Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

2.

2017

550.834




.. 1, .. 2, .. 1,
.. 1, .. 1, .. 3
1
() .. . 119991, , . , , 65/1; e-mail: ryzhkov@gubkin.ru
2
. 119331, , . , / 27; e-mail: kamerton@getek.ru
3
, , . , . , 20; e-mail: logov51@mail.ru
. ,
. :
XMAC (Baker Hughes), Sonic Scanner DSI (Schlumberger), MPAL (CPL, ), -11 (, , ),
( , ). , -
( ).
.
. , ,
, , , , .

THE CHOICE OF OPTIMAL TECHNOLOGY OF MEASUREMENT AND PROCESSING


OF BOREHOLE ACOUSTIC DATA IN OPEN AND CASED WELLS
V.I. Ryzhkov 1, S.V. Dobrynin 2, A.V. Gorodnov 1, V.N. Chernoglazov 1, A.V. Shubin 1, V.I. Logovskoi 3
1
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). 65/1, Leninsky prospekt, 119991, Moscow, Russia;
e-mail: ryzhkov@gubkin.ru
2
NPP GETEK LLC. p/b 27, 119331, Moscow, Russia; e-mail: kamerton@getek.ru
3
20, Sadovaya str, poselok Novoguselsky, Saratovkaya oblast; e-mail: logov51@mail.ru
Abstract. The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the tools and processing algorithms used for borehole sonic.
The authors have studied acoustic data obtained in the same wells (both open and cased) by the following manufacturers: XMAC
(Baker Hughes), Sonic Scanner and DSI (Schlumberger), MPAL (CPL, China), AVAK-11 (Neftegazgeofizika, Tver, Russia). The
processing results done by service companies and by authors have been analyzed. Data quality assessment was conducted on the basis
of integrated interpretation of log and core data and rock physics modeling.
Key words. Multi-channel acoustic logging, the monopole and dipole transmitter, P- and S-waves, Stoneley wave, anisotropy, fractures,
rock physics modeling.

. - -
, , - -
-
, ,
, - ,
- , .
, .
- , .
- -
-
, .. , -
- .
(), - -
, () - , -
3D- . -
. ,
-
.
, - -
, - .
,
. - -

2
2.2017

. - 2 ,
1. 13 . 90 ,
100600 . -
-
: 177 138 . -
()
,
, - .
-
. - , -
: , , : -11, , DSI, SS, MPAL.
, - (, , -11 -
). - ()
- (1030 , 512
( ) 25 ) , -
, -
2,73,6 , (36 )
0,1524 (). - - . -
Y . -
. .
: Baker Hug
h
es. -
. , - : -
, - . -
P-, S- , (0,515 )
. - . -
-
, (13 ) .
. , , Y .
,
.
(
flexural

) . - DSI Schlumberger

. -
, ( 13 , -
) - (0,515 0,53 )
(. 1). - ,
- -
. - (13 )
.
1012 , Y

. 1
() () [5]

. .
1

3
2.2017

0,1524 . ,
. ,
Sonic Scanner (SS)

Schlum-
berger.

- . -
(0,515
0,53 ) 13 , - .
-
(13 )
13 . - . -
Y -
0,3048 .
(CHIRP). . . 3.
. ,
MPAL CPL (). - (-
: ) 2*(N-1)
(0,515 ) , N . -
,
- , dt
(14 ) - . -
. -
Y . . -
. , -
MPAL - . -
Y DSI SS
- -
. . , -
( - , , ,
Schlumberger -
DSI
10 ). .
- (-
. )
-11 2- - -
- .
, - ,
. , -
-
-11 . -
(1112 34 ). - . ,
, - -
. -

- , -
: 1 -
12 . .
-


,
:
(. 2). - 1. -
- -
. .
, , 2. -
.
LAS-. - 3. .
- 4.
, - 25 .
- -
- - -
.
, (

4
2.2017

. 2
.
1- ,

) ( -
) .
. -
( - ( 1 )
25 .
, ) -
(13%). . [1] -
-
- ()
. . -
-
,

. -
,
, 19801990- -
-
,
, -
. -

(520%).

( ) , -

.
(
)

.
-
, -
, . 3
(), 8-

5
2.2017

- . -
.
, ,
, [3].
, , . , -
-
.
- -
XY YX
.
(. 4). -
. -
-
[4], - -
- . -
-
. .
- -
. -

. , ().
- .
12 , .
-
- [1, 2].

. 4
.
: , , 1-

6
2.2017


. -

, - ( ).
, ,
. : ,
: , SS , DSI, , , , .
-11, MPAL. - , , , ,
, .
23 . - , -
, .
. - -
Xu-Payne [6].
Xu-Payne, -
- , :
, -
. ,
.
, -
(. 5), -
/. - .
-
, . -
, .
Vp

/
Vs
, - ()
, : , -
. , .
, ( /
, - -) .
. - :
1. Vp, Vs, Vp/Vs -
- -
. ( , )
- (. 6).

. 5
- ()
()

7
2.2017

. 6
( SS).
: , (: Schlumberger , ),
, (), Vp/Vs (Schlumberger , ),
, ( , , )

2. - Vp-Vs, - Vs (5, 7, 8), ,


. : . 3.
3. - Vp-Vs, - .
(. 7).
-
, -

Vp/Vs-
.
. 8 . 1. (Vp Vs)
.
- 1. -11 -
- , -
, , .
,
: ,
. . 1 , -
Vp .

8
2.2017

. 7
- Vp/Vs- ( 3).
: , .
: -

9
2.2017

-
-
. -
.
, -
Schlumberger,
.
-
.
3. XMAC Baker Hughes
. 7 8.
-
. 7 . 8. ,

.
4. MPAL CPL (). -


.
, -
Schlumberger SS. -
,
-
.


(. 9)

-
. 8 .
. 1. -11 -
(R2) Vp Vs; . -

- Vp/Vs .
SS MPAL
: ( FMI) -
,
, - (. 9, 13).
-11
-11
. .

( , -
). .
2. DSI SS Schlumberger. - 2. DSI SS Schlumberger. -
- , DSI -
. - , .
1
P- S-

. ,

10
2.2017

. 9

11
2.2017

. SS ,
,
. . -
, - -
( ) - , .
- . -
: ( ),
. SS
( SS -
- -
- (CHIRP) )
MPAL
-
. .
(Schlumberger) 2. -
(, )
-11 -
(. 9, 12). . -
-
, .
, - : , SS MPAL.
: - 3.
(. 9, 9 10). -
3. XMAC Baker Hughes (BH) - , , -
- , -
. 7 8. , - FMI ..
Schlumbrger, -
BH
.
. -
- .
- - 4. -
. (-
BH ) -
- -
- .
.
- .
( ). 5.
4. MPAL CPL (). -
(
- ( - ) -
3 )
.
.
-
1. .., ..
- -
. // .
, - 2010. 3. . 3242.
SS. MPAL 2. .. . -
-
( ). // .
. 2012. 3. . 4255.
3. .., ..
. ,
- // . : .
, - , 2008. 4. . 169.
. 4. Alford R.M. Shear data in the presence of azimuthal
1. - anisotropy: Dilley, Texas // SEG Technical Program Expanded
- Abstracts 1986. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1986.
P. 476479.
- 5. Tang X.M., Li C., Patterson D.J. A curve-fitting technique
, for determining dispersion characteristics of guided elastic waves //
- Geophysics. 2010. Vol. 75. 3. P. E153E160.
. 6. Xu S., Payne M.A. Modeling elastic properties in carbon-
- ate rocks // The Leading Edge. 2009. Vol. 28. 1. P. 6674.

12
2.2017

REFERENCES 4. Alford RM. Shear data in the presence of azimuthal


anisotropy: Dilley, Texas. SEG Technical Program Expanded
1. Bayuk IO, Ryzhkov VI. Opredelenie parametrov tre- Abstracts 1986. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1986.
shchin i por karbonatnyh kollektorov po dannym volnovogo P. 476479.
akusticheskogo karotazha. Tehnologii sejsmorazvedki. 2010; 5. Tang XM, Li C, Patterson DJ. A curve-fitting technique for
(3): 3242 (in Russian). determining dispersion characteristics of guided elastic waves.
2. Bayuk IO et al. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie anizotro- Geophysics. 2010. 75(3): E153E160.
pnyh jeffektivnyh uprugih svojstv karbonatnyh kollektorov slo- 6. Xu S, Payne MA. Modeling elastic properties in carbonate
zhnogo stroenija [Mathematical modeling of anisotropic effec- rocks. The Leading Edge. 2009; 28(1): 6674.
tive elastic properties of carbonate reservoirs of complex struc-
ture]. Tehnologii sejsmorazvedki. 2012; (3): 4255 (in Russian). -
3. Dobrynin SV, Stenin AV. Ocenka pronicaemosti i dinami-
..
cheskoj poristosti po dannym shirokopolostnogo akusticheskogo
karotazha [Estimation of permeability and dynamic (in Russian)
porosity from broadband acoustic logging data] // NTV Karota-
zhnik. 2008; (4): 169 (in Russian).



- -

() . .. . () .
1985 . - .. , -
, . . -
- . ..
. 1975 . -
80 . -
. 80 -
.



-
, , -
. 1985 . .
.
2008 . -
, -
. 40 - -
3 . . 7 .



-
. ..
() . . -
.. , - -
. - .
. .. -
1978 . - .
- 10 .
. 80 -
.

13

Оценить