milliwatts. Transistor T2 (2N3866) forms a VHF-class A power amplifier. It boosts the oscillator
signal power four to five times. Thus, 200-250 milliwatts of power is generated at the collector of
transistor T2.

5 Watts FM RF Amplifier
Posted on Monday, May 9, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This fm rf amplifier uses 2SC1971 transistor to provide 5 watts of output. Output matching is adjusted
via the two 40pF trimmer capacitors likewise also to the input. Note that the emitter of this transistor is
directly grounded on the heat sink and should have a good thermal transfer. Driving power of 100 to
200mW can be applied in order to provide 5watts of output. Use a dummy load to tune this amplifier and
remember that the transistor is biased in Class C, sufficient filtering should be followed after the output
to minimize all the harmonics. Use ground plane construction technique in the PCB lay-out for best
result, the more the grounding the better. If you have hard time finding the 10uH rf choke, try to wind 1/2
meter of 0.2mm enamel wire over a 33K 1/2 watt resistor and solder the coil ends to the legs of the
resistor.

FM Transmitter with Varactor Diode Tuning


Posted on Monday, May 9, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Presented here is a low-power FM transmitter with varactor diode tuning using surface-mount devices
(SMD) that will be received with a standard FM radio. Soldering surface mounted devices is not so hard
and actually is quite easy. There are many designs for small FM transmitters but they have some
problems. First, you need an audio amplifier to get enough modulation. Second, the antenna is attached
directly to the collector. Third, the coil L must be wound by hand and adjusted by stretching. It all ads
with a weak signal that tends to drift in frequency. In contrast the transmitter schematic we present here
eliminates some of those problems, using varactor diode for tuning and modulation, givin great
sensitivity without an audio amplifier.

100W Transmitter Amplifier for 2200m


Posted on Sunday, May 8, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This particular transmitter was later shipped up to VY1JA in the Yukon where, thanks to Jay's excellent
antenna system, it was heard in Europe as well as in New Zealand during one of the Trans-Pacific
Tests! Running 24 volts on the final will produce 100 watts into a 50 ohm load. The transmitter utilizes a
4060 binary counter IC chip as both the crystal oscillator and frequency divider. I used a 2200 kHz
crystal along with the 'divide-by' sixteen output to produce a signal at 137.5 kHz. Other combinations of
crystal frequencies and 'divide-by' combinations may also be used since the 4060 features divided
outputs for f/32 (pin 5) and f/64 (pin 4), among others. You may have a 4MHz crystal or an 8MHz crystal
in your junk box that will put you in the band using these output pins.

High Power FM Wireless Microphone


Posted on Thursday, April 28, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM Wireless Microphone has been a very popular project with beginners and experienced
constructors alike. It has been used inside guitars and as the basis of a remote control system. I do
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constructors alike. It has been used inside guitars and as the basis of a remote control system. I do
however, receive many requests for a higher powered circuit and better microphone sensitivity. This
High Power FM Wireless Microphone has a better frequency stability, over 1 Km range and is good on
microphone sensitivity. This has been achieved by adding an RF amplifier buffer (with 10dB gain) and
an AF preamplifier to boost the modulation a little.

BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, April 28, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM transmitter design is a result of many hours of testing and tweaking. The goal was simple; to
test many existing BA1404 transmitter designs, compare their performance, identify weaknesses and
come up with a new BA1404 transmitter design that improves sound quality, has very good frequency
stability, maximizes transmitter's range, and is fairly simple for everyone to build. We are happy to
announce that this goal and expectations have been met and even exceeded. The transmitter can work
from a single 1.5V cell battery and provide excellent crystal clear stereo sound. It can also be supplied
from two 1.5V battery cells to provide the maximum range. One of the qualities of BA1404 FM
transmitter is excellent frequency stability. This is mainly due to a use of high quality 3.5 turn variable
coil. Tunable RF coils are ideal for precise frequency tuning because their magnet wire is halfway
embedded within the plastic, which minimizes frequency drifts. Regular air coils are not preferred for
professional broadcasting because the coil expands and contracts with temperature changes. That's the
very reason why variable coil was chosen as a substitution for an air coil and a variable capacitor.

1KM Power FM Transmitter


Posted on Sunday, April 17, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This small power FM transmitter can transmit more than 1 km in good conditions. The modulation can
be made so much with a microphone or audio source. Circuit of power fm transmitter is built around
2n2218 transistor. Transmitter coil is 5 turns of enameled 22 AWG wire, with diameter of 1 cm without
nucleus. Look at the capacitors that it should be ceramic. The antenna should possess from 15 to 40
cm. For transmission it ties a receiver of FM (radio) in the proximity to half volume in a free frequency
(that there is not any radio operating), with a wood or plastic key, rotate the screw of CV to capture the
frequency of the transmitter.

1.5V Battery Operated Rebroadcast FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, April 15, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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This implementation is adapted to rebroadcast the output of a CD player, television receiver, or radio
receiver. I use it so that I can move about the house and listen to my favorite programs without
disturbing others. Within and the house, I find that I can get 10 to 20 meters away from the transmitter
with the small pocket FM receiver I carry in my shirt pocket. Your mileage may vary. The transmitter as
built and pictured below (the transmitter is in the blob of hot melt glue on the end of the battery holder)
does not have an on-off switch. I put a 1.5 AA cell that was run down too far to run my CD player in this
transmitter and it ran for over a month before I replaced it. The one in the transmitter at this moment has
been running it continuously for over three months. Current draw is only about a milliamp with a new
battery (assuming you don't have a super-high beta transistor in which case the theoretical limit is about
2.5 ma). An on-off swich is not necessary, though it may satisfy an emotional need.

Mini FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, April 14, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

9 Volt battery operated simple Mini FM Transmitter. FM Transmitter is very simple, compact, and has
transmission signal with a range of 100-150m, good sensitivity and low current consumption.
Transmitter's schematic consists of a bass amplifier for the first transistor and the proper frequency
generator in the second. FM Transmitter divided transitional capacitor that allows you to set up a
cascade separately.

Broadcast FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, April 12, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Here's a nice AC mains powered FM Broadcast Audio Transmitter with pre-emphasis, audio level
control, and tuning control. The circuit consists of a frequency modulated oscillator, an audio
preamplifier with pre emphasis to supply the frequency modulating signal, and a buffer amplifier to drive
the antenna connector. Oscillator's frequency is determined by L1 resonating with the 10 pf capacitor
and the total capacitance across it. The collector-base capacitance of the transistors Q3, Q4, and Q5 is
a function of their revers bias. This is basically a poor man's (or lazy man's) varactor. The voltage across
Q3 is set by a voltage divider and is then modulated by an Ac coupled audio signal from the pre amp,
causing the reverse bias to vary with the audio signal, which changes the resonant frequency of L1's
circuit, causing the frequency of the oscillator to vary with the audio signal. The capacitance of Q4 and
Q5 is adjusted by DC bias from the tuning adjustment potentiometer, and this capacitance sets the
center frequency of the oscillator. All of the transistors in the oscillator -Q1 through Q5, are 2N4401. The
purpose of the buffer is to minimize frequency shift as loading on the antenna is changed. It was
specifically designed to reduce the signal amplitude to the antenna. Transmitters should not use any
more power than is necessary to achieve the task at hand, and lightly coupling the RF into the buffer's
base with a gimmick capacitor did the trick. The transistor is an MPSH34.

1.5V Spy FM Transmitter Bug


Posted on Saturday, April 9, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's a tiny one transistor spy FM transmitter bug that operates from a single 1.5V AA battery. Main
advantage of this circuit is that power supply is a 1.5 Volts cell (any size) which makes it possible to fix
PCB and the battery into very tight places. Transmitter even runs with standard NiCd rechargeable cells,
for example a 750mAh AA size battery runs it about 500 hours (while it draws 1.4mA at 1.24V) which
equals to 20 days. This way circuit especially valuable in amateur spy operations. Mini FM transmitters
take place as one of the standard circuit types in an amateur electronics fan's beginning steps. When
done right, they provide very clear wireless sound transmission through an ordinary FM radio over a
remarkable distance. I've seen lots of designs through the years, some of them were so simple, some of
them were powerful, some of them were hard to build etc.

300m FM Transmitter
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300m FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, April 7, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM transmitter is about the simplest and most basic FM transmitter it is possible to build and have
a useful transmitting range. It is surprisingly powerful despite its small component count and 3V
operating voltage. It will easily transmit over 300 meters in the open air and even more with higher
voltage supply. The circuit we use is based on a proven Australian design. It may be tuned anywhere in
the FM band. Or it may be tuned outside the commercial M band for greater privacy. Of course this
means you must modify your FM radio to be able to receive the transmission or have a broad-band FM
receiver. The output power of FM transmitter is within the legal limits of many countries. However, some
countries may ban all wireless FM transmitters without a license. It is your responsibility to check the
legal requirements for the operation and to obey them. FM transmitter is constructed on a single-sided
printed circuit board PCB.

PLL FM Transmitter using LMX1601, ATtiny2313 AT90S2313


Posted on Tuesday, April 5, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Here's a PLL FM Transmitter using LMX1601, ATtiny2313 or AT90S2313 microcontrollers. The common
characteristic of all of the previous low power FM transmitters I've built over the decades, is that their
operating frequency is determined by an LC resonant circuit. Some of them had excellent stability, some
of them didn't, but I had always wanted to make one that is crystal controlled. Various schemes had
been considered from time-to-time, including the direct approach of modulating the load capacitance of
a a crystal oscillator, a whimsical phase modulation scheme involving a phase shifter, some balanced
modulators, and limiting amplifiers, and at times, the down-to-earth and sober approach of modulating a
VCO within a phase locked loop (PLL). While browsing Digikey's online catalog, I found the LMX1601
frequency synthesizer chip and thought: "Just maybe, the PLL approach is finally within my grasp." The
LMX1601, which apparently was designed for use in cell phones, includes everything need to make two
phase locked loops except for the VCOs. More importantly, one of the PLLs, specifically the "AUX" PLL,
is specified to work in the FM broadcast band. The LMX1600 and the LMX1602 were also considered,
but the LMX1601 was selected because it has a "500 MHz option", meaning that it can work down to
about 50 MHz.

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FM Telephone Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, March 24, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

The FM telephone circuit is built on a PC board that is so small it can easily be fitted inside the housing
of a telephone making it an instant pseudo-speak earphone. This FM transmitter circuit connects in
series with telephone line, steals power from it, and transmits both sides of the conversation to an FM
radio tuned between 90 and 95 MHz.

Stereo FM Transmitter with BA1404


Posted on Friday, March 18, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Circuit of stereo FM transmitter of of high quality using integrated circuit ba1404 for mp3, mp4, ipod,
computer, radio of the car. Transmit of your equipment of portable audio for the radio of your car,
transmitters of fm of low potency are the ideal for transmission wireless of audio sign for fm receivers.
Mainly in that case that is treated of transmitter of FM stereo with ba1404. The heart of that circuit is the
circuit integrated ba1404, that is a mini fm transmitter, that already counts with the necessary internal
circuits for transmission in fm. just being necessary to increase some components discman or any other
audio source turning the wireless. If you already set up other transmitters of transistorized fm it will see
that when setting up that with having integrated BA1404, that the quality of the sound and the frequency
stability is excellent. Besides the but it presents easy assembly.

FM Transmitter Bug
Posted on Friday, March 4, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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The goal of this project is for me personally to learn a little more about fm transmitters and fm bug
making (may the HAM radio gods bless me in this pursuit). The ideal outcome of this project is a very
small and full functional FM transmitter that we can stick into a plastic mint box. In order to be able to
build this, we'll have to learn a lot about amplifiers, LC oscillators, mixers, antennas and FM. This project
assumes you're already comfortable build your own PCB boards. If you're not please take a look at the
homemade pcb's tutorial before you continue. It will help you out a lot.

Small AM Transmitter
Posted on Sunday, January 30, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

So, I needed a small transmitter, which would allow me to transmit good, old music into my AM-only
radios. So, one saturday afternoon I got into gear, designed and built a very crude, terribly non-
optimized little transmitter. It's almost a joke expressed in electronics, full of poor design, so please don't
think that this is the best I can do! You must see it as a quick and dirty 5-hour effort, because that's all
the time the transmitter took to design, build, and test. Making this web page about it is taking much
longer! I'm putting this thing on the web only because many people have asked me to do so, despite its
crude design!

A Wide Dynamic Range Field Strength Meter


Posted on Saturday, January 29, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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This unit is an updated version of the Wide Dynamic Range Field Strength Meter. While the basic
function is the same, it has several critical differences: It uses a specialized integrated circuit, the Analog
Devices AD8307. This chip is designed specifically as a logarithmic amplifier for use through 500 MHz.
Using the AD8307, it has a wider dynamic range (85 dB versus 55 dB) and it has built-in temperature
compensation. Because of the different nature of this type of detector - and the fact that it has
temperature compensation - means that there is no need for a "zeroing" control. One disadvantage of
this approach as compared to the diode approach is that the AD8307 has a lower frequency response
than the diode. The frequency limit of the meter is dictated pretty much by the diodes themselves along
with their physical layout and related components: There is no reason why the earlier version could not
be constructed to work through 10 GHz or so - but the AD8307 is falling flat by the time you get to 1
GHz, making it unsuitable for detecting wireless LANs or PCS-type cell phones.

Wideband SWR Meter


Posted on Thursday, January 27, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

Everyone involved with radio transmitters needs some instruments to assess basic antenna
functionality. Among these instruments, the best-known and most-used one is the Standing Wave Ratio
meter. Some radio amateurs develop a cult for these little gadgets, having them in line all the time and
watching the needles bounce while they chat. I have seen some guys owning 5 or 6 SWR meters, and
no other instrument relating to antenna testing! While it's unfortunate that some people - specially
amateurs - assign so much importance to SWR and so little to other parameters, it's also a fact that
SWR needs to be known, so if you use transmitters, you need an SWR meter.

BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter - Special Edition Kit


Posted on Wednesday, January 26, 2011 Category: FM Transmitters

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Be "On Air" with your own radio station! BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter - Special Edition Kit is an
exciting transmitter that will broadcast high quality stereo signal in 88MHz - 108MHz FM band. It can be
connected to any type of stereo audio source such as iPod, Computer, Laptop, CD Player, Walkman,
Television, Satellite Receiver, Tape Deck or other stereo system to transmit stereo sound with excellent
clarity throughout your home, office, yard or camp ground. Add 500mW FM / VHF Transmitter Amplifier /
Booster for even longer range. Special Edition BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter Kit includes
premium components with audio grade gold capacitors, 1% Metal Film Resistors and quality PCB with
Red Solder Mask and Plated-Through Holes. The kit is based on the popular BA1404 stereo
broadcaster IC which contains all the complex circuitry for generating the stereo FM signal. 38 KHz
crystal provides a rock solid stability of sub-carrier for stereo signal.

USB Mono FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, December 29, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This small FM transmitter with a range of about 50 meters designed for connection to the USB port. With
lots of mini-transmitters then you have a comprehensive, action-packed radio program. Due to the
power supply via the USB port of a high frequency stability is achieved. Alternatively, the receiver, a
battery 5 to 12 volts to operate.

5W PLL FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, December 29, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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Easy to build high-quality PLL FM transmitter with typical output power of 5 W and no-tune design. The
transmitter includes RDS/SCA input and Audio/MPX input with optional pre-emphasis. It can be used
with or without stereo encoder. Tuning over the FM band is provided by two buttons that control dual-
speed PLL. The transmitter can work also without the LCD display. Some experience with building
devices of this kind are highly recommended.

Long Range FM Transmitter Circuit


Posted on Saturday, October 16, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This circuit is a circuit diagram fm transmitter. This circuit is somewhat different from the previous fm
transmitter circuit. Transmitter circuit described here has the additional RF power amplifier stage, after
the oscillator stage, to increase the power output of 200-250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm
ground plane antenna or multi-element yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide a good enough signal
strength to a distance of about 2 kilometers.

VHF Audio Video Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, October 7, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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VHF/UHF TV Modulator
Posted on Thursday, October 7, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

Simple oscillator that generates a frequency in the VHF or UHF region. The oscillator is modulated with
the video signal and the modulated carrier wave thus generated is fed into the TV set's aerial input via a
cable. Then all that remains to do is tune the TV to the correct frequency.

0.1 - 3.5GHz Prescaler


Posted on Thursday, October 7, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This handy prescaler divides input frequency by 1000. It takes maximum input frequency of 3.5GHz and
converts it into 3.5MHz that may be measured using standard frequency meter.

25W RF Amplifier
Posted on Wednesday, October 6, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

RF amplifier with 25W of power for 88-108MHz FM transmitters.

3V FM Transmitter for 88MHz to 108MHz


Posted on Wednesday, October 6, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

The important part of the circuit is formed of the Colpitts type oscillator. C3,C4,C5,C6,CD1-CD2 and L1
determines the frequency. BF982 and dual gate MOSFET are active parts in oscillator. When the input
impedance of the MOSFET gate inputs are high, LC tank is not affected. However transistors force the
LC tank and cause phase shift. Two driver stages are added to isolate the antenna from oscillator. First
stage (BF199) amplifies the low signal of the oscillator and works as a constant load. The second stage
(BFR90) amplifies the signal going through the antenna some more. A short copper wire can be used as
an antenna here. Attaching a large antenna to this circuit is unnecessary because the output power is
low.

Simple RF Power Meter


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Simple RF Power Meter
Posted on Wednesday, October 6, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

Here is a simple set up which will enable them to measure the out put power of their transmitter. All that
they require is a good multimeter which has a sensitivity of 20k ohms/4 Watts which is adequate for low
power transmitters. Many beginners trying out their skill with QRP TX, for the first time have to
overcome many problems before they are able to come on the air. On usual complaint is that, every
thing is working fine but the signal is not going out.

Telephone FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, October 6, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM transmitter attaches in series to one of your phone lines. When there is a signal on the line (that
is, when you pick up the handset) the circuit will transmit the conversation. In particular it will radiate
from the phone line itself. It is a passive device - there is no battery. It uses the signal on the phone line
for power. No aerial is needed - it feeds back the RF signal into the phone line which radiates it in the
FM band. The frequency of transmission may be adjusted by the trimcap.

4W PLL FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

The PLL transmitter exciter has the functions of providing a stable, low noise, frequency-selectable RF
signal and amplify it to a controllable output power sufficient to drive the power amplifier. It uses a PLL
frequency synthesizer built with MC145151, which covers the FM band in 100kHz steps. The VCO
covers only a few MHz without readjustment.

30Watt VHF Amplifier Circuit for FM Broadcast Band


Posted on Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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The 30 watt amplifier schematic shown below provides an appropriate power boost with an input of 4
watt up to 6 watts. The circuit is designed to cover 88-108MHz FM Broadcast Band. However, the circuit
is very stable at my place and provides a clean-output through seven (7) element Butter-worth low-pass
filter.

3W FM Transmitter Amplifier
Posted on Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

Presented is a three stage 3W FM Transmitter Amplifier using 2SC9018, 2SC2053 and 2SC1970
transistors. The circuit is supplied by 12-14V DC voltage and requires at least 500mA of current.

TV Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

One of the most useful gadgets a video enthusiast can have is a low-power TV Transmitter. Such a
device can transmit a signal from a VCR to any TV in a home or backyard. Imagine the convenience of
being able to sit by the pool watching your favorite movie on a portable with a tape or laser disc playing
indoors. You could even retransmit cable TV for your own private viewing.

30 Watt Linear FM Amp with BLY89


Posted on Wednesday, September 15, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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A amplifier of medium force RF for the FM, is always essential for the amateur that wants it strengthens
some small transmitter, that likely it has already it manufactured! The present circuit can give force 25-
30W, with control no bigger than 4-5 W. As it appears in the analytic drawing, the amplifier is
manufactured with the transistor TR1 of type LY89 of Phillips. The transistor this is specifically drawn for
operation in frequencies up to 175Mhz, with very good results.

250mW FM Transmitter Amplifier


Posted on Tuesday, September 14, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This project is a simple 2-transistor VHF power amplifier, with about 16dB gain, and requires no tuning
or alignment procedures. Wideband techniques have been used in the design and the circuit is
equipped with a "lowpass" filter to ensure good output spectral purity. The project has been designed for
assembly on a single-sided printed circuit board. The circuit is specifically designed to amplify the output
of 7mW to 10mW WBFM transmitters (wide band) to a final level of 250mW to 300mW.

5W PLL Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, September 3, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

5W PLL Stereo FM Transmitter features PLL synthesized drift free operation with high quality BH1415
chip. 5W RF output power is achieved with 2SC1971 6W transistor in the output stage. Front panel
digital control comes with LED display and case is made high quality aluminum. The board features EMI
filtering on audio and power inputs and comes with Microphone and Audio inputs. Once transmitter is
turned on it starts broadcasting with previously selected frequency. Overall this 5W PLL Stereo FM
Transmitter provides professional broadcast audio quality and rivals commercial broadcasts.

FM Transmitter with Mic & Line Input


Posted on Friday, September 3, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a unique FM transmitter that provides both a built-in sensitive microphone and an RCA jack for
line input. It has two modes of operations, "Microphone" and "Line", which are selectable using a
jumper. In the "Microphone" mode, it can be used as a wireless microphone transmitter. In the "Line"
mode, it can be easily connected to any audio source to broadcast the audio signal to any FM receiver
within its range. 500mW FM / VHF Transmitter Amplifier / Booster can be added for longer transmission
range.

50mW FM PLL Transmitter SD USB MP3 Player


Posted on Friday, September 3, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

Features PLL tuned transmitter / exciter for rock solid frequency stability over the entire FM band.
Displays Transmitted Frequency on backlighted LCD. PCB includes antenna output to which a piece of
wire, or VHF amplifier can be connected for greater transmission range. Includes 3.5mm audio jack
cable. Plays MP3 from SD and USB memory (SD and USB connectors on board). IR Remote can be
used to control the transmitter.

BH1417 Stereo PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, September 3, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a high quality stereo PLL FM transmitter incorporating a Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL) synthesizer. It
is based on the Rohm BA1417 PLL FM Transmitter Integrated Circuit and offers a choice of up to 14
preset transmission frequencies spaced every 200 KHz between: 88.7 88.9 MHz (Low Band Mode)
and 106.7 107.9 MHz (High Band Mode). It has outstanding frequency stability thanks to the PLL
crystal controlled design and offers excellent high-fidelity audio performance. It is ideal for use in your
home or office to transmit MP3 songs or internet radio stations from your computer to any standard FM
radio. It can also be connected to any other audio source, such as an iPod, a MP3 Player, Walkman,
Discman or XM Satelite Radio receiver. The circuit incorporates a stereo audio input jack as well as a
DC adapter jack which makes it quick and easy to setup. Transmission frequency selection is done
through a DIP switch.

50mW BH1417 Stereo PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, August 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This is an excellent 50mW Hi-Fi PLL FM Stereo Transmitter that features BH1417 chip. ROHM's new
Japan has BH1417 is one of the most simple and practical integrated circuits, which combines phase-
locked loop circuit, stereo encoder circuit, transmitter circuit, as well as other additions. Pre-emphasis
circuit, limiter circuit and low pass filter can significantly improve the sound quality. The total harmonic
distortion up 0.3%, stereo separation to 40dB, RF output level is 100dB. BH1417F is an excellent new
IC chip, this circuit improves signal to noise ratio (S / N) of pre-emphasis circuit to prevent signal over
emphasized limiting circuit, the control input signal frequency low-pass filter circuit (LPF), generate
stereo stereo composite signal modulation circuit, FM transmitter phase-locked loop circuit (PLL)
component. BH1417F excellent frequency characteristics, it can achieve 40dB of isolation, transmitted
sound quality is similar to local FM radio stations.

5W PLL Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, August 5, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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5W PLL Stereo FM Transmitter features PLL synthesized drift free operation with high quality BH1415
chip. 5W RF output power is achieved with 2SC1971 6W transistor in the output stage. Front panel
digital control comes with LED display and case is made high quality aluminum. The board features EMI
filtering on audio and power inputs and comes with Microphone and Audio inputs. Once transmitter is
turned on it starts broadcasting with previously selected frequency. Overall this 5W PLL Stereo FM
Transmitter provides professional broadcast audio quality and rivals commercial broadcasts.

Phone FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, July 15, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This Phone FM transmitter connects in series to your telephone line and transmits the telephone
conversation over the FM band when you pick up the telephone handset. Transmitted signal can be
tuned by any FM receiver. The circuit includes an "On Air" LED indicator and also provides a switch
which can be used to turn off the transmitter. A unique feature of the circuit is that no battery is needed
to operate the circuit since power is taken from the telephone line. The transmitter uses only a short
piece of wire aerial about 4" / 10 cm long to transmit the signal and some of the RF signal is also
radiated through the telephone line itself. The circuit might be used to share or record conversations, but
is not intended for illegal use.

500mW FM / VHF Transmitter Amplifier / Booster


Posted on Thursday, July 8, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a high performance low noise 500mW amplifier / booster for all low power FM transmitters such
as BA1404, BH1417, BH1415, 433MHz transmitter modules, etc. The amplifier chip is an integrated
circuit containing multiple transistor stages and all other parts conveniently within a single small
package. Boosting your FM transmitter has never been easier and the output signal can also directly
drive 2n4427 or 2n3886 transistors for 1W or 5W of RF output power.

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1W portable PLL transmitter


Posted on Saturday, June 12, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This small FM transmitter includes a limiter, a microphone amplifier and a PLL digital tuning. All the parts
are placed on one circuit board. The RF power is switchable between 1W and 0,2W. The schematic
diagram is divided into three parts: RF part (numbered from 1), PLL (numbered from 30) and audio part
(numbered from 50).

TX-500 - 500mW FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, June 12, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

The TX500 is a simple to build 500mW FM Transmitter. It consists of three blocks; modulator / oscillator,
two stage 500mW VHF amplifier and LED based power meter. The TX500 allows to transmit audio
signals to FM band at frequencies from 88 MHz to 108 MHz. Due to the very low power consumption of
less than 100mA the circuit may be perfectly powered by using 9-12V battery or power supply if you
prefer. The circuit has been divided into separate stages so that it is be better for everyone to
understand how every part works independently.

BH1417 Stereo PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, June 12, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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BH1417 is a latest FM Transmitter IC from RHOM that includes a lot of features in one small package. It
comes with pre-emphasis, limiter so that the music can be transmitted at the same audio level, stereo
encoder for stereo transmission, low pass filter that blocks any audio signals above 15KHz to prevent
any RF interference, PLL circuit that provides rock solid frequency transmission (no more frequency
drift), FM oscillator and RF output buffer.

1 Watt Four Stage FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, May 22, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This FM transmitter circuit uses four radio frequency stages: a VHF oscillator built around transistor
BF494 (T1), a preamplifier built around transistor BF200 (T2), a driver built around transistor 2N2219
(T3) and a power amplifier built around transistor 2N3866 (T4). A condenser microphone is connected at
the input of the oscillator.

2W RF Amplifier For 24/23 CM


Posted on Thursday, May 6, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This page describes TX ATV Transmitter for 23 cm with output adjustable from 100 to 250mW.

PLL FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, April 30, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This new FM transmitter is very simple and doesn't need any RF tuning. First of all ,we have used an
integrated VCO: The POS150 from Mini-circuits. This excellent RF circuit covers all the FM Band in a
voltage range of 4V to 8V. The Kvco factor is very stable all over the FM band, consequently, we have
applied the BF signal directly on the control voltage line coming from the PLL.

SAA1057 PLL Synthesized FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, April 30, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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The functioning of all is provided by a microcontroller from MICROCHIP "PIC16F84" which provides
support for buttons, LCD 2 lines of 16 characters and the circuit pll "SAA1057. The VCO is entrusted to
the transistor Q8 associate of his two diodes varicaps "BB109, a floor buffer Q7 separates the VHF
signal obtained in two ways, on the one hand to Q9 to enslave loop phase and on the other hand to the
Q5 and Q6 together which takes care to amplify the signal before attacking Q11, a "BFR96" which plays
the role of HF switch via a timer "NE555" which receives information from the push and "SAA1057"
ensuring HF cutoff in the event of failure of a locking or unlocking of the pll.

Low Pass Filter For FM 88-108 MHz


Posted on Friday, April 30, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

Filter used for eliminate unwanted harmonic frequency at second and third. Notch filter, Band Pass Filter
(BPF), and High Pass Filter (HPF) sometime combined in constructing LPF design. Schematic below for
FM Broadcast Lowpass Filter 88-108 MHz. It has been tested with a good result. Note : Make the coils
at 74 nH and trim them to adjust exact value.

MC145170 PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, April 29, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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In order to simplify the transmitter design, we've used the new pll circuit from Motorola :the MC145170.
This PLL includes the prescaler and a serial standard bus called SPI.

19 KHz MPX Low Pass Filter


Posted on Wednesday, April 28, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This map, armored also enables automatic MONO / MPX through a low-pass filter, even with a multiplex
on its entry by using an ON / ON, panning, the whole spectrum MPX more RDS is sent to the
synthesizer, on the other hand when it is in a position MONO, the low-pass filter is activated and share
its cutoff frequency at 15 KHz, only modulation G + D is sent to the synthesizer, as 19 KHz. 19 KHz
carrier, the signal multiplex and subcarrier 57 KHz is thereby eliminated, which provides ease of use for
example in a string of issue relay tuner, if the link between the issuer Departure and receiver re-issue
was not of good quality stereo, you sufficient to switch to mono to improve sound quality, you can then
connect the RDS encoder at the re-issuer.

MC145151 PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Friday, April 23, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This PLL has been designed with an old Motorola circuit :the MC145151. The VCO is based on a
"Colpitz" oscillator equiped with a Fet Transistor.(J310) Two varicap Diodes are used in order to reduce
the global noise of the VCO. In addition,these two diodes allow the PLL to keep the lock status through
a large range of climatic conditions. An another J310 is used in order to match the impedance between
the oscillator and the fist amplifier stage. A MSA1105 from Minicircuits increases the RF power level
coming from the VCO to +14dBm. A simple low pass filter rejects the second harmonic to -20 dB.(Worst
case) Finally, a 7 dB attenuator and a second amplifier stage (BFR96S) achieve this radio design.

1 Watt Universal RF Amplifier


Posted on Friday, April 23, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a universal 1 Watt RF class C amplifier that is ideally suited for low power FM transmitters. Input
should be at least 100mW to achieve 1W output. It is recommended to enclose the amplifier in a metal
case.

2W RF Amplifier For 24/23 CM


Posted on Thursday, April 22, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This page describes TX ATV Transmitter for 23 cm with output adjustable from 100 to 250mW.

PLL FM Exciter / Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, April 10, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a PLL controller that works with the VCO/Modulator that I designed. Use these two modules
together for a complete baseband-capable exciter unit. This PLL controller features a rock-stable crystal
controlled reference, in conjunction with a programmable dividing network which allows the transmitter
to be tuned in 100Khz steps from 79.9Mhz to 109.7Mhz by means of digital thumbwheel switches.
Oscillator, buffer and driver stages use 2N3866 power RF transistor and output stage used 2N3553 4W
RF transistor,

USB FM Transmitter MAX2606


Posted on Friday, February 19, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This MP3 Player FM transmitter can be used to listen to your own music throughout your home. The
transmitter circuit use no coils that have to be wound. When this FM transmitter used in the car, there is
no need for a separate input to the car stereo to play back the music files from your MP3 player. This
FM transmitter use a chip made by Maxim Integrated Products, the MAX2606. The VCO (Voltage
Controlled Oscillator) in this IC uses a Colpitts oscillator circuit. The variable-capacitance (varicap) diode
and feedback capacitors for the tuning have also been integrated on this chip, so that you only need an
external inductor to fix the central oscillator frequency. The supply voltage to the IC should be between
2.7 and 5.5 V, the current consumption is between 2 and 4 mA.

1.3W VHF RF Amplifier 2SC1970 88-108 MHz


Posted on Friday, February 19, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

This RF power amplifier is based on the transistor 2SC1970 and 2N4427. The output power is about
1.3W and the input driving power is 30-50mW. It will still get your RF signal quit far and I advice you to
use a good 50 ohm resistor as dummy load. To tune this amplifier you can either use a power
meter/wattmeter, SWR unit or you can do using a RF field meter.

5 Watt FM Amplifier
Posted on Friday, February 19, 2010 Category: FM Transmitters

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This design is a 2 stage amplifier that has about 17db of gain, suitable for an input of 50 to 100 MW. Its
basically a Veronica 5 watt vco transmitter, without the vco. The transistors are a 2N4427 and a
MRF237. Output power is 2.5 to 5 watts, depending on input drive and dc voltage. At 13.7 vdc with 50
MW of drive, the output was 2.5 watts. The maximum dc voltage recommended is about 15-16 volts.

ALTOIDS Tin Part 15 Version FM Transmitter


Posted on Saturday, October 31, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

The transmitter uses 2 MPSH10 (equiv BF494 or NTE229) transistors in a double-ended free-running
voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) operating at half the output frequency on each side and combined at
L2, which is tuned to the 2nd harmonic of the VCO and covers the 88-108 MHz range. A standard 9 volt
battery is used for power and fits inside the tin. The mono audio input circuit is totally passive with 70us
pre-emphasis provided and the audio quality is great.

1 Watt FM Amplifier
Posted on Thursday, October 29, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

This is a 1 watt amplifier. This design is a 2 stage amplifier that has about 16db of gain, suitable for an
input of 5 to 20 MW. The transistors are a 2N4401 and a 2N4427. At 13.7 vdc the most I could get out of

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the unit was 1/2 watt, you could probably raise the dc voltage to 16 volts and get more output but then a
much better heatsink would be required. But for the sake of this project, we'll call it a 1/2 watt amplifier.

30W VHF FM Amplifier for 88 - 108 MHz with BLF245 MOSFET


Posted on Tuesday, October 27, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

The achievement of this 30-watt amplifier has been designed to take place on a heatsink
microprocessor PC equipped with its fans, the advantage of this method of cooling has been selected
for the fact that it is not very common and expensive. The size of the printed circuit will adapt quite
easily to the type of heatsink as you have available, if possible, because in many cases, those of
recovery, the fans have already lived and the price of a model remains very affordable.

100W FM AMPLIFIER
Posted on Tuesday, October 27, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

This Power amplifier is equipped with a bipolar transistor,the famous MRF317 As lots of FM amplifier
application ,the power transistor is in a C class bias. All the impedance networks (Input & Output) have
been determined by using the software: Mimp.EXE. A 9 elements low pass filter ensures that we meet
at least a 60 dB rejection from the carrier.(RF Simulation with RFSIM99) The FM amplifier has a 10 dB
gain with a 60 to 65% efficiency. The Input VSWR is around 1.4 and there's no problem to reach the
max power in all the FM band.

BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, October 27, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

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Be "On Air" with your own radio station! BA1404 based transmitter is an exciting product that will
broadcast high quality stereo signal in 88MHz - 108MHz FM band. It can be connected to any type of
stereo audio source such as iPod, Computer, Laptop, CD Player, Walkman, Television, Satellite
Receiver, Tape Deck or other stereo system to transmit stereo sound with excellent clarity throughout
your home, office, yard or camp ground.

1W Linear FM Amplifier
Posted on Tuesday, October 27, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

That RF Amplifier is for boosting small fm transmitters and bugs. It use two Philips 2N4427 and its
power is about 1Watt. At the output you can drive any linear with BGY133 or BLY87 and so on. Its
power supply has to give 500mA current at 12 Volts. More voltage can boost the distance but the
transistors will be burned much earlier than usual.! In any case do not exceed the 15Volts. The Amp
offers 15 dB in the area of 80Mhz to 110 Mhz. L4, L5, and L6 are 5mm diameter air coils, 8 turns, with
wire 1mm wire diameter.An easy project, with great results.

30W Digital Wattmeter for RF (0-500MHz)


Posted on Saturday, August 22, 2009 Category: FM Transmitters

This watt meter project is very similar to my last wattmeter project. The main reason I made a new
project is becasue I needed a unit which could handle higher power than 1W. I found a 50 ohm dummy
load which could take 50W of power. Of course I could use attenuates for my 1W meter, but I prefered to
build a new unit. The new thing with this project is that it will only display the power in Watt on the LCD
display.

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Stereo FM Transmitter BH1415F


Posted on Monday, November 10, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

Here is a stereo FM Transmitter based on BH1415F wireless audio link IC. Phase Locked Loop
controller use Microchip PIC16F628 and the the PLL frequency programming can be displayed with 82
and 162 LCD display. The frequency range can adjustable from 88-108 MHz.

BH1415F FM Stereo PLL Transmitter


Posted on Monday, November 10, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

This is FM PLL Stereo based BH1415F IC from Rohm, it's has built in PLL and Stereo Encoder. You can
download the schematic, pcb layout and Hex code. The transmitter menu display with LCD, and this
have step 100Khz, 200Khz,.....1000Khz and have Mode menu (stereo/mono). In Action, LCD Display
can solder directly on the bottom.

BH1417 PLL Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Tuesday, May 6, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a high quality PLL Stereo FM Transmitter with build-in VHF amplifier for longer transmission
range. It is based on BH1417 chip that offers high quality crystal clear stereo transmission. Eight
available frequencies are controlled by grounding S1, S2 and S3 pins on header connector. Includes,
high quality ROHM BH1417 transmitter chip, on-board amplifier increases transmission range, uses
7.6MHz crystal for rock-solid PLL FM transmission, crystal based Stereo Encoder and 3.5 standard
audio input jack.

1W iPOD FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, April 24, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

Many people prefer to listen to their own music (or voice) on radio. This project explain how you can
build and connect a powerful 1W amplifier to your FM transmitters. A perfect solution for those wishing
to listen to their favorite tunes in the car, house, garden, school, campus, party, you name it.... Why not
share your music with every one else in your city!

BH1415F FM Stereo PLL Transmitter with LCD


Posted on Thursday, April 24, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

BH1415F FM Stereo PLL Transmitter Transmitter power amplifier, the output signal from BH1415F by 2
SC9018, 2SC3355, 2SC2053 amplified signal can reach more than 500 mW, adjusting well to achieve
greater power. Measured by the pull rod antenna used to be launched in the open 800 meters above.

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Uses external antenna will be launched even further. attention in 2053 need to be installed and tested at
the load connected to leave, or else very easily burn 2053, 50 European amateur production of 2 W can
be used instead of resistance. installed and tested at three levels circuit can be installed and tested.

Single Chip FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, April 23, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

A simple FM transmitter links your home-entertainment system to a portable radio that can be carried
around the house and into the back yard. For example, you can play music on the CD changer in your
living room, and listen to it on a portable radio by the back-yard barbeque. IC1 is a voltage-controlled
oscillator with integrated varactor. Its nominal frequency of oscillation is set by inductor L1, and a 390nH
value places that frequency at 100MHz. Potentiometer R1 then lets you select a channel by tuning over
the FM band of 88MHz to 108MHz. Output power is about -21dBm into 50 (most countries accept
emissions below 10dBm in the FM band). The home system's left and right audio signals are summed
by R3 and R4, and attenuated by the (optional) potentiometer R2. R2's wiper signal serves as a volume
control by modulating the RF frequency. Signals above 60mV introduce distortion, so the pot attenuates
down from that level. In the absence of a standard FM radio antenna, 75cm (30 inches) of wire will
suffice as a transmitting antenna. For best reception, it should be mounted parallel with the receiving
antenna. The IC operates on a single supply voltage in the range 3V to 5V, but you should regulate the
applied voltage to minimize frequency drift and noise.

Wireless PLL Stereo FM TX with LCD


Posted on Sunday, April 20, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

Now you can use your MP3 Player to listen your favorite tunes through any FM stereo receiver. Wireless
FM transmitter wirelessly connects portable music players to your car or home stereo quickly and easily.
Just plug the FM Transmitter into the headphone jack of your MP3 or any audio source including iPOD,
PDA, CD Player, Cassette player or connect it to your PC or laptop computer. Tune your card stereo or
receiver to the clearest FM frequency, and enjoy your digital music with full sound and convenience.
Features: - PLL tuned transmitter / exciter for rock solid frequency stability over the entire FM band -
Displays Transmitted Frequency on blue backlighted LCD - 100KHz frequency increments - Includes
three frequency memory buttons - PCB includes antenna output to which a piece of wire, or standard
VHF amplifier can be connected for greater transmission range - Uses PLL synthesizer chip up to
1.4GHz - Includes 3.5mm audio jack cable - Small size

BH1417 PLL Stereo FM Transmitter Module


Posted on Tuesday, April 15, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is a high quality PLL Stereo FM Transmitter with build-in VHF amplifier for long transmission range.
It is based on BH1417 chip that offers high quality crystal clear stereo transmission. Eight available
frequencies are controlled by grounding 3 pins on header connector. This transmitter comes assembled
and is ready to use. Features: - Two on-board transistors increase transmission range - Uses 7.6MHz
crystal for rock-solid PLL FM transmission - Crystal based stereo encoder - Very small size

200mW FM Transmitter
Posted on Monday, April 14, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

Here is the latest and greatly improved TX200 VFO/VCO FM transmitter. The most versatile transmitter
to date that can be turned into high fidelity stereo PLL based 200mW FM transmitter. It is a perfect
circuit for transmitting your music around the house and yard. TX200 uses only two coils; one in the
oscillator and the other one in the 200mW VHF amplifier so it should be fairly easy for anyone to build. It
also includes built-in pre-emphasis and C5 for enhanced sound quality. While assembling the transmitter
care must be taken to make sure that C1 is directly connected to L1 and C9 to L2. These caps eliminate
the distortions form the DC supply and improve the sound quality greatly. 9V voltage supply is also very
important because it provides the exact amount of current to Q1 to produce loud and clear sound
quality.

1.5W VHF Amplifier


Posted on Thursday, April 10, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

This project will explain the basic function of a class-C transmitter. I will explain how to dimension a
transmitter and the purpose of the different components. I will also explain how you can build a 1.5W PA
transmitter. The project will include PCB, components and instructions how to make coils, assembly and
testing.

BH1417 Stereo PLL FM Transmitter


Posted on Thursday, April 10, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

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This is the latest BH1417 FM Transmitter design from RHOM that includes a lot of features in one small
package. It comes with pre-emphasis, limiter so that the music can be transmitted at the same audio
level, stereo encoder for stereo transmission, low pass filter that blocks any audio signals above 15KHz
to prevent any RF interference, PLL circuit that provides rock solid frequency transmission (no more
frequency drift), FM oscillator and RF output buffer. There are 14 possible transmission frequencies with
200KHz increments that users can select with a 4-DIP switch. Lower band frequencies start from 88.7
up to 89.9 MHz, and upper band frequencies start from 107.7 up to 108.9 MHz.

8W PLL Stereo FM Transmitter with LCD


Posted on Tuesday, April 8, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

Very stable FM transmitter based on TSA5511 synthesizer. Frequency is performed with three buttons
through PIC16F84 microcontroller. Frequency is displayed on 161 LCD.

BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter


Posted on Wednesday, April 2, 2008 Category: FM Transmitters

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Be "On Air" with your own radio station! BA1404 based transmitter is an exciting product that will
broadcast a high quality stereo signal in the 88 108MHz FM band. It can be connected to any type of
stereo audio source such as personal computer, CD player, Walkman, television, tape deck or stereo
system to transmit stereo sound with excellent clarity throughout your home, office, yard or camp
ground.

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