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Circles & System of Circles 1

1. If the line x + 2 by + 7 = 0, is a diameter those chords of the circle, x2 + y2 = 4


of the circle, x 2 + y 2 - 6x + 2y = 0 which subtend a right angle at the
then b = origin is :
(A) 3 (B) - 5 (A) x 2 + y 2 - 2x - 2y = 0
(C) - 1 (D) 5 (B) x2 + y2 = 4 (C) x2 + y2 = 2
(D) (x - 1) + (y - 2)2 = 5
2
2. The equation of the circle which
touches both the axes & whose radius 8. A pair of tangents are drawn from the
is a, is : origin to the circle, x2 + y2 + 20 (x + y)
(A) x2 + y2 - 2 ax - 2 ay + a 2 = 0 + 20 = 0 . The equation of the pair of
(B) x 2 + y2 + ax + ay = 0 tangents is :
(C) x 2 + y2 + 2 ax + 2 by - a2 = 0 (A) x2 + y2 + 10 xy = 0
(D) None of these (B) x2 + y2 + 5 xy = 0
(C) 2 x2 + 2 y2 + 5 xy = 0
3. The centres of the circles, x2 + y 2 = 1,
(D) 2 x2 + 2 y2 - 5 xy = 0
x2 + y2 + 6x 2y = 1 & x2+ y2 12x + 4y =
9. y = mx is a chord of a circle of radius
1 are :
a and the diameter of the circle lies
(A) Same (B) Collinear
along x-axis and one end of the chord
(C) Noncollinear (D) None of these
is origin . The equation of the circle
4. If a circle passes through the point described on this chord as diameter is
(0, 0), (a, 0), (0, b), then its centre is :
(A) (a, b) (B) (b, a) (A) (1 + m 2) ( (x2 + y2) - 2 ax = 0
(B) (1 + m2) (x2 + y2) 2a (x + my) = 0
a b b a
(C) , (D) , (C) (1 + m2) (x2 + y2) + 2a (x + my) = 0
2 2 2 2 (D) (1 + m2) (x2 + y2) 2a (x my) = 0
5. The line lx + my + n = 0 will be a 10. If two circles, (x 1) 2 + (y 3) 2 = r2 and
tangent to the circle, x2 + y2 = a 2 if : x2 + y 2 - 8x + 2y + 8 = 0 intersect in
(A) n2 (l2 + m 2) = a 2 two distinct points, then :
(B) a2 (l2 + m2) = n2 (A) 2 < r < 8 (B) r = 2
(C) n (l + m) = a (D) a (l + m) = n (C) r < 2 (D) r > 2
6. The angle between the two tangents
11. The equation of the circle which
from the origin to the circle,
touches both axes & whose centre is
(x - 7)2 + (y + 1)2 = 25 is :
(x1, y1) is :

(A) 0 (B) (A) x2 + y2 + 2x1 (x + y) + x 12 = 0
3
(B) x 2 + y2 2x1 (x + y) + x 12 = 0

(C) (D)
6 2 (C) x 2 + y 2 = x 12 + y 12
7. The locus of the middle points of (D) x 2 + y2 + 2 xx1 + 2 yy1 = 0

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12. The lines, 2x 3y = 5 & 3x 4y = 7 x2 +y2 - 8y - 4 = 0 ,


are the diameters of a circle of area (A) Touch internally
154 sq. units . The equation of the (B) Touch externally
circle is : (C) Intersect each other at two
(A) x2 + y2 + 2x - 2y = 62 distinct points
(B) x2 + y2 - 2x + 2y = 47 (D) Do not intersect each other at any
(C) x2 + y2 + 2x - 2y = 47 point
(D) x2 + y2 - 2x + 2y = 62
18. The equations to the tangents to the
13. A circle touches the y-axis at the point
circle, x 2 + y 2 - 6x + 4y = 12 which
(0, 4) & cuts the x-axis in a chord of
are parallel to the straight line,
length 6 units . The radius of the circle
4x + 3y + 5 = 0, are :
is :
(A) 3x 4y 19 = 0, 3x 4y + 31 = 0
(A) 3 (B) 4
(B) 4x + 3y 19 = 0, 4x + 3y + 31 = 0
(C) 5 (D) 6
(C) 4x + 3y + 19 = 0, 4x + 3y 31 = 0
(D) 3x 4y + 19 = 0, 3x 4y + 31 = 0
14. If the line lx + my = 1 be a tangent to
19. The length of tangent from the point
the circle x 2 + y2 = a2, then the locus
(5, 1) to the circle,
of the point (l, m) is :
x2 + y2 + 6x - 4y - 3 = 0, is :
(A) A straight line (B) A circle
(A) 81 (B) 29
(C) A parabola (D) None of these
(C) 7 (D) 21
15. The equation of a circle which
20. The length of common chord of the
touches both axes and the line,
circle, (x - a)2 + y 2 = a 2 and
3x - 4y + 8 = 0 and lies in the third
x2 + (y - b) 2 = b2 is :
quadrant is :
(A) x2 + y2 - 4x + 4y - 8 = 0 ab
(B) x2 + y2 - 4x + 4y + 4 = 0 (A) 2 a 2 + b 2 (B)
a 2 + b2
(C) x2 + y2 + 4x + 4y + 4 = 0
(D) x2 + y2 - 4x - 4y - 4 = 0 2a b
(C) (D) None of these
16. Tangents are drawn from the point a 2 + b2
(4, 3) to the circle x 2 + y 2 = 9 . The
area of the triangle formed by them 21. If y = 2x is a chord of the circle,
and the line joining their points of x2 + y 2 - 10x = 0, then the equation of
contact is : the circle of which this chord is a
24 64 diameter, is :
(A) (B) (A) x2 + y2 - 2x + 4y = 0
25 25
(B) x2 + y 2 + 2x + 4y = 0
192 192 (C) x2 + y2 + 2x - 4y = 0
(C) (D)
25 5 (D) x2 + y2 - 2x - 4y = 0
17. Circles x2 + y2 - 2x - 4y = 0 and

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22. For the given circles, x 2 + y2 6x 2y (C) x2 + y 2 - 6x + 5y - 9 = 0


+ 1 = 0 and x 2 + y2 + 2x 8y + 13 = 0, (D) x2 + y2 + 6x - 5y + 9 = 0
which of the following is true .
27. The point (2, 3) is a limiting point of
(A) One circle lies inside the other
a coaxial system of circles of which
(B) One circle lies completely outside
x 2 + y 2 = 9 is a member . The co-
the other
ordinates of the other limiting point
(C) Two circle intersect in two points
is given by :
(D) They touch each other
18 27 9 6
23. The equation of a circle whose centre (A) , (B) ,
is (3, 1) & which cuts off a chord of 13 13 13 13
length 6 on the line, 2x 5y + 18 = 0
18 27 18 9
(A) (x - 3)2 + (y + 1) 2 = 38 (C) , (D) ,
13 13 13 13
(B) (x + 2)2 + (y - 1) 2 = 38
(C) (x - 3) 2 + (y + 1) 2 = 38 28. The equation of a circle with origin
(D) None of these as centre passing through the vertices
of an equilateral triangle whose
24. If circles, x2 + y2 + 2 ax + c = 0 and median is of length 3a, is :
x2 + y2 + 2 by + c = 0 touch each other, (A) x2 + y2 = 9 a2 (B) x2 + y2 = 16 a2
then : (C) x2 + y2 = a2 (D) None of these

1 1 1 1 1 1 29. The equation of circle which touches


(A) + = (B) 2
+ 2 = 2
a b c a b c the axes of co-ordinates and the line
1 1 1 1 1 x y
(C) + = c2 (D) 2
+ 2 = + = 1 & whose centre lies in the
a b a b c 3 4
1st quadrant is, x2 + y2 2cx 2cy +
25. The circle on the chord, x cos + c2 = 0, where c is :
y sin = p of the circle x 2 + y2 = a2 as (A) 1 (B) 2
diameter has the equation, (C) 3 (D) 6
(A) x2 + y2 a2 2p(x cos + y sin p) = 0
(B) x2 + y2 + a2 + 2p(x cos y sin + p) = 0 30. The number of common tangents to
(C) x2 + y2 a2 + 2p(x cos + y sin + p) = 0 the circles, x2 + y 2 4x 6y 12 = 0
(D) x2 + y2 a2 + 2p(x cos y sin p) = 0 and x2 + y2 + 6x + 18y + 26 = 0, is :
(A) 1 (B) 2
26. The equation of the circle which (C) 3 (D) 4
touches x - axis at (3, 0) and passes 31. The pole of the st. line, 9x + y 28 = 0
through (1, 4) is given by : w.r.t. circle 2x2 + 2y2 3x + 5y 7 = 0 is
(A) x2 + y 2 - 6x - 5y + 9 = 0 (A) (3, 1) (B) (1, 3)
(B) x 2 + y2 + 6x + 5y - 9 = 0 (C) (3, - 1) (D) (- 3, 1)
32. The equation of the circle having its
centre on the line x + 2y 3 = 0 and

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passing through the points of (B) 9x - 2y + 35 = 0


intersection of the circles, x2 + y2 2x (C) 2x - 9y + 30 = 0
4y + 1 = 0 & x2 + y2 4x 2y + 4 = 0 (D) 2x - 9y - 30 = 0
is :
38. The locus of centre of a circle passing
(A) x2 + y2 - 6x + 7 = 0
through (p, q) and cuts orthogonally
(B) x2 + y2 - 3y + 4 = 0
to circle, x2 + y2 = k2, is :
(C) x2 + y2 - 2x - 2y + 1 = 0
(A) 2 px + 2 qy - (p 2 + q2 + k2) = 0
(D) x2 + y2 + 2x - 4y + 4 = 0
(B) 2 px + 2 qy - (p2 - q2 + k2) = 0
33. If a circle passes through the point (C) x2 + y2 3px 4qy + (p2 q2 k2) = 0
(1, 2) and cuts the circle x2 + y2 = 4 (D) x2 + y2 2px 3qy + (p 2 q2 k2) = 0
orthogonally, then the equation of the
39. Two tangents PQ and PR drawn to the
locus of its centre is :
circle, x2 + y 2 2x 4y 20 = 0 from
(A) x2 + y2 - 3x - 8y + 1 = 0
point P (16, 7) . If the centre of the
(B) x2 + y2 - 2x - 6y - 7 = 0
circle is C, then the area of
(C) 2x + 4y - 9 = 0
quadrilateral PQCR will be :
(D) 2x + 4y - 1 = 0
(A) 75 sq. units (B) 150 sq. units
34. A circle which passes through origin (C) 15 sq. units (D) None of these
and cuts intercepts on axes a & b, the
equation of the circle is : 40. At which point the line, y = x + 2 a
(A) x2 + y2 - ax - by = 0 touches to the circle, x2 + y 2 = a2
(B) x2 + y 2 + ax + by = 0
a a a a
(C) x2 + y2 - ax + by = 0 (A) , (B) ,
(D) x2 + y2 + ax - by = 0 2 2 2 2
35. At which point on y-axis the line a a a a
x = 0 is a tangent to circle, (C) , (D) ,
2 2 2 2
x2 + y2 - 2x - 6y = 0 .
(A) (0, 1) (B) (0, 2)
41. The co-ordinates of pole of line,
(C) (0, 3) (D) (0, 4)
lx + my + n = 0 with respect to circles
36. The equation of radical axis of the x2 + y2 = 1, is :
circles, x2 + y2 + x - y + 2 = 0 and
3x2 + 3y2 - 4x - 12 = 0, is :  m  m
(A) , (B) ,
(A) 2x2 + 2y2 - 5x + y - 14 = 0 n n n n
(B) 7x - 3y + 18 = 0
 m  m
(C) 5x - y + 14 = 0 (C) , (D) ,
(D) None of these n n n n

42. A point P moves in such a way that


37. The normal to the circle, x2 + y2 3x
its ration of distances from two
6y 10 = 0 at the point (- 3, 4), is :
coplanar points is always fixed
(A) 2x + 9y - 30 = 0
number ( 1) . Then its locus is :
(A) Straight line (B) Circle

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(C) Parabola A (0, 3) at circle x2 + 4x + (y - 3)2 = 0


(D) A pair of straight lines and it meets to M in such a way that
AM = 2 AB, then the locus of point M
43. The two points A & B in a plane such
will be :
that for all points P lies on circle
(A) Straight line (B) Circle
PA (C) Parabola (D) None of these
satisfied = k, then k will not be
PB 49. The co-ordinates of the point from
equal to : where the tangents are drawn to the
(A) 0 (B) 1 circles x2 + y2 = 1, x2 + y2 + 8x + 15 = 0
(C) 2 (D) None of these and x2 + y2 + 10y + 24 = 0 are of same
44. The area of triangle formed by the length are :
tangents, normal drawn at (1 , 3 ) to (A) (2 , 52 ) (B) ( 2 , 52 )
the circle x2 + y2 = 4 and positive
xaxis is : (C) ( 2 , 52 ) (D) (2 , 52 )
(A) 2 3 (B) 3 50. The equation of the circumcircle of
(C) 4 3 (D) None of these the triangle formed by the lines,

45. A circle passes through (0, 0) & (1, 0) y+ 3 x = 6, y - 3 x = 6 & y = 0, is


and touches to the circle, x2 + y2 = 9, (A) x2 + y2 - 4y = 0
then the centre of circle is : (B) x2 + y2 + 4x = 0
(C) x2 + y2 - 4y = 12
3 1 1 3 (D) x2 + y2 + 4x = 12
(A) , (B) ,
2 2 2 2
51. If the points (2, 0), (0, 1), (4, 5) and
1 1 1 (0, c) are concyclic, then c is equal to
(C) , (D) , 2
2 2 2 3 14
(A) - 1, - (B) - 1, -
14 3
46. From the origin, chords are drawn to
the circle, (x - 1) 2 + y2 = 1 . The locus 14
(C) ,1 (D) None of these
of mid points of these chords is a : 3
(A) Circle (B) Straight line
(C) Pair of straight line 52. The abscissae of A and B are the roots
(D) None of these of the equation, x 2 + 2 ax - b2 = 0 and
their ordinates are the roots of the
47. The tangents are drawn from the equation, y 2 + 2 py - q 2 = 0 . The
point (4, 5) to the circle, x2 + y2 4x equation of the circle with AB as
2y 11 = 0 . The area of quadrilateral diameter,
formed by these tangents and radii is (A) x2 + y2 + 2 ax + 2 py - b 2 - q 2 = 0
(A) 15 sq. units (B) 75 sq. units (B) x2 + y2 + 2 ax + py - b2 - q2 = 0
(C) 8 sq. units (D) 4 sq. units (C) x2 + y2 + 2 ax + 2 py + b2 + q2 = 0
48. A chord AB drawn from the point

QUEST TUTORIALS
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(D) None of these which makes an angle of 120 at the


centre is :
53. The equation of pair of tangents to
(A) x2 + y2 - 2x - 2y + 1 = 0
the circle, x2 + y2 - 2x + 4y + 3 = 0
(B) x2 + y2 + x + y - 1 = 0
from (6, - 5), is :
(C) x2 + y2 - 2x - 2y - 1 = 0
(A) 7x2 + 23y2 + 30xy + 66x + 50y 73 = 0
(D) None of these
(B) 7x2 + 23y2 + 30xy 66x 50y 73 = 0
(C) 7x2 + 23y2 30xy 66x 50y + 73 = 0 59. The two circles, x2 + y2 2x 2 = 0 and
(D) None of these x2 + y2 4x 6y 8 = 0 are such that
54. If a circle passes through the points (A) They touch each other
of intersection of the co-ordinate axes (B) They intersect each other
with the lines, x - y + 1 = 0 and (C) One lies inside the other
x - 2y + 3 = 0, then the value of is : (D) None of these
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 3 (D) 4 60. One of the limit point of the co-axial
system of circles containing,
55. x = 7, touches the circle x2 + y2 4x x2 + y2 6x 6y + 4 = 0 and
6y 12 = 0, then the co-ordinates of x2 + y2 - 2x - 4y + 3 = 0 is :
the point of contact are : (A) (- 1, 1) (B) (- 1, 2)
(A) (7, 3) (B) (7, 4) (C) (- 2, 1) (D) (- 2, 2)
(C) (7, 8) (D) (7, 2)
61. The centre of the circle,
56. The locus of the centre of a circle x = 1 + 2 cos , y = 3 + 2 sin , is :
which touches externally the circle (A) (1, - 3) (B) (- 1, 3)
x 2 + y 2 - 6x - 6y + 14 = 0 and also (C) (1, 3) (D) None of these
touches the y-axis, is given by the
equation : 62. Tangents drawn from origin to the
(A) x 2 - 6x - 10y + 14 = 0 circle, x2 + y2 2 ax 2 by + b2 = 0 are
(B) x 2 - 10x - 6y + 14 = 0 perpendicular to each other, if :
(C) y 2 - 6x - 10y + 14 = 0 (A) a - b = 1 (B) a + b = 1
(D) y 2 - 10x - 6y + 14 = 0 (C) a2 = b2 (D) a2 + b2 = 1

57. The equation of the circle which 63. The line lx + my + n = 0 is normal to
touches the circle, x2 + y2 6x + 5y + 17 the circle, x2 + y2 + 2 gx + 2 fy + c = 0, if
= 0 externally & to which the lines, (A) lg + mf n = 0 (B) lg + mf + n = 0
x2 3xy 3x + 9y = 0 are normals, is : (C) lg mf n = 0 (D) lg mf + n = 0
(A) x2 + y2 - 6x - 2y - 1 = 0
(B) x2 + y2 + 6x + 2y + 1 = 0 64. The radical centre of three circles
(C) x2 + y2 - 6x - 6y + 1 = 0 described on the three sides of a
(D) x2 + y2 - 6x - 2y + 1 = 0 triangle as diameter is :
(A) The orthocentre
58. The locus of mid-point of the chords (B) The circumcentre
of the circle, x 2 + y2 2x 2y 2 = 0

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(C) The incentre of the triangle


(D) The centroid a a b b c c
D= A B C
65. Consider the circles x2 + (y 1)2 = 9, A B C
(x 1)2 + y2 = 25 . They are such that
(A) These circles touch each other (A) 1 (B) 0
(B) One of these circles lies entirely (C) - 1 (D) None of these
inside the other
(C) Each of these circles lies outside 69. Circles, (x + a)2 + (y + b)2 = a2 and
the other (x + )2 + (y + )2 = 2 cuts orthogonally
(D) They intersect in two points if :
(A) a + b = b2 + a2
66. The locus of centre of the circle which (B) 2 (a + b ) = b2 + a2
cuts the circles, x2 + y2 + 2 g1x + 2 f1y + (C) a + b = a2 + b2
c1 = 0 orthogonally is : (D) None of these
(A) An ellipse
(B) The radical axis of the given 70. If the circles of same radius a and
circles centres at (2, 3) and (5, 6) cut
(C) A conic (D) Another circle orthogonally, then a =
(A) 1 (B) 2
66. Locus of a point which moves such (C) 3 (D) 4
that sum of the squares of its distances
from the sides of a square of side unity 71. A circle is inscribed in an equilateral
is 9, is : triangle of side a, the area of any
(A) Straight line (B) Circle square inscribed in the circle is :
(C) Parabola (D) None of these a2 2a2
(A) (B)
67. Polar of origin (0, 0) w.r.t. the circle, 3 3
x2 + y2 + 2 x + 2 y + c = 0 touches
circle x2 + y2 = r 2, if : a2 a2
(C) (D)
(A) c = r (2 + 2) (B) r = c (2 + 2) 6 12
(C) c2 = r2 (2 + 2) (D) r2 = c2 (2 + 2)
72. The angle between a pair of tangents
68. Line, Ax + By + C = 0 cuts circle, drawn from a point P to the circle,
x2 + y2 + ax + by + c = 0 in P & Q and the x2 + y2 + 4x 6y + 9 sin2 + 13 cos2 = 0
line A x + B y + C = 0 cuts the circle is 2 . The equation of the locus of
x2 + y2 + a x + b y + c = 0 in R & S . the point P is :
If the four points P, Q, R & S are (A) x2 + y2 + 4x - 6y + 4 = 0
concyclic, then (B) x2 + y 2 + 4x - 6y - 9 = 0
(C) x2 + y 2 + 4x - 6y - 4 = 0
(D) x2 + y2 + 4x - 6y + 9 = 0
73. The intercept on the line y = x, by
the circle, x 2 + y 2 2x = 0 is AB .

QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
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Equation of the circle with AB as a


diameter is :
(A) x2 + y2 - x - y = 0
(B) x2 + y2 - 2x - y = 0
(C) x2 + y2 - x + y = 0
(D) x2 + y2 + x - y = 0
74. The circles, x2 + y2 + 4x + 6y + 3 = 0
and 2 (x2 + y 2) + 6x + 4y + C = 0 will
cut orthogonally, if C equals :
(A) 4 (B) 18
(C) 12 (D) 16

ANSWERS

1. D 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. B 6. D
7. C 8. C 9. B 10. C 11. B 12.B
13. C 14. B 15. C 16. C 17. A 18.C
19. C 20. C 21. A 22. D 23. A 24.D
25. A 26. A 27. A 28. D 29. D 30.C
31. C 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. C 36.B
37. A 38. A 39. A 40. D 41. B 42.B
43. B 44. A 45. D 46. A 47. C 48.B
49. B 50. C 51. C 52. A 53. A 54.B
55. A 56. D 57. D 58. A 59. B 60.A
61. D 62. C 63. A 64. A 65. B 66.B
67. C 68. B 69. B 70. C 71. C 72.D
73. A 74. D

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