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sectionibus, per corpus humanum congelatum triplice directione ductis, illustrata (-
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BNA (Baseliana Nomina Anatomica,
1895) PNA (Parisiensia Nomina Anatomica, 1960), -
-
(IAT);
() -
, XXI -
;
,
, -
, - ;
11

, ..
(, ), : Crista
tuberculi majoris humeri Fasciculus posterior plexus brachialis;
, -
, -
(-
: M.biceps brachii, caput longum A.collateralis ulnaris inferior, ramus anterior),
( ) [:
N.cutaneus brachii lateralis superior (n.axillaris) N.cutaneus antebrachii lateralis
(n.musculocutaneus)]; -
[ ] (: -
[]; - [
]);
,
, -
(2003) Terminologia histologica (2009).
-
. (anterior) , P (posterior) , Sup
(superior) , Inf (inferior) , D (dexter) , S (sinister) ,
L (lateralis ) , M (medialis) .
, , -
:
. Arteria ();
Aa. Arteriae ();
M. Musculus ();
Mm. Musculi ();
N. Nervus ();
Nn. Nervi ();
R. Ramus ();
Rr. Rami ();
V. Vena ();
Vv. Venae ();
t tendo ().
-
, -
.
: -
, -
( , 1996); -
(, 1881).
(. . 561, 562)
..,
.. (. . 517, 523).
:
-
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.
12

/ . .. . .: ,
1949.
/ .
. .: , 19041909.
.., .. : . .: -. T. 1
2009; T. 2 2010; T. 3 2012.
.., .., .., .. -
, . . , . , 2002.
.. : 2 . .: , 1947.
.. . . . .. . ..: ,
1936.
.., .. . .: , 1974.
.. . .: , 1953.
.., .., .., . (Kenneth P. Moses, John C. Banks, Pedro B. Nava,
Darrell Petersen). . .: , 2010.
/ . .. . .: . .1. 2002.
. (Pauber A.) 6 . ( ). . 1904.
.., .., .. .
.: -, 2004.
.., .., .. . .:
-. 2009.
.. : 3 . 4- . .: , 19721974.
. (Tillaux P.) .
.: , 18821883.
. (Toldt C.) . .: -
, 1913.
. (Haines D.E.) : , . .: , 2008.
., .., .. (Harold Ellis, Bari M. Logan, Adrian K. Dixon)
, - -. .: -, 2010.
Agur, Anne M.R.; Dalley, Arthur F. Grants Atlas of Anatomy. 12th dition. Lippincott Williams
& Wilkins, 2009.
Netter F.H. Atlas of Human Anatomy. 4th dition. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2006.
Netters Atlas of Human Neuroscience / David L. Felten, Ralph Jozefowicz. 2003.
Rohen J.W., Yokochi C., Ltjen-Drecoll E. Color Atlas of anatomy. 6th Edition. Lippincott
Williams & Wilkins, 2006.
Rouviere H., Delmas A. Anatomie humaine. Descriptive, topographique et fonctionelle. Tome 1, 2,
3, 4. 15me d. Paris: Masson, 2002.
Schnke M., Schulte E., Schumacher U. Kopf, Hals und Neuroanatomie. LernAtlas der Anatomie.
Prometheus, 2009.
Sobotta J. Atlas der Anatomie des Menschen: Der komplette Atlas in einem Band. MnchenJena:
Elsevier, 2006.
Testut Leo. Traite D'anatomie Humeine. Paris: Doin Octave. Tome 1, 3. 1899; Tome 2.
1905; Tome 4. 1901.
THIEME Atlas of Anatomy. Neck and internal organs / Schuenke M., Schulte E., Shumacher U.
StuttgartNew York: Thieme, 2006.
THIEME Atlas of Anatomy (Gilroy A.M., MacPherson B.R., Ross L.M.) StuttgartNew York: Thieme,
2008.
THIEME Atlas of Anatomy. General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System / Schuenke M., Schulte E.,
Shumacher U. StuttgartNew York: Thieme, 2006.
-
.. , -
, .
III



16
(Partes capitis, parts of head)




Auris Ear
Facies Face
Oculus Eye
Bucca Cheek
Nasus Nose
Os Mouth
Mentum Chin
Sinciput (IAT), Forehead
(PNA)
Frons (PNA)
Occiput Occiput
Tempora Temple
(Pterion *) Pterion

* pterion , .
PNA .
IAT .

(Regiones capitis, regions of head)*




Regio frontalis Frontal region
Regio parietalis Parietal region
Regio occipitalis Occipital region
Regio temporalis Temporal region
Regio auricularis Auricular region
Regio mastoide Mastoid region
Regio facialis Facial region
Regio orbitalis Orbital region
Regio infraorbitalis Infra-orbital region
Regio buccalis Buccal region
Regio parotideomasseterica - Parotid region
Regio zygomatica Zygomatic region
Regio nasalis Nasal region
Regio oralis Oral region
Regio mentalis Mental region

* , .

17




Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Arcus superciliaris Superciliary arch
Auricula Auricle [of the ear]
Bucca Cheek
Foramen infraorbitale Infra-orbital foramen
Foramen mentale Mental foramen
Glabella Glabella
Mandibula Mandible
Incisura (foramen) supraorbitalis () Supra-orbital notch (foramen)
Labium Lip
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Margo supraorbitalis Supra-orbital margin
Maxilla Maxilla
Mentum Chin
M. masseter Masseter
M.temporalis Temporalis
Nares Nares
Nasus Nose
Occiput Occiput
Oculus Eye
Os occipitale Occipital bone
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid process
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Protuberantia mentalis Mental protuberance
Protuberantia occipitalis externa External occipital protuberance
Rima oris Oral fissure
Sinciput Forehead
Sulcus infrapalpebralis Infrapalpebral sulcus
Sulcus mentolabialis - Mentolabial sulcus
Sulcus nasolabialis Nasolabial sulcus
Sulcus suprapalpebralis Suprapalpebral sulcus
Supercilium Eyebrow
Tempora Temple
Tragus Tragus
Tuber frontale Frontal tuber
Tuber parietale Parietal tuber
Tuberculum mentale Mental tubercle

18

tuber frontale

glabella margo supraorbitalis

incisura (foramen)
supraorbitalis
arcus superciliaris
margo infraorbitalis

foramen infraorbitale

os zygomaticum

maxilla

angulus mandibulae
mandibula foramen mentale
protuberantia mentalis tuberculum mentale

occiput

os parietale
os occipitale
tuber parietale

protuberantia
occipitalis externa

os temporale,
processus mastoideus

. 3-1. . (), ()

19

sulcus suprapalpebralis

sulcus infrapalpebralis

tempora
tuber frontale
occiput
sinciput
musculus temporalis

supercilium
sulcus nasolabialis

auricula
oculus
tragus

nasus
musculus masseter

bucca
nares
angulus mandibulae

rima oris

labium
sulcus mentolabialis

mentum

. 3-2. .

20




A.carotis communis Common carotid artery
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.facialis Facial artery
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
A.temporalis superficialis, , Superficial temporal artery,
rami auriculares auricular branches
A.zygomaticofacialis Zygomaticofacial artery
A.zygomaticoorbitalis Zygomatico-orbital artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)
Galea aponeurotica Epicranial aponeurosis
N.infraorbitalis Infra-orbital nerve
Vasa infraorbitalia Infra-orbital vessels
Vasa angularia Angular vessels
Vasa auricularia posteriora Posterior auricular vessels
Vasa occipitalia Occipital vessels
Vasa supraorbitalia Supra-orbital vessels
Vasa supratrochlearia Supratrochlear vessels
Vasa temporalia media Middle temporal vessels
Vasa temporalia superficialia, , Superficial temporal vessels,
rami frontales frontal branches
Vasa temporalia superficialia, , Superficial temporal vessels,
rami parietales temporal branches
Vasa transversa faciei Transverse facial vessels
V.emissaria mastoidea Mastoid emissary vein
V.emissaria parietalis Parietal emissary vein
V.facialis Facial vein
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
V.jugularis externa External jugular vein
V.profunda faciei Deep facial vein
V.retromandibularis Retromandibular vein
V.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal vein


- , -
2 0,5 .
,
.
- -
, 2,5 .
( ).
( ) -
0,5 .
- ( ) 0,5
.
- ( , -
, ) 1 2
, .
- ( , , )
.
- ( , )
-
.

x
.

21


galea aponeurotica
vena emissaria
vasa temporalia parietalis
galea aponeurotica
superficialia,
rami parietales
vasa temporalia
arteria temporalis superficialia,
superficialis, ramus frontales
rami auriculares
vasa temporalia
media

arteria
zygomaticoorbitalis
(arteria temporalis
superficialis)

arteria
zygomaticofacialis

vasa
supraorbitalia

vasa
supratrochlearia

vasa
angularia

vasa
occipitalia

vena emissaria
mastoidea

arteria temporalis
superficialis

vena temporalis
superficialis

vasa auricularia
posteriora

vena jugularis vasa infraorbitalia,


externa nervus infraorbitalis

vena profunda faciei


vena
retromandibularis arteria facialis

vena jugularis vasa transversa faciei


interna
vena facialis
arteria carotis
communis
arteria carotis
externa

. 3-3. .

22




A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
.labialis inferior (.facialis) Inferior labial artery (facial artery)
( )
.labialis superior (.facialis) ( ) Superior labial artery (facial artery)
M.sternocleidomastoideus -- Sternocleidomastoid
M.trapezius Trapezius
N.auricularis magnus Greater auricular nerve
N.auriculotemporalis - Auriculotemporal nerve
N.facialis, ramus buccalis , Facial nerve, buccal branch
N.facialis, ramus colli , Facial nerve, cervical branch
N.facialis, ramus , Facial nerve, marginal mandibular branch
marginalis mandibularis
N.facialis, ramus temporalis , Facial nerve, temporal branch
N.facialis, ramus zygomaticus , Facial nerve, zygomatic branch
N.buccalis (nervus mandibularis, V3) ( , V3) Buccal nerve (mandibular nerve, V3)
N.ethmoidalis anterior, , Anterior ethmoidal nerve,
ramus nasalis externus external nasal branch
N.infraorbitalis Infra-orbital nerve
N.infratrochlearis Infratrochlear nerve
N.lacrimalis, ramus palpebralis , Lacrimal nerve, palpebral branch
N.mandibularis [V3] (n.trigeminus) [V3] Mandibular nerve [V3] (trigeminal nerve)
( )
N.maxillaris [V2] (n.trigeminus) [V2] Maxillary nerve [V2] (trigeminal nerve)
( )
N.mentalis Mental nerve
N.occipitalis major Greater occipital nerve
N.occipitalis minor Lesser occipital nerve
N.occipitalis tertius Third occipital nerve
N.ophthalmicus [V1] (n.trigeminus) [V1] ( ) Ophthalmic nerve [V1] (trigeminal nerve)
N.supraorbitalis Supra-orbital nerve
N.supratrochlearis Supratrochlear nerve
N.trigeminus [V], nucleus spinalis [V], Trigeminal nerve [V], spinal nucleus
N.vagus [X], ramus auricularis [X], Vagus nerve [X], auricular branch
N.zygomaticus, , Zygomatic nerve, zygomaticofacial
ramus zygomaticofacialis branch
N.zygomaticus, , Zygomatic nerve,
ramus zygomaticotemporalis zygomaticotemporal branch
Nn.spinales, rami dorsales, , , Spinal nerves, posterior branches,
rami mediales medial branches
Nodus lymphoideus nasolabialis o Nasolabial lymph node
Nodus lymphoideus malaris Malar lymph node
Nodus lymphoideus mandibularis Mandibular lymph node
Nodi lymphoidei cervicales laterales Lateral cervical lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei cervicales mediales Medial cervical lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei jugulares anteriores Anterior jugular lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei mastoidei Mastoid lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei occipitales Occipital lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei parotidei Superficial parotid lymph nodes
superficiales
Nodi lymphoidei submandibulares Submandibular lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei submntales Submental lymph nodes
Plexus cervicalis Cervical plexus
Vasa occipitalia Occipital vessels

23

nervus ophthalmicus [V1]


nervus vagus,
nervus supraorbitalis ramus auricularis

nervus supratrochlearis
nervi cervicales [1-2],
nervus lacrimalis, rami dorsales,
ramus palpebralis rami mediales
nervus occipitalis
nervus infratrochlearis major [C2]

nervus ethmoidalis anterior,


ramus nasalis externus nervus occipitalis
tertius [C2]

nervus maxillaris [V2]


nervus zygomaticus, ramus
zygomaticotemporalis

nervus zygomaticus,
ramus zygomaticofacialis

nervus infraorbitalis
plexus cervicalis,
nervi cutanei

nervus occipitalis
nervus mandibularis [V3] minor [C23]

nervus mentalis nervus auricularis


magnus [C23]
nervus buccalis

nervus auriculotemporalis

C1-3 , , .

nervus
ophthalmicus [V1] nervi spinales, rami
dorsales, rami mediales

nervus
maxillaris [V2]

nervus plexus cervicalis,


mandibularis [V3] nervi cutanei

nervus trigeminus

. 3-4.

24

nervus occipitalis major nervus occipitalis tertius

vasa occipitalia nervus occipitalis major

nervus occipitalis minor vasa occipitalia

nervus occipitalis minor

nervus
auricularis magnus

nervus auricularis magnus

musculus sternocleidomastoideus

nervus occipitalis minor

musculus trapezius


nervus occipitalis tertius

nervus occipitalis major

nervus occipitalis major nervus occipitalis minor

nervus
auricularis magnus
nervus auricularis magnus
nervus occipitalis minor
nervus cervicalis [C2] ramus
dorsalis, ramus medialis

nervus cervicalis [C3] ramus


dorsalis, ramus medialis

. 3-5. () () .

25

nervus
ophthalmicus [V1]

nervus
maxillaris [V2]
nervi spinales, rami
dorsales, rami mediales,
nervus occipitalis major

nervus
plexus ophthalmicus [V1]
cervicalis, nervus
occipitalis minor
nervus
occipitalis major

plexus
cervicalis, nervus
auricularis magnus
nervus
mandibularis [V3]

nervus occipitalis minor



nervi spinales,
nervus auricularis magnus rami dorsales,
nervus trigeminus, rami mediales
nucleus spinalis
( ) nervus trigeminus,
nucleus spinalis
( )

nervus trigeminus,
nucleus spinalis
( )

nervus trigeminus,
nucleus spinalis
( )

C2

C C3

. 3-6. (A, B) (C, D)


C2, C3 .

26
nervus
nervus facialis, ramus nervus
infraorbitalis zygomaticus facialis, ramus
nervus temporalis
supraorbitalis
foramen
supraorbitale

foramen
infraorbitale


nervus nervus facialis,
mentalis foramen mentale
ramus buccalis

nervus nervus
facialis, ramus facialis, ramus colli
marginalis mandibularis

arteria temporalis
superficialis, ramus frontalis
arteria
supratrochlearis

arteria
supraorbitalis

arteria temporalis
superficialis

arteria
angularis

arteria facialis

arteria labialis superior


(arteria facialis)

arteria labialis superior


(arteria facialis)

. 3-7. () ()
;

.

.

27

nodus lymphoideus
nasolabialis

nodi lymphoidei
occipitales

nodus lymphoideus
nodi lymphoidei mlaris
mastoidei
nodus lymphoideus
mandibularis

nodi lymphoidei nodi lymphoidei


parotidei superficiales submentales

nodi lymphoidei nodi lymphoidei


cervicales laterales submandibulares

nodi lymphoidei
cervicales mediales

nodi lymphoidei
jugulares anteriores

. 3-8.
,
.

28







,




,



,

. 3-9. :






:

()

* ,
.

.


30

A B

D E

. 3-10. . .. *.
A norma facialis, frontalis (, , ). B norma lateralis (,
). C norma verticalis, superior (, ). D norma basalis,
inferior (, ). E norma occipitalis (, )
* IAT, () .

31
, , ,
, , . -
:
Asterion , - - .
Auriculare -
.
Basion [] .
Bregma .
Dakryon , -
.
Euryon . -
. ().
Frontomalare orbitale .
Frontomalare temporale .
Frontotemporale , .
Glabella
, . ()
.
Gnathion -
.
Gonion , , -
.
Infradentale
.
Inion . -

.
Lacrimale
- .
Lambda .
Maxillofrontale - .
Metopion , ,
.
Nasion .
Nasospinale ,
.
Opistion [] .
rale ,
.
Orbitale .
*.
Porion auriculare. -
.
Prosthion
.
Pterion , . -
, .. .
Rhinion .
Staphylion -
, .
Subspinale .
Zygion . -
.
Zygomaxillare .
Vertex , -
(). .

* (1882) -
.

IAT (, 2003).

32

vertex
pterion

lacrimale

glabella
auriculare
maxillofrontale
asterion

dakryon

orbitale

subspinale
porion

gonion zygomaxillare

nasion
metopion
euryon

frontotemporale
glabella
frontomalare
temporale maxillofrontale

frontomalare
orbitale

orbitale

rhinion
zygomaxillare
nasospinale

prostion

infradentale
gnathion


. 3-11. .
A norma lateralis ( ). B norma frontalis (, )
() (1882) -
;
(porion) (orbitale).

(- ) .

33
metopion
glabella

bregma

euryon

lambda

orale
lambda

zygomaxillare staphylion

zygion

basion
asterion

opisition

inion
gonion

inion

B C

. 3-12. .
A norma verticalis (, , ). B norma basalis (, , ).
norma occipitalis (, , )
()
, Glabella .
.
Basion .
,
- () .
( 74,9), (75,079,9), (80,0 ). -
( 69,9), (70,074,9), (75,0 ). -
( 91,9), (92,097,9), (98,0 ).

34

C D

. 3-13. .
. . C . D

35

B C

D E

. 3-14. . Norma verticalis.


A . B . C . D . E

.
() ,
.
, .


, .
, .

36

. 3-15. .
. .
. , ,

-
. ,

. -
, , . -

C .

37

C D

. 3-16. .
A . B 5- .
C 25- . D 90-

38




Fonticulus anterior Anterior fontanelle
Fonticulus mastoideus Mastoid fontanelle
Fonticulus posterior Posterior fontanelle
Fonticulus sphenoidalis Sphenoidal fontanelle
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Sutura coronalis Coronal suture
Sutura lambdoidea Lambdoid suture
Sutura metopica Metopic suture
Sutura parietomastoidea - Parietomastoid suture
Sutura sagittalis Sagittal suture
Sutura squamomastoidea - Squamomastoid suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Symphysis mandibulae Mandibular symphysis
Synchondrosis intraoccipitalis posterior Posterior intra-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis intermaxillaris I
Tuber frontale Frontal tuber
Tuber parietale Parietal tuber

:
,
;
1,52 . -
;
:
(12 ),
(2 ),
,

(1820 );
;
;
16- 2 ;
, ;
: 56 ;
56 ; 912- , -
; ;
, ;
;
, , .. -
( );
;
1316- ;
.

39

fonticulus anterior

sutura coronalis

tuber frontale
tuber parietale

sutura squamosa
fonticulus sphenoidalis

fonticulus posterior

sutura lambdoidea

os sphenoidale,
squama occipitalis ala major

fonticulus mastoideus
os temporale,
sutura squamomastoidea pars squamosa

sutura metopica
tuber frontale

fonticulus anterior
sutura coronalis

sutura sagittalis

tuber parietale

sutura lambdoidea
fonticulus posterior
squama occipitalis

. 3-17. .
norma lateralis. B norma verticalis

40

fonticulus anterior
sutura metopica

tuber frontale

symphysis mandibularis
synchondrosis
intermaxillaris

fonticulus posterior

squama occipitalis
tuber parietale

sutura lambdoidea

sutura squamomastoidea
fonticulus mastoideus
sutura squamosa
sutura parietomastoidea
os temporale,
synchondrosis pars squamosa
intraoccipitalis posterior

. 3-18. .
norma frontalis. B norma occipitalis

41

II

A B

. 3-19. : norma lateralis (I) norma frontalis (II).


.

, , ,
.
, .
, .
, , .
.
, , .

42




Neurocranium , Neurocranium, brain box
Os ethmoidale Ethmoid; ethmoidal bone
Os frontale Frontal bone
Os occipitale Occipital bone
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os spenoidale Sphenoid; sphenoidal bone
Os temporale Temporal bone
Viscerocranium , Viscerocranium, facial skeleton
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Mandibula Mandible
Maxilla Maxilla
Os ethmoidale Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone
Os frontale Frontal bone
(Os incisivum; Premaxilla) ( ) (Incisive bone; Premaxilla)
Os lacrimale Lacrimal bone
Os nasale Nasal bone
Os palatinum Palatine bone
Os sphenoidale Sphenoid; sphenoidal bone
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Vomer Vomer

( -
). -
, .


.
, ( -
), , -
( , ) (-
, ). ,
, .
.
. , (-
) .
( ) (-
), ( ),
.
.
: , -
, , , .
: , (), (), , , -
.
: , , , , , -
( ); , , *, , .
, , .
.
* , , ,
.

43




Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Corpus mandibulae Body of mandible
Corpus maxillae Body of maxilla
Maxilla, processus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar process

Maxilla, processus frontalis , Maxilla, frontal process
Maxilla, processus zygomaticus , Maxilla, zygomatic process
Os ethmoidale, concha nasalis media , Ethmoidal bone, middle nasal concha

Os frontale, pars nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal part
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os lacrimale Lacrimal bone
Os nasale Nasal bone
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid part
Os temporale,pars tympanica , Temporal bone, tympanic part
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Squama frontalis Squamous part of frontal bone
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone

. 3-20.

44

squama frontalis

os frontale,
pars nasalis os nasale

os parietale os lacrimale

os sphenoidale,
os frontale, ala minor
pars orbitalis
os temporale,
maxilla, processus pars squamosa
frontalis
os sphenoidale,
os zygomaticum ala major

maxilla, processus
zygomaticus
os temporale,
processus mastoideus

corpus maxillae os ethmoidale,


concha nasalis media
ramus mandibulae

concha nasalis
maxilla, processus inferior
alveolaris

corpus mandibulae

os sphenoidale, squama frontalis


ala major

os parietale os frontale,
pars orbitalis

os lacrimale
os temporale,
pars squamosa os frontale,
pars nasalis

os nasale

maxilla, processus
frontalis

os zygomaticum

corpus maxillae
squama occipitalis

os temporale, maxilla, processus


pars tympanica alveolaris

os temporale,
processus mastoideus
corpus mandibulae
ramus mandibulae

. 3-21. .
norma facialis. B norma lateralis

45




Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Foramen magnum [] * Foramen magnum
Cellulae mastoideae Mastoid cells
Clivus Clivus
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Corpus mandibulae Body of mandible
Diploe Diploe
Incisura mandibulae Mandibular notch
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Mandibula, arcus alveolaris , Mandible, alveolar arch
Mandibula, processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process

Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Margo supraorbitalis Supra-orbital margin
Maxilla, arcus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar arch
Maxilla, incisura nasalis , Maxilla, nasal notch
Meatus acusticus externus External acoustic meatus
Meatus nasi communis Common nasal meatus
Orbita Orbit
Orbita, margo lateralis , Orbit, lateral margin
Os parietale, lamina externa , Parietal bone, external table
[ ]
Os parietale, lamina interna , Parietal bone, internal table
[ ]
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid process
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Palatum molle, velum palatinum , Soft palate
Palatum durum Hard palate
Processus clinoideus posterior Posterior clinoid process
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Septum nasi, pars osse [] Nasal septum, bony part
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sinus sphenoidalis Sphenoidal sinus
Spina nasalis anterior Anterior nasal spine
Sutura lambdoidea a Lambdoid suture
Sutura sagittalis Sagittal suture

* .

46

margo
supraorbitalis

orbita

orbita, margo
lateralis os sphenoidale,
ala major
os
zygomaticum septum nasi,
pars osse
fissura orbitalis
superior meatus nasi
comminis
margo
infraorbitalis

maxilla, concha nasalis


incisura nasalis inferior

incisura os temporale,
mandibulae processus mastoideus

mandibula,
ramus processus condylaris
mandibulae

spina nasalis mandibula, processus


anterior coronoideus

maxilla,
arcus alveolaris

mandibula, angulus mandibulae


arcus alveolaris

corpus mandibulae

. 3-22. ,

47

os temporale,
lamina externa
sutura sagittalis
diploe

os temporale,
lamina interna

sutura lambdoidea

labyrinthus
ethmoidale

sinus frontalis

margo
supraorbitalis
septum nasi,
fissura orbitalis pars osse
superior
meatus nasi
orbita, margo comminis
lateralis
sinus
os zygomaticum maxillaris

orbita

mandibula, os temporale,
processus processus
coronoideus mastoideus

margo mandibula,
infraorbitalis processus
condylaris

ramus mandibulae concha nasalis


inferior
maxilla, incisura nasalis
angulus
spina nasalis anterior mandibulae

maxilla,
arcus alveolaris

mandibula,
arcus alveolaris

. 3-23. ,

48

os parietale,
diploe lamina externa
os parietale,
lamina interna

processus
clinoideus posterior

os sphenoidale,
ala major

fossa
hypophysialis

sinus frontalis

clivus
sinus
sphenoidalis

sutura
spina nasalis lambdoidea
anterior

mandibula, foramen magnum


processus condylaris

incisura mandibulae

ramus mandibulae
palatum durum
angulus mandibulae

. 3-24.

49

diploe os parietale,
lamina externa
os parietale,
lamina interna

processus
clinoideus posterior
fossa hypophysialis
sinus sphenoidalis
os sphenoidale,
ala major clivus

sutura
lambdoidea

sinus
frontalis
cellulae mastoideae

os zygomaticum meatus acusticus


externus

foramen magnum
labyrinthus
ethmoidalis
mandibula,
processus condylaris
sinus maxillaris
incisura mandibulae

palatum durum
ramus mandibulae

mandibula, palatum molle


processus
coronoideus
angulus mandibulae

corpus mandibulae

. 3-25. ,

50




Arcus superciliaris Superciliary arch
Foramen parietale Parietal foramen
Foramen supraorbitale Supra-orbital foramen
Glabella [] Glabella
Incisura frontalis Frontal notch
Linea temporalis inferior Inferior temporal line
Linea temporalis superior Superior temporal line
Maxilla, processus frontalis , Maxilla, frontal process
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate
Os frontale Frontal bone
Os frontale, pars nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal part
Os frontale, facies temporalis , Frontal bone, temporal surface
Os frontale, linea temporalis , Frontal bone, temporal line
Os frontale, margo nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal margin
Os frontale , margo parietalis , Frontal bone, parietal margin
Os frontale, margo sphenoidalis , Frontal bone, sphenoidal margin
Os frontale, margo supraorbitalis , Frontal bone, supra-orbital margin
Os frontale, processus zygomaticus , Frontal bone, zygomatic process
Os lacrimale Lacrimal bone
Os nasale Nasal bone
O s parietale Parietal bone
Os parietale, angulus frontalis , Parietal bone, frontal angle
Os parietale, angulus mastoideus , Parietal bone, mastoid angle
Os parietale,angulus occipitalis , Parietal bone, occipital angle
Os parietale, angulus sphenoidalis , Parietal bone, sphenoidal angle
Os parietale, margo frontalis , Parietal bone, frontal border
Os parietale, margo occipitalis , Parietal bone, occipital border
Os parietale, margo sagittalis , Parietal bone, sagittal border
Os parietale, margo squamosus , Parietal bone, squamosal border
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os temporale Temporal bone
Os occipitale Occipital bone
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Squama frontalis, facies externa , Squamous part of frontal bone,
external surface
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Spina nasalis Nasal spine
Sutura coronalis Coronal suture
Sutura frontolacrimalis - Frontolacrimal suture
Sutura frontonasalis - Frontonasal suture
Sutura frontozygomatica - Frontozygomatic suture
Sutura frontalis persistens Frontal suture
Sutura lambdoidea a Lambdoid suture
Sutura parietomastoidea - Parietomastoid suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Squama frontalis Squamous part of frontal bone
Tuber frontale Frontal tuber
Tuber parietale Parietal tuber

51

squama frontalis, tuber frontale


facies externa

os frontale

os frontale,
linea temporalis

sutura coronalis
sutura sagittalis

linea temporalis
superior

linea temporalis
inferior

os parietale

foramen parietale

sutura lambdoidea

squama occipitalis

. 3-26. . .
,
.
[] : ,
, .
c :
,
,
, ,
,
[], ,
, -
.

52

os frontale

sutura
frontonasalis
os parietale

os sphenoidale, sutura coronalis


ala minor
arcus
sutura superciliaris
sphenofrontalis
margo
os sphenoidale, supraorbitalis
ala major
sutura
sutura sphenofrontalis
frontozygomatica

os zygomaticum

sutura
frontoethmoidalis
sutura sutura
frontomaxillaris frontolacrimalis
os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis
maxilla, os nasale os lacrimale
processus frontalis

squama frontalis,
facies externa

os frontale,
margo parietalis

tuber frontale

arcus superciliaris

os frontale,
linea temporalis

sutura frontalis os frontale,


persistens facies temporalis

os frontale,
margo sphenoidalis os frontale,
processus zygomaticus

glabella

foramen supraorbitale os frontale, margo nasalis os frontale,


incisura frontalis pars nasalis
os frontale, os frontale, spina nasalis
margo supraorbitalis

. 3-27. . .
.
: , , .
.

53
sutura coronalis

linea temporalis sutura squamosa


superior
squama frontalis
linea temporalis
inferior
sutura sphenoparietalis
os parietale

os temporale,
pars squamosa

squama occipitalis
os sphenoidale,
ala major
sutura lambdoidea

sutura parietomastoidea

os parietale,
margo sagittalis

foramen parietale linea temporalis superior

linea temporalis inferior


tuber parietale
os parietale,
os parietale, angulus frontalis
angulus occipitalis

os parietale, os parietale,
margo occipitalis margo frontalis

os parietale, os parietale,
angulus mastoideus os parietale, angulus sphenoidalis
margo squamosus

. 3-28. . .
.
(v. emissaria parietalis),
. ,
.

54




Canalis nervi hypoglossi Hypoglossal canal
Clivus Clivus
Crista frontalis Frontal crest
Diploe * Diploe
Foramen caecum Foramen caecum
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Foramen jugulare Jugular foramen
Fossa cerebellaris Cerebellar fossa
Fossa cerebralis Cerebral fossa
Foveolae granulares Granular foveolae
Impressiones digitatae Impressions of cerebral gyri
Incisura jugularis Jugular notch
Juga cerebralia Impressions of cerebral gyri
Calvaria, lamina externa , Calvaria, external table
Calvaria, lamina interna , Calvaria, internal table
Os ethmoidale, crista galli , Ethmoidal bone, crista galli
Os ethmoidale, lamina cribrosa , Ethmoidal bone, cribriform plate
Os frontale, facies temporalis , Frontal bone, temporal surface
Os frontale , margo parietalis , Frontal bone, parietal margin
Os frontale, margo sphenoidalis , Frontal bone, sphenoidal margin
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os frontale, processus zygomaticus , Frontal bone, zygomatic process
Os frontale, spina nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal spine
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os parietale, angulus frontalis , Parietal bone, frontal angle
Os parietale, angulus mastoideus , Parietal bone, mastoid angle
Os parietale, angulus occipitalis , Parietal bone, occipital angle
Os parietale, angulus sphenoidalis , Parietal bone, sphenoidal angle
Os parietale, margo frontalis , Parietal bone, frontal border
Os parietale, margo occipitalis , Parietal bone, occipital border
Os parietale, margo sagittalis , Parietal bone, sagittal border
Os parietale, margo squamosus , Parietal bone, squamous border
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Os occipitale Occipital bone
0s occipitale, margo lambdoideus , Occipital bone, lambdoid border
Os occipitale, margo mastoideus , Occipital bone, mastoid border
Os occipitale, pars basilaris , Occipital bone, basilar part
Os occipitale, processus jugularis , Occipital bone, jugular process
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Squama frontalis Squamous part of frontal bone
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulci arteriae meningeae mediae Grooves for middle meningeal artery

Sulcus sinus petrosi inferioris Groove for inferior petrosal sinus
Sulcus sinus sagittalis superioris Groove for superior sagittal sinus
Sulcus sinus sigmoidei Groove for sigmoid sinus
Sulcus sinus transversi Groove for transverse sinus
Sutura coronalis Coronal suture
Sutura lambdoidea a Lambdoid suture
Sutura occipitomastoidea - Occipitomastoid suture
Sutura parietomastoidea - Parietomastoid suture
Sutura sagittalis Sagittal suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Tuber frontale Frontal tuber
Tuberculum jugulare Jugular tubercle

* -
.

55

squama frontalis

sutura coronalis
tuber frontale

sulci arteriae os parietale


meningeae mediae

os frontale,
pars orbitalis sutura
sphenofrontalis
sinus frontalis
os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa

os ethmoidale,
crista galli

squama frontalis

sulcus sinus
sagittalis superioris
os frontale,
margo parietalis

foramen caecum

juga cerebralia
crista frontalis

os frontale, processus
zygomaticus

incisura ethmoidalis
os frontale, impressiones
digitatae os frontale, spina nasalis
margo sphenoidalis

. 3-29. . .
. B ,

56

crista frontalis
sulcus sinus
squama frontalis sagittalis superioris

sutura coronalis squama frontalis


calvaria,
lamina externa

diploe sulci arteriae


meningeae mediae
calvaria,
lamina interna

foveolae
granulares sutura sagittalis

os parietale

sutura lambdoidea
sulcus sinus
sagittalis superioris
squama occipitalis

. 3-30. .

57
sutura coronalis

squama frontalis

os parietale
sutura
sphenoparietalis
os temporale,
pars squamosa

sutura squamosa

sutura
lambdoidea

os occipitale

squama
occipitalis

sulcus sinus transversi


sulci arteriae
meningeae mediae sulcus sinus sigmoidei

os parietale,
margo sagittalis sulcus sinus
sagittalis superioris

os parietale,
angulus occipitalis
os parietale,
angulus frontalis

os parietale,
margo frontalis os parietale,
margo occipitalis

os parietale,
angulus sphenoidalis
sulci arteriae
meningeae mediae

sulcus sinus sigmoidei

os parietale, os parietale,
margo squamosus angulus mastoideus

. 3-31. . .
. B

58

os parietale
sulci arteriae
meningeae mediae

os temporale,
sutura lambdoidea pars squamosa

os occipitale

squama occipitalis

sulcus
sinus sigmoidei
clivus
sutura
occipitomastoidea

foramen jugulare

canalis nervi hypoglossi


os occipitale,
margo lambdoideus

fossa cerebralis

os occipitale,
margo mastoideus
sulcus sinus transversi os occipitale,
processus jugularis
fossa cerebellaris
clivus

os occipitale,
tuberculum jugulare pars basilaris

foramen magnum sulcus sinus


petrosi inferioris
canalis nervi hypoglossi

. 3-32. .
.
B

59




Choana, apertura nasalis posterior , Choana, posterior nasal aperture
Crista sphenoidalis Sphnoidal crest
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Fossa pterygoidea Pterygoid fossa
Hamulus pterygoideus Pterygoid hamulus
Maxilla, arcus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar arch
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Os occipitale, pars basilaris , Occipital bone, basilar part
Os occipitale, pars lateralis , Occipital bone, lateral part
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis , Palatine bone, horizontal plate

Os palatinum, processus pyramidalis , Palatine bone, pyramidal process
Os sphenoidale, , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process
processus pterygoideus
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina medialis , medial plate
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, crista infratemporalis , Sphenoidal bone, infratemporal crest

Os sphenoidale, facies infratemporalis , Sphenoidal bone, infratemporal surface

Os sphenoidale, facies temporalis , Sphenoidal bone, temporal surface

Os sphenoidale, margo parietalis , Sphenoidal bone, parietal margin
Os sphenoidale, margo squamosus , Sphenoidal bone, squamosal margin
Os sphenoidale, margo zygomaticus , Sphenoidal bone, zygomatic margin
Os sphenoidale, processus vaginalis , Sphenoidal bone, vaginal process

Os temporale, fossa mandibularis , Temporal bone, mandibular fossa
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
Os temporale, pars tympanica , Temporal bone, tympanic part
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid process
Rostrum sphenoidale Sphenoidal rostrum
Spina ossis sphenoidalis Spine of sphenoid bone
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulcus vomerovaginalis - Vomerovaginal groove
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenopalatina - Sphenopalatine suture
Sutura sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal suture
Sutura sphenosquamosa - Sphenosquamous suture
Sutura sphenovomeralis - Sphenovomerine suture
Sutura sphenozygomatica - Sphenozygomatic suture
Synchondrosis [synostosis] - Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
sphenooccipitalis* []
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenopetrosa - Sphenopetrosal synchondrosis
Tuber maxillae Maxillary tuberosity
Vomer Vomer

* , 20 -
.

60

maxilla,
maxilla, arcus alveolaris
processus palatinus

os palatinum,
lamina horizontalis
os sphenoidale,
vomer processus pterygoideus

os occipitale,
pars basilaris
os temporale, os sphenoidale,
pars petrosa corpus
os temporale, os sphenoidale,
fossa mandibularis ala major

os temporale,
pars tympanica
os occipitale,
os temporale, pars lateralis
processus
mastoideus

foramen magnum

squama occipitalis

. 3-33. ,
: , -
, ,
, .
, -
, .
, -
, ,
.
, ,
, , -
. -
, , , .
, -
, . .

61

vomer
os palatinum,
choana lamina horizontalis

tuber maxillae
sutura sphenovomeralis
fissura
sutura sphenopalatina orbitalis inferior

sutura
os palatinum, sphenozygomatica
processus pyramidalis
sutura
sphenofrontalis

sutura
sutura sphenosquamosa
sphenoparietalis

foramen spinosum

spina ossis
sphenoidalis
foramen ovale

synchondrosis apertura externa


sphenopetrosa canalis carotici

synchondrosis
sphenooccipitalis

synchondrosis
petrooccipitalis foramen magnum foramen lacerum

os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina medialis os sphenoidale,
os sphenoidale,
facies infratemporalis facies temporalis
hamulus pterygoideus crista
sphenoidalis
rostrum
os sphenoidale, sphenoidale os sphenoidale,
crista infratemporalis margo zygomaticus

os sphenoidale,
margo parietalis
os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis
os sphenoidale,
spina ossis sphenoidalis margo squamosus

fossa pterygoidea os sphenoidale, foramen spinosum


processus vaginalis
os sphenoidale, corpus foramen ovale
sulcus vomerovaginalis

. 3-34. .
.
:
,
,
,
.

62




Apertura canaliculi cochleae Opening of cochlear canaliculus
Apertura externa canalis carotici External opening of carotid canal
Apertura interna canalis carotici Internal opening of carotid canal
Canalis condylaris Condylar canal
Condylus occipitalis Occipital condyle
Crista occipitalis externa External occipital crest
Fissura petrosquamosa - Petrosquamous fissure
Fissura petrotympanica - Petrotympanic fissure
Fissura tympanomastoidea - Tympanomastoid fissure
Fissura tympanosquamosa - Tympanosquamous fissure
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Foramen mastoideum Mastoid foramen
Foramen stylomastoideum Stylomastoid foramen
Fossa condylaris Condylar fossa
Fossa jugularis Jugular fossa
Fossa mandibularis Mandibular fossa
Fossula petrosa Petrosal fossula
Incisura mastoidea Mastoid notch
Linea nuchalis inferior Inferior nuchal line
Linea nuchalis superior Superior nuchal line
Linea nuchalis suprema Highest nuchal line
Os occipitale, incisura jugularis , Occipital bone, jugular notch
Os occipitale, pars basilaris , Occipital bone, basilar part
Os occipitale, pars lateralis , Occipital bone, lateral part
Os occipitale, processus intrajugularis , Occipital bone, intrajugular process

Os occipitale, processus jugularis , Occipital bone, jugular process
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os temporale, apex partis petrosae , Temporal bone, apex of petrous part
Os temporale, incisura jugularis , Temporal bone, jugular notch
Os temporale, pars tympanica , Temporal bone, tympanic part
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid process
Os temporale, processus styloideus , Temporal bone, styloid process
Os temporale, processus zygomaticus , Temporal bone, zygomatic process
Os temporale, tuberculum articulare , Temporal bone, articular tubercle
Planum occipitale Occipital plane
Porus acusticus externus External acoustic opening
Protuberantia occipitalis externa External occipital protuberance
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulcus arteriae occipitalis Occipital groove
Sutura lambdoidea a Lambdoid suture
Sutura occipitomastoidea - Occipitomastoid suture
Sutura parietomastoidea - Parietomastoid suture
Sutura sphenosquamosa - Sphenosquamous suture
Sutura temporozygomatica - Temporozygomatic suture
Synchondrosis [synostosis] - Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
sphenooccipitalis []
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenopetrosa - Sphenopetrosal synchondrosis
Tuberculum pharyngeum Pharyngeal tubercle
Vagina processus styloidei Sheath of styloid process

63

foramen lacerum
os temporale, apex
partis petrosae

sutura
sphenosquamosa
sutura
temporozygomatica

synchondrosis
sphenopetrosa

synchondrosis
petrooccipitalis
foramen magnum

os temporale,
pars tympanica

sutura
occipitomastoidea

os temporale,
processus mastoideus

fissura squama occipitalis


os temporale,
processus zygomaticus tympanosquamosa
sutura parietomastoidea
os temporale, os parietale
tuberculum articulare fissura sutura
petrotympanica lambdoidea
fossa mandibularis
fissura
os temporale, petrosquamosa
processus styloideus apertura interna
canalis carotici
vagina processus
styloidei os temporale,
apex partis petrosae
porus acusticus
externus
apertura externa
canalis carotici
os temporale,
pars tympanica fossula petrosa

apertura canaliculi cochleae


fissura
tympanomastoidea fossa jugularis
os temporale, os temporale, processus intrajugularis
processus mastoideus
os temporale, incisura jugularis
foramen
stylomastoideum sulcus arteriae occipitalis

incisura mastoidea foramen mastoideum


. 3-35. .
.

, . -
.
, , , , . -
. -
,
: , -
.

64
os sphenoidale, corpus synchondrosis sphenooccipitalis

os occipitale, tuberculum pharyngeum


pars basilaris
foramen lacerum
fossa jugularis

os occipitale,
pars lateralis
os temporale,
apex partis petrosae

synchondrosis
petrooccipitalis
os temporale,
processus mastoideus
sutura
occipitomastoidea

sutura
parietomastoidea

os parietale
sutura lambdoidea
squama occipitalis

condylus occipitalis
tuberculum pharyngeum
os occipitale,
processus intrajugularis
foramen magnum
os occipitale,
incisura jugularis
canalis condylaris

fossa condylaris os occipitale,


processus jugularis

crista
occipitalis externa

linea nuchalis
inferior

linea nuchalis
protuberantia superior
occipitalis externa
linea nuchalis
planum occipitale suprema

. 3-36. .
.
: , , .
, , PNA
.

65
:
, , -
. ( )
- ;
, -
, - , -
;
;
, ,
- ;
;
;
- ,
[ (VII)] ( -
);
- -
. ,
;
, .
,
. -
,
- ;
;
;
;

. , ,
;
, -
-
;
. -
, ( ,
), [XI].

66




Canalis condylaris Condylar canal
Canalis nervi hypoglossi Hypoglossal canal
Canalis opticus Optic canal
Clivus livus
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Foramen caecum Foramen caecum
Foramen ethmoidale anterius Anterior ethmoidal foramen
Foramen ethmoidale posterius Posterior ethmoidal foramen
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Foramen mastoideum Mastoid foramen
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Foramina cribrosa Cribriform foramina
Fossa cranii anterior Anterior cranial fossa
Fossa cranii media Middle cranial fossa
Fossa cranii posterior Posterior cranial fossa
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Hiatus canalis nervi petrosi majoris Hiatus for greater petrosal nerve

Hiatus canalis nervi petrosi minoris Hiatus for lesser petrosal nerve

Limbus sphenoidalis Limbus of sphenoid
Os ethmoidale Ethmoidal bone
Os frontale Frontal bone
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os occipitale Occipital bone
Os sphenoidale Sphenoidal bone
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, ala major
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, ala minor
Os temporale Temporal bone
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
Porus acusticus internus Internal acoustic opening
Squama occipitalis, , Squamous part of occipital bone,
crista occipitalis interna internal occipital crest
Squama occipitalis, fossa cerebellaris , Squamous part of occipital bone,
cerebellar fossa
Sulcus nervi petrosi majoris Groove for greater petrosal nerve
Sulcus nervi petrosi minoris Groove for lesser petrosal nerve

() , , -
( ), .
, .
: ,
, , .
: , , -
, , (-
) .
: () -
, (clivus), ,
,
.
,
.
, -
. -
, .

67

os frontale

os ethmoidale

os sphenoidale

os parietale

os temporale

os occipitale

. 3-37.

68

foramen caecum
os ethmoidale
foramen
ethmoidale anterius
os frontale, pars orbitalis
foramina cribrosa os sphenoidale

foramen limbus
ethmoidale posterius sphenoidalis

canalis opticus os sphenoidale,


ala minor
fissura
orbitalis superior os sphenoidale,
ala major
foramen rotundum
fossa
hypophysialis
foramen ovale
hiatus canalis
foramen et sulcus nervi
lacerum petrosi minoris

foramen hiatus canalis


spinosum et sulcus nervi
petrosi majoris

os temporale,
pars petrosa

os temporale,
pars petrosa
porus acusticus
internus
canalis condylaris
foramen
mastoideum
squama occipitalis,
foramen jugulare fossa cerebellaris

squama occipitalis,
clivus crista occipitalis interna

canalis nervi
hypoglossi

foramen magnum

. 3-38.
, fossa cranii anterior
, fossa cranii media
, fossa cranii posterior

69




Ala cristae galli Ala of crista galli
Canalis opticus Optic canal
Canalis pterygoideus Pterygoid canal
Cellulae ethmoidales anteriores Anterior ethmoidal cells
Cellulae ethmoidales mediae e Middle ethmoidal cells
Cellulae ethmoidales posteriores Posterior ethmoidal cells
Crista frontalis Frontal crest
Crista galli Crista galli
Dorsum sellae [] Dorsum sellae
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Fissura sphenopetrosa - Petrosphenoidal fissure
Foramen ethmoidale anterius Anterior ethmoidal foramen
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Foramina cribrosa e Cribriform foramina
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Fossa pterygoidea Pterygoid fossa
Fossa scaphoidea Scaphoid fossa
Hamulus pterygoideus Pterygoid hamulus
Incisura pterygoidea Pterygoid notch
Jugum sphenoidale Jugum sphenoidale
Limbus sphenoidalis Limbus of sphenoid
Lingula sphenoidalis Sphenoidal lingula
Os ethmoidale, lamina cribrosa , Ethmoidal bone, cribriform plate
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone,orbital plate
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
facies cerebralis cerebral surface
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
margo frontalis frontal margin
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
margo parietalis parietal border
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
margo squamosus squamosal border
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os sphenoidale, ala minor, , , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing,
facies cerebralis cerebral surface
Os sphenoidale, ala minor, , , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing,
margo frontalis frontal margin
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina medialis , medial plate
Os temporale, apex partis petrosae , Temporal bone, apex of petrous part
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Processus clinoideus anterior Anterior clinoid process
Processus clinoideus medius Middle clinoid process
Processus clinoideus posterior Posterior clinoid process
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Spina ossis sphenoidalis Spine of sphenoid bone
Sulcus caroticus Carotid sulcus
Sulcus prechiasmaticus Prechiasmatic sulcus
Sulcus tubae auditivae Sulcus of auditory tube
Sutura frontoethmoidalis - Fronto-ethmoidal suture
Sutura sphenoethmoidalis - Spheno-ethmoidal suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenooccipitalis - Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenopetrosa - Sphenopetrosal synchondrosis
Tuberculum sellae [] Tuberculum sellae

70

sinus frontalis
crista galli
crista frontalis
foramina cribrosa

os frontale, foramen
pars orbitalis ethmoidale anterius

sutura
frontoethmoidalis

os sphenoidale,
ala minor
os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa

sutura jugum spenoidale


sphenoethmoidalis

ala cristae galli

celullae
ethmoidales anteriores os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa
foramina cribrosa

os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis crista galli

celullae
ethmoidales mediae

celullae
ethmoidales posteriores

. 3-39. .
A . .
(2030)
.
()
. ( ) ,
( ).
.

71

os ethmoidale, lamina cribrosa

jugum sphenoidale

sutura sphenofrontalis
sutura sphenoethmoidalis

limbus sphenoidalis sulcus prechiasmaticus

processus os frontale,
clinoideus medius pars orbitalis
processus
clinoideus anterior tuberculum sellae

sutura sutura squamosa


sphenoparietalis

os temporale,
pars squamosa

foramen
spinosum
lingula
sphenoidalis
synchondrosis
sphenopetrosa
foramen
lacerum
fissura
sphenopetrosa
os temporale,
processus apex partis
clinoideus petrosae
posterior

dorsum sellae

synchondrosis sphenooccipitalis clivus

. 3-40. ,
. -
.
. -
[III], [IV], [VI] ( [V]),
, .
- . -
( [V]) .
( -
). , ,
.
, -, ( [V]).
.
, , - . ,
,
, : ( ) -
, ( );
, , . -
- .
, -
. .

72

jugum sphenoidale sulcus prachiasmaticus

os sphenoidale, ala tuberculum sellae


major, facies cerebralis
os sphenoidale, ala
os sphenoidale, ala minor, facies cerebralis
major, margo frontalis os sphenoidale,
ala minor,
margo frontalis

os sphenoidale,
ala major,
margo parietalis

os sphenoidale, ala sulcus caroticus


major, margo squamosus
spina ossis sphenoidalis

foramen spinosum lingula sphenoidalis


dorsum
foramen ovale sellae
processus clinoideus posterior
foramen rotundum processus
clinoideus medius fossa hypophysialis
canalis opticus

os sphenoidale, fissura orbiralis


processus superior
ala minor clinoideus anterior
dorsum sellae

os sphenoidale, ala
major, facies cerebralis lingula sphenoidalis

foramen rotundum fossa scaphoidea


sulcus caroticus
spina ossis sphenoidalis
canalis pterygoideus
sulcus tubae
os spenoidale, processus auditive fossa pterygoidea
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis

incisura pterygoidea hamulus pterygoideus



os spenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina medialis

. 3-41. .
. . .
, , -
- . ( )
.
( [VII]) ( -
).

73




Apertura canaliculi vestibuli Opening of vestibular canaliculus
Apertura interna canalis carotici Internal opening of carotid canal
Canalis musculotubarius - Musculotubal canal
Canalis nervi hypoglossi Hypoglossal canal
Dorsum sellae [] Dorsum sellae
Eminentia arcuata Arcuate eminence
Fissura petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital fissure
Fissura petrosquamosa - Sphenosquamosal fissure
Fissura sphenopetrosa - Sphenopetrosal fissure
Foramen jugulare Jugular foramen
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen mastoideum Mastoid foramen
Fossa subarcuata Subarcuate fossa
Hiatus canalis nervi petrosi majoris Hiatus for greater petrosal nerve

Hiatus canalis nervi petrosi minoris Hiatus for lesser petrosal nerve

Impressio trigeminalis Trigeminal impression
Incisura trigeminalis Trigeminal notch
Os frontale Frontal bone
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os temporale, incisura jugularis , Temporal bone, jugular notch
Os temporale, margo occipitalis , Temporal bone, occipital margin
Os temporale, margo parietalis , Temporal bone, parietal border
Os temporale, margo sphenoidalis , Temporal bone, sphenoidal margin
Os temporale, pars petrosa, , , Temporal bone, anterior surface
facies anterior of petrous part
Os temporale, pars petrosa, , , Temporal bone, posterior surface
facies posterior of petrous part
Os temporale, pars petrosa, , , Temporal bone, margo posterior
margo posterior of petrous part
Os temporale, pars petrosa, margo , , Temporal bone, margo superior
superior of petrous part
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Porus acusticus internus Internal acoustic opening
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulcus arteriae meningeae mediae Groove for middle meningeal artery

Sulcus caroticus Carotid sulcus
Sulcus nervi petrosi majoris Groove for greater petrosal nerve
Sulcus nervi petrosi minoris Groove for lesser petrosal nerve
Sulcus sinus petrosi inferioris Groove for inferior petrosal sinus
Sulcus sinus petrosi superioris Groove for superior petrosal sinus
Sulcus sinus sigmoidei Groove for sigmoid sinus
Sutura occipitomastoidea - Occipitomastoid suture
Sutura parietomastoidea - Parietomastoid suture
Sutura sphenosquamosa - Sphenosquamous suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenopetrosa o- Sphenopetrosal synchondrosis
Tegmen tympani Tegmen tympani

74
sulcus caroticus

synchondrosis foramen lacerum dorsum sellae


sphenopetrosa

fissura sphenopetrosa

sutura sphenosquamosa

sulcus arteriae
meningeae mediae

sutura squamosa

synchondrosis petrooccipitalis
fissura petrooccipitalis
sulcus sinus petrosi superioris

foramen jugulare

sulcus sinus sigmoidei

sutura occipitomastoidea

squama occipitalis

os parietale

os temporale,
margo sphenoidalis apertura interna
canalis carotici
sulcus arteriae
meningeae mediae sulcus nervi
petrosi minoris
canalis sulcus nervi
musculotubarius petrosi majoris
impressio
trigeminalis
hiatus canalis
nervi petrosi minoris

hiatus canalis
nervi petrosi majoris

os temporale, pars
petrosa, margo superior

os temporale, pars
petrosa, facies posterior

sulcus sinus petrosi superioris


eminentia arcuata
tegmen tympani
fissura petrosquamosa

os temporale, os temporale,
margo parietalis margo occipitalis

sulcus sinus sigmoidei


foramen mastoideum

. 3-42. .
.
( [VII])
.
(
[IX]) , -
.

75

os temporale, pars os temporale,


sutura sphenosquamosa petrosa, facies anterior pars squamosa

os sphenoidale, sutura squamosa


ala major
os parietale
os frontale

os sphenoidale, sutura
ala minor parietomastoidea

squama
occipitalis

os temporale,
pars petrosa,
facies posterior sulcus sinus
sigmoidei
synchondrosis
petrooccipitalis sutura
occipitomastoidea
fissura
petrooccipitalis

foramen jugulare canalis nervi hypoglossi


os temporale,
margo parietalis

sulcus arteriae
meningeae mediae
fossa subarcuata

apertura
canaliculi vestibuli
os temporale,
margo sphenoidalis

os temporale,
margo occipitalis
incisura trigeminalis

os temporale, pars
petrosa, margo superior

sulcus sinus petrosi superioris

porus acusticus internus foramen mastoideum


os temporale,
sulcus sinus petrosi inferioris incisura jugularis sulcus sinus sigmoidei

. 3-43. .
.
[VII], -
[VIII], .
.

.
,
, .

76




Canalis condylaris Condylar canal
Clivus Clivus
Crista occipitalis interna Internal occipital crest
Dorsum sellae [] Dorsum sellae
Eminentia cruciformis Cruciforme eminnce
Fissura petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital fissure
Foramen jugulare Jugular foramen
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Fossa cerebellaris Cerebellar fossa
Fossa cerebralis o Cerebral fossa
Os occipitale, incisura jugularis , Occipital bone, jugular notch
Os occipitale, margo lambdoideus , Occipital bone, lambdoid border
Os occipitale, margo mastoideus , Occipital bone, mastoid border
Os occipitale, pars basilaris , Occipital bone, basilar part
Os occipitale, pars lateralis , Occipital bone, lateral part
Os occipitale, processus intrajugularis , Occipital bone, intrajugular process
Os occipitale, processus jugularis , Occipital bone, jugular process
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
Protuberantia occipitalis interna Internal occipital protuberance
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulcus sinus occipitalis Groove for occipital sinus
Sulcus sinus petrosi inferioris Groove for inferior petrosal sinus
Sulcus sinus sagittalis superioris Groove for superior sagittal sinus
Sulcus sinus sigmoidei Groove for sigmoid sinus
Sulcus sinus transversi Groove for transverse sinus
Sutura lambdoidea Lambdoid suture
Sutura occipitomastoidea - Occipitomastoid suture
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis

. 3-44. () ()
. -
:
; ,
[IX], [X] [XI] .

77
synchondrosis dorsum sellae clivus os occipitale,
petrooccipitalis pars basilaris

sulcus sinus fissura


petrosi inferioris petrooccipitalis

foramen jugulare
foramen magnum

sulcus sinus
sigmoidei os occipitale,
pars lateralis

sutura
occipitomastoidea

os parietale

sutura lambdoidea

sulcus sinus transversi


squama occipitalis


os occipitale, sulcus sinus
pars basilaris petrosi inferioris
os occipitale,
os occipitale, processus intrajugularis
pars lateralis
os occipitale,
processus jugularis
tuberculum jugulare
os occipitale,
foramen magnum incisura jugularis

sulcus sinus occipitalis

crista occipitalis interna os occipitale,


margo mastoideus
eminentia cruciformis

sulcus sinus transversi

fossa cerebellaris
protuberantia
occipitalis interna

sulcus sinus
sagittalis superioris
os occipitale,
margo lambdoideus

squama occipitalis

fossa cerebralis

. 3-45. .
.
, -
.

78




Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Canalis nasolacrimalis Nasolacrimal canal
Canalis opticus Optic canal
Cellulae ethmoidales anteriores Anterior ethmoidal cells
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Concha nasalis superior Superior nasal concha
Crista galli Crista galli
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Foramen ethmoidale anterius Anterior ethmoidal foramen
Foramen ethmoidale posterius Posterior ethmoidal foramen
Foramen infraorbitale Infra-orbital foramen
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Fossa sacci lacrimalis Fossa for lacrimal sac
Maxilla, crista lacrimalis anterior , Maxilla, anterior lacrimal crest

Maxilla, facies orbitalis , Maxilla, orbital surface

Maxilla, margo infraorbitalis , Maxilla, infra-orbital margin
Orbita, margo lateralis , Orbit, lateral margin
Orbita, margo medialis , Orbit, medial margin
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate

Os ethmoidale, lamina perpendicularis , Ethmoidal bone, perpendicular plate

Os frontale, margo supraorbitalis , Frontal bone, supra-orbital margin
Os frontale, pars orbitalis, facies orbitalis , , Frontal bone, orbital part,
orbital surface
Os lacrimale Lacrimal bone
[ ]
Os lacrimale, crista lacrimalis posterior , Lacrimal bone, posterior lacrimal crest
Os lacrimale, sulcus lacrimalis , Lacrimal bone, lacrimal groove
Os palatinum, processus orbitalis , Palatine bone, orbital process
Os sphenoidale, ala major, facies orbitalis , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
orbital surface
Os sphenoidale, ala minor, facies orbitalis , , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing,
orbital surface
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os zygomaticum, processus frontalis , Zygomatic bone, frontal process
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sutura ethmoidolacrimalis - Ethmoidolacrimal suture
Sutura ethmoidomaxillaris - Ethmoidomaxillary suture
Sutura frontoethmoidalis - Fronto-ethmoidal suture
Sutura frontolacrimalis - Frontolacrimal suture
Sutura frontomaxillaris - Frontomaxillary suture
Sutura frontozygomatica - Frontozygomatic suture
Sutura sphenoethmoidalis - Spheno-ethmoidal suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenomaxillaris - Sphenomaxillary suture
Sutura sphenozygomatica - Sphenozygomatic suture
Sutura zygomaticomaxillaris Zygomaticomaxillary suture

79

os sphenoidale, ala os frontale,


minor, facies orbitalis margo supraorbitalis

sutura sphenofrontalis os frontale, pars


orbitalis, facies orbitalis
sutura frontozygomatica
canalis opticus
os sphenoidale, ala
major, facies orbitalis sutura frontoethmoidalis

os zygomaticum, sutura frontomaxillaris


processus frontalis
sutura frontolacrimalis
orbita, margo lateralis
orbita, margo medialis
fissura orbitalis superior
os lacrimale
sutura sphenozygomatica
maxilla, crista
lacrimalis anterior
fissura orbitalis inferior
fossa sacci lacrimalis
maxilla, sulcus infraorbitalis
os lacrimale, crista
sutura zygomaticomaxillaris lacrimalis posterior

maxilla, facies orbitalis foramen os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis


infraorbitale
maxilla, margo infraorbitalis

os frontale, pars
orbitalis, facies orbitalis
foramen foramen
ethmoidale posterius ethmoidale anterius sinus frontalis
sutura sphenofrontalis sutura frontoethmoidalis
sutura sphenoethmoidalis sutura ethmoidolacrimalis
os sphenoidale, ala minor sutura frontolacrimalis
fissura orbitalis superior sutura frontomaxillaris

os lacrimale, crista
lacrimalis posterior
canalis opticus maxilla, crista
lacrimalis anterior

os lacrimale
os sphenoidale, corpus
fossa sacci lacrimalis
foramen rotundum
canalis nasolacrimalis
os sphenoidale, ala
major, facies orbitalis sutura lacrimomaxillaris

sutura sphenomaxillaris canalis infraorbitalis


os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis sutura ethmoidomaxillaris
os palatinum, processus orbitalis
sinus maxillaris
fissura orbitalis inferior maxilla,
facies orbitalis

. 3-46. .
. ,
: ,
, , .
, -
.

80

crista galli
os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis
cellulae ethmoidales
anteriores
concha nasalis
superior

concha
nasalis media

os ethmoidale,
lamina perpendicularis

os lacrimale, crista
lacrimalis posterior
os lacrimale,
sulcus lacrimalis

hamulus lacrimalis

. 3-47. .
. .


81
.




Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Canalis opticus Optic canal
Cavitas nasalis ossea Bony nasal cavity
Cavitas oris propria Oral cavity proper
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Fissura pterygomaxillaris - Pterygomaxillary fissure
Foramen zygomaticofaciale Zygomaticofacial foramen
Foramen zygomaticoorbitale Zygomatico-orbital foramen
Foramen zygomaticotemporale Zygomaticotemporal foramen
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Margo supraorbitalis Supra-orbital margin
Maxilla, corpus, facies orbitalis , , Maxilla, body, orbital surface

Maxilla, processus zygomaticus , Maxilla, zygomatic process
Orbita, margo lateralis , Orbit, lateral margin
Os frontale, pars orbitalis, , , Frontal bone, orbital part, orbital surface
facies orbitalis
Os frontale, processus zygomaticus , Frontal bone, zygomatic process
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
facies infratemporalis infratemporal surface
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing, orbital
facies orbitalis surface
Os sphenoidale, ala minor, , a , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing, orbital
facies orbitalis surface
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process
pterygoideus
Os temporale, processus zygomaticus , Temporal bone, zygomatic process
Os zygomaticum, facies lateralis , Zygomatic bone, lateral surface

Os zygomaticum, facies orbitalis , Zygomatic bone, orbital surface

Os zygomaticum, facies temporalis , Zygomatic bone, temporal surface
Os zygomaticum, processus frontalis , Zygomatic bone, frontal process
Os zygomaticum, processus , Zygomatic bone, maxillary process
maxillaris [JNA]
Os zygomaticum, processus temporalis , Zygomatic bone, temporal process
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sulcus infraorbitalis Infra-orbital groove
Sutura frontozygomatica - Frontomaxillary suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis o- Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura sphenomaxillaris - Sphenomaxillary suture
Sutura sphenozygomatica - Sphenozygomatic suture
Sutura temporozygomatica o-c Temporozygomatic suture
Sutura zygomaticomaxillaris Zygomaticomaxillary suture

82

os frontale, pars
orbitalis, facies orbitalis

sutura sphenofrontalis
sinus frontalis
os sphenoidale, ala minor,
margo supraorbitalis facies orbitalis

sutura fissura
frontozygomatica orbitalis superior

os sphenoidale, ala major,


orbita, margo lateralis facies orbitalis
os zygomaticum,
facies orbitalis sutura
sphenozygomatica
foramen
zygomaticoorbitale fissura
orbitalis inferior
margo infraorbitais
fissura
sphenomaxillaris
canalis infraorbitalis
os sphenoidale,
sutura processus pterygoideus
zygomatocomaxillaris
sulcus infraorbitalis
sinus maxillaris
maxilla, corpus,
facies orbitalis

os sphenoidale, ala minor,


facies orbitalis sutura sphenofrontalis
canalis opticus sinus frontalis
os frontale, pars
os sphenoidale, orbitalis, facies orbitalis
ala major,
facies orbitalis
fissura
orbitalis superior
os zygomaticum,
facies orbitalis

fissura
orbitalis inferior

sutura
sphenozygomatica
maxilla, corpus,
facies orbitalis
sutura
sphenomaxillaris
canalis infraorbitalis

sinus maxillaris

cavitas nasalis ossea cavitas oris propria


. 3-48. () ()

83

sutura frontozygomatica os frontale,


processus zygomaticus
os zygomaticum,
processus frontalis

os zygomaticum,
processus temporalis

sutura os zygomaticum,
zygomaticotemporalis facies lateralis

os temporale, maxilla, processus


processus zygomaticus zygomaticus

arcus zygomaticus
sutura
zygomaticomaxillaris

os zygomaticum,
processus maxillaris

os zygomaticum,
processus maxillaris
os zygomaticum,
os zygomaticum, processus frontalis
facies orbitalis
foramen
foramen zygomaticofaciale
zygomaticotemporale

os zygomaticum, os zygomaticum,
facies temporalis facies lateralis

os zygomaticum,
processus temporalis

foramen
zygomaticoorbitale

. 3-49. .
. .

(
[V2]).
.
.

84




Apertura sinus frontalis Opening of frontal sinus
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Foramen supraorbitale Supra-orbital foramen
Fossa glandulae lacrimalis Fossa for lacrimal gland
Fossa sacci lacrimalis Fossa for lacrimal sac
Fovea trochlearis Trochlear fovea
Incisura ethmoidalis Ethmoidal notch
Incisura frontalis Frontal notch
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Margo supraorbitalis Supra-orbital margin
Maxilla, crista lacrimalis anterior , Maxilla, anterior lacrimal crest

Maxilla, orpus, facies orbitalis , , Maxilla, body, orbital surface

Orbita, margo lateralis , Orbit, lateral margin
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate

Os frontale, pars nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal part
Os frontale, pars orbitalis, facies orbitalis , , Frontal bone, orbital part, orbital surface

Os frontale, processus zygomaticus , Frontal bone, zygomatic process
Os lacrimale, crista lacrimalis posterior , Lacrimal bone, posterior lacrimal crest
Os palatinum, processus orbitalis , Palatine bone, orbital process
Os zygomaticum, facies orbitalis , Zygomatic bone, orbital surface
Os zygomaticum, processus frontalis , Zygomatic bone, frontal process
Sulcus infraorbitalis Infra-orbital groove
Sutura ethmoidomaxillaris - Ethmoidomaxillary suture
Sutura frontonasalis - Frontonasal suture
Sutura lacrimomaxillaris - Lacrimomaxillary suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura zygomaticomaxillaris Zygomaticomaxillary suture

, o , -
(additus orbitae).
:
,
,
,
.
:
,
.
:
,
.
:
,
.
:
fissura orbitalis superior ,
canalis opticus ,
fissura orbitalis inferior - ,
foramen ethmoidal anterius ,
foramen ethmoidal posterius ,
analis nasolacrimalis c ,
foramen zygomaticoorbitale ,
foramen supraorbitale/incisura supraorbitalis ,
foramen frontale/incisura frontalis .

85

sutura frontonasalis

sutura frontoethmoidalis
margo supraorbitalis
foramen
os frontale, pars ethmoidale anterius
orbitalis, facies orbitalis
os ethmoidale,
sutura sphenofrontalis lamina orbitalis

foramen
ethmoidale posterius

os sphenoidale, ala
major, facies orbitalis

canalis opticus
fissura
orbitalis superior fissura
orbitalis superior
labyrinthus ethmoidalis
foramen rotundum
apertura
sinus sphenoidalis recessus sphenoethmoidalis
sinus sphenoidalis
canalis pterygoideus

os ethmoidale, os palatinum,
lamina orbitalis processus orbitalis

sutura ethmoidomaxillaris maxilla, corpus,


facies orbitalis
labyrinthus ethmoidalis fissura orbitalis inferior

sulcus infraorbitalis
sutura lacrimomaxillaris
os zygomaticum,
os lacrimale, crista processus frontalis
lacrimalis posterior

maxilla, crista
lacrimalis anterior sutura
zygomaticomaxillaris
fossa sacci lacrimalis
orbita, margo lateralis
margo infraorbitalis os zygomaticum,
facies orbitalis

. 3-50. .
: . :


86




Ala cristae galli Ala of crista galli
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Cellulae ethmoidales anteriores Anterior ethmoidal cells
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Concha nasalis inferior, , Inferior nasal concha, lacrimal process
processus lacrimalis
Concha nasalis inferior, , Inferior nasal concha,
processus maxillaris maxillary process
Concha nasalis inferior, , Inferior nasal concha,
processus thmoidalis ethmoidal process
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Concha nasalis superior Superior nasal concha
Crista galli Crista galli
Foramen sphenopalatinum - Sphenopalatine foramen
Foramn nasal Nasal foramen
Incisura nasalis Nasal notch
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Maxilla, corpus, facies orbitalis , Body of maxilla, orbital surface

Maxilla, processus frontalis , Maxilla, frontal process
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Meatus nasi inferior Inferior nasal meatus
Meatus nasi medius Middle nasal meatus
Meatus nasi superior Superior nasal meatus
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate
Os ethmoidale, lamina perpendicularis , Ethmoidal bone, perpendicular plate

Os frontale, pars nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal part
Os nasale Nasal bone
Os nasale, sulcus ethmoidalis , Nasal bone, ethmoidal groove
Os palatinum, crista conchalis , Palatine bone, conchal crest
Os palatinum, crista ethmoidalis , Palatine bone, ethmoidal crest
Os palatinum, incisura sphenopalatina , - Palatine bone, sphenopalatine notch
Os palatinum, lamina perpendicularis, , Palatine bone, perpendicular plate,
facies maxillaris , maxillary surface
Os palatinum, lamina perpendicularis, , Palatine bone, perpendicular plate,
facies nasalis , nasal surface
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis, , , Palatine bone, horizontal plate,
crista palatina palatine crest
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis, , , Palatine bone, horizontal plate,
facies nasalis nasal surface
Os palatinum, processus orbitalis , Palatine bone, orbital process
Os palatinum, processus pyramidalis , Palatine bone, pyramidal process
Os palatinum, processus sphenoidalis , Palatine bone, sphenoidal process
Os palatinum, spina nasalis posterior , Palatine bone, posterior nasal spine
Os palatinum, sulcus palatinus major , Palatine bone, greater palatine groove
Os sphenoidale, corpus* , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina medialis , medial plate
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sutura frontonasalis - Frontonasal suture
Sutura nasomaxillaris Nasomaxillary suture
Sutura ethmoidomaxillaris - Ethmoidomaxillary suture
Sutura palatomaxillaris - Palatomaxillary suture
Sutura sphenopalatina - Sphenopalatine suture

* (facies anterior) (facies inferior) .



87

os frontale,
pars nasalis

sutura frontonasalis

os nasale

sutura
nasomaxillaris

maxilla,
processus frontalis

incisura nasalis

foramen nasale

os nasale,
sulcus ethmoidalis

C D

. 3-51. .
; . .
. D

88

crista galli
labyrinthus ethmoidalis

os ethmoidale,
concha nasalis lamina orbitalis
superior
maxilla, corpus,
concha nasalis facies orbitalis
media

canalis infraorbitalis
sinus maxillaris
os ethmoidale,
lamina perpendicularis
concha nasalis
inferior
maxilla,
processus palatinus

concha nasalis inferior, concha nasalis inferior,


processus ethmoidalis concha nasalis inferior, processus lacrimalis
processus lacrimalis

concha nasalis inferior,


processus maxillaris

B C

crista galli
ala cristae galli

concha nasalis
superior labyrinthus ethmoidalis

os ethmoidale, cellulae
lamina orbitalis ethmoidales anteriores

concha nasalis
media os ethmoidale,
lamina perpendicularis

. 3-52. .
A .
. .
D ,

89

os palatinum,
processus orbitalis concha nasalis superior
os sphenoidale,
corpus, facies anterior meatus nasi superior
os palatinum, lamina
foramen sphenopalatinum perpendicularis, facies nasalis
os palatinum, maxilla, processus frontalis
processus sphenoidalis
os nasale
os sphenoidale,
corpus, facies inferior concha nasalis media

sutura sphenopalatina sutura ethmoidomaxillaris

os sphenoidale, concha nasalis inferior,


processus pterygoideus, processus lacrimalis
lamina lateralis
meatus nasi medius

os sphenoidale, processus concha nasalis inferior,


pterygoideus, lamina medialis processus maxillaris

os palatinum, processus pyramidalis meatus nasi inferior


concha nasalis inferior, processus ethmoidalis maxilla,
processus palatinus
os palatinum, lamina horizontalis
sutura palatomaxillaris

os palatinum,
os palatinum, incisura sphenopalatina
lamina perpendicularis, os palatinum, os palatinum,
facies maxillaris processus orbitalis processus sphenoidalis
os palatinum, os palatinum,
incisura sphenopalatina lamina perpendicularis,
facies nasalis
os palatinum,
crista ethmoidalis os palatinum,
lamina perpendicularis,
facies nasalis
os palatinum,
lamina horizontalis,
crista nasalis os palatinum,
lamina horizontalis,
os palatinum, facies nasalis
crista conchalis
os palatinum, sulcus
palatinus major

os palatinum, os palatinum, spina


processus pyramidalis nasalis posterior

C D

. 3-53. . .
. , .
, . D ,
.
.
.
, -
.
(meatus nasopharyngeus), -
.

90




Apertura sinus sphenoidalis Opening sphenoidal sinus
Canalis incisivus Incisive canal
Canalis pterygoideus Pterygoid canal
Cartilago alaris major Major alar cartilage
Cartilago alaris minor Minor alar cartilage
Cartilago nasi accessori Accessory alar cartilage
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Concha nasalis superior Superior nasal concha
Concha sphenoidalis Sphenoidal concha
Corpus maxillae, facies nasalis , Body of maxilla, nasal surface

Corpus maxillae, sulcus palatinus major , Body of maxilla, greater palatine groove

Crista nasalis Nasal crest
Crista sphenoidalis Sphenoidal crest
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Foramen incisivum Incisive foramen
Foramen infraorbitale Infra-orbital foramen
Foramen palatinum majus Greater palatine foramen
Foramen palatinum minus Lesser palatine foramen
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Hiatus maxillaris Maxillary hiatus
Incisura lacrimalis Lacrimal notch
Incisura nasalis Nasal notch
Incisura pterygoidea Pterygoid notch
Maxilla, crista conchalis , Maxilla, conchal crest
Maxilla, crista ethmoidalis , Maxilla, ethmoidal crest
Maxilla, crista nasalis , Maxilla, nasal crest
Maxilla, processus frontalis , Maxilla, frontal process
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Maxilla, processus zygomaticus , Maxilla, zygomatic process
Maxilla, sulcus lacrimalis , Maxilla, lacrimal groove
Os palatinum, lamina perpendicularis , Palatine bone, perpendicular plate

Os palatinum, lamina perpendicularis, , Palatine bone, perpendicular plate,
sulcus palatinus major , greater palatine groove
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis , Palatine bone, horizontal plate
Os ethmoidale Ethmoidal bone
Os frontale, pars nasalis , Frontal bone, nasal part
Os nasale Nasal bone
Os sphenoidale, ala major, facies orbitalis , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
orbital surface
Os sphenoidale, ala minor, facies orbitalis , , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing,
orbital surface
Os sphenoidale, corpus* , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, facies maxillaris , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
maxillary surface
Os sphenoidale, processus pterygoideus, , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os sphenoidale, processus pterygoideus, , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
lamina medialis , medial plate
Rostrum sphenoidale Sphenoidal rostrum
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Spina nasalis anterior Anterior nasal spine
Spina nasalis posterior Posterior nasal spine
Sutura ethmoidomaxillaris - Ethmoidomaxillary suture
Sutura frontonasalis - Frontonasal suture
Sutura nasomaxillaris Nasomaxillary suture
Sutura palatina transversa Transverse palatine suture
Sutura palatomaxillaris - Palatomaxillary suture

* (facies anterior) (facies inferior) .



91

maxilla, processus frontalis os frontale, pars nasalis


sutura ethmoidomaxillaris

os ethmoidale
sinus frontalis
os sphenoidale,
corpus, facies anterior sutura frontonasalis

concha nasalis superior os nasale

sutura nasomaxillaris
concha nasalis media

os sphenoidale, cartilago alaris major


corpus, facies inferior

os palatinum,
lamina perpendicularis

concha nasalis inferior

sutura palatomaxillaris cartilago nasi accessoria


os palatinum, cartilago alaris minor
lamina horizontalis

maxilla, incisura nasalis


processus palatinus
canalis incisivus

maxilla,
processus frontalis

maxilla,
crista ethmoidalis incisura lacrimalis
maxilla, sulcus lacrimalis
hiatus maxillaris
et sinus maxillaris
maxilla,
crista conchalis
corpus maxillae,
incisura nasalis sulcus palatinus major

spina nasalis anterior corpus maxillae,


facies nasalis

maxilla, crista nasalis


canalis incisivus
maxilla,
processus palatinus

. 3-54. .
; .
B ;

92

os sphenoidale, ala concha sphenoidalis


minor, facies orbitalis crista sphenoidalis
os sphenoidale, ala fissura orbitalis
major, facies orbitalis superior

apertura sunus
foramen rotundum sphenoidalis

canalis pterygoideus
os sphenoidale,
facies maxillaris
os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus,
lamina medialis incisura pterygoidea

os sphenoidale, rostrum
processus pterygoideus, sphenoidale
lamina lateralis

rostrum crista sphenoidalis


sphenoidale

os sphenoidale, os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus, processus pterygoideus,
lamina lateralis lamina medialis

os sphenoidale,
corpus, facies inferior

spina nasalis superior crista nasalis


foramina incisiva maxilla, sulcus lacrimalis
maxilla, processus palatinus foramen infraorbitale
corpus maxillae,
facies nasalis sinus maxillaris

sutura palatina transversa maxilla, processus


zygomaticus

os palatinum, lamina horizontalis


corpus maxillae,
sulcus palatinus major foramen palatinum majus

foramen palatinum minus


os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis
os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina medialis
os palatinum, lamina perpendicularis,
sulcus palatinus major C
spina nasalis posterior

. 3-55. . .
; .
; .
;

93




Ala vomeris Ala of vomer
Canalis incisivus Incisive canal
Cartilago septi nasi Septal nasal cartilage
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Concha nasalis superior Superior nasal concha
Crista choanalis vomeris Vomerine crest of choana
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Maxilla, processus palatinus, , , Maxilla, palatine process, nasal crest
crista nasalis
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate
Os ethmoidale, lamina perpendicularis , Ethmoidal bone, perpendicular plate

Os nasale Nasal bone
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis, , Palatine bone, horizontal plate,
crista nasalis , nasal crest
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus sphenoidalis Sphenoidal sinus
Sulcus vomeris Vomerine groove
Sutura incisiva Incisive suture
Sutura palatina transversa Transverse palatine suture
Sutura sphenovomeralis - Sphenovomerine suture
Sutura vomeroethmoidalis* -
Sutura vomeromaxillaris* -
Sutura vomeropalatina* -
Vomer Vomer
Vomer, pars cuneiformis , Vomer, cuneiform part

* IAT.

: , .
:
,
,
,
,
.
:
,
,
,
(, ),
,
.
:
,
,
.
, , , :
,
,
,
co,
,
,
.
:
, ,
, ,
,
.
- .

94
os sphenoidale, os ethmoidale,
corpus, facies anterior lamina cribrosa

sinus sphenoidalis sinus frontalis

sutura vomeroethmoidalis
os sphenoidale,
corpus, facies inferior
os nasale
sutura
sphenovomeralis os ethmoidale,
lamina perpendicularis
crista choanalis vomeris
cartilago septi nasi

vomer, pars cuneiformis

vomer

sutura vomeropalatina
sutura vomeromaxillaris
os palatinum, lamina
horizontalis, crista nasalis
canalis incisivus
sutura palatina transversa maxilla, processus
palatinus, crista nasalis


sinus frontalis

labyrinthus
ethmoidalis sulcus vomeris

ala vomeris

concha nasalis
superior

concha nasalis
media os ethmoidale, lamina
perpendicularis pars cuneiformis
concha nasalis vomeris
inferior maxilla, processus
vomer palatinus, crista nasalis

ala vomeris

crista choanalis
vomeris pars cuneiformis
vomeris

. 3-56. .
.
. .
. D

95




Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
Bulbus oculi Eyeball
Canalis caroticus Carotid canal
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Caput mandibulae Head of mandible
Celullae ethmoidales thmoidal cells
Clivus Clivus
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Concha nasalis superior Superior nasal concha
Dorsum sellae Dorsum sellae
Ductus nasolacrimalis Nasolacrimal duct
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Fissura pterygomaxillaris - Pterygomaxillary fissure
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Margo supraorbitalis Supra-orbital margin
Maxilla, arcus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar arch
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Meatus acusticus externus External acoustic meatus
Meatus nasi communis Common nasal meatus
Musculus pterygoideus lateralis Pterygoideus lateralis
Musculus pterygoideus medialis Pterygoideus medialis
Musculus temporalis Temporalis
Orbita Orbit
Os ethmoidale, crista galli , Ethmoidal bone, crista galli
Os ethmoidale, lamina cribrosa , Ethmoidal bone, cribriform plate
Os ethmoidale, lamina perpendicularis , Ethmoidal bone, perpendicular plate

Os nasale Nasal bone
Os sphenoidale, septum sinuum , Sphenoidal bone,
sphenoidalium septum of sphenoidal sinuses
Os temporale, cavitas tympani , Temporal bone, tympanic cavity
Os temporale, celullae mastoideae , Temporal bone, mastoid cells
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Pharynx Pharynx
Septum nasi Nasal septum
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sinus sphenoidalis Sphenoidal sinus
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
Sulcus arteriae meningeae mediae Middle meningeal artery groove
Processus clinoideum anterius Anterior clinoid process
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein

96

sinus frontalis

os nasale celullae ethmoidales

os ethmoidale, margo supraorbitalis


lamina orbitalis
orbita
septum nasi
margo infraorbitalis
maxilla,
processus palatinus

os zygomaticum

maxilla,
arcus alveolaris canalis infraorbitalis

sinus maxillaris
os temporale,
celullae mastoideae
sinus sphenoidalis

squama occipitalis

angulus mandibulae

tuberculum
clinoideum anterius

os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa

sinus frontalis
fossa
hypophysialis

dorsum sellae

os temporale,
pars petrosa

labyrinthus
ethmoidalis

sinus
sinus maxillaris sphenoidalis

. 3-57. .
, .
,

97

septum nasi

meatus nasi communis ductus nasolacrimalis

concha nasalis media


sinus maxillaris
canalis infraorbitalis
fissura
os zygomaticum pterygomaxillaris

musculus
arcus pterygoideus
zygomaticus medialis

musculus musculus
temporalis temporalis

foramen ovale

os temporale,
pars petrosa
canalis caroticus
foramen lacerum

vena jugularis
clivus interna

. 3-58. .


98

septum nasi concha nasalis media

meatus nasi communis ductus nasolacrimalis

sinus maxillaris

arcus fissura
zygomaticus pterygomaxillaris

mandibula, musculus
processus pterygoideus
coronoideus lateralis

musculus
musculus pterygoideus
temporalis medialis

pharynx

caput
os temporale, mandibulae
celullae
mastoideae

clivus

. 3-59. .
. ..

99

sinus frontalis

os ethmoidale,
crista galli

musculus temporalis

sulcus arteriae
meningeae mediae

D S

D P E

. 3-60. (A, B, C, D, E) ,
2 . .

100

meatus nasi
communis
concha
septum nasi nasalis media

sinus maxillaris canalis


infraorbitalis
mandibula, musculus
processus coronoideus pterygoideus lateralis

musculus temporalis
arcus zygomaticus
foramen rotundum fissura
pterygomaxillaris
foramen ovale
musculus
foramen spinosum pterygoideus medialis

meatus acusticus externus caput mandibulae

os temporale,
cavitas tympani canalis caroticus

os temporale, clivus
celullae mastoideae

foramen lacerum

D S

D P E

. 3-61. (A, B, C, D, E)
, 2 . .

101

meatus nasi communis


concha nasalis media
septum nasi

sinus maxillaris musculus


pterygoideus lateralis
arcus zygomaticus

musculus
mandibula, pterygoideus medialis
processus coronoideus

musculus temporalis

meatus
acusticus externus caput mandibulae

os temporale,
pars petrosa canalis caroticus

vena jugularis interna

clivus

meatus nasi communis septum nasi

canalis infraorbitalis
concha nasalis media
sinus maxillaris
arcus zygomaticus
pharynx

mandibula, musculus
processus coronoideus pterygoideus lateralis

musculus temporalis

meatus caput mandibulae


acusticus externus
musculus
os temporale, pterygoideus medialis
celullae mastoideae

clivus
A

D S

. 3-62. .
- .
1- . 2-

102

os ethmoidale,
lamina perpendicularis

ductus
nasolacrimalis
sinus maxillaris
concha
nasalis superior

fissura orbitalis inferior
arcus zygomaticus
fissura orbitalis superior
musculus temporalis

sinus sphenoidalis

foramen lacerum
os sphenoidale, septum
sinuum sphenoidalium

os temporale,
celullae mastoideae

D S

D P E

. 3-63. (A, B, C, D, E)
, 2 . .

103

meatus nasi communis


bulbus oculi
septum nasi

musculus temporalis
cellulae ethmoidales

sinus sphenoidalis

os sphenoidale, septum
sinuum sphenoidalium
os temporale,
celullae mastoideae

meatus nasi communis


bulbus oculi
septum nasi

arcus zygomaticus

musculus temporalis
cellulae ethmoidales

sinus sphenoidalis
os sphenoidale, septum
sinuum sphenoidalium

os temporale,
celullae mastoideae foramen lacerum

D S

. 3-64. .
- .
1- . 2-

104




A.facialis Facial artery
Bulbus oculi Eyeball
Cavitas oris propria Oral cavity proper
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Concha nasalis media Middle nasal concha
Dens Tooth
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Glandula sublingualis Sublingual gland
Jugum sphenoidale Jugum sphenoidale
Labyrinthus ethmoidalis Ethmoidal labyrinth
Mandibula, pars alveolaris , Mandible, alveolar part
Mandibula, processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Lingua Tongue
Maxilla, facies orbitalis , Maxilla, orbital surface
Maxilla, processus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar process
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Meatus nasi communis Common nasal meatus
Meatus nasi inferior Inferior nasal meatus
Meatus nasi medius Middle nasal meatus
M.buccinator Buccinator
M.digastricus Digastric
M.geniohyoideus - Geniohyoid
M.masseter Masseter
M.mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid
M.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid
M.pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
M.temporalis Temporalis
N.opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Orbita Orbit
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os ethmoidale, crista galli , Ethmoidal bone, crista galli
Os ethmoidale, lamina cribrosa , Ethmoidal bone, cribriforme plate
Os ethmoidale, lamina orbitalis , Ethmoidal bone, orbital plate
Os hyoideum, corpus , Hyoid bone, body
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, processus clinoideus , Sphenoidal bone, anterior clinoid
anterior process
Os sphenoidale, processus , , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pherygoideus, lamina lateralis lateral plate
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Os zygomaticum, processus temporalis , Zygomatic bone, temporal process
Palatum durum Hard palate
Palatum molle Soft palate
Pars nasalis pharyngis Nasopharynx
Septum nasi Nasal septum
Septum sinuum sphenoidalium Septum of sphenoidal sinuses
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sinus sphenoidalis Sphenoidal sinus
Sulcus mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid groove
Torus tubarius Torus tubarius
V.facialis Facial vein

105

os ethmoidale,
crista galli

os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa
os frontale,
pars orbitalis
os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis
labyrinthus
ethmoidalis

bulbus oculi

orbita

septum nasi
canalis
sinus maxillaris infraorbitalis

maxilla,
facies orbitalis
meatus nasi
communis
meatis nasi medius
concha
nasalis inferior concha
nasalis media
meatus nasi
inferior musculus
buccinator
maxilla,
processus alveolaris maxilla,
processus palatinus

dens

. 3-65. ,
.

106

os ethmoidale,
crista galli
os frontale,
pars orbitalis
os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa
labyrinthus
ethmoidalis

bulbus oculi orbita

os
zygomaticum

maxilla,
facies orbitalis

os ethmoidale, meatus nasi


lamina orbitalis medius

septum nasi concha


nasalis media

maxilla, processus
sinus maxillaris palatinus

meatus nasi maxilla, processus


inferior alveolaris

concha nasalis palatum durum


inferior

meatus nasi musculus buccinator


communis

dens

. 3-66. ,
. ..

107

os frontale,
pars orbitalis

nervus opticus
musculus
temporalis

orbita

os
zygomaticum

labyrinthus
ethmoidalis

maxilla,
facies orbitalis
os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis
meatus nasi
medius
septum nasi
concha
nasalis media
sinus maxillaris
arteria facialis

meatus nasi inferior maxilla, processus


alveolaris

concha nasalis inferior maxilla, processus


palatinus

meatus nasi communis palatum durum

dens musculus buccinator

. 3-67. . , .
..

108

nervus opticus

musculus
temporalis

os sphenoidale,
ala minor

os sphenoidale,
ala major

musculus
pterygoideus
medialis concha
nasalis media
sinus maxillaris
concha
nasalis inferior

meatus nasi communis arteria facialis

vena facialis
dens
musculus buccinator
lingua mandibula,
arcus alveolaris

glandula sublingualis

. 3-68. ,
. ..

109

os ethmoidale, sinus os ethmoidale,


lamina orbitalis frontalis crista galli

septum nasi

bulbus oculi

meatus
nasi communis os ethmoidale,
lamina cribrosa
concha nasalis inferior
os zygomaticum
meatus nasi inferior
os ethmoidale,
sinus maxillaris lamina orbitalis

maxilla, processus palatinus labyrinthus ethmoidalis

maxilla, facies orbitalis


maxilla, processus alveolaris
meatus nasi medius
dens
musculus geniohyoideus * concha nasalis media

cavitas oris propria


musculus mylohyoideus
musculus buccinator

lingua

musculus glandula
digastricus sublingualis

Sup

D S

Inf
D E

. 3-69. (A, B, C, D, E) ,
5 . .
* .

110

os ethmoidale,
lamina orbitalis

septum nasi

meatus nasi communis
os zygomaticum
concha nasalis inferior
musculus temporalis
meatus nasi inferior
labyrinthus ethmoidalis
mandibula,
processus condylaris fissura orbitalis inferior

mandibula, meatus nasi medius


processus coronoideus
sinus maxillaris concha nasalis media
*
cavitas oris propria musculus masseter

dens maxilla, processus alveolaris

musculus geniohyoideus mandibula, arcus alveolaris

musculus mylohyoideus
sulcus mylohyoideus

glandula
musculus sublingualis
digastricus

lingua

Sup

D S

Inf
D E

. 3-70. (A, B, C, D, E) ,
5 . .
* .

111

bulbus oculi os ethmoidale,


lamina cribrosa

septum nasi os zygomaticum

sinus maxillaris
musculus temporalis
concha nasalis inferior
labyrinthus ethmoidalis
maxilla,
processus palatinus maxilla, facies orbitalis

concha nasalis media


cavitas oris propria
meatus nasi inferior
maxilla,
processus alveolaris musculus buccinator

lingua glandula sublingualis

dens

Sup

D S

Inf
D E

. 3-71. (A, B, C, D, E)
, 6 . , 1-

112

fossa
hypophysialis

sinus
sphenoidalis

os sphenoidale,
corpus

os sphenoidale,
ala major

septum sinuum
sphenoidalium

musculus
temporalis

musculus
mandibula, pterygoideus
processus lateralis
coronoideus

musculus
masseter

musculus
pterygoideus
medialis
pars nasalis
pharyngis

palatum molle

. 3-72. , .


113


os sphenoidale, processus
clinoideus anterior
jugum sphenoidale
sinus sphenoidalis
musculus temporalis
os sphenoidale, corpus
septum sinuum
os zygomaticum, sphenoidalium
processus temporalis

os sphenoidale, ala major musculus


pterygoideus lateralis
mandibula,
processus coronoideus musculus masseter

os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus, torus tubarius
lamina lateralis
musculus
pars nasalis pharyngis pterygoideus medialis

palatum molle
lingua

os hyoideum, corpus

Sup

D S

Inf
D

. 3-73. (A, B, C, D) ,
5 . .

114




Alveoli dentales Dental alveoli
Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Apertura piriformis Piriform aperture
Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
Canales alveolares [ ] [Anterior superior] alveolar canals
[superiores anteriores]
Canales alveolares [ ] [Posterior superior] alveolar canals
[superiores posteriores]
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Caput mandibulae Head of mandible
Collum mandibulae Neck of mandible
Corpus mandibulae, basis , Body of mandible, base
Corpus mandibulae, pars alveolaris , Body of mandible, alveolar part
Corpus maxillae, facies anterior , Body of maxilla, anterior surface
Corpus maxillae, facies infratemporalis , Body of maxilla, infratemporal
surface
Corpus maxillae, facies orbitalis , Body of maxilla, orbital surface

Crista lacrimalis anterior Anterior lacrimal crest
Dentes Teeth
Foramen infraorbitale Infra-orbital foramen
Foramen mandibulae Mandibular foramen
Foramen mentale e Mental foramen
Foramina alveolaria Alveolar foramina
Fossa canina Canine fossa
Fossa retromolaris Retromolar fossa
Fovea pterygoidea Pterygoid fossa
Incisura mandibulae Mandibular notch
Incisura nasalis Nasal notch
Juga alveolaria Alveolar yokes
Linea mylohyoidea - Mylohyoid line
Linea obliqua Oblique line
Lingula mandibulae Lingula [of mandible]
Mandibula, arcus alveolaris , Mandible, alveolar arch
Mandibula , processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Margo infraorbitalis Infra-orbital margin
Maxilla, arcus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar arch
Maxilla, processus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar process
Maxilla, processus frontalis , Maxilla, frontal process
Os temporale, fossa mandibularis , Temporal bone, mandibular fossa
Os temporale, tuberculum articulare , Temporal bone, articular tubercle
Protuberantia mentalis Mental protuberance
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Spina nasalis anterior Anterior nasal spine
Sulcus infraorbitalis Infra-orbital groove
Sulcus mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid groove
Sutura frontomaxillaris - Frontomaxillary suture
Sutura frontonasalis - Frontonasal suture
Sutura intermaxillaris Intermaxillary suture
Sutura nasomaxillaris Nasomaxillary suture
Sutura zygomticomaxillaris Zygomaticomaxillary suture
Trigonum retromolare Retromolar triangle
Tuberositas masseterica Masseteric tuberosity
Tuberositas pterygoidea Pterygoid tuberosity

115
sutura frontonasalis sutura
frontomaxillaris
apertura piriformis

maxilla,
processus frontalis

sutura
nasomaxillaris

sutura
zygomaticomaxillaris

incisura nasalis

spina nasalis anterior


maxilla,
processus alveolaris
sutura intermaxillaris

corpus maxillae,
facies orbitalis maxilla, processus frontalis

sulcus crista lacrimalis anterior


infraorbitalis
margo infraorbitalis

foramen infraorbitale

corpus maxillae, facies anterior

maxilla, incisura nasalis

maxilla, processus alveolaris

spina nasalis anterior

juga alveolaria
canalis infraorbitalis
foramen
infraorbitale

sinus
sulcus infraorbitalis maxillaris
fossa canina corpus maxillae,
dentes facies infratemporalis

foramina alveolaria

canales alveolares
superiores posteriores
canales alveolares
superiores anteriores

. 3-74. .
. .

: , , , , , -
.
: , , , .

116
os temporale, arcus zygomaticus
tuberculum articulare

os temporale,
fossa mandibularis

maxilla,
arcus alveolaris

caput mandibulae

collum mandibulae

mandibula,
processus condylaris

incisura mandibulae dentes

mandibula, foramen mentale


processus coronoideus
protuberantia
angulus mandibulae mentalis

tuberositas masseterica
mandibula,
arcus alveolaris
caput mandibulae lingula mandibulae
mandibula,
processus condylaris fovea pterygoidea
collum mandibulae ramus mandibulae

foramen mandibulae
sulcus mylohyoideus
fossa retromolaris
linea mylohyoidea

incisura mandibulae
mandibula,
processus coronoideus juga alveolaria

tuberositas pterygoidea
corpus mandibulae,
pars alveolaris
tuberositas masseterica

angulus mandibulae corpus mandibulae,


basis mandibulae
trigonum retromolare linea obliqua
foramen mentale protuberantia mentalis

. 3-75. .
.




117




Alveoli dentales Dental alveoli
Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Dentes Teeth
Corpus maxillae, facies orbitalis , Body of maxilla, orbital surface

Foramen incisivum Incisive foramen
Foramen mandibulae Mandibular foramen
Foramen palatinum majus Greater palatine foramen
Foramina palatina minora Lesser palatine foramina
Fossa digastrica Digastric fossa
Fovea sublingualis Sublingual fossa
Fovea submandibularis Submandibular fossa
Linea mylohyoidea - Mylohyoid line
Lingula mandibulae Lingula [of mandible]
Mandibula, arcus alveolaris , Mandible, alveolar arch
Mandibula, processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Maxilla, arcus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar arch
Maxilla, processus alveolaris , Maxilla, alveolar process
Maxilla, processus palatinus , Maxilla, palatine process
Maxilla, processus zygomaticus , Maxilla, zygomatic process
Maxilla, spinae palatinae , Maxilla, palatine spines
Maxilla, sulci palatini , Maxilla, palatine grooves
Os incisivum Incisive bone
Os palatinum, processus pyramidalis , Palatine bone, pyramidal process
Os palatinum, lamina horizontalis , Palatine bone, horizontal plate

Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os temporale, processus mastoideus , Temporal bone, mastoid process
Os temporale, processus styloideus , Temporal bone, styloid process
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Septa interalveolaria Interalveolar septa
Septa interradicularia Interradicular septa
Spina nasalis posterior Posterior nasal spine
Spina mentalis inferior Inferior mental spine
Spina mentalis superior Superior mental spine
Sulcus mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid groove
Sutura intermaxillaris Intermaxillary suture
Sutura incisiva Inisive suture
Sutura palatina transversa [] Transverse palatine suture
Sutura palatina mediana [] Median palatine suture
Sutura zygomaticomaxillaris Zygomaticomaxillary suture
Tuber maxillae Tuber maxillae
Tuberositas pterygoidea Pterygoid tuberosity

118

os incisivum foramen incisivum


sutura incisiva sutura palatina transversa
maxilla, processus spinae palatinae
palatinus
sulci palatinae
sutura palatina
mediana foramina palatina minora
foramen maxilla, processus
palatinum majus zygomaticus

os zygomaticum

corpus
maxillae, facies
infratemporalis

tuber maxillae

fissura orbitalis spina nasalis os palatinum, os palatinum,


inferior posterior lamina horizontalis processus pyramidalis

maxilla,
arcus alveolaris
foramen incisivum

alveoli dentales sutura incisiva

maxilla, processus
zygomaticus

septa interalveolaria
maxilla, processus
septa interradicularia palatinus
maxilla,
processus
alveolaris

. 3-76. .
[] . . .

119

os temporale,
processus mastoideus

os temporale,
processus styloideus
foramen mandibulae
os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus,
lamina lateralis
angulus mandibulae
dentes

fovea submandibularis
maxilla, arcus alveolaris
fovea sublingualis
mandibula, arcus alveolaris

mandibula,
processus condylaris

mandibula, foramen mandibulae


processus coronoideus ramus mandibulae
lingula mandibulae

linea mylohyoidea sulcus mylohyoideus

fovea tuberositas pterygoidea


sublingualis

angulus mandibulae

fovea submandibularis

spina mentalis superior


fossa digastrica
spina mentalis inferior

. 3-77. .
.
( ) , ,
.

, , .

120

21
B C

. 3-78. .
A . .
: 1 ,
2

. 3-79. .
A ( ).
( ).
( ). D ( )

121




Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
Canalis infraorbitalis Infra-orbital canal
Canalis opticus Optic canal
Canalis pterygoideus Pterygoid canal
Fissura orbitalis inferior Inferior orbital fissure
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Fissura pterygomaxillaris - Pterygomaxillary fissure
Foramen infraorbitale Infra-orbital foramen
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Foramen sphenopalatinum - Sphenopalatine foramen
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Maxilla, facies infratemporalis , Maxilla, infratemporal surface

Os frontale Frontal bone
Os frontale, facies temporalis , Frontal bone, temporal surface
Os frontale, linea temporalis , Frontal bone, temporal line
Os frontale, processus zygomaticus , Frontal bone, zygomatic process
Os occipitale Occipital bone
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os parietale, linea temporalis inferior , Parietal bone, inferior temporal line
Os parietale, linea temporalis superior , Parietal bone, superior temporal line
Os sphenoidale, ala major , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
crista infratemporalis infratemporal crest
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
facies infratemporalis infratemporal surface
Os sphenoidale, ala major, , , Sphenoidal bone, greater wing,
facies temporalis temporal surface
Os sphenoidale, ala minor , Sphenoidal bone, lesser wing
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os temporale Temporal bone
Os temporale, pars squamosa, , , Temporal bone, squamous part,
facies temporalis temporal surface
Os temporale, processus zygomaticus , Temporal bone, zygomatic process
Os zygomaticum Zygomatic bone
Os zygomaticum, facies temporalis , Zygomatic bone, temporal surface
Os zygomaticum, processus frontalis , Zygomatic bone, frontal process
Os zygomaticum, processus temporalis , Zygomatic bone, temporal process
Sulcus infraorbitalis Infra-orbital groove
Sutura frontozygomatica - Frontozygomatic suture
Sutura sphenofrontalis - Sphenofrontal suture
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Sutura temporozygomatica - Temporozygomatic suture

122

os parietale, linea os parietale


temporalis inferior
os frontale,
os parietale, linea linea temporalis
temporalis superior
os frontale,
facies temporalis

os temporale,
pars squamosa, os frontale,
facies temporalis processus
zygomaticus

sutura
frontozygomatica

os zygomaticum,
processus frontalis

os occipitale

os zygomaticum,
processus
temporalis

sutura
temporo-
zygomatica

os temporale,
processus
os sphenoidale, zygomaticus
ala major,
facies temporalis
arcus zygomaticus

. 3-80.

:
,
,
,
;
:
,
.
.
, -
.
:
.
( )
, : ,
, , , -
.
, .
, , .

123

os frontale,
processus zygomaticus
os frontale,
facies temporalis

maxilla, os zygomaticum,
facies infratemporalis processus frontalis

os zygomaticum,
facies temporalis
fissura
orbitalis inferior
os zygomaticum,
processus temporalis
os spenoidale, ala major,
crista infratemporalis sutura
zygomaticotemporalis

os temporale,
processus zygomaticus

os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis os sphenoidale, ala major,
facies temporalis

foramen ovale
os sphenoidale, ala major,
facies infratemporalis

foramen spinosum

. 3-81.

:
;
:
,
;
:
;
:
.

-
.

:
,
,
- - ,
( ) -
( , ).

.

( ),
( [V]), ( -
[V]), , .

124
os frontale,
facies temporalis
os frontale,
os sphenoidale, ala major, linea temporalis
facies temporalis
os frontale,
processus zygomaticus

os zygomaticum,
processus frontalis

os sphenoidale, ala major,


crista infratemporalis

os sphenoidale fissura
processus pterygoideus, orbitalis inferior
lamina lateralis
maxilla, facies
foramen infratemporalis
sphenopalatinum

fissura
pterygomaxillaris

os sphenoidale,
ala minor

fissura canalis opticus


orbitalis superior
os sphenoidale,
ala major

foramen rotundum

foramen sphenopalatinum

canalis pterygoideus

sulcus infraorbitalis

fissura pterygomaxillaris

maxilla, facies infratemporalis

sinus maxillaris

canalis infraorbitalis

foramen infraorbitale

. 3-82. -
- :
,
,
,
,
.
, , - :
- ,
- ,
,
- ,
- - ,
- ,
- - ,
.

125




Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Articulatio temporomandibularis - Temporomandibular joint
Clivus Clivus
Corpus maxillae, arcus alveolaris , Body of maxilla, alveolar arch
Corpus maxillae, facies orbitalis , Body of maxilla, orbital surface

Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Ligamentum pterygospinale - Pterygospinous ligament
Ligamentum sphenomandibulare - Sphenomandibular ligament
Ligamentum stylomandibulare Stylomandibular ligament
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Mandibula, processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process
Os frontale, pars orbitalis , Frontal bone, orbital part
Os lacrimale Lacrimal bone
Os occipitale, pars basilaris , Occipital bone, basilar part
Os parietale Parietal bone
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
( )
Os temporale, pars squamosa , Temporal bone, squamous part
Os temporale, processus styloideus , Temporal bone, styloid process
Os sphenoidale Sphenoidal bone
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Spina ossis sphenoidalis Sphenoidal bone, spine
Squama frontalis Frontal bone, squamous part
Sutura ethmoidolacrimalis - Ethmoidolacrimal suture
Sutura ethmoidomaxillaris - Ethmoidomaxillary suture
Sutura coronalis Coronal suture
Sutura frontoethmoidalis - Fronto-ethmoidal suture
Sutura frontolacrimalis - Frontolacrimal suture
Sutura sagittalis Sagittal suture
Sutura sphenovomeralis - . Sphenovomerine suture
Schindylesis sphenovomeralis C
Sutura squamosa Squamous suture
Synchondrosis petrooccipitalis - Petro-occipital synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenopetrosa - Sphenopetrosal synchondrosis
Synchondrosis sphenooccipitals - Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
[]
Syndesmosis dentoalveolaris . Dento-alveolar syndesmosis
Gomphosis Gomphosis
Vomer Vomer

126
SYNARTHROSIS (JUNCTURA FIBROSA)

squama frontalis
sutura coronalis

Sutura serrata

os parietale sutura sagittalis

os parietale sutura squamosa

Sutura squamosa os temporale,


pars squamosa

os frontale,
pars orbitalis sutura frontoethmoidalis

os ethmoidale, sutura frontolacrimalis


lamina orbitalis
os lacrimale

Sutura plana

corpus maxillae, sutura ethmoidolacrimalis


facies orbitalis
sutura ethmoidomaxillaris

. 3-83. .

127
SYNARTHROSIS/JUNCTURA FIBROSA

Gomphosis,
syndesmosis
dentoalveolaris

maxilla,
dens arcus alveolaris

sutura sphenovomeralis
os sphenoidale (schindylesis)

Schindylesis
,

vomer

. 3-84. .

128
SYNARTHROSIS/JUNCTURA CARTILAGINEA

synchondrosis
sphenopetrosa os sphenoidale

Synchondrosis

os temporale, os occipitale, synchondrosis


pars petrosa pars basilaris petrooccipitalis

SYNARTHROSIS/JUNCTURA OSSEA

synostosis
sphenooccipitalis
os sphenoidale, Synostosis
os occipitale, corpus
pars basilaris


. 3-85. . .
, . -
() -
, ,
. -
(clivus).
, ,
.
,
.

129
JUNCTURA SYNOVIALIS

Articulatio
temporomandibularis

. 3-86. . -
- , -
. ,
[] .
.
[bicondylaris] :
-,
-,
,
.

:
[] - ,
[] .
[] - --
; -, .

130
-




Angulus mandibulae Angle of mandible
Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
Arteria facialis Facial artery
Articulatio temporomandibularis, - , Temporomandibular joint, joint capsule
capsula articularis
Articulatio temporomandibularis, - , Temporomandibular joint, articular disc
discus articularis
Articulatio temporomandibularis, - , Temporomandibular joint,
ligamentum laterale lateral ligament
Caput mandibulae Head of mandible
Collum mandibulae Neck of mandible
Ductus parotideus Parotid duct
Fascia temporalis, lamina profunda , Temporal fascia, deep layer
Fascia temporalis, lamina superficialis , Temporal fascia, superficial layer

Foramen mandibulae Mandibular foramen
Glandula parotidea Parotid gland
Ligamentum pterygospinale - Pterygospinous ligament
Ligamentum sphenomandibulare - Sphenomandibular ligament
Ligamentum stylomandibulare Stylomandibular ligament
Linea temporalis inferior Inferior temporal line
Linea temporalis superior Superior temporal line
Mandibula Mandible
Mandibula, processus condylaris , Mandible, condylar process

Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Musculus masseter Masseter
Musculus masseter, pars profunda , Masseter, deep part
Musculus masseter, pars superficialis , Masseter, superficial part

Musculus pterygoideus lateralis, , Lateral pterygoid, lower head
caput inferius
Musculus pterygoideus lateralis, , Lateral pterygoid, upper head
caput superius
Musculus pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
Musculus temporalis Temporal muscle
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis , lateral plate
Os temporale, fossa mandibularis , Temporale bone, mandibular fossa
Os temporale, processus styloideus , Temporale bone, styloid process
Os temporale, processus zygomaticus , Temporale bone, zygomatic process
Os temporale, tuberculum articulare , Temporale bone, articular tubercle
Porus acusticus externus External acoustic opening
Spina ossis sphenoidalis Spine of sphenoid bone
Vena facialis Facial vein

131

os temporale,
tuberculum articulare articulatio
temporomandibularis,
discus articularis

os temporale,
fossa mandibularis

caput mandibulae

articulatio
temporomandibularis,
capsula articularis

os temporale,
processus styloideus

collum mandibulae

ligamentum
stylomandibulare

os temporale,
fossa mandibularis

os temporale,
caput mandibulae tuberculum articulare

collum mandibulae

. 3-87. - .
.

132

os temporale,
processus zygomaticus
articulatio
temporomandibularis, articulatio
ligamentum laterale temporomandibularis,
capsula articularis
mandibula,
processus condylaris
porus acusticus
externus

collum mandibulae

os temporale,
processus styloideus

ligamentum
stylomandibulare

spina
ossis sphenoidalis

ligamentum
pterygospinale ligamentum
sphenomandibulare

os sphenoidale, mandibula,
processus pterygoideus, processus condylaris
lamina lateralis

mandibula,
processus coronoideus
os temporale,
processus styloideus

ligamentum
stylomandibulare

foramen mandibulae

angulus mandibulae

. 3-88. - .
. . .
,


134

ductus parotideus

glandula parotidea

musculus masseter

mandibula
arteria facialis
vena facialis

. 3-89.
:
,
,
.

, , .
, .
, I [V].
, :
, , ,
,
, (-
). II [VII].

IAT :
,
,
( ),
,
,
.
,
135
:

fascia pharyngobasilaris (- ),
fascia temporalis ( ),
fascia parotidea ( ),
fascia masseterica ( ),
fascia buccopharyngea (- ).

, -
.
.

( ):

, , -
, , , , - , , -
. ,
-
, ,
-
, ,
, ; - -
,
(-, ) -
, -
, . - .

- -
,
( .. ) -
, -
, - , -
. :
-
,
-
,
,
- -
.

- (. )

(. ):
,
:
,
.

136

linea temporalis superior


musculus temporalis
(

)




[ ]

arcus zygomaticus

musculus masseter,
pars superficialis

musculus masseter,
pars profunda

angulus mandibulae

linea temporalis inferior


linea temporalis superior

musculus temporalis

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis

mandibula,
processus coronoideus

arcus zygomaticus
musculus masseter

angulus mandibulae

. 3-90. .
; .

,
137

linea temporalis superior

linea temporalis inferior

musculus temporalis

arcus zygomaticus

musculus masseter,
pars superficialis

musculus masseter,
pars profunda

angulus mandibulae

linea temporalis superior

linea temporalis inferior

musculus temporalis

mandibula,
processus coronoideus

musculus masseter,
pars superficialis

musculus masseter,
pars profunda

angulus mandibulae

. 3-91. .
, .
.

138

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput superius

musculus pterygoideus
caput lateralis, caput inferius
mandibulae

articulatio
temporomandibularis,
discus articularis

musculus
pterygoideus medialis

os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus,
lamina lateralis

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput superius

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput inferius

musculus
pterygoideus medialis

angulus
mandibulae

. 3-92. .
.

,
139

musculus
temporalis

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis,
caput inferius

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis,
caput superius musculus
pterygoideus medialis

musculus masseter

musculus
temporalis

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis,
caput superius

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis,
caput inferius musculus masseter

musculus
pterygoideus medialis

. 3-93. .
. .


140

articulatio temporomandibularis, musculus pterygoideus


discus articularis lateralis, caput superius
os temporale,
fossa mandibularis

caput mandibulae

articulatio temporomandibularis,
capsula articularis

collum mandibulae

os temporale,
tuberculum articulare

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput inferius

articulatio temporomandibularis, musculus pterygoideus


discus articularis lateralis, caput superius

os temporale,
fossa mandibularis

caput mandibulae

articulatio temporomandibularis,
capsula articularis

os temporale,
tuberculum articulare

collum mandibulae

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput inferius

. 3-94. - . .
15 .
15
,
141
os temporale,
fossa mandibularis musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput superius

articulatio os temporale,
temporomandibularis, tuberculum articulare
capsula articularis

articulatio
temporomandibularis,
discus articularis

caput mandibulae

musculus pterygoideus
lateralis, caput inferius

. 3-95. - .
.
4
2
5 5

4
2
4 4
4

5 5
4 1

. 3-96. , -
( , )

- :

,
(1) ,
( ), (
)
(2)
(3) : (,
-, -).
: (-,
-)
, ,
( ) (4) ( )
(5) ,
,


142

. 3-97. - .
() ()
-
.

galea aponeurotica
fascia temporalis,
lamina profunda
fascia temporalis,
lamina superficialis

arcus zygomaticus

musculus masseter

. 3-98.
, .
,
143




Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.facialis Facial artery
A.lingualis Lingual artery
A.maxillaris Maxillary artery
A.sphenopalatina - Sphenopalatine artery
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
A.vertebralis, pars transversaria , Vertebral artery, cervical part
-
Bulbus oculi Eyeball
Ductus nasolacrimalis Nasolacrimal duct
Caput mandibulae Head of mandible
Cavitas oris propria Oral cavity proper
Corpus adiposum buccae Buccal fat pad
Cerebrum Cerebrum
Clivus Clivus
Dentes Teeth
Fascia temporalis, lamina profunda , Temporal fascia, superficial layer
Fascia temporalis, lamina superficialis , Temporal fascia, deep layer
Glandula parotidea Parotid gland
Glandula sublingualis Sublingual gland
Glandula submandibularis Submandibular gland
Lingua Tongue
Mandibula Mandible
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
Medulla spinalis Spinal cord
Meatus nasi communis Common nasal meatus
M.buccinator Buccinator
M.genioglossus - Genioglossus
M.masseter Masseter
M.mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid
M.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid
M.pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
M.rectus lateralis [ ] Lateral rectus [of eyeball]
M.rectus medialis [ ] Medial rectus [of eyeball]
M.rectus superior [ ] Superior rectus [of eyeball]
M.temporalis Temporalis
N.lingualis Lingual nerve
N.vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Os sphenoidale, processus , , Sphenoidal bone,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis pterygoid process, lateral plate
Pharynx, pars oralis , Oropharynx
Palatum molle Soft palate
Protuberantia ccipitalis interna Internal occipital protuberance
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Septum nasi, pars cartilaginea , Nasal cavity, cartilaginous part
Septum nasi, pars ossea , Nasal cavity, bony part
Sinus frontalis Frontal sinus
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Sinus sigmoideus Sigmoid sinus
Tuba auditiva Pharyngotympanic tube
Vasa alveolaria inferiora Inferior alveolar vessels
Vasa palatina majora Greater palatine vessels
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
V.retromandibularis Retromandibular vein
V.vertebralis Vertebral vein
Vestibulum oris Oral vestibule

144

musculus rectus medialis

bulbus oculi

musculus rectus lateralis

musculus temporalis

fascia temporalis,
lamina superficialis

fascia temporalis,
lamina profunda

cerebrum

musculus
rectus medialis
fascia temporalis,
lamina superficialis

bulbus oculi

musculus
rectus lateralis

musculus temporalis

fascia temporalis,
lamina profunda

cerebrum

. 3-99. .
. .
,
145

sinus maxillaris

corpus adiposum buccae

musculus temporalis

musculus masseter
os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis ramus mandibulae

musculus glandula parotidea


pterygoideus medialis

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis

sinus maxillaris corpus adiposum buccae

musculus temporalis

musculus masseter
os sphenoidale, processus
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis
ramus mandibulae

-
musculus
pterygoideus medialis


glandula parotidea

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis

. 3-100. .
. .

146

septum nasi, pars cartilaginea

meatus nasi communis


ductus nasolacrimalis
septum nasi, pas ossea

sinus maxillaris

arcus
zygomaticus arteria sphenopalatina

mandibula, musculus
processus pterygoideus
coronoideus medialis

musculus
pterygoideus
musculus lateralis
temporalis
caput
arteria mandibulae
maxillaris
glandula
parotidea
tuba
auditiva

arteria vena jugularis


carotis interna interna

sinus sigmoideus

clivus

protuberantia
occipitalis interna

. 3-101. .
. ..
,
147

lingua

dentes cavitas oris propria

musculus buccinator vestibulum oris

palatum molle vasa palatina major

pharynx, musculus
pars oralis pterygoideus
medialis
ramus
mandibuale nervus
lingualis
musculus
masseter ramus
mandibulae
vasa
alveolaria
inferiora

glandula
parotidea

vena jugularis
interna
vena retro- arteria carotis
mandibularis interna
arteria
carotis externa
nervus vagus []
vena vertebralis

arteria vertebralis,
pars transversaria
medulla spinalis

. 3-102. .
. ..

148

dentes

musculus genioglossus

glandula sublingualis
nervus lingualis
arteria lingualis
arteria facialis
glandula
submandibularis musculus
mylohyoideus
mandibula
pharynx, pars oralis
musculus
masseter
musculus
pterygoideus
medialis

glandula
parotidea

vena retro-
mandibularis
vena jugularis
interna

arteria carotis
interna
arteria temporalis
superficialis
nervus vagus []
arteria maxillaris

arteria vertebralis,
pars transversaria
medulla spinalis

. 3-103. . III .
..
,
149




Arcus zygomaticus Zygomatic arch
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.occipitalis Occipital artery
A.profunda linguae Deep lingual artery
A.vertebralis, pars cervicalis , Vertebral artery, cervical part
A.vertebralis, pars intracranialis , Vertebral artery, intracranial part
Articulatio atlantoaxialis mediana Median atlanto-axial joint
Atlas, arcus posterior , Atlas, posterior arch
Atlas, massa lateralis , Atlas, lateral mass
Calvaria, diploe , alvaria, diploe
Calvaria, lamina externa , alvaria, external table
Calvaria, lamina interna , alvaria, internal table
Caput mandibula Head of mandible
Concha nasalis inferior Inferior nasal concha
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Choana a Choana
Dens axis [ ] Dens of axis
Dura mater cranialis [lamina externa] Cranial dura mater, external table
[ ]
Dura mater cranialis [lamina interna] Cranial dura mater, internal table
[ ]
Dura mater cranialis, falx cerebri Cranial dura mater, falx cerebri
[ ],
Dura mater cranialis, falx cerebelli Cranial dura mater, falx cerebelli
[ ], c
Hemispherium cerebelli Hemisphere of cerebellum
Glandula sublingualis Sublingual gland
Glandula submandibularis Submandibular gland
Lingua Tongue
Leptomeninx Leptomeninx
Mandibula Mandible
Maxilla Maxilla
Medulla oblongata Medulla oblongata
Meatus nasi communis Common nasal meatus
Meatus nasi inferior Inferior nasal meatus
M.digastricus Digastric
M.masseter Masseter
M.mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid
M.hyoglossus - Hyoglossus
M.geniohyoideus - Geniohyoid
M.genioglossus - Genioglossus
M.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid
M.pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
M.temporalis Temporalis
N.facialis [VII] [VII] Facial nerve [VII]
N.hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
N.vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Os hyoideum Hyoid bone
Os sphenoidale, corpus , Sphenoidal bone, body
Os sphenoidale, processus , , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina lateralis lateral plate
Os sphenoidale, processus , , Sphenoidal bone, pterygoid process,
pterygoideus, lamina medialis medial plate
Palatum durum Hard palate
Palatum molle Soft palate
Plexus pterygoideus [] Pterygoid plexus
Pharynx, pars nasalis , Nasopharynx
Ramus mandibulae Ramus of mandible
Septum nasi Nasal septum
Sinus sagittalis superior Superior sagittal sinus
Sinus transversus Transverse sinus
Squama occipitalis Squamous part of occipital bone
V.facialis Faial vein
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
Vermis cerebelli Vermis of cerebellum

150

maxilla
palatum durum

palatum molle
vena facialis

os sphenoidale,
processus musculus
pterygoideus, pterygoideus medialis
lamina medialis
ramus mandibulae

-
musculus masseter

os sphenoidale,
processus -
pterygoideus,
lamina lateralis

musculus
pterygoideus
lateralis





arteria occipitalis
vena jugularis interna


arteria carotis interna

squama occipitalis
atlas, massa lateralis
arteria vertebralis,
pars cervicalis

atlas, arcus posterior
articulatio
atlantoaxialis mediana

dens axis

. 3-104.
.
,
151

concha nasalis inferior


meatus nasi inferior
septum nasi maxilla
vena facialis
meatus nasi
os sphenoidale, communis
processus pterygoideus,
lamina medialis choana musculus
pterygoideus medialis
os sphenoidale,
processus pterygoideus, plexus venosus
lamina lateralis pterygoideus

e

musculus temporalis
-
arcus zygomaticus

musculus
pterygoideus arteria carotis
lateralis interna

caput mandibulae nervus vagus [X]

vena jugularis
interna

nervus facialis [VII]

os temporale,
pars petrosa

nervus
hypoglossus [XII]
hemispherium cerebelli
vermis cerebelli
arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis
dura mater cranialis,
falx cerebelli
medulla oblongata

sinus transversus

. 3-105.
.

152

dura mater cranialis sinus sagittalis


[lamina externa] superior
leptomeninx dura mater cranialis
[lamina interna]
calvaria,
lamina externa dura mater cranialis,
falx cerebri
calvaria, diploe

calvaria, chiasma opticum


lamina interna
os sphenoidale,
corpus

musculus
temporalis

plexus
pterygoideus

- musculus
pterygoideus
lateralis

- -

musculus pharynx,
masseter pars nasalis

musculus
pterygoideus
medialis

palatum molle ramus mandibulae

vena facialis glandula sublingualis

lingua

musculus hyoglossus glandula submandibularis

musculus genioglossus arteria profunda linguae

os hyoideum musculus mylohyoideus


musculus geniohyoideus
musculus digastricus

. 3-106. .
. ..
,
153




A.alveolaris inferior (a.maxillaris) Inferior alveolar artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.alveolaris inferior, , Inferior alveolar artery,
ramus mylohyoideus - mylohyoid branch
A.carotis interna, pars petrosa , Internal carotid artery, petrosal part

A.facialis (a.carotis externa) Facial artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.maxillaris (a.carotis externa) Maxillary artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.meningea media (a.maxillaris) Middle meningeal artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
Chorda tympani (n.facialis [VII]) ( [VII]) Chorda tympani (facial nerve [VII])
Ganglion oticum Otic ganglion
Ganglion submandibulare Submandibular ganglion
Glandula submandibularis Submandibular gland
Ligamentum sphenomandibulare - Sphenomandibular ligament
Ligamentum stylomandibulare Stylomandibular ligament
M.levator veli palatini , Levator veli palatini
M.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid
M.pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
M.temporalis Temporal
M.tensor veli palatini , Tensor veli palatini
Mandibula, processus coronoideus , Mandible, coronoid process
N.alveolaris inferior Inferior alveolar nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.auriculotemporalis Auriculotemporal nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.buccalis (n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) Buccal nerve (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
N.infraorbitalis (n.maxillaris [V2]) Infra-orbital nerve (maxillary nerve [V2])
( [V2])
N.lingualis (n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) Lingual nerve (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.mandibularis [V3] [V3] Mandibular nerve [V3]
N.mandibularis [V3], [V3], Mandibular nerve [V3],
ramus meningeus meningeal branch
N.mentalis Mental nerve (inferior alveolar nerve)
(n.alveolaris inferior) ( )
N.mylohyoideus Mylohyoid nerve
(n.alveolaris inferior) ( ) (inferior alveolar nerve)
N.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.supraorbitalis (n. frontalis) ( ) Supra-orbital nerve (frontal nerve)
N.supratrochlearis (n.frontalis) ( ) Supratrochlear nerve (frontal nerve)
Nn.temporales profundi Deep temporal nerves
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
Tuba auditiva, pars cartilaginea , Pharyngotympanic tube,
cartilaginous part
V.facialis Facial vein
V.temporalis media Middle temporal vein
V.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal vein
V.transversa faciei Transverse facial vein
Vasa supraorbitalia Supra-orbital vessels
Vasa supratrochlearia Supratrochlear vessels
Vv.articulares Articular veins
Vv.maxillares Maxillary veins
Vv.meningea mediae Middle meningeal veins
Vv.temporales profundae Deep temporal veins

154

nervus
arteria meningea media mandibularis [V3]
(arteria maxillaris) ganglion oticum

arteria maxillaris

nervus
nervus auriculotemporalis lingualis (nervus
(nervus mandibularis [V3]) mandibularis [V3])

arteria maxillaris

arteria alveolaris inferior


(arteria maxillaris)

ligamentum
stylomandibulare

nervus alveolaris inferior


(nervus mandibularis [V3])
ligamentum
sphenomandibulare
arteria alveolaris inferior,
ramus mylohyoideus

nervus mylohyoideus
(nervus alveolaris inferior)


nervus arteria meningea media tuba auditiva,
auriculotemporalis arteria carotis interna,
(arteria maxillaris) pars petrosa pars cartilaginea
(nervus
mandibularis [V3])

nervus
mandibularis [V3] musculus
pterygoideus lateralis
ganglion oticum

arteria maxillaris
musculus
pterygoideus medialis
nervus alveolaris inferior
(nervus mandibularis [V3])
musculus tensor
veli palatini
ligamentum
sphenomandibulare
musculus levator
nervus lingualis veli palatini
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

nervus mylohyoideus
(nervus alveolaris inferior)

. 3-107. .
- -
- .

,
155
nervus mandibularis [V3] nervi temporales profundi
(nervus mandibularis [V3])
nervus mandibularis [V3],
ramus meningeus nervus pterygoideus lateralis
(nervus mandibularis [V3])
arteria meningea
media (a.maxillaris) arteria maxillaris

musculus
pterygoideus lateralis

nervus buccalis (nervus


nervus auriculotemporalis mandibularis [V3])
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

chorda tympani
(nervus facialis [VII])
nervus alveolaris inferior
nervus alveolaris inferior (nervus mandibularis [V3])
(nervus mandibularis [V3])
nervus mentalis
musculus pterygoideus medialis (nervus alveolaris inferior)

nervus mylohyoideus
(nervus alveolaris inferior)

nervus hypoglossus [XII]

nervus lingualis ganglion submandibulare


(nervus mandibularis [V3])
glandula submandibularis

vasa supratrochlearia,
vena temporalis media nervus supratrochlearis
(nervus frontalis)
mandibula,
processus coronoideus vasa supraorbitalia
nervus supraorbitalis
vena temporalis (nervus frontalis)
superficialis

arteria temporalis
superficialis
(a.carotis externa)

nervus auriculotemporalis
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

venae
meningeae mediae nervus infraorbitalis
(nervus maxillaris [V2]
venae articulares
vena transversa faciei
venae temporales
profundae
arteria facialis
venae maxillares (a.carotis externa)

nervus buccalis vena facialis


(nervus mandibularis [V3])

nervus lingualis nervus et arteria


(n. mandibularis [V3]) alveolares inferiores
plexus venosus pterygoideus

. 3-108. .
. []
-

156




A.alveolaris inferior (a.maxillaris) Inferior alveolar artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.alveolaris superior posterior Posterior superior alveolar artery
(a.maxillaris) ( ) (maxillary artery)
A.buccalis (a.maxillaris) Buccal artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.canalis pterygoidei (a.maxillaris) Artery of pterygoid canal
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.infraorbitalis (a.maxillaris) Infra-orbital artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.maxillaris (a.carotis externa) Maxillary artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.palatina descendens (a.maxillaris) Descending palatine artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.palatina major (a.palatina descendens) Greater palatine artery
( ) (descending palatine artery)
A.palatina minor (a.palatina descendens) Lesser palatine artery
( ) (descending palatine artery
A.sphenopalatina (a.maxillaris) - Sphenopalatine artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
Ganglion pterygopalatinum Pterygopalatine ganglion
M.masseter Masseter
M.pterygoideus lateralis Lateral pterygoid
M.pterygoideus medialis Medial pterygoid
M.temporalis Temporal
N.alveolaris inferior Inferior alveolar nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.auriculotemporalis Auriculotemporal nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.buccalis (n.mandibularis [V3]) Buccal nerve (mandibular nerve [V3])
( [V3])
N.infraorbitalis (n.maxillaris [V2]) Infra-orbital nerve (maxillary nerve [V2])
( [V2])
N.lingualis (n.mandibularis [V3]) Lingual nerve (mandibular nerve [V3])
( [V3])
N.maxillaris [V2] [V2] Maxillary nerve [V2]
N.maxillaris [V2], rami ganglionares [V2], Maxillary nerve [V2], ganglionic
ad ganglion pterygopalatinum branches to pterygopalatine ganglion
N.mentalis (n.alveolaris inferior [V3]) Mental nerve (mandibular nerve [V3])
( [V3])
N.palatinus major (n.maxillaris, [V2]) Greater palatine nerve
( [V2]) (maxillary nerve [V2])
N.nasopalatinus (nervus maxillaris [V2]) Nasopalatine nerve (maxillary nerve [V2])
( [V2])
N.supraorbitalis (n. frontalis) ( ) Supra-orbital nerve (frontal nerve)
Nn.alveolares superiores Superior alveolar nerves
(nervus maxillaris [V2]) ( [V2]) (maxillary nerve [V2])
Nn.temporales profundi Deep temporal nerves
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])

( ).
(-, ) :
( [V3]),
( ),
( ),
- .
- :
( [V3]),
( ),
- .
- :
,
,
() .
[V3] .
,
157

nervi temporales profundi arteria temporalis superficialis


(nervus mandibularis [V3]) (arteria carotis externa)
musculus
pterygoideus lateralis musculus temporalis nervus auriculotemporalis
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

nervus supraorbitalis
(nervus frontalis)

nervus buccalis
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

nervus infraorbitalis
(nervus maxillaris [V2]

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis
externa)

musculus
pterygoideus medialis

nervus mentalis nervus lingualis


(nervus alveolaris inferior) (nervus mandibularis [V3])
arteria alveolaris inferior musculus masseter
nervus alveolaris inferior (arteria maxillaris)
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

. 3-109.

158
nervus
maxillaris [V2]

nervus maxillaris
[V2], rami
ganglionares
nervus infraorbitalis and ganglion
(nervus maxillaris [V2]) pterygopalatinum

nervus ganglion
nasopalatinus pterygopalatinum
(nervus maxillaris [V2])

nervus palatinus major


(nervus maxillaris [V2])

nervi alveolares superiores


(nervus maxillaris [V2])

arteria sphenopalatina
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria infraorbitalis
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria canalis
pterygoidei
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria alveolaris
posterior superior
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria palatina
descendens
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria buccalis
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria palatina major


(arteria palatina descendens)

arteria palatina minor


(arteria palatina descendens)

. 3-110. () () -
,
159




Corpus adiposum buccae Buccal fat pad
Galea aponeurotica Epicranial aponeurosis
Glandula parotidea [] Parotid gland
Modiolus anguli oris Modiolus
Musculus auricularis anterior Auricularis anterior
Musculus auricularis posterior Auricularis posterior
Musculus buccinator Buccinator
Musculus corrugator supercilii , Corrugator supercilii
Musculus depressor anguli oris , Depressor anguli oris
Musculus depressor labii inferioris , Depressor labii inferioris
Musculus depressor septi nasi , Depressor septi nasi
Musculus depressor supercilii , Depressor supercilii
Musculus levator anguli oris , Levator anguli oris
Musculus levator labii superioris , Levator labii superioris
Musculus levator labii superioris , Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
alaeque nasi
Musculus masseter Masseter
Musculus mentalis Mentalis
Musculus nasalis Nasalis
Musculus nasalis, pars alaris , Alar part of nasalis
Musculus nasalis, pars transversa , Transverse part of nasalis
Musculus occipitofrontalis, - , Frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
venter frontalis
Musculus occipitofrontalis, venter oc- - , Occipital belly of occipitofrontalis
cipitalis
Musculus orbicularis oculi Orbicularis oculi
Musculus orbicularis oculi, pars orbitalis , Orbital part of orbicularis oculi
Musculus orbicularis oculi, , Palpebral part of orbicularis oculi
pars palpebralis
Musculus orbicularis oculi, , , Ciliary bundle of palpebral part
pars palpebralis, fasciculus ciliaris of orbicularis oculi
Musculus orbicularis oris Orbicularis oris
Musculus orbicularis oris, pars labialis , Labial part of orbicularis oris
Musculus orbicularis oris, pars marginalis , Marginal part of orbicularis oris
Musculus platysma Platysma
Musculus procerus Procerus
Musculus risorius Risorius
Musculus temporoparietalis - Temporoparietalis
Musculus transversus menti Transversus menti
Musculus zygomaticus major Zygomaticus major
Musculus zygomaticus minor Zygomaticus minor

,
(m.caninus), . .. ,
, . , -
, .
(m.risorius), , -
.

160

galea aponeurotica

musculus occipitofrontalis,
venter frontalis

musculus procerus

musculus levator labii


superioris alaeque nasi

musculus
orbicularis oculi

musculus levator musculus nasalis


labii superioris

musculus glandula parotidea


zygomaticus major
corpus
musculus adiposum buccae
zygomaticus minor

musculus risorius musculus levator


anguli oris

musculus depressor
anguli oris

musculus depressor
labii inferioris

musculus mentalis

. 3-111. . .
,
161

galea aponeurotica

musculus occipitofrontalis,
venter frontalis

musculus procerus

musculus levator labii


superioris alaeque nasi
musculus
corrugator supercilii

musculus
orbicularis oculi

musculus nasalis

musculus
zygomaticus major glandula
parotidea
musculus
zygomaticus minor musculus levator
labii superioris

musculus masseter musculus levator


anguli oris

musculus buccinator
modiolus anguli oris

musculus depressor
anguli oris musculus depressor
labii inferioris

musculus mentalis

. 3-112. . .


162

galea aponeurotica
musculus auricularis anterior

musculus occipitofrontalis, musculus temporoparietalis


venter frontalis
musculus
occipitofrontalis,
venter occipitalis

musculus
orbicularis oculi

musculus levator
labii superioris

musculus levator
labii superioris
alaeque nasi

musculus
nasalis

musculus
auricularis
musculus posterior
orbicularis
oris glandula parotidea

musculus
zygomaticus minor

musculus
zygomaticus major

musculus
depressor labii
inferioris corpus
adiposum buccae

musculus risorius
musculus mentalis
musculus platysma
musculus depressor
anguli oris

. 3-113. .
- (m.occipitofrontalis: venter occipitalis, venter frontalis), - (m.temporo-
parietalis) (galea aponeurotica) (m.epicranius).
,
163

musculus musculus
depressor supercilii musculus procerus corrugator supercilii
musculus orbicularis
oculi, pars orbitalis

musculus orbicularis
oculi, pars palpebralis, musculus orbicularis
fasciculus ciliaris oculi, pars palpebralis

musculus levator
labii superioris
alaeque nasi
musculus nasalis,
musculus nasalis, pars transversa
pars alaris
musculus depressor
septi nasi

musculus levator musculus levator labii musculus levator musculus levator


labii superioris superioris alaeque nasi labii superioris anguli oris

musculus
zygomaticus
minor musculus
orbicularis oris
musculus
zygomaticus
major

musculus levator
anguli oris
musculus buccinator

musculus risorius modiolus anguli oris


musculus depressor
anguli oris
musculus orbicularis
oris, pars labialis
musculus depressor
labii inferioris
musculus orbicularis
oris, pars marginalis
musculus mentalis

musculus
transversus menti

. 3-114. .
.

164

musculus levator
musculus labii superioris
zygomaticus minor
musculus levator
musculus anguli oris
zygomaticus major

musculus orbicularis oris

modiolus anguli oris

musculus depressor
anguli inferioris
musculus buccinator
musculus depressor
musculus risorius labii inferioris

musculus mentalis

musculus musculus levator


zygomaticus minor labii superioris

musculus levator
anguli oris

musculus orbicularis oris

musculus buccinator

musculus depressor modiolus anguli oris


anguli inferioris
musculus orbicularis
oris, pars labialis

musculus depressor
labii inferioris

musculus mentalis

. 3-115. . .
.
,
165

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

. 3-116.


168




Ansa cervicalis [] Ansa cervicalis
A.auricularis posterior (a.carotis externa) Posterior auricular artery
( ) (external carotid artery)
A.carotis communis Common carotid artery
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.carotis interna, pars cavernosa , Internal carotid artery, cavernous part

A.carotis interna, pars cerebralis , Internal carotid artery, cerebral part

A.carotis interna, pars cervicalis , Internal carotid artery, cervical part

A.carotis interna, pars petrosa , Internal carotid artery, petrous part

A.facialis (a. carotis externa) Facial artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.lingualis (a. carotis externa) Lingual artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.maxillaris (a.carotis externa) Maxillary artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.occipitalis (a.carotis externa) Occipital artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.pharyngea ascendens Ascending pharyngeal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
(a.arotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.thyroidea superior (a.carotis externa) Superior thyroid artery
( ) (external carotid artery)
A.transversa faciei Transverse facial artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)
Glandula thyroidea Thyroid gland
M.digastricus Digastric
M.hyoglossus - Hyoglossus
M.mylohyoideus - Mylohyoid
M.omohyoideus o- Omohyoid
M.sternocleidomastoideus -- Sternocleidomastoid

M.temporalis Temporalis
M.temporoparietalis - Temporoparietalis
N.hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
N.vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Sinus caroticus Carotid sinus
V.facialis Facial vein
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
Venter frontalis (m. occipitofrontalis) Frontal belly (occipitofrontalis)
(- )
Venter occipitalis Occipital belly (occipitofrontalis)
(m. occipitofrontalis) (- )

169

arteria temporalis
superficialis (arteria
carotis externa)

arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria auricularis posterior


(arteria carotis externa)

arteria carotis interna

arteria carotis externa

sinus caroticus

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria carotis communis
arteria facialis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria thyroidea superior


(arteria carotis externa)

. 3-117. .

170

arteria temporalis
arteria superficialis (arteria
maxillaris (arteria carotis externa)
carotis externa)
arteria occipitalis
arteria facialis (arteria carotis externa)
(arteria carotis
externa)

arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis arteria
externa) carotis externa

arteria thyroidea arteria


superior (arteria carotis interna
carotis externa)

arteria carotis
communis

. 3-118. . .
,

171

arteria temporalis
superficialis (arteria arteria carotis
carotis externa) interna, pars
cerebralis
arteria auricularis
posterior (arteria arteria carotis
carotis externa) interna, pars
cavernosa
arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa) arteria carotis
interna, pars
petrosa

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria facialis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria lingualis arteria carotis


(arteria carotis externa) interna,
pars cervicalis
arteria thyroidea
superior (arteria
carotis externa)

sinus caroticus

. 3-119. . .
,

172
arteria temporalis superficialis arteria transversa faciei

(arteria carotis externa) (arteria temporalis superficialis)
-
-
arteria auricularis arteria maxillaris
posterior (arteria (arteria carotis .
carotis externa) externa)

arteria occipitalis musculus digastricus .
(arteria carotis externa) -
arteria facialis
arteria pharyngea (arteria carotis
ascendens (arteria externa) .
carotis externa)

musculus -
arteria carotis interna omohyoideus
-
.
arteria carotis externa arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis -
externa) , -
arteria carotis communis
, .
arteria thyroidea
superior (arteria
carotis externa) , -
.

,

- .
, -
-
(), - ()
().
,
, , -
.
,
.

.
-
.

arteria transversa faciei


(arteria temporalis superficialis)

arteria auricularis posterior arteria temporalis superficialis


(arteria carotis externa) (arteria carotis externa)

musculus arteria maxillaris


sternocleidomastoideus (arteria carotis externa)

arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa)
musculus digastricus
nervus hypoglossus [XII]
arteria facialis
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria pharyngea ascendens
(arteria carotis externa)
musculus mylohyoideus
vena jugularis interna
arteria lingualis
arteria carotis interna (arteria carotis externa)
ansa cervicalis arteria thyroidea superior
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria carotis communis
arteria carotis externa

. 3-120. .
.
B

173

arteria temporalis superficialis


(arteria carotis externa) arteria transversa faciei
(arteria temporalis superficialis)
arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa) arteria facialis
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria auricularis posterior
(arteria carotis externa)

musculus
sternocleidomastoideus

arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa)

musculus
mylohyoideus
nervus hypoglossus [XII]
musculus digastricus
arteria carotis interna
musculus hyoglossus
nervus vagus [X]
arteria lingualis
arteria carotis communis (arteria carotis externa)

musculus omohyoideus arteria thyroidea superior


(arteria carotis externa)

arteria carotis externa

glandula thyroidea

. 3-121.
:
,
,
,
.
, , .
, . , -
-- , .
. , -
.
, .

174

arteria temporalis superficialis


(arteria carotis externa)

musculus venter frontalis


temporoparietalis (musculus occipitofrontalis)

musculus temporalis

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis
externa)

venter occipitalis
(musculus
occipitofrontalis)

arteria auricularis
posterior (arteria
carotis externa)

arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa) vena facialis

musculus digastricus
arteria facialis
(arteria carotis externa)
vena jugularis interna
musculus digastricus
arteria carotis interna
arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria carotis communis
arteria thyroidea superior
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria carotis externa

. 3-122. :


175




A.alveolaris inferior (a.maxillaris) Inferior alveolar artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.alveolaris inferior, ramus mntalis , Inferior alveolar artery, mental branch

A.alveolaris inferior, ramus mylohyoideus , Inferior alveolar artery, mylohyoid branch
-
A.alveolaris superior anterior Anterior superior alveolar artery
(a.infraorbitalis) ( ) (infra-orbital artery)
(A.alveolaris superior media ( (Middle superior alveolar artery
(a.infraorbitalis))* ( ) (infra-orbital artery))
A.alveolaris superior posterior Posterior superior alveolar artery
(a.maxillaris) ( ) (maxillary artery)
A.auricularis profunda (a.maxillaris) Deep auricular artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.buccalis (a.maxillaris) Buccal artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.canalis pterygoidei (a.maxillaris) Artery of pterygoid canal (maxillary artery)
( )
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.facialis (a.carotis externa) Facial artery (external carotid artery)
( )
A.facialis, ramus tonsillaris , Facial artery, tonsillar branch
A.infraorbitalis (a.maxillaris) Infra-orbital artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.masseterica (a.maxillaris) Masseteric artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.meningea media (a.maxillaris) Middle meningeal artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.meningea media, , Middle meningeal artery,
ramus anastomoticus cum anastomotic branch with lacrimal artery
a.lacrimali (a.ophthalmica) ( ) (ophthalmic artery)
A.meningea media, ramus frontalis , Middle meningeal artery, frontal branch

A.meningea media, ramus parietalis , Middle meningeal artery, parietal branch

A.meningea media, ramus petrosus , Middle meningeal artery, petrosal branch

A.nasalis posterior lateralis Posterior lateral nasal artery
(a.sphenopalatina) (- ) (sphenopalatine artery)
A.palatina ascendens (a.facialis) Ascending palatine artery (facial artery)
( )
A.palatina descendens (a.maxillaris) Descending palatine artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.palatina major (a.palatina descendens) Greater palatine artery
( ) (descending palatine artery)
A.palatina minor (a.palatina descendens) Lesser palatine artery
( ) (descending palatine artery)
A.pharyngea ascendens Ascending pharyngeal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.sphenopalatina (a.maxillaris) - Sphenopalatine artery (maxillary artery)
( )
A.sphenopalatina, - , Sphenopalatine artery,
ramus septalis posterior posterior septal branch
A. temporalis profunda anterior Anterior deep temporal artery
(a.maxillaris) ( ) (maxillary artery)
A. temporalis profunda posterior Posterior deep temporal artery
(a.maxillaris) ( ) (maxillary artery)
A. temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.tympanica anterior Anterior tympanic artery
(a.maxillaris) ( ) (maxillary artery)
A.zygomaticoorbitalis Zygomatico-orbital artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)
M.temporalis Temporalis

* IAT.

176

( )

1- (--
). :
- , ,
,
-
,
-
( ). - ,
- .
,
,
,
, .
,
, ,
, ,
.
-
.

2- ( ):

,
, --
,
, ,
.

3- - . :

,
, -
, -
, .
.
, , -
,
,
,
. -
.
, ,
- ,
- - :
,
, , ,
, -
.

177

arteria temporalis
profunda anterior
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria temporalis
profunda posterior
(arteria maxillaris) arteria meningea media
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria tympanica anterior


(arteria maxillaris)
arteria alveolaris
posterior superior arteria auricularis profunda
(arteria maxillaris) (arteria maxillaris)

arteria alveolaris inferior


arteria buccalis (arteria maxillaris)
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria masseterica
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria alveolaris inferior,
ramus mylohyoideus

arteria alveolaris
inferior, rami dentales

arteria alveolaris
inferior, ramus mentalis

arteria alveolaris inferior,


rami peridentales

arteria tympanica anterior


arteria sphenopalatina (arteria maxillaris)
arteria infraorbitalis (arteria maxillaris)
(arteria maxillaris) arteria meningea media
(arteria maxillaris) arteria auricularis profunda
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria temporalis profunda
(arteria maxillaris) arteria temporalis
arteria alveolaris superficialis
posterior superior (arteria carotis externa)
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria buccalis arteria maxillaris


(arteria maxillaris) (arteria carotis externa)
arteria maxillaris
rami pterygoidei

arteria masseterica arteria arteria carotis externa


(arteria maxillaris) alveolaris inferior
(arteria maxillaris)

. 3-123. .
.

178

arteria temporalis profunda


anterior (arteria maxillaris)
musculus temporalis
arteria sphenopalatina
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria temporalis profunda
arteria infraorbitalis posterior (arteria maxillaris)
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria alveolaris
superior media arteria
(arteria infraorbitalis) meningea media
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria alveolaris
superior anterior
(arteria infraorbitalis)

arteria alveolaris
superior posterior
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria temporalis
superficialis (arteria
carotis externa)

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria masseterica
(arteria maxillaris)

arteria alveolaris inferior


(arteria maxillaris)

arteria alveolaris inferior,


ramus mylohyoideus
arteria alveolaris arteria buccalis
inferior, ramus mentalis (arteria maxillaris)

. 3-124. . ,
,

179

arteria temporalis profunda


anterior (arteria maxillaris) arteria meningea media
(arteria maxillaris)
arteria canalis pterygoidei
(arteria sphenopalatina) arteria tympanica
arteria temporalis anterior (arteria
profunda posterior maxillaris)
arteria nasalis arteria sphenopalatina (arteria maxillaris)
posterior (arteria maxillaris)
arteria auricularis
lateralis (arteria profunda (arteria
sphenopalatina) maxillaris)

arteria
sphenopalatina,
ramus septalis
posterior

arteria temporalis
superficialis

arteria maxillaris

arteria pharyngea
ascendens (arteria
carotis externa)

arteria carotis
externa

arteria palatina major arteria palatina arteria facialis


(arteria palatina descendens) descendens arteria facialis,
(arteria maxillaris) ramus tonsillaris
arteria palatina minor arteria palatina
(arteria palatina descendens) ascendens (arteria facialis)

. 3-125. . -

180

arteria meningea media,


ramus frontalis

arteria meningea media, arteria meningea media,


ramus anastomoticus ramus parietalis
cum arteria lacrimali

arteria meningea
media, ramus petrosus
arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria meningea media


(arteria maxillaris)

. 3-126. .

181




A.angularis (a.facialis) ( ) Angular artery (facial artery)
A.auricularis posterior ( ) Posterior auricular artery
(a.carotis externa) (external carotid artery)
A.auricularis posterior, ramus auricularis , Posterior auricular artery, auricular branch
A.auricularis posterior, ramus occipitalis , Posterior auricular artery, occipital branch
A.carotis communis Common carotid artery
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.facialis (a.carotis externa) ( ) Facial artery (external carotid artery)
A.facialis, rami glandulares , Facial artery, glandular branches
A.facialis, ramus tonsillaris , Facial artery, tonsillar branch
A.labialis inferior (a.facialis) ( ) Inferior labial artery (facial artery)
A.labialis superior (a.facialis) ( ) Superior labial artery (facial artery)
A.labialis superior, ramus septi nasi , Superior labial artery, nasal septal branch
A.laryngea superior ( Superior laryngeal artery (superior thyroid
(a.thyroidea superior) ) artery)
A.lingualis (a.carotis externa) ( ) Lingual artery (external carotid artery)
A.lingualis, ramus suprahyoideus , Lingual artery, suprahyoid branch
A.meningea posterior (a.pharyngea ascen- Posterior meningeal artery
dens) ( ) (ascending pharyngeal artery)
A.occipitalis (a.carotis externa) ( ) Occipital artery (external carotid artery)
A.occipitalis, ramus auricularis , Occipital artery, auricular branch
A.occipitalis, ramus descendens , Occipital artery, descending branch
A.occipitalis, ramus mastoideus , Occipital artery, mastoid branch
A.occipitalis, ramus occipitalis , Occipital artery , occipital branch
A.occipitalis, ramus , Occipital artery,
sternocleidomastoideus -- sternocleidomastoid branch
A.palatina ascendens (a.facialis) ( ) Ascending palatine artery (facial artery)
A.pharyngea ascendens Ascending pharyngeal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.pharyngea ascendens, , Ascending pharyngeal artery,
rami pharyngeales pharyngeal branches
A.profunda linguae (a.lingualis) ( ) Deep lingual artery (lingual artery)
A.profunda linguae, rami dorsales linguae , [] Deep lingual artery, dorsal lingual branches
A.sublingualis (a.lingualis) ( ) Sublingual artery (lingual artery)
A.submentalis (a.facialis) ( ) Submental artery (facial artery)
A.temporalis media Middle temporal artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)
A.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.temporalis superficialis, , Superficial temporal artery,
ramus auricularis anterius anterior auricular branch
A.temporalis superficialis, ramus frontalis , Superficial temporal artery, frontal branch
A.temporalis superficialis, , Superficial temporal artery, parotid branch
ramus parotideus
A.temporalis superficialis, , Superficial temporal artery,
ramus temporalis temporal branch
A.transversa faciei Transverse facial artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)
A.tympanica inferior Inferior tympanic artery
(a.pharyngea ascendens) ( ) (ascending pharyngeal artery)
A.tympanica posterior Posterior tympanic artery
(a.auricularis posterior) ( ) (posterior auricular artery)
A.thyroidea superior Superior thyroid artery
(a.carotis externa) ( ) (external carotid artery)
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery, cricothyroid
ramus cricothyroideus branch
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery, infrahyoid branch
ramus infrahyoideus
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery, anterior glandular
ramus glandularis anterior branch
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery, lateral
ramus glandularis lateralis glandular branch
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery, posterior
ramus glandularis posterior glandular branch
A.thyroidea superior, , Superior thyroid artery,
ramus sternocleidomastoideus -- sternocleidomastoid branch
A.zygomaticoorbitalis Zygomatico-orbital artery
(a.temporalis superficialis) ( ) (superficial temporal artery)

182

arteria temporalis
arteria temporalis superficialis,
superficialis, ramus temporalis
ramus frontalis

arteria temporalis media


(arteria temporalis
superficialis)

arteria temporalis
superficialis, ramus
auricularis anterior
arteria zygomaticoorbitalis
(arteria temporalis
superficialis)
arteria temporalis
superficialis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria transversa faciei


(arteria temporalis
superficialis)

arteria temporalis
superficialis,
ramus parotideus arteria carotis externa

. 3-127.
, .
.
.
, , .
[c] .
.

183

arteria auricularis posterior,


ramus auricularis

arteria auricularis posterior,


ramus occipitalis

arteria auricularis posterior


(arteria carotis externa)

arteria occipitalis,
rami occipitales

arteria occipitalis,
ramus mastoideus

arteria occipitalis,
ramus auricularis

arteria occipitalis,
ramus descendens

arteria occipitalis,
rami sternocleidomastoidei

arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria carotis externa

arteria carotis interna

arteria carotis communis

. 3-128.
:
,
, . ,
- ,
,
,
[] .

:
-- --
,
,

,
,
, -
.

184

arteria angularis
(arteria facialis)

arteria temporalis
superficialis (arteria
carotis externa)
arteria labialis superior,
ramus septi nasi arteria auricularis posterior
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria maxillaris
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria labialis superior
(arteria facialis)
arteria occipitalis
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria labialis inferior
(arteria facialis)
arteria palatina ascendens
(arteria facialis)

arteria submentalis arteria facialis


(arteria facialis) (arteria carotis externa)

arteria carotis interna

arteria carotis externa


arteria facialis,
rami glandulares arteria carotis communis

arteria facialis,
ramus tonsillaris

arteria lingualis arteria thyroidea superior


(arteria carotis externa) (arteria carotis externa)

. 3-129. .
,
, ,
- , -
,
, ,
( ), -
( ),
,
,
.

185

arteria lingualis,
rami dorsales linguae

arteria lingualis
arteria profunda linguae (arteria carotis externa)
(arteria lingualis)
arteria thyroidea superior
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria sublingualis
(arteria lingualis) arteria carotis externa
arteria lingualis, arteria carotis communis
arteria sublingualis ramus suprahyoideus
(arteria lingualis)

arteria profunda linguae


(arteria lingualis)

arteria sublingualis
(arteria lingualis)

arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis externa)

arteria carotis externa

arteria thyroidea superior


(arteria carotis externa)

arteria lingualis
(arteria carotis externa)

-
C )

. 3-130. . .
.
. []
:
, , , ,
- . -
,
,
, .

186

arteria meningea posterior


(arteria pharyngea ascendens)

arteria tympanica inferior


(arteria pharyngea ascendens)

arteria pharyngea ascendens,


rami pharyngeales

arteria pharyngea ascendens


(arteria carotis externa)

arteria thyroidea superior, arteria carotis interna


ramus infrahyoideus
arteria carotis externa
arteria laryngea superior
(arteria thyroidea superior) arteria thyroidea superior
(arteria carotis externa)
arteria thyroidea superior,
ramus cricothyroideus arteria thyroidea superior,
ramus glandularis posterior
arteria thyroidea superior,
ramus glandularis lateralis arteria carotis communis

arteria thyroidea superior


ramus glandularis anterior

. 3-131. . ( )
( )
:
, , , ,
, ,
-- ,
,
,
,
.

:
[]
,
-
,
.

187




Nodi lymphoidei cervicales laterales Lateral cervical lymph nodes

Nodi lymphoidei cervicales profundi Inferior deep cervical lymph nodes
inferiores
Nodi lymphoidei infraauriculares Infra-auricular lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei mastoidei Mastoid lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei occipitales Occipital lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei parotidei superficiales Superficial parotid lymph nodes

Nodi lymphoidei preauriculares Pre-auricular lymph nodes
Nodi lymphoidei submandibulares Submandibular lymph nodes

Nodi lymphoidei submentales Submental lymph nodes

V.angularis Angular vein
V.auricularis posterior Posterior auricular vein
V.facialis Facial vein
V.jugularis anterior Anterior jugular vein
V.jugularis externa External jugular vein
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
V.labialis superior Superior labial vein
V.occipitalis Occipital vein
V.ophthalmica superior Superior ophthalmic vein
V.ophthalmica inferior Inferior ophthalmic vein
V.retromandibularis Retromandibular vein
V.subclavia Subclavian vein
V.submentalis Submental vein
V.supraorbitalis Supra-orbital vein
V.suprascapularis Suprascapular vein
V.supratrochlearis Suprathrochlear vein
V.temporalis media Middle temporal vein
V.temporalis superficialis Superficial temporal vein
V.vertebralis Verterbral vein
Vv.labiales inferiores Inferior labial veins
Vv.maxillares Maxillary veins
Vv.nasales externae External nasal veins
Vv.profundae faciei Deep facial veins
Plexus pterygoideus Pterygoid plexus

188

vena temporalis
superficialis

vena temporalis media

vena ophthalmica
superior

vena angularis

vena ophthalmica
inferior

plexus
vena maxillaris pterygoideus

vena auricularis
posterior

vena occipitalis

vena vertebralis

vena jugularis externa


vena submentalis
vena retromandibularis
vena facialis

vena suprascapularis vena jugularis interna

vena jugularis anterior

vena subclavia [dextra]

. 3-132. .

189

vena temporalis plexus


vena temporalis media superficialis pterygoideus

vena supraorbitalis

vena supratrochlearis

venae nasales
externae

vena angularis

venae
profundae faciei
vena occipitalis
vena labialis
superior
vena transversa
faciei

vena auricularis
posterior

vena jugularis
venae labiales externa
inferiores

vena retromandibularis

vena jugularis interna

vena submentalis
vena facialis

. 3-133.

190

nodi lymphoidei
preauriculares

nodi lymphoidei
mastoidei

nodi lymphoidei
occipitales

nodi lymphoidei
submentales

nodi lymphoidei nodi lymphoidei


submandibulares parotidei superficiales

nodi lymphoidei
nodi lymphoidei infraauriculares
cervicales
profundi inferiores

nodi lymphoidei
cervicales laterales

. 3-134.

191




A.alveolaris inferior, r.mentalis , Inferior alveolar artery,
mental branch
A.occipitalis Occipital artery
Glandula parotidea [] Parotid gland
N.auricularis magnus (plexus cervicalis) Great auricular nerve
( ) (cervical plexus)
N.auricularis posterior (n.facialis) ( ) Posterior auricular nerve
(facial nerve)
N.auriculotemporalis - Auriculotemporal nerve
(n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) (mandibular nerve [V3])
N.facialis, ramus buccalis , Facial nerve, buccal branch
N.facialis, ramus colli , Facial nerve, cervical branch
N.facialis, ramus marginalis , Facial nerve, marginal
mandibularis mandibular branch
N.facialis, ramus temporalis , Facial nerve, buccal branch
N.facialis, ramus zygomaticus , Facial nerve, zygomatic branch
N.infraorbitalis (n.maxillaris [V2]) Infra-orbital nerve
( [V2]) (maxillary nerve [V2])
N.infraorbitalis, rami labiales superiores , Infra-orbital nerve,
superior labial branches
N.infraorbitalis, rami nasales externi , Infra-orbital nerve,
external nasal branches
N.mentalis (n.alveolaris unferior) Mental nerve
( ) (inferior alveolar nerve)
N.occipitalis major Greater occipital nerve
(r.dorsalis n.cervicalis secundi) ( ) (dorsal branch second cervical nerve)
N.occipitalis minor (pl.cervicalis) Lesser occipital nerve
( ) (cervical plexus)
N.supraorbitalis (n.frontalis) ( ) Supra-orbital nerve (frontal nerve)
N.supratrochlearis ( n.frontalis) ( ) Supratrochlear nerve (frontal nerve)
N.zygomaticotemporalis ( ) Zygomaticotemporal nerve
(n.zygomaticus) (zygomatic nerve)
Vasa angularia Angular vessels
Vasa facialia Facial vessels
Vasa supraorbitalia Supra-orbital vessels
Vasa temporalia superficialia Superficial temporal vessels
V. occipitalis Occipital vein
V.retromandibularis Retromandibular vein

, .

, , ,
.

, , .

, ,
.

, , -
.

192

nervus auriculotemporalis nervus


(nervus mandibularis [V3]) zygomaticotemporalis

nervus
supraorbitalis
(nervus frontalis)

nervus
infraorbitalis
(nervus
maxillaris [V2])

nervus occipitalis major


(ramus dorsalis nervi
cervicalis secundi)

nervus auricularis posterior


(nervus facialis [VII])

nervus facialis [VII], nervus mentalis


ramus colli (nervus alveolaris inferior)

nervus facialis [VII],


ramus buccalis

nervus facialis [VII],


ramus marginalis mandibularis

. 3-135.

193

nervus supraorbitalis
nervus supratrochlearis (nervus frontalis)
(nervus frontalis)

nervus facialis [VII],


vasa supraorbitalia ramus temporalis

nervus
auriculotemporalis
vasa angularia (nervus
mandibularis [V3])

vasa temporalia
superficialia

nervus facialis
[VII], ramus
zygomaticus

glandula
parotidea nervus infraorbitalis,
rami palpebrales
nervus facialis [VII], inferiores
ramus buccalis
nervus infraorbitalis
nervus facialis [VII], (nervus maxillaris [V2])
ramus marginalis
mandibularis nervus infraorbitalis,
rami nasales externi
vasa facialia
nervus infraorbitalis,
rami labiales superiores
arteria alveolaris
inferior, ramus mentalis
nervus mentalis
(nervus alveolaris inferior)

. 3-136. .

194

nervus auriculotemporalis
(nervus mandibularis [V3])

vasa temporalia
superficialia

nervus facialis [VII],


ramus temporalis

nervus facialis [VII],


ramus zygomaticus

vasa angularia

arteria occipitalis

nervus occipitalis major


(ramus dorsalis nervi
cervicalis secundi)

nervus occipitalis minor


(plexus cervicalis)

vena occipitalis

nervus auricularis magnus


(plexus cervicalis)

nervus facialis [VII],


ramus buccalis glandula parotidea

nervus facialis [VII], ramus nervus facialis [VII], vena retromandibularis


marginalis mandubularis ramus colli

. 3-137.


196
()
(encephalon) (medulla spinalis).
-
, .. , ,
, ,
.
:
,
,
,

,
,
.
,
, ,
(), . -

, ( ).

:
(truncus encephali),
(cerebellum),
(cerebrum).

(rhombencephalon),
,
(mesencephalon),
(prosencephalon), -
.
-
:
, (III) ,
, (IV) ,
.

197
, -
- , , , .
:
,
,
, .

(ganglion): -
,
() .

,
. ()
, .
-
.
( , ).
, -
:
,
,
,
,
.

, ,
, ( ).

-
, , , .

:
, .

, , ,
. -
,
. , , -
. -
, ,
,
.
- .

:
,
,
. -
;
.

:
(synapsis en passant).

198

. 3-138. .
.. .
.


199



..



..



200





. 3-139.

4 5

. 3-140. . .. .
1 , 2 ,
3 , 4 ,
5

201




Angulus pontocerebellaris Cerebellopontine angle
Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Cerebellum, fissura horizontalis , Horizontal fissure
Cerebellum, fissura posterior superior , Posterior superior fissure
Cerebellum, lobulus biventer [HVIII] , [HVIII] Biventral lobule [HVIII]
erebellum, lobulus gracilis [HVIIB] , [HVIIB] Gracile lobule [HVIIB]
Cerebellum, lobulus semilunaris inferior [HVIIA] , [HVIIA] Inferior semilunar lobule [HVIIA]
Cerebellum, lobulus semilunaris superior [HVIIA] , [HVIIA] Superior semilunar lobule [HVIIA]
Cerebellum, lobulus quadrangularis anterior , Anterior quadrangular lobule [HIV et HV]
[HIV et HV] [HIV HV]
Cerebellum, lobulus quadrangularis posterior , [HVI] Posterior quadrangular lobule [HVI]
[HVI]
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura anterior Anterior commissure
Corpus callosum Corpus callosum
Decussatio pyramidum Decussation of pyramids
Diencephalon Diencephalon
Epithalamus Epithalamus
Fasciculus cuneatus Cuneate fasciculus
Fissura mediana anterior Anterior median fissure
Flocculus [HX] [HX] Flocculus [HX]
Funiculus lateralis Lateral funiculus
Hypothalamus Hypothalamus
Isthmus rhombencephali Isthmus rhombencephali
Lamina tecti Tectal plate
Lamina tecti, colliculus inferior , Tectal plate, inferior colliculus
Lamina tecti, brachium colliculi inferioris , Tectal plate, brachium of inferior colliculus
Medulla oblongata Medulla oblongata
Medulla spinalis Medulla spinalis
Mesencephalon ( ) Mesencephalon
Metencephalon ( ) Metencephalon
Myelencephalon Myelencephalon
Nervus accessorius [XI] [XI] Accessory nerve [XI]
Nervus abducens [VI] [VI] Abducent nerve [VI]
Nervus facialis [VII] [VII] Faciale nerve [VII]
Nervus hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nervus glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
Nervus intermedius [VII] [VII] Intermediate nerve [VII]
Nervus oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
Nervus spinalis primus First cervical nerve
Nervus trigeminus [V], radix motoria [V], Trigeminal nerve [V], motor root
Nervus trigeminus [V], radix sensoria [V], Trigeminal nerve [V], sensory root
Nervus trochlearis [IV] [IV] Trochlear nerve [IV]
Nervus vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Nervus vestibulocchlearis [VIII] - [VIII] Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII]
Oliva Inferior olive
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris superior Superior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Pons Pons
Prosencephaln ( ) Prosencephaln
Rhombencephalon ( ) Rhombencephalon
Pyramis medullae oblongatae Pyramid
Septum pellucidum Septum pellucidum
Sulcus anterolateralis Anterolateral sulcus
Sulcus basilaris Basilar sulcus
Sulcus bulbopontinus Medullopontine sulcus
Sulcus posterolateralis Posterolateral sulcus
Sulcus preolivaris Pre-olivary groove
Telencephalon ( ) Telencephalon
Thalamus Thalamus
Tonsilla cerebelli [HIX] [HIX] Tonsil of cerebellum [HIX]
Tuberculum cuneatum Cuneate tubercle
Velum medullare superius Superior medullary velum
Velum medullare inferius Inferior medullary velum
Ventriculus quartus (IV) Fourth ventricle

202
prosencephalon prosencephalon

diencephalon
mesencephalon
telencephalon

mesencephalon

isthmus
rhombencephali*
rhombencephalon
metencephalon
myelencephalon
medulla spinalis
medulla spinalis rhombencephalon

prosencephalon
B
diencephalon
mesencephalon prosencephalon
mesencephalon telencephalon
diencephalon

telencephalon

medulla
spinalis
isthmus
rhombencephali* isthmus
rhombencephalon
metencephalon rhombencephali*
medulla D metencephalon
spinalis myelencephalon
telencephalon myelencephalon
C
rhombencephalon

diencephalon
myelencephalon
pons
metencephalon
medulla spinalis cerebellum

. 3-141. .
. : 10,2 ,
13,6 , D 50 , E 13
* IAT.

203

204

columna fornicis
septum pellucidum thalamus
commissura anterior hypothalamus
corpus callosum epithalamus

telencephalon diencephalon

ventriculus quartus

pedunculus cerebri
cerebellum
aqueductus mesencephali
pons
lamina tecti

myelencephalon metencephalon
mesencephalon

. 3-142.

lamina tecti
aqueductus
mesencephali
velum medullare
pedunculus cerebri superius

mesencephalon ventriculus quartus

cerebellum

velum medullare
pons inferius

myelencephalon

. 3-143.
,
( , ) . -
( , , ).
I , :
, ,
(IV) . , -
.

205

cerebellum, lobulus
quadrangularis anterior
[HIV et HV] cerebellum, lobulus
quadrangularis posterior [HVI]
pedunculus cerebri
cerebellum, fissura
posterior superior
cerebellum,
lobulus semilunaris
superior [HVIIA]

sulcus basilaris
cerebellum,
fissura horizontalis

pedunculus cerebellum, lobulus


cerebellaris medius semilunaris inferior [HVIIA]

angulus pontocerebellaris cerebellum, lobulus


gracilis [HVIIB]
sulcus bulbopontinus cerebellum, lobulus
biventer [HVIII]
fissura mediana anterior
tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]
pyramis medullae oblongatae
flocculus [HX]
sulcus anterolateralis
oliva
decussatio pyramidum

2
. 3-144. .
1
,
.

-
.
(IV) :
(1) -
,
,
() (2), -
,
(IV) .

(IV) : (IV)
,
(III) ,

.

206

lamina tecti, brachium


colliculi inferioris
lamina tecti,
colliculus inferior

nervus trochlearis [IV]


trigonum lemnisci lateralis

pedunculus cerebri pedunculus


cerebellaris superior

nervus nervus intermedius [VII]


oculomotorius [III]
nervus facialis [VII]

nervus trigeminus [V], nervus vestibulocochlearis [VIII]


radix motoria
pedunculus cerebellaris inferior
pons nervus glossopharyngeus [IX]

nervus trigeminus [V],


radix sensoria tuberculum cuneatum

pedunculus nervus vagus [X]


cerebellaris medius
fasciculus cuneatus
nervus abducens [VI] oliva
sulcus
sulcus bulbopontinus posterolateralis

pyramis medullae oblongatae

sulcus preolivaris

nervus hypoglossus [XII]

nervus accessorius [XI]


sulcus anterolateralis
nervus spinalis primus

funiculus lateralis

. 3-145. .

207




Area vestibularis Vestibular area
Colliculus facialis Facial colliculus
Decussatio pyramidum Decussation of pyramids
Eminentia medialis Medial eminence
Fasciculus cuneatus Cuneate fasciculus
Fasciculus gracilis Gracile fasciculus
Fissura mediana anterior Anterior median fissure
Foramen cecum medullae oblongatae Foramen coecum of medulla
oblongata
Fossa interpeduncularis Interpeduncular fossa
Funiculus lateralis Lateral funiculus
Lamina tecti, colliculus inferior , Tectal plate, inferior colliculus
Lamina tecti, colliculus superior , Tectal plate, superior colliculus
Lamina tecti, brachium colliculi inferiris , Tectal plate, brachium of inferior
colliculus
Lamina tecti, brachium colliculi superioris , Tectal plate, brachium of superior
colliculus
Medulla oblongata Medulla oblongata
Mesencephalon Mesencephalon
Myelencephalon Myelencephalon
Nervus accessorius [XI] [XI] Accessory nerve [XI]
Nervus abducens [VI] [VI] Abducent nerve [VI]
Nervus facialis [VII] [VII] Faciale nerve [VII]
Nervus hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nervus glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
Nervus intermedius [VII] [VII] Intermediate nerve [VII]
Nervus oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
Nervus spinalis primus First cervical nerve
Nervus trigeminus [V], radix motoria [V], Trigeminal nerve [V], motor root

Nervus trigeminus [V], radix sensoria [V], Trigeminal nerve [V], sensory root

Nervus trochlearis [IV] [IV] Trochlear nerve [IV]
Nervus vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Nervus vestibulocchlearis [VIII] - [VIII] Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII]
Obex Obex
Oliva Inferior olive
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris superior Superior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Pons Pons
Striae medullares ventriculi quarti IV Medullary stria of fourth ventricle
Substantia perforata posterior Posterior perforated substance
Sulcus anterolateralis Anterolateral sulcus
Sulcus basilaris Basilar sulcus
Sulcus bulbopontinus Medullopontine sulcus
Sulcus medianus Median sulcus
Sulcus preolivaris Pre-olivary groove
Sulcus retroolivaris Retro-olivary groove
Trigonum lemnisci lateralis Trigone of lateral lemniscus
Trigonum nervi hypoglossi Hypoglossal trigone
Trigonum nervi vagi Vagal trigone
Velum medullare superius Superior medullary velum

208

pedunculus cerebri

mesencephalon fossa interpeduncularis


et substantia perforata nervus
posterior oculomotorius [III]

nervus trigeminus [V],


radix motoria

nervus trigeminus [V],


radix sensoria
sulcus basilaris

pons sulcus bulbopontinus


pedunculus nervus abducens [VI]
cerebellaris medius
nervus intermedius [VII]

foramen caecum nervus facialis [VII]


medullae oblongatae

sulcus preolivaris nervus vestibulocochlearis [VIII]

sulcus retroolivaris nervus glossopharyngeus [IX]


oliva
nervus vagus [X]
myelencephalon pyramis
medullae oblongatae nervus hypoglossus [XII]
fissura mediana anterior
nervus accessorius [XI]
sulcus anterolateralis
nervus spinalis primus
funiculus lateralis
decussatio pyramidum

. 3-146. .
-
.


.

209

lamina tecti, colliculus superior


lamina tecti, brachium colliculi superioris
lamina tecti, brachium colliculi inferioris

lamina tecti, colliculus inferior


trigonum lemnisci lateralis
velum medullare superius
pedunculus cerebellaris superior
nervus trochlearis [IV]
mesencephalon
sulcus medianus

nervus trigeminus [V], eminentia medialis


radix sensoria
colliculus facialis
pons
pedunculus
cerebellaris medius

striae medullares
ventriculi quarti

pedunculus
cerebellaris inferior

area vestibularis
trigonum nervi hypoglossi
trigonum nervi vagi
myelencephalon obex
sulcus medianus posterior

fasciculus gracilis
fasciculus cuneatus
funiculus lateralis

. 3-147. .
(IV) , , -
() , () -
.

c .

-
(IV) .

, -
() .

210




Ala lobuli centralis [HII et HIII] [HII HIII] Wing of central lobule [HII and HIII]
Culmen, pars anterior [IV] , [IV] Culmen, anterior part [IV]
Culmen, pars posterior [V] , [V] Culmen, posterior part [V]
Declive [VI] [VI] Declive [VI]
Fissura horizontalis Horizontal fissure
Fissura intraculminalis Intraculminate fissure
Fissura intrabiventralis Intrabiventral fissure
Fissura posterior superior Posterior superior fissure
Fissura posterolateralis Posterolateral fissure
Fissura precentralis Precentral fissure
Fissura preculminalis Preculminate fissure
Fissura prebiventralis Prebiventral fissure
Fissura prima Primary fissure
Fissura secunda Secondary fissure
Flocculus [HX] [HX] Flocculus [HX]
Folium vermis [VIIA] [VIIA] Folium of vermis [VIIA]
Lingula cerebelli [I] [I] Lingula of cerebellum [I]
Lobus cerebelli anterior Anterior lobe of cerebellum
Lobus cerebelli posterior Posterior lobe of cerebellum
Lobulus biventer, pars lateralis [HVIIIA] , Biventral lobule, lateral part [HVIIIA]
[HVIIIA]
Lobulus biventer, pars medialis [HVIIIB] , Biventral lobule, medial part [HVIIIB]
[HVIIIB]
Lobulus centralis, pars anterior [II] , [II] Central lobule, anterior part [II]
Lobulus centralis, pars posterior [III] , [III] Central lobule, posterior part [III]
Lobulus quadrangularis anterior, , Anterior quadrangular lobule, anterior
pars anterior [HIV] [HIV] part [HIV]
Lobulus quadrangularis anterior, , Anterior quadrangular lobule, posterior
pars posterior [HV] [HV] part [HV]
Lobulus quadrangularis posterior [HVI] [HVI] Posterior quadrangular lobule [HVI]
Lobulus semilunaris inferior [HVIIB] [HVIIB] Inferior semilunar lobule [HVIIB]
Lobulus semilunaris superior [HVIIA] [HVIIA] Superior semilunar lobule [HVIIA]
Nodulus [X] [X] Nodule [X]
Pyramis [VIII] [VIII] Pyramis [VIII]
Tonsilla cerebelli [HIX] [HIX] Tonsil of cerebellum [HIX]
Tuber [VIIB] [VIIB] Tuber [VIIB]
Uvula [IX] [IX] Uvula [IX]


Lobus anterior Ala lobuli centralis Lingula cerebelli
Lobulus quadrangularis anterior Lobulus centralis
Culmen
Lobus posterior Lobulus quadrangularis posterior Declive
Lobuli semilunares (superior et inferior) Folium vermis
Lobulus gracilis Tuber
Lobulus biventer Pyramis
Tonsilla cerebelli Uvula
Lobus flocculonodularis Flocculus Nodulus

211
fissura preculminalis lingula cerebelli [I]
ala lobuli centralis [HII et HIII] fissura precentralis
lobulus quadrangularis lobulus centralis, pars anterior [II]
anterior, pars anterior [HIV]
lobulus centralis, pars posterior [III]
fissura intraculminalis
culmen, pars anterior [IV]
lobulus quadrangularis
anterior, pars posterior [HV] culmen, pars posterior [V]
fissura prima lobus cerebelli anterior
lobus cerebelli anterior
declive [VI]
lobulus quadrangularis
posterior [HVI] folium vermis [VIIA]
fissura posterior superior tuber [VIIB]
lobulus semilunaris
superior [HVIIA] lobus cerebelli posterior
fissura horizontalis
lobulus semilunaris inferior [HVIIB]
lobus cerebelli posterior

ala lobuli centralis [HII et HIII] fissura lobulus centralis, pars posterior [III]
precentralis lobulus centralis, pars anterior [II]
fissura preculminalis
lobulus quadrangularis lingula cerebelli [I]
anterior, pars anterior [HIV]
fissura posterolateralis flocculus [HX]
tonsilla cerebelli [HIX] nodulus [X]
lobulus biventer,
pars medialis [HVIIIB] lobulus
flocculonodularis
fissura secunda
lobulus biventer,
pars lateralis [HVIIIA] uvula [IX]

fissura intrabiventralis pyramis [VIII]

fissura prebiventralis tuber [VIIB]

lobulus semilunaris inferior [HVIIB]



fissura horizontalis

culmen, pars posterior [V]


declive [VI]
culmen, pars anterior [IV]

lobulus centralis, folium vermis [VIIA]


pars posterior [II]
tuber [VIIB]
lobulus centralis,
pars anterior [II]

lingula cerebelli [I]

nodulus [X]

pyramis [VIII]

uvula[IX]


. 3-148. .
. .

212




Canalis centralis Central canal
Colliculus facialis Facial colliculus
Comlexus olivaris inferior Inferior olivary complex
Corpus restiforme Restiform body
Corpus trapezoideum Trapezoid body
Decussatio lemnisci medialis Decussation of medial lemniscus
Fasciculus cuneatus Cuneate fasciculus
Fasciculus gracilis Gracile fasciculus
Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis Medial longitudinal fasciculus
Fasciculus longitudinalis posterior Posterior longitudinal fasciculus
Fibrae arcuatae externae anteriores Anterior external arcuate fibres

Fibrae arcuatae externae posteriores Posterior external arcuate fibres
Fibrae arcuatae internae Internal arcuate fibres
Fissura mediana anterior Anterior median fissure
Formatio reticularis Reticular formation
Fossa rhomboidea Rhomboid fossa
Genu nervi facialis Genu of facial nerve
Lemniscus medialis Medial lemniscus
Lemniscus spinalis Spinal lemniscus
Nervus accessorius [XI] [XI] Accessory nerve [XI]
Nervus facialis [VII] [VII] Faciale nerve [VII]
Nervus hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nervus glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
Nervus vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Nervus vestibulocochlearis [VIII] - [VIII] Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII]
Nucleus ambiguus [IX, X] [IX, X] Nucleus ambiguus [IX, X]
Nucleus cuneatus Cuneate nucleus
Nucleus gracilis Gracile nucleus
Nucleus posterior nervi vagi [X] [X] Posterior nucleus of vagus nerve [X]
Nucleus nervi accessorii [XI] [XI] Nucleus of accessory nerve [XI]
Nucleus nervi abducentis [VI] [VI] Nucleus of abducent nerve [VI]
Nucleus nervi facialis [VII] [VII] Motor nucleus of facial nerve [VII]
Nucleus nervi hypoglossi [XII] [XII] Nucleus of hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nucleus olivaris accessorius medialis Medial accessory olivary nucleus
Nucleus olivaris accessorius posterior Posterior accessory olivary nucleus
Nucleus olivaris principalis Principal olivary nucleus
Nucleus olivaris superior Superior olivary nucleus
Nucleus principalis nervi trigemini [V] [] Pricipal sensory nucleus of trigeminal
[V] nerve [V]
Nucleus spinalis nervi trigemini [V] Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve [V]
[V]
Nucleus tractus solitarii [VII, IX, X] [VII, IX, X] Nucleus of solitary tract [VII, IX, X]
Nuclei raphes Raphe nuclei
Nuclei reticulares Reticular nuclei
Nucleus vestibularis lateralis [VIII] [VIII] Lateral vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus vestibularis medialis [VIII] [VIII] Medial vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Oliva Inferior olive
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pyramis medullae oblongatae Pyramid of medulla oblongata
Sulcus basilaris Basilar sulcus
Sulcus limitans Sulcus limitans
Sulcus medianus Median sulcus
Tractus pyramidalis Pyramidal tract
Tractus rubrospinalis - Rubrospinal tract
Tractus spinocerebellaris posterior Posterior spinocerebellar tract
Tractus tectospinalis Tectospinal tract
Tuberculum gracile Gracile tubercle
Velum medullare inferius Inferior medullary velum
Ventriculus quartus (IV) Fourth ventricle

213

fasciculus gracilis fossa rhomboidea tuberculum gracile


fasciculus cuneatus nucleus gracilis nucleus dorsalis
fibrae arcuatae nervi vagi [X]
externae posteriores
corpus restiforme
tractus
spinocerebellaris nucleus cuneatus
posterior

nucleus tractus
solitarii [VII, IX, X]

fasciculus nucleus spinalis


longitudinalis nervi trigemini [V]
posterior
nuclei reticulares
fasciculus
longitudinalis fibrae arcuatae
medialis internae
tractus tectospinalis nucleus nervi
hypoglossi [XII]
fibrae arcuatae
externae anteriores complexus olivaris inferior
oliva fibrae arcuatae
externae anteriores
nucleus olivaris
accessorius medialis
decussatio lemnisci medialis
lemniscus medialis
tractus pyramidalis pyramis medullae oblongatae

nucleus ambiguus [IX, X] fossa rhomboidea nucleus nervi nucleus dorsalis


hypoglossi [XII] nervi vagi [X]
nucleus spinalis nucleus tractus
nervi trigemini [V] solitarii [VII, IX, X]
tractus nervus vagus [X]
spinocerebellaris
posterior nuclei raphes
nucleus spinalis
nervi trigemini [V]

fasciculus
longitudinalis formatio reticularis
posterior
nuclei reticulares
fasciculus
longitudinalis
medialis nucleus olivaris
accessorius posterior
tractus tectospinalis nucleus
olivaris principalis
fibrae arcuatae
externae anteriores
nucleus olivaris
accessorius medialis
lemniscus medialis
complexus
nervus hypoglossus [XII] olivaris inferior
tractus pyramidalis
pyramis medullae oblongatae
decussatio lemnisci medialis fissura mediana anterior

. 3-149. .
.

214

fossa rhomboidea canalis centralis


fasciculus gracilis
nucleus gracilis
fasciculus cuneatus
nucleus cuneatus
fibrae arcuatae
externae posteriores nucleus tractus
solitarii [VII, IX, X]
fibrae arcuatae internae
nucleus
fasciculus ambiguus [IX, X]
longitudinalis medialis
nucleus spinalis
tractus nervi trigemini [V]
spinocerebellaris
posterior nervus
accessorius [XI]
tractus rubrospinalis

lemniscus spinalis
nuclei reticulares
tractus tectospinalis
nucleus nervi accessorii [XI]
fibrae arcuatae
externae anteriores nucleus nervi hypoglossi [XII]

lemniscus medialis complexus olivaris inferior

tractus pyramidalis nervus hypoglossus [XII]

decussatio lemnisci medialis


ventriculus quartus
velum medullare inferius
nucleus posterior
nervi vagi [X]

nucleus tractus
tractus solitarii [VII, IX, X]
spinocerebellaris
posterior nucleus spinalis
nervi trigemini [V]

nervus vagus [X]

fasciculus nuclei reticulares


longitudinalis medialis
nucleus
tractus rubrospinalis ambiguus [IX, X]

lemniscus spinalis nucleus nervi


hypoglossi [XII]
fibrae arcuatae
externae anteriores
complexus olivaris inferior
tractus tectospinalis
nervus hypoglossus [XII]
lemniscus medialis

nuclei raphes
tractus pyramidalis

. 3-150. .
.

215

nucleus vestibularis colliculus facialis sulcus medianus sulcus limitans


lateralis [VIII]

nucleus nervi genu nervi facialis


abducentis [VI]
nervus facialis [VII]
nervus vestibulo-
cochlearis [VIII]
nucleus principalis
fasciculus nervi trigemini [V]
longitudinalis
posterior nucleus nervi
facialis [VII]
fasciculus
longitudinalis
medialis nucleus olivaris superior

tractus tectospinalis

lemniscus medialis

tractus pyramidalis nuclei raphes

sulcus basilaris

nucleus vestibularis colliculus facialis sulcus limitans


lateralis [VIII] sulcus medianus
fasciculus
longitudinalis posterior
nucleus vestibularis
medialis [VIII]

nucleus nervi
abducentis [VI]
nucleus principalis
nervus vestibulo- nervi trigemini [V]
cochlearis [VIII]
nucleus nervi
facialis [VII]
lemniscus spinalis
nervus facialis [VII]
fasciculus
longitudinalis medialis nucleus olivaris superior

lemniscus medialis corpus trapezoideum

sulcus basilaris
tractus pyramidalis

nervus abducens [VII]

. 3-151. .
.
. :
, , , ,
,
,
(IV) .
:
,
: (-, --
) ( ); (-, -
), ( ).

216




A. basilaris Basilar artery
A. carotis interna, pars cavernosa , Internal carotid artery, cavernous part

A. carotis interna, pars cerebralis , Internal carotid artery, cerebral part
o
A. carotis interna, pars cervicalis , Internal carotid artery, cervical part

A. carotis interna, pars petrosa , Internal carotid artery, petrous part

A. vertebralis, pars intracranialis , Vertebral artery, intracranial part

Cisterna pontocerebellaris Pontocerebellar cistern
Clivus Clivus
Dorsum sellae a [] Dorsum sellae
Dura mater encephali Cranial dura mater
Falx cerebelli Falx cerebelli
Falx cerebri Falx cerebri
Flocculus [HX] [HX] Flocculus [HX]
Hemispherium cerebelli [HIIHX] [HIIHX] Hemisphere of cerebellum [HIIHX]
Lingula cerebelli [I] [I] Lingula [I]
Lobulus biventer [HVIII] [HVIII] Biventral lobule [HVIII]
Lobulus quadrangularis anterior Anterior quadrangular lobule
[HIV et HV] [HIV HV] [HIV and HV]
Lobulus semilunaris inferior [HVIIA] [HVIIA] Inferior semilunar lobule [HVIIA]
Lobulus semilunaris superior [HVIIA] [HVIIA] Superior semilunar lobule [HVIIA]
Lobulus centralis [II et III] [II III] Central lobule [II and III]
Meatus acusticus internus Internal acoustic meatus
Nervus facialis [VII] [VII] Faciale nerve [VII]
Nervus hypoglossus [XII] [XII] Hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nervus glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
Nervus trigeminus [V] Trigeminal nerve [V]
Nervus vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Nervus vestibulocochlearis [VIII] - [VIII] Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII]
Nucleus dentatus Nucleus dentatus
Nucleus emboliformis Emboliform nucleus
Nucleus fastigii Fastigial nucleus
Nucleus globosus Globose nucleus
Nucleus gracilis Gracile nucleus
Nodulus [X] [X] Nodule [X]
Oliva Inferior olive
Os temporale, pars petrosa , Temporal bone, petrous part
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris superior Superior cerebellar peduncle
Pons Pons
Pons, pars basilaris , Pons, basilar part
Pyramis medullae oblongatae Pyramid of medulla oblongata
Sinus cavernosus Cavernous sinus
Sinus rectus Straight sinus
Sinus sagittalis superior Superior sagittal sinus
Sinus sigmoideus Sigmoid sinus
Tegmentum pontis Tegmentum of pons
Tentorium cerebelli Tentorium cerebelli
Tonsilla cerebelli [HIX] [HIX] Tonsil of cerebellum [HIX]
Tractus pyramidalis Pyramidal tract
Velum medullare inferius Inferior medullary velum
Vena jugularis interna Internal jugilar vein
Ventriculus quartus (IV) Fourth ventricle
Vermis cerebelli [IX] [IX] Vermis of cerebellum [IX]

217
dura mater encephali clivus pyramis oliva
arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis

nervus
hypoglossus [XII]

arteria carotis interna,


pars cervicalis

vena jugularis interna

sinus sigmoideus nucleus gracilis

hemispherium tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]


cerebelli [HIIHX]
vermis cerebelli [IX]

falx cerebelli
A

S D

P
arteria carotis interna,
pars petrosa clivus arteria basilaris
tractus
pyramidalis

flocculus [HX]

vena jugularis interna


nervus vestibulo-
cochlearis [VIII]
nervus
glossopharyngeus [IX] pedunculus
cerebellaris inferior
sinus sigmoideus
tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]
hemispherium
cerebelli [HIIHX] nucleus dentatus

vermis cerebelli [IX]

falx cerebri

. 3-152. .
.
.

218
arteria carotis interna, clivus
pars cavernosa
arteria basilaris
dura mater encephali
pons, pars basilaris

os temporale,
pars petrosa

nervus
trigeminus [V]

sinus sigmoideus pedunculus


cerebellaris medius

tegmentum pontis

hemispherium
cerebelli [HIIHX]

tentorium cerebelli
vermis cerebelli [IX]

falx cerebri sinus rectus

A sinus sagittalis superior

S D

arteria basilaris
P
pons, pars basilaris
arteria carotis interna, pedunculus
pars cerebralis cerebellaris superior

dorsum sellae

sinus cavernosus

lobulus
centralis [II et III]

sinus rectus
tentorium cerebelli
sinus sagittalis
superior

falx cerebri

. 3-153. .
.
.

219

dura mater encephali clivus

arteria carotis interna, arteria vertebralis,


pars cervicalis pars intracranialis

pyramis

sinus
sigmoideus

nucleus gracilis

vena jugularis interna tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]

A

clivus
arteria basilaris D S
arteria carotis interna,
pars petrosa pons

meatus acusticus P
internus

nervus
vestibulocochlearis
[VIII], nervus
ventriculus quartus facialis [VII]

pedunculus
nodulus [X] cerebellaris medius

tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]


B
arteria carotis interna,
pars cavernosa clivus
arteria basilaris
dura mater encephali
pons

nervus
trigeminus [V]

cisterna
pontocerebellaris pedunculus
cerebellaris medius

ventriculus quartus vermis cerebelli [I-X]

. 3-154. () .
- . 2- .
. .


220
pedunculus nucleus fastigii lobulus quadrangularis
cerebellaris superior anterior [HIV et HV]

lingula cerebelli [I] nucleus globosus


lobulus semilunaris nucleus emboliformis
superior [HVIIA]
nucleus dentatus
lobulus biventer [HVIII]

lobulus semilunaris
inferior [HVIIA]
nodulus [X]

tonsilla cerebelli [HIX]

. 3-155. .


,
.
:
- ( ),
, ,
.
, -
- ( , -- ),
.
.
.
:
,
,
[VIII] ,
- [VIII],

.




Complexus olivaris inferior Inferior olivary complex
Fibrae pontocerebellares Pontocerebellar fibres
Lamina tecti Tectal plate
Nervus trigeminus [V] Trigeminal nerve [V]
Nervus vestibulocochlearis [VIII] [VIII] Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII]
Nuclei pontis Pontine nuclei
Nucleus dentatus Nucleus dentatus
Nucleus ruber Red nucleus
Oliva Inferior olive
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris superior Superior cerebellar peduncle
Pons Pons
Tractus cerebellorubralis - Cerebellorubral tract
Tractus corticopontinus - Corticopontine fibres
Tractus olivocerebellaris Olivocerebellar tract
Tractus spinocerebellaris anterior Anterior spinocerebellar tract
Tractus spinocerebellaris posterior Posterior spinocerebellar tract
Vermis cerebelli Vermis of cerebellum

221

nucleus ruber

tractus cerebellorubralis
vermis cerebelli

nucleus dentatus

pedunculus
cerebellaris medius lamina tecti
tractus cerebellorubralis

vermis cerebelli
nervus pedunculus
trigeminus [V] cerebellaris superior

pons

nervus
vestibulocochlearis [VIII]

tractus olivocerebellaris

oliva pedunculus
cerebellaris inferior

tractus spinocerebellaris
posterior

. 3-156. .
.

222

tractus corticopontinus

fibrae pontocerebellares

nuclei pontis

tractus
spinocerebellaris anterior

complexus olivaris inferior

tractus olivocerebellaris

tractus
spinocerebellaris posterior

tractus corticopontinus

fibrae pontocerebellares

nuclei pontis

tractus olivocerebellaris

complexus olivaris inferior

tractus
spinocerebellaris anterior

tractus
spinocerebellaris posterior

. 3-157. .
.


223

( ):
,
,
.

.

:
,
.
:
c ,
,
,
.

:
, ,
, - ,
, .

:
, - ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
- , - ,
- , - .

:
(- , -
);
( ), --
( ).

224




Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Brachium colliculi inferioris Brachium of inferior colliculus
Brachium colliculi superioris Brachium of superior colliculus
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Colliculus inferior Inferior colliculus
Colliculus superior Superior colliculus
Corpus geniculatum laterale Lateral geniculate body
Corpus geniculatum mediale Medial geniculate body
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Crus cerebri Cerebral crus
Decussatio pedunculorum cerebellarium Decussation of superior cerebellar
superiorum peduncles
Decussatio tegmentalis anterior Anterior tegmental decussation
Decussatio tegmentalis posterior Posterior tegmental decussation
Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis Medial longitudinal fasciculus
Fasciculus longitudinalis posterior Posterior longitudinal fasciculus
Fibrae corticonucleares mesencephali - Mecencephalic corticonuclear fibres

Fibrae corticospinales - Corticospinal fibres
Fibrae frontopontinae - Frontopontine fibres
Fibrae occipitopontinae - Occipitopontine fibres
Fibrae parietopontinae - Parietopontine fibres
Fibrae temporopontinae - Temporopontine fibres
Formatio reticularis Reticular formation
Fossa interpeduncularis Interpeduncular fossa
Fossa rhomboidea Rhomboid fossa
Habenula Habenula
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Lamina tecti Tectal plate
Lemniscus lateralis Lateral lemniscus
Lemniscus medialis Medial lemniscus
Lemniscus spinalis Spinal lemniscus
Lemniscus trigeminalis Trigeminal lemniscus
Nervus oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
Nervus opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Nervus trochlearis [IV] [IV] Trochlear nerve [IV]
Nucleus nervi oculomotorii [III] [III] Nucleus of oculomotor nerve [III]
Nucleus ruber Red nucleus
Pulvinar thalami Pulvinar of thalamus
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris superior Superior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Sinus sagittalis inferior Inferior sagittal sinus
Sinus sagittalis superior Superior sagittal sinus
Substantia grisea centralis Periaqueductal grey substance
Substantia nigra Substantia nigra
Substantia nigra, pars compacta , Substantia nigra, compact part
Substantia nigra, pars reticularis , Substantia nigra, reticular part
Substantia perforata anterior Anterior perforated substance
Substantia perforata posterior Posterior perforated substance
Sulcus lateralis mesencephali Lateral groove of midbrain
Tegmentum mesencephali Tegmentum of midbrain
Tractus olfactorius Olfactory tract
Tractus opticus Optic tract
Trigonum lemnisci lateralis Trigone of lateral lemniscus
Trigonum olfactorium Olfactory trigone
Trigonum habenulare Habenular trigone
Tuber cinereum Tuber cinereum
Ventriculus tertius (III) Third ventricle

225

ventriculus tertius

habenula
pulvinar thalami trigonum habenulare

glandula pinealis

brachium colliculi
superioris

corpus geniculatum
mediale

corpus geniculatum
laterale
colliculus superior brachium
colliculi inferioris
colliculus inferior
nervus trochlearis [IV]

pedunculus
cerebellaris medius trigonum lemnisci lateralis
pedunculus
cerebellaris superior
fossa rhomboidea

nervus opticus [II] chiasma opticum

trigonum olfactorium

tractus olfactorius substantia


perforata anterior
infundibulum
corpus mamillare
tuber cinereum
substantia
tractus opticus perforata posterior

fossa
interpeduncularis

corpus geniculatum
laterale

pedunculus cerebri
corpus geniculatum
mediale substantia nigra
aqueductus mesencephali nucleus ruber

. 3-158. .
.


226

colliculus superior lamina tecti

aqueductus mesencephali

lemniscus lateralis

lemniscus trigeminalis
substantia grisea centralis
lemniscus spinalis fasciculus
longitudinalis posterior
sulcus lateralis mesencephali
fasciculus
lemniscus medialis longitudinalis medialis

fibrae parietopontinae tegmentum


mesencephali
fibrae occipitopontinae
substantia nigra,
fibrae temporopontinae pars reticularis
decussatio
tegmentalis anterior
decussatio pedunculorum
cerebellarium superiorum decussatio
tegmentalis posterior
fibrae corticonucleares
mesencephali substantia nigra,
pars compacta
fibrae frontopontinae fossa crus cerebri
interpeduncularis
pedunculus cerebri

colliculus superior
lamina tecti
aqueductus mesencephali

lemniscus lateralis
substantia grisea centralis
lemniscus trigeminalis
formatio reticularis
lemniscus spinalis sulcus lateralis mesencephali
lemniscus medialis
tegmentum
mesencephali
fibrae parietopontinae

fibrae occipitopontinae fasciculus


longitudinalis medialis
fibrae temporopontinae
nucleus nervi
fibrae corticonucleares oculomotorii [III]
mesencephali
decussatio
fibrae corticospinales tegmentalis posterior

substantia nigra pedunculus cerebri


nucleus ruber nervus oculomotorius [III]
fibrae frontopontinae
fossa interpeduncularis

. 3-159. . .
.

227

chiasma opticum tractus opticus ventriculus tertius

pedunculus
brachium cerebri
colliculi inferioris
substantia
nigra

aqueductus nucleus ruber


mesencephali

colliculus superior
sinus sagittalis
inferior

sinus sagittalis
superior

. 3-160. .


228
(IV)




Apertura mediana Median aperture
Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Canalis centralis medullae spinalis Central canal of medulla spinalis
Corpus callosum Corpus callosum
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Lamina tecti Tectal plate
Medulla spinalis Spinal cord
Medulla oblongata Medulla oblongata
Nervus oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
Nervus opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Nuclei accessorii nervi oculomotorii [III] Accessory nuclei of oculomotor
[III] nerve [III]
Nuclei tractus solitarii [VII, IX, X] [VII, IX, X] Nuclei of solitary tract [VII, IX, X]
Nucleus nervi abducentis [VI] [VI] Nucleus of abducens nerve [VI]
Nucleus nervi accessorii [XI]* [XI] Nucleus of accessory nerve [XI]
Nucleus nervi accessorii, , Nucleus of accessory nerve,
pars spinalis [XI] [XI] spinal part [XI]
Nucleus nervi hypoglossi [XII] [XII] Nucleus of hypoglossal nerve [XII]
Nucleus nervi trochlearis [IV] [IV] Nucleus of trochlear nerve [IV]
Nucleus ambiguus [IX, XI]* [IX, XI] Nucleus ambiguus [IX, XI]
Nucleus cochlearis anterior [VIII] [VIII] Anterior cochlear nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus cochlearis posterior [VIII] [VIII] Posterior cochlear nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus mesencephalicus nervi Mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal
trigemini [V] [V] nerve [V]
Nucleus motorius nervi trigemini [V] [V] Motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve [V]
Nucleus nervi facialis [VII] () [VII] Motor nucleus of facial nerve [VII]
Nucleus nervi oculomotorii [III] [III] Nucleus of oculomotor nerve [III]
Nucleus posterior nervi vagi [X] [X] Posterior nucleus of vagus nerve [X]
Nucleus principalis nervi trigemini [V] () Principal sensory nucleus
[V] of trigeminal nerve [V]
Nucleus salivatorius inferior [IX] [IX] Inferior salivatory nucleus [IX]
Nucleus salivatorius superior [VII] [VII] Superior salivatory nucleus [VII]
Nucleus spinalis nervi trigemini [V] Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve [V]
[V]
Nucleus vestibularis lateralis [VIII] [VIII] Lateral vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus vestibularis medialis [VIII] [VIII] Medial vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus vestibularis superior [VIII] [VIII] Superior vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Nucleus vestibularis inferior [VIII] [VIII] Inferior vestibular nucleus [VIII]
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Pons Pons
Substantia perforata posterior Posterior perforated substance
Tegmentum mesencephali Tegmentum of midbrain
Velum medullare inferius Inferior medullary velum
Velum medullare superius Superior medullary velum
Venticulus tertius (III) Third ventricle
Ventriculus quartus (IV) Fourth ventricle
Vermis cerebelli [IX] [IX] Vermis of cerebellum [IX]

* I ; -
( ) .

229

corpus callosum

ventriculus tertius

aqueductus mesencephali

glandula pinealis

lamina tecti

velum medullare superius

ventriculus quartus

velum medullare inferius

vermis cerebelli

corpus mamillare

pedunculus cerebri

nervus oculomotorius [III]

substantia perforata posterior

pons

tegmentum mesencephali

medulla oblongata

canalis centralis medullae spinalis

apertura mediana

medulla spinalis

. 3-161. (IV)
(IV) , , .

. -
; -
. .

, ,
.

, , .

, .
, .
.

(IV) :
(III) ,
,
,
.

230

nuclei accessorii nervi


oculomotorii [III]

nucleus nervi oculomotorii [III]

nucleus nervi trochlearis [IV]

nucleus nervi abducentis [VI]

nucleus nervi facialis [VII]


nucleus mesencephalicus nucleus salivatorius superior [VII]
nervi trigemini [V]
nucleus cochlearis anterior [VIII]

nucleus motorius nucleus vestibularis superior [VIII]


nervi trigemini [V]
nucleus vestibularis lateralis [VIII]
nucleus principalis
nervi trigemini [V]
nucleus vestibularis inferior [VIII]
nucleus spinalis nucleus vestibularis medialis [VIII]
nervi trigemini [V]
nucleus cochlearis posterior [VIII]
nuclei tractus solitarii [VII, IX, X]
nucleus salivatorius inferior [IX]
nucleus ambiguus [IX, X, XI]
nucleus posterior nervi vagi [X]
nucleus nervi hypoglossi [XII]

nucleus nervi accessorii [XI]

. 3-162.



-

, -
. ,
(- ) :
III IV , , , ,
;
V, VI, VII -
;
VIII , -
;
IX, X, XII , - -
, ; [XI] -
.
, , -
( , ) .

.

231

. 3-163. . . . 1- .
. .

232

233




Adhesio interthalamica Interthalamic adhesion
Capsula interna Internal capsule
Colliculus inferior [ Inferior colliculus
]
Colliculus superior [ Superior colliculus
]
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura habenularum a Habenular commissure
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Crus fornicis Crus of fornix
Fissura longitudinalis cerebri Longitudinal cerebral fissure
Genu corporis callosi Genu of corpus callosum
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Globus pallidus lateralis Globus pallidus lateral segment
Globus pallidus medialis Globus pallidus medial segment
Habenula Habenula
Lamina medullaris interna Internal medullar lamina
Lamina septi pellucidi Lamina of septum pellucidum
Nuclei mediani thalami Median nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei anteriores thalami Anterior nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei dorsales thalami Dorsal nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei intralaminares thalami Intralaminar nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei laterales thalami Lateral nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei mediales thalami Medial nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei ventrales thalami Ventral nuclei of thalamus
Nucleus caudatus Caudate nucleus
Nucleus anterodorsalis thalami Anterodorsal nucleus of thalamus
Nucleus anteromedialis thalami Anteromedial nucleus of thalamus
Nucleus anteroventralis thalami Anteroventral nucleus of thalamus
Nucleus lentiformis Lentiform nucleus
Nucleus ventralis anterior thalami Ventral anterior nucleus
of thalamus
Nucleus ventralis lateralis thalami Ventral lateral nucleus of thalamus
Nucleus ventralis posterior thalami Ventral posterior nucleus
of thalamus
Stria medullaris thalami Stria medullaris of thalamus
Stria terminalis Stria terminalis
Substantia nigra Substantia nigra
Thalamus, pulvinar , Pulvinar of thalamus
Thalamus, tuberculum anterius , Anterior thalamic tubercle
Trigonum habenulare Habenular trigone
Ventriculus lateralis Lateral ventricle
Ventriculus tertius (III) Third ventricle

234

genu corporis callosi

lamina septi pellucidi

nucleus caudatus

ventriculus lateralis

columna fornicis
thalamus,
tuberculum anterius

ventriculus tertius

comissura habenularum stria terminalis

thalamus, pulvinar

trigonum habenulare

habenula

glandula pinealis
1
colliculus superior

colliculus inferior

. 3-164. .
,
. ,
, , (1).
-
.
, , , -
III , ,
. . -
III . -
, , .

235

nuclei mediani thalami


nuclei mediales thalami
adhesio interthalamica

nucleus anterodorsalis
nucleus anteromedialis nuclei dorsales thalami

nucleus anteroventralis

nuclei anteriores
thalami

lamina medullaris
interna
nuclei intralaminares thalami
nuclei laterales thalami

nucleus ventralis anterior

nuclei ventrales laterales

nucleus ventralis posterior

. 3-165.

236

nuclei anteriores thalami fissura longitudinalis cerebri corpus callosum, truncus


nucleus caudatus
nuclei mediani thalami

nuclei mediales thalami

nuclei laterales thalami ventriculus lateralis

nuclei ventrales thalami crus fornicis

capsula interna

globus pallidus ventriculus tertius


lateralis

globus pallidus adhesio interthalamica


medialis
ventriculus tertius
nucleus subthalamicus

substantia nigra corpus mamillare

-
,
,
, -
,
: - nucleus lentiformis
(1), (2),
(3), (4), nucleus caudatus
(5).
capsula interna
-
- , nuclei anteriores thalami
, -
. nuclei mediales thalami

nuclei mediani thalami

2 nuclei ventrales thalami

nuclei dorsales thalami

3
1
4
5

. 3-166. .
.
. C ( )


237




Brachium colliculi inferioris Brachium of inferior colliculus
Brachium colliculi superioris Brachium of superior colliculus
Commissura anterior [] Anterior commissure
Commissura posterior ( ) Posterior commissure
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Corpus geniculatum laterale Lateral geniculate body
Corpus geniculatum mediale Medial geniculate body
Crus fornicis Crus of fornix
Frenulum veli medullaris superioris Frenulum of superior medullary velum
Habenula Habenula
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Lamina septi pellucidi Lamina of septum pellucidum
Lamina tecti, colliculus inferior [ ], Lamina tecti, inferior colliculus

Lamina tecti, colliculus superior [ ], Lamina tecti, superior colliculus

Nervus opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Nucleus caudatus Caudate nucleus
Plexus choroideus Choroide plexus
Recessus pinealis Pineal recess
Recessus suprapinealis Suprapineal recess
Stria medullaris thalami aa Stria medullaris of thalamus
Thalamus Thalamus
Thalamus, pulvinar , Thalamus, pulvinar
Trigonum habenulare Habenular trigone
V. interna cerebri Internal cerebral vein
V. magna cerebri Great cerebral vein
V. thalamostriata superior Superior thalamostriatae vein
Ventriculus tertius [III] Third ventricle

238

stria medullaris thalami

corpus callosum, truncus

recessus suprapinealis

trigonum habenulare

habenula

corpus pineale

commissura posterior

recessus pinealis

. 3-167.
( ) ,
( , , , ).

,
, , , . -
( ) .

239

stria medullaris thalami

recessus suprapinealis

trigonum habenulare habenula

glandula pinealis

frenulum veli
medullaris superioris

corpus callosum, truncus

lamina septi pellucidi

nucleus caudatus

crus fornicis

plexus choroideus
vena thalamostriata
superior

glandula pinealis

vena interna cerebri

vena magna cerebri

recessus pinealis habenula

trigonum habenulare

glandula pinealis

vena interna cerebri

vena magna cerebri

. 3-168. .
. .


240

lamina tecti,
glandula pinealis colliculus superior
corpus geniculatum
laterale

brachium corpus geniculatum


colliculi superioris mediale

brachium lamina tecti,


colliculi inferioris colliculus inferior

tractus opticus thalamus, pulvinar

chiasma opticum glandula pinealis

nervi optici [II]

lamina tecti,
colliculus superior
corpus geniculatum
laterale lamina tecti,
colliculus inferior
corpus geniculatum
mediale

. 3-169. .
.

.
, . -
.

,
, -
.
.

, ,
, . -
, .

241




Adenohypophysis Adenohypophysis
Adenohypophysis, pars distalis , Adenohypophysis, pars distalis
Adenohypophysis, pars intermedia , Adenohypophysis, pars intermedia
Adenohypophysis, pars tuberalis , Adenohypophysis, pars tuberalis
Apertura aqueductus mesencephali Opening of aqueduct of midbrain
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura anterior Anterior commissure
Corpus geniculatum laterale Lateral geniculate body
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Crus fornicis Crus of fornix
Dorsum sellae [] Dorsum sellae
Dura mater encephali Cranial dura mater
Eminentia mediana [] Median eminence
Fibrae paraventriculohypophysiales - Paraventricular fibres
Fibrae supraopticohypophysiales - Supra-optic fibres
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Lamina tecti [ ] Tectal plate
Lamina terminalis e Terminal plate
Nervus opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Neurohypophysis Neurohypophysis
Neurohypophysis, infundibulum , Neurohypophysis, infundibulum
Neurohypophysis, pars nervosa , Neurohypophysis, pars nervosa
Nucleus arcuatus [] Arcuate nucleus
Nucleus paraventricularis hypothalami [] Paraventricular nucleus
Nucleus supraopticus [] Supra-optic nucleus
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Recessus infundibuli Infundibular recess
Sella turcica Sella turcica
Sinus intercavernosus Intercavernouse sinus
Stria medullaris thalami Stria medullaris of thalamus
Substantia perforata anterior Anterior perforated substance
Substantia perforata posterior Posterior perforated substance
Sulcus hypothalamicus Hypothalamic sulcus
Thalamus, pulvinar , Thalamus, pulvinar
Tractus opticus Optic tract
Tractus hypothalamohypophysialis - Hypothalamohypophysial tract
Tuber cinereum Tuber cinereum
Tuberculum sellae [] Tuberculum sellae

242

nervus opticus [II]


chiasma opticum
substantia
infundibulum perforata anterior

tractus opticus
tuber cinereum
corpus mamillare

corpus geniculatum pedunculus cerebri


laterale
substantia
perforata posterior

. 3-170. .

, , -
. -
.

crus fornicis

columna fornicis stria medullaris


thalami
commissura
anterior thalamus, pulvinar

lamina terminalis glandula pinealis

sulcus
hypothalamicus
chiasma opticum

adenohypophysis lamina tecti

apertura aqueductus
mesencephali

pedunculus cerebri

eminentia mediana
neurohypophysis
corpus mamillare

infundibulum

. 3-171.
.
: , , , , .
: , , , ; -
, .
: , , , , , , -
, .
(III) : , , , ; ,
, , , .
: c
. C , .

243

chiasma opticum
tuber cinereum
neurohypophysis,
infundibulum
recessus infundibuli
adenohypophysis,
pars tuberalis dura mater cranialis

sinus intercavernosus dorsum sellae

tuberculum sellae

adenohypophysis

sella turcica
adenohypophysis,
pars intermedia

neurohypophysis,
pars nervosa
adenohypophysis,
pars distalis

. 3-172.
, , (-
, ) ( , ). -
.
, :
, , .
, -
, .
, , -
.

nucleus paraventricularis
hypothalami

nucleus supraopticus

fibrae
paraventriculohypophysiales

fibrae
supraopticohypophysiales

corpus mamillare
chiasma opticum
nucleus arcuatus
tractus
hypothalamohypophysialis

adenohypophysis
neurohypophysis

. 3-173. -

244




A.basilaris Basilar artery
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.cerebri anterior Anterior cerebral artery
A.cerebri media Middle cerebral artery
A.cerebri posterior Posterior cerebral artery
A.communicans anterior Anterior communicating artery
A.communicans posterior Posterior communicating artery
A.hypophysialis inferior Inferior hypophysialis artery
A.hypophysialis superior Superior hypophysialis artery
Adenohypophysis Adenohypophysis
Adhesio interthalamica Interthalamic adhesion
Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Area hypothalamica dorsalis Dorsal hypothalamic area
Area hypothalamica intermedia Intermediate hypothalamic area
Area hypothalamica rostralis Anterior hypothalamic area
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura anterior [] Anterior commissure
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Fasciculus mamillothalamicus - Mamillothalamic fasciculus
Fasciculus mamillotegmentalis - Mamillotegmental fasciculus
[]
Foramen interventriculare Interventricular foramen
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Lamina tecti [ ] Tectal plate
Lamina terminalis Terminal plate
Nervus opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
Neurohypophysis Neurohypophysis
Nuclei mamillares Mamillary nuclei
Nuclei preoptici [] Pre-optic nucleus
Nuclei supramamillares Supramamillary nuclei
Nucleus anterior hypothalami Anterior hypothalamic nucleus
Nucleus arcuatus [] Arcuate nucleus
Nucleus dorsalis hypothalami Dorsal hypothalamic nucleus
Nucleus dorsomedialis [] Dorsomedial nucleus
Nucleus paraventricularis hypothalami Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus
Nucleus ruber Red nucleus
Nucleus supraopticus [] Supra-optic nucleus
Plexus choroideus [III ] Choroid plexus
Recessus infundibuli Infundibular recess
Recessus supraopticus Supra-optic recess
Sinus cavernosus Cavernous sinus
Sulcus hypothalamicus Hypothalamic sulcus
Tegmentum mesencephali Tegmentum of midbrain
Thalamus Thalamus
Tractus hypothalamohypophysialis - Hypothalamohypophysial tract
Vv.hypophysiales Hypophysial veins
Vv.portales hypophysiales breves Short portal veins of hypophysis
Vv.portales hypophysiales longae Long portal veins of hypophysis

245
plexus choroideus
adhesio interthalamica
foramen interventriculare
thalamus
columna fornicis

commissura anterior sulcus hypothalamicus

lamina terminalis area hypothalamica


dorsalis
area hypothalamica rostralis
lamina tecti
recessus supraopticus

chiasma opticum
tegmentum mesencephali

recessus infundibuli aqueductus mesencephali

infundibulum

neurohypophysis

area hypothalamica intermedia

. 3-174.

commissura anterior columna fornicis

lamina terminalis adhesio interthalamica

nucleus paraventricularis
hypothalami fasciculus
mamillothalamicus
nucleus anterior hypothalami
fasciculus
nuclei preoptici mamillotegmentalis
nucleus supraopticus corpus mamillare
area hypothalamica rostralis
nucleus ruber
chiasma opticum
tractus hypothalamohypophysialis
arteria hypophysialis superior
adenohypophysis
neurohypophysis

nucleus arcuatus nuclei mamillares area hypothalamica


area hypothalamica dorsalis
intermedia nucleus dorsomedialis nuclei supramamillares

nucleus dorsalis hypothalami

. 3-175.
30 .
, , -
, , .
, ,
.
() , .
().
.
, , .
,
- , .

246

arteria communicans anterior


arteria cerebri anterior
chiasma opticum
nervus opticus [II]
arteria hypophysialis
superior arteria carotis interna

sinus cavernosus

arteria cerebri media

arteria hypophysialis
inferior venae hypophysiales

arteria communicans adenohypophysis


posterior
neurohypophysis

arteria cerebri posterior

arteria basilaris

. 3-176.

chiasma opticum

corpus mamillare

arteria hypophysialis
superior



venae portales
venae portales hypophysiales breves
hypophysiales longae
vena hypophysialis

vena hypophysialis
neurohypophysis

vena hypophysialis

adenohypophysis

arteria
hypophysialis inferior
venae hypophysiales

. 3-177.

247
-



. 3-178. -.
.
.
.
.
.
, , , .
()

248
III




Adhesio interthalamica Interthalamic adhesio
Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Eminentia mediana [] Median eminence
Capsula interna Internal capsule
Cavum septi pellucidi Cave of septum pellucidum
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura anterior [] Anterior commissure
Commissura posterior [] Posterior commissure
Corpus callosum Corpus callosum
Foramen interventriculare Interventricular foramen
Hippocampus Hippocampus
Glandula pinealis Pineale gland
Globus pallidus Globus pallidus
Globus pallidus lateralis Globus pallidus lateral segment
Globus pallidus medialis Globus pallidus medial segment
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Lamina tecti [ ] Tectal plate
Lamina terminalis Terminal plate
Lmina septi pellucidi Lamina of septum pellucudum
Nucleus caudatus, caput , Caudate nucleus, head
Nuclei anteriores thalami Anterior nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei dorsales thalami Dorsal nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei laterales thalami Lateral nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei mediales thalami Medial nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei ventrales thalami Ventral nuclei of thalamus
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Plexus choroideus [III ] Choroid plexus
Putamen Putamen
Recessus infundibuli Infundibular recess
Recessus pinealis Pineal recess
Recessus supraopticus Supra-optic recess
Recessus suprapinealis Suprapineal recess
Sulcus hypothalamicus Hypothalamic sulcus
Tela choroidea Choroid membrane
Thalamus Thalamus
Trigonum habenulare Habenular trigone
Tuber cinereum Tuber cinereum
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu frontale , Lateral ventricle, frontal horn
Ventriculus tertius (III) Third ventricle
V. interna cerebri Internal cerebral vein
V. magna cerebri Great cerebral vein

249

thalamus

adhesio
tela choroidea et interthalamica
plexus choroideus
sulcus
foramen hypothalamicus
interventriculare
recessus
columna fornicis suprapinealis

commissura anterior vena interna cerebri

lamina terminalis vena magna cerebri

eminentia mediana

recessus
supraopticus

recessus infundibuli

tuber cinereum
recessus pinealis
chiasma opticum
commissura posterior
pedunculus cerebri
lamina tecti

aqueductus
mesencephali

. 3-179. (III)
III :
, ,
,
, , , ,
, , , , , -
,
, , .

(III) : -
, (IV) .

250

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale corpus callosum

cavum septi pellucidi


nucleus
caudatus, caput
lamina septi pellucidi
columna fornicis

capsula interna
ventriculus tertius

putamen commissura anterior

globus pallidus
ventriculus tertius

recessus supraopticus

chiasma opticum

cavum septi pellucidi

lamina septi pellucidi corpus callosum


nucleus
caudatus, caput

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale

putamen
thalamus

capsula interna columna fornicis

globus pallidus
lateralis

globus pallidus ventriculus tertius


medialis

tractus opticus
recessus infundibuli

infundibulum

. 3-180. (III) .
.

251

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale
corpus callosum
columna fornicis
nucleus caudatus, caput
capsula interna
ventriculus tertius
globus pallidus medialis
nuclei anteriores thalami
globus pallidus lateralis
nuclei mediales thalami
putamen
nuclei laterales thalami

trigonum habenulare

adhesio
interthalamica

ventriculus tertius

recessus pinealis

glandula pinealis
nuclei ventrales
vena interna cerebri thalami

nuclei dorsales
vena magna cerebri thalami

plexus choroideus

. 3-181.


252

PNA IAT -
, , -
.

253

[ I]

[ II]

[ III]

[ IV]

[ V]

[ VI]

. 3-182.
:
, .
, .
- ,
, , , -
.

( ) ,
, .

( ) ,
( ) (- ).


(
).

254




Fissura longitudinalis cerebri Longitudinal cerebral fissure
Gyri breves insulae Short gyri of insula
Gyrus temporalis superior Superior temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis superior, operculum , Superior temporal gyrus, temporal
temporale operculum
Gyrus temporalis inferior Inferior temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis medius Middle temporal gyrus
Gyrus angularis Angular gyrus
Gyrus frontalis inferior, pars opercularis , Inferior frontal gyrus, opercular part

Gyrus frontalis inferior, pars orbitalis , Inferior frontal gyrus, orbital part
Gyrus frontalis inferior, pars triangularis , Inferior frontal gyrus, triangular part
Gyrus frontalis medius Middle frontal gyrus
Gyrus frontalis superior Superior frontal gyrus
Gyrus longus insulae Long gyrus of insula
Gyrus postcentralis Postcentral gyrus
Gyrus precentralis Precentral gyrus
Gyrus supramarginalis Supramarginal gyrus
Incisura preoccipitalis Pre-occipital notch
Insula Insula
Limen insulae Limen insulae
Lobulus parietalis inferior Inferior parietal lobule
Lobulus parietalis superior Superior parietal lobule
Lobus frontalis Frontal lobe
Lobus occipitalis Occipital lobe
Lobus parietalis Parietal lobe
Lobus temporalis Temporal lobe
Operculum frontale Frontal operculum
Operculum parietale Parietal operculum
Polus frontalis Frontal pole
Polus occipitalis Occipital pole
Sulcus centralis Central sulcus
Sulcus centralis insulae Central sulcus of insula
Sulcus circularis insulae Circular sulcus of insula
Sulcus frontalis inferior Inferior frontal sulcus
Sulcus frontalis superior Superior frontal sulcus
Sulcus intraparietalis Intraparietal sulcus
Sulcus lateralis Lateral sulcus
Sulcus lateralis, ramus anterior , Lateral sulcus, anterior ramus
Sulcus lateralis, ramus ascendens , Lateral sulcus, ascending ramus
Sulcus lateralis, ramus posterior , Lateral sulcus, posterior ramus
Sulcus lunatus Lunate sulcus
Sulcus occipitalis transversus Transverse occipital sulcus
Sulcus parietooccipitalis - Parieto-occipital sulcus
Sulcus postcentralis Postcentral sulcus
Sulcus precentralis Precntral sulcus
Sulcus temporalis inferior Inferior temporal sulcus
Sulcus temporalis superior Superior temporal sulcus

255

fissura polus frontalis


longitudinalis cerebri

sulcus gyrus frontalis superior


frontalis superior
gyrus frontalis medius

sulcus precentralis

gyrus precentralis
sulcus centralis
gyrus postcentralis

sulcus postcentralis

sulcus lobulus
intraparietalis parietalis inferior

lobulus
parietalis superior

sulcus
parietooccipitalis
polus occipitalis

lobus frontalis

sulcus centralis

lobus parietalis
sulcus
parietooccipitalis

lobus occipitalis

. 3-183. . . .
.

256
sulcus precentralis sulcus centralis
gyrus precentralis
gyrus frontalis superior gyrus postcentralis
sulcus frontalis superior sulcus postcentralis
gyrus frontalis medius lobulus parietalis superior
sulcus frontalis inferior sulcus intraparietalis
gyrus frontalis inferior,
pars opercularis lobulus parietalis inferior

gyrus frontalis inferior, gyrus supramarginalis


pars triangularis
gyrus angularis
gyrus frontalis inferior,
pars orbitalis operculum parietale
sulcus lateralis, ramus ascendens sulcus lunatus
sulcus lateralis, ramus anterior sulcus lateralis,
ramus posterior
operculum frontale
gyrus temporalis superior, operculum temporale incisura preoccipitalis

gyrus temporalis superior gyrus temporalis sulcus temporalis superior


inferior sulcus temporalis inferior
gyrus temporalis medius


sulcus centralis
lobus parietalis

lobus frontalis
lobus occipitalis

lobus temporalis sulcus lateralis,


ramus posterior

gyrus precentralis sulcus centralis


gyrus postcentralis
sulcus precentralis
sulcus postcentralis
gyrus frontalis superior
lobulus parietalis superior
sulcus frontalis superior
sulcus intraparietalis
gyrus frontalis medius
lobulus parietalis inferior
gyri breves insulae
insula
limen insulae
gyrus longus insulae

incisura preoccipitalis

gyrus temporalis superior


sulcus centralis insulae
sulcus temporalis superior
sulcus circularis insulae

. 3-184. . . .
. .
, , , .
(), ,
, .

257




Area subcallosa Subcallosal area
Corpus callosum Corpus callosum
Cuneus Cuneus
Fissura longitudinalis cerebri Longitudinal cerebral fissure
Gyri orbitales Orbital gyri
Gyrus cinguli Cingulate gyrus
Gyrus fasciolaris Fasciolar gyrus
Gyrus frontalis medialis Medial frontal gyrus
Gyrus lingualis Lingual gyrus
Gyrus occipitotemporalis lateralis - Lateral occipitotemporal gyrus
Gyrus occipitotemporalis medialis - Medial occipitotemporal gyrus
Gyrus paracentralis anterior Anterior paracentral gyrus
Gyrus paracentralis posterior Posterior paracentral gyrus
Gyrus parahippocampalis Parahippocampal gyrus
Gyrus paraterminalis Paraterminal gyrus
Gyrus rectus Straight gyrus
Isthmus gyri cinguli Isthmus of cingulate gyrus
Lobulus paracentralis Paracentral lobule
Lobus frontalis Frontal lobe
Lobus limbicus Limbic lobe
Lobus occipitalis Occipital lobe
Lobus parietalis Parietal lobe
Lobus temporalis Temporal lobe
Polus occipitalis Occipital pole
Precuneus Precuneus
Stria olfactoria lateralis Lateral olfactory stria
Stria olfactoria medialis Medial olfactory stria
Sulci orbitales Orbital sulci
Sulcus calcarinus Calcarine sulcus
Sulcus cinguli Cingulate sulcus
Sulcus cinguli, ramus marginalis , Cingulate sulcus, marginal branch
Sulcus collateralis Sulcus collateralis
Sulcus corporis callosi Sulcus of corporis callosi
Sulcus occipitotemporalis - Occipitotemporal sulcus
Sulcus olfactorius Olfactory sulcus
Sulcus parietooccipitalis - Parieto-occipital sulcus
Sulcus subparietalis Subparietal sulcus
Uncus Uncus

258

lobulus paracentralis
gyrus paracentralis posterior
gyrus paracentralis anterior
sulcus cinguli, ramus marginalis
sulcus paracentralis
sulcus subparietalis
gyrus frontalis medialis
precuneus
gyrus cinguli
sulcus
sulcus cinguli parietooccipitalis
corpus callosum cuneus

isthmus gyri cinguli

sulcus calcarinus

sulcus
corporis callosi

area subcallosa gyrus lingualis


gyrus paraterminalis sulcus collateralis
uncus gyrus occipitotemporalis
medialis
gyrus parahippocampalis
gyrus occipitotemporalis
gyrus fasciolaris lateralis

sulcus occipitotemporalis

lobus frontalis
lobus parietalis
sulcus cinguli

sulcus
parietooccipitalis
lobus limbicus

sulcus corporis callosi

lobus occipitalis

lobus temporalis sulcus collateralis

. 3-185. . .
.
, , ,
.

259

fissura
longitudinalis cerebri
sulcus olfactorius

gyrus rectus sulci orbitales

gyri orbitales

trigonum olfactorium stria olfactoria


lateralis

stria olfactoria
medialis sulcus collateralis

uncus
gyrus
gyrus occipitotemporalis
parahippocampalis medialis

gyrus
occipitotemporalis
lateralis
sulcus
occipitotemporalis

gyrus lingualis

sulcus calcarinus

polus occipitalis

lobus frontalis

sulcus lateralis lobus limbicus

sulcus collateralis lobus temporalis

lobus occipitalis

. 3-186. . .
.

260




Adhesio interthalamica Interthalamic adhesion
Ansa lenticularis Ansa lenticularis
Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Calcar avis Calcarine spur
Capsula externa External capsule
Capsula extrema Exstreme capsule
Capsula interna, crus anterius , Internal capsule, anterior limb
Capsula interna, crus posterius , Internal capsule, posterior limb
Capsula interna, genu , Internal capsule, genu
Centrum semiovale* Centrum semiovale
Claustrum Claustrum
Columna fornicis Column of fornix
Commissura anterior [] Anterior commissure
Corpus amigdaloideum Amigdaloid body
Corpus callosum, genu , Corpus callosum, genu
Corpus callosum, splenium , Corpus callosum, splenium
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Corpus frnicis Body of fornix
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Fasciculus lenticularis Lenticular fasciculus
Fasciculus pallidotegmentalis* Pallidotegmentalis bundles
Fasciculus thalamicus Thalamic fasciculus
Fibrae nigropallidae* Nigropallidal fibers
Fibrae pallidosubthalamicae* Pallidosubthalamic fibers
Fissura longitudinalis cerebri Longitudinal cerebral fissure
Globus pallidus lateralis Globus pallidus lateral segment
Globus pallidus medialis Globus pallidus medial segment
Gyri cerebri Cerebral gyri
Gyrus temporalis inferior Inferior temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis medius Middle temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis superior Superior temporal gyrus
Habenula Habenula
Hippocampus Hippocampus
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Insula Insula
Nuclei anteriores thalami Anterior nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei laterales thalami Lateral nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei mediales thalami Medial nuclei of thalamus
Nucleus caudatus, caput , Caudate nucleus, head
Nucleus caudatus, cauda , Caudate nucleus, tail
Nucleus caudatus, truncus , Caudate nucleus, body
Nucleus lentiformis Lentiform nucleus
Nucleus ruber Red nucleus
Nucleus subthalamicus Subthalamic nucleus
Plexus choroideus Choroid plexus
Putamen Putamen
Recessus pinealis Pineal recess
Septum pellucidum Septum pellucidum
Stria longitudinalis lateralis a Lateral longitudinal stria
Stria longitudinalis medialis Medial longitudinal stria
Substantia alba White substance
Substantia grisea Grey substance
Sulci cerebri Cerebral sulci
Thalamus Thalamus
Tractus opticus Optic tract
Triginum habenulare Habenular trigone
Ventriculus lateralis, atrium , Lateral ventricle, atrium
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu frontale , Lateral ventricle, frontal horn
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu occipitale , Lateral ventricle, occipital horn
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu temporale , Lateral ventricle, temporal horn
Ventriculus lateralis, pars centralis , Lateral ventricle, central part
Ventriculus tertius (III) Third ventricle

* IAT.

261

fissura
longitudinalis cerebri

corpus callosum,
genu

substantia alba
striae longitudinales
mediales
substantia grisea

corpus callosum,
truncus
gyri cerebri

centrum
sulci cerebri semiovale

stria longitudinalis
lateralis

corpus callosum,
splenium

. 3-187.

. , -
, , .
,
, .

262

corpus callosum, genu


ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale
nucleus caudatus, caput
columna fornicis
capsula interna,
crus anterius
putamen

capsula externa capsula interna, genu

claustrum capsula interna,


crus posterius
capsula extrema
insula
thalamus nucleus lentiformis
nuclei anteriores
thalami globus pallidus
medialis
adhesio
interthalamica globus pallidus
lateralis
nuclei mediales
thalami putamen

nuclei laterales
thalami
ventriculus tertius

trigonum habenulare
nucleus
caudatus, cauda
habenula

recessus pinealis
plexus choroideus
hippocampus

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

calcar avis

. 3-188.

:
, ( ) ;
, ,
, ; -
,
, ,
.

263

fissura
ventriculus lateralis, longitudinalis cerebri
cornu frontale

capsula interna

globus pallidus medialis

globus pallidus lateralis corpus callosum, truncus

putamen septum pellucidum

capsula externa
nucleus caudatus, caput
claustrum
fornix, corpus
capsula extrema
capsula interna
insula
columna fornicis
gyrus temporalis
superior commissura anterior
gyrus temporalis
medius

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale

corpus amygdaloideum

gyrus temporalis
inferior tractus opticus ventriculus tertius

. 3-189.

, ,
() , , -
, .
, . -
, ( ).
, , , -
, .. ,
. :
, , ,
.

264

ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis

capsula interna nucleus


caudatus, truncus
corpus
callosum, truncus
ventriculus
lateralis, atrium
globus
pallidus lateralis

putamen

commissura anterior
thalamus
globus
pallidus medialis

capsula interna

globus
pallidus lateralis

corpus callosum nucleus


caudatus, cauda

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

putamen

globus
pallidus medialis

corpus thalamus
amygdaloideum

hippocampus

. 3-190.

265

corpus ventriculus lateralis,


callosum, truncus pars centralis

nucleus
caudatus, caput
capsula interna
thalamus
putamen

globus
pallidus lateralis

globus
pallidus medialis
fibrae
pallidosubthalamicae

fasciculus lenticularis

ansa lenticularis

fasciculus thalamicus
nucleus subthalamicus
fasciculus pallidotegmentalis
fibrae nigropallidae

substantia nigra

nucleus ruber

. 3-191. .

() ()

266




Bulbus olfactorius Olfactory bulb
Corpus amygdaloideum Amigdaloid body
Corpus callosum, genu , Corpus callosum, genu
Corpus callosum, splenium , Corpus callosum, splenium
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Corpus mamillare Mamillary body
Cmmissura fornicis Commissure of fornix
Fasciculus mamillothalamicus - Mamillothalamic fasciculus
Fimbria hippocampi Hippocampal fimbria
Fornix Fornix
Fornix, columna , Fornix, column
Fornix, corpus , Fornix, body
Fornix, crus , Fornix, crus
Gyri orbitales Orbital gyri
Gyrus cinguli Cingulate gyrus
Gyrus dentatus Dentate gyrus
Gyrus fasciolaris Fasciolar gyrus
Gyrus olfactorius lateralis Lateral olfactory gyrus
Gyrus olfactorius medialis Medial olfactory gyrus
Gyrus parahippocampalis Parahippocampal gyrus
Gyrus paraterminalis Paraterminal gyrus
Gyrus rectus Straight gyrus
Hippocampus Hippocampus
Hypothalamus Hypothalamus
Isthmus gyri cinguli Isthmus of cingulate gyrus
Nuclei anteriores thalami Anterior nuclei of thalamus
Nuclei habenulares Habenular nuclei
Nuclei mamillares Mamillary nuclei
Stria longitudinalis medialis Medial longitudinal stria
Stria medullaris thalami Stria medullaris of thalamus
Stria olfactoria lateralis Lateral olfactor stria
Stria olfactoria medialis Medial olfactor stria
Stria terminalis Stria terminalis
Substantia perforata anterior Anterior perforated substance
Sulcus cinguli Cingulate sulcus
Sulcus collateralis Collateral sulcus
Sulcus hippocampalis Hippocampal sulcus
Sulcus occipitotemporalis - Occipitotemporal sulcus
Sulcus olfactorius Olfactory sulcus
Sulcus rhinalis Rhinal sulcus
Tractus olfactorius Olfactory tract
Trigonum olfactorium Olfactory trigone
Uncus Uncus

267

gyrus cinguli corpus


callosum, truncus
sulcus cinguli
sulcus hippocampalis
fornix
corpus
callosum, splenium
corpus
callosum, genu isthmus gyri cinguli

sulcus calcarinus
uncus

gyrus fasciolaris

gyrus dentatus
sulcus rhinalis
gyrus parahippocampalis
sulcus collateralis

bulbus olfactorius

tractus olfactorius

sulcus rhinalis

gyrus
parahippocampalis
trigonum olfactorium

substantia
perforata anterior

sulcus hippocampalis

sulcus collateralis

. 3-192. () ()

- , .
I ,
.

268
, , :
,
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
- ,
,
,
, ( , ,
, , ),
,
,
,
,
,
.
, :
(: , ),
(: , , ),
( ).
, -
: , .
-
, , , -
.
, .

nuclei anteriores
thalami
fornix
gyrus cinguli
stria terminalis
stria longitudinalis
medialis stria medullaris
hypothalamus nuclei habenulares
stria olfactoria
medialis

substantia
perforata anterior

tractus olfactorius
gyrus fasciolaris
bulbus olfactorius

trigonum olfactorium
gyrus dentatus
stria olfactoria lateralis

tractus mamillothalamicus fimbria hippocampi

nuclei mamillares hippocampus

corpus amygdaloideum gyrus parahippocampalis

uncus

. 3-193.

269

stria longitudinalis
medialis

stria olfactoria
medialis

tractus olfactorius

bulbus olfactorius

trigonum olfactorium

stria olfactoria lateralis uncus


gyrus fasciolaris
hippocampus

bulbus olfactorius

tractus olfactorius stria olfactoria lateralis

trigonum olfactorium substantia


perforata anterior

uncus corpus mamillare

gyrus
parahippocampalis

. 3-194.
:
,
, , ,
,
,
.
:
( ) , ,
, , , (
), .

270

gyrus cinguli
corpus callosum fornix
-

nuclei thalamici
anteriores

tractus
mamillothalamicus

hypothalamus

corpus mamillare

hippocampus

. 3-195.
-
.
, , -
.
, . ,
,
. , c
- .

271

sulcus olfactorius gyri orbitales

bulbus olfactorius sulci orbitales

gyrus rectus gyrus paraterminalis

tractus olfactorius
stria olfactoria
lateralis

substantia
perforata anterior

trigonum olfactorium corpus mamillare

stria olfactoria forni, corpus


medialis
crus fornicis
uncus

gyrus commissura fornicis


parahippocampalis

sulcus hippocampalis

hippocampus
corpus callosum,
gyrus dentatus splenium

fimbria parahippocampi

crus fornicis

sulcus collateralis

fornix, corpus
corpus callosum

fornix, columna

fornix, crus

gyrus dentatus

corpus mamillare

hippocampus

. 3-196. .
.


272




Aqueductus mesencephali Aqueduct of midbrain
Atrium Atrium
Calcar avis Calcarine spur
Capsula externa External capsule
Capsula extrema Extreme capsule
Capsula interna Internal capsule
Cavum spti pellucidi Cave of septum pellucidum
Cerebellum, vermis , Cerebellum, vermis
Claustrum Claustrum
Commissura fornicis Commissure of fornix
Corpus amygdaloideum Amigdaloid body
Corpus callosum, genu , Corpus callosum, genu
Corpus callosum, splenium , Corpus callosum, splenium
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Digitationes hippocampi Hippocampi digitations
Eminentia collateralis Collateral eminence
Fimbria hippocampi Fimbria of hippocampus
Fissura choroidea Choroidal fissure
Fissura longitudinalis cerebri Longitudinal cerebral fissure
Foramen interventriculare Interventriculare foramen
Fornix, columna , Fornix, column
Fornix, corpus , Fornix, body
Fornix, crus , Fornix, crus
Fossa lateralis Lateral cerebral fossa
Glandula pinealis Pineal gland
Globus pallidus medialis Globus pallidus medial segment
Globus pallidus lateralis Globus pallidus lateral segment
Glomus choroideum Choroid enlargement
Gyrus dentatus Dentate gyrus
Gyrus frontalis inferior Inferior frontal gyrus
Gyrus frontalis medius Middle frontal gyrus
Gyrus frontalis superior Superior frontal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis inferior Inferior temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis medius Middle temporal gyrus
Gyrus temporalis superior Superior temporal gyrus
Hippocampus Hippocampus
Hypothalamus Hypothalamus
Insula Insula
Lamina affixa Lamina affixa
Lamina septi pellucidi Lamina of septum pellucidum
Nucleus caudatus Caudate nucleus
Nucleus caudatus, caput , Caudate nucleus, head
Plexus choroideus Choroid plexus
Putamen Putamen
Stria longitidinalis lateralis Lateral longitudinal stria
Stria longitidinalis medialis Medial longitudinal stria
Stria terminalis Stria terminalis
Sulcus calcarinus Calcarine sulcus
Sulcus frontalis inferior Inferior frontal sulcus
Sulcus frontalis superior Superior frontal sulcus
Sulcus lateralis Lateral sulcus
Sulcus occipitotemporalis - Occipitotemporal sulcus
Sulcus temporalis superior Inferior frontal sulcus
Taenia choroidea Choroid line
Thalamus Thalamus
Trigonum collaterale Collateral trigone
V. choroidea superior Superior choroid vein
V. magna cerebri Great cerebral vein
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu frontale , Ventriculus lateralis, frontal horn
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu occipitale , Ventriculus lateralis, occipital horn
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu temporale , Ventriculus lateralis, temporal horn
Ventriculus lateralis, pars centralis , Ventriculus lateralis, central part
Ventriculus quartus (IV) Fourth ventricle
Ventriculus quartus, apertura mediana (IV) , Fourth ventricle, median aperture
Ventriculus quartus, recessus lateralis (IV) , Fourth ventricle, lateral recess
Ventriculus tertius (III) Third ventricle

273

ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
thalamus
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale plexus
choroideus

hippocampus

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale
taenia
choroidea
lamina affixa ventriculus lateralis,
fissura cornu temporale
choroidea atrium

stria fimbria hippocampi


terminalis
eminentia collateralis
digitationes hippocampi hippocampus

. 3-197.

274

stria longitudinalis
medialis

stria longitudinalis
lateralis

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale

corpus corpus
callosum, truncus callosum, genu

nucleus
lamina affixa caudatus, caput

stria terminalis
ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis taenia choroidea

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale

glomus
choroideum

trigonum
collaterale

plexus choroideus

atrium
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale
calcar avis
corpus
sulcus calcarinus callosum, splenium

. 3-198. .


275

corpus
callosum, genu
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale
nucleus
caudatus, caput
cavum septi pellucidi

lamina septi pellucidi


stria terminalis
foramen
interventriculare
commissura fornicis
thalamus
lamina affixa
crus fornicus
ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
corpus callosum,
splenium
vena choroidea
superior
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale

hippocampus taenia choroidea

ventriculus lateralis,
trigonum collaterale plexus choroideus

fimbria hippocampi glomus choroideum

calcar avis atrium

sulcus calcarinus
cerebellum, vermis

. 3-199. .


276

fissura
longitudinalis cerebri

corpus callosum, genu


ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale
cavum septi pellucidi

foramen
interventriculare lamina septi pellucidi

nucleus
caudatus, caput
fornix, corpus
stria terminalis
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale
lamina affixa
hippocampus
corpus callosum,
commissura fornicis splenium

gyrus dentatus
fornix, crus
atrium
glomus
choroideum
trigonum
collaterale
eminentia
collateralis
calcar avis

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

. 3-200. . .

277

cavum septi pellucidi

corpus callosum, genu


ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale
nucleus
caudatus, caput
lamina septi pellucidi
stria terminalis
fornix, columna
lamina affixa
thalamus
vena choroidea
superior


taenia choroidea

plexus choroideus

vena magna cerebri


glomus choroideum

trigonum collaterale atrium

calcar avis

sulcus calcarinus

. 3-201.


278

cavum septi pellucidi

corpus callosum, genu


ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale

nucleus
caudatus, caput

lamina septi pellucidi

fornix, corpus lamina affixa

vena choroidea
superior

ventriculus tertius

taenia choroidea

glandula pinealis

plexus choroideus
vena magna cerebri

glomus choroideum

atrium

. 3-202.
:
III

279

. 3-203.
(), (),
(). ..

280

fissura logitudinalis cerebri gyrus frontalis superior

sulcus frontalis superior


lamina septi pellucidi

ventriculus lateralis, gyrus frontalis medius


cornu frontale

capsula interna corpus callosum, genu

putamen nucleus caudatus, caput


capsula externa sulcus frontalis inferior
claustrum gyrus frontalis inferior
capsula extrema
insula capsula interna
gyrus temporalis sulcus lateralis
superior
fossa lateralis
globus pallidus
lateralis

gyrus temporalis
medius
sulcus temporalis
superior

globus pallidus
medialis fornix, corpus

ventriculus lateralis, fornix, columna


cornu temporale
hippocampus
gyrus temporalis inferior
sulcus temporooccipitalis
corpus amygdaloideum

. 3-204.


281

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis

ventriculus tertius

aqueductus
mesencephali

ventriculus quartus

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

foramen
ventriculus lateralis, interventriculare
cornu frontale
ventriculus tertius
ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
aqueductus
ventriculus lateralis, mesencephali
cornu temporale

ventriculus quartus

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

. 3-205.
.

282

ventriculus tertius
ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale aqueductus
mesencephali
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

ventriculus quartus

ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale fornix, columna

foramen
interventriculare
fornix, crus

atrium

ventriculus tertius
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale

aqueductus
mesencephali

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale

ventriculus quartus

ventriculus quartus,
recessus lateralis
ventriculus quartus,
apertura mediana

. 3-206. .

.



284




A.cerebri anterior Anterior cerebral artery
Capsula externa External capsule
Capsula extrema Extreme capsule
Capsula interna Internal capsule
Capsula interna, crus anterius , Internal capsule, anterior limb
Capsula interna, crus posterius , Internal capsule, posterior limb
Capsula interna, genu , Internal capsule, genu
Cingulum Cingulum
Claustrum Claustrum
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Commissura anterior [ ] Anterior commissure
Commissura posterior [] Posterior commissure
Corona radiata Corona radiata
Corpus callosum, genu , Corpus callosum, genu
Corpus callosum, rostrum , Corpus callosum, rostrum
Corpus callosum, splenium , Corpus callosum, splenium
Corpus callosum, truncus , Corpus callosum, trunk
Fasciculus longitudinalis inferior Inferior longitudinal fasciculus
Fasciculus longitudinalis superior Superior longitudinal fasciculus
Fasciculus occipitofrontalis inferior - Inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus
Fasciculus occipitofrontalis superior - Superior occipitofrontal fasciculus
Fasciculus uncinatus Uncinate fasciculus
Fibrae arcuatae cerebri Arcuate fibres [of cerebrum]
Fibrae corticospinales - Corticospinal fibres
Fornix, columna , Fornix, column
Fornix, crus , Fornix, crus
Hippocampus Hippocampus
Globus pallidus Globus pallidus
Globus pallidus lateralis Globus pallidus lateral segment
Globus pallidus medialis Globus pallidus medial segment
Gyrus cinguli Cingulate gyrus
Gyrus precentralis Precentral gyrus
Insula Insula
Nucleus caudatus, caput , Caudate nucleus, head
Nucleus caudatus, cauda , Caudate nucleus, tail
Nucleus lentiformis Lentiform nucleus
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Plexus choroideus Choroid plexus
Pons Pons
Putamen Putamen
Radiatio crporis callosi Radiation of corpus callosum
Radiatio corporis callosi, forceps major , Radiation of corpus callosum, major
forceps
Radiatio corporis callosi, forceps minor , Radiation of corpus callosum, minor
forceps
Septum pellucidum Septum pellucidum
Stria longitudinalis lateralis Lateral longitudinal stria
Stria longitudinalis medialis Medial longitudinal stria
Sulcus lateralis [ ] Lateral sulcus
Sulcus parietooccipitalis - Parieto-occipital sulcus
Thalamus Thalamus
Tractus opticus Optic tract
Tractus pyramidalis Pyramidal tract
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu frontale , Lateral ventricle, frontal horn
Ventriculus lateralis, cornu occipitale , Lateral ventricle, occipital horn
Ventriculus lateralis, pars centralis , Lateral ventricle, central part
Ventriculus tertius, recessus (III) , Third ventricle, supra-optic recess
supraopticus

285
, -
.
( ) .
, , .
( , )
-
.

.
, , , .

fibrae
arcuatae cerebri

fasciculus
longitudinalis superior

fasciculus uncinatus

cingulum

radiatio
corporis callosi

. 3-207. (), ().




286

fibrae arcuatae cerebri


fasciculus
longitudinalis superior fasciculus
occipitofrontalis superior
cingulum

fasciculus uncinatus

fasciculus
occipitofrontalis inferior
fasciculus
longitudinalis inferior

fibrae arcuatae cerebri
cingulum

fasciculus
longitudinalis inferior

fasciculus
longitudinalis superior

fasciculus uncinatus

. 3-208. (A). (B)


(C)
,
.
.

287

corpus corpus
callosum, truncus callosum, splenium

corpus
callosum, genu

corpus
callosum, rostrum

commissura anterior commissura posterior

radiatio corporis
corpus callosi, forceps minor
callosum, genu
cingulum
corpus
callosum, truncus

stria longitudinalis
lateralis

striae longitudinales radiatio


mediales corporis callosi

cingulum

radiatio corporis corpus


callosi, forceps major callosum, splenium

. 3-209. .
.

, [ ] .
. , -
, ,
.
, , .
,
, ,
.
, . -
, .

288

radiatio corporis
callosi, forceps minor

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale

nucleus
caudatus, caput

ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
corpus
callosum, genu

septum
pellucidum

capsula
interna

nucleus
lentiformis

insula

capsula
externa

thalamus

nucleus
caudatus, cauda
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu occipitale
radiatio corporis
callosi, forceps major corpus
callosum, splenium

. 3-210. .
..

289

radiatio corporis
callosi, forceps minor
arteria cerebri anterior
ventriculus lateralis,
corpus callosum, genu cornu frontale

septum pellucidum nucleus caudatus, caput

fornix, columna
ventriculus lateralis,
pars centralis
capsula interna

nucleus
lentiformis

insula

capsula
externa

thalamus

nucleus
caudatus, cauda

radiatio corporis ventriculus lateralis,


callosi, forceps major cornu occipitale

corpus callosum, splenium

. 3-211. ()
. - , 2-

290

corpus callosum, genu

corpus callosum, rostrum nucleus caudatus, caput

fornix, columna putamen

commissura anterior
claustrum
globus pallidus
capsula externa
thalamus
capsula interna
nucleus caudatus, cauda

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale

fornix, corpus hippocampus


fornix, crus

gyrus cinguli corpus callosum, splenium

sulcus parietooccipitalis

corpus callosum
septum pellucidum
ventriculus lateralis,
nucleus caudatus, caput cornu frontale

capsula interna plexus choroideus

putamen fornix, columna

globus pallidus

capsula externa sulcus lateralis

claustrum insula

commissura anterior
ventriculus tertius,
recessus supraopticus

chiasma opticum

. 3-212. [ ] ()
()

291

corona radiata
corpus callosum capsula interna

capsula interna, capsula interna, genu


crus anterius
capsula interna,
crus posterius

pedunculus cerebri

. 3-213. ,

gyrus precentralis

capsula interna,
crus posterius

capsula interna,
crus anterius

capsula interna, genu


fibrae corticospinales
pons

tractus pyramidalis

. 3-214. -

292

septum pellucidum
corpus callosum, genu

ventriculus lateralis, radiatio corporis


cornu frontale callosi, forceps minor
fornix, columna
nucleus caudatus, caput
capsula interna
thalamus
putamen
globus pallidus
lateralis
capsula externa

claustrum

capsula externa globus pallidus


medialis
hippocampus
ventriculus lateralis,
cornu temporale
tractus pyramidalis
tractus opticus

pons

ventriculus lateralis,
cornu frontale corpus callosum, genu

gyrus precentralis septum pellucidum

capsula interna nucleus caudatus, caput

putamen

globus pallidus lateralis thalamus

globus pallidus medialis

pons

tractus pyramidalis

. 3-215. .
(), ()

293




Capsula interna, crus anterius , Internal capsule, anterior limb
Capsula interna, crus posterius , Internal capsule, posterior limb
Capsula interna, genu , Internal capsule, genu
Capsula interna, pars retrolentiformis , Internal capsule, retrolentiform limb

Capsula interna, pars sublentiformis , Internal capsule, sublentiform limb

Capsula interna, pars thalamolenti- , Internal capsule, thalamolentiform limb
formis*
Fibrae occipitopontinae - Occipitopontine fibres
Fibrae corticonucleares - Corticonuclear fibres
Fibrae corticoreticulares - Corticoreticular fibres
Fibrae corticorubrales - Corticorubral fibres
Fibrae corticospinales - Corticospinal fibres
Fibrae corticothalamicae - Corticothalamic fibres
Fibrae parietopontinae - Parietopontine fibres
Fibrae thalamoparietales - Thalamoparietal fibres
Nucleus caudatus, caput , Caudate nucleus, head
Nucleus caudatus, cauda , Caudate nucleus, tail
Nucleus lentiformis Lentiform nucleus
Radiatio acustica Acustic radiation
Radiatio optica Optic radiation
Radiatio thalami anterior Anterior thalamic radiation
Radiatio thalami centralis Central thalamic radiation
Radiatio thalami posterior Posterior thalamic radiation
Thalamus Thalamus
Tractus frontopontinus - Frontopontine fibres

* I () ,
.

294

capsula interna, crus anterius

radiatio thalami anterior


tractus frontopontinus

capsulae interna, genu

fibrae corticonucleares
nucleus
caudatus, caput capsula interna, crus posterius

fibrae corticospinales
fibrae corticorubrales
nucleus lentiformis
fibrae corticoreticulares
fibrae corticothalamici
fibrae thalamoparietales
radiatio thalami centralis

pars thalamolentiformis

radiatio optica
radiatio acustica
fibrae occipitopontinae

pars sublentiformis
thalamus
radiatio thalami posterior
fibrae parietopontinae

pars retrolentiformis

. 3-216.


295

. 3-217.

. 3-218.


296

-

.
-
, -

,

,
,
. -
-
, ,
, ,

. 3-219. () () .
.

297

. 3-220.



300




A.basilaris (aa.vertebrales) ( ) Basilar artery (vertebral arteries)
A.carotis communis Common carotid artery
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.carotis interna, pars petrosa , Internal carotid artery, petrous part
A.carotis interna, pars cavernosa , Internal carotid artery, cavernous part
A.carotis interna, pars cerebralis , Internal carotid artery, cerebral part
A.carotis interna, pars cervicalis , Internal carotid artery, cervical part
A.cerebri posterior (a.basilaris) ( ) Posterior cerebral artery (basilar artery)
A.cerebri posterior, rr.choroidei , Posterior cerebral artery, posterior
posteriores choroidal branches
A.inferior anterior cerebelli Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.basilaris) ( ) (basilar artery)
A.inferior posterior cerebelli Posterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.vertebralis) ( ) (vertebral artery)
A.labyrinthi (a.basilaris) ( ) Labyrinthine artery (basilar artery)
A.occipitalis (a.carotis externa) ( ) Occipital artery (external carotid artery)
A.ophthalmica (a.carotis interna) ( ) Ophthalmic artery (internal carotid
artery)
A.spinalis anterior (a.vertebralis) Anterior spinal artery (vertebral artery)
( )
A.spinalis posterior (a.vertebralis) Posterior spinal artery (vertebral artery)
( )
A.subclavia sinistra Left subclavian artery
A.superior cerebelli (a.basilaris) Superior cerebellar artery (basilar
( ) artery)
A.thoracica interna (a.subclavia) ( Internal thoracic artery (subclavian
) artery)
A.transversa colli (truncus ( ) Transverse cervical artery
thyrocervicalis) (thyrocervical trunk)
A.vertebralis (a.subclavia) ( ) Vertebral artery (subclavian artery)
A.vertebralis , rami meningei , Vertebral artery, meningeal branches
A.vertebralis, pars atlantica , Vertebral artery, atlantic part
A.vertebralis, pars intracranialis , Vertebral artery, intracranial part
A.vertebralis, pars prevertebralis , Vertebral artery, prevertebral part
A.vertebralis, pars transversaria , - Vertebral artery, cervical part

Aa.pontis (a.basilaris) ( ) Pontine arteries (basilar artery)
Atlas [I] [CI] Atlas [CI]
Axis [CII] [II] Axis [CII]
Chorda tympani (n.facialis [VII]) ( [VII]) Chorda tympani (facial nerve [VII])
Ganglion ciliare Ciliary ganglion
Ganglion pterygopalatinum Pterygopalatine ganglion
Glomus caroticum Carotid body
Incisura jugularis Jugular notch
M.rectus inferior [ ] Inferior rectus
M.scalenus anterior Scalenus anterior
M.scalenus medius Scalenus medius
N.abducens [VI] [VI] Abducent nerve [VI]
N.accessorius [XI] [XI] Accessory nerve [XI]
N.facialis [VII] [VII] Facial nerve [VII]
N.glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
N.maxillaris [V2] [V2] Maxillary nerve [V2]
N.oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
N.ophthalmicus [V1] [V1] Ophthalmic nerve [V1]
N.opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
N.trochlearis [IV] [IV] Trochlear nerve [IV]
N.vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]
Sinus maxillaris Maxillary sinus
Truncus brachiocephalicus Brachiocephalic trunk
Truncus thyrocervicalis ( ) Thyrocervical trunk (subclavian artery)
(a.subclavia)
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein

301

arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis
atlas [CI]

arteria vertebralis,
pars atlantica

axis [CII]

III

musculus scalenus medius arteria vertebralis,


pars transversaria
IV

musculus scalenus anterior V

VI
arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)
arteria vertebralis,
VII pars prevertebralis
truncus thyrocervicalis
(a.subclavia)
ThI arteria subclavia sinistra

ThII
arteria thoracica
interna (a. subclavia)

truncus
brachoicephalicus

incisura jugularis arteria carotis communis

. 3-221. . .
CIIICVII IIIVII . ThIThII I II

302

arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis

arteria vertebralis,
pars atlantica

arteria vertebralis,
pars transversaria

arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)

arteria transversa
colli (a.subclavia)

truncus
thyrocervicalis
(a.subclavia)
arteria vertebralis,
truncus pars prevertebralis
costocervicalis
(a.subclavia)

arteria
thoracica interna
(a.subclavia)

arteria
subclavia sinistra

. 3-222. . .

303

arteria superior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)

arteria cerebri
posterior (a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris

arteria inferior posterior


cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis

arteria vertebralis,
pars atlantica

arteria vertebralis,
pars transversaria

. 3-223. . .

304

arteria cerebri posterior


(a.basilaris)
arteria superior cerebelli
(a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales)

arteriae pontis
(a.basilaris)
arteria inferior anterior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)
arteria spinalis anterior
(a.vertebralis)
arteria inferior posterior
cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)

arteria cerebri posterior


(a.basilaris)
arteria superior cerebelli
(a.basilaris)

arteriae pontis
(a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales)

arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)
arteria inferior anterior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)

arteria spinalis anterior arteria inferior posterior


(a.vertebralis) cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

. 3-224. .
.

305
arteria cerebri posterior
(a.basilaris)
arteria superior cerebelli
(a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris arteriae pontis


(aa.vertebrales) (a.basilaris)

arteria spinalis anterior


(a.vertebralis)
arteria inferior anterior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)

arteria inferior posterior


cerebelli (a.vertebralis)
arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)

arteria superior cerebelli


arteria cerebri posterior (a.basilaris)
(a.basilaris)

arteria inferior anterior


cerebelli (a.basilaris)

arteriae pontis
(a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris
(a.vertebralis)

arteria inferior posterior


cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

arteria vertebralis
arteria spinalis anterior (a.subclavia)
(a.vertebralis)

. 3-225. .
.

306

C 5
6

5
6-1
7

5-1

. 3-226. . .
. .
. D .
1 arteria spinalis posterior (a.vertebralis); 2 arteria inferior posterior cerebelli (a.basilaris); 3 arteria vertebralis (a.subclavia);
4 arteria spinalis anterior (arteria vertebralis); 5 arteria cerebri posterior (a.basilaris); 5-1 arteria cerebri posterior, rami
choroidei; 6 arteria superior cerebelli (a.basilaris); 6-1 arteria superior cerebelli, rami pedunculares; 7 arteria communicans
posterior (a.carotis interna)

307

arteria cerebri media


arteria superior cerebelli (a. carotis interna)
(a. basilaris)
arteria cerebri anterior arteria carotis interna,
arteria pontis (a. carotis interna) pars cerebralis
(a. basilaris)
arteria ophthalmica
arteria labyrinthi (a. carotis interna)
(a. basilaris)

arteria basilaris
(aa. vertebrales)

arteria inferior
anterior cerebelli
(a. basilaris)

arteria inferior
posterior cerebelli
(a. vertebralis)

sinus cavernosus

arteria
carotis interna,
pars cavernosa
arteria vertebralis,
pars intracranialis arteria communicans
posterior
(a.carotis interna)
arteria vertebralis,
rami meningei

arteria vertebralis,
pars atlantica
arteria carotis interna,
pars petrosa
arteria vertebralis,
pars transversaria
arteria carotis externa

arteria carotis interna,


pars cervicalis

glomus caroticum

arteria carotis communis

arteria vertebralis,
pars prevertebralis

arteria subclavia

. 3-227. .

308

chorda tympani arteria carotis interna, nervus opticus [II]


(nervus facialis [VII]) pars cerebralis
nervus oculomotorius [III]
arteria carotis interna,
arteria carotis interna, nervus facialis [VII] pars cavernosa nervus ophthalmicus [V1]
pars petrosa
nervus trochlearis [IV]

arteria ophthalmica
(a.carotis interna)

nervus opticus [II]

ganglion ciliare

musculus
rectus inferior

nervus abducens [VI]

nervus maxillaris [V2]

ganglion pterygopalatinum

sinus maxillaris

nervus facialis [VII]

nervus accessorius [XI]


nervus
glossopharyngeus [IX]
arteria occipitalis
(a.carotis externa)
nervus vagus [X] arteria carotis interna,
pars cervicalis
vena jugularis interna

. 3-228.

309




A.canalis pterygoidei (a.carotis interna) ( Artery of pterygoid canal (internal
) carotid artery)
A.carotis interna, pars cavernosa , Internal carotid artery, cavernous
part
A.carotis interna, pars cerebralis , a Internal carotid artery, cerebral part

A.carotis interna, pars cervicalis , Internal carotid artery, cervical part
A.carotis interna, pars petrosa , Internal carotid artery, petrous part

A.carotis interna, ramus basalis tentorii , Internal carotid artery, tentorial
basal branch
A.carotis interna, ramus marginalis , Internal carotid artery, tentorial
tentorii marginal branch
A.carotis interna, ramus meningeus , Internal carotid artery, meningeal
branch
A.carotis interna, rami ganglionares , Internal carotid artery, branches
trigeminales to trigeminal ganglion
A.carotis interna, rami nervorum , Internal carotid artery, branches
to nerves
A.carotis interna, ramus sinus , Internal carotid artery, cavernous
cavernosi branch
A.cerebri anterior (a.carotis interna) ( Anterior cerebral artery (internal
) carotid artery)
A.cerebri media (a.carotis interna) ( Middle cerebral artery (internal
) carotid artery)
A.choroidea anterior (a.carotis interna) Anterior choroid artery (internal
( ) carotid artery)
A.hypophysialis inferior (a.carotis interna) Inferior hypophysial artery (internal
( ) carotid artery)
A.hypophysialis superior (a.carotis Superior hypophysial artery (internal
interna) ( ) carotid artery)
A.maxillaris (a.carotis externa) c ( Maxillary artery (external carotid
) artery)
A.ophthalmica (a.carotis interna) ( Ophthalmic artery (internal carotid
) artery)
A.temporalis superficialis (a.carotis Superficial temporal artery (external
externa) ( ) carotid artery)
A.thyroidea inferior (truncus Inferior thyroid artery (thyrocervical
thyrocervicalis) ( ) trunk)
A.vertebralis, pars atlantica , Vertebral artery, atlantic part
A.vertebralis, pars transversaria , - Vertebral artery, cervical part

Aa.caroticotympanicae - Caroticotympanic arteries
Cisterna pontocerebellaris Pontocerebellar cistern
Clivus Clivus
Condylus occipitalis Occipital condyle
Dorsum sellae [] Dorsum sellae
Dura mater cranialis Cranial dura mater
Foramen magnum [] Foramen magnum
Fossa hypophysialis Hypophysial fossa
Lobulus biventer Biventer lobule
Medulla oblongata Medulla oblongata
Pedunculus cerebellaris inferior Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Pedunculus cerebellaris medius Middle cerebellar peduncle
Pons Pons
Pyramis medullae oblongata Pyramid
Sinus sigmoideus Sigmoid sinus
Sulcus basilaris Basilar sulcus
Tuberculum gracile Gracile tubercle
Ventriculus quartus [IV] Fourth ventricle
Vermis cerebelli Vermis of cerebellum
V. jugularis interna Internal jugular vein

310

arteria cerebri media


IAT
arteria cerebri anterior 4 (): -
, ,
CVII
arteria carotis interna, . -
CVI pars cerebralis -
CV :
arteria carotis interna,
CIV pars cavernosa I,
CIII
CII
arteria carotis interna, CIII,
pars petrosa -
CIV,

CII -
V,
arteria carotis interna, -
pars cervicalis
CI
VI -
VII.

arteria carotis interna, arteria hypophysialis superior


rami nervorum (a.carotis interna)

arteria carotis interna, arteria ophthalmica


ramus basalis tentorii (arteria carotis interna)

arteria carotis interna,


ramus meningeus arteria carotis interna,
pars cerebralis
arteria carotis interna,
ramus marginalis tentorii

arteria hypophysialis inferior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria carotis interna, arteria carotis interna,


ramus sinus cavernosus pars cavernosa

arteria carotis interna,


rami ganglionares trigeminales

arteriae caroticotimpanicae arteria carotis interna,


(a.carotis interna) pars petrosa

arteria canalis pterygoideus


(a.carotis interna)
arteria carotis interna,
pars cervicalis

. 3-229.
arteria cerebri media
(a.carotis interna)

arteria choroidea anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria ophthalmica
(a.carotis interna) arteria carotis interna,
pars cerebralis

arteria carotis interna,


pars cavernosa

arteria carotis interna,


pars petrosa

arteria carotis interna,


pars cervicalis

. 3-230. . .
311

312

arteria
cerebri anterior
(a. carotis interna)

arteria
cerebri media arteria carotis interna,
(a. carotis interna) pars cerebralis

arteria ophthalmica
(a. carotis interna) arteria carotis interna,
pars cavernosa

arteria carotis interna,


arteria temporalis pars petrosa
superficialis
(a. carotis externa)

arteria maxillaris
(a. carotis externa) arteria carotis interna,
pars cervicalis

arteria thyroidea inferior


(truncus thyrocervicalis)

. 3-231. . .

313

arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria choroidea anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria carotis interna,


pars cerebralis

arteria carotis interna,


pars cavernosa

arteria carotis interna,


pars petrosa

arteria carotis interna,


pars cervicalis

. 3-232. . .

314

arteria carotis interna, medulla oblongata


pars cervicalis
arteria vertebralis,
vena jugularis interna pars intracranialis

sinus sigmoideus
condylus occipitalis

A
foramen magnum

D S

arteria carotis interna, clivus


pars cervicalis

vena jugularis interna arteria vertebralis,


pars intracranialis

tuberculum gracile
medulla oblongata
tonsilla cerebelli

. 3-233. . - .
() . 2- .
.

315

dura mater cranialis clivus arteria basilaris

arteria carotis interna, pyramis


pars petrosa
medulla oblongata

pedunculus
sinus sigmoideus cerebellaris inferior

ventriculus quartus lobulus biventer

tonsilla cerebelli
A

D S

fossa hypophysialis dorsum sellae P


arteria carotis interna,
pars cavernosa
arteria basilaris

sulcus basilaris
dura mater cranialis
pons

cisterna
pontocerebellaris pedunculus
cerebellaris medius
ventriculus quartus
vermis cerebelli

. 3-234. . - .
() . 2- .
.

316




A.basilaris (aa.vertebrales) ( ) Basilar artery (vertebral arteries)
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.carotis interna, pars cavernosa , Internal carotid artery, cavernous part

A.carotis interna, pars cerebralis , Internal carotid artery, cerebral part
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 , A2 postcommunicating part, A2 segment
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
precommunicalis, segmentum A1 , A1 precommunicating part, A1 segment
A.cerebri media (a.carotis interna) Middle cerebral artery
( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.cerebri posterior (a.basilaris) Posterior cerebral artery
( ) (basilar artery)
A.communicans anterior Anterior communicating artery
(aa.cerebri anteriores) ( ) (anterior cerebral arteries)
A.communicans posterior Posterior communicating artery
(a.carotis interna) ( ) (internal cerebral artery)
A.hypophysialis superior Superior hypophysial artery
(a.carotis interna) ( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.inferior anterior cerebelli Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.basilaris) ( ) (basilar artery)
A.labyrinthi (a.basilaris) ( ) Labyrinthine artery (basilar artery)
A.meningea media (a.maxillaris) Middle meningeal artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.ophthalmica (a.carotis interna) ( Ophthalmic artery (internal carotid
) artery)
A.superior cerebelli (a.basilaris) Superior cerebellar artery
( ) (basilar artery)
A.vertebralis (a.subclavia) Vertebral artery (subclavian artery)
( )
Aa.pontis (a.basilaris) ( ) Pontine arteries (basilar artery)
Chiasma opticum Optic chiasm
Cisterna chiasmatica [] Chiasmatic cistern
Cisterna interpeduncularis Interpeduncular cistern
Cisterna quadrigeminalis Quadrigeminal cistern
Fissura orbitalis superior Superior orbital fissure
Foramen jugulare Jugular foramen
Foramen lacerum Foramen lacerum
Foramen ovale Foramen ovale
Foramen rotundum Foramen rotundum
Foramen spinosum Foramen spinosum
Hypophysis Hypophysis
Infundibulum Infundibulum
Lamina tecti [ ] Tectal plate
Lingula cerebelli Lingula of anterior lobe of cerebellum
Lobulus centralis [ Central lobule
]
N.mandibularis [V3] [V3] Mandibular nerve [V3]
N.maxillaris [V2] [V2] Maxillary nerve [V2]
N.opticus [II] [II] Optic nerve [II]
N.spinosus (n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) Nervus spinosus (mandibular nerve [V3])
Os sphenoidale, processus , Sphenoidal bone, anterior clinoid
clinoideus anterior process
Pedunculus cerebri Cerebral peduncle
Sulcus lateralis mesencephali Lateral groove of midbrain
Tegmentum mesencephali Tegmentum of midbrain

317
arteria cerebri anterior
pars postcommunicalis,
segmentum A2

arteria
communicans anterior arteria cerebri anterior,
(aa.cerebri anteriores) pars precommunicalis,
segmentum A1
nervus opticus [II]
arteria ophthalmica
infundibulum (a.carotis interna)
et hypophysis
fissura orbitalis superior
os sphenoidale, processus
clinoideus anterior
foramen rotundum
nervus maxillaris [V2]

nervus mandibularis [V3] arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna)
nervus spinosus
(nervus mandibularis [V3]) arteria carotis interna

arteria meningea media arteria


(a.maxillaris) communicans posterior
(arteria carotis interna)
arteria cerebri posterior foramen ovale
(a.basilaris)
foramen spinosum
arteria labyrinthi
(a.basilaris) foramen lacerum

arteria inferior anterior arteria superior cerebelli


cerebelli (a.basilaris) (a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris foramen jugulare


(aa.vertebrales)

arteria vertebralis arteriae pontis


(a.subclavia) (a.basilaris)


arteria cerebri anterior arteria cerebri anterior,
pars postcommunicalis, pars precommunicalis,
segmentum A2 segmentum A1
arteria
communicans anterior arteria ophthalmica
(aa.cerebri anteriores) (a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri media


nervus opticus [II] (a.carotis interna)

arteria
hypophysialis superior arteria carotis interna
(a.carotis interna)

infundibulum arteria
et hypophysis communicans posterior
(arteria carotis interna)
arteria cerebri posterior
(a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris arteria superior cerebelli


(aa.vertebrales) (a.basilaris)

arteriae pontis
(a.basilaris)

. 3-235. .
.

318
os sphenoidale, processus
arteria carotis interna, cisterna chiasmatica clinoideus anterior
pars cavernosa
arteria communicans
posterior (a.carotis interna)
cisterna
quadrigeminalis

arteria cerebri
lamina tecti posterior (a.basilaris)

lingula cerebelli

lobulus centralis pedunculus cerebri A


D S

P
arteria cerebri anterior arteria carotis interna,
(a.carotis interna) pars cerebralis
arteria cerebri media
(a.carotis interna)
cisterna chiasmatica

chiasma opticum
cisterna
interpeduncularis pedunculus cerebri
cisterna
quadrigeminalis tegmentum sulcus mesencephali
lamina tecti mesencephali lateralis

. 3-236. - .
() . 2- .
.

319
*




A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.cerebri media Middle cerebral artery
A. cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
precommunicalis, segmentum A1 , precommunicating part,
1 A1 segment
a.preopticae Pre-optic artery
.supraoptica Supra-optic artery
a.centrales anteromediales Anteromedial central arteries

a.striatae mediales proximales Proximal medial striate arteries

A. cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 , 2 postcommunicating part, A2 segment
A.communicans anterior Anterior communicating artery
A.callosa mediana Median callosal artery
A.commissuralis mediana Median commissural artery
A.suprachiasmatica Suprachiasmatic artery
Aa.centrales anteromediales Anteromedial central arteries

A.communicans posterior Posterior communicating artery
A.thalamotuberalis Thalamotuberal artery
Aa.centrales posteromediales Posteromedial central arteries
Aa.mamillares Mamillary arteries
Aa.tuberis cinerei Arteries of tuber cinereum
R.chiasmaticus [] Chiasmatic branch
A.basilaris Basilar artery
.inferior anterior cerebelli Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
.superior cerebelli Superior cerebellar artery
.labyrinthi Labyrinthine artery
a. pontis Pontic arteries
A. cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
precommunicalis, segmentum P1 , precommunicating part,
1 P1 segment
.quadrigeminalis Quadrigeminal artery
.thalami perforans Thalamoperforating artery
a.centrales posteromediales Posteromedial central arteries
a.circumferenciales breves Short circumferential arteries
A.cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum P2 , 2 postcommunicating part, P2 segment

* , .

-
, . -
, .
, -
,
, .
, , ,
, . -
.

320

arteria cerebri anterior,


pars postcommunicalis,
segmentum A2
arteria communicans anterior
arteria cerebri anterior,
pars precommunicalis, arteriae centrales anteromediales
segmentum A1
arteria suprachiasmatica
arteriae preopticae
arteria commissuralis mediana
arteria supraoptica
arteria callosa mediana
arteriae striatae
mediales proximales

arteriae centrales
anteromediales
arteria carotis interna

circulus arteria cerebri media


arteriosus
cerebri

arteria communicans posterior


arteriae centrales posteromediales
arteria cerebri posterior,
ramus chiasmaticus pars postcommunicalis,
segmentum P2
arteriae tuberis cinerei
arteria thalamotuberalis arteria cerebri posterior,
pars precommunicalis,
arteriae mamillares segmentum P1

arteriae centrales posteromediales


arteriae circumferenciales breves
arteria thalami perforans
arteria superior cerebelli
arteria quadrigeminalis
arteriae pontis
arteria labyrinthi
arteria inferior
anterior cerebelli

arteria basilaris

. 3-237. .

321




A. superior cerebelli (a.basilaris) Superior cerebellar artery
( ) (basilar artery)
A.basilaris (aa.vertebrales) ( ) Basilar artery (vertebral arteries)
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 , 2 postcommunicating part, A2 segment
A.cerebri media (a.carotis interna) Middle cerebral artery (a.carotis interna)
( )
A.cerebri media, pars sphenoidalis, , Middle cerebral artery, sphenoid part,
segmentum M1* , M1 M1 segment
A.cerebri media, rr. terminales , Middle cerebral artery, inferior terminal
inferiores, segmentum M2 , M2 branches, M2 segment
A.cerebri media, rr. terminales , Middle cerebral artery, superior terminal
superiores, segmentum M2 , M2 branches, M2 segment
A.cerebri posterior (a.basilaris) Posterior cerebral artery (basilar artery)
( )
A.cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum P2 , P2 postcommunicating part, P2 segment
A.cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
precommunicalis, segmentum P1 , P1 precommunicating part, P1 segment
A.choroidea anterior (a.carotis ( Anterior choroidal artery
interna) ) (internal carotid artery)
A.communicans anterior (aa.cerebri Anterior communicating artery
anteriores) ( o ) (anterior cerebral arteries)
A.communicans posterior (a.carotis Posterior communicating artery
interna) ( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.frontobasilaris lateralis (a.cerebri - Lateral frontobasal artery (middle
media) ( ) cerebral artery)
A.frontobasilaris medialis (a.cerebri - Medial frontobasal artery (middle
anterior) ( ) cerebral artery)
A.inferior anterior cerebelli Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.basilaris) ( ) (basilar artery)
A.inferior posterior cerebelli Posterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.vertebralis) ( ) (vertebral artery)
A.labyrinthi (a.basilaris) ( ) Labyrinthine artery (basilar artery)
A.occipitalis lateralis (a.cerebri Lateral occipital artery (posterior
posterior, segmentum P3)** ( , P3) cerebral artery, P3 segment)
A.occipitalis lateralis, rr.temporales , Lateral occipital artery,
anteriores anterior temporal branches
A.occipitalis lateralis, rr.temporales , Lateral occipital artery, intermediate
intermedii temporal branches
A.occipitalis lateralis, rr.temporales , Lateral occipital artery, posterior
posteriores temporal branches
A.occipitalis medialis (a.cerebri Medial occipital artery (posterior
posterior, segmentum P4)** ( , P4) cerebral artery, P4 segment)
A.occipitalis medialis, r. parietalis , Medial occipital artery, parietal branch

A.occipitalis medialis, , Medial occipital artery, parieto-occipital
r. parietooccipitalis branch
A.occipitalis medialis, r.calcarinus , Medial occipital artery, calcarine branch

A.spinalis anterior (a.vertebralis) Anterior spinal artery (vertebral artery)
( )
A.vertebralis (a.subclavia) ( ) Vertebral artery (subclavian artery)
Aa.pontis (a.basilaris) ( ) Pontine arteries (basilar artery)
N.abducens [VI] [VI] Abducent nerve [VI]
N.glossopharyngeus [IX] [IX] Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX]
N.oculomotorius [III] [III] Oculomotor nerve [III]
N.opticus [II] [ II] Optic nerve [II]
N.trigeminus [V] [V] Trigeminal nerve [V]
N.vagus [X] [X] Vagus nerve [X]

* 1, 2,
.
** : 1 -
, 2 , 3 , 4 .

322

arteria frontobasalis medialis


(a.cerebri anterior)
arteria frontobasalis lateralis
(a.cerebri media)

nervus opticus [II] arteria cerebri anterior


pars postcommunicalis,
arteria carotis interna segmentum A2

arteria cerebri media arteria communicans anterior


(a.carotis interna) (aa.cerebri anteriores)

nervus oculomotorius [III] arteria communicans posterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteriae pontis (a.basilaris)


arteria cerebri posterior
(arteria basilaris) arteria basilaris (aa.vertebrales)

arteria superior cerebelli


(a.basilaris)
nervus abducens [VI]
nervus trigeminus [V] arteria inferior anterior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)
arteria labyrinthi
(a.basilaris) arteria spinalis anterior
(a.vertebralis)
nervus vagus [X] et nervus
glossopharyngeus [IX]

arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)

arteria inferior posterior


cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

. 3-238.

323

arteria frontobasalis lateralis


(a.cerebri media)
arteria frontobasalis medialis arteria cerebri anterior, pars
(a.cerebri anterior) precommunicalis, segmentum A1

arteria cerebri anterior, arteria cerebri media, rami terminales


pars postcommunicalis, superiores, segmentum M2
segmentum A2
arteria cerebri media, pars
arteria communicans anterior sphenoidalis, segmentum M1
(a.cerebri anterior)
arteria cerebri media, rami terminales
arteria carotis interna inferiores, segmentum M2

arteria communicans posterior


(a.carotis interna)
arteria cerebri posterior, pars
postcommunicalis, segmentum P2
arteria cerebri posterior,
pars precommunicalis,
segmentum P1
arteria superior cerebelli
arteriae pontis (a.basilaris) (a.basilaris)

arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales)
arteria occipitalis lateralis,
arteria labyrinthi (a.basilaris) rami temporales anteriores

arteria inferior anterior arteria occipitalis lateralis,


cerebelli (a.basilaris) rami temporales intermedii

arteria occipitalis lateralis,


arteria spinalis anterior rami temporales posteriores
(a.vertebralis)
arteria occipitalis medialis
arteria occipitalis lateralis (a.cerebri posterior, segmentum P3)
(a.cerebri posterior,
segmentum P3)
arteria occipitalis medialis,
ramus parietalis
arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia) arteria occipitalis medialis,
ramus parietooccipitalis
arteria inferior posterior
cerebelli (a.vertebralis)
arteria occipitalis medialis,
ramus calcarinus

. 3-239. .


324

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri media


arteria cerebri media (a.carotis interna)
(a.carotis interna)

arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales)

arteria cerebri
posterior
(a.basilaris)

arteria cerebri
arteria inferior posterior
anterior cerebelli (a.basilaris)
(a.basilaris)

arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)

arteria inferior
posterior cerebelli arteria spinalis anterior
(a.vertebralis) (a.vertebralis)

. 3-240.

325

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria choroidea anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri posterior


(a.basilaris)

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria communicans posterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna)

arteria choroidea anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri posterior


(a.basilaris)

arteria cerebri posterior


(a.basilaris)

. 3-241. .
.


326




A.basilaris (aa.vertebrales) ( ) Basilar artery (vertebral arteries)
A.callosomarginalis Callosomarginal artery
(a.cerebri anterior, segmentum A2)* ( , A2) (anterior cerebral artery, A2 segment)
A.callosomarginalis, r.cingularis , Callosomarginal artery, cingular branch
A.callosomarginalis, , Callosomarginal artery,
r.frontalis anteromedialis anteromedial frontal branch
A.callosomarginalis, , Callosomarginal artery,
r.frontalis intermediomedialis - interomedial frontal branch
A.callosomarginalis, , Callosomarginal artery,
r.frontalis posteromedialis posteromedial frontal branch
A.callosomarginalis, rr.paracentrales , Callosomarginal artery,
paracentral branches
A.cerebri anterior, , Anterior cerebral artery,
pars precommunicalis, segmentum A1 , A1 precommunicating part, A1 segment
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 , A2 postcommunicating part, A2 segment
A.cerebri media (a.carotis interna) Middle cerebral artery
( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
r. temporooccipitalis - temporo-occipital branch
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
r.gyri angularis branch to angular gyrus
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
r.temporalis anterior anterior temporal branch
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
r. temporalis medius middle temporal branch
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
r.temporalis posteior posterior temporal branch
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
rr.terminales inferiores inferior terminal branches
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
rr.terminales superiores superior terminal branches
A.communicans anterior Anterior communicating artery
(a.cerebri anteriores) ( ) (anterior cerebral arteries)
A.frontobasalis anterior - Anterior frontobasilar artery
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.frontobasilaris medialis - Medial frontobasilar artery
(a.cerebri anterior, segmentum A2) ( , A2) (anterior cerebral artery, A2 segment)
A.occipitalis medialis Medial occipital artery
(a. cerebri posterior, segmentum P4) ( , P4) (posterior cerebral artery, P4 segment)
A.occipitalis medialis, , Medial occipital artery,
r.corporis callosi dorsalis dorsal branch to corpus callosum
A.occipitalis medialis, r.calcarinus , Medial occipital artery, calcarine branch
A.occipitalis medialis, r.parietooccipitalis , Medial occipital artery,
- parieto-occipital branch
A.ophthalmica (a.carotis interna) ( ) Ophtalmic artery (internal carotid artery)
A.parietalis anterior Anterior parietal artery
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.parietalis posterior Posterior parietal artery
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.pericallosa (a.cerebri anterior, Pericallosal artery
segmentum A2)* ( , A2) (anterior cerebral artery, A2 segment)
A.pericallosa, rr.parietooccipitales , Pericallosal artery,
- parieto-occipital branches
A.pericallosa, rr. precunealis , Pericallosal artery, precuneal branches
A.polaris frontalis Polar frontal artery
(a.cerebri anterior, segmentum A2) ( , A2) (anterior cerebral artery, A2 segment)
A.prefrontalis Prefrontal artery
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.sulci centralis . Artery of central sulcus
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.sulci precentralis . Artery of precentral sulcus
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.sulci postcentralis . Artery of postcentral sulcus
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) ( , M2) (middle cerebral artery, M2 segment)
A.vertebralis (a.subclavia) ( ) Vertebral artery (subclavian artery)

*
3.

327

arteria sulci postcentralis arteria sulci centralis


(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) (a.cerebri media,
segmentum M2)
arteria parietalis anterior
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2) arteria sulci precentralis
(a.cerebri media,
arteria parietalis posterior segmentum M2)
(a.cerebri media,
segmentum M2)

arteria prefrontalis
(a.cerebri media,
segmentum M2)
arteria frontobasilaris anterior
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M2)

arteria cerebri media, segmentum M2,


rami terminales superiores

arteria cerebri media, segmentum M2,


rami terminales inferiores

arteria cerebri media, arteria cerebri media, segmentum M2,


segmentum M2, ramus temporalis anterior
ramus temporooccipitalis
arteria cerebri media, segmentum M2,
arteria cerebri media, ramus temporalis medius
segmentum M2,
ramus gyri angularis arteria cerebri media, segmentum M2,
ramus temporalis posterior

arteria cerebri anterior

arteria cerebri media


arteria cerebri posterior

. 3-242. .
.


328

arteria callosomarginalis, arteria pericallosa


ramus frontalis posteromedialis arteria callosomarginalis, (a.cerebri anterior, segmentum A2)
ramus cingularis
arteria callosomarginalis, arteria callosomarginalis, rami paracentrales
ramus frontalis intermediomedialis
arteria pericallosa, rami precuneales
arteria
callosomarginalis, ramus arteria pericallosa,
frontalis anteromedialis rami parietooccipitales

arteria arteria occipitalis


callosomarginalis medialis, ramus
(a.cerebri anterior, corporis callosi dorsalis
segmentum A2)
arteria occipitalis
medialis, ramus
parietooccipitalis

arteria occipitalis
medialis, ramus
arteria calcarinus
polaris frontalis
(a.cerebri anterior,
segmentum A2)

arteria frontobasalis medialis


(a.cerebri anterior, segmentum A2)
arteria occipitalis
arteria cerebri anterior, pars medialis (a.cerebri
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 posterior,
segmentum P4)
arteria communicans anterior
(aa.cerebri anteriores) arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales) arteria cerebri anterior,
pars precommunicalis,
segmentum A1
arteria vertebralis
(a.subclavia)
arteria ophthalmica
(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri anterior

arteria cerebri posterior

. 3-243. .
.


329




A.basilaris (aa.vertebrales) ( Basilar artery (vertebral arteries)
)
A.carotis interna Internal carotid artery
A.centrales anterolaterales Anterolateral central arteries (middle
(a.cerebri media, segmentum M1) ( , cerebral artery, M1 segment)
M1)
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
precommunicalis, segmentum A1 , A1 precommunicating part, A1 segment
A.cerebri anterior, pars , Anterior cerebral artery,
postcommunicalis, segmentum A2 , A2 postcommunicating part, A2 segment
A.cerebri media (a.carotis interna) Middle cerebral artery
( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.cerebri media, pars insularis, , Middle cerebral artery, insular part,
segmentum M2 , 2 M2 segment
A.cerebri media, pars sphenoidalis, , Middle cerebral artery, sphenoid part,
segmentum M1 , 1 M1 segment
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
rr.terminales inferiores inferior terminal branches
A.cerebri media, segmentum M2, , M2, Middle cerebral artery, M2 segment,
rr.terminales superiores superior terminal branch
A.cerebri posterior (a.basilaris) Posterior cerebral artery (basilar artery)
( )
A.cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
postcmmunicalis, segmentum P2 , 2 postcommunicating part, P2 segment
A.cerebri posterior, pars , Posterior cerebral artery,
precmmunicalis, segmentum P1 , 1 precommunicating part, P1 segment
A.choroidea anterior Anterior choroid artery (internal carotid
(a.carotis interna) ( ) artery)
A.communicans posterior Posterior communicating artery
(a.carotis interna) ( ) (internal carotid artery)
A.inferior anterior cerebelli Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.basilaris) ( ) (basilar artery)
A.inferior posterior cerebelli Posterior inferior cerebellar artery
(a.vertebralis) ( ) (vertebral artery)
A.spinalis anterior (a.vertebralis) Anterior spinal artery (vertebral artery)
( )
A.spinalis posterior (a.vertebralis) Posterior spinal artery (vertebral artery)
( )
A.superior cerebelli (a.basilaris) Superior cerebellar artery (basilar artery)
( )
Aa.insulares (a.cerebri media, ( Insular arteries (middle cerebral artery,
segmentum M2) , M2) M2 segment)

330

arteria cerebri anterior arteria cerebri posterior


(a.carotis interna) (a.basilaris)

arteria choroidea anterior


(a.carotis interna)
arteria cerebri posterior
(a.basilaris)
arteria
communicans
posterior
(a.carotis interna)
arteria superior
cerebelli (a.basilaris)
arteria carotis
interna

arteria basilaris
(aa.vertebrales)
arteria cerebri media
(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri posterior arteria inferior posterior


(a.basilaris) cerebelli (a.vertebralis)

arteria spinalis anterior


(a.vertebralis)
arteria spinalis
posterior (a.vertebralis)

. 3-244. .

arteria choroidea anterior arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna) (a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri posterior


arteria cerebri anterior (a.basilaris)
(a.carotis interna)

arteria superior
arteria cerebri posterior cerebelli (a.basilaris)
(a.basilaris)
arteria inferior posterior
arteria inferior anterior cerebelli (a.vertebralis)
cerebelli (a.basilaris)

. 3-245.


331
arteria cerebri anterior
(a.carotis interna)

arteria cerebri media


(a.carotis interna)

arteria
communicans
posterior
(a.carotis interna)

arteria
choroidea anterior
(a.carotis interna)

arteria carotis
interna arteria cerebri posterior
(a.basilaris)

. 3-246. .

arteria cerebri anterior


(a.carotis interna)

arteriae centrales
anterolaterales
(a.cerebri media) arteriae insulares
(a.cerebri media)

arteria cerebri media, rami


terminales superiores,
segmentum M2
arteria choroidea anterior
(a.carotis interna) arteria cerebri media,
pars insularis,
segmentum M2

arteria cerebri posterior, arteria cerebri media, rami


pars precommunicalis, terminales inferiores,
segmentum P1 segmentum M2

arteria cerebri media,


pars sphenoidalis,
arteria cerebri posterior, segmentum M1
pars postcommunicalis,
segmentum P2

. 3-247.


332

. 3-248. : . .
. B

. 3-249. : .
.
. B
.


334




A.meningea posterior Posterior meningeal artery
(a.pharyngea ascendens) ( ) (ascending pharyngeal artery)
A.carotis externa External carotid artery
A.carotis interna, r.basalis tentorii , External carotid artery,
tentorial basal branch
A.ethmoidalis anterior, , Anterior ethmoidal artery,
r.meningeus anterior anterior meningeal branch
A.ethmoidalis posterior Posterior ethmoidal artery
A.meningea media (a.maxillaris) Middle meningeal artery
( ) (maxillary artery)
A.meningea media, r.frontalis , Middle meningeal artery,
frontal branch
A.meningea media, r.parietalis , Middle meningeal artery,
parietal branch
A.occipitalis (a.carotis externa) Occipital artery
( ) (external carotid artery)
A.occipitalis, r.mastoideus , Occipital artery, mastoid branch
A.ophthalmica, , Ophthalmic artery,
r.meningeus recurrens recurrent meningeal branch
A.vertebralis, rr.meningei , Vertebral artery, meningeal branches
Arachnoidea mater cranialis Cranial arachnoid mater
Calvaria Calvaria
Confluens sinuum Confluence of sinuses
Diaphragma sellae [] Diaphragma sellae
Dura mater cranialis; Cranial dura mater
dura mater encephali
Falx cerebelli Falx cerebelli
Falx cerebri Falx cerebri
Granulationes arachnoideae Arachnoid granulations
Incisura tentorii Tentorial notch
Lacuna lateralis Lateral lacuna
[ ]
N.mandibularis [V3], rr.meningei [V3], Mandibular nerve [V3],
meningeal branches
N.maxillaris [V2], rr.meningei [V2], Maxillary nerve [V2], meningeal
branches
N.ophthalmicus [V1], n.ethmoidalis [V1], , Ophthalmic nerve [V1], posterior
posterior, r.meningeus anterior ethmoidal nerve, meningeal branch
N.ophthalmicus [V1], [V1], Ophthalmic nerve [V1], anterior
n.ethmoidalis anterior, r.meningeus , ethmoidal nerve, meningeal branch
N.ophthalmicus [V1], [V1], Ophthalmic nerve [V1], tentorial nerve
r.meningeus recurrens
N.spinosus (n.mandibularis [V3]) ( [V3]) Nervus spinosus
(mandibular nerve [V3])
N.vagus [X], r.meningeus [X], Vagus nerve [X], meningeal branch
Nn.cervicales [C12], rr.meningei [C12], Cervical nerves [C12],
meningeal branches
Plexus basilaris [] Basilar plexus
Sinus cavernosus Cavernous sinus
Sinus intercavernosus anterior Anterior intercavernous sinus
Sinus intercavernosus posterior c Posterior intercavernous sinus
Sinus marginalis Marginal sinus
Sinus occipitalis Occipital sinus
Sinus petrosquamosus - Petrosquamous sinus
Sinus petrosus inferior Inferior petrosal sinus
Sinus petrosus superior Superior petrosal sinus
Sinus rectus Straight sinus
Sinus sagittalis inferior Inferior sagittal sinus
Sinus sagittalis superior Superior sagittal sinus
Sinus sigmoideus Sigmoid sinus
Sinus sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal sinus
Sinus transversus c Transverse sinus
Tentorium cerebelli Tentorium cerebelli
V.anastomotica inferior Inferior anastomotic vein
V.anastomotica superior Superior anastomotic vein
V.magna cerebri Great cerebral vein
Vv.anteriores cerebri Anterior cerebral veins
.
335

sinus sagittalis
granulationes superior
arachnoideae

arteria meningea
media (a.maxillaris)

dura mater
cranialis

lacuna lateralis

calvari

. 3-250. .

:
,
,
.

336

nervus ophthalmicis [V1]


diaphragma sellae nervus ethmoidalis anterior,
ramus meningeus

nervus ophthalmicis [V1]


nervus ethmoidalis posterior,
ramus meningeus anterior

nervus maxillaris [V2],


rami meningei

nervus mandibularis [V3],


rami meningei

nervus spinosus
(n. mandibularis [V3])

nervus maxillaris [V2],


ramus meningeus

tentorium cerebelli
nervus vagus [X],
ramus meningeus
nervus ophthalmicus [V1],
ramus meningeus reccurrens
nervi cervicales [C12],
rami meningei

. 3-251.
.
337

dura mater cranialis

arteria meningea media,


ramus frontalis

arteria meningea media,


ramus parietalis

arteria occipitalis,
ramus mastoideus

arteria meningea media,


ramus frontalis

arteria meningea media,


arteria ophthalmica, ramus parietalis
ramus meningeus recurrens

arteria ethmoidalis posterior


arteria occipitalis,
ramus mastoideus
arteria ethmoidalis anterior,
ramus meningeus anterior

arteria meningea media


(a.maxillaris)

arteria carotis interna,


ramus basalis tentorii

arteria vertebralis,
rami meningei
arteria occipitalis arteria meningea posterior
(a.carotis externa) (a.pharyngea ascendens)

arteria carotis externa

. 3-252.

338

sinus sagittalis
superior

dura mater cranialis

arachnoidea
mater cranialis venae superiores
cerebri

vena anastomotica
superior
granulationes
arachnoideae

calvaria
lacuna lateralis

. 3-253.
; .
.
339

sinus sagittalis superior

sinus sagittalis inferior falx cerebri


vena magna cerebri tentorium cerebelli
incisura tentorii sinus cavernosus
sinus rectus diaphragma sellae
sinus transversus

confluens
sinuum

sinus occipitalis

falx cerebelli

sinus sigmoideus

sinus petrosus inferior

sinus petrosus superior


sinus intercavernosus
sinus intercavernosus anterior
posterior
sinus sphenoparietalis

. 3-254. ()
:
,
,
,
,
.

:
, ,
, ,
-, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
-, ,
.

340

sinus
sphenoparietalis

sinus intercavernosus
anterior

sinus intercavernosus
sinus cavernosus posterior

plexus basilaris sinus


petrosquamosus
sinus petrosus
inferior
sinus petrosus
superior

sinus marginalis

vena
anastomotica
inferior

sinus sigmoideus

sinus rectus
sinus occipitalis

sinus transversus

confluens sinuum

. 3-255. .
.
341




Confluens sinuum Confluence of sinuses
Dura mater cranialis; Cranial dura mater
dura mater encephali
Lacunae laterales [ ] Lateral lacunae
N.trochlearis [IV] [IV] Trochlear nerve [IV]
N.trigeminus [V] [V] Trigeminal nerve [V]
Sinus cavernosus Cavernous sinus
Sinus occipitalis Occipital sinus
Sinus petrosus inferior Inferior petrosal sinus
Sinus petrosus superior Superior petrosal sinus
Sinus rectus Straight sinus
Sinus sagittalis inferior Inferior sagittal sinus
Sinus sagittalis superior Superior sagittal sinus
Sinus sigmoideus Sigmoid sinus
Sinus sphenoparietalis - Sphenoparietal sinus
Sinus transversus Transverse sinus
V.anastomotica inferior Inferior anastomotic vein
V.anastomotica superior Superior anastomotic vein
V.anterior cerebri Anterior cerebral vein
V.anterior septi pellucidi Anterior vein of septum pellucidum
V.basalis Basal vein
V.caudata anterior* Anterior caudate vein
V. interna cerebri Internal cerebral vein
V.cisternae cerebellomedullaris - Vein of cerebellomedullary cistern
V.communicans anterior* Anterior communicating vein
V.inferior cerebri Inferior cerebral vein
V.intercollicularis Intercollicular vein
V.interna cerebri Internal cerebral vein
V.interpeduncularis Interpeduncular vein
V.jugularis interna Internal jugular vein
V.jugularis interna, bulbus superior , Internal jugular vein, superior bulb
V.magna cerebri Great cerebral vein
V.media superficialis cerebri Superficial middle cerebral vein
V.media profunda cerebri Deep middle cerebral vein
V.medullaris anterolateralis Anterolateral medullary vein

V.medullaris posteromediana Posteromedian medullary vein
V.mesencephalica lateralis Lateral mesencephalic vein
V.petrosa Petrosal vein
V.pontis anterolateralis Anterolateral pontine vein
V.pontis anteromediana Anteromedian pontine vein
V.pontis transversa Transverse pontine vein
V.pontomesencephalica c Pontomesencephalic vein
V.posterior septi pellucidi Posterior vein of septum pellucidum
V.posterior corporis callosi Posterior vein of corpus callosum
V.recessus lateralis ventriculi