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Comparison between Design of Column Foundation at 2m

Depth & 3m Depth for ILSF Sea Food-Admin Bldg.


From Soil Report, It is given that-

S.B.C. of Soil at 2m Depth = 100 KN/M2

S.B.C. of Soil at 3m Depth = 120 KN/M2

Consider: - Grade of Steel Fe 415, M25 Concrete, Density of Concrete 25 KN/M3

Column C1- For G+2


Max. Eff. Tributary Area = (3.9+2.1) x4 = 24 M2

D.L. of Slab = 24x8.50x3 = 612 KN

D.L. of Beam = (.3x.45x3.9+6x.23x.3)24x3 = 67.7 KN

D.L. of Col. = .35x.45x24x15 = 56.7 KN

D.L. of Wall = 8x.14x20x3x.5x1.9 = 63.84 KN

Total Load on Col. C1 = 800.24 KN

= 800 KN (Say)

Factored Load = 800x1.5 = 1200 KN

Provide Col. Size: - 350x450 mm2

Provide Reinforcement 4-25+4-20 bars

Load Carrying Capacity of Col. Pu, = (2.6805x2+10)350x450/1500

= 1612 KN

Foundation for Col. C1:- For 3m Depth


S.B.C. of Soil at 3m Depth = 120 KN/M2

Col. Load = 800 KN

Wt. of Footing = 80 KN

Total Wt. = 880 KN

Area of Footing = 800/120 = 6.67 m2

Provide, B = 2.5 m & L = 2.7 m


1. Overall Depth:-

a. Shear Punching:-

4qbD = load
4x1.8x350xD = 1.5x800x103
D = 476.19 mm
b. Max. Bending Moment:-

Mxx = 120x2.7x1.0752/2

= 187.21 KNM

Factored Moment,

Muxx = 1.5xMxx = 280.8 KNM

Myy = 120x2.5x1.1252/2

= 189.8 KNM

Factored Moment,

Muyy = 1.5xMyy = 284.77 KNM

Depth at Max. Moment,

d = (284.77x106/0.138 x 20 x 350)1/2

= 543 mm

So Provide,
Overall Depth D = 650 mm

2. Calculation of Reinforcement:-

280.8x106 = 0.87 x 415 x Astxx x 580x0.9

Astxx = 1490 mm2

284.8x106 = 0.87 x 415 x Astyy x 580x0.9

Astyy = 1511 mm2

Provide- 10 @ 130 c/c bothways


Foundation for Col. C1:- For 2m Depth
S.B.C. of Soil at 2m Depth = 100 KN/M2

Col. Load = 800 KN

Wt. of Footing = 80 KN

Total Wt. = 880 KN

Area of Footing = 800/10 = 8.0 m2

Provide, B = 2.75 m & L = 2.9 m

1. Overall Depth:-

a. Shear Punching:-

4qbD = load
4x1.8x350xD = 1.5x800x103
D = 476.19 mm
b. Max. Bending Moment:-

Mxx = 100x2.75x1.1252/2

= 208.8 KNM

Factored Moment,

Muxx = 1.5xMxx = 313.2 KNM

Myy = 100x2.75x1.1252/2

= 206.3 KNM

Factored Moment,

Muyy = 1.5xMyy = 309.5 KNM

Depth at Max. Moment,

d = (313.2x106/0.138 x 20 x 350)1/2

= 569.4 mm

So Provide,

Overall Depth D = 650 mm


2. Calculation of Reinforcement:-

313.2x106 = 0.87 x 415 x Astxx x 580

Astxx = 1496 mm2

309.5x106 = 0.87 x 415 x Astyy x 580

Astyy = 1478 mm2

Provide- 10 @ 130 c/c bothways