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7/18/2017 Akermanite Mineral Data

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Akermanite Mineral Data

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General Akermanite Information

Chemical Formula: Ca2MgSi2O7
Composition: Molecular Weight = 272.63 gm
Calcium 29.40 % Ca 41.14 % CaO
Magnesium 8.92 % Mg 14.78 % MgO
Silicon 20.60 % Si 44.08 % SiO2
Oxygen 41.08 % O
______ ______
100.00 % 100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Empirical Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Environment: A product of contact metamorphism of siliceous limestones and
dolostones, and in rocks of the sanidinite facies. Also, forms from
alkalic magmas rich in calcium.
IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1884
Locality: Occurrences are typically of intermediate series members; relatively
pure examples have been found at Monte Somma and Vesuvius,
Campania, and Monte Cavalluchio, Sacrofano, near Rome, L Link
to MinDat.org Location Data.
Name Origin: For Anders Richard Akerman (1837-1922), Swedish metallurgist.
Name Pronunciation: Akermanite + Pronunciation
Synonym: ICSD 39924
PDF 35-592

Akermanite Image
Comments: White translucent crystals akermanite.
Location: Lago de Vico, Viterbo, Lazio, Italy. Scale: See

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Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral


Akermanite Crystallography
Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:0.63903
Cell Dimensions: a = 7.84, c = 5.01, Z = 2; V = 307.94 Den(Calc)= 2.94
Crystal System: Tetragonal - ScalenohedralH-M Symbol (4 2m) Space Group: P 421m
X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.87(1), 1.76(0.3), 3.09(0.3),
Crystal Structure:
drag1 - LMB Manipulate Structure Swainson I P , Dove M T , Schmahl W W , Putnis A , Physics and Chemistry of
drag2 - RMB Resize/Rotate Minerals , 19 (1992) p.185-195, Neutron powder diffraction study of the akermanite-
Keyboard gehlenite, solid solution series, Sample: 50% Ak
S - Stereo Pair on/off
H - Help Screen
I - Data Info
A - Atoms On/Off
Large Pop-Up
P - Polyhedra On/Off
B - Bonds On/Off
Help on Above View Additional jPOWD Structure files for Akermanite
[1] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

Physical Properties of Akermanite

Cleavage: {001} Distinct, {110} Indistinct
Color: Colorless, Grayish, Green, Brown.
Density: 2.944
Diaphaneity: Transparent to Translucent
Hardness: 5-6 - Between Apatite and Orthoclase
Luster: Vitreous - Resinous
Streak: white

Optical Properties of Akermanite

Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= -0.04 (Good) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= -0.042 (Good) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2163,KPDmeas= 0.216,KC= 0.2076
Ncalc = 1.61
Optical Data: Uniaxial (+), w=1.632, e=1.64, bire=0.0080.

Calculated Properties of Akermanite

Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=2.94 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Akermanite =2.94 gm/cc.
Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.01
Boson Index = 0.99

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7/18/2017 Akermanite Mineral Data

Photoelectric: PEAkermanite = 4.59 barns/electron

U=PEAkermanite x rElectron Density= 13.48 barns/cc.
Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Akermanite is Not Radioactive

Akermanite Classification
Dana Class: (55)Sorosilicate Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No
Additional Anions
(55.04)with cations in [8] and lower coordination
(55.04.01)Melilite group Akermanite Ca2MgSi2O7 P 421m 4 2m Gehlenite Ca2Al(AlSi)O7 P 421m 4 2m Melilite (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe)(Si,Al)2O7 P 421m 4 2m Okayamalite! Ca2B2SiO7 P 421m 4 2m Alumoakermanite! (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe)(Si2O7) P 421m 4 2m

Strunz Class: 09.BB.10 09 - SILICATES (Germanates)

09.B - Sorosilicates
09.BB -Si2O7 groups, without non-tetrahedral anions;
09.BB.10 Akermanite Ca2MgSi2O7 P 421m 4 2m
09.BB.10 Cebollite Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4 Unk Ortho
09.BB.10 Gugiaite Ca2BeSi2O7 P 421m 4 2m
09.BB.10 Gehlenite Ca2Al(AlSi)O7 P 421m 4 2m
09.BB.10 Jeffreyite (Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)Si2(O,OH)7 C 2221 2 2 2
09.BB.10 Hardystonite Ca2ZnSi2O7 P 421m 4 2m
09.BB.10 Melilite (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe)(Si,Al)2O7 P 421m 4 2m
09.BB.10 Okayamalite! Ca2B2SiO7 P 421m 4 2m

Other Akermanite Information

References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic2) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990)
OPTIC PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990)
See Also: Links to other databases for Akermanite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info
15 - University of Colorado - Mineral Structure Data

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Dana No: Strunz No: 09.BB.10


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