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B PROBLEM 5.

67
a

For the beam and loading shown, design the cross section of the beam,
a
6 ft knowing that the grade of timber used has an allowable normal stress of
1750 psi.
A

1.2 kips/ft

SOLUTION

Equivalent concentrated load:


1
P (6)(1.2) 3.6 kips
2
Bending moment at A:
MA (2)(3.6) 7.2 kip ft = 86.4 kip in.

M 86.4
S min max
49.37 in 3
all 1.75

1 3
For a square section, S a
6
3
a 6S

amin 3 (6)(49.37) amin 6.67 in.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

757
5 kN/m PROBLEM 5.73
A D Knowing that the allowable normal stress for the steel used is 160 MPa,
B C select the most economical wide-flange beam to support the loading shown.
70 kN 70 kN
3m 5m 3m

SOLUTION

Shape S, (103 mm3)


Section modulus
W610 101 2520
all 160 Mpa
M max 286 kN m W530 92 2080
Smin 1787 10 6 m3
all 160 MPa
W460 113 2390
1787 103 mm3

W410 114 2200

W360 122 2020

W310 143 2150

Use W530 92.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

763
50 kN/m PROBLEM 5.74
C
A D Knowing that the allowable normal stress for the steel used is 160 MPa,
B select the most economical wide-flange beam to support the loading
shown.
2.4 m
0.8 m 0.8 m

SOLUTION

MD 0: 3.2 B (24)(3.2)(50) 0 B 120 kN


MB 0: 3.2 D (0.8)(3.2)(50) 0 D 40 kN
Shear: VA 0
VB 0 (0.8)(50) 40 kN
VB 40 120 80 kN
VC 80 (2.4)(50) 40 kN
VD 40 0 40 kN
Locate point E where V 0.
e 2.4 e
120e 192
80 40
e 1.6 m 2.4 e 0.8 m
1
Areas: A to B : V dx (0.8)( 40) 16 kN m
2
1
B to E : V dx (1.6)(80) 64 kN m
2
1
E to C : V dx (0.8)( 40) 16 kN m
2
C to D : V dx (0.8)( 40) 32 kN m

Bending moments: MA 0
MB 0 16 16 kN m
ME 16 64 48 kN m
MC 48 16 32 kN m
MD 32 32 0

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

764
PROBLEM 5.74 (Continued)

Maximum |M | 48 kN m 48 103 N m

all 160 MPa 160 106 Pa


|M | 48 103
S min 300 10 6 m3 300 103 mm3
all 160 106

Shape S (103 mm3 )


W310 32.7 415
W250 28.4 308
Lightest wide flange beam: W250 28.4 @ 28.4 kg/m
W200 35.9 342

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

765
PROBLEM 5.89
12.5 mm
w 200 mm Beams AB, BC, and CD have the cross section shown
and are pin-connected at B and C. Knowing that the
allowable normal stress is 110 MPa in tension and
150 mm
A B C D
150 MPa in compression, determine (a) the largest
permissible value of w if beam BC is not to be
a 7.2 m a overstressed, (b) the corresponding maximum distance
12.5 mm a for which the cantilever beams AB and CD are not
overstressed.

SOLUTION
MB MC 0
1
VB VC (7.2) w 3.6 w
2
Area B to E of shear diagram:

1
(3.6)(3.6w) 6.48w
2
ME 0 6.48w 6.48w

Centroid and moment of inertia:

Part A (mm 2 ) y (mm) Ay (mm3 ) d (mm) Ad 2 (mm 4 ) I (mm 4 )


2500 156.25 390,625 34.82 3.031 106 0.0326 106
1875 75 140,625 46.43 4.042 106 3.516 106
4375 531,250 7.073 106 3.548 106
531, 250
Y 121.43 mm
4375
I Ad 2 I 10.621 106 mm 4

Location y (mm) I / y (103 mm3 ) also (10 6 m3 )


Top 41.07 258.6
Bottom 121.43 87.47

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

787
PROBLEM 5.89 (Continued)

Bending moment limits: M I/y

Tension at E: (110 106 )( 87.47 10 6 ) 9.622 103 N m

Compression at E: ( 150 10 6 )(258.6 10 6 ) 38.8 103 N m

Tension at A and D: (110 106 )(258.6 10 6 ) 28.45 103 N m

Compression at A and D: ( 150 106 )( 87.47 10 6 ) 13.121 103 N m

(a) Allowable load w: 6.48w 9.622 103 w 1.485 103 N/m w 1.485 kN/m
Shear at A: VA (a 3.6) w

1 1
Area A to B of shear diagram: a (VA VB ) a (a 7.2) w
2 2
1
Bending moment at A (also D): M A a (a 7.2) w
2
1
a(a 7.2)(4.485 103 ) 13.121 103
2
1 2
(b) Distance a: a 3.6a 8.837 0 a 1.935 m
2

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.

788