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PREFACE

Dear Students,
Since it started in the year 1946, NIE is promoting excellence
in education through highly qualified faculty members and
modern infrastructure. The Board of Directors believes in
continuous improvement in delivery of technical education.
Thanks to Karnataka government that designed and
developed a seamless admission process through CET,
many highly meritorious pre-university passed students are
joining NIE, which has become a brand name among
hundreds of colleges in the country. Infact, NIE is one of the
top ten preferred colleges where all the seats got filled-up in
the first round of 2015 admissions.
The concerted efforts of stake holders at NIE have made it
get autonomous status, prestigious TEQIP-I & II and get
accreditation from National Board of Accreditation, New
Delhi. NIE has been granted permanent affiliation by VTU to
all its courses.
Today NIE has of 7 UG, 13 PG and 5 Post-graduate Diploma
programmes and 13 Centres of Excellence with overall
student strength of over 3500. NIE's journey to excellence,
with the main objective of continuous improvements of
administrative and academic competence, is envisioned
through three major pillars: intellectual infrastructure,
courses/services offerings and institution building.
Our curriculum is designed to develop problem-solving skill in
students and build good academic knowledge.

Dr. G.L. Shekar July 2016


Principal

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Dear Students,

Our dedicated team of highly talented faculty


members are always trying to strive for academic
excellence and overall personality development. The
major emphasis of imparting training at NIE is to
encourage enquiry and innovation among our students
and lay the strong foundation for a future where they
are able to face global challenges in a rapidly-changing
scenario. Efforts are being made to design the
curriculum based on Blooms Taxonomy framework, to
meet the challenges of the current technical education.

NIE is making sincere efforts in meeting the global


standards through new formats of National Board of
Accreditation, New Delhi and timely World Bank-MHRD
initiative TEQIP (Technical Education Quality
Improvement Program).

I sincerely hope that your academic pursuit in NIE will


be fruitful and enjoyable in every aspect Wishing you
the very best.

Dr. G. S. Suresh July 2016


Dean (Academic Affairs)

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VISION
Department of Electronics and Communication will be globally
recognized that imparts high quality education and enables
innovation, research and teamwork capabilities to students, whose
graduates serve diverse needs of society.
MISSION
To design academic curricula and activities to produce
competent Electronics graduates
To develop acumen to absorb emerging knowledge and
to Life-Long Learning
To provide group activities in the area of Electronics
and Communication Engineering that enable innovation
and teamwork
To interact with professional bodies and corporates in
Electronics, Communication and IT sectors
GRADUATE ATTRIBUTES
Engineering knowledge.

Problem analysis.

Design/development of solutions.
Conduct investigations of complex problems.

Modern tool usage.


Engineer and society.

Environment and sustainability.

Ethics.
Individual and team work.

Communication.

Project management and Finance


Lifelong learning

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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
PEO1:
Function professionally in an international and rapidly
changing world due to the advances in technologies and concepts.
PEO2:
Attain technical competence with an aptitude to pursue
higher education.
PEO3:
Exhibit leadership qualities and professional integrity with
social responsibility in their profession.

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES
PO1:
Apply knowledge of computing, mathematics, science and
engineering fundamentals with emphasis to Electronics and
Communication Engineering.
PO2:
Develop an aptitude to design, analyze and implement
Electronic and Communication systems for engineering problems.

PO3:
Design an Electronics and Communication system,
component or process as per needs and specifications within
realistic constraints.
PO4:
Design and verify the experimental results to analyze and
interpret data.
PO5:
Usage of modern tools as Proof of Concept (POC) for
system modeling and synthesis as applied to Electronics and
Communication engineering.

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PO6:
Be aware of economic, health, safety and societal issues in
professional engineering practice.
P07:
Understand societal and environmental impacts of
engineering problems and provide sustainable solutions for the
same.
PO8:
Practice appropriate professional responsibilities and
ethics.
PO9:
Perform effectively either as a member or a leader in
diverse and multidisciplinary activities.
PO10:
Apply effective oral and written communication skills.
PO11:
Adapt engineering and managerial skills in project
environment.
PO12:
Develop confidence for self-education, leading to life-long
learning in the context of ever-changing technology.

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BLUEPRINT OF SYLLABUS STRUCTURE AND
QUESTION PAPER PATTERN

Blue Print of Syllabus Structure

1. Complete syllabus is prescribed in SIX units as Unit 1, Unit


2, etc.
2. In each unit there is one topic under the heading Self
Learning Exercises (SLE). These are the topics to be
learnt by the student on their own under the guidance of
the course instructors. Course instructors will inform the
students about the depth to which SLE components are to
be studied. Thus there will be six topics in the complete
syllabus which will carry questions with a weightage of
10% in SEE only. No questions will be asked on SLE
components in CIE.

Blue Print of Question Paper

1. Question paper will have SEVEN full questions.


2. One full question each of 15 marks (Question No 1, 2, 3, 4,
5 and 6) will be set from each unit of the syllabus. Out of
these six questions, two questions will have internal choice
from the same unit. The unit from which choices are to be
given is left to the discretion of the course instructor.
3. Question No 7 will be set for 10 marks only on those topics
prescribed as Self Learning Exercises.

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WIRELESS COMMUNICATION (4:0:0)
Sub. Code: EC0413 CIE: 50% Marks
Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain and compare the various cellular systems and its
components.
2. Apply and analyse mobile communication concepts.
3. Describe network and system architecture, channel
concept and system operations in TDMA and CDMA
systems.
4. Apply and analyse radio propagation models, coding and
modulation techniques in Wireless Communication
systems.
Unit 1: Introduction and Evolution of Mobile Radio
Communication:
Evolution of Mobile Radio Communication, Frequencies for radio
transmission, FCC Allocation for Mobile Radio transmission,
Wireless communication standards, 1G,2G,3G and 4G Cellular
systems.
8 Hrs
SLE: Beyond 4G

Unit 2: Mobile Communication Concepts:


Introduction, Concept of cellular communications, Cell
Fundamentals, Frequency Reuse concepts, Concept of cell cluster,
Cellular layout for frequency reuse, Geometry of hexagonal cell,
Frequency Reuse Ratio, Co-channel and Adjacent Channel
Interference, Various mechanism for capacity increase, Cell
Splitting, Sectoring, Microcell Zone Concept, Channel Assignment
Strategies, Handoff Strategies.
10 Hrs
SLE: Concepts of femto, pico, micro, macro cells and umbrella cell
approch.

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Unit 3: Common Cellular System Components:
Common Cellular Network Components, Hardware and Software
Views of the Cellular Network, 3G Cellular Systems Components,
Cellular Component Identification, Call Establishment.
8 Hrs
SLE: Cloud / centralized RAN

Unit 4: GSM and TDMA Technology:


GSM System Overview, GSM Network and System Architecture,
GSM Channel Concept, GSM System Operation, GSM Identities,
GSM System Operations, GSM Infrastructure Communications.
9 Hrs
SLE: AT Commands

Unit 5: CDMA Technology:


CDMA Overview, CDMA Network and System Architecture, CDMA
Basics, CDMA Channel Concept, CDMA System Operations, 3G
CDMA, IS-95B, CDMA2000, W-CDMA.
9 Hrs
SLE: WCDMA,

Unit 6: Wireless Modulation techniques:


Characteristics of air interface, Path loss models, wireless coding
techniques, Digital modulation techniques, Spread Spectrum
Modulation Techniques, Ultra Wide Band radio technology,
Diversity techniques, Typical GSM Hardware, Typical CDMA
Hardware.
6 Hrs
SLE: UWB Applications

Text Books:
1. Wireless Cellular Communications, Sanjay Sharma,
KATSON books, 2nd Edition 2007.
2. Introduction to Wireless Telecommunications
Systems and Networks, Mullet, Cengagen Learning,
Sixth Indian reprint 2010.
Reference book:
1. Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice by
Rappaport Theodore. Pearson Education India, 2009

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COMMUNICATION NETWORKS (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0414 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will
1. Understanding of OSI and TCP/IP Protocol Stack, the
Transmission Delays, correlation between Data
Transmission delay and Propagation Delay.
2. Should bet able to understand the different Signals used to
send Digital data, and be able to decipher data based on
signals and their protocols.
3. Should be able to solve different Networks, Class
addresses, subnet and subnet masking, routing protocols
and routing among Mobile devices.
4. The processes and protocols applied in communication in
TCP and UDP, and apply the protocols, authentication,
other connected processes and other networking
applications.

Unit 1: Introduction: Network Architecture:


Layering and protocols, OSI Architecture, Internet Architecture and
Performance Parameter: Bandwidth and Latency, Delay Bandwidth
Products, High Speed Networks
8 Hrs
SLE: Application Performance Needs.

Unit 2: Direct Link Networks:


Physically Connected Hosts (Nodes and Links) (Ref Book 1)
Encoding (NRZ, NRZI, Manchester, 4B/5B, 8B6T, Multiline
Transmission, MLT-3Framing: Fixed Size and Variable Size
Framing, Byte-Oriented Protocols, Bit-Oriented Protocols (HDLC),
Clock-Based Framing (SONET)
10Hrs

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SLE: Reliable Transmission: Noisy and Noiseless Channels.

Unit 3: Multiple Access and LANs:


Random Access, Controlled Access, Wired LAN, Wireless LAN.
Wired: Ethernet (802.3), Rings (802.5, FDDI, RPR) (Ref Book 1)
Wireless: Bluetooth (802.15.1), Wi-Fi (802.11), 8 Hrs
SLE: WI Max (802.16), Cell Phone Technologies

Unit 4: Internetworking:
Global addresses: Datagram forwarding in IP, Address Translation
(ARP), Host Configuration (DHCP), IPv4 Addresses and Data
format, IPv6 Addresses and data format , Routing among Mobile
Devices
8 Hrs
SLE: Multicast Addresses

Unit 5: End to End Protocols:


Getting Processes to communicate, TCP, UDP
8 Hrs
SLE: Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
Unit 6: Applications, Traditional Applications:
Electronic Mail (SMTP, MIME, IMAP), World Wide Web (HTTP),
Domain Name Serviced (DNS), Network Management (SNMP),
10 Hrs
SLE: Multimedia Applications, NS-2 Lab
Text Books:
1. Computer Networks, Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S.
Devie, Morgan Kaufmann Publications, 5th Edition.
2. Data Communication and Networking, Behrouz A
Forouzan, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited,
Indian Edition, 2006.

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Reference Book:
1. Computer Networks, Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S.
Devie, Morgan Kaufmann Publications, 4th Edition, 2002
2. Computer Networks, Andrew S Tannenbaum, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 4th Edition.

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CMOS VLSI CIRCUITS (4:0:2)

Sub Code: EC0509 CIE: 50% Marks


Hours / Week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hours: 3 Max. Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain VLSI design flow and transistor level CMOS logic
Design, discuss the physical structure of IC layers to
create MOSFETs.
2. Analyze the basic structures to create MOSFETs, cell
concepts, physical design of logic gates, design
hierarchies.
3. Discuss the Electronic analysis of CMOS logic gates, delay
analysis, analysis of complex logic gates, power
dissipation.
4. Explain the Design and Testing of VLSI circuits, CMOS
process enhancements, SOI technology and analysis of
static and dynamic CMOS logic circuits.
5. Design and verify schematic and layout simulation of
Analog and Digital CMOS VLSI Circuits.
Unit 1: An overview of VLSI:
Complexity and Design, Basic concepts, Logic Design with
MOSFETs: Ideal switches and Boolean operations, MOSFETs and
Switches, Basic Logic gates in CMOS, Complex logic gates in
CMOS, Clocking and Data flow control. 10 Hrs
SLE: Transmission Gate Circuits

Unit 2: Physical Structure of CMOS Integrated Circuits:


Integrated Circuit Layers, MOSFETs, CMOS Layers, Designing
FET Array. 6 Hrs
SLE: Silicon on insulator (SOI)

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Unit 3: Elements of Physical Design:
Basic Concepts, Layout of Basic structures, Cell Concepts, FET
Sizing and Unit Transistor, Physical Design of Logic Gates. 8 Hrs
SLE: Design Hierarchies
Unit 4: Electronic Analysis of CMOS Logic Gates:
DC Characteristics of the CMOS Inverter, Inverter Switching
characteristics, Power dissipation, NAND and NOR Transients
Response, Analysis of Complex Logic Gates, Gates Design for
Transient Performance.
8 Hrs
SLE: Pass transistors.
Unit 5:VLSI for Testing:
Testing combinational logic, sequential logic, scan testing,
boundary scan.
CMOS Process Enhancements: Multiple threshold voltages and
oxide thickness, implication for circuit styles, High-K- Gate
dielectrics, silicon on Ge bipolar transistor structure. 8 Hrs
SLE: Built-in-self-test (only hardware testing).
Unit 6: Advanced Techniques in CMOS Logic Circuits:
Mirrors Circuits, Pseudo-nMOS, Tri-State Circuits, Clocked CMOS,
Dynamic CMOS Logic Circuits. 10 Hrs
SLE: Dual rail logic networks.

Text books:
1. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and Systems, John P.
Uyemura, John Wiley.2010.
2. CMOS VLSI DESIGN, Neil H.E.Weste, David Harris,
Pearson Education.2012.
Reference book:
1. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits- Analysis and
Design, Sung-Mo Kang and Yusuf Leblebici, TMH,2005.
2. Digital systems design using VHDL Charles H
Roth,Thomson learning.2006.

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CMOS VLSI LABORATORY
DESIGN AND VERIFY THE FOLLOWING BY SCHEMATIC
SIMULATION AND LAYOUT SIMULATION
1. Inverter using FETs.
2. Two input NAND, NOR, XOR gates.
3. Realization of Boolean expressions.
4. Combinational Circuit Design of Adders, MUX and its
realizations.
5. Sequential Circuit Design of flip-flops, counters and Shift
registers.
6. Differential Amplifier.
7. Schmitt trigger.
8. Common Source and Common Drain Amplifier.
9. Op-amp.
Note: Effect of changes in process technology parameters
such as from 1.2 microns to 35nano microns and step-wise
fabrication processes (2D/3D view) for the above experiments
to be studied.

Text Books:
1. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and System, John P
Uymeura, Wiley Publications, 2nd Edition, 2001
2. Basics Of CMOS Cell Design: Deep-Submicron CMOS
Circuit Design, Etienne Sicard, Sonia Delmas Bendhia,
Tata Mcgraw H;ill, 2nd Edition 2005

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OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION (4:0:0)
Sub. Code: EC0431 CIE: 50% Marks
Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Identify the basic elements of optical fiber transmission
link, fiber modes configurations and structures.
2. Analyze the different kind of losses, signal distortion in
optical wave guides and their signal degradation factors
and the various optical source materials, LED structures,
Laser diodes.
3. Apply the fiber optical receivers concepts in
communication ,basics of optical amplifiers, receiver
operation and configuration.
4. Analyze the fiber optical network components, variety of
networking aspects, SONET/SDH and operational
principles WDM.
Unit 1: Overview of optical fiber communication:
Basic optical laws and definitions, optical fiber modes and
configuration, Mode theory of circular wave guides: Overview,
summery of key modal concepts, single mode fibers, graded index
fibers, fiber materials.
8 Hrs
SLE: Fiber fabrication.
Unit 2: Signal Degradation in Optical Fibers:
Design, Optimization of a single mode fiber, Attenuation, signal
distortion in optical wave guides.
8 Hrs
SLE: Characteristics of single mode fibres.

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Unit 3: Optical Sources and Detectors:
Introduction, LEDs, LASER diodes: LASER diodes Modes and
threshold conditions, LASER diodes structures and radiation patter,
single mode Lasers, Principles of Photo diodes.
8 Hrs
SLE: Photo detector noise, avalanche multiplication noise.
Unit 4: Optical Receiver and Digital Transmission System:
Fundamental receiver operation: Digital signal transmission, error
sources, receiver configurations. Point to Point links: System
considerations, link power budget, rise time budget.
8 Hrs
SLE: Burst mode receivers.
Unit 5: Analog Systems and Optical Amplifiers:
Overview of analog links, basic applications and types of optical
amplifiers, semiconductor optical amplifiers, Erbium doped fiber
amplifiers.
10 Hrs
SLE: Wide band Optical Amplifiers.
Unit 6: Optical Networks:
SONET / SDH, Broadcast and seclect WDM networks, wave length
routed networks, nonlinear effects on network performance.
8 Hrs
SLE: High speed Light wave Links.

Text Book:
1. Optical Fiber Communication, Gerd Keiser, MGH, 3th
Ed., 2008.
Reference Book:
1. Optical Fiber Communications, John M. Senior,
Pearson Education. 3rd Impression, 2007

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ELECTIVES OFFERED
SATELLITE COMMUNICATION (3:0:0)
Sub. Code: EC0306 CIE: 50% Marks
Hrs/week: 3 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the fundamentals of orbital mechanism, the
characteristics of common orbits and launch methods and
technologies in satellite systems.
2. Describe the working of communications satellite and
limitations encountered in the design of a communications
satellite system and accurate link budget for a satellite
system.
3. Evaluate the performance of the radio propagation
channel for Earth station to satellite and satellite to satellite
4. Design antenna systems to accommodate the needs of a
particular satellite system and use of analog and digital
technologies for satellite communications networks.
Unit1: Overview of Satellite Systems:
Introduction, Frequency Allocation, INTE Satellites.
3 Hrs
SLE: Polar Orbiting Satellites.

Unit2: Orbital Mechanics:


Introduction, Keplar laws, definitions, orbital element, apogee and
perigee heights, orbit perturbations, inclined orbits, calendars,
universal time, sidereal time, orbital plane, local mean time and sun
syndronous orbits, Geostationary orbit: Introduction, antenna, look
angles, polar mix antenna, limits of visibility earth eclipse of
satellite, sun transit outage, launching orbits.
8 Hrs
SLE: Launching vehicles.

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Unit 3: Space Link Satellite Subsystems:
Introduction, EIRP, transmission losses, link power budget, system
noise, CNR, uplink, downlink, effects of rain. Satellite subsystems,
attitude and orbit control systems (AOCS), telemetry, tracking,
command and alonitoring, power systems, communication
subsystems, satellite antennas.
9 Hrs
SLE: Combined CNR, Equipments reliability and space
qualification.
Unit 4: Satellite Link Design:
Basic transmission theory, System Noise temperature and G/T
ratio, design of downlinks, satellite systems, using small earth
stations, uplink design, design for specified C/N; combining C/N
and C/I values in satellite links, system design examples,
8 Hrs
SLE: Implementation of error detection on satellite links.
Unit 5: Low Earth Orbit and Non-Geostationary Satellite
System:
Introduction, orbit consideration, delay and through put
considerations, operational NGSO constellation design
iridiumteledesic
7 Hrs
SLE: coverage and frequency considerations.
Unit 6: Satellite Specialized Services:
Introduction, orbital spacing, power ratio, frequency and
polarization, transponder capacity, bit rates for digital TV, satellite
mobile services, USAT, Radar Sat, GPS, orb communication.
7 Hrs
SLE: Iridium.
Text Books:
1. Satellite Communications, Dennis Roddy, 4th Edition,
MHI.
2. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Charles
Bostain and Jeremy Allnet, JW & Sons, 2nd Edition 2003.
Reference Book:
1. Space Missing Analysis and Design (SMAD), Wertz
and Larson, Microcosm Pren, 3rd Edition, 1999

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IMAGE PROCESSING (3:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0307 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 3 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Pre-requisite: Digital Signal Processing (EC0407)
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Understand basic principles of digital images, image data
structures, and image processing techniques.
2. Explain hardware and software components of image
processing system.
3. Understand image processing filtering techniques in both
the spatial and frequency (Fourier) domains
4. Understand the processes involved in enhancement and
restoration techniques.
Unit 1: Introduction to Image Processing System:
Introduction, Image, Sampling, Quantization, Resolution,
Classification of Digital Image, Image types, Elements of an image
processing system, Applications of Digital Image Processing.
6 Hrs
SLE: Image file formats.
Unit 2:2D Signals and Systems:
Introduction, 2D signals, Separable sequence, periodic sequence,
2D systems, classification of 2D systems, 2D construction, 2D
Z-transform.
6 Hrs
SLE: 2D Digital filter
Unit 3: Image Transforms:
Introduction, Need for transform, Image transforms, Fourier
Transform, 2D DFT, properties of 2D-DFT, Walsh Transform,
Hadamnd transform, Haar Transform, Slant Transform, DCT, K-L
transform, Comparison of Different image Transforms.
6 Hrs

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SLE: MATLAB simulation of transform domain methods.
Unit 4: Image Enhancement:
Introduction, Image Enhancement in spatrate Domain,
Enhancement through point operation, Types of point operation.
Histogram Manipulation, Linear gray-level transformation, Local or
Neighborhood operation, Median filter, Spatial domain high-pass
filtering or image sharpening. Bit-place sliching, image
enhancement in the frequency domain, homomorphic filter,
Zooming operation, Image arthmetric.
10 Hrs
SLE: MATLAB simulation of Enhancement techniques.
Unit 5: Image Restoration
Introduction, Image Degradation, Types of image Blur,
Classification of image restoration techniques, image-restoration
model, linear image restoration techniques, non-linear image-
restoration techniques. Blind Deconvolution, classification of Blind-
deconvotion techniques
6 Hrs
SLE: Image restoration in satellite images
Unit6: Image Denoising
Image Denoising, classification of noise in image, median filtering,
Trained Average filter, Performance Metrics in Image restoration,
Applications of Digital Image Restoration
6 Hrs
SLE: Image denoising in medical images.

Text Book:
1. Digital Image Processing, S. Jayaraman, S.
Esakkirajan, T. Veerakumara, Tata McGraw Hill Education
Pvt. Ltd., 2009
Reference Book:
1. Image Processing, Gonzalez, Gatesmark Publishing,
2nd Edition, 2009
2. Digital Image Processing, Anil K Jain, Prentice Hall,
1998

22
MICRO ELECTRONICS (3:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0312 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 3 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain and apply the semiconductor concepts of drift,
diffusion, donors and acceptors, majority and minority
carriers, excess carriers, low level injection, minority carrier
lifetime.
2. Explain how devices and integrated circuits are fabricated
and describe discuss modern trends in the
microelectronics industry.
3. Explain the underlying physics and principles of operation
of p-n junction diodes, and MOS field effect transistors
(MOSFETs).
4. Describe and apply simple large signal circuit models for
metaloxide-semiconductor (MOS) capacitors devices which
include charge storage elements and analyze the
secondary effects of MOSFET.

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Semiconductors:


Effective mass, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, mobility, drift
current and conductivity, diffusion process
8 Hrs
SLE: Diffusion current.

Unit 2: Fabrication Technology:


Introduction, Czochralski growing process, fabrication process.
6 Hrs
SLE: Photolithography and ion implantation

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Unit 3: PN Junction Diode:
Introduction, space-charge region, analytical relations at
equilibrium, diode conditions with voltage applied.
6 Hrs
SLE: Derivation of diode current equation.
Unit 4: Metal Semiconductor Junctions:
Energy band diagrams of metal and N-Semiconductor, Schottky
barrier diode, VI characteristics of N-Semiconductor Schottky
diode.
6 Hrs
SLE: Tunnel Diode
Unit 5: Metal-oxide-Semiconductor systems:
Introduction, Energy band diagrams, Band bending and effect of
bias voltages, analytical relations for charge densities, threshold
voltage, and oxide charges in MOS capacitors.
8 Hrs
SLE: Sub Threshold voltage.

Unit 6: Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors:


Construction and basic operation, region of operation, current-
voltage analytical relations, secondary effects.
6 Hrs
SLE: Usage of Simulation tools.

Text Book:
1. Semi conductor devices by Kanaan Kano Pearson
Education

Reference Book:
1. Solid State Electronic devices 5th edition Ben G
Streetman, Sanjay Banerjee Pearson Education.

24
ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING (3:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0309 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 3 SEE:50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100

Pre-requisite: Digital Signal Processing (EC0510)


Course Outcome - On successful completion of the course, the
students will be able to:
1. Apply methods for reconstruction and interpolation signals,
based on signal modeling and advanced filtering
techniques.
2. Apply methods for prediction of signals, based on signal
modeling and advanced filtering techniques, such as
Linear Predictive Filters and Optimal Linear Filters.
3. Implement and compare parametric/non-parametric
methods for power spectral estimations.
4. Compare models of stochastic signals and systems for
processing and analyzing.
5. Select between different transforms -like DFT and DWT

Unit 1: Linear Algebra:


Vector spaces, Subspaces, Inner product, Linear independence,
Bases, Probability, Random processing, Random Variable
06 hrs
SLE: Stationary and non-stationary random processes,
Expectation operation
Unit 2: Multirate DSP:
Decimation, Interpolation, Sampling rate convrsion, Applications,
Filer banks, QMF filter banks
06 hrs
SLE: M Channel QMF Bank.

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Unit3: Optimum filters:
Correlation function, Powerspectra, Stationary Random process,
Forward & Backward Linear Prediction, Levinson-Durbin & Schur
algorithms, Linear prediction error-filters, AR, ARMA lattice filters,
Weiner Filter
07 hrs
SLE: Joint random process, Mean ergodic and Correlation ergodic
process
Unit 4: Adaptive Filters:
Applications, LMS and RLS algorithms, Adaptive lattice filter
06 hrs
SLE: Adaptive recursive filters, recursive least squares.

Unit 5: Power Spectrum Estimation:


Finite duration observation of signals, Non-parametric and
parametric methods, Filter banks
06 hrs
SLE: Yule-walker algorithm

Unit 6: Wavelets:
Introduction, CWT, DWT, Signal spaces and multiresolution
analysis, Scaling function, wavelet-DWT functions, Parseval's
Theorem, Wavelet expansion
07 hrs
SLE: Different waveelets like Haar and Daubechies.
Text Book:
1. John G Proakis and Dimitris G Manolakis, Digital Signal
Processing 4th Edn., Pearson Education, Noida, India,
2009
References:
1. S Salivahananan and others, Digital Signal Processing,
TMH, New Delhi

26
2. Emmanuel Ifeachor and Barrie W Jervis, Digital Signal
Processing, 2nd Edn., Pearson Education, Noida, India,
2011
3. Paulo SR, et.al, Digital Signal Processing, Cambridge, UK,
2002
4. P P Vaidyanathan, Multirate signal processing, Pearson
Education, Noida, 1993
5. Raghuveer Rao and Ajit Bopardikar Wavelets, Pearson
Education, Noida, 2000
6. Schaum Series Linear Algebra

27
INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) (2:0:2)

Sub. Code: EC0311 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 2 SEE:50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Learning Outcomes upon successful completion of this
course, the participant will be able to:
1. Design and Implement interfaces for IoT applications.
2. Develop programing skills
3. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the security
and ethical issues of the Internet of Things
4. Conceptually identify vulnerabilities, including recent
attacks, involving the Internet of Things
5. Conceptually describe countermeasures for Internet of
Things devices
6. Analyze the societal impact of IoT security events
7. Compare and contrast the threat environment based on
industry and/or device type
Assessment Components and Evaluation Standards
Students will be evaluated by course participation in weekly Quiz,
Tests, examinations, and Mini Projects.
Unit 1: Introduction- The definition of the Internet of Things -
overview, applications, potential & challenges, and architecture.
Platform for IoT devices - Device architectures, Conventional and
renewable power sources for resource-constrained devices,
Operating systems for resource-constrained devices.
4 Hrs
Unit 2: Internet in general and Internet of Things: layers,
protocols, packets, services, performance parameters of a packet
network as well as applications such as web, Peer-to-peer, sensor
networks, and multimedia.
4 Hrs

28
Unit 3: Network layer: forwarding & routing algorithms (Link,
DV), IP-addresses, DNS, NAT, and routers.Transport
services: TCP, UDP, socket programming. Service Orinted
Protocols(COAP).Communication protocols based on the
exchange of messages (MQTT).
4 Hrs
Unit 4: Local Area Networks, MAC level, link protocols such as:
point-to-point protocols, Ethernet, WiFi 802.11, cellular internet
access, and Machine-to-machine.
4 Hrs
Unit 5: Mobile Networking: roaming and hand-offs, mobile IP, and
ad hoc and in-frastrctureless networks.
4 Hrs
Unit 6: Real-time networking: soft and real time, quality of
service/information, resource reservation and scheduling, and
performance measurements.
3 Hrs
SLE Components: Applications: Smart Grid. Home Automation.
Smart City.
Laboratory classes and Mini Projecs: 2 Labs/week (each 2
Hrs duration)
LABORATORY Recommended literature and teaching
resources:
1. Interacting with device peripherals (GPIO , ADC , servos)
2. Connecting to the Internet (eg. the device showing the current
weather forecast )
3. Exposition of device functionality as services ( 1 ) ( COAP
protocol)
4. Machine-to-machine communication (broadcast communication
protocols)
5. Machine-to-machine communication (communication based on
the message exchange MQTT protocol).
6. Interfacing with devices used in heakthcare, automation,
transportation using Gelilio board.

29
Self Reading and Mini Projects: (Suggested)
Recommended literature and teaching resources:
(References)
1. Arduino, http://www.arduino.cc/
2. Intel Galileo, http://www.intel-software-academic-
program.com/pages/courses#diy
3. Modu Copernicus,
http://galaxy.agh.edu.pl/~tszydlo/copernicus/
4. Jean-Philippe Vasseur and Adam Dunkels. Interconnecting
Smart Objects with IP The Next Internet, Morgan
Kaufmann, 2010.
5. Zach Shelby, Carsten Bormann, 6LoWPAN: The Wireless
Embedded Internet, Willey 2009

1. IoT in Healthcare
2. The Prognosis for Medical Device Security
http://money.cnn.com/video/technology/security/2013/08/0
2/t-hack-my-car.cnnmoney/
3. GAO Report FDA Should Expand Its Consideration of
Information Security for Certain Types of Devices
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-816
4. The Insecure Pacemaker: FDA Issues Guidance for
Wireless Medical Device Security
http://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/view/34151/the-
insecure-pacemaker-fda-issues-guidance-for-wireless-
medical-device-security/
5. Radio Frequency Wireless Technology in Medical Devices.
Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration
Staff.
http://www.fda.gov/downloads/MedicalDevices/DeviceReg
ulationandGuidance/GuidanceDocuments/ucm077272.pdf.
6. IoT in Consumer Electronics
7. Hey does your Smart TV have a mic? Enjoy your
surveillance, bro

30
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/05/10/smarttv_bugging/
8. 5 Things to Consider before Wiring up your Smart Home
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/05/10/smarttv_bugging/
9. Man Hacks Monitor, Screams at Baby Girl
http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/security/man-hacks-monitor-
screams-baby-girl-n91546
10. Refrigerator among devices hacked in Internet of things
cyber attack
http://www.latimes.com/business/technology/la-fi-tn-
refrigerator-hacked-internet-of-things-cyber-attack-
20140116-story.html
11. Videos
12. The camera in your TV is watching you
http://money.cnn.com/video/technology/security/2013/08/0
1/t-tv-is-watching-you.cnnmoney/.
13. IoT in Energy and Environment
14. Vulnerable to cyber threat
http://www.scmagazine.com/report-australia-energy-grid-
govt-vulnerable-to-cyber-threat/article/345516/
15. The Smart Grid Will Expose Utilities to Smart Computer
Hackers
http://www.nytimes.com/cwire/2011/04/19/19climatewire-a-
smart-grid-will-expose-utilities-to-smart-
28110.html?pagewanted=1
16. Smart Grids Require Better Protection from Cyber attacks,
Experts Say
http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/smart-grids-
demand-better-protection-from-cyberattacks/

Reference:
Lot Arshdeep Bhaga and Vijay Madisetti.
Big Data Science & Analytics Arshdeep Bhaga and Vijay
Madisetti
31
32
VIII SEMESTER
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT (4:0:0)
Sub. Code: EC0416 CIE: 50% Marks
Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course students will be able to,
1. Describe the history of scientific management and
distinguish between organization type and structures
2. Explain the fundamental concepts of Engineering
Economics
3. Interpret financial statements and nuances of long term
sources of finance
4. Describe product development life cycle.
5. Interpret human behavior in organizations
6. Identify the constraints in Project management

Unit - 1
Management History of scientific management, types of
ownership. Organization structures.
SLE: types of planning,
6 Hrs
Unit - 2
Engineering Economics and Financial Management Law of
demand & supply, Market Equilibrium, interest rates simple /
interest, compound interest, Interest formulae , NPV analysis of
alternatives, Depreciation concepts.Elements of cost, Fixed cost,
Variable Cost, Marginal Cost, Sunk Cost, Break-even analysis and
numerical problems.
SLE: Replacement Analysis

10 Hrs

33
Unit - 3
Financial Management: brief description on evolution of Financial
management (Goals, financial decisions in a firm, risk-return trade
off), financial statements (Concepts of Balance Sheets and Income
Statements), Long term sources of Finance (Shares, Debentures,
loans, Primary and Secondary Markets and Venture Capital),
Dividends, Mergers and Acquisitions.
SLE: Budgets
10 Hrs
Unit - 4
New Product Development and Marketing: Product
Development Life Cycle, Market Strategy and Concept of Sales
SLE: New Product Failures
6 Hrs
Unit - 5
Organizational Behaviour: Motivation, Content Theories: Maslow,
Herzberg and McGregor, Stress and Conflict: Team building,
Negotiation, Management by Objectives,
SLE: Leadership
8 Hrs
Unit - 6
Project management: Basic Concepts of Project Management
such as Scope, Time, Cost and Quality. Network diagrams and
Critical path, 7 QC tools
SLE: Subcontract Management
8 Hrs
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Industrial Organization and Management by Banga and
Sharma, Khanna Publishers. New Delhi, Edition 2007.
2. Management and Entrepreneurship by Ramesh Burbure;
Rohan publishers.2009.

34
3. Total Quality Management, Dale H. Bester field, Publisher
- Pearson Education India, Edition 03/e Paperback
(Special Indian Edition)
4. Financial Management, I.M. Pandey Vikas Publishing
House Pvt Ltd, 9th Edition 2009
5. Engineering Economics, by R. Panneerselvam, PHI
Learning Pvt. Ltd.5th Printing. 2004

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Essentials of Management An international perspective
by Harold Koontz, Heinz Weiglunch, 7th Edn Tata McGraw
Hill, Year 2007
2. The New business Road Test by John W. Mollins, 1 st Edn.
Pearson Education, Year 2007
3. The Frontiers of Management by Peter F.Drucker,
Elsevier publications, Year 2006.

35
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (3:0:2)

Sub. Code: EC0417 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 3 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Describe characteristics of Embedded systems and
Common peripherals of an embedded target board
2. Describe Booting sequence, memory layout, Boot loader
installation and application development
3. Compile and configure Linux kernel and Root file system
4. Use Make, describe different methods of debugging and
Real time concepts

Unit1:Embedded systems and Embedded Linux System:


Introduction. Embedded Linux Development. Target Hardware.
Booting Linux. Development Environment. System Design. Boot
Loader, Kernel, Root File System, Application, Cross-Compiler.
4 Hrs
SLE: Basics of Linux OS and commands
Unit2: Configuring the Software Environment:
Target Emulation Virtual Machines Host Environment .Linux. Host
Services TFTP DHCP.NFS PXE. Cabling: Serial Interface (for
Console), Emulation via QEMU Compiling QEMU. Using QEMU to
Emulate a Target system. 7 Hrs
SLE: Windows host environment

Unit3: Configuring the Target Board:


Booting the board, Assessing the Kernel, Understanding the RFS.
Cross-Compiler The Boot Loader, Kernel-Land vs. User land, Boot
Loaders, Flash Memory. Kernel Startup, The Kernel Entry Point,
User land Startup, Busy Box Init. Hardware Constraints,

36
Performance and Profiling Tools. 9 Hrs

SLE: Non-Traditional Embedded Languages: Python, TCL

Unit4: Application Development:


Coding for Portability, System Differences, Tools required. Using
Make, .Running the code on target. Getting Started on Application.
Development, Types of Debugging: Remote Debugging Overview,
Debugging C, Compiling for Debugging 7 Hrs
SLE: Using GDB for debugging

Unit 5: Kernel Configuration and Development:


Kernel Project Layout, .Building the Kernel, How Kernel
Configuration Works, Default Configurations, Editing .config By
Hand.Building the Kernel, .Building Modules. Cleaning Up.
Configuring the Boot Loader and Kernel, U-Boot, Other Boot
loaders, Execution in Place, Selecting a Root File System, .Block-
Based File Systems., RAM BufferBased File Systems,
Assembling a Root File System. Creating the Staging Area,
Creating a Directory Skeleton, Libraries and Required Files.
Creating Initialization Scripts, Setting Ownership and Permissions.
7 Hrs
SLE: MTD File Systems
Unit 6: Real Time Concepts and System Tuning:
Real-Time Core Concepts. The Linux Scheduler Real-Time
Scheduler .Real-Time Implementation in Linux, Real-Time
Programming Practices. The One Real-Time Process, Lock
Memory, Avoiding the Heap, Asking for Priority Inheritance
Mutexes Using Thread Pools.Three or Fewer Megabytes, 1632
Megabytes, More than a Gigabyte. Reducing the Size of the Root
File System, Compiling to Save Space, Reducing the Size of the
Kernel, Removing Unneeded Features and Drivers, Minimizing
Boot Time 8 Hrs
SLE: Reducing Kernel Boot-Up Time, Reducing Root File System
Startup Times
Text Book:
1. Professional Linux Embedded Systems, Gene Sally,
Academic Press 2010

37
ELECTIVES OFFERED
LOW POWER VLSI DESIGN (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0422 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcomes:
1. Understand the future trends in Electronics, nanometer
technologies, and discuss its leakage mechanisms.
2. Describe the Advanced research in on-chip optical
interconnects and circuit techinque for leakage reduction.
3. Apply probablistic analysis to characterize dynamic power
estimation and reduction.
4. Discuss the low power and fast dynamic logic circuits and
standard cells.
5. Outline the issues of adiabatic and clocked power circuits
to optimize low power.

Unit 1
Microelectronics, Nanoelectronics, and the Future of
Electronics
Introduction, The Silicon MOSFET as a Nan electronic Device.
What Is Nanotechnology? Silicon MOSFETs in the Nanometre
Regime, Ultimate Limits of the Silicon MOSFET, Practical Limits of
the Silicon MOSFET, Beyond the Silicon MOSFET: - Carbon
Nanotube Transistors, Organic Molecular Transistors, MOSFETs
with New Channel Materials and Semiconductor, Nanowire
Transistors. Beyond the FET: - Single-Electron Transistors,. From
Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics.
Text book. 4.1-4.7

SLE: Spin Transistors


8 Hrs
Unit 2
Leakage in CMOS Nanometric Technologies
Introduction-LEAK Components of MOSFET Devices, Gate
Tunnelling Currents, Sub threshold Leakage Currents, Gate-

38
Induced Drain Leakage Currents Junction Leakage Currents,
Punch through Currents. Scaling of VTH and its Impact on Sub
threshold Current, Short Channel Effects, Circuit level.
Text 3.1-3.4
SLE: Gate-Tunnelling Currents. Circuit Level.
8 Hrs.
Unit 3
Advanced Research in On-Chip Optical Interconnects
The Interconnect Problem: Analysis of Electrical Interconnect
Performance, The Optical Alternative, Identified Applications, Top-
Down Link Design: Technology Design Requirements, Passive
Photonic Devices for Signal Routing: Waveguides, Resonators,
Photonic Crystals. Active Devices for Signal Conversion, III-V
Sources, Detectors
Conversion Circuits: Driver Circuits, Receiver Circuits, Bonding
Issues
Text: 5.1-5.8
SLE: Link Performance
8 Hrs.
Unit 4
Circuit Techniques for Leakage Reduction:
Introduction, Leakage Components: Sub threshold Leakage,
Gate Leakage, Source/Substrate and Drain/Substrate P-N Junction
Leakage. Circuit Techniques to Reduce Leakage in Logic. Design
Time Techniques. Dual Threshold CMOS, Multiple Supply Voltage.
Runtime Standby Leakage Reduction Techniques: Leakage
Control Using Transistor Stacks (Self-Reverse Bias) Sleep
Transistor, Variable Threshold CMOS (VTCMOS) Runtime Active
Leakage Reduction Techniques: Dynamic Vdd Scaling (DVS),
Dynamic Vth Scaling (DVTS).
Text: 13.1-13.7
SLE: Circuit Techniques to Reduce Leakage in Cache: Memories.
8 Hrs.
Unit 5
Circuits Techniques for Dynamic Power Reduction
Introduction, Dynamic Power Consumption Component: Power
Reduction Approaches. Circuit Parallelization: Memory
Parallelization, Parallelized Shift Register, Serial Parallel
39
Converter, Linear Feed-Back Shift Registers, Double Edge
Triggered Flip-Flop. Voltage Scaling-Based Circuit Techniques:
Multiple Voltages Techniques, Low Voltage Swing. Circuit
Technology-Independent Power Reduction: Precomputation,
Retiming, Synthesis of FSMs with Gated Clocks. Circuit
Technology-Dependent Power Reduction: path Balancing,
Technology Decomposition.
Text: 10.1-10.6
SLE: Technology Mapping
10 Hrs.
Unit 6
High-Level Power Estimation and Analysis
Introduction, Analysis vs. Estimation, Sources of Power
Consumption Generic Design Flow for Low-Power
Applications: Generic Power Estimation and Analysis Flow, Low-
Power Design Flow, System-Level Power Analysis: Objectives of
System-Level Design, Analysis of an Implementation Model,
Analysis of an Execution Model, Algorithmic-Level Power
Estimation and Analysis: Software Power Analysis, Algorithmic-
Level Power Estimation for Hardware Implementations,
10 hrs
Text 18.1-18.5
SLE: ORINOCO: A Tool for Algorithmic-Level Power Estimation.

Text Book:

1. Low-Power CMOS Circuits: Technology, Logic Design


and CAD Tools Christian Piguet, 2006 by Taylor & Francis
Group, LLC, Published by CRC Press.
References:
1. Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design, Gary Yeap,
Kluwer academic publishers, 2001.
2. Low power design methodologies, Jan M.Rabaey and
Massound pedram, Kluwer academic publishers, 2002

40
NETWORK SECURITY (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0424 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the security issues and objectives of information
security and its importance, such as Confidentiality,
Integrity and Availability.
2. Analyze the computational complexityof various
cryptography algorithms on mathematically.
3. Apply the concepts of private and public key encryption
techniques.
4. Explain the Key Management techniques, Authentication
services and Web security concepts.
5. Describe Intrusions, Intrusion detection and Firewall
concepts.
6. Compose basic cryptographic algorithms.

Unit1:
Services, mechanisms and attacks, The OSI security architecture,
A model for network security. Symmetric Ciphers: Symmetric
Cipher Model, Substitution Techniques, Transposition Techniques.
9 Hrs
SLE: Steganography and Program on Multiplicative inverse of
Modulus.
Unit2:
Simplified DES (Ref Book 1), Data encryption standard (DES), The
strength of DES,Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis, Block Cipher
Design Principles and Modes of Operation, The AES Cipher
(overview). 9 Hrs
SLE: Block Cipher Principles, Finite fields.
41
Unit3:
Principles of Public-Key Cryptosystems, The RSA algorithm, Key
Management:Symmetric Key Distribution Using Asymmetric
Encryption, Distribution of Public Keys, Diffie - Hellman Key
Exchange, Applications of Cryptographic Hash Functions,
Message Authentication Functions
9 Hrs
SLE: X.509 Certificates
Unit4:
Digital signatures, ElGamal Digital Signature Scheme, Digital
Signature Standard. Web-Security Consideration, Security socket
layer (SSL) and Transport layer security, Secure Electronic
Transaction (Ref Book 1).
10 Hrs
SLE: Schnorr Digital Signature Scheme and Program on ab
modulus n.
Unit 5:
Intruders, Intrusion Detection, Password Management.Types of
Malicious Software, Viruses, Virus Countermeasures
9 Hrs
SLE: Distributed intrusion detection, Behavior-Blocking Software

Unit 6:
The Need for Firewalls, Firewall Characteristics, Types of Firewalls.
6 Hrs
SLE:Firewall Basing
Text Book:
1. Cryptography and Network Security, William Stalling,
Pearson Education, Fifth Edition.

42
Reference Books:
1. Cryptography and Network Security, William Stalling,
Pearson Education, 2003.
2. Cryptography and Network Security, Behrouz A.
Forouzan, TMH, 2007.
3. Cryptography and Network Security, Atul Kahate,
TMH, 2003.

43
MIXED SIGNAL MODELLING USING VHDL-AMS (3:0:2)

Sub. Code: EC0423 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 3 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Hrs Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Apply AHDL models for analogue circuitry.
2. Design and model analogue circuitry using combinations of
AHDLs and circuitry.
3. Critically analyze the constraints in real circuits in terms of
conflicting design requirements (for example, low noise yet
low power).
4. Gain an understanding of the AHDL language, its strengths
and its current weakness.
Unit1:
Signal flow modelling in VHDL, Nature, Terminal, Quantity
Definition of a nature Terminal nodes; Free quantities; across and
through quantities; Electrical package 7 Hrs
SLE: VHDL syntax and semantics
Unit2:
Simultaneous statements Simultaneous statements; Implicit
quantities; Solvability; Simultaneous if and case statements;
Examples: resistor, capacitor, diode, Netlists Terminal and quantity
ports; Component instantiation.
6 Hrs
SLE: Signal flow modeling
Unit3:
Procedural statements Sequential programming constructs;
Equivalent simultaneous statements; Equivalent functions;
Examples: MOSFET 6 Hrs
SLE: Modeling OPAMPS

44
Unit4:
Mixed-Signal simulation cycle; Initialization; Break statements;
Time step control; Frequency and Noise domain modeling Mixed-
Signal modeling mixing concurrent and simultaneous constructs;
7 Hrs
SLE: Events and their significance.
Unit5:
Mixed Signal Focus Command and Control system design.
Digitise/Encode Block.. Decode /Pulse-width-Block. Pulse-
width/Analog converter Block, Frequency and Transfer function
Modeling. Frequency Based Modeling. Noise-Modeling.
7 Hrs
SLE: Laplace Transfer Functions and Discrete Transfer functions.

Unit6:
Case Study: DC-DC Power Converter Modeling with VHDL-AMS.
Capacitor Model. Ideal Switch model. Voltage Mode control.
Averaged Model. Compensation design. Load and Line
Regulation.Case Study: Communication Systems Frequency shift
Keying. FSK Detection.
7 Hrs
SLE: Non-Coherent and coherent PLL Detection.
Note: Relevant Laboratory exercises using a simulator illustrating
the theoretical Aspects is also part of the course.

Text Book:
1. System Designers Guide to VHDL-AMS, Peter
Ashenden, Gregory Peterson, Darrel, Morgan Kaufmann
Publishers 2005.

45
RF MICRO ELECTRONICS (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0425 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Calculate radio, microwave and link power and noise
budgets.
2. Analyze lumped and distributed microwave filters.
3. Design microwave transistor amplifiers and be able to
optimize them for Gain,port matching and noise figure.
4. Design microwave transistor oscillators and
mixers.Interpret and manipulate network analyzer
measurements.
Unit1:Basic Concepts in RF Design:
Introduction, non-linearity and time variance, random processes
and noise, sensitivity and dynamic range, passive impedance
transformation.
8 Hrs
SLE: Scattering parameters.

Unit2:Transceiver Architectures:
General considerations, Receiver architectures: heterodyne and
homodyne receivers, Transmitter architectures.
9 Hrs
SLE: OOK Transceiver.

Unit3:Low Noise Amplifiers and Mixers:


Low noise amplifiers: General considerations input matching,
simple bipolar LNA. Down conversion mixers: General
considerations, Passive and active mixers.
9 Hrs
SLE: Single balanced mixer

46
Unit4: Oscillators:
General considerations, basic LC oscillator topologies, Voltage
controlled oscillators.
SLE: LC VCOs with Wide Tuning Range
8 Hrs
Unit5: Frequency Synthesizers:
General considerations, Phase locked loops: Basic concepts, Basic
PLL, Charge pump PLLs.
8 Hrs
SLE: Phase noise in PLLs.
Unit6: Power Amplifiers:
General considerations, Classification of power amplifiers, High
efficiency power amplifiers.
8 Hrs
SLE: Doherty Power Amplifier.

Text Book:
1. RF Microelectronics, by Behzad Razavi, Prentice hall
communications engineering and emerging technologies
series.

Reference Book:
1. RF circuit design: Theory and applications by
Reinhold Ludwig, Pavel Bretchko, Prentice hall
publications.

47
AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS(3:0:2)
Course Code: EC0434 Marks: 100
Course Outcomes:
In order to pass the course, the students should be able to:
1. Explain in a concise manner how the general automotive
electronics
2. useful in the design and development of vehicles.
3. Understand constraints and opportunities of sensors and
actuators used in the modern vehicle design.
4. Use basic measurement tools to determine the real-time
performance of vehicles.
5. Analyze the implementation of the interconnected
wireless embedded sensor networks and the Electronic
Control Systems.
6. Understanding the basics of Automotive Instrumentation,
Safety factors and diagnostics of Automobile systems.
Unit 1: Automotive Fundamentals Overview Four Stroke Cycle,
Engine Control, Ignition System, Spark plug, Spark pulse
generation, Ignition Timing, Drive Train, Transmission, Brakes,
Steering System, Battery, Starting System. Air/Fuel Systems Fuel
Handling, Air Intake System, Air/ Fuel Management.
6 Hrs
Unit 2: Sensors Oxygen (O2/EGO) Sensors, Throttle Position
Sensor (TPS), Engine Crankshaft Angular Position (CKP) Sensor,
Magnetic Reluctance, Position Sensor, Engine Speed Sensor,
Ignition Timing Sensor, Hall effect Position Sensor, Shielded Field
Sensor, Optical Crankshaft Position, Sensor, Manifold Absolute
Pressure (MAP) Sensor - Strain gauge and Capacitor capsule,
Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor, Intake Air
Temperature (IAT) Sensor, Knock Sensor, Airflow rate sensor,
Throttle angle sensor.
8 Hrs
Unit 3: Actuators Fuel Metering Actuator, Fuel Injector, Ignition
Actuator. Exhaust After-Treatment Systems AIR, Catalytic

48
Converter, Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR), Evaporative
Emission Systems.
8 Hrs
Unit 4: Electronic Engine Control Engine parameters, variables,
Engine Performance terms, Electronic Fuel Control System,
Electronic Ignition control, Idle sped control, EGR Control.
6 Hrs
Unit 5: Communication Serial Data, Communication Systems,
Protection, Body and Chassis Electrical Systems, Remote Keyless
Entry, GPS
6 Hrs
Unit 6: Vehicle Motion Control Cruise Control, Chassis, Power
Brakes, Antilock Brake System (ABS), Electronic Steering Control,
Power Steering,Traction Control, Electronically controlled
suspension, Automotive Instrumentation Sampling, Measurement
& Signal Conversion of various parameters.
6 Hrs
SLE: Integrated Body Climate Control Systems, Electronic HVAC
Systems, Safety Systems SIR, Interior Safety, Lighting,
Entertainment Systems and Automotive Diagnostics
Reference Books:
1. William B. Ribbens, Understanding Automotive
Electronics, 6th Edition, SAMS/Elsevier Publishing, 2010
2. Robert Bosch Gambh, Automotive Electrics Automotive
Electronics Systems and Components, 5th edition, John
Wiley& Sons Ltd., 2007.
Laboratory Experiments:
1. Understanding the basics tools in the design and testing of
sensors and actuators, like LabView.
2. Design of Interfaces using the Sensors to control Steering,
Ignition, Break Controls, Air Bags etc.
3. Design of Actuators for the Vehicle Engines.
4. Design of Pneumatic controllers for the Engines.

49
5. Performance measurement of various parts of vehicles,
eg., Pressure, Temperature, Strain on Gear Boxes.
6. Design on digital display systems and their control.
7. Implementation the Safety measures in the Vehicle, eg, Air
Bag control, Locking systems, Ignition Control etc.
8. Understanding the use of Electronics Control Board for
various testing of engine parts.
9. Understanding the use CAN Bus, its usage and interfaces
to USB.
10. Design and implementation of Sensor Networks in the
Vehicle.

50
MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0426 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Hrs Max Marks: 100
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Differentiate communication modes and media types in
multimedia.
2. Apply appropriate representation of image, text and their
compression techniques.
3. Distinguish audio and video compression techniques and
standards.
4. Compute compression algorithms using MATLAB/open
source tools.
5. Practical/Lab implementation of Multimedia Application.
Unit1: Multimedia communications:
Introduction, multimedia information representation, multimedia
networks, multimedia applications, media types, communication
modes, network types, multipoint conferencing, network QoS.
7 Hrs
SLE: Application QoS and transmission media.

Unit2: Multimedia information representation:


Introduction, digital principles, text, images, audio, video.
8 Hrs
SLE: PC video, video content.
Unit3: Text and image compression:
Introduction, compression principles, text compression, image
compression.
8 Hrs
SLE: Digitized documents.

51
Unit4: Audio compression:
Introduction, Predictive DPCM, ADPCM, APC, LPC, Code exited
LPC, perceptual coding, Dolby audio coders and MPEG audio
coders
8 Hrs
SLE: Dolby AC-2, Dolby AC-S.
Unit5: Video compression:
Video compression principles, H.261, H.263, MPEG, MPEG-1, and
MPEG-4.
SLE: MPEG-2

Unit6: Standards for Multimedia Communications:


Standards relating to interpersonal communication, interactive
applications over internet and.
8 Hrs
SLE: Standard for entertainment applications
Text Book:
1. Multimedia Communications: Applications, Networks,
Protocols and Standards, Fred Halsall, Pearson
Education, Asia, Second Indian reprint 2002.
Reference Books:
1. Multimedia Information Networking, Nalin K. Sharda,
PHI, 2003.
2. Multimedia Fundamentals: Vol 1 - Media Coding and
Content Processing, Ralf Steinmetz, Klara Narstedt,
Pearson Education, 2004.
3. Multimedia Systems Design, Prabhat K. Andleigh,
Kiran Thakrar, PHI, 2004.

52
SPEECH PROCESSING (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0427 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Pre-requisite: Digital Signal Processing (EC0407)
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Analyze, Manipulate, visualize speech signals. Perform
various decompositions, codifications, and modifications of
speech signal.
2. Explain the main principles of common audio signal
processing operations viz. equalization, dynamic control,
perceptual audio coding.
3. Qualitatively describe the mechanisms of human speech
production and how the articulation mode of different
classes of speech sounds determines their acoustic
characteristics.
4. Solve given problems regarding parameter estimation in
source-filter production models and regarding speech
analysis and synthesis using these models. Describe
simple pattern-recognition applications of speech
processing, such as speaker and speech recognition.
Unit1: Introduction:
Process of speech production, Acoustic theory of speech
production, Lossless tube models, and Digital models for speech
signals.
Time Domain Models for Speech Processing: Time dependent
processing of speech, Short time energy and average magnitude,
Speech vs silence discrimination using energy & zero crossings,
Pitch period estimation, Median smoothing
9 Hrs
SLE: Pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function

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Unit2: Digital Representations of the Speech Waveform:
Sampling speech signals, Instantaneous quantization, Adaptive
quantization, Differential quantization, Differential PCM,
Comparison of systems, direct digital code conversion.
7 Hrs
SLE: Delta Modulation.
Unit3: Short Time Fourier Analysis:
Linear Filtering interpretation, Filter bank summation method,
Overlap addition method, Design of digital filter banks,
Implementation using FFT, Spectrographic displays, Pitch
detection, Analysis synthesis systems.
8 Hrs
SLE: Analysis by synthesis.
Unit4:Linear Predictive Coding of Speech:
Basic principles of linear predictive analysis, Solution of LPC
equations, Prediction error signal, Frequency domain
interpretation, Relation between the various speech parameters,
Synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters.
8 Hrs
SLE: Applications.
Unit5: Speech Enhancement:
Spectral subtraction & filtering, Harmonic filtering, parametric re-
synthesis, Adaptive noise cancellation.
Speech Synthesis: Principles of speech synthesis, Synthesizer
methods, Synthesis of intonation, Speech synthesis for different
speakers, Speech synthesis in other languages, Evaluation.
9 Hrs
SLE: Practical speech synthesis.
Unit6:Automatic Speech Recognition:
Introduction, Speech recognition vs. Speaker recognition, Signal
processing and analysis methods, Hidden Markov Models, Artificial
Neural Networks.
8 Hrs

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SLE: Pattern comparison techniques.

Text Books:
1. Digital Processing of Speech Signals", L. R. Rabiner
and R. W. Schafer, Pearson Education (Asia) Pte. Ltd.,
2004.
2. Speech Communications: Human and Machine, D.
OShaughnessy, Universities Press, 2001
Reference Book:
1. Fundamentals of Speech Recognition, L. R. Rabiner
and B. Juang, Pearson Education (Asia) Pte.Ltd., 2004.

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MOBILE COMPUTING (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0428 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Course Objective:
Understanding the basic operations of Mobile Computing, its
architecture, operations, development of it applications, Mobile
Computing through Telephoney, Voice XML, Interfaces, Emerging
Technologies like Blue tooth, RFID, WIMAX, Mobile IP, IPv6, Java
Card, SMS and its operation and implementation, GPRS use in
Mobile Computing. Student will implement simple programs.

Unit 1:
Introduction, Mobile Computing, Networks, Middleware and
Gateways, Developing Mobile Computing Applications, Security in
Mobile Computing.

Unit 2:
Mobile Computing Architecture, Goals of Mobile Computing,
Mobile Computing Components and its use, Three-Tier
Architecture, Mobile Computing through Internet, Mobile
Computing Applications.

Unit 3:
Mobile Computing through Telephone, Developing IVR
applications, Voice XML, Telephony Application Programming
Interface (TAPI).

Unit 4:
Emerging Technologies, Blue tooth, RFID, WIMAX, Mobile IP ,
IPv6 and Java Card.

Unit 5:
GSM Introduction, GSM Architecture and Entities, GSM Routing,
GSM Addresses and Identifiers, GSM Network Aspects, Mobility
Management, GSM Frequency Allocation.

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Unit 6: SMS, Value Added Service through SMS, Accessing
SMS Bearers, GPRS, GPRS Architecture, GPRS Operation,
GPRS Data Services, GPRS Applications.

SLE: Blue Tooth Technology, Whats App, International Roaming,


1-800 Implementation.

Text Books:
1. Principles of Wireless Networks, Kaveh Pahlavan,
Prasanth Krishnamoorthy, PHI/Pearson Education, 2003.
2. Mobile Computing, Asoke k Talukar, Harsam Ahmed,
Roopa yavugal, 2nd edition.

Reference Book:
1. Principles of Mobile Computing,Uwe Hansmann,
Lothar Merk, Martin S. Nicklons and Thomas Stober,
Springer, New York, 2003.
2. Mobile Communication Systems, Hazysztof
Wesolowshi, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2002.

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WIRELESS NETWORKS (4:0:0)

Sub. Code: EC0429 CIE: 50% Marks


Hrs/week: 4 SEE: 50% Marks
SEE Hrs: 3 Max Marks: 100
Pre-requisite: 1. Wireless Communication (EC0413)
2. Communication Networks (EC0414)
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the fundamentals of wireless networking
2. Describe and analyze various Wireless Networks like LAN,
WAN, PAN and MAN& their performance analysis.
3. Describe and compare Broad Band Satellite and
Microwave Systems.
4. Explain air interface technologies and emerging wireless
technologies.
Unit 1: Cellular Wireless Data Networks 2.5 and 3G Systems:
Introduction to wireless Networks, CDPD, GPRS, and EDGE Date
Networks, CDMA Date Networks, Evolution of GSM and NA-TDMA
to 3G, Evolution of CDMA to 3G, SMS, EMS, MMS and MIM
Services
9 Hrs
SLE: Long Term Evolution (LTE) telecommunication technology.
Unit 2: Wireless LANs /IEEE 802.11x:
Introduction, Evolution of Wireless LANs, IEEE 802.11 Design
Issue, Services, Layer 2, MAC Layer Operations, Layer 1, Higher
Rate Standards, Wireless LAN Security, Competing Wireless
Technologies, Typical WLAN Hardware
8 Hrs
SLE: WAVE (Vehicular Environments)

Unit 3: Wireless PANs/IEEE 802.15x:


Introduction, Wireless PAN Applications and Architecture, IEEE
802.15.1 Physical Layer Details, Bluetooth Link Controller Basics

58
and Operational States, IEEE 802.15.1 Protocols and Host Control
Interface, Evolution of IEEE 802.15 Standards.
8 Hrs
SLE: Zigbee
Unit 4: Broadband Wireless MANs/IEEE 802.16x:
Introduction to WMAN/IEEE 802.16x Technologies, IEEE 802.16
Wireless MANs, MAC Layer Details, Physical Layer Details,
Physical Layer Details for 2-11 GHz, Common System Operations.
8 Hrs
SLE: OFDMA
Unit 5: Broad Band Satellite and Microwave Systems:
Introduction, Line-of Sight Propogation, Fundamentals of Satellite
Systems, Broadband Satellite Networks, Broadband Microwave
and Millimeter Wave Systems.
9 Hrs
SLE: Stratellites
Unit 6: Emerging Wireless Technology:
Introduction, New and Emerging Air Interface Technologies, New
Wireless Network Implementations, IEEE 802.20/Mobile
Broadband Wireless Access, Satellite Ventures and Other Future
Possibilities.
7 Hrs
SLE: Remote Sensing
Text Book:
1. Introduction to Wireless Telecommunications
Systems and Networks, Mullet, Cengage Learning,
Indian Edition, 2006
Reference Book:
1. IS-95 CDMA and CDMA 2000 Cellular/PCS System
Implementation, Vijay K Gard, Pearson Education, Low
Price Edition.

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