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/ goal keeper


/ halfback


/ forward

/ centre forward

left wing

right wing


a player in the team


to be on the bench

/ referee

main referee

/ / linesman


the kick off

the first half

half time

the second half

added time

the final whistle

the ball

the goal

the goalpost

the crossbar

the top angle

the net

the ball is in the net

the centre spot

the centre line

the penalty area

the 6 yard box

the flag


the ball is out

the ball is in play

/ offside

a goal

to score a goal

no goal

/ penalty kick

to take a penalty

to take a free kick

indirect free kick

free kick

a goal kick

a corner

to take a corner

to throw in

a throw in

the score


a defeat

a draw

a wall

a five-man wall

a deflection

/ to bend the ball




the training process


technical skill


a dummy
a tackle

/ a pass

/ to pass

to mark someone

to speed up the game

to speed up the game

to slow down the game

to play counterattacking football

to play open football

to close the game down

to play attacking football

to play defensively

an injury

a serious injury

a slight injury

a substitution

a foul

a warning

a yellow card

a red card

a sending off

a kick

a centre

to centre the ball

a header

to head the ball

heading the ball

to handle the ball


to chest the ball

to keep the ball

to kick with the inside of the foot

/ to toe the ball

to backheel

to kick with the outside of the foot



national team

a fan

to support

the (Russian / Italian) football

( / )

the premier league

the first league

/ the world championship / cup

/ the European championship / cup



two teams playing against each other in a 90-minute game of

a match

a pitch the area where footballers play a match

the person who makes sure that the players follow the rules.
a referee
Normally wears a black shirt and shorts, and has a whistle

a linesman (referee's the person whose main duty it is to indicate with a flag when the
assistant) ball has gone out of play or when a player is offside

the player in goal who has to stop the ball from crossing the goal-
a goalkeeper line. The only player who is allowed to handle the ball during open

a defender a player who plays in the part of the football team which tries to
prevent the other team from scoring goals, e.g. 'Kolo Toure is a
defender and plays in defence for Arsenal and Ivory Coast'.

a midfielder - a player who plays mainly in the middle part of the

a midfielder pitch (or midfield), e.g. Michael Essien is a midfielder and plays in
midfield for Chelsea and Ghana

also called a forward; a player whose duty it is to score goals, e.g.

an attacker Samuel Eto'o is an attacker and plays in attack for Barcelona and

a skipper the player who leads a team, also called the captain

a player who sits on the bench ready to replace another team-mate

a substitute on the pitch. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. the manager was not
happy with his attacker and substituted him after 60 minutes

the person in charge of a team and responsible for training, new

a manager players and transfers. For example, Alex Ferguson is the manager
of Manchester United

a violation of the rules. For example, if a player other than the

a foul goalkeeper handles the ball in the penalty box (or penalty area) it is
a foul and a penalty is given to the other team

a yellow card shown to a player by the referee for a serious foul.

a booking
Two bookings or yellow cards result in a red card or sending-off

the point of the game when the referee blows the final whistle and
full-time the match is over. Normally after 90 minutes and any added injury
or stoppage time

also called stoppage time, added minutes at the end of the regular
playing time at half-time or full-time. Entirely at the referee's
injury time
discretion and normally indicated by an official on the sideline (or

if a match has no winner at full-time, 2 x 15 minutes of extra time

extra time
may be played in some competitions

in a position which is not allowed by the rules of the game, i.e.

when an attacking player is closer to the opposing team's goal-line
at the moment the ball is passed to him or her than the last defender
apart from the goalkeeper

the score the record of goals that indicates who is winning. The final score is
the result that decides who has won the match . Can also be used as
a verb, e.g. the attacker scored a beautiful goal

to allow a goal in, the opposite of scoring a goal. For example,

to concede Ghana conceded only four goals in the World Cup qualifying group

a successful attempt at scoring achieved by putting the ball over the

a goal goal line into the goal past the goalkeeper. For example, Gyan
Asamoah has scored a beautiful goal for Ghana

a goal scored accidentally by a member of the defending team that

an own goal
counts in favour of the attacking team

when a team scores first it is "in the lead", i.e. winning the match at
the point of scoring. For example, Fabrice Akwa's early goal gave
the lead
Angola the lead after 72 minutes but the final score was 1-1 (one

a goal that cancels out the opposing team's lead and leaves the
match tied or drawn. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. Marouan
an equaliser
Chamakh equalised for Morocco after 40 minutes and brought the
score level

a match in which a team is victorious and beats the other team. A

win normally gives the winning team three points, the losing team
to win
does not get any points. More commonly used as a verb, e.g. Brazil
won the World Cup in 2002

a match that ends in a tie, i.e. has no winner or loser. The teams get
a draw one point each for a draw. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. Congo
drew 0-0 (nil all) with Senegal in June

a match that is lost, the opposite of a win. For example, Sudan

a defeat
suffered a home defeat to Zambia in September 2002

to eliminate another team from a competition. For example, in the

to knock out
last World Cup Brazil knocked out England in the quarter-finals

in a knock-out competition, a penalty shoot-out takes place if a

match is a draw after full-time or extra-time. Five players from
a penalty shoot-out each team take a penalty each, and if the score is still level after
that, one player from each team takes a penalty in turn, in order to
decide who wins the match
If team A has scored four goals and team B one, the goal difference
a goal difference
is three

a way of deciding which team is ranked higher if two teams are

level (or equal) on points. For example, if team A and B both have
a head-to-head
six points, but team A beat team B in the head-to-head game, team
A will be ranked above team B

an extra match to decide which of two or more teams should go

a play-off through to the next round. For example, Australia beat Uruguay on
penalties in a play-off to qualify for the World Cup 2006

in some competitions, e.g. the UEFA Champions' League, a rule

that rewards teams for scoring away from home over two legs (or
matches). For example, in 2005 AC Milan beat PSV Eindhoven 2-0
the away-goal rule at home (in Milan) but lost 1-3 away in Holland. So both teams had
scored three goals and conceded three goals, but because AC Milan
had scored a goal away from home it went through to the
Champions' League final on the away-goal rule

to hit something, or somebody, with your foot. In football, the

to kick
players kick the ball.

to kick the ball towards the net at one end of the pitch (the goal) in
to shoot
an attempt to score a goal

the first kick of the game when two players from the same team in
the kick-off the centre circle play the ball and start the match. Also the first kick
after half-time or after a goal has been scored

a kick taken from the 6-yard line by the defending team after the
a goal-kick
ball has been put over the goal line by the attacking team

the kick awarded to a team by the referee after a foul has been
a free-kick
committed against it

a free shot at goal from 12 yards (11 metres or the penalty spot)
a penalty awarded by the referee to a team after a foul has been committed in
the penalty area

a kick from the corner flag awarded to the attacking team when the
a corner ball has crossed the gaol-line (or byline) after last being touched by
a player of the defending team

a throw-in a throw is taken from the sideline (or touchline) after the ball has
gone out of play. The only time a player can handle the ball without
committing a foul

a kick of the ball from one player to another. Can also be used as a
a pass
verb, e.g. the defender passed the ball to the midfielder

a pass from the side of the pitch into the penalty area in an attempt
a cross to find an attacker and score a goal. Can also be used as a verb, e.g.
the defender crossed the ball into the penalty area

a passing move in which player 1 passes the football to player 2,

a one-two
who immediately passes it back to player 1

the "shot" that occurs when a player touches and guides the ball
with his or her head. For example, El Hadji Djouf scored with a
a header
fine header. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. the defender headed the
ball back to the goalkeeper

a kick where the ball is hit with the heel (or the back) of the foot.
a backheel Can also be used as a verb, e.g. Nwankwo Kanu back-heeled the
ball to Thierry Henry

to kick a moving ball from the air before it hits the ground. Can
to volley also be used as a noun, e.g. Jay Jay Okocha's beautifully-struck
volley beat the goalkeeper at the near post

a defensive kick that is intended to put the ball out of danger, e.g.
a clearance
Peter Odemwingie's clearance went out of play for a throw-in

an often admiring reference to a style of football in which a team

one-touch football can pass the ball quickly from one player to another without the
need to control it with more than one touch

an often disapproving reference to a style of football in which a

the long-ball game team prefers to play long balls in the hope that an attacking player
will get them, flick them on or score

to be able to keep the ball and prevent the opposing team from
keep possession touching it. The opposite of "lose possession" or "give the ball

they are dangerous referring to a team that can switch quickly from defence to attack
on the counter-attack and score goals in that way

put eleven men referring to a team that defends with all the players and is not very
interested in scoring goals. For example, many visiting teams put
behind the ball eleven men behind the ball and are happy with a 0-0 draw when
they play Real Madrid at the Bernabeu stadium

refers to the way in which a player can fool the goalkeeper and
send the keeper the
pretend to shoot at one side of the goal while the ball goes in
wrong way
another direction. This expression is used often during penalties

referring to a well-placed, controlled shot from a scoring position

a clinical finish that ends in a goal. For example, Tunisia's Hatem Trabelsi
controlled the pass and scored with a clinical finish

this means a player was unable to control the ball (or pass) with his
his/her first touch let
or her first touch and as a result lost precious time or even
him/her down

referring to a team that has a lot of (tall) players who can head the
they are strong in the ball very well. As a result, they are strong in the air, may prefer the
air long-ball game, and score a lot of goals with headers while not
conceding any or many headed goals themselves

referring to a team that has a lot of big and physically strong

they have a big players and, as a result, prefers a very robust style of play. For
physical presence example, Bolton Wanderers have a big physical presence and are a
difficult team to beat in the Premiership

referring to a goalkeeper who is fast and makes quick (and

the goalkeeper is
normally correct) decisions as to when to leave the goal in order to
quick off his/her line
prevent an attacking player from reaching a pass or cross

that shot stung the referring to a shot on goal that is so hard that the goalkeeper might
goalkeeper's palms well have felt pain when he/she stopped it with his/her hands

referring to a player, normally a striker, who scores or has scored a

a prolific goal scorer lot of goals. For example, Henrik Larsson is a prolific goal scorer
for Sweden

referring to a foul that is punished by a yellow or red card and

the foul earned results in the player being banned from playing in the next game(s).
him/her a suspension For example, the two-footed tackle earned the defender a
suspension and he will miss the next game

put it in the back of to score a goal, e.g. Nigeria and Middlesbrough striker Aiyegbeni
the net Yakubu controlled the cross and calmly put it in the back of the net
shout during a football match to warn a team-mate that a player of
man on!
the other team is right behind. Often a call to pass the ball quickly

a trick or technique in which a player passes the ball through an

a nutmeg opponent's legs and then collects it from the other side. Can also be
used as a verb, e.g. the attacker nutmegged the defender

a shout to encourage a player to play a long ball into the penalty

bang it in the mixer! area (i.e. the "mixer") in the hope that an attacking player will get
on the end of it and score

an expression to signal that a defeat was unjust, possibly due to an

we was robbed injustice committed by somebody else. For example, we was
robbed by the ref (the referee)

referring to a player who is very skilful at kicking the ball with

s/he's got a sweet left
her/his left foot (the majority of footballers play with their right

s/he pulled off a referring to a very strong, quick or acrobatic stop of a shot by the
great save goalkeeper

the crossbar or the post of the goal. This expression means a team
they hit the
kicked the ball against the crossbar or post and was very unlucky
not to score

referring to a team whose players showed a lot of determination

they got stuck in
and fought very hard during a match

s/he ran the defence referring to an attacking player who made the defence work very
ragged hard and made the defenders look uncomfortable or unprofessional

s/he's got a lot of

this player is very fast

the goalkeeper made this means the goalkeeper made a very basic mistake (and probably
a howler let in a goal)

to change direction of play and pass the ball from one side of the
to switch play pitch to the other. For example, she switched play from left to right
wing (the left-hand side of the pitch to the right-hand-side)

referring to a player, normally a striker, who fought very hard and

s/he made a nuisance
used his physical presence to put the defenders under pressure and
of herself/himself
forced them to make mistakes
an expression referring to the fact that a football match can change
it's a game of two
unexpectedly over 90 minutes, and especially between the first half
and second half of the match


Football (Soccer)

Football is one of the world's most popular games. It is played in nearly every country, by
everyone from kids in vacant lots and back streets to professional players in giant
stadiums. Professional football is watched by billions of people all over the world, and is
probably the world's most popular spectator sport.

The earliest known form of the game was developed in China around 500 B.C. It was
known as cuju ('kick-ball') and was played with a leather ball. The object was to kick the
ball into a net stretched between two goal-posts. By 800 A.D. there was a well-organized
professional league in China, and similar games were also being played in Korea and

The earliest form of the game that we know of in Europe was played in England around
1100 A.D. It was played between big teams, sometimes whole villages, on a large field,
and the ball could be thrown, kicked, or carried towards the opponent's goal. There were
very few rules and games were often wild and rough. The game was repeatedly banned
by the authorities because of the violence and injuries it caused.

The modern game first developed in England in the 19th century. The Football
Association was set up in 1863 and the 'Laws of the Game' were drawn up in the same
year. In 1882 the International Football Association Board (IFAB) was formed, and this
organization still oversees the rules of the game. Then FIFA (Federation Internationale de
Football Association) was founded in 1904 to run international competitions. FIFA still
runs the World Cup, as well as regional competitions such as the European and Asian

How the Game Works

The modern game is played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with a
goal at each end. Players pass the ball to each other by kicking or heading it, with the aim
being to score goals by getting the ball into the opponent's goal. The game lasts for two
45-minute halves, and the team scoring the most goals wins. Draws are common, but if a
winner has to be found, a game can go into extra time. If the score is still tied after thirty
minutes of extra time, a 'penalty shootout' can decide the winner.

In general play, the goalkeeper is the only player who can touch the ball with the hands or
arms. All the other players can kick or head the ball only. Players can tackle an opponent
in order to get the ball from them, but must do so without pushing or tripping the player.
Pushing and tripping, along with other illegal actions such as 'handball' and 'offside', are
fouls that can be penalized with a free kick. If a foul is committed in the penalty area near
either goal, the referee can award a penalty kick, meaning a player can have a free shot at
goal, with only the goalkeeper being allowed to try to block it. If a player commits a more
serious offence, such as dangerous play, the referee can issue a yellow card as a warning,
or issue a red card, in which case the player is sent off and cannot be replaced by a
substitute. Teams are normally allowed three substitutes, which can be used to replace
players because of injury, or for tactical reasons.

: http://study-english.info/football.php#ixzz3kAO2Spty