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Note on Kaleshwaram Project Package No.27 & 28 of Nirmal District

The kaleshwaram project of package no.27 and 28 are planned for irrigating about 1,00,000 acres of Cultivable Command Area (CCA) in Nirmal district . by lifting water from the foreshore of Srirama sagar Project. There are four pump houses and total length of main canal is 151.700 Km and 151 number of Distributeries are involved in this packages. By this project we are going to provide irrigation facilities to 11 mandals and 156 villages of nirmal district.

Most of the command area is in drought prone area. Many mandals are declared to be covered under DPAP. This indicates that agriculture support services and infrastructure are relatively well developed in these areas.

The greatest potential for groundwater development rests in conjunctive use with surface-supply to alleviate the problems associated with hydrological uncertainty. In the present study, the conjunctive use model has been used for optimization of cropping pattern in the command. Planning of Integrated development of Surface and Groundwater resources, with a view to enhance the use of water resources optimally and to avoid problems such as water loggings, soil salinity, which is now being increasingly realized in irrigated command, is need of present day water resources development requirement. In fact, National Water Policy, enunciates that integrated and coordinated development of surface water and ground water resources through conjunctive use should be envisaged right from the project planning for such projects.

The selection of an optimum cropping pattern is governed by a number of complex factors viz., characteristics of soil, drainage requirements, general topography, climatic conditions, size and type of farms, traditional crop practices, net return to the farmer and other factors that determine market demand and prices. For a given project, the relative influence of these agro- climatic, agro-economic and sociological conditions must be considered for arriving at the most suitable cropping system i.e., crops and cropping pattern. The constraints of land and water availability are of course, to be taken into account. While projecting a cropping pattern and irrigation intensity, other factors as relevant to optimal design of an irrigation system.

Accordingly, this project is contemplated duly considering all the above aspects.