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BRITISH STANDARD

Aerials for the reception of sound and television broadcasting in the frequency range 30 MHz to 1 GHz —

Part 1: Specification for electrical and mechanical characteristics

 
 
  UDC 621.396.67
  UDC 621.396.67

UDC 621.396.67

UDC 621.396.67

BS 5640-1:

1978

IEC 597-1:

1977

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BS 5640-1:1978

Cooperating organizations

The Electronic Equipment Standards Committee, under whose direction this British Standard was prepared, consists of representatives from the following Government department and scientific and industrial organizations:

British Broadcasting Corporation* British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers’ Association (BEAMA)

British Radio Equipment Manufacturers’ Association Cable and Wireless Limited

Manufacturers’ Association Cable and Wireless Limited Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Plumbing Union
Manufacturers’ Association Cable and Wireless Limited Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Plumbing Union
Manufacturers’ Association Cable and Wireless Limited Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Plumbing Union

Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Plumbing Union Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales Electronic, Components Industry Federation* Electronic Engineering Association* Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers* Ministry of Defence Post Office* Scientific Instrument Manufacturers’ Association

The organizations marked with an asterisk in the above list, together with the following, were directly represented on the committee entrusted with the preparation of this British Standard

This British Standard, having been prepared under the direction of the Electronic Components Standards Committee, was published under the authority of the Executive Board on 30 November 1978

© BSI 04-2000

The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard:

Committee reference EEL/25 Draft for comment 75/28776 DC

ISBN 0 580 10433 8

Aerial Manufacturers’ Association British Aerial Standards Council Confederation of Aerial Industries Home Office Independent Broadcasting Authority

Amendments issued since publication

Amd. No. Date of issue Comments
Amd. No.
Date of issue
Comments

BS 5640-1:1978

Contents

Cooperating organizations National foreword

Page Inside front cover ii

1 Scope

1

2 Object

1

3 Terminology

1

4 Specification of essential properties of receiving aerials

2

5 IEC type designation

3

6 Type tests

3

7 Approval tests

3

Publication referred to

Inside front cover

tests 3 Publication referred to Inside front cover © BSI 04-2000 Copyright British Standards Institution

© BSI 04-2000

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i

BS 5640-1:1978

National foreword

This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Electronic Equipment Standards Committee. It is identical with Publication 597-1 “Aerials for the reception of sound and television broadcasting in the frequency range 30 MHz to 1 GHz” Part 1 “Electrical and mechanical characteristics”, published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Terminology and conventions. The text of the International Standard has been approved as suitable for publication, without deviation, as a British Standard. Some terminology and certain conventions are not identical with those

and certain conventions are not identical with those used in British Standards; attention is especially drawn

used in British Standards; attention is especially drawn to the following. Wherever the words “publication” and “standard” appear, referring to this standard they should be interpreted as “British Standard”. Reference. The reference to the “International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (I.E.V.)” (IEC 50) in clause 3, for which there is no corresponding British Standard, constitutes informative matter only, and since no mandatory requirements are involved, the validity of this British Standard is not affected. Additional information. In addition to the IEC designation requirements of clause 5, products complying with the requirements of this specification should be identified also with the number of this British Standard. A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.

Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. Summary of pages This document comprises a

Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii, pages 1 to 4, an inside back cover and a back cover. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover.

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ii

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© BSI 04-2000

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BS 5640-1:1978

1

Scope

This standard covers linearly polarized receiving aerials, for domestic use, in the frequency range 30 MHz to 1 GHz.

2 Object

This standard defines and specifies the essential electrical and mechanical properties of aerials for the reception of sound and television broadcasting.

3 Terminology

Terminology is in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (I.E.V.), with the following additional definitions which do not appear therein.

3.1 Receiving aerial

That part of a radio receiving system which effects conversion between intercepted electromagnetic waves and guided radio frequency currents or fields in an associated transmission line.

NOTE

matching devices, baluns and integral active equipment.

It includes also those parts of the transmission line, supporting structure and other components which influence aerial performance by virtue of proximity, where they form part of the assembly as supplied or as required for the installation. These can be excluded from the specification if agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.

3.1.1

active receiving aerial

an aerial which incorporates an active device as an integral part essential for its proper functioning

3.2

aerial gain

the ratio, in decibels, of the power delivered to the resistive load, specified as indicated in Sub-clause 4.1, when the aerial is optimally orientated in the uniform field of a plane linearly polarized electromagnetic wave, to the power available from a correctly terminated half-wave dipole optimally orientated in the same wave field

This definition will normally include any impedance

NOTE

relative to an isotropic aerial. The gain of a half-wave dipole compared with an isotropic aerial is theoretically 2.15 dB.

unless otherwise specified, the figure expressing the gain of an aerial refers to the gain in the direction of the main lobe. When the aerial has been designed to receive from a direction other than that of the main lobe, the direction for which the gain is given shall always be stated the type of reference aerial, and whether the gain is expressed as a numerical ratio or in decibels, shall be clearly indicated

The gain of an aerial can also be expressed as the gain

The gain of an aerial can also be expressed as the gain 3.3 directivity protection the
The gain of an aerial can also be expressed as the gain 3.3 directivity protection the
The gain of an aerial can also be expressed as the gain 3.3 directivity protection the

3.3

directivity protection

the ratio, in decibels, of maximum forward gain to the maximum minor lobe gain

3.4

cross-polarization protection

the ratio, in decibels, of the power received from a wave linearly polarized in the designed plane of polarization, to the power received from an orthogonally polarized wave of the same amplitude

3.5

beamwidth

angular width of the major lobe in both E and H planes respectively, between points at which the gain is 3 dB below its maximum value

3.6 Bandwidth

The extent of a continuous range of frequencies over which an aerial characteristic or performance parameter conforms to a specified value.

3.6.1

gain bandwidth

the frequency range over which the aerial gain does not vary by more than a specified amount

3.6.2

directivity protection bandwidth

the frequency range over which directivity protection does not fall below a specified value

3.6.3

impedance bandwidth

the frequency range over which changes in aerial terminal impedance do not increase the magnitude of the reflection coefficient or the standing wave ratio (SWR) at the aerial terminal above a specified amount

3.6.4

cross-polarization protection bandwidth

the frequency range over which cross-polarization protection does not fall below a specified value

3.6.5

operating bandwidth

the frequency range over which the specified gain, directivity protection, impedance and, when required, cross-polarization protection are all maintained within specified limits

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1

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BS 5640-1:1978

3.7

power surface density

power transmitted per unit area of a surface normal to the direction of propagation of a plane electromagnetic wave. It is expressed in watts per square metre as a function of the electric field

3.15

aerial impedance

the impedance at the terminal device

3.16

reflection coefficient

if the characteristic impedance of the aerial

strength in volts per metre, by the following

equation:

strength in volts per metre, by the following equation: transmission line is equal to Z o
strength in volts per metre, by the following equation: transmission line is equal to Z o

transmission line is equal to Z o and the aerial impedance is equal to transmission line is equal to Z o Z a , the reflection coefficient r is given Z a , the reflection coefficient r transmission line is equal to Z o and the aerial impedance is equal to Z a is given by:

to Z a , the reflection coefficient r is given by: Z o shall be equal

Z o shall be equal to the resistive load, according to Sub-clause 4.1

3.17

return loss ratio (RLR)

the reciprocal of the magnitude of the reflection coefficient, expressed in dB and given by the formula:

coefficient, expressed in dB and given by the formula: 3.18 standing wave ratio (SWR) the ratio

3.18

standing wave ratio (SWR)

the ratio of the maximum to the minimum voltage in

a loss-less line of characteristic impedance Z o

connected to the aerial. It is related to the reflection coefficient r by the formula:

is related to the reflection coefficient r by the formula: 3.19 feeder pick-up transfer of signal

3.19

feeder pick-up

transfer of signal power in the outer surface of the outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line, or unbalanced signal power in the conductors of a symmetrical transmission line, through an aerial terminal device into the transmission line as an interfering signal component

4 Specification of essential properties of receiving aerials

To ensure uniformity, and conformity with standardized specifications for aerial construction and performance, the following properties shall be included, where necessary, in specification sheets.

4.1 Resistive load

NOTE

impedance of the aerial transmission line.

4.2 Bandwidth

4.2.1 Gain bandwidth

4.2.2 Directivity protection bandwidth

This will be equal to the nominal characteristic

bandwidth This will be equal to the nominal characteristic 3.8 terminal device means for providing connection

3.8

terminal device

means for providing connection between aerial and feeder

3.9

wind load

horizontal forces acting on the support mast caused by the wind resistance of the aerial

3.10

ice load

additional load on the aerial and supporting structure due to ice

3.11

type tests

tests made by the manufacturer on random selected samples to verify that the type of aerial meets the required performance specification

3.12

approval tests

tests made by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer for approval purposes

3.13

transfer standard aerial

a reference aerial of a closely reproducible, specified construction, having a gain and directivity greater than that of a half-wave dipole, which can be determined by calculation and, where necessary, confirmed by measurement, as being sufficiently consistent for use as a transfer standard for aerial gain measurements

3.14

directivity pattern

the graphical presentation, at a certain frequency and in a specified plane, of the ratio between the output voltage (or current) of the aerial to the maximum output voltage (or current) in the same plane, as a function of the angle of rotation, when the aerial is placed in a uniform field. Since field strength is proportional to voltage (or current), this pattern is sometimes called a field strength directivity pattern

2

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BS 5640-1:1978

4.2.3 Impedance bandwidth

4.2.4 Cross-polarization protection bandwidth

4.2.5 Operating bandwidth

4.3 Directivity protection

4.4 Cross-polarization protection

4.5 Beamwidth

4.6 Reflection coefficient (or SWR or RLR)

4.7 Gain

4.8 Wind load

4.9 Wind load with ice

4.10 Ice load

4.11 Mass (assembled)

4.12 Mass (shipping)

4.13 Dimensions

4.14 Environmental tests

4.15 IEC type designation

5 IEC type designation

Products covered by this specification shall be identified on the aerial, or its package, and in performance data sheets as complying with this specification, and giving the following information:

a) the number of this publication;

b) the letters IEC;

c) any other indication agreed between purchaser

and manufacturer.

NOTE When an IEC type designation is used, whether for the marking of the product, or in its description, it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to ensure that the item meets the requirements of the relevant specification. The IEC as a body cannot accept any responsibility in this matter.

6 Type tests

Type tests are carried out in order to determine whether or not aerials comply with the present standard and the performance requirements of the relevant specification sheet. They shall be carried out as a part of the manufacturer’s quality control of all specified performance parameters to prove compliance. Samples taken for type tests shall be selected at random, so as to be representative of the quality of the relevant batch or period of manufacture.

7 Approval tests

Approval tests, where required by the purchaser, shall be agreed between manufacturer and purchaser. Where required, the manufacturer shall provide evidence from his test records that aerials do, in fact, comply with this standard.

records that aerials do, in fact, comply with this standard. --``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- © BSI 04-2000 Copyright British

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BS 5640-1:1978

Publication referred to

See national foreword

BS 5640-1:1978 Publication referred to See national foreword © BSI 04-2000 Copyright British Standards Institution

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BS 5640-1:

1978

IEC 597-1:

1977

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