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SSP34 CH-1

CHEMICAL BONDING

Work Book Exercises


Reasoning

1. Arrange the gaseous hydrogen halides in order of decreasing dipole moment and
explain it.

1. HF HCl HBr HI

The electronegativitiy of halogen decrease from F to I which decreases the value of .

2. Arrange methyl halides in increasing dipole moment CH3F, CH3Cl, CH3Br, CH3I and give
explanation.

2. CH3I CH3Br CH3F CH3Cl

The order generally follows decrease in electronegativity of halogens. But CH 3F is


having lesser than CH3Cl because C F bond distance is much smaller than C Cl,
which tends to decrease the value of even though F is more electronegativity than Cl.

3. Give molecular orbital electronic structure for (a) C2; (b) N2; (c) NO; (d) CN; (e) O 2.

3. a) C2 ((12e ) 1s2 , * 1s2 , 2s2 , * 2s2 ,


2p 2y
2p 2z

b) N2 ((14e ) 1s2 , * 1s2 , 2s2 , * 2s2


2p2y 2p2x
2p 2z

c) CN (14e) similar to nitrogen

d) O2 (16e ) 1s2 , * 1s2 , 2s2 , * 2s2

2
2p2y * 2p1y
* 2s , 2p2x
2p2z * 2p1z

4. Give the bond order for each in question 3.

no. of e- in bond molecular orbital-no. of e-in anti-bonding molecular orbital


4. B.O =
2

FIITJEE

SSP34 CH-2

8 4
a) C2 B.O. 2
2

10 4
b) N2 B.O. 3
2

10 5
c) NO B.O. 2.5
2

10 4
d) CN B.O. 3
2
10 6
e) O2 B.O. 2
2

5. Why dipole moment of CHCl3 is less than that of CH 2Cl2.

H Cl H Cl

H Cl Cl Cl

Net moment Net moment

In CH2Cl2 all bond moment reinforce each other while in CHCl 3 the bond moment of one
of Cl apposes the net moment of the other two. This is also supposed by experimental

values of dipole moment CH3Cl 1.00 CH 2Cl2 1.60 .

True or False

1. All molecules with polar bonds have dipole moment.

1. False

2. AgCl is more covalent than KCl.


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2. AgCl is more covalent than KCl.

2. True

3. The H N H bond angle in NH 3 is greater than H As H bond angle in AsH3.

3. True

4. The bond order of O22, F2 and Li2 species is same

4. True

5. BaSO4 is in soluble because solvation energy is more than that lattice energy.

5. False

FIITJEE

SSP34 CH-3

6. I3 has linear structure however one of the iodine atom undergoes sp3d hybridisation.

6. True

7. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding decreases the solubility of compound in water.

7. True

8. The metallic bonds are directional in nature.

8. False

9. Higher change and smaller size order a cation toughly polarising.

9. True

10. LiF is less ionic than LiI.

10. False

Fill in the blanks

1. Of the compounds BeO, MgO and BaaO ____________ is more ionic.

1. BaO

2. In P4O10, the no. of oxygen atoms bonded to each phosphorus atom is ____________

2. 4

3. Out of N2, N2+, O2, O2+, ____________ is diamagnetic.

3. N2

4. The angle between two covalent bonds is maximum ____________ (CH 4, NH3, H2O).

4. CH4

5. The hybridization of P in PCl4+ is ____________ and the geometry is ____________.

5. sp3, tetrahedral

6. The dipole moment of CH 3OH is ____________ than that of CH3OH.

6. more

7. Comparatively low melting point and insolubility in water of AlCl 3 is explained by


____________ rule.

7. Fajans

FIITJEE

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