Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 38

Operating Instructions

Bus
ZF-EcoLife
for City Buses, Intercity Buses, and Coaches
Copyright ZF Friedrichshafen AG

This document is protected by copyright.


Complete or partial reproduction or distribution of this document is not permitted
without the consent of ZF Friedrichshafen AG. Infringements lead to civil and criminal
prosecution.
This document is a translation of the German original.
Preface

Before operating the vehicle for the first time, please note the NOTE
following points: All details in these Operating Instructions refer to the basic
version of the ZF-EcoLife transmission.
Read these Operating Instructions carefully and observe all Due to the large number of installation options, no precise
safety instructions. information can be provided for any specific vehicle.
If there should be any deviating operating instructions as
To ensure operational safety and reliability of the regards this brochure and the Operating Instructions specific
transmission, always observe the maintenance instructions. to an individual vehicle manufacturer, the vehicle-specific
instructions will be binding.
The ZF Customer Service specialists are available to assist you
in carrying out transmission maintenance work or to help if any
problems arise. Motoring pleasure with the ZF-EcoLife is brought to you by
You will find the addresses in the ZF Company Directory
(order number 0000 762 703) or on the Internet under
www.zf.com (Company/ZF worldwide). ZF Friedrichshafen AG
You will find more product information on the Internet by D-88038 Friedrichshafen
logging on to www.zf.com (Products & Services/Product Phone: +49 (0) 7541 77-0
Range Buses). Fax: +49 (0) 7541 77-90 80 00
Internet: www.zf.com

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 3


Important Safety Information

The following safety instructions are used with the present


operating instructions: THREATS TO THE ENVIRONMENT!
Lubricants, consumables and cleaning agents must
not be allowed to enter the soil, ground water, or
NOTE sewage system.
Reference is made to special procedures, methods, Ask your local environmental protection agency
information, etc. for safety data sheets on the relevant products
and adhere to their requirements.
Collect oil in a suitably large container.
CAUTION Dispose of oil, dirty filters, lubricants, and
Used when deviating, unprofessional operation can damage cleaning agents in accordance with environmental
the product. protection regulations.
When working with lubricants and cleaning agents
always observe the manufacturers instructions.

DANGER!
This is used when lack of care could lead to personal
injury or material damage. NOTE on cleaning the vehicle/transmission

CAUTION
When cleaning, make sure not to point the steam cleaner
or high-pressure cleaner directly at the breather, nor the
electronic control unit, or the plug-in connections. Ingress of
water may lead to operational malfunctions and transmission
damage!
Breather, see Chapter 1.3, item 10
Electronic control unit and connector, see Chapter 1.3,
items 1, 2, and 3

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 4


Table of Contents

1 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.12 Temperature monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23


1.1 Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.13 Status monitoring/warning lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1.2 Transmission configuration and add-on parts . . . . 8 2.14 Transmission response to a malfunction . . . . . . . . 24
1.3 System solution ZF-EcoLife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.14.1 Emergency operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.15 Use at low temperatures and longer downtimes . . 26
2 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 2.15.1 Parking the vehicle at sub-zero temperatures . . . . 27
2.1 Pushbutton control with diagnostics connector . . 12
2.1.1 Variants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.1.2 Pushbutton illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.1 Oil grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.1.3 Pushbutton selector position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.2 Oil quantities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.2 Driving ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.3 Oil level check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.3 Starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.3.1 Initial check of the oil level in order to ensure
2.4 Engaging a gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 a minimum oil quantity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
2.4.1 Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.3.2 Relevant oil level check at operating temperature . 30
2.4.2 Transmission with additional functions . . . . . . . . . 16 3.3.3 Electric oil level check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.4.2.1 Additional function gear release . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.3.4 Option for heating-up the transmission oil . . . . . . 31
2.4.2.2 Additional function additional pushbutton 3.4 Oil-change intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
reverse gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.5 Variant 1 Oil change with standard oil drain . . . 32
2.5 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.5.1 Oil drain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2.6 Downhill driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.5.2 Oil fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2.7 Change in direction of travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.6 Variant 2 Oil change with VRM special oil drain . 34
2.8 Kickdown (forced downshift) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.6.1 Oil drain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
2.9 Retarder operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.6.2 Oil fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
2.10 Stopping, parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.7 Engine coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.11 Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.1 Towing vehicle with coaxial transmission . . . . . . . . 21 Troubleshooting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
2.11.1.1 Transmission is functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.1.2 Transmission damage suspected . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.2 Towing vehicle with angle drive transmission . . . . 22
4181 758 101 - 2013-01 5
Description

1 Description Retarder

1.1 Assemblies Retarder equipment is standard for all transmission versions.


The integrated hydrodynamic retarder is arranged in the basic
These EcoLife transmissions consist of a hydrodynamic torque transmission between converter and planetary transmission.
converter with a lockup clutch and a downstream 6-speed Due to the location of the retarder on the transmission input
planetary transmission. (so-called primary retarder), the brake torque on the output is
increased by the respective transmission ratio. As a result, a
Torque converter high retarder brake torque is available in the lower gears, and
can be used almost until vehicle standstill. As long as
The hydrodynamic torque converter, which uses the Trilok permissible values are observed, this can be parameterized at
principle, is a wear-free starting element equipped with a will, which permits adaptation to individual applications or the
stator freewheel and an integrated lockup clutch. The converter wishes of customers.
operates only during the starting process and is automatically
bypassed when the clutch closes. Retarder control is normally managed through actuation of
As a result, losses occurring in the converter are eliminated. the brake pedal. The electronic control unit converts the brake
signal is into a braking torque, either in steps or in a
continuously variable manner.
Torsional vibration dampers
Via CAN, the retarder can be combined with other brake
All converter types are equipped with torsional vibration systems. When this is done, the maximally permitted sum of
dampers allowing not only better driving comfort but also brake torques must be taken into account.
reduction of fuel consumption as a result of lowered shifting Optionally, or in combination with the brake pedal, the retarder
speeds. can also be operated via a hand lever.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 6


Description

Planetary transmission

The planetary transmission, next in line after the torque


converter, is designed as a 6-speed unit. It represents a linked
system of simple planetary gear sets (not a group-type design).
The gears in the planetary transmission are selected
automatically and without any interruption of traction.

The signals for individual gearshifts are supplied by the


electronic control unit. Depending on various operating
variables of engine, vehicle, brake system, etc., the
corresponding multidisk clutches or brakes are controlled
via the electrohydraulic control unit.

Electrohydraulic control unit

The transmission is equipped with an electrohydraulic control


unit. The electro-hydraulic shift control unit obtains the shift
commands from the electronic control unit. Proportional
solenoid valves are used to modulate closing of the clutch
and brake elements in accordance with the engine load.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 7


Description

1.2 Transmission configuration and add-on parts

Based on the basic transmission with attached electronic


control unit, the following variants exist:

Coaxial transmission version with heat exchangers


directly attached.

On the coaxial standard transmission, the retarder heat


exchanger is mounted on the output end and the transmission
heat exchanger is arranged laterally.

035559
Fig. 1.1 Coaxial transmission

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 8


Description

Transmission with flanged-on angle drive 80 (RHD) and Transmission with flanged-on angle drive 80 (LHD) and
directly attached heat exchangers. directly attached heat exchangers.

An angle drive of 80 (RHD) can be flange-mounted to the An angle drive of 80 (LHD) can be flange-mounted to the
basic transmission. Special retarder heat exchanger basic transmission. Special retarder heat exchanger
arrangements are made available for this purpose. arrangements are made available for this purpose.

035560 035561
Fig. 1.2 Transmission with flange-mounted Fig. 1.3 Transmission with flange-mounted
angle drive of 80 (RHD) angle drive of 80 (LHD)

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 9


Description

1.3 System solution ZF-EcoLife

Key to drawing Accelerator pedal Vehicle-CAN 11 10 1 2


Engine
1 Cable connection between 3
the electronic control unit and
Kick-Down On-board computer

the transmission
Brake system
Retarder lever
2 Electronic control unit
3 Electronic control unit's
ZF-CAN 12
Brake pedal
connector
E-Modul

4 Oil filler tube with oil Inputs and Speed range selector

dipstick
outputs
1 2 3 D N R

5 Tachometer impulse sensor


(optionally 10 oclock/
12.1
Diagnosis Tool 13
14 oclock)
Diagnosis

6 Cooling water connections


EOL
Measuring

7 Pressure filter
Signal
Parameterization converter

8 Oil pan 7 4 5 6
9 Oil drain plug
10 Vent
11 Vehicle electric system Vehicle CAN Speed range selector
Engine/On-board computer/ (pushbutton range selector)
brake system Inputs
Accelerator pedal Kickdown, retarder lever,
Kickdown, retarder lever, foot pedal
foot pedal Outputs
12 ZF peripheries ZF CAN Diagnosis interface ZF (12.1)
E module 2 (optional) 13 Diagnosis tools ZF-Testman 035558_en
Inputs Diagnosis 8 9
Kickdown, retarder lever, EOL
foot pedal Measuring
Outputs Parameterization
4181 758 101 - 2013-01 10
Description

Brief description

The system diagram illustrates possible system solutions for the The range selector can be used to preselect speed ranges.
ZF-EcoLife with all requisite individual components. Pushbuttons will shine when depressed (permant
illumination).
The EcoLife transmission is connected to the vehicle power
supply via the vehicle CAN, and via the ZF CAN with the range The kickdown function can be used to move shift points
selector, the optional E-module 2, and the diagnosis tool. towards higher engine speeds, so the transmission remains
in each gear longer during acceleration and shifts out of
The electronic control unit controls and monitors the EcoLife each gear sooner during deceleration.
transmission and features all standard diagnostic protocols. The
electronic control unit records vehicle and transmission input
variables communicated via CAN and converts them into
signals to control the transmission's hydraulic control elements.

The driver can intervene actively in the EcoLife control system


using:
Speed range selector (pushbutton range selector)
Kickdown
Accelerator pedal
Brake pedal
Switch for retarder actuation

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 11


Operation

2 Operation

2.1 Pushbutton control with diagnostics connector


029415

2.1.1 Variants
Pushbutton control with diagnostics connector,
Variants: 3, 4, 5 or 6 pushbuttons for speed-range selection, variant with 6 pushbuttons, horizontally arranged
horizontally or vertically arranged: (details may be different from illustration).

R = Reverse

N = Neutral
029416
D = automatic forward driving range (Drive)

optional: Cover for diagnostics connector open

1, 2, 3 = limited forward driving ranges

For a description of the driving ranges see Chapter 2.2 029417

Diagnostic cable connected

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 12


Operation

2.1.2 Pushbutton illumination Display of errors:

Brightness levels 1 (low) and 2 (high) are available for Illumination level 1 is retained despite depressed
pushbutton illumination. pushbutton
Turning the vehicle key into driving position causes the system
to perform an automatic illumination test. All pushbuttons will Possible causes:
be illuminated for approx. 1.2 seconds at level 2 before the Information needed for illumination is not provided by the
system changes to level 1 for easier location of the electronic control unit.
pushbuttons. In such a case, normal driving is still possible.
Hardware defect on pushbutton selector
After pressing the pushbutton, it will be illuminated at level 2
as soon as it is accepted by the electronic control unit Depressed pushbutton flashes
(functional illumination).
Cause: Pushbutton is not accepted by the electronic control
unit (for potential cases see Chapters 2.3 and 2.4)

All pushbuttons flash

Possible causes:
Serious internal fault of pushbutton selector
Malfunction of CAN communication

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 13


Operation

2.1.3 Pushbutton selector position


DANGER!
If the pushbutton N is depressed during driving
NOTE
operation, the power flow between engine and output
If several pushbuttons are selected at the same time, the
will be interrupted.
smallest gear locking button selected will be activated.
Engine and retarder braking action are then lost.
Example: If pushbuttons 3 and D are accidentally depressed
Risk of accident! Apply the brake!
at the same time, pushbutton 3 will be activated.
For safety reasons, when faults occur in the electronic
control unit or whenever there is a power failure, the
transmission automatically selects "Neutral".
2.2 Driving ranges

Driving ranges are selected through depression of the


respective pushbuttons of the pushbutton range selector (cf.
2.3 Starting the engine
Chapter 2.1). Consult the vehicle operating instructions for
The engine may only be started under the following conditions:
precise information about the gears engaged in each of the
speed ranges.
Vehicle standstill
Activated service or parking brake
A defined range of gears is assigned to each driving range.
Pushbutton selector in Neutral position (N)
The electronic control unit determines the shift points at which
gear changes are performed.
NOTE
Starting interlock: If the pushbutton selector is not in neutral
Manual intervention in the automatic shifting process
position, engine start will as a rule be prevented. For details
(shifting through driving ranges) is not expedient.
consult the vehicle operating instructions of the vehicle
manufacturer.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 14


Operation

It may be possible to start the engine when the pushbutton 2.4.1 Standard
selector is not in neutral position. In such a case, the
pushbutton depressed will flash after the engine starts (cf. Accelerator pedal in idling position
Chapter 2.1.2), and the transmission will remain in Neutral. To neng < 900 rpm
drive off, the pushbutton N will then have to be depressed Vehicle standstill
and subsequently (acc. to Chapter 2.4) the desired driving- Activated service or parking brake
range pushbutton on the pushbutton range selector. Select desired driving range by depressing corresponding
pushbutton on pushbutton range selector.
CAUTION
Only jump-start on the battery, never on the starter! Do not In the following cases, engagement of a starting gear is
turn the vehicle key while driving! prevented by the electronic control unit in spite of a selected
driving range (pushbutton depressed). In such cases, the
pushbutton depressed will flash (cf. Chapter 2.1.2):

2.4 Engaging a gear Accelerator pedal operated


neng > 900 rpm
CAUTION Driving speed > approx. 3 km/h and driving range
Never operate the pushbutton range selector and step on selected do not correspond to actual driving direction.
the accelerator at the same time! Transmission oil sump temperature below 20 C.
required measures see Chapter 2.15

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 15


Operation

2.4.2 Transmission with additional functions

2.4.2.1 Additional function gear release 2.4.2.2 Additional function additional pushbutton
reverse gear
(Additional installation by vehicle manufacturer, recommended
by ZF!) For engagement of the reverse gear, depress the R pushbutton
of the pushbutton range selector and promptly also the R
In addition to the cases mentioned under 2.4.1, engagement pushbutton on the instrument panel.
of a starting gear is prevented by the electronic control unit in
spite of a selected driving range (pushbutton depressed) in the Remaining procedure as described under 2.4.1. In addition to
following case. In this case, the push button depressed will the cases mentioned under 2.4.1, engagement of the reverse
flash (cf. Chapter 2.1.2): gear will be prevented by the electronic control unit in spite of
the depressed R pushbutton of the pushbutton range selector
Neither service nor parking brake activated in the following case. In this case, the R pushbutton depressed
will flash (cf. Chapter 2.1.2):
Operation of the service or parking brake will cause the
starting gear to engage and the depressed pushbutton will Additional R pushbutton on instrument panel not depressed
change from flashing to functional illumination.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 16


Operation

2.5 Starting 2.6 Downhill driving

After selecting the appropriate driving range, wait for approx. Before driving down steep gradients, select driving range 1, 2,
1 to 2 seconds, then release the brake and accelerate. or 3 on the pushbutton speed range selector, as the situation
may require. This limits upshifts.
Depending on vehicle configuration and loading state, the
vehicle may start at low speed on a level track or on a slight
uphill grade after release of the brake. If a lower driving speed DANGER!
is desired, this must be realized through operation of the brake In an extreme case, the hold mode will be cancelled
pedal. to protect the engine.
In such a case, the transmission may shift up to the
DANGER! highest gear irrespective of driving range selected.
In the event of reduced grip of the front wheels, e.g. RISK OF ACCIDENT!
due to black ice, locking of the front wheels may occur. Watch revmeter!
The vehicle can then no longer be steered.
On major uphill grades, always accelerate with the
parking brake activated. Do not release the parking
brake before you can feel propulsion.
RISK OF ACCIDENT caused by vehicle rolling backwards! 2.7 Change in direction of travel
Fast rolling backwards in a forward gear, or rolling
forward in the reverse gear, is not permitted and may Before changing from Forward to Reverse or vice versa:
result in stalling of the engine and loss of steering
support. Bring the vehicle to a complete standstill.
Always start with great care and gentle acceleration Depress pushbutton N on the pushbutton range selector
when starting near persons or obstacles in order to rule Continue as described under Chapter 2.4.
out any risks.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 17


Operation

2.8 Kickdown (forced downshift) 2.9 Retarder operation

To utilize maximum engine power, higher shift points can be The retarder is a gear-dependent hydrodynamic brake which
realized via the kickdown switch (see illustration) or the CAN operates without wear. The retarder should be used for every
system (for acceleration or on uphill grades). braking action. This extends the life of the service brake. The
retarder can be operated via a hand lever and/or the brake
Depress the accelerator pedal beyond the full-load action pedal.
point (kickdown position).
When control takes place exclusively via the brake pedal, there
NOTE is usually a rocker switch Retarder ON/OFF on the instrument
Use of the kickdown function increases fuel consumption. panel.

In the event of hand lever control, the lever must be returned to


Accelerator pedal zero position after each braking action.

Consult the vehicle operating instructions for more details on


Full load retarder control.
(action point)
Kickdown
(forced
downshift)

023629

Kickdown switch

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 18


Operation

Conditions for retarder operation The retarder must be deactivated using the Retarder ON/OFF
switch in the following cases:
Retarder operation is accepted by the electronic control unit
only under the following conditions: On icy roads.
If an electronic braking system (EBS) and/or antilock system
Accelerator pedal in idling position (ABS) is available, manual retarder shutdown is not required.

A forward gear is engaged When the permitted oil temperature acc. to Chapter 2.12 is
exceeded.
The driving speed exceeds approx. 3 km/h

The ABS system is not active Options for manually deactivating the retarder:

If any one of these conditions is not fulfilled with the retarder Set the "Retarder ON/OFF" switch to the OFF position
engaged, the retarder will be deactivated. (if available)

When the maximally permitted oil temperature according to Set hand lever to zero position (if available)
Chapter 2.12 is approached, the retarder's performance will
be reduced or the retarder will be disabled by the electronic Depress pushbutton "N" on the pushbutton range selector
control unit. and thus engage transmission neutral

CAUTION
DANGER! Only in emergencies on black ice if there is no other
Risk of accident due to reduced braking power! option for switching off the retarder available.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 19


Operation

2.10 Stopping, parking Transmission with function Automatic Idle Shift (AIS)

Stopping The electronic control unit will set the transmission to Neutral
if the following conditions prevail simultaneously:
The vehicle can be stopped at any time through activation of
the service brake, irrespective of the position of the pushbutton Vehicle approaching standstill
range selector. In such a case, the electronic control unit will Service or parking brake activated
engage the appropriate starting gear. Owing to the propulsion Accelerator pedal in idling position
of the converter, the vehicle may come to a standstill on a
slight grade even without actuation of the brake. The range selected last on the pushbutton selector will be
retained. As soon as one of the three conditions no longer
Activate service or parking brake prevails, the appropriate starting gear will be engaged.

In the event of a prolonged halt, the pushbutton selector should


be set to the neutral position. Parking

Activate the parking brake


DANGER! Then depress pushbutton N on the pushbutton range
If the brake is not activated, the vehicle may start selector
moving even without actuation of the accelerator
pedal.
DANGER!
Before leaving the vehicle, always activate the parking
brake. When the engine is switched off, there is no
direct connection between engine and axle. The
vehicle can start to roll!

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 20


Operation

2.11 Towing 2.11.1.2 Transmission damage suspected

2.11.1 Towing vehicle with coaxial transmission CAUTION


If transmission damage is suspected, the propshaft flange
2.11.1.1 Transmission is functioning between transmission and drive shaft must be disconnected.
As an alternative, the input shafts can be removed at both
Engine idling, if possible ends of the rear axle. Ensure with each measure/action
Pushbutton range selector in Neutral position taken that the provisions of the vehicle and component
Max. towing time: 2 hours manufacturer are met in terms of vehicle safety and
Max. towing speed: environmental protection.
Intercity and city buses: 25 km/h
Coaches: 35 km/h Exception:
In a dangerous situation, towing without separation of the drive
NOTE train is permitted until the vehicle has left the danger area (e.g.
At an ambient temperature below 15 C, the maximally intersection, tunnel, etc.).
permitted towing speed is 5 km/h.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 21


Operation

2.11.2 Towing vehicle with angle drive transmission Exception:


In a dangerous situation, towing without separation of the drive
CAUTION train is permitted until the vehicle has left the danger area (e.g.
When a vehicle with angle drive transmission is towed, the intersection, tunnel, etc.).
propshaft between transmission and powered axle must In such a case the following conditions apply:
always be disconnected.
As an alternative, the input shafts can be removed at both Engine idling, if possible
ends of the rear axle. Ensure with each measure/action Pushbutton range selector in Neutral position
taken that the provisions of the vehicle and component Max. towing time: 10 minutes
manufacturer are met in terms of vehicle safety and Max. towing speed: 15 km/h
environmental protection.
NOTE
At an ambient temperature below 15 C, the maximally
permitted towing speed is 5 km/h.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 22


Operation

2.12 Temperature monitoring Action to be taken in the event of a temperature alert:

The electronic control unit monitors the transmission Drive in partial-load range
temperature. Oil sump temperature and the oil temperature on Using the Retarder ON/OFF switch:
the retarder output are sent to the vehicle computer via CAN. Deactivate the retarder
Depending on the vehicle application, alert signals will be
issued when the permissible temperature limit values are If this does NOT cause the oil temperature to drop:
exceeded.
Stop the vehicle
Consult the vehicle operating instructions for more details. Put pushbutton range selector in Neutral position
Run engine at raised idle speed

When the permissible temperature limit values are approached NOTE


during retarder operation, retarder performance will be If, after a few seconds, the temperature does not decrease to
reduced by the electronic control unit. the permitted range, this may be due to:

Oil level too low or too high


Contaminated vehicle heat exchanger
Defective cooling circuit
Transmission damage

Inform ZF Service Center!

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 23


Operation

2.13 Status monitoring/warning lamps 2.14 Transmission response to a malfunction

The diagnosis system of the electronic control unit monitors To protect the transmission in the event of a malfunction, the
the transmission status whenever the vehicle circuit is following responses are provided:
switched on and during operation.
Shift into Neutral:
Warning lamps In the event of serious malfunctions in the power supply to the
Faults are indicated by warning lamps lighting up (red or transmission, e.g. short circuit.
yellow) and/or by warning messages which appear on the
drivers display panel (consult the vehicle operating Engagement of emergency operation mode (see Chapter
instructions). 2.14.1):
If there is an interruption of CAN communication or a loss of
If a selected driving range is not accepted by the electronic speed information.
control unit, the pushbutton pressed on the pushbutton speed
range selector will flash (see Chapter 2.1.2).
DANGER!
The following applies in the event of a malfunction
of the transmission system:
Serious risk of transmission damage
Limited system monitoring
RISK OF ACCIDENT!
Continuation of the trip is only allowed if the
utmost care is practiced by driving as slowly and
foresighted as possible.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 24


Operation

2.14.1 Emergency operation

Depending on the fault prevailing, the following limitations may


occur during emergency operation:

Retarder function limited or not available

Automatic Idle Shift (AIS) function not available

No activation of the engine brake

Torque converter lockup clutch (WK) open

Limitation of engine torque for transmission protection


(no engine control)

Poorer shifting quality or no gearchanges

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 25


Operation

2.15 Use at low temperatures and longer downtimes

Vehicle manufacturer specifications must definitely be observed.

NOTE: Depending on the downtime period and previous development of ambient temperature, the transmission oil sump
temperature might be higher or lower than the current ambient temperature.

Outside temperature Down to 20 C 20 C to 30 C 30 C to 40 C

In accordance with ZF List In accordance with ZF List In accordance with ZF List


Oil grade
of Lubricants TE-ML 20 of Lubricants TE-ML 20 of Lubricants TE-ML 20

Engine start Permitted Permitted Transmission must be preheated


before the engine is started.

When starting, note Warm-up phase of at least This can be done e.g. with warm air
10 minutes, with increased which must not exceed 130 C on
idling speed of approx. the transmission.
1500 rpm. CAUTION: Do not heat up directly
Transmission in Neutral at the transmission and/or in the
vicinity of the electronic control
unit and the wiring.

Limitations None The different functional restrictions are activated by the electronic
control unit during the warm-up period (maintaining neutral position
despite selected drive range via pushbutton range selector,
limitation of speed and torque).

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 26


Operation

2.15.1 Parking the vehicle at sub-zero temperatures

The vehicle may be parked or the transmission stored for long


periods down to an outside temperature of 40 C.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 27


Maintenance

3 Maintenance 3.1 Oil grade

Regular and correctly performed maintenance is essential to Only oil as specified by the ZF List of Lubricants TE-ML 20 may
safeguard the operational safety of the transmission. It is be used to fill up EcoLife transmissions.
therefore of particular importance that maintenance intervals For the classification of your vehicle in terms of the maximum
are observed. allowable oil sump temperature, please refer to the operating
instructions of your vehicle. Subsequently, please use the oil
grades as released in accordance with the ZF List of Lubricants
THREATS TO THE ENVIRONMENT! TE-ML 20 and adhere to the change intervals stipulated for oil
Lubricants and cleaning agents must not be allowed and pressure filter.
to enter the soil, ground water, or sewage system.
The latest List of Lubricants can be obtained from all ZF Sales
Ask your local environmental protection agency
& Service Centers or can be downloaded from the Internet at:
for safety data sheets on the relevant products
www.zf.com (Products & Services/Service Center).
and adhere to their requirements.
Collect used oil in a suitably large container.
Dispose of used oil, dirty filters, lubricants, and
cleaning agents in accordance with environmental
protection regulations.
When working with lubricants and cleaning agents
always observe the manufacturers instructions.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 28


Maintenance

3.2 Oil quantities


DANGER!
Insufficient oil leads to partial or complete failure of
For oil change with standard oil drain
the retarder, i.e. braking action is impaired or not
(draining time approx. 10 min.) approx. 24 liters
available.
For oil change with
VRM special oil drain system approx. 17 liters
Valid in general:
For initial fill of dry transmission
6 AP 1000 B/1200 B/1400 B approx. 38 liters Top up transmissions that are supplied in non-oil-filled
6 AP 1700 B/2000 B approx. 42 liters condition with the status oil qualities prior to initial
6 AP 100x B/120x B/ operation
6 AP 140x B/170x B approx. 43 liters
In order to ensure minimum oil volumes for initial operation
NOTE or after an oil filling (e.g. oil change, repair), an initial check
These values are reference values! is to be conducted with cold transmission oil, refer to
The definitive oil quantity is the one determined by oil level Chapter 3.3.1.
check at operating temperature (90 C).
The decisive oil level check is to be implemented at an
operating temperature (of 90 C), see Chapter 3.3.2
For transmission oil heating options, see Chapter 3.3.4
3.3 Oil level check
At least, conduct quarterly oil level check
CAUTION Conduct regular visual inspections in terms of transmission
It is absolutely necessary to maintain the correct oil level: leakages
Insufficient oil leads to transmission malfunctions
and transmission damage.
Too much oil causes overheating of the transmission.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 29


Maintenance

3.3.1 Initial check of the oil level in order to ensure 3.3.2 Relevant oil level check at operating
a minimum oil quantity temperature

NOTE Oil level check with hot transmission oil (90 C):
For commissioning or after an oil filling (e.g. oil change,
The vehicle must be parked on level ground.
repair), an initial check of the oil level has to be conducted
after engine start to ensure the minimum oil quantity. Shift the speed range selector (pushbutton range selector)
to "neutral".
Oil level check with cold transmission oil (30 C):
Let engine run for 15 20 seconds at 1200 1500 rpm.
The vehicle must be parked on level ground.
Let engine run with idling speed.
Shift the speed range selector (pushbutton range selector)
to "neutral". CAUTION
The idle speed should be set
Let engine run for 15 to 20
to between 500 and 700 rpm.
seconds at 1200 1500 rpm.
It must never drop below
Let engine run with idling speed. 400 rpm.
CAUTION
Oil level must be within
The idle speed should be set
90 C (hot) range.
to between 500 and 700 rpm.
It must never drop below
400 rpm.
Oil level must be within } 90 C hot
30 C (cold) range } 30 C cold

031567 031567

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 30


Maintenance

3.3.3 Electric oil level check 3.4 Oil change intervals

The Technical Customer Information Electric Oil Level Sensor The specifications contained in the ZF List of Lubricants
EcoLife, 4181 761 022 is obligatory. TE-ML 20 are binding.
For the respective classification of your vehicle, please refer
to the operating instructions of your vehicle.
3.3.4 Option for heating-up the transmission oil
CAUTION
The pressure filter must be renewed each time the oil is
The transmission oil can be heated up to its specified operating
exchanged.
temperature for oil check purposes by running the vehicle with
retarder cycles until the oil sump temperature reaches 90 C.

CAUTION
The maximum admissible oil temperature in the oil sump
is determined by the classification of your vehicle in
accordance with the ZF List of Lubricants TE-ML 20.
For details, please consult the vehicle's operating
instructions.

When the operating temperature is reached carry out


Check at operating temperature 90 C (Chapter 3.3.2).

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 31


Maintenance

3.5 Variant 1 Oil change with standard oil drain 3.5.2 Oil fill
(see Fig. 3.1 to 3.4)
3.5.1 Oil drain
(see Fig. 3.1) Tighten filter cover (2).
Tightening torque: 29 Nm
NOTE
NOTE
Only drain oil at operating temperature and for at least
Be aware of different screw lengths.
10 minutes:
Screw in oil drain plug (1):
Engine standstill
Tightening torque: 35 Nm
Unscrew oil drain plug (1) and drain oil.
CAUTION
Unscrew filter cover (2) and drain oil from the filter
Always use genuine ZF oil drain plugs.
chamber.
The converter drain valve is activated via the ZF oil drain
Replace filter cartridge (pressure filter) and O-ring on filter plug.
cover and on th oil drain plug.
Fill in oil acc. to Chapter 3.2 on oil filler pipe (4).
NOTE
Check oil level on oil dipstick (5), see Chapter 3.3.
Pressure filter must be replaced during oil change.
For the oil grade, see Chapter 3.1.

ZF 80 angle drive RHD/LHD


The angle drive does not have its own oil drain plug.
Drain oil through main transmissions oil drain plug as
described in Chapter 3.5.1.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 32


Maintenance

4/5
1

035580 035559_1
Fig. 3.1 Coaxial transmission with standard oil drain Fig . 3.2 Coaxial transmission

5 5

4 4

035560_1 035561_1
Fig . 3.3 Transmission with angle drive of 80, RHD Fig . 3.4 Transmission with angle drive of 80, LHD
4181 758 101 - 2013-01 33
Maintenance

3.6 Variant 2 Oil change with VRM special oil drain 3.6.2 Oil fill
(see Fig. 3.2 to 3.5)
3.6.1 Oil drain
Tighten filter cover (2).
NOTE Tightening torque: 29 Nm
Oil drain only at operating temperature NOTE
For oil draining with the VRM special oil drain, a torque Be aware of different screw lengths.
converter draining is not performed
Screw in special screw plug (6.1 or 6.2, depending on
For VRM special oil drain, a harmonization and approval from
installation position).
the "Sales and Application" department is required for the
Tightening torque: 10 Nm
specification of the oil and filter change intervals.
Fill in oil at oil filler pipe (4) according to Chapter 3.2.
Engine standstill Check oil level at oil dipstick (5), refer to Chapter 3.3.
Unscrew special screw plug (6.1 or 6.2, depending on Oil grade, see Chapter 3.1.
installation position) and drain oil via quick plug system.
2 6.1
Unscrew filter cover (2) and drain oil from the filter chamber.
Replace filter cartridge (pressure filter) and O-ring at filter
cover and at oil drain plug.

NOTE
Pressure filter must be replaced when oil is changed.

1 6.2
035581
Fig. 3.5 Coaxial transmission with VRM special oil drain
4181 758 101 - 2013-01 34
Maintenance

3.7 Engine coolant

The transmission's cooling system is connected to the engine's


cooling circuit. The composition of the engine coolant
specified by the vehicle manufacturer (water/coolant additive)
as well as the stipulated change intervals must be adhered to.
The respectively necessary information can be taken from the
vehicle's operating instructions.

CAUTION
Non-observance in this context may lead to corrosion
damage at the transmission's cooling system.

ZF's minimum requirements vis--vis the engine's coolant


for avoiding corrosion can be obtained, if required, via ZF
Services.

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 35


Troubleshooting Instructions

Error Possible cause Remedial action


Engine will not start Pushbutton range selector not in Neutral Select Neutral on range selector
Connector of the electronic control unit is loose Establish plug connection
Starting interlock relay defective or missing Replace relay or check CAN signal
CAN signal via CAN
Transmission does not Accelerator pedal not in idle position or Check accelerator pedal/injection pump
engage any gears load signal too high or adjust it
Engine idle speed > 900 rpm Set engine idle speed
Transmission oil sump temperature below 20 C Warm up engine for approx. 5 minutes
Only on transmissions with additional function
Gear release:
Neither service brake nor parking brake activated Activate service or parking brake
Electronic control unit in malfunction setting Turn off the engine and start it again
Vehicle does not move Oil level too low Check/correct oil level
Transmission defective Call ZF Service
Oil temperature too high Oil level too high Check/correct oil level
Retarder engaged Deactivate retarder (via hand lever or
rocker switch)
Transmission damage Call ZF Service
Vehicle radiator dirty Clean the radiator
No retarder effect Oil level too low Check/correct oil level
Retarder proportional valve or solenoid valve Check CAN signal and retarder connector
not working, CAN signal not present signal

4181 758 101 - 2013-01 36


37
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
88038 Friedrichshafen
Deutschland Germany
Telefon/Phone +49 7541 77-0
Telefax/Fax +49 7541 77-908000
www.zf.com

EN 4181 758 101c - 2013-01