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Spiru Haret National Computer Science College

Art of Paper Scroll Work

Student: Varasciuc Arianda Teacher: Rotaru Daniela

Suceava 2016

I.ARGUMENT ...................................................................................................... 2

II.THE HISTORY OF QUILLING ....................................................................... 4

III. QUILLING & ERGONOMICS ...................................................................... 8

IV. BASIC QUILLING TOOLS ......................................................................... 10

V. ORGANISING YOUR TOOLS .................................................................... 14

VI. QUILLING PAPER TYPES ......................................................................... 16

VII.BASIC QUILLING INSTRUCTIONS ........................................................ 18

VIII. QUILLING TECHNIQUE: SHAPING YOUR COILS ............................ 28

IX.QUILLING IDEAS ........................................................................................ 31

X.QUILLING ARTISTS ..................................................................................... 45

XI. QUILLING WITH KIDS .............................................................................. 47

XII. CONCLUSION ............................................................................................ 49

XIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY ....................................................................................... 50


Paper quilling, also known as paper filigree, is the art of creating different patterns
and shapes using primarily coiled pieces of paper. Paper quilling may be done in either 2
dimensions or 3 dimensions simply by manipulating the coiled paper in different ways.

I choosed this subject because I am a person who likes to quill whenever I can. I also
made my own quilling art and I will like to introduce you in the art of quilling, in the art of
paper quilling which I can say is the most beautiful thing I ever done and I will not stop here.

What is required for Paper Quilling?

In order to quill you will need at the very least a quilling needle and some
paper. Although you do get special quilling paper you can also use thin strips of
ordinary coloured paper. There are also a number of other tools that you could find
useful in cutting and shaping the paper and creating different designs.

The History of Paper Filigree.

Paper filigree is over 500 years old and it is known that during the
Renaissance French and Italian nuns and monks used to quill items to decorate the
covers of religious books. Quilling was quite popular amongst the upper class ladies of
the 18th century; however its popularity waned during the 19th century and has only

recently regained some of its past popularity, this time being open to people of all
classes, not just the rich.

How to Get Started?

If you have only recently learnt about this craft then you may be wondering
how to get started. One easy way of getting started is to use pre-made packs that come
with paper, quilling accessories and patterns. Another way you can get started is to use
books with patterns and then purchase your own paper and accessories separately. You
may also find local quilling classes in your neighbourhood where you can learn in a
more social atmosphere. Find the method that is right for you or experiment with a
few different methods.

Paper quilling is a relatively cheap hobby that requires thin strips of paper,
glue and a quilling needle. It has been around for hundreds of years and you can learn quilling
through books, kits or taking classes and you can even find quilling instructions online.

II.The history of Quilling


QUILLING are all names which have been given to our art during its long history. Some
sources suggest that many of the techniques we use today were originally practised in Ancient

The popularity of Quilling has fluctuated. Work of high quality was achieved by
French and Italian nuns in the 16th and 17th centuries; genteel ladies in the Stuart period;
ladies of leisure in the Georgian and Regency periods - and it is currently enjoying a modern
revival. It also spread to North America with the settlers. Those of us who quill today find we
have something in common with Elizabeth, daughter of George III, Joseph Bramah (the
famous locksmith), Mrs Delany (pioneer of other paperwork and friend of Jonathan Swift),
Jane Austen (who mentions it in her novel 'Sense and Sensibility') and the Bronte sisters:
quite a distinguished gathering of enthusiasts!

Nuns on the continent decorated reliquaries and holy pictures, adding gilding
and much ornamentation. The ecclesiastical connection was maintained when the art spread to
England with the development of paper, though vellum and parchment were also used. Poorer
churches produced religious pictures with rolled decoration. When gilded or silvered, it was
difficult to distinguish it from real gold or silver filigree work.

Quilling was never practiced by 'working-class' women in the past. Indeed, it

was a decorative art which ladies of leisure would use to work panels and coats-of-arms. Later
it was extended to include covering tea-caddies, workboxes, screens, cabinets, frames etc.
Backgrounds for these often included foil, mica or flaked shells. Beautiful boxes were made
by cabinet makers, with recessed sides. These were advertised and sold, often to boarding
schools for young ladies. 'it affords an amusement to the female mind capable of the most
pleasing and extensive variety; and at the same time, it conduces to fill up a leisure hour with
an innocent recreation...' (The New Lady's Magazine - 1786)

In 1875 an attempt was made to reintroduce the art of Quilling by William

Bemrose, who produced a kit called 'Mosaicon', together with a handbook. Another reference
has been discovered in an Edwardian book of household management entitled 'Floral

Mosaicon'. In the article mention is made of pieces being purchased by Queen Mary and
Queen Alexandra.

Many museums have examples of antique work and our booklet, 'Finding
Antique Quilling' can help you locate them.

Two major exhibitions of quilling have been held. One was in 1927 in London,
when mention is made of two Charles I pictures. Another was in New York in 1988, at the
Florian-Papp Gallery, when some superb examples were on exhibition and sale. Most of these
were of European origin. In 1992 and 1997 the Quilling Guild staged International Festivals
of Quilling, the first at Ragley Hall and the second at Chesford Grange in Warwickshire,
when antique pieces and a great many items of modern quilling were on show. The third
International Festival of Quilling was held in York, North Yorkshire, in 2002, the fourth in
Weston-Super-Mare, Somerset, in 2007, and our very special 30th Anniversary Celebration of
Quilling was staged in Liverpool in 2013.

It can be seen that the art of Quilling has a long and interesting history. One day,
the Guild would like to be able to mount a permanent display of its archives, showing
quillings and photographs, old and new.

The Quilling Guild's 30th Anniversary Celebration
AGM and Quilling Display in Liverpool
9th to 11th August, 2013

The Quilling Guild staged its 30th Anniversary Celebration of Quilling on the
campus of Liverpool University over the weekend of 9th - 11th August 2013, attracting Guild
members and visitors from right across the world.

Those who attended were treated to a visual extravaganza of paper filigree

artistry, with regional displays, competition pieces and an array of exhibits to marvel at, plus
the opportunity to attend demonstrations and masterclasses staged by many of the world's
most celebrated practitioners of this centuries-old art form.

Many of the quillers took advantage of a special residential package that the
Guild had organised, arriving on the Friday in time for a group excursion to the nearby Lady
Lever Gallery at Port Sunlight. There they were able to view a magnificent 18th century
quilled cabinet and several superb examples of filigree-decorated antique tea caddies which
form part of the extensive Lever art collection. The cabinet was removed from its protective
glass case especially for Quilling Guild members, who were granted an exclusive opportunity

to marvel at the exquisite filigree work inside.

Displays of quilling were opened to the public on Saturday and Sunday,

following completion of formalities at the Guild's Annual General Meeting. The Deputy
Mayor and Mayoress of Wirral paid a VIP visit to the event on Saturday afternoon, staying for
several hours and even taking part in a drop-in beginners' class. Afterwards, the Deputy
Mayor said the experience had given them a "fantastic and fascinating insight" into the world
of quilling - a view which seems to have been shared by all who attended.

Guild members had travelled to Liverpool from as far afield as the USA,
Switzerland, Holland and the United Arab Emirates to join with their UK colleagues in
celebration of their art. One of the UAE quillers, Amna Al-Fardh, learned during her visit that
she had just achieved a Guinness World Record for creating a collection of 1,145 quilled
dolls - the largest number of hand-made dolls ever made!

III. Quilling & Ergonomics

I would like to talk here briefly about ergonomics and quilling. Not taking care
of your body when you quill can create some horrible consequences including not being able
to ever quill again. As you create coils, take frequent breaks. Allow your hands to rest in a
neutral position and after a few minutes stretch your hands. Close the hand and then open
your fingers outstretched. Point them upward with your palm side down. Do this several

One of the things that happens when you quill is you will often forget the time.
Thats when your body will forcibly remind you of your neglect. As soon as your hands start
feeling tired, tingly, crampy, or in some other way feel uncomfortable your body is telling you
to take a break. Put down your quilling. Get up, walk around. Put your hands in front of you
and let them drop, then shake them. Open and close them several times, allowing your hands
to stretch.

ALWAYS listen to your body. Too many people in our country court permanent
painful disability because they refuse to listen to what their body is telling them. Many times I
hear Im on a deadline to finish this job. I dont have time to take a break. Its been my
experience that I am more productive when I take frequent breaks and I produce more then if I
force my body to work nonstop.

I frequently stop quilling to not only stretch but to also do my exercises. This is
especially helpful if youve reached a place in the creative process where youre stumped.
Taking a 15 minute break will often free your creative processes. It will also relax your hands,
arms, neck, and back thus preventing damage. I often feel as though Ive taken a 2 hour
Power Nap and find that I can suddenly see what needs to be done!

Gene and Charlie are both experienced quillers who have a small online store
named after their Too Bad Dogs. Both are dedicated to preserving vintage quilling items
which are on display at their online store. Please feel free to visit the Vintage Quilling Gallery
to view these wonderful items.

Gene, a skilled machinist and talented woodworker learned to quill so he could

develop adaptive tools after Charli was injured and became disabled. Later, after requests for
the tools by others, they decided to market the adaptive tools so others could again enjoy their
hobbies. Gene continues to develop adaptive tools on his own. Requests for adaptive tools
also come from a people disabled by injury or age who want to again pursue their craft.

Both live on a small ranch on the Western Slope of Colorado with their 3 dogs,
their 4 cats, 2 tanks of fish and numerous wildlife who all know Charli is a soft touch. Gene
already had 2 wonderful sons when he and Charli married. Both Tim and Matt are now grown
and successful. Laura joined the family when she married Matt a few years ago.

IV. Basic Quilling Tools

While the paper can be curled using your hands or with something as simple as a
toothpick, the quality of the paper coils can be vastly improved with the use of quilling tools.
The essential tools for quilling are the slotted tool, needle tool, tweezers, and a circle sizer.
Beginner kits are highly recommended as they have all these tools included. More advanced
tools include the Boarder Buddy, Mini-Mold, Fringing Scissors, and Die Cutter.

The tools used in paper quilling are rather simple and straightforward. Some of
the common tools used in the process are slotted quilling tool, needle, glue, tweezers and pins.
Just by using these simple tools, long strips of paper are wound tightly and released, and
hereby forming complicated and complex shapers. To get higher precision of quilling
accuracy, these tools should be made with better metal quality and made to last longer.

Slotted Tool

The slotted tool is the most important quilling tool as it makes curling coils much
easier and faster. The quality of the coil is noticeably higher compared to a coil that was
curled with a toothpick or hand. For younger children, it is recommended that a Curling
Coach be used with the slotted tool . The slot that is attached along its shaft is used to hold the
paper securely as you turn the tool in your hand. Generally, the knurl on the handle ensures a
firm grip of your hand that will be helpful in the rolling of a neater and even tight roll.

Needle Tool

The Needle Tool plays a supporting role in the craft. It is used primarily to
apply glue to hard-to-reach areas of the coil or quilling design. Basically the needle used to
used to enable a finer centre hole after rolling. This will generally produce a much tighter roll
with a smaller hole in the center.


Tweezers are used to handle delicate coils to prevent warping and unraveling.
They keep the coils the same size which is important when making something with duplicate
coils, like flower petals. Tweezers are also helpful in inserting paper in tight spaces. Tweezers
are excellent tool to put together small bits and pieces of your paper quilling in right place.
They can be used to hold the coils that have been shaped, while you put a few drops of glue
on the edges you are glueing together without damaging it.

Circle Sizer Ruler

The Circle Sizer Ruler is essential in making coils into a desired size after
curling. The ruler on the side is used to measure each strip to ensure they are the same length
before curling.

Curling Coach

Curling Coaches make a great compliment tool for slotted tools and are
recommended for younger kids and for people who like to quill 3D miniatures. It makes
curling the strips much faster and easier than if they were curled with just the slotted tool.

Crimper Tool

This tool is used to make crimped quilling strips. It helps to create different patterns.

Although you can start quilling with just a little paper, glue and a needle, there are
many other quilling tools that can make for a wider range of possibilities in creating quilling

A Quilling Board Helps Lay out Your Quilling Projects

You neednt even purchase an expensive quilling board but simply create
your own using a piece of corrugated cardboard if you are strapped for cash. Cover the
smooth side of the corrugated cardboard with white paper and place over this a sheet
of wax paper under which you can place your pattern when working on quilling

Quilling Designer Board

The quilling designer board allows you to get regular quilling shapes that
are the right size as it has different size circles that you can measure your coils in. This
circular stencil is on a cork board which can also be used as your quilling board by
simply adding the wax paper to put your pattern under.

Fringing Tools

Fringing tools are particularly useful for creating shapes like quilled
flowers, etc. Although you can cut small fringes in the paper yourself this does not
always make for a professional appearance and you may find them very useful if you
want to do a lot of this type of quilled work.

Tracing Paper

Tracing paper is another useful tool for quilling projects as it allows you to
trace patterns from books and then put these on your quilling board as well as allowing
you to keep original copies of paper patterns while working with these traced copies.
Using a variety of different quilling tools will allow you to create better quilling
projects that look more professional as well as creating a wider range of shapes to add
to your design. If you do not have a lot of money then try getting the essentials first
and then gradually adding these other quilling tools when you can.

V. Organising your tools

Many quillers use tackle boxes for storage. There are numerous trays and
compartments and often a removable tray with compartment lids is included. Many craft and
sewing shops will have tool boxes with multiple drawers, trays and compartments. Find one
that suits your needs, is easy to access and carry. You want to keep your tools clean and in
good condition, and if you save back any shapes made but not currently needed for a pattern,
you need storage that separates tools from supplies and shapes. Imagine how youd feel if you
created a beautiful coil and then found it had been ruined by a dirty tool.

Quillers work best in a quiet, relaxing atmosphere. Advanced quillers may be able
to work in various environments, but beginners usually prefer a good, solid surfacelike the
kitchen table. Advanced or beginner, you need to make sure your chair is comfortable and
supports your back and arms. Working near a window allows you to see your paper colors in
natural daylight, as artificial light can alter colors. Be sure you have adequate lighting
regardless, and consider using a lamp with light bulbs that project near-daylight quality light.

Before you start a project, read the pattern instructions carefully. Make sure you
understand all the shapes required and then gather your tools and supplies.

A quick note: As you acquire more patterns, from all over the world, youll realize
that the basic shapes and coils may be called by different names. If you get stumped, go to the
Yahoo quillers group, where plenty of nice ladies will help you out with unfamiliar shape

Next, create all the coils called for in the pattern and separate them by color. This
organizes things before you start assembly. If you have a quilling board, you can trace the
pattern, and then use the traced copy on the board. This keeps your books nice and clean, and
out the way. Next, do a dry-run assembly. Place all the shapes and patterns roughly where
they should be without gluing them. This allows you to see if any shapes need adjusting, or if
youd prefer any different colors. If you do take any shapes out of the piece, dont throw them
away, just store them carefully for use in your next project.

When youre ready to begin gluing the pieces together, be sure to use a glue that
dries clear and use tiny amounts or your coils may shift and spoil the look of your project. If
you dont have a glue applicator, toothpicks are quite handy when gluing.

When youre done, finish the project by framing it, include it on a card (Mothers
day, anniversary, birthdays, weddings), or on the latest trend: scrapbooking! Scrapbooking is
great, but thats another story.

VI. Quilling Paper Types

Quilling paper is available on the consumer market in over 250 colors and
dimensions. It can be divided into various categories, like solid colored Quilling paper,
graduated Quilling paper, two-tone Quilling paper, acid free Quilling paper and other assorted
parcels of Quilling paper. It is available in various dimensions, such as 1/8, and 3/8 broad
paper parcels.

Acid-Free Quilling paper

As the name clearly indicates this is a paper that is completely acid free. The
quality makes it an outstanding choice for making scrapbooks, rubber stamping, and creating
frames for pictures. It assures your project will last a lifetime, without any side effects on the
framed picture or album..

Graduated Quilling Papers

This type of paper provides an exceptional look to decorative quilling projects. The
edges have a solid color that gradually fades to white. When using a graduated paper, a
quilling ring begins with a dark shade but ends up being faded to a lighter side. On the
contrary, some graduated papers begin as white, or a lighter shade, and then slowly fades into
a solid, darker color.

Two-Tone Quilling Papers

This is another important type of quilling paper. It is quite similar to the graduated
quilling paper in its use. The look consists of a concrete color on one side and comparatively
lighter color on the other side. With two-tone paper the color remains same, however the
intensity of color is different. The main use of this quilling paper is to provide a desired level
of softness to the quilled subject. It possesses the capacity to quill many papers in a single

Quilling paper is available on the consumer market in over 250 colors and
dimensions. It can be divided into various categories, like solid colored Quilling paper,
graduated Quilling paper, two-tone Quilling paper, acid free Quilling paper and other assorted
parcels of Quilling paper. It is available in various dimensions, such as 1/8, and 3/8 broad
paper parcels.

VII.Basic Quilling Instructions

Quilling is the art of making shapes, patterns and designs using coiled paper of
various colors. In order to begin you will therefore need some paper (quilling paper is best but
thin strips of ordinary paper will do), a quilling needle and some glue. These are your most
basic requirements for these basic quilling instructions.

Begin with Coiling the Paper

Although some shapes may be slightly different, on the whole the initial
patterns you make will consist of shapes made from paper that has been coiled either
into a tight or a loose circle.
Take your thin strip of paper between the slot in your quilling needle and
begin to coil it. The tension you place on the paper and needle while turning the paper
around itself will determine how tight or loose your circle will be. If you want a really
loose circle then you should also let the paper go a bit before gluing so that it opens a
bit. If you want a tight circle then ensure that you hold your coiled circle while gluing.

Instructions for Quilling Shapes

Once you have your basic coiled circle the next step you will want to know
in your quilling instructions is how to turn these into the shapes that are required in
your pattern. This is generally done by pinching various parts of the circle, for
example, you could pinch on two opposite sides of a circle and do this again to create
a square or rectangle. Use pinching with a pulling motion to create a crescent shape so
that the pinched parts are pulled towards each other and the inner part becomes

Creating a Quilled Heart

Sometimes quilling instructions do not begin with a fully coiled circle that
has been glued together but is created in other ways. One of these shapes is a coiled
heart. In order to create a quilled heart you start by folding your strip of paper in two
and then coil first the one half and then the other and let them go. Leave the same
amount of paper on each side when you stop coiling (dont coil right to the fold each
time). A quilled heart also does not need to be glued as there should be a very lose
coiled circle on each side with the ends extending and meeting together at the point.

These are really basic quilling instructions but as you start with these
essentials you can start to experiment and find other quilling instructions which will lead you
onto more projects and allow you to experiment with new patterns and designs.

Detailed Quilling Instructions
Choose your pattern and gather your tools together. This job is made much
easier if you keep your quilling tools and supplies organized.

I keep my tools in a tackle box. There is also room for extra coils and
shapes to be stored. When I create coils and shapes I usually make a few extra of each one
just in case I make a mistake or mess up one of my shaped coils.

Make sure your tools are clean and in good shape. There is nothing worse
then creating a coiled shape only to find you are unable to use it because it got dirty. This is
especially important if you want to use light colors.

Find a good work area. Some people can quill anywhere but that is a skill
you probably dont have yet. The room should be quiet and relaxing. You should have a
comfortable chair to sit in that supports both your back and your arms. A kitchen table or
office desk that has been cleared of clutter, is clean and that has been covered with plastic to
protect it, can be used as your quilling area. Good lighting is essential to prevent eye strain
and mistakes in matching colors.
HINT: A lamp that mimics the light the sun produces is a good investment. It
will allow you to see the true colors of your quilling paper strips.

Read the directions carefully before you start quilling. Make sure you
understand what the directions are telling you to do and you have all the needed supplies.
There is nothing worse then to be halfway through a project and find that you used a wrong
technique, or youve run out of a needed size or color.
HINT: If unfamiliar with a technique or shape and you cant find the answer
in the book youve taken the pattern from (most pattern books have a section describing the
shapes used in the patterns), from this book or from other local quillers, go online to a quilling
group and ask someone there to help you. Many times the names of shapes may be different
from the name you know it as.

Choose your color strip packages and lay them out in the order they are listed
in the directions. Dont take them out of the package yet.
HINT: If ordering paper for a large quilling project in which you will need
several packages of paper, let the vendor know this. They can often special order packages of
paper from the same manufacturing run. Paper can vary slightly in color from run to run. This

is unimportant if the paper is used over several quilling projects. It does however, become
very important if youre creating a design in which the papers will show variations in color
and ruin the uniform look of your finished design.

Examine the pattern closely. Do you like the way the colors used in the
pattern look together. Do you think another color might look better? If youre not sure there is
a technique that can help you decide. Take the quilling strips (in the colors chosen by the
pattern creator) and lay them on the background paper youre going to be using. Criss-cross
the papers. Are the colors pleasing to your eye? If not, try other colors of your own choosing,
lying them out using this same technique. Continue to change the papers until the color
combination pleases you.
Another trick is to use an artists color wheel. This inexpensive and easy to use
tool can help you choose colors that work well together. It is especially helpful if you dont
trust your own color skill.

Make note of the lengths of each paper color needed. Do you have all the colors
needed in the correct amounts? Make sure the chosen colors are all correct and the strips for
each color are the same. Problems can be avoided if each time you use your papers, you take
out the amounts needed and return the excess back to the original package (which should be
labeled with the manufacturer, the code number, the width and the name of the color).
As stated before a sun lamp can be a very useful tool in helping you make sure that your
colors are correct. In a room lit by regular light bulbs it is very difficult to tell the difference
between White and Bright White or Ivory and Soft/Light Yellow. If you dont have a sun
lamp, you can also take your paper outside in the sunlight. Having mismatched papers are
only a problem if you didnt store your papers correctly.

After youve chosen your colors youll want to update your pattern so you dont
make any mistakes. I never mark in my books. I take a sheet of paper and create a ledger. For
instance, if Im replacing the Deep Rose color with Red, I will copy the directions replacing
the word Rose with the word Red every place it appears. Do this for every color change
youre going to make. I have a friend that uses post-it notes to do this.

Now youre going to create all the proper lengths needed for each color. Using a
ruler, tear your paper to the proper lengths. Do them one at a time, remembering to place the
torn strips into a container marked with both color and length (this step can be skipped if
youre creating a simple design with colors that are easily distinguished from one another).

HINT: Tearing paper is better then cutting it with scissors because the torn edges
will not only blend better (thus creating the illusion of no seam) it will also create a more
secure piece using less glue.
If you are not going to complete the design that day, you can use baggies to keep
the strips from getting mixed up. I usually use a baggie for each color and size (ie: if youre
using red in 3 lengths youll need 3 baggies labeled red and then the size). I find that by doing
it this way I can start creating my coils all at once (something you can do while watching TV,
riding in a car or waiting for your appointment at the doctors!). Because theyre labeled its
easy to transport them, easy to use them, they stay clean and none get lost. The main
advantage to this method is that after all your coils are made into shapes, you can start putting
your picture together all at once.

Create all your coils and shape them. Make sure you place them back into the
properly labeled baggie/container.

Now youre ready to put the shapes together to form your picture.

Place the pattern youve chosen on your design board. When using a design from a
book, I usually trace the pattern and use the traced copy on my design board. This allows me
to keep my book in good condition and will allow me to reuse the pattern many times.
Measure a piece of wax paper that is long enough to cover your pattern and so the edges will
meet when wrapped around the board. Place the sheet of wax paper on top of the pattern
wrapping it around the edges and meeting on the bottom of the board. At this time I usually
place tape to join the 2 edges securely. I then use T-pins to secure the pattern so it does not
shift as shown. The wax paper will protect your pattern from glue, so it can be reused many
HINT: It is not necessary to buy a design board. One can be created using cardboard
or Styrofoam. Eventually patterns show signs of age because of the pinholes that will result as
shapes are pinned into place over the pattern. Many times if you buy a vintage book or kit the
pattern may be in poor shape. In either case the old pattern can be revived by taking contact
paper or a full sheet label and applying it to the back of the tattered pattern. This will create a
stable backing for the pattern and allow you to use it many more times. Please do not violate
copyright rules and make copies of patterns (even if they do not say copyright protected or
have the symbol to give away).You are allowed to make a copy for your own use only.

Now you can start putting your picture together. I usually dry fitmy shapes
(placing the shapes together without gluing them). This way if they arent quite right or I want
to change a color or shape I can. Remember if you change your mind about a shape or color
simply create a new baggie/container with the new color and size on it. Update your ledger
too (this will help if you decide to create the same pattern with the same color palette.) Make
sure you put the old baggie/container into a box or storage area that holds your bags of
replaced colors/shapes so you dont use it by mistake. Saving finished coils and shapes is not
only cost effective but also comes in handy because chances are youre going to use that color
or shape in another project!

When the dry fitted pattern creates the picture I want, I am ready to glue the
parts together. When using glue it is better to use too little then too much. A very small drop
placed on the meeting edges will secure your shapes for years.

Here are several suggestions before you start gluing. Gather your supplies. Youll need:


There are many types of glue. Weve found that the best glue (and its
inexpensive too) is Elmers Glue All. It is a white glue that dries clear. Its important
that you try other glues and decide which glue works best for you. This can not be
stressed enough. Use a very small amount of glue when joining your shaped coils. Too
much glue may cause buckling or may show thus spoiling the professional look of
your finished project. If not using a glue bottle/applicator, youll need toothpicks or a
needle to apply the glue to the shaped coil. Place your glue into a small open container
(a contact lens case is excellent for this purpose) so you can dip your toothpick into it
easily. Stir the glue often to keep it from forming a film or drying out. You can also
put a damp sponge over it to keep the glue from drying out.
HINT: A Contact lens case is very handy for holding your glue and the lid
can be closed to keep your glue fresh. In my opinion the best method for applying
glue is to use an ultra fine glue applicator. Again use tiny drops of glue.
HINT: A small glass with a wet sponge placed in the bottom will keep your
applicator/bottle free flowing and prevent the tip from drying up. Place the bottle
upside down with the tip touching the sponge.


Youll find that a good pair of tweezers are excellent for placing those small
pieces in the right place. I have several pairs. Try several types to see which one works best
for you. SeeFigure61 which shows the different types of tweezers. Tweezers can be used to
hold your shaped coil while you put a few drops of glue on the edges youre gluing together
without damaging it. Tweezers are useful to pull the center to your coils edge when creating
concentric coils.


T-Pins or regular pins will help hold your pieces together while the glue dries.
The pins will also allow you to put the project aside and finish it later should something come
up (something unimportant like preparing dinner LOL). I use several different T-pin sizes.


As discussed before it is very important that you have a place you can put your
pattern together and then glue it without someone knocking your work on the floor or
bumping it. More important then the fact your project may be ruined is the chance of
injury. I can tell you from experience that having a needle jammed into your finger or
other body part is not enjoyable and can create a health hazard. Nothing spoils your day
like having to go to the ER or doctor to get a tetanus shot.

As you glue each piece together make sure you allow adequate time for the glue
to dry. I usually glue small groups of pieces together before I glue the entire shape. As each
group of shapes is glued make sure to secure it by placing a pin inside the shape. Youll find
that the glued shapes are very sturdy. After the pieces are glued together youll want to place
the finished shape on a background. Youll find that once the projectis very flexible and can
be manipulated into creating a 3D shape! Pegs canbe used to create lift in various areas of the

Now youre ready to glue again. Remember less glue is more. To secure the
design to the background I usually lift an edge, apply a tiny drop of glue, set it down lightly,
repeating this procedure until the entire piece is secure. Do not use pins to secure the design to
the background because the pin will create holes that will show, ruining your project. After

the glue dries and the background can be lifted safely, youll want to finish your piece by
framing it or placing it in your scrapbook or on a card.

You can also spray the finished piece with acrylic spray to protect it and
prevent aging. Many times I want the item to gain the soft yellowing often associated with

This is not the only method you can use. Some people prefer to tear a strip to
the proper length, create the correct sized coil, shape it and pin it in place on the pattern, then
they move onto the 2nd coil and repeat the action. After the piece is completed they will glue
it. Others glue the shapes together as they finish them. This is not a good method in my
opinion because there is no easy way to correct a mistake or change something that does not
please you.

I find that the method I use is faster and more efficient for me but may not
work for you. You may even use a method used by no one else and thats ok too. Each person
must decide which method works best for them as we are all individuals and this is one of the
areas in which there is no RIGHT method.

How to create your own Quilling patterns

Creating your own quilling patterns can really open up a wide range of exciting
possibilities with your quilling and make the craft so much more enjoyable as each piece is
uniquely crafted to what you want or what will please a friend or family member.

Understanding the Basics of Quilling Patterns

Each two-dimensional quilling pattern is made up of some basic shapes.

These include triangles, squares, crescents, sheaths, etc. When creating your own
quilling designs you will need to think about how these basic shapes can be included
in your pattern to create the effect you are looking for.

Draw Your Design Using the Basics

When you know the basic shapes used in paper quilling all you need to do is
think about how you would draw any picture you want using these basic shapes put
together. Lets take a simple example of a Christmas tree. In its most basic constituent
parts a Christmas tree would consist of a number of triangles on one another with a
square or rectangular base for the trunk of the tree. Other patterns may be more
complicated to draw but if you can break it down into some basic shapes then you
should be able to use it as a quilling pattern.

Creating Three-Dimensional Quilling Patterns

Three dimensional designs are more difficult to create because of their very
nature. You cant simply draw the design on a flat piece of paper too easily. Still, try
to think of what basic 3D shapes would make up your object. For example, to create a
person you may want a cone for the body and a circle for the head. You can either
choose to simply make notes on how to do your design or you can draw it on paper
using symbols to represent the three dimensional nature of the object, whichever
method is easier for you to remember.

Creating your own quilling patterns allows you to create unique designs and
objects that no one else has made and to create beautiful items for your home or to give away
to friends and family.

VIII. Quilling Technique: Shaping Your Coils

Below are the basic shapes you will use when quilling. Start out with the easier
shapes, and move on to the more complicated ones as you become more confident.

The teardrop

Pick up your coil and with the thumb and index finger pinch it together
forming a shape with a point at one end and leaving the other end rounded. This is a
useful shape for flower petals.

The petal

Taking your teardrop shape, gently press your pointed end to one side to
curve it over.

The marquise or eye shape

Take another coil and this time hold it between the thumb and index

fingers of both hands. Pinch tightly with both hands to form points at each end. The
marquise is one of the most useful shapes in quilling.

The leaf

Make another marquise but this time after pinching the ends move them
in opposite directions creating a twist in the shape.

The half moon or crescent

You will need your quilling tool again for this shape. Take one of your
coils and push the handle of the tool into the circle, squeezing the two ends to form

The triangle

A slightly tricky one this time. Holding the circle between your index
fingers of each hand, push the bottom of the circle up with your thumbs to create a
triangle. Pinch the three corners to sharpen them up.

The tulip

Start by making the teardrop shape but before letting go of the pinched
end push it back into the main part of the circle to form an indentation. Sharpen up the
two outside points if required but they can be left rounded.

Bunny ear or shield

Similar in appearance to the crescent, this shape is made without using

the quilling tool as a former. Holding the coil in one hand use the index finger on the
other hand to push an indentation into the circle. Then pinch the two resulting points
to sharpen up the shape and make the ears.

The arrow

First make a teardrop by pinching one end. Then, holding the pinched end,
use your finger to push the other end towards your other hand forming an indentation.
Pinch the points to sharpen up the shape.

The star

Make a marquise as before, then turn the shape 90 degrees and repeat,
pinching two more points to make a star. Press hard at each point to sharpen up the

The square

This one needs both thumbs and both index fingers! Hold the circle
between all four digits and gently press into a square shape. Squeeze each corner to
transform your circle into a square.

The holly leaf

A pair of pointed craft tweezers are useful when making this shape which
is, of course, great for quilled Christmas cards.

IX.Quilling Ideas

Looking for some good quilling ideas? Cant think of what to quill next? There
are many different ways that you can get ideas for new quilling projects from considering the
season to thinking about the person you are creating the item for.

Quill Items Related to the Season

What time of year is it? Is it Christmas? Valentines Day? Or Easter? Use

the time of year to come up with new ideas to quill. If it is Christmas then you will
probably be quilling Christmas cards so use Christmas quilling patterns such as
Christmas trees, gift boxes, etc. If it is Valentines day then why not create some
quilled hearts or Easter eggs at Easter?

Quilling Gift Ideas

When you are quilling gifts you may use the persons hobbies, career or
other interests to get quilling ideas. If the person is an animal lover or veterinarian
then you could find quilling patterns that contain animals. If the person loves cooking
then quill a cake or other food.

Dcor Ideas with Quilling

Are you using quilling in your home? Then think about your other dcor
in the room. What effect do you want to create in the room? Is it a classic or antique
one or a more modernistic, contemporary feel? The quilling you create should match
your other dcor items and also use colours that match your current dcor.

Decorative Quilling Ideas

Quilling can also be good for other decorative items such as creating
jewellery. If you enjoy costume jewellery or have a friend and family member who
does then think of what size they would like it and also the type of jewellery they
would like e.g. miniature birds or other animals, abstract designs, etc.

Useful Quilling Ideas

Quilling has been used on practical items for hundreds of years such as to
decorate book covers or cabinets. When you are using quilling to decorate a practical
item think of what that item will be used for (or what the book is about) and get ideas
from this.

Allow your imagination to go and find quilling ideas wherever you look.
Think of how you can quill items to go with practical or decorative items or how you can
spoil a friend or family member by quilling an item for them. There really are plenty of ideas.

Quilled Greeting Cards

Pick a good quality cardstock in a solid color that is complimentary to your

quilled pieces. Consider using a piece of foil or vellum as a front panel to further accent your

You can use rubber stamps to print your greeting, or you may experiment with
various inks and paints to freehand the greeting. Be sure to use Jet Black solvent ink with
your rubber stamp to ensure a clean, dark imprint.

Attach your quilled pieces to your card using small dabs of clear-drying glue.
If the card might be framed, be sure to glue every piece well enough to ensure they will stay
in place.

Creating a basic card decorated with quilled shapes should require scissors,
tweezers, a rubber stamp of your choice, brushes or pens if you decide to freehand your
greeting, and your glue applicator.

To begin this project, first decide on the size of your card. Next you need to
decide on which quilled shapes you wish to use and the design for your card overall. You can
arrange your quilling pieces on your board as a dry-fit, to make sure the arrangement will fit
on the card attractively.

Next, decide which form of print you want to use for the greetingstamp or
freehandand if then try both on scrap paper to make sure you can get the effect, or a clear

imprint before going to the actual card. Once you feel comfortable with creating your
greeting, do a final printing on the cardstockthen allow it to dry completely.

Now you are ready to apply your quillings. Have your tools readytweezers,
scissors and glue applicator filled with glue. Carefully transfer each quilled shape from your
dry-fit area to the card, gluing each piece one-by-one, until all have been moved and glued
to the card. Allow the work to dry completely. Before you move the card again, re-check all
pieces to make sure your glue has set up and that all pieces are secured. Any quillings that
seem loose should be carefully re-glued and then allowed to dry.

Your simple, yet beautifully decorated card is now ready to go to family, friends
or anyone you wish to surprise with such a wonderful gift!

This basic card approach can be upgraded using a number of decorative

techniquesadding beads, using a paper punch on paper overlays to expose the color of the
underlying cardstock, using scribing tools to bring texture and depth to leavesand many,
many others. You will, undoubtedly, find techniques from other crafts that can be utilized in
your quilled cards, or other, projects.

Quilled Wall Hangings
Free-standing designs and wall hangings are relatively easy to create, provided
you dont rush in and instead take your time. An example from the Quilling Guild contains
quilling, husking and weaving. All these technique elements are brought together to create a
wonderful wall hanging that anyone familiar with the basic quilling and husking shapes could
make. The weaving is in basic patterns and using this interesting technique adds dimension
and depth.

The flowers are simple and eccentric marquise shapes, with yellow huskings for
accents. The leaves are green husking and dark green marquise shapes. The yellow accents
are tailed scrolls of varying lengths, glued together. Imagine this pretty project with red,
orange or light blue flowersor each flower a different color.

Another type of wall hanging is the wreath. This popular hanging style is well-used
for Holidays, as seasonal identifiers and show up in nearly every room in many houses. The
example below could be used anywhere, but uses some unique combinations of quilling
techniques. The bow is a simple gathering of narrow strips, with a few lightly rolled for a
ribbon effect. Leaves are husking shapes and small eccentric marquise shapes. The flowers
are teardrops with points to the outside, fringed flowers with centers and fully tufted, and last
the orange bunny ears. The use of different types of flower making techniques brings extra
interest to this design.

Wall hangings can be quilled works suspended within metal or wooden rings, using
thread or ribbon to hold the piece in place. Quillings can be attached to lacework which is
clasped and held taut in a needlepoint ring as well.

Any makings for a wreath can have quilled shapes glued to it, creating pieces that
can reflect and season, Holiday or area of your home. And the decorations are only limited by
your imagination and determination to create something that is yours alone.

Well take our flowers one step further, creating free-standing designs that need
neither card backing, frame or wall for support.

These designs were based on the original ebook written by Christopher Freville in
Solihull, UK. They usually incorporate cork or balsa wood for bases, but anything you dream
up can work as well. An integral tool in these arrangements is florists wire, available in craft

shops. If you are unable to find such wire, you may use any fairly lightweight craft wirejust
wrap it in florist green wrap, or tissue to hide the metal.

White eccentric marquise and teardrops are used to simulate a basket, so the cork
appears to be the foot of it. The flowers are twisted roses, small tufted flowers and very
small bunny ears with tight coil centers. The leaves are cut-edged and scribed. All shapes are
mounted to wires and pushed into the craft styrofoam.

How to quill a simple flower shape:
1.Make a central tight coil using an appropriate color, for example yellow for a daisy.
2. Make some loose coils in the desired petal color, glue the ends to secure, then pinch one
side to make the petal shape. Arrange the petals around the center with the pinched end
pointing towards the center.
3. Make a couple more loose coils in green for leaves, glue the ends to secure, then pinch both
sides to form the leaf shape. Arrange these around the flower head or make a stem from a
folded strip of green paper and position the leaves on the stem.

Instructions for Elegant Flower pattern:
6 Pink hearts (3) for flower petals

3 Red hearts (3) for petals

3 Green strips (1.5) for stems

3 Loose scrolls (2) for filigree

Flower pot

To make a miniature flower pot, you will need to glue two or three strips of
quilling paper to make a long strip. Make a tight coil with the long strip of paper. Use a
pencil to press into the centre of the coil until it forms the shape of a flower pot. Apply glue to
the inside of the pot to strengthen it and to retain the shape.

Daffodil flower

To create a miniature daffodil flower, make five yellow teardrop coils and one small
tight coil. Push the centre of the small coil outwards. Arrange the teardrop coils around the
small coil to form the shape of a flower. Gently glue the teardrop coils to the small coil.

Trim toothpick to about four centimetres and glue the flower to the top of the

Cut two green strips of paper to make the leaves. Glue the green leaves to lower end
of the toothpick.

Planting the flower in the pot

Put the flower in the pot. Line the pot with strips of brown paper and apply glue to
secure the paper and flower to the pot.

Make a few more pots and flowers. Place the pots of flowers in a display box and
use Blu-tack or a glue gun to secure the items to the box.

Flower vase

A flower vase is can be created with two flower pots. One of the pots will need to
have a hole in the middle (for putting flowers). Glue the flower pot upside down to the second

How to Make Quilled Butterflies and Flowers

Flowers and butterflies are great graphical combinations.

Parts of a Butterfly
A butterfly has the following body parts: head, wings, thorax, abdomen,
proboscis, antennae and legs. We are not doing biology here so some of the smaller body
parts can be omitted in our quilling designs

How to Make Quilled Butterflies

Basic Butterfly Shape

Some of the tools and materials for paper quilling required in this tutorial are a few
strips of quilling paper, a quilling tool and glue. To create coils of the same size, you may
need to use a quilling board. A simple quilled design for a butterfly will have four wings and
two antennae. You will need to make two large coils and two small coils for the wings. Shape
the wings and then arrange them to form the shape of a butterfly. Use two small strips of

quilling paper for the antennae. Apply a small amount of glue to hold the coils together.

Side Profile of the Butterfly

This is another simple yet beautiful butterfly design to make. The side profile of
the butterfly will display only two wings, the abdomen and antennae. Make one large coil and
one small coil, shape the coils by pressing or pinching them. Make a crescent shaped coil for
the abdomen. Slightly curl two small strips of paper to make the antennae. Arrange the coils
to form the butterfly and glue the pieces together. Add some quilled flowers and leaves to
create an interesting quilled masterpiece.

More Ways to Make Butterflies

When you have mastered making the basic shapes of the butterfly, you may want
to create the butterflies with more advanced quilling methods. Learn the different quilling
methods to make the coils. The quilling comb method can be used to make really awesome

Use your own creativity and imagination to produce interesting patterns and
designs. Incorporate different colours for the coils by using two or more strips of quilling
paper of different colours. Change the sizes and shapes of the coils to come up with different
types of butterfly patterns. You will be amazed with what you can do with paper quilling.

X.Quilling Artists

Here are a few of todays talented quilling artists:

Yulia Brodskaya

Jitesh Patel

Sena Runa

XI. Quilling with Kids

Although quilling takes a little dexterity and some coordination, its not beyond most grade-
school age kids, and if projects are kept within their abilities, kids will come up with some
great ideas.

Working with kids and quilling means going back to your first time trying to hold your
quilling tool correctly and keep a coil tight. The best thing to remember is that quilling is
funno rules apply to the best way to do anything and any shape that is quilled can be used

for making anything your heart desires.

Loose coils in gray can create an elephants belly, and curly spirals can be a tail. Brightly
colored teardrops can become balloons and tight coils glued in stacks can become spinning
tops. Kids can draw a design first, and then fill it with shapes theyve quilled. They can cut
out shapes, or use a paper punch, in several pieces of colored paperthen lay them in a stack
to create a layered look. Then these can have quilled shapes added, either in designs of
particular things or creatures, or simply as abstract shapes on a multi-colored sea.

Holidays can be the perfect time to bring your family into quilling. Christmas time comes to
mind with quilled Santas and Holiday decorations. Remember your wreath!

Quilling can be fun and rewarding for anyoneeven the guys in your life! Many quillings
reflect masculine themes and abstract styles, and this artistic past time can be as relaxing as
tying trout flies, working puzzles or whittling wood. As we say, quilling is without
boundaries, so everyone can come join the fun!

Popular examples show kits available from many fine quilling craft suppliers and provide a
wonderful way to work on Christmas quillings with your family.

Gather the kids and create a Santa for a Holiday decoration, a card for the grandparents, the
favorite teacher or best friend. Everyone can the basic shapes that make up this fun pattern.

Take a moment to read through the instructions beforehand, and of course, have enough tools
for everyone and gather up plenty of materials, so everyone can quickly dive into the fun.
Some little fingers may have trouble using a quilling tool, but should be able to glue pieces
together just fine. Before you know it, youve got a quilling party going!

Assembling a quilling design is as fun as putting together a puzzleonly more, because the
pieces are hand made and the puzzle stays together!

Perhaps the family, or you and your best buds, would enjoy working with such a pattern
together? Your creations could grace cards, gift boxes or maybe hang from the tree, or in a

Go through the pattern with the others and ask for ideas on color schemes and uses for the
finished pieces. Have plenty of color variety in your paper strips, maybe including some foils,
graduated papers or two-toned papersan added bit of fun can be a crimping tool for crinkled

Or, perhaps you can ask everyone to bring some accessory they would like to add to their
piece? Beads, sequins, glitter, ribbons, silk threadswhatever sparks the imagination.

Again, and always, the idea is to have fun, be creative and enjoy yourself!

Animals, of any kind, are favorite quilling subjects. Whether youre going for a realistic look
or a caricatureor your own interpretation of a critterquilling it will be an adventure.

There are a number of beginners kits with patterns for small animal shapes. These designs
allow anyone starting out in quilling to learn yet another design skill that brings them closer to
being able to create their own designs.

XII. Conclusion

Quilling or paper filigree is an art form that involves the use of strips of paper that
are rolled, shaped, and glued together to create decorative designs. The paper is rolled,
looped, curled, twisted and otherwise manipulated to create shapes which make up designs to
decorate greetings cards, pictures, boxes, eggs, and to make models, jewelry, mobiles etc.
These items can all be used as thoughtfully designed gifts which many people would highly

Quilling starts with rolling a strip of paper into a coil and then pinching the coil into
shapes that can be glued together. There are advanced techniques and different sized paper
that are used to create 3D miniatures, abstract art, and quilled flowers among many things.

You can make a great art from quilling, so when you have time do not waste it, just
make some quilling . It will help your skills and your imagination, for me to quill is the most
relaxing and beautiful thing. I can escape from reality for a few hours and I am me and my
thoughts and the paper which is coming from my hands a great art: flowers, butterflies, vases
and many other things which I can say that are worth the whole job and time spent on create
them . Any time you can quill do it ,because its a thing that can bring you joy and satisfaction
because you made something with your own hands. That time is not wasted I assure you! So ,
start quilling and do your own paper art.

XIII. Bibliography

Quilling tehnica spiralrii hrtiei Margarete Vogelbacher


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