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Football

Football Coaches Manual

Coaches Manual

Offensive Play Call

The play call is made up of six parts.

1. The Formation

2. The Set or Series

3. The Back and Hole Number

4. The Type of play

5. The Blocking pattern

6. The Cadence (when to snap the ball)

For instance a play will be called in the huddle as:

PI Lft 22 DIV VR

Later on you will learn that it means the following:

FORMATION

SET

BACK HOLE

PI Left 2 2

TYPE

Dive

BLOCKING

Veer Right

If drawn on a blackboard it would look like this.

D LT LG C RG RT Z Q F W H 2 Back, 2 Hole,
D
LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
Q
F
W
H
2 Back, 2 Hole, I Formation = P I Left 22 Dive Veer Right

Page 1

Offensive Positions

X
X

Wide Receiver (X). Will always play ON the line of scrimmage. Goes out for passes and blocks. Back number (6).

LT
LT

Left Tackle. Blocks. Position is number 3 hole. Lineman number (3).

LG
LG

Left Guard. Blocks. Position is number 1 hole. Lineman number (1).

C
C

Center. Snaps ball to Quarterback and Blocks. Position is number 0 hole. Lineman number (0).

RG
RG

Right Guard. Blocks. Position is number 2 hole. Lineman number (2).

RT
RT

Right Tackle. Blocks. Position is number 4 hole. Lineman number (4).

Z
Z

Tight End (Z). Goes out for passes but mainly Blocks.

Back number (5).

Q
Q

Quarterback (Q). Takes snap from center to start play. Will both run and pass. Back number (1).

F
F

Fullback (F). Will carry ball, receive passes, and Block. Back number (2).

H
H

Halfback (H). Will carry ball, receive passes, and Block. Back number (3).

W
W

Wingback (W). Will carry ball, receive passes, and Block. Back number (4).

Page 2

Numbering System

The following are how the holes in the offensive line are numbered. Right even, Left odd.

7

5

3

1

0

2

4

6

8

D LT LG C RG RT Z
D
LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z

The following are how the offensive backs are numbered.

W
W
C Q
C
Q
X LT LG RG RT Z
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z

6

5

4

1

F
F

2

Page 3

H
H

3

Offensive Formations

(Four Basic Formations)

I

& PI

&

T

&

P

Note: There are 14 positions shown in each formation. Only 11 players will be on the field at the same time.

I <----Formation

C X LT LG RG RT Z W Q F H PI <----Formation C X
C
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
Q
F
H
PI
<----Formation
C
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
F
W
H

Page 4

Offensive Formations

T

<----Formation

 
X
X
LT
LT
LG
LG
C
C
RG
RG
RT
RT
Z W
Z
W
 
Q
Q
 
H
H
F
F

P

<----Formation

 
X
X
LT
LT
LG
LG
C
C
RG
RG
RT
RT
Z
Z
 
Q
Q
W
W
 
H
H
F
F

Offensive Sets

An offensive ìSETî is nothing more than where players line up in a formation. It is the second part of the play call. When a players letter is called, he moves to a new position. Only a few players need to learn what to do on changing SETs.

These positions need to know how to change SETs.

RT Z X LT W F H
RT
Z
X
LT
W
F
H

Lets begin by convering positions LT and RT.

Basic Set

LG C RG
LG
C RG
X RT Z LT
X
RT
Z
LT

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìStrong Leftî the RT moves to the opposite side of the line inside D. Set Strong Left

LG C RG
LG
C RG
X RT LT Z
X
RT
LT
Z

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìStrong Rightî the LT moves to the opposite side of the line inside Z. Set Strong Right

LG C RG
LG
C RG
X RT LT Z
X
RT
LT
Z

This is ALL positions LT and RT will have to know about the ìSETsî.

Page 6

Offensive Sets

These positions (X & Z) will need to know how to change ìSETsî. Basic Set

C RG
C RG
LT LG Z X RT
LT
LG
Z
X
RT

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìSplitî, ìSplit Leftî, or ìSplit Rightî, the X and Z receivers will move as shown and both remain on the line of scrimmage.

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìSplitî the X and Z receiv- ers both line up in a wide out (split) position.

Split Set

C RG
C RG
LT LG RT Z X
LT
LG
RT
Z
X

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìSplit Leftî the X receiver lines up in a split position. Split Left Set

C RG
C RG
LT LG RT Z X
LT
LG
RT
Z
X

If the Quarterback in the huddle calls ìSplit Rightî the Z receiver lines up in a split position. Split Right Set

C RG
C RG
LT LG RT X Z
LT
LG
RT
X
Z

This is ALL positions X and Z will have to know about the ìSETsî.

Page 7

Offensive Sets

These positions will need to know how to change ìSETsî in both the T and I Formations.

Basic Set for T Formation

C D LT LG RG RT Z W Q F H
C
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
Q
F
H

In the T Formation if ìLeft is called the H Back and W Back moves to their new positions.

Left Set for T Formation

LT LG C D RG RT Z W Q F H
LT
LG
C
D
RG
RT
Z
W
Q
F
H

Page 8

Offensive Sets

In the I Formation the W back lines up in the following basic for- mation.

Basic Set for I Formation

X LT LG RG RT Z W
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
C Q F H
C
Q
F
H

In the I Formation if ìLeftî is called the W back lines up in the in the same position on the left side.

Left Set for I Formation

X LT LG RG RT Z W
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
C Q F H
C
Q
F
H

Page 9

Offensive Sets

In the I Formation if ìSplitî is called the W back moves to a slot position on the right side.

Split Set for I Formation

X LT LG RG RT Z W
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
C Q F H
C
Q
F
H

In the I Formation if ìSplit Rightî is called the W back moves to a slot position on the right side.

Split Right Set for I Formation

X LT LG RG RT Z W
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
C Q F H
C
Q
F
H

In the I Formation if ìSplit Leftî is called the W back moves to a slot position on the left side.

Split Left Set for I Formation

X LT LG RG RT Z W
X
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
C Q F H
C
Q
F
H

Page 10

Offensive Sets

This is the Basic Set for the PI Formation.

Basic Set for PI Formation

D LT LG RG RT Z W
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W

In the I Formation if ìLeftî is called the W Back moves to the same position on the left side. W Set for PI Formation

D LT LG RG RT Z W
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W

Page 11

Offensive Sets

This is the Basic Set for the P Formation.

Basic Set for P Formation

C Q
C
Q
D LT LG RG RT Z W H F
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
H
F

The rules for the P formation for the W back are the same as in the I formation.

Basic Set for P Formation

C Q
C
Q
D LT LG RG RT Z W W split left left H F
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
W
W
split
left
left
H
F
W
W

Basic

W split & split
W
split
& split

left

Page 12

Line Blocking

Blast Blocking is the simplest blocking pattern.

All Blocking will be Blast unless called a blocking pattern is called in the huddle.

Rule: If there is a defender across from you in the inside gap, that is your first priority. If no defender is in the gap then you block the man directly in front of you either at the first or sec- ond level.

Blast.

Defenders 2nd Level Defenders 1st Level D C LT LG RG RT Z 7 5
Defenders 2nd Level
Defenders 1st Level
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 13

Line Blocking

Blast.

Defenders 2nd Level Defenders 1st Level D C LT LG RG RT Z 7 5
Defenders 2nd Level
Defenders 1st Level
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Blast.

Inside Gaps Defenders 2nd Level Defenders 1st Level D LT LG C RG RT Z
Inside Gaps
Defenders 2nd Level
Defenders 1st Level
D LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 14

Line Blocking

VR - ìVeer Rightî.

Line Blocking VR - ì Veer Right î . C LT LG RG RT Z D
C LT LG RG RT Z
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
D 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 VL - ìVeer Leftî. D
D
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
VL - ìVeer Leftî.
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
PL - ìPull ìlineman / holeî.
Example PL 16 - ìPull ì1 lineman / 6 holeî.
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 15

Line Blocking

CR - ìCross ì1st lineman / 2nd linemanîî.

Rule: 1st lineman number called goes First. 2nd lineman sidesteps and goes Next.

Example CR 24 - ìCross ì2 & 4 linemanîî.

D LT LG RG RT Z 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8
D
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Example CR 53 - ìCross ì5 & 3 linemanîî.

D LT LG C RG RT Z 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6
D LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 16

Line Blocking

SR - ìSlide Rightî.

Line Blocking SR - ì Slide Right î . 3rd Level Backs 2nd Level Backers 1st

3rd Level BacksLine Blocking SR - ì Slide Right î . 2nd Level Backers 1st Level Line D

Line Blocking SR - ì Slide Right î . 3rd Level Backs 2nd Level Backers 1st

2nd Level BackersLine Blocking SR - ì Slide Right î . 3rd Level Backs 1st Level Line D

1st Level LineSR - ì Slide Right î . 3rd Level Backs 2nd Level Backers D C LT

D C LT LG RG RT Z 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
SL - ìSlide Leftî.
3rd Level Backs
2nd Level Backers
1st Level Line
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 17

Line Blocking

OR - ìOpen Rightî.

1 2 2nd Level Backers 1st Level Line D C LT LG RG RT Z
1
2
2nd Level Backers
1st Level Line
D
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 OL - ìOpen Leftî. 2 1
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
OL - ìOpen Leftî.
2
1
2nd Level Backers
1st Level Line
D
LG
C
LT
RG
RT
Z
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Page 18

Line Blocking

TD - ìTight End Doubleî.

The tight ends and offensive tackles double teams the defensive tackles

LG C D LT RG RT Z 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6
LG
C
D LT
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

TR - ìTrap ìlineman / behind holeî.

Example TR 16 - ìTrap ì1 lineman / benind 6 holeî. Lineman

blocks behind line.

D LT LG C RG RT Z 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6
D
LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8

Rule: Remaing linemen block blast unless they are involved in a pattern.

Rule: Combination blocking patterns may be called;

(i.e. VR & PL 28). The & symbol is pronounced as ìANDî.

Page 19

Type of Play

Dive: A dive play is where the QB hands off to a back who runs directly to the hole.

22 Dive

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 LG C RG RT D LT
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
LG
C
RG
RT
D
LT
Z
Q
Example: 2 Back, 2 Hole
F

2

Power Dive: A dive play is where the QB hands off to a back who runs behind the other backs who block.

35 Power Dive

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 LG C D LT RG RT
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
LG
C
D
LT
RG
RT
Z
Q
Example: 3 Back, 5 Hole
F
W
H

3

Page 20

Type of Play

Counter Dive: A dive play is where the play action is opposite of the direction of the play.

44 Counter Dive

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 D LG C RG RT LT
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
D
LG
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
Q
Example: 4 Back, 4 Hole
F
W
H

4

Option: A option play is where the QB deter- mines who will carry the ball based on what the defense does.

38 Option

7

5

3

1

0

2

4

6

8

D LG C RG RT LT Z W Q F H Example: 3 Back, 8
D
LG
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
Q
F
H
Example: 3 Back, 8 Hole

3

Page 21

Type of Play

Counter Option: A option play where the flow of the play is opposite of the hole.

48 Counter Option

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 D LG C RG RT LT
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
D
LG
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
Q
4
F
Example: 4 Back, 8 Hole
H

Pitch: A pitch play is where the QB immedi- ately turns and tosses the ball to a back who is already moving to the hole.

38 Pitch

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 D C LG RG RT LT
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
D
C
LG
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
Q
F
H
3
Example: 3 Back, 8 Hole

Page 22

Type of Play

Boot: A boot play is where the QB rolls out and can either run or pass.

17 Boot

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 LG C RG RT D LT
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
LG
C
RG
RT
D
LT
Z
Q
1
Example: 1 Back, 7 Hole
F

Sweep: A sweep play is where the QB hands off to a back who ìsweepsî around the defen- sive flank.

38 Sweep

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 LG C D LT RG RT
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
LG
C
D
LT
RG
RT
Z
Q
H
Example: 3 Back, 8 Hole
3
Page 23

Type of Play

Sneak: A sneak play is where the quarterback takes the snap and goes directly through the hole.

11 Sneak 7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 C LG RG RT
11 Sneak
7
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
C
LG
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
Q
Example: 1 Back, 1 Hole
1

Reverse: A reverse play is where the play sweeps toward one direction and the ball is handed to a back moving in the opposite direc- tion.

68 Reverse

7 5 3 1 0 2 4 6 8 X LG C RG RT LT
7 5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
X
LG
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
6
Q
Example: 6 Back, 8 Hole

Page 24

Type of Play

A pass play is called as follows:

Formation

Set

T SR

Play

Pass

Reciver Number

5

Route

Delay Out

The following are definitions of each pass route:

C
C
3 yds
3 yds
X
X

Delay Out

7 yds Hook 7 yds C X W Keep Running C Fly X 3 yds
7 yds
Hook
7 yds
C
X
W
Keep Running
C
Fly
X
3 yds
3 yds
Slant
C
X
Y
Flat
C
W H
W
H

Page 25

Type of Play

Pass: A pass play is where the QB throws the ball to a receiver across the line of scrimage.

C RG RT LT Z Q 5
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
Q
5

Pass 5 Delay Out

D LG W
D
LG
W

Example: 5 Receiver, Delay Out Route

Z Y
Z
Y

4

Pass 4 Hook

C LG Q
C
LG
Q
D RG
D
RG
RT
RT

LT

Example: 4 Receiver, Hook Route

Page 26

Quarterback Key

Sets

 

Terms

Pronounced

Plays

SR

Strong Right

Terms

Pronounced

DV

Dive

PDV

Power Dive

CDV

Counter Dive

OP

Option

COP

Counter Option

PIT

Pitch

REV

Reverse

PAS

Pass

SNK

Sneak

SWP

Sweep

BOO

Boot

Blocking Patterns

Terms

Pronounced

BLA

Blast

VR

Veer Right

VL

Veer Left

PL

Pull

&

and

SR

Slide Right

SL

Slide Left

OR

Open Right

OL

Open Left

PAS

Pass

TR

Trap

TD

TE Double Team

Pass Routes

Terms

Pronounced

DO

Delay Out

HK

Hook

FY

Fly

SL

Slant

FT

Flat

Page 27

Play Call

The quarterback has a band on his arm containing the plays. The following is an example of what the quarterback will see and how he will call it in the huddle.

1 SR 38 OP

I

VR

2 22 DV SR & CR 42

T

3 W PAS 5 DO PAS

If play number 2 is sent in or signaled in from the sidelines, the quarterback will look at his band and interpret it as follows;

T 22 Dive , Slide Right and Cross 42

This is the play;

LG C RG RT Z LT W Q F H
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
LT
W
Q
F
H
X
X

Page 28

T Split 22 DV X C RT LT LG RG Z Q W F H
T
Split 22 DV
X
C
RT
LT
LG
RG
Z
Q
W
F
H
T
Split 22 DV SR & CR 42
X
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
W
F
H

T

Split 45 CDV PL 25

X LG C RG RT LT Z Q W F H T Split Strong Left
X
LG
C
RG
RT
LT
Z
Q
W
F
H
T
Split Strong Left 45 CDV VR
X
C
RT
LG
RG
LT
Z
W
Q
F
H
T Split 38 SWP PL 28 X C RT LT LG RG Z Q W
T
Split 38 SWP PL 28
X
C
RT
LT
LG
RG
Z
Q
W
F
H
T
Split Strong Right 38 SWP VL & PL 28 & 48
X
C
LG
RG
RT
LT
Z
W
Q
F
H

T Split 19 Boot

X C LT LG RG RT Z Q W F H T Split X LT
X
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
W
F
H
T
Split
X
LT
LG
C
RG
RT
Z
W
Q
F
H

Split Left 36 CDV CR 64 & VR

I

x C LT LG RG RT Z Q W F H
x
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
W
F
H

34 Split Left CDV CR42 & VR

I

x W
x
W
C LG RG RT LT Z Q F H
C
LG
RG
RT
LT
Z
Q
F
H

Split Left 32 CDV CR20 & VR

I

x C LT LG RG RT Z Q W F H
x
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
W
F
H

I Split Left 31 CDV CR 31 & VL

x C LT LG RG RT Z Q W F H
x
C
LT
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
W
F
H

I

Strong Left 35 CDV VR

x RT LT LG C RG Z W Q F H
x
RT
LT
LG
C
RG
Z
W
Q
F
H

I Split Left PAS 4 HK

x C LG RG RT LT Z Q W F H
x
C
LG
RG
RT
LT
Z
Q
W
F
H

I

x C LT LG Q W F H
x
C
LT
LG
Q
W
F
H
RG RT Z
RG
RT
Z

I

x W
x
W
C LG RG RT Z Q F H
C
LG
RG
RT
Z
Q
F
H
LT
LT

Defensive Positions

LE
LE

Left End. Normally lines up on the outside shoulder of the tackle. Plays the run and rushes the passer taking an outside route to contain the play. ìSoft Pursues.î

RT
RT

Right Tackle. Lines up over the guard or in a gap. When lining up in gap, shoots into backfield as quickly as possible. Plays the run and rushes the passer.

LT
LT

Left Tackle. Normally lines up over the guard or in a gap, but will play a line- backer in a 3-4 defense. Plays the run and rushes the passer.

RE
RE

Right End. Normally lines up on the outside shoulder of the tackle. Plays the run and rushes the passer taking an outside route to contain the play. ìSoft Pursues.î

LLB
LLB

Left Linebacker. Plays the run and defends the pass. In pass coverage, picks up the first running back going out for pass on left side. Blitzes quarterback as assigned.

MLB
MLB

Middle Linebacker. Primarily defends the run. On passing plays, ìmirrorsî the quarterback and goes in for sack if there is an opening.

RLB
RLB

Right Linebacker. Plays the run and defends the pass. In pass coverage, picks up the first running back going out for pass on left side. Blitzes quarterback as assigned.

LCB
LCB

Left Cornerback. First responsibility is to defend pass to wide receiver, but also pro- vides run support. On wide running plays, stays wide and forces play back inside.

FS
FS

Free Safety. Last line of defense. Primarily plays pass defense, but comes up to play the run ONLY AFTER the ball carrier crosses the line of scrimmage.

SS
SS

Strong Safety. Defends run and pass. Is responsible for covering tight end.

RCB
RCB

Right Cornerback. First responsibility is to defend pass to wide receiver, but also provides run support. On wide running plays, stays wide and forces play back inside.

Defensive Play Call

Defensive formations & blitzes will be called using hand signals. Formations will be called first on coachís left hand.

1 -

4-3 Base

2 -

4-3 Attack

3 -

3-4 Attack

4 -

5-2 Attack

5 -

Goal Line

Then, blitzes will be called. Multiple combinations will be used.

1 - Left Linebacker (inside blitz), blitz between guard and tackle.

2 Left Linebacker (outside blitz), Left End goes inside of tackle and Left Linebacker takes outside path and keeps everything inside.

-

3 Right Linebacker (inside blitz).

-

4 Right Linebacker (outside blitz).

-

5 Middle Linebacker.

-

6 Free Safety.

-

7 Right Cornerback.

-

8 Left Cornerback.

-

When a cornerback blitzes, the free safety will cover that receiver.

5 - 3 Defense

FS MLB RLB LLB RCB LCB RE RT NG LT LE C T G G
FS
MLB
RLB
LLB
RCB
LCB
RE
RT
NG
LT
LE
C
T G
G T
Z
X
Y
RLB LLB RCB LCB RE RT NG LT LE C T G G T Z X
4 - 3 Attack FS MLB LLB RLB RCB LCB RE LT LE RT NG
4 - 3 Attack
FS
MLB
LLB
RLB
RCB
LCB
RE
LT
LE
RT
NG
C
T G
G T
Z
X
Y

6 - 2 Defense

FS RLB LLB RCB LCB RE NG LE RT LT MLB C T G G
FS
RLB
LLB
RCB
LCB
RE
NG
LE
RT
LT
MLB
C
T
G
G
T
Z
X
Y
6 - 2 Defense FS RLB LLB RCB LCB RE NG LE RT LT MLB C