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THE QURAN, a book which brings glad tidings to mankind along

with divine admonition, stresses the importance of mans discovery
of truth on both spiritual and intellectual planes.
Every book has its objective and the objective of the Quran is to
make man aware of the Creation plan of God. That is, to tell man
why God created this world; what the purpose is of settling man on
earth; what is required from man in his pre-death life span, and what
he is going to confront after death. The purpose of the Quran is to
make man aware of this reality, thus serving to guide man on his
entire journey through life into the after-life.
The main themes of the Quran are enlightenment, closeness to
God, peace and spirituality. The Quran uses several terms, tawassum,
tadabbur, and tafakkur, which indicate the learning of lessons
through reflection, thinking and contemplation on the signs of God
scattered across the world. The present translation of the Quran has
been done keeping in mind these very themes.

MAULANA WAHIDUDDIN KHAN, born in 1925 at Azamgarh in India,

is an Islamic spiritual scholar who is well versed in both classical
Islamic learning and modern science. The mission of his life from
a very early stage has been the establishment of world-wide peace.
To this end he has devoted much time and effort to the development
of a complete ideology of peace and non-violence based on the
teachings of the Quran. In the course of his research, the Maulana
came to the conclusion that the need of the hour was to present
Islamic teachings in the style and language of the present day.
Keeping this ideal consistently before him, he has written over 200
books on Islam. In 1983, he wrote a commentary on the Quran, the
Arabic version of which was published by Darel Wafa, Cairo as
al-Tadhkir al-Qawim fi Tafsir al-Quran al-Hakim. To cater to
inquisitive minds and the needs of the spiritually inclined, the
Maulana established at New Delhi in 2001 the Centre for Peace and
Spirituality. His most recent publication is The Prophet of Peace:
The Teachings of Muhammad (Penguin Books).

FARIDA KHANAM, the daughter of Maulana Wahiduddin Khan,

holds a Ph.D. in Islamic Studies. She is currently an associate
professor at Jamia Millia Islamia University at New Delhi. She has
written and translated a number of books on Islam.


Translated by

Edited by



The Quran is the word of God and

it is the duty of believers to communicate
the message of the Quran to all human beings
so that they may know the reality of life.
To facilitate this good work,
Goodword Books has produced this
English translation of the Quran,
so that it may be distributed
on a mass scale.

This translation of the Quran is copyright free

First published by Goodword Books 2009

Goodword Books
1, Nizamuddin West Market
New Delhi - 110 013
Email: info@goodwordbooks.com

Printed in India by
Replika Press Pvt Ltd


Introduction ix
The Creation Plan of God x
A Book of Divine Warning xi
The Inner Spirit and God Realization xii
The Word of God xiii
Jihad is a Peaceful Ideological Struggle xiv
A Revealed Book xvii
Chronological Table of the Quran xix
Map of Arabian Peninsula at the Time of the
Revelation of the Quran xxi
1. The Opening (Al-Fatihah) 1
2. The Heifer (Al-Baqarah) 1
3. The Family of Imran (Al-Imran) 36
4. Women (Al-Nisa) 56
5. The Table (Al-Maidah) 77
6. The Cattle (Al-Anam) 92
7. The Heights (Al-Araf) 110
8. The Spoils of War (Al-Anfal) 129
9. Repentance (Al-Tawbah) 136
10. Jonah (Yunus) 151
11. Hud (Hud) 162
12. Joseph (Yusuf) 173
13. Thunder (Al-Rad) 183
14. Abraham (Ibrahim) 188
15. The Rocky Tract (Al-Hijr) 193
16. Bees (Al-Nahl) 197
17. The Night Journey (Al-Isra) 208
vi Contents
18. The Cave (Al-Kahf) 218
19. Mary (Maryam) 227
20. Ta Ha (Ta Ha) 233
21. The Prophets (Al-Anbiya) 242
22. The Pilgrimage (Al-Hajj) 249
23. The Believers (Al-Muminun) 256
24. Light (Al-Nur) 263
25. The Criterion (Al-Furqan) 270
26. The Poets (Al-Shuara) 276
27. The Ants (Al-Naml) 284
28. The Story (Al-Qasas) 291
29. The Spider (Al-Ankabut) 299
30. The Romans (Al-Rum) 305
31. Luqman (Luqman) 310
32. Prostration (Al-Sajdah) 313
33. The Confederates (Al-Ahzab) 315
34. Sheba (Saba) 323
35. The Creator (Fatir) 328
36. Ya Sin (Ya Sin) 333
37. The Ranks (Al-Saffat) 337
38. Sad (Sad) 343
39. The Crowds (Al-Zumar) 348
40. The Forgiver (Ghafir) 355
41. Revelations Well Expounded (Fussilat) 362
42. Mutual Consultation (Al-Shura) 367
43. Ornaments of Gold (Al-Zukhruf) 372
44. Smoke (Al-Dukhan) 377
45. Kneeling (Al-Jathiyah) 380
46. The Sand Dunes (Al-Ahqaf) 383
47. Muhammad (Muhammad) 387
48. Victory (Al-Fath) 390
49. The Apartments (Al-Hujurat) 394
50. Qaf (Qaf) 396
Contents vii
51. Scattering Winds (Al-Dhariyat) 398
52. Mount Sinai (Al-Tur) 401
53. The Setting Star (Al-Najm) 403
54. The Moon (Al-Qamar) 405
55. The Merciful (Al-Rahman) 408
56. The Inevitable Event (Al-Waqiah) 411
57. Iron (Al-Hadid) 414
58. The Pleading (Al-Mujadalah) 417
59. Banishment (Al-Hashr) 420
60. She Who is Tested (Al-Mumtahanah) 423
61. Ranks (Al-Saff) 425
62. The Day of Congregation (Al-Jumuah) 427
63. The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqun) 428
64. Loss and Gain (Al-Taghabun) 429
65. Divorce (Al-Talaq) 431
66. Prohibition (Al-Tahrim) 433
67. The Kingdom (Al-Mulk) 434
68. The Pen (Al-Qalam) 436
69. The Inevitable Hour (Al-Haqqah) 439
70. The Ascending Stairways (Al-Maarij) 441
71. Noah (Nuh) 442
72. The Jinn (Al-Jinn) 444
73. The Wrapped One (Al-Muzzammil) 445
74. Wrapped in his Cloak (Al-Muddaththir) 447
75. The Day of Resurrection (Al-Qiyamah) 449
76. Man (Al-Insan) 450
77. Those that are Sent Forth (Al-Mursalat) 452
78. The Tidings (Al-Naba) 453
79. The Pluckers (Al-Naziat) 455
80. He Frowned (Abasa) 456
81. Folding Up (Al-Takwir) 457
82. The Cleaving Asunder (Al-Infitar) 458
83. Those who Give Short Measure (Al-Mutaffifin) 459
viii Contents
84. The Bursting Open (Al-Inshiqaq) 460
85. The Constellations (Al-Buruj) 461
86. That which Comes in the Night (Al-Tariq) 462
87. The Most High (Al-Ala) 462
88. The Overwhelming Event (Al-Ghashiyah) 463
89. The Dawn (Al-Fajr) 464
90. The City (Al-Balad) 465
91. The Sun (Al-Shams) 465
92. Night (Al-Layl) 466
93. The Glorious Morning Light (Al-Duha) 467
94. Comfort (Al-Sharh) 467
95. The Fig (Al-Tin) 468
96. The Clot (Al-Alaq) 468
97. The Night of Destiny (Al-Qadr) 469
98. The Clear Evidence (Al-Bayyinah) 469
99. The Earthquake (Al-Zalzalah) 470
100. The Snorting Horses (Al-Adiyat) 470
101. The Clatterer (Al-Qariah) 471
102. Greed for More and More (Al-Takathur) 471
103. The Passage of Time (Al-Asr) 472
104. The Backbiter (Al-Humazah) 472
105. The Elephant (Al-Fil) 472
106. Quraysh (Quraysh) 473
107. Small Things (Al-Maun) 473
108. Abundance (Al-Kawthar) 473
109. Those who Deny the Truth (Al-Kafirun) 474
110. Help (Al-Nasr) 474
111. Twisted Fibre (Al-Masad) 474
112. Oneness (Al-Ikhlas) 475
113. Daybreak (Al-Falaq) 475
114. People (Al-Nas) 475
Index 476


The Quran is the Book of God. It has been preserved in its entirety
for all time to come. Although written originally in Arabic, it has
been made accessible, thanks to translations, to those who have no
knowledge of Arabic. While no substitute for the original, translations
serve the signal purpose of spreading the word of God far beyond
the Arabic-speaking peoples to a far broader spectrum of humanity.
The Quran is apparently in the Arabic language, but in reality, it
is in the language of nature, that is, the language in which God
directly addressed all human beings at the time of Creation. This
divine invocation of humanity is ever-present in the consciousness
of all human beings, that is why the Quran is universally
understandableto some on a conscious plane, and to others at the
subconscious level. This reality has been described in the Quran as
clear revelations in the hearts of those who have been given
knowledge. This verse goes on to say that none deny Our
revelations save the wrongdoers (20:49).
This means that the Divine Reality, explained by the Quran on a
conscious plane, pre-exists in man at the level of the subconscious.
The message of the Quran is not, therefore, something which is
alien to man. It is in fact a verbal expression of that same Divine
Reality which is in consonance with mans own nature and with
which he is already familiar. The Quran explains this by saying that
those born in later times were all initially born at the time of the
creation of Adam and, at that time, God had directly addressed all
these human souls.
This event is thus alluded to in the Quran:
[Prophet], when your Lord brought forth the offspring from the
loins of the Children of Adam and made them bear witness about
themselves, He said, Am I not your Lord? and they replied, Yes,
x Introduction
we bear witness that You are. So you cannot say on the Day of
Resurrection, We were not aware of this (7:172).
In the following verse, the Quran makes further mention of the
dialogue between God and man:
Surely We offered Our trust to the heavens and the earth, and the
hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man
undertook it. But he has proved a tyrant and a fool (33:72).
The Quran, for man, is in essence already known to him, rather
than an entirely unknown entity. In reality, the Quran is the
unfolding of the human mind.
When one whose nature is alivehaving saved himself from
later conditioningreads the Quran, those brain cells will be
activated wherein Gods first address lies preserved. If we keep this
in mind, it will not be difficult to appreciate that the translation of
the Quran is a valid means of understanding it.
If Gods address was the First Covenant, the Quran is the Second
Covenant. Each testifies to the veracity of the other. If one has little,
or even no grasp of the Arabic language, and can read the scriptures
only in translation, he should not anticipate that he will be frustrated
in his understanding of the Quran, for the Quranic concept of man
as the natural recipient of Gods word has become a reality in
modern times. The science of the genetic code and the findings of
anthropology both fully support this viewpoint.

The Creation Plan of God

Every book has its objective and the objective of the Quran is to
make man aware of the Creation plan of God. That is, to tell man
why God created this world; what the purpose is of settling man on
earth; what is required from man in his pre-death life span, and what
he is going to confront after death. Man is born as an eternal
creature. When God created man as such, He divided his life span
Introduction xi
into two periods, the pre-death period, which is a time of trial, and
the post-death period, which is the time for receiving the rewards
or punishment merited by ones actions during ones lifetime. These
take the form of eternal paradise or eternal hell. The purpose of the
Quran is to make man aware of this reality. This is the theme of this
divine Book, which serves to guide man through his entire journey
through life into the after-life.
It would be correct to say that man is a seeker by birth. These
questions lurk in everyones mind: Who am I? What is the purpose
of my life? What is the reality of life and death? What is the secret
of mans success and failure? etc. According to the Quran, the
answer to these questions is that the present world is the testing
ground and whatever man has been endowed with in his pre-death
period is all a part of the test. The Hereafter is the place where the
result of the test will be taken into account by the Almighty and
whatever man receives in the life after death, by way of reward or
punishment, will be commensurate with his deeds in this world. The
secret of mans success in this life is to understand Gods creation
plan and map out his life accordingly.

A Book of Divine Warning

The Quran is a book of divine warning. A combination of lessons
and admonitions, it would be even more appropriately called a book
of wisdom. The Quran does not follow the pattern of the traditional
didactic book. In fact, when the average reader picks up the Quran,
it appears to him to be a collection of fragmentary statements.
Apparently this feeling is not unreal. But this arrangement of the
Quran is not due to any shortcoming, but is rather in conformance
with the Quranic plan of retaining its original form in order to fulfill
its purpose of conveying the message of truth to the reader who may,
xii Introduction
in his forays into the scriptures, read only one page, one verse or
one line at a time.
One vital aspect of the Quran is that it is a reminder of the
blessings granted by the Supreme Benefactor. The most important
of these are the exceptional qualities with which God endowed man
when He created him. Another great blessing is that He settled him
on the earth, a planet where all kinds of support systems existed for
his benefit. The purpose of the Quran is to ensure that, while
enjoying these blessings of nature, man will keep his Benefactor in
mind: he must acknowledge the munificence of his Creator. It is in
so doing that man will gain entry into eternal paradise; ignoring his
Benefactor, on the other hand, will lead man straight to hell. The
Quran is indeed a reminder of this inescapable reality.
There are some who think that the presence of a realized person
is essential for an understanding of the Quran. That is, it is solely
with the assistance of a spiritual person that the meaning of the
Quran may be revealed. This is to underestimate both man and the
Quran. The Quran addresses mans mind and the mind is mans
greatest faculty. Discovering the Quran, therefore, on a purely
intellectual level is sufficient to arrive at its meaning. Indeed, at the
intellectual level, the Quran becomes an open book But those who
discover the Quran at any lower level cannot be said to have
discovered it at all. Falling back instead on their community
traditions for instruction and enlightenment cannot compare with
the ideal approach to religion that the Quran so consistently offers.

The Inner Spirit and God Realization

One important quality of the Quran is that it gives us only basic,
but essential principles, often resorting to reiteration to emphasize
them. On the contrary, non-basics, or matters relating only to form,
constitute only a negligible part of the scriptures. This is in
Introduction xiii
consonance with the Quranic scheme, the importance of form being
entirely secondary. To the Quran, only those precepts are important
which figure as fundamental guidelines. This aspect of the Quran
is so clear that its reader cannot but appreciate it.
The truth is that the inner spirit is of the utmost importance in the
building of the Islamic personality. Once the inner spirit is
developed, correct form will naturally ensue. But form on its own
can never produce the inner spirit. That is why the aim of the Quran
is to initiate and bring to fruition an intellectual revolution within
man. The expression used by the Quran for this intellectual
revolution is marifah (realization of truth) (5:83).
The Quran stresses the importance of mans discovery of truth at
the level of realization. True faith in God is what one achieves at
such a level. Where there is no realization, there is no faith.

The Word of God

When you read the Quran, you will repeatedly find it stated that it
is the word of God. Apparently this is a plain fact. But when seen
in context, it is an extraordinary statement. There are many books
in the world which are believed to be sacred. But, except for the
Quran, we do not find any religious book which thus projects itself
as the word of God. This kind of statement, appearing uniquely in
the Quran, gives a point of departure to the reader. He then studies
it as an exceptional book, rather than as a common book written by
human beings. We find recurring in the Quran statements worded
more or less as follows, O man, it is your Lord, who is addressing
you. Listen to His words and follow Him. Even this style of address
is quite exceptional. This kind of direct divine invocation is not
present in any other book. It leaves a lasting impression on man. He
feels his Lord is directly addressing him. This feeling compels man
to take the assertions of the Quran with extreme seriousness, rather
xiv Introduction
than treat them like everyday statements in an ordinary book. The
style of compilation of the Quran is also unique. Books written by
human beings usually have their material arranged in order from A
to Z, according to the topic. But the Quran does not follow a pattern
of this kind, so that to the common man it appears to be lacking in
order. When looked at in reality, however, it will emerge as an
extremely coherent and orderly book, and quite majestic in its style
of writing. While reading the Quran, we feel that its writer is on a
very high pedestal from where He is looking down and addressing
the whole of humanity, which is His special concern. This address
focuses on different groups of human beings, while encompassing
all of them.
One special aspect of the Quran is that at any moment its reader
can consult its Writer, put his questions and receive answers, for the
Writer of the Quran is God Himself. He is a living God. As mans
Creator, He directly hears and answers mans call.

Jihad is a Peaceful Ideological Struggle

Those who are introduced to the Quran only through the media,
generally have the impression that the Quran is a book of jihad, and
jihad to them is an attempt to achieve ones goal by means of
violence. But this idea is based on a misunderstanding. Anyone who
reads the Quran for himself will easily appreciate that its message
has nothing to do with violence. The Quran is, from beginning to
end, a book which promulgates peace and in no way countenances
violence. It is true that jihad is one of the teachings of the Quran.
But jihad, taken in its correct sense, is the name of peaceful struggle
rather than of any kind of violent action. The Quranic concept of
jihad is expressed in the following verse, Do greater jihad (i.e
strive more strenuously) with the help of this [Quran] (25:52).
Introduction xv
Obviously, the Quran is not a weapon, but a book which gives
us an introduction to the divine ideology of peaceful struggle. The
method of such a struggle, according to the Quran, is to speak to
them a word to reach their very soul (4:63).
So, the desired approach, acccording to the Quran, is one which
moves mans heart and mind. That is, in addressing peoples minds,
it satisfies them, convinces them of the veracity of the Quran and,
in short, brings about an intellectual revolution within them. This
is the mission of the Quran. And this mission can be performed only
by means of rational arguments. This target can never be achieved
by means of violence or armed action.
It is true that there are certain verses in the Quran, which convey
injunctions similar to the following, Slay them wherever you find
them (2:191).
Referring to such verses, there are some who attempt to give the
impression that Islam is a religion of war and violence. This is
totally untrue. Such verses relate, in a restricted sense, to those who
have unilaterally attacked the Muslims. The above verse does not
convey the general command of Islam.
The truth of the matter is that the Quran was not revealed in the
complete form in which it exists today. It was revealed from time
to time, according to the circumstances, over a time span of 23
years. If this is divided into years of war and peace, the period of
peace amounts to 20 years, while that of war amounts only to 3
years. The revelations during these 20 peaceful years were the
peaceful teachings of Islam as are conveyed in the verses regarding
the realization of God, worship, morality, justice, etc.
This division of commands into different categories is a natural
one and is found in all religious books. For instance, the Gita, the
holy book of the Hindus, pertains to wisdom and moral values. Yet
along with this is the exhortation of Krishna to Arjuna, encouraging
xvi Introduction
him to fight (Bhagavad Gita, 3:30). This does not mean that
believers in the Gita should wage wars all the time. Mahatma
Gandhi, after all, derived his philosophy of non-violence from the
same Gita. The exhortation to wage war in the Gita applies only to
exceptional cases where circumstances leave no choice. But for
general day-to-day existence it gives the same peaceful commands
as derived from it by Mahatma Gandhi.
Similarly, Jesus Christ said, Do not think that I came to bring
peace on Earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
(Matthew, 10:34).
It would not be right to conclude that the religion preached by
Christ was one of war and violence, for such utterances relate purely
to particular occasions. So far as general life is concerned, Christ
taught peaceful values, such as the building up of a good character,
loving each other, helping the poor and needy, etc.
The same is true of the Quran. When the Prophet Muhammad
emigrated from Makkah to Madinah, the idolatrous tribes were
aggressive towards him. But the Prophet always averted their
attacks by the exercise of patience and the strategy of avoidance.
However on certain occasions no other options existed, save that
of retaliation. Therefore, he had to do battle on certain occasions.
It was these circumstances, which occasioned those revelations
relating to war. These commands, being specific to certain
circumstances, had no general application. They were not meant to
be valid for all time to come. That is why; the permanent status of
the Prophet has been termed a mercy for all mankind. (21:107)
Islam is a religion of peace in the fullest sense of the word. The
Quran calls its way the paths of peace (5:16). It describes
reconciliation as the best policy (4:128), and states that God abhors
any disturbance of the peace (2:205). We can say that it is no
exaggeration to say that Islam and violence are contradictory to
Introduction xvii
each other. The concept of Islamic violence is so obviously
unfounded that prima facie it stands rejected. The fact that violence
is not sustainable, in the present world, is sufficient indication that
violence, as a principle, is quite alien to the scheme of things in
Islam. Islam claims to be an eternal religion and, as such, could
never afford to uphold any principle, which could not stand up to
the test of time. Any attempt to bracket violence with Islam
amounts, therefore, to casting doubt upon the very eternity of the
Islamic religion. Islamic terrorism is a contradiction in terms, much
like pacifist terrorism. And the truth of the matter is that, all the
teachings of Islam are based, directly or indirectly, on the principle
of peace.
A Revealed Book
The Quran is a book of God revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
It did not come to him in the form of a complete book, but in parts
over a period of 23 years. The first part was revealed in 610 AD,
when the Prophet Muhammad was in Makkah. Subsequently,
different parts continued to be revealed regularly, the final part
being revealed in 632, when the Prophet was in Madinah.
There are 114 chapters in the Quran, both long and short. The
verses number about 6600. To meet the needs of recitation, the
Quran was divided into 30 parts. These parts were finally set in
order under the guidance of the Angel Gabriel, through whom God
had revealed the Quran.
When the Quran was revealed in the first quarter of the 7th
century, paper had already been invented. This paper, known as
papyrus, was made by hand from the fibres of certain trees.
Whenever any part of the Quran was revealed, it was written down
on papyrus, or in Arabic, qirtas (6:7). During this process, people
committed the verses to memory, the Quran being the only Islamic
xviii Introduction
literature which was recited in prayer, as well as being read out for
the purposes of dawah. In this way, the Quran continued to be
simultaneously memorized as well as written down. This method
of preservation continued during the lifetime of the Prophet
Muhammad. In this way, the Quran was preserved during the
lifetime of the Prophet.
The third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, had several copies
prepared. He sent these to different cities, where they were kept in
the great mosques. People not only recited from these copies, but
also prepared more copies from them.
The writing of the Quran by hand continued till the printing press
was invented and paper began to be manufactured on a large scale,
thanks to the industrial revolution. Then, the Quran began to be
printed. Printing methods went on improving and so the printing of
the Quran also improved. Now printed copies of the Quran have
become so common that they can be found in every home, mosque,
library and bookstore. Today anyone can find a beautiful copy of
the Quran, wherever he might be, in any part of the globe.

Maulana Wahiduddin Khan



570 Birth of the Prophet Muhammad (the Prophets father

died a few months before his birth)
576 Death of the Prophets mother Aminah, when the
Prophet is six year old
578 Death of the Prophets grandfather, Abdul Muttalib
595 The Prophets marriage to Khadijah
610 The Prophet receives the first revelation of the Quran
at Mount al-Nur near Makkah
613 First public preaching.
615 Migration of some of the companions of the Prophet
to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) to avoid persecution at the
hands of the Makkans
616-619 The Banu Hashim boycotts the Prophet and his family
619 Death of the Prophets wife Khadijah and uncle Abu
619 The Prophet visits Taif for support, but the people
there give him humiliating treatment.
620 The Prophets Night Journey to Jerusalem and then to
the Seven Heavens
622 The Prophets migration (hijrah) from Makkah to
Madinah, which marks the beginning of the Islamic
624 Battle of Badr: the pagan Makkans were defeated by
the Muslims
xx Chronological Table of the Quran
625 Battle of Uhud: the Muslims were defeated by the
pagan Makkans
628 The Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. Ten year no-war
pact with pagan Makkans, allowing peaceful preaching
of Islam. As a result many came into the fold of Islam
630 No-war pact broken by the pagan Makkans. Makkahs
surrenderthe Prophet forgives the Makkans and
entire population enters the fold of Islam
631 The Year of EmbassiesIslam accepted by Arabian
tribes. The Prophet enters into peace treaties with the
Christians and Jewish tribes
632 The Prophets Farewell Pilgrimage to Makkah
632 8th June. Death of the Prophet Muhammad at Madinah
633 Quran prepared in one volume by Caliph Abu Bakr
645 Caliph Uthman has several copies of the Quran made
and distributed in neighbouring countries
1153 First Latin translation of the Quran
1543 First printed edition with preface by Martin Luther
1649 Alexander Ross translates the Quran into English from
1734 George Sales translation of the Quran
1930 Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthalls translation of the
1934 Abdullah Yusuf Alis translation of the Quran
1980 Muhammad Asads translation of the Quran

Map of Arabian Peninsula showing places at the time of the

revelation of the Quran, 610-632.





In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
2 All praise is due to God, turn for help. 6 Guide us to the
the Lord of the Universe; straight path: 7 the path of those
3 the Beneficent, the Merciful; You have blessed; not of
Lord of the Day of those who have incurred Your
Judgement. 5 You alone we wrath, nor of those who have
worship, and to You alone we gone astray.

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 6
Alif Lam Mim As for those who are bent on
denying the truth, it makes no
This is the Book; there is no difference to them whether you
doubt in it. It is a guide for those warn them or not, they will not
who are mindful of God, 3 who believe. 7 God has sealed their
believe in the unseen, and are hearts and their ears, and over
steadfast in prayer, and spend their eyes there is a covering.
out of what We have provided They will have a terrible
them with; 4 those who believe punishment.
in the revelation sent down to There are some who say, We
you and in what was sent before believe in God and the Last
you, and firmly believe in the Day, yet they are not believers.
life to come5 they are the 9 They seek to deceive God and

people who are rightly following the believers, but they only
their Lord and it is they who deceive themselves, though they
shall be successful. do not realize it. 10 In their hearts
2 The Quran 2:11
is a disease, which God has up all around them, God took
increased. They will have a away their light and left them in
painful punishment, because they utter darkness, unable to see
have been lying. 11 When they 18
deaf, dumb, and blind: they
are told, Do not cause corruption will never return [to the right
in the land, they say, We are path]. 19 Or their case is like that
only promoters of peace, 12 but of heavy rain pouring down from
it is they who are really causing the clouds, accompanied by
corruption, though they do not darkness, thunder and lightning;
realize it. 13 And when they are they thrust their fingers in their
told, Believe as other people ears at the sound of thunderclaps
have believed, they say, Are we for fear of death. God thus
to believe just as fools believe? encompasses those who deny
Surely they are the fools, even the truth. 20 The lightning almost
though they do not realize it. takes away their sight: whenever
14 When they meet those who it flashes upon them, they walk
believe, they say, We believe. on, but as soon as darkness falls
But when they are alone with around them, they stand still.
their evil leaders, they say, We Indeed, if God pleased, He could
are really with you; we were take away their hearing and their
only mocking. 15 God will sight: God has power over all
requite them for their mockery, things.
and draw them on, for a while, to People, worship your Lord,
wander blindly in their insolence. who created you and those before
Such are those who have taken you, so that you may become
misguidance in exchange for righteous, 22 who made the earth
guidance; but their bargain does a bed, and the sky a canopy; and
not profit them, nor have they it is He who sends down rain
found true guidance. from above for the growth of
They are like those who every kind of food for your
kindled a fire, and when it lighted sustenance. And do not
2:31 The Heifer 3
knowingly set up rivals to God. guides many by it. But He makes
If you are in doubt about the only the disobedient go astray:
revelation We have sent down to 27 those who break Gods

Our servant, then produce a covenant after they have pledged

single chapter like it, and call to keep it, and sever whatever
upon your helpers besides God, God has ordered to be joined,
if you are truthful. 24 But if you and spread corruption in the
cannot do it, and you can never landit is they who are the
do it, then guard yourselves losers. 28 How can you disbelieve
against the Fire whose fuel is in God when you were dead
men and stones, prepared for [lifeless] and He gave you life?
those who deny the truth. 25 Give He will let you die once more,
the good news to those who then bring you back to life again,
believe and do good works, that whereupon you will be returned
they will have Gardens through to Him. 29 It is He who created
which rivers flow: whenever they everything on the earth for you:
are given fruit to eat they will then He turned towards heaven
say, This is what we were and fashioned it into the seven
provided with before, because heavens. He has knowledge of
they were given similar things. all things.
And there will be pure spouses When your Lord said to the
for them, and they will abide angels, I am putting a successor
there forever. on earth, they said, Will You
26 God does not disdain to place someone there who will
give a parable about a gnat or a cause corruption on it and shed
smaller creature. The faithful blood, while we glorify You with
know that it is the truth from Your praise and extol Your
their Lord, but those who deny holiness? [God] answered,
the truth ask, What could God Surely, I know that which you
mean by this parable? He lets do not know.
many go astray through it, and 31 He taught Adam all the
4 The Quran 2:32
names, then He set them before abode and your livelihood for a
the angels and said, Tell Me the while! 37 Then Adam received
names of these, if what you say some words [of prayer] from his
be true. 32 They said, Glory be Lord and He accepted his
to You; we have no knowledge repentance. He is the Forgiving
except whatever You have taught One, the Merciful. 38 We said,
us. You are the All Knowing, the Go down, all of you, from here:
All Wise. 33 Then He said, O then when guidance comes to
Adam, tell them their names. you from Me, anyone who
When Adam had told them the follows My guidance will have
names, God said to the angels, no fear, nor will they grieve
Did I not say to you: I know the 39 those who deny and reject Our

secrets of the heavens and of the signs shall be the inhabitants of

earth, and I know what you the Fire; therein shall they abide
reveal and what you conceal? forever.
34 When We said to the angels, 40 Children of Israel, remember

Bow down before Adam, they the favours I have bestowed upon
all bowed except for Iblis [Satan]. you, and fulfil the covenant that
He refused and acted proudly you made with Me. I shall fulfil
and became an unbeliever. 35 We the covenant I made with you.
said, O Adam! live with your Fear Me alone. 41 And believe in
wife in Paradise and eat freely the message I have sent down
from it anywhere you may wish. which fulfils that [predictions
Yet do not approach this tree lest about the last prophet in their
you become wrongdoers. 36 But Scripture] which you already
Satan caused them both to slip possess and do not be foremost
through this and thus brought among those who deny its truth.
about the loss of their former Do not sell My revelations for a
state. We said, Go down from paltry price; fear Me alone. 42 Do
here as enemies to each other; not mix truth with falsehood, or
and on earth you shall have your hide the truth when you know it.
2:57 The Heifer 5
43 Attend to your prayers, give for you and saved you and
the zakat [prescribed alms] and drowned Pharaohs people, while
bow down with those who bow you looked on. 51 We appointed
down. 44 Do you admonish others for Moses forty nights [on Mount
to do good and forget this Sinai], and in his absence you
yourselves? Yet you read the Book. took to worshipping the calf,
Will you not then understand? and thus became transgressors.
45 52
Seek help with patience and Yet after that We pardoned
prayer; this is indeed an exacting you, so that you might be grateful.
discipline, but not to the humble, Remember when We gave
46 who know for certain that they Moses the Scripture, and the
will meet their Lord, and that criterion [to distinguish between
they will return to Him. right and wrong], so that you
47 Children of Israel, remember might be guided. 54 When Moses
My blessing which I have said to his people, O my people,
bestowed on you, and how I you have indeed wronged
favoured you above all other yourselves by worshipping the
people. 48 Guard yourselves calf; turn in repentance to your
against the Day on which no soul Creator and slay [the culprits]
shall in the least avail another, among you. That course is best
when neither intercession nor for you in the sight of your
ransom shall be accepted from it Maker. He relented towards you.
nor shall help be given to it. He is the Forgiving One, the
49 Remember when We delivered Merciful. 55 Remember when you
you from Pharaohs people, who said, Moses, we will not believe
subjected you to grievous in you until we see God with our
torment, slaying your sons and own eyes, a thunderbolt struck
sparing only your daughters you while you were looking on.
surely in that there was a great 56 Then We brought you back to

trial for you from your Lord life after your death, so that you
50 and when We divided the sea might be grateful. 57 Then We
6 The Quran 2:58
caused the clouds to provide 61 When you said, Moses, we
shade for you and sent down for cannot bear to eat only one kind
you manna and quails, saying, of food, so pray to your Lord to
Eat the good things We have bring forth for us some of the
provided for you. Indeed, they earths produce, its herbs and
did not wrong Us, but they cucumbers, its garlic, lentils,
wronged themselves. and onions. He said, Would
Remember when We said, you take a lesser thing in
Enter this land and eat freely exchange for what is better? Go
wherever you will. Make your to some town and there you will
way through the gates, bowing find all that you demand.
down and saying, God! Forgive Abasement and destitution were
us our sins. We shall forgive stamped upon them, and they
you your sins and We shall give incurred the wrath of God, for
abundance to those who do having rejected His signs, and
good. 59 But the wrongdoers they killed His prophets unjustly,
changed the words to something because they were rebels and
other than what they had been transgressors.
told. So We sent down upon the The believers, the Jews, the
transgressors a punishment from Christians, and the Sabaeans
heaven, because they were all those who believe in God and
disobedient. 60 When Moses the Last Day and do good
prayed for water for his people, deedswill be rewarded by their
We said to him, Strike the rock Lord; they shall have no fear, nor
with your staff! And there shall they grieve.
gushed out from it twelve 63 [Children of Israel], We

springs. Each tribe knew its made a covenant with you and
drinking-place. [We said], Eat raised the mountain high above
and drink what God has provided you, saying, Hold fast to what
and do not act wrongfully in the We have given you and bear its
land, spreading corruption. contents in mind, so that you
2:75 The Heifer 7
may guard yourselves [against your Lord to make it clear to us
evil]. 64 Yet after that you turned the exact type of heifer she should
away, and but for Gods grace be, for to us all heifers look
and mercy, you would have surely alike. If God wills, we shall
been among the losers. 65 You be rightly guided. 71 Moses
are aware of those who answered, Your Lord says, she
transgressed in the matter of the should be a heifer which has not
Sabbath, whereupon We said to been yoked to plough the land or
them, Be as apes, despised! water the fields, a heifer free
We made their fate an example from any blemish. Now you
to their own generation and to have told us the truth, they
those who followed them and a answered, and they sacrificed it,
lesson to those who fear God. though they would rather not
67 When Moses said to his have done it. 72 Then, when you
people, God commands you to [Israelites] killed someone and
sacrifice a heifer, they said, Are started to blame one another
you making a mockery of us? God brought to light what you
He answered, God forbid that I concealed73 We said, Strike
should be so ignorant! 68 They [the corpse] with a part of it.
said, Ask your Lord to make it Thus God restores the dead to
clear to us what sort of heifer she life and shows you His signs, so
should be. He answered, God that you may understand.
says she should be neither too Then your hearts became as
old nor too young, but in hard as rock or even harder: for,
between, so do as you are there are rocks from which
commanded. 69 They said, Call streams gush forth; and, there
on your Lord for us, to show us are some that cleave asunder and
what colour she should be. He water flows out from them, while
answered, God says she should others fall down for fear of God.
be a bright yellow heifer, pleasing God is not unaware of what you do.
to the eye. 70 They said, Ask 75 Do you then hope that they
8 The Quran 2:76
will believe in you when some of days! Say [to them], Have you
them have already heard the word received a promise from God
of God and then, after having for God never breaks His
understood it, they knowingly promiseor do you attribute
perverted it? 76 When they meet something to God which you do
the faithful, they say, We are not know? 81 Truly, those who
believers. But when alone, they do evil and are encompassed by
say to each other, Must you tell their misdeeds, shall be the
them what God has revealed to inmates of the Fire. Therein they
us? They will only use it to argue shall abide forever, 82 but those
against you before your Lord! who believe and do good works
Have you no sense? 77 Do they are the heirs of Paradise; there
not know that God knows all they shall abide forever.
that they conceal and all that 83 Remember when We made a

they disclose? covenant with the Children of

78 There are among them Israel, Worship none but God
unlettered people who have no and be good to your parents and
real knowledge of the Scriptures, to relatives and orphans and the
knowing only their own wishful needy. And speak kindly to
thinking and following only people. Attend to your prayers
conjecture. 79 Woe to those who and pay the zakat [prescribed
write the scripture with their alms]. But with the exception of
own hands, and then declare, a few, you turned away [in
This is from God, in order to aversion] and paid no heed.
sell it for a paltry price. Woe to When We made a covenant
them because of what their own with you, We said, You shall not
hands have written, and woe to shed each others blood, nor turn
them for what they have earned. your people out of their homes.
80 They say, The Fire is not You consented to this and bore
going to touch us, and [even if it witness. 85 Yet, here you are,
does], it will only be for a few slaying one another and driving
2:91 The Heifer 9
some of your own people from impenetrably wrapped [against
their homelands, aiding one whatever you say], but God has
another against them, committing rejected them for their denial;
sin and aggression; but if they they have but little faith.
came to you as captives, you 89 And now that a Book

would ransom them. Surely their has come to them from God,
very expulsion was unlawful for fulfilling that [predictions about
you. Do you believe in one part the final prophet in their
of the Book and deny another scriptures] which is with them,
part of it? Those of you who act they deny itwhereas previously
thus shall be rewarded with they used to pray for victory
disgrace in this world and with a against the disbelieversyet
severe punishment on the Day of when there came to them that
Resurrection. God is never which they recognized as the
unaware of what you do. 86 Such truth, they rejected it. Gods
are they who buy the life of this rejection is the due of all who
world at the price of the deny the truth. 90 What they have
Hereafter. Their punishment sold their souls for is evil: to the
shall not be lightened for them, denial of Gods own revelation,
nor shall they be helped. grudging that He should reveal
To Moses We gave the His bounty to whom He chooses
Book and sent a succession of from among His servants! They
messengers after him. We gave have incurred wrath upon wrath.
Jesus, son of Mary, clear signs Humiliating punishment awaits
and strengthened him with the those who deny the truth.
Holy Spirit. But, whenever a 91 When they are told, Believe

messenger came to you with in what God has revealed, they

something which you did not say, We believe in what was
desire, you grew arrogant, calling revealed to us, while they deny
some liars and slaying others. the truth in what has been sent
88 They say, Our hearts are down after that, even though it is
10 The Quran 2:92
the Truth, confirming that which a thousand years, though even
they already have. Say, Why did such a long life would not save
you kill Gods prophets in the them from [Our] punishment;
past, if you were true believers? and God sees all that they do.
92 Moses came to you with clear 97 Say, Anyone who is an

signs, but in his absence you enemy of Gabrielwho by

worshipped the calf and became Gods leave has brought down to
wrongdoers. 93 When We made your heart [the Quran] fulfilling
a covenant with you and raised that [predictions about the last
the mountain above you saying, prophet in the earlier revelations]
Hold firmly to what We have which precedes it, and is a
given you and listen, you said, guidance and good news for the
We hear, but we disobey, and faithful98 whoever is an enemy
their hearts were filled with the of God, His angels, or His
love of the calf, because of their messengers, or of Gabriel or
refusal to acknowledge the truth. Michael, will surely find that
Say, Evil is that to which your God too is the enemy of those
faith enjoins you if you are indeed who deny the truth. 99 We have
believers. 94 Say, If Gods abode sent down clear signs to you and
of the Hereafter is for you alone, no one will reject them except
to the exclusion of all others, the wicked. 100 Why is it that,
then wish for death, if you are whenever they make a covenant,
truthful. 95 But they will never some of them cast it aside?
wish for death, because of what Most of them do not believe.
their own hands have sent on Whenever a messenger from
before them; God is fully aware God has come to them, fulfilling
of the wrongdoers. 96 You will that [predictions] which they
find them clinging to life more already had, some of those to
eagerly than any other people, whom the Book was given have cast
even the polytheists. Any of them off the Book of God behind their
would wish to be given a life of backs as if they had no knowledge.
2:107 The Heifer 11
102 They pursued what the the Prophet, Raina but say,
devils falsely attributed to the Unzurna, and listen to him
kingdom of Solomon. Solomon with attention.a For those who
was not an unbeliever: it is the deny the truth, there is a painful
devils who are unbelievers. They punishment. 105 They who deny
taught people witchcraft, and the truth from among the People
that which was sent down to of the Book, or from among
Harut and Marut, the two angels those who associate partners with
in Babylon. But these two taught God, do not desire that any good
no one until they had said, We should be sent down to you from
are but a trial, therefore, do not your Lord. But God singles out
disbelieve [in Gods guidance]. for His grace whom He wills
So men learnt from them that by for God is limitless in His great
which they caused discord bounty. 106 If We abrogate a verse
between man and wife; but they or cause it to be forgotten, We
harmed no one thereby, except will replace it by a better one or
by the command of God; [on the one similar to it. Do you not
contrary], these people learned know that God has power over
that which would harm them and all things? 107 Do you not know
do them no good, knowing full that the kingdom of the heavens
well that whoever acquired [this and the earth belongs to God
knowledge] would have no share alone? And that there is no
in the Hereafter. Evil indeed was protector or helper for you
the [price] for which they sold
their souls, if only they had a Some people would sit in the

known it. 103 And had they but Prophets company and, by playing on
believed and been mindful of words, make a mockery of his
God, His reward would have been teachings. For instance, instead of
using the unambiguous Arabic word
far better for them, if they had but for May we have your attention
known it. unzurnathey would say raina,
104 Believers, do not say to
meaning our shepherd.
12 The Quran 2:108
besides God? 108 Do you [all] Christians have no ground to
want to question your messenger stand on, and the Christians say,
just as Moses was questioned The Jews have no ground to
previously? Anyone who stand on. Yet they both recite
exchanges faith for unbelief has the Book, and those who have
strayed from the right path. no knowledge say the same; God
109 Many among the People of will judge between them on the
the Book wish, through envy, to Day of Resurrection concerning
lead you back to unbelief, now their disputes. 114 Who could be
that you have embraced the faith more wicked than someone who
and the truth has been made prevents Gods name from being
plain to them. But you should mentioned in His places of
pardon them and bear with them worship, and seeks to bring about
until God gives His command. their ruin, while it behoves these
Truly, God has power over all men to enter them with fear in
things. 110 Attend to your prayers their hearts? There is disgrace in
and pay the prescribed alms; any store for them in this world and
good you store up for yourselves, a great punishment in the next.
you will find it with God. The East and the West belong
Certainly, God sees what you do. to God. Whichever way you turn,
They declare, None shall ever there is the Face of God. God is
enter Heaven unless he be a Jew all pervading and all knowing.
or a Christian. This is their own They say, God has taken
wishful thinking. [Prophet], say, a son. Glory be to Him!
Produce your evidence if you Everything in the heavens and
are telling the truth. 112 Indeed, the earth belongs to Him; all
those who submit themselves to things are obedient to Him. 117 He
God and act righteously shall be is the Originator of the heavens
rewarded by their Lord: they shall and the earth, and when He
have no fear, nor shall they grieve. decrees something, He says only,
113 The Jews say, The Be! and it is.
2:126 The Heifer 13
118 Those who are devoid of when no human being shall avail
knowledge say, Why does God another. Nor shall ransom be
not speak to us or show us a accepted from any of them, nor
sign? The same demand was shall intercession be of any use
made by those before them; their to them, and none shall be
hearts are all alike. We have succoured. 124 When his Lord
made the signs clear to those tested Abraham with certain
whose faith is firm. 119 We have commands and he fulfilled them,
sent you with the truth, bearing He said, I will make you a
good news and giving warning. leader of men. Abraham asked,
You will not be held accountable And what of my descendants?
for the people of the Fire. He answered, My covenant does
Neither the Christians nor the not extend to the transgressors.
Jews will be pleased with you 125 And We made the House

until you follow their ways. Say, [the Kabah] a place of assembly
Gods guidance is the only true and a sanctuary for mankind,
guidance. If you followed their [saying], Make the place where
desires after the knowledge Abraham stood a place of
which has come to you, you worship. We commanded
would not have any patron or Abraham and Ishmael, Purify
supporter against God. 121 Those My House for those who walk
whom We have given this Book round it, those who stay there for
follow it as it ought to be devotion, and those who bow
followed; it is they who [truly] down and prostrate themselves.
believe in it; those who deny it And when Abraham prayed,
will be the losers. My Lord, make this city a city
122 Children of Israel, of peace, and provide its
remember My favour which I inhabitants with fruits, such of
have bestowed upon you, and them as believe in God and the
how I preferred you above all Last Day. God said, As for
other people; 123 and fear a Day those who deny the truth, I will
14 The Quran 2:127
grant them benefits for a short 132 and Abraham enjoined his
while and then subject them to sons to do the same, as did
the punishment of the Firean Jacob, My sons, God has chosen
evil destination. this religion for you; so do not
127 And when Abraham and let death overtake you, except
Ishmael were laying the when you are in a state of
foundations of the House, [they submission. 133 Were you present
prayed], Our Lord, accept this when Jacob faced the hour of
from us; for You are All Hearing, death and he asked his sons,
All Knowing. 128 Lord, make us Who will you worship after
submissive to You; make of our me? They answered, We will
descendants a nation that will worship your God and the God
submit to You. Teach us our rites of your fathers, Abraham and
of worship and turn to us with Ishmael and Isaac: the one God;
mercy; You are the Forgiving we have submitted ourselves to
One and the Merciful. 129 Our Him. 134 Those were a people
Lord, send forth to them a that have passed away; what
messenger of their own to recite they did is theirs and what you
Your revelations to them, to teach have done is yours. You will not
them the Scripture and wisdom, be answerable for their deeds.
and purify them. You are the They say, Be Jews or
Mighty, the Wise One. Christians, and you shall be
Who but a foolish man rightly guided. Say, By no
would turn away from the means! We believe in the faith of
religion of Abraham? We chose Abraham, who was ever inclined
him in this world, and in the [to God]; he was not one of
Hereafter he shall be among the those who set up partners with
righteous. 131 When his Lord said God. 136 Say, We believe in
to him, Surrender! he God and what was revealed to
responded, I have surrendered us; and what was revealed to
to the Lord of the Universe, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob,
2:144 The Heifer 15
and their descendants, and what 141 Those were a people that have

was given to Moses and Jesus passed away; theirs is what they
and what was given to the [other] did and yours what you
prophets by their Lord. We make have done. You shall not be
no distinction between any of answerable for their deeds.
them. It is to Him that we The foolish will ask, What
surrender ourselves. 137 If they has made them turn away from
believe as you have believed, their direction of prayer which
then are they rightly guided; but they used to face? Say, The
if they turn back, then know that East and the West belong to
they are entrenched in hostility. God. He guides whom He pleases
God will surely suffice to defend to the right path. 143 Thus We
you against them, for He is All have made you a middle nation,
Hearing, All Knowing. 138 We so that you may act as witnesses
take on Gods own dye. Who has for mankind, and the Messenger
a better dye than Gods? We may be a witness for you. We
worship Him alone. 139 Say, Do decreed your former prayer
you dispute with us about God, direction towards which you used
while He is our Lord and your to face only in order that We
Lord? We have our actions and might make a clear distinction
you have your actions. We are between the Messengers true
devoted to Him alone. 140 Do followers and those who were to
you claim that Abraham and turn their backs on him. This
Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and was indeed a hard test for all but
their descendants were all Jews those whom God has guided.
or Christians? Say, Do you God will never let your faith go
know better or does God? And to waste. God is compassionate
who could be more unjust than and merciful to mankind.
one who conceals a testimony 144 We have frequently seen

given to him by God? God is not you turn your face towards
unaware of what you do. heaven. So We will make you
16 The Quran 2:145
turn in a direction for prayer that may be, God will bring you all
will please you. So turn your before Him. God has power over
face now towards the Sacred all things. 149 Wherever you set
Mosque: and wherever you may out from, turn your face in
be, turn your faces towards it. the direction of the Sacred
Those who were given the Book Mosquethis is the truth from
know this to be the truth from your Lord: He is not unaware of
their Lord. God is not unaware what you do150 wherever you
of what they do. 145 But even if come from, turn your face to the
you should produce every kind Sacred Mosque; wherever you
of sign for those who have been may be, turn your faces towards
given the Book, they would never it, so that people will not have
accept your prayer direction, nor any argument against you except
would you accept their prayer for the wrongdoers among them.
direction: nor would any of them Do not fear them; fear Me, so
accept one anothers direction. that I may perfect My favour to
If, after all the knowledge you you and you may be rightly
have been given, you yield to guided. 151 Thus We have sent
their desires, then, you shall among you a Messenger of your
surely become a transgressor. own to recite Our revelations to
Those to whom We have given you, purify you and teach you
the Book recognize it just as they the Book and wisdom, and to
recognize their own sons. But, teach you what you did not know.
some of them knowingly conceal 152 So remember Me; I will

the truth. 147 Truth is what comes remember you. Be thankful to

from your Lord; therefore, do Me and do not be ungrateful.
not be of those who doubt. 153 You who believe, seek help
148 Each community has its through patience and prayer;
own direction in which it turns: surely, God is with the steadfast.
vie, then, with one another in Do not say that those who are
doing good works. Wherever you killed in Gods cause are dead;
2:165 The Heifer 17
they are alive, but you are not accept their repentance: I am
aware of it. 155 We shall certainly the Ever Relenting, the Most
test you with fear and hunger, Merciful. 161 Those who deny
and loss of property, lives and the truth, and die as deniers, on
crops. Give good news to those them shall be the curse of God
who endure with fortitude. and of angels and of men
156 Those who say, when afflicted altogether. 162 Under it they shall
with a calamity, We belong to remain forever; their punishment
God and to Him we shall return, shall not be lightened, nor shall
are the ones who will have they be granted respite.
blessings and mercy from their 163 Your God is one God. There

Lord: it is they who are on the is no deity save Him. He is the

right path! Compassionate, the Merciful.
158 Safa and Marwah are 164 In the creation of the heavens

among the symbols set up by and the earth; in the alternation

God; there is nothing wrong if of night and day; in the ships that
anyone goes on a pilgrimage to sail the ocean bearing cargoes
the House, or performs a minor beneficial to man; in the water
pilgrimage, in walking to and fro which God sends down from the
between them. Of anyone who sky and with which He revives
does good of his own accord, the earth after its death, scattering
God is appreciative, and aware. over it all kinds of animals; in
Those who conceal the the courses of the winds, and in
evidence of the truth and the the clouds pressed into service
guidance We have revealed, after between earth and sky, there are
We have made them clear to indeed signs for people who use
people in the Scripture, will be their reason.
rejected by God and so do others. 165 Yet there are some who set
160 But from those who repent up equals with God and adore
and mend their ways and make them with the adoration due to
known the truth, I will certainly God, but those who believe love
18 The Quran 2:166
God most. If only the wrongdoers did not use their reason, and
could seeas they will see when were devoid of all guidance.
they face the punishmentthat 171 Those who deny the truth are

all power belongs to God, and like animals which hear nothing
that God is severe in punishment. in your call but the sound of a
When they face their voice, without understanding its
punishment, those who have meaning. They are deaf, dumb
been followed will disown their and blind. They understand
followers, and all their ties shall nothing.
be cut asunder, 167 those who 172
Believers, eat the
followed will say, If we could wholesome things which We
only return to the world, we have provided for you and give
would disown them as they have thanks to God, if it is Him you
disowned us. God will thus show worship. 173 He has forbidden
them their actions as a cause of you only carrion, blood, and the
bitter regret and remorse. They flesh of swine; also any flesh
shall never emerge from the Fire. that is consecrated other than in
168 O mankind, eat whatever is the name of God. But for one
lawful and wholesome on the who is driven by necessity,
earth; and do not follow in the neither craving nor transgressing,
footsteps of Satan; for he is it is no sin. For God is forgiving
indeed your avowed enemy. and merciful. 174 Those who
He bids you only to do evil conceal any part of the Scriptures
and to commit deeds of which God has revealed in order
abomination and to attribute to to gain some paltry end, simply
God something of which you fill their bellies with Fire. On the
have no knowledge. 170 But when Day of Resurrection, God will
they are told, Follow what God neither speak to them nor purify
has sent down, they answer, them. They will have a painful
We will follow the ways of our punishment. 175 Those are the
fathers, even though their fathers ones who have taken error in
2:182 The Heifer 19
exchange for guidance and female for the female. If the
punishment for forgiveness. How offender is granted some
little do they seem to fear the remission by the heir of the slain
Fire! 176 That is because God has person, the agreed penalty should
sent down the Book with the be equitably exacted and should
truth. And those who pursue be discharged in a handsome
differences in the Scriptures go manner. This is an alleviation
much too far in dissension. from your Lord and an act of
177 Virtue does not consist in grace. He who transgresses after
whether you face towards the this shall have a painful
East or the West; virtue means punishment. 179 In [this law of]
believing in God, the Last Day, retribution there is life for you,
the angels, the Book and the O people of understanding, so
prophets; the virtuous are those that perhaps you will be mindful
who, despite their love for it, of God. 180 It is prescribed that
give away their wealth to their when death approaches any of
relatives and to orphans and the you and he is leaving behind
very poor, and to travellers and wealth, he shall make a will in
those who ask [for charity], and favour of his parents and relatives
to set slaves free, and who attend equitably. This is a duty for all
to their prayers and pay the alms, who fear God. 181 Anyone who
and who keep their pledges when alters it once he has heard it shall
they make them, and show be accountable for his crime.
patience in hardship and Surely, God is all hearing and all
adversity, and in times of distress. knowing. 182 But if anyone
Such are the true believers; and apprehends partiality or an
such are the God-fearing. injustice on the part of a testator,
178 Believers, retribution is it shall be no sin for him to bring
prescribed for you in cases of about a settlement between the
murder: the free man for the free parties. God is forgiving and
man, the slave for the slave, the merciful.
20 The Quran 2:183
183 Believers, fasting has been and so that you may be grateful
prescribed for you, just as it was to Him.
prescribed for those before you, 186 When My servants ask you

so that you may guard yourselves about Me, say that I am near. I
against evil. 184 Fast for a respond to the call of one who
specified number of days, but if calls, whenever he calls to Me:
any one among you is ill or on a let them, then, respond to Me,
journey, let him fast the same and believe in Me, so that they
number of days later. For those may be rightly guided. 187 It has
who can fast only with extreme been made lawful for you to go
difficulty, there is a way to to your wives on the night of the
compensatethe feeding of a fast: they are like a garment for
needy person. But he who does you, and you are like a garment
good of his own accord shall be for them. God is aware that you
well rewarded; but to fast is were deceiving yourselves and
better for you, if you only knew. He has turned in mercy towards
The month of Ramadan is the you and pardoned you. So you
month when the Quran was sent may now consort with them and
down as guidance for mankind seek what God has ordained for
with clear proofs of guidance you. Eat and drink until the
and the criterion by which to white thread of dawn becomes
distinguish right from wrong. distinct from the black. Then
Therefore, whoever of you is resume the fast until nightfall,
present in that month, let him and do not approach them during
fast; but he who is ill or on a the nights of your devotional
journey shall fast a similar retreat in the mosques. These are
number of days later on. God the limits set by God, so do not
desires ease for you, not hardship. approach them. Thus He makes
He desires you to fast the whole clear His commandments to
month, so that you may glorify mankind, so that they may guard
Him for His having guided you themselves [against evil]. 188 Do
2:196 The Heifer 21
not consume one anothers unless they fight you there. If
property by unjust means, they do fight you, slay them
nor offer it as a bribe to the such is the reward for those who
authorities, so that you may deny the truth192 but if they
deliberately and wrongfully desist, then surely God is most
devour a part of other peoples forgiving and merciful. 193 Fight
wealth. them until there is no more fitna
They ask you about the [religious persecution] and
phases of the moon. Say, They religion belongs to God alone. If
are a means of determining time they desist, then let there be
for the regulation of peoples no hostility, except towards
affairs and for the pilgrimage. aggressors.
Piety does not consist in entering A sacred month for a sacred
your houses from the rear. Indeed, month: violation of sanctity calls
one who guards himself against for fair retribution. Thus you
evil out of fear of God is the may exact retribution from
truly righteous one. Enter your whoever transgresses against
houses by their doors and be you, in proportion to his
mindful of God, so that you may transgression. Fear God and
prosper. 190 And fight in Gods know that God is with those who
cause against those who wage are mindful of Him. 195 Spend
war against you, but do not for Gods cause: but do not cast
commit aggressionfor surely, yourselves into destruction by
God does not love aggressors. your own hands. Do good, God
Slay them wherever you find loves the doers of good.
them [those who fight against 196 Perform the Hajj and the

you]; a drive them out of the minor pilgrimage [umrah] for

places from which they drove the sake of God. If you are
you, for [religious] persecution
is worse than killing. Do not a See pages xiv to xvii of the
fight them at the Sacred Mosque Introduction.
22 The Quran 2:197
prevented from doing so, then best of all provision is God-
make whatever offering you can consciousness. Always be
afford and do not shave your mindful of Me, you that are
heads until the offering has endowed with understanding.
reached the place of sacrifice. 198 You will be committing no

But if any of you is ill, or has an sin if [during the pilgrimage]

ailment of the head, he should you seek to obtain any bounty
compensate by fasting or from your Lord. When you return
almsgiving or sacrifice. In times from Arafat, remember God at
of peace, if any of you combines the sacred place, and remember
the minor pilgrimage with the Him as He has guided you.
Hajj, he should make whatever Before this you were surely
offering he can afford, but if he astray. 199 Then press on from
lacks the means, then let him fast where the pilgrims stream forth
three days during the pilgrimage and ask Gods forgiveness. God
and for seven days after his is ever forgiving and most
return; that is, ten days in all. merciful. 200 When you have
That is incumbent upon anyone performed the acts of worship
whose family does not live near prescribed for you, celebrate the
the Sacred Mosque. Fear God praises of God as you celebrated
and know that God is severe in the praises of your fathers, or
punishment. 197 The pilgrimage even more fervently than that.
is in the appointed months. There are some who say, Our
Whoever intends to perform it Lord, give us abundance in this
during them must abstain from world. These shall have no share
indecent speech, from all wicked in the world to come. 201 But
conduct, and from quarrelling there are others who pray, Our
while on the pilgrimage. Lord, grant us good in this world
Whatever good you may do, God as well as good in the world to
is aware of it. Make provision come, and protect us from the
for yourselvesbut surely, the torment of the Fire. 202 They
2:213 The Heifer 23
shall have a good share from 208 Believers, surrender
what they have earned. God yourselves totally to God, and
is swift in His reckoning. do not follow in the footsteps of
Remember God during the Satan; surely, he is your sworn
appointed days; for one who enemy. 209 But if you lapse after
hastens to leave in two days, it the clear signs that have come to
shall be no sin; and for one who you, then know that God is
stays on, it shall be no sin for mighty and wise. 210 Are they
him either. This is for one who only waiting for God as well as
fears God. Have fear of God, the angels to come down to them
and know that you shall all be under canopies of clouds, so that
gathered before Him. the matter will be settled? All
There are some men whose things return to God. 211 Ask the
views on the affairs of this life Children of Israel how many
may please you. They even call clear signs We have given them.
on God to witness whatever is in Anyone who changes Gods
their heart, yet they are the most blessing once it has come to him
contentious of quarrellers. will find God is stern in
When he turns away, he sets punishment. 212 The life of this
out to spread corruption in the world is made to appear attractive
land, destroying crops and cattle. for those who deny the truth and
God does not love corruption. they scoff at those who believe.
When he is told, Have fear But those who fear God shall be
of God, he is seized by pride above them on the Day of
which drives him to wrongdoing. Resurrection: God bestows His
Hell shall be enough for him. A bounties on whoever He pleases
dreadful resting place. 207 But without stinting.
there are others who would 213 Mankind was once a single

dedicate themselves to seeking community, [but then people

the pleasure of God. God is developed differences], so God
compassionate to His servants. sent prophets to them as bearers
24 The Quran 2:214
of good tidings and warning, 216 Fighting [in defence] is
and sent down with them the ordained for you, abhorent as it
Book containing the truth, so may be to you. You may dislike
that He might judge between something although it is good
their disputes. It was only those for you, or like something
to whom it [the scripture] was although it is bad for you: God
given who disagreed about it knows but you do not.
after clear signs had come to They ask you about fighting
them, because of rivalry between in the sacred month. Say, To
them. God by His will guided fight [in a sacred month] is a
the believers to the truth about grave matter; but barring people
which the others had disputed. from the path of God, to deny
God guides whom He will to a Him, and expelling people from
straight path. 214 Do you think the Sacred Mosque are far graver
that you will enter Paradise in His sight; and persecution is
without having suffered like worse than killing. They will
those who passed away before not stop fighting you until they
you? Affliction and hardship make you renounce your faith, if
befell them and so shaken were they can. Whoever of you turns
they that the Messenger and the back from his faith and dies as a
believers with him would denier of the truth will have his
exclaim, When will Gods help deeds come to nothing in this
come? Surely the help of God world and the Hereafter, and he
is near. will be an inhabitant of the Fire,
They will ask you what to abide therein forever. 218 But
they should spend on others. those who have believed,
Say, Whatever you give should migrated, and striven for Gods
be for parents, close relatives, cause, can look forward to Gods
orphans, the needy, and mercy: God is forgiving and
travellers. God is well aware of merciful.
whatever good you do. 219 They ask you [Prophet]
2:224 The Heifer 25
about intoxicants and gambling. God, till they have believed; a
Say, There is great sin in both, believing bondman is certainly
although they have some benefit better than a man who associates
for people: but their harm is partners with God, even though
greater than their benefit. They he may please you. Such people
ask you what they should spend call you to Hell-fire; but God
[in Gods cause]. Say, Whatever calls you to Paradise and to
is surplus to your needs. Thus forgiveness. He makes His
God makes His commandments messages clear to people, so that
clear to you so that you may they might bear them in
reflect 220 upon this world and mind. 222 They ask you about
the Hereafter. They ask you about menstruation. Say, It is an
orphans. Say, Promotion of their impurity, so keep away from
welfare is an act of great women during it and do not
goodness. There is no harm in approach them until they are
your living together with them, cleansed; when they are cleansed
for they are your brothers. God you may approach them as God
knows the mischief-maker from has ordained. God loves those
the reformer. If God had so who turn to Him in penitence
willed, He would have afflicted and He loves those who keep
you with hardship. Surely, God themselves clean. 223 Your wives
is mighty and wise. are your fields. Go, then, into
Do not marry women who your fields as you will. Do good
associate partners with God until deeds, and fear God, and know
they believe. A believing that you shall meet Him. Give
bondwoman is better than a good tidings to the believers.
woman who associates partners 224 Do not make God a pretext,

with God, however pleasing she when you swear by Him, to

may appear to you. Nor give avoid doing good, being
believing women in marriage to righteous and making peace
men who associate partners with between people. God is all
26 The Quran 2:225
hearing and all knowing. 225 God twice, and then a woman must
will not call you to account for be retained honourably or
any oaths you uttered released with kindness. It is not
unintentionally, but He will take lawful for you to take away
you to task for what is intended anything of what you have given
in your hearts. God is most your wives, unless both fear that
forgiving and forbearing. 226 For they would not be able to observe
those who swear that they will the bounds set by God. In such a
not approach their wives, there case it shall be no sin for either
shall be a waiting period of four of them if the woman opts to
months: if they revert to give something for her release.
conciliation, surely, God is most These are the bounds set by God;
forgiving and ever merciful; do not transgress them. Those
227 but if they decide upon who transgress the bounds of
divorce, God is all hearing and God are wrongdoers. 230 And if
all knowing. 228 Divorced women man finally divorces his wife, he
should wait for three menstrual cannot remarry her until she has
cycles; it is unlawful for them, if married another man. Then if the
they believe in God and the Last next husband divorces her, there
Day, to hide what God has created will be no blame on either of
in their wombs. Their husbands them if the former husband and
have the right to take them back wife return to one another,
within that time, if they desire to provided they think that they can
be reconciled. The wives have keep within the bounds set by
rights corresponding to those God. These are the bounds
which the husbands have, prescribed by God, which
according to what is recognized He makes clear to men of
to be fair, but men have a rank understanding. 231 Once you
above them. God is almighty divorce women, and they have
and all wise. reached the end of their waiting
229 Divorce may be pronounced period, then either retain them in
2:235 The Heifer 27
all decency or part from them bear. No mother should be made
decently. Do not retain them in to suffer on account of her child,
order to harm them or to wrong and no father should be made to
them. Whoever does this, wrongs suffer on account of his child.
his own soul. Do not make a The same duties devolve upon
mockery of Gods revelations. the fathers heir [in case of the
Remember the favours God has death of the father]. But if, after
bestowed upon you, and the Book consultation, they choose by
and the wisdom He has revealed mutual agreement to wean the
to exhort you. Fear God and know child, there shall be no blame on
that God is aware of everything. them. Nor shall it be any offence
232 When you divorce women for you if you desire to engage a
and they reach the end of their wet-nurse for your children,
waiting period, do not prevent provided you hand over what
them from marrying other men, you have agreed to pay, in a
if they have come to an reasonable manner. Have fear of
honourable agreement. This is God and know that God is
enjoined on every one of you observant of all your actions.
who believes in God and the If any of you die and leave
Last Day; it is more wholesome widows, the widows should wait
and purer for you. God knows, for four months and ten days.
but you do not know. 233 And the When they have reached the end
[divorced] mothers should nurse of their waiting period you will
their children for two whole not be blamed for what they may
years, if they wish to complete reasonably choose to do with
the period of nursing; and during themselves: God is aware of
that period the father of the child what you do. 235 It shall be no
shall be responsible for the offence for you to hint at a
maintenance of the mother in a proposal of marriage [to divorced
reasonable manner. No soul is or widowed women] or to cherish
charged with more than it can them in your hearts. God knows
28 The Quran 2:236
that you will bear them in mind. nearer to righteousness. Do not
But do not enter into any secret neglect any chance of behaving
arrangement with them, beyond benevolently towards each other.
conveying some indication to God is observant of whatever
them of your inclination. Do not you do.
proceed with tying the marriage- Be ever mindful of prayers,
knot before the end of their especially the middle prayer; and
waiting period. Know that God stand up before God in
has knowledge of all your submissive devotion. 239 When
thoughts. Therefore, take heed you are exposed to danger, pray
and bear in mind that God is on foot or while riding; when
forgiving and forbearing. 236 You you are safe again, remember
will not be blamed [for not paying God, for He has taught you what
the dower money] if you divorce you did not know. 240 If any of
women when you have not yet you die and leave widows, make
consummated the marriage or a bequest for them of a years
fixed a dower money upon them, maintenance without causing
but make fair provision for them, them to leave their homes; but if
the affluent according to his they leave of their own accord,
means and the straitened you will not be blamed for what
according to his means; this is they may reasonably choose to
binding on righteous men. 237 If do with themselves. God is
you divorce them before the almighty and wise. 241 For
marriage is consummated, but divorced women a provision
after their dower money has been according to what is fair shall
settled, give them the half of also be made. This is an
their dower money, unless they obligation binding on the
[the women] agree to forego it, righteous. 242 Thus God makes
or the man [the husband] in His commandments clear to you,
whose hand lies the marriage so that you may understand.
knot foregoes it. To forego is 243 Have you not seen those
2:249 The Heifer 29
who fled their homes in their God knows the wrongdoers.
thousands for fear of death, Their prophet said to them,
whereupon God said to them, God has now appointed Talut to
Die! and later brought them be your king. But they replied,
back to life? Surely God is How can he be king over us
bountiful to mankind, but most when we are worthier of kingship
of them are ungrateful. 244 Fight than he and he has not even been
[in defence] in Gods cause and granted an abundance of wealth?
remember that He is all hearing He said, God has chosen him
and all knowing. 245 Who will over you, and has given him
give God a generous loan? He great knowledge and physique.
will multiply it many times over. God grants kingship to whoever
It is God who withholds, and He pleases: God is magnanimous
God who gives abundantly, and and all knowing. 248 Their
it is to Him that you shall all be prophet also said to them, The
returned. sign of his kingship is that the
Have you not heard of what Ark [of the Covenant] shall come
the chiefs of the Children of to you. Therein shall be
Israel demanded of one of their tranquillity from your Lord, and
prophets after Moses? They said, the relics which the House of
Appoint for us a king, and we Moses and the House of Aaron
will fight for the cause of God. left behind. It will be borne by
He replied, What if you refuse the angels. There is a sign in this
to fight, when ordered to do so? for you, if you believe.
Why should we not fight for the When Talut set out with his
cause of God, they replied, forces, he said to them, God
when we have been driven forth will test you with a river: whoever
from our homes and our drinks from it is not with me and
children? But when at last they whoever does not drink is with
were commanded to fight, they me. There will, however, be no
all refused, except a few of them. blame upon one who sips only a
30 The Quran 2:250
handful from it. But, except for all truth, for you are truly one of
a few of them, they all drank the messengers. 253 Of these
from it. When he and those who messengers, We have given
believed along with him had something additional among
crossed the river, they said, We them. There are some to whom
have no strength today against God spoke directly and others
Goliath and his warriors. But He exalted in rank. We gave
those of them who believed that Jesus, son of Mary clear signs,
they would meet God replied, and strengthened him with the
Many a small group, by Gods holy spirit. Had God pleased,
command has prevailed against those who succeeded them would
a large group. God is indeed not have fought against one
with the steadfast. 250 When they another after the clear signs had
met Goliath and his warriors, come to them. But they disagreed
they said, Our Lord, bestow among themselves; some
patience upon us, make us stand believed, while others did not.
firm, and help us against those Yet had God willed, they would
who deny the truth. 251 And so not have fought against one
by the command of God they another; but God does whatever
defeated them. David killed He wills.
Goliath, and God gave him Believers, spend out of
kingship and wisdom, and what We have given you, before
imparted to him the knowledge the Day comes when there will
of whatever He willed. Had it be neither trading, friendship nor
not been for Gods repelling intercession. Truly, it is those
some people by means of others, who deny the truth who are the
the earth would have been filled wrongdoers. 255 God: there is no
with corruption. But God is deity save Him, the Living, the
bountiful to His creatures. Eternal One. Neither slumber
These are the revelations nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him
of God which We recite to you in belong whatsoever is in the
2:259 The Heifer 31
heavens and whatsoever is on bestowed the kingdom upon
the earth. Who can intercede him? Abraham said, My Lord is
with Him except by His the one who gives life and brings
permission? He knows all that is death. He answered, I [too]
before them and all that is behind give life and bring death!
them. They can grasp only that Abraham said, God brings up
part of His knowledge which He the sun from the east, so bring it
wills. His throne extends over up yourself from the west. Then
the heavens and the earth; and the disbeliever was confounded.
their upholding does not weary God does not guide the
Him. He is the Sublime, the wrongdoers.
Almighty One! 256 There shall 259 Or of him who, when

be no compulsion in religion: passing by a town the roofs of

true guidance has become distinct which had caved in, exclaimed,
from error. But whoever refuses How will God restore it to life
to be led by Satan and believes in after its destruction? Thereupon
God has grasped the strong God caused him to die, and after
handhold that will never break. a hundred years, brought him
God is all hearing and all back to life. God asked, How
knowing. 257 God is the patron long have you remained in this
of the faithful. He leads them state? He answered, I have
from darkness to the light. As for remained a day or part of a day.
those who deny the truth, their God said, No, you have
supporter is Satan, who brings remained in this state for a
them out of light into darkness. hundred years. Now look at your
They are the heirs of the Fire, food and your drink; they have
and there they will remain not rotted. Look at your ass. We
forever. will make you a sign to mankind.
258 Have you not heard of him Look at the boneshow We set
who argued with Abraham about them together, then clothe them
his Lord because God had with flesh! When it had all
32 The Quran 2:260
become clear to him, he said, hurtful words: God is self-
Now I know that God has power sufficient and forbearing.
over all things. 260 When 264 Believers, do not cancel out

Abraham said, Show me, my your charitable deeds with

Lord, how You revive the dead! reminders and hurtful words, like
God said, Do you not believe? one who spends his wealth only
Abraham answered, Yes, indeed to be seen by people, and not
I do believe, but just to reassure believing in God and the Last
my heart. Then God said, Take Day. Such men are like a rock
four birds, and train them to covered with earth: a shower
come back to you. Then place falls upon it and leaves it hard
them separately on each hilltop, and bare. They will gain nothing
and call them: they will come from their works. God does not
flying to you. Know that God is guide those who deny the truth.
almighty and wise. But those who spend their
261 Those who spend their wealth in order to gain Gods
wealth for Gods cause may be approval, and to strengthen their
compared to a grain of corn souls are like a garden on
which sprouts into seven ears, elevated ground. When heavy
with a hundred grains in each rain falls on it, it doubles its
ear: for God grants manifold produce; and if heavy rain does
increase to whom He wills; God not fall, then light rain suffices.
is infinite and all knowing. God sees what you do. 266 Would
262 Those who spend their wealth any of you, being a man well
for Gods cause and do not follow advanced in age with helpless
their almsgiving with taunts and children to support, like to have
insults shall be rewarded by their a garden of dates and grapes,
Lord; they shall have no fear, nor watered by rivers and containing
shall they grieve. 263 A kind word all kinds of fruits, stricken by a
and forgiveness is better than a fiery whirlwind and utterly
charitable deed followed by scorched? Thus God makes His
2:275 The Heifer 33
signs clear to you, so that you deeds. God is aware of all that
may reflect. you do. 272 It is not your
267 Believers, give charitably responsibility to make them
from the good things which you follow the right path; God guides
have earned and what We whomever He pleases. Whatever
produce for you from the earth; wealth you spend is to your own
not worthless things which you benefit, provided that you spend
yourselves would only only to seek the favour of God.
reluctantly accept. Know that Whatever wealth you spend [for
God is self-sufficient and Gods cause] shall be repaid to
praiseworthy. 268 Satan threatens you in full and you shall not be
you with the prospect of poverty wronged. 273 The needy, who are
and commands you to do foul too engrossed in Gods cause to
deeds. But God promises His be able to travel about the land in
forgiveness and His bounty. God search of a livelihood, are
is bountiful and all knowing. considered by those who are
He grants wisdom to whom unaware of their condition to be
He will; and whoever is granted free from want, because they
wisdom has indeed been granted refrain from begging. But they
abundant wealth. Yet none bear can be known from their
this in mind except those appearance. They do not make
endowed with understanding. insistent demands upon people.
Whatever you spend and Whatever wealth you spend, God
whatever vows you make are knows it. 274 Those who spend
known to God, but the their wealth night and day, both
wrongdoers shall have no privately and publicly, will
helpers. 271 If you give charity receive their reward from their
openly, it is good, but if you keep Lord. They shall have no fear,
it secret and give to the needy in nor shall they grieve.
private, that is better for you, and Those who live on
it will atone for some of your bad usury shall rise up before God
34 The Quran 2:276
like men whom Satan has not wrong [others] and you will
demented by his touch; for they not be wronged. 280 If the debtor
say, Buying and selling is only is in straitened circumstances,
a kind of usury. But God has then grant him respite till a time
made trade lawful and made of ease. If you were to write it off
usury unlawful. Therefore, he as an act of charity, that would
who desists because of the be better for you, if only you
admonition that has come to him knew. 281 Fear the Day when you
from his Lord may retain what shall be made to return to God;
he has received in the past; and then every soul shall be paid in
it will be for God to judge him. full what it has earned; and they
Those who revert to it shall be shall not be wronged.
the inmates of the Fire; they Believers, when you
shall abide therein forever. contract a debt for a stated term,
God blights usury and blesses put it down in writing; have a
charitable deeds. God does not scribe write it down with fairness
love the ungrateful wrongdoer. between you. No scribe should
277 Those who believe, do good refuse to write: let him write as
deeds, attend to their prayers God has taught him, let the debtor
and engage in almsgiving, shall dictate, and let him fear God, his
be rewarded by their Lord and Lord, and not diminish [the debt]
shall have no fear, nor shall they at all. If the debtor is weak in
grieve. mind or body, or unable to
278 Believers, have fear of God, dictate, then in fairness let his
and give up what is still due to guardian dictate for him. Call in
you from usury, if you are true two of your men as witnesses.
believers. 279 For, if you do not But if two men cannot be found,
do so, then know that you are at then call one man and two women
war with God and His out of those you approve of as
Messenger. But if you repent, witnesses, so that if one of the
you may retain your capital. Do two women should forget the
2:286 The Heifer 35
other can remind her. Let the If someone does conceal it, in
witnesses not refuse when they his heart he commits a crime.
are summoned. Do not be God knows what you do.
disinclined to write down your All that the heavens and
debts, be they small or large, the earth contain belongs to God,
together with the date of whether you disclose what is in
payment. This is more just in the your minds or keep it hidden.
sight of God; it is more reliable God will bring you to account
as testimony, and more likely to for it. He will forgive whom He
prevent doubts arising between will and punish whom He
you, unless it be ready pleases: He has power over all
merchandise which you give or things. 285 The Messenger
take from hand to hand, then it believes in what has been sent
will not be held against you for down to him from his Lord, and
not writing it down. Have [so do] believers. They all believe
witnesses present whenever you in God and His angels, His
trade with one another, and let scriptures, and His messengers.
no harm be done to either scribe They say, We do not differentiate
or witness, for if you did cause between any of His messengers.
them harm, it would be a crime We hear and obey. Grant us Your
on your part. Be mindful of God; forgiveness, Lord, to You we
He teaches you: He has full shall all return! 286 God does not
knowledge of everything. 283 If charge a soul with more than it
you are on a journey and do not can bear. It shall be requited
find any literate person, for whatever good and
something should be handed over whatever evil it has done. [They
as security. If one of you entrusts pray], Our Lord, do not take us
another with something, let the to task if we forget or make a
trustee restore the pledge to its mistake! Our Lord, do not place
owner; and let him fear God, his on us a burden like the one You
Lord. Do not conceal testimony. placed on those before us!
36 The Quran 3:1
Our Lord, do not place on mercy on us. You are our
us a burden we have not Lord and Sustainer, so help
the strength to bear! Pardon us; us against those who deny
and forgive us; and have the truth.

3 . T H E FA M I LY O F I M R A N
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Alif Lam Mim 7 It is He who has sent down
the Book to you. Some of its
2 God! There is no deity save verses are clear and precise in
Him, the Living, the Sustainer. meaningthey are the basis of
3 He has sent down the Book to the Bookwhile others are
you with truth, which fulfils [the allegorical. Those with deviation
predictions] in the Scriptures that in their hearts pursue the
preceded it: He sent down the allegorical, so as to create
Torah and the Gospel 4 in the dissension by seeking to explain
past as guidance for mankind; it: but no one knows its meaning
He has [also] sent down the except God. Those who are
Standard by which to discern the firmly grounded in knowledge
true from the false. Surely those say, We believe in it: it is all
who deny Gods signs will suffer from our Lord. But only the
severe punishment. God is wise take heed. 8 Our Lord, do
mighty and capable of not let our hearts deviate after
retribution. 5 Nothing on earth or You have guided us. Bestow
in the heavens is hidden from upon us Your mercy. Surely You
God: 6 it is He who shapes you in are a Munificent Giver. 9 Our
the womb as He will. There is no Lord, You will surely gather all
deity save Him, the Mighty, the mankind on the Day of
Wise One. whose coming there is no doubt.
3:19 The Family of Imran 37
God never fails to fulfill His attractive to people. All this is
promise. the provision of the worldly life;
10 As for those who deny the but the most excellent abode is
truth, their wealth and children with God. 15 Say, Shall I tell you
will not help them against God. of something better than all of
They will be fuel for the Fire. these? For the God-fearing, there
11 Their end will be like Pharaohs are Gardens in nearness to their
people and those before them; God with rivers flowing through
they denied Our signs, so God them where they shall live forever
seized them in their sinfulness: with pure spouses and the
God is stern in punishment. goodwill of God. God is
12 Say to those who deny the watching His servants 16 those
truth, You shall be overcome who say, Lord, we believe in
and driven into Hellan evil You, forgive us our sins and
resting place! 13 There was a keep us from the punishment of
sign for you in the two groups the Fire, 17 those who are
which met face to face [at Badr], steadfast, truthful, obedient, and
one party fighting for the cause those who spend [for Gods
of God and the other made up of cause] and who pray before dawn
those who deny the truth. The for forgiveness.
faithful saw with their own eyes God bears witness that there
that the others were twice their is no deity save Him, as do the
number: but God strengthens angels and those who possess
with His succour whom He wills. knowledge. He is the upholder
In this, there is indeed a lesson of justice. There is no diety save
for all who have eyes to see. Him, the Mighty, the Wise One.
14 The satisfaction of worldly 19 The only true religion in Gods

desires through women, and sight is complete submission to

children, and heaped-up treasures God. And those who were given
of gold and silver, and pedigreed the Book disagreed only out of
horses, and cattle and lands is rivalry, after knowledge had been
38 The Quran 3:20
given to themhe who denies touch us only for a limited
Gods signs should know that number of days. Thus the false
God is swift in His reckoning. beliefs which they have invented
If they dispute with you, say, I have deluded them in the matter
have submitted my whole being of their religion. 25 How will it
to God and so have those who be when We gather them all
follow me. And ask those who together upon a Day which is
have been given the Book, as sure to come, when every human
well as the unlettered, Do you being shall be repaid in full for
submit yourselves to God in the what he has done? They will not
same way? If they submit be wronged. 26 Say, Lord,
themselves to Him, they are on sovereign of all sovereignty. You
the right path; but if they turn bestow sovereignty on whom
away, your duty is only to convey you will and take it away from
the message. God is observant of whom You please; You exalt
all His servants. 21 Those who whoever You will and abase
deny Gods signs and kill the whoever You will. All that is
prophets unjustly and kill those good lies in Your hands. You
who enjoin justicegive them have the power to will anything.
warning of a woeful 27 You cause the night to pass

punishment 22 their deeds will into the day, and the day into the
come to nothing in this world as night; You bring forth the living
well as in the hereafter; they will from the lifeless and the lifeless
have no supporters. from the living. You give without
Have you not seen those measure to whom You will.
who received a portion of the 28 Let not the believers take

Book? When they are invited to those who deny the truth for
accept the judgement of Gods their allies in preference to the
Book, a group of them turns believersanyone who does that
away in aversion. 24 That is will isolate himself completely
because they say, The Fire will from Godunless it be to protect
3:37 The Family of Imran 39
yourselves against them in this hears all and knows all.
way.a God admonishes you to 35
Remember when the wife of
fear Him: for, to God shall all Imran said, My Lord, I have
return. 29 Say, God knows dedicated what is in my womb
everything that is in your heart, entirely to Your service. So
whether you conceal it or reveal accept this from me. You are the
it; He knows everything that the One who hears and knows all.
heavens and earth contain; God When she gave birth, she said,
has power over all things. 30 On My Lord, I have given birth to
the Day when every human being a girlGod knew very well
will find himself faced with all what she had given birth to: a
the good that he has done, and male is not like a femaleI
with all the evil that he has done, have named her Mary and placed
many will wish that there were a her and her children in Your
long space of time between protection from the rejected
himself and that [Day]. God Satan. 37 Her Lord graciously
admonishes you to fear Him, but accepted her and made her grow
God is compassionate towards in goodness and entrusted her to
His servants. 31 Say, If you love the care of Zachariah. Every
God, follow me and God will time Zachariah visited her in her
love you and forgive you your chamber he found some
sins. God is most forgiving, and provision with her. He asked,
most merciful. 32 Say, Obey Mary, where did this provision
God and the Messenger, and if come from? She replied,
they turn away, God does not
love those who deny the truth.
33 God chose Adam and Noah a A believer treats all human beings

and the family of Abraham and with justice and fairness, without
differentiating between Muslims and
the family of Imran above all non-Muslims. But friendship with non-
His creatures. 34 They are the Muslims who are at war with Islam is
offspring of one another. God not lawful.
40 The Quran 3:38
This is from God. God provides you over [all] the women of your
for whoever He wills time. 43 O Mary! Remain truly
without measure. 38 Thereupon devout to your Sustainer, and
Zachariah prayed to his Lord, prostrate yourself in worship,
saying, Lord, grant me by Your and bow down with those who
own grace virtuous offspring. bow down [before Him]. 44 This
You are the hearer of all prayers. is an account of the unseen,
As he stood praying in the which We reveal to you. You
chamber, the angels called out to were not with them when they
him, saying, God gives you the drew lots as to which of them
good news of John, who shall should be Marys guardian and
confirm the Word from God, and you were not with them when
[shall be] outstanding among they disputed with one another.
men, and utterly chaste, and a 45 When the angels said, O

prophet from among the Mary, your Lord gives you good
righteous. 40 Lord, said news of a Word from Him. His
Zachariah, how shall I have a name is the Messiah, Jesus, son
son when I am now overtaken by of Mary, honoured in this world
old age and my wife is barren? and in the next and one of those
Such is the will of God, replied who are granted nearness to God.
[the angel], He does what He And he shall speak to men in
pleases. 41 He said, My Lord, his cradle, and as a grown man,
grant me a sign. [The angel] and shall be one of the righteous.
said, Your sign is that you will 47 Lord, she said, how can I

not be able to speak to people for have a child when no man has
three days except by signs. touched me? [The angel] replied,
Remember your Lord much and Thus it is: God creates what He
glorify Him morning and wills: when He wills a thing He
evening. 42 The angels said, need only say, Be, and it is.
Mary, God has selected you and God will instruct him in the
purified you. He has selected Book and in wisdom and in the
3:60 The Family of Imran 41
Torah and in the Gospel. 49 He believe in what You have sent
will make him a messenger to down and we follow the
the Children of Israel. He will messenger, so count us among
say: I have come to you with a those who bear witness. 54 And
sign from your Lord. I will make they schemed but God also
the shape of a bird out of clay for schemed and God is the Best of
you and then breathe into it and, Schemers. 55 God said, O Jesus,
by Gods leave, it will become a I shall cause you to die and will
living bird. And by Gods leave raise you up to Me and shall
I will heal the blind and the leper clear you [of the calumnies] of
and bring the dead to life. I will the disbelievers, and shall place
tell you what you may eat and those who follow you above
what to store up in your homes. those who deny the truth, until
Surely in this there is a sign for the Day of Judgement; then to
you, if you are believers. 50 I Me shall all return and I will
come to fulfill [the prediction] judge between you regarding
of the Torah which preceded me your disputes. 56 Those who deny
and to make lawful for you some the truth shall be sternly punished
of what was forbidden to you in this world and in the world to
and I come to you with a sign come: there shall be none to help
from your Lord. So fear God and them. 57 As for those who have
obey me. 51 God is my Lord and believed and do good works,
your Lord, so worship Him. That they shall be given their reward
is the straight path. in full. God does not love evil-
When Jesus perceived their doers. 58 This which We recite to
denial, he said, Who will be my you is a revelation and a wise
helpers in Gods cause? The reminder.
disciples said, We are Gods 59 Jesus in the sight of God is

helpers, we believe in God. Bear like Adam. He created him from

witness that we have surrendered dust; then said to him, Be! and
ourselves. 53 Our Lord, we he was. 60 This is the truth from
42 The Quran 3:61
your Lord, so do not be among you had some knowledge. Must
the doubters. 61 And if anyone you now argue about things of
should argue with you about this which you have no knowledge?
[truth] after the knowledge you God knows, but you do not know.
have received, say to them, 67 Abraham was neither a Jew

Come! Let us gather our sons nor a Christian. He was an

and your sons, our women and upright man, one who had
your women, and ourselves and surrendered himself to God. He
yourselves; and then let us pray was not one of those who
earnestly and invoke the curse of associate partners with God.
God upon the liars. 62 This is the 68 Surely, the people who are

true account. There is no deity closest to Abraham are those

save Him. God is Mighty and who followed him and this
Wise. 63 And if they turn away, Prophet [Muhammad], and those
God knows well the evil-doers. who believe in him. God is the
64 Say, People of the Book, guardian of the believers.
let us come to a word common to Some of the People of the
us that we shall worship none Book wish to lead you astray but
but God and that we shall they only lead themselves astray,
associate no partner with Him though they do not realise it.
and that none of us shall take People of the Book! Why
others, besides God, for lords. do you deny Gods signs,
And if they turn away, say, Bear having been witnesses thereof ?
witness that we have submitted 71 People of the Book! Why do

to God. 65 People of the Book, you mix truth with falsehood

why do you dispute about and knowingly conceal the truth?
Abraham when the Torah and 72 Some of the People of the

Gospel were only sent down Book say to one another, Believe
after him. Do you not use your in what is revealed to the faithful
reason? 66 You are those who in the morning and deny it in the
disputed about things of which evening, so that they [the
3:80 The Family of Imran 43
Muslims] may themselves who honour their covenants and
abandon their faith [in fear Him. God loves the
confusion]. 73 Believe only in righteous.
those who follow your own Those who sell out Gods
religion. Say to them, Surely, covenant and their oaths for a
the true guidance is the guidance paltry price will have no share in
from God. [But you think it is the life to come on the Day of
impossible that] someone else Resurrection. God will neither
may be granted [revelation] such speak to them nor cast a look
as you were grantedor else upon them on the Day of
that they should contend against Judgement, nor will He purify
you before your Lord. Say, All them. For them there shall be a
grace is in the hands of God; He grievous punishment. 78 There
grants it to whom He wills: for are some among them who distort
God is boundless, and all the Book by the way they speak
knowing, 74 He singles out for to make you think that what they
His mercy whoever He pleases. say is from the Book, whereas it
God is the Lord of exceeding is not. They say it is from God
bounty. 75 Among the people of whereas it is not. Thus they tell
the Book there are some who, if a lie about God and they know it.
you entrust them with a heap of No one to whom God has
gold, will return it to you. But given the Scriptures and on
there are others of them who, if whom He has bestowed wisdom
you entrust them with a single and prophethood would say to
dinar, will not return it to you, men, Worship me instead of
unless you keep demanding it God. [He would say rather], Be
from them. That is because they devoted servants of God, for you
say, We are under no obligation have taught and studied the
towards the gentiles. They Scriptures. 80 Nor would he
deliberately tell lies about God. enjoin you to take the angels and
76 Indeed God loves those the prophets as your lords; how
44 The Quran 3:81
could he command you to be Jesus and the prophets from their
disbelievers after you have Lord. We make no distinction
submitted to God. between any of them. It is to Him
When God made a covenant that we have surrendered
with the prophets, He said, Here ourselves. 85 If anyone seeks a
is the Book and the wisdom religion other than Islam
which I have given you. When [submission to God], it will not
there comes to you a messenger be accepted from him; he will be
fulfilling that [predictions about among the losers in the Hereafter.
him in their Scripture] which is How would God bestow His
with you, you must believe in guidance upon people who have
him and help him. Do you then opted for unbelief after having
affirm this and accept the embraced the faith and having
responsibility I have laid upon borne witness that this
you in these terms? They said, Messenger is true and [after] all
We will affirm it. God said, evidence of the truth has come to
Then bear witness, and I will them? For, God does not guide
bear witness with you. 82 Now such wrongdoers: 87 such people
whoever turns away after this, will be rewarded with rejection
are surely transgressors. 83 Do by God, by the angels, by all
they seek a religion other than mankind. 88 In this state they
the religion of God, when shall abide forever; their
everything in the heavens and punishment shall not be lightened
the earth has submitted to Him, nor shall they be granted respite.
willingly or unwillingly? To Him Except for those who
they shall all return. 84 Say, We afterwards repent and reform.
believe in God and in what has God is forgiving and merciful;
been sent down to us and to 90 but as for those who are bent

Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob on denying the truth after

and the Tribes. We believe in accepting the true faith and grow
what has been given to Moses, in their refusal to acknowledge
3:101 The Family of Imran 45
the truth, their repentance will It is a blessed place; a source of
not be accepted. They are the guidance for the whole world.
ones who have gone far astray. 97 There are clear signs in it; it is
Those who reject faith and die the place where Abraham stood.
in the state of rejection will not Anyone who enters it will be
be saved, even if they offer as secure. Pilgrimage to the House
ransom enough gold to fill the is a duty to God for anyone
entire earth. Painful punishment who is able to undertake
is in store for them and they will it. Anyone who disbelieves
have no supporters. should remember that God is
92 Never will you attain to independent of all creatures.
righteousness unless you spend 98 Say, People of the Book, why

for the cause of God out of what do you reject Gods revelations
you cherish; and whatever you when God is witness to all that
spend is known to God. 93 All you do? 99 Say, People of the
food was lawful for the Children Book, why do you turn the
of Israel, except whatever Israel believers away from the path of
had made unlawful for himself God, seeking to make it crooked,
before the Torah was sent down. while you are witnesses thereof?
Say to them, Bring the Torah God is not unaware of what you
then and read it, if you are do.
truthful. 94 Those who, after this, 100 O believers, if you yield to

persist in making up lies and some of those who were given

attributing them to God are the Scripture, they will cause
transgressors. 95 Say, God you to renounce the truth after
speaks the Truth, so follow the you have believed. 101 But how
faith of Abraham. He was an can you deny the truth when
upright man and he was not one Gods revelations are being
of the polytheists. 96 The first conveyed to you and His own
House to be built for mankind Messenger is in your midst? He
was the one at Bakkah [Makkah]. who holds fast to God is indeed
46 The Quran 3:102
guided to the straight path. the truth! 107 But as for those
Believers, fear God as is His with shining faces, they shall
due, and when death comes, be abide forever in Gods grace.
in a state of complete submission These are Gods revelations;
to Him. 103 Hold fast to the cord We recite them to you in all
of God and let nothing divide truth. God desires no injustice to
you. Remember the blessings He mankind. 109 His is all that the
has bestowed upon you; you heavens and the earth contain.
were enemies and then He united To God shall all things return.
your hearts and by His grace you You are indeed the best
became brothers; you were on community that has ever been
the brink of an abyss of Fire and brought forth for [the good of]
He rescued you from it. Thus mankind. You enjoin what is
God makes His signs clear to you, good, and forbid what is evil,
so that you may find guidance. and you believe in God. If the
104 Let there be a group among People of the Book had also
you who call others to good, and believed, it would have surely
enjoin what is right, and forbid been better for them. Some of
what is wrong: those who do this them are true believers, but most
shall be successful. 105 Do not be of them are disobedient. 111 They
like those who, after they had can do you very little harm; if
been given clear evidence, split they come out to fight you, they
into factions and differed among will show you their backs; then
themselves: a terrible punishment they shall not be helped
awaits such people. 106 On the 112
abasement shall attend them
Day when some faces are bright wherever they are found, unless
and some faces are dark, it will they make a covenant with God
be said to those with darkened or with man. They have incurred
faces, Did you reject faith after Gods wrath and have been
accepting it? Taste, then, this utterly humbled, because they
punishment for having denied have persistently disbelieved in
3:122 The Family of Imran 47
Gods signs and killed prophets 118 Believers, do not take
unjustly. This resulted from their outsiders as your intimate friends,
disobedience and their habit of they will spare no effort to harm
transgression. you. They love to see you suffer;
113 Yet they are not all alike. their hatred is evident from the
Of the People of the Book there words which fall from their
are some who stand by their mouths. But what their hearts
covenant; they recite the word of conceal is far worse. We have
God during the night and made Our signs clear to you; will
prostrate themselves before Him, you not understand? 119 It is you
114 who believe in God and the who love them, but they do not
Last Day, who enjoin justice and love you; you believe in all the
forbid evil and vie with each revealed Books. When they meet
other in good works. These are you, they say, We believe, but
righteous men 115 and they will when they are alone, they bite
not be denied [the reward] for their fingertips with rage. Say,
whatever good deeds they do: Die of rage! God is aware of
God knows the righteous. 116 As what your hearts contain.
for those who deny the truth, Whenever something good
neither their possessions nor their happens to you, it grieves them;
children shall avail them in the but when evil befalls you, they
least against God. They will be rejoice. If you persevere and fear
inmates of the Fire. They will God, their designs will never
remain there for ever; 117 that harm you in the least: God
which they spend in pursuit of encompasses all that they do.
the life of this world is like a 121 When you set out at dawn

biting frosty blast which smites from your home to assign battle
the harvest of a people who have positions to the believersGod
wronged themselves, and destroys hears all and knows all. 122 When
it. God is not unjust to them; they two groups from among you
are unjust to their own souls. were about to lose heart, God
48 The Quran 3:123
was their protector. In God let forgives whoever He pleases and
the faithful put their trust. 123 God punishes whoever He pleases.
had already helped you at Badr, God is most forgiving and
when you were weak. Fear God, ever merciful.
so that you may be grateful. 130 Believers, do not devour
[And remember] when you usury multiplied many times
said to the believers, Does it not over. Fear God, so that you may
suffice that your Lord helps you prosper 131 guard yourself
by sending down three thousand against the Fire prepared for
angels? 125 If you remain patient those who deny the truth
and God-fearing, and the enemy 132 and obey God and the

should fall upon you all of a Messenger, so that you may be

sudden, Your Lord will reinforce given mercy. 133 And vie with
you with five thousand angels one another for your Lords
clearly marked! 126 and God forgiveness and for a Paradise as
ordained this only as good news vast as the heavens and the earth,
for you so that your hearts might which has been prepared for the
be comfortedhelp comes only God-fearing, 134 for those who
from God, the Powerful, the spend, both in prosperity and
Wise One127 and so that He adversity, who restrain their anger
might cut off a portion of those and are forgiving towards their
who are bent on denying the fellow menGod loves those
truth or abase them so that they who do good works. 135 And
might be turned back frustrated. who, when they have committed
You have no say in this an indecency or have wronged
affair to decide whether He will their souls, remember God and
relent towards them or He will pray that their sins be forgiven
punish them: they are for who but God can forgive
wrongdoers. 129 Whatever is in sins?and do not knowingly
the heavens and whatever is on persist in their misdeeds, 136 their
the earth belong to God. He recompense is forgiveness from
3:147 The Family of Imran 49
their Lord, and Gardens with strive hard for His cause and
rivers flowing through them, endure with fortitude? 143 You
where they will abide forever. were longing for death, before
How excellent will be the reward you met it. Now you have seen it
of those who do good works. with your own eyes.
137 144
There are many examples [of Muhammad is only a
the communities] that have messenger. Messengers have
passed away before you: travel passed away before him. If he
through the land, and see what should die, or be killed, will you
was the end of those who rejected turn back on your heels? Those
the Truth. 138 This Quran is an who turn on their heels do not
exposition for the people and a harm the Lord in the least. God
guidance and admonition for will reward the grateful. 145 No
those who fear God. soul shall die except with Gods
And do not become faint of permission and at an appointed
heart, nor grieveyou will have time. And if one desires the
the upper hand, if you are rewards of this world, We shall
believers 140 if you have grant it to him; and if one desires
suffered a wound, they too have the rewards of the life to come,
suffered a similar wound. We We shall grant it to him. We will
bring these days to men by turns, reward the grateful. 146 How
so that God may know those many a prophet has fought with
who believe, and choose many devout men alongside him!
witnesses from among you; and They did not lose heart, despite
God does not love the unjust, all that they had to suffer in
141 so that God may purge those Gods path. They neither
who believe and wipe out those weakened nor yielded. God loves
who deny the truth. 142 Do you the patient! 147 All they said was,
suppose that you would enter the Our Lord, forgive us our sins
Garden, without God knowing and our excesses. Make our feet
those among you who would firm, and help us against those
50 The Quran 3:148
who deny the truth, 148 and so He might put you to the test, He
God gave them both the rewards prevented you from defeating
of this life and the excellent your foes. But now He has
recompense of the life to come: pardoned you: God is most
God loves those who do good. gracious to the believers.
149 153
Believers, if you yield to When you were running away
those who deny the truth, they and did not look back at anyone,
will cause you to turn back on while the Messenger was calling
your heels and you will turn into to you from behind, He paid you
losers. 150 No, indeed! it is God back with one sorrow after
who is your protector: He is the another, so that you might not
best supporter. 151 We will strike grieve for what you lost, nor for
awe into the hearts of those who what befell you. God is aware of
deny the truth, because they have what you do.
associated partners with God, Then, after sorrow He sent
for which He has sent down no down peace [of mind] upon you
authority. Their abode shall be in the shape of drowsiness that
the Fire, and evil indeed is the overcame some of you, but there
abode of the wrongdoers. 152 And were others who were anxious
God made good His promise to only about themselves. They
you when by His leave you were entertained false notions about
about to destroy your foes, but God, like the notions of the days
then your courage failed you and of ignorance. Have we any say
you disagreed among yourselves in the matter? they asked. Say to
[concerning the Prophets them, All is in the hands of
direction] and disobeyed it, after God. They conceal in their hearts
He had brought you within sight what they would not reveal to
of what you wished forsome you. They say, Had we had any
of you desired the goods of this say in the matter, none of us
world and some of you desired would have been killed here.
the Hereafterthen in order that Say to them, Had you stayed in
3:162 The Family of Imran 51
your homes, those whose death grace are better than all that one
had been decreed would could amass. 158 For, indeed, if
nevertheless have gone forth to you die or are killed, it is to God
the places where they were that you shall be gathered. 159 It
destined to die. And all this is by Gods grace that you were
befell you so that God might test gentle with themfor if you had
what is in your minds. And in been harsh and hard-hearted, they
order to purify what was in your would surely have deserted
hearts. For God is aware of your youso bear with them and
innermost thoughts. 155 Those of pray for forgiveness for them.
you who turned away on the day Take counsel with them in the
the two hosts met [in battle] conduct of affairs; then, when
were made to slip by Satan on you have decided upon a course
account of some of their deeds. of action, place your trust in
But God has pardoned them: God: for God loves those who
God is forgiving and forbearing. place their trust in Him. 160 If
Believers, do not be like God helps you, none can
those who are bent on denying overcome you, but if He
the truth and who say of their withdraws His help from you,
brothers, when they travel about who is there who can help you
the land or go forth to war, Had besides Him? In God, then, let
they but remained with us, they the believers place their trust!
would not have died, or been It is not for any Prophet to
slainfor God will cause such hold back anything; he who hides
thoughts to become a source of anything away shall bring it forth
bitter regret in their hearts, since on the Day of Resurrection, when
it is God who gives life and every human being shall be
causes death. And God sees all repaid in full for whatever he has
that you do. 157 If you are killed done, and none shall be wronged.
or die in Gods cause, then surely Can one who seeks the
forgiveness from God and His pleasure of God, be like one who
52 The Quran 3:163
incurs the wrath of God and would surely follow you. They
whose abode shall be Hellan were that day nearer to unbelief
evil destination? 163 All have a than to belief. The words they
different standing in the eyes of utter bear no relation to what is
God, and God is observant of all in their hearts. God knows well
their actions. 164 Indeed, God has what they conceal. 168 Those who
conferred a great favour on the stayed behind, said of their
believers in sending a Messenger brothers, Had they listened to
from among themselves, to recite us, they would not have been
His revelations to them, and killed. Say to them, Ward off
purify them, and teaches them death from yourselves, then, if
the Book and wisdom, for, before what you say be true!
that they were surely in manifest Do not think of those who
error. have been killed in Gods cause
What! When a misfortune as dead. They are alive, and well
befalls you, after you had provided for by their Lord;
yourself inflicted twice as heavy they are joyful because of
losses, you say, How has this what God has bestowed on them
come about? Say, It was your of His grace and they rejoice that
own fault. Truly, God has the those they left behind, who have
power to will anything: 166 the not yet joined them, that they
misfortune which befell you on shall have no fear, nor shall they
the day when the two armies met grieve; 171 rejoicing in Gods
happened by Gods leave, so that grace and bounty. [They know
He might mark out the [true] that] God will not fail to requite
believers 167 and know those who the believers. 172 Those who
acted hypocritically. When they responded to the call of God and
were told, Come, fight in Gods the Messenger, despite their
cause and defend yourselves, having received an injury, and
they replied, If we knew that such of them as did good deeds
fighting would take place, we and feared God, shall have a
3:181 The Family of Imran 53
great reward. 173 Those who, on only cause them to increase
being told that, the enemy has in disobedienceshameful
gathered against you a great punishment awaits them. 179 On
force, so fear them, only grew no account will God leave the
stronger in their faith and replied, believers in the condition in
God is sufficient for us. He is which they are now, until He
the best guardian. 174 They separates the evil from the good.
returned home with Gods favour Nor will God reveal to you the
and blessings, without having unseen. But God chooses those
been touched by evil; for they of his messengers whom He will.
pursued Gods pleasure. And Therefore, believe in God and
Gods bounty is infinite. 175 It is His messengers, for if you have
Satan who instills fear [into you] faith and guard yourselves
of his followers; do not fear against evil, you shall have a
them. But fear Me, if you are great reward.
true believers. 180 Let not those who are
And let not those grieve niggardly with what God has
you who vie with one another in granted them out of His bounty
denying the truth: they cannot think that it is good for them.
harm God in the least; it is Gods Indeed, it is evil for them. What
will that they will have no share they are niggardly about shall be
in the life to comea severe hung about their necks like a
punishment awaits them. collar on the Day of Resurrection.
177 Those who have bought a It is God who will inherit the
denial of truth at the price of heavens and the earth: God is
faith can in no way harm God; aware of all that you do. 181 God
painful punishment awaits them. has indeed heard the words of
178 Let not those who deny the those who said, Behold, God is
truth think that Our granting poor while we are rich! We shall
them respite is good for them: record what they have saidand
Our granting them respite will their slaying of the prophets
54 The Quran 3:182
unjustlyand We shall say, hear many hurtful things from
Taste the torment of burning. those who were given the Book
182 In return for what your own before you and from those who
hands have wroughtfor never set up partners with God, but if
does God do the least wrong to you endure with fortitude
His creatures! 183 To those who and restrain yourselves, that
say, God has commanded us not indeed is a matter of strong
to believe in any messenger determination. 187 God made a
unless he brings down to us an covenant with those who were
offering to be consumed by fire, given the Book to make it known
say, Messengers before me have to people and not conceal it. But
come to you with clear signs, they cast it behind their backs
including the one you demand. and bartered it for a paltry price:
Why did you kill them, if you are what an evil bargain they made!
telling the truth? 184 If they deny 188
Those who exult in their
you, so have other messengers misdeeds and love to be praised
been denied before you, who for what they have not done
came with clear signs, scriptures should not suppose that they are
and enlightening book. 185 Every secure from punishment;
human being is bound to taste they shall suffer a grievous
death: and you shall receive your punishment. 189 The kingdom of
rewards in full on the Day of the heavens and the earth belongs
Resurrection. He who is kept to God; God has power over all
away from the Fire and is things.
admitted to Paradise, will surely There are signs in the
triumph; for the life of this world creation of the heavens and the
is nothing but an illusory earth, and in the alternation of
enjoyment. night and day for people of
186 You will surely be tried and understanding; 191who remember
tested in your possessions and God while standing, sitting and
your persons, and you shall surely [lying] on their sides, and who
3:200 The Family of Imran 55
ponder over the creation of the persecution in My cause, who
heavens and the earth, saying, fought and were killed. I will
Lord, You have not created all certainly admit them to Gardens
this without purpose. Glory be to through which rivers flow, as a
You! Save us from the torment reward from God: with God is
of the Fire. 192 Lord, those whom the best reward. 196 Do not be
You condemn to enter the Fire deceived by the actions of those
You have surely brought to who deny the truth in the land:
disgrace. Wrongdoers will have 197 this is only a brief enjoyment,

no supporters. 193 Lord, we have after which Hell shall be their

heard a caller calling to the true abodewhat an evil resting
faith saying, Believe in your place! 198 Those who fear their
Lord, and we believed. Lord, Lord shall have gardens through
forgive us our sins and remove which rivers flow, wherein they
from us our bad deeds and make will abide forever: and a goodly
us die with the virtuous. 194 Our welcome from their Lord. Gods
Lord! Grant us what You have recompense is best for the
promised to us through Your virtuous. 199 Some of the People
messengers, and do not humiliate of the Book believe in God, and
us on the Day of Resurrection. in what has been revealed to you
Surely, You never fail to fulfill and what was revealed to them.
Your promise. They humble themselves before
Their Lord accepted their God and do not sell Gods
prayer, saying, I will deny no revelations for a trifling price.
man or woman among you the These shall be rewarded by their
reward of their labours. You are Lord: God is swift in reckoning!
members one of another. I will 200 Believers, endure, vie with

certainly forgive the sins of those each other in endurance, stand

who emigrated and were expelled firm in your faith and fear God,
from their homes, who suffered so that you may succeed.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 their dowers willingly, but if
O mankind! Fear your Lord,
who created you from a single they, of their own accord, remit
soul. He created its mate from it any part of it to you, you may
and from the two of them spread make use of it with pleasure and
countless men and women goodwill.
[throughout the earth]. Fear God, Do not give those who are of
in whose name you appeal to one immature mind your property
another, and be mindful of your which God has granted you as a
obligations in respect of ties of means of support: make
kinship. God is always watching provision for them out of it, and
over you.a 2 Give the orphans the clothe them, and give them good
possessions that belong to them, advice. 6 Keep a close check on
do not exchange good things orphans till they attain the age of
with bad and do not consume marriage; then, if you find them
their property, adding it to your to be mature of mind, hand over
own. Surely, this is a great crime. their property to them. Do not
3 If you fear that you cannot deal consume it by wasteful spending,
fairly with orphan girls, you may
marry women of your choice,
two or three or four; but if you a All human beings are one and the

fear that you might not be able to same by birth. Ultimately, everyone
treat them with equal fairness, can trace his origin to the same man
then only oneor [from among] and woman as father and mother. It is,
therefore, necessary that all human
those whom you rightfully beings should have a feeling of affinity
possess. That is more likely to with each other and live with fairness
keep you from committing an and goodwill like the members of one
injustice. 4 And give the women extended family.
4:12 Women 57
before they come of age. If the 11 Concerning your children,
guardian is affluent, let him God enjoins you that a male
abstain altogether, and if he is shall receive a share equivalent
poor, let him have for himself to that of two females. But if
what is just and reasonable. there are more than two females,
When you hand over their then their share is two thirds of
property to them, call witnesses the inheritance. If there is only
in their presence; God is one, she will receive the half.
sufficient as a Reckoner. 7 Men Each of your parents receives a
shall have a share in what parents sixth of what you leave if you
and relatives leave behind, and have children. If you are childless
women shall have a share in and your heirs are your parents,
what parents and relatives leave your mother receives a third. If
behind, whether it be little or you have brothers [or sisters] your
much. This is ordained [by God]. mother receives a sixth, after
8 If other relatives, orphans or [the deduction of] any bequest
needy people are present at the you make or the repayment of
time of the division, then provide any debts with regard to your
for them out of it, and speak father and your sons. You do not
kindly to them. 9 Those who are know which of them is going to
concerned about the fate of their benefit you more: but this fixing
own helpless children if they of portions is by God and He is
should die and leave them behind all knowing and all wise. 12 You
should show the same concern will inherit half of what your
for orphans. Let them fear God wives leave, provided they have
and uphold justice. 10 Those who left no children. But if they leave
consume the property of orphans children then you inherit a quarter
unjustly are actually swallowing of what they leave, after payment
fire into their own bellies; soon of any bequests they may have
they will burn in the blazing made or any debts they may have
Flame. incurred. Your wives shall inherit
58 The Quran 4:13
one quarter of what you leave if yourselves against them; if they
you are childless. But if you testify to their guilt, confine them
leave children, your wives shall to the house until death releases
inherit one eighth, after payment them or until God gives them
of any bequest or debts. If a man another way out. 16 If two men
or woman has no direct heirs commit a like abomination,
[neither children or parents] but punish them both. If they repent
has left a brother or a sister, they and mend their ways, leave them
shall each inherit one sixth, but alone. God is forgiving and
if they are more than two, they merciful. 17 But God undertakes
share one third between them, to accept repentance only from
after payment of any bequests or those who do evil out of
debts, so that no harm is done to ignorance and those who repent
anyone. That is a commandment soon after. God turns towards
from God: God is all knowing such people with mercy; He is
and forbearing. 13 These are the all knowing and all wise.
limits set by God. Anyone who Forgiveness is not for those
obeys God and His Messenger who continue to do evil deeds
will be admitted to Gardens until, when death comes upon one
through which rivers flow, to of them, he says: Now I repent!
live there forever. That will be nor from those who die as deniers
the supreme achievement. 14 But of the truth. We have prepared a
anyone who disobeys God and painful punishment for them.
His Messenger and transgresses 19 Believers, it is not lawful

His limits shall be cast into a for you to inherit women against
Fire, wherein he will abide their will, nor should you detain
forever. And he shall have a them wrongfully, so that you
humiliating punishment. may take away a part of what you
15 If any of your women have given them, unless they are
commit fornication, call in four guilty of something clearly
male witnesses from among outrageous. Live with them in
4:25 Women 59
accordance with what is fair and if you have not consummated
kind; if you dislike them, it may your marriage then you will not
be that you dislike something be blamed [if you marry their
which God might make a source daughters.] You are also
of abundant good. 20 If you desire forbidden to marry the spouses
to replace one wife with another, of your sons or two sisters
do not take any part of her dower together, except what has already
back: even if you have given her passed. Surely, God is ever-
a treasure. Would you take it by forgiving and merciful. 24 Also
slandering her and with manifest forbidden are married women,
sinfulness? 21 How can you take except those who have passed
it when you have been intimate into your hands as prisoners of
with one another, and she has war. This is a commandment of
taken a solemn pledge from you? God to you. All women other
Do not marry women whom than these are lawful to you,
your fathers married, except for provided you seek them with
what has already taken place in your wealth in honest wedlock,
the past. This is indeed a shameful not in fornication. When you
deed, a loathsome thing and an consummate your marriage with
evil practice. them, give the dowers due to
You are forbidden to take as them. And there is no sin for you
wives your mothers, daughters, in what you do by mutual
sisters, paternal and maternal agreement after the fixing of the
aunts, your brothers daughters dower. God is all knowing and
and your sisters daughters, your wise. 25 If any of you cannot
foster mothers and foster sisters, afford to marry a free believing
your wives mothers and woman let him marry one of his
stepdaughters in your protection believing maids whom he
and the daughters of your wives possesses. God best knows your
with whom you have faith. You are one of another. So
consummated your marriage; but marry them with their owners
60 The Quran 4:26
permission, and give them their through transgression and
dower according to what is fair, injustice, We shall cast him into
neither committing fornication the Fire; and that is easy for God.
nor taking secret paramours. And If you shun the great sins you
if, after they are married, they have been forbidden, We shall
commit adultery they shall have cancel out your minor misdeeds
half the punishment prescribed and admit you to a place of
for a free woman. This is for honour. 32 Do not covet the
those of you who fear lest he bounties which God has
should fall into sin. But that it is bestowed more abundantly on
better for you to practise self some of you than on others. Men
restraint. God is most forgiving shall be rewarded according to
and merciful. their deeds, and women shall be
26 God wishes to explain things rewarded according to their
to you and guide you to the ways deeds. You should rather ask
of those who have gone before God for His bounty. God has
you and to turn to you in mercy. knowledge of all things. 33 We
God is all knowing and all wise. have appointed heirs for
He wishes to turn towards you everything that parents and close
in mercy, but those who follow relatives leave behind. As for
their own passions want you to those with whom you have
drift far away from the right entered into agreements, let them,
path. 28 God wishes to lighten too, have their due. God is
your burdens, for, man has been witness to all things.
created weak. Men are protectors of
29 Believers, do not wrongfully women, because God has made
consume each others wealth, some of them excel others and
but trade with it by mutual because they spend their wealth
consent. Do not kill one another, on them. So virtuous women are
for God is most merciful to you. obedient and guard in the
30 If anyone does these things husbands absence what God
4:42 Women 61
would have them guard. As for punishment for those who deny
those from whom you apprehend the truth. 38 And [God does not
infidelity, admonish them, then like] those who spend their
refuse to share their beds, and wealth for the sake of ostentation,
finally hit them [lightly].a Then who do not believe in God or the
if they obey you, take no further Last Day. Whoever has Satan as
action against them. For God is his companion has an evil
High, Great. 35 If you fear any companion. 39 What harm could
breach between a man and his befall them if they believed in
wife, appoint one arbiter from God and the Last Day, and spent
his family and one arbiter from out of what God bestowed on
her family. If they both want to them? God knows them well.
set things right, God will bring God does not wrong anyone
about a reconciliation between by as much as a grains weight.
them: He is all knowing and all If there be a good deed, He will
aware. repay twofold, and will bestow
Worship God: and do not out of His own bounty an
associate partners with Him. Be immense reward.
good to your parents, to relatives, What will they do when We
to orphans, to the needy, and the bring a witness from each
neighbour who is a kinsman, and community and bring you as a
the neighbour who is not related witness against these people?
to you and your companions and On that Day, those who were
the wayfarers and those whom bent on denying the truth and
you rightfully possess. God does disobeyed the Messenger will
not like arrogant, boastful people, wish that the earth were made
37 who are miserly and enjoin

others to be the same and conceal a This signifies a symbolic act, as

the riches which God has given the Prophet forbade the beating of
them of His bounty. We woman saying, Never beat Gods
have prepared a humiliating handmaidens.
62 The Quran 4:43
level above them. They will not We hear and we obey, and
be able to hide anything Listen to us and look at us with
from God. 43 Believers, do not favour, that would have been
approach your prayers when you better and more proper for them.
are drunk, until you understand God has rejected them for their
what you say, nor when you are defiance so that they shall not
in a state of impurity, except believe, except a few of them.
when you are on a journeytill O People of the Book,
you have bathed. And if you are believe in what We have sent
ill, or on a journey or have down, fulfilling [the predictions]
relieved yourselves or when you that is with you, before We
have consorted with women and destroy [your sense of] direction,
you cannot find any water, then so as to confound or reject you,
find some clean sand and wipe as We rejected those who broke
your face and your hands with it. the Sabbath: Gods command is
God is gracious and forgiving. always carried out. 48 God will
Do you not know of those not forgive anyone for
who were in possession of a associating something with Him,
portion of the Book? They buy while He will forgive whoever
up error and want you to lose He wishes for anything besides
your way. 45 God is quite aware that. Whoever ascribes partners
as to who your enemies are; God to God is guilty of a monstrous
suffices as a patron, and God sin. 49 Have you not seen those
suffices as a supporter. 46 Some who consider themselves pure?
Jews take words out of their It is indeed God who purifies
context and say, We have heard, whoever He pleases and none
but we disobey, or Hear without shall be wronged by as much as
listening. And they say Look at a hairs breadth. 50 See how they
us, twisting the phrase with their attribute their own lying
tongues so as to disparage inventions to God. This is in
religion. But if they had said, itself a flagrant sin!
4:61 Women 63
51 Have you not seen those enter Gardens through which
who were in possession of a rivers flow, to dwell therein
portion of the Book? They forever; therein they shall have
believe in idols and devils. They pure spouses, and We shall admit
say of those who deny the truth, them into a dense shade.
They are more rightly guided God commands you to hand
than the believers. 52 Those are back your trusts to their rightful
the ones God has rejected: you owners, and when you judge
will not find anyone to help between people, to judge with
those God has rejected. 53 Have fairness. Gods instructions to
they a share in Gods kingdom? you are excellent. God hears and
If they did, they would not give sees all things. 59 Believers, obey
others so much as the groove of God and obey the Messenger
a date stone. 54 Do they envy and those who have been
others because of what God has entrusted with authority among
given them out of His bounty? you. If you are in dispute over
We granted the House of any matter, refer it to God and
Abraham the Book and wisdom the Messenger, if you truly
and We granted them a great believe in God and the Last Day:
kingdom. 55 Some of them this is best, and best in the end.
believed in it and some held Have you not seen those who
back from it. Hell will suffice as profess to believe in what has
a blazing Fire. 56 We shall send been revealed to you and [to
those who reject Our revelations other prophets] before you? They
to the Fire. When their skins are seek the judgement of evil
burnt up, We shall replace them people, although they were
with new ones so that they may commanded not to obey them.
continue to taste the punishment. And Satan wants to lead them
God is mighty and wise. 57 As far astray. 61 When they are told,
for those who believe and do Come to what God has sent
good works, We shall make them down and to the Messenger, you
64 The Quran 4:62
see the hypocrites turn away dwellings, they would have not
from you. 62 How will it be when done it, save a few of them. If
an affliction befalls them because they had done what they were
of what they themselves have instructed to do, it would have
done? They will come to you, been better for them, as well as
swearing by God, saying that more strengthening [for their
they were seeking nothing but faith], 67 and We would have
goodwill and conciliation. 63 But given them a great reward of Our
God knows all that is in their own, 68 and guided them to a
hearts; so ignore what they say, straight path. 69 Whoever obeys
admonish them and speak to God and the Messenger will be
them in such terms as will address among those He has blessed: the
their minds. messengers, the truthful, the
64 All the messengers We sent witnesses, and the righteous.
were meant to be obeyed by What excellent companions these
Gods leave. If they had come to are! 70 That is Gods favour.
you and sought forgiveness from Sufficient is Gods infinite
God whenever they wronged knowledge.
themselves, and the Messenger You who believe, take your
had prayed for forgiveness for precautions and then go forth in
them, they would have found small groups or go forth all
that God is ever-forgiving and together. 72 Among you are some
merciful. 65 By your Lord, they who lag behind and if you
will not be true believers until encounter a setback, they say,
they seek your arbitration in their God has been gracious to me; I
disputes and find within was not present with them. 73 But
themselves no doubt about what if, by Gods grace, good fortune
you decide and accept it should be your lot, they will say,
wholeheartedly. 66 If We had If only I had been with them I
commanded them, Lay down should have achieved a great
your lives or leave your success, as if no affection had
4:81 Women 65
existed between you and them. postpone it for a little while
Let those who would exchange longer! Say, The benefits of
the life of this world for the this world are negligible and the
Hereafter, fight for the cause of Hereafter will be better for one
God;a whoever fights for the who fears God; and you shall not
cause of God, whether he is slain be wronged in the slightest.
or is victorious, to him We shall 78 Wherever you may be, death

give a great reward. 75 And how will overtake you, even if you be
should you not fight for the in strongly built towers. If some
cause of God, and for the helpless good befalls them, they say, This
old men, women, and children is from God, and if ill befalls
who say, Deliver us, Lord, from them, they say, This is from
this city of wrongdoers, grant us you. Tell them, All is from
a protector out of Your grace and God. But what is wrong with
grant us a supporter out of Your these people that they fail
grace? 76 The believers fight for to understand anything?
the cause of God, while those Whatever good befalls you, it
who reject faith fight for Satan. is from God: and whatever ill
Then fight the allies of Satan: befalls you is from yourself. We
Satans scheming is truly weak. have sent you forth as a
Have you not seen those to messenger to mankind; and God
whom it was said, Restrain your suffices as a witness.
hands, say your prayers and pay He who obeys the Messenger
the prescribed alms? And when obeys God. As for those who
they have been ordered to fight, turn away, know that We have
some of them have felt afraid of not sent you to be their keeper.
human beings just as they should 81 They say: We obey you, but

be afraid of God, or they are as soon as they leave you, a

even more afraid. They say, Our
Lord, why have You ordered us a See pages xiv to xvii of the
to fight? If You would only Introduction.
66 The Quran 4:82
group of them plan together by rallies to an evil cause shall be
night against what you say. God answerable for his part in it: for,
records whatever they scheme. indeed, God watches over
So ignore them, and put your everything. 86 When you are
trust in God. God is sufficient as greeted by anyone, respond with
a trustee. 82 Do they not ponder a better greeting or at least return
on the Quran? If it had been it; God takes account of all
from anyone other than God, things. 87 He is God: there is no
they would have found much deity other than Him. He will
inconsistency in it. 83 When they gather you all together on the
hear any news, whether of peace Day of Resurrection, there is no
or of something fearful, they doubt about it. Whose word can
spread it about; whereas if they be truer than Gods?
referred it to the Messenger and 88 How is it that you are divided
to those in authority among them, into two groups regarding the
those of them who sought news hypocrites, when God Himself
would have investigated it and cast them back [to disbelief]
could have arrived at the truth of because of their misdeeds? Do
the matter. But for Gods grace you seek to guide those whom
and mercy, all but a few of you God allows to go astray? You
would have followed Satan. cannot guide those whom God
So fight for the cause of allows to go astray. 89 They want
God. You are responsible only you to deny the Truth, so that
for yourself. Urge on the you may become all alike. Do
believers. God may fend off the not take them as your allies until
power [violence] of those who they emigrate in the way of God.
deny the truth, for He is stronger If they turn back, seize them and
in might and stronger in inflicting kill them a wherever you may
punishment. 85 Whoever rallies
to a good cause shall have a a See pages xiv to xvii of the

share in its blessing; and whoever Introduction.

4:94 Women 67
find them; and take no friend or believer by mistake should free a
helper from among them. 90 But believing slave and pay blood
make an exception of those who money to the victims relatives
seek refuge with people with unless they forego it as an act of
whom you have a treaty, or who charity. If the victim belongs to
come over to you because their a people at war with you, but is
hearts forbid them to fight against a believer, then the compensation
you or against their own people. is to free a believing slave. If he
Had God pleased, He would belongs to a people with whom
have given them power over you have a treaty, then blood-
you, so that they would have money should be handed over to
taken up arms against you. his relatives and a believing slave
Therefore, if they keep away set free. Anyone who lacks the
from you and cease their hostility means must fast for two
and propose peace to you, God consecutive months. Such is the
does not allow you to harm penance imposed by God. God
them. 91 You will find others is all knowing and wise. 93 If
who wish to be safe from you, anyone kills a believer
and from their own people, deliberately, his reward shall be
yet whenever they find an eternal Hell. God will condemn
opportunity of inflicting harm, him and reject him, and prepare
they plunge into it. So if they for him a terrible punishment.
neither withdraw, nor offer you Believers, when you go forth
peace, nor restrain themselves in the cause of God, make due
from fighting you, seize and kill investigation and do not say to
them wherever you encounter those who offer you the greeting
them. Over such people We have of peace, You are no believer!
given you clear authority. because you seek the good things
92 No believer should kill of this life. With God there are
another believer, unless it be by good things in plenty. You
mistake. Anyone who kills a yourself were in the same
68 The Quran 4:95
position before, but God weak ones among men, women
conferred His special favour on and children, as are incapable of
you. Therefore, take care to adopting any plan or of finding
investigate. Surely God is well- any way out. 99 God may well
aware of what you do. 95 Those pardon them. God is ever-
believers who stay behindapart pardoning and ever forgiving.
from those forced by necessity 100 Whoever emigrates for the

are not equal to those who strive cause of God will find many
hard in Gods cause with their places of refuge in the land and
possessions and their persons. plentiful provision. Those who
God has given those who strive leave home for the cause of God
with their goods and their persons and His Messenger; but is then
a higher rank than those who overtaken by death, shall be
stayed behind. God has promised recompensed by God. God is
all a good reward; but far greater most forgiving and ever-merciful.
is the recompense of those who 101 When you [believers] are

strive for Him96 high ranks travelling in the land, you will
conferred by Him as well as not be blamed for shortening
forgiveness and mercy. God is your prayers, if you fear the
forgiving and merciful. disbelievers may harm you. They
When the angels take the are your avowed enemies.
souls of those who have wronged 102 When you are among the

themselves, they will ask, What believers and lead them in prayer,
was wrong with you? They will let only part of them stand up
answer, We were too weak on along with you, armed with their
earth. The angels will say, Was weapons. After they have
Gods earth not spacious enough prostrated themselves, let them
for you to have migrated to some withdraw to the rear to stand
other place? These are the ones guard and then let another party,
whose abode shall be Hell, an who have not yet prayed, come
evil destination98 except such forward and pray with you. And
4:112 Women 69
let them also be on their guard, has shown you. And do not be an
armed with their weapons. Those advocate for the treacherous.
who deny the truth want you to 106 Ask God for forgiveness: He

be negligent of your arms and is most forgiving and merciful.

your baggage, so that they may 107 And do not plead on behalf of

fall upon you suddenly. It is no those who are dishonest to

offence for you to lay aside your themselves. Surely God does not
arms when overtaken by heavy love one who is treacherous and
rain or illness, and always take sinful. 108 They feel ashamed
every precaution for defence. before men but do not feel
God has prepared a humiliating ashamed before God, despite His
punishment for those who deny being present with them when
the truth. 103 When you have they plot at night, uttering things
finished the prayer, remember of which He does not approve;
God while standing, and sitting, and indeed God is fully aware of
and lying on your sides. When what they do.
you feel secure, say your prayers You might argue on their
in the prescribed form. Believers behalf in the life of this world:
are under the obligation to say but who will argue on their behalf
their prayers at the appointed with God on the Day of
hours. 104 Do not relent in the Resurrection and who will be
pursuit of the enemy. If you are their defender? 110 Yet anyone
suffering hardships, they too are who does evil or wrongs his own
suffering similar hardships, but soul and then asks God for
what you can hope for from forgiveness will find God
God, they cannot. God is all forgiving and merciful. 111 He
knowing and wise. who commits sin does so against
105 We have sent the Book his own soul. God is all knowing
down to you with the truth so and wise. 112 And anyone who
that you may judge among commits an offence or a sin, then
mankind by means of what God charges an innocent person with
70 The Quran 4:113
it, shall certainly bear the guilt Whoever ascribes partners to
of a calumny and a manifest sin. God has strayed far indeed.
113 If it were not for the grace of 117 They [the polytheists] call

God and His mercy to you, some upon female deities, and they
of them had resolved to lead you invoke none but Satan, the
astray but they lead astray no one rebellious one, 118 whom God
but themselves. Nor can they do has rejected. He said [to God], I
you any harm. God has sent will assuredly take a number of
down to you the Book and Your servants, 119 and shall lead
Wisdom and has taught you what them astray, and fill them with
you did not know. Gods favour vain desires and order them to
to you has been great indeed. slit the ears of cattle. I shall order
There is no good in most of them to tamper with Gods
their secret talk, except in the creation. Whoever chooses Satan
case of those who enjoin charity as a patron instead of God is
and kindness, or reconciliation utterly ruined: 120 he holds out
between people. If anyone does promises to them, and fills them
that, seeking the pleasure of God, with vain desires: but Satans
We will give him an immense promises are nothing but
reward. 115 But if anyone opposes delusion. 121 Hell shall be their
the Messenger after his guidance home: they shall find no refuge
has become clear to him, and from it. 122 As for those who
follows a path other than that of believe and do good works. We
the faithful, We shall let him shall admit them to Gardens
pursue his chosen path and shall through which rivers flow; wherein
cast him into Hell: an evil they will abide forever. This is a
destination. promise from God; and whose
116 Surely, God will not forgive word could be truer than Gods?
the ascribing of partners to Him. 123 It is not your desires, nor

He forgives whoever He will for the desires of the People of the

anything other than that. Book, that shall prevail. Anyone
4:131 Women 71
who commits evil will be has knowledge of all the good
rewarded accordingly. He will you do. 128 If a woman fears ill-
not find any protector or patron treatment or indifference on the
for himself besides God. part of her husband, it shall be
124 Anyone who performs good no offence for her to seek a
deeds, whether it be a man or reconciliation, for reconciliation
woman, provided that he is a is best. But people are prone to
believer, shall enter Paradise. selfish greed. If you do good and
No one shall suffer the least fear Him, surely God is aware of
injustice. 125 Who is better in what you do. 129 You will never
faith than one who submits be able to treat your wives with
himself wholly to God, acts equal fairness, however much
righteously, and follows the you may desire to do so, but do
religion of Abraham, the upright not ignore one wife altogether,
in faith, whom God chose for a leaving her suspended [between
friend? 126 To God belongs all marriage and divorce]. And if
that the heavens and earth you make amends and act
contain. God has knowledge of righteously, surely God is most
all things. forgiving and merciful. 130 If they
127 They consult you decide to separate, God will
concerning women. Say, God compensate both out of His
has given you directions own abundance: God is bountiful
concerning them. The and wise.
commandment given to you in 131 All that the heavens and

the Book concerns the orphan the earth contain belongs to God.
girls to whom you do not give We have commanded those who
what is prescribed for them, and were given the Scripture before
whom you nevertheless desire to you, and We command you to
marry, and about helpless fear God. If you deny Him, know
children. He has instructed you that all that the heavens and the
to deal justly with orphans. God earth contain belongs to God.
72 The Quran 4:132
God is self-sufficient and sent down before. He who denies
praiseworthy. 132 All that the God, His angels, His Scriptures,
heavens and the earth contain His messengers and the Last
belongs to God; and none is as Day has surely gone far astray.
worthy of trust as God. 133 If He 137 As for those who come to

wanted, He could remove you believe, and then deny the truth,
altogether and replace you with and again come to believe, and
other people: He has the full again deny the truth, and
power to do so. 134 If one desires thereafter grow stubborn in their
the rewards of this world [let denial of the truthGod will
him remember that] with God never forgive them, nor will He
are the rewards of [both] this guide them. 138 Warn the
world and the life to come: hypocrites that for them there is
and God is indeed all hearing, a painful punishment. 139 As for
all seeing. those who take the deniers of the
135 Believers, be strict in truth for their allies rather than
upholding justice and bear the believersdo they seek
witness for the sake of God, even honour in their company? Surely
though it be against yourselves, all honour belongs to God.
your parents, or your kindred. 140 He has instructed you in

Be they rich or poor, God knows the Book that, when you hear
better about them both. Do not, people deny or ridicule Gods
then, follow your own desires, revelations, you must not sit
lest you swerve from justice. If with them unless they engage in
you conceal the truth or evade it, other talk, or else you yourselves
then remember that God is well shall become like them. God
aware of all that you do. will gather all the hypocrites and
136 Believers, believe in God those who deny the truth together
and His Messenger and in the in Hell. 141 The hypocrites wait
Scripture He sent down to His to see what happens to you and,
Messenger, as well as what He if God grants you a victory, they
4:152 Women 73
say, Were we not on your side? mend their ways, who hold fast
And if those who deny the truth to God and are sincere in their
have a share of it [victory] they worship of God will be joined
say to them, Did we not help with the believers; and God will
you win, and protect you from bestow a great reward upon the
the believers? God will judge believers. 147 Why should God
between you [all] on punish you, if you render thanks
Resurrection Day. And never will to Him and believe in Him? God
God allow those who deny the is appreciative and aware.
truth to harm the believers. God does not love the
142 The hypocrites seek to utterance of evil words except in
outwit Godbut it is He who the case of someone who has
outwits them. And when they been wronged. God hears all and
stand up for prayer, they do so knows all. 149 Whether you reveal
reluctantly and to be seen by any good or hide it, or pardon
others, and they hardly remember any evil, God is forgiving and all
God at all. 143 They vacillate powerful. 150 Those who deny
between the two, belonging God and His messengers and
neither to one side nor the other. seek to make a distinction
But for him whom God allows between God and His messengers
to go astray you can never find and say, We believe in some
the way for him. 144 Do not take messengers and disbelieve in
deniers of the truth [who are at others, and desire to adopt a
war with you] for your allies in position in between. 151 Those
preference to believers. Would indeed are they who are denying
you give God a clear proof the truth beyond doubt, and We
against yourselves? 145 The have prepared a humiliating
hypocrites shall surely be in the punishment for the deniers. 152 To
lowest depth of the Fire; and you those who believe in God and
will find no helper for them. His messengers, and make no
146 But those who repent and distinction between any of them,
74 The Quran 4:153
to thoseWe shall surely give account of their denial of the
them their rewards. God is most truth. Except for a few of them,
forgiving and merciful. they have no faith. 156 They
The People of the Book ask denied the truth and uttered a
you to bring down for them a monstrous slander against Mary.
book from heaven. Of Moses They declared, We have put
they demanded a greater thing to death the Messiah, Jesus, son
than that. They said to him: of Mary, the Messenger of God.
Show us God face to face. A They did not kill him, nor did
thunderbolt struck them for their they crucify him, but it only
wickedness. After that, they took seemed to them [as if it had been
to worshipping the [golden] calf, so]. And those who differ in this
after all evidence of the truth had matter are in doubt concerning it.
come to them! Yet We pardoned They have no definite knowledge
even that and bestowed on Moses about it, but only follow mere
clear authority. 154 And We raised conjecture. But they certainly
above them the Mount, while did not kill him. 158 God raised
making a covenant with them, him towards Himself. God is
and We said to them. Enter the almighty and wise.
gate humbly, and We also 159 There is none among the

commanded them, Transgress People of the Book but will

not in the matter of the Sabbath. believe in it before his death;
We took from them a firm and on the Day of Resurrection
covenant. he shall be a witness against them.
155 160
But they broke their Because of the wrongdoings
covenant; and they rejected the of the Jews, We forbade them
signs of God; and put the certain good things that had been
prophets to death without allowed to them before; for
justification, and said, Our having frequently debarred
hearts are sealed. It is God who others from Gods path; 161 for
has sealed their hearts, on taking usury, when they had been
4:170 Women 75
forbidden to do so. And because coming of the messengers. God
of their devouring peoples is mighty, wise.a
wealth wrongfully. We have 166 But God bears witness to

prepared a painful punishment what He has sent down to you.

for those of them who [continue He has sent it down with His
to] deny the truth. 162 But to knowledge. The angels too bear
those of them, who are firmly witness. And God suffices as a
grounded in knowledge, and the witness. 167 Those who are bent
believers, who truly believe in on denying the truth and on
what is revealed to you, and what turning others away from the
was revealed before you. To those path of God have strayed far
who pray regularly and pay the from the right path. 168 God will
zakat [prescribed alms] and not forgive those who deny the
believe in God and the Last Day, truth and act wrongfully, nor
We will surely give a great reward. will He guide them, 169 to any
163 We have sent revelation to path other than the path of Hell,
you [Prophet] as We did to Noah wherein they shall abide forever.
and the prophets who came after That is easy enough for God.
him, to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Mankind! The Messenger has
Jacob, and the Tribes, to Jesus, brought you the truth from your
Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon a God created man, and then He
and David, to whom We gave the
created Paradise and Hell. Man was
Psalms. 164 We have told you later settled on the earth. Here man
about some messengers sent has freedom to do as he wishes. But
previously, while We have not this freedom is not forever. It is
yet told you about others. God temporary and meant for his trial. It is
spoke to Moses directly. 165 They so that good and bad may be
were messengers, bearing good distinguished from one another. God
is watching those who, despite being
news and giving warning, so granted freedom, can adopt realistic
that mankind would have no attitudes, and surrender themselves to
excuse before God, after the the will of God.
76 The Quran 4:171
Lord, so believe for your own recompensed by Him. And He
good. And if you deny the truth, will give them yet more out of
know that to God belongs all that His bounty; and as for those who
the heavens and the earth contain. were disdainful and proud, He
God is all knowing and wise. will punish them with a painful
People of the Book! Do not punishment. And they will not
go to extremes in your religion. find anyone to help or protect
Say nothing but the truth about them against God. 174 Men, you
God. The Christ Jesus, son of have received clear evidence
Mary, was only a messenger of from your Lord. We have sent
God and His word, conveyed to down a clear light to you.
Mary, a spirit from Him. So 175 As for those who believe in

believe in God and His God and hold fast to Him, He

messengers and do not say: will admit them to His mercy
There are three [gods]. Desist, and His grace; He will guide
it will be better for you. Indeed, them towards Him on a straight
God is the one and only God. His path. 176 They ask you for
Holiness is far above having a instruction. Say, God instructs
son. To Him belongs whatever is you concerning the indirect heirs.
in the heavens and whatever is on If a person dies childless but has
the earth. And God is sufficient a sister, she receives half of what
as a guardian. 172 Surely, the he leaves, and he is her heir if
Messiah would never disdain to she dies childless. If there are
be accounted a servant of God. two sisters, they receive two-
Nor would the angels who are thirds of what he leaves. If there
nearest to Him. If any do disdain are brothers and sisters, the share
to worship Him, and grow of each male shall be that of two
arrogant, He will in any case females. God makes things clear
gather them all before Him. to you, so that you will not go
Those who believe and do astray. God has knowledge of
good works will be fully all things.
5 . T H E TA B L E
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 blood and pork; and any flesh
Believers, fulfill your
obligations. All livestock is over which the name of any
lawful for you, other than that other than God is invoked; and
which is hereby announced to any creature which has been
you. You are forbidden to kill strangled, or killed by a blow or
game while you are on a in a fall, or has been gored to
pilgrimageGod commands death or half-eaten by a wild
what He will. 2 Believers, violate animal, saving that which you
neither the sanctity of Gods make lawful [by slaughtering
signs, the Sacred Month, the properly while it was still alive]
sacrificial animals, the animals and what has been slaughtered at
wearing garlands [indicating they an altar. You are forbidden to
are to be sacrificed] nor those on make the division of [meat] by
their way to the Sacred House means of divining arrows: that is
seeking the bounty and pleasure sinful conduct. Those who deny
of their Lord. When, on the truth have this day despaired
completion of your pilgrimage, of ever harming your religion.
you take off the garb of the So do not fear them. Fear Me.
pilgrim, you may hunt. Do not Today I have completed your
let the enmity of those who religion for you and completed
barred you from the Sacred My blessing upon you. I have
Mosque lead you into sin. Help chosen for you Islam as your
one another in goodness and in religion. But if anyone is forced
piety. Do not help one another in by hunger to eat something which
sin and transgression. Fear God! is forbidden, not intending to
God is severe in punishment. commit a sin, he will find God
3 You are forbidden carrion, forgiving and merciful.
78 The Quran 5:4
4 If they ask you what has been state of impurity, take a full bath.
made lawful for them, say, All Should you be ill or on a journey
good things have been made or when you have just relieved
lawful for you; and what you yourselves, or you have
have taught your birds and beasts consorted with your spouses,
of prey to catch, training them as purify yourself by bathing. If
God has taught you. So eat what you can find no water, take some
they catch for you, but first clean sand and rub your faces
pronounce Gods name over it. and hands with it. God does not
Fear God, for God is swift in wish to place any burden on you;
taking account. 5 Today, all good He only wishes to purify you and
things have been made lawful to perfect His favour to you, in
you. The food of the People of order that you may be grateful.
the Book is lawful to you, and 7 Remember Gods favour to

your food is lawful to them. The you, and the covenant, which He
chaste believing women and the made with you when you said,
chaste women of the people who We hear and we obey. Fear
were given the Book before you, God. God has full knowledge of
are lawful to you, provided that the innermost thoughts of men.
you give them their dowers, and 8 Believers, be steadfast in the

marry them, neither committing cause of God and bear witness

fornication nor taking them as with justice. Do not let your
mistresses. The deeds of anyone enmity for others turn you away
who rejects the faith will come from justice. Deal justly; that is
to nothing, and in the Hereafter nearer to being God-fearing. Fear
he will be among the losers. God. God is aware of all that you
6 Believers, when you rise to do. 9 God has promised those
pray, wash your faces and your who believe and do good deeds
hands up to the elbows and wipe forgiveness and a great reward;
your heads and [wash] your feet but those who deny the truth
up to the ankles. If you are in a and deny Our signs are destined
5:17 The Table 79
for Hell. 11 Believers, remember them. But pardon them, and bear
the blessings which God with them; truly, God loves the
bestowed upon you when a doers of good.
certain people were about to lay We also made a covenant
hands on you and He held back with those who say, We are
their hands from you. Have fear Christians. But they too have
of God and in God let the forgotten much of what they
believers place their trust. were enjoined. So, We have put
12 God made a covenant with enmity and hatred between them
the Children of Israel; and raised till the Day of Judgement; and
among them twelve leaders. God soon God will declare to them
said, Surely, I am with you. If what they have been doing.
you attend to your prayers and People of the Book! Our
pay the alms and believe in My Messenger has come to make
messengers and support them, clear to you much of what you
and give a generous loan to God, have hidden of the Scriptures
I will certainly forgive you your and to forgive you much. A light
sins and admit you into Gardens has now come to you from God
through which rivers flow. and a clear Book, 16 whereby
Whoever among you denies the God guides to the ways of peace
truth after this shall go astray all who seek His good pleasure,
from the straight path. 13 Since bringing them from darkness to
they broke their solemn pledge, the light, by His will, and guiding
We laid on them Our curse and them to a straight path. 17 In
hardened their hearts. They blasphemy indeed are those who
distorted the meaning of the say, God is Christ, the son of
revealed words, taking them out Mary. Say, Who then could
of their context, and forgot much prevent God if He so willed
of what they were enjoined. You from destroying Christ, son of
will constantly discover treachery Mary, and his mother and
on their part, except for a few of everyone on earth? The kingdom
80 The Quran 5:18
of the heavens and the earth and you [favours] such as He has not
everything between them belong granted to anyone else in the
to God. He creates what He will world. 21 O my people! Enter the
and God has power over all things. holy land which God has
18 The Jews and the Christians assigned for you. Do not turn
say, We are the children of God back, or you will be the losers.
and His beloved ones. Say, 22 They said, Moses, in that land

Then why does He punish you there is a powerful people. Never

for your sins? Indeed, you are shall we enter it until they leave
but human beings among those it: if they leave, then we shall
He has created. He forgives certainly enter it. 23 Thereupon
whom He pleases and punishes two God-fearing men whom God
whom He pleases. The kingdom had blessed said, Go into them
of the heavens and the earth and through the gatefor as soon as
all that is between them, belong you enter, you shall surely be
to God and all shall return to victorious! Put your trust in God
Him. 19 People of the Book, Our if you are true believers. 24 They
Messenger has come to you to said, We will never enter it,
make things clear to you after an Moses, as long as they are there.
interval between the messengers, Go, you and your Lord, and
lest you say, No bearer of glad fight, and we will stay here.
25 Moses supplicated, Lord, I
tidings and no warner has come
to us. So a bearer of glad tidings have power over none but myself
and a warner has indeed come to and my brother; so separate us
you. God has the power to do from the disobedient people.
all things. God said, The land is
20 Remember when Moses said forbidden to them for forty years,
to his people, O my people! while they wander around the
Remember Gods favour to you, earth, bewildered; do not grieve
He has raised up prophets among over these wicked people.
27 Relate to them, the true story
you, made you kings, and granted
5:36 The Table 81
of the two sons of Adam. When corruption in the land shall be
they both presented an offering, regarded as having killed all
it was accepted from one of mankind, and that whoever saved
them and not from the other. The a human life shall be regarded as
latter said, I shall kill you! The having saved all mankind. Our
former said, God accepts messengers came to them with
[things] only from the righteous. clear signs, but many of them
If you raise your hand to kill continued to commit excesses in
me, I will not raise mine to kill the land. 33 Those that make war
you. I fear God, the Lord of the against God and His Messenger
Universe, 29 and I want you to and spread disorder in the land
bear your sins against me as well shall be put to death or crucified
as your own sins and become an or have their hands and feet cut
inhabitant of the Fire. Such is off on alternate sides, or be
the reward of the wrongdoers. banished from the country. They
30 His lower self persuaded shall be disgraced in this world,
him to kill his brother, and he and then severely punished in
killed him and he became one of the Hereafter, 34 except for those
the lost. 31 Then God sent a raven, who repent before you gain
which scratched the earth, so power over them: for you must
that He might show him how to know that God is forgiving and
hide the corpse of his brother. merciful.
Alas! he cried, Am I not able Believers, fear God and seek
even to be like this raven, so that ways to come closer to Him and
I may hide the corpse of my strive for His cause, so that you
brother? And he repented. may prosper. 36 As for those who
32 That was why We laid it reject Faith, if they had
down for the Children of Israel everything on earth, and twice as
that whoever killed a human much again and offered it to
beingexcept as a punishment ransom themselves from the
for murder or for spreading torment of the Day of
82 The Quran 5:37
Resurrection, it shall not be [religious leaders] who do not
accepted from themthey will come to you [out of pride and
have a painful punishment. conceit]. They [these leaders]
They will want to get out of take words out of their context
the Fire but they will be unable and say, If this be given to you,
to do so: theirs shall be a lasting receive it, but if not, then
punishment. 38 Cut off the hands beware! If anyones trial is
of thieves, whether they are male intended by God, you cannot in
or female, as a [deterrent] the least prevail against God on
punishment from God for what his behalf. Those whose hearts
they have done. God is almighty God does not intend to purify
and wise. 39 But God will surely shall be subjected to disgrace in
turn in mercy to him who repents this world and a severe
after his transgression and punishment in the Hereafter.
reforms. Surely, God is most They listen eagerly to
forgiving and ever merciful. falsehood, and devour forbidden
Do you not know that the things voraciously. If they come
kingdom of the heavens and to you, then judge between them
earth belongs to God? He or avoid them. If you avoid
punishes whom He will and them, they can in no way harm
forgives whom He pleases. God you, but if you do judge, judge
has power over all things. them with fairness: God loves
Messenger, do not be grieved those that deal justly. 43 But why
by those who vie with one do they come to you for
another in denying the truth; judgement when they have the
those who say with their tongues, Torah, which enshrines Gods
We believe, but have no faith own judgement? Yet, in spite of
in their hearts; from among the that, they turn their backs; and
Jews also, there are those who certainly they will not believe.
listen eagerly to any lies. They We have revealed the Torah,
listen to you to convey to others in which there is guidance and
5:49 The Table 83
light. By it the prophets who according to what God has
were obedient to Us judged the revealed in it. Those who do not
Jews, and so did the rabbis and judge by what God has sent
the priests, according to Gods down are rebellious.
Book which had been entrusted 48 We have sent down the Book

to their care; and to which they to you with the truth, fulfilling [the
were witnesses. Have no fear of predictions] revealed in the previous
man; fear Me, and do not sell My scriptures and determining what is
revelations for a paltry sum. true therein, and as a guardian over
Those who do not judge by what it. Judge, therefore, between them
God has sent down are deniers by what God has revealed, and do
of truth. 45 We prescribed for not follow their vain desires turning
them in [the Torah]: a life for a away from the truth that has come
life, an eye for an eye, a nose for to you. To every one of you We
a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth have ordained a law and a way, and
for a tooth, and a wound for a had God so willed, He would have
wound. But, if anyone forgoes it, made you all a single community,
this shall be for him an expiation. but He did not so will, in order that
Those who do not judge by what He might try you by what He has
God has sent down are given you. Vie, then, with one
wrongdoers! 46 We caused Jesus, another in doing good works; to
son of Mary to follow in their God you shall all return; then He
footsteps, fulfilling what had will make clear to you about what
been revealed before him in the you have been disputing.
Torah. We gave him the Gospel, Judge between them by what
which contained guidance and God has sent down and do not be
light, fulfilling what was revealed led by their desires. Beware of
before it in the Torah: a guide them lest they turn you away
and an admonition to the God- from a part of that what God has
fearing. 47 Therefore, let those revealed to you. If they reject
who follow the Gospel judge your judgement, know that God
84 The Quran 5:50
intends to punish them for the Him and are loved by Him, who
sins they have committed. Indeed will be kind and considerate
a large number of the people are towards believers and firm and
disobedient. 50 Is it pagan laws unyielding towards those who
that they wish to be judged by? deny the truth. They will strive
Who is a better judge than God hard for the cause of God and
for men whose faith is firm? will in no way take to heart the
Believers, do not take the reproaches of the fault finder.
Jews and Christians as allies. Such is Gods bounty, which He
They are allies with one another. gives to anyone He wishes. God
Whoever of you takes them as an is bountiful and all-knowing.
ally shall become one of them. 55 Your helpers are only God and

God does not guide the His Messenger and the believers
wrongdoers. 52 You will see those who say their prayers and pay
whose minds are diseased the alms and bow down in
hastening towards them, saying, worship. 56 Those who ally
We fear lest a misfortune befall themsleves with God, His
us. But God may well bring Messenger, and the believers
about victory or make a decision must know that Gods party is
which is favourable to you. Then sure to triumph.
they will repent of the thoughts, Believers! Do not seek the
which they secretly harboured in friendship of those who were
their hearts. 53 Then the believers given the Book before you or the
will say, Are these the men who disbelievers who ridicule your
swore their strongest oaths by religion and make a jest of it.a
God, that they were with you? Have fear of God, if you are true
Their works will come to nothing believers. 58 When you call them
and they will lose all. to prayer, they treat it as a jest
54 Believers, if any among you and a diversion. This is because
renounce the faith, God will
replace them by others who love a See note to 3:28.
5:66 The Table 85
they are devoid of understanding. what is unlawful? Their actions
Say, People of the Book! Do are indeed vile.
you resent us only because we 64 The Jews say, The hand of

believe in God and in what has God is tied up. May their own
been revealed to us and to others hands be tied up and may they be
before, and because most of you cursed for what they say. No
are disobedient? 60 Say, Shall I indeed! His hands are both
tell you who will receive a worse outstretched: He bestows as He
reward from God? Those whom will. What is revealed to you
God has rejected and with whom from your Lord will surely
He has been angry transforming increase in most of them their
them into apes and swine, and obstinate rebellion and denial of
those who serve the devil.a They truth; and We have sown among
were condemned as apes and them enmity and hatred till the
swine and those who worship Day of Resurrection. Whenever
the evil. These are in the worst they kindle the fire of war, God
plight and farthest astray from puts it out. They spread evil in
the right path. the land, but God does not love
When they come to you they the evil-doers.
say, We believe, but they come 65 If only the People of the

[with the resolve] to deny the Book would believe and be

truth and leave in the same state. mindful of God, We would surely
God knows best what they are pardon their sins and We would
concealing. 62 You see many surely admit them into the
among them vie with one another Gardens of Bliss. 66 If they had
in sin and transgression and
a It is not in a literal sense but has
practice what is unlawful. It is
vile indeed what they have been a symbolic conotation, describing their
moral degradation. They were not
doing! 63 Why do their rabbis converted to such animals in physical
and scholars not forbid them to sense, but their character and
utter sinful words or to consume behaviour became like apes and swine.
86 The Quran 5:67
observed the Torah and the 70 We made a covenant with
Gospel and what was revealed to the Children of Israel and sent
them from their Lord, they would forth messengers among them.
surely have been nourished from But whenever a messenger came
above and from below. There are to them with a message that was
some among them who are on not to their liking, some they
the right course; but there are accused of lying, while others
many among them who do they put to death, 71 and they
nothing but evil. imagined that no harm would
O Messenger, deliver come to them; and so they
whatever has been sent down to became blind and deaf [of heart].
you by your Lord. If you do not God turned to them in mercy; yet
do so, you will not have conveyed again many of them became blind
His message. God will defend and deaf. God is fully aware of
you from mankind. For God does their actions.
not guide those who deny the truth. 72 Indeed, they are deniers of
Say, People of the Book, the truth who say, God is the
you have no ground to stand on Christ, the son of Mary. For the
until you observe the Torah and Christ himself said, Children of
the Gospel and what is revealed Israel, serve God, my Lord and
to you from your Lord. What is your Lord. If anyone associates
revealed to you from your Lord anything with God, God will
will surely increase many of them forbid him the Garden and the
in rebellion and in their denial of Fire will be his home. The
the truth. But do not grieve for wrongdoers shall have no
those who deny the truth. helpers. 73 They are deniers of
69 Believers, Jews, Sabaeans and the truth who say, God is one of
Christianswhoever believes in three. There is only One God. If
God and the Last Day and does they do not desist from so saying,
what is rightshall have nothing a painful punishment is bound to
to fear nor shall they grieve. befall such of them as are bent
5:84 The Table 87
on denying the truth. 74 Why do things they did. Evil indeed were
they not turn to God and ask for their deeds. 80 You see many
His forgiveness? God is forgiving among them allying themselves
and merciful. 75 Christ, son of with those who deny the truth.
Mary, was no more than a Evil is that which their souls
messenger. Many messengers have sent on ahead for them.
passed away before him. His They have incurred the wrath of
mother was a virtuous woman; God and shall suffer eternal
and they both ate food [like punishment. 81 Had they believed
other mortals]. See how We make in God and the Prophet and what
the signs clear to them! See how was revealed to him, they would
they turn away! 76 Say, Do you not have taken those who deny
worship something other than the truth as their allies, but many
God, that has no power to do you of them are disobedient.
harm or good? God alone is the You will find that the
All Hearing and All Knowing. bitterest in their enmity to the
Say, People of the Book! faithful are the Jews and the
Do not go to extremes in your polytheists; the nearest in
religion and do not follow the affection to them are those who
whims of those who went astray say, We are Christians. That is
before youthey caused many because there are priests and
to go astray and themselves monks among them; and because
strayed away from the right path. they are free from pride. 83 When
78 Those of the Children of they listen to what has been sent
Israel who were bent on denying down to the Messenger, you see
the truth were cursed by David their eyes overflowing with tears,
and Jesus, the son of Mary. That because of the Truth they
was because they disobeyed and recognize. They say, Our Lord,
were given to transgression; we believe, so count us among
they would not prevent one those who bear witness. 84 Why
another from doing the wrong should we not believe in God
88 The Quran 5:85
and in the truth that has come That is the expiation of your
down to us? We yearn for our breaking the oaths that you have
Lord to admit us among the sworn. Do keep your oaths. Thus
righteous. 85 And for their words God explains to you His
God will reward them with commandments, so that you may
Gardens through which rivers flow, be grateful.
wherein they shall abide forever. 90 Believers, intoxicants and

That is the reward of those who gambling and [occult dedication

do good. 86 But those who deny of] stones and divining arrows
the truth and deny Our signs will are abominations devised by
become the inmates of Hell. Satan. Avoid them, so that you
87 Believers, do not forbid the may prosper. 91 Satan seeks to
wholesome good things, which sow enmity and hatred among
God made lawful to you. Do not you by means of wine and
transgress; God does not love gambling, and to keep you from
the transgressors. 88 Eat the the remembrance of God and
lawful and wholesome things, from your prayers. Will you not
which God has given you. Fear then abstain? 92 Obey God and
God, in whom you believe. obey the Messenger, and be ever
89 God will not call you to on your guard [against evil]. But
account for your meaningless if you turn away, then know that
oaths, but He will call you to Our Messengers duty is only to
account for the oaths, which you deliver the message clearly.
swear in earnest. The expiation 93 Those who believe and do

for a broken oath is the feeding good deeds will not be blamed
of ten needy men with such food for what they may have
as you normally offer to your consumed [in the past], so long
own people; or the clothing of as they fear God and believe in
ten needy men; or the freeing of Him and do good works; so long
one slave. Anyone who lacks the as they fear God and believe in
means shall fast for three days. Him, so long as they fear God
5:101 The Table 89
and do good deeds. For God provision made for you and for
loves those who do good. seafarers. But you are forbidden
94 Believers, God will test you the game of the land while you
with game which come within are on a pilgrimage. Have fear of
the reach of your hands and God, before whom you shall all
spears, so that He may know be gathered. 97 God has made the
those who fear Him, even if they Kabah, the Sacred House, a
cannot see Him. Anyone who means of support as well as the
oversteps the limits after this sacred month and the sacrificial
will have a painful punishment. animals with their garlands. That
95 Believers, do not kill any game is so that you may know that
while you are on a pilgrimage. God has knowledge of whatever
Anyone of you who kills game is in the heavens and on the earth
deliberately shall make and that He is fully aware of all
compensation with an animal things. 98 Know that God is
which is the equivalent of what severe in punishment, yet most
he has killed, to be determined forgiving and merciful. 99 The
by two just men from among Messengers sole duty is to
you, as an offering brought to convey the message. God knows
the Kabah; or he shall, in what you reveal and what you
expiation, either feed the poor or hide. 100 Say, The bad and the
do the equivalent of that in good are not alike, even though
fasting, so that he may taste the the abundance of the bad may
consequence of his deeds. God appear pleasing to you. So fear
forgives what is past, but if God, O men of understanding,
anyone relapses into so that you may prosper.
wrongdoing, God will exact His 101 Believers, do not ask

retribution. God is mighty, the questions about things which, if

Lord of retribution. they were made known to you,
To hunt and to eat the fish of would only become burdensome
the sea is made lawful for you, a for you; but if you ask them
90 The Quran 5:102
when the Quran is being approaches you, let two just men
revealed, they shall be made from among you act as witnesses
plain to youGod has kept silent when you make your testaments;
about them: God is most or two men from another tribe, if
forgiving and forbearing. the calamity of death overtakes
Other people before you you while you are travelling in
enquired about such things, but the land. Detain them after
when they were disclosed to prayers, and if you doubt their
them, they refused to carry them honesty, let them swear by God,
out. 103 God has ordained no We will not sell our testimony
sanctity about animals described for any price, even to a kinsman.
as bahirah, or saibah, or wasilah And we will not conceal the
or ham.a Those who deny the testimony of God. If we did, we
truth invent falsehoods about would indeed be guilty of sin.
God. Most of them do not use If it turns out that both prove
their reason: 104 when it is said to dishonest, two others should take
them, Come to what God has their place from amongst those
sent down and to the Messenger. whose rights have been usurped
They reply, The faith we have and let them swear by God,
inherited from our fathers saying, Our testimony is indeed
is sufficient for us. Even truer than the testimony of these
though their forefathers knew two. And we have not been
nothing and were not guided! guilty of any misstatement for
105 Believers, take care of your then indeed we would be
own souls. The misguided cannot transgressors. 108 That makes it
harm you as long as you are more likely that people will bear
guided. All of you will return to true witness, or else they will
God. Then He will make you a These are different categories of
realize that which you used to domestic animals which the pre-
do. Islamic Arabs used to dedicate to their
106 Believers, when death
5:115 The Table 91
fear that their oaths will be them with clear signs, when those
contradicted by the oaths of of them who denied the truth
others. Heed God and listen; said, This is sheer magic.
God does not guide a rebellious, [Remember the time], when
disobedient people. I inspired the disciples to believe
The Day when God in Me and in My messenger, they
assembles the messengers and replied, We believe, bear
asks them, What was the witness that we have submitted.
response you received [from the 112 When the disciples said, O

people]? they will reply, We Jesus, son of Mary! Can your

have no knowledge of it. You Lord send down to us from
alone know what is hidden. heaven a table spread with food?
Then God will say, Jesus, He replied, Have fear of God, if
son of Mary, remember My you are true believers. 113 They
favour to you and to your mother: said, We want to eat from it, so
how I strengthened you with the that we may satisfy our hearts
holy spirit, so that you could and know that you have told us
speak to people in childhood the truth, and that we should be
and in maturity; and how I taught witnesses of it. 114 Jesus, son of
you the Book, and wisdom, the Mary, said, O God, our Lord!
Torah and the Gospel; how by Send down for us a table spread
My leave you fashioned from with food from heaven, so that it
clay the shape of a bird and blew may be a feast for us, for the first
upon it, so that, by My leave, it of us and for the last of us: a
became a bird, and healed the sign from You. Give us our
blind and the leper by My sustenance, for You are the best
permission, and when you of sustainers. 115 God replied, I
brought forth the dead by My will certainly send it down to
permission; and how I prevented you, but whosoever of you deny
the Children of Israel from the truth thereafter will be
harming you when you came to punished with a punishment such
92 The Quran 5:116
as I have never meted out to remained among them, and when
anyone else in the world. You did cause me to die, You
116 When God says, Jesus, son were the watcher over them. You
of Mary, did you say to people, are the witness of all things,
Take me and my mother as two 118 and if You punish them, they

deities besides God? He will are surely Your servants; and if

answer, Glory be to You! How You forgive them, You are surely
could I ever say that to which I the Mighty and Wise.
have no right? If I had ever said 119 God will say, This is the

so, You would surely have known Day when the truthful will benefit
it. You know what is in my mind, from their truthfulness. They shall
while I do not know anything forever dwell in Gardens through
that is within Yours. You alone which rivers flow. God is pleased
are the knower of unseen with them and they with Him:
things 117 I told them only what that is the supreme triumph.
You commanded me to, 120 The kingdom of the heavens

Worship God, my Lord and and the earth and everything in

your Lord. I was a witness to them belongs to God: He has
what they did as long as I power over all things.

6 . T H E C AT T L E
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Praise be to God, who has decreed a term [for you]a term
created the heavens and the earth known [only] to Him. Yet you
and brought into being darkness are still in doubt 3 He is God
and light. Yet those who deny both in the heavens and on earth.
the truth set up equals to their He has knowledge of all that you
Lord! 2 It is He who has created hide and all that you reveal. He
you out of clay, and then has knows what you do; 4 yet every
6:16 The Cattle 93
time a sign comes to them from man as well, and would have
their Lord, they turn away from thus added to their confusion.
it. 5 They have rejected truth 10 Messengers have been mocked

whenever it came to them, yet before you, but those who scoffed
[more] news will reach them were overtaken by the very thing
concerning what they have been they scoffed at. 11 Say, Travel
making a mockery of. 6 Have about the land and see what was
they not seen how many the end of the deniers.
generations We destroyed before 12 Say, To whom belongs all

them? We established them on that is in the heavens and earth?

the earth more firmly than you, Say, To God. He has taken it
and We sent the clouds over upon Himself to be merciful.
them, pouring down abundant That He will gather you on the
rain; and made the rivers flow at Day of Resurrection is beyond
their feet. Yet We destroyed them all doubt. Those who have
for their sins, and raised up other forfeited their souls will never
generations after them. have faith. 13 To Him belongs
7 But even if We had sent all that dwells in the night and
down to you a Book written on the day. He is the All Hearing
parchment, and they had touched and the All Knowing. 14 Say,
it with their own handsthose Shall I take as my protector
who deny the truth would still someone other than God, Creator
have said, This is mere magic. of the heavens and the earth,
8 They ask, Why has an angel who feeds all and is fed by
not been sent down to him? If none? Say, I have been
We did send down an angel, the commanded to be the first of
matter would be settled and they those who submit. Do not be one
would not have been granted any of the polytheists. 15 Say, I will
respite. 9 Indeed, if We had sent never disobey my Lord, for I fear
an angel as messenger, We would the punishment of a dreadful
have made him in the form of a Day. 16 Anyone from whom
94 The Quran 6:17
punishment is averted on that invents a lie against God and
Day has been shown great denies His signs? Assuredly, the
mercy by God. That is a supreme wrongdoers will not succeed.
achievement. On the Day when We gather
17 If God should let any harm them all together, We will say to
touch you, no one could remove those who associated [others with
it except He; while if He should Us], Where are those partners
let some good touch you, know that you claimed? 23 Then they
that He has the power to do all will have no excuse but to say,
that He wills. 18 He reigns By God our Lord, we have
Supreme over His servants; and never been polytheists. 24 See
He is the All Wise, the All Aware. how they lie to themselves, and
Ask them, What carries the how those [the deities] they
most weight as a witness? Tell invented have deserted them.
them it is God. He is a witness Among them are some who
between you and me. Say, This listen to you, but We have placed
Quran has been revealed to me veils over their hearts and
so that through it I may warn you deafness in their ears which
and whoever it reaches. Do you prevent them from understanding
really bear witness that there are what you say. Even if they saw
other deities beside God? Say, all the signs, they would still not
I do not bear witness to this. believe in them. When those
Say, He is only one God, and I who deny the truth come to
disown whatever you associate dispute with you, they will say,
with Him. This is nothing but ancient
20 Those to whom We have fables, 26 and they bar others
given the Scriptures know this from believing and themselves
as they know their own sons. But keep away. But they ruin no one
those who have ruined their souls but themselves, though they fail
will not believe. 21 Who does to realize this. 27 If you could
greater wrong than he who only see when they are set before
6:37 The Cattle 95
the Fire. They will say, If only the Home of the Hereafter is best
we could be sent back. Then we for those who fear God. Will you
would not deny the signs of our not understand?
Lord and we would be of the We know that what they say
believers. 28 The truth they used grieves you. It is not you that the
to hide will become all too clear wrongdoers are rejecting, rather
to them. But if they were sent it is the signs of God that they
back, they would return to what reject. 34 Other messengers have
they had been forbidden. For been denied before you, and
they are indeed liars. they bore their rejection and
29 They say, There is nothing persecution steadfastly, until Our
beyond our life in this world: we help came to them. There is no
shall not be raised up again from one who can change the words
the dead. 30 If you could only of God. You have already
see when they are made to stand received some account of those
before their Lord! He will ask messengers. 35 If you find their
them, Is this [second life] not rejection hard to bear, then seek
the truth? They will say, Yes, a tunnel into the ground or a
by our Lord! He will say, Then, ladder into the sky, if you can,
taste the punishment that comes and bring them a sign. Had God
from your having refused to so willed, He would indeed have
acknowledge the truth! given them all [His] guidance.
Those indeed are the losers So do not be among the ignorant.
who deny the meeting with God. 36 Only they who listen can

When the Hour comes on them respond to a call; and as for the
suddenly, they cry, Alas for us, dead, God will raise them up,
that we neglected it! They shall and then they will all return to
bear their burdens on their backs. Him.
Evil are the burdens they shall 37 They ask, Why has no sign

bear. 32 The life of this world is been sent down to him from his
but a sport and a pastime. Surely Lord? Say, God alone has the
96 The Quran 6:38
power to send down a sign. But humble themselves. 43 When the
most of them do not understand: affliction decreed by Us befell
38 there is not an animal that them, they did not humble
moves about on the earth, nor a themselves, but rather their hearts
bird that flies on its two wings, hardened, for Satan had made all
but are creatures like you. We their doings seem fair to them.
have left out nothing in the 44 When they had forgotten Our

Bookthey shall all be gathered admonition, We granted them all

before their Lord. 39 Those who that they desired; but just as they
reject Our signs are deaf and were rejoicing in what they were
dumb, [groping along] in given, We seized them suddenly
darkness. God lets anyone He and they were plunged into
wishes go astray and sets whoever despair. 45 The wrongdoers were
He will on a straight path. thus annihilated. All praise be to
Say, Tell me if the God, the Lord of the Worlds.
punishment of God came upon 46 Say, If God should take

you or the Hour overtook you, away your hearing and your sight
would you call upon any other and seal your hearts, who is the
than God, if you are truthful? deity who could restore it to you
41 Indeed, it is on Him that you save God? See how We explain
would call, and He could remove the signs to them in diverse
that [affliction] which made you ways, yet they turn away. 47 Ask
call on Him, if He will, and then them, Tell me, if the punishment
you would forget [the false of God came upon you suddenly
deities] which you associate with or predictably, would any but the
Him! wrongdoers be destroyed? 48 We
42 We sent messengers before send the messengers only to give
you [Prophet] to many good news and to warn, so those
communities and afflicted their who believe and reform
people with suffering and themselves need have no
hardship, so that they might fear, nor will they grieve.
6:59 The Cattle 97
49 Chastisement will befall those 54 When those who believe in
who reject Our signs because of Our revelations come to you,
their disobedience. 50 Say, I do say, Peace be upon you. Your
not say to you that I possess the Lord has taken it upon Himself
treasures of God, nor do I know to be merciful. So that if any one
the unseen, nor do I say to you among you does evil in ignorance
that I am an angel. I follow only and repents thereafter and makes
that which is revealed to me. amends, then He is most
Say, Are the blind and the seeing forgiving and ever merciful.
alike? Can you not then think? Thus We make plain Our signs,
51 Warn by it those who fear to so that the path of the evil-doers
be gathered before their Lord, might be laid bare.
when they have no guardian or Say, I am forbidden to
intercessor besides God, so that worship those you call upon
they may become God-fearing. besides God. Say, I do not
52 Do not send away those who follow your whims and desires.
call upon their Lord in the If I did, I would go astray and
morning and in the evening, cease to be rightly guided. 57 Say,
seeking only His grace. You are I stand by the clear evidence
not by any means accountable from my Lord, yet you deny it.
for them, nor are they What you seek to hasten is not
accountable for you. If you turn within my power. Judgement is
them away, you yourself will for God alone. He declares the
become one of the unjust. 53 In truth. He is the best of judges.
this way We try some of them by Say, If what you seek to hasten
means of others, so that they were within my power, the matter
may ask, Are these [lowly ones] would be settled between you
whom God has singled out for and me. God best knows the
His favours from among us? evil-doers. 59 He holds the keys
Does God not know best who to the unseen; none knows them
are the grateful ones? but He. He has knowledge of all
98 The Quran 6:60
that land and sea contain. No grateful.? 64 Say, It is God
leaf falls without His knowledge, who delivers you from it and
nor is there a single grain in the from every other distress, yet
darkness of the earth, or anything, you associate partners with Him.
wet or dry, but is recorded in a 65 Say, He has the power to send

clear Record. punishment on you from above

60 It is He who gathers you in your heads or from beneath your
at night and knows all that you feet, or to divide you in sects and
do by day; then He raises you up make you taste one anothers
during the day so that an violence. See how We explain
appointed term may be Our revelations in various ways,
completed. Then to Him you so that they may understand.
shall return and He will declare Your people have rejected the
to you all that you used to do. message We have sent through
He is the Absolute Master over you, though it is the truth. Say I
His servants. He sends forth am not your keeper. 67 Every
guardians [angels] who watch prophecy has its fixed time to be
over you until, when death fulfilled: and soon you will come
approaches one of you, Our to know.
angels take his soul, and they 68 When you see people

never fail in their duty. 62 Then engaged in finding fault with

they will all be returned to God, Our revelations, withdraw from
their true Lord. The Judgement them until they turn to some
is His alone. He is the swiftest other topic. Should Satan cause
reckoner. you to forget this, take leave of
63 Say, Who is it who delivers the wrongdoers as soon as you
you from the dark depths of land remember. 69 The God-fearing
and sea when you call out to Him are not in any way held
humbly and in secret, saying, If accountable for the wrongdoers;
He rescues us from this, we shall their only duty is to remind them,
most certainly be among the so that they may fear God.
6:78 The Cattle 99
70 Leave alone those for whom 73 It was He who created the
religion is only a sport and heavens and the earth for a true
pastime and are deceived by the purpose. On the Day when He
life of this world, but continue to says, Be, it shall be: His word is
remind them with the Quran, the truth. All sovereignty shall be
lest a soul be held in pledge His on the Day when the trumpet
because of what it has wrought, is sounded. The Knower of the
having no helper or intercessor unseen and the visible, He is the
besides God. Whatever ransom Wise, the Aware One. 74 Remember
they may offer, it will not be when Abraham said to his father,
accepted. Such are those that are Azar, Do you take idols as your
damned by their own actions: gods? I see that you and your
they will have boiling water to people have clearly gone astray.
drink and a painful punishment 75 In this way We showed

for their denial of truth. Abraham Our kingdom of the

71 Say, Instead of God, shall heavens and the earth, so that he
we call upon that which can might have certainty of faith.
neither benefit us nor harm us? 76 When night descended on him,

Are we to turn upon our heels he saw a star. He said, This is

after God has guided us, like one my Lord! Then when it set he
who, beguiled by devils in the said, I do not love things that
land, wanders bewildered, his set. 77 When he saw the moon
companions calling him to the rise and spread its light, he said,
right path, saying, Come to This is my Lord. But when it
us? Say, Gods guidance is set, he said, If my Lord does not
the only guidance. We are guide me, I will be one of the
commanded to surrender misguided people. 78 Then,
ourselves to the Lord of the when he saw the sun shining, he
Universe, 72 say our prayers said, This is my Lord! This is
regularly and to fear God. He it the greatest of all! Then when it
is to whom you will be gathered. set, he said, My people, I disown
100 The Quran 6:79
all that you worship besides God. guided as We had guided Noah
I have set my face with single- before. Among his descendants
minded devotion, towards Him were David and Solomon, and
who has created the heavens and Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron.
the earth, and I am not one of the Thus do We reward the righteous.
polytheists. 80 His people argued 85
Zachariah, John, Jesus, and
with him. He said, Are you Elijahevery one of them was
arguing with me about God, righteous 86 Ishmael, Elisha,
while He has guided me? I have Jonah, and LotWe favoured
no fear of any partner you ascribe each one of them above other
to Him, unless my Lord should people, 87 and also some of their
wish otherwise. My Lord forefathers, their offspring, and
encompasses all things in His their brothers: We chose them
knowledge, so will you not pay and guided them to a straight
heed? 81 Why should I fear what path. 88 This is the guidance of
you associate with Him, while God: He gives that guidance to
you do not fear to associate with whichever of His servants He
God that for which He has sent pleases. If they had associated
down to you no authority? Tell other deities with Him, surely all
me, if you know the truth, which they did would have been of no
side has more right to feel secure. avail. 89 Those are the ones to
82 It is those who have faith, and whom We gave the Scripture,
do not mix their faith with wisdom, and prophethood. If
wrongdoing, who will be secure, these people [the Makkans] reject
and it is they who are rightly it, We shall entrust it to a people
guided. 83 This is the reasoning who will never refuse to
We gave to Abraham against his acknowledge it. 90 Those [the
peopleWe raise in rank anyone previous prophets] were the
We pleaseyour Lord is wise people whom God guided.
and aware. 84 We gave him Isaac Follow their guidance then and
and Jacob, each of whom We say, I ask no reward for this
6:96 The Cattle 101
from you: it is only a reminder God has sent down? If you
for all mankind. 91 They do not could only see the wrongdoers in
make a just estimate of God, the throes of death when the
when they say, God has not angels are stretching out their
revealed anything to any human hands, saying, Give up your
being. Say, Who revealed the souls. Today you will be repaid
Book which Moses brought, a with a humiliating punishment
light and guidance for the people, for saying false things about
which you made into separate God and being arrogant about
sheets, showing some but hiding His signs.
many? You have been taught 94 And now you have returned

things that neither you nor your to Us, alone as We created you at
forefathers had known before. first, leaving behind all that We
Say, God has sent it; then leave gave you. Nor do We see with
them toying away with their you your intercessors, those you
speculation. claimed were your partners with
This is a blessed Book which God. The link between you is cut
We have revealed, confirming and that which you presumed
what came before it, so that you has failed you. 95 It is God who
may warn the Mother of Cities splits the seed and the fruit-
[Makkah] and the people around stone. He brings forth the living
it. Those who believe in the from the dead, and the dead from
Hereafter do believe in it, and the living. That is God. How
they are ever-mindful of their then can you, deluded, turn away
prayers. 93 Who could do greater from the truth?
wrong than someone who invents 96 He causes the break of day,

a lie against God or who says, It and has made the night for rest
has been revealed to me, while and He made the sun and the
nothing has been revealed to moon to a precise measure. That
him, or someone who says, I is the measure determined by the
will send down the like of what All Mighty and the All Knowing.
102 The Quran 6:97
97 It is He who has set up for you Him. Hallowed be He and exalted
the stars so that you might be far above what they ascribe to
guided by them in the midst of Him, 101 the Originator of the
the darkness of land and sea. We heavens and the earth. How could
have made the signs clear for He have a son when He has no
people who want to understand.a consort? He created everything
98 It is He who first produced and is aware of everything!
you from a single soul, then gave This is God, your Lord, there
you a place to stay [in life] and is no God but Him, the Creator
a resting place [after death]. We of all things, so worship Him;
have made Our revelations clear He is the guardian of all things.
to those who are men of 103 No vision can grasp Him, but

understanding. He takes in over all vision; He is

99 It is He who sends down the Subtle and Aware One.
water from the sky. With it We Clear insights have come to
produce vegetation of all kinds; you from your Lord. Whoever,
out of green foliage, We produce therefore, chooses to see, does
clustered grain; and from the so for his own good; and whoever
date-palm, out of its sheath, We chooses to remain blind, does so
produce bunches of dates to his own loss. Say, I am not
hanging low. We produce here as your keeper. 105 This is
vineyards and olive groves and how We explain Our revelations
pomegranates, alike yet different. in various waysso that they
Look at their fruit as He causes might come to the point of saying,
it to grow and ripen. In this are You have read this out to us,
signs for people who believe.
100 They have set up jinns as a The gigantic system of the universe

associates with God, even though runs with such exactitude that no
discrepancy has crept into it even after
He created them! They have even millions of years. This proves the
dared, in their ignorance, to immanence of a Being whose powers
attribute sons and daughters to are of unlimited greatness.
6:115 The Cattle 103
and that We might make it clear them wander blindly in their
[that this is the truth] to those insolence. 111 Even if We sent
who are eager to know. down angels to them, and caused
Follow what has been the dead to speak to them, and
revealed to you from your Lord: We gathered together everything
there is no deity but Him; and in front of them, they would still
ignore the polytheists. 107 If God not believe, unless God had so
had willed, they would not have willed. But most of them behave
associated anything with Him. ignorantly. 112 In like manner We
We did not appoint you over have assigned for every prophet
them as their keeper, nor are you an opponent, Satans from among
their guardian. 108 But do not men and jinn, who make evil
revile those [beings] whom they suggestions to each other by
invoke instead of God, lest they, means of specious words in order
in their hostility, revile God and to deceivehad it been your
out of ignorance. Thus to every Lords will, they would not have
people We have caused their done so; so leave them alone to
actions to seem fair. To their Lord their fabrication, 113 in order that
they shall all return, and He will the hearts of those who do not
declare to them all that they have believe in the life to come might
done. 109 They swear a solemn incline towards those suggestions
oath by God that if there should and, being pleased, persist in
come to them a sign, they will their sinful ways. 114 Should I
believe in it. Say, Signs are granted seek a judge other than God,
only by God. How can you tell when it is He who has revealed
that if a sign be given to them, they the Book, clearly explained.
will indeed believe in it? Those to whom We gave the
110 We will turn away their Book earlier know that it is the
hearts and eyes from the Truth, truth revealed by your Lord.
since they refused to believe in it Therefore, have no doubts.
in the first instance. We will let 115 The Word of your Lord is
104 The Quran 6:116
perfected in truth and justice. is disobedience. The devils
None can change His words. He inspire their followers to argue
is the All Hearing, the All with you. If you obey them, you
Knowing. 116 If you obey the will become of those who
majority of those on earth, they associate partners with God.
will lead you astray from Gods Can he who was dead, to
way. They follow nothing but whom We gave life, and a light
conjecture. They are only whereby he could walk among
guessing. 117 Your Lord knows people be like him who is in
best who has strayed from His utter darkness from which he
Way and He knows best those can never emerge? Thus the
who are guided. 118 Eat then, deeds of those who deny the
only that over which Gods name truth have been made fair-
has been pronounced, if you seeming to them.
truly believe in His revelations. Thus We have placed
119 Why should you not eat leaders of the wicked in every
what has been consecrated in town to plot therein. Yet it is
Gods name, when He has only against themselves that they
already explained to you what scheme, though they may not
He has forbidden you, unless perceive it. 124 When a sign
you are compelled by necessity? comes to them, they say, We
Surely, many mislead others by will not believe in it until we are
their desires through lack of given what Gods messengers
knowledge. But your Lord best have been given. But God knows
knows the transgressors. best whom to appoint as His
120 Eschew all sin, open or secret: Messenger. Humiliation before
Those who commit sin will God and severe torment will
receive due punishment for their befall the evil-doers for their
sins, 121 and do not eat anything scheming. 125 When God desires
over which Gods name has not to guide someone, He opens his
been pronounced, for that surely breast to Islam; and whoever He
6:135 The Cattle 105
wills to let go astray, He causes of jinn and mankind! Did
his breast to be constricted as if messengers not come from
he had to climb up to the skies. among you to recite My
That is how God heaps ignominy revelations to you, and warn you
upon those who refuse to believe. of the meeting of this Day?
This is the straight path They will say, We bear witness
leading to your Lord. We have against ourselves. It was the life
made the signs clear for thinking of this world that deceived them
men. 127 They shall dwell in the and so they will bear witness
Home of Peace with their Lord; against themselves, that they
He will be their Protector as a rejected the truth. 131 Your Lord
recompense for what they have would not destroy a community
been doing. 128 On the day when for its wrongdoing, so long as its
He gathers them all together, He people were still unaware. 132 For
will say, Company of jinn, you all are degrees of rank according
took away many followers among to their deeds; your Lord is not
mankind. And their adherents unaware of anything they do.
among mankind will say, Our 133 Your Lord is the self-

Lord, we benefited from one sufficient One, the merciful. If

another, but now we have reached He wills, He can take you away
the end of the term which You and replace you by anyone He
determined for us. He will say, pleases, just as He raised you
The Fire shall be your home, from the offspring of other
and there you shall remain people. 134 That which you are
forever, except as God wills. promised shall surely come to
Surely your Lord is wise and all pass and you cannot prevent it.
knowing. 135 Say, O my people! Go on
129 And in like manner We acting in your way; indeed I am
shall keep the wrongdoers close going to act in my way; soon you
to others as a punishment for will know whose end will be
their misdeeds. 130 Company best in the Hereafter. Surely, the
106 The Quran 6:136
wrongdoers shall not prosper. wombs of such and such cattle is
They set aside for God a exclusively for our males and is
share in what He has produced, forbidden to our females. But if
such as crops and livestock, and it is stillborn, they may have a
they say, This is for Godso share of it. God will soon punish
they claim!and this is for our them for their [false] attribution.
associate-gods? Their associate- He is wise, and all-knowing.
gods share does not reach God, Losers indeed are they who
whereas Gods share reaches kill their children foolishly and
their associate-gods. How ill without knowledge and
they judge! declare as forbidden what God
137 And in like manner, their has provided for them as
associate gods have made killing sustenancea fabrication
their children seem fair to many against God: they have gone
pagans, so that they may ruin astray and have not chosen to be
them and cause confusion in rightly guided. 141 It is He who
their religion. Had God pleased, has produced gardens, both
they would not have done so; so trellised and untrellised, and date
leave them to their false palms and field crops, all varying
inventions. 138 They also say, in taste, and the olive and the
These animals and these crops pomegranate, both similar and
are forbidden. None may eat dissimilar. Eat their fruits when
them except those we permit. they bear fruit and give away
So they claim! There are some what is due of them on the day of
animals they exempt from labour their harvest. Do not waste
and some over which they do not anything. He does not love the
pronounce Gods name, thus wasteful!
committing a sin against Him. 142 Of the cattle there are some

He will requite them for the for carrying burdens and some
falsehoods they invent. for food. Eat what God has
139 They say, What is in the provided for you and do not
6:148 The Cattle 107
follow in Satans footsteps, for someone other than God has
he is a declared enemy of yours. been invoked. But if anyone is
143 God has created four kinds of forced by necessity, being neither
livestock of either sex: two of disobedient nor exceeding the
sheep and two of goats. Ask limit, then surely your Lord is
them, Is it the two males He has most forgiving and merciful.
forbidden or the two females or 146 We forbade the Jews all

what the wombs of the two animals with claws and the fat of
females contain? Tell me on the sheep [and goats] and oxen,
basis of knowledge, if you are except what is on their backs and
truthful. in their intestines and what
144 Again, of the camels there adheres to their bones. That is
are two, and of the oxen two. the penalty We imposed on them
Ask them, Is it the two males for their disobedience. And We
He has forbidden, or the two assuredly are true to Our word.
females or what the wombs of 147 So, if they accuse you of

the two females contain? Were lying, say, The mercy of your
you present when God enjoined Lord is all-encompassing. His
this on you? Who is more unjust punishment cannot be averted
than one who, without from sinful men. 148 Those who
knowledge, fabricates a lie associate partners with God will
against God, so that he may lead surely say, Had God pleased,
people astray without neither we nor our fathers would
knowledge? Surely, God does have served other gods besides
not guide the wrongdoers. 145 Say Him; nor would we have made
[O Prophet], In all that has been anything unlawful. Likewise
revealed to me, I do not find a those who lived before them
ban on anything to eat, except argued falsely until they came to
for carrion, flowing blood and taste Our punishment! Say, Have
pork, all these being unclean or you any knowledge? If so,
profane, on which the name of produce it before us. You follow
108 The Quran 6:149
nothing but conjecture. You are orphans property, except with
merely guessing. the best intentions, before he
149 Say, God alone has the comes of age. Give full measure
conclusive proof. If He had and weight, according to
willed, He could have guided justiceWe never charge a soul
every one of you. 150 Say, Come, with more than it can bear
bring your witnesses, who can when you speak, observe justice,
testify that God forbade [all] even though it concerns a close
this. If they bear witness relative; and fulfil the covenants
[falsely], do not bear witness of God. That is what He has
with them; nor yield to the wishes enjoined upon you so that you
of those who deny Our signs, nor may take heed.
of those who do not believe in [He has enjoined], This is
the life to come and set up others My straight path; so follow it,
as equals with their Lord. 151 Say, and do not follow other ways:
Come! I will tell you what your that will lead you away from His
Lord has really forbidden you! path. That is what He enjoins
Do not associate anything with upon you, so that you may guard
Him; be good to your parents; yourselves. 154 Then We gave
and do not kill your children for Moses the Book, completing
fear of povertyWe shall [Our favour] to the righteous,
provide sustenance for you as explaining everything clearly, as
well as for themrefrain from guidance and mercy, so that they
committing indecent deeds, might believe in meeting their Lord.
whether openly or in secret; and This is a Book which We
do not kill the life which God have revealed as a blessing
has made sacred, save by right. follow it and fear your Lord, so
That is what He has enjoined that you may receive mercy
upon you, so that you may 156 and not say, The Book was

understand. only sent down to the two groups

152 Stay well away from an before us and we were indeed
6:165 The Cattle 109
unaware of their teachings, 157 or repaid with its equivalent and
you may say, If the Book had they shall not be wronged. 161 Say,
been sent down to us, we would My Lord has guided me to a
surely have followed its guidance straight path, and to an upright
better than they did. There has religion, the religion of Abraham
now come to you clear evidence the upright, who was not of those
from your Lord, and guidance who associate partners with God.
and mercy. Who, then, is more Say, My prayer and my
unjust than one who rejects the sacrifice and my life and my
signs of God and turns away from death are all for God, the Lord of
them? We shall requite those who the worlds; 163 He has no partner.
turn away from Our signs with a So am I commanded, and I am the
painful punishment, for their first of those who submit. 164 Say,
turning away. 158 Are they waiting Shall I seek a lord other than
for the angels or your Lord to God, while He is the Lord of all
come down to them, or for some things? Everyone must bear the
of your Lords signs to come? consequence of what he does,
The day when some of the signs and no bearer of a burden can
of your Lord shall come, it shall bear the burden of another. Then
not profit any human being who to your Lord you will return, and
did not believe before, or who did He will inform you of what you
not do any good by his faith. Say used to dispute about. 165 It is
to them, Wait then, we too are He who has made you
waiting. 159 Have nothing to do successors [of others] on the
with those who have split up their earth and has exalted some of
religion into sects. Their case you over the others in degrees
rests with God; He will tell them of rank, so that He may test
about what they used to do. you by that which He has given
160 Whoever does a good deed you. Your Lord is swift in
will be repaid tenfold, but those punishment; yet surely He is
who do a bad deed will only be forgiving, and merciful.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Mim Sad heavy shall be successful, 9 and

those whose good deeds are light
2 This Book has been sent [in the balance] will be the ones
down to youlet there be no who have lost themselves
heaviness in your heart about because they wrongfully rejected
itso that you may warn by Our signs.
means of it and it is a reminder 10 We established you in the

to the believers. 3 Follow what land and provided you with a

has been sent down to you by means of livelihood there: yet
your Lord and do not follow any you are seldom thankful. 11 We
protector other than Him. How created you, then We shaped you
seldom you take heed. 4 How and then We said to the angels,
many towns We have destroyed. Prostrate yourselves before
Our scourge fell upon them by Adam, and they all prostrated
night or at midday when they themselves, except Satan. He
were resting: 5 and when Our was not among those who
scourge fell upon them, their prostrated themselves. 12 God
only cry was, We were indeed asked, What prevented you from
wrongdoers! 6 Then shall We prostrating yourself when I
question those to whom Our commanded you to? He replied,
message was sent and those I am better than he is; You
through whom We sent it 7 with created me from fire, while You
full knowledge, We shall tell created him from clay. 13 God
them what they did, for We have said, Get down from here! This
never been away from them. is no place for your arrogance.
8 Truth alone will be of weight Get out! You are contemptible!
that Day. Those whose scales are 14 Satan said, Give me respite
7:27 The Heights 111
until the Day of Resurrection, 22 Thus he cunningly seduced
and God replied, You are them. When they tasted the trees
granted respite. 16 Then Satan fruit, their nakedness became
said, Because You have put me exposed to them and they started
in the wrong, I will lie in ambush covering themselves with the
for them on Your straight path: leaves of the garden. Their Lord
17 then I will surely come upon called out to them, Did I not
them from before them and from forbid you to approach that tree,
behind them and from their right and did I not say to you that
and from their left, and then You Satan was surely your open
will find most of them enemy? 23 They replied, Our
ungrateful. 18 He said, Get out Lord, we have wronged our
of here, despised, and rejected! I souls: if You do not forgive us
shall fill Hell with all of those and have mercy on us, we shall
who follow you. be among the lost. 24 He said,
19 To Adam He said, You and Go down from here as enemies
your wife, dwell in the Garden to each other. For a while, there
and eat and drink there from is an abode for you and a
wherever you wish, but do not provision on earth. 25 There you
approach this tree, lest you will live; there you will die; from
become wrongdoers. 20 But there you will be raised up again.
Satan tempted them so that he 26 O children of Adam! We

might reveal to them their have sent down to you clothes to

nakedness which had been cover your nakedness, and to be
hidden from them. He said, Your pleasing to the eye; but the
Lord has forbidden you to raiment of righteousness is the
approach this tree lest you should best. That is one of the signs of
become angels or become of the God. So that people may take
immortals, 21 and he swore heed. 27 Children of Adam, do
to them, Surely, I am your not let Satan seduce you, just as
well-wisher. he turned your parents out of the
112 The Quran 7:28
Garden: he deprived them of but do not be wasteful: God does
their garment in order to make not like wasteful people. 32 Say,
them aware of their nakedness. Who has forbidden the
He and his forces watch you adornment of God, which He
from where you do not see them! has brought forth for His servants
We have made the devils friends and good things, clean and pure,
of those who do not believe. which God has provided for His
And when they commit an servants? Say, They are [lawful]
indecency, they say, This is what for the believers in the present
our fathers used to do and God life but they shall be exclusively
has enjoined it on us. Say, God for them on the Day of
does not enjoin what is indecent. Resurrection. Thus We explain
Would you attribute to God Our signs for a people who
something of which you have no understand. 33 Say,My Lord has
knowledge? 29 Say, My Lord forbidden indecency, both open
has commanded you to act justly. and hidden, sin and wrongful
Turn your faces up toward Him oppression and that, without His
at every time and place of sanction, you associate things
worship, and call upon Him, with Him, and that you say things
making yourselves sincere about Him without knowledge.
towards Him in religion. As He For all people a term has
brought you into being, so shall been set: and when [the end of]
you return. 30 Some He has their term approaches, they can
guided and some have earned neither delay it by a single
misguidance: they have taken moment, nor can they advance
devils rather than God as their it. 35 Children of Adam! If
patrons, thinking that they are messengers come to you from
rightly guided. among yourselves, reciting My
31 O Children of Adam, dress revelations to you, then those
yourself properly whenever you that take warning and mend their
are at worship: and eat and drink ways, on such shall come no fear
7:43 The Heights 113
nor shall they grieve. 36 But those know it39 then the preceding
who deny and scorn Our one will say to the succeeding
revelations shall be the inmates one: you are no better than us: so
of Hell, where they shall remain taste the punishment you have
forever. 37 Who does a greater earned.
wrong than he who invents lies The gates of Heaven shall
against God or rejects His not be opened for those who
revelations? Such people will rejected Our signs and arrogantly
have what has been decreed for spurned them; nor shall they
them. And when Our messengers enter Paradise until a camel shall
come to them to take away their pass through the eye of a needle.
souls, they shall ask them, That is how We repay the evil-
Where are those you used to doers41 Hell shall be their bed,
call upon besides God? They and over them will be coverings
will answer, They have deserted of firethus shall We reward
us; and they will bear witness the wrongdoers. 42 But those who
against themselves that they were believed and did good deeds
disbelievers? and We do not burden any soul
God will say, Enter the Fire with more than it can bear
and join the bands of jinn and such are the heirs of the Garden
men that have gone before you. and there they will remain
Every time a host enters [the forever. 43 And We shall remove
fire], it will curse its fellow- whatever rancour may be in their
host, then, when they are all hearts. At their feet shall flow
gathered there, the last of them rivers. And they shall say, All
will say of the first, Our Lord, it praise belongs to God who has
was they who led us astray: give guided us to this. Had God not
them double punishment in the guided us, we would never have
Fire,God will say, Every one found the way. The messengers
of you will have double of our Lord brought the Truth. A
punishment, though you do not voice will call out to them, This
114 The Quran 7:44
is the Garden which you have marks, What use have your great
inherited by your labours. numbers and your false pride
44 The people of the Garden been? 49 See! are these not the
will call out to the people of the people you swore would never
Fire, We have found that what earn Gods mercy? Enter the
our Lord promised us is true. Garden! No fear shall come upon
Have you, too, found that what you nor shall you grieve.
your Lord promised you is true? The people of the Fire shall
They will say, Yes, we have! call out to the people of heaven,
Then a crier shall call out among Pour out some water on us, or
them saying, The curse of God give us something out of that
is upon the wrongdoers 45 who which God has bestowed upon
turned people away from the you. But the blessed will reply,
path of God and sought to make God has forbidden all that to
it appear crooked, and who those who denied the truth.
denied the Hereafter. 51 Who treated religion as a
A barrier will divide the two pastime and an idle sport and
groups, and on the heights there whom the life of the world had
will be men who recognize each beguiled. On that Day We shall
group by their marks. They will forget them, as they forgot their
call out to the people of the meeting of that Day with Us, for
Garden, Peace be with you. they denied Our revelations.
They will not have yet entered, And surely We have brought
but they will be hoping [to do them a Book which We have
so], 47 and when they turn their expounded with knowledge, a
eyes towards the inmates of the guide and a mercy for those who
Fire, they will say, Our Lord, do believe. 53 Do they wait for the
not include us among the fulfillment of that of which it
wrongdoers! 48 And the people warns? On the Day when that
of the heights will call out to fulfillment comes, those who
men they recognize by their had neglected it before will say,
7:63 The Heights 115
The messengers of our Lord did mercy, and when they have
indeed bring the truth. Have we gathered up the heavy clouds,
then any intercessors who would We drive them on to a dead land
intercede for us? Or, could we be where We cause rain to fall,
sent back so that we might act bringing out all kinds of fruit,
differently from the way we used just as We will raise the dead to
to? They have indeed ruined life. Perhaps you will take heed.
their souls and what they Vegetation comes out of good
invented has forsaken them. land in abundance by the will of
Your Lord is God, who its Lord, but out of bad land only
created the heavens and the earth scantily. Thus We explain Our
in six Days [periods] and then signs in diverse ways for those
settled Himself firmly on the who give thanks.
throne. He throws the veil of 59 We sent Noah to his people.

night over the day, each seeking He said, O my people, worship

the other in rapid succession. It God; you have no other god but
was He who created the sun, the He. I fear for you the punishment
moon and the stars, and made of a dreadful Day, 60 but the
them subservient to His will. His leading men of his people said,
is the creation, His the command. Truly, we see that you are
Blessed be God, Lord of the obviously lost in error! 61 Said
universe! 55 Call on your Lord [Noah], O my people! I am not
with humility and in secretHe in error. Indeed, I am a messenger
does not love the transgressors: from the Lord of the Worlds, 62 I
do not spread corruption on am conveying my Lords
the earth after it has been set in messages to you and giving you
orderpray to Him with fear sincere advice. I know things
and hope, Gods mercy is close from God that you do not. 63 Do
to those who do good. you find it so strange that a
It is God who sends forth message should come from your
the winds as harbingers of His Lord through a man from among
116 The Quran 7:64
yourselves, so that he may warn the favours of God, so that you
you and so that you may fear may prosper.
God and be shown mercy? 64 But 70 They said, Have you come

they denied him, so We saved to tell us to serve God alone and

him and those with him in the to forsake the gods our
Ark, and We drowned those who forefathers served? Bring us then
rejected Our signs. They were what you threaten us with, if you
indeed a blind people. are truthful. 71 He said, Your
65 To the people of Ad We Lords wrath and indignation
sent their brother, Hud. He said, have already fallen upon you.
O my people, worship God, you Would you dispute with me about
have no other god but He. Then mere names, which you and your
will you not be God-fearing? fathers have invented, and for
66 The leading men of his people which God has revealed no
who refused to acknowledge the authority? Wait then if you will:
truth, said, We can see you are I am waiting alongside you.
a foolish man, and we think you Then We saved him and those
are lying. 67 He said, My people, who were with him, by Our
I am by no means a fool, but mercy; We annihilated those who
rather am a messenger from the denied Our signs and would not
Lord of the Universe, 68 I am believe.
conveying my Lords messages 73 To the Thamud We sent their

to you and I am your sincere and brother Salih. He said, O my

honest adviser. 69 Do you find it people, worship God; you have
strange that a Message should no other god but Him. A veritable
come from your Lord, through proof has come to you from your
one of your own men, to Lord: this is Gods she-camel, a
warn you? Remember how He sign for you, so let her feed in
made you successors of Noahs Gods land and do not harm her
people, and increased you in any way, or you will be
greatly in stature. Remember overwhelmed by a painful
7:86 The Heights 117
punishment. 74 Remember when 80 We sent Lot, who said to his
He made you successors to the people, How can you commit
Ad and settled you in the land. an abomination such as no one
You built palaces on its plains in the world has ever done before
and carved houses out of the you? 81 You lust after men rather
mountains. Remember Gods than women! You transgress all
blessings and do not spread bounds! 82 The only answer
corruption in the land, 75 but the given by his people was, Turn
arrogant leaders of his people them out of your town. They are
said to the believers who were people who regard themselves to
deemed weak, Do you know for be pure. 83 So We saved him and
certain that Salih is one sent his familyexcept for his wife.
from his Lord? They replied, She was one of those who stayed
We believe in the message which behind. 84 We rained down on
has been sent through him. them a shower [of brimstone].
76 The arrogant leaders said, We Then see what was the end of the
reject what you believe in. 77 So evil-doers.
they hamstrung the she-camel, 85 To Midian We sent their

and insolently defied the brother Shuayb. He said, O my

commandment of their Lord, people, worship God; you have
saying, O Salih! Bring upon us no other god but Him. Clear
what you threaten us with if you signs [evidence] has indeed come
are indeed a messenger. 78 So to you from your Lord. So give
the earthquake overwhelmed full measure and full weight,
them, and morning found them and do not deliver short. Do not
prostrate in their dwelling places. corrupt the land after it has been
79 He left them, saying, My set in order. This is for your own
people, I delivered my Lords good, if you are true believers.
messages to you and counselled 86 Do not lie in ambush on every

you sincerely, but you do not like pathway, threatening people,

sincere advisors. barring those who believe from
118 The Quran 7:87
the Way of God, seeking to make you will certainly be the losers.
it appear crooked. Remember Thereupon an earthquake
when you were few in number overtook them and morning
and He multiplied you. Consider found them lying flattened in
the fate of those who used to their homes; 92 those who had
spread corruption. 87 And if there denied Shuayb became as
is a group of you which believes though they had never lived there.
in My message and others who Those who denied Shuayb, were
disbelieve it, be patient until themselves the losers. 93 So he
God shall judge between us. He turned away from them, saying,
is the best of judges. My people, I delivered my
88 The arrogant leaders of his Lords messages to you and gave
people said, Shuayb, we will you sincere advice, so why
expel you and your fellow should I grieve for people who
believers from our town unless refused to believe?
you return to our faith. He said, 94 Whenever We sent a prophet

Even though we detest it? 89 We to a town, We afflicted its people

would be inventing lies against with suffering and adversity, so
God if we returned to your faith that they might humble
after God has delivered us from themselves [before God], 95 and
it. It is not for us to return to it then We changed their hardship
unless God our Lord so willed. into ease until they grew affluent
Our Lord encompasses all things and said, Our fathers had also
in His knowledge. We have put experienced adversity and
our trust in God. Our Lord, prosperity, then We seized them
expose the truth [and judge] suddenly, unawares. 96 Had the
between us and our people, You people of those towns believed
are the best judge. 90 The in and feared God, We would
leading men of his people who have showered upon them
were bent on denying the truth, blessings from heaven and earth,
said, If you follow Shuayb, but they rejected the truth. So
7:112 The Heights 119
We seized them on account of 103 After them We sent Moses
their misdeeds. 97 Do the people with Our signs to Pharaoh and
of these towns now feel secure his chiefs. But they willfully
against the coming of Our rejected them. Consider the end
punishment upon them by night of the evil-doers. 104 Moses said,
while they are asleep? 98 Or, do Pharaoh, I am a messenger from
they feel secure against the the Lord of the Universe,
coming of Our punishment upon duty-bound to say nothing
them in the forenoon while they about God but the truth, and I
are at play? 99 Do they feel secure have brought you a clear sign
against Gods devising? No one from your Lord. Let the Children
feels secure against Gods devising of Israel go with me.
except for those doomed to ruin. [Pharaoh] said, If you come
100 Does it not guide the people with a sign, then produce it, if
who inherit the land from former you are telling the truth. 107 Then
people that We can punish them Moses threw down his staff and
for their sins if We will? And suddenly, unmistakably, it
seal up their hearts so that they appeared as a serpent, 108 and he
would not be able to lend an ear drew forth his hand, and it
to words of guidance? 101 We appeared [shining] white to the
have told you the stories of those beholders. 109 The chiefs of
towns: their messengers came to Pharaohs people said, This is
them with clear signs, but they most surely a skillful magician,
were never going to believe in 110 who seeks to drive you from

something they had already your land! Pharaoh said, What

rejected. Thus God seals up the then do you advise? 111 They
hearts of those who deny the said, Let him and his brother
truth. 102 We found most of them wait awhile, and send into the
untrue to their covenants, indeed cities summoners, 112 who should
We found most of them to bring to you every skillful
be defiant. magician.
120 The Quran 7:113
113 And the magicians came to to drive its people out. But
Pharaoh and asked, Shall we you shall soon know the
have a reward, if we should consequences, 124 I will cut off
prevail? 114 Pharaoh replied, your hands and feet on alternate
Certainly, and you shall also sides and then crucify you all!
become my courtiers. 115 They 125
They replied, We shall surely
said, Moses, will you first throw, return to our Lord. 126 You would
or shall we? 116 He said, You punish us only because we
throw [first]! When they made believed in the signs of our Lord
their cast, they bewitched the when they were shown to us.
eyes of the people and struck Our Lord, pour patience upon
them with awe, for they showed us, and cause us to die in a state
a great [feat of] magic. 117 Then of submission to You.
We inspired Moses, saying, 127 The chiefs of Pharaohs

Throw down your staff. And it people said, Will you allow
immediately swallowed up their Moses and his people to spread
false devices. 118 Thus the truth corruption in the land, and to
prevailed and what they had forsake you and your gods? He
produced came to nothing: replied, We shall kill their male
119 Pharaoh and his men were children and spare only the
defeated and utterly humiliated. females. We have complete
120 And the sorcerers prostrated power over them. 128 Moses said
themselves 121 and said, We to his people, Turn to God for
believe in the Lord of the help and be patient. The earth
Universe, 122 the Lord of Moses belongs to God. He gives it to
and Aaron! those of His servants whom He
123 Pharaoh said, You dare chooses, and the future belongs
believe in Him before I have to the God-fearing. 129 They
given you permission? Behold, replied, We were being
this is indeed a plot which you persecuted before you came to
have devised in this city in order us, and we are still being
7:139 The Heights 121
persecuted. He said, Your Lord from us, we will surely believe
may well destroy your enemy in you and let the Children of
and make you successors to the Israel go with you, 135 but
land. Then He will see how you whenever We removed the
conduct yourselves. plague from them, giving them
We afflicted Pharaohs time to make good their promise,
people with shortages of food they would break their word.
and famine so that they might So We exacted retribution
take heed, 131 then when from them and drowned them in
something good came to them, the sea, because they rejected
they said, It is our due!but Our signs and paid no heed to
when something bad came, they them; 137 We made the people
ascribed it as an ill-omen to who were considered weak
Moses and those with him. Surely inheritors of the eastern parts
their [evil] fortune had been and western parts of the land
decreed by God, but most of which We had blessed. Thus
them did not know this. 132 They your Lords good promise to the
said, Whatever miracles you Children of Israel was fulfilled,
work to bewitch us, we will not because of their patience, and
believe in you. We destroyed all that Pharaoh
Then We afflicted them and his people had built and all
with storms, and locusts, and that they had raised high.
lice, and frogs, and blood: so We brought the children of
many clear signs. But they were Israel across the sea and they
steeped in arrogance, for they came upon a people who were
were a people given to sin. devoted to their idols. They said,
134 Whenever a plague struck Moses, give us a god just like
them, they would say, Moses, the gods these people have. He
pray to your Lord for us by virtue said, You are indeed an ignorant
of the promise He has made to people: 139 what they are engaged
you: if you remove this plague in is doomed to destruction and
122 The Quran 7:140
all their works are in vain. 140 He unconscious. And when he
said, Shall I seek a deity for you recovered, he said, Glory be to
other than God, while it is He You, I turn towards You, and I
who has exalted you above all am the first to believe.
peoples? 141 We delivered you 144 He replied, Moses, I have

from Pharaohs people, who chosen you of all mankind for

afflicted you with dreadful My messages and My Words.
torment, slaying your male Hold fast to what I have given
children and sparing only your you, and be among the grateful!
daughters. That was surely a And We wrote for him upon
great trial for you by your Lord. the Tablets an admonition and
142 We appointed thirty nights details of all things, then [bade
for Moses, then added ten more: him], Hold fast to them; and
the term set by his Lord was command your people to follow
fulfilled in forty nights. Moses them in their best sense. Soon I
said to his brother Aaron, Take shall show you the home of the
my place among my people: act wicked. 146 I will turn away from
rightly and do not follow the My signs all those who are
way of those who spread arrogant in the land without any
corruption. 143 And when Moses right, so that even if they see all
came at Our appointed time and the signs they will not believe in
his Lord spoke to him, he said, them. If they see the right path,
My Lord, show Yourself to me they shall not walk upon it: but
so that I may look at You. He if they see the path of error, they
replied, You cannot see Me, but shall choose it for their path,
look at the mountain; if it remains because they have given the lie
firmly in its place, then only will to Our signs and paid no heed to
you see Me. And when his Lord them. 147 The actions of those
manifested Himself on the who denied Our signs and the
mountain, He broke it into Meeting of the Hereafter will
pieces and Moses felt down come to nothingthey shall
7:155 The Heights 123
be requited only, according to and admit us to Your mercy. You
their deeds. are the Most Merciful of the
148 In his absence, the people merciful.
of Moses made a calf from their Those who took to
ornaments, an image which made worshipping the calf will be
a lowing sound. Could they not afflicted by their Lords wrath,
see that it did not speak to them and be disgraced in the life of
or guide them in any way? Yet this world. This is the way We
they took to worshipping it: they requite those who invent
were evil-doers. 149 When they falsehoods. 153 As for those who
were afflicted with remorse, and committed evils, and thereafter
realized that they had indeed repented and believed, they shall
gone astray, they said, If our find your Lord forgiving and
Lord does not have mercy on us merciful.
and forgive us, we shall be among When his anger had
the lost. 150 When Moses subsided, Moses took up the
returned to his people in anger Tablets upon which was inscribed
and great sorrow, he said, What a pledge of guidance and mercy
an awful sin you have committed for those who fear their Lord.
in my absence. Did you want to 155 And Moses chose from his

hasten your Lords command? people seventy men for Our

He threw down the Tablets and appointment. When they were
seized his brother by the head, seized with violent quaking, he
pulling him towards himself. prayed, O my Lord! If it had
Aaron said, Son of my mother, been Your will, You could have
the people oppressed me and destroyed both them and me
almost killed me. Do not give long ago. But would You destroy
my enemies cause to gloat over us for the deeds of the foolish
me. Do not number me among ones among us? This is no more
the wrongdoers. 151 He said, My than Your trial: by it You cause
Lord, forgive me and my brother whom You will to stray, and You
124 The Quran 7:156
lead whom You will to the right Messenger to you all, He has
path. You are our Protector. sovereignty over the heavens and
Forgive us, therefore, and have the earth. There is no god but
mercy on us, for You are the best Him. He ordains life and death,
of those who forgive. 156 Grant so believe in God and His
us good things, both in this life Messenger, the unlettered
and in the hereafter. To You prophet who believes in God
alone we turn. He replied, As and His words. Follow him so
for My punishment, I smite with that you may be rightly guided.
it anyone I will. But My mercy Yet there is a group among
encompasses all things. I shall the people of Moses who guide
prescribe it for those who do with truth and act justly in
their duty, pay the zakat and who accordance with it.
believe in Our signs. 157 Also 160 We divided them up into

for those who follow the twelve tribes, each a whole

Messengerthe unlettered community, and We revealed Our
prophet they find described in will to Moses, when his people
the Torah that is with them, and asked for water, saying, Strike
in the Gospelwho commands the rock with your staff. Twelve
them to do right and forbids springs gushed from it and each
them to do wrong, who makes tribe knew its drinking place. We
good things lawful to them and caused the clouds to draw their
bad things unlawful, who will shadow over them and sent down
relieve them of their burdens for them manna and quails,
and of the shackles that weigh saying, Eat the good things We
upon them. Those that believe in have given you. They did not
him and honour him, those that wrong Us; rather it was
aid him and follow the light sent themselves they wronged.
down with him, shall surely 161 When they were told, Settle

triumph. down in the town and eat

158 Say, People, I am Gods wherever you wish in it, and
7:169 The Heights 125
pray for forgiveness and enter prevent the doing of evil. And
the gate in humility: We shall We meted out a severe
forgive you your sins and shall punishment to the transgressors
bestow further favours upon because they were rebellious.
those who do good, 162 the 166 And then, when they
transgressors among them disdainfully persisted in doing
substituted something else for what they had been forbidden to
the word they had been given. do, We said to them, Be as apes,
So We sent them a punishment despised!
from heaven for their Then your Lord declared
wrongdoing. that, until the Day of
163 Ask them about the town Resurrection, He would send
which was by the sea and what others against them to inflict
befell its people when they broke terrible suffering on them. Your
the Sabbath. On their Sabbath Lord is swift in retribution; yet
the fish came to them near the surely He is most forgiving and
surface, but on week-days they merciful. 168 We split them up
never came near themthus We into sections on the earth. Some
tried them because of their of them are righteous while some
disobedience. 164 When some of of them are otherwise, and We
them asked, Why do you tested them with blessings and
admonish a people whom God is misfortunes, so that they might
going to destroy or to afflict with return to the right path.
a severe punishment? They 169 They were succeeded by

answered, In order to be free generations who inherited the

from blame before your Lord, Scripture and took to the fleeting
and that they may perhaps fear gains of this world, saying, We
Him. shall certainly be forgiven. If
165 Therefore when they forgot there came to them similar
what they had been reminded of, fleeting gains again, they would
We saved those who had tried to take them. Was a pledge not
126 The Quran 7:170
taken from them, written in the associated others with God
Scripture, that they would not before our time, and we are only
say anything but the truth about the descendants who came after
God? And they have studied them. So are You going to destroy
whatever is in it. Surely the us for what those inventors of
Home of the Hereafter is better falsehood did? 174 We explain
for those who fear Him. Will you Our signs in detail thus, so that
not understand? 170 As for those perhaps they may return to Us.
who hold fast to the Book and 175 Recite to them the tale of

are steadfast in prayer, We shall the man to whom We gave Our

not deny the righteous their signs, but who then cast them to
reward. 171 When We suspended one side and Satan overtook
the mountain over them as if it him. And he became one of
were a canopy, and they thought those who went astray176 if it
it was going to fall down on had been Our will, We could
them, We said, Hold on firmly have used these signs to exalt
to what We have given you and him, but instead he clung to the
remember what is in it, so that earth and followed his own
you may remain conscious of desireshe was like a dog that
God. pants whether you chase it away
When your Lord brought or leave it alone. Such are those
forth offspring from the loins of who reject Our signs. Tell them
the Children of Adam and made this story so that they may reflect.
them bear witness about 177 How evil is the case of those

themselves, He said, Am I not who deny Our signs. They only

your Lord? They replied, We wrong themselves: 178 anyone
bear witness that You are. This whom God guides has been
He did, lest you should say on rightly guided; while those He
the Day of Resurrection, We lets go astray will surely be the
had no knowledge of that. 173 Or losers.
lest you say, Our forefathers 179 We created many of the
7:189 The Heights 127
jinn and mankind for hell. They them blundering about in their
have hearts they do not arrogance. 187 They ask you
understand with; they have eyes [Prophet] about the Hour of
they do not see with; and they Doom, When will it come?
have ears they do not hear with. Say, Knowledge about it rests
Such people are like cattleno, only with my Lord; He alone
they are even more misguided. will reveal when its time will
Such are the heedless. 180 God come, it lies heavy on the heavens
has the Most Excellent Names. and the earth: it will suddenly
Call on Him by His Names and overtake you. They will put
keep away from those who distort questions to you as though you
them. They shall be requited for had full knowledge of it. Say,
what they do. 181 Of those We Knowledge about it rests only
have created there are some who with God, though most people
give true guidance and act justly. do not realize it. 188 Say, I myself
182 We shall gradually seize those have no power to benefit or do
who reject Our signs from a harm, save as God pleases. If I
place they do not recognize. had knowledge of the unseen, I
For though I give them rein would have availed myself of an
for a while, My strategy is sure. abundance of good, and no harm
Have they not reflected that would have touched me. I am
their companion is not mad? He but a warner and a bearer of
is only a plain warner. 185 Have good tidings for those who will
they not looked into the realms believe.
of the heavens and the earth and It was He who created you
all that God created, and seen from a single soul, and from it
that the end of their time might made its mate so that he may
be near? What will they believe find comfort in her. Once he has
in if they do not believe in this? covered her, she conceives and
No one can guide those whom goes about with a light burden.
God lets go astray: He leaves When it grows heavy, they both
128 The Quran 7:190
call to God, their Lord, If You for it is He who protects the
bestow on us a healthy child, we righteous. 197 Those whom you
will surely be grateful, 190 yet call on besides Him have no
when He grants them a healthy power to help you, nor can they
child, they begin to ascribe to help themselves. 198 If you call
others a share in the gift they them to the right path, they will
have received. But God is far not hear you. You find them
above what they associate with looking towards you, but they do
Him! 191 Do they associate with not see you.
Him those who create nothing Be tolerant; enjoin what is
and are themselves created? right; and avoid the ignorant.
192 They can give them no help, 200 If an evil impulse from Satan

nor can they help themselves. provokes you, seek refuge with
193 It makes no difference God; He is all hearing, and all
whether you call on them or knowing. 201 When any evil
remain silent. If you call them to suggestion from Satan touches
the right path, they will not follow those who fear God, they are
you. 194 Those whom you call on instantly alerted and become
besides God are but creatures watchful; 202 but the followers
like yourselves. Call upon them, of devils are led relentlessly into
then, and let them respond to error by them. They never desist.
you, if what you say is true. 203 When you do not bring
Have they feet to walk with? them a sign, they say, Why do
Have they hands to hold with? you not invent one? Say, I
Have they eyes to see with? follow only what is revealed to
Have they ears to hear with? Say, me by my Lord. This Book is an
Call upon those you associate enlightenment from your Lord
with God as partners, then all of and a guide and mercy to true
you contrive against me and give believers. 204 When the Quran
me no respite. 196 My protector is read, listen to it with
is God who sent down the Book, attention, and hold your peace,
8:8 The Spoils of War 129
so that you may receive heedless 206 [even] the ones
mercy. 205 Remember your Lord [angels] who live in the presence
deep in your very soul, in all of your Lord are not too proud
humility and awe, without raising to worship Him: they glorify
your voice, morning and Him and prostrate themselves
eveningdo not be one of the before Him.

8 . T H E S P O I L S O F WA R
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 5
They ask you about the spoils As it was your Lord who
of war. Say, They belong to God rightfully brought you forth from
and His Messenger. So fear God, your house, even though some
and set things right among of the believers disliked it, 6 and
yourselves, and obey God and they disputed with you
His Messenger, if you are true concerning the truth after it had
believers: 2 true believers are become manifest, as though they
those whose hearts tremble with were being driven to their death
awe at the mention of God, and with open eyes. 7 God promised
whose faith grows stronger as you that one of the two parties
they listen to His revelations. would fall to you, and you wished
They are those who put their that the one without sting should
trust in their Lord, 3 who pray be yours, but God wanted to
regularly and give in alms out of establish the truth by His words
what We have provided for and cut off the root of those who
them. 4 Such are the true denied the truth8 so that He
believers. They have a high might prove the truth to be true
standing with their Lord, His and the false to be false, however
forgiveness and an honourable much the wrongdoers might
provision made for them. dislike it.
130 The Quran 8:9
9 When you prayed to your 15 Believers, when you meet in

Lord for help, He answered, I battle those who deny the truth,
am sending to your aid a thousand never turn your backs on them:
angels in succession. 10 God only 16
whoever turns his back on
did this to give you good news, such an occasion, unless it be as
and so that your hearts might be a stratagem of war, or in an
set at rest, for help comes from endeavour to join another group
God alone. Surely, God is Mighty [of the believers] will indeed
and Wise. 11 He brought draw down upon himself the
drowsiness upon you to give you wrath of God, and Hell shall be
His reassurance and sent down his abode and the worst indeed is
water from the sky upon you, so that destination.
that He might thereby purify you You did not kill them; it was
and remove Satans pollution God who killed them; and when
from you, and make your hearts you [Prophet] threw [sand] at
strong and your feet firm. them it was not you, but God
When your Lord commanded who threw it so that He might
the angels, saying, I am with confer on the believers a great
you, so make those who believe favour from Himself. Surely, God
stand firm. I will instill fear in is all hearing, all-knowing
the hearts of those who deny the that is what happenedand
truth: so strike their necks and God will surely undermine the
strike all their finger joints!a design of those who deny the
13 That was because they defied truth. 19 If you were seeking a
God and His Messenger. He who judgement, a judgement has now
defies God and His Messenger come to you. If you desist, it will
shall be severely punished by be the better for you. But if you
God. 14 That is your punishment, return [to hostility] We too will
taste it then; and know that for
those who deny the truth there is a See pages xiv to xvii of the
the punishment of the Fire. Introduction.
8:31 The Spoils of War 131
return. And your host will avail few in number and were
you naught, however numerous accounted weak in the land, ever
it may be, and [know] that surely fearing the onslaught of your
God is with the believers. enemies, but He provided you
20 Believers, obey God and His with shelter, and supported you
Messenger, and do not turn away with His help and provided you
from him now that you have with good things, so that you
heard all. 21 Do not be like those might be grateful. 27 Do not
who say, We hear, but pay no betray God and His Messenger,
heed to what they hear22 the and do not knowingly violate
worst creatures in Gods eyes are your trusts. 28 Know that your
those who are deaf and dumb, wealth and children are a trial
and who possess no and that there is an immense
understanding. 23 If God had reward with God.
found any good in them, He Believers, if you fear God,
would certainly have made them He will grant you the ability to
hear; but being as they are, even discriminate between right and
if He makes them hear, they will wrong, and will forgive you your
turn away in aversion. sins: for God is limitless in His
24 Believers, obey God and the great bounty. 30 Remember how
Messenger when he calls you to those who bent on denying the
that which gives you life. Know truth plotted against you to
that God stands between man imprison you or kill you or expel
and his heart, and you shall all be you: they schemedbut God
gathered in His presence. 25 And also schemed. God is the best of
beware of an affliction that will schemers.
not smite exclusively those 31 Whenever Our revelations

among you who have done are recited to them, they say, We
wrong. Know that God is severe have heard them. If we wished,
in exacting retribution. we could produce the like. They
26 Remember when you were are nothing but the fables of the
132 The Quran 8:32
ancients. 32 They also said, God, in Hell. 37 So that God may
if this really is the truth from separate the bad from the good,
You, then rain down upon us He will heap the wicked one
stones from heaven, or send us upon another and then cast them
some other painful punishment. into Hell. These will surely be
But God would not punish the losers.
them while you [Prophet] were 38 Tell those who are bent on

in their midst, nor would He denying the truth that if they

punish them so long as they desist, their past shall be
sought forgiveness. 34 Yet why forgiven, but if they persist in
should God not punish them sin, they have an example in the
when they debar people from the fate of those who went before.
Sacred Mosque, although they Fight them until there is no
are not its guardians? Its rightful more [religious] persecution,a
guardians are those who fear and religion belongs wholly to
God, though most of them do God: if they desist, then surely
not realize it. 35 Their prayers at God is watchful of what they do,
the Sacred House are nothing 40 but if they turn away, know

but whistling and clapping of that God is your Protector; the

hands. So taste the punishment Best of Protectors and the Best
because of your denial. of Helpers!
36 Those who are bent on 41 Know that one-fifth of your

denying the truth are spending battle gains belongs to God and
their wealth in debarring others the Messenger, to his close
from the path of God. They will relatives and orphans, to the
continue to spend it in this way needy and travellers, if you
till, in the end, this spending will believe in God and the revelation
become a source of intense regret We sent down to Our servant on
for them, and then they will be
overcome. And those who denied a See pages xiv to xvii of the
the truth will be gathered together Introduction.
8:49 The Spoils of War 133
the Decisive Day, the day when so that God might bring about
the two forces met. God has that which had been decreed.
power over all things. Everything returns to God.
42 45
You were on the nearer side Believers! When you
of the valley, and they were on encounter a party, remain firm
the farther side, and the caravan and remember God much, so
was below you. Had you wished that you may succeed. 46 Obey
to set a time by mutual God and His Messenger, and
agreement, you would certainly avoid dissension, lest you falter
have disagreed on the timing. and are no longer held in awe.
However, the encounter took Have patience: God is with those
place, so that God might settle a who are patient. 47 Do not be like
matter which had already been those who left their homes full
ordained, so that he who was to of conceit and showing off to
perish might perish after clear others. They debar others from
evidence of the truth, and he the path of God: but God has
who was to live might live in knowledge of all their actions.
clear evidence of the truth. 48 Satan made their deeds seem

Surely, God is all hearing and fair to them and said, None of
all-knowing. 43 God showed the people shall prevail against
them to you in your dream as you this day; I shall be your
small in number. If He had shown protector! But when the two
them to you as many, you would forces came in sight of each
have lost heart and disputed other, he turned on his heels,
about the matter; but God saved saying, This is where I leave
you. He has full knowledge of you: I see what you do not, and
what is in the human heart. I fear GodGod is severe in His
44 When at the time of your punishment. 49 The hypocrites
encounter He made them appear and those whose hearts were
few in your eyes, and made you perverted said, These people
appear few in their eyes, it was [the believers] must be deluded
134 The Quran 8:50
by their religion. But he who sight of God are those who reject
places his trust in God [knows Him and will not believe; 56 those
that], God is Almighty and Wise. with whom you have made a
If you could see, when the covenant, and who break their
angels take the souls of those covenant on every occasion and
who are bent on denying the have no fear [of God]. 57 Should
truth [at death], how they strike you encounter them in war, then
their faces and backs: saying deal with them in such a manner
Taste the punishment of the that those that follow them
Burning! This is the should abandon their designs
punishment for what your hands and may take warning. 58 And if
committedfor, God never does you learn of treachery on the part
the least wrong to His servants. of any people, throw their treaty
52 Like Pharaohs people and back at them, so as to be on equal
those that have gone before them, terms, for God does not love the
they rejected Gods signs and treacherous.
God seized them for their sins. Let not the deniers think
God is strong, and severe in that they will ever get away.
punishment! 53 God would never They cannot frustrate [Gods
withdraw a favour that He had purpose]. They have not the
conferred upon a people unless power to do so. 60 Prepare any
they change what is in their strength you can muster against
hearts. God is all hearing and all- them, and any cavalry with which
knowing. 54 Like Pharaohs you can overawe Gods enemy
people and those who went and your own enemy as well,
before them, they denied their and others besides them whom
Lords signs: We destroyed them you do not know, but who are
for their sins, and We drowned known to God. Anything you
Pharaohs peoplethey were all spend in the way of God will be
evil-doers. repaid to you in full. You will not
55 The worst creatures in the be wronged. 61 Then if they
8:71 The Spoils of War 135
should be inclined to make peace, and if there are a thousand of
make peace with them, and put you, they will overcome two
your trust in God. Surely, it is He thousand by Gods will. God is
who is All Hearing and All with the steadfast.
Knowing. 62 Should they seek to 67 It is not right for a Prophet

deceive you, God is enough for to keep captives unless he has

you: it was He who strengthened battled strenuously in the land.
you with His help, and rallied You desire the gain of this world,
the faithful around you, and while God desires for you the
bound their hearts together. HereafterGod is mighty and
63 Even if you had spent all that wise. 68 Had it not been for a writ
is on the earth, you could from God that had already gone
not have bound their hearts forth, you would have been
together, but God has bound severely punished on account of
them together. Surely, He is what you took. 69 So eat of that
Mighty and Wise. which you have gained in war as
O Prophet! God is sufficient lawful and good, and fear God.
for you and the believers who Surely, God is most forgiving
follow you. 65 Prophet, urge the and merciful.
believers to fight;a if there are 70 Prophet, tell those you have

twenty of you who are steadfast, taken captive: If God knows of

they will overcome two hundred, any good in your hearts, He will
and if there are a hundred of you, give you something better than
they will overcome a thousand what has been taken from you,
of those who deny the truth, for and He will forgive you: God is
they are devoid of understanding. Forgiving and Merciful. 71 And
66 God has now lightened your if they would betray you, they
burden, for He knows that there betrayed God before, and He
is weakness in you. If there are a
hundred of you who are steadfast, a See pages xiv to xvii of the
they will overcome two hundred; Introduction.
136 The Quran 8:72
gave [you] power over them. the truth support one another. If
God is aware and wise. you fail to do likewise, there will
72 Those who have believed be great disorder and corruption
and migrated and struggled for in the land.
Gods cause with their 74 Those who have believed

possessions and persons, and and migrated and striven for the
those who have given refuge and cause of God, as well as those
help, are the friends and who have given them refuge and
protectors of one another. But as support, are the true believers;
for those who have come to they shall have forgiveness and
believe without having migrated an honourable provision. 75 And
you are in no way responsible those who have believed later
for their protection until they on, and emigrated and struggled
migrate. If they seek your help in for Gods sake alongside you are
the matter of religion, it is also a part of you. But as to
incumbent on you to help them, blood relations, they are nearer
except against a people with one to another in the Book of
whom you have a pact. God sees God. God has full knowledge of
what you do. 73 Those who deny all things.

9 . R E P E N TA N C E
This is a declaration of is a proclamation from God and
immunity from God and His His Messenger to the people on
Messenger to the polytheists, the day of the Pilgrimage, that
with whom you had made God is free of all obligation to
agreements. 2 So go about in the the polytheists, and so is His
land for four months, but know Messenger. If you repent, it will
that you cannot frustrate the plan be better for you, but if you turn
of God and that God will disgrace away, then know that you cannot
those who deny the truth. 3 This frustrate the plan of God.
9:12 Repentance 137
Proclaim a grievous punishment except for those with whom you
to those who are bent on denying entered into a treaty at the Sacred
the truth. 4 As for those who Mosque? As long as they act
have honoured the treaty you straight with you, act straight
made with them and who have with them. God loves those who
not supported anyone against are righteous. 8 How [can there
you: fulfill your agreement with be a treaty] for, if they get the
them to the end of their term. upper hand over you, they will
God loves those who are respect neither kinship nor
righteous. covenant. They [try to] please
5 When the forbidden months you with their tongues but their
have passed, kill the polytheists hearts reject you; most of them
[who are at war with you] are perfidious. 9 They have sold
wherever you find them.a Take Gods revelations for a paltry
them captive, and besiege them, price, and barred others from
and lie in wait for them at every His path. How evil is what they
place of ambush. But if they have been doing! 10 Where
repent, and take to prayer believers are concerned, they
regularly and pay the alms, then respect no tie of kinship or treaty.
let them go their way. God is They are people who overstep
forgiving and merciful. 6 If any the limits. 11 If they repent and
one of the polytheists seeks keep up their prayers and pay the
asylum with you, grant him alms, then they are your brethren
asylum so that he may hear the in faith. We make Our messages
word of God; then convey him to clear for people who are willing
a place of safety. That is because to learn.
they are a people who have no 12 But if they break faith after

knowledge. pledging it and revile your

7 How can there be a treaty

with the polytheists on the part a See pages xiv to xvii of the
of God and His Messenger, Introduction.
138 The Quran 9:13
religion, then fight these leaders they are self-confessed
of unbelief, so that they may unbelievers. It is they whose
desist, for they have no regard works shall come to nothing and
for their pledged word. 13 Will they shall abide in Hell. 18 Only
you not fight against those who he should tend Gods houses of
have broken their oaths and worship who believes in God
conspired to banish the and the Last Day, and is constant
Messenger? They were the first in prayer, and spends in charity,
to attack you. Do you fear them? and stands in awe of none but
Surely God is more deserving of God: such people may hope to
your fear, if you are true be among the rightly guided.
believers. 14 Fight them: God will 19 Do you regard giving water to

punish them at your hands, and pilgrims and tending the Sacred
will disgrace them. He will help Mosque as being equal to the
you to overcome them and heal deeds of those who believe in
the hearts of the faithful; 15 He God and the Last Day and who
will remove the rage from their strive in Gods path? They are
hearts. God will turn in His not equal in the sight of God.
mercy to whom He wills. God is God does not guide such unjust
all knowing and wise. people. 20 Those who have
Do you [O believers] think believed and have migrated, and
that you will be spared without have striven for Gods sake with
God identifying which of you their possessions and persons,
have struggled and did not take stand much higher in Gods
anyone for friends and protectors esteem. It is they who will
except God, His Messenger, and triumph; 21 their Lord gives them
the believers? God is fully aware the good news of His mercy and
of all your actions. His pleasure and gardens of
17 It is not right that the eternal bliss. 22 There they will
polytheists should frequent dwell for ever. Truly there is an
Gods places of worship while immense reward with God.
9:30 Repentance 139
23 Believers, do not take your truthfor such is the recompense
fathers and your brothers for of all who deny the truth27 then
allies if they choose denial of after that, God will turn in His
truth in preference to faith. Those mercy to whom He wills: God is
among you who ally themselves forgiving and merciful.
with them are wrongdoers. Believers, know that the
24 Say, If your fathers and your polytheists are impure,a so they
sons and your brothers and your should not approach the Sacred
spouses and your tribe, and the Mosque after this year onwards.
worldly goods which you have If you should fear destitution,
acquired, and the commerce God will enrich you out of His
which you fear will decline, and bounty, if He so wishes. God is
the homes you love are dearer to aware and wise.
you than God and His Messenger 29 Fight those from among the

and the struggle for His cause, People of the Book who believe
then wait until God fulfills His neither in God, nor in the Last
decree. God does not guide the Day, nor hold as unlawful what
disobedient people. God and His Messenger have
Indeed, God has helped you declared to be unlawful, nor
on many occasions. On the day follow the true religion, until
of Hunayn, when you took pride they pay the tax willingly and
in your great numbers, they agree to submit. 30 The Jews say,
proved of no avail to youfor Ezra is the son of God, and the
the earth, despite all its vastness, Christians say, The Messiah is
became [too] narrow for you and the son of God. These are but
you turned back, in retreat. 26 God their baseless utterances. They
caused His tranquillity to descend imitate the assertions made in
upon His Messenger and the earlier times by those who deny
faithful: and sent down forces
which you did not see: He a The word impure (najas) connotes
punished those who denied the spiritual, not physical impurity.
140 The Quran 9:31
the truth. May God destroy them! Day their treasure is heated up in
How far astray they have been led! the fire of hell, their foreheads
31 They have taken their and their sides and their backs
learned men and their monks for shall be branded with it, and they
their lords besides God. So have will be told, This is what you
they taken the Messiah, son of hoarded up for yourselves. Taste
Mary, although they were then what you were hoarding.
commanded to worship only the On the Day God created
One God. There is no deity but heaven and earth, He decreed
He. He is far above whatever that the number of months should
they set up as His partners! be twelve in number. Out of
32 They want to extinguish these, four are sacred. That is the
Gods light with their mouths, true religion. Do not wrong your
but God seeks only to perfect souls in these months. Fight the
His light, no matter how those polytheists all together, as they
who deny the truth may abhor it. fight you all together,a and know
It is He who has sent His that God is with the righteous.
Messenger with guidance and 37 The postponing of [sacred

the religion of Truth, so that He months] is but one more instance

may make it prevail of [their] refusal to acknowledge
[ideologically] over every other the truthby which those who
religion, however much the are bent on denying the truth are
polytheists may hate this. led astray. They declare this to be
34 Believers, many religious permissible in one year and
scholars and monks wrongfully forbidden in another year, so
appropriate peoples possessions that they may adjust the months
and turn people away from Gods which God has sanctified, thus
path! Tell those who hoard gold making lawful what God has
and silver instead of giving in
Gods cause that they will have a See pages xiv to xvii of the
a painful punishment: 35 on the Introduction.
9:46 Repentance 141
forbidden. Their evil deed seems 41 Go forth, whether lightly or
fair to them: God does not guide heavily equipped, and strive and
those who deny the truth. struggle, with your goods and
Believers, what is the matter your persons, for the cause of
with you that when you are asked God. That is better for you, if
to go forth in the cause of God, you only knew. 42 Had the gain
you cling slothfully to the land? been immediate and the journey
Do you prefer the life of this shorter, they would have
world to the Hereafter? But little followed you: but the distance
is the comfort of this life, seemed too great for them. Yet
compared to that of the Hereafter. they will swear by God, Had we
39 If you do not go forth, He will been able, we would have gone
punish you sternly and replace out with you. They bring ruin
you by other people. You will upon themselves. God knows
not harm Him in the least. God that they are surely lying.
has power over all things. 40 If 43 May God pardon you! Why

you do not support him did you permit them to do so

[Muhammad], know that God before it had become clear to
did support him when those who you which ones were truthful, so
denied the truth expelled him that you might recognize the
[when he was] the second of liars? 44 Those who believe in
two. When they were both in the God and the Last Day will never
cave, he [Muhammad] told his ask you to exempt them from
companion, Do not worry; for striving with their wealth and
God is with us. So God sent His their livesGod best knows the
tranquillity down on him and righteous 45 only those seek
aided him with forces invisible exemption who do not truly
to you and placed the word of believe in God and the Last Day,
those who disbelieved lowest, and whose hearts have become a
while Gods word remained prey to doubt. Because they
supreme. God is powerful and wise. doubt, they waver. 46 If they had
142 The Quran 9:47
wished to go forth, they would beforehand! They turn away
surely have made some rejoicing. 51 Say, Nothing can
preparation for it, but God befall us, except what God has
disliked their setting out [and ordained for us. He is our
being raised high in Gods eyes] Supreme Lord. In God let the
and held them back. They were faithful put their trust. 52 Say,
told to stay behind with those Are you waiting for anything to
who stay behind. befall us except one of the two
47 Had they gone forth with best things [Victory in this world
you, they would only have proved or Paradise in the next]? But we
a source of evil for you, and expect that God will send His
would have run back and forth punishment to you either directly
among you, seeking to sow from Himself, or by our hands.
discord among you: and among So wait, if you will; we too, are
you there were some who would waiting with you.
have willingly listened to them. 53 Say, Whether you give

God knows the evil-doers. willingly or unwillingly, your

48 They have already tried to sow offerings shall not be accepted
dissension, and hatched plots by God, for you are indeed a
against you, until the truth disobedient people. 54 The only
became manifest and Gods will reason their contributions are
prevailed, much to their disgust. not accepted is that they have
Some of them say, Give us denied God and His Messenger,
leave to stay behind and do not they come to the prayer half
put us to trial. Surely, they have heartedly, and they offer
already fallen into trial. Surely, contributions unwillingly. 55 Do
Hell shall engulf those who deny not let their wealth and children
the truth. 50 If good befalls you, impress you. For God seeks to
it grieves them, but if a punish them through these things
misfortune befalls you, they say, in the life of this world, so that
We took our precautions their souls shall depart while
9:66 Repentance 143
they are still denying the truth. 61 Among them are those who
They swear by God that they vex the Prophet by saying, He
are believers like you; but they listens to everyone. Say, His
are not. They are afraid [to appear listening to everyone is good for
in their true colours]: 57 if they you; he believes in God and puts
could find a place of refuge, or his trust in the faithful, and is a
a cave or any hiding-place, they mercy to those of you who
would run there with frantic believe. Those who annoy Gods
haste. Messenger shall have a painful
Among them there are some punishment. 62 They swear by
who find fault with you God in order to please you
concerning the distribution of [believers]: but it would be more
alms. If a share is given to them, fitting for them to please God
they are pleased, but if they and His Messenger, if they are
receive nothing, they grow believers. 63 Do they not know
resentful. 59 If only they had been that whoever opposes God and
content with what God and His His Messenger shall abide
Messenger had given them and forever in the fire of Hell? That
had said, God is sufficient for is the supreme humiliation.
us. God will give us out of His 64 The hypocrites are afraid

bounty, and so will His lest a chapter [of the Quran] be

Messenger. To God alone do we sent down about them, telling
turn with hope! 60 Alms are only them what is in their hearts
for: the poor and the destitute, say, Go on mocking. God will
for those who collect zakat, for surely bring to light what you are
conciliating peoples hearts, for dreading. 65If you ask them,
freeing slaves, for those in debt, they will say, We were only
for spending for Gods cause, joking and playing with words.
and for travellers in need. It is a Say, Would you make a mockery
legal obligation enjoined by God. of God and of His Revelations
God is all-knowing and wise. and of His Messenger? 66 Make
144 The Quran 9:67
no excuses; you rejected the faith shall be the losers. 70 Have they
after you accepted it. If We never heard the stories about
pardon some of you, We will their predecessors, the peoples
punish others amongst you, for of Noah, Ad, Thamud,
they are guilty. Abraham, Midian, and of the
The hypocrites, both men ruined cities? Their messengers
and women, are all alike. They brought them clear evidence of
enjoin what is evil, forbid what the truth. It was not God who
is right and they are niggardly wronged them; they wronged
when it comes to spending for themselves.
the cause of God. They have 71 The believers, both men and

forgotten God, so He has women, are friends to each other;

forgotten them. The hypocrites they enjoin what is good and
are the disobedient ones. 68 God forbid evil, they attend to their
has promised the hypocrites, both prayers and pay the alms and
men and women, and those who obey God and His Messenger.
deny the truth, the Fire of Hell. On these God will have mercy,
They shall abide in it forever. for God is almighty and wise.
That is a sufficient recompense God has promised the
for them. God has rejected them. believers, both men and women,
They shall have everlasting Gardens through which rivers
punishment. 69 Like those before flow, wherein they will abide,
you who were stronger than you, and fine dwelling places in
possessed more wealth and Gardens of eternity. But the good
children; they enjoyed their share pleasure of God is greater still.
in this life as you have enjoyed That is the supreme achievement.
yours; like them, you have 73 O Prophet, strive against

indulged in idle talk. It is they those who deny the truth and the
whose works shall come to hypocrites, and be firm against
nothing in this world and in the them. Their abode shall be Hell:
life to comeand it is they who an evil destination. 74 They swear
9:82 Repentance 145
by God that they did not, yet they that God knows what they
uttered the words of denial of conceal and what they talk about
truth after they had accepted in secret? That God knows all
Islam. They meditated a plot that is hidden?
which they were unable to carry 79 As for those who ridicule

out, and being spiteful was their such believers as give alms freely
only response to God, who had for the sake of God and taunt
enriched them out of His bounty, those who find nothing to give
and to His Messenger. If they save that which they earn through
repent, it will indeed be better their toil, God will cause their
for them. If they turn away, God ridicule to rebound on them:
will punish them with grievous they shall have a painful
suffering in this world and the punishment. 80 It is the same
Hereafter, and there will be whether or not you ask
no one on earth to protect or forgiveness for them. Even if
help them. you ask forgiveness for them
There are some among seventy times, God will not
them who pledged themselves forgive them, for they have
to God, saying, If God gives denied God and His Messenger.
us something out of His God does not guide the evil-
bounty, we shall certainly doers.
give alms and be righteous, 81 Those who stayed at home
but when He bestowed His were glad that they were left
favours on them they grew behind by Gods Messenger.
niggardly, and turned away in They hated the thought of striving
aversion. 77 So He caused for Gods cause with their
hypocrisy to settle in their hearts possessions and their persons.
until the Day of their meeting They said, Do not go forth in
with Him, because they broke this heat. Say, The Fire of Hell
their word to God, and because is far hotter. If only they could
they lied. 78 Do they not know understand. 82 Let them laugh a
146 The Quran 9:83
little and weep much in return [at home]: their hearts are sealed
for their misdeeds. 83 So and so they do not understand.
[Prophet], if God brings you 88 But the Messenger and those

back to a group of them, and who shared his faith strove hard
should they ask your leave to go with their possessions and their
forth with you, say, You shall lives. It is they who shall have all
never go forth with me and shall kinds of good, and it is they who
never fight an enemy with me. shall surely prosper. 89 God has
You chose to sit at home the first prepared for them Gardens
time, so sit now with those who through which rivers flow, in
remain behind. 84 And never [O which they shall abide forever.
Muhammad] pray for one of That is the supreme triumph.
them who dies, nor stand by his Some of the desert Arabs,
grave. For they denied God and too, came to make excuses,
His Messenger, and died asking to be granted exemption.
rebellious. Those who lied to God and His
Do not let their wealth and Messenger stayed behind at
their children dazzle you. God home. Those who denied the
only wants to punish them truth among them will be
through these things in this afflicted with a painful
world, and let their souls depart chastisement, 91 but no blame
while they deny the truth. shall attach to the weak, the sick,
When a chapter is revealed and those who have no means to
enjoining, Believe in God and spend, provided they are sincere
strive for the cause of God along to God and His Messenger. There
with His Messenger, the wealthy is no reason to reproach those
among them ask you to exempt who do good deeds; God is most
them saying, Let us stay with forgiving and merciful. 92 Nor
those who are to stay behind. [does any blame] attach to those
They preferred to be with [the who came to you to be provided
women], who remained behind with mounts, and when you said,
9:100 Repentance 147
I can find no mounts for you, pleased with rebellious people.
they went back, and tears welled The desert Arabs are more
up in their eyes with sadness, stubborn in their denial of truth
since they could not find and hypocrisy, and are the least
any way to contribute. 93 The likely to be aware of the limits
blameworthy are those who are which God has revealed to His
men of wealth and yet ask for Messenger. God is all knowing
exemption. They are content to and wise. 98 Some desert Arabs
be with those [women] who stay regard what they give for the
behind. God has sealed their cause of God as a fine and wait
hearts: they do not understand. for some misfortune to befall
94 They will make excuses to you. May ill-fortune befall them!
you when you return to them. God hears all and knows all.
Say, Do not make excuses, we 99 There are also those among

will not believe you. God has them who believe in God and the
already informed us about you. Last Day and regard what they
God will see your actions, as spend for the cause of God as a
will His Messenger. Then you means of bringing them nearer
will be returned to the One who to God and of deserving the
knows the seen and the unseen prayers of the Messenger. This
and He will tell you all that you shall certainly be for them a
used to do. 95 When you return, means of drawing near to God.
they will swear to you by God so God will admit them into His
that you may leave them alone, mercy; God is indeed most
so leave them alone. They are forgiving and merciful.
unclean, and Hell will be their 100 As for those who led the

home as a reward for their way, the first of the emigrants

actions96 they will swear to and the supporters, as well as
you, so that you may be pleased those who nobly followed them,
with them. But [even] if you are God is well pleased with them,
pleased with them, God is not and they are well pleased with
148 The Quran 9:101
Him; He has prepared for them will His Messenger and the
Gardens through which rivers believers. Soon you will be
flow, where they shall dwell brought back to Him who knows
forever. That is the supreme what is hidden and what is
achievement. 101 Some of the manifest: then He will show you
desert Arabs around you are the truth of all that you have
hypocrites as are some of the done. 106 [There are yet] others
people of Madinahthey are whose cases are deferred until it
obdurate in their hypocrisy. You is Gods will to judge them. He
do not know them, but We know will either punish them, or turn
them. We shall cause them to suffer in mercy to them; God is all
doubly and then they will be knowing and wise.
subjected to a great punishment. Then there are those who
102 There are others who have built a mosque to cause harm, to
confessed their wrongdoing, who spread apostasy and disunity
have done some good deeds and among the believersas an
some bad ones. It is likely that outpost for those who from the
God will turn to them in mercy. outset warred on God and His
Surely, God is most forgiving, Messenger. They swear, Our
merciful. 103 Take alms out of intentions were nothing but
their wealth to cleanse them and good, but God bears witness
purify them, and pray for them; that they are lying. 108 Do not set
your prayer will be a comfort to foot in it. Only a house of
them. God is all hearing, all worship, founded from the very
knowing. 104 Do they not know first day upon piety, is worthy of
that God accepts the repentance your setting foot therein. In it are
of His servants and receives their men who love to be purified and
alms, and that God is the God loves those who purify
Forgiving, the Merciful One? themselves. 109 Who is better, he
Say, Do as you will. God who founds his building on the
will watch your conduct and so fear of God and His good
9:117 Repentance 149
pleasure, or he who builds on the 113 It is not proper for the
brink of a crumbling precipice, Prophet and those who believe
so that his house is ready to fall to seek forgiveness for
with him into the Fire of Hell? polytheists, even though they
God does not guide the are close relatives, after it has
wrongdoers: 110 the building become clear to them that they
which they have built will never have earned the punishment of
cease to be a source of deep Hell. 114 Abrahams asking
disquiet in their hearts, until forgiveness for his father was
their hearts are cut to pieces. only because of a promise he had
God is all knowing and wise. made to him, but when it became
111 God has bought from the clear to him, that he was Gods
believers their lives and their enemy, he disassociated himself
wealth in return for the Garden. from him. Surely, Abraham was
They fight for the cause of God most tender-hearted and
and they kill and are killed.a It is forbearing. 115 God would never
a promise binding on Him in the lead a people astray after He has
Torah, the Gospel and the Quran, guided them and until He has
and who is truer to his promise made clear to them what they
than God? Rejoice then in the should guard against. God has
bargain you have made. That is knowledge of all things;
the supreme achievement. 116 surely to God belongs the
[The believers are] those who kingdom of the heavens and of
turn to God in repentance; who the earth. He gives life and death.
worship and praise Him; who go You have none besides God to
about in the land serving His protect or help you.
cause, who bow down, who 117 God turned in mercy to the

prostrate themselves, who enjoin Prophet, and the emigrants and

good and forbid evil, and who
observe the limits set by God. a See pages xiv to xvii of the
Give good news to the believers! Introduction.
150 The Quran 9:118
the helpers who followed him in any loss upon the enemy, it shall
the hour of hardship. After the be counted as a good deed in the
hearts of a group of them had sight of GodGod will not deny
almost faltered, He turned the righteous their reward
towards them, for He was 121 and whenever they spend

compassionate and merciful anything [for the sake of God],

towards them. 118 He has turned be it little or much, and whenever
with mercy to the three whose they traverse the land [in Gods
case was deferred, when the cause]it is recorded to their
earth, for all its spaciousness, credit, and God will grant them
closed in upon them, and their the best reward for all that they
own souls seemed straitened to have been doing.
them and they realised that there It is not right that all the
was no refuge from God except believers should go out [in time
in Him. He turned to them so of war] all together. Why, then,
that they might turn to Him. God does not a party from every
is the Ever Forgiving, the Most group come to [the Prophet] in
Merciful. order to acquire a deeper
Believers, fear God and knowledge of religion and to
stand with the truthful. 120 It was warn their people, so that they
not proper for the people of can guard themselves against
Madinah and those desert Arabs evil?
around them to hold back from Believers! Fight against
following Gods Messenger, and those deniers of the truth who
to prefer their own lives to his are near you.a Deal firmly with
life. This is because whenever them. Know that God is
they suffer from thirst or with those who fear Him.
weariness or hunger for Gods 124 Whenever a chapter is sent

cause, and whenever they take

any step which provokes those a See pages xiv to xviii of the
who deny the truth, or inflicts Introduction.
10:4 Jonah 151
down, there are some of them watching? Then they turn away.
who say, Which of you has had God has turned their hearts away,
his faith increased by it? But, as because they are people who do
for those who believe, it increases not understand.
their faith and they rejoice, 125 but 128 There has come to you a

as for those with sickness in Messenger of your own. Your

their hearts, it adds defilement to suffering distresses him: he is
their defilement and they die in deeply concerned for your
a state of denial of truth. 126 Do welfare and full of kindness and
they not see that they are tried mercy towards the believers.
every year once or twice? Yet 129 But if they turn away, say,

they do not repent, nor would God suffices me: there is no

they be admonished. 127 Whenever deity but He: in Him I have put
a chapter is revealed, they glance my trust. He is the Lord of the
at each other, asking, Is anyone Glorious Throne.

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Alif Lam Ra say, This man is clearly a
These are the verses of the Book Truly, your Lord is God who
of Wisdom. 2 Does it seem created the heavens and the earth
strange to people that We have in six days [periods], then He
sent revelation to a man from ascended the Throne, disposing
among themselves, saying, Warn the whole affair. No one may
mankind and give glad tidings to intercede with Him save with
the believers that they have a His permission. Such is God,
true rank [of honour] with their your Lord, so worship Him alone.
Lord? Those who deny the truth Will you not take heed? 4 To Him
152 The Quran 10:5
you shall all return. Gods requital for their deeds. 9 Those
promise is true; He originates who believe and do good deeds
Creation, then He restores it, so will be guided by their Lord
that He may reward with justice because of their faith. Rivers
those who believe and do good shall flow at their feet in the
works. Those who have denied Gardens of Bliss. 10 In that [state
the truth shall have boiling of happiness] they will call out;
water to drink, and a painful Glory be to You, O God!, while
punishment, because of their their greeting in it will be:
denial. Peace! And the close of their
5 It is He who made the sun call will be, All praise is due to
radiate a brilliant light and the God, the Lord of the Universe!
moon shed its lustre, and Had God hastened the
ordained for it stages so that you punishment of men as He hastens
may learn to count out the years the good, the end of their term of
and [to make other such] life would already have been
reckoning of time. God has reached. We leave those who do
not created all these without not hope to meet Us groping
a purpose. He makes plain along in their arrogance.
His revelations to men 12 Whenever any trouble befalls

of understanding. 6 In the a person, he prays to Us all the

alternation of night and day, and time, lying on his side, sitting or
in all that God has created in the
heavens and the earth, there are a In the heavens and on the earth,
signs for a God-fearing people.a there are countless signs, but they
7 Those who entertain no hope serve as a lesson only for those who
of meeting Us, being pleased are God-fearing. Fear, or apprehension,
and contented with the life of is a thing which makes a man serious.
Unless a man is serious, he will not
this world, and those who give pay full attention to matters of
no heed to Our signs, 8 shall importance and will not understand
have their abode in the Fire in their various aspects.
10:21 Jonah 153
standing; but when We remove your knowledge. Indeed, I have
his trouble, he goes on his way spent a whole lifetime among
as if he had never prayed to Us you before it came to me. How
for the removal of his trouble. can you not use your reason?
Thus it is that the doings of the 17 Who is more unjust than the

transgressors are made to look man who invents a falsehood

fair to them. about God or denies His signs?
And indeed, before your Surely, the guilty shall never
time We destroyed [whole] prosper.
generations when they Instead of God they worship
[persistently] did evil; their what neither harms nor benefits
messengers came to them with them, and they say: These are
clear signs, but they would not our intercessors with God. Say,
believe. Thus We requite the Do you inform God about
guilty. 14 Then We made you something in heavens and on
their successors in the land, so earth that He does not know?
that We might observe how you Glory be to Him; may He be
would conduct yourselves. Exalted over whatever they
When Our clear revelations associate [with Him]! 19 Mankind
are recited to them, those who do was only one community, but
not expect to meet Us say, Bring then they differed, and had it not
us a different Quran, or make been for a prior word from your
some changes in it. Say, It is Lord, their differences would have
not for me to change it of my been settled for them.
own accord. I follow only what They ask, Why has no sign
is revealed to me. I fear, if I were been sent down to him from his
to disobey my Lord, the Lord? Tell them, God alone has
punishment on a Dreadful Day. knowledge of the unseen. So
16 Say, If God had so wished, I wait; I too will wait with you.
would not have recited it to you, Whenever We let mankind
nor would He have brought it to taste mercy after some adversity
154 The Quran 10:22
has afflicted them, they forthwith on its finest appearance, and
turn to devising false arguments looks beautiful, and its people
against Our signs. Say, God is think they have it under their
swifter in His devising! Our angels control, then by day or by night,
are recording your intrigues. Our command comes to it and
It is God who enables you to We convert it into a field of
travel on land and sea. And when stubble, as if nothing had existed
you are sailing on ships and there the day before. Thus We
rejoicing in the favourable wind, make plain Our revelations for
a storm arrives, and the waves those who reflect.
surge upon those on board from 25 God calls man to the home

every side and they think they of peace and He guides whom
are encompassed, then they make He wills to a straight path.
a fervent appeal to God, saying 26 Those who do good works

in all sincerity, If You deliver us shall have a good reward and

from this, we will surely be of more besides. No darkness and
the thankful. 23 But when He no ignominy shall cover their
has delivered them, they begin, faces. They are destined for
wrongfully to commit excesses Paradise wherein they shall dwell
in the land. O you men, your forever. 27 But as for those who
excesses only affect your own have done evil deeds, the
selves. Have the enjoyment of recompense shall be in
the present life. Then to Us you proportion. They will have none
shall return; and We will inform to defend them against God.
you of all that you have done. Ignominy shall cover them, as
24 The life of the world is like though their faces were veiled
the water which We send down by the nights own darkness. It is
from the sky, and which is they who are destined for the
absorbed by the plants of the fire, where they will live forever.
earth, from which men and cattle On the Day when We gather
eat. But when the earth has taken them all together, We shall say to
10:38 Jonah 155
those who ascribed partners to 34 Ask then, Can any of your
God, Keep to your places, you partner-gods originate creation,
and your partners! Then We shall and then reproduce it? Say, It is
separate them from one another God who originates creation and
and their partner-gods will say, It then restores it: how then are you
was not us that you worshipped. so misled? 35 Say, Does any of
29 God suffices as a witness your partner-gods guide one to
between us and you. We were the Truth? Say, It is God who
entirely unaware that you guides to the truth. Then, is He
worshipped us. 30 Then every who guides to the truth more
soul shall realize what it has worthy to be followed or one
done. They shall be returned to who cannot find the way himself
God, their true Master, and unless he be guided? What is the
anything they had invented will matter with you? How ill you
forsake them. judge! 36 Most of them follow
31 Say, Who provides [suste- nothing but mere conjecture. But
nance] for you from heaven and conjecture is of no use against
earth? Who is it who controls the the Truth. God is well aware of
ears and the eyes? Who brings what they do.
forth the living from the dead, 37 This Quran is not such as

and the dead from the living? could have been produced by
And who governs all affairs? anyone but God. It fulfills that
They will say, God. Then say, [the predictions] which came
Will you not then fear Him? before it and gives a fuller
That is God, your true Lord. explanation of the [earlier]
What is there, besides the truth, Revelations. There is no doubt
but error? How then can you turn about it: it is from the Lord of the
away? 33 Thus the Word of your Universe. 38 Do they say, He has
Lord is proved true against those fabricated it? Say, Bring me
who are disobedient. They will one chapter like it. Call on whom
not believe. you may besides God to help
156 The Quran 10:39
you, if what you say be true! an hour of a day. They will
Indeed, they are denying recognize one another; lost
something which they cannot indeed will be those who
comprehend; the reality not yet considered it a lie that they were
having dawned on them. destined to meet God, and did
Likewise those before them not follow the right path.
rejected the truth. But see what 46 Whether We show you

was the end of the wrongdoers. something of what We have

40 Some of them will believe promised them or cause you to
in it [the Quran], while others die [before that], to Us they shall
will not. And your Lord is fully return. God is Witness to all that
aware of the evil-doers. 41 If they they do.
should reject you, say, My deeds Every nation has a
are mine and your deeds are messenger. Once their messenger
yours. You are not accountable has come, judgement will be
for my actions, nor am I passed upon them in all fairness
accountable for what you do. and they will not be wronged.
42 Some of them appear to be 48 They say, When will this

listening to you; but can you promise come to passif you

make the deaf hear, incapable as speak the truth? 49 Say, I have
they are of understanding? no control over any harm or
43 Some of them look fixedly at benefit to myself, except by the
you; but can you make the blind will of God. For every people,
see, bereft as they are of sight? however, there is an appointed
Surely, God does not wrong term. When the end of their term
people at all, but people wrong arrives, they cannot postpone it
themselves. for an hour, nor can they advance
45 And on the Day when He it. 50 Say, If His punishment
shall gather them together, it will comes upon you in the dead of
seem to them as if they had not night, or by the light of day, how
tarried in the world longer than will the guilty escape it? 51 Will
10:64 Jonah 157
you believe in it only after it has grace and mercy of God let them
overtaken you, although it was rejoice, for these are better than
your wish to hurry it on? 52 Then the worldly riches which they
the evil-doers will be told, Taste hoard. 59 Say, Have you
the everlasting punishment. Have considered the provision God
you not been rewarded according has sent down for you, and have
to your deeds? you made some of it unlawful
They enquire of you if this and some lawful? Say, Has
will really happen. Tell them, God given you permission [to do
Yes, by my Lord. Most certainly this], or are you inventing
it will happen, and you cannot falsehoods about God? 60 What
avert it. 54 If every wrongdoer will they think, those who invent
possessed all that was on the falsehoods about God, on the
earth, he would seek to ransom Day of Resurrection? God is
himself with it: when they see bountiful to men: yet most of
the punishment, they will repent them are not grateful.
in secret. But judgement will be In whatever activity you may
passed upon them in all fairness, be engaged, and whichever part
and they will not be wronged. of the Quran you recite, and
55 Assuredly, everything that is whatever deed you do, We are
in the heavens and on the earth witness to it when you are
belongs to God. Assuredly, Gods engaged in it. Not the smallest
promise is true. Yet most of them particle on the earth or in heaven
do not realize it. 56 He gives life is hidden from your Lord; and
and brings about death, and to there is nothing smaller or bigger
Him you shall all return. but is recorded in a clear Book.
57 O mankind! There has come 62 Those who are close to God

to you an admonition from your shall certainly have no fear, nor

Lord, a cure for what is in the shall they grieve. 63 For those
hearts, and a guide and a blessing who believe and are mindful of
to true believers. 58 Say, In the God, 64 there is good news in
158 The Quran 10:65
this life and in the Hereafter: the Us they shall return. Then We
Word of God shall never change. shall make them taste a severe
That is the supreme triumph. punishment, because of their
Do not let their words grieve denial of truth.
you. Surely, all might and glory 71 Tell them the story of Noah.

belongs to God alone; He is the He said to his people, My

all-hearing, the all-knowing. people, if my presence among
Surely, all who are in the you and my preaching to you of
heavens and on the earth belong Gods revelations offends you,
to Him. What do those follow, know that I put my trust in God,
who appeal to associates instead so agree on your course of action,
of to God? They merely follow along with your partner-gods,
conjecture and they are only and let no hesitation deflect you
guessing. 67 It is He who has from it, then put it into effect
made the night dark for you so against me, and give me no
that you may rest in it, and the respite. 72 If you turn away from
day a source of light. Surely, me, remember I demand no
there are signs in this for a recompense from you. Only God
people who listen. will reward me and I have been
68 They say, God has begotten commanded to submit
a son. Glory be to Him. He is the completely to Him. 73 Then they
Self-Sufficient One; everything rejected him; then We delivered
in the heavens and on the earth him and those with him in the
belongs to Him. Do you have Ark, and We made them
any authority for this? Would successors; while We drowned
you ascribe to God something the others who belied Our signs.
which you do not know? 69 Say, Observe then the fate of those
Those who invent falsehoods who had been forewarned.
about God shall not prosper. 74 After him We sent other
Their portion is short-lived messengers to their respective
enjoyment in this world; but to peoples, and they brought them
10:87 Jonah 159
clear proofs. But they would not nothing. Truly, God does not
believe in the truth, because they support the work of mischief-
had rejected it before. Thus We makers; 82 God establishes the
seal up the hearts of the truth by His words, however
transgressors. much the sinners may dislike it.
75 83
Then We sent forth Moses But none save a few youths
and Aaron with Our signs to declared their faith in Moses,
Pharaoh and his nobles, but they [while others held back] for fear
behaved arrogantly, for they were that Pharaoh and his nobles
wicked people. 76 When the truth would persecute them. Pharaoh
came to them from Us, they said, was high and mighty in the land.
This is plain sorcery. 77 Moses And one who transgressed all
replied, Do you speak thus of bounds. 84 Moses said, O my
the truth after it has been brought people; if you believe in God,
to you? Can this be sorcery? [and] if you have surrendered
Sorcerers never prosper. 78 They yourselves to Him, then in Him
said, Have you come to turn us alone put your trust. 85 They
away from what we found our said, In God we put our trust.
forefathers following, so that the Our Lord, make us not a trial
two of you might become [the subject of persecution] for
supreme in this land? We will the oppressors. 86 And deliver us
never believe in you. by Your mercy from the people
Then Pharaoh said, Bring who deny the truth.
me every skilled magician! 87 We revealed [Our will] to
When the magicians came, Moses and his brother, saying,
Moses said to them, Cast down Set aside for your people some
whatever you are going to cast houses in the city and turn them
down. 81 And when they had into places of worship, and be
done so, Moses said, What you constant in prayer! And give [O
have wrought is mere sorcery. Moses] the good news to the
Surely, God will bring it to believers.
160 The Quran 10:88
88 Moses prayed, Our Lord, people are indeed heedless of
You have bestowed upon Our signs.
Pharaoh and his nobles pomp 93 We settled the Children of

and wealth in the present life, Israel in a blessed land, and We

whereby they lead people astray provided them with good things.
from Your path. Our Lord, And it was not until knowledge
destroy their riches and harden [of Gods revelation] was granted
their hearts, so that they shall not to them that they began to hold
believe until they are faced with divergent views. Your Lord will
grievous punishment. judge between them on the Day
89 God said, Your prayer is of Resurrection concerning that
granted, so continue, then, both in which they differed.
of you, steadfastly on the right If you are in any doubt
path, and do not follow the path concerning what We have sent
of those who have no knowledge. down to you, then question those
So We brought the Children who have read the Book before
of Israel across the sea. Pharaoh you: the Truth has come to you
and his troops pursued them from your Lord, so do not be one
arrogantly and aggressively. of the doubters95do not be one
When he was about to drown, who rejects Gods signs, for then
[Pharaoh] exclaimed, I believe you would become one of the
that there is no deity save Him in losers.
whom the Children of Israel 96
Those against whom your
believe, and I am of those who Lords word has been confirmed
surrender themselves to Him! will never believe; 97 not even if
91 Only now? When you had
every Sign were to come to
always been a rebel, and a themuntil they see the painful
wrongdoer. 92 So We shall save punishment. 98 Why was there
your body this day, so that you no other people, save the people
may serve as a sign for those of Jonah, who should have
who come after you: for many believed so that their belief
10:109 Jonah 161
would have benefited them. Once those whom you worship instead
they believed, We lifted the of God, but rather I worship God
torment of shame from them who will cause you to die, for I
during their worldly life and let am commanded to be one of the
them enjoy Our provision for a believers. 105 And set your face
while. towards the [true] faith in all
99 Had your Lord pleased, all uprightness, and do not be one
the people on earth would have of those who ascribe partners to
believed in Him, without God; 106 and do not invoke
exception. So will you compel besides God what can neither
people to become believers? help nor harm you. If you do,
100 No soul can believe except by you will be one of the
the will of God. He will place wrongdoers. 107 If God inflicts
the filth [of doubt] upon those harm on you, no one can remove
who do not use their reason. it but He, and if He intends good
101 Say, Look at whatever for you, no one can withhold His
[exists] in heavens and on earth. bounty; He grants His bounty to
But signs and warnings do not any of His servants whom He
benefit the unbelievers. 102 What will. He is the Most Forgiving,
can they be waiting for but the and the Most Merciful.
punishment that came to those Say, Mankind, Truth has
before them? Say, So wait; I am come to you from your Lord!
one of those waiting with you. Anyone who accepts guidance is
103 Then We shall save Our guided only for his own sake;
messengers and those who and he who goes astray does so
believe. Thus We have made it at his own peril. I am not
incumbent upon Ourself to save appointed as your keeper.
the believers. 109 Follow what is revealed to
104 Say, O people, if you are you, [O Prophet], and be steadfast
in doubt concerning my religion, until God gives His judgement.
then [know that] I do not worship He is the Best of Judges.
11 . H U D
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Ra He knows their innermost

thoughts. 6 There is not a living
[This is] a Book, with verses creature on the earth but it is for
which are fundamental [in God to provide its sustenance.
nature], and then expounded in He knows its dwelling and its
detail by One who is all wise and [final] resting place. All this is
all aware. 2 [It teaches] that you recorded in a clear book.
should worship none but God. I 7
Enthroned above the waters,
am sent to you from Him to warn it was He who created the
you and to give you good tidings. heavens and the earth in six
3 Seek forgiveness from your
Days [periods], in order to test
Lord; then turn towards Him [in which of you is best in conduct.
repentance]. He will make If you say, You will [all] be
generous provision for you for raised up after death, those who
an appointed term and will deny the truth will say, This is
bestow His grace on all who just sheer sorcery! 8 If We defer
merit it! But if you turn away, their punishment till an appointed
then I fear for you the torment of time, they ask, What is holding
a dreadful Day: 4 to God you it back? On the Day when it
shall all return; and He has power overtakes them, there will be
over all things. nothing to avert it from them;
See how they cover and what they used to mock at
themselves up to hide [their shall encompass them.
thoughts] from Him. But when 9 When We bestow upon man
they cover themselves up with a measure of Our grace and then
their garments, He knows what take it away from him, he yields
they hide and what they reveal. to despair and becomes
11:20 Hud 163
ungrateful. 10 And if, after their deedsnothing shall be
adversity, We let him taste good denied them. 16 These are the
fortune he says, All my ills are people who, in the world to
gone. He becomes exultant and come, shall have nothing but
boastful. 11 Not so those who are Hellfire and all that they used to
patient and do good deeds. They do shall be in vain.
shall have forgiveness and a great 17 Can they be compared to

reward. those who possess a clear proof

12 You may [feel the from their Lord, followed up by
inclination] to leave aside a part a witness from Him, preceded by
of what is revealed to you and the Book of Moses, as a guide
you may be distressed because and a mercy? These people
they say, Why has no treasure believe in it; whereas those
been sent down to him, why has groups that deny its truth are
no angel come with him? But promised the Fire. Therefore,
you are only to give warning. have no doubt about it. It is the
God is the guardian of all things. truth from your Lord, but most
13 If they say, He has invented it people do not believe it.
himself. Say, If you are truthful, Who does greater wrong
produce ten invented chapters than the one who fabricates a lie
like it, and call on whom you can against God? Such people shall
besides God, to help you. 14 But be brought before their Lord,
if they do not respond to you, and the witnesses will say, These
then know that this [Quran] is are the ones who lied about their
sent down with Gods knowledge Lord. Surely Gods rejection is
and that there is no deity but merited by such wrongdoers.
Him. Will you then surrender 19 Such as those who turn others

yourselves to Him? away from the path of God and

15 Those who desire the life of seek to make it appear crooked:
this world and all its finery shall these are the ones who deny the
be repaid in full in this life for Hereafter. 20 They can never
164 The Quran 11:21
frustrate God on earth, nor have the lowliest of us, those of
they any protectors besides God. immature judgement. We see no
They will be subjected to double superior merit in you; in fact we
punishment, for they could believe you are a liar.
neither hear nor see. 21 It is such 28 He said, O my people, tell

as these who have ruined their me: if I have clear evidence from
souls, and that which they my Lord and He has favoured
fabricated shall fail them. 22 In me with grace from Himself,
the Hereafter, it is they who shall which you have been unable to
be the greatest losers. recognize, can we force it on you
23 Those who have believed against your will? 29 O my
and done good deeds and people, I do not ask you for any
humbled themselves before their money for this; my reward comes
Lord are destined for Paradise, only from God. I will not drive
and they will live in it forever. away those who believe; they
24 These two groups are like the shall surely meet their Lord. Yet
blind and the deaf as compared I see that you are a people who
with those who can see and hear. act out of ignorance. 30 My
Can the two be equal? Will you people, who would support me
not then understand? a against God if I were to drive
We sent Noah to his people. them off ? Will you not take
He said, I have come to you heed? 31 I do not say to you that
with a clear warning: 26 worship I possess Gods treasures, or that
none but God. I fear lest
punishment befall you on a a Faith, humility and righteous

woeful Day. 27 The leaders of deedsall three are different aspects

his people, who refused to of the same reality. Faith is the
acknowledge the truth, said, We conscious discovery of God and His
perfect attributes. Humility is the state
regard you only as a human of the heart which necessarily develops
being like ourselves. We do not in man as a result of the discovery
see that anyone follows you but of God.
11:41 Hud 165
I have knowledge of the unseen, who already believe; do not
or that I am an angel. Nor do I grieve, therefore, over what they
say concerning those upon have been doing. 37 Build the
whom you look with contempt, Ark under Our eyes and in
that God will not bestow any accordance with Our revelation.
good upon themGod knows Do not plead with Me concerning
best what is in their hearts. If I the evil-doers. They shall
did, I would certainly be one of certainly be drowned. 38 So he
the wrongdoers. began to build the Ark, and
Noah, they replied, you whenever leaders of his people
have argued with us, and argued passed by, they scoffed at him.
to excess. Now bring down upon He said, If you are scoffing at
us what you threaten us with, if us, we shall scoff at you [and
you speak the truth!? 33 He said, your ignorance], just as you scoff
It is God who will bring it down at us: 39 you will soon come to
upon you, if He wishes, and you know who will receive a
will not be able to escape. 34 My humiliating punishment, and find
advice will not benefit you, no unleashed against him an
matter how sincerely I want to everlasting punishment.
advise you, if God lets you go 40 When Our command came,

astray. He is your Lord and you and water gushed forth in

will all return to Him. torrents, We said to Noah, Take
If they say, He has invented into the Ark a pair from every
it himself, say to them, If I have species, and your own family
indeed invented this myself, then except those on whom the
may I be punished for my sin; I sentence has already been passed,
am innocent of the crimes that and all the true believers. But
you commit. only a few believed along with
36 Gods will was revealed to him. 41 Noah said, Embark on
Noah, No more of your people it. In the name of God, it shall set
will believe in you than those sail and cast anchor. Truly, my
166 The Quran 11:42
Lord is forgiving and merciful. unrighteous in his conduct. Do
The Ark sailed along with them not question Me about something
through mountainous waves. of which you have no knowledge;
Noah called out to his son who I admonish you lest you become
stood apart, O my son! Embark like an ignorant man. 47 He said,
with us and do not be among the My Lord, I take refuge with You
deniers! 43 He replied, I shall from asking You something of
seek refuge on a mountain, which which I have no knowledge. If
will save me from the water. You do not forgive me and show
Noah cried, Today there is no me mercy, I shall be one of the
refuge for anyone from Gods losers.
command except for those to 48 God said, Noah, go ashore

whom He shows mercy! in peace; Our blessings upon

Thereupon, a wave swept in you and upon the people who are
between them, and Noahs son with you and upon some of the
was among those who were descendants of those who are
drowned. 44 A voice cried out, with you. [As for the
Earth, swallow up your waters. unrighteous] We shall grant
O sky, cease your rain. The provision for a time, then a
waters receded. The command grievous punishment from Us
was fulfilled. The Ark came to shall afflict them. 49 These are
rest on Mount Judi. It was said, tidings of the unseen that We
Away with the wrong-doing reveal to you, [O Prophet], which
people. you did not know before, nor did
Noah called out to his Lord, your people, so be patient: the
saying, My Lord, my son was a future belongs to the God-
part of my family. Your promise fearing.
was surely true. You are the most 50 To Ad We sent their brother

just of all judges. 46 God said, Hud. He said, O my people,

Noah, he was not one of your worship God alone; you have no
family. For, indeed, he was god but Him. You do nothing but
11:62 Hud 167
fabricate lies. 51 I ask of you conveyed to you the message
nothing in return for this with which I was sent. My Lord
[Message]. My recompense is will make another people your
with Him who has created me. successors and you cannot harm
Why do you not use your reason? Him in the least. For my Lord is
My people, seek forgiveness guardian over all things. 58 When
of your Lord and turn to Him in Our command came, We
repentance. He will send from delivered Hud and those who
the sky abundant rain upon you; believed with him by Our special
He will add strength to your mercy. We saved them from a
strength. Do not turn away from severe punishment. 59 Such were
Him as evil-doers. the Ad who denied the signs of
They replied, Hud, you have their Lord and disobeyed His
not brought us any clear evidence messengers and followed the
and we shall not forsake our bidding of every headstrong
deities merely at your behest, enemy of truth. 60 They were
nor will we believe in you. 54 We pursued by a curse in this world
can only say that some of our as they will be on the Day of
gods have stricken you with evil. Resurrection. Indeed, the Ad
He said, I call God to witness, denied their Lord. So away with
and you also bear witness, that I the Ad, the people of Hud!
disown those which you 61 To the Thamud We sent their

associate with God. 55 So scheme brother Salih. He said, My

against me, all of you together, people, worship God! You have
and then grant me no respite. 56 I no god but Him. It was He who
have put my trust in God, my brought you into being from the
Lord and your Lord. For there is earth and settled you upon it and
no living creature which He does so ask His forgiveness. Turn to
not hold by its forelock. My Him in repentance. My Lord is
Lord is on the straight path. near and responsive. 62 They
57 If you turn away, I have said, O Salih! We had great
168 The Quran 11:63
hopes in you. Do you forbid us dwelt there. The Thamud denied
to worship what our fathers their Lord; cursed are the tribe of
worshipped? We are in grave Thamud.
doubt, amounting to suspicion, Our messengers came to
concerning that to which you Abraham with good news and
call us. 63 He said, O my people, greeted him with, Peace. He
tell me: if I have clear evidence too said, Peace be on you, and
from my Lord, and He has hastened to bring a roasted calf.
granted His mercy, who then 70 But when he saw that they

will support me against God, if made no move to eat, he found

I disobey Him? You would only this strange and became afraid
make my loss greater. of them. They said, Do not be
My people! This she-camel afraid, for we have been sent to
of God is a sign for you. So leave the people of Lot. 71 His wife,
her alone to graze on Gods who was standing nearby,
earth. And do her no harm, lest laughed when We gave her the
you should be instantly afflicted good news of Isaac, and after
with a torment. 65 But they Isaac, Jacob. 72 She said, Alas!
hamstrung her. He [Salih] said, Shall I bear a child in this old
Enjoy yourselves in your homes age, while my husband here is
for three more days. This warning also old? This is indeed a strange
will not prove false. 66 Then thing! 73 They said, Are you
when Our command came by astonished at Gods command?
Our grace, We saved Salih and May the mercy of God and His
those who believed along with blessings be upon you, O people
him from the disgrace of that of this house. Surely, He is
day. Surely, your Lord is powerful praiseworthy and glorious.
and mighty. 67 The wrongdoers 74 When the fear had left

were overtaken by a dreadful Abraham, and the glad tidings

blast and they lay dead in their had been conveyed to him, he
homes, 68 as if they had never began to plead with Us for Lots
11:87 Hud 169
people, 75 for Abraham was So depart with your family while
forbearing, tender-hearted and it is yet night and let none of you
oft-returning to God. 76 We said, look back. But your wife will
Abraham, cease your pleading: suffer the fate that befalls the
the command of your Lord has others. Their appointed time is
gone forth. There shall fall upon the morning: is the morning not
them a punishment which none near? 82 When Our command
can avert! came, We turned that town upside
77 When Our messengers came down and We rained upon it
to Lot, he was uneasy on this stones of clay, layer upon layer,
account and felt powerless to 83 marked for them by the decree

protect them. He said, This is a of your Lord. The punishment of

dreadful day. 78 His people, who the unjust was not far off.
were used to committing foul 84 To the people of Midian, We

deeds, came running to him. He sent their brother Shuayb. He

said, My people, here are my said, My people, worship God.
daughters. They are purer for You have no deity other than
you, [if you marry] so have some Him. Do not give short measure
fear of God and do not disgrace and short weight. I see you are
me before my guests. Is there not prospering. I fear for you the
a single right-minded man among punishment of a fateful Day.
you? 79 They replied, You know 85 O my people, [always] give

we have no need of your full measure and weight, in all

daughters. You know very well fairness and do not defraud
what we are seeking. people by making short delivery,
80 He said, If only I had the and do not spread corruption in
strength to stop you or could the land. 86 What God leaves
take refuge in some powerful with you is the best for you, if
support! 81 They said, Lot, we you are believers. I have not
are your Lords messengers. By been appointed as your keeper.
no means shall they reach you! 87 They said, Shuayb, does
170 The Quran 11:88
your prayer tell you that we you say. In fact, we see that you
should abandon what our are powerless among us.Were it
forefathers worshipped and that not for your clan, we would have
we should stop disposing of our stoned you, for you are not strong
belongings as we please? You against us. 92 He said, My
are indeed the only wise and people, is my tribe mightier to
rightly-guided man! you than God? You put Him
[Shuayb] said, O my behind you, turning your backs
people! What do you think? If I on Him! Surely, my Lord
have clear evidence from my encompasses all that you do.
Lord, and He has sustained me 93 My people, do what you will

with fair sustenance from and so shall I. You will certainly

Himself [should I not guide come to know who will receive
you?]. I have no desire to do, out a punishment to disgrace him,
of opposition to you, what I am and who is a liar. Wait on; I shall
asking you not to do. I only want wait on with you.
to reform you as far as I can. Nor When Our command came,
can I succeed without Gods We saved Shuayb and those
help. In Him I have put my trust who believed with him as a
and to Him I turn. 89 O my people, mercy from Ourself, while the
do not let your opposition to me blast overtook the wrongdoers,
bring upon you a fate similar to so that they lay dead in their
the peoples of Noah or Hud or homes, 95 as though they had
Salih; nor is it long since the never dwelt therein. Oh, away
people of Lot were punished! with the people of Midian, just
90 Seek forgiveness of your Lord as happened with the Thamud!
and turn to Him in repentance. 96 We sent forth Moses with

For my Lord is indeed merciful Our signs and with manifest

and loving. authority, 97 to Pharaoh and his
They replied, Shuayb, we nobles. But they followed the
do not understand much of what command of Pharaoh and the
11:110 Hud 171
command of Pharaoh was not time, 105 and when that Day
rightly directed. 98 He shall stand arrives, no soul shall speak but
at the head of his people on the by His leave. Among those some
Day of Resurrection, and shall shall be damned, and others shall
lead them into the Fire. Evil is be blessed.
the place to which they shall be The wretched ones will be
led. 99 A curse followed them in in the Fire sighing and groaning,
this world, and shall follow them remaining in it timelessly, for
on the Day of Resurrection. What ever, as long as the heavens and
a foul gift to be given! earth endure, except as your Lord
100 We relate to you such wills. Your Lord carries out
accounts of earlier towns: some whatever He wills. 108 Those who
of them are still standing; while are blessed shall abide in the
others have ceased to exist; Garden; they will dwell therein
We did not wrong them; they as long as the heavens and the
wronged themselves; the deities earth endure, except as your Lord
they called on besides God wills. Such bounty shall be
availed them nothing: when unending. 109 Have no doubt as
Gods command came upon them, to what they worship. They
they only added to their ruin. worship nothing but what their
Such is the punishment of fathers worshipped before
your Lord when He seizes the [them]. We shall certainly give
towns in the midst of their sins: them their share in full, without
His punishing grip is terrible and diminishing anything.
severe. 103 In that is a sign for 110
We certainly gave the Book
him who fears the punishment of to Moses, but differences arose
the Hereafter. That is a Day for about it: had it not been that a
which mankind shall be gathered word had gone forth before from
together, a Day when all will be your Lord, Judgement would
present. 104 We will only indeed have been passed on them
postpone it until a predetermined then and there: yet they are in
172 The Quran 11:111
grave doubt about it. 111 Your became guilty. 117 Your Lord
Lord will reward each one of would never unjustly destroy
them in full for their deeds. He is communities while their people
well-aware of all their actions. were trying to reform.
112 Therefore stand firm [in 118 If your Lord had wished,

the straight path] as you are He would have made mankind

commanded, along with those into one community. As it is,
who have turned to God with they will not cease to dispute,
you, and do not exceed the 119 and to this end He has created

bounds, for He sees everything them [all], except for those to

you do. 113 Do not incline toward whom your Lord has shown
those who do wrong, lest the mercy. The word of your Lord
Fire touch you. For [then] you shall be fulfilled, I will fill Hell
would have none to protect you with jinn and men all together.
from God, and you will not be We have told you the stories
helped. 114 Say your prayers of the prophets to make your
morning and evening, and during heart firm and in these accounts
parts of the night; surely good truth has come to you, with an
makes amends for evil. This is a exhortation and a reminder for
reminder for people who pay the believers. 121 Say to those
heed. 115 Be steadfast; for surely, who do not believe, you do things
God does not let the wages of the in your way and we are doing
righteous be wasted. things in our way, 122 and wait,
116 Why, then, were there not we too are waiting. 123 The
among the generations before knowledge of the secret of the
you upright men who would heavens and the earth belongs to
speak out against the [spread of] God alone, and to Him shall all
corruption on earthexcept for affairs be referred. So worship
the few whom We saved? But Him and put your trust in Him
the wrongdoers pursued their alone. Your Lord is not unaware
worldly pleasures and thus of what you do.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Ra measure upon your forefathers,

Abraham and Isaac. Truly, your
These are verses from the clear Sustainer is all-knowing and wise!
Book. 2 We have sent down the 7
Surely, in Joseph and his
Quran in Arabic, so that you may brothers there are signs for the
understand. 3 We recount to you inquirers. 8 They said [to each
the best of narratives in revealing other], Surely Joseph and his
this Quran to you, even though brother [Benjamin] are dearer to
you were unaware of it before it our father than ourselves,
came. although we are a band. Truly,
4 When Joseph told his father, our father is clearly mistaken.
My father, I saw eleven stars, Therefore, let us put Joseph to
and the sun and moon: I saw death or cast him away to some
them prostrate themselves before [far-off] land, so that our fathers
me, 5 he replied, My son, do attention should turn only to us,
not relate your dream to your and you can thereafter become a
brothers, lest they plot evil righteous people. 10 One of them
against youSatan is the sworn said, Do not kill Joseph, but if
enemy of man. 6 You shall be you must do something, cast him
chosen by your Lord and He into the bottom of a well; some
will impart to you some of the travellers will pick him up.
understanding of the inner 11 They said to their father,

meaning of events. He will Why do you not trust us with

bestow the full measure of His Joseph? We are indeed his well-
blessings upon you and upon the wishers. 12 Send him with us
House of Jacobeven as He tomorrow, so that he may play
formerly bestowed it in full and enjoy himself. We will look
174 The Quran 12:13
after him. 13 [Jacob] said, It 19 And there came a caravan of

would indeed grieve me if you travellers and they sent their

took him away with you, and I water-drawer to draw water from
fear lest the wolf should devour the well. He let down his bucket
him while you are off your guard. into the well and he exclaimed,
They said, Surely, if the wolf Oh, what a lucky find, here is a
devoured him while we were a boy! They hid him like a piece
strong party, we should indeed of merchandise, but God knew
be great losers. well what they did. 20 Later they
And so, when they went sold him for a paltry sum, a few
away with him, they decided to pieces of silver [dirhams]: So
cast him into the dark depths of little did they value him.
a well. Then We revealed to him The Egyptian who bought
Our will, You shall [one day] him said to his wife, Lodge him
tell them of this deed of theirs, honourably, he may prove of
when they do not realize who benefit to us, or we may even
you are. 16 And at nightfall they adopt him as our son. Thus We
came to their father, weeping. established Joseph in the land,
They said, Father, we went so that We might teach him the
off racing and left Joseph with true meaning of events. God has
our belongings, and the wolf power over all things. However,
devoured him. But you will not most people do not know this.
believe us, even though we are And when he reached maturity,
telling the truth. 18 And they We bestowed on him right
showed him their brothers shirt, judgement and knowledge. Thus
stained with false blood. No! We reward those who do good.
he cried. Your souls have tempted 23 However, the woman in

you to do something evil! But it is whose house he lived, wanted to

best to be patient: God alone seduce him. One day she bolted
can help me bear the loss you the doors and said, Come! He
speak of. replied, God forbid! Truly [your
12:33 Joseph 175
husband] is my master and has ask forgiveness for your sin, for
treated me honourably. you have done wrong.
Wrongdoers certainly never 30 Women in the town began

prosper. 24 She started towards to gossip, The noblemans wife

him, and he would have is trying to seduce her slave!
succumbed to her, if he had not Love for him consumes her heart!
seen a sign from his LordWe Indeed! We see her in manifest
did this in order to keep evil and error. 31 When she heard of their
indecency away from him, for he intrigues, she sent for them and
was truly one of Our chosen prepared a party for them. She
servants. gave a knife to each of them [to
25 They both ran to the door cut fruits, etc.] and then asked
and, in the struggle, she tore his Joseph to appear before them.
shirt at the back. They found her When the women saw him, they
husband at the door. She cried, were greatly amazed [at his
Shall not the man who wished beauty], and they cut their hands,
to violate your wife be thrown exclaiming, God preserve us!
into prison or sternly punished? This is no human being but a
Joseph said, It was she who noble angel! 32 She said, This
sought to seduce me. One of her is he about whom you have been
household testified, If his shirt blaming me! And, indeed, I did
is torn at the front then she is try to make him yield to me, but
speaking the truth, and he is he was unyielding. Now,
lying. 27 But if it is torn from however, if he does not do as I
behind then she is lying, and he bid him, he shall certainly be put
speaks the truth. 28 So when he in prison and be humiliated.
saw his shirt torn from behind 33 Joseph said, O my Lord! I

[her husband] said, This is the would prefer prison to what these
guile of you women. Your guile women are inviting me to do.
is great indeed. 29 Joseph, And if You do not avert their
overlook this: but you [wife], guile from me, I may yield to
176 The Quran 12:34
them and so become one of the grace upon us and upon mankind;
ignorant. 34 So his Lord even though most men are not
answered him and warded off grateful. 39 O my two fellow-
their guile. He is All Hearing and prisoners! Are many diverse lords
All Knowing. better, or God, the One, the
Yet, even after all the Almighty? 40 All those you
evidence they had seen, they worship instead of Him are mere
thought it right to jail him for a names you and your forefathers
time. 36 Two young men entered have invented, names for which
the prison along with him. One God has sent down no authority:
of them said, I saw myself [in a all power belongs to God alone,
dream] I was pressing wine. and He orders you to worship
The other said, I dreamed I was none but Him: this is the true
carrying bread on my head from faith, though most people do not
which the birds were eating. Tell realize it.
us their meaning; for we see that 41 O my two fellow-prisoners,

you are one who does good one of you will serve wine to his
[to all]. lord, the other of you will be
Joseph said to them, I shall crucified and birds will feed off
inform you of the interpretation his head. The matter about which
of your dreams before your meal you have been seeking my
is brought to you. This is a part opinion has been so decreed.
of the knowledge that my Lord He said to the one he thought
has taught me. I have renounced would be saved, Mention me to
the religion of the people who do your master. However Satan
not believe in God and who deny made him forget to mention it to
the Hereafter. 38 I follow the his master, and so Joseph
religion of my fathers, Abraham, remained in prison for a number
Isaac and Jacob; and it is not for of years.
us to associate anyone with God The king said, I saw [in a
as a partner. This is of Gods dream] seven fat cows which
12:53 Joseph 177
seven lean ones were eating, you stored. 49 Then a year will
also seven green ears of corn and come after that when people will
seven others which were dry. have abundant rain and when
Tell me the meaning of this once more they will press [wine
vision, my nobles, if you can and oil].
interpret visions. 44 They said, 50
The king said, Bring him to
These are confusing dreams and me. When the kings messenger
we do not know the interpretation came to Joseph, he said, Go
of such dreams. 45 Then one of back to your master and ask him
the two men who had been about the women who cut their
released and who, after a long hands: my Lord knows well their
time, remembered, said, I shall guile. 51 The king asked the
tell you its interpretation; women, What was the truth of
therefore, give me leave to go [to the affair in which you tried to
Joseph in prison]. seduce Joseph? The women said,
46 O truthful Joseph! he said, God forbid! We know no evil of
Tell us the meaning of a dream him. The wife of the nobleman
in which seven fat cows are said, The truth has now come to
being eaten by seven lean ones, light. It was I who tried to seduce
and there are seven green ears of him; he is surely an honest man.
corn and seven others which are From this, said Joseph,
dry, so that I may return to my [The nobleman] should know
people and inform them. that I did not betray him in his
47 Joseph said, You shall sow absence, and that God does not
for seven consecutive years as guide the plotting of the
usual, but leave in the ear the treacherous. 53 I am not trying to
harvest that you reap, except for absolve myself: for mans very
a little which you may eat. 48 Then soul incites him to evil unless
there will follow seven years of my Lord bestows His mercy.
great hardship which will Indeed, my Lord is forgiving and
consume all but a little of what merciful.
178 The Quran 12:54
54 The king said, Bring him to grain from me, nor shall you
me. I will take him for my special ever approach me again. 61 They
service. And when he had replied, We shall try to persuade
spoken to him, he said, From his father to send him with us.
now on you will dwell with us, We shall do [our utmost]!
honoured and trusted. 55 Joseph 62
Joseph said to his servants,
said, Place in my charge the Put their money back into their
storehouses of the land; for I am saddlebags, so that they will
a good and knowledgeable recognize it when they return
custodian. 56 Thus We caused home to their family; thus they
Joseph to be established in a may come back. 63 When they
position of authority in the land. returned to their father, they said,
He could dwell therein wherever Our father, any [further]
he pleased. We bestow Our mercy measure of grain has been denied
on whomever We please, and We us, so send our brother
do not allow the reward of the [Benjamin] along with us, so
righteous to go to waste. 57 Yet that we may obtain our measure
the reward of the hereafter is [of grain]; and, we shall guard
best for those who believe and him well. 64 He replied, Am I to
are mindful of God. trust you with him as I once
Josephs brothers arrived trusted you with his brother? But
and presented themselves before God is the best of guardians, the
him. He recognized them, but Most Merciful of all.
they did not know him. 59 When 65 When they opened their

he had made provision for them, packs, they discovered that their
he told them, Bring me your money had been returned to them.
brother on your fathers side. Do They said, Our father, what more
you not see that I give you full do we desire than this? This
measure and that I am the best of money of ours has been returned
hosts? 60 But if you do not bring to us, so we shall [again] buy
him to me, you shall have no food for our family and we shall
12:76 Joseph 179
guard our brother, and we shall themselves before Joseph, he
obtain an additional camel-load took his brother [Benjamin]
of grain. This [that we bring aside. He said, I am your brother,
now] is a small quantity. 66 He so do not feel distressed about
[Jacob] said, I will never send whatever they have been doing.
70 And when he had given them
him with you until you give me
a solemn pledge, before God, their provisions, he placed a
that you will indeed bring him drinking-cup in his brothers
back to me, unless you yourselves pack. Then a crier called out
are trapped [in a compulsive after them, Men of the caravan!
situation]. And when they had You have committed theft!
71 They said, turning towards
given him their solemn pledge,
[Jacob] said, God shall be him, What is it that you have
witness to all that we say. lost? 72 We miss the royal
O my sons! Do not all of measuring bowl, he replied. He
you enter [the city] by one gate; who brings it shall have a camel-
load of corn. I pledge my word
enter by separate gates. I cannot
for it. 73 They said, By God,
help you in any way against
you [ought to] know we have not
God; judgement is His alone. In
come here to cause any trouble
Him I have put my trust. In Him
in the land. We are not thieves!
let the faithful put their trust. 74 The Egyptians asked them,
68 They entered [safely] as their
And if we find that you are
father had told them. However, lying, what penalty shall we mete
he had no power to guard them out to you? 75 They replied, The
against Gods decree. It was only penalty should be that he in
a wish in Jacobs soul which he whose saddlebag it is found,
had thus fulfilled. He was should be held [as bondman] to
possessed of knowledge which atone for the crime. That is how
We had given him. But most we punish the wrongdoers. 76 He
people have no knowledge. [the herald] searched their bags
69 When they presented before his brothers and then
180 The Quran 12:77
took out the cup from his took from you a pledge in Gods
brothers bag. In this way, We name. You have already failed
devised a plan on behalf of with regard to Joseph, so I shall
Joseph. He could not have never leave the land until my
detained his brother under the father permits me to, or God
Kings law, unless God so willed. decides [things] for me. He is
We exalt whoever We please: but the best judge! 81 Return to your
above those who have knowledge father and say, Father, your son
there is One all knowing. has committed a theft. We testify
They said, If he is a thief, a only to what we know. How
brother of his had [also] could we guard against the
committed theft before him. But unforeseen? 82 Inquire of [the
Joseph kept his secret and people of] the city where we
revealed nothing to them. He lodged, and of the caravan with
said [to himself], Your deed which we travelled. We are telling
was worse. God best knows the you the truth.
things you speak of. 78 They 83
Jacob said, No, but you
said, O exalted one, he has a have yourselves contrived a story.
very aged father, take one of us But it is best to be patient. God
in his place. We can see that you may well bring them all back to
are a very good man. 79 He me [in the end]. For He is indeed
replied, God forbid that we full of knowledge and wisdom.
should take anyone other than And he turned away from
the person on whom we found them, crying, Alas for Joseph!
our property. In that case, we His eyes went white with grief,
would clearly be wrongdoers. and he was filled with sorrow.
80 When they had lost all hope 85 They said, By God, will you

of [persuading] him, they keep on remembering Joseph

withdrew, conferring among until your health is ruined, and
themselves. The eldest said, Do you die? 86 He said I only
you not know that your father complain of my anguish and my
12:100 Joseph 181
sorrow to God. God has made you this day; may God forgive
known to me things that you do you! And He is the Most Merciful
not know. 87 Go, my sons, and of those who show mercy. 93 Go
seek news of Joseph and his with this shirt of mine and cast it
brother. Do not despair of Gods upon my fathers face. He will
mercy; none but those who deny recover his sight; thereupon come
the truth despair of Gods mercy. [back] to me with all your family.
88 94
When his brothers presented When the caravan set out
themselves before Joseph, they from Egypt, their father [in
pleaded, Exalted one, distress Canaan] said, You may think I
has afflicted us and our family am senile, but I certainly perceive
and we have brought only a the breath of Joseph. 95 They
paltry sum; but give us full said, By God, you still persist in
measure. Be charitable to us. your illusions! 96 But when the
Truly, God rewards the bearer of the good news arrived
charitable. 89 He said, Are you and cast the shirt on Jacobs
aware of what you did to Joseph face, his eyesight returned and
and his brother in ignorance? he said, Did I not tell you that I
They exclaimed, Are you know from God what you do not
indeed Joseph? He replied, I know? 97 They said, O our
am Joseph and this is my brother. father! Ask forgiveness for our
God has indeed been gracious to sinswe were truly in the
us. The truth is that God does not wrong. 98 He said, I shall
waste the reward of those who certainly ask my Lord to forgive
do good, who are righteous and you. Surely, He is the Most
steadfast. Forgiving and Merciful.
91 [The brothers] said, By 99 Then, when they presented

God! Most certainly God has themselves before Joseph, he

raised you high above us, and we drew his parents to him and said,
have indeed been guilty! 92 He Welcome to Egypt, in safety, if
said, No blame [shall fall] on God wills! 100 He helped his
182 The Quran 12:101
parents to a couch and they all this. It is but a reminder for all
fell down on their knees before mankind.
him. He said, My father, this is 105 And there are many signs

the interpretation of my dream. in the heavens and the earth that

My Lord has made it come true! they pass by and give no heed
He was kind to me when He let to106 and most of them, even
me out of prison and brought when they profess belief in God,
you from the desert after Satan attribute partners to Him. 107 Do
had brought about discord they feel secure that the all-
between me and my brethren. encompassing punishment of
My Lord is the best planner in God will not come upon them, or
achieving what He will; He is that the Last Hour will not come
All Knowing, and Truly Wise. upon them suddenly when they
101 Then Joseph prayed, My least expect it? 108 Say, This is
Lord, You have given me power my way; on the basis of sure
and taught me the interpretation knowledge, I call on you to have
of dreams. Creator of the heavens faith in God, I and those who
and the earth, You are my patron follow me. God is Holy; I am not
in this world and the Hereafter! one of those who associate
Make me die in submission to partners with God.
You and admit me among the All the messengers We sent
righteous. before you [Muhammad] were
These are tidings of the human beings to whom We made
unseen that We reveal to you, [O revelations; they were men
Prophet], though you were not chosen from the people of their
present with them when they towns. Did they not travel across
plotted and agreed upon a plan. the earth and see the end of those
103 Yet most men will not become before them? Those who are
believers, no matter how eager mindful of God prefer the life to
you may be. 104 You shall not come. Will you not then
ask them for any reward for understand? 110 When the
13:5 Thunder 183
messengers lost all hopes and lesson for men of understanding.
thought that they had been told This [Quran] is no invented tale,
lies, Our help came to them: We but a confirmation of the
saved whoever We pleased, but previous [scripture] and a
Our punishment will not be detailed explanation of all things
averted from the guilty. as well as guidance and mercy to
111 In their stories there is a true believers.

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Mim Ra rivers, and fruits of every kind in

male and female pairs. He drew
These are the verses of the Book. the veil of night over the day. In
What is sent down to you from all this, truly, there are signs for
your Lord is the truth, yet most people who reflect.
men do not believe in it. 2 It was 4 On the earth are diverse

God who raised the heavens tracts, adjoining one another:

with no visible supports, and vineyards and cornfields and
then established Himself on the groves of palm, the single and
throne; He has regulated the sun the clustered. Their fruits are
and the moon, so that each will nourished by the same water; yet
pursue its course for an appointed We make the taste of some excel
time; He ordains all things and that of others. In this also are
makes plain His revelations, so signs for people who understand.
that you may be certain of If anything can astonish you,
meeting your Lord; 3 it was He you should surely be astonished
who spread out the earth and at their asking, What? When we
placed upon it mountains and become dust, shall we be created
184 The Quran 13:6
anew? These are the ones who before him and behind him, who
deny their Lord: around their watch him at Gods command.
necks there shall be fetters. They God does not change the
are the inheritors of the Fire, and condition of a peoples lot, unless
shall abide therein forever. they change what is in their
They demand that you hasten hearts. But when God decrees
on the evil rather than the good, punishment for a people, none
although there have been many can ward it off. Besides Him,
examples of punishment before they have no protector.
themyour Lord is full of It is He who shows you the
forgiveness for mankind, despite lightning, inspiring fear and
their wrongdoings, but He is hope, and gathers up the heavy
truly severe in punishment. clouds; 13 and the thunder
7 Those who deny the truth glorifies Him with His praise
ask, Why has no sign been sent and the angels do so too in awe
down to him by His Lord? But of Him, and He sends His
you are only a warner; every thunderbolts to strike anyone He
people has its guide. pleases, yet they dispute about
God knows what every God, who is inexorable in His
female bears. He knows of every power.
change within the womb. For The only true appeal is to
everything He has a proper God alone; those they appeal to
measure; 9 He is the knower of instead of Him will never respond
the unseen and the visible, the to them in any way. They are like
Great, the Most-Exalted. 10 It a man who stretches forth his
makes no difference whether you hands toward the water, so that it
converse in secret or aloud, may reach his mouth, but it
whether you hide under the cloak never does. The calls of those
of night or walk about freely in who deny the truth are all in
the light of day. vain.
11 Each has guardian angels 15 All who dwell in heavens
13:23 Thunder 185
and on the earth submit to God rewards for those who respond
alone, willingly or unwillingly, to their Lord: while those who
as do their shadows in the do not respond to Himif they
mornings and in the evenings. possessed all that is on earth and
16 Say, Who is Lord of the twice as much, they would surely
heavens and the earth? Say, offer it as ransom [on the Day of
God. Say, Why do you take Judgement];will have the
protectors other than Him, who worst reckoning and their goal is
can neither benefit nor harm Hell: and how evil a resting-
even themselves? Say, Are the place!
blind and the seeing equal? Is 19 Can one who knows that

darkness equal to the light? Or whatever has been sent down to

have they assigned partners to you from your Lord is the Truth,
God who create as He creates, so be equal to one who is blind? It
that both creations appear to is only those who are endowed
them alike? Say, God is the with insight who pay heed; 20 they
Creator of all things. He is the who are true to their bond with
One, the Almighty. God and never break their
He sends down water from covenant; 21 and those who join
the sky that fills riverbeds to together what God has
overflowing, each according to commanded to be joined, and
its measure. The torrent carries fear their Lord and dread the
along swelling foam, akin to harshness of the reckoning;
what rises from smelted ore from 22 those who are steadfast in

which man makes ornaments and seeking the favour of their Lord,
tools. God thus depicts truth and and pray regularly and spend
falsehood. The scum is cast away, secretly and openly out of what
but whatever is of use to man We have provided them with,
remains behind. God thus speaks and ward off evil with good.
in parables. Theirs shall be the final abode.
18 There will be the best of 23 They shall enter the eternal
186 The Quran 13:24
Gardens of Eden, along with the remembrance of God hearts can
righteous from among their find comfort. 29 As for those
fathers, wives and descendants. who believe and do righteous
From every gate the angels will deedsblissful is their end.
come to them, saying, 24 Peace 30 Thus We have sent you to a

be upon you for all that you have people, before whom other
steadfastly endured. How peoples have passed away, so
excellent is the final abode! that you may recite to them what
25 As for those who break the We have revealed to you. Yet
covenant of God, after having they deny the Gracious God.
confirmed it, who cut asunder Say, He is my Lord; there is no
what God has commanded to be god but He. In Him I put my trust
joined and spread corruption in and to Him I shall return.
the land, a curse shall be laid on 31 Even if there were a Quran

them; they shall have an evil by which mountains could be set

abode. 26 God gives abundantly in motion, by which the earth
to whom He will and sparingly could be rent asunder, or by
to whom He pleases[those who which the dead could be made to
deny the truth] rejoice in the life speak [they would not believe in
of this world; yet the life of this it]. Surely all things are subject
world is but a fleeting pleasure to Gods will. Are the faithful
compared with the life to come. unaware that, had He pleased,
Those who deny the truth God could have guided all
ask, Why has no Sign been sent mankind? Calamity shall not
down to him by his Lord? Say, cease to strike those who deny
God lets go astray those whom the truth because of their
He wills and guides to Himself misdeeds or to strike near their
those who turn to Him, 28 those homes, until Gods promise be
who believe and whose hearts fulfilled. God will not fail to
find comfort in the remembrance keep His promise. 32 Other
of Godsurely in the messengers were also mocked
13:41 Thunder 187
before you; but though I granted 36 Those to whom We sent the
respite to those who denied the Scriptures rejoice in what has
truth, at last I seized them, and been revealed to you, while some
how awful was My punishment. factions deny parts of it. Say to
33 Is then He who watches them, I have been commanded
over every soul and its actions only to worship God and not to
[like any other]? Yet they ascribe associate partners with Him: to
partners to God. Say, Name Him I pray and to Him I shall
them! Or do you presume to return. 37 Thus We have revealed
inform Him of something on the it as a [clear] commandment in
earth of which He does not Arabic. If you followed their
know? Or, is all this only your desires after all the knowledge
verbal assertion? Indeed, their which has come to you, you
devices seem fair to those who would have no protector or shield
deny the truth, and they are kept against God. 38 We sent down
back from the right path. There messengers before you and gave
can be no guide for those whom them wives and children. Yet it
God lets go astray. 34 Punishment was not possible for a messenger
awaits them in the present life: to bring a sign, save by the
but harsher is the punishment of command of God. Every age has
the Hereafterno one will had its revelation. 39 God
defend them against God. abrogates or confirms what He
Such is the Paradise which pleases; with Him is the source
the righteous have been of all commandments.
promised: it is watered by Whether We show you part
running streams: eternal is its of what We have promised them
fruit, and eternal is its shade. or cause you to pass away [before
That is the recompense of those that], your mission is only to
who are righteous, but the give warning; it is for Us to do
recompense of those who deny the reckoning. 41 Do they not see
the truth is the Fire. how We come to [their] land and
188 The Quran 13:42
shrink its borders? God shall soon know for whom is the
decidesno one can reverse His final abode.
decisionand He is swift in 43 Those who deny the truth

reckoning. 42 Those before them say, You are not Gods

did also devise plots; but in all messenger. Say, Sufficient is
things the master planning is God as my witness between me
Gods. He knows what each soul and you, and those who have
does. Those who deny the truth knowledge of the Book.

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Ra 4 Each messenger We have sent

has spoken in the language of his

We have revealed to you this own people, so that he might
Book so that, by their Lords make the message clear to them.
command, you may lead men But God lets go astray whom He
from darkness to the light: to the will and guides whom He
path of the Mighty, the pleases. He is the Almighty, the
Praiseworthy One, 2 to God, who All Wise.
possesses whatever is in the We sent Moses with Our
heavens and whatever is on earth. signs, saying, Lead your people
Woe to those who deny the truth, out of the darkness into the light,
for they shall be sternly punished! and remind them of Gods Days.
Woe to those who love this life In that there are signs for every
more than the Hereafter; who patient, grateful person.
turn others away from the path Moses said to his people,
of God and seek to make it Remember Gods goodness to
crooked. They have gone far astray. you when He delivered you from
14:14 Abraham 189
Pharaohs people who were Originator of the heavens and
treating you cruelly, putting your earth? He calls you to Him in
sons to death and sparing only order to forgive you some of
your daughters. Surely that was your offences and to reprieve
a great trial from your Lord. you for a specific period. They
Remember also the time when said, You are only human beings
your Lord declared, If you are like ourselves! You want to divert
grateful, I will surely bestow us from what our forefathers
more favours on you; but if you have been worshipping, so bring
are ungrateful, then know that us some clear authority.
My punishment is severe 11 Their messengers replied,

indeed. 8 Moses said, Even if We are indeed mortals like

you should deny the truth, yourselves. But God bestows His
and all who dwell on earth grace on such of His servants as
together, God is self-sufficient, He chooses. We cannot give you
praiseworthy. miracles, except by Gods leave.
Has not news come to you In God let true believers put
concerning those who preceded their trust12 and why should
you, such as Noahs people, and we not put our trust in God when
the Ad and Thamud, as well as He has already guided us to our
those who came after them? Only paths? We will, surely, bear with
God knows who they were. The patience all the harm you do us.
messengers came to them with So in God let those who trust put
clear signs, but they put their their trust.
hands to their mouths saying, Those who deny the truth
We deny the message you have said to their messengers, We
been sent with. We have grave shall banish you from our land
doubts about what you are unless you return to our ways.
inviting us to do. But their Lord inspired the
Their messengers said, Is messengers, saying, We shall
there any doubt about God, the destroy the evil-doers, 14 and
190 The Quran 14:15
settle you on the land to succeed punishment? They will reply,
them. That is [in store] for anyone Had God given us guidance, we
who is in awe of meeting Me, would have guided you. It is all
and who heeds My warnings. the same whether we are patient
15 When they sought Our or impatient; there is no escape
Judgement, every stubborn for us.
oppressor was frustrated. 22 When the Judgement has
Beyond him is Hell, and he been passed, Satan will say to
shall drink putrid water; 17 he them, God made you a true
will sip and will not find it easy promise; I too made you
to swallow it. Death will promises, but I failed you. I had
approach him from every quarter, no authority over you, except
yet he will not die. More intense that I called you and you
suffering will lie ahead of him. responded to me. Do not now
The works of those who blame me, but blame yourselves!
deny their Lord are like ashes I cannot help you, nor can you
which the wind scatters on a help me. I reject your former act
stormy day: they shall gain in associating me with God.
nothing from what they do. To The wrongdoers will have a
act thus is to stray far into error. painful punishment.
19 23
Do you not see that God has But those who believed and
created the heavens and the earth did good deeds will be brought
for a purpose? He can eliminate into Gardens with rivers flowing
you if He wills and bring into through them. They shall abide
being a new creation: 20 that is there forever by their Lords
no difficult thing for God. permission, and will be welcomed
21 They shall all appear before with the greeting, Peace!
God and the weak will say to 24 Do you not see how God

those who behaved proudly, We compares a good word to a good

were your followers. Can you tree? Its root is firm and its
protect us from Gods branches are in the sky, 25 it
14:37 Abraham 191
yields its fruit each season with 32 It was God who created the
its Lords permissionGod heavens and the earth. He sends
makes such comparisons for down water from the sky with
people, in order that they may which He brings forth fruits for
take heed26 but an evil word is your sustenance; He has made
like an evil tree torn out of the ships subservient to you, so that
earth; it has no foothold. they may sail across the sea by
God will strengthen the His command; and has subjected
believers with His steadfast the rivers to you. 33 He has also
word, both in the present life and subjected to you the sun and the
in the Hereafter. God lets the moon, both steadfastly pursuing
wrongdoers go astray. He does their courses. He has subjected
what He wills. to you the night as well as the
28 Do you not see those who, day; 34 He has given you all that
in exchange for Gods favour, you asked of Him; and if you try
offer only ingratitude and cause to reckon up Gods favours, you
their people to descend into the will not be able to count them.
Abode of Ruin? 29 In Hell shall Truly man is very unjust, very
they burn; an evil place to stay. ungrateful.
30 They have set up rivals to God 35 [Remember] when Abraham

to lead people away from His said, My Lord, make this a city
path. Say, Enjoy yourselves of peace and help me and my
awhile: you will then proceed to children to keep away from
the Fire. worshipping idols. 36 My Lord,
Tell My servants, those who they have led so many men
are true believers, to keep up astray! Anyone who follows me
prayer and to give alms secretly is with me, but if anyone turns
and openly out of what We have against me, You are surely
given them, before the Day forgiving and merciful.
comes when there will be neither O Lord! I have settled
trading nor befriending. some of my offspring in an
192 The Quran 14:38
uncultivable valley near Your the punishment will come upon
Sacred House, Lord, so that they them, and when the wrongdoers
may say their prayers regularly. will say, Our Lord, grant us
So, make peoples hearts incline respite for a short while. We will
towards them and provide them respond to Your call and will
with fruits so that they may be follow the messengers. [But God
grateful. will answer], are you not those
38 Lord, You have knowledge
who swore that you would never
of all that we hide and all that we suffer any decline? 45 You lived
reveal: nothing in heaven or on in the dwellings of those who
earth is hidden from God. wronged themselves, and it was
Praise be to God who has made clear to you how We had
bestowed upon me, despite my dealt with them and We gave you
old age, Ishmael and Isaac. Surely many examples. 46 They hatched
my Lord is the hearer of prayer. their plots; but these plots were
Lord, grant that I may keep up all within Gods knowledge.
the prayer, and so may my Though their plots were such
offspring. My Lord, accept my as to shake the mountains,
prayer. 41 Forgive me, Lord, and God will bring their plots
forgive my parents and all the to nothing.
believers on the Day of 47
Never think that God will
Reckoning. fail in His promise to His
42 Do not think God is unaware
messengers. God is mighty and
of the wrongdoers actions. He capable of retribution. 48 On the
only gives them respite till the Day when the earth shall be
Day on which all eyes will stare changed into another earth, as
fixedly in horror. 43 They will shall be the heavens, they will all
hurry on in fright, their heads appear before God, the One, the
lifted up, their gaze directed Most Supreme. 49 On that Day
forward, their minds utterly void. you shall see the guilty bound in
Warn men of the Day when chains, 50 their garments shall be
15:15 The Rocky Tract 193
of pitch and the fire shall envelop Let them take warning
their faces. 51 God will requite from it and know that He
each soul according to its deeds. is but one God. Let those
Swift is Gods reckoning. possessed of understanding may
52 This is a message for mankind. take heed.


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Alif Lam Ra if you are truthful? 8 But We
send down the angels only to
These are the verses of a clear bring justice and then they will
Book, the Quran. 2 A time will not be reprieved.
surely come when those who are It is We who have sent down
bent on denying the truth will the Reminder and We will, most
wish that they had surrendered surely, safeguard it.
themselves to God, 3 so leave 10 We sent messengers before

them to eat and enjoy themselves you to the previous peoples, 11 but
and let them be beguiled by vain there was never a messenger
hopes; for soon they will realise who came to them but they
[the truth]. 4 We have never mocked him: 12 thus We cause
destroyed a township without a this [habit of mocking] to enter
definite decree having been into the hearts of the sinful.
issued; 5 no people can forestall 13 They will not believe in it,

their doom, nor can they delay it. though they have before them
6 They say, You to whom the the example of former peoples,
Reminder [the Quran] has been and even if We opened to them
sent down, you are surely a door from heaven, and they
possessed. 7 Why do you not began ascending through it,
bring down the angels upon us, 15 they would still say, Our eyes
194 The Quran 15:16
have been dazzled. We are who will gather them. He is all
bewitched. wise and all knowing.
16 We have placed 26 We created man out of dry

constellations in heaven and have clay, from moulded mud, 27 and

beautified it for beholders, 17 and the jinn We had created before
We have guarded it from every from flaming fire.
accursed devil: 18 but if anyone 28 Your Lord said to the angels,

eavesdrops, he is pursued by a I am about to bring into being a

bright flaming fire. man wrought from mud. 29 When
We have spread out the earth, I have formed him and breathed
and set upon it firm mountains My spirit into him, fall down in
and caused everything to grow prostration before him, 30 then
in due proportion. 20 We have the angels all prostrated
provided therein a means of themselves together. 31 But Satan
livelihood for you and for all did not; he refused to join those
those creatures for whom you do who prostrated themselves.
not provide. God asked him, What is the
21 There is not a thing but its matter with you, that you are not
storehouses are with Us. But We among those who have prostrated
only send down each thing in an themselves? 33 He replied, I am
appropriate measure: 22 We let not one to prostrate myself to a
loose fertilizing winds, and bring man whom You have created out
water from the sky for you to of a clay of moulded mud.
drink; and you could not have 34 God said, Then get out of

stored it up for yourselves. here; for you are accursed, 35 and

23 Truly, it is We who bring to the curse shall be on you till the
life and We who cause death and Day of Judgement! 36 Satan said,
We are the inheritor of all things. O my Lord! Grant me respite till
24 We know those who lived the Day of Resurrection. 37 He
before you and those who will said, You are granted respite
come after you. 25 It is your Lord 38 till that Appointed Day.
15:63 The Rocky Tract 195
39 He said, My Lord, since 51 Tell them about Abrahams
You have let me go astray. I shall guests: 52 when they came to him
make the path of error seem they greeted him with: Peace.
alluring to them on the earth and He said,We feel afraid of you.
shall mislead them all, 40 except 53 They said, Do not be afraid.

for Your chosen servants. We come to you with good news.

41 God said, This is the path You shall have a son who shall
which leads straight to Me. be endowed with great
42 Surely, you shall have no power knowledge. 54 He said, Do you
over My true servants, except bring me such news despite my
those misguided ones who old age? What kind of good
choose to follow you. 43 Surely, news are you bringing me?
Hell is the place to which they They said, We have, indeed,
are destined, 44 it has seven gates: given you glad tidings in truth;
and each gate has a portion of do not therefore despair. 56 He
them allotted to it. said, Who but the misguided
Truly, the God-fearing shall despair of the mercy of
dwell amid gardens and their Lord?
fountains46 Enter therein in 57
Then he asked, What then
peace and security! 47 We is your business, O messengers?
shall cleanse their hearts of all They said, We have been sent
traces of ill-will; they will be forth to a guilty people. 59 Except
like brethren seated on couches for Lots household, all of whom
facing one another. 48 They will we shall rescue, 60 except his
not be affected by any weariness wife. We have decreed that she
there, and they will never be will be among those who remain
made to leave. 49 Tell My behind [and will be lost].
servants that I alone am the 61 When the messengers came

Forgiving, the Merciful One, to Lot and his family, 62 he said,

and that My punishment is a You are strangers [to me].
painful punishment. 63 They said, No, but we bring
196 The Quran 15:64
you news about what they 77 surely in this there is a sign for

disputed, 64 and we have come to those who believe.

you with the truth, and surely we 78 The people of the Wood

are truthful, 65 so leave with your were also surely wrongdoers.

family some time in the latter 79 So We took vengeance on

part of the night, and walk behind them. Both are still there on the
them. Let none of you look back. highway, plain for all to see.
Go where you are commanded. The people of al-Hijr also
66 We communicated to him Our rejected Our messengers: 81 We
decree that the guilty ones would gave them Our signs, but they
be destroyed by the morning. turned away from them. 82 They
67 The people of the town came carved out dwellings in the
along, revelling, 68 and he told mountains, and lived in
them, These are my guests, so security83 the blast overtook
do not disgrace me. 69 Fear God them early one morning. 84 All
and do not shame me. 70 They that they had acquired was of no
said, Did we not forbid you to avail to them.
extend hospitality to strangers? 85 We have created the heavens
He said, Here are my and the earth and all that is
daughters, if you must act in between the two in accordance
this way. with the requirements of truth
72 By your life, they wandered and wisdom. The Hour is surely
on in their wild intoxication coming. So overlook [their
73 and thereupon the blast [of faults] with gracious forgiveness.
Our punishment] overtook them Surely your Lord is the All
at sunrise. 74 We turned the town Knowing Creator!
upside down and rained upon 87 We have given you the seven

them stones of clay. 75 There are oft-recited verses and the great
certainly signs in that for those Quran. 88 Do not strain your eyes
who can learn a lesson 76 it is towards the worldly benefits We
still there on the highway have bestowed on some of them,
16:7 Bees 197
nor grieve on their account. polytheists. 95 We will, surely,
Lower your wing of mercy for suffice you against those who
the believers 89 and say, I am, mock, 96 who set up another god
indeed, a plain warner, 90 such with God, but they shall soon
as We send down for those who learn. 97 We do indeed know
are divisive, 91 and who have how your heart is distressed at
broken the Scripture into what they say. 98 But glorify
fragments 92 by your Lord, We your Lord with His praise,
shall question them all 93 about and prostrate yourself: 99 and
whatever they had been doing! worship your Lord until
94 Proclaim openly what you what is certain [death] comes
are commanded, and avoid the to you.

16. BEES
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 The decree of God is at hand, [mere] drop of sperm: yet he
so do not seek to hasten it. Holy shows himself to be openly
is He, and exalted far above contentious! 5 He has created
what they associate with Him. cattle for you: from them you
He sends down the angels with derive food and clothing and
revelations by His command to numerous other benefits; 6 how
whoever of His servants He pleasant they look when you
pleases, saying, Warn mankind bring them home in the evenings
that there is no god save Me, so and when you take them out to
fear Me. 3 He created the heavens pasture in the mornings. 7 They
and the earth for a true purpose. carry your loads to places which
He is exalted above anything you could otherwise not reach
they associate with Him. without great hardshipsurely,
4 He created man out of a your Lord is compassionate and
198 The Quran 16:8
merciful 8 He has created you the sea, so that you may eat
horses, mules and donkeys, so its fresh seafood and bring forth
that you may ride them, and also from it ornaments to wear. You
so that they may be put on show, see the ships cleaving through it.
and He creates other things All this, so that you may seek
beyond your knowledge. His bounty and feel grateful.
9 The straight way leads to 15 He has set up on the earth

God and there are ways which firm mountains, lest it shake
deviate from the right course. If under you, and rivers and tracks,
He so wished, He would guide so that you may find your way,
you all. 16 and He has set up other
10 It is He who sends down landmarks. By these and by the
water from the sky. From it you stars people set their course.
drink and with it trees grow on 17 Is He, then, who creates like

which you pasture your cattle. him who does not create? Will
11 And with it He grows for you you not, then, take heed? 18 If
corn, and the olive and the date- you tried to count Gods
palm and the grape, and all kinds blessings, you would never be
of fruits. Surely, in that is a sign able to number them. God is
for a people who reflect. ever forgiving and most merciful.
12 19
He has made the night and God knows all that you conceal
the day and the sun and the moon and all that you reveal.
subservient to you; and all the Those you call on besides
stars are subservient to His God cannot create anything. They
command. Surely in this there are are themselves created. 21 They
signs for men of understanding. are dead, not living; nor do they
13 On the earth He has fashioned know when they will be raised to
for you objects of various hues: life. 22 Your God is the One God.
there is certainly a sign in that As for those who do not believe
for people who pay heed. in the Hereafter, their hearts
14 It is He who subjected to refuse to admit the truth and they
16:33 Bees 199
are arrogant. 23 God surely knows 28 Those whose lives the angels

what they conceal and what they take while they are wronging
reveal. He does not love the their own souls will offer
arrogant. submission saying, We were
24 When they are asked, What not doing anything evil!
is it that your Lord has sent Indeed! the angels will reply,
down? they say, Stories of the God is aware of what you have
ancients. 25 Let them bear all been doing, 29 so enter the gates
their own burdens on of Hell. There you shall abide
Resurrection Day as well as some forever. Evil indeed is the abode
of the burdens of those whom of the arrogant.
they lead astray without any 30 When those who fear God

knowledge. How evil the load are asked, What has your Lord
with which they shall be sent down? Their reply is,
burdened! Goodness! The reward of those
26 Those who went before them who do good works in this world
also plotted. But God struck at is good, but the abode of the
the foundations of their building, Hereafter is even better. The
and the roof fell down upon home of the righteous is indeed
them from above. The excellent. 31 They will enter
punishment came upon them Gardens of Eternity, where rivers
from where they did not expect. will flow at their feet. There they
Then on the Day of will have all that they wish for.
Resurrection He will disgrace Thus God rewards the righteous,
them, and say, Where are My those whose lives the angels
partners for whose sake you take in a state of purity, saying
opposed [My guidance]? Those [to them], Peace be on you;
given knowledge will say, This enter the Garden, because of
Day humiliation and affliction [the good] which you did [in the
will surely befall those who have world].
been denying the truth. 33 Are they waiting for the
200 The Quran 16:34
angels to come to them, or the messengers. 37 Though you
fulfillment of your Lords will? [Prophet] may be eager to guide
Those who went before them did them, God does not guide those
the same. God did not whom He lets go astray, [because
wrong them; rather they of their refusal to give a positive
wronged themselves. 34 The evil response to the truth]. They will
results of their deeds overtook have no supporters.
them, and that which they They swear their strongest
used to mock at encompassed oaths by God that God will never
them. raise the dead to life
35 Those who associate [others nonetheless, it is a promise truly
with God] say, If God had so binding on Him, even though
willed we would not have most people do not realize it
worshipped anything besides 39 this is so that He may make

Him, neither we nor our fathers, clear to them what they have
nor would we have forbidden differed about and so that those
anything without His sanction. who are bent on denying the
So did those who went before truth may realize that they were
them. The duty of the messengers lying. 40 When We will something
is only to convey the message to happen, all that We say is,
clearly. Be! and it is.
36 We raised among every 41 As for those who, after

people a messenger who persecution, migrated from their

enjoined, Worship God alone homes for the cause of God, We
and shun the evil one. Then will provide them with a goodly
among them were some whom abode in this life: but truly the
God guided and among them reward of the Hereafter will be
were others who became greater, if they only knew it.
deserving of ruin. So travel across 42 They are the ones who are

the earth and observe what was steadfast and put their trust in
the end of those who rejected the their Lord.
16:57 Bees 201
43 Before you also the all the creatures on the earth
messengers We sent were but prostrate themselves before God,
[mortal] men to whom We as do the angels, and they do not
vouchsafed revelation. Ask the behave proudly: 50 they fear their
People of the Book, if you do not Lord above them, and do what
know. 44 [We sent them] with they are commanded.
clear signs and scriptures. We 51 God says, Do not take two

have sent down the Reminder to gods. He is only One God. So

you, to enable you to make clear fear Me alone. 52 To Him belongs
to mankind what has been sent whatsoever is in the heavens and
down to them, so that they may on the earth, and obedience is
reflect upon it. due to Him alone. Will you then
Do those who devise evil fear anyone other than God?
plans feel secure that God will 53 Whatever blessing you have

not make them sink into the is from God, and to Him you
land, or that a punishment will turn for help when distress befalls
not come upon them from where you, 54 yet no sooner does He
they least expect? 46 Or that He relieve your distress than some
will not seize them suddenly in among you set up other partners
their daily activities and they besides their Lord, 55 showing
will not be able to frustrate Him? no gratitude for what We have
47 Or that He will not punish given them. Enjoy yourselves
them by giving them a fright? awhile; but soon you will know!
Indeed, your Lord is kind and 56 They even appoint a share of

merciful. what We have provided for them

48 Have they not observed the [to false gods] they know nothing
things God has created, casting of. You shall surely be questioned
their shadows right and about the lies you have been
left, prostrating themselves fabricating.
before God in all humility? They assign daughters to
49 Everything in the heavens and Godglory be to Him!but for
202 The Quran 16:58
themselves [sons] that they desire messengers before you to other
to have. 58 When the birth of a nations. But Satan made their
girl is announced to any of them, [foul] deeds seem fair to them
his face darkens and he is filled and today he is their patron.
with gloom. 59 In his shame he They shall have a painful
hides himself away from his punishment. 64 We have only sent
people, because of the bad news down the Book to you so that
he has been given. Should he you can make clear to them that
keep her and feel disgraced or concerning which they differ,
bury her in the dust? How ill and as a guidance and a mercy to
they judge! 60 The attribute of people who believe.
evil applies to those who do not 65 God sends down water from

believe in the Hereafter, while to the sky and with it revives the
God applies the highest attribute, earth when it is dead. There is
for He is Mighty, the Wise. truly a sign in this for people
61 If God were to take people who listen.
to task for their wrongdoing, He There is also a lesson for
would not leave even one living you in cattle. From the contents
creature on earth, but He gives of their bellies, from between
them respite till an appointed the dung and blood, We give you
time: when their time comes pure milk to drink, pleasant for
they cannot delay it for an hour, those who drink it. 67 From the
nor can they bring it forward. fruit of the date palm and the
62 They attribute to God what grapes you derive intoxicants as
they themselves dislike and their well as wholesome food. Surely
tongues utter the lie that all good in this there is a sign for men of
things are for themselves. understanding.
Without doubt, the Fire awaits 68 Your Lord inspired the bee,

them, and they shall be hastened saying, Make your homes in the
on into it. mountains, in the trees, and also
63 By God! We have sent in the structures which men erect.
16:77 Bees 203
69 Then feed on every kind of of God, things that have no
fruit, and follow the trodden control over their provision from
paths of your Lord. From its the heavens or the earth in any
belly comes a drink with different way, nor do they have any power
colours which provides healing [to do so]. 74 Do not compare
for mankind. Indeed, in this there God with anyone. God has
is a sign for people who give knowledge, but you have not.
thought. God makes a comparison
70 God created you; then He between an owned slave
shall cause you to die: and some possessing no power over
shall have their lives prolonged anything, and someone to whom
to abject old age, ceasing to We have given plentiful
know anything after once having provision, who gives out from it
had knowledge. God is all privately and openly. Are they
knowing and powerful. equal? Praise be to God! But
71 God has given some of you most people do not know it.
more provision than others. God makes another
Those who have been given more comparison between two men,
are unwilling to pass their one of whom is dumb and cannot
provision to the servants they do a thing, and is a burden on his
possess so that they become their master. Wherever he sends him
equals. Will they then deny the on an errand, he brings [him] no
favour of God? good. Is he equal to someone
72 God has given you wives who commands justice and is on
from among yourselves, and a straight path?
given you children and 77 God alone has knowledge

grandchildren from your wives, of the hidden reality of the

and provided wholesome things heavens and the earth; and the
for you. Will they then believe in coming of the Hour [of
falsehood and deny Gods Judgement] is like the twinkling
favours? 73 They worship, instead of an eye, or even quicker.
204 The Quran 16:78
Surely God has full power over if they turn away, you are
everything. responsible only for conveying
78 God brought you forth from the message clearly. 83 They
the wombs of your mothers while recognize the favour of God, yet
you knew nothing, and gave you they deny it; and most of them
hearing and sight and hearts, so are ungrateful.
that you might be grateful. 84 On the Day when We raise
Do they not see the birds up a witness from every people,
held poised in the vault of those who were bent on denying
heaven? Nothing holds them up the truth will not be permitted to
except God. Truly, there are signs put forward excuses, or to make
in this for those who believe. amends. 85 When the wrongdoers
God has made your houses face their punishment, it shall
places of rest for you and made not be lightened for them, nor
tents for you out of cattle hides, shall they be granted any
which are light for you to carry, reprieve.
both when you are travelling and When those who associate
when you are staying in one partners with God see their
place. He provides for you from associate gods, they will say,
the wool and fur and hair of Our Lord, these are our associate
cattle, household goods and gods whom we used to call upon
articles for use for a time. instead of You. But they will
God has granted you shade throw back their words at them,
out of what He has created, [saying], Indeed you are liars,
places of shelter in the and on that Day they will offer
mountains, garments with which total submission to God: and all
to protect yourselves from the that they used to devise will fail
heat and coats of mail to shield them. 88 Upon all who were bent
you in battle. Thus He completes on denying the truth and who
His favour to you, so that you turned others away from the path
may submit wholly to Him. 82 But of God, We will heap punishment
16:97 Bees 205
upon punishment, in return for community could become bigger
all the corruption that they than another. God is only testing
brought about. you by means of this. On the Day
The Day will come when of Resurrection He will make it
We raise up in every people a clear to you what you differed
witness against them from about.
amongst themselves, and We will 93 Had God pleased, He would

bring you as a witness against have united you in one

these people. We have sent down community; but He lets go astray
the Book to you to make whoever He will, and guides
everything clear, a guidance, and whoever He will, and you will
a mercy, and glad tidings for surely be called upon to account
those who submit to God. for all your actions.
90 God commands justice, 94 Do not use your oaths to

kindness and giving their [due deceive each other lest any foot
to] near relatives, and He forbids should slip after being firmly
all shameful deeds, and injustice placed and lest you should taste
and transgression. He the penalty for having hindered
admonishes you so that you may others from the path of God, for
take heed! then you will have a terrible
Fulfill the covenant of God punishment. 95 Do not sell Gods
when you have made one; and covenant for a paltry price. What
do not break your pledges after is with God is better for you if
their confirmation. Indeed you you only knew.
have made God your surety; for What you have shall pass
God knows all that you do. 92 Do away, but what is with God is
not, like the woman who unravels lasting. We will certainly give
her yarn after its strands have those who are patient their reward
been firmly spun, use your oaths according to the best of their
as a means of deceiving one actions. 97 To whoever does good
another, just because one deeds, man or woman, and is a
206 The Quran 16:98
believer, We shall assuredly give 104 God will not guide those who

a good life; and We will bestow will not believe in the signs of
upon them their reward according God; and theirs will be a painful
to the best of their works. punishment. 105 Only those
98 When you read the Quran, fabricate lies concerning God
seek Gods protection from who do not believe in the signs
Satan, the rejected one. 99 Surely, of God, and these are the liars.
he has no power over those who As for one who denies God
believe and put their trust in after he has believed, with the
their Lord; 100 he has power only exception of one who is forced
over those who are willing to to do it, while his heart rests
follow him and associate others securely in faith, but one who
with God. opens his heart to a denial of
101 When We substitute one truth shall incur the wrath of
revelation for anotherand God God; such as these will have a
knows best what He reveals terrible punishment. 107 This is
they say, You are but a because they prefer the life of
fabricator. Indeed, most of them this world to the Hereafter and
have no knowledge. 102 Say, The because God does not guide those
Holy Spirit has brought it down who deny the truth. 108 These are
as truth from your Lord, so that the ones upon whose hearts and
He may strengthen those who hearing and sight God has set a
believe, and also as guidance seal. It is they who are heedless,
and as good tidings for those 109 and in the life to come, they

who submit. will surely be the losers.

103 Indeed, We know what they 110 Surely, your Lord will be

say, It is only a human being forgiving and merciful towards

who imparts [all] this to him! those who migrated after
But the tongue of him to whom persecution and strove hard for
they point is foreign, whereas the cause of God and remained
this is plain Arabic speech. steadfast. 111 On the Day each
16:123 Bees 207
soul will come pleading for itself, 116 Do not falsely declare, This

and every soul will be repaid is lawful, and this is forbidden,

according to whatever it has so as to invent a lie against God.
done, and they will not be Surely, those who invent a lie
wronged. against God do not prosper
112 117
God makes an example of a their enjoyment of this life is
town that was secure and at ease, brief, and they shall have a
with provisions coming to it painful punishment.
abundantly from every quarter. 118 We forbade the Jews those

Then it showed ingratitude for things We told you about before.

Gods blessings and God We did not wrong them; rather
afflicted it with hunger and fear they wronged themselves.
because of what they did. Surely, your Lord is most
113 There came to them a forgiving and ever merciful
messenger from among towards those who do evil in
themselves, but they rejected him ignorance and truly repent
as false, so punishment overtook thereafter and make amends.
them, as they were wrongdoers. 120 Abraham was a community
So eat the lawful and good in himself devoted to God and
things which God has provided true in faith, He was not one of
for you, and be thankful for the the polytheists; 121 he was thankful
blessing of God, if it is Him you for His blessings. God chose
worship. 115 He has forbidden him and guided him to a straight
you only carrion, blood and the path. 122 We gave him blessings
flesh of swine; also any [flesh] in this world, and in the Hereafter
consecrated in the name of any he shall be among the righteous.
but God. But if anyone is forced 123 Then We revealed Our will to

by dire necessity, not desiring it you [O Muhammad], saying,

or exceeding his immediate need, Follow the religion of Abraham,
God is forgiving and merciful the upright in faith; he was not
towards him. one of the polytheists.
208 The Quran 16:124
124 The Sabbath was only knows best those who are
enjoined on those who differed rightly guided.
about it. Your Lord will judge If you want to retaliate,
between them on the Day of retaliate to the same degree as
Resurrection regarding the things the injury done to you. But if you
about which they differed. are patient, it is better to be so.
125 Call to the way of 127 Endure with patience; truly,

your Lord with wisdom and your patience is possible only

fair exhortation and reason with the help of God. Do not
with them in a way that grieve for them, or feel distressed
is best. Your Lord knows because of their plottings, 128 for
best those who have strayed God is with those who are
away from His path, and He righteous and those who do good.


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Holy is He who took His servant not take anyone besides Me as a
by night from the sacred place of guardian, 3 you who are the
worship [at Makkah] to the descendants of those whom We
remote house of worship [at carried in the Ark with Noah. He
Jerusalem]the precincts of was a truly thankful servant.
which We have blessed, so that We forewarned the Children
We might show him some of Our of Israel in the Scripture, Twice
signs. Surely, it is He who is All you shall commit evil in the
Hearing, and All Seeing. land. You shall become great
We gave Moses the Book transgressors. 5 When the time
and made it a guide for the of the first of these warnings
Children of Israel saying, Do came, We sent against you
17:15 The Night Journey 209
servants of Ours, of great might, eagerly as he should ask for
who ravaged your homes. So the good. Truly, man is indeed hasty.a
warning was fulfilled, 6 and after 12 We have made the night and

a time We allowed you to prevail the day as two signs. We blotted

over them once again and aided out the sign of night and made
you with wealth and offspring the sign of the day illuminating,
and made you greater in number. so that you may seek the bounty
[We said], If you persevere of your Lord and learn to compute
in doing good, you will be doing the seasons and the years. We
good to yourselves; but if you do have set everything forth in
evil, it will go against you. detail.
When the time of the second 13 We have tied the fate of

warning came, [We roused every man about his neck; and
against you others] to disgrace We shall produce a book for him
you utterly and to enter the place on Resurrection Day that he will
of worship as they had entered it find spread open. 14 It will say,
before, utterly destroying all that Read your record, today there
they laid their hands on. 8 We will be none but yourself to call
said, Your Lord may yet have you to account! 15 Whoever
mercy on you, but if you do the
same again, so shall We: We a God wants man to be patient about
have made Hell a prison for acquiring the immediate luxuries of
those who deny the truth. the world, so that he should keep to
9 Surely, this Quran guides to
the right path on his journey towards
the most upright way and gives the Hereafter. But man, due to his
good news to the believers who hasty nature, rushes to acquire ephem-
do good deeds, so that they will eral worldly luxuries, which prove to
be impediments to his continuing his
have a great reward 10 and warns
onward journey. Mans desire for in-
those who deny the life to come stant gratification is the greatest rea-
with grievous punishment. son for his being deprived of the
11Yet man asks for evil as
bounties of the Hereafter.
210 The Quran 17:16
chooses to follow the right path, desire the Hereafter] We bestow
follows it for his own good; and the bounty of your Lord: none
whoever goes astray, goes astray shall be denied the bounty of
at his own peril; no bearer of your Lord21 see how We have
burdens shall bear the burdens exalted some above others [in
of another. Nor do We punish the present life]. Yet the Hereafter
until We have sent forth a shall be greater in degrees of
messenger to forewarn them. rank and greater in excellence.
16 When We decide to destroy 22 Do not set up any other

a town, We command the affluent deity beside God, lest you incur
section of its people, but they disgrace, and be forsaken. 23 Your
transgress therein; thus the word Lord has commanded that you
[sentence of punishment] is should worship none but Him,
justified, then We destroy the and show kindness to your
town utterly. 17 How many parents. If either or both of them
generations have We destroyed attain old age with you, say no
since Noahs time. Your Lord is word of contempt to them and
well aware of the sins of His do not rebuke them, but always
servants and observes them all. speak gently to them 24 and treat
18 We give whatever We will them with humility and
to whoever desires immediate tenderness and say, Lord, be
gains; but then We have prepared merciful to them both, as they
Hell for him which he will enter, raised me up when I was little.
disgraced and rejected. 25 Your Lord knows best what is
Anyone who desires the in your hearts; if you are
Hereafter and makes a proper righteous, He is most forgiving
effort to achieve it, being a true to those who constantly turn to
believer, shall find favour with Him.
God for his endeavours. 26 Give to your relatives their
Upon all, both these [who due, and also to the needy and
desire the world] and those [who the wayfarer. Yet do not spend
17:39 The Night Journey 211
extravagantly; 27 spendthrifts are property, except with the best of
the brothers of Satan, and Satan intentions, until they reach
is ever ungrateful to his Lord maturity. Keep your promises;
but if, while waiting for your you will be called to account for
Lords bounty which you are every promise which you have
expecting, you turn them down, made! 35 Give full measure, when
then at least speak to them kindly. you measure, and weigh with
Be neither miserly, nor so accurate scales. That is fair, and
open-handed that you suffer better in the end.
reproach and become destitute. Do not follow what you do
30 Your Lord gives abundantly to not know; for the ear and the eye
whom He will and sparingly to and the heart shall all be called
whom He pleases. He is informed to account. 37 Do not walk
and observant about His servants. proudly on the earth. You cannot
You shall not kill your cleave the earth, nor can you
offspring for fear of want. It is rival the mountains in height.
We who provide for them, and All that is evil in the sight of
for you. Indeed, killing them is a your Lord, and is detestable.
great sin. 32 Do not commit 39
This is part of the wisdom
adultery,a for it is an indecent that your Lord has revealed to you.
thing and an evil course. Do not set up any other deity
33 Do not take life which God with God, lest you be cast into
has made inviolateexcept by Hell, condemned and rejected.
right. If anyone is killed
wrongfully, We have given a One of the evils, which God wants

authority to his heirs to demand to root out completely, is adultery, or

retribution, but let them not zina. That is, adultery is such a great
transgress the prescribed limits evil and is proof of such shameless-
ness, that man should abstain even
in exacting retribution; for then
from its initial stages. Here, only a
he will be assisted [by the law]. basic command has been given on this
34 Do not go near the orphans
212 The Quran 17:40
40 What! Has your Lord then Lord in your recitation of the
favoured you with sons and Quran, they turn their backs in
Himself adopted females from aversion.
among the angels? What you say We are fully aware of what
is monstrous. 41 We have they wish to hear when they
explained [the truth] in this Quran listen to you; and what they say
in various ways, so that they may when they converse in private;
take heed, but it has only and when the wrongdoers say,
increased their aversion. 42 Say, You are only following a man
If there were [other] deities who is bewitched! 48 See to what
along with Him, as they claim, they liken you! But they are lost
then they would surely have tried and cannot find the right path.
to find a way to the Lord of the What! they say, When we
Throne. 43 Glory be to Him! are turned to bones and dust,
Exalted above all that they say! shall we be restored to life?
44 The seven heavens and the 50 Say, [yes] even if you turned

earth and all who dwell therein to stones or iron, 51 or any other
glorify Him. There is not a single substance which you think
thing but glorifies Him with His unlikely to be given life. Then
praise; but you do not understand they will ask, Who is it that
their glorification. Truly, He is shall restore us to life? Answer
forbearing and most forgiving. them, He who created you the
When you recite the Quran, first time. They will then shake
We place an invisible barrier their heads at you and say, When
between you and those who do will that be? Say, It may well
not believe in the Hereafter. 46 We be very soon. 52 On that Day He
put veils over their hearts will call you, and you will answer
to prevent them from by praising Him, thinking that
comprehending it, and We afflict you have stayed for only a little
their ears with deafness. When while.
you mention your one and only 53 Tell My servants that they
17:62 The Night Journey 213
should always say what is best. Judgement. That is recorded in
Satan stirs up discord among the Book.
them. Surely, Satan is an outright 59 Nothing prevents Us from

enemy to man. sending signs, except the fact

54 Your Lord is fully aware of that previous peoples denied
you. He may show you mercy if them. We gave the people of
He will, or punish you if He will. Thamud the she-camel as a clear
We have not sent you as their sign, yet they mistreated her. We
guardian. 55 Your Lord knows give signs only by way of
best about everyone in the warning.
heavens and on the earth. We 60 We told you that your Lord

gave some prophets more than encompasses mankind. We

others: We gave David the granted the vision which We
Psalms. showed you, as well as the tree
Call upon those you claim that is cursed in the Quran, only
to be deities besides God and as a test for mankind. We warn
you will know that they have no them, but this only increases
power to remove affliction from their insolence.
you or to bring about any change When We said to the angels,
[that you may desire]. 57 Those Prostrate yourselves before
whom they invoke are themselves Adam, they all prostrated
seeking a way of approach themselves except Iblis. He said,
to their Lord, vying with Am I to prostrate myself to
each other to be near Him. someone You have created out
They hope for His mercy of clay? 62 and [further] said,
and fear His punishment. Surely, Do you see this being whom
the punishment of your Lord You have exalted above me? If
is to be feared: 58 there is You reprieve me until the Day of
not a town [community] but Resurrection, I will bring all but
We shall destroy or sternly a few of his descendents under
punish it before the Day of my sway.
214 The Quran 17:63
63 God said, Go away! Hell you are back on land, or His
will be your reward and the sending a deadly sand storm
reward of any of them who follow upon you? Then you will find
youan ample recompense. none to protect you. 69 Or do you
64 Go ahead and entice feel secure against His sending
whomsoever of them you can, you back to sea once again, and
with your voice, and mount raising a fierce gale against you
assaults against them with your and causing you to drown in
cavalry and infantry and be their requital for your ingratitude? You
partner in wealth and offspring, will find no helper against Us
and make promises to them there.
Satan promises nothing but 70 We have honoured the

delusion65 but over My true children of Adam, and have borne

servants you shall have no power. them on the land and the sea,
Your Lord will be their all- given them for sustenance things
sufficient guardian. which are good and pure; and
Your Lord is He who causes exalted them above many of Our
the ships to move onward for creatures.
you across the sea, so that you The Day will surely come
may go in quest of His bounty: when We shall summon every
He is most merciful towards people with their leader. Then
you. 67 When danger threatens those who are given their records
you at sea, you call upon Him, in their right hands will read
and forget all others you are their records [eagerly] and shall
wont to invoke. But when He not in the least be wronged:
brings you safe to land, you turn 72 but whoever has been blind in

away from Him. Man is ever this life will be blind in the life
ungrateful. to come, and still farther astray
68 Do you then feel secure from the path [of truth].
against His causing you to be They indeed sought to entice
swallowed up by the earth when you away from what We revealed
17:87 The Night Journey 215
to you, hoping that you might honourable entrance and an
invent something else in Our name; honourable exit, and sustain me
and then they would have accepted with Your power. 81 Say, Truth
you as a close friend. 74 If We had has come and falsehood has
not made you stand firm, you would disappeared. Falsehood is always
almost have inclined towards bound to wither away.
them a little. 75 In that case, We 82 We send down in the Quran

should have inflicted a double that which is healing and a mercy

punishment in this life, and a to those who believe; as for the evil-
double punishment after death. doers, it only increases their loss.
Then you would have found no 83 When We bestow a favour

one to help you against Us. upon a person, he turns his back
Indeed they came near to and draws aside; and when evil
unsettling you, so that they might afflicts him he gives himself up
expel you from the land, but in to despair. 84 Say to them,
that case they themselves would Everyone acts in his own way,
not have stayed on for very long and your Lord knows best who is
after you. 77 Such was Our way rightly guided.
with the messengers We sent They question you about the
before you, and you will find no Spirit. Say, The Spirit is at my
change in Our ways. Lords command, and you have
78 Say your prayers from the been granted but little
decline of the sun, until nightfall; knowledge.
and at dawnthe recitation at 86 If We pleased, We would

dawn is indeed witnessed. 79 And certainly take away that which

during the night wake up and We have revealed to youthen
pray, as an additional prayer: it you would find no guardian for
may well be that your Lord will you against Us 87 except
raise you to a station of praise through the special mercy of
and glory. your Lord. His favours towards
80 Say, Lord, grant me an you has been great indeed.
216 The Quran 17:88
88 Say, If all men and jinn their query, Has God sent a
gathered together to produce the human being as a messenger?
like of this Quran, they could not 95 Say, If there had been angels

produce one like it, however walking around on earth, We

much they helped one another. would have sent an angel down
In this Quran, We have set from Heaven as a messenger for
out all kinds of examples for them. 96 Say, God suffices as a
people, yet most of them persist witness between me and you
in denying the truth. 90 They [all]. He is informed about and
declare, We will never believe observant of His servants.
in you until you cause a spring to 97 Those whom God guides

flow for us from the earth; 91 or are the truly guided, and for
you have a garden of date palms those whom He lets go astray,
and vines, and cause streams to you will find no helper besides
flow plentifully in the midst of Him, on the Day of Judgement.
them; 92 or you cause the heavens We shall gather them together,
to fall down on us in pieces, as lying upon their faces, blind,
you have claimed; or you bring dumb and deaf. Their abode shall
God and the angels before us be Hell. Every time the fire dies
face to face; 93 or you have a down, We will make it blaze up
house made of gold; or you again for them. 98 That is their
ascend to heaven; and we will recompense, because they
not believe in your ascension rejected Our signs and asked,
until you send down to us a When we are reduced to bones
Book that we can read. Tell and dust, shall we indeed be
them, Holy is my Lord. I am but raised up as a new creation?
a human being sent as a 99 Do they not see that God,

messenger. who has created heavens and

94 Nothing has prevented men earth, is able to create the like of
from believing whenever them? He has appointed a
guidance came to them, save definite term for them; there is
17:111 The Night Journey 217
no doubt about it, but the it has come down. We have sent
wrongdoers persist in denying you forth only to give good news
the truth. 100 Say, Even if you and to give warning106 We
possessed the treasures of the have revealed the Quran bit by
mercy of my Lord, you would bit so that you may recite it to the
surely hold them back for fear of people slowly and with
spending. Man is indeed deliberation. We have imparted
niggardly! it by gradual revelation.
101 We did indeed give Moses 107 Say to them, You may

nine manifest signs; you can believe in it or not. Those to

enquire from the Children of whom knowledge had been
Israel. When he came to them, revealed, fall on their faces in
Pharaoh said to him, Moses, I prostration when it is recited,
can see that you are bewitched. 108 and say, Glory to our Lord!
He said, You know full well Our Lords promise is bound to
that none has sent down these be fulfilled. 109 They fall down
signs but the Lord of the heavens upon their faces weeping, and
and the earth as eye-opening [the Quran] increases their
evidence. Indeed, Pharaoh, I can humility.
see that you are doomed. 103 So 110 Say, Whether you call on

he resolved to scare them out of God or on the Merciful One: His

the land: but We drowned him are the finest names. Pray neither
along with all those who were in too loud a voice nor in silence,
with him. 104 Thereafter, We said but between these two extremes.
to the Israelites, Dwell in the Seek a middle way 111 and say,
land. When the promise of the All praise is due to God who
Hereafter comes to be fulfilled, has never begotten a son and
We shall assemble you all who has no partner in His
together. kingdom; nor does anyone aid
We have revealed the Quran Him because of any weakness of
with the truth, and with the truth His. Proclaim His greatness.
1 8 . T H E C AV E
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Praise be to God who has sent were one of Our wondrous signs?
down to His servantthe Book, 10 When the young men sought

which is free from any ambiguity refuge in the cave, they said,
2 and which rightly directs, to Our Lord, grant us Your special
give warning of stern punishment mercy and give us right guidance
from Him, and to proclaim to the in our affair. 11 Then We caused
believers who do righteous deeds them to fall into a deep sleep for
that they shall have an excellent many years inside the cave.
recompense, 3 wherein they will 12 Then We woke them up again

remain [in a state of bliss] so that We might see which of

forever. 4 And to warn those who the two groups would better
say, God has taken to Himself a calculate the time they had stayed
son. 5 They have no knowledge there.
of this, nor did their forefathers We shall tell you their story
have any either. What they say is as it really was. They were young
monstrous: they are merely men who believed in their
uttering falsehoods! Lord, and on whom We
Perhaps you may destroy bestowed further guidance. 14 We
yourself with grief if they do not strengthened their hearts, when
believe in this message. 7 We they rose up and declared, Our
have adorned the earth with Lord is the Lord of the heavens
attractive things, so that We may and the earth. Never shall we
test mankind as to which one is call upon any deity other than
best in conduct, 8 but We shall Him: for that would be an
reduce all this to barren waste. outrageous thing to do. 15 These
9 Do you think that the Men of people of ours have taken deities
the Cave and the Inscription other than Him. Why do they not
18:21 The Cave 219
produce clear evidence about turned your back and fled in
them? Who is more wicked than terror.
the man who invents a falsehood 19 In the course of time, We

against God? raised them up again so that they

16 Now that you have might question one another. One
withdrawn from them and from of them asked, How long have
all that they worship instead of you stayed [here]? They said,
God, take refuge in that cave; We have stayed a day, or part of
your Lord will extend His mercy a day. But others said, Your
to you and will make fitting Lord knows best how long you
provision for you in your have stayed here. Let one of you
situation. go then with these silver coins to
The sun could be observed the town, and let him find out
to incline away from their cave what food is purest there, and
on the right, as it rose, and to bring you back a supply of it. Let
turn away from them on the left, him conduct himself with
when it set, while they lay in the caution and not disclose your
wide space inside the cave. This whereabouts to anyone: 20 for if
is one of the signs of God. He they find you out, they will stone
whom God guides is rightly you to death, or force you back
guided; but for him whom He into their faith. In that case you
lets go astray, you will find no would never prosper.
helper or guide. Thus We disclosed things to
18 You would have thought them so that they might know
they were awake, though they that Gods promise was true and
lay asleep. We turned them over, there was no doubt about the
to the right and the left, while Hour [Judgement Day]. The
their dog lay at the caves people argued about them among
entrance with legs outstretched. themselves. They said, Build a
Had you looked down and seen monument over them. Their Lord
them, you would have surely knows best concerning them.
220 The Quran 18:22
Those who prevailed in their on the earth. How well He sees
affair said, Let us surely build a and how well He hears! Man has
place of worship over them. no other guardian besides Him.
Some will say, They were He allows none to share His
three, the fourth was their dog, sovereignty.
and others will say, They were Proclaim what has been
five, the sixth was their dog, revealed to you from your Lords
guessing at random. And yet Book. None can change His
others say, They were seven, the words. You shall find no refuge
eighth was their dog. Say, My besides Him. 28 Keep yourself
Lord knows best their number. attached to those who call on
Only a few know anything about their Lord, morning and evening,
them. Therefore, do not enter seeking His pleasure; and do not
into controversies over them, let your eyes turn away from
nor seek information about them them, desiring the attraction of
from any of them; 23 never say of worldly life; and do not obey one
anything, I shall certainly do whose heart We have made
this tomorrow, 24 without heedless of Our remembrance,
[adding], if God so wills. one who pursues his own whims
Remember your Lord whenever and becomes dissolute.
you might forget and say, I trust Say, This is the truth from
my Lord will guide me to that your Lord. Let him who will,
which is even nearer to the right believe in it, and him who will,
path than this. deny it. For the wrongdoers We
[Some say], They stayed in have prepared a Fire which will
their cave three hundred years, cover them like a canopy, and if
and to that some have added they beg for water, they will be
another nine years. 26 Say, God given water as hot as molten
knows best how long they stayed lead, which will scald their faces:
in it. Only God has knowledge how dreadful a drink, and how
of the unseen in the heavens and evil a resting place!
18:42 The Cave 221
30 As for those who believe that the Hour will ever come.
and do good deedsWe do not Even if I am returned to my
let the reward of anyone who Lord, I shall surely find a better
does a good deed go to waste place than this.
31 they shall dwell in the Gardens 37 His companion replied, in

of eternity where rivers flow at the course of their discussion,

their feet. Reclining upon raised Do you deny Him who created
couches, they will be adorned you from dust, from a small drop
with bracelets of gold, and will of fluid, then formed you into a
wear green robes of fine silk and man? 38 But as far as I am
heavy brocade. An excellent concerned, God alone is my Lord
reward and an excellent resting and I set up no partners with
place! Him. 39 When you entered your
32 Recite to them the parable garden, why did you not say,
of two men! One of them We That which God wills [will
provided with two vineyards surely come to pass], there is no
which We surrounded with date- power save with God? Although
palms, and placed a field of you see I have less wealth and
grain in between; 33 each garden offspring than you, 40 my Lord
produced its fruit and did not fail may well give me a garden better
to yield its best; We even caused than yours and send down
a river to gush forth in the midst thunderbolts from heaven upon
of them, 34 and so he had fruit in your vineyard, turning it into a
abundance. While conversing barren waste; 41 or its water may
with his companion, he said, I sink into the earth, so that you
am wealthier than you are, and will never be able to find it
have a bigger following! again!
35 Having thus harmed his own 42 So it was, and all his fruit

soul, he entered his garden was destroyed. The vines had all
saying, I do not think this will fallen down on their trellises,
ever perish, 36 and I do not believe and their owner wrung his hands,
222 The Quran 18:43
bewailing all that he had spent standing in rows and He will say
on his garden. He said, Would to them, Now you have come to
that I had not associated anyone Us as We created you at first. But
with my Lord! 43 He had no you supposed that We would not
party to help him against God, appoint the time for the
nor was he able to defend fulfillment of Our promise to
himself. 44 The only support is you.
from God, the True God. He is The Book [of deeds] will be
the best in rewarding and the placed before them and you will
best in respect of the final see the guilty apprehensive about
outcome. its contents. They will say, Woe
45 Give them an example about to us! What a record this is! It
worldly life. It is like the does not leave any deed, small or
vegetation of the earth that large, unaccounted for! They
thrives when watered by the rain, will find everything they ever
which We send down from the did laid in front of them: your
sky, and then it all becomes Lord will not be unjust to anyone.
stubble which the wind blows 50 When We said to the angels,

away. God has power over all Prostrate yourselves before

things. 46 Wealth and children Adam, all prostrated themselves
are an ornament of the life of this except Satan. He was one of the
world. But deeds of lasting merit jinn and he disobeyed his Lords
are better rewarded by your Lord command. Do you then take him
and a far better source of hope. and his offspring as protectors
The Day We shall make the instead of Me, despite their
mountains move and you will enmity towards you? This is
see the earth laid bare, and We an evil exchange for the
shall gather all mankind together wrongdoers!
and shall not leave any one of 51 I did not call them to witness

them behind. 48 They will be at the creation of the heavens

ranged before your Lord, and the earth, nor at their own
18:62 The Cave 223
creation; I do not take as My is more wicked than he who has
helpers those who lead others been reminded of the revelations
astray. of his Lord, then turns away
On that Day He will say to from them and forgets what his
them, Call on those whom you own hands have done? We have
thought to be My partners. And cast veils over their hearts lest
they will call on them, but their they understand Our words, and
prayer will not be heard; and We made them hard of hearing. Call
shall place a barrier [of enmity] them as you may to the right
between them. 53 The guilty shall path, they shall never be guided.
see the Fire and realize that they 58 Your Lord is the Forgiving

are going to fall into it: they shall One, the possessor of mercy. If
find no way of escape from it. He had to take them to task for
54 We have explained in the wrongs they have done, He
various ways in this Quran, for would have hastened their
the benefit of mankind, all kinds punishment. They have an
of examples, but man is most appointed time beyond which
contentious. 55 Nothing prevents there will be no escape for
people from believing when they them. 59 We destroyed these
are given guidance or from communities when they went on
asking forgiveness of their Lord, doing wrong, and We appointed
but the fact that the fate of the a time for their destruction.
previous peoples should befall Recall how Moses said to
them or to have the punishment his servant, I shall not give up
come upon them face to face. until I reach the place where
56 We only send the messengers both seas meet, even if it takes
to bring good news and to give me years! 61 But when at last
warning. Those who deny use they came to the land where the
fallacious arguments to nullify two seas met, they forgot their
the truth, treating My revelations fish and it swiftly made its way
and My warnings as a jest. 57 Who into the sea. 62 After they had
224 The Quran 18:63
passed the place, Moses said to 71 So they set out, but, when
his young companion, Bring us they got into a boat, the man
our morning meal; we have indeed made a hole in it. Moses
been fatigued by this journey. exclaimed, Have you made a
63 He replied, Did you see hole in the boat to drown the
when we were resting by the people in it? You have indeed
rock, that I forgot the fish? Satan done a dreadful thing! 72 He
made me forget it, so I did not replied, Did I not tell you that
mention it. It made its way to the you would never be able to bear
sea in a miraculous way! with me patiently? 73 He said,
64 Moses said, That is just what Do not take me to task for what
we were looking for. So they I have forgotten, and do not be
went back the way they had hard on me on account of what
come, 65 and they found one of I have done! 74 So they travelled
Our servants to whom We had on. Then they met a young boy
granted Our mercy and had given and the man killed him. Moses
a knowledge from Ourself. said, Have you slain an innocent
66 Moses said to him, May I person without his having slain
follow you, so that you may anyone? Indeed, you have done
guide me by what you have been a terrible thing!
taught? 67 He replied, You will 75
The man said, Did I not tell
not be able to bear with me you that you would not be able to
patiently. 68 How could you be have any patience with me?
patient in matters beyond your 76 Moses replied, If I ever ask

knowledge? 69 Moses said, God you about anything after this, do

willing, you will find me patient, not let me accompany you. I will
and I will not disobey you in any have given you sufficient
thing. 70 He said, Well then, if excuse. 77 So they went on until
you would follow me, do not ask they came to a town. They asked
me about anything till I speak of its people for food, but were
it to you. refused hospitality. They found a
18:89 The Cave 225
wall in the town which was then to dig up their treasure as a
about to fall down. His mercy from Him. I did not do [it]
companion buttressed it and of my own accord. That is the
Moses said, Had you wished, explanation of the things about
you could have demanded which you were not able to
payment for your labours. 78 He restrain yourself.
answered, This is where you 83 They will ask you about

and I must part company. But Dhul-Qarnayn. Say, I will give

first I will tell you the meaning you an account of him. 84 We
of the things you could not bear established him in the land, and
with patiently. gave him the means to achieve
79 The boat belonged to some all things.
poor people who made their He travelled on a certain
living from the sea. I wanted to road; 86 until, when he reached
damage it because there was a the setting of the sun, he found
king coming behind them who it setting in a spring of murky
was seizing every boat by force. water and near it he found
80 As for the youth, his parents some people. We said, Dhul-
were believers and we feared Qarnayn! You can either punish
that he would trouble them by them or else you can treat them
rebellion and denial of truth. with gentleness. 87 He said, We
81 We wanted their Lord to shall certainly punish him who
replace him with someone does wrong; then he shall be
purer than him and more brought back to his Lord who
compassionate. will punish him with a grievous
82 The wall belonged to two punishment, 88 but whoever
young orphans in the town whose believes and does good works
father had been a righteous man, shall have a good reward and We
and a treasure of theirs lay shall facilitate his matter by Our
underneath it. So your Lord command.
wanted them to come of age and 89 Then he followed yet another
226 The Quran 18:90
path, 90 until he came to the Magog] were not able to scale it,
rising-place of the sun, where he nor were they able to bore
found it rising on a people for through it, 98 and he said, This
whom We had provided no is a mercy from my Lord. But
shelter from it. 91 Thus indeed it when the promise of my Lord
was. We had full knowledge comes to pass, He will level it to
of him. dust. My Lords promise is ever
Then he followed still true!
another path, 93 until he came 99 On that Day, We shall let

between two mountains. He them surge against each other

found beside them a people who like waves and then the Trumpet
could scarcely understand a word will be blown and We shall gather
[of his language]. 94 They said, them all together. 100 On that
O Dhul-Qarnayn! Gog and Day We shall lay Hell bare before
Magog are causing corruption in those who deny the truth,
the land, so may we pay you 101 who have turned a blind eye

tribute on condition that you set to My reminder and a deaf ear to

a barrier between us and them? My warning.
95 102
He said, What My Lord has Do those who deny the
given me is better [than any truth, think that they can make
tribute]. Help me with a force of My servants patrons instead of
labourers and I will erect a barrier Me? We have reserved Hell as a
between you and them: 96 bring lodging for those who deny the
me blocks of iron. Then, when truth.
he had filled the gap between the Say, Shall I tell you of
mountain sides [he said], Now those who will lose the most
blow on the fire with your through their actions? 104 They
bellows. When the iron blocks are those whose efforts have
were red with heat, he said, been wasted in the life of the
Bring me molten brass to pour world while they thought they
on them. 97 So they [Gog and were doing good. 105 They are
19:7 Mary 227
those who deny their Lords signs 109 Tell them, If the ocean
and the meeting with Him. So became ink for writing the words
their works are in vain, and We of my Lord, surely the ocean
shall give them no weight on the would be exhausted before the
Day of Resurrection. 106 Hell will words of my Lord came to an
be their reward, because they endeven if We were to add
denied the truth, and made a jest another ocean to it.
of My signs and My messengers. Say, I am only a human
107 Those who believe and do being like yourselves. It is
good works shall have the revealed to me that your God is
gardens of Paradise for their One God. So let him who hopes
abode. 108 They shall forever to meet his Lord do good deeds
dwell in the Gardens of Paradise, and let him associate no one else
desiring no change. in the worship of his Lord.

1 9 . M A RY
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Kaf Ha Ya Ayn Sad my kinsmen when I am gone. [I
have no hope of their continuing
This is an account of your my mission] for my wife is
Lords mercy bestowed upon His barren, so grant me a successor
servant Zachariah, 3 when he from Yourself, 6 to be my heir
called upon his Lord in low and to be the heir [of the
tones, saying, 4 Lord, my bones blessings] of the House of Jacob;
have weakened and my head has and make him, O my Lord,
turned hoary with age, but never, acceptable to you.
Lord, have I been disappointed 7 Zachariah, We bring you

in my prayer to you: 5 now I fear good news of a son whose name

228 The Quran 19:8
shall be John. We have not given 16 Recount in the Book how
such a name to anyone before. Mary withdrew from her people
8 My Lord! [said Zachariah], to an eastern place 17 and kept
How shall I have a son when my herself in seclusion from them.
wife is barren and I have reached We sent her Our angel, who
such extreme old age? presented himself to her as
9 He said, It will be so! Your a full-grown human being.
Lord says, It is easy for Me for When she saw him, she said, I
I created you when you were seek refuge in the compassionate
nothing before. 10 He said, My God from you; [do not come
Lord, grant me a sign! He said, near] if you fear the Lord. 19 I
Your sign will be that you will am only the messenger of your
not speak to anyone for three Lord, he replied. I shall bestow
successive days and nights, upon you the gift of a son
although sound in body. 11 Then endowed with purity. 20 She said,
Zachariah came forth from the How can I have a son when no
shrine to his people and told man has touched me; and neither
them by signs to glorify the Lord have I been unchaste? 21 [The
morning and evening. angel] replied, So shall it be;
12 To John We said, Hold fast your Lord says, This is easy for
the Book, and while he was still Me; and We shall make him a
a child, We bestowed upon him sign to people and a blessing,
wisdom, 13 and tenderness [of from Us. This has been
heart] and purity. He was pious, decreed.
14 22
and dutiful towards his parents So she conceived him and
and was not haughty or withdrew with him to a distant
disobedient. 15 Peace be on him place. 23 The pains of labour
on the day of his birth, and on drove her to the trunk of a date-
the day of his death, and peace palm. She said, Oh, if only I had
will be on him on the day he is died before this and passed into
raised up to life again. oblivion!
19:40 Mary 229
24 But a voice called out to her me arrogant or wicked. 33 Blessed
from below, Do not despair. was I on the day I was born, and
Your Lord has provided a brook blessed I shall be on the day I die
that runs at your feet, 25 and if and on the day I am raised to life
you shake the trunk of this palm- again.
tree, it will drop fresh ripe dates Such was Jesus, the son of
on you. 26 Eat and drink and Mary. That is the whole truth,
rejoice. And if you see any human about which they still dispute:
being say, I have vowed a fast 35 it does not befit the majesty of

[of silence] to the Gracious God, God that He should beget a son.
and will not speak with any Glory be to Him! He is far above
human being today. that: when He decrees something,
Carrying her child, she He says only, Be! and it is.
brought him to her people. They 36 God is my Lord and your

said, O Mary, you have indeed Lord, so worship Him alone.

done something terrible! 28 Sister That is the right path. 37 Yet
of Aaron, your father was not an different groups differed among
evil man, nor was your mother themselves. How awful it will be
an unchaste woman! for those who have rejected the
29 She pointed to the child. truth when a dreadful Day
They said, How shall we talk to arrives! 38 How sharp of hearing,
someone who is a child in the how sharp of sight they will be
cradle? 30 [But] he said, I am when they come to Us. But today,
Gods servant. He has given me these evil-doers are obviously
the Book and made me a prophet; lost in error.
31 He has made me blessed 39 Warn them of [the coming

wherever I may be, and has of] the Day of Remorse, when
enjoined upon me prayer and everything will have been
almsgiving throughout my life. decided, while they are heedless
He has made me dutiful toward and do not believe. 40 It is We
my mother, and He has not made who will inherit the earth and all
230 The Quran 19:41
who dwell upon it: they shall all well be that, in calling on my
return to Us. Lord, I will not be disappointed.
41 Also recount the story of 49 So when he had separated

Abraham in the Book. He was a himself from them and from

man of truth, and a prophet. what they worshipped besides
He said to his father, Why do God, We bestowed on him Isaac
you worship something that can and Jacob, and We made each of
neither hear nor see nor benefit them a prophet. 50 We granted
you in any way? 43 Father, I have them Our mercy and bestowed
been given some knowledge on them true and high renown.
which has not come to you, so 51 Tell also of Moses in the

follow me: I shall guide you Book. He was indeed a chosen

along a straight path. 44 Father! one, and was a messenger and a
Do not worship Satanfor, truly, prophet. 52 We called out to him
Satan is a rebel against the Most from the right side of the mount
Gracious One! 45 Father, indeed and made him draw near to be in
I fear lest a punishment from the close communion with Us; 53 and
Gracious One afflict you, and We gave him as his helper, out of
you become a friend of Satan. Our mercy, his brother Aaron,
46 [His father] said, Do you having made him a prophet.
reject my deities, Abraham? If Tell also of Ishmael in the
you do not desist, I shall surely Book. He was true to his promise
stone you to death. Keep out of and was a messenger and a
my way! 47 Abraham replied, prophet. 55 He exhorted his
Peace be on you: I will pray to people to prayer and almsgiving,
my Lord for your forgiveness and his Lord was pleased with
He has indeed been gracious to him. 56 Tell also of Idris in the
me48 I will separate myself Book. He was a man of truth and
from you and from whatever you a prophet. 57 We raised him to a
call upon besides God, and I will high position.
pray only to my Lord. It may 58 These are the ones whom
19:71 Mary 231
God has favoured: the prophets the Garden which We will grant
from among the descendants of to those of Our servants who
Adam and of those whom We have been God-fearing.
carried in the Ark with Noah; the We never descend except at
descendants of Abraham, of your Lords command. What is
Israel, and of those whom We before us and behind us and all
have guided and chosen. For that lies between belong to Him.
when the revelations of the Your Lord is not forgetful. 65 He
Merciful were recited to them, is the Lord of the heavens and of
they fell down, prostrating the earth and of all that is between
themselves and weeping. the two. So worship Him alone
59 But then they were and be steadfast in His worship.
succeeded by generations who Do you know of anyone equal to
neglected their prayers and were Him in His attributes?
driven by their own desires. They 66
Man asks, When I am once
will assuredly meet with dead, shall I be raised to life?
destruction, 60 except for those 67
But does man not remember
who repent and believe and do that We created him when he
good deeds. These will enter was nothing before? 68 By your
Heaven, and they will not be Lord, We shall most surely gather
wronged in the least. them and the devils too; and
61 Theirs shall be the Gardens
bring them close to hell on their
of Eden, which the All Merciful knees.
has promised to His servants 69 Then We shall carry off from
without their having seen them, every group those who were
and most surely His promise most stubborn in their opposition
shall be fulfilled. 62 They will to the Gracious One70 We
not hear therein anything vain, surely know best those most
only greetings of peace. They deserving of the fires of hell
will receive their provision there 71
and there is not one of you but
morning and evening. 63 That is shall pass through it: a decree
232 The Quran 19:72
from your Lord which must be denies the truth in Our revelations
fulfilled. 72 Then We shall save and says, I shall certainly be
those who feared God, but the given wealth and children.
wrongdoers shall be left there on Has he looked to the unseen,
their knees. or has he made a pledge to the
When Our clear revelations Merciful One? 79 Indeed not. We
are recited to them, those who shall record what he says and
deny the truth say to the faithful, shall prolong the punishment for
Which of the two sides is better him. 80 We shall inherit all that
in respect of position and makes he boasts of, and he will come to
a more impressive assembly? Us all alone. 81 They have taken
74 We have destroyed so many other deities besides God, so
generations before them, who that they may be a source of
surpassed them in material power strength for them. 82 But they
and splendour. shall reject their worship and
75 Say, The Gracious One turn against them.
grants respite for a time to those Do you not see that We
who are in error until, when they have appointed devils to incite
are confronted with what those who deny the truth to
they are promised, either in disobedience? 84 So take no hasty
punishment [in the world] or in action against them; their days
[the approach of] the Hour, they are numbered. 85 The Day will
will realize who is worse in surely come when We shall
respect of position and who is gather the God-fearing like
weaker in resources. [honoured] guests before the
76 God increases His guidance Compassionate God 86 and We
to those who follow guidance; shall drive the sinful like a thirsty
and lasting good works are better herd into Hell. 87 No one will
in the sight of your Lord and are have power to intercede, except
most rewarding. for those who have permission
77 Have you seen him who from the Lord of Mercy.
20:7 Ta Ha 233
88 They say, The Gracious One them precisely 95 each one of
has begotten a son. 89 Assuredly, them shall come to Him one by
you have uttered a monstrous one on the Day of Judgement.
falsehood: 90 the heavens might 96
The Lord of Mercy will bestow
well-nigh burst thereat, and the affection upon those who believe
earth break asunder, and the and perform righteous deeds.
mountains fall down in pieces, 97 We have made it [the Quran]
because they ascribe a son to easy, in your own language
the Gracious One. 92 It does not [Prophet], so that you may
become the majesty of the convey glad news to the righteous
Compassionate God to take to and give warning to a stubborn
Himself a son: 93 there is none in people. 98 How many generations
the heavens or on the earth but We have destroyed before them!
shall return to the Merciful in Can you find a single one of
utter submission 94 He has them alive now, or hear so much
counted them and numbered as a whisper from them?

2 0 . TA H A
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Ta Ha settled on the throne. 6 To Him
belongs whatever is in the
We have not sent the Quran heavens and whatever is on the
down to you to distress you, earth, and whatever lies in
but only as an exhortation for between them, and all that lies
him who fears God; 4 it is a under the ground.
revelation from Him who has Whether you speak aloud [or
created the earth and the high in a low voice], He hears all, for
heavens, 5 the All Merciful He knows your secrets and what
234 The Quran 20:8
is even more hidden. 8 God, there for my flock; I also have other
is no deity but Him. His are the uses for it. 19 God said, Moses,
most excellent names. cast it down. 20 So he threw it
Have you heard the story of down, and all of a sudden, it
Moses? 10 When he saw a fire, turned into a fast-moving serpent.
he said to his family, Wait here. God said, Take hold of it, and
I can see a fire. Perhaps I can have no fear: We shall return it to
bring you a brand from it, or find its former state. 22 Put your hand
some guidance at the fire. under your armpit: it will come
When he came close to it, a out [shining] white, without any
voice called out, Moses, 12 I am blemish. This shall be another
your Lord! Take off your sandals, sign.a 23 We shall show you some
for you are in the sacred valley of Our greatest signs. 24 Go to
of Tuwa. 13 I have chosen you. Pharaoh; he has transgressed all
So listen to what is being bounds.
revealed. 14 I am God. There is 25 Moses said, My Lord! open

no deity save Me; so worship Me up my heart, 26 and make my task

alone, and say your prayers in easy for me. 27 Loosen the knot
My remembrance. 15 The Hour is in my tongue, 28 so that they may
coming. But I choose to keep it understand my speech, 29 and
hidden, so that every human appoint for me a helper from
being may be recompensed in among my family, 30 Aaron, my
accordance with his labours.
16 Do not let anyone who does a The fact is that whatever there is in
not believe in it and follows his this world, or whatever the events, all
own desires turn you away from are miracles of God, be it the emerg-
it and so bring you to ruin. ing of a sapling from the earth or a
17 What do you have in your stick becoming a snake. Extraordi-
nary miracles are shown through
right hand, Moses? 18 He replied, prophets to make man take notice of
It is my staff. I lean on it, and the everyday miracles wrought by
with it, I beat down the leaves God.
20:51 Ta Ha 235
brother. 31 Strengthen me through 41 I have chosen you for
him, 32 and let him share my Myself. 42 Go, you and your
task, 33 so that we may glorify brother, with My signs, and do
You much 34 and remember You not be remiss in remembering
much: 35 You are surely watching Me. 43 Go, both of you to
over us. 36 God said, You have Pharaoh, for he has transgressed
been granted your request, Moses. all bounds. 44 But speak gently
Indeed, We showed Our to him; perhaps he may yet take
favour to you before also, 38 when heed or even feel afraid.
We revealed Our will to your They both said, Our Lord,
mother, saying, 39 Put him into We fear that he may commit
a chest, then cast it into the river. some excess against us, or exceed
The river will cast it on to the all bounds in transgression.
bank, and there he shall be taken 46 God said, Do not fear; I am

up by an enemy of Mine and with you both. I hear and I see.

his. I showered My love on you 47 Go to him and say, We are

so that you might be reared under both messengers from your Lord.
My watchful eye. 40 Recall when Let the Children of Israel go
your sister walked along and with us, and do not oppress
said, Shall I guide you to one them. We have brought you a
who will take care of him? Sign from your Lord, and may
Thus We returned you to your peace be upon whoever follows
mother, so that her eyes might the right guidance; 48 it has been
be cooled and that she might not revealed to us that punishment
grieve. And you killed a man and shall overtake him who rejects it
We delivered you from sorrow. and turns away!
We tested you with various trials. 49 Pharaoh said, Who then is

You stayed for a number of years the Lord of you both, Moses?
among the people of Midian, 50 Moses replied, Our Lord is

then you came upto the standard, He who has given everything its
Moses. form, then guided it. 51 Pharaoh
236 The Quran 20:52
asked, What about the previous assemble when the sun has risen
generations? 52 Moses said, My high. 60 So Pharaoh withdrew,
Lord alone has knowledge of devised his stratagem and
that, recorded in a Book. My returned. 61 Moses said to them,
Lord neither errs nor forgets. Woe to you! Do not invent
It is He who has laid out the lies against God, lest He
earth for you and traced routes in destroy you by some calamity:
it and sent down water from the whoever invents lies is bound
sky. We have brought forth every to fail.
sort of plant with it, 54 so eat 62
Then they [the magicians]
and graze your cattle. In this conferred among themselves,
there are signs for men of whispering to one another.
understanding. 55 From the earth 63
They said, Certainly they are
We have created you and We will both magicians who want to
return you to it, and from it We drive you out of your land by
shall bring you forth a second their magic, and destroy your
time.a best traditions. 64 Therefore,
56 We showed Pharaoh all Our decide upon your plan and then
signs but he rejected them and come forward in ranks. Whoever
refused to believe in them. 57 He gains the upper hand today shall
said, Have you come to us to surely triumph.
turn us out of our land by means 65 They said, Moses, will you

of your magic, Moses? 58 We throw down first, or shall we be

will certainly bring you magic to
match it. So appoint a time
a The creation of the earth, the
between us and you, in an open
space, which neither we nor you institution of the system of rainfall,
the growth of plants and greenery and
will fail to keep. other natural phenomena that have
59 Moses said, The day of the
made the present world habitable for
encounter will be the day of the living things, are astonishingly great
festival, and let the people and wonderful manifestations.
20:78 Ta Ha 237
the first to throw down? the truth that has come to us. Nor
Moses said, You throw down to Him who has brought us into
first. Suddenly their ropes and being. So decide whatever you
staffs appeared to him, by their will. Your jurisdiction only
magic, to be moving about covers the life of this world
rapidly, 67 and in his heart Moses 73
we have believed in our Lord
became apprehensive, 68 but We so that He may forgive us our
said, Do not be afraid. It is you sins and forgive us the sorcery
who shall prevail. 69 Throw that you have forced us to
down that [staff] which is in practice. God is the best and the
your right handit shall swallow most abiding.
up what they have wrought, for 74 Indeed, he who comes to his

what they have wrought is only Lord a sinner shall be consigned

a magicians trick. A magician to Hell; he shall neither die
shall never thrive, come whence therein nor live. 75 But he who
he may. 70 The magicians then comes to Him as a believer,
prostrated themselves. They said, having done good deeds, shall
We believe in the Lord of Aaron be exalted to the highest ranks,
and Moses. he will abide forever in the
71 Pharaoh said, Have you Gardens of eternity, through
believed in him before I permit which rivers flow. That is the
you? He must be your master recompense for those who purify
who has taught you magic. I will themselves.
cut your hands and feet off on 77 We sent a revelation to

opposite sides, and have you Moses saying, Take away My

crucified on the trunks of palm- servants by night and strike for
trees. You shall know whose them a dry path through the sea.
punishment is more severe and Have no fear of being overtaken
more lasting. and do not be afraid. 78 Pharaoh
They said, Never shall we pursued them with his hosts, but
prefer you to all the evidence of they were submerged by the
238 The Quran 20:79
sea, which was destined to in anger and great sorrow. He
overwhelm them. 79 For Pharaoh said, My people, did your Lord
had led his people astray and did not make you a handsome
not guide them. promise? Was my absence too
80 Children of Israel! We long for you? Did you desire
delivered you from your enemies that your Lords wrath should
and We made a covenant with descend upon you, when you
you on the right side of the broke your promise to me?
Mount. We sent down manna 87 They answered, We did not

and quails for you, 81 Eat from break our promise to you of our
the wholesome things with which own accord, but we had to carry
We have provided you but do not loads of the peoples ornaments
transgress, lest you should incur and so we threw them [into the
My wrath. [We said], He that fire] for that was what the Samiri
incurs My wrath shall surely be suggested, 88 then he forged a
ruined. 82 But I am most forgiving calf for theman image
towards him who turns in producing a lowing sound. They
repentance and believes and acts said, This is your deity, the deity
righteously and follows the right of Moses; he has forgotten it.
path. 89 Why did they not see that it
[When Moses was upon the could not give them any response
Mount, God said,] O Moses, and had no power to harm or
why have you come with such benefit them?
haste from your people? 84 He 90 Aaron had already told them,

said, They are following in my O my people! You are only

footsteps, while I have hastened being tested by this. Your Lord is
to You, my Lord, to please You. the All Merciful, so follow me and
85 But God said, We have tested obey my command. 91 They replied,
your people in your absence. We shall not cease to worship it
The Samiri has led them astray. until Moses returns to us.
86 Moses returned to his people 92 Moses said to Aaron, What
20:108 Ta Ha 239
prevented you, when you saw history of past events, and We
that they had gone astray, 93 from have given you a reminder [the
following me? Why did you Quran] from Us. 100 Whoever
disobey my command? 94 Aaron turns away from it will bear a
said, Son of my mother! Do not heavy burden on the Day of
seize me by my beard nor by my Judgement, 101 which they shall
head. I was afraid that you would bear forever. It will be a grievous
say, You have caused dissension burden for them on the Day of
among the Children of Israel and Judgement, 102 the Day when the
did not pay heed to my words. trumpet shall be blown: We shall
95 Moses said, What was the gather all the sinners on that
matter with you, Samiri? 96 He Day. Their eyes will turn blue
said, I perceived what they did with terror 103 and they shall
not see. So I took a handful [of murmur to one another, You
dust] from the footprint of the stayed only ten days on the
Messenger and threw it in [the earth104 We know best what
calf]. That is what my inner self they will say. The most perceptive
prompted me to do. 97 Moses of them will say, You stayed
said, Begone! It shall be your only one day.
lot to say throughout your life, 105 They ask you about the

Do not touch me, and you will mountains. Say, My Lord will
be faced with a fate from which scatter them as dust 106 and leave
there will be no escape. Now the earth level and bare, 107 with
look at your deity to which you neither hollows nor upthrust
have become so devoted: we mounds to be seen. 108 On
shall burn it up, and then scatter that Day all will follow the
it into the sea. 98 Your only deity summoning voice from which
is God, there is no deity but Him. there is no escape; and all voices
His knowledge encompasses all will be hushed before the Lord
things. of Mercy, and nothing will be
99 Thus We relate to you the heard except a subdued murmur.
240 The Quran 20:109
109 On that Day no intercession themselves, except for Satan,
will avail, except from one who who refused, 117 We said, Adam,
has received the sanction of the [Satan] is an enemy to you and to
Merciful and of whose words He your wife. Let him not turn you
approves110 He knows what is both out of Paradise and thus
before them and what is behind make you come to grief.
them, but they cannot encompass 118 Here you shall not go

Him with their knowledge hungry or be naked, 119 you shall

111 on that Day all faces shall be not thirst, nor feel the suns
humbled before the Living, Self- heat. 120 But Satan whispered
Subsisting One. Those burdened evil to him, saying, Adam, shall
with evil deeds will come to I lead you to the tree of
grief, 112 but he who does good immortality and to a kingdom
works, being a believer, shall that never declines? 121 They
fear no harm nor any injustice. both ate the fruit of this tree, and
113 We have thus sent down so they became conscious of
the Quran in Arabic and given their nakedness and began to
all kinds of warnings in it, so cover themselves with the leaves
that they may fear God, or may of the Garden. Thus Adam
take heed114 exalted is God, disobeyed his Lord and fell into
the True King. Do not be error. 122 Then his Lord had
impatient with the Quran before mercy on him, accepted his
its revelation is completed, and repentance and guided him.
say, My Lord, increase my 123 God said, Go down, both

knowledge. of you, from here, as enemies to

115 We made a covenant with one another. If there comes to
Adam before you, but he forgot, you guidance from Me, then
and We found him lacking in whoever follows My guidance
constancy. 116 When We said to will not lose his way, nor will he
the angels, Prostrate yourselves come to grief, 124 but whoever
before Adam, they all prostrated turns away from My reminder,
20:135 Ta Ha 241
will lead a straitened existence the day, so that you may find
and on the Day of Judgement We comfort.
shall raise him up blind 125 and 131 Do not regard with envy

he will ask, Lord, why have You the worldly benefits We have
raised me up blind, while I given some of them, for with
possessed sight before? 126 God these We seek only to test them.
will say, Just as Our signs came The provision of your Lord is
to you and you ignored them, so better and more lasting. 132 Bid
will you on this Day be ignored. your people say their prayers,
Thus We shall reward the and be constant in their
transgressor who denies the signs observance. We demand nothing
of his Lord. But the suffering of from you. It is We who provide
the life to come is more terrible for you, and the best end is that
and more lasting. of righteousness.
128 133
Do they not learn a lesson They say, Why does he not
from Our destruction of many bring us a sign from his Lord?
generations before them in whose Have they not been given
dwelling-places they walk about? sufficient proof in previous
Surely in this are signs for men scriptures? 134 If We had
of understanding. 129 But for a destroyed them with a
pre-ordained Word from your punishment before this, they
Lord, and a term [of respite] would have surely said, Our
already fixed, immediate Lord, why did you not send to us
punishment would inevitably a messenger so that we
have taken place. 130 So be patient might have followed Your
with anything they may say and commandment before we were
glorify your Lord with His praise humiliated and disgraced?
before the rising of the sun and 135 Say, Everyone is waiting; so

before its setting; and glorify wait if you will. You shall know
Him in the hours of the night who has followed the right path,
and at the beginning and end of and who has found guidance.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 The time of reckoning has We had sent revelations. Ask the
drawn near for mankind, yet People of the Book if you do not
they are heedless and turn away. know this8 We did not give
Whenever any fresh admonition them bodies that needed no food,
comes to them from their Lord, nor were they to live forever.
they listen to it, but do not take Then We fulfilled Our promise
it seriously; 3 their hearts are to them and We saved them and
distracted and forgetful. The those with them whom We
wrongdoers confer together pleased, and We destroyed those
secretly, saying, Is not this man who exceeded all bounds.
a mortal like you? Will you We have revealed a Book
succumb to magic with your to you which is admonition
eyes open? 4 Say, My Lord for you. Will you not then
knows every word spoken in the understand? 11 How many
heavens and on the earth. He is communities of evil-doers We
All Hearing, All Knowing. have destroyed, raising up other
Some say, These are his people after them. 12 When they
confused dreams. Others say, felt Our punishment coming
He has invented it himself, and upon them, they began to flee
yet others say, He is a poet. Let from it. 13 They were told, Do
him bring us a sign as previous not try to flee, but return to the
messengers did. 6 Before them, comfort and luxuries in which
not one of the communities you exulted and to the places
which We destroyed believed where you lived, so that you
either. Will these believe? may be questioned. 14 They
The messengers We sent said, Woe to us! We were
before you were but men whom indeed wrongdoers, 15 and this
21:30 The Prophets 243
they kept repeating until We question Him about His works,
caused them to become like a but they shall be questioned.
field mowed down, and reduced 24 Have they taken other deities

to ashes. besides Him? Say to them, Bring

16 It was not in play that We your proofs. This is the reminder
created the heavens and the earth of those who are with me and the
and all that lies between them. reminder of those who were
Had We wished to find a before me. But most of them do
pastime, We would surely have not know the truth, and so they
found it in that which is with Us, turn away from it. 25 We sent all
if such had been Our will. 18 We messengers before you with this
will hurl the truth at falsehood, revelation: There is no deity
the falsehood shall be crushed save Me, so worship Me alone.
and will disappear. Woe to you 26 They say, The All Merciful

for what you utter. has taken a son! Glory be to

19 To Him belongs whosoever Him! They are only His honoured
is in the heavens and on the earth servants: 27 they do not try to
and those that are with Him are speak ahead of Him, and they act
never too proud to worship Him, at His command. 28 He knows
nor do they grow weary; 20 they what is before them and what
glorify Him night and day is behind them, and they
without tiring. cannot intercede without His
Have they taken deities from permission. Indeed they
the earth who can bring the dead themselves stand in awe of Him.
to life? 22 If there had been in the 29
Whoever of them should say,
heavens and on the earth, other I am a deity besides Him, shall
deities besides God, both the be requited with Hell. Thus do
heavens and earth would be We reward the wrongdoers.
ruined. God, Lord of the throne, 30 Do not those who deny the

is far above that which they truth see that the heavens and the
ascribe to Him. 23 None shall earth were joined together and
244 The Quran 21:31
that We then split them asunder? Soon I will show you My signs,
And that We have made every but do not ask Me to hasten
living thing out of water? Will them. 38 They ask, When will
they still not believe? this promise be fulfilled, if what
31 We set firm mountains upon you say be true? 39 If only those
the earth lest it should sway who deny the truth knew the
under them, and We placed time when they would not be
therein passages for paths so that able to ward off the fire neither
they might find their way. 32 We from their faces nor from their
have made the heaven a well- backs. They will not be helped!
secured canopy; yet still they 40 Indeed, it will come upon them

turn away from Our signs. 33 It is suddenly and confound them;

He who created the night and the and they will not be able to ward
day, and the sun and the moon, it off, nor shall they be reprieved.
each gliding in its orbit. Other messengers have been
34 We have not granted mocked before you, but those
everlasting life to any human who scoffed were overwhelmed
being before you; then if you by the very thing they had
[Muhammad] should die, will mocked.
they live forever? 35 Every soul 42 Say, Who will save you

shall taste death; We test you from the wrath of the Most
with both good and evil Gracious, by night and by day?
[circumstances] as a trial. To Us Yet they turn away from the
you shall return. remembrance of their Lord. 43 Do
When those who deny the they have other deities who can
truth see you, they laugh at you, defend them against Us? They
saying, Is this the one who talks cannot even help themselves,
of your deities? Yet it is they neither can they be aided against
who deny all mention of the Us.
Gracious One. Yet We bestowed the good
37 Man is a creature of haste. things [of life] upon their fathers
21:63 The Prophets 245
for a great length of time. But do father and his people, What are
they not see how We are these images to which you are so
shrinking their borders? Is it devoted? 53 They replied, We
they who will prevail? found our fathers worshipping
45 Say, I warn you only them. 54 Abraham said, Indeed,
through the Revelation. But the you and your fathers have been
deaf can hear nothing when they clearly misguided.
are warned, 46 yet if even a breath 55
They said, Have you
of your Lords punishment brought us the truth or are you
touched them, they would say, jesting? 56 Abraham replied,
Woe to us! We were indeed Your Lord is the Lord of the
wrongdoers. heavens and the earth, who
We shall set up scales of created them, and I bear witness
justice on the Day of to that. 57 By the Lord, I will
Resurrection, so that no soul can devise a plan against your deities
be in the least wronged. Actions after you have gone away and
as small as a grain of mustard turned your backs! 58 He broke
seed shall be weighed. We are them all into pieces, except for
sufficient as a reckoner. the biggest one of them, so that
48 We gave Moses and Aaron they might return to it [for
the criterion of right and wrong enquiry].
and a light and reminder for the 59 Who has done this to our

righteous, 49 those who fear their deities? He must be a wrongdoer.

Lord in the unseen, also dread 60 Some said, We heard a young

the Hour of Judgement. 50 This man, called Abraham, talking

is a blessed reminder that We about them. 61 They said, Then
have revealed to you. Will you bring him here in the sight of all
then reject it? the people, so that they may act
51 Before this We gave as witnesses. 62 They said,
Abraham his guidance. We knew Abraham, was it you who did
him well. 52 When he asked his this to our deities? 63 He
246 The Quran 21:64
answered, Rather this biggest to them the doing of good,
one of them did it. Ask them, if observance of prayer and the
they can speak. giving of alms and Us alone did
Then they turned to one they worship.
another and said, It is you 74 To Lot We gave wisdom and

yourselves who are in the wrong, knowledge and delivered him

65 then they hung their heads, from the city which practiced
and said, O Abraham! You know abomination. They were indeed
they cannot speak. 66 Abraham a wicked people. 75 We admitted
said, So, do you worship him to Our mercy; he was a
something instead of God that righteous man.
can neither benefit you nor harm 76 Before him Noah cried out

you? 67Shame on you and on to Us, and We heard his prayer.

whatever you worship instead of We saved him and all his
God. Can you not understand? household from a great distress.
68 They said, Burn him and 77 We helped him against his

help your deities, if you are people who rejected Our

resolved to do something. 69 But revelations. They were surely a
We said, Fire! Be cool and a wicked people, so We drowned
means of safety for Abraham. them all.
70 78
They had sought to do him Tell of David and Solomon
harm, but We frustrated them. who both passed judgement on
And We saved him and Lot the field into which some
[and brought them] to a land peoples sheep had strayed [and
which We had blessed for all grazed] at night. We bore witness
people, 72 We bestowed Isaac to their judgement. 79 We gave
and then Jacob on him as an Solomon the right understanding
additional boon and We made all of the matter, and We bestowed
of them righteous. 73 We made wisdom and knowledge on both
them leaders who guided people of them. We caused the
by Our command. We revealed mountains and the birds to
21:94 The Prophets 247
celebrate Our praises along with 87 Remember the man in the
David. We had the power to do whale [Jonah] when he went
this 80 We taught him the art of away in anger, thinking We had
making coats of mail for you, to no power over him. But he cried
protect you in battle. Will you out in the darkness, There is no
then give thanks? deity but You. Glory be to You!
81 We subjected to Solomon I was indeed wrong. 88 So We
the stormy wind, which blew at heard his prayer and delivered
his behest towards the land which him from sorrow. Thus shall We
We had blessed. For it is We who deliver the true believers.
have knowledge of all things 89 Remember Zachariah, when
82 We also subjected to him some he called out to his Lord, Do not
of the jinn who dived for him in leave me heirless Lord, You are
the sea and performed other the best of heirs. 90 So We heard
tasks; We kept a watch over his prayer and bestowed John
them. upon him and made his wife fit
Remember Job when he to bear him a child. They used to
called on his Lord saying, I hasten to do good and they called
have been afflicted with great on Us in hope and fear, and they
distress: but You are the most were always humble towards Us.
merciful of the merciful. 84 We 91
Remember the one who
heard his prayer and relieved his guarded her chastity; so We
suffering, We restored to him his breathed Our Spirit into her, and
family, doubling their number as made her and her son a sign for
an act of Our grace, and as a all people.
reminder for the worshippers. 92 This community of yours is
85 Remember Ishmael and Idris one community and I am your
and Dhul Kifl: they were all Lord, so worship Me. 93 But they
patient and steadfast. 86 We divided themselves into factions,
admitted them to Our mercy. but to Us they shall all return.
They were all righteous men. 94 He who does good works while
248 The Quran 21:95
he is a believer, shall not see his their souls longed for. 103 The
efforts disregarded: We record great Horror [of the Day of
them all. Judgement] shall not grieve
It is ordained that no nation them, and the angels will
We have destroyed shall ever welcome them, saying, This is
rise again, 96 but when Gog and your Day which you have been
Magog are let loose and swarm promised.
down from every hillside and On that Day We shall roll
they spread out, [leaping across up the heavens like a scroll of
every barrier of land and sea], parchment. As We originated the
97 when the true promise of God first creation, so shall We repeat
draws near, those who denied it. This is a promise binding on
the truth will stare in amazement, Us. Truly, We shall fulfill it.
crying, Woe to us! We have 105 We have already written in

been so heedless of this. Indeed, the Psalms following the

we were wrongdoers. Reminder, My righteous
You and what you worship servants shall inherit the earth.
instead of God will be fuel for 106 Herein, surely is a message

hell: to it you shall all come for true worshippers.

99 if those had really been deities, 107 We have sent you forth as a

they would not have been led mercy to all mankind. 108 Say, It
there; but there they will remain has been revealed to me that
forever. 100 They shall groan. your God is but One God. Will
They will not hear therein you then submit to Him? 109 If
anything else. 101 But those who they turn away, say, I have
have been promised a good warned you all alike, though I do
reward by Us will be kept far not know whether [the scourge]
away from Hell102 they will which you are promised is near
not hear the slightest sound of it, at hand or far off. 110 God surely
and they shall forever abide in a knows what you say openly and
state of bliss, among everything also knows what you conceal.
22:6 The Pilgrimage 249
111 Nor do I know whether it may judge with truth. Our Lord is the
mean a trial for you and a short Gracious One whose help we
reprieve. 112 Say, My Lord, seek against what you utter.


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1O People! Fear your Lord. The drop, then from clotted blood,
catastrophe of the Last Hour then a lump of flesh, both shaped
shall be terrible indeed: 2 when and unshaped, so that We might
that Day comes, every suckling manifest to you [Our power]. We
mother shall forsake her infant cause what We will to stay in the
and every pregnant woman shall womb for an appointed time,
cast her burden and everyone then We bring you forth as infants
will appear intoxicated, although and then We cause you to grow
they are not: the punishment of and reach full growth. Then,
God will be severe indeed. 3 Yet some of you will pass away early
there are some who dispute about in life, while some of you will
God without having any reach extreme old age in which
knowledge and they follow every they will know nothing of what
rebellious devil, 4 it has been they once knew. You see the
decreed concerning anyone earth, dead and barren, but no
whom he befriends, that he shall sooner do We send down rain
mislead him and guide him to upon it than it begins to stir and
the punishment of the Fire. swell, and produce every kind of
O people! If you are in doubt luxuriant vegetation: 6 that is
about the Resurrection, because God is the truth. It is He
remember that We first created who gives life to the dead and
you from dust, then from a sperm He has the power to will
250 The Quran 22:7
anything. 7 The Last Hour is is indeed evil. 14 God will admit
bound to come. There is no those who believe and act
doubt about it. God will raise up righteously into Gardens watered
those who are in their graves. by flowing rivers. God does
8 There are some who dispute whatever He wills.
about God without having any Anyone who thinks that God
knowledge or guidance, or any will not help him [His messenger]
enlightening Book. 9 They turn in this world and the Hereafter,
away arrogantly, leading people let him stretch a rope up to the
astray from Gods path. Such sky; then let him cut it off and
men shall incur disgrace in this see if his plan can help to remove
life and taste the punishment of the cause of his anger. 16 We
the Fire on the Day of Judgement. have sent down the Quran as
10 [God will say],This is the clear evidence, and surely God
reward of your misdeeds. God is guides whom He will.
not unjust to His servants. 17 God will judge between the
There are some who worship believers, the Jews, the Sabaeans,
God half-heartedly, then, if some the Christians, the Magians and
good befalls them, they are the polytheists on the Day of
content with it, but if an ordeal Judgement. Surely God is witness
befalls them, they revert to their to everything.
former ways. They lose in this 18 Do you not see that whoever

world as well in the Hereafter. is in the heavens and whoever is

That is a clear loss. on the earth, as well as the sun
He calls on, instead of God, and the moon, and the stars and
something that can neither harm the mountains, and the trees and
him, nor benefit him. That is the beasts and many human
indeed straying far away13 he beingsall submit to God? But
calls on that which would sooner there are many who have become
harm than help. Such a patron is deserving of punishment.
indeed evil and such a companion Whoever God disgraces, will
22:30 The Pilgrimage 251
have no one to honour him. natives and strangers alike, and
Surely, God does what He wills. all who seek to profane it by
19 These two groups, [the evil-doingWe shall make them
believers and those who deny taste a painful punishment.
26 We assigned to Abraham
the truth], dispute concerning
their Lord. Those who deny the the site of the House, saying,
truth will have garments of fire Do not associate with Me
cut out for them; and boiling anything and purify My House
water will be poured down over for those who circumambulate
their heads, 20 anything in their [the Kabah] and those who stand
stomachs as well as their skins upright, and those who bow and
will be melted by it. 21 There will prostrate themselves.
27 Call mankind to the
be maces of iron for them;
22 Pilgrimage. They will come to
whenever, in their anguish they
seek to escape from Hell, they you, on foot, and on every kind
will be driven back into it, and of lean camel, by every distant
they will be told, Taste the track 28 so that they may witness
punishment of Hell. its benefit for them and, on the
23 God will admit those who appointed days may utter the
believe and do good deeds to name of God over the cattle He
Gardens watered by flowing has provided for them. Then eat
rivers; there they will be given their flesh, and feed the distressed
bracelets of gold and pearls to and the needy29 then let the
wear and their clothing will be pilgrims purify themselves and
of silk. 24 For they were guided fulfil their vows and perform the
to purity of speech. And they circumambulation of the Ancient
were guided to the path of the House.
Glorious Lord. Such is Gods commandment.
25 As for those who deny the
Whoever honours that which is
truth and debar others from Gods declared sacred by God may be
path and from the Sacred Mosque sure that it counts for good in the
which We set up for all people, sight of his Lord. Livestock is
252 The Quran 22:31
lawful for you, except that which 36 We have appointed for you
has already been explicitly the sacrificial camels as one of
forbidden. Then shun the the symbols set up by God, in
abomination of the deities and which there is much good for
shun all falsehood. you. So invoke Gods name over
Devote yourselves to God, them as you line them up for
not associating any partners slaughter, and when they
with Him. Whoever associates have fallen down dead, feed
anything with God is like one yourselves and feed the needy
who falls from heaven and is those who do not ask as well as
snatched by the birds or carried those who do. We have thus
away by the wind to a distant place. subjected them to you so that
Thus it is. He who honours you may be grateful. 37 Their
the symbols set up by God shows flesh and blood do not reach
the piety of his heart. 33 You may God: it is your piety that reaches
benefit from the animals for an Him. Thus God has subjected
appointed time. Then they must them to you, so that you may
be sacrificed at the Ancient House. glorify Him for the guidance He
For every people We have has given you. Give glad tidings
appointed rites of sacrifice, so to those who do good.
that they may pronounce the God will surely defend the
name of God over the cattle believers. God does not love the
which He has provided for them. perfidious and the ungrateful.
Your God is One God; surrender 39 Permission to fight is granted

yourselves to Him; and give good to those who are attacked,

news to the humble 35 whose because they have been
hearts are filled with awe at the wrongedGod indeed has the
mention of God; who endure power to help them40 they are
adversity with fortitude, say their those who have been driven out
prayers regularly and spend out of their homes unjustly, only
of what We have given them. because they said, Our Lord is
22:51 The Pilgrimage 253
God. If God did not repel the then, how terrible My repudiation
aggression of some people by of them was.
means of others, cloisters and 45 How many a town We

churches and synagogues and destroyed which was given to

mosques, wherein the name of wrongdoing, so that its roofs fell
God is much invoked, would down, and how many a well is
surely be destroyed. God will deserted and how many a lofty
surely help him who helps His castle is in ruins. 46 Have these
causeGod is indeed powerful people not travelled through the
and mighty. land to make their hearts
41 [They are] those who, if We understand and let their ears
established them in the land, hear; the truth is that it is not the
would say their prayers regularly eyes that are blind but the hearts
and pay the zakat and enjoin that are in the bosoms that are
good and forbid evil. The final blinded.
outcome of all affairs rests with 47 They ask you to hasten the

God. punishment; God will never go

42 If your opponents deny back on His promise. A Day with
you, remember that, before your Lord is like a thousand
them, the people of Noah years in your reckoning. 48 To
and the tribes of Ad how many a town We gave
and Thamud denied their respite while it was given to
messengers likewise. 43 So did wrongdoing. Then I seized it. To
the people of Abraham and the Me all things shall return.
people of Lot, 44 and the 49
Say, O people, I am sent
inhabitants of Midian also only to give you clear warning.
charged their prophets with 50 Those who believe and do

falsehood. Moses was also good deeds shall be forgiven and

rejected. I gave respite to shall receive an honourable
those who denied the truth, but provision. 51 Whereas those who
then I seized them. Consider strive against Our signs, seeking
254 The Quran 22:52
to defeat their purpose, shall be enter the Gardens of Bliss, 57 but
the inmates of the Fire. those who deny the truth and
52 Whenever We sent any deny Our signs will receive a
messenger or prophet before you, humiliating punishment.
and he recited anything [of Our 58 As for those who left their

revelation], Satan tampered with homes for the cause of God and
it. But God abrogates Satans then were slain or died, God will
interjections and then He firmly give them a generous provision.
reaffirms His revelations. God is Surely God is the Best of
all knowing and all wise. 53 He Providers. 59 He will admit them
makes Satans suggestions a trial to a place with which they shall
for those whose hearts are be well-pleased. For God is all
diseased or hardenedand, knowing and most forbearing.
surely, the wrongdoers are far 60 Thus it shall be. As for one

gone in error54 so that those who retaliates to the same extent

who are given knowledge may as he has suffered and then is
realize that this is the truth from again wronged, God will surely
your Lord and thus believe in it, come to his aid. God is merciful
and so that in their hearts they and forgiving.
may humbly submit to Him. God 61 That is because God makes

will surely guide the faithful to a the night pass into the day and
straight path. makes the day pass into the
Those who deny the truth night. God is all hearing and all
will continue in doubt until the seeing. 62 That is because God is
[Last] Hour suddenly comes the Truth while anything they
upon them or the scourge of the invoke besides God is sheer
woeful Day descends upon them. falsehood. God is the Sublime,
56 On that Day all control will the Great One.
belong to God. He will judge 63 Have you not seen how God

between them. Those who sends down water from sky,

believe and do good deeds shall whereupon the earth becomes
22:74 The Pilgrimage 255
green? God is unfathomable, and of what the heavens and the
all aware; 64 all that is in the earth contain? All is recorded in
heavens and on the earth belongs a Book; all this is easy for God.
to Him. Surely, God is self- Yet instead of God, they
sufficient and praiseworthy. worship something for which
Do you not see, how God God has sent no authority and
has subjected everything on the about which they have no
earth to you, and the ships that knowledge. The wrongdoers will
sail on the sea by His command. have no helper. 72 Whenever Our
He holds back the sky from clear revelations are recited to
falling down on the earth, except them, you will recognize the
with His permission. God is most disgust on the faces of those who
compassionate and most merciful deny the truth. It is almost as if
to mankind66 it is He who gave they are going to attack those
you life. Then He will cause you who recite Our message to them.
to die. Then He will give you Say, Shall I tell you of something
life again. Surely, man is most worse than this? It is the Fire that
ungrateful. God has promised to those who
We have appointed for every are bent on denying the truth.
community ways of worship to What an evil destination!
observe. Let them not dispute People, here is an
with you on this matter. Call illustration. So listen carefully.
them to the path of your Lord Surely, those whom you invoke
for surely, you are rightly other than God cannot create
guided 68 if they should dispute even a fly, even if they were all
with you, then say, God is well to combine together to do it, and
aware of what you do. 69 On the if a fly should snatch anything
Day of Resurrection, God will away from them, they cannot
judge between you regarding recover it from it. Both are indeed
your differences. 70 Do you not weak, the seeker and the sought.
know that God has knowledge 74 No just estimate have they
256 The Quran 22:75
made of God. Surely God is has chosen you and laid on
powerful and mighty. you no burden in the matter
75 God selects messengers of your religion, the faith of
from both angels and from Abraham your forefather. In
mankind; God is all hearing and this, as in former scriptures
all seeing: 76 He knows what lies He has given you the name
ahead of them and what is of Muslims, so that the
behind them. All things shall Messenger may be a witness
return to God. over you, and so that you may be
You who are true believers, witnesses over mankind.
kneel and prostrate yourselves, Therefore, say your prayers
worship your Lord and do good regularly and pay the zakat and
works, so that you may succeed. hold fast to God. He is your
78 Strive for the cause of God as master. An excellent master and
it behoves you to strive for it. He an excellent helper!


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Successful indeed are the that are transgressors8 those
believers; 2 those who are humble who are faithful to their trusts
in their prayer; 3 those who turn and promises; 9 and those who
away from all that is frivolous; attend to their prayers; 10 these
those who pay the zakat; 5 those are the heirs of Paradise 11 they
who safeguard their chastity shall abide in it forever.
6 12
except with their wives, and We created man from an
what their right hands possess essence of clay, 13 then We placed
for then they are free from blame, him as a drop of fluid in a safe
7 but those who seek to go beyond place, 14 then We developed that
23:28 The Believers 257
drop into a clinging form, and 23 We sent Noah to his people,
We developed that form into a and he said, My people, worship
lump of flesh, and We developed God; you have no other deity
that lump into bones, and clothed except Him. Will you not fear
the bones with flesh. Then We Him? 24 The leaders of his
brought him into being as a new people who denied the truth,
creationglory be to God, the said, He is only a human being
best of creators15 after this you like yourselves who wants to
shall surely die. 16 Then you will make himself superior to you. If
be raised up again on the God had wished, He would have
Resurrection Day. sent down angels. We never heard
17 We have created seven paths about this from our forefathers.
above you; We have never been He is only a madman, so, as
unmindful of Our creation. 18 We far as he is concerned wait for a
sent down water from the sky in while.
due measure and lodged it in the 26 Noah said, My Lord, help

earthbut if We please, We have me! for they have rejected me,

the power to take it away19 We 27 then We revealed Our will to

have produced palm-groves and him: Build the Ark under

vineyards for you, in which there Our watchful eye according to
are abundant fruits for you; and Our instructions. When Our
you eat these, 20 also a tree command comes, and waters
growing on Mount Sinai which gush up out of the earth, take on
produces oil and a condiment for board pairs of every species and
those who eat it. 21 You have a members of your household,
lesson in livestock. We provide except for any of them on whom
you with drink from what is in sentence has already been
their bellies, and you have many passeddo not plead with Me
other benefits from them; some for those who have done wrong:
of them you eat, 22 and you ride they shall be drowned.
on them as you do in ships. 28 When you and all your
258 The Quran 23:29
followers have settled in the brought forth again? 36 What you
Ark, say, Praise be to God who are promised is indeed far-
has delivered us from a wicked fetched. 37 There exists only our
people, 29 and say, My Lord, present life: we die and we live
let me land with Your blessing in [but once], and shall never be
a blessed landing place. You raised up again. 38 He is only a
alone can provide the best man who has invented a lie
landings. 30 Surely there are about God, and we are not going
clear signs in that. In this way to believe him!
We put people to the test. The messenger said, My
31 Then We raised another Lord, help me, for they have
generation after them, 32 and sent rejected me. 40 God said, Before
a messenger to them from among long they will be filled with
themselves: Worship God alone. regret. 41 The blast justly struck
You have no deity other than them and We reduced them to
Him. Will you not then fear rubble. Away with such wicked
God? 33 But the leaders of his people!
people who denied the truth and 42 Then We raised up other

denied the Meeting in the generations after them43 no

Hereafter, because We had community can advance or
granted them ease and plenty in postpone its appointed time
their worldly life, said, This is 44 then We sent Our messengers

only a human being like in succession. Every time their

yourselveshe eats what you messenger came to a people,
eat, and drinks what you drink they rejected him. So We
34 if you obey a human being just destroyed them one after the
like yourselves, then you will other, and let them become mere
surely be lost. tales. So away with the people
35 Does he promise you that who will not believe!
when you die and have become Then We sent Moses and his
dust and bones, that you will be brother Aaron with Our signs
23:68 The Believers 259
and clear authority 46 to Pharaoh 57 Those who tremble with fear

and his courtiers, but they of their Lord; 58 and believe in

behaved insolently, for they were His messages 59 and do not
an arrogant people. 47 They said, ascribe partners to Him; 60 and
Are we to believe in two human those who give to others what
beings like ourselves, while their has been bestowed upon them
people are subject to us? 48 So with their hearts trembling at the
they rejected them both, and thought that they must return to
became those who were their Lord; 61 it is they who vie
destroyed. 49 We gave Moses the with one another in doing good
Book so that they might be guided. works and shall be the foremost
50 We made the son of Mary in doing so. 62 We charge no soul
and his mother a sign and gave with more than it can bear. We
them shelter on a peaceful have a record which clearly
hillside watered by a fresh spring. shows the truth and they will not
51 Messengers, eat what is be wronged.
wholesome and do good deeds: But their hearts are heedless
I am well aware of what you do. of this. Moreover, there are other
Your religion is but one deeds besides this which they
religionand I am your only Lord, do. 64 But then when We seize
therefore, fear Me. the affluent among them, they
53 Yet they divided themselves will cry out for help. 65 Do not
into factions, each rejoicing in cry out for help this day, for
what they had. 54 So leave them surely you shall not be helped by
in their bewilderment for a while. Us. 66 My revelations were recited
55 Do they imagine that the wealth to you, but you turned your backs
and children We have provided 67 in arrogance, as if you were
56 have no other purpose except abandoning a story-teller.
to help them in acquiring material 68 Have they not pondered over

benefits? No indeed. But they do the word of God? Has something

not understand. come to them that did not come
260 The Quran 23:69
to their forefathers? 69 Or do themselves 77 until We open
they not recognize their before them a gate of harsh
Messenger, and so deny him? punishment and then they will
Do they say he is possessed? be dumbfounded.
Rather he has brought them the 78 It is He who gave you ears,

truth, but most of them are averse eyes and hearts, yet how seldom
to the truth. 71 If truth had you are grateful! a 79 He it is who
followed their whims and desires, has multiplied you on the earth
heavens and earth and all that and to Him you shall all be
lives in them would have been gathered: 80 He is the One who
brought to ruin. Rather We have gives life and causes death and
brought them their Reminder. He controls the alternation of
Yet they keep avoiding their night and day. Will you not then
Reminder. understand?
Or are you asking them for
any reward? But the reward of a In this universe the human being
your Lord is the best, for He is is a special creation who has been
the Best of Providers, 73 and, given the exceptional powers of
most surely, you are calling them hearing, seeing and thinking. These
to a straight path. 74 But those capacities have been given to man for
who do not believe in the a special purpose, namely, to
understand the reality of life. He should
Hereafter have indeed deviated use his ears to hear the voice of Truth.
from that path. With his eyes he should see the signs
75 Even if We showed them
of God that are spread all around him.
mercy and relieved them of their He should use his thinking powers for
afflictions, they would still an in-depth study of all these things.
persist in their transgression, This, in reality, is the way of
thankfulness of the ears, the eyes and
wandering blindly. 76 We seized
the heart. Those who do not give
them with the punishment, but evidence of such thankfulness in this
they did not surrender to their world risk losing their entitlement to
Lord, nor will they humble these gifts forever.
23:100 The Believers 261
81 But they say the same as the walked away with what he had
ancients said, 82 When we have created. They would surely have
died and become dust and bones, tried to overcome one another.
will we be raised up again? Glory be to God, above all that
83 We and our forefathers were they ascribe to Him. 92 Knower
promised this before. This is of the unseen and the visible; He
nothing but fables of the is exalted above all that which
ancients. they associate with Him.
84 Say, To whom do the earth 93 Pray, Lord, if you would

and all therein belong? Tell me, show me that [the punishment]
if you have any knowledge? of which they have been warned,
85 They will say, To God. Say, 94 then do not place me, Lord,

So will you not pay heed? 86 Say, with the wrongdoers. 95 We

Who is the Lord of the seven certainly have the power to show
heavens, and of the Glorious you what they have been warned
Throne? 87 They will say, They about.
belong to God. Say, So do you Repel evil with what is
not fear Him? 88 Say, In whose bestWe are well aware of the
hands lies sovereignty over all things they say97 and say, My
things, protecting all, while none Lord, I seek refuge with You
can seek protection against Him? from the prompting of the devils.
Tell me, if you have any 98 I seek refuge with You, Lord,

knowledge. 89 They will say, All lest they should come near me.
this belongs to God. Say to them, 99 When death comes to any of

How are you then deluded? them, he says, My Lord, send

90 We have revealed to them me back 100 so that I may do
the truth. But they are certainly good works in the world I have
liars. 91 God has not taken to left behind. Never! It is indeed
Himself a son, nor is there but a meaningless word that he
any other deity besides Him; utters. A barrier shall stand
otherwise, each god would have behind such people till the Day
262 The Quran 23:101
they are raised up again. 101 When point where it made you forget
the trumpet is blown, on that My remembrance; and you went
Day there will be no ties of on laughing at them. 111 I have
relationship between them; rewarded them this Day for their
neither will they ask about one steadfastness, and it is they who
another: 102 then those whose have triumphed.
scales weigh heavy with good 112 He will ask, How many

works will be successful. 103 But years did you stay on earth?
those whose scales weigh light 113 They will say, We stayed a

will have ruined their souls; in day or part of a day. Ask those
Hell will they abide. 104 The Fire who have kept count. 114 He
will scorch their faces and they will say, You only stayed for a
will abide therein with their faces little while, if only you knew.
distorted. 115 Do you imagine that We
Were not My messages created you without any purpose
recited to you and did you not and that you would not be
reject them? 106 They will answer, brought back to Us? 116 Then,
Lord, misfortune overcame us exalted be God, the true King,
and we became an erring people. there is no deity except Him, the
107 Lord, deliver us from Hell. Lord of the Glorious Throne.
Then, if we revert again, we He, who invokes another
shall definitely be wrongdoers. deity along with Goda deity
God will say, Stay there and of whose divinity he has no
do not speak to Me. 109 Among proofwill be brought to
My servants, there were those account by his Lord. Certainly,
who said, Lord, We believe, so those who deny the truth shall
forgive us and have mercy on us. never prosper. 118 Say, Lord,
You are the best one to show forgive us and have mercy.
mercy. 110 But you made a You are the best of those who
laughing stock of them to the show mercy.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 This is a chapter which We for truly God is forgiving
have revealed and which We and merciful.
have made obligatory; We have One who accuses his wife
sent down clear revelations in it, and has no witnesses except
so that you may take heed. 2 Flog himself shall swear four times
the adulteress and the adulterer, by God that his charge is true,
each one of them, with a hundred and the fifth time, that Gods
lashes. Let no pity for them curse may be upon him if he is
cause you to disobey God, if you telling a lie. 8 The wife shall
truly believe in God and the Last receive no punishment, if she
Day; and let their punishment be bears witness four times in the
witnessed by a number of name of God that her husband
believers. 3 The adulterer shall has lied 9 and, a fifth time that
marry only an adulteress or a Gods wrath will be upon her if
polytheist woman, and an he is telling the truth. 10 Were it
adulteress shall marry only an not for Gods grace and His
adulterer or a polytheist man; mercy upon you, [you would
such marriages are forbidden for have come to grief] and God is
believers. wise, acceptor of repentance.
4 11
Those who defame chaste Those who brought up
women, but cannot produce that slander were a band from
four witnesses, shall be among you. Do not regard it
given eighty lashes. Do not as a misfortune, for it is
accept their testimony ever good for you. Every one of
after, for they are transgressors, them shall be held to account
save those who afterwards for the sin he has committed;
repent and make amends, and he who took the greater part
264 The Quran 24:12
in it shall have a terrible to you. God is all knowing
punishment. and wise.
12 When you heard of it, why 19 Those who desire that

did not the believing men and indecencies should spread among
believing women think well of the believers, will have a painful
their own people, and say, This chastisement in this world and
is a manifest slander? 13 Why the Hereafter. God knows, and
did they not produce four you do not know. 20 But for the
witnesses? If they could not grace of God and His mercy
produce any witnesses, they were upon you, and were not God
indeed liars in the sight of God! compassionate and merciful,
14 Had it not been for the grace [you would have come to grief].
of God and His mercy on you in O you who believe, do not
this world and the Hereafter, a follow in the footsteps of Satan,
terrible punishment would have and whoever follows in the
afflicted you for your plunging footsteps of Satan should know
headlong into slander. 15 When that he enjoins only indecency
you were spreading it with your and evil. But for the grace of
tongues and saying with your God and His mercy upon you,
mouths things of which you had not one of you would ever be
no knowledge, you considered it purified; but God purifies whom
to be a trivial matter, but, in He pleases. God is all hearing
Gods sight, it was very serious. and all knowing.
16 When you heard it, why did 22 Let not those who are

you not say, It is not right for us possessed of means and plenty
to speak of this. God forbid! among you resolve to withhold
This is a monstrous slander. their bounty from their kindred
17 God warns you never to and the needy and those who
repeat the like of it again, if you have migrated from their homes
are true believers. 18 God in the cause of God. Let them
explains the commandments forgive and overlook. Do you
24:31 Light 265
not wish God to forgive you? If you are told to go away, then
God is forgiving and merciful. go away. That is more proper for
23 Truly, those who accuse you. God knows well what you
chaste, unwary, believing women do. 29 There is nothing wrong in
are cursed in this world and the your entering uninhabited houses
Hereafter. For them awaits a if that serves a useful purpose:
terrible chastisement. 24 On the God knows all that you do openly,
Day when their own tongues, and all that you would conceal.
hands and feet shall bear witness 30 Tell believing men to lower

against them about what they their gaze and remain chaste.
did25 on that Day God will That is purer for them. God is
justly requite themand they aware of what they do.
will realize that God is the truth, Say to believing women that
that makes all things manifest. they should lower their gaze and
Corrupt women are for remain chaste and not to reveal
corrupt men, and corrupt men their adornmentssave what is
are for corrupt women; good normally apparent thereof, and
women are for good men and they should fold their shawls
good men are for good women. over their bosoms. They can
The latter are absolved from only reveal their adornments to
anything they may say; their husbands or their fathers or
forgiveness and an honourable their husbands fathers, or their
provision await them. sons or their husbands sons or
27 Believers, do not enter other their brothers or their brothers
peoples houses until you have sons or their sisters sons or
asked their owners permission maidservants or those whom their
and greeted them. That will be right hands possess or their male
the better for you, so that you attendants who have no sexual
may be heedful. 28 If you find no desire or children who still have
one at home, do not go in until no carnal knowledge of women.
permission has been granted you. Nor should they swing their legs
266 The Quran 24:32
to draw attention to their hidden an admonition for the God-
ornaments. Believers, turn to fearing.
God, every one of you, so that 35 God is the light of the

you may prosper. heavens and the earth. His light

32 Marry those among you who may be compared to a niche
are single, and those of your containing a lamp, the lamp
male and female slaves who are inside a crystal of star-like
fit [for marriage]. If they are brilliance lit from a blessed olive
poor, God will provide for them tree, neither of the east nor of the
from His bounty, for Gods west.a The [luminous] oil is as if
bounty is infinite and He is all ready to burn without even
knowing. 33 Those who do not touching it. Light upon light;
have the means to marry should God guides to His light whom
keep themselves chaste until God He will. God draws such
grants them enough out of His comparisons for mankind; God
bounty. If any of your slaves has full knowledge of everything.
desire a deed of freedom, write it [They worship] in the
out for them, if you find any houses which God has allowed
promise in them, and give them to be raised for the remembrance
some of the wealth God has of His name, morning and
given you. Do not force your evening, 37 people who are
[slave] maids into prostitution, not distracted by trade
in order to enrich yourself, when or commerce from the
they wish to preserve their
chastity. Yet if anyone forces a This is a metaphor with many

them, once they have been layers of meaning. Light symbolizes

forced, God will be forgiving the guidance of God Almighty. Niche
and merciful to them. 34 We have is mans heart and lamp is faith
(iman), sheltered in that niche. The
sent down clear revelations to image is elaborated by yet two more
you and the example of those points of reference: crystal of star-
who passed away before you and like brilliance and luminous oil.
24:46 Light 267
remembrance of God and the outstretched? Each knows his own
observance of prayer and the mode of prayer and glorification:
payment of the zakatfearing a God has full knowledge of all
Day when hearts and eyes will that they do. 42 To God belongs
be convulsed, 38 so that God may the kingdom of the heavens and
reward them according to the the earth, and to God shall all
best of their deeds and give them things return.
more out of His bounty. God Do you not see how God
provides for whoever He wills drives the clouds, then joins them
without measure. together, then piles them into
39 As for those who deny the layers and then you see the rain
truth, their works are like a pour from their midst? He
mirage in a desert. The thirsty sends down from the skies
traveller thinks it to be water, but mountainous masses [of clouds]
when he comes near, he finds it charged with hail, and He makes
to be nothing. He finds God it fall on whom He will, and
there, who pays him his account turns it away from whom He
in full. God is swift in His pleases. The flash of His
reckoning. 40 Or like darkness lightning may well-nigh take
on a deep ocean covered by away the sight. 44 God alternates
waves billowing over waves and the night and the daytruly, in
overcast with clouds: darkness this there is a lesson for men of
upon darkness. If he stretches insight.
out his hand, he can scarcely see 45 God created every creature

it. Indeed, the man from whom from water. Some crawl upon
God withholds His light shall their bellies, others walk on two
find no light at all. legs, and others walk on four.
41 [Prophet], do you not see God creates what He pleases. He
that all those who are in the has power over all things. 46 We
heavens and on earth praise God, have sent down revelations
as do the birds with wings clearly showing the truth. God
268 The Quran 24:47
guides whom He wills to the to march forth, they will obey
straight path. you. Say, Do not swear: your
47 They say, We believe in obedience, not your oaths, will
God and in the Messenger, and count. God is well aware of all
we obey. But then, even after your actions. 54 Obey God and
that a group of them will turn obey the Messenger. If you turn
away. Those are surely not away, then he is responsible for
believers 48 and when they are what he is charged with and you
called to God and His Messenger are responsible for what you are
so that he may judge between charged with. If you obey him,
them, some of them turn away. you will be rightly guided. The
49 But if the truth happens to be Messenger is responsible only for
to their liking, they are quite delivering the message clearly.
willing to accept it! 50 Is there a 55 God has promised to those

sickness in their hearts, or are among you who believe and do

they full of doubt? Or do they good works that He will surely
fear that God and His Messenger grant them power in the land as
will be unjust to them? The truth is He granted to those who were
that they themselves are wrongdoers. before them; and that He will
51 The response of the surely establish for them their
believers, when they are called religion which He has chosen
to God and His Messenger in for them. He will cause their
order that he may judge between state of fear to be replaced by a
them, is only, We hear and we sense of security. Let them
obey. It is they who will prosper: worship Me and associate no
52 those who obey God and His other with Me. Whoever still
Messenger, and fear God, and chooses to deny the truth is truly
are mindful of their duty to Him, rebellious.
are the ones who will triumph. 56 Attend to your prayers and
They swear firm oaths by pay the zakat and obey the
God that if you command them Messenger, so that you may be
24:62 Light 269
shown mercy. 57 Do not think to guard themselves. God is all
that those who deny the truth can hearing, all knowing.
frustrate Our plan on earth; their 61 There is no harm if the blind,

abode shall be Hell; and it is the lame, the sick or you

indeed an evil resort. yourselves eat in your own
Believers, let [even] those houses, or in the houses of your
whom you rightfully possess, fathers, or mothers, or brothers,
and those who are under age ask or sisters, or paternal uncles, or
your leave on three occasions paternal aunts, or maternal
when they come in to see you: uncles, or maternal aunts, or in
before the morning prayer, when those that you are in charge of or
you have taken off your garments in the house of a friend. There is
in the heat of noon, and after the no objection to your eating
evening prayer. These are the together or separately. But when
three occasions for your privacy. you enter houses, salute one
At other times, there is nothing another with a greeting of peace,
blameworthy if you or they go a greeting from your Lord full of
around visiting one another. Thus blessings and purity. Thus does
God makes clear to you His God expound to you His
revelations: God is all knowing commandments, so that you may
and wise. 59 When your children understand.
have reached the age of puberty, 62 They only are true believers

let them still ask permission as their who believe in God and His
elders do. Thus God expounds to Messenger. When they are with
you His revelations: God is all him on some matter of common
knowing and wise. 60 There is no concern, they should not depart
blame on elderly women who until they have asked him for
are past the age of marriage, if permission to do so. Those who
they take off their outer clothing, ask you for such permission are
without revealing their adornments. the ones who truly believe in
But it would be better for them God and His Messenger. When
270 The Quran 24:63
they ask you for permission to his order beware lest some
attend to some affair of their affliction befall them or they
own, then grant it to whoever receive a painful punishment.
you please and seek forgiveness Surely, whatever is in the
from God for them. God is heavens and on the earth belongs
forgiving and merciful. to God. God knows well what
63 Do not treat being called by condition you are in. On the Day
the Messenger like being called when they return to Him, He will
by one another. God knows those declare to them all that they have
of you who slip away on some done. God has full knowledge of
pretext. Let those who go against all things.


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Blessed be He who has revealed and who control neither death,
the criterion [the Quran] to His nor life, nor resurrection.
servant that he may warn the 4 Those who deny the truth

nations. 2 Sovereign of the say, This is only a forgery of his

heavens and the earth, who has own invention in which others
begotten no children and who have helped him. What they say
has no partner in His sovereignty, is unjust and false. 5 They say, It
it is He who has created all is just fables of the ancients,
things and measured them out which he has had written down.
precisely. 3 Yet they have taken, They are dictated to him morning
besides Him, deities who create and evening. 6 Say to them, It
nothing and are themselves has been revealed by Him who
created, and who have no power knows every secret that is in the
to harm, or benefit themselves heavens and on the earth. Truly,
25:19 The Criterion 271
He is most forgiving and most many deaths! 15 Say, Which is
merciful. better, this or the Paradise of
7 They say, What kind of a immortality which the righteous
messenger is this who eats food have been promised? It is
and walks about in the market- their recompense and their
places? Why has no angel been destination. 16 Abiding there
sent down with him to warn us? forever, they shall find in it all
Or a treasure should have been that they desire. This is a binding
sent down to him, or he should promise which your Lord has
have had a garden from which to made.
eat. The wrongdoers say, You 17 On the Day He gathers them

are surely following a man who all together with those they
is bewitched. 9 Observe what worship besides Him, He will
kind of things they attribute to say, Was it you who misled My
you. They have surely gone astray servants, or did they stray away
and cannot find the right way by themselves? 18 They will
again. answer, Hallowed be You! It
10 Blessed is He who, if He was not proper for us to choose
please, can give you better things any guardian other than You.
than that; gardens watered by But You gave them and their
flowing streams, and palaces too. fathers the comforts of this life,
11 They deny the Hour. For those so that they forgot Your reminder
who deny that Hour, We have and thus brought destruction
prepared a blazing fire. 12 When upon themselves. 19 [God will
it sees them from afar, they will say], Now, they have given the
hear its raging and roaring. lie to all your assertions, and you
13 When they are thrown into a can neither ward off [your
narrow space, chained together, punishment] nor obtain any help.
they will plead for death. 14 But For, whoever of you has
they will be told, Do not call committed evil, shall be caused
today for one death, call for by Us to taste great suffering!
272 The Quran 25:20
20 We never sent any his hands and say, Would that I
messengers before you who did had walked in the Messengers
not eat food and walk in the path! 28 Oh, would that I had
market-place. We make some of never chosen such a one for my
you a means of trial for others, to companion 29 he made me
see whether you are steadfast. forgetful of the warning after it
Your Lord is all seeing. had reached me. Satan is mans
Those who do not expect a great betrayer. 30 The Messenger
meeting with Us say, Why are will say, Lord, my people did
angels not sent down to us? Or indeed discard the Quran, 31 thus
Why do we not see our Lord? did We assign to every prophet
Surely, they are too proud of an enemy from among the
themselves and have greatly sinners; your Lord is sufficient
exceeded all bounds. 22 There as a guide and a helper.
will be no good tidings for the Those who deny the truth
guilty on the day they see the say, Why was the Quran not
angels; and they will cry out, sent down to him in a single
Keep away, keep away! 23 and revelation? We sent it in this
We shall take all that they did manner, so that We might
and turn it into scattered dust. strengthen your heart. We gave it to
The inhabitants of the Garden you in gradual revelation. 33 Every
will have the best residence and time they raise an objection, We
the finest lodging on that Day. will bring you the truth and the
25 On a Day when the sky will best of explanations. 34 Those
split open with its clouds and the who will be dragged headlong
angels are sent down rank upon into Hell shall have an evil place
rank, 26 true sovereignty on that to dwell in, for they have strayed
Day will belong to the Gracious far from the right path.
One, and it will be a hard Day for 35 We gave Moses the Book,

those who deny the truth. 27 On and appointed his brother Aaron
that Day, the wrongdoer will bite as his supporter. 36 Then We said,
25:49 The Criterion 273
Go together to the people who 43 Have you seen him who has
have denied Our signs. We taken his own desire to be his
utterly destroyed them! 37 We god? Can you be a guardian over
drowned the people of Noah him? 44 Do you think most of
also when they rejected their them can hear or understand?
messengers and We made them They are like cattle. Indeed, they
an example to all mankind. We are even more astray.
have prepared a painful Have you not seen how your
punishment for the wrongdoers, Lord lengthens the shadows?
to Ad, and Thamud, and the Had He pleased, He could have
people of al-Rass, and as We did made them constant; then We
for the many a generation placed the sun as an indicator for
between them. 39 To each of them them, 46 then We withdrew it to
We gave warnings and each of Us, a gradual withdrawal. 47 It is
them We destroyed completely. He who made the night a mantle
40 Indeed they must have come for you, and sleep for repose;
upon the town on which an evil and made the day a time for
rain had poured down. Did they rising.a 48 It is He who sends the
not see it? Yet they have no faith winds as heralds of His mercy
in the Resurrection. and We send down pure water
Whenever they see you they from the sky, 49 so that We
only make a mockery of you may bring life to a dead land;
Is this the one God has sent as and slake the thirst of Our
His Messenger? 42 Indeed, he
would well-nigh have led us a There are many lessons in this

astray from our deities, had we system of the earth. As the light of day
not been [so] steadfastly attached necessarily follows the darkness of
to them! When they behold the night, so also is it necessary that
untruth be followed by Truth. While
punishment, they shall realize waking up in the morning after
who strayed furthest from the sleeping at night symbolizes
right path. resurrection in the life after death.
274 The Quran 25:50
creation; cattle and men, in that anyone who so wishes should
great numbers. take the right path to his Lord.
50 We have explained it to them 58 Put your trust in the One

in diverse ways, so that they may who is the Ever-Living [God],

take heed, but most persist in their who never dies, and glorify Him
ingratitude. 51 If We had so wished, with His praise. He is fully aware
We might have sent a warner into of the sins of His servants; 59 it is
every town, 52 so do not yield to He who created the heavens and
those who deny the truth, but strive the earth and all that is between
with the utmost strenuousness them in six Days [periods], then
by means of this [Quran, to settled Himself on the throne
convey its message to them]. the Gracious One. Ask any
It is He who released the informed person about Him.a
two bodies of flowing water, one 60 When they are told, Prostrate

sweet and fresh and the other yourselves before the Gracious
salty and bitter, and set up an One, they ask, Who is this
insurmountable barrier between Gracious One? Shall we prostrate
them. 54 It is He who has created ourselves before whatever you
human beings from water and will?This increases their aversion.
He has granted them the ties of 61 Exalted is He who put

blood as well as marriage. Your constellations in the heavens, a

Lord is all powerful. radiant lamp and an illuminating
Yet they worship besides
God that which can neither a Here six Days means six Days of
benefit them nor harm them. God. In the language of human beings
One who denies the truth is it may be called six stages or six
a helper [of evil] against his periods. The Creation of the Universe
Lord. 56 We have sent you only in six stages indicates that it was done
in a well planned manner. Whatever is
as a bearer of glad tidings and as brought into existence on the basis of
a warner. 57 Say, I do not ask you a plan and a specific arrangement
for any recompense for this except cannot be futile.
25:77 The Criterion 275
moon62 it is He who has made those who repent and believe
night and day succeed each other, and do good deeds. God will
a sign for those who would take change the evil deeds of such
heed and would be grateful. people into good ones: He is most
63 The true servants of the forgiving and most merciful.
Gracious One are those who He who repents and does good
walk upon the earth with humility deeds has truly turned to God.
and when they are addressed by And those who do not bear
the ignorant ones, their response false witness, and when they
is, Peace; 64 and those who pass by frivolity, they pass by
spend the night prostrating with dignity; 73 who do not turn
themselves, and standing before a blind eye and a deaf ear to the
their Lord, 65 who say, Our Lord, signs of their Lord when they are
ward off from us the punishment reminded of them; 74 who say,
of Hell, for its punishment is a Lord, grant us joy in our wives
dreadful torment to suffer. and children and make us a
Indeed, it is an evil abode and model for the righteous.
evil dwelling-place. 67 They are 75 These are the ones who will

those who are neither extravagant be rewarded with lofty mansions

nor niggardly, but keep a balance in Paradise, for their steadfastness.
between the two; 68 those who They will be received therein with
never invoke any other deity greetings of welcome and
besides God, nor take a life salutations of peace. 76 There they
which God has made sacred, shall abide forever: a blessed
except with the right to do so, dwelling and a blessed resting
nor commit adultery. Anyone place. 77 Say, What would my
who does that shall face Lord care for you, if you do not
punishment: 69 he shall have his call on Him. Because you have
suffering doubled on the Day of indeed rejected the truth and
Resurrection and he will abide His punishment is bound to
forever in disgrace, 70 except for overtake you.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Ta Sin Mim to Moses, saying, Go to the
wrongdoing people, 11 the people
2 These are the verses of the of Pharaoh, will they not fear
Book that makes things clear. 3 It God? 12 Moses replied, My
may be that you will destroy Lord, I fear they will reject me,
yourself with grief because they and my breast is straitened
will not believe. 4 But if We had and my tongue is not fluent; so
so willed, We could have sent send Aaron as well; 14 besides,
down to them a sign from the they accuse me of a crime, and I
heavens so that their heads would fear that they may put me to
be bowed down before it in utter death.
humility. 5 Whenever there 15 God said, Indeed not; go

comes to them any fresh warning both of you with Our signs, We
from the Merciful, they always shall be with you, listening [to
turn their backs on it: 6 they have your call]. 16 Go to Pharaoh, both
indeed rejected the message. But of you, and say, We are
the truth of what they laughed to messengers from the Lord of the
scorn will dawn upon them Worlds: 17 let the Children of
before long. Israel go with us! 18 Pharaoh
7 Do they not see the earth, and said to Moses, Did we not bring
what beneficial kinds of things you up among us as a child? And
We have caused to grow in it? you spent several years of your
Surely in this there is a sign, yet life with us. 19 Yet you committed
most of them would not believe: the deed you did, surely you are
9 truly, your Lord is the Mighty one of the ingrates.
One, the Merciful. Moses replied, I did that
10 When your Lord called out when I was one of the misguided,
26:44 The Poets 277
21 and I fled from you because I suddenly it appeared as a serpent,
feared you. Then my Lord plainly visible. 33 And he drew
granted me wisdom and made out his hand, and it appeared
me one of the messengers. [shining] white to the beholders.
22 And this is the favour with 34 Pharaoh said to the chiefs

which you taunt methat you around him, Surely this man is
have enslaved the Children of a skilful sorcerer. 35 Who wants
Israel? 23 Pharaoh said, What is to drive you out of your land by
this: Lord of the Universe? his sorcery. Now what do you
Moses said, Lord of the advise?
heavens and the earth and all 36 They said, Let him and his

that is between them, if only you brother wait a while, and send
would be convinced. 25 Pharaoh heralds into the cities, 37 who
said to those around him, Did shall bring to you every skilful
you hear? 26 Moses went on, sorcerer. 38 So the sorcerers were
He is your Lord and the Lord of gathered on the appointed day
your forefathers. 27 Pharaoh said, 39
and the people were told,
This messenger who has been Will you also gather together,
sent to you is surely possessed! so that we may follow the
28 Moses said, He is the Lord of magicians, if they be the
the East and the West, and all winners. 41 When the magicians
that lies between them, if came, they asked Pharaoh, Shall
only you could understand. we have a reward, if we are
29 Pharaoh said, If you take any the winners? 42 He replied,
deity other than myself, I will Certainly, in that case you will
throw you into prison, 30 and join my inner circle.
Moses asked, Even if I show 43 Moses said to the magicians,

you a clear sign? 31 Pharaoh Throw down whatever you are

said, Show it then, if you are going to throw. 44 So they cast
telling the truth! 32 So Moses down their ropes and staffs, and
threw down his staff and said, By Pharaohs honour, we
278 The Quran 26:45
shall surely win. 45 Then Moses 58 theirtreasures and their noble
threw down his staff, and it dwellings59 and We made the
swallowed up all that they had Children of Israel inheritors of
conjured into being. 46 The these bounties.
magicians fell down prostrate, 60 Pharaoh and his people
saying, We believe in the Lord pursued them at sunrise, 61 and
of the Worlds, 48 the Lord of when the two groups saw each
Moses and Aaron. other, Moses companions said,
49 Pharaoh said, Have you We are sure to be overtaken.
come to believe in him, before I Moses replied, No, My Lord
have given you permission? He is with me, and He will guide
is surely your master who has me. 63 Then We bade Moses
taught you magic. But you shall strike the sea with his staff. And
see. I will cut off your hands and it parted, and each part was
feet on alternate sides and crucify like a huge mountain.64 In the
you all. 50 They said, There is meantime We made the others
no harm. To our Lord we shall approach that place. 65 We
return. 51We hope our Lord will delivered Moses and all those
forgive us, as we are the first of who were with him, 66 then We
the believers. drowned the others. 67 Surely in
Then We revealed Our will that there is a sign; yet most of
to Moses, saying, Set forth with them do not believe: 68 truly,
My servants, in the night, for your Lord is the Mighty One, the
you will surely be pursued. Merciful.
53 69
And Pharaoh sent forth heralds Tell them the story of
to all the cities. 54 These, they Abraham, 70 when he asked his
said, are only a small band father and his people, What is
55 and they have enraged us that which you worship? 71 They
56 we are a large and watchful said, We worship idols and will
force. 57 So We made them continue to cling to them. 72 He
leave their gardens and springs, asked, Do they hear you when
26:106 The Poets 279
you call to them? 73 Do they help be saved who comes to God with
or harm you? 74 They replied, a sound heart.
But we found our fathers doing 90 When Paradise shall be

the same. brought near to the God-fearing

75 Abraham said, Have you 91 and Hell shall be revealed to

really thought about what you the misguided, 92 they will be

have been worshipping, 76 you asked, Where are those whom
and your forefathers77 they are you worshipped 93 besides God?
all my enemies, not so the Lord Can they help you or even help
of the Universe, 78 who created themselves? 94 Then they will
me. It is He who guides me; be thrown headlong into Hell,
79 He who gives me food and both they and the misguided
drink; 80 He who cures me when ones, 95 and Satans legions, all
I am ill; 81 He who will cause me together. 96 They will dispute
to die and bring me back to life; between themselves therein, and
82 and He who will, I hope, will say, 97 We were clearly
forgive me my faults on the Day misguided 98 when we made you
of the Judgement. equal with the Lord of the
My Lord, bestow wisdom Universe. 99 It was the evildoers
upon me; unite me with the who led us astray, 100 and we
righteous; 84 give me a good have no intercessors now, 101 and
name among later generations; no sincere friend. 102 If we could
and make me one of only return to the world and be
the inheritors of the Garden of among the believers. 103 There
Bliss; 86 and forgive my father; is certainly a sign in that, but
for he is one of the misguided; most of them would not believe:
87 and do not disgrace me on 104 surely, your Lord is the Mighty

the Day when all people are One, the Merciful.

resurrected, 88 the Day when 105 The people of Noah

wealth and sons will be of no also rejected the messengers.

avail, 89 and when he alone will 106 When their brother Noah said
280 The Quran 26:107
to them, Will you have no fear is the Mighty One, the Merciful.
of God? 107 I am a trustworthy 123
The people of Ad, too,
messenger for you: 108 fear God, rejected the messengers. 124 Their
and obey me. 109 I ask of you no brother Hud said to them, Will
recompense for it, for my only you not fear God? 125 I am a
reward is with the Lord of the trustworthy messenger for you:
Universe, 110 so fear God and 126 fear God, then, and obey me.

obey me. 111 They replied, Are 127

I ask no recompense of you;
we to believe in you when your my reward is only with the Lord
followers are but the lowest of of the Universe. 128 Do you build
the low? 112 He said, What monuments on every high place
knowledge do I have of their in vanity, 129 and erect castles
doings? 113 My Lord alone can hoping that you will live forever.
bring them to accountif only 130 When you lay hands upon

you could understand114 I am anyone, you do so as tyrants.

not going to drive away any 131 So fear God, and obey me;

believers. 115 I am only a plain 132

fear Him who has aided you
warner. with all that you know133 He
They said, Noah, if you do has bestowed on you cattle, and
not desist, you will be stoned. sons, 134 and gardens, and
Noah said, My Lord, my springs135 indeed, I fear for
people have rejected me, you the torment of an awful
therefore, judge decisively day.
between me and them; and save 136 They replied, It makes no

me and the believers who are difference to us whether you

with me. 119 So We saved him, preach or do not preach, 137 this
and those who were with him in is nothing but a habit of the
the laden ark, 120 and drowned ancients: 138 and we shall not be
the rest. 121 There is certainly a punished. 139 So they rejected
sign in that; but most of them do him; and We destroyed them.
not believe: 122 surely your Lord There is certainly a sign in that;
26:168 The Poets 281
but most of them would not she-camel. She shall have her
believe. 140 Surely your Lord is turn of drinking, as you have
the Mighty One, the Merciful. yours, each on an appointed day,
141 156
The tribe of Thamud so do her no harm, or the
also rejected the messengers. punishment of an awful day
When their brother Salih said will befall you. 157 Yet they
to them, Will you not fear God? hamstrung her, and then they
Truly, I am a trustworthy became regretful: 158 so the
messenger for you, 144 so fear punishment came down upon
God and obey me. 145 For this I them. Surely in that there is a
demand no recompense from sign, but most of them would not
you; my reward is only with the believe. 159 Your Lord is the
Lord of the Universe. 146 Do you Mighty One, the Merciful.
think that you will be left secure 160 Then the people of
[forever]147 in the midst of Lot rejected the messengers.
gardens and fountains, 148 and 161 When their brother Lot said

cornfields, and palm-trees laden to them, Will you not fear God?
with fruit 149 hewing out 162 I am a trustworthy messenger

houses in the mountains and to you: 163 so fear God and

taking pride in your skill? 150 So obey me. 164 I ask of you no
fear God and obey me: 151 do not recompense for this; my reward
obey the bidding of those who is only with the Lord of the
are given to excesses, 152 those Universe. 165 Do you, of all
who spread corruption in the people, approach males, 166 and
land instead of putting things leave your wives whom your
right. Lord has created for you? You
153 They replied, Surely you are a people who transgress all
are bewitched. 154 You are only a bounds.
human being like ourselves. 167 They said, If you do not

Show us a sign, if you are telling desist, Lot, you will surely be
the truth. 155 He said, Here is a banished. 168 He said, I am one
282 The Quran 26:169
of those who abhors your ways. and those who have gone
My Lord, save me and my before you.
family from their evil doings. 185 They replied, You are
We saved him and all of his bewitched. 186 You are only a
family, 171 except for an old human being like ourselves.
woman who stayed behind, Indeed we think you are a liar.
172 then We totally destroyed the 187 So cause a fragment of the

rest, 173 and We poured a rain [of sky to fall on us, if you are
destruction] down upon them truthful. 188 He said, My Lord
and how evil was the rain has full knowledge of all your
which fell on those who were actions. 189 They rejected him,
forewarned. 174 Surely in this and then had to suffer
there is a sign: but most of them the punishment of a day of
would not believe: 175 your Lord overshadowing gloom. That was
is the Mighty One, the Merciful. indeed the punishment of an
176 The dwellers of the forest awful day. 190 Surely, in this is
also rejected the messengers. indeed a sign; but most of them
177 Shuayb said to them, Will would not believe: 191 your Lord
you not fear God? 178 I am a is the Mighty One, the Merciful.
trustworthy messenger to you: 192 This surely is a revelation
so fear God, and obey me. from the Lord of the Universe:
180 I ask of you no recompense 193 the Faithful Spirit has brought

for this; my reward is only with it down 194 into your heart, so
the Lord of the Universe. 181 Give that you may be a warner, 195 in
full measure, and cause no clear Arabic speech. 196 Surely, it
loss to others. 182 Weigh is foretold in the ancient
with correct scales: 183 do not scriptures. 197 Is it not evidence
defraud people of what is enough for them that the learned
rightfully theirs; and do not among the Children of Israel
spread corruption in the land. have recognized this [as true]?
184 Fear Him who created you 198 Had We revealed it to any
26:227 The Poets 283
one of the non-Arabs, 199 and he punishment. 214 Warn your
had recited it to them, they would nearest kinsmen, 215 and extend
not have believed in it. 200 We kindness and affection to those
have thus caused denial of truth of the believers who follow you.
to enter into the hearts of the 216 If they disobey you, say, I

sinners: 201 they will not believe bear no responsibility for what
in it until they see the grievous you do. 217 Put your trust in the
punishment. 202 It will come upon Mighty One, the Merciful,
them suddenly when they are not 218 who sees you when you stand

expecting it. 203 Then they will up [for prayer], 219 and sees your
exclaim, Could we have some movements among those who
respite? prostrate themselves: 220 He is
Do they want to hasten Our the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
punishment? 205 Think! If We let 221 Shall I tell you upon whom

them enjoy life for some years, the devils descend? 222 They
206 and then the promised descend on every lying sinner,
punishment fell upon them, who lends an ear to them, and
207 of what avail would their most of them are liars. 224 And as
past enjoyment be to them? for the poetsit is the misled
208 Never have We destroyed a who follow them. 225 Do you
town without sending down not see how they wander
messengers to warn it, 209 as a aimlessly in every valley,
reminder from Us: We are never preaching what they do
unjust. 210 It was not the devils not practice. 227 Not so the
who brought down the Quran: true believers who do good
211 neither are they worthy of it, works and remember God
nor are they capable of it, with fervour and defend
212 indeed they are debarred from themselves only after they are
overhearing it. wronged. The wrongdoers will
So do not call on any deity soon know how evil a turn their
besides God, lest you incur His affairs will take.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Ta Sin it! Glory be to God, Lord of
the Universe!
These are verses from the Quran, O Moses, I am God, the
a book that makes things clear; Powerful, the Wise. 10 Throw
it is guidance and good news down your staff. But when he
for the believers 3 who pray saw it moving like a snake, he
regularly and pay obligatory alms turned and fled. Moses, do not
and have firm faith in the be afraid! The messengers need
Hereafter. 4 We have made those have no fear in My presence;
who do not believe in the 11 as for those who do wrong and

Hereafter feel their actions then do good after evil, I am

appear good to them, so they most forgiving, most merciful.
wander blindly: 5 they are the 12 Now put your hand inside your

ones who will have the worst of cloak next to your bosom and it
punishment, and in the Hereafter will come out [shining] white,
they will be the greatest losers. without any blemish. This will
6 You have received this Quran be one of the nine signs for
from One who is all-wise, all- Pharaoh and his people: for truly
knowing. they are a rebellious people.
7 13
Tell of Moses who said to But when Our signs came to
his family, I have seen a fire. I them in all their clarity they said,
will bring you news from there, This is clearly sorcery! 14 And
or a burning brand for you to they persisted in rejecting them
warm yourselves. 8 When he wrongfully and arrogantly, while in
came up to it, a voice called out, their hearts they were convinced
Blessed be whoever is near this of their truth. Observe, then, how
fire, and whoever is around evil was the fate of the evil-doers.
27:28 The Ants 285
15 We bestowed knowledge on absent then? 21 I shall surely
David and Solomon and they punish him severely or order
both said, Praise be to God who him to be executed, unless he
has exalted us above many gives me a good reason for his
of His believing servants. absence. 22 But he was not long
Solomon succeeded David. He in coming, and said, I have
said, Know, my people, that we learnt something you did not
have been taught the speech of know. I have come to you from
birds and endowed with all good Sheba with reliable news. 23 I
things. Surely this is Gods found a woman ruling over them,
manifest grace. who has been given everything
17 Solomons hosts of jinn and and she has a mighty throne. 24 I
men and birds, were all gathered found her and her people
together in his presence and were worshipping the sun, instead of
ranged in battle order, 18 and God. Satan has made their
when they came to the Valley conduct appear good to them,
of the Ants, one ant said, and has thus diverted them from
Ants! Go into your dwellings, the right path, so that they might
in case Solomon and his not be guided. 25 Should they not
hosts inadvertently crush you. worship God who brings forth
Solomon smiled broadly at its what is hidden in the heavens
words and said, Lord, inspire and earth and knows both what
me to be thankful for the you conceal and what you make
blessings You have granted me known? 26 He is God: there is no
and my parents, and to do good deity but He, the Lord of the
deeds that please You; and mighty throne.
include me, by Your grace, 27 Solomon said, We shall

among Your righteous servants! soon see whether you have

20 Then Solomon inspected the spoken the truth, or whether you
birds, and said, How is it that I are a liar. 28 Go with this letter of
do not see the hoopoe? Is he mine and lay it before them, then
286 The Quran 27:29
withdraw from them and see most certainly come upon them
how they respond. 29 The Queen with forces which they will never
of Sheba said, O Counsellors, be able to withstand, and shall
an honourable letter has been most certainly cause them to be
delivered to me. 30 It is from driven from their lands, disgraced
Solomon. It reads, In the name and humbled!
of God, Most Gracious, Most 38 Solomon then said, O

Merciful, 31 do not exalt Counsellors, which of you can

yourselves above me, but come bring me her throne before they
to me in all submission. 32 Now come to me in submission? 39 A
advise me in this, Counsellors. I demon from among the jinn said,
never decide any affair till I have I will bring it to you before you
conferred with you. 33 They said, get up from your seat. I am
We are strong and our prowess strong and trustworthy enough
in battle is great, but the decision to do it. 40 But one of them who
is in your hands, so consider had some knowledge of the Book
what you will command. 34 She said, I will bring it to you in the
said, Surely, when mighty kings twinkling of an eye. When
invade a country, they despoil it Solomon saw it placed before
and humiliate its noblest him, he exclaimed, This is by
inhabitantsthese men will do the grace of my Lord, to test
the same35 but I shall send whether I am grateful or
them a present and see with what ungrateful. Whosoever is
reply my envoys will return. grateful, it is for the good of his
So when [the envoy] came own self; and whosoever is
to Solomon he said, What! Are ungrateful, then surely my Lord
you offering me wealth? But that is self-sufficient and generous.
which God has given me is better 41 He said, Disguise her

than that which He has given throne. We shall see whether or

you. Yet you rejoice in your gift. not she will recognize it. 42 When
37 Go back to them: we shall she came to Solomon, she was
27:54 The Ants 287
asked, Is your throne like this? you and your followers as an evil
She replied, It looks as though omen. He replied, No, your
it were the same, and we had evil omen is with God; the truth
been given knowledge [of your is that you are a people being put
power] before this, and we have to the test.
already submitted. 43 And that 48
There were in the city nine
which she used to worship beside men who spread corruption in
God had stopped her [from the land, and would not reform.
believing]; for she came of a 49 They said, Let us bind

disbelieving people. 44 Then she ourselves by an oath sworn in

was bidden to enter the palace; the name of God that we shall
but when she saw it, she thought attack Salih and his family by
it was a deep pool of water, and night, and to his protector [who
bared her legs. But Solomon demands retribution], we shall
explained, It is just a palace say, We were not present when
paved with glass, and she said, they were slain. We are telling
My Lord, I have wronged the truth. 50 Thus they devised a
myself: now I submit myself plan, and We also devised a
along with Solomon, to God, the plan, but they were not aware
Lord of the Universe. of it. 51 See, then, what the
To Thamud We sent their consequences of their plan were.
brother Salih. He said, Serve We destroyed them and their
none but God. But they divided people utterly, all together.
themselves into two factions 52 Because of their wrongdoing,

contending with one another. their houses are in ruinsin that

46 He urged them, O my people, surely there is a sign for people
why do you wish to hasten on the who have knowledge53 and We
evil rather than the good? Why saved those who believed in and
do you not ask forgiveness of feared God.
God, so that you may be shown And tell of Lot. He said to
mercy? 47 They said, We see his people, Will you commit
288 The Quran 27:55
evil knowingly? 55 Must you go made rivers flow through it?
lustfully to men instead of Who set mountains upon it and
women? Indeed, you are a people placed a barrier between the two
who are deeply ignorant. 56 The seas? Is there another deity
only answer of his people was, besides God? Indeed, most of
Drive out Lot and his family them have no knowledge.
from the city. They are a people 62 Who responds to the

who make themselves out to be oppressed when he calls out to

pure. 57 So We delivered him Him, and relieves his suffering
and his familyexcept his wife: and who will make you inheritors
We ordained her to be one of of the earth? Then, is there a god
those who stayed behind 58 and besides God? How little you pay
We pelted them with torrential heed! 63 Who guides you in the
rain. How dreadful that rain was darkness of the land and sea?
for those who had been warned! Who sends the breezes as heralds
59 Say, All praise be to God, and of His mercy? Then, is there a
peace be upon those servants of deity besides God? Exalted is
His whom He has chosen. Is God above what they associate
God better, or what they associate with Him. 64 Who originates
with Him? creation, then regenerates it, and
Who created the heavens who gives you sustenance from
and the earth and sends down heaven and earth? Then, is there
water for you from the sky, by a deity besides God? Say, Bring
which We make luxuriant forward your proofs, if you are
gardens growyou could never telling the truth.
make such trees grow in them 65 Say, No one in the heavens

is it another deity besides God? and the earth has knowledge of

No indeed, but they are a people the unseen except God. They do
who equate others with Him. not know when they will be
Who is it that made the earth raised up again. 66 Indeed, their
a stable place to live in? Who knowledge of the life to come
27:82 The Ants 289
stops short of the truth: they are believers. 78 Certainly your Lord
[often] in doubt as to its reality: will decide between them in His
in fact, they are blind to it. wisdomHe is the Almighty,
Those who deny the truth say, the All Knowing79 so put your
When we have turned to dust trust in God. Surely you are on
like our fathers, shall we be the path of manifest truth. 80 You
brought back to life again? 68 We cannot make the dead hear, nor
and our fathers were promised can you make the deaf hear your
this before; these are but old call, when they turn their backs
stories. 69 Say, Roam across the on it, 81 nor can you guide the
earth and observe what was the blind out of their error. You can
end of the sinful ones. make only those hear you who
Do not grieve over them, believe in Our revelations and
nor feel distressed at their surrender themselves to Us.
schemes. 71 They ask, When will 82
When Gods word is justly
this promise be fulfilled, if what carried out against them, We will
you say be true? 72 Say, It may produce a dabbah a from the earth
be that a part of what you would
hasten on is close behind you. a At the time when Almighty God
73 Truly, your Lord is bountiful takes the decision to bring to an end
to mankind, but most of them are the present history of the earth, some
not grateful. 74 The Lord knows extraordinary signs will appear to usher
in the last phase. Among these signs
full well what they conceal in will be the appearance of a dabbah.
their hearts and what they The message, which was brought
disclose: 75 there is nothing through human beings and which was
hidden in heaven and on earth, not accepted by the people, will be
but is recorded in a clear Book. announced by dabbah. Modern
76 This Quran explains to the systems of communication are
probably what is alluded to here as
children of Israel much of what dabbah. This will be the bell
they differ over, 77 certainly it is announcing the end of the examination
guidance and a blessing for the period and not its beginning.
290 The Quran 27:83
which will tell them that mankind firmly fixed. But they shall pass
had no real faith in Our signs. away as the clouds pass away.
83 On that Day We shall assemble Such is the work of God, who
together a host from every has ordered all things to
community of those who cried perfection: He is fully aware of
lies to Our revelations and they what you do. 89 Whoever does a
will be grouped 84 then, good deed, shall be rewarded
when they have arrived, He with what is better, and will be
will say, Did you deny My secure from fear of that Day,
revelations, even though you did and those who do evil will be
not have proper knowledge of flung down on their faces in the
them? Or what was it that you Fire. Are you not rewarded
were doing? 85 The verdict will according to your deeds?
be given against them, because 91 Say, I am commanded to

they did wrong, and they will be serve the Lord of this town,
speechless. 86 Do they not see which He has made inviolable
that We have made the night for and to whom everything
them to rest in and the day to belongs; I am commanded to be
give them light? There are one of those devoted to Him;
certainly signs in that for people 92 to recite the Quran. Whoever

who believe. follows its guidance, follows it

87 On the Day when the trumpet only for the good of his own
is blown, whoever is in the soul; and as for him who goes
heavens and whoever is on the astray, just say, I am only a
earth will be struck with terror, warner. 93 Then say, Praise be
except for those whom God to God! He will show you His
wishes to spare. All shall come signs and you will recognize
to Him in utter humility. 88 You them. Your Lord is not unaware
see the mountains and think them of what you do.
2 8 . T H E S T O RY
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 Ta Sin Mim and do not grieve, for We shall
return him to you, and shall
2 These are verses from the Book make him one of the
that makes things clear. 3 We Messengers. 8 Then Pharaohs
shall narrate to you some of the household picked him uplater
story of Moses and Pharaoh, to become for them an enemy
with truth, for people who would and a source of grief for them:
believe. 4 Pharaoh behaved Pharaoh and Haman and their
arrogantly in the land, and hosts were wrongdoers9 and
divided the people into groups, Pharaohs wife said, He will be
seeking to weaken one section, a joy to the eye for me and you!
slaying their sons and sparing Do not slay him: he may well be
their daughtershe was one of of use to us, or we may adopt
those who spread corruption him as a son. They did not
We wished to favour those realize what they were doing.
who were oppressed in the land, 10 Moses mothers heart was

and to make them leaders and full of anxietyshe would have

make them inheritors [of Our disclosed his identity had We not
bounties], 6 and to give them strengthened her heart so that
power in the land; and to show she might be a firm believer [in
Pharaoh and Haman and their Our promise]. 11 She said to
hosts that very thing which they Moses sister, Go, and follow
feared. him. So she watched him from
7 We inspired Moses mother a distance, like a stranger,
saying, Suckle him, and then, without anyone noticing her.
when you fear for him, cast him We had already made him
into the river, and have no fear refuse all wet nurses. So his
292 The Quran 28:13
sister said to them, Shall I tell the Forgiving One, the Merciful.
you of a family who will bring He said, My Lord, because of
him up for you and take good the favour that You have shown
care of him? 13 Thus We restored me, I vow that I will never be a
him to his mother, so that she helper of the guilty.
might be comforted and not The next morning, when he
grieve any more, and so that she was walking in the city,
would know that Gods promise apprehensive, and watchful, and
was true. But most of them do the man who had sought his help
not realize this. 14 When Moses the day before cried out to him
reached full manhood and again for help. Moses said to
maturity, We bestowed upon him him, You are clearly a misguided
wisdom and knowledge: this is man. 19 When he wanted to catch
how We reward those who do the one who was an enemy to
good. them both, the man said, Moses,
15 He entered the city unnoticed do you want to kill me just as
by its people, and there he you killed a man yesterday? You
encountered two men fighting only want to become a tyrant in
with one anotherone of his the land; you do not want to set
own people and the other one of things right. 20 A man came
his enemies. The one who running from the far side of the
belonged to his own people cried city, and said, Moses, the
out to him for help against his authorities are conspiring to kill
foewhereupon Moses struck you, so leave the city. I am one
him down with his fist, thereby of your well-wishers. 21 So
causing his death. Moses said, Moses departed from the city,
This is Satans doing; he is an fearful and vigilant, and prayed,
open foe, leading man astray. My Lord, save me from these
16 He prayed, Forgive me Lord, unjust people.
for I have sinned against my When he made his way
soul. God forgave him; for He is towards Midian, he said, I am
28:31 The Story 293
sure, my Lord will guide me to 27 The father said, I would like
the right way. 23 And when he to marry you to one of these two
arrived at the well of Midian, he daughters of mine on the
found around it a group of men condition that you stay eight
watering their flocks, and he saw years in my service. But if you
two women standing apart from wish it, you may stay ten. I do
them, who were holding back not want to impose any hardship
their flocks, so he asked, What on you. God willing, you will
is the matter with you? They find me a fair person. 28 Moses
replied, We cannot draw water said, That is agreed between me
until the shepherds take away and you; whichever of the two
their sheep. Our father is a very terms I fulfil, there will be no
old man. 24 So Moses watered blame on me. God is witness to
their flocks for them; and what we say.
returned into the shade and When Moses completed the
prayed, Lord, I am truly in need term and set out with his family,
of whatever blessing You may he noticed a fire in the direction
send down for me, 25 and then of Mount Tur. He said to his
one of the two women came family: Stay here, I can see a
walking shyly up to him and fire. Perhaps I can bring you
said, My father is asking you to news, or a burning brand from
come so that he may reward you the fire with which you may
for watering our flocks for us. warm yourself. 30 And when he
When Moses came to their father came to it, he was called by a
and gave him an account of voice from a bush in a blessed
himself, he said: Dont be afraid! spot, on the right side of the
You have escaped from those valley: O Moses, I am God,
wrongdoing people. 26 One of Lord of the Universe. 31 Throw
the girls said, Father, hire him! down your staff. And when he
For the best man to hire is saw it move as though it were a
someone strong and trustworthy. serpent, he turned his back and
294 The Quran 28:32
fled, and did not look back. O Moses replied, My Lord knows
Moses, said the voice, come best who comes with guidance
forward and have no fear; you from Him and who will attain
are quite safe. 32 Put your hand the heavenly abode in the
into your bosom; it will come hereafter. The wrongdoers shall
out [shining] white, without never prosper. 38 Pharaoh said,
blemish; now draw your arm O nobles, I know of no god for
close to your body to calm your you other than myself. So,
fears. These are two credentials Haman, burn me bricks of clay,
from your Lord for Pharaoh and and build me a high tower, so
his nobles. Surely, they are a that I may have a look at the God
rebellious people. of Moses, though I consider him
Moses said, My Lord, I to be one of the liars.
have killed one of their people 39 He and his hosts behaved

and fear that they may kill me. arrogantly in the land without
34 My brother Aaron is more any justificationthinking that
eloquent than I am. Send him they would not be recalled to
with me to support me and back Us 40 so We seized him and his
me up. For I fear that they will hosts and cast them into the sea.
reject me. 35 God said: We shall Consider the fate of the
strengthen your arm through your wrongdoers. 41 We had made
brother, We shall give you both them leaders, but they called
power, so that they shall not be people to the Fire; and on the
able to harm you. Set forth with Day of Judgement they will not
Our signs. You, and those who be helped. 42 We have caused a
follow you, will surely prevail. curse to follow them in this
36 When Moses came to them world and, on the Day of
with Our clear signs, they said, Judgement, they will be among
This is nothing but contrived the wretched. 43 After We had
magic. We never heard of this destroyed the earlier generations,
among our forefathers. 37 And We gave Moses the Book to give
28:54 The Story 295
men insight, and as guidance reject what Moses was given
and a blessing for people, so that before? They said, Both [Moses
they might take heed. and Muhammad] are kinds of
You were not present on the sorcery, each assisting the other.
western side of the Mount when And they add, We reject both of
We gave Our Command to them.
Moses: nor were you among the 49 Say to them, Bring down

witnesses45 We brought into from God a scripture that is a

being many generations who better guide than these two and
lived long livesnor did you I will follow it, if what you say
live among the people of Midian be true. 50 If they do not respond
and recite our revelations to to you, then know that they
themit is We who send follow only their own desires.
messengers46 you were not on Who could be more astray than
the side of the Mount when We he who follows his own likes
called out to Moses, but We have and dislikes with no guidance
sent you as a mercy from your from God? God does not guide
Lord, so that you may warn the evil-doers. 51 We have
people to whom no warner has conveyed Our Word to them, in
been sent before you, so that succession, so that they may
they may take heed, 47 and may give heed.
not say, if an affliction should 52 Those to whom We gave the

befall them on account of their Book before this believe in it

misdeeds: Lord, if only You had [the Quran], 53 and, when it is
sent us a messenger, we might recited to them, they say, We
have followed Your message and believe in it. Indeed it is the truth
become believers. 48 But when from our Lord. Even before it
the truth came to them from Us, came, we had submitted
they said, Why has he not been ourselves. 54 Such people as
given the like of what Moses these will receive a double
was given? But did they not reward, because they are
296 The Quran 28:55
steadfast and repel evil with reciting to them Our revelations.
good, and give alms out of what Nor did We destroy a town unless
We have given them, 55 and when their people became wrongdoers.
they hear vain talk, they turn Whatever you are given in
away from it and say, We have this life is nothing but a
our actions and you have yours. temporary provision of this life
We wish you peace. We will and its glitter; what God has is
have nothing to do with the better and more lasting. Will you
ignorant. 56 You cannot guide not then understand? 61 Can
whoever you please: it is God someone to whom We have made
who guides whom He will. He a gracious promise and who will
best knows those who would see it fulfilled, be compared to
accept guidance. someone We have allowed to
57 They say, If we were to enjoy a worldly life, awhile, and
follow your guidance, we should who will be brought up [before
be uprooted from our land. But God] for his accounting on the
have We not established for them Day of Resurrection?
a safe haven to which fruits of 62 On that Day He will call to

every kind are brought as a them, and say, Where are those
provision from Ourself? But whom you claimed to be My
most of them have no knowledge. partners? 63 And those on whom
58 How many townships have sentence has been passed, will
We destroyed where the people say, Our Lord, these are the
had become arrogant on account ones who led us astray. We led
of their affluence? Since then them astray as we ourselves were
their dwelling-places have led astray. We now dissociate
scarcely been inhabitedWe ourselves from them before You;
became their inheritors. 59 Your it was not us that they
Lord would never destroy worshipped.
a people until He had sent Then they will be told, Call
messengers to their capital cities, upon your partners. And they
28:76 The Story 297
will call upon them, but will over you till the Day of
receive no answer. They shall Judgement, is there any deity
witness the punishment. If only other than God that could bring
they had allowed themselves to you light? Will you not listen?
be guided. 65 On that Day God 72 Say, Tell me, if God were to

will call out to them, saying, extend perpetual day over you
What answer did you give to till the Day of Judgementis
Our messengers? 66 They will there any deity other than God
be left speechless on that Day, that could bring you night, in
and they will not be able to which to rest? Will you not then
consult each other. 67 But as for see? 73 In His mercy He has
him who repents and believes made for you the night and the
and does good deeds, he can day, during which you may rest,
hope to find himself among the and seek His bounty and be
successful. grateful.
68 Your Lord creates 74 And on the Day He shall

whatsoever He wills and chooses call out to them and say, Where
whomsoever He pleases. They are those whom you alleged were
have no choice. Praise be to My partners. 75 And We shall
Godexalted is He over bring forth from every people a
anything they may associate with witness and We shall say to
Him! 69 Your Lord knows what them: Bring your proof. Then
they conceal in their hearts and they will know that truth belongs
what they disclose. 70 He is God: to God alone, and that which
there is no god but Him. All they used to invent will fall away
Praise is due to Him in this from them.
world and the hereafter. His is 76 Korah was one of Moses

the Judgement and to Him you people, but he behaved arrogantly

shall be returned. towards them. We had given him
Ask them, Tell me, if God such treasures that their very
were to extend perpetual night keys would have weighed down
298 The Quran 28:77
a band of strong men. His people and it is awarded only to those
said to him, Do not exult in your who are steadfast.
riches, for God does not love the 81 Then We caused the earth to

exultant. 77 But seek the Home swallow up him and his home:
of the Hereafter by means of that there was no one to help him
which God has bestowed on against God, nor could he defend
you; do not forget to take your himself. 82 Those who had
portion [of the Hereafter] in this coveted his position the day
world. Be good to others as God before now began to say, Ah! It
has been good to you and do not is indeed God alone who gives
strive for evil in the land, for abundantly to whom He will and
God does not love the evil-doers. sparingly to whom He pleases.
But he said, I have been Had not God been gracious to
given it only because of the us, He would have caused us to
knowledge I possess. Did he not be swallowed up also. Alas
know that God had destroyed indeed! Those who deny the
before him people who were truth will never prosper.
stronger than he and possessed 83 As for the abode of the

even greater resources? The Hereafter, We shall assign it to

guilty are not required to offer those who seek neither self-
explanations of their sins. aggrandisement on the earth nor
79 Then he went forth before corruption. The righteous shall
his people in all his pomp. Those have a blessed end. 84 He who
who were eager for the life of does good shall be rewarded
this world said, If only we had with something better. But he
the like of Korahs fortune! He who does evil shall be requited
really is a very fortunate man, according to his deeds.
80 but those who had been given 85 He who has entrusted you

knowledge said, Woe to you, with the responsibility of the

Gods reward is better for those Quran, will surely lead you to a
who believe and do good deeds: successful end. Say, My Lord
29:8 The Spider 299
knows best who is rightly guided they have been sent down to you.
and who is in gross error. 86 You Call people to your Lord. Never
never expected that this Book be of those who ascribe partners
would be revealed to you. Yet, to God. 88 Invoke no god other
by the grace of your Lord, you than God, for there is no god but
have received it. So do not Him. All things are bound to
support those who reject the perish except Himself. His is the
truth. 87 And let no one divert judgement, and to Him you shall
you from Gods revelations, once be returned.


In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Mim All Knowing. 6 And whoever

strives, strives only for himself
2 Do people think that once they God is independent of all His
say, We believe, they will be creation7 as for those who have
left alone and not be put to the faith and do good works, We
test? 3 We certainly tried those shall certainly cleanse them of
who have gone before them, so their evil deeds and reward them
God will certainly distinguish according to the best of their
between those who are truthful actions.
and those who are lying. 8 We have enjoined man to
Do those who do evil imagine show kindness to his parents.
that they will escape Us? How ill But if they bid you associate
they judge! 5 He who hopes to with Me something about which
meet God should know that you have no knowledge, do not
Gods appointed hour is sure to obey them. To Me you shall all
come. He is the All Hearing, the return, and I shall tell you about
300 The Quran 29:9
all that you have done. 9 We shall then the deluge overtook them,
surely admit those who believe for they were wrongdoers. 15 But
and do good deeds to the We saved him and those who
company of the righteous. were with him in the Ark and
10 Some profess to believe in made the event a sign for
God, but when they suffer for mankind.
Gods cause they mistake the 16 Tell of Abraham. He said to

persecution of man for the his people, Worship God and

punishment of God. But when fear Him, that would be best for
help comes to you from God, you, if only you knew. 17 You
they will say, We have always worship idols besides God and
been with you. Is not God fully fabricate falsehoods. Those
aware of what is in the hearts of whom you worship besides God
all creatures? 11 Most certainly have no power to provide
God will mark out those who sustenance for you. So seek
believe and mark out those who your sustenance from God and
are hypocrites. worship Him and be grateful to
12 Those who deny the truth Him, for to Him you shall return.
say to the faithful, Follow our If you reject the truth,
way, and we will bear the burden other communities before you
of your sins. But they will bear also rejected the truth. The
none of their sins. They are messengers responsibility is
surely lying. 13 They shall bear only to convey the message
their own burdens, and other clearly.
burdens besides. On the Day of Do they not see how
Resurrection they shall be God originates creation, then
questioned about their false reproduces it? That surely is
assertions. easy for God. 20 Tell them, Roam
14 We sent Noah to his people the earth and see how He
and he lived among them for originated creation. Then God
fifty short of a thousand years; will bring into being your second
29:32 The Spider 301
life. God has power over all One. 27 We gave him Isaac and
things. 21 He punishes whom He Jacob and granted prophethood
will and shows mercy to whom and the Book to his descendants.
He pleases. And to Him you We gave him his reward in this
shall be returned. 22 You cannot life and in the Hereafter he shall
defeat His purpose on earth or in dwell among the righteous.
heaven; nor have you any friend 28 We sent Lot to his people

or helper besides God. 23 Those and he said to them, Indeed you

who deny Gods revelations and commit obscenity such as no
the meeting with Himit is they people before you have ever
who have despaired of My mercy. committed. 29 You approach men
They will suffer a grievous and waylay them on the road and
punishment. commit depravities within your
24 The only response of gatherings. But his peoples only
Abrahams people was, Kill him reply was, Bring down Gods
or burn him! But God saved him punishment upon us, if what you
from the fire. Surely in this there say be true. 30 Lot prayed, Lord,
are signs for people who believe. help me against this wicked
Abraham said, You have taken people.
up the worship of idols, instead 31 When Our messengers

of God, to promote friendship brought Abraham the good news

between yourselves in the [of the birth of Isaac] they [also]
present life. But on the Day of said, We are indeed going to
Judgement, you will disown and destroy the people of this city,
curse one another. Your abode for the people of this city are
will be the Fire and you will truly wrongdoers. 32 Abraham
have no helpers. 26 Lot was the said, But, Lot lives here. They
one who believed in him and answered, We well know who
said, I shall migrate to another lives here. We shall surely save
land for the sake of my Lord. He him and his whole family, except
is the Mighty One, the Wise his wife, who will be among
302 The Quran 29:33
those who stay behind. 33 When path, even though they were
Our messengers came to Lot, he intelligent people.
was troubled and distressed on 39 Korah, Pharaoh, and Haman:

their account. They said, Have Moses came to them with clear
no fear or grief. We shall certainly signs but they were arrogant in
save you and your household, the land. They could not escape
except your wifewho will be Us. 40 So We seized each one for
among those who stay behind his sins; some We struck with a
34 We are surely going to bring violent storm; some of them were
down a punishment from heaven overcome by a sudden blast,
on the people of this town some were swallowed up by the
because of their depravities. earth and some We drowned.
Surely the ruins We left of that God did not wrong them: they
city are a clear sign for a people wronged themselves.
who use their reason. Those who take protectors
36 To the people of Midian We other than God can be compared
sent their brother Shuayb. He to the spider which builds itself
said, My people, worship God, a cobweb, but the frailest of all
and look forward to the Last structures is the house of the
Day, and do not commit evil and spider, if they but knew it. 42 God
spread corruption in the land. surely knows what they invoke
37 But they rejected him, so the besides Him. He is the Mighty,
earthquake overwhelmed them the Wise One. 43 Such are the
and they were left lying prostrate comparisons We make for
on the ground in their homes. people, but only those understand
38 The same happened to the them who have knowledge.
tribes of Ad and Thamud: this 44 God has created the heavens

must be clear to you from their and the earth for a purpose;
ruins. Satan made their actions surely in this there is a sign for
seem good to them, and turned true believers.
them away from the straight 45 Recite what has been
29:55 The Spider 303
revealed to you of the book, and 50 They say, Why has no sign
pray regularly. Surely prayer been given to him by his Lord?
restrains one from indecency and Say, The signs are in the hands
evil and remembrance of God is of God. I am but a plain warner.
greater. God has knowledge of 51 Is it not sufficient for them

all your actions. that We have sent you down the

46 Believers, argue only in the Book to be recited to them? In
best way with the People of the this surely there is a blessing and
Book, [but contend not at all] an admonition for a people who
with such of them as are unjust. believe. 52 Say, God is sufficient
Say, We believe in what has as a witness between you and
been revealed to us, and what me. He knows all that is in the
has been revealed to you; our heavens and the earth. Those who
God and your God are one; and believe in falsehood and reject
to Him we submit. God will surely be the losers.
47 Likewise We have sent down 53 They ask you to hasten the

the Book to you. Those to whom punishment. Had there not been
We gave the scripture believe in an appointed time for it, the
it, and so do some of your own punishment would already have
people. Only those who deny the come to them. Indeed it will
truth reject Our revelations. come down upon them suddenly
48 You were not able to read any and catch them unawares. 54 They
book before this, nor did you ask you to hasten the punishment,
write one down with your hand. but surely, Hell is [already]
If you had done so, the followers encompassing those who deny
of falsehood would have had cause the truth. 55 On the Day the
to doubt it. 49 But the Quran is a punishment envelops them from
revelation that is clear to the hearts above them and from underneath
of those endowed with knowledge. their feet, they will be told, Taste
Only the evil-doers refuse to [the punishment] for what you
acknowledge Our revelations. used to do!
304 The Quran 29:56
56 My servants who believe, 64 The life of this world is
My earth is vast, so worship Me nothing but sport and a diversion.
alone. 57 Every soul shall taste It is the life of the Hereafter
death and then to Us you shall which is the only true life, if they
return. 58 We shall lodge forever but knew it. 65 When they board
those who believe and do good a vessel, they call on God, sincere
works in the mansions of in their faith for Him alone;
Paradise beside which rivers but when He brings them
flow. How excellent is the reward safe to land, they begin to
of those who labour, 59 and who ascribe partners to Him. 66 And
are steadfast and put their trust thus they may show utter
in their Lord. 60 How many ingratitude for Our favours;
creatures cannot fend for let them enjoy themselves for
themselves! God provides for a time. But they will soon come
them and for you. He is the All to know.
Hearing, the All Knowing. 67 Have they not seen how We
If you ask them who it is have granted them a safe
that has created the heavens and sanctuary, though all around
the earth and subjugated the sun them people are snatched away?
and the moon, they will say, Would they still believe in
God. How then are they turned falsehood, and deny the favour
away? 62 God gives abundantly of God? 68 Who does greater
to whom He will and sparingly to wrong than he who invents a
whom He pleases. God has full lie about God or rejects the
knowledge of all things. 63 And if truth when it comes to him?
you ask them who it is that sends Is Hell not the home for
down water from the sky and those who deny the truth. 69 We
revives the earth with it after its will surely guide in Our ways
death, they will surely answer, those who strive hard for
God. Then praise be to God. But Our cause, God is surely with
most of them do not understand. the righteous.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Alif Lam Mim land and seen what end their
predecessors met? They
The Romans have been defeated were mightier than them: they
3 in a nearby land. They will cultivated the earth more and
reverse their defeat with a victory built more upon it than these
4 within a few years: [for] with have ever built. Their own
God rests all power of decision, messengers also came to them
first and last. On that day the with clear signs: God did not
believers too will have cause to wrong them; they wronged
rejoice, 5 with the help of God. themselves. 10 Then the end of
He helps whom He pleases: He those who committed evil was
is the Mighty, and the Merciful. evil, for they belied the signs of
6 [This is] Gods promise. Never God, and they derided them.
does God fail to fulfil His God originates the creation,
promisebut most people do and shall repeat it, then to Him
not know this; 7 they only know you shall be returned. 12 On the
the outward appearance of the Day the Hour arrives, the guilty
life of this world, and they are will be struck dumb with
neglectful of the Hereafter. despair, 13 and they will have
Do they not ponder about no intercessors among those
their own selves? God has created partners they ascribed to God.
the heavens and the earth and all They will deny these partners.
that is between them for a 14 When the Last Hour dawns

purpose and for an appointed on that Day they will be sorted

time? Yet many deny they will out: 15 those who believed and
ever meet with their Lord. 9 Have did good deeds will rejoice in a
they not travelled through the Garden, 16 and as for those who
306 The Quran 30:17
denied the truth and belied Our truly are signs in this for those
signs and the meeting in the who know. 23 Among His signs
Hereafterthey shall be brought are your sleep, at night or in
to the torment. 17 So glorify God daytime, and your seeking His
in the evening and in the bounty. There truly are signs in
morning 18 and praise be to this for people who hear.
Him in the heavens and on the 24 Among His signs is this: He

earthand glorify Him in the shows you the lightning, giving

late afternoon, and at midday.a rise to [both] fear and hope, and
He brings forth the living sends down water from the sky,
from the dead and the dead from giving life thereby to the earth
the living. He gives life to the after it had been lifeless: in this,
earth after its death, and you behold, there are signs indeed
shall be raised to life in the same for people who use their reason!
way. 20 One of His signs is that 25
Another of His signs is this:
He created you from dust and, the heavens and the earth stand
behold, you became human firm by His command and
beings and multiplied yourselves afterwards when He calls you,
throughout the earth. 21 Another behold, from the earth you will
of His signs is that He created come forth. 26 All those in the
for you from among yourselves
spouses, so that you might a Constant remembrance (through
find repose in them, and He prayer, etc.) and deep contemplation
created between you affection lead a man towards finding God. It is
and kindness. Truly there are by profound thought that a man finds
signs in this for people who God. In the present world, God has
reflect. scattered His signs everywherein
22 Another of His signs is that the human environment, in the
surrounding universe and also in the
He created the heavens and earth, teachings of the Prophet. Those who
and the diversity of your give serious consideration to these
languages and colours. There signs of God will find God.
30:37 The Romans 307
heavens and on the earth belong it. 31 Turn to Him and fear Him,
to Him. All are obedient to Him. and be steadfast in prayer, and
27 He is the One who originates do not be one of those who
creation, then repeats it, and it is associate partners with God,
very easy for Him. His is the 32 those who split up their religion

most exalted state in the heavens and became divided into sects; each
and on the earth; He is the one exulting in what they have.
Mighty, the Wise One. When an affliction befalls
28 He sets forth for you an men, they cry out to their Lord,
example taken from your own turning to Him in repentance;
lives. Do you make your servants but then, when He has made
full partners with an equal share them taste His mercy, a section
in the wealth We have bestowed of them associate partners with
upon you? Do you fear them as their Lord, 34 and are ungrateful
you fear each other? In this way for what We have given them. So
We explain the signs to people enjoy yourselves for a while, but
who use their reason. 29 And still soon you will come to know.
those who are unjust follow their 35 Have We sent down to them

own desires without having any any authority which speaks in

knowledge. Then who can guide favour of what they associate
those whom God has let go with Him?
astray? There shall be none to 36 When We give mankind a

help them. taste of Our blessing, they rejoice

30 Devote yourself single- therein: but if they encounter
mindedly to the Religion. And tribulation because of their own
follow the nature [constitution] actionsthey fall into despair.
as made by God, that nature in 37 Do they not see that God gives

which He has created mankind. abundantly to whoever He

There is no altering the creation pleases, and sparingly to whoever
of God. That is the right religion. He pleases? In that truly there
But most people do not realize are signs for those who believe.
308 The Quran 30:38
38 So give the near relative, the the right religion, before that
needy, and the wayfarer their Day comes from God which
duethat is best for those who cannot be averted. On that Day,
seek Gods pleasure: such men mankind will be parted in two.
are the ones who will surely 44 Those who rejected the truth

prosper. 39 Whatever you lend will bear the burden of that

out in usury to gain in value rejection, and those who did
through other peoples wealth good deeds will have made good
will not increase in Gods eyes, provision for themselves. 45 For
but whatever you give in alms in then He will reward out of His
your desire for Gods pleasure bounty those who believe and do
will be multiplied. good deeds; He does not love
God is He who created you, those who reject the truth.
then provides for you, then will 46 Among His signs is this: He

cause you to die and then bring sends out the winds bearing good
you back to life. Can any of your news so that He may make you
partners do any one of these taste His mercy, and ships sail at
things? Glory be to Him and His command, so that you may
exalted be He above anything seek His bounty, and be grateful.
they associate with Him! 47 Surely, We sent messengers
Corruption has appeared on before you to their own people,
land and sea because of the evil and they brought them clear
which mens hands have done: signs. Then We took vengeance
and so He will make them taste on the guilty. It was certainly
the fruit of some of their doings, Our duty to help the believers.
so that they may turn back from 48 It is God who sends out the

evil. 42 Say, Journey through the winds so that they raise the
land, and see how those before clouds. Then He spreads them in
you met their endmost of them, the sky as He wills and places
ascribed partners with God. them layer upon layer and you
43 [Prophet], set your face to see the rain issuing forth from
30:60 The Romans 309
their midst. When He causes it to you infirmity and grey hairs in
fall on whichever of His servants place of strength. He creates
He pleases, behold! they rejoice; whatever He wishes; He is the
though before thatbefore it All Knowing and All Powerful.
was sent down upon them 55 On the Day the Last Hour

they were in despair. 50 Look, arrives, the evil-doers will swear

therefore, at the signs of Gods they have not even tarried for an
mercy; how He resurrects the hourthey have always been
earth after its death. Truly, the deluded56 but those endowed
same God will resurrect the dead; with knowledge and faith will
for He has power over all things. say, Indeed, you did tarry, as
51 Yet if We send a wind and they God ordained, till the Day of
see their harvest turn yellow, Resurrection, and this is the Day
they will then begin to deny [Our of Resurrection: but you were
favours]. 52 You [Prophet] cannot not aware of it. 57 So on that
make the dead hear and you Day their pleas shall be of no
cannot make the deaf hear your avail, nor will they be allowed to
call when they turn their backs make amends.
and leave; 53 just as you cannot 58
Truly, We have set forth for
lead the blind [of heart] out of men in this Quran every kind of
their error, you cannot make parable and indeed, if you bring
anyone hear your call save those them a sign, those who are bent
who are willing to believe in Our on denying the truth are sure to
revelations, and thus surrender say, You are only making false
themselves to Us and are claims! 59 In this way God seals
submissive to Our will. the hearts of those who do not
54 God is the One who has [want to] know [the truth], 60 so
created you in a state of have patience [O Muhammad]!
weakness; then He has granted Gods promise is true; let not
you strength following [your] those who will not be convinced
weakness; later on He has given make you discouraged.
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Alif Lam Mim works shall enter gardens of bliss,

wherein they will abide forever.
2 These are the verses of the That is Gods true promise; He is
Book of wisdom, 3 a guide and a the Mighty, the Wise One.
mercy for those who do good, 10 He has created the skies
for those who attend to their without any support that you
prayers and pay the zakat and could see, and has placed firm
who have firm faith in the mountains upon the earth, lest it
Hereafter: 5 these are rightly sway with you, and has caused
guided by their Lord: and these all manner of living creatures to
are the ones who will prosper. multiply thereon. And We sent
But among men there are down water from the skies, and
some who spend their time in thus We made every kind of
idle diversions only to lead excellent plant grow there: 11 this
people astray from the path of is Gods creation. Show me then
God, and without knowledge, what those besides Him have
hold it up to ridicule: for created! The wrongdoers are in
such there is a humiliating manifest error.
punishment in store. 7 Whenever 12
We bestowed wisdom on
Our messages are conveyed to Luqman, saying, Be grateful to
such a person, he turns away in God: he who is grateful, is
his arrogance, as though he had grateful only for the good of his
not heard themas though his own soul. But if anyone is
ears were sealed: give him, then, ungrateful, then surely God is
the tidings of grievous suffering self-sufficient and praiseworthy.
[in the life to come]. 8 Surely, 13 Luqman said to his son,

those who believe and do good counselling him, My son, do

31:22 Luqman 311
not associate anything with God. this is something which requires
Associating others with Him is a firm resolve. 18 Do not avert
terrible wrong. your face from people out of
We have enjoined man to haughtiness and do not walk
show kindness to his parents with pride on the earth: for,
for his mother bears him, in behold, God does not love
hardship upon hardship, and his arrogant and boastful people.
weaning takes two years. [We Walk modestly and lower your
said] Give thanks to Me and to voice, for the ugliest of all voices
your parents; all will return to is the braying of the ass.
Me. 15 But if they press you to 20 Have you not seen that God

associate something with Me has subjected to you whatever is

about which you have no in the heavens and whatever is
knowledge, do not obey them. on the earth, and has completed
Yet be kind to them in this world His favours to you, both seen
and follow the path of those who and unseen? Yet there are some
turn to Me. You will all return to who dispute concerning God,
Me in the end, and I will tell you without knowledge or guidance
everything that you have done. or an enlightening Book. 21 When
16 [Luqman further said,] O they are told to follow the
my son! Though it be but the [Revelations] that God has sent
weight of a grain of mustard down, they say, No, we shall
seed and though it be hidden in follow the ways that we found
a rock, or in the heavens or on our fathers [following]. Yes!
the earth, God will bring it forth. Even though Satan is inviting
Truly, God is the knower of all them to the punishment of the
subtleties and He is aware. 17 O burning Fire?
my dear son! Say your prayers 22 He who submits himself

regularly, and enjoin good, and completely to God, and is a doer

forbid evil, and endure patiently of good, has surely grasped a
whatever may befall you. Surely, strong handle, for the final
312 The Quran 31:23
outcome of all events rests with makes the night pass into the
God. 23 But if any reject the day, and makes the day pass into
Faith, let not his rejection grieve the night, and that He has pressed
you: for to Us they shall return, the sun and the moon into His
and We shall tell them the truth service, each pursuing its course
about their deeds: for God knows for an appointed term, and that
well all that is in the human God is well aware of what you
hearts 24 We shall let them do? 30 That is because God is the
enjoy themselves for a little Truth, and what they call
while, but then We shall drive upon besides Him is falsehood.
them to a harsh punishment. God is the Most High, the
25 If you should ask them, Supreme One.
Who created the heavens and Have you not seen how the
the earth? They will surely ships sail on the sea by Gods
answer, God. Say, Praise be to grace so that He may show you
God! But most of them do not some of His signs? Surely therein
understand. 26 Whatever is in the are signs for every steadfast,
heavens and the earth belongs to thankful person. 32 When the
God. Assuredly, God is self- waves engulf them like shadows
sufficient and praiseworthy. 27 If [of death], they call to God,
all the trees on earth were pens, sincere [at that moment] in their
and the sea [were] ink, with faith in Him alone: but as soon
seven [more] seas added to it, as He has brought them safe
the words of God would not be ashore, only some of them take
exhausted: for, truly, God is the right course. And none denies
Almighty and Wise. Our signs save the perfidious
28 Creating and resurrecting all and ungrateful person.
of you is just like creating and 33 O men, seek protection with

resurrecting a single soul. Truly, your Lord and fear the Day when
God hears all and observes all. neither will the father be of any
29 Have you not seen that God avail to his son, nor will the son
32:10 Prostration 313
be of any avail to his father. He sends down the rain, and He
Gods promise is surely true. So knows what is in the wombs. No
let not worldly life beguile you, soul knows what it will earn
nor let the Deceiver deceive you tomorrow, and no soul knows in
concerning God. 34 Truly, God what land it will die. Surely, God
alone has knowledge of the Hour. is all knowing, all-aware.

3 2 . P R O S T R AT I O N
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Alif Lam Mim heaven to earth. Then all will
again ascend to Him on a Day
This Book has beyond all doubt whose length is a thousand years
been revealed by the Lord of the by the way you measure. 6 Such
Universe. 3 Do they say, He has is the Knower of the unseen and
invented it himself.? No indeed! the visible, the Powerful, the
It is the truth from your Lord to Merciful, 7 who gave everything
warn a people to whom, before its perfect form. He originated
you, no warner came, so that the creation of man from clay,
hopefully they may be rightly then He made his progeny from
guided. an extract of a humble fluid.
4 9
It was God who created the Then He moulded him; He
heavens and the earth and breathed His Spirit into him; He
whatsoever is in between in six gave you hearing, sight, and
Days, and then He established hearts. How seldom you are
Himself on the throne. You have grateful!
no patron nor any intercessor 10 They say, When we are lost

besides Him. So will you not pay in the earth, how can we then be
heed? 5 He directs all affairs from recreated? Indeed, they deny
314 The Quran 32:11
they will ever meet their Lord. of what We have provided them
Say, The Angel of Death who with. 17 No soul knows what joy
has been given charge of you is kept hidden in store for them
will gather in your souls. Then as a reward for their labours.
you will [all] be returned to your 18 So, is someone who believes

Lord. 12 If only you could see equal to someone who defies

the evil-doers hanging their heads God? No, they are not equal.
in shame before their Lord, Our Those who believe and do
Lord, we have seen and we have good deeds shall be lodged in
heard, so send us back again and the Gardens of Paradise as a
we will act rightly. For we do reward for what they have done.
indeed now believe. 13 Yet had 20As for those who defy God,

We so willed, We could indeed their home shall be the Fire.

have imposed Our guidance upon Whenever they try to escape it,
every human being: but My word they shall be driven back into it,
shall come true: I will fill Hell and they shall be told, Taste the
with jinns and men all together. torment of the Fire, which you
14 We shall say to them, Taste have persistently denied. 21 And
thisfor you forgot you would most surely We will make them
ever meet this Day. We too taste a lesser punishment before
will forget youtaste the the greater punishment, so that
chastisement of Eternity for your perhaps they may return to Us in
[evil] deeds! 15 The people who repentance. 22 Who does greater
truly believe in Our messages wrong than someone who, when
are those who fall to the ground revelations of his Lord are recited
in prostration when they are to him, turns away from them?
reminded of them, and glorify We shall inflict retribution on
their Lord with praise and are the guilty.
not arrogant. 16 They forsake their 23 We gave Moses the
beds, calling upon their Lord in Scriptureso [Muhammad] do
fear and in hope, and spend out not doubt that you are receiving
33:4 The Confederates 315
itjust as We made it a guide 27 Have they not seen that We
for the Children of Israel. 24 We drive the water to the barren
appointed leaders from among land and produce thereby
them, guiding by Our command crops of which their cattle
when they were steadfast and and they themselves eat? Will
when they had firm faith in Our they not then see? 28 And they
signs. 25 Surely your Lord will say, When will this judgement
judge between them on the Day come, if you are telling the truth?
of Resurrection concerning that 29 Say, On the Day of Judgement

wherein they used to differ. it will be of no benefit to

26 Does it not guide them [to see] those who were bent on
how many generations We denying the truth, if they [then]
destroyed before them, among believe! They will be granted no
whose ruined dwellings they now respite. 30 So turn away from
walk about? There truly are signs them and wait. They too
in thiswill they not listen? are waiting.

3 3 . T H E C O N F E D E R AT E S
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
1 O Prophet, have fear of God in any mans body, nor has He
and do not yield to those who made your wivesfrom whom
deny the truth and the hypocrites. you keep away by saying, Be as
God is all-knowing and all-wise. my mothers backyour [real]
2 Follow what is revealed to you mothers, neither He has made
from your Lord. God is aware of your adopted sons as your own
all that you do. 3 Put your trust sons. These are merely words
in God; God is sufficient as a which you utter with your
Guardian. mouths: but God speaks the truth
God has not placed two hearts and gives guidance to the right
316 The Quran 33:5
path. 5 Call them after their own the truth, He has prepared a
fathers; that is closer to justice in woeful punishment.
the sight of God. If you do not 9 You who have attained to

know their fathers, regard them faith, remember Gods blessings

as your brothers in faith and your upon you when mighty armies
protgs. You will not be blamed massed against you. We sent a
if you make a mistake, you will violent wind against them and
be held accountable only for hosts that you could not see. God
what in your hearts you have sees all that you do. 10 When
done intentionally. God is they came against you both from
forgiving and merciful. above you and from below you,
6 The Prophet has a higher your eyes rolled [with fear] and
claim on the believers than [they your hearts leapt up to your
have on] their own selves, and throats, and you entertained [ill]
his wives are their mothers. thoughts about God. 11 There the
Blood relatives are closer to one faithful were put to the proof
another in Gods Book than are and they were shaken as if by an
believers and the Emigrants earthquake.
except that you want to show The hypocrites and people
your friends a kindness. That is with sickness in their hearts said,
decreed in the Book. God and His Messenger have
7 We took a solemn pledge promised us nothing but
from the prophets, from you delusions. 13 Others said,
and Noah, Abraham, Moses People of Yathrib, you cannot
and Jesus, the son of Mary withstand [the enemy] here: so
We took a solemn pledge go back! Yet others asked leave
from all of them. 8 So that God of the Prophet, saying, Our
might ask those men of truth as houses are exposed and
to [what response] their [defenceless]. They were in truth
truthfulness [had received on not exposed: they only wished to
earth]. But for those who deny flee. 14 If their town had been
33:23 The Confederates 317
stormed, and they had been has foiled their actions. This is
incited to sedition, they would indeed easy for God. 20 They
have rebelled with little thought the confederate tribes
hesitation. 15 They had already would never withdraw. Indeed,
vowed before God that they if the confederates should come
would never turn their backs: again, they would prefer to be in
and a vow made to God must be the desert, among the Bedouins.
answered for. 16 Say, Flight shall There they would ask news of
not avail you: if you manage to you [from a distance]. But if
escape from death or killing, you they were with you, they would
will enjoy life only for a short take very little part in the fighting.
while.a 17 Say, Who is there to 21 You have indeed in the

shield you from God if He wishes Prophet of God a good example

to harm you? If God wishes to for those of you who look to God
show you mercy, who can prevent and the Last Day, and remember
Him. Besides God they shall God always. 22 When the
find none to protect them, and believers saw the confederates,
none to bring them succour. they said, This is what God and
God knows exactly who His Messenger have promised
among you hold the others back, us. Surely the promise of God
who say to their brethren, Come and His Messenger has come
over to our side, and they seldom true. It served to increase them
take part in the fighting. in faith and submission.
19 Begrudging you all help, but 23 Among the believers there are

when danger comes, you can see men who have been true to the
them looking at you with rolling pledge they made with God.
eyes as if in their death throes; Among them are such as have
but once their fear has passed, fulfilled their vow, and some
they come to you and do glib-
talking in their greed for wealth. a See pages xiv to xvii of the
Such men have no faith, so God Introduction.
318 The Quran 33:24
who [still] wait, without having and the abode of the Hereafter,
changed [their resolve] in the then know that God has prepared
least. 24 God will surely reward a great reward for those of you
the truthful for their truthfulness who do good deeds. 30 Wives of
and punish the hypocrites, if He the Prophet! Any one of you who
so wishes, or He may accept commits a flagrant act of
their repentance, for God is misconduct shall be doubly
forgiving and merciful. punished. That is easy enough
25 God turned back those who for God.
denied the truth in their rage, But those of you who obey
without their having gained any God and His Messenger and do
advantage. God was enough to good deeds, shall be doubly
[protect] the believers in battle. rewarded. For them We have
God is strong and all-powerful. made an excellent provision.
26 32
He brought down from their Wives of the Prophet, you are
strongholds those People of the not like any other women. If you
Book who supported the fear God, do not be too soft-
aggressors and filled their hearts spoken in case the ill-intentioned
with terror. Some of them you should feel tempted. Speak in an
killed and others you took appropriate manner.
captive. 27 He made you heirs to 33
Stay in your homes and do
their lands, and their houses, and not flaunt your charms as in the
their possessions and lands on former times of ignorance.
which you had not set foot before. Attend to your prayers, pay the
God has power over all things. zakat and obey God and His
28 O Prophet, say to your wives, Messenger. Women of the
If you seek the life of this world [Prophets] Household, God
and all its finery then come, I seeks only to remove all impurity
will make provision for you, and from you, and to make you
release you honourably. 29 But if completely pure. 34 Bear in mind
you seek God and His Messenger all that is recited in your homes
33:43 The Confederates 319
of the revelations of God and of were afraid of people, whereas it
wisdom. God is all pervading would have been more proper to
and all aware. fear God. When Zayd divorced
Surely, for men and women his wife, We gave her to you in
who have surrendered [to God] marriage, so that there should be
believing men and believing no restriction on believers
women, obedient men and marrying the spouses of their
obedient women, truthful men adopted sons when they
and truthful women, patient men have divorced them. The
and patient women, humble men commandment of God must be
and humble women, charitable fulfilled. 38 No blame shall be
men and charitable women, attached to the Prophet for doing
fasting men and fasting women, what is sanctioned for him by
men and women who guard their God. This was Gods way with
chastity, men and women who those who went before him
are ever mindful of GodGod and the command of God is a
is ready with forgiveness and an decree determined. 39 Those who
immense reward. 36 It is not conveyed Gods messages and
fitting for a believing man or fear Him only: God suffices as a
woman to exercise any choice in reckoner. 40 Muhammad is not
his or her own affairs once God the father of any of your men,
and His Messenger have reached but is Gods Messenger and the
a decision upon them. Anyone seal of the Prophets. God has
who disobeys God and His knowledge of all things.
Messenger is in manifest error. Believers, remember God
37 You said to the man who often. 42 Glorify Him morning
had been favoured by God and and evening. 43 It is He who
by you, Keep your wife to sends blessings to you, as do His
yourself and have fear of God. angels, so that He may bring you
You sought to hide in your heart out of the darkness into the light.
what God wished to reveal. You He is most merciful to the
320 The Quran 33:44
believers. 44 On the Day they hand possesses from among the
meet Him, they will be welcomed captives of war whom God has
with the greeting, Peace! He bestowed upon you. and [We
has prepared an honourable have made lawful to you] the
reward for them. daughters of your paternal uncles
O Prophet, We have sent and aunts, and the daughters of
forth you as a witness, as a your maternal uncles and aunts,
bearer of good news and a warner. who have migrated with you;
46 As one who calls people to and any believing woman who
God by His leave, and guides gives herself to the Prophet,
them like a shining light. provided the Prophet wants to
47 Convey to the believers the marry her. This applies only to
good news that God has you and not to the rest of the
bounteous blessings in store for believers. We know what We
them. 48 Do not yield to those have prescribed for them
who deny the truth and the concerning their wives and those
hypocrites: ignore their hurtful whom their right hands may
talk. Put your trust in God; God possess, in order that there may
is your all sufficient guardian. be no blame on you. God is most
49 Believers, if you marry forgiving, most merciful.
believing women, and divorce You may defer [the turn of]
them before the marriage is any of them that you please, and
consummated, you are not you may receive any you please:
required to observe a waiting and there is no blame on you if
period: make provision for them you invite one whose [turn] you
and release them in an have set aside. That is more
honourable way. proper, so that their eyes may be
50 Prophet, We have made cooled, and so that they may not
lawful for you the wives to whom grieve, and so that they will be
you have given their dowers, as satisfied with what you have
well as those whom your right given them. God knows what is
33:59 The Confederates 321
in your hearts; and God is all reveal anything or hide it, God is
knowing, and forbearing. 52 It is aware of everything.
not lawful for you to marry more 55 There shall be no blame on

women after this, nor to change them for appearing before their
them for other wives, even fathers, their sons, their brothers,
though their beauty may please their brothers sons, their sisters
you, except any that your right sons, their women or those whom
hand possesses. God is watchful their right hands may possess.
over all things. Women, fear God. God observes
Believers, do not enter the all things.
houses of the Prophet, unless 56 God and His angels bestow

you are invited for a meal. Do blessings on the Prophet. O

not linger until a meal is ready. believers, you also should invoke
When you are invited enter and blessings on him and give him
when you have taken your meal, greetings of peace. 57 Those who
depart. Do not stay on, indulging annoy God and His Messenger
in conversation. Doing that shall be cursed by God in this
causes annoyance to the Prophet, world and in the Hereafter.
though he is too reticent to tell God has prepared for them
you so, but God is not reticent a humiliating punishment.
with the truth. When you ask Those who affront believing
[the wives of the Prophet] for men and believing women
anything, ask them from behind without their having deserved it
a curtain. That will be purer for [done any wrong] shall bear the
your hearts as well as their hearts. weight of slander and flagrant
It is not right for you to cause sin.
annoyance to the Messenger of 59 O Prophet! Tell your wives

God or for you ever to marry his and your daughters and wives of
wives after him. Indeed that the believers that they should
would be an enormity in the draw over themselves some of
sight of God. 54 Whether you their outer garments [when in
322 The Quran 33:60
public], so as to be recognized but they led us away from the
and not harmed. God is most right path. 68 Our Lord, give them
forgiving and most merciful. 60 If double punishment and curse
the hypocrites and those who them with a mighty curse.
have tainted hearts and the 69 Believers, do not behave like

scandal mongers of Madinah do those who slandered Moses. God

not desist, We shall surely give cleared him of their allegations.
you authority over them and their He was honourable in the sight
days in that city will be of God. 70 Believers, fear God,
numbered. 61 Accursed, wherever and say the right word. 71 He will
they are found, they will be bless your works for you and
seized and killed.a 62 Such has forgive you your sins. Whoever
been Gods way with those who obeys God and His Messenger
have gone before them. You shall has indeed achieved a great
find no change in the ways of God. success.
63 People will ask you about 72 We offered the Trust to the

the Hour. Say, God alone has heavens and the earth and the
knowledge of it. Who knows? mountains, but they refused to
The Hour may well be near at bear it, because they were afraid
hand. 64 God has rejected those of it. But man bore it: he surely
who deny the truth and prepared proved unjust and ignorant.
for them a blazing Fire. 65 There 73 God will punish the hypocrites,

they will live forever, and they both men and women, and
will find therein neither friend polytheists, both men and
nor helper. 66 On the Day when women, but God will turn in His
their faces are turned over in the mercy to believing men and
Fire, they shall say: Oh, would believing women; God is most
that we had obeyed God, and forgiving and most merciful.
obeyed the Messenger! 67 They
shall say, Our Lord, we paid a See pages xiv to xvii of the
heed to our leaders and our elders, Introduction.

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Praise be to God, to whom torment. 6 Those who have been
belongs all that the heavens and given knowledge know that what
the earth contain and praise be to has been revealed to you from
Him in the Hereafter. He is the your Lord is the truth, and that it
All Wise, the All Aware. 2 He guides to the path of the
knows whatever goes into the Almighty, the Praiseworthy.
earth and whatever comes forth 7 Those who deny the truth

from it, and whatever descends say, Shall we point out to you a
from heaven and whatever man who will tell you that when
ascends into it. He is the you are broken up into particles,
Merciful, the Forgiving. you will be put together again in
Those who deny the truth a new creation? 8 Has he invented
declare, The Hour will never a lie about God, or is he afflicted
come upon us. Say, Yes, by my with madness? Indeed no. It is
Lord, it will surely come upon those who do not believe in the
you! Who knows the unseen. Hereafter who will suffer torment,
Not the smallest particle in the for they have strayed far into
heavens or the earth, or anything error. 9 Do they not observe how
less or greater than that escapes they are encompassed by what is
Him; all is recorded in an open before them and what is behind
Book. 4 He will surely reward them in heaven and on earth? We
those who believe and do good could, if We pleased, cause the
deeds: they shall have earth to swallow them up, or
forgiveness and an honourable cause a piece of the sky to fall
provision. 5 But those who strive upon them. In that certainly there
against Our signs, trying to defeat is a sign for every servant of
them, will suffer a painful Ours who turns to us.
324 The Quran 34:10
10 We bestowed upon David a worm from the earth,
great favour. We said, O which was eating away at his
mountains and birds! Join with cane. When he fell down, the
him in celebrating Our praise. jinn plainly realized that if
We softened iron for him, saying, they had known what was
Make full-length coats of unseen, they would not have
mail, measuring the links well. had to continue with such
And do righteous deeds. Surely, humiliating labour.
I see all that you do. 15 For the people of Sheba
We subjected the wind to there was a sign in their
Solomon; its morning course was homeland: two gardens, one on
a month and its evening course a the right hand and the other on
month; and We caused a fount of the left. We said to them: Eat
molten copper to flow for him. what your Lord has provided for
And of the jinn there were some you, and be grateful. You have a
who worked under him, by the good land and a Lord most
command of his Lord. If any one forgiving. 16 Yet they turned
of them turned away from Our away [from the truth]. So We let
command, We would make him loose on them a flood from the
taste the punishment of the dam and replaced their two
burning fire. 13 They made for gardens by two others bearing
him whatever he desired: palaces bitter fruits, tamarisks, and a few
and statues, basins like lote trees. 17 We requited them in
reservoirs, and large cooking that way because of their
vessels fixed in their places. We ingratitude. We requite no one in
said, Give thanks, house of that way but the ungrateful.
David, for few of My servants 18 We had placed between them

are truly grateful. and the towns that We had

14 When We decreed Solomons blessed, other towns situated close
death, nothing indicated his to each other, and We fixed the
death to them except stages [of journey] between them,
34:30 Sheba 325
saying, Travel between them in to whom permission is granted,
safety by night and day, 19 but What has your Lord said? They
they said, Our Lord! Make the will answer, The truth. He is the
stages of our journeys longer. Most High, the Supreme One.
Thus they wronged themselves 24 Ask them, Who provides

and We made them bygone tales sustenance for you from the
and scattered them throughout heavens and the earth? Say, It
the land. There are certainly signs is God; either you or we are
in that for everyone who is rightly guided or in manifest
steadfast and thankful. error. 25 Say to them, You will
20 Satan was correct in his not be called to account for our
assessment of them and they all sins and we shall not be called to
followed himexcept for a band account for what you do. 26 Tell
of true believers21 but he had them, Our Lord will gather us
no authority over them; We only together; then He will judge
desired to distinguish those who between us with truth and justice.
believed in the Hereafter from He is the Just Decider, the All
those who were in doubt Knowing. 27 Say to them, Show
concerning it. Your Lord is me those whom you have joined
watchful over all things. with Him as partners. No indeed!
Call upon those whom you For He alone is God, the Mighty
set up beside God! They possess One, the Wise One.
not an atoms weight either in We have sent you as a bearer
the heavens or on the earth, nor of glad tidings and a warner
have they any share in either, nor for the whole of mankind,
has He any helpers among them. but most people have no
23 No intercession avails with knowledge. 29 They ask, When
Him, except on the part of one to will this promise be fulfilled,
whom He grants permission. if you are truthful? 30 Say,
When their hearts are relieved of A Day has already been
fear, they will enquire from those appointed for you which you can
326 The Quran 34:31
neither delay nor advance by a 34 For it has been thus
single moment. whenever We sent a warner to
31 Those who deny the truth any community. Its affluent ones
say, We shall believe neither in said, We reject what you have
this scripture nor in [any] that been sent with. 35 They say, We
[came] before it. Could you but have more wealth and children;
see when the wrongdoers will be and we are surely not going to be
made to stand before their Lord, punished. 36 Say to them, My
casting blame on one another! Lord increases the provision for
Those who had been weak will whoever He pleases and
say to the arrogant ones, Had it decreases it for whoever He
not been for you, we should pleases; but most people do not
certainly have been believers! know it. 37 It is not your wealth
32 The haughty ones will then or your children that will confer
reply to the weak ones, Did we on you nearness to Us. It is those
keep you away from the guidance who believe and act righteously
when it came to you? Indeed not. who will be doubly rewarded for
You yourselves were the guilty their good deeds, and will dwell
ones. 33 Those deemed weak will in peace in the high pavilions [of
say to those deemed great, No, paradise], 38 while those who
it was your scheming night and strive to thwart Our messages,
day when you commanded us to seeking to defeat their purpose,
reject God and assign equals to shall be summoned to
Him. But they will show their punishment. 39 Say to them, It is
remorse when they see the my Lord who increases the
punishment. We will put iron provision for such of His servants
collars round the necks of those as He pleases, and decreases it
who had been bent on denying for such of them as He pleases.
the truth. They will be requited Whatever you spend, He will
only in proportion to their recompense you for it. He is the
misdeeds. best of providers.
34:50 Sheba 327
40 On the Day when He gathers truth. These have not attained to
them all together, He will ask the one tenth of the power that We
angels, Was it you that these had bestowed upon the earlier
people worshipped? 41 They will people. But they rejected My
say, Glory be to You! You are messengers. Then how terrible,
our protector, not them. Indeed was My chastisement!
no! They worshipped the jinn; it 46 Say to them, I exhort you to

was in them that most of them do one thing: and that is to stand
believed. 42 Today you possess up before God in pairs, or singly,
no power to benefit or harm one and then reflect. You will thus
another. We shall say to the realize that your companion is
wrongdoers, Suffer the not afflicted with madness. He is
punishment of the Fire that you only a warner, warning you of an
persistently denied. impending severe chastisement.
43 47
Whenever Our messages are Say, If I have asked you for
conveyed to them in all their any recompense, you can keep it.
clarity, they say, This It is God alone who will reward
[Muhammad] is nothing but a me: He is the witness of all things.
man who wants to turn you away Say to them, My Lord hurls
from what your forefathers forth the Truth [at falsehood]
worshipped. And they say, This and He is the knower of hidden
[Quran] is nothing but an things. 49 Say to them, The Truth
invented falsehood. And they has come and will endure.
who are bent on denying the Falsehood has no power to
truth speak thus of the truth originate any good, nor to
when it comes to them, This is reproduce it. 50 Affirm, If I am
clearly nothing but plain sorcery! in error, I shall carry the burden
44 We had not given them books thereof; and if I am rightly guided,
to study, nor have We sent them it is because of what my Lord has
a warner before you. 45 Their revealed to me. Truly, He is all-
predecessors also rejected the hearing and near at hand.
328 The Quran 34:51
51 If you could only see when had rejected it before, while they
those who denied the truth are indulged in conjectures from far
terrified, and there is no way out, away. 54 And between them
and they are seized from a place and their desires a barrier shall
nearby; 52 then they will say, We be placed as was done in the
now believe in Him. But how past with people of their
will they attain to faith, having ilk; for they were indeed in
gone so far away from it? 53 They disquieting doubt.

3 5 . T H E C R E AT O R

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 All praise be to God, Creator of earth? There is no God save
the heavens and the earth, who Him. How then are you turned
made the angels His messengers, away from the truth. 4 If they
with wingstwo, or three, or reject you, other messengers have
four pairs. He adds to His creation been rejected before you. To
whatever He wills; for God has God all affairs will be returned.
the power to will anything. 2 No 5 O Men. The promise of God

one can withhold the blessings is true.a Let not the life of this
God bestows upon people, nor
can anyone apart from Him a Sudden death, the upheaval of

bestow whatever He withholds: earthquakes and other such incidents

He is the Almighty, the Wise shake a mans composure. These, in
One. fact, remind one of Doomsday, before
3 People, remember Gods its actual occurrence. But, Satan
immediately diverts the attention of
favour to you. Is there any creator the people by saying that these events
other than God who provides for have natural causes and are not due to
you from the heavens and the any divine intervention.
35:13 The Creator 329
world deceive you, nor let the righteous deeds are exalted by
Deceiver deceive you about God. Him. Those who plot evil deeds
6 Surely Satan is your enemy: so shall be sternly punished and
treat him as an enemy: he calls their plotting will come to
on his followers only so that they nothing. 11 God has created you
should become inmates of the from dust, then from a drop of
burning Fire. 7 Those who are semen and then divided you into
bent on denying the truth will pairs; no female conceives or
have a severe punishment, while gives birth without His
those who believe and do good knowledge; and no ones life is
deeds will have forgiveness and prolonged or shortened, but it is
a great reward. recorded in a Book. That surely
Is he whose evil deeds are is easy for God.
made alluring to him so that he 12 The two seas are not alike.

looks upon them as good, [equal The one is sweet, thirst-

to the man who is rightly quenching, and pleasant to drink
guided]? God leaves to stray from, while the other is salty and
whom He wills, and guides bitter. Yet from each you eat
whom He wills. Do not destroy fresh fish and extract ornaments
yourself with grief for them. to wear, and in each you see the
God has full knowledge of all ships ploughing through the
their actions. waves so that you may seek His
It is God who sends forth the bounty and so that you may feel
winds so that they raise up the thankful. 13 He makes the night
clouds. We drive them to a dead pass into the day and He makes
land, and by them bring the earth the day pass into the night. He
to life after its death. Such is the has subjected the sun and the
Resurrection. 10 If anyone seeks moon, each running for an
glory, let him know that glory appointed term. Such is God,
belongs to God alone. Good your Lord: His is the kingdom.
words ascend to Him and Those whom you invoke besides
330 The Quran 35:14
Him do not own so much as the are not equal, 20 nor are the
skin of a date stone; 14 if you darkness and the light; 21 shade
invoke them, they do not hear and heat are not alike, 22 nor are
your call; and even if they could the living and the dead. God
hear, they would not respond to causes whom He will to hear
you. And on the Day of Him, but you cannot make those
Resurrection they will disown who are in their graves hear you.
your having associated them with You are but a warner24 We
God. No one can tell you [the have sent you with the truth as a
Truth] like the One who is all bearer of good news and a
knowing. warnerthere is no community
15 O men! It is you who stand to which a warner has not come.
in need of GodGod is self- If they reject you, so did their
sufficient, and praiseworthy predecessors. Messengers came
if He so wished, He could take to them with clear signs, with
you away and replace you with a scriptures, and with the
new creation; 17 that is not enlightening Book, 26 but in the
difficult for God. 18 No burden- end I seized those who were bent
bearer shall bear anothers on denying the truth and how
burden, and if some over-laden terrible was My punishment.
soul should call out for someone Did you not see how God
else to carry his load, not the sent down water from the sky
least portion of it will be borne with which We bring forth fruit
for him, even though he were a of diverse colours. In the
near relative. You can only warn mountains there are streaks of
those who fear their Lord in the various shades of white and red,
unseen, and pray regularly. and jet-black rocks; 28 in like
Anyone who purifies himself manner, men, beasts, and cattle
will benefit greatly from doing have their diverse hues too. Only
so. To God all shall return. those of His servants, who
19 The blind and the sighted possess knowledge, fear God.
35:39 The Creator 331
God is almighty and most Our Lord is forgiving and
forgiving. appreciative. 35 Through His
29 Those who read the Book of grace He has admitted us to the
God and attend to their prayers everlasting Abode, where neither
and spend in charity in private toil nor weariness affects us.
and in public out of what We Those who deny the truth
have provided them, may hope shall remain in the fire of Hell.
for a commerce that suffers no Death will not be decreed for
loss. 30 He will give them their them, so that they could escape
full rewards and give them more by way of death, nor will its
out of His bounty. He is forgiving torment ever be eased for them.
and appreciative. 31 The Book Thus do We requite every
which We have revealed to you ungrateful person. 37 There they
is the truth confirming previous will cry out, Lord, take us out!
scriptures. God knows and We shall do good deeds, and
observes His servants. behave differently from the way
We have bestowed the Book we used to. But He will answer,
on those of Our servants whom Did We not make your life long
We have chosen. Some wrong enough to take warning if you
their own souls, some keep half- were going to? The warner did
way [between right and wrong]; come to you. So now have a taste
some, by Gods leave, excel of the punishment. Wrongdoers
others in good deeds. This is a will have no supporter.
great bounty of God: 33 they 38 God knows the hidden

shall enter the Gardens of reality of the heavens and the

Eternity, where they shall be earth. He has full knowledge of
adorned with bracelets of gold what is in the hearts of men; 39 it
and pearls, and wear silk is He who has made you inherit
garments. 34 They will say, the earth. He who denies Him
Praise be to God who has taken shall bear the burden of his
away all sorrow from us. denial. Gods displeasure with
332 The Quran 35:40
the deniers will only be increased looking for the way the previous
by their denial of the truth, it will peoples [sinners] were dealt
only increase their loss.a with? You will never find any
Say, Have you ever change in the ways of God; nor
considered your associate gods will you ever find Gods decree
whom you call on besides God? averted. 44 Have they not travelled
Show me what it is that they around the earth and seen the fate
have created on earth. Or have of those who preceded them?
they a share in the creation of the And they were far superior to
heavens? Or have We given them in strength. Nothing in the
them a book so that they may act heavens or the earth can ever
on evidence from it? Indeed, the frustrate Gods [plans]. He is all-
wrongdoers promises to one knowing and all powerful.
another are nothing but deception. 45 If God were to take men to
Surely, God holds the heavens task for their misdeeds, He would
and the earth, lest they should not leave a single living creature
deviate [from their places]. Were on the surface of the earth; but
they to deviate, none could hold He grants them respite until an
them after Him. Surely, He is appointed time; and when their
forbearing and most forgiving. appointed time comes, then they
They swore their most will know that God is indeed
solemn oaths that if a warner observant of all His servants.
should ever come to them, they
would be better guided than any a In this verse, being given the earth
other community. But when a to inherit (khalifah) means that after
warner did come to them, it only the advent of the previous nations,
increased their aversion, 43 and you were settled on the earth in their
they behaved arrogantly in the place. It is the way of Almighty God
that He allows a nation the opportunity
land and plotted evil. But the to settle and make progress on the earth.
plotting of evil only rebounds on Then, when it proves itself incapable,
those who plot. Are they but He replaces it by another nation.
3 6 . YA S I N

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

1 Ya Sin news of forgiveness and a noble
2 By the Quran, full of wisdom, 12 We shall surely bring the
you are indeed one of the dead back to life and We record
messengers 4 on a straight path, what they send ahead and what
with a revelation sent down by they leave behind. We have
the Mighty One, the Merciful, recorded everything in a clear
so that you may warn a people book.
whose fathers were not warned 13 Recount to them the example

and so they are unaware. of the people to whose town Our

7 The word has been proved messengers came. 14 When We
true against the greater part of sent them two messengers, they
them: they will not believe. 8 We rejected them both, so We
have put yokes round their necks strengthened them with a third.
right up to their chins, so that They said, Truly, we have
they cannot bow their heads 9 and been sent to you [by God] as
We have set a barrier before messengers. 15 They replied,
them and a barrier behind them, You are nothing but mortal men
and We have covered them up so like us and the Merciful God has
that they cannot see. 10 It makes not revealed anything. You are
no difference to them whether surely lying. 16 They said, Our
you warn them or do not warn Lord knows that we have been
them: they will not believe. sent to you. 17 And our duty is
11 You can warn only those who only to convey the message to
would follow the Reminder you clearly, 18 but they answered,
and fear the Gracious God, We see an evil omen in you. If
unseen. Give them the good you do not stop, we shall certainly
334 The Quran 36:19
stone you, and you will suffer a down against his people a host
painful punishment at our hands. from heaven, nor do We send
19 They said, Your evil augury down such hosts: 29 it was but
be with you! Is it because you are one great blast and they fell
admonished about the truth? down lifeless. 30 Alas for human
Surely, you are a people beings! They ridicule every
transgressing all bounds! messenger that comes to them.
20 31
Then, from the furthest part Do they not see how many
of the city, a man came running. generations We have destroyed
He said, My people, follow the before them? Never shall they
messengers. 21 Follow those who return to them. 32 All of them,
ask no recompense of you and gathered together, will certainly
are rightly guided. be brought before Us.
22 Why should I not worship 33 There is a sign for them in

Him who has brought me into the lifeless earth. We revive it

being, and to whom you shall all and We produce grain from it of
be recalled? 23 Shall I take others which they eat. 34 We have placed
besides Him as gods? If the in it gardens of date palms and
Gracious God should intend me vines, and caused springs to gush
any harm, their intercession will [forth] from it, 35 so that they
be of no avail, nor can they may eat its fruit, though it was
deliver me. 24 In that case I should not their hands that made this.
indeed be in manifest error. Will they not then be grateful?
25 Indeed, I have believed in your 36 Holy is He who created all

Lord, so listen to me. 26 We said things in pairs; of what the earth

to him, Enter paradise, and he grows, and of themselves, and
exclaimed: Would that my other things which they do not
people knew 27 how my Lord has know.
forgiven me and placed me 37 They have a sign in the

among the honoured ones! night: We withdraw from it the

28 After him We did not send [light of] dayand they are left
36:56 Ya Sin 335
in darkness. 38 The sun, too, provided for you, those who are
follows its determined course bent on denying the truth say to
laid down for it by the Almighty, the believers, Why should we
the All Knowing. 39 We have feed those whom God could
ordained phases for the moon feed if He wanted? You are
until finally it becomes like an clearly in error!
old date-stalk. 40 The sun cannot 48 They say, When will this

overtake the moon, nor can the promise be fulfilled, if you are
night outpace the day: each floats truthful? 49 They must be waiting
in [its own] orbit. for but one single blast, which
41 Another sign for them is will overtake them while they
that We carried their offspring in are still disputing. 50 They will
the laden Ark. 42 We have created have no time to make a will, nor
for them the like of it in which shall they return to their own
they ride. 43 If it were Our will, people. 51 The trumpet will be
We could drown them: then there blown and, at once, they will rise
would be no helper [to hear their up from their graves, and hasten
cry], nor could they be saved. to their Lord. 52 Woe betide us!
It is only by Our mercy that they will