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(Economy)

(- )

letter of credit [ letr v kredt ]

trade surplus [ tred spls ]

assets [ sets ]

stock company [ stk kmpni ]

equity capital [ ekwti kptl ]

( ) stock [ stk ]

depreciation [ dprien ]

balance sheet [ blns it ]

ATM , cash [ etiem ] [ k m

machine in ]

grant [ rnt ]

stock exchange [ stk kstend ]

broker [ brk ]

cover expenses [ kvr kspensz ]

oil rig [ l r ]

auditing [ dt ]

currency [ krnsi ]

GDP (Gross [ di di pi ] [ rs
( )
Domestic Product) dmestk prdkt ]

, bill (of exchange) [ bl v kstend ]

() deposit [ dpzt ]
external debt [ kstnl det ]

GNP (Gross [ denpi ] [ rs


( )
National Product) nnl prdkt ]

domestic market [ dmestk mkt ]

- military-industrial
[ kmpleks ]
() complex

World Trade [ wld tred na


() Organization (WTO) zen ]

pumping [ pmp ]

to fulfill / overfulfill [ t flfl / vflfl


/
a plan pln ]

deduct, write off [ ddkt ] rat f frm


,
from taxes tksz ]

State Bank [ stet bk ]

government /
[ vnmnt / treri
treasury bond (T-
() bnd (ti bl ) ]
bill)

cargo [ k ]

money supply [ mni spla ]

stockholder [ stkhld ]

shortage, deficit [ td ] [ defst ]

scarce, rare [ skes ] [ re ]

dividends [ dvdendz ]

long-term plans [ l tm plnz ]

share [ e ]

European Bank for [ jrpn bk f


Reconstruction and
riknstrkn nd d
() Development
velpmnt ]
(EBRD)

find / turn out to be


[ fand / tn at t bi d
defective /
fektv / sbstndd ]
substandard

arrears [ rz ]

, loan [ ln ]

client/customer [ klant kstm ]

purchase [ pts ]

procurement [ prkjmnt ]

collateral [ kltrl ]

to patent [ t petnt ]

spare parts [ spe pts ]

expenditures / [ kspendtz ] [ k
/
expenses spensz ]

costs [ ksts ]

, investor [ nvest ]

mortgage [ md ]

, capital investment [ kptl nvestmnt ]

capital intensive [ kptl ntensv ]

, () convertible, hard [ knvtbl ] [ hd ]

competitor [ kmpett ]

competitive [ kmpettv ]

competition [ kmptn ]
bill of lading [ bl v led ]

be listed on stock [ bi lstd n stk

market mkt ]

listing [ lst ]

(
efficiency [ fnsi ]
),

ratio [ re ]

loan agreement [ ln rimnt ]

lender [ lend ]

, borrower [ br ]

() exchange rate [ kstend ret ]

small / medium [ sml / midm


/
enterprise entpraz ]

oil field [ l fild ]

International
[ ntnnl mntri
Monetary Fund
() fnd ] [aemef ]
(IMF)

per capita [ p p kpt ]

overheads [ vhedz ]

cash [ k ]

tax [ tks ]

value added tax [ vlju dd tks vt


() (VAT) ]

tax return [ tks rtn ]

tax privileges, tax [ tks prvldz ]



relief [ tks rlif ]
tax code [ tks kd ]

taxation [ tksen ]

non-collected taxes [ nn klektd tksz ]

,
insolvency [ nslvnsi ]

oil pipeline [ l paplan ]

bond [ bnd ]

negotiated [ netd

instrument nstrmnt ]

Common Market [ kmn mkt ]

output [ atpt ]

limited liability [ lmtd lablti ]

wholesale [ hlsel ]

, [ tkszempt ] [ tks
tax-exempt, tax free
fri ]

fixed capital [ fkst kptl ]

in charge of [ n td v ik
economic policy nmk plsi ]

payments [ pemnts ]

liabilities [ labltz ]

submit dispute to [ sbmt dspjut tu



arbitration btren ]

planned / market [ plnd / mkt


/
economy knmi ]

balance of payments [ blns v pemnts ]


raise labor [ rez leb prdk

productivity tvti ]

repayment of credit [ rpemnt v kredt ]

, loading, unloading [ ld ] [ nld ]

to file taxes [ t fal tksz ]

taxable [ tksbl ]

income tax [ km tks ]

(sub)contractor [ (sb)kntrkt ]

to be in demand [ t bi n dmnd ]

portfolio [ ptfl ]

, damage [ dmd ]

[ ednt ] nt
agent, intermediary
midri ]

, to deliver / to supply [ t dlv / t spla ]

delivery [ dlvri ]

supplier [ spla ]

revenue [ revnju ]

consumer [ knsjum ]

consumer goods [ knsjum dz ]

consumption [ knsmpn ]

tariff [ trf ]

entrepreneur [ ntrprn ]

enterprise [ entpraz ]

price list [ pras lst ]


trial order [ tral d ]

profit [ prft ]

profitability [ prftbl ]

profitable, [ prftbl ] [ dvn

advantageous teds ]

natural resources [ ntrl rzsz ]

producer [ prdjus ]

oil wells [ l welz ]

interest rate [ ntrst ret ]

employer [ mplo ]

manpower [ mnpa ]

installment payment [ nstlmnt pemnt



plan pln ]

, audit [ dt ]

retail [ ritel ]

management, [ mndmnt ] [ d
,
administration mnstren ]

balance [ blns ]

cost recovery [ kst rkvri ]

profitable, self- [ prftbl ] [ self

subsidizing sbsdaz ]

self-financing [ self fanns ]

savings [ sevz ]

tax collection [ tks klekn ]

() sales and purchase [ selz nd pts ]


freely convertible [ frili knvtbl
() currency krnsi ]

deal / transaction [ dil ] [ trnzkn ]

production / prime [ prdkn / pram

cost, cost price kst ] [ kst pras ]

budget cuts [ bdt kts ]

discount [ dskant ]

warehouse /
[ wehas sthas ]
storehouse

employee [ emploi ]

joint venture / [ dnt ventr /



enterprise entpraz ]

savings (in savings [ sevz ( n sevz


() bank account) bk kant ) ]

business slowdown [ bzns sldan ]

demand and supply [ dmnd nd spla]

medium-term plans [ midm tm plnz ]

means of production [ minz v prdkn ]

maturity [ mtjrti ]

rate of [ ret v rim



reimbursement bsmnt ]

incentive [ nsentv ]

insurance [ nrns ]

account [ kant ]

c- invoice [ nvs ]
raw materials [ r mtrlz ]

personnel turnover [ psnel tnv ]

current plans [ krnt plnz ]

growth rate [ r ret ]

commodity turnover, [ kmdti tnv ] [

circulation skjlen ]

, , ,
bid, tender [ bd ] [ tend ]

trade / commercial [ tred / kml



counselor kansl ]

trade representative [ tred reprzenttv ]

trade mission [ tred mn ]

Chamber of
[ tembr v kms ]
Commerce

balance of trade [ blns v tred ]

break-even point [ brekivn pnt ]

pipeline [ paplan ]

labor intensive [ lebr ntensv ]

tax evasion [ tks ven ]

risk management [ rsk mndmnt ]

credit terms [ kredt tmz ]

terms of payment [ tmz v pemnt ]

terms of delivery [ tmz v dlvri ]

capital flight [ kptl flat ]

accounting and [ kant nd r


reporting pt ]

discount rate, bank [ dskant ret ] [ bk



rate ret ]

consumption / [ knsmpn /
,
accumulation fund kjumjlen fnd ]

stock market [ stk mkt ]

[ fktri sets /
factory assets / funds
fndz ]

freight [ fret ]

chartering [ ttr ]

cost accounting [ kst kant ]

securities [ skjrtz ]

equity investment [ ekwti nvestmnt ]

to save on
[ t sev n sm ] [t
something, to
knmaz ]
economize

to manage / to run (a [ t mnd / t rn (

firm, a hotel) fm / htel ) ]

export earnings [ kspt nz ]

issue [ u ]

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