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Presentation prepared for

InBev
by Henrik Bjerre Thomsen
Product Manager, Beverage Group
29-01-2007
Union Engineering a/s

Topics of presentation

Company introduction
Performance improvement
Energy recovery from evaporation
Product quality enhancement by stripping
Union Engineering a/s

Specialists in carbon dioxide


In business since 1933
Private owned Danish company
Company Vision

Union Engineering shall be the worlds leading supplier


of CO2 technology, and be considered as such.

The needs of our customers shall be the driving force


behind all activities in the company.

We shall be an attractive workplace for our employees


and an attractive partner for our other stakeholders.
Business activities

The core competence is expert knowledge about CO2 technology


accumulated and developed in the company through more than 70
years. This knowledge is used to pass on value to the customers
through high performance plants based on the leading technology
within the industry:

Breweries and distilleries


Plants to recover, purify and liquefy CO2 from fermentation
Mineral water and soft drinks
Plants to produce food grade CO2 from combustion of gas/oil
Industrial gasses companies
Plants to capture CO2 from various industrial sources
Tobacco expansion
Plants to expand tobacco in production of light cigarettes
Geography

z
UNION z
Copenhagen

Subsidiary company in China, Brazil & US (under construction)


Turn Over - Segments

Industrial Gas
20%
Tobacco Ex pansion
13%

Production plants
35%

Recov ery plants


32%
Turn Over Geographically

Other Asia
33% 34%

Europe
33%
Recovery Plants for breweries & distilleries

More than 200 references since 1978

Preferred supplier by the majority of


breweries and distilleries

Innovative products and sustainable solutions

Global network of partners supporting our


customers locally
The Modular Based Plant
InBev References
2007 Rogan Brewery, Ukraine RBU extension to 2400
2007 Borsodi Sorgyar, Hungary RBU 2x1200
2007 Astika Brewery, Bulgaria RBU 600
2007 Kamenitza Brewery, Bulgaria RBU 600
2006 Perm, Russia - RBU 1500 + displacement of two existing plants
2006 Rogan Brewery, Ukraine RBU 1200/2400
2005 Yantar Brewery, Ukraine RBU 1600
2005 Klin Brewery, Russia RBU 750 extension of Steinecker plant
2005 Interbeer, Russia RBU 1200
2005 Ambev Filial Lages, Brazil RBU 1000/2200
2005 Ambev Filial Brasilia, Brazil RBU-A 1000
2004 Ambev Rio de Janeiro, Brazil PUR-A 6000
2004 Ambev Jaguariuna, Brazil PUR-A 4000
2004 Ambev Curitiba, Brazil PUR-A 1000
2004 Ambev Cebrasa, Brazil PUR-A 1000
2004 Ambev Goiania, Brazil PUR-A 1000
2003 Ambev Jacarei, Brazil PUR-A 3000
Energy recovery from evaporation

Traditional ways of CO2 evaporation:

ambient heated

Steam heated
Energy recovery from evaporation

New ways of CO2 evaporation:

Union ReVap system

Union ReCon System


Energy recovery from evaporation

CO2 evaporation has two phases:

Liquid to gas typical at -27


Super heating of gas to +15
Recovery rate ~80 kW each 1000 kg CO2

Performance Improvement:
Pay back on investment is typical
< 2 years and often < 1 year
Energy recovery from evaporation

Union ReVap system


Utilising recovered energy to the brine system
Energy recovery from evaporation
Energy recovery from evaporation

Modular built standard


solution glycol circuit for easy
implementation in existing
system

No risk of contact between


NH3 and CO2 in case of
leaks

The extra heat exchange


through a glycol circuit may
reduce available temperature
differences for cooling of NH3

The recovered cold is reused


at a higher temperature level
Energy recovery from evaporation

Union ReCon system:


Utilising recovered energy to condense CO2
in the rate 1:1,25
Systems are specially designed to individual
Application
Requires balance between recovery and consumption
of CO2
Energy recovery from evaporation

CO2 superheater Cooling water

CO2 (g) CO2 (g) 12 bar(g)

Investment in separate Pressure


control
Pressure
control

cooling plant CO2 reduction

Cooling water
CO2 separator

Independency of CO2
evaporation
LC
CO2 (-32, g)

CO2 (-32, l)
CO2 (-24, l)
from Storage Tanks

The recovered cold is reused


at approx. the same CO2 (-32, g) NH3 (-30, g)

temperature level CO2 (-32, l)

NH3 (-30, l) NH3 (-30, g)

New refrigeration plant

LC

NH3 (l)

PT
CO2 Condensator,
CO2 (g) semi-flooded
from dehydrator

CO2 (-24, l)
to storage
Energy recovery from evaporation
Cooling water

CO2 superheater

CO2 (g) CO2 (g) 12 bar(g)

No investment in separate Pressure


control
Pressure
control

cooling plant CO2 reduction

Cooling water

Solution assumes that there


CO2 separator

is always sufficient cooling CO2 (-32 C, g)


LC

from CO2 evaporation CO2 (-32 C, l)


CO2 (-24 C, l)
from Storage Tanks

The recovered cold is reused


at approx. the same
temperature level CO2 (-32 C, g)
CO2 (-32 C, l)

The separator and the LC

flooded condensator may be NH3 (l)

combined to a semi-flooded
CO2 (g)

from dehydrator

condensator CO2 Condensator,


CO2 (-24 C, l)
to storage
flooded
Energy recovery from evaporation
Cooling water

CO2 superheater

CO2 (g) CO2 (g) 12 bar(g)

Pressure
Pressure
control

The cold is used in the


control
CO2 reduction

existing cooling plant Cooling water


CO2 separator

Cooling of NH3 in the CO2 (-32 C, g)


LC

supply/return lines instead of CO2 (-32 C, l)


CO2 (-24 C, l)
from Storage Tanks

in the separator can be


investigated optionally
(depending on physical
NH3 cooler, flooded

layout etc.)
CO2 (-32 C, g) NH3 (-4 C, g)

NH3 (-4 C, l)

CO2 (-32 C, l)

The recovered cold is reused NH3 return

at a higher temperature level

Existing NH3 separator

NH3 supply
Product quality enhancement by stripping

Balloon
Liquefaction

Water Scrubber

CO2 Compressor Carbon Filter Dehydrator Oxygen stripping

Reboiler
Foam Trap Refrigeration

Storage
Product quality enhancement by stripping

Product Description CO2 purity inlet CO2 purity in O2 content in


to recovery plant liquid phase liquid phase

Condenser Low oxygen stripping 99,7 % 99,98 % 30 ppm


(shell-and-tube)

PUR-D Medium oxygen stripping 98 % 99,99 % 5 ppm

PUR-A High oxygen stripping 95 % 99,9985 % 2 ppm


Product quality enhancement by stripping

Features:
Recovery from inlet purity of 98%
Outlet CO2 purity of 99,99%
Outlet Oxygen content of < 5 ppm
High efficient separation of non-
condensable gases
Benefits:
Higher CO2 yield
Improved CO2 quality
Less sensible to initial purity
Product quality enhancement by stripping

Features:
Recovery from inlet purity of 95%
Outlet CO2 purity of 99,9985%
Outlet Oxygen content of < 2 ppm
High efficient separation of non-
condensable gases
Benefits:
Higher CO2 yield
Improved CO2 quality
Less sensible to initial purity