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Regents Exam Questions A2.

A: Proving Trigonometric Identities Name: ________________________


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A2.A: Proving Trigonometric Identities

1 7 For all value of x for which the expressions are


1 Is sin2x the same expression as sinx? Justify
2 defined, prove the following is an identity:
your answer. 2 2cos 2 x
sec x sin2x =
sinx

2 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove the identity: 8 For all values of for which the expressions are
tan + cot = sec csc defined, prove that the following is an identity:
tan + cot = sec csc

3 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove the identity: 9 For all values of for which the expressions are
tan csc 2 defined, prove the following is an identity:
= cot
1 + tan2 cos sin + cos
= tan + sec
cos 2

4 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove that the following is an identity: 10 For all values of for which the expressions are
(cos + sin ) 2 defined, prove that the following is an identity:
= cos tan csc sin + tan
1 + 2sin cos cos (cos + 1) + sin2 =
tan

5 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove that the following is an identity: 11 For all values of x for which the expressions are
2tan defined, show that the following equation is an
sin2 = 2tanx
1 + tan2 identity: sin2x =
1 + tan2 x

6 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove the following is an identity: 12 For all values of for which the expressions are
defined, prove that the following is an identity:
1 tan2 2sin
cos 2 = 1 + tan2 =
1 + tan2 cos sin2

1
Regents Exam Questions A2.A: Proving Trigonometric Identities Name: ________________________
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13 For all values of x for which the expressions are 19 For all values of x for which the expressions are
defined, prove the following equation is an defined, prove that the following is an identity:
2 2 2sin2 x cos x + cot x
identity: = = cos x
sec x cos x 1 + csc x

20 For all value of x for which the expressions are


14 Prove the identity: sin2x = tanx(2 2sin2 x)
defined, prove the following is an identity:
2sinx cos x = tan2x cos 2x

15 For all values of A for which the expressions are


defined, show that the following is an identity: 21 For all values of A for which the expressions are
2sin2 A defined, prove the following is an identity:
+ cot A = sec Acsc A
sin2A 1 + cos A + cos 2A
cot A =
sinA + sin2A

16 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove that the following is an identity. 22 For all values of x for which the expressions are
sec sin tan = cos defined, prove the following is an identity:
sec 2 x + csc 2 x = (tanx + cot x) 2

17 For all values of for which the expressions are


defined, prove the following is an identity:
23 For all values of x for which the expressions are
cos 90 sec
= defined, prove that the following is an identity:
sin2 2 sec x + csc x
= sinx + cos x
tanx + cot x

18 For all values of x for which the expressions are


defined, prove that the following is an identity:
24 For all values of for which the expressions are
tanx csc 2 x defined, prove the following is an identity:
= cot x
1 + tan2 x sin2 + sin
= tan
cos 2 + cos + 1

2
Regents Exam Questions A2.A: Proving Trigonometric Identities Name: ________________________
www.jmap.org

25 For all values of x for which the expressions are 31 For all values of for which the expressions are
defined, prove that the following is an identity: defined, prove the following is an identity:
tanx + cot x = 2csc 2x tan cot
= 2sin2 1
tan + cot

26 For all value of x for which the expression is


defined, prove that the following is an identity: 32 For all values of for which the expressions are
sin2x defined, prove the following is an identity:
cot x =
1 cos 2x (cot + csc )(1 cos ) = sin

27 For all values of x for which the expressions are tan


defined, prove the following is an identity: 33 Prove the following identity: + 1 = sec 2
cot
cos 2x sin2x
+ = csc x
sinx cos x

34 For all value of x for which the expressions are


defined, prove the following is an identity:
28 For all values of A and B for which the expressions cos 2x
are defined, prove that the following is an identity: + sinx = csc x sinx
sinx
sin(A + B) + sin(A B) tanA
=
sin(A + B) sin(A B) tanB

35 Prove the following identity:


sin sec
=
29 Prove the following identity: sin2 + cos 2 cot
sin 1 + cos
+ = 2cot sec
1 + cos sin

36 Prove the following identity:


(sinx + cos x) 2 1
30 Prove the following is an identity for all values of = (sin2x)(tanx)(csc x)
cos x
for which the expressions are defined:
sin
+ cos = sec
cot

37 Prove the following identity:


tanx + cot x = csc x sec x

3
ID: A

A2.A: Proving Trigonometric Identities


Answer Section

1 ANS:
1
sin2x = sinx Since the result is not an identity, the expressions are not equal.
2
1
(2sinx cos x) = sinx
2
sinx cos x = sinx
sinx cos x sinx = 0
sinx(cos x 1) = 0
sinx = 0 or cos x 1 = 0
x = 0 or 180

PTS: 2 REF: 060222b


2 ANS:
tan + cot = sec csc
sin cos 1 1
+ =
cos sin cos sin
sin2 + cos 2 1
=
cos sin cos sin
sin2 + cos 2 = 1

PTS: 4 REF: 068036siii


3 ANS:
tan csc 2
= cot
1 + tan2
sin 1
cos sin2
= cot
sec 2
sin 1
cos sin2
= cot
1
cos 2
1 cos
cos 2 =
cos sin sin
cos cos
=
sin sin

PTS: 5 REF: 068140siii

1
ID: A

4 ANS:
(cos + sin ) 2
= cos tan csc
1 + 2sin cos
cos 2 + 2cos sin + sin2 sin 1
= cos
1 + 2sin cos cos sin
1 + 2cos sin
=1
1 + 2sin cos

PTS: 4 REF: 068440siii


5 ANS:
2tan
sin2 =
1 + tan2
2sin
cos
2sin cos =
sec 2
1
cos
cos =
1
cos 2
cos = cos

PTS: 5 REF: 088442siii


6 ANS:
1 tan2
cos 2 =
1 + tan2
sin2
1
cos 2
cos 2 =
sec 2

sin2
1
cos 2
cos 2 =
1
cos 2

sin2
cos 2 sin2 = 1 cos 2


cos 2
cos 2 sin2 = cos 2 sin2

PTS: 5 REF: 018542siii

2
ID: A

7 ANS:
2 2cos 2 x
sec x sin2x =
sinx

1 2(1 cos 2 x)
2sinx cos x =
cos x sinx
sin2 x
sinx =
sinx
sinx = sinx

PTS: 4 REF: 068541siii


8 ANS:
tan + cot = sec csc
sin cos 1 1
+ =
cos sin cos sin
sin2 + cis 2 1
=
cos sin cos sin
1 1
=
cos sin cos sin

PTS: 4 REF: 088542siii


9 ANS:
cos sin + cos
= tan + sec
cos 2
cos (sin + 1) sin 1
= +
cos 2 cos cos
sin + 1 sin + 1
=
cos cos

PTS: 4 REF: 068639siii


10 ANS:
sin + tan
cos (cos + 1) + sin2 =
tan
sin
cos 2 + cos + sin2 = +1
tan
sin
cos + 1 = +1
sin
cos
cos + 1 = cos + 1

PTS: 5 REF: 088636siii

3
ID: A

11 ANS:
2tanx
sin2x =
1 + tan2 x
2sinx
cos x
2sinx cos x =
sec 2 x
2sinx
cos x
2sinx cos x =
1
cos 2 x
2sinx 2sinx
=
cos x cos x

PTS: 5 REF: 068738siii


12 ANS:
2sin
sec 2 =
cos 2sin cos
1 1
2
=
cos cos 2

PTS: 5 REF: 088737siii


13 ANS:
2 2 2sin2 x
=
sec x cos x

2 2(1 sin2 x)
=
1 cos x
cos x

cos 2 x
cos x =
cos x
cos x = cos x

PTS: 4 REF: 089341siii


14 ANS:
sin2x = tanx(2 2sin2 x)
sinx
2sinx cos x = (2(1 sin2 x))
cos x
(2(cos 2 x))
2cos x =
cos x
cos x = cos x

PTS: 5 REF: 018941siii

4
ID: A

15 ANS:
2sin2 A
+ cot A = sec Acsc A
sin2A
2sin2 A cos A 1 1
+ =
2sinAcos A sinA cos A sinA
sinA cos A 1 1
+ =
cos A sinA cos A sinA
sin2 A + cos 2 A 1
=
cos A sinA cos A sinA
1 1
=
cos A sinA cos A sinA

PTS: 5 REF: 068942siii


16 ANS:
sec sin tan = cos
1 sin
sin = cos
cos cos
1 sin2 = cos 2
cos 2 = cos 2

PTS: 5 REF: 088937siii


17 ANS:
cos 90 sec
=
sin2 2
cos 90cos + sin90sin sec
=
2sin cos 2
sin sec
=
2sin cos 2
sec sec
=
2 2

PTS: 5 REF: 069040siii

5
ID: A

18 ANS:
tanx csc 2 x
= cot x
1 + tan2 x
sinx 1

cos x sin2 x
= cot x
sec 2 x
1
cos x sinx
= cot x
1
cos 2 x

cos 2 x
= cot x
cos x sinx
cos x cos x
=
sinx sinx

PTS: 5 REF: 089038siii


19 ANS:
cos x + cot x
= cos x
1 + csc x
cos x
cos x +
sinx
= cos x
1
1+
sinx
cos x cos x
cos x + = cos x +
sinx sinx

PTS: 5 REF: 019439siii


20 ANS:
2sinx cos x = tan2x cos 2x
sin2x
sin2x = cos 2x
cos 2x
sin2x = sin2x

PTS: 4 REF: 069442siii

6
ID: A

21 ANS:
1 + cos A + cos 2A
cot A =
sinA + sin2A
cos A 1 + cos A + 2cos 2 A 1
=
sinA sinA + 2sinAcos A
cos A cos A(1 + 2cos A)
=
sinA sinA(1 + 2cos A)
cos A cos A
=
sinA sinA

PTS: 5 REF: 089442siii


22 ANS:
sec 2 x + csc 2 x = (tanx + cot x) 2
tan2 x + 1 + 1 + cot 2 x = tan2 x + 2tanx cot x + cot 2 x
sinx cos x
2=2
cos x sinx
2=2

PTS: 5 REF: 019542siii


23 ANS:
sec x + csc x
= sinx + cos x
tanx + cot x
1 1
+
cos x sinx
= sinx + cos x
sinx cos x
+
cos x sinx
sinx + cos x
sinx cos x
= sinx + cos x
sin2 x + cos 2 x
sinx cos x
sinx + cos x sinx cos x
= sinx + cos x
sinx cos x 1
sinx + cos x = sinx + cos x

PTS: 7 REF: 069541siii

7
ID: A

24 ANS:
sin2 + sin
= tan
cos 2 + cos + 1
2sin cos + sin
= tan
2cos 2 1 + cos + 1
sin (2cos + 1)
= tan
cos (2cos + 1)
tan = tan

PTS: 6 REF: 019637siii


25 ANS:
tanx + cot x = 2csc 2x
sinx cos x 2
+ =
cos x sinx sin2x
sin2 x + cos 2 x 2
=
sinx cos x 2sinx cos x
1 1
=
sinx cos x sinx cos x

PTS: 6 REF: 069640siii


26 ANS:
sin2x
cot x =
1 cos 2x
cos x 2sinx cos x
=
sinx 1 (1 2sin2 x)

cos x 2sinx cos x


=
sinx 2sin2 x
cos x cos x
=
sinx sinx

PTS: 5 REF: 089638siii

8
ID: A

27 ANS:
cos 2x sin2x
+ = csc x
sinx cos x
1 2sin2 x 2sinx cos x 1
+ =
sinx cos x sinx
1 2sin2 x 1
+ 2sinx =
sinx sinx
1 2sin2 x + 2sin2 x 1
=
sinx sinx
1 1
=
sinx sinx

PTS: 5 REF: 019740siii


28 ANS:
sin(A + B) + sin(A B) tanA
=
sin(A + B) sin(A B) tanB
sinA
(sinAcos B + cos AsinB) + (sinAcos B cos AsinB) cos A
=
(sinAcos B + cos AsinB) (sinAcos B cos AsinB) sinB
cos B
2sinAcos B sinAcos B
=
2cos AsinB cos AsinB
sinAcos B sinAcos B
=
cos AsinB cos AsinB

PTS: 6 REF: 089742siii

9
ID: A

29 ANS:
sin 1 + cos
+ = 2cot sec
1 + cos sin
sin2 + (1 + cos ) 2 2cos 1
=
sin (1 + cos ) sin cos

sin2 + 1 + 2cos + cos 2 2


=
sin (1 + cos ) sin
2 + 2cos 2
=
sin (1 + cos ) sin
2(1 + cos ) 2
=
sin (1 + cos ) sin
2 2
=
sin sin

PTS: 6 REF: 019938siii


30 ANS:
sin
+ cos = sec
cot
sin + cot cos 1
=
cot cos
cos (sin + cot cos ) = cot
cos
cos (sin + cot cos ) =
sin
1
sin + cot cos =
sin
sin (sin + cot cos ) = 1
cos
sin (sin + cos ) = 1
sin
sin2 + cos 2 = 1

PTS: 4 REF: 089940siii

10
ID: A

31 ANS:
tan cot
= 2sin2 1
tan + cot
sin cos

cos sin
= (1 2sin2 )
sin cos
+
cos sin
sin cos

cos sin cos sin
= (cos 2)
sin cos cos sin
+
cos sin

sin2 cos 2
= (cos 2)
sin2 + cos 2
sin2 cos 2 = (cos 2)
(cos 2) = (cos 2)

PTS: 5 REF: 010042siii


32 ANS:
(cot + csc )(1 cos ) = sin
cos 1

sin + sin (1 cos ) = sin

cos 1
sin + (1 cos ) = sin sin
sin sin

(cos + 1)(1 cos ) = sin2


(1 cos 2 ) = sin2
sin2 = sin2

PTS: 6 REF: 060041siii

11
ID: A

33 ANS:
tan
+ 1 = sec 2
cot
sin
cos 1
+1 =
cos cos 2
sin

sin2 1
2
+1 =
cos cos 2
sin2 + cos 2 = 1

PTS: 5 REF: 080040siii


34 ANS:
cos 2x
+ sinx = csc x sinx
sinx
cos 2x 1
+ sinx = sinx
sinx sinx
cos 2x + sin2 x = 1 sin2 x
1 2sin2 x + sin2 x = 1 sin2 x
1 sin2 x = 1 sin2 x

PTS: 5 REF: 060141siii


35 ANS:
sin sec
=
2
sin + cos 2 cot
1
sin cos
=
sin2 + cos 2 sin2 cos
sin
sin 1 sin
=
cos
2 cos cos
sin sin
2
=
cos cos 2

PTS: 5 REF: 010242siii

12
ID: A

36 ANS:
(sinx + cos x) 2 1
= (sin2x)(tanx)(csc x)
cos x
sin2 x + 2sinx cos x + cos 2 x 1 sinx 1
= 2sinx cos x
sinx
cos x cos x
sin2 x + 2sinx cos x sin2 x
= 2sinx
cos x
2sinx cos x
= 2sinx
cos x
2sinx = 2sinx

PTS: 4 REF: 080239siii


37 ANS:
tanx + cot x = csc x sec x
sinx cos x 1 1
+ =
cos x sinx sinx cos x
sin2 x + cos 2 x 1
=
cos x sinx cos x sinx
1 1
=
cos x sinx cos x sinx

PTS: 6 REF: 060339siii

13