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Manual UT Thickness Specific Exam from SAEP-1146

Name: Badge#: Date: _____


1. The UTT instrument shall have an A-scan display to assist the operator in discrimination
of test results. Only portable hand held Ultrasonic thickness instruments from the Saudi
Aramco approved equipment list (refer to ID website) are acceptable.
A) True B) False
The question may also be worded as follows:
1a. What type of UT equipment display (thickness measurement) is required by SAEP-1146?
A) A-Scan B) B-Scan C) C-Scan D) D-Scan
2. Calibration Blocks shall have a sound velocity within (what %) of the test material?
A) 1% B) 2% C) 3% D) 4% E) None of the above

3. What type of couplants must be selected for work at Saudi Aramco?


A) Any suitable water or water-based couplants may be used
B) Any suitable couplants that are chemically compatibility with the test part
C) Any suitable couplants that can withstand the surface temperature of a test part
D) Only couplants both chemically compatible & rated to withstand test temperature

4. As a minimum, when shall UT equipment be calibrated using a calibration standard?


A) At the beginning and the end of each shift
B) Every four (4) hours during the examination
C) Whenever examination personnel or equipment are changed
D) Any time that equipment malfunctioning is suspected
E) All of the above are correct

4a. UT equipment must be calibrated (checked using a standard) for all of these EXCEPT:
A) Calibration checks are required at the beginning and the end of each shift
B) Calibration checks are required every four (4) hours during the examination
C) Calibration checks are required if personnel or equipment are changed
D) Calibration checks are required at any time if equipment malfunctioning is suspected
E) Calibration checks are required after the crew returns from lunch

5. Equipment shall be calibrated using a two-point calibration range that overlaps the
expected measurement range. You must select a calibration block or step wedge block
thickness value greater than the maximum expected measurement value and a calibration
block or step wedge value less than the expected measurement value.
A) True B) False
5a. Per SAEP-1146, Equipment shall be calibrated using how many known standard values?
A) Single known point B) Two points C) Three points D) None of these are correct
5b. Equipment calibration ranges must:
A) Equal the known thickness range B) Overlap expected measurement ranges
C) Exceed the known thickness range D) None of these are correct
Manual UT Thickness Specific Exam from SAEP-1146

Name: Badge#: Date: _____


6. If at the end of the shift the instrument has drifted more than this allowed variance, all of
the measurements since the last calibration should be retaken. The allowed variance is:
A) 0.05 inch (0.002 mm) of the known thickness value
B) 0.005 inch (0.1 mm) of the known thickness value
C) 0.010 inch (0.2 mm) of the known thickness value
D) 0.002 inch (0.05 mm) of the known thickness value
6a. For calibration using 5 & 10 mm steps, which of these is unacceptable at the end of shift?
A) Final check was 5.04 mm & 9.95 mm B) Final check was 5.05 mm & 10.05 mm
C) Final check was 5.01 mm & 9.99 mm D) Final check was 5.10 mm & 9.90 mm

7. Test areas shall be free of what items that might interfere with the examination?
A) Corrosion including rust B) Insulation C) Weld Spatter
D) Surface irregularities E) Foreign matter F) All of the above

7a. Test areas to be examined shall be free of all of the following items EXCEPT:
A) Corrosion deposits including rust B) Surface Irregularities & insulation
C) Weld Spatter & other foreign matter D) Oil residues

8. When an examination surface is covered with coating, what is required by SAEP-1146?


A) Readings may be taken over a coating IF a coating does not interfere with an exam
B) Coatings must always be removed first and this recorded
C) When a coating interferes with an exam, a coating must be removed & recorded
D) Both A & C above are correct

9. Thickness measurement exams shall be conducted (where):


A) From OD surfaces (pipe, plate) if equipment is in service & under pressure
B) From OD surfaces (pipe, plate) during all exams for all operating conditions
C) From ID surfaces (pipe, plate) whenever the opportunity for measurement exists
D) Both A & C are correct, and hot work permits are to be obtained for internal work

10. For UT Thickness examinations on 19mm pipe, examiners must consider the effects of
the surface temperature. If the surface temperature is 121C, what must be done?
A) Surface temperature shall be measured and recorded
B) The calibration block must be heated up to allow correct readings to be taken
C) Temperature correction must be calculated and applied per SAEP-1146
D) All of the above are correct

10a. For UT Thickness examinations on 38mm plate, examiners must consider the effects of
the surface temperature. If the surface temperature is 150C, what must be done?
A) Surface temp is measured & recorded on UT report & no temp correction is required
B) Only the temperature correction need be calculated & applied per SAEP-1146 rules
C) Surface temp is measured & recorded on the report & temp correction is now required
D) None of the above is the correct way per SAEP-1146
Manual UT Thickness Specific Exam from SAEP-1146

Name: Badge#: Date: _____


11. When performing UT thickness on 48-inch pipe, the transducer acoustic barrier shall be
placed in what orientation on the pipe?
A) Perpendicular to the center axis B) Parallel to the center axis
C) In any orientation an examiner chooses D) Only A & B above are correct
11a. When performing UT thickness on 18-inch pipe, the transducer acoustic barrier shall be
placed in what orientation on the pipe?
A) Perpendicular to the center axis B) Parallel to the center axis
C) In any orientation an examiner chooses D) Only A & B above are correct
Reference: SAEP-1146, Para. 7.2.4
12. Because of the problem of doubling (where a known thickness value is doubled on the
d-meter), what type of Scan is required per SAEP-1146 procedure?
A) D-scan B) C-scan C) B-scan D) A-scan
13. To find a lowest reading, an operator should perform which of the following techniques?
A) Squeeze & press the transducer strongly so that it is absolutely flat against the surface to
minimize any air gap, then slowly rock transducer tangentially on both pipe and plate surfaces
B) Force the transducer with strong pressure against the surface to minimize any air gap, and
after solid contact, slowly rock transducer tangentially on all of the examination surfaces
C) Lightly & securely hold the transducer flat against the surface to minimize any air gap, then
slowly rock transducer tangentially only on curved pipe surfaces (not on flat plate surfaces)
D) None of the above techniques meets the requirements of SAEP-1146

14. UT thickness readings (on high temp surfaces and other surfaces) must remain on the
instrument display in what manner & for how long before they are considered valid?
A) Readings hold steady value within +/- 0.002 in. (0.05 mm) for at least 3 seconds
B) Readings hold steady value within +/- 0.002 in. (0.05 mm) for at least 4 seconds
C) Answer A is correct for high temp work & answer B is correct for all other work
D) All the above are correct! SAEP-1146 needs to be revised to show a 3 second rule

14a. UT thickness readings must remain on the instrument display in what manner & for how
long before they are considered valid?
A) Readings hold steady value within +/- 0.002 in. (0.05 mm) for at least 3 seconds
B) Readings hold steady value within +/- 0.002 in. (0.05 mm) for at least 4 seconds
C) Both A & B are correct & anything longer than 1 second is considered a valid reading
D) None of the above are correct, because a valid reading is held for several seconds
14b. UT thickness readings for high temp services must remain on the instrument display in
what manner & for how long before they are to be accepted and recorded on reports?
A) Readings are steady & hold for no longer than 1 second to avoid transducer damage
B) Readings are steady & hold for no longer than 2 seconds to avoid transducer damage
C) Readings are steady & hold for no longer than 3 seconds to avoid transducer damage
D) None of the above is correct, because a few seconds are required by SAEP-1146
15. UT Thickness measurements must be recorded using how many decimal points?
A) 2 decimal places for inches & mm B) 2 decimal places for inches & 3 for mm
C) 3 decimal places for inches & mm D) 3 decimal places for inches & 2 for mm
Manual UT Thickness Specific Exam from SAEP-1146

Name: Badge#: Date: _____


16. Temp Correction for change in the ultrasonic sound velocity in metal is not required:
A) When test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 to inch
B) When test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 to 1 inch
C) When the test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 - 2 inches
D) When the test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 - 4 inches
16a. Temperature Correction for change in ultrasonic sound velocity in metal is required:
A) When test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 to inch
B) When test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 to 1 inch
C) When the test material (pipe, plate, etc) is within a thickness range of 0 - 2 inches
D) When the test material (pipe, plate, etc) exceeds a thickness of 1 inch
16b. Temperature correction per SAEP-1146 is required for which of the following?
A) Pipe is within thickness range of 0 to inch with a surface temperature of 250F
B) Plate is within thickness range of 2 3 inches with a surface temp of 212F
C) Pipe is within thickness range of 1.5 to 2 inches with a surface temp of 32F
D) Plate is within thickness range of 1.5 to 2 inches with a surface temp of 262F
17. When performing work on high temp surfaces, how is transducer damage prevented?
A) Air cooling after every reading B) Cooling using water wet clean rag after every
reading B) Water cooling after every reading D) Any of these
18 20. Temperature corrections are performed for metal thickness greater than 1 inch for
temperatures below 32F (0C) or above 215F (101C). The following formula is used:
Ta = Tm x [1.007 (0.0001 x Temp)] This question is worth 3 x normal value
Ta = the actual thickness of the part in inches after correction
Tm = measured thickness of the part in inches
Temp = surface temperature in F
Choose the correct answer and show your work?
A) 300F surface temp exists. You measured .871 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
B) 400F surface temp exists. You measured .880 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
C) 500F surface temp exists. You measured .889 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
D) 700F surface temp exists. You measured .908 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
E) 300F surface temp exists. You measured 1.871 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
F) 400F surface temp exists. You measured 1.880 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
G) 500F surface temp exists. You measured 1.889 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
H) 700F surface temp exists. You measured 1.908 in (Tm) on pipe Ta = __________
SHOW YOUR WORK Use your calculator!!!
A) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
B) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
C) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
D) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
E) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
F) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
G) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
H) Ta = ______ [ (1.007 (0.0001 x _____) ] = 1.007 - ____ = ____ x _____ = ______
Manual UT Thickness Specific Exam from SAEP-1146

Name: Badge#: Date: _____


21. The transducer face shall be cleaned before each measurement whenever:
A) Testing items greater than 200F because melting may occur
B) Testing items greater than 400F (couplant leaves deposits on transducer face)
C) Testing items greater than 600F to see if the transducer face is still there
D) None of the above are correct

22. Water based couplants must be completely removed after the post-exam cleaning. How?
A) Surfaces must be wiped with a dry absorbent cloth or paper towel
B) Surfaces must be fresh water washed or otherwise cleaned in a professional manner
C) The immediate area is visually inspected for slipping hazards due to leftover couplant
D) Either A or B technique is acceptable provided that ALL couplant is removed, and
answer C is common sense & Good Safety Practice and should be practiced on the job

23. Report Forms require Calibration details such as:


A) Calibration details are not required for UTT (Use only the Appendix I report form)
B) A separate Calibration sheet (separate from the Appendix I report form) is required
C) Block identity and details (Serial number, etc), type and time of calibration checks
D) B & C are correct. However, if only an Appendix I report is used, calibration details
must be noted in the report form (this eliminates the need for a separate Cal. sheet)
E) None of the above is correct

24. SAEP-1146 procedure for UTT is limited to contact testing & which wave techniques?
A) Shear or transverse waves
B) Plate or Lamb waves
C) Longitudinal or compression waves
D) Any of the above techniques may be used with a Level III approved procedure

25. What is the nominal wall thickness range of base materials per SAEP-1146?
A) 0.050 6.000 in B) 1.2 150 inches C) 1.2 mm 150 mm D) Both A & C
25a. Which of these below are not covered & may not be examined per SAEP-1146?
A) Plate used in the manufacture of any equipment (Tank, vessel, pipe, etc)
B) Tubing used in the construction of Heat Exchangers & other components
C) Piping including seamless wrought piping, welded piping, and others
D) Castings for valve bodies/fittings & forgings for LWN nozzles & flanges
E) All of the above may be UTT examined, so this is the correct answer

26. What API Standard is followed when taking thickness measurements on Plant piping?
A) API 510 B) API 653 C) API 1104 D) API 570
27. What API Standard is followed when taking thickness measurements on Pipelines?
A) API 510 B) API 653 C) API 1104 D) API 570