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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

This model resembles a unicycle, but with the addition of a front wheel, a frame, and
handlebars. It has a simple design and easy to handle. Here the chain and sprocket mechanism is
removed and pedal is directly attached to the rear wheel and modifying the structure and seating
arrangement. The number of moving parts and overall complexity reduced. Its simple structure
ease its transportation.

Fig 1.1 Design of a chainless bicycle

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

David.G.Wilson,bicycle science [2] at all described and provided the updated information
on rolling drag, transmission of power from rider to wheels, braking, heat management, steering
and stability, power and speed, and materials. It contains many new illustrations. It provide
information about bicycle frame geometry with figures

Josh betchel gives an idea about chainless bicycle and this site provides an information
about how it works . he provides unique concept has two forks and pedals attached directly to the
rear wheel if we want to ride a unicycle about town but it is slightly impractical, a US designer has
come up with a new concept that could soon see 'double unicycles' in cities around the world.

CHAPTER 3
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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

METHODOLOGY

To make chainless bicycle the pedal is directly attached to the rear wheel. The mechanism
used to connect pedal with rear wheel is ratchet mechanism which is used for freewheeling. To
ease the transportation a telescopic structure is provided in the top tube. Rubber bushes are
provided between two different size GI pipe avoid unwanted vibration.

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 4

COMPONENTS

The main components of chainless bicycle are,

Wheel
Pedal
Top tube
Fork
Seat
Freewheel
Bearing
Brake

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

4.1 WHEEL

A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle bearing. Bicycle


wheels are typically designed to fit into the frame and fork via dropouts, and hold bicycle tires.

Fig 4.1 Wheel

4.2 PEDAL

The bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the
bicycle. It provides the connection between the cyclist's
foot or shoe and the crank allowing the leg to turn the
bottom bracket spindle and propel the bicycle's wheels.
Pedals usually consist of a spindle that threads into the
end of the crank and a body, on which the foot rests or
is attached, that is free to rotate on bearings with respect
to the spindle.

Fig 4.2 Pedal

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

4.3 TOP TUBE

The top tube connects the top of the head tube to the top of the seat tube. The top tube is
made of GI pipe.

Fig 4.3 Top tube

4.4 FORK

A bicycle fork is the part of a bicycle that holds the front wheel. A fork typically consists
of two blades which are joined at the top by a fork crown. Above the crown, a steerer tube attaches
the fork to the bicycle and the handlebars allowing the user to steer the bicycle. The steerer tube
of the fork interfaces with the frame via bearings called a headset mounted in the head tube.

Fig 4.4 Fork

4.5 SEAT

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

A bicycle seat is designed to support the rider's buttocks and back, usually in a semi-
reclined position.

Fig 4.5 Seat

4.6 FREEWHEEL

A freewheel is a device in a transmission that disengages the driveshaft from the driven
shaft when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft.

Fig 4.6 Freewheel

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

4.7 BEARING

A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion,
and reduces friction between moving parts.

Fig 4.7 Bearing

4.8 BRAKE

A bicycle brake reduces the speed of a bicycle or prevents it from moving.

Fig 4.8 Brake

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 5

SPECIFICATION

Table 5.1

WHEEL BASE 711 mm

TOP TUBE LENGTH 508 mm

HEAD ANGLE 74 degrees

STANDOVER HEIGHT 812 mm

WHEEL SIZE 660 mm

TIRE SIZE 660 x 45 mm

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

5.1 WHEEL BASE

Wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the centers (or the ground contact points) of
the front and rear wheels. Wheelbase is a function of rear frame length, steering axis angle, and
fork offset. Wheelbase has a major influence on the longitudinal stability of a bike, along with the
height of the center of mass of the combined bike and rider. Short bikes are much more suitable
for performing wheelies and stoppies.

5.2 TOPTUBE LENGTH

The top tube length is the horizontal distance from the top tube/head tube junction to the
seat tube.

Fig 5.1 Diagrammatic representation

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

5.3 HEAD ANGLE

Also known as the steering axis, this angle influences stability in combination with fork
offset by controlling wheel flop, or the tendancy for the wheel to turn when leaned. A steep head
angle is more upright and takes less effort to turn the front wheel, especially if there is too much
rake.

5.4 STANDOVER HEIGHT

Stand over height is the distance from the ground to the top of the top tube. In the case of
a sloping, or a curved top tube, we take the measurement at the midlength of the tube.

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 6

COST ANALYSIS

Table 6.1

SI.NO MATERIALS QUANTITY PRICE(RUPEES)

1 Free wheel 1 75

2 Bearing (62-03) 2 350

3 GI pipe (1 inch) 750 mm 65

4 GI pipe ( inch) 750 mm 50

5 Wheel 2 300

6 Fork 2 250

7 Welding cost - 1000

Total cost 2090

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 7

CHALLENGES FACED

CHALLENGES

Difficult to control pedals movement while cycle moving downwards.

REMEDY

Implemented freewheel mechanism

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 8

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

8.1 ADVANTAGES

Simple design and small size

Save non-renewable resources

Overcomes the problem of chain misalignment

This model offering a rear-steering option that offers the possibility of "crab-riding

Economic

8.2 DISADVANTAGES

Low speed-ratio compared to ordinary bicycle

Difficult to handle for a new user

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 9

SCOPE OF FUTURE WORK

Speed ratio can be increased by the introduction of a special type of geared hub.

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 10

RESULT

Designed and fabricated a chainless bicycle

Fig 8.1 Chainless bicycle

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

CHAPTER 11

CONCLUSION

The problem of misalignment of chain is solved. This model is


economical and by offering rear steering mechanism The turning radius gets reduced.
Transportation of this model is easy due to the telescopic structure.

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

REFERENCE

[1] Pacejka ,Hans.B, 2006,Tire and Vehicle Dynamics 2nd edition, Society of Automotive
Engineers Inc, pp. 517585.

[2] David.g.wilson,2004,bicycle science,,3rd edition ,Mit press page no311-348

[3]http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/experimental-study-group/es-010-chemistry-of-sports-spring-
2013/lecture-notes/MITES_010S13_lec6.pdf

[4] Josh betchel,2012, ww.kickstarter.com/projects/joshbechtel/the-bicymple

[5]Introducing the bicymple: Concept bike will allow commuters to ride sideways to beat
congestion http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2214494/The-double-unicycle-
ultimate-urban-riding-machine-ride-sideways.html#ixzz46w2M64tG

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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF CHAINLESS BICYCLE

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