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AMSTERDAM is the capital and most populous municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, status as capital is

mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Has a
population of 851,373 within the city proper, 1,351,587 in the urban area, and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area.The city
is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. The metropolitan area comprises much of the
northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 7 million.

Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river Amstel.
Originating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the
world during the Dutch Golden Age (17th century), a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the
city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new
neighborhoods and suburbs were planned and built. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 1920th century
Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the annexation of municipality Sloten in
1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, the oldest historic part of the city lies in Sloten (9th century).

As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an
alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also the cultural capital of the
Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and seven of the world's 500 largest companies,
including Philips and ING, are based in the city. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer.
The city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009.
The Amsterdam seaport to this day remains the second in the country, and the fifth largest seaport in Europe.

Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and
philosopher Baruch Spinoza.

The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center. Amsterdam's main
attractions, including its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage
Amsterdam, Anne Frank House, Amsterdam Museum, its red-light district, and its many cannabis coffee shops draw
more than 5 million international visitors annually.

CANALS Amsterdam has more than 100 kilometres (60 miles) of canals, most of which are navigable by boat. The three
main canals are Prinsengracht, Herengracht, and Keizersgracht. In the Middle Ages, Amsterdam was surrounded by a
moat, called the Singel, which now forms the innermost ring in the city, and makes the city centre a horseshoe shape. The
city is also served by a seaport. It has been compared with Venice, due to its division into about 90 islands, which are
linked by more than 1,200 bridges.

In the early 17th century, when immigration was at a peak, a comprehensive plan was developed that was based on four
concentric half-circles of canals with their ends emerging at the IJ bay. Known as the Grachtengordel, three of the canals
were mostly for residential development: the Herengracht (where "Heren" refers to Heren Regeerders van de stad
Amsterdam (ruling lords of Amsterdam), and gracht means canal, so the name can be roughly translated as "Canal of the
lords"), Keizersgracht (Emperor's Canal), and Prinsengracht (Prince's Canal). The fourth and outermost canal is the
Singelgracht, which is often not mentioned on maps, because it is a collective name for all canals in the outer ring. The
Singelgracht should not be confused with the oldest and most inner canal Singel. The canals served for defence, water
management and transport.

Construction started in 1613 and proceeded from west to east, across the breadth of the layout, like a gigantic windshield
wiper as the historian Geert Mak calls it and not from the centre outwards, as a popular myth has it. Subsequently, the
construction of residential buildings proceeded slowly. The eastern part of the concentric canal plan, covering the area
between the Amstel river and the IJ bay, has never been implemented. In the following centuries, the land was used for
parks, senior citizens' homes, theatres, other public facilities, and waterways without much planning. Over the years,
several canals have been filled in, becoming streets or squares, such as the Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal and the Spui.

CLIMATE Amsterdam has an oceanic climate strongly influenced by its proximity to the North Sea to the west, with
prevailing westerly winds. Both winters and summers are considered mild, although winters can get quite cold, while
summers quite warm occasionally. Amsterdam, as well as most of the North Holland province, lies in USDA Hardiness
zone 8b. Frosts mainly occur during spells of easterly or northeasterly winds from the inner European continent. Even
then, because Amsterdam is surrounded on three sides by large bodies of water, as well as having a significant heat-island
effect, nights rarely fall below 5 C (23 F), while it could easily be 12 C (10 F) in Hilversum, 25 kilometres (16
miles) southeast. Summers are moderately warm with a number of hot days every month.

RELIGION Christianity (17%, of which Roman Catholics form the majority, with 10%), though Islam (currently 14%)
is rapidly growing in popularity and is predicted to be the largest religious group within a few years.

PARKS Vondelpark, the largest park in the city, is located in the Oud-Zuid borough and is named after the 17th century
Amsterdam author, Joost van den Vondel. Yearly, the park has around 10 million visitors. In the park is an open-air
theatre, a playground and several horeca facilities. In the Zuid borough, is Beatrixpark, named after Queen Beatrix.
Between Amsterdam and Amstelveen is the Amsterdamse Bos (Amsterdam Forest), the largest recreational area in
Amsterdam. Amstelpark in the Zuid borough houses the Rieker windmill, which dates to 1636. Other parks include
Sarphatipark in the De Pijp neighbourhood, Oosterpark in the Oost borough, and Westerpark in the Westerpark
neighbourhood. The city has four beaches, the Nemo Beach, Citybeach "Het stenen hoofd" (Silodam), Blijburg, and one
in Amsterdam-Noord.

The city has many open squares (plein in Dutch). The namesake of the city as the site of the original dam, Dam Square, is
the main town square and has the Royal Palace and National Monument. Museumplein hosts various museums, including
the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, and Stedelijk Museum. Other squares include Rembrandtplein, Muntplein,
Nieuwmarkt, Leidseplein, Spui, and Waterlooplein. Also, near to Amsterdam is the Nekkeveld estate conservation
project.

FASHION brands like G-star, Gsus, BlueBlood, PICHICHI, Iris van Herpen, fair trade denim brand MUD Jeans, 10 feet
and Warmenhoven & Venderbos, and fashion designers like Mart Visser, Viktor & Rolf, Sheila de Vries, Marlies
Dekkers and Frans Molenaar are based in Amsterdam. Modelling agencies Elite Models, Touche models and Tony Jones
have opened branches in Amsterdam.

Amsterdam is truly a bikers city, although pedaling along the labyrinthine streets can get a little chaotic. Stick to walking
and you wont be disappointed. The gentle canals make a perfect backdrop for exploring the Jordaan and Rembrandtplein
square. Pop into the Red Light District if you mustif only so you can say youve been there. The Anne Frank House is
one of the most moving experiences a traveller can have, and the Van Gogh Museum boasts a sensational collection of
works.

Current Dutch Culture The Netherlands is a culturally very diverse country, with inhabitants from all over the
globe. Especially in the large cities: Amsterdam for instance has people from 170+ nationalities living there.

The original inhabitants are (in)famous for being straightforward, very direct and speaking their minds, which foreigners
sometimes might see as rude. But don't worry! It's (usually) not meant that way! :-) One of the other main characteristics
of Dutch people is that they're very down-to-earth. Show-offs and people who brag about how much money they're worth
are usually put to their place. There's a Dutch saying (Doe maar gewoon, dan doe je al gek genoeg!) which would literally
translate into something like: ''Just act normal, then you're acting crazy enough as it is!''.

The Dutch are very open to other cultures; something that reflects on the cuisine as well. Traditionally, a standard
evening meal would consist of potatoes, vegetables and a piece of meat, but foreign products and ingredients are more
and more added to the daily cooking.

As it being such an open and internationally orientated country, almost everyone can make him- or herself understandable
in English and/or another language, besides Dutch. That doesnt mean that the residents wont appreciate it when you, as
a foreign traveler, try to speak Dutch. Youll probably find though that people tend to rapidly switch to English, since
they feel that to be easier and faster.

When meeting a Dutch person, its very common to shake hands or when you know someone better, to give that person
three kisses on the cheeks. A big no-no is to ask someone how much money he or she makes in a year! Asking that
would be considered VERY rude and would end up in getting a snappy answer like none of your business.
The Netherlands is also well known for its liberal attitude towards specific subjects, such as gay rights or marriage,
euthanasia, soft drugs, freedom of speech, abortion etc. That doesnt mean that locals cant get extremely upset
sometimes when it comes to drug tourism. Smoking a joint in public is not recommended and could give you a lot of
angry faces. Locals in Amsterdam for instance love tourists, but cant stand people who only go there to get stoned and/or
drunk. As in all liberal societies, there are two sides of the medal. Yes, you allowed to do and say a lot but you also have
to get along and compromise and be diplomatic to keep the peace.

1. The Dutch are stoned all the time This might be the most common stereotype about Dutch people, or at least something
they are infamous for. However, the fact that soft drugs are more or less legalized in the Netherlands actually contributes
to the lower numbers of addicts and users compared to the high percentage, almost twice as high, of soft drug users in the
USA.

2. All Dutch are tall, have blond hair and blue eyes This stereotype is indeed true only if you consider the people who are
ethnically Dutch. Dutch people are the tallest people in the world with 1.84m on average for men and 1.70 for women.
Dying your hair blond and putting on blue contact lenses wont make you feel any special in the Netherlands. However,
with the arrival of immigrants from all over the world, this once-a-fact can be just another stereotype.

3. At least half the population is gay Most Dutch are very tolerant towards the gay community. Amsterdam is the
unofficial Europes gay capital. The Netherlands was also the first country in the world to allow gay marriage in 2001.
This has made it easier for gays to come out of the closet and for society to open them. But this doesnt mean that most of
the population is gay and that in 100 years there wont be any heterosexual children.

4. The Dutch are greedy There must be a reason why splitting the bill is called Going Dutch. Its true that many Dutch
keep a tight watch over their money. Men are unlikely to pay for their dates. (Ladies, take a clue. If you like to be dined
and wined while in Amsterdam, going Dutch is not going to be a solution.) I am no sociologist, but perhaps this explains
why there are not many beggars on the streets in Amsterdam compared to other mega cities in Europe. You will find
street artists in other European tourist destinations complain about greedy Dutch who wont spare changes for their acts.
But as a collective whole, Netherlands is a very generous country with a high percentage of their GDP.

5. The Dutch wear wooden shoes Yeah only if they come with Oilily. They are quite popular with little kids and people in
rural areas. We make them so you tourists can buy them. If you think were still wearing them, fine as long as you buy a
lot of them.

6. All Dutch speak English Dutch study English from an early age in a good education system and this combined with the
similarities between the two languages ensures that you never have to bring a language guide to the Netherlands. You can
ask for pretty much anything in Netherlands. Waitresses on the tourist squares are more likely to approach you in English
than in Dutch and even if you try to speak Dutch, the Dutch will almost always switch to English in order to make it
easier for you (or to brag their language skills).

7. Every Dutch shed keeps at least a dozen bicycles There are more bicycles than people in the Netherlands. For short
distances, people prefer biking over driving and walking. Dutch also take pride in decorating their bikes. Every morning
thousands of Dutch school kids will take their bikes and ride distance up to 20km to get to school. Every season, rain or
shine, summer or winter Dutch are seen on their bikes. There is probably nowhere else you will see many women in
elegant dresses or skirts pedaling on their bikes.

Ethnic Make-up: Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans,
Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40%

Dutch, the official language, is spoken by around 90% of the population. Around 350,000 people, or 2.2% of the
population, speak Frisian as their first language, mainly in the northern province of Friesland, where it is recognised as an
official language. Turkish and Arabic are also spoken in the Netherlands, each by over 0.6% of the population.

The Role of the Family


The Dutch see the family as the foundation of the social structure.
Families tend to be small, often with only one or two children.
Relatively few women work outside the house full-time as compared to many other cultures.
This allows mothers to be more available to their children throughout the entire day.

Dutch Demeanour

Appearances are important to the Dutch.


They are disciplined, conservative, and pay attention to the smallest details.
They see themselves as thrifty, hardworking, practical and well organized.
They place high value on cleanliness and neatness.
At the same time, the Dutch are very private people.
They do not draw attention to themselves and do not value the accoutrements of success highly prized by other
western societies.
They dislike displays of wealth, as they run counter to their egalitarian beliefs.
They do not boast about their accomplishments or their material possessions.

Egalitarianism

The Dutch are egalitarian and highly tolerant of individual differences.


Their children are raised without gender biases.
There is practically no abject poverty in the country because of the social programs, which, however, also
increase the tax burden on workers.
This egalitarian outlook is carried over into the workplace.
Even in hierarchical organizations, every person has a right to their opinion and to have it heard.
The boss may be the final decision maker, but he/she will typically want input from the workers and will strive
for consensus.
Everyone is valued and shown respect.

Dutch Privacy

The Dutch are reserved and formal when dealing with outsiders.
They are private people and do not put their possessions or emotions on display.
Self-control is seen to be a virtue.
The Dutch do not ask personal questions and will refuse to answer should you be foolish enough to intrude on
their privacy.
Personal life is kept separate from business.
If a friendship develops at work and is carried into the personal arena, this camaraderie will not be brought into
the office.
Personal matters are not discussed with friends, no matter how close.

Meeting and Greeting

The handshake is the common form of greeting.


It is firm and swift, accompanied by a smile, and repetition of your name.
Shake hands with everyone individually including children.
Very close friends may greet each other by air kissing near the cheek three times, starting with the left cheek.
Most Dutch only use first names with family and close friends.
Wait until invited before moving to a first-name basis.

Gift Giving Etiquette

If invited to a Dutch home bring a box of good quality chocolates, a potted plant, a book, or flowers to the
hostess.
Flowers should be given in odd numbers, but not 13, which is unlucky.
Avoid giving white lilies or chrysanthemums, as these are associated with funerals.
Gifts should be wrapped nicely.
Wine is not a good gift if invited for dinner, as the host may already have selected the wines for dinner.
Do not give pointed items such as knives or scissors as they are considered unlucky.
Gifts are usually opened when received.

Dining Etiquette

Dining is fairly formal in the Netherlands.


Table manners are Continental -- the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
Remain standing until invited to sit down. You may be shown to a particular seat.Men generally remain standing
until all the women have taken their seats.
If you have not finished eating, cross your knife and fork in the middle of the plate with the fork over the knife.
Do not begin eating until the hostess starts.
Most food is eaten with utensils, including sandwiches.
The host gives the first toast. An honoured guest should return the toast later in the meal.
Salad is not cut; fold the lettuce on your fork.
Always start with small amounts so you may accept second helpings.
Finish everything on your plate. It is offensive to waste food in the Netherlands.
Indicate you have finished eating by laying your knife and fork parallel across the right side of your plate.

Building Relationships & Communication

Many Dutch are familiar with doing business with foreigners since the Netherlands has a long history of
international trade.
They will want to know your academic credentials and the amount of time your company has been in business.
The business community is rather close and most senior level people know one another.
Older, more bureaucratic companies may still judge you by how you are introduced so it is wise to have a
third-party introduction if possible, although it is not mandatory.
The important thing is to demonstrate how your relationship would be beneficial for both sides.
The Dutch take a long-term perspective when looking at business, so be clear what your company's intentions
are.
Since the Dutch value their personal time, do not ask them to work late or come in over the weekend if you want
to foster a good working relationship.
The Dutch are hospitable, yet this is often reserved for family and friends. In business they tend to be reserved
and formal.
They do not touch one another and appreciate it when those they do business with maintain the proper distance,
do not demonstrate emotion or use exaggerated hand gestures.
The Dutch are extremely direct in their communication.
They may sound blunt if you come from a culture where communication is more indirect and context driven.
They do not use hyperbole, and likewise they expect to be told yes or no in clear words.
In general, ideas will be discussed quite openly at meetings, with everyone entitled to their opinion.
Information is shared across departments and corporate strategies and goals are usually communicated to all
employees, especially in more entrepreneurial companies.
Decisions are often consensus-driven in these cases.
Always appear modest and do not make exaggerated claims about what you or your company can deliver.
Your word is your bond and making claims that later prove to be untrue will brand you as unreliable.

Business Meeting Etiquette

Do not try to schedule meetings during the summer (June through August), as this is a common vacation period.
Punctuality for meetings is taken extremely seriously.
Being late may mark you as untrustworthy and someone who may not meet other deadlines.
If you expect to be delayed, telephone immediately and offer an explanation.
Cancelling a meeting at the last minute could jeopardize your business relationship.
Meetings are rather formal in nature. Little time is spent on pleasantries.
Meetings adhere to strict agendas, including starting and ending times. Do not attempt to deviate from the
agenda.
Maintain direct eye contact while speaking.

Negotiations

The Dutch prefer to get down to business quickly and engage in relatively little small talk.
Communication is direct and to the point, and may seem blunt.
Make sure your arguments are rational as opposed to emotional.
Use facts and figures to confirm your statements.
Business is conducted slowly. The Dutch are detail-oriented and want to understand every innuendo before
coming to an agreement.
Decision-making is consensus driven. Anyone who might be affected by the decision is consulted, which greatly
increases the time involved in reaching a final decision.
Avoid confrontational behaviour or high- pressure tactics.
Once a decision is made, it will not be changed.
Contracts are enforced strictly.

Residents of Amsterdam have always been famous for honesty and sincerity, as well as thrift (this concerns many
issues, for example, respect to environment).Moderation in everything this is one of the main traits of this nations
character. The locals are very friendly; they greet everyone, even in public transport and stores. This fact often surprises
visitors.
When dealing with the natives, do not express the feeling of superiority as it will certainly cause a lot of negative
emotions. Loyalty to distribution and use of soft drugs and has also long become a hallmark of the local way of life. It is
worth noting attraction and respect for everything made in the UK from the side of the local residents. Many people here
speak English perfectly and are well aware of the lifestyle, culture and worldview of the British.
As it has been mentioned already, the locals show much respect and care for the environment, so visitors of the city
will also need to show respect and in no way disturb the natural harmony of this place. The local people are very
hospitable and are always ready to help. Probably, this is one of the reasons why Amsterdam remains a popular tourist
destination for so many years. Tulip remains one of the most famous symbols of the Netherlands. Each April the grand
opening of Keukenhof Park is held in Amsterdam. This is one of most beloved and anticipated national holidays of the
country. Every year several millions of tulip bulbs are planted in this beautiful park, so in spring Keukenhof is painted in
all colors of a rainbow. The period starting from April and up to May is the time for colorful fair trades dedicated to
flowers. Late summer is the time for a large sale of tulip bulbs, which attracts florists from all countries of the world.
Another striking feature of Amsterdam is the abundance of road cyclists. Many citizens choose two-wheel transportation
because of their beliefs. This way they show their care for the environment. Many people use bicycles simply to prevent
themselves from spending hours in traffic jams. You will certainly see a big bicycle parking near each public institution.
By the way, sometimes its really hard to find a free space in such parking lot.
Amsterdam is a unique and famous world capital for its legal prostitution and use of soft drugs, gay pride, food
festivals and even euthanasia. This becomes even more important to the fashion industry, traditions, art, various festivals,
carnivals, and festivities. When talking about Amsterdam, the first association coming to ones mind is a notorious Red
Light District and weed coffee shops. The so-called Cannabis Cup is a famous annual festival, which happens at the end
of autumn. Tourists and visitors can enjoy the competition between small coffee shops, which serve munchies with a
secret ingredient. Such competitions have a special panel of judges and only for 200, you can become its member!
Everything you have heard about the Red Light District is the truth: prostitutes in the red-light windows, vice houses,
haze-filled bars and cafes, sex-shops and strip-shows. When strolling around the neighborhood - be careful and watch out
for pocket lifters. Also be aware of that its forbidden to take photos and videos of the prostitutes in the windows this
will be taken as the sign of the disrespect, and you can say good-bye to your camera as well. Here you can legally
purchase up to 5 grams of marijuana, space cakes, hashish, and truffles. This amount is legal, tolerated and will not be
prosecuted by the authorities.
Already old hat that lots carnivals take place at every step, so each and one tourist will find an activity after his or
her own heart. In April tourists have a brilliant opportunity to witness annual Flower Parade or Bloemencorso in Dutch.
The procession consists of 20 huge floats and 30 decorated carts that carry and display the flower masterpieces. But you
need to come early to find a good spot and enjoy the procession. Thousands of native people and visitors abroad gather at
Noordwijk, from where all the floats pass a long way (42 km) to Haarlem. In Haarlem, next day, you can admire all the
flower installations where the floats remain till the evening.
Amsterdam is not a kind of city that is full of various places of interest, which are well known all over the world.
However, the city itself is actually one huge place of interest. Amsterdam is well-known for its open mind towards
equality of the gay, lesbian and transgender communities. In the middle of summer, you have a chance to observe the
Amsterdam Gay Pride one of the worlds largest celebrations that last for a week. During this week you can party, visit
galleries and art exhibitions, cinema and sports events hosted by gay communities and be welcomed. In love with dance
and music festivals? In summer you can enjoy your time at Pitch or Verknipt Festival, Buiten Westen or Dekmantel
Weekender. Traveling with family? Take them to Sail Amsterdam and watch the most impressive sailing ships in
Amsterdam Harbor, or Artis ZOOmeravonden and learn about various nocturnal rituals animals have.

Sport In the winter, the Dutch love to cheer on their favourite speed skaters. It is not uncommon to see Dutch people in
the northern parts of the Netherlands skating along the canals. Soccer is also another tremendously popular sport in the
Netherlands.

Traditional Dress The Netherlands does not have a national traditional costume. Different costumes are found in
different regions of the Netherlands. The Vollendame costume consisting of the black skirt, stripped apron, shawl and a
lace hat along with wooden shoes (Klompen) are what most people believe to be the traditional dress.

Education In the Netherlands, all children from the age of 4 to 12 go to the same kind of elementary school. At the age
of 12, depending on the childs skills and what they want, they can choose from 4 different types of high schools to enter.

VBO Students enter for 4 years. VBO prepares them for vocational education.

MAVO Also 4 years in length, is considered a lower general secondary education.

HAVO This is a higher general secondary education and is 5 years in length. HAVO prepares students for a higher
lever of vocational education.

VWO This level of schooling prepares students for university and takes 6 years to complete.

Holidays

New Year's Day (Nieuwjaarsdag) - January 1


Good Friday (Goede Vrijdag) - [Not an official holiday]
Easter Monday (Tweede paasdag)
King's Day (Koningsdag) - April 27
National Remembrance Day (Dodenherdenking) May 4 [Not an official holiday]
Liberation Day (Bevrijdingsdag) May 5 [Official holiday only every 5 years]
Ascension Day (Hemelvaartsdag)
Whit Monday (Tweede pinksterdag) - The day after Whitsunday
Sinterklaas - December 5 [Not an official holiday]
Christmas (Eerste Kerstdag) December 25
Tweede Kerstdag (Tweede Kerstdag) December 26

Koningsdag or Kings Day marks the birthday of the King Willem-Alexander. It is celebrated on April 27. This day is
celebrated with street parties and wearing orange.

Whit Monday comes seven weeks after Easter Monday and usually marks the beginning of the disciples missionary work.
Sinterklass was an archbishop who would give his wealth to the poor. In the Netherlands, Sinterklass comes from Spain
on a horse with his assistant Swarte Piet giving presents and candy to children. Children fill their shoes with carrots and
hay for Sinterklass horse. Spiced cookies, known as Taai-taai, are popular during this holiday.

Remembrance Day is a solemn occasion to remember those who died in World War 2. At 8pm the Dutch gather at local
war memorials to commemorate the fallen and to observe 2 minutes silence.

Liberation Day is a more joyous occasion to celebrate the end of German occupation. On this day, the Dutch look toward
the future instead of looking in the past.

Dutch Cuisine

Traditionally, Dutch supper consisted of boiled potatoes, vegetables and a meat selection. Indonesian influenced meals
were also popular. Raw herring served with raw onion is extremely popular in the Netherlands. Herring and onion are
sold everywhere by street vendors. Listed below are a few food related Dutch traditions.

Poffertjes similar to mini pancakes doused with sprinkled sugar.

Hagelslag chocolate sprinkles usually eaten on bread.

Muisjes - Aniseeds with a colored outer layer of sugar. When a new baby is born the mother will serve either pink (girl)
or blue (boy) "muisjes" on pieces of rusk.

Nasi Goreng Indonesian influenced rice dish. Bami, is another style but uses flat noodles instead of rice.

Boerenkool met worst boiled potatoes mashed together with kale and a Dutch sausage that is simmered on the top while
cooking.

Kroketten rolled up left over meat in a paste rolled in breadcrumbs and then fried. Very popular snack shops in the
Netherlands sell them and you can get them in vending machines at the train stations.

Keropok (Kroepoek) Is an import from Indonesia. It is basically a shrimp or fish flavoured cracker.

When people think about The Netherlands they quickly think about the tulips, the mills, cheese, wooden shoes and about
a country that uses the bicycle as its main transportation. But this little country has more to offer than these cultural icons.
Although I believe its widespread use of the bicycle should be hailed as the future of sustainable transportation and my
country should be recognized for it.

The Dutch have a very rich culture and it is well known for his many famous painters, the Dutch Masters; Rembrandt van
Steen and Vincent van Gogh, just to name a few. Famous literature written in the Dutch Golden Age from Joost van den
Vondel and P.C. Hooft to philosophers like Erasmus also fill our rich cultural history.

The Dutch people are known to be very private. People are very formal when they deal with each other. They have high
self control, they are known to not ask personal questions and they refuse to answer them. Their common greeting is a
handshake and a smile. Very close friends will kiss each other three times on the cheek.

Most Dutch are very comfortable when doing business with foreigners since The Netherlands has a long history of
international trade. The Netherlands have a close business community and a lot of senior level people know each other.
Even if the Dutch are very keen on their privacy, they are very hospitable and will give you a feeling you are always
welcome and respected.

Sinterklaas Every year about three weeks before December 5th, Sinterklaas and his band of helpers arrive in the
Netherlands from Spain by steamboat. The arrival (intocht) is shown live on television. For the next three weeks
Sinterklaas and his Zwarte Piet helpers tour the Netherlands visiting children at school. Then on December 5th he will
visit you at home with his big book and tell you whether you have been good or bad and you will get showered with
presents.

The Queen's Day Market April 3rd is Koninginnendag (Queen's Day) and is the birthday of Queen Beatrix's mother,
Juliana. When Beatrix succeeded her mother in 1980, she decided to keep the celebrations on the same day, which is a
public holiday. Traditionally citizens sell goods on the street on Queen's Day which is why the streets turn into a giant
flea markets. New King Willem-Alexander decided to rename it "Koningsdag" and shift it forward three days to his
birthday on April 27th.

Eating oliebollen - deep-fried donuts - on New Year's Eve. On New Year's Evening the people in The Netherlands
traditonally serve Oliebollen. Oliebollen is a traditional dish served in The Netherlands as well as in Belgium. In the
English language they are known as "Dutch Doughnuts" or "Dutchies". The Oliebollen are usually served with powder
sugar.

Carnaval. The roots of Carnaval stem from the Catholic period before Lent the 'feast' before the 'fast'. The Carnival
festivities, complete with lavishly decorated floats, music and LOTS of beer hit the streets in February. This tradition was
mostly celebrated in the south of the country but over the years lately it has spread northwards.

Eating Herring. You cannot get more Dutch than eating herring - especially when the "Hollandse Nieuwe" hit the shops.
The start of the new herring season is always a major media circus. Vlaggetjesdag, known as the the day of the little flags,
is supposed to give tribute to the times 1380 when the herring fleets would coming home. Every year the start of this
season is celebrated in June.

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. It is located in the Southeastern part of the province of North Holland,
which is in the west of the country. The Netherlands often also called Holland is located in the Northwestern part of
Western Europe. It is bordered in the east by Germany, in the south by Belgium, and in the west and north by the
Northsea.

What language do they speak in Amsterdam? That depends on who they are. The official, native language is Dutch, but
most people in Amsterdam also speak quite a bit of English. The city is home to people from 187 nationalities, so you
will hear a lot more than just Dutch and English. You will not need to know any Dutch in order to enjoy your visit to
Amsterdam.

How many people live in Amsterdam? Last time we checked, nearly 850.000 in Amsterdam proper, and altogether about
2.5 million in the metropolitan area. At the current rate of growth, in 2034 some 1 million people will call the city home.

How many bicycles are there in Amsterdam? According to the most recent figures, the 850.000 residents (442.693
households) of Amsterdam together own 847.000 bicycles. That represents 1.91 bicyles per household. 78% of people 12
years and older owns at least one bike. Bonus fact: each year between 12,000 and 15,000 bikes are fished up from citys
canals.

What does Amsterdam mean? The name Amsterdam is derived from the citys origins: it grew around a dam in the river
Amstel. However, the city may actually have been named after a dike built years earlier.

What is the Dam? Dam square in Dutch simply, de Dam is Amsterdams best-known square, and it is a handy
central location from which to explore the medieval city centre. Its the site of the dam mentioned in the previous answer,
though nowadays the erstwhile dam is no longer visible. Featuring the Royal Palace, Dam square often is the focus of
events of national importance as in the annual Remembrance Day (May 4) ceremonies which take place at the
National Monument, commemorating those who died during the Second World War. By the way: do not call Amsterdam
The Dam.

What is Mokum? Mokum is a popular nickname for Amsterdam. It is derived from the Hebrew makom, which means
place.
What are some other nicknames for Amsterdam? Before the Second World War Amsterdam had such a large Jewish
population that the city was referred to as the Jerusalem of the North. Amsterdam is also known as the Venice of the
North due to its many canals. Some folks think its cool to refer to Amsterdam as The Damor De Dam. Its not. It
just makes you sound dumb. The Dam is Dam square.

What do you call someone who lives in Amsterdam? Lucky! Actually: Amsterdammer, but if you want to surprise your
Dutch friends, use the colloquial Mokummer instead. (Mind you, many would say that one has to have been born and/or
raised in Amsterdam to be considered a real Mokummer). See What is Mokum?

How do you abbreviate Amsterdam? Were not sure why youd want to, but here goes: Adam (which you can pronounce
as Adam).

What is the airport code for Amsterdam? The IATA Code for Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is AMS. The ICAO Code is
EHAM.

How many canals are there in Amsterdam? Amsterdam has 165 canals with a combined length of 100 KM (60 Miles)

Can you swim in the canals? Yes and no. People do swim in the canals illegally or at official unofficial spots. And
then theres Amsterdam City Swim an annual fundraising event prior to which extra sanitation of the water takes place.
After all, canal swimmers have to take into account certain hazards. Underneath the water: lots and lots of discarded bikes
in which you can easily get entangled. On the water: lots of boat traffic. In the water: well, lets just say that not yet all of
the houseboats are connected to the sewage system. Heres some info on where to swim in Amsterdam.

How many people a year drown in the canals? No one seems to know the exact number, but reports from the Public
Health Service and the Police indicate that 7-15 people a year drown in Amsterdams canals. Reportedly most drowning
victims are men who, while drunk, attempted to relieve themselves into a canal (which, by the way, is illegal).

How many bridges does Amsterdam have? 1,753 many of which can open to let ships pass. The bridge was open is a
popular excuse for arriving late at school or work (regardless of whether your route actually includes a bridge). 80 of
these bridges are within the famous grachtengordel (belt of canals). There are an additional 2250+ so-called
non-numbered bridges most of them far less significant than the numbered ones.

How many houseboats are there in Amsterdam? Amsterdam has 3.050+ houseboats anything from small, simple
structures to custom-built, multi-story floating homes, as well as converted commercial vessels. If you take into account
Greater Amsterdam as well (which the Amsterdam Tourist Board would really like for you to do), there are some 3.600
houseboats.

What is the best time of the year to visit Amsterdam? That depends on what you are looking for. The summer season is
very popular, of course, but Amsterdam is a fun and fascinating city any time of the year. The main tourist season is July
and August, with the best chance of good, sunny weather. The cultural season runs from September to May. The bulb
fields with tulips and other flowers near Amsterdam are in bloom from mid-April through mid-May. Winters are
relatively mild but can be cold and wet nevertheless. [Amsterdams climate and current weather]

What is Het IJ? The IJ is the river behind Central Station. Along with the river Amstel, the IJ has played an important
role in the founding and history of the city, and continues to do so. It connects the Port of Amsterdam, via the North Sea
Canal, with the North Sea to the West and the rest of the Netherlands, along with most of Europe, to the east. It is one
of Europes busiest marine corridors.

But how do you pronounce IJ? The name IJ consists of a digraph two letters that are pronounced like a single letter.
In Dutch both letters are capitalized. Pronounce IJ like ay or eye. Youll hear locals refer to Het IJ, so use that when
asking for directions: something like hat eye will work fine.

What currency is used in Amsterdam? The Netherlands is part of the European Union and uses the Euro. Until 2002 the
Dutch Guilder was used.
What it the most convenient and best place to change my money? The most convenient places money change offices
at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and at Central Station are not the best places to change your cash. Many travelers
prefer to use ATMs (cash dispensing machines), but there are many disadvantages and pitfalls to take into account.

How many old buildings are there in Amsterdam? Amsterdam has 6,800 16th, 17th and 18th century buildings. National
Geographic says the old town as one of Europes best preserved, photogenic, and intact historic city centers.

Why do so many buildings in Amsterdam tilt forward? Many of these homes are converted warehouses where good
would be hoisted to different floors. Those warehouses were built with a slight tilt to prevent the goods from damaging
the buildings facade on the way up or down. That approach was copied in other buildings as well. However, some
building tilt whichever way because the foundation has been damaged.

What is the tallest building in the city? The 36-story office tower Rembrandttoren, named after the painter, is 135 meters
tall 150 if you count the spire. Not tall by international standards, but tall enough when you take into account that the
average building height in the city is just 30 meters and only 15 meters in the medieval center. The Rembrandttoren is
located in the south of Amsterdam.

Is there a public-access observation deck? The tallest building in town is not open to the public. However, the nearly
100-meter tall ADAM toren at the north bank of the river IJ includes both an indoor- and an outdoor observation
deck. Named ADAM Lookout, the attraction opens May 14, 2016.

What is a brown caf? A brown caf is a pub with a dark wood interior, nicotine-stained ceiling and low-wattage lighting.
You can find brown cafs throughout Holland, but Amsterdam features more of them than any other city in the
Netherlands.

Is there a zoo in Amsterdam? Yes, founded in 1838, Artis is the oldest zoo in the Netherlands, the oldest zoo in Europe,
and the third oldest zoo in the world.

How many statues and sculptures are there in Amsterdam? 302: some pretty, some ugly and many that appear to be a
terrible waste of space, money and other resources.

Is Amsterdam safe? In the Safe Cities Index 2015 White Paper published by The Economist, Amsterdam ranks as the 5th
safest city in the world. Other popular European tourists destinations are ranked quite a bit lower: Barcelona (15), London
(18), Brussels (22), Paris (23) and Rome (27). That said, since 2012 Amsterdam has seen a number of high-profile
incidents of what the police refers to as liquidations in the criminal circuit. Those who (claim to be) in the know say it
involves criminals executing each other.

Can women safely travel around Amsterdam? Amsterdam is a safe city for women of all ages traveling alone or together.
Journeywoman.com, The Premier Travel Resource For Women, calls Amsterdam female-friendly and recommends it
as a city where women travelling alone can feel comfortable and safe.

Can you use your cell phone or mobile phone in Amsterdam? Like most countries in the world the Netherlands uses the
GSM cellular phone system. The GSM system is compatible with mobile phones sold in Australia, the UK, and most of
Asia.

Why is Amsterdam so tolerant? Historical reason: Amsterdam is a city where trade has always been more important than
ideology or religion overly strong views would only hamper relations. Too, Amsterdam is traditionally a city of
immigrants. Jews from Spain and French protestants found a safe haven, centuries ago. When it comes to prostitution or
the use of drugs the Dutch feel that if its going to happen anyway it is better to legalize and control it than to let it fester
underground.

What is the cost of living in Amsterdam? In the Worldwide Cost of Living survey 2015, conducted by Mercer Consulting,
Amsterdam ranks 69th (down from 39th in 2014).
What is the quality of life in Amsterdam? In the 2015 version of its annual listing of the Worlds Best Cities to live in
(Quality of Living Rankings), Mercer Consulting ranked Amsterdam at number 11. In the 2015 survey Steden en Streken
(Cities and Regions) survey by Dutch brand consultancy firm Hendrik Beerda, the Dutch themselves also ranked
Amsterdam at number 11. Smaller cities and towns did best in the survey. Amsterdammers love their architecture, but are
concerned about the availability of (affordable) housing. Overcrowding (particularly the high number of tourists in the
city center) is seen as a negative as well.

How much should I tip in Amsterdam? While tipping is common, by law all prices in the Netherlands include tax and tips.
However, leaving a tip (fooi sounds like foy) is customary in restaurants, bars, and pubs.

What is the most popular park in Amsterdam? With 10 million visitors a year, Vondelpark is the most popular park not
just in Amsterdam, but in all of the Netherlands.

What is the difference between a Coffeeshop and a Koffie Huis? A coffeeshop is a place where you can legally buy soft
drugs (marijuana or hashish), space cakes, coffee, tea, and sometimes freshly-squeezed juices and sandwiches. A koffie
huis (coffee house) is the same thing, minus the soft drugs and space cake.

How many tourists visit one or more coffeeshops in Amsterdam? A 2007 report by Amsterdams Department for
Research and Statistics shows that of the 4.5 million tourists who spend the night in Amsterdam during a given year, 26%
visit a coffeeshop. According to the Amsterdam Tourism & Convention Board, 10% of tourists even mention this as a
primary reason to visit the city.

Will tourists be banned from coffeeshops? The previous Dutch government planned to introduce a pass card/membership
system for coffeeshops, available only to legal residents of the Netherlands effectively barring tourists. Amsterdams
leaders opposed those plans. The current government has under its provisional governing pact adopted in October,
2012, nixed the Wietpas, but retains the stipulation that only legal residents may purchased at coffeeshops. The language
is somewhat unclear (theyre government types after all), but it appears that the new government will leave it up to
individual cities to enforce the resident rule. Amsterdam has always opposed the pass, claiming that it will hurt tourism,
and increase illegal drugs trading on the streets. Amsterdam Mayor Eberhard van der Laan on November 1, 2012
declared that all 220 coffeeshops in Amsterdam will remain open to tourists. A few hours later, a spokesman for the
justice minister said not so fast, but in the end Amsterdam won out.

What is a Wietpas? In an effort to combat nuisance caused by drugs tourists the previous Dutch government wanted to
turn coffeeshops into private clubs open only to legal residents of the Netherlands. Members would receive what the
government called a club pass. Normal people referred to it as the wietpas, using the Dutch colloquial term for
marijuana. Another suggested name was grass pass, but the foreign media preferred the term weed pass. The incoming
Dutch government has nixed the pass idea, but retains some of its proposed rules. Cities may now determine whether or
not to allow tourists into coffeeshops. In Amsterdam, tourists can continue to smoke.

Is it true that the coffeeshops are closing? No. Amsterdam has closed some coffeeshops (or Cannabis Cafes, as some
foreign media refer to them) in the Red Light District. There were too many of them in close proximity. In the Project
1012 zoning/clean-up plan for the area, most of these coffeeshops were superfluous. In addition, between now and
January 1, 2016, 31 coffeeshops are being phased out because they are located too close to high schools. By that time the
city expects there will be 160 coffeeshops left more per resident than any other town in the Netherlands. And yes,
tourists are still welcome in Amsterdams cannabis cafes.

What was Queens Day? Queens Day was the annual Dutch national holiday in honor of the late Queen Julianas
birthday and later of the birtday of Queen Beatrix. It was held annually on April 30. Queen Beatrix, who succeeded
her mother Juliana in 1980, decided to keep the holiday on April 30 as the weather on her own birthday, January 31,
tended to prohibit outdoor festivities. On Queens Day there were celebrations throughout the Netherlands. However, the
most popular destination is Amsterdam where up to one million visitors join the 850.000 locals in the worlds largest
street party. Queens Day has been replaced by Kings Day. On April 30, 2013, Hollands Queen Beatrix abdicated in
favor of her son, then Prince Willem-Alexander. King Willem-Alexanders birtday in on April 27. Kings Day which
pretty much resembles Queens Day is therefore celebrated on that day.
What is Kings Day? Kings Day is a nationwide celebration of King Willem-Alexanders birthday, on April 27. Though
every single city and village in the Netherlands joins the party, lots of people head to Amsterdam on that day. In 2014,
Kings Day replaced Queens Day which took place on April 30.

What does IAmsterdam mean? IAmsterdam is the advertising slogan with which the City of Amsterdam brands itself.
Located in back of the Rijksmusem, the IAMSTERDAM logo 2 meters (6.5 feet) high and 24 meters (26 yards) long
has become one of the most photographed sights in Amsterdam. A smaller copy of the motto is moved around the city.
The motto, designed in 2004 by advertising agency KesselsKramer, is meant to convey Amsterdams inclusiveness:
everyone should be able to say, I Am Amsterdam. It is meant to serve not only as part of the citys tourist and business
promotion activities, but also to convey to the citys hugely diverse population that were all one and should be proud
of it.

What is the weather like in Amsterdam? The good news: the old joke about Amsterdam having four seasons a day is just
not true. The bad news: at times it seems like it could be true anyway. Overall Amsterdam has the same mild climate as
the rest of the Netherlands, but the weather in Amsterdam remains somewhat unpredictable.

Why is everyone wearing orange clothes? Huh? We dont. Well, actually, we do but only on certain occasions. Orange
is the color of the Dutch Royal Family, which hails from the House of Orange. But you probably want a more extensive
explanation.

RADISSON BLU HOTEL, AMSTERDAM

WALDORF ASTORIA

HAUNTED PLACES: Spooksteeg (Ghost Alley),Bloedstraat (Blood Street), Dam Square,

10 FUN FACTS ABOUT AMSTERDAM IN NUMBERS

165: Thats the number of canals in Amsterdam. In total these waterways add up to more than 100 kilometers or about 60
miles. The Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht became part of the UNESCO
World Heritage list in 2010. So pretty, right?

3: Thats the number of Xs in Amsterdams coat of arms. The XXX on the citys coat of arms does not stand for
pornography, so get your mind out of the gutter. Most historians say they represent crosses of Saint Andrew. St. Andrew
was a fisherman who was martyred on an X-shaped cross in the 1st century. Amsterdam was originally a fishing village,
so there you have it. Or it could symbolize the three kisses that Dutch people give when greeting. You decide.

11,000,000: Thats the approximate number of wooden poles that support Amsterdams buildings. All of the structures in
the city are supported by 15 to 20 meter long wood poles that sink through the mud and are fixed in a sandy layer that is
11 meters deep on average. A typical house has around 10 wooden poles keeping it out of the muck, but Centraal Station
is supported by nearly 9,000 houten palen. Amsterdam is quite the pole dancer!

25,000

25,000: Thats the number of bicycles that end up in Amsterdams canals each year. Oddly, they say only 8,000 bikes are
pulled out of the canals annually. It sounds like there are quite a few bicycles still lurking under the waters.

1,515: Thats the number of bars and cafes in Amsterdam. Wow! Thats a lot of Heineken. Why not visit a few of our
favorite bars in Amsterdam.

4: Thats the number of meters Schiphol, Amsterdams airport, sits below sea level. If sea levels rise, the airport might
have to be transformed into a shipping port. Lets hope that doesnt happen.

1,281: Thats the number of bridges in all of Amsterdam. There are 80 bridges within the center of Amsterdam. Magere
Brug, also known as the Skinny Bridge, is the most famous bridge in the city. The crossing of Reguliersgracht and
Herengracht is known as the Bridge of 15 Bridges. If you stand in the right spot, especially at night, you can see a total of
15 arches into the distance. Pretty!

881,000: Thats approximately the number of bicycles in Amsterdam. Oddly enough, there are only about 799,400 people
living in the city. Some estimates say around 100,000 bicycles are stolen each year. That might account for the
discrepancy between the numbers of residents and bicycles!

2,500: Thats approximately the number of houseboats in Amsterdam. Most of the houseboats you see on Amsterdams
canals are occupied by residents but some are available for rent to visitors. Theres even a special houseboat just for cats,
De Poezenboot on the Singel canal! If you are curious about houseboats, check out the Houseboat Museum.

20,000,000: Thats approximately the number of tourists and day-trippers who visit Amsterdam in a year. Thats about
20 times as many tourists as locals! Luckily it is still possible to find peaceful places to relax. Check out some of
Amsterdams beautiful parks.

1. An Amsterdam City Walk This is the activity I recommend the most. Especially the guided tours (check the reviews
of the guide beforehand) are a must for everyone visiting Amsterdam. Youll learn more about the city its rich history
and the guide knows the best places to visit, to enjoy the nightlife and to grab a bite. For this reason it is best to put this
activity on your first day, the tips youll get will help you to make the best of the following ones.
2. Take a Bike Tour The Dutch love traveling by bike, as well as a means of transport as a hobby and exercise. Youll
notice that there are an enormous amount of bikes in the capital city and see lots of people going about on their fiets as
they are called in Dutch. You even have to be careful not walking into one:) So what better way to enjoy Amsterdam and
its surroundings than a bike tour? There are many tours available, like tours that include a cheese tasting, a clog
demonstration, countryside tours and many more. Yes I know Im all about the tours but I seriously think its the best
way to get the know the city. And just check out the reviews these tours get, seems like everyone is truly enjoying them.
A cheaper option would be to rent a bike and plan your own trip or free roam the city.
3. Canal Cruise A great and relaxing way to view some of Amsterdam is by taking a cruise on what Amsterdam is
famous for: its many canals. You can go for a day cruise or a night cruise, theres the sightseeing cruise, the
hop-on-hop-off canal bus, the pizza cruise, a cocktail and many more. And if youre together with your loved one I would
definitely go for a romantic dinner/candlelight cruise!
4. Visit the De Pijp neighbourhood De Pijp in Amsterdam is by many considered their favorite neighborhood and
translates into The Pipe. The quarter was built to ease the overpopulated Jordaan district and to house laborers, this
makes that De Pijp is a melting pot of cultures and nationalities. Today its also known as the Latin Quarter of Amsterdam
and is surely one of the most vibrant districts of the city. Visit one of the many typical Amsterdam pubs, the must see
Albert Cuypmarket with its many shops and try one of the international restaurants. And afterwards you can relax with a
stroll through the Sarphatipark, a peaceful oasis in a bustling neighborhood.
5. Albert Cuypmarkt Named after the Dutch artist Albert Cuyp this large street market is the largest in the Netherlands.
I already mentioned it in my paragraph on the De Pijp neighborhood but its worth mentioning separately as well!
Experience the real multicultural Amsterdam. Since 1904 the market has grown to over 300 stalls.
6. The Vondelpark Vondelpark is the largest park in Amsterdam and the most popular and well known park all
throughout the Netherlands. With over 10 million visitors each year it surely is one of Amsterdams most visited
attractions. Especially during the spring and summer many are relaxing and enjoying the sun while having a picnic,
drinking a beer or smoking a joint. Theres people jogging, rollerblading, a free open air theater (June, July and August),
several cafes, monuments and more. Best thing to do here? Have a picnic in the park and go people-watching. 7. The
Rijksmuseum The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national art and history museum that features over 8,000 exhibitions of
works of art and historical artifacts highlighting the rich and storied culture of the Dutch. It is the most popular museum
of the Netherlands and I personally love this one! It showcases the works of famed artists, Frans Hals, Vermeer and
Rembrandt, just to name a few. 8. The Anne Frank House The Anne Frank House (Dutch: Anne Frank Huis) is where
Anne Frank and her family hid during the German occupation in World War II. Its a historical museum showcasing
Annes life, the secret annex and an exhibition on discrimination and persecution. A museum with a collection and story
thats sure to impress. 9. Van Gogh Museum This museum houses the largest collection of works from Vincent Van
Gogh in the entire world (how surprising right:)). Van Gogh is one of most famous painters in the history of the
Netherlands (and the world!). It comprises 200 paintings, 400 drawings, and 700 letters by Vincent van Gogh.
10. The Royal Theatre Carr If youre into theater (and possibly even when youre not!) this is one stop not to be
missed! This theater only seems to be getting raving reviews on how wonderful a show was given, how great sounds was
and how beautiful the building. So why not attend one of the shows?
11. The Resistance Museum (Amsterdams Verzetsmuseum) The Dutch Resistance Museum holds a fascinating
collection of memorabilia recording the activities of Dutch Resistance workers in World War II. The museum is located
in a building in the Plantage neighborhood of Amsterdam. Part of the museum is dedicated to the younger visitors and
features stories, belongings and other items that were part of the childrens life during that period. 12. Leidseplein is the
most popular square in all of Amsterdam. It can also be considered as Amsterdams nightlife hub as youll find many of
the most popular cafes, bars, clubs and restaurants around the square or the surrounding streets. Fun both during the day
as a great starting point in the evening to explore the nightlife.
13. Artis Royal Zoo named Naturis Artis Magistra, this zoo dates back to 1838 which makes it the oldest Zoo in
Holland. Among others it features an aquarium, planetarium and an insectarium and butterfly pavilion.
14. The Nine Streets (De Negen Straatjes) The Nine Streets is the ultimate authentic shopping experience in
Amsterdam and is named after the nine side streets connecting the main canals. Full of shops and places to eat or have a
drink it boasts a great and unique atmosphere that is described in many guides as a must visit area of the city.
15. The Red Light District One of the first things, besides coffee shops maybe, that tourists think of when thinking of
Amsterdam, The Red Light District really has its own charm and whether or not you approve of the pragmatic approach
of sex trade in the Netherlands this is an area to be included in your list of areas to visit. Tip: dont make photos of the
ladies as it might get you in trouble. 16. Science Center NEMO Uncover the secrets of life and technology at Science
Center NEMO! Its the fifth most visited museum in the Netherlands and has five floors filled with exhibits and hands-on
experiences. Especially the interactive exhibits make for a fun visit for young and old alike.
17. Rembrandt House The Rembrandt House Museum, known as Rembrandthuis in Dutch, is a unique museum that
allows visitors to catch a glimpse of what Rembrandt van Rijns life would have been like during the 17th century. The
museum is housed in the very same home that Rembrandt lived in for two decades.
18. Museum of Bags and Purses Ladies how about a collection of more than 4000 bags dating from the late Middle
Ages until today? Ive been told its truly a great experience and fun museum to visit. 19. Our Lord in the Attic
Museum Located in the Red Light District this small canal house has a little secret church at the top which will make for
an interesting stop. The history and displays are truly amazing. Be prepared to climb some stairs. 20. Flower Market Be
sure to check out the Flower Market floating on the Singel canal! Although the flowers are not delivered by boat anymore,
the ethics and the culture still remains strong and its sure fun to walk by.
21. Royal Palace of Amsterdam The Paleis op de Dam, or the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, is located in the very heart
of the city on Dam Square. It is one of three palaces that are at the monarchs disposal thanks to an Act of Parliament. It
is often used for Royal Events and official receptions and open to the public most of the year.
22. Old Church Old Church, or Oude Kerk, is the oldest building in the city and the church of the Red Light District.
The building is used for both religious and cultural activities and is open to the public. Dont buy a postcard on of the
streets vendors but go to the Postcard Experience to get your digital postcard instead! In this small studio your will get
your own video (youre filmed in front of a green screen) of your visit in Amsterdam. Super fun to share with your
friends and as a great memory!
23. Postcard Experienc
24. House of Bols This cocktail and jenever tasting bar is named after the Lucas Bols spirit, the oldest brand of spirit in
the world. There are several areas in the House of Bols: Hall of Taste, Bols Flairbooth, the Mirror Bar, the Bols Shop
and the Bols Bar Tending Academy. Awesome experience as is proved by winning the Dutch Design Award for Best
Exhibition & Experience.
25. Heineken Experience Heineken is one of the most popular beers in the world, now wonder theyve made an
attraction about it:P Get a first-hand look at the brewing process and journey through the history of Heineken beer and the
Heineken family. Be aware that youll have to be at least 18 years old or accompanied by an adult (of course you also
wont get to taste any alcohol under the age of 18). 26. Tropenmuseum Explore the world in the Tropenmuseum. This
museum displays a range of permanent and temporary exhibitions about domestic and foreign culture, and social
phenomena from around the world and is one of the leading anthropological and ethnographic museums in Europe.
Theres even an interactive space specifically designed for the young.
27. Dam Square is a square created in the 13th century and was renowned for its Dam Square hippies in the sixties. This
vibe still lives on today. Around the square youll find highlights like the Bijenkorf, Magna Plaza, The Diamond Center,
the Royal Palace, Madame Tussauds and more. Great starting point for day of fun.
28. Madame Tussauds Although the main museum of Madame Tussaud is located in London the branch in Amsterdam
is also definitely worth a visit. So whats the main thing tourists do here? Well taking pictures of themselves together
with the wax sculptors of celebrities like Lady Gaga and Brad Pitt.
29. Begijnhof This is one of the oldest inner courts in the the capital city and consists of a group of nice historical
buildings around a courtyard and used to be a Bguinage. Most famous is the restored wooden house that dates back to
1528.
30. Chinatown is located next to the Red Light District and the Nieuwmarkt. And as the name suggests youll find Asian
shops, restaurants and markets in this neighborhood, a better name should be Asiantown as its not mainly focused on
China. Highlight is the Chinese Budhist Zeedijk Temple which is an impressive building with cool bright colors and
typical Chinese roofing. 31. De Poezenboot Poezenboot or Catboat is really one of a kind. Its the only animal sanctuary
that literally floats as its located in a houseboat on the Amsterdam canal belt and has become a world famous attraction.
Be generous and leave a donation!
32. Electric Ladyland This is a museum of which no other exists int he entire world. Its the first museum of fluorescent
art and amazes many by its beautiful art and colors. Low-priced and considered by many to be a great and impressive
visit.
33. Wester Church (Westerkerk) Youll only get to the top by guided tour only but climbing up the Westerkerk Tower
is surely to give you one of the best panorama views on Amsterdam.
34. Hermitage Amsterdam Explore Russian Culture and History in the Heart of Amsterdam in the Hermitage Museum.
This is actually a branch of the Hermitage Museum found in Saint Petersburg, Russia and features exhibitions on Russian
history and culture. This number 4 on the most visited museums in the Netherlands.
35. Amsterdam Cheese Museum Interesting museum on which Holland is famous for: Cheese! Its located across the
canal from the Anne Frank House so it might be a fun idea to combine the both and entrance is only one euro.
36. Amsterdam Dungeon Are you brave enough to enter the Amsterdam Dungeon? With 11 shows, live actors youll get
a truly unique experience. Be aware, theres as well laughing as screaming involved.
37. Museum van Loon Centrally located on the Keizersgracht in the city stands the house of the Amsterdam regent
family Van Loon. Willem van Loon was the co founder of the Dutch East India Company. The house is open six days a
week so the public can have a look at the beautiful collection and garden.
38. Basilica of St. Nicholas The Basilica of St. Nicholas was built over 125 years ago and owes most of its beauty to
Adrianus Bleijs. Known as Sint-Nicolaasbasiliek in Dutch, the church sits in the Old Center in Amsterdam. Both Baroque
and Renaissance styles can be seen in the construction.
39. The IJ Brewery A taste of tradition and history, The IJ Brewery (in Dutch: Brouwerij t IJ) is a small microbrewery
producing organic beer, housed in an old windmill called De Gooyer which is national monument and the tallest wooden
mill in the country. Do the tour and of course taste the beer!
40. Allard Pierson Museum Explore the world of ancient archaeology at the Allard Pierson Museum. This museum
houses artifacts from ancient civilizations around the world, including Egypt, Greece and the Roman Empire.
41. The Cat Cabinet Again I love cats so no wonder this is one is my list This museum features an impressive
collection of art of the feline persuasion. Did you know this museum often works together with the Rijksmuseum and van
Gogh museum to display special works of art? Well it does:) Highly recommended, especially by cat lovers.
42. Gassan Diamonds This cutter, polisher, importer and exporter of of a girls best friend: diamonds is located in an
impressive building which was a former diamond factory, that used to be powered by steam. Youll be able to see the
diamond cutters at work and if your wallet allows it you can get some really nice stuff. 43. Maritime Museum Discover
the maritime history of the Netherlands in this really awesome museum and if youve read into Dutch history a little
you know weve been a big player in the maritime world throughout history. Theres model ships, globes, maps,
paintings, other objects and even a replica of a VOC ship that you can board. 44. Jordaan District The Jordaan has risen
from a working-class district to one of the upscale neighborhoods of the city and is known for the boutique restaurants,
specialty stores and galleries it houses. Its also known for its folk singers (among the Dutch that is of course) of whom
youll find several statues. 45. Amsterdam Museum A complete museum about the city itself, well what better
location to learn about the city, its history, culture and traditions. Its located in the Kalverstraat which is one of the most
famous shopping streets in the country!
46. Singel The Narrowest House Well most of you will know that youll find some narrow houses along the canals of
Amsterdam but this one is narrowest and barely wider than its own front door! Located at Singel 7 its really fun to see
and Im sure youre gonna want to take a picture of this one.

Lisa

Emma

Julia

laura
Sanne

fleur

Merel

Anne

anouk

Tessa

Roos

Anna

Naomi

Kirsten

Sarah

Kim

Amy

Sophie

Michelle

Maud

melissa

isabel

Maaike

Max

David

Jan

lars

daan

Stan

Jesse

gijs
Daniel

Nick

Tom

Floris

Tim

Rick

robin

Thomas

thijs

Dennis

kevin

Erik

Bart

Stefan

Niek