Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE MAJORS

Name:______________________________________ School:________________ Date graduated:_______________

1. The following are the domains of life EXCEPT ______.


A. eubacteria B. prokarya C. eukarya D. archea

2. Which of the following is a plant family?


A. magnoliaceae B. euglenaceae C. archeacea D. protistaceae

3. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of kingdom fungi?


A. autotrophy B. chitinous cell wall C. saprobic D. unicellular

4. What disease is caused by a severe deficiency in ascorbic acid?


A. rickets B. beriberi C. scurvy D. vitelligo

5. The following are the morphological and anatomical features of chordates EXCEPT_______.
A. post anal tail C. pharyngeal slits
B. dorsal notochord D. ectodermal nerve tissues

6. What is the complementary DNA strand shown right? 5-GCCTAAAACGATTCT-3


A. 5-CGGATTTTGCTAAGA-3 C. 5-CGGTTTTTCTTAAGA-3
B. 3-CGGATTTTGCTAAGA-5 D. No complement

7. The following are the major biomolecules in the body EXCEPT___________.


A. Vitamins B. Protein C. Fats D. Carbohydrates

8. Which of the following is a comma shaped bacteria?


A. E. coli B. B. anthracis C. V. cholerae D. S. aureus

9. Which of the following is the correct kingdom-species (common name) pairing of organisms?
A. Protist yeast C. Plantae- Algae
B. Fungi-Trichomonas D. Animalia-nematode

10. He proposed that animals are also made up of cells.


A. M. Schleiden B. T. Schwann C. R. Virchow D. W. Harvey

11. What branch of biology that deals with the interrelationship of organisms to their external surrounding?
A. ecology B. ecosystem C. ecosphere D. ecogeography

12. What is the largest bone in the human body?


A. femur B. sternum C. tibia D. clavicle

13. What muscle is known to hold the Achilles tendon?


A. latissimus dorsi C. Extensor femoris
B. gluteus maximus D. gastrocnemius

14. How many ATPs are produced after full oxidation of glucose molecule in tricarboxylic acid cycle?
A. 4 B. 34 C. 36 D. 24

15. Which of the following cells you will expect to have more mitochondrion?
A. muscle cells B. skin cells C. bone cells D. hair cells

16. What probability that parents, both having Bb genotype, will bear a bb genotype offspring?
A. 50/100 B. 25/100 C. 75/100 D. No probability

17. What is the latest celestial body ever visited by an unmanned spacecraft?
A. comet B. asteroid C. moon D. exoplanet

18. What is the term wherein there is an imbalance of H+ ions between the outside and inside of
mitochondrial
cristae?
A. acid reflux C.chemiosmosis
B. proton gradient turnover D. plasmolysis

19. Excess of glucose in the blood stream induces the liver to undergo what process?
A. lipid accumulation B. glycogenesis C. glucogenesis D. desorption
20. A characteristic exhibited by abyssal invertebrates that allow them to glow in the dark without expending
heat.
A. phosphorescence C. bioluminescence
B. bioinflorescence D.chemiluminescence

21. An atom of the same element with same number of proton but of different masses is called
A. radionuclides B. isotopes C. decay product D. isoelectric

22. What plant tissue is responsible for growth in leaf primordial and the root cap?
A. collenchymas B. meristem C. endoderm D.schlerenchyma

23. What do you call a programmed cell death?


A. cancer B. lysis C. apoptosis D.tonicity

24. An event where precipitation exhibit drastic drop in pH due to accumulation of SOx and NOx in air.
A. acid rain B. rain alkalosis C. rain shadow D. rain acidosis

25.The biological study of shape and forms of organisms.


A. morphology B. anatomy C. physiology D. homology

26. He is famous for his swan-necked flask experiment that ended the theory of abiogenesis.
A. L. Spallazani B. F. Redi C. L. Pasteur D. A.V.
Leeuwenhok

27.A structure that has no important physiological function but may had once function in the evolutionary
past.
A. vestigial B. homoplastic C. divergent D. dysfunctional

28. Which is the correct way of writing a scientific name under the binomial nomenclature?
A. homo Sapien B. Homo sapien C. Homo sapien D. Homo Sapien

29. The traditional name given to ferns and fern allies is ______.
A. Leptosporangiate B. pteridophyta C. tracheophyta D. monilophyta

30. The name given to bacteria that are round in shape and form.
A. bacillus B. spirochete C. coccus D. spiral

31. Flowering plants are technically termed as _______.


A. Sporophyta B. Angiosperma C. Gymnosperma D. Dicots

32.He is the father of modern microscopy.


A. L. Mathias B. F. Redi C. L. Pasteur D. A.V.
Leeuwenhok

33. Diploid is MITOSISas haploid is to meiosis

34. Bony fishes is to icththicthyes as cartilogenous fishes is to CHONDRICHTHYES

35. Osteocytes is to bones as HEPATOCYTESis to liver

36. The cellular location where protein synthesis occurs:


A. Ribosomes B.Golgi complex C.Nucleus D.Mitochondria
E. Lysosome

37. Which of these is not one of the six kingdoms of life?


A. Archaea B. Fungi C. Virus D. Protist

38. Which of these is a product of cellular (aerobic) respiration?


A. Glucose C.Adenosine triphosphate
B. Oxygen D. Deoxyribonucleic acid

39. What is the major component of biological membranes?


A. Proteins B. Nucleic acids C. Carbohydrates D.Lipids
E. Water
40. Which type of cellular transport must always move particles out of a cell?
A. Osmosis B. Exocytosis C. Active transport D. Diffusion
E. Metabolism

41. Which of these is NOT a reactant in photosynthesis?


A. Sunlight B.Carbon dioxide C.Glucose D.Water

42. Which is the longest phase of the eukaryotic cell cycle?


A. Mitosis B.Binary Fission C. Interphase D. Meiosis

43. A pea plant has genetic instructions to be tall and short, but only expresses the tall phenotype.
This plant can be described as:
A. homozygous B. hybrid C.true-breeding D.self-pollinating
E.cross-pollinating

44. In a eukaryotic cell, which of these would NOT be found in the cytoplasm?
A. ATP B.DNA C.Enzymes D.Amino acids
E. tRNA

45. Which type of cell lacks a membrane surrounding its genetic material?
A.Bacteria B.Plant C.Animal D.Eukaryotic
E. Fungus

46. Which of the following cannot be found in prokaryotes?


A. Cytoplasm C. Membrane-bound nucleus
B. Plasma membrane D. DNA

47. Which plant has underground stem modified for reproduction?


A. Ginger B. Camote C. Tubers D. Strawberry

48. Which kind of relationship is exhibited by algae and fungi in lichen?


A. Commensalism B. Parasitism C. Symbiosis D. Competition

49. What is that 3-carbon sugar formed during the dark reaction phase of the photosynthesis?
A. ADP B. NADPH C. ATP D. PGAL

50. Which of the following is not a type of cell?


A. Bacterium B. Amoeba C. Sperm D. Virus

51. Which is not considered as adaptive mechanism of living things?


A. Modification of body parts to suit the environment.
B. Presence of specialized structures like thorns and fins.
C. Possession of camouflage features like color, pattern or shape.
D. Reproduction for the preservation of a certain species.

52. Biologists are at present involved in gene manipulation by altering the genes in nuclei. Which aims
seem to be the most important of such manipulation?
A. to cure ancient genetic diseases like cancer
B. to prolong life
C. to create new types of agricultural plants and animals
D. to make significant changes in man himself

53. Which chemical substance produced by the body regulates and coordinates the functions and
activities of bodily organ?
A. gene B. Deoxyribonucleic acid C. hormone D. enzyme

54. Which endocrine abnormality is characterized by dwarfness, low intelligence and sex immaturity?
A. myxedema B. cretinism C. tetany D. acromegaly

55. What is the present connotation of symbiosis?


A. a give and take relationship of organism
B. any type of relationship between two dissimilar organisms living together
C. a one- sided relationship between two species
D. neutral relationship that exist between two organisms

56. Living things are classified either as aerobic or anaerobic as they grow or metabolize in the presence
or absence of:
A. carbon dioxide B. nitrogen C. water D. oxygen
57. What is the structural difference between plants and animals?
A. Plant cells have plastids but animal cells do not.
B. Plant cells have a stiff cell wall of cellulose but animal cells do not.
C. Animal cells have centriole but the cells of higher plants do not.
D. Plant cells have only a thin membrane but animals do not.

58. Only living things can respond to stimuli, to physical and chemical changes in their environment.
Such a characteristic is called:
A. metabolism C. movement
B. irritability D. specific organization

59. The preservation of specie is made possible through:


A. reproduction B. adaptation C. metabolism D. growth

60. Which process involves in the movement of dissolved molecules (solute) through a differentially
permeable membrane?
A. diffusion B. osmosis C. Brownian movement D. dialysis

61. Which refers to the earths entire zone of air, land and water which occupied by living things?
A. biosphere B. biome C. bioassay D. biomass

62. Which body organ is responsible for the removal of waste from the blood and body fluids?
A. liver B. pancreas C. kidney D. large intestine

63. What is meant by excretion?


A. Elimination of waste and undigested food from the anus.
B. Removal from the cells and blood streams of substances which are no further use in the
body.
C. Release from the cell of some substance that is utilized elsewhere in some bodily process.
D. Absorption of soluble food by the body cells.

64. The clotting of the blood is essentially the function of:


A. red blood cells B. white corpuscles C. plasma D. hemoglobin

65. All living things have a tendency to maintain uniformity or stability in their internal environment
called:
A. anabolism B. metabolism C. epigenesist D. homeostasis

66. What is an ecosystem?


A. A basic unit that shows interaction between living things and their environment.
B. A recognizable unit which shows plant and animal distribution as influenced primarily by
climate.
C. A fundamental unit that shows various types of relationship among organism.
D. A distinct unit that shows how physical factor can affect other abiotic components in the
environment.

67. Which plant structure transports organic nutrients both up and down the stem and roots?
A. xylem B. vascular bundle C. parenchyma D. phloem

68. Under what condition does a living organism live best or has the greatest chance of survival?
A. maximal B. minimal C. optimum D. standard

69. Which traps light energy from the sun for use in the photosynthesis?
A. carbon dioxide B. water C. chlorophyll D. oxygen

70. Smoking cigarettes:


A. causes ulcer C. leads to emphysema and lung cancer
B. decreases the vital capacity of the stomach D. leads to abnormal life

71. Blood cells and plasma factors are important:


A. immune defense B. invaders C. external defenses D. internal defenses

72. A spinal nerve is:


A. motor nerve B. sensory nerve C. neuron D. mixed nerve

73. The anterior pituitary stimulates the:


A. motor coordination B. consciousness C. sense reception D. homeostasis
74. What do all methods of birth control have in common?
A. they all use some device
B. they are all expensive
C. they interrupt lovemaking
D. they prevent the egg from coming in contact with the sperm

75. Pregnancy begins:


A. upon successful implantation C. when the egg is fertilized
B. during the follicular phase D. when ovulation occurs

76. The fact that many insects are now immune to DDT is an example of:
A. natural selection C. geographical isolation
B. genetic drift D. translocation

77. The nutrient glucose is useful to the body:


A. to prevent goiter C. active reabsorption
B. as a source of energy D. during the process of respiration

78. Radiant energy is covered into chemical energy during:


A. oxidation B. glycosis C. respiration D. photosynthesis

79. Which of the following is not a form of vegetative reproduction?


A. regeneration C. spore formation
B. budding D. vegetation by runners

80. Nitrogenous waste is produced by the metabolism of:


A. fats B. carbohydrates C. proteins D. starches

81. Which of the following is a reflex act?


A. breathing B. blinking C. walking D. sleeping

82. In an ecosystem:
A. only energy is recycled C. both materials and energy are recycled
B. only materials are recycled D. neither materials nor energy is recycled

83. Distribution of plants is affected by:


A. type of soil C. amount of rainfall
B. amount of light D. A, B, and C are correct

84. Which decoction contains traces of iron to arrest hemorrhage?


A. corn silk C. gumamela
B. ampalaya leaves flowers D. coconut milk

85. Hyperacidity can destroy the lining of the stomach. Which of the following substance can ease the
discomfort?
A. water therapy B. milk of magnesia C. starch solution D. gelatin

86. Deficiency of carbohydrates is characterized by:


A. sluggishness B. pallor C. obesity D. bone deformation

87. Salt as a preservative causes:


A. cell shrinkage B. ionization C. hydrolysis D. hydration

88. What do you call the practical or industrial application based on scientific principles?
A. scientific method B. technology C. theory D. experimentation

89. What is the principal cause of earthquakes?


A. faulting B. landslides C. nuclear explosions D. volcanic eruptions

90. Purification of metals can be done best by:


A. filtration B. flotation C. aeration D. electrolysis

91. Which of these is not one of the six kingdoms of life?


A. Archaea B. Fungi C. Virus D. Protista

92. Which of these is not one of the most common elements in biological molecules?
A. Phosphorus B. Sulfur C. Sodium D. Hydrogen
93. DNA is our genetic material. Which scientist discovered that it was a long, twisting helix?
A. Watson & Crick B. Avery C. Franklin D. Chargaff

94. In a eukaryotic cell, which of these would NOT be found in the cytoplasm?
A. ATP B. DNA C. Enzymes D. Amino acids

95. The first person to see (and name) cells observed the walls of cork cells. Who was he?
A. Leeuwenhoek B. Fleming C. Hooke D. Schleidon

96. In a controlled experiment, what factor changes from group to group?


A. The hypothesis B. The variable C.The constants D. The conclusion

97. Which type of cell lacks a membrane surrounding its genetic material?
A. Bacteria B. Plant C. Animal D. Eukaryotic

98. The sum of all chemical reactions that occur in an organism:


A. Homeostasis C. Stimulus
B. Metabolism D. Mitosis and Meiosis

99. The cellular location where protein synthesis occurs:


A. Ribosomes B. Golgi complex C. Nucleus D. Mitochondria

100.. The genetic code that is passed down from one generation to the next is "hidden" within:
A. Proteins C. CHNOPS
B. Amino acid sequences D. nucleotides

101. Which type of cellular transport must always move particles out of a cell?
A. Osmosis B. Exocytosis C. Active transport D. Diffusion

102. Which is the longest phase of the eukaryotic cell cycle?


A. Mitosis B. Binary Fission C. Interphase D. Meiosis

103. Which of these is not one of the major problems plaguing our environment?
A. Pollution C. Overpopulation
B. Loss of biodiversity D. Resource depletion

104. Which of these is a product of cellular (aerobic) respiration?


A. Glucose C. Adenosine triphosphate
B. Oxygen D. Deoxyribonucleic acid

105. During mitosis, the DNA in a cell is found as:


A. chromatin B. spindle fibers C. chromosomes D. Punnett squares

106. Which of these is NOT a reactant in photosynthesis?


A. Sunlight B. Carbon dioxide C. Glucose D. Water

107. Which of these is NOT one of the major macromolecules that form all organisms?
A. Lipids C. Carbohydrates
B. Minerals D. Adenosine triphosphate

108. What is the major component of biological membranes?


A. Proteins B. Nucleic acids C. Carbohydrates D. Water

109. Heterotrophs depend on autotrophs. Why?


A. Autotrophs reproduce and make heterotrophs.
B. Autotrophs keep the heterotroph populations from growing too large.
C. Autotrophs decompose dead organisms so the nutrients can be recycled.
D. Autotrophs capture sunlight and store it in carbohydrates.

110. A pea plant has genetic instructions to be tall and short, but only expresses the tall phenotype. This
plant can be described as:
A. homozygous B. hybrid C. true-breeding D. self-pollinating

111. Where do producers obtain their energy?


A. From other producers C. From the decomposers
B. From the consumers D. From the sun
112. Why do you experience not seeing things clearly for some seconds when you enter suddenly a well-
lighted room after coming from a dark room, you?
A. The pupils are not adapted to the dark C. The pupils are not dilated yet
B. The eyes are adapted to the light only D. Light had caused temporary blindness

113. What term is used to describe the ability to maintain a constant internal environment?
A. Metabolism C. Homeostasis
B. Growth and development D. Thermoregulation

114.What is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease?


A. Fatty deposits in the arteries C. Lack of sodium in the diet
B. Inadequate supply of red blood cells D. Increased heartbeat

115.Which is the smallest unit of life that can survive and reproduce on its own?
A. Cell B. Organ C. Tissues D. Population

116.Which region of a vertebrate forebrain is considered with the neutral-endocrine control of visceral
activities?
A. Cerebellum B. Thalamus C. Hypothalamus D. Pituitary

117.Which of the following is the building block carbohydrate?


A. Amino acid B. Nucleotide C. Fatty acid D. Monosaccharide

118. Why it is necessary men have more red blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood than women?
A. Man does strenuous activities and need more energy
B. They have bigger physique and need more blood
C. Man waste more blood cells and need extra
D. They are more prone to anemia disorders

119.Which of the following is the building block of protein?


A. Amino acid B. Nucleotide C. Fatty acid D. Monosaccharide

120.Where does protein synthesis take place?


A. Ribosomes B. Lysosomes C. Endoplasmic reticulum D. Golgi bodies

121.Why are our lips redder than our palm?


A. There is increased blood flow in the lips C. Lip epidermis is thinner
B. Lips are heavily keratinized D. Many blood vessels are located around the lips

122.Which of the following cannot be found in prokaryotes?


A. Cytoplasm B. Plasma membrane C. Membrane-bound nucleus D. DNA

123.What do we call mutation that is brought about by the earth natural radioactivity?
A. Continuous B. Induced C. Lysosomes D. Chloroplast

124.Which of the following organelles produces turbo pressure against cell wall and mainly acts as water
reservoir
A. Plastids B. Vacuole C. Lysosomes D. Chloroplast

125.What is the branch crobial organisms is used in the creation of genetically modified organisms?
A. Pseudomonas vulgaris C. Agro bacterium tumafaciens
B. Bacillus thuringensis D. Escherichia coli

126.What is the branch of zoology that is devoted to the study of fish?


A. Helmintology B. Ichthyology C. Chondrichthyes D. Ornithology

127.The process involved in the production of RNA using DNA as template is termed _______?
A. Transcription C. Gene manipulation
B. Replication D. Reverse transcription

128.What is the most abundant inorganic compound in the protoplasm?


A. Fluid B. Blood C. Plasma D. Water

129.Which is the riches type of tropical rain forest in the Philippines?


A. Molave forest B. Dipterocarp forest C. Mangrove forest D. Pine forest

130.What muscle is described as involuntary, not striated, and have a single nucleus?
A. Smooth B. Skeletal C. Cardiac D. Connective
131.We feel warmer just before it rains because __________.
A. Heat is released by the evaporation of water
B. The clouds prevent heat from escaping the earth
C. There is an increased relative humidity
D. Heat is released by the condensation of water vapor

132.Which of the following is not considered as a reproductive cell?


A. Gamete B. Somatic cell C. Egg cell D. Sperm cell

133.The cell wall of plant is made of _______.


A. Lipids B. Cellulose C. Protein D. Cell membrane

134.Which of the following is the correct sequence of the level of organization from lowest to highest?
A. Cells-system-organs-tissues C. Cells-tissues-organs-system
B. System-organs-tissues-cells D. Tissues-systems-cells-organs

135. At metaphase of the meiotic division, the chromosomes are attached to the spindle fibers
as ________.
A. Double chromatids C. Single chromatid strands
B. Non-homologous pairs D. A tetrad of four chromatids

136.Which of the following is an example of behavioral adaption?


A. Thick green stems of the cactus plant
B. Thick fur of the bear
C. Shedding leaves during summer
D. Presence of cuticle on the upper surface of the leaves

137.The bipolar nature of the cell membrane is due to _______.


A. Presence of carries B. Presence of C. Phospholipids bilayer D. Integral proteins

138.Which of the following is made up of diploid number of cells?


A. Zygote B. Sperm cell C. Egg cell D. Both B and C

139.Which plant has underground stem modified for reproduction?


A. Ginger B. Camote C. Tubers D. Strawberry

140.Which of the following structures serve as a passageway of food and air?


A. Epiglottis B. Trachea C. Pharynx D. Larynx

141. Which kind of relationship is exhibited by algae and fungi in lichen?


A. Commensalism B. Parasitism C. Symbiosis D. Competition

142.What do you call the finger-like folds on the inner linings of the small intestine?
A. Villi B. Appendix C. Rugae D. Cecum

143.Aside from ADP, what else is the end production of the dark-reaction phase of photosynthesis?
A. Carbon dioxide B. Sugar C. Carbon D. Starch

144.What is that flap-like structure that prevents the food from going the wrong way during swallowing?
A. Epiglottis B. Larynx C. Esophagus D. Pharynx

145.Which pigment is dominant in red algae?


A. Phycocyanin B. Fucoxanthin C. Chlorophyll D. Pharynx

146.What is the membrane that surrounds the lungs?


A. Pleura B. Meninges C. Peritoneum D. Pericardium

147. What is that 3-carbon sugar formed during the dark reaction phase of the photosynthesis?
A. ADP B. NADPH C. ATP D. PGAL

148. What is the product of carbohydrate digestion?


A. Fatt y acid B. Glucose C. Amino acid D. Nucleic acid

149. What process is responsible for the upward movement of the water in very tall trees?
A. Osmosis B. Capillary action C. Turgor pressure D. Transpiration

150. What is the enzyme in the mouth that breaks starch to maltose?
A. Peptidase B. Ptyalin C. Pepsin D. Maltase