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# 7/31/2017 555 Pulse Generator with Adjustable Duty Cycle

generator.gif)

## 555 Pulse Generator Circuit

frequency generators (/tag/frequency-generator-circuits)

This is a pulse generator with adjustable duty cycle made with the 555 timer IC. The circuit is an astable multivibrator with a 50%
pulse duty cycle. The di erence from the standard design of a 555 timer is the resistance between pins 6 and 7 of the IC
composed of P1, P2, R2, D1 and D2.

The diodes D1 and D2 set a de nite charging time for C1 which produces a 50% duty cycle in a normal case. The duty cycle (n) is
dependent on P1 and P2 in the following manner:

n = 1 + P2/P1

If P2 = 0 (n = 100%) then the frequency can be approximately calculated with the following formula:

f = 0.69/((2*P1 + P2 + 4.7k)*C1)
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## Pulse generator circuit diagram

http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/ 1/6
7/31/2017 555 Pulse Generator with Adjustable Duty Cycle
Pulse generator circuit diagram

(/)

generator.gif)

## 555 datasheet (http://www.electroschematics.com/650/lm555-datasheet/)

Oscilloscope Captures

As you can see in the captures the duty cycle is not between 0% and 100% but it is within reasonable range. Ive used a 20K for P1,
100K for P2 and 10nF for C1.

## Printed circuit layout of the pulse generator

Components List
C2 = 10F
C3 = 0.1F
R1 = R2 = 4.7K
D1 = D2 = 1N4148
IC = 555
C1, P1 and P2 must be calculated

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7/31/2017 555 Pulse Generator with Adjustable Duty Cycle

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## Join the conversation!

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i1673687mvrht-net
I have mounted this circuit on a breadboard with 20K for P1, 100K for P2 and 10nF for C1. Deos not work. Do not lose your time and change
schematics.

## Posted on July 10th 2017 | 6:00 pm (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1902771)

555%2F)

neha-hule11gmail-com
can you tell me a circuit for which we can keep the pulse width constant and vary the rate of that pulse.

## Posted on April 01st 2016 | 8:20 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1898871)

555%2F)

itsmesiva88gmail-com
what is the maximum range of frequency can we generate using this circuit?
ThisIswebsite usesto
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## Posted on March 12th 2016 | 6:36 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1897575)

http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/ 3/6
7/31/2017 555 Pulse Generator with Adjustable Duty Cycle
Posted on March 12th 2016 | 6:36 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1897575)
555%2F)

Jim Keith
The most Ive ever been able to get out of a 555 is about 2.7mHZ.

## Posted on March 14th 2016 | 2:26 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1897638)

omkar
hello guys i m designing a pulse generator using fpga and i have designed one.anyone know how to aadjust the on time by default we get 50% i
want to reduce it to 25%.please reply with you idea thank you and i am using digital circuits mostly.

## Posted on September 26th 2015 | 4:11 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1813816)

555%2F)

lavender
hello there, I have tested this circuit and it is working , however I would like to know how to calculate its pulse width? when I use to calculate it
with astable formula I am not getting the same answer with the simulation.

## Posted on May 16th 2015 | 8:01 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1686096)

555%2F)

Ra'ed
thanks for this good way to use 555

If I use
1n4001
1n4148

## Posted on May 07th 2015 | 2:41 pm (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1675633)

555%2F)

Steve
I made this one and it works ne, I checked it on my scope:

## Posted on May 03rd 2015 | 1:46 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1670128)

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7/31/2017 555 Pulse Generator with Adjustable Duty Cycle
555%2F)

Jos (Oldbeaver)
Thank you Steve, yr info helped me a lot.

Jos

## Posted on May 03rd 2015 | 6:26 pm (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1670836)

oldbeaver
Can some guru of the Forum help me please?

The circuit looks ok, but I need something slightly di erent, and I am electronic lover, not professional.

Help may be just tell me where they sell a proper kit for what I need, or, tell me tech proper name of what I am looking for.
This is the desired PMW circuit:

## +B Voltage: 12-14 VDC

Input signal 1: an almost square signal which varies from 500Hz to 5000Hz app.
Input control voltage: 1 to 6 VDC coming from a control pot.

Needed output: square signal with the same frequency as input (variable) width proportional to control voltage (variable duty cycle, following
same input frequency).

Oldbeaver.

## Posted on May 03rd 2015 | 1:42 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1670122)

555%2F)

Azman
Dear Electro schematic,
Hi.I have construct and build the circuit. But not working, i dont know why? I have troubleshoot the connection, i check every level voltage,
the problem voltage drop at R2 is zero and at R1 is 7.5 V. The power supply is +9 V DC, rite? I dont have +9V DC, i supply 7.5 Vis it working? can I

## Posted on April 22nd 2015 | 4:13 am (http://www.electroschematics.com/5834/pulse-generator-with-555/#comment-1654929)

555%2F)

Kristian
Which frequency range can it provide ? I mena from 1 Hz to ..? Without calculation just changing the values of the POT ?

555%2F)

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