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373.167.1:811.111
81.2-92
441
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31 . / -
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ISBN 978-5-222-29701-8
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373.167.1:811.111
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84108/32. . 2. 2500 . . 2222


, 344011, , .,
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./: (863) 261-89-50, 261-89-75
. : 06.2017.
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344019, , .,
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ISBN 978-5-222-29701-8 ., , 2016


, , 2016

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Basic Dictionary /
-

Family /

mother ['m] / mom / mummy


My mother is a doctor. .
foster mother
The woman who is standing over there is Jims foster mother.
, , .
single mother -
A single mother is a woman raising a child on her own without
a husband. - , -
.
father / dad / daddy ['f]
I just want to be like my father when I grow up.
, .
brother ['br]
My younger brother is a spoilt child.
.
sister ['sst]
My sister is looking for a job now.
.
aunt [nt]
My aunt lives not far from our house.
.
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Basic Dictionary / -

uncle ['kl]
Uncle Tom is my dads brother.
.
niece [nis]
My brothers daughter, Mary, is my niece.
, , .
nephew ['nevju]
I havent had any nephews yet. -
.
cousin ['kz()n] ,
My cousin Mary is always late for school.
.
parents ['per()nts]
My parents have been married for 20 years. -
20 .
grandparents
My grandparents are retired.
.
grandfather / grandmother /
My grandfather is 5 years older than my grandmother.
5 .
granny ['grn] / grandma
My granny is fond of cooking. -
.
grandson / granddaughter /
Mrs. Smiths grandson / granddaughter is under 16. -
/ 16 .

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godfather / godmother /
Appointing a godfather / a godmother is a very important
decision that many parents make. /
, -
.
mother-in-law ['m()(r)nl] ,
Mrs. Williams is Johns mother-in-law. -
.
father-in-law ['f(r)nl] ,
My sisters father-in-law is research worker.
.
son-in-law ['snnl]
His prospective son-in-law is a surgeon.
.
daughter-in-law ['dt(r)nl] ,
My daughter-in-law is in her early thirties.
30.
sister-in-law ['sst()(r)nl] ( ), -

brother-in-law ['br()(r)nl] ( ), -
( )
husband ['hzbnd]
She had two children by her first husband. -
.
wife [waf]
His ex-wife was born in Brazil.
.
stepmother / stepfather /
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Basic Dictionary / -

stepbrother / stepsister /
relatives ['reltvz]
My nearest relatives live in Amsterdam.
.
siblings ['sblz] () ,

Mary has no siblings. (..
).
in the bosom of ones family
I like to spend time in the bosom of my family.
.
offspring ['fspr] , ,
How are your offspring? ?
newborn baby
Im looking for newborn baby clothes.
.
toddler ['tdl] ,
infant ['nfnt] 7
adolescent [d()'les()nt]
to bring up / raise children
There are many opinions on the proper way to bring up
children. -
, .
family member / member of the family
There are 4 members in our family: my mother, my father, my
sister, and I. 4 : ,
, .

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to get on well with somebody -


I get on well with all my relatives. -
.
to have lot in common
I have lot in common with my sister. -
.
the head of ones household
My father is the head of our household. -
.
household / folks
I often have dinners with my folks when I am at home. -
, .
household chores / duties
I have some household chores: ironing, washing up and
cleaning up. .
, .
to go to see somebody
On holidays I often go to see my friends.
.
to spend time
On weekends we like to spend time outdoors. -
.
housewife
My mom is a housewife. .
to rely on -
I can always rely on my sister.
.

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Basic Dictionary / -

to let somebody down -, -



I am sure Mary will never let me down. ,
.
family bonds / ties
There is nothing more important than strong family ties.
, .
generation gap
Generation gap is one of the most pressing problems of all
times.
.
to bridge the generation gap -

An open communication is the best way to bridge the
generation gap.
.
to overcome generational differences

Some people believe that it is impossible to overcome
generational differences. ,
.
to put pressure (on somebody) (
-)
Strict parents often put too much pressure on their kids.

.
to punish ['pn]
I have never punished my children. -
.
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to lecture ['lek] ,
Dont lecture at me. .
to get annoyed with somebody -
My parents often get annoyed with me because I spend too
much time chatting with my friends.
,
.
to be disappointed ,
My parents were very disappointed when I dropped my
studies. , -
.
spoilt child
Mary is a spoilt child. .
disobedient child [ds'bidnt]
It is quite difficult to disciple a disobedient child.
.
to obey ['be] ,
Children should obey their parents. -
.
to divorce
Children feel stress when their parents decide to get
divorced. -
.
family traditions
Family traditions help people to feel themselves part of the
whole and strengthen the family unity.

.

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Basic Dictionary / -

to make up picnics
On weekends we usually go to the country and make up
picnics.
.
to lay the table
I often help my mom lay the table.
.
misunderstanding [msnd'stnd]
We used to have little misunderstandings in the past but now
we are best friends.
, .
mutual understanding
There is mutual understanding between adults and their
offspring. -
.
to be busy
I am very busy. .
to be tired
My dad is always tired after work.
.

Vocabulary Exercises
1. Match the right and left columns

family chores
generation child
household lot in common
spoilt understanding
to have mother
11

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mutual bonds
foster baby
newborn time
to spend pressure
to get on children
to bring up gap
to put well

2. Translate into English


1) 5 : , ,
, .
2) 12 .
3) -. -
, .
4) . -
.
5) 5 . .
6) 25 .
.
7) .
, .
8) .
.
9) . 30.
.
10) .
11) . -
.
12) .
.
13) . .
14) . -
.
15) .
12

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Basic Dictionary / -

16) . ,
.
17) , -
?
18) -
.
19) (), -
.
20) , 7 .
3. Give English equivalents for the following phrases:
;
-;
-;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;

13

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Friendship /

faithful / loyal / true friend , , -



Mary is a loyal friend; she always supports me.
; .
best friend
My best friend lives in London.
.
lifelong friend
circle of friends
I am an extravert; I have a large circle of friends. -
; .
pen pal
Ill be happy to find pen pals from all over the world.
.
acquaintance
Ive got a lot of acquaintances but few close friends.
, .
relationship (with friends) ( )
Lets talk about relationship with friends. -
.
to quarrel
I never quarrel with my friends.
.
to argue ['gju]
Sometimes we argue about little things. -
.
14

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School Life /

nine-grade / eleventh-grade student /

I am an eleventh-grade student. 11 .
classmate
One of my classmates is my best friend.
.
to apply to a university -

I have applied to several universities.
.
to enter a university
Last year I entered Rostov State University of Economics.

.
to graduate from
My brother graduated from Rostov State Medical University
last year.
.
school uniform
Do you wear a school uniform?
?
to study well
My brother is an excellent student. He studies very well.
. .

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Travelling /

trip [trp] ,
Mary had to postpone her trip. -
.
journey ['n] ( )
The journey takes about 3 hours by car. -
3 .
cruise [kruz] ,
This year we have decided to take a cruise to the Caribbean.

.
to travel by car / by train / by plain / by ship / on foot
/ / /
/
As for means of travelling, people can travel by car, by train,
by plain, by ship or on foot. -
, , ,
, .
to get unforgettable impressions and vivid emotions -

During trips people get unforgettable impressions and vivid
emotions. -
.
to meet new people
Meeting new people is one of the most exciting parts of my
trip. -
.

108

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Environment /

environment [n'var()nmnt]
environmental protection
The problem of environmental protection is one of the most
burning and complicated nowadays. -
-
.
environmental pollution

Environmental pollution is one of the most burning problems


today.
.
to preserve / protect the environment -

All of us must protect the environment.
.
acid rain
Acid rain affects the entire environment, especially plants and
animals. -
, -
.
water / air pollution /
In your article you should focus on the following issues: acid
rains, water and air pollution.
: -
, .

145

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Keys To Exercises /

Basic Dictionary / -
Family
1. Match the left and the right columns: family bonds, genera-
tion gap, household chores, spoilt child, to have lot in common,
mutual understanding, foster mother, newborn baby, to spend
time, to get on well, to bring up children, to put pressure
2. Translate into English:
1) My family consists of 5 members: my mom, my dad, my
elder sister, my younger brother, and me.
2) He was raised by a foster mother until the age of 12.
3) Mary is a single mother. She has been raising her daughter
on her own since her divorce.
4) My aunt and uncle live in the neighborhood. I quite often
call on them.
5) My niece is 5 years old. She is a spoilt child.
6) My parents have been married for 25 years. They love and
respect each other.
7) My grandparents are retired. My granny is fond of knitting.
My granddad often goes fishing.
8) My godmothers name is Lyubov. She is kind and caring.
9) His stepmother lives in London. She is in her early 30s. She
works at a bank as a chief accountant.
10) John has no siblings.
11) My relatives live in Paris. I get on well with them.
12) My stepbrother is well-bred and intelligent. We have
much in common.
13) My dad is the head of our household. He is often very tired.

182

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Keys To Exercises /

14) I have my household chores: washing up and ironing.


15) I like to spend time with my family.
16) I can always rely on my sister. I am sure shell never let
me down.
17) In your opinion, is there any way to bridge the generation
gap?
18) I have never punished my child for bad marks at school.
19) My parents were disappointed in me when I failed my
exam.
20) Johns parents got divorced when he was an infant.
3. Give English equivalents for the following phrases: to
bridge the generation gap; to be annoyed with somebody; to let
somebody down; to put pressure; to make up picnics; to be busy;
to be tired; to reach mutual understanding; to lay the table; in
the bosom of ones family; to spend time; family bonds; to have
much in common; to raise / bring up children
Friendship
1. Translate into English:
1) My best friend is honest and understanding. I can always
rely on him.
2) I am kind-hearted and easy-going. I have a lot of true
friends.
3) We have been friendly with Mary for more than 5 years.
We often quarrel and argue. However, I am sure shell never let
me down.
4) We have much in common with my best friend. We always
have something to talk about.
5) What do you know about peer pressure?
6) Some parents dont allow their under-age children to invite
friends.
7) Have you ever experienced bullying at school?
8) My friend is polite and hardworking. We spend much time
together and enjoy each others company.

183

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...................................................................................3

Basic Dictionary / - .............................................4


Family / ................................................................................4
Friendship / ......................................................................14
Daily Life / ................................................23
Shopping / .....................................................................29
Fashion / ..............................................................................37
Food & Healthy Lifestyle / ..........45
Appearance & Character / ......................55
Leisure & Hobbies / .............................................66
School Life / ....................................................76
Choosing a Career / .......................................90
Holidays / ...................................................................99
Travelling / ..........................................................108
Urban & Rural Life / ...................... 117
Health & Illness / ......................................123
Mass Media / .......................133
Environment / ............................................145

Phrasal Verbs / .............................................152

Collocations / ......................................167

Keys to exercises / .................................182


.......................................206


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