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Chemistry (Maninagar-Target)

Section-I (only one option correct)

1. A first order reaction is 87.5% complete in an hour. The rate constant of the
reaction is (ln2 = 0.693)

(A) 0.0346 min1 (B) 0.0693 h1


(C) 0.0693 min1 (D) 0.0346 h1

2. The half -life a first order reaction is 24 hours. If we start with 10M initial concentration of
the reactant then conc. after 96 hours will be

(A) 6.25 M (B) 1.25 M (C) 0.125 M (D) 0.625M

3. During the particular reaction 10% of the reactant decompose in one hour 20% in two
hours 30% in three hours and so on. The unit of the rate constant is

(A) Hour1 (B) L mol1 hour1


(C) mol L1 hour1 (D) mol hour1

4. For a given reaction of first order, it takes 20 min, for the concentration to drop from
1 M L1 to 0.6 ML1. The time required for the concentration to drop from 0.6 ML 1 to 0.36
ML1 will be

(A) 20 min (B) 20 min

(C) = 20 min (D)

5. The rate law of the reaction A + 2B Product is given by d[Product]/dt = K[A]2[B]. If A


is taken in large excess, the order of the reaction will be

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3

6. A tangent drawn on the curve obtained by plotting concentration of product


(mole L1) of a first order reaction vs. time (min) at the point corresponding to time 20
minute makes an angle to 30 with concentration axis. Hence the rate of formations of
product after 20 minutes will be

(A) 0.580 mole L1 min1 (B) 1.723 mole L1 min1

(C) 0.290 mole L1 min1 (D) 0.866 mole L1 min1

7. The thermal decomposition of acetaldehyde : CH 3CHO CH4 + CO, has rate


constant of 1.8 103 mole1/2L1/2 min1 at a given temperature. How would
d[CH3CHO]
-
dt will change if concentration of acetaldehyde is doubled keeping the
temperature constant?

(A) will increase by 2.828 times (B) will increase by 11.313 times
(C) will not change (D) will increase by 4 times

8. For a first order reaction A P, the temperature (T) dependent rate constant (k) was
found to follow the equation:
log k = 2000/T + 6
The pre-exponential factor A and the activation energy Ea, respectively, are
(A) 1.0 106 s-1 and 9.2 kJ mol-1 (B) 6.0 s-1 and 16.6 kJ mol-1
(C) 1.0 10 s and 16.6 kJ mol
6 -1 -1
(D) 1.0 106 s-1 and 38.3 kJ mol-1

Section-II (one or more than one correct)

9. Which of the following statements are correct?


(A) The order of a reaction is the sum of the components of all the concentration terms in
the rate equation.
(B) The order of a reaction with respect to one reactant is the ratio of the change of
logarithm of the rate of the reaction to the change in the logarithm of the concentration of
the particular reactant, keeping the concentrations of all other reactants constant.
(C) Orders of reactions can be whole numbers of fractional numbers.
(D) The order of a reaction can only be determined from the stoichiometric equation for
the reaction.

Ea
-
10. In Arrheniuss equation, k = A exp RT . A may be termed as the rate constant at
(A) very low temperature
(B) very high temperature
(C) zero activation energy
(D) the boiling temperature of the reaction mixture
11. For the first order reaction 2N2O5 (g) 4NO2 (g) + O2 (g)
(A) The concentration of reactant decreases exponentially with time.
(B) The half life of the reaction depends on the initial concentration of reactant
(C) The half life of the reaction decreases with increasing temperature
(D) The reaction proceeds to 99.6% completion in eight half-life duration.

12. Which of the following statements are correct?


(A) A plot of log Kp versus 1/T is linear
(B) A plot of log [X] versus time is linear for a first order reaction X P
(C) A plot of log P versus 1/T is linear at constant volume
(D) A plot of P versus 1/V is linear at constant temperature.

13. For the first order reaction


(A) The degree of dissociation is equal to (1-e-kt)
(B) A plot of reciprocal concentration of the reactant vs time gives a straight line
(C) The time taken for the completion of 75% reaction is thrice the t1/2 of the reaction
(D) The pre-exponential factor in the Arrhenius equation has the dimension of time, T-1.
14. A catalyst
(A) Increases the average kinetic energy of reacting molecules
(B) Decreases the activation energy
(C) Alters the reaction mechanism
(D) Increases the frequency of collision of reacting species.

Section-III (Matrix-match type)


15. Match the properties of reactions given in column-I with reactions given in column-II

16. Matching (For Ist-order reaction)

Column I Column II
t63/64 6t1/2
t15/16 2t3/4
t31/32 5
3 t7/8
t255/256 2t15/16
Section-IV (integer type)

17. The reaction A(g) + 2B(g) C(g) + D(g) is an elementary process. In an experiment,
the initial partial pressure of A & B are PA = 0.60 and PB = 0.80 atm. If rate of reaction
is r when PC = 0.2 atm and the initial rate of reaction is R. Then R/r is

18. For a hypothetical reaction A + B C+D, the rate = k[A]1/2 [B]3/2. On doubling the
concentrations of A and B the rate will become n times the previous rate. n' is

19. Consider a reaction aG + bH products. When concentration of both the reactants


G and H is doubled, the rate increase by eight times. However, when concentration of G
is doubled keeping the concentration of H fixed, the rate is doubled. The overall order of
the reaction is

20. Under the same reaction conditions, initial concentration of 1.386 mol dm -3 of a
substance becomes half in 40 s and 20 s through first order and zero order kinetics
respectively. Ratio of (k0/k1) of the rate constants for zero order (k0) and first order (k1) is