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PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

CONTOH

Science Fair Project EVIDENS LAPORAN


Type your project title here AMALI
Your name
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Scoring Sheet
Scoring Guideline

Samples of Evidence

PEKA Assessment Guide


For Perfomance Indicator
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

SCORING GUIDELINE

Construct Instrument Performance Indicator Score


assessed /Evidence
Construct I Laboratory Able to exhibit the complete Score 3
(Planning of report planning of the following accurately ; Consists of all the
the 1. Aim of the experiment five performance
experiment) 2. Hypothesis indicators correctly.
3. Variables involved Score 2
4. Materials and apparatus Consists of any 3 or
5. Procedure or technique 4 P.I. correctly.
Score 1
Consists of any 1 or
2 P.I. correctly.
Construct II Check list in Able to carry out the experiment Score 3
(Carrying out the Individual according to the planning Able to
the Scoring Form 1. Ability to use and handle the achieve/acquire all
experiment) (during the materials/apparatus carefully the P.I. correctly.
experiment) and correctly. Score 2
2. Ability to clean all the Able to achieve any
apparatus properly. 2 or 3 P.I. correctly.
3. Ability to store/put back the Score 1
apparatus correctly and safely. Able to achieve any
4. Ability to sketch/draw any one of the P.I.
specimen/science apparatus correctly.
in correct arrangement and
accurately.
Construct III Laboratory 1. Able to draw a table with the Score 3
(Collecting and report manipulated and responding Consists of all the
recording data variables written correctly. P.I. correctly.
/Observation) 2. Able to complete data of Score 2
manipulated variables in the Consists of any 2 or
table correctly. 3 P.I. correctly.
3. Able to record/write the Score 1
observation for the responding Consists of any one
variables correctly. of the P.I. correctly.
Construct IV Laboratory 1. Able to interpret the data or Score 3
(Interpreting report discuss or plot a graph Consists of all the P.I.
data and correctly: correctly.
making Title of the graph Score 2
conclusion Axes labelled with the Consists of any 2 or
correct units 3 P.I. correctly.
Uniform scale Score 1
Suitable graph for the Consists of any one
experiment of the P.I. correctly.
2. Able to state whether the
hypothesis is accepted or
rejected.
3. Able to make conclusion/
summary.
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Construct Instrument Performance Indicator Score


assessed /Evidence
Construct V Check list in 1. Inquisitiveness and show Score 3
(Scientific the Individual interest Able to achieve all
attitudes and Score Form the P.I. correctly.
noble values) i. Frequently asking the Score 2
teacher/friends questions Able to achieve any
related to the task. 2 or 3 P.I. correctly.
ii. Ready to accept ideas and Score 1
opinions of others. Able to achieve any
iii. Keen in all the tasks given. one of the P.I.
correctly.
2. Systematic
i. frequently carrying out the
investigation or the
experiment systematically.
ii. Reporting the exact
data/observation from the
experiment

3. Cooperation
i. Cooperate while carrying
out the group activities.

4. Responsibility
i. Showing self confidence
while carrying out an
investigation and being
brave to defend ones
ideas.
ii. Ensure the safety of
oneself, friends and
surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 1
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Topic : Effect of impurities on the boiling point of a pure liquid

Aim To study the effect of impurities on the boiling point of distilled


water C P 1 1

Hypothesis The present of salt increases the boiling point of distilled water
C1 P2
Variables
(a) Constant Volume/Amount/Quantity of distilled water
(b) Manipulated The Presence of salt C1 P3
(c) Responding Boiling point of distilled water
Note: All variables must be correct

Material/Apparatus Distilled water, salt, 100 cm3 beaker, wire gauze, tripod stand,
Bunsen burner, thermometer C1 P4

Procedure

Thermometer
Beaker Distilled water

Heat

1. Distilled water is poured into a beaker until it is half full.


2. The water is heated until it boils. The temperature when
the water boils (boiling temperature) is recorded
3. Two spatulas of salt are added into the distilled water and
the mixture is heated again.
4. The temperature of the boiling mixture of water and salt
is recorded. C1 P5

Results C3 P1
Boiling point of distilled
The Presence of salt
water (oC)
C3 P2 Absent 100
C3 P3
Present 102
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Discussion Without impurities the boiling point of distilled water is 100 oC but
with the presence of impurities, the boiling point of water is
increased. The boiling point of distilled water is increased with
the presence of impurities. C4 P1

Hypothesis is accepted C4 P2
Conclusion The presence of impurities increases the boiling point of distilled
water. C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Performance Indicator( PI) Score


Able to carry out the experiment according to the planning

1. Ability to use and handle the Score 3


materials/apparatus carefully and correctly Able to achieve/ acquire
Measure the volume of distilled water accurately all the PI correctly.
Read the measurement of the thermometer
accurately
Able to light up the bunsen burner with the correct Score 2
technique Able to achieve any 2 or 3
Adding the salt properly PI correctly
Measure the temperature of water with the correct
technique
Able to turn off the bunsen burner.
Score 1
2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly. Able to achieve any one of
Dispose the liquid used into the sink the PI correctly
Wash the beaker properly
Wash the thermometer properly
Wash the spatula properly

3. Ability to store/put back the apparatus


correctly and safely.
Return the thermometer
Return the beaker, spatula, tripod stand, wire gauze
and bunsen burner.

4. Ability to sketch / draw any specimen/


science apparatus accurately and in the correct
arrangement
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

CONSTRUCT V : Scientific Attitude and Noble Values

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


1. Inquisitiveness and show interest
Frequently asking the teacher or friends questions
related to the task.
Ready to accept ideas and opinions of others. Score 3
Keen in all the tasks given. Able to achieve all the PI
correctly.
2. Systematic
Frequently carrying out the investigation or the
experiment systematically. Score 2
Reporting the exact data/observation from the Able to achieve any 2 or 3
experiment. PI correctly.

3. Cooperation
Score 1
Cooperate while carrying out the group activities. Able to achieve any 1 of
the PI correctly.
4. Responsibility
Showing self confidence while carrying out an
investigation and being brave to defend ones ideas.
Ensure the safety of oneself, friends and
surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 2
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Topic : Variation

Aim To study the variation of leaves. C1 P1

Hypothesis Different leaves have different lengths. C1 P2

Variables
Constant : Type of plant ( species of plant)
Manipulated : Number of leaves C1 P3
Responding : Length of leaves
Note: All variables must be correct
Apparatus and C1 P4
Materials: Leaves, ruler

Procedure : 1. 10 leaves from the same plants are collected by the students.
2. The length of a leaf is measured.
3. The length of leaves is recorded in the table.
4. The experiment is repeated with another leaf.C1 P5
Leaf
C3 P1
Result: Number of leaves Metre(cm)
Length of leaves rule
1 Length of 4.3
2 leaf 5.2
3 4.1
C3 P2 4 5.7
5 5.5
6 4.4
7 6.4
8 6.2
9 5.3
10 4.5
C3 P3
Discussion:
Variations in the length of the leaves show normal distribution.
There is a whole range of intermediates between the shortest and
the longest. C4P1
C4P2
Hypothesis is accepted.
Conclusion. C4P3
Different leaves have different lengths //
The length of the leaves show continuous variation
CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Length of leaves /cm


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Performance Indicator Score

Able to carry out the experiment according to the Score 3


planning. Able to achieve all the PI
correctly.
1. Ability to use and measure using metre rule
correctly. Score 2
2. Ability to throw away all the leaves in the dustbin. Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI
3. Ability to store back all the apparatus correctly and correctly
safely.
4. Ability to draw any specimen correctly. Score 1
Able to achieve any one of the
PI

CONSTRUCT V : Scientific attitudes and nobles values

Performance Indicator Score

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest : Score 3


i frequently asking the teacher/ friends Able to achieve all the PI
questions related to the task correctly.
ii ready to accept ideas and other peoples
opinions Score 2
iii keen in all the task given Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI
correctly
2. Systematic
i frequently carrying out the investigation or Score 1
the experiment systematically Able to achieve any one of the
ii reporting the data exactly PI

3. Cooperation
i showing cooperation while carrying out the
group activities

4. Responsibility
i showing self confidence while carrying out
the investigation and being brave to defend
ones ideas.
ii able to look out for the safety of oneself,
friends and surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 3
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Topic : Exothermic and endothermic reactions

Aim To study exothermic and endothermic reactions. C1P1

Hypothesis Different types of chemical cause different changes in


temperature in the reaction with water. C1P2
Variables
(a) Manipulated Types of chemical C1P3
(b) Responding Increase or decrease in temperature
(c) Constant Volume of water / quantity of chemical substances
Note: All variables must be correct

Material/Apparatus Sodium hydroxide crystals, ammonium chloride powder, distilled


water, test tube, thermometer , spatula C1P4

Procedure

Thermometer

Distilled water

Sodium hydroxide
pellet Ammonium chloride
powder

1. 5cm3 of distilled water is poured into a test tube.


2. The initial temperature of distilled water is recorded.
3. 1 spatula of sodium hydroxide pellet is added into the test
tube.
4. The mixture is stirred until the sodium hydroxide dissolved.
5. Then the final temperature is recorded in the table.
6. The experiment is repeated by using ammonium chloride
powder.
C1P5
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

C3P1
Results
Types of Initial Final Change in
chemicals temperature of temperature temperature
substance (oC) of substance (0C)
(oC)
Sodium
hydroxide
C3P2 crystals and 29.0 60.0 31.0
distilled water
Ammonium
chloride 29.0 15.0
powder with C3P3
distilled -14.0
water.

Discussion An exothermic reaction occurs when temperature increases


because heat is released to the surrounding.
An endothermic reaction occurs when temperature decreases
because heat is absorbed from the surrounding.C4P1
C4P2
Hypothesis is accepted.

Conclusion 1. An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that


involves an increase in temperature.
2. An endothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that
involves a decrease in temperature. C4P3

CONSTRUCT II (Carrying out the experiment)

Performance indicator Score


1. Ability to use and handle the materials/apparatus
carefully and correctly Score 3
Ability to hold the test tube Able to achieve/ acquire all the
Ability to add sodium hydroxide crystals into the P.I correctly.
test tube using a spatula.
Ability to pour water into the test tube carefully.
Ability to read the temperature from the Score 2
thermometer. Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly or 3 P.I correctly.
Ability to clean the test tube and thermometer
properly.
3. Ability to store / put back the apparatus correctly Score 1
and safely. Able to achieve/ acquire any
one P.I correctly
Ability to return the test tube and thermometer to
its original place.
4. Ability to draw and label science apparatus
accurately and in the correct arrangement.
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

CONSTRUCT V (Scientific attitudes and noble values)

Performance indicator Score

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest: Score 3


i) Frequently asking the teacher /friends questions Able to achieve/ acquire all the
related to the task. P.I correctly.
ii) Ready to accept ideas and other peoples
opinion.
iii) Keen in all the task given Score 2
Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
2. Systematic or 3 P.I correctly.
i) Frequently carrying out the investigation or the
experiment systematically.
ii) Reporting the exact data Score 1
Able to achieve/ acquire any
3. Cooperation one P.I correctly
i) Showing cooperation while carrying out the group
activities

4. Responsibility
i) Showing self confidence while carrying out the
investigation and being brave to defend ones
ideas.
ii) Able to look out for the safety of oneself, friends
and surrounding.
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 4

Topic: Focal length of a convex lens.

Aim To study the focal length of a convex lens.


C1 P1
Hypothesis The thicker the lens, the shorter the focal length.
C1 P2
Variables
Constant : Type of lens.
Manipulated : Thickness of the lens C1 P3
Responding : Focal length
Note: All variables must be correct
Apparatus and Convex lens, lens holder, metre rule, screen.
Materials: C1 P4

Procedure : Convex lens screen

Rays from distance


object

focal length

1. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram.


2. The lens is directed at a distant object
3. The screen is adjusted until a sharp image forms on the
screen.
4. The distance between the lens and the screen is measured
5. The experiment is repeated using another convex lens with a
different thickness. C1 P5

C3 P1
Result: Thickness of the lens Focal length(cm)
C3 P2 Thin 25
Moderate 20
Thick 15
C3 P3
Discussion: The focal length of a convex lens depends on the thickness of the
lens. A thin convex lens has a longer focal length. A thick convex
lens has a shorter focal length. C4 P1
Hypothesis is accepted.C4 P2
Conclusion: The thicker the lens, the shorter the focal length. C4 P3
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Construct II (Carrying out the experiment)

Performance Indicator Score

Able to carry out the experiment according to the Score 3


planning. Able to achieve all the PI
correctly.
1. Ability to arrange the position of convex lens and
the screen correctly Score 2
2. Ability to adjust the screen forward and Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI
backward until a sharp image is formed on the correctly
screen.
3. Ability to store back all the apparatus correctly Score 1
and safely. Able to achieve any one of the
4. Ability to draw the diagram correctly. PI

Construct V (Scientific attitudes and nobles values)

Performance Indicator Score

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest : Score 3


i frequently asking the teacher/ friends Able to achieve all the PI
questions related to the task correctly.
ii ready to accept ideas and other peoples
opinions Score 2
iii keen in all the task given Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI
correctly
2. Systematic
i frequently carrying out the investigation or Score 1
the experiment systematically Able to achieve any one of the
ii reporting the data exactly PI

3. Cooperation
i showing cooperation while carrying out the
group activities

4. Responsibility
i showing self confidence while carrying out
the investigation and being brave to defend
ones ideas.
ii able to look out for the safety of oneself,
friend and surrounding.
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 5

Topic : Resistance of alloy to corrosion.

Aim To investigate the properties of alloy and pure metal


C1 P1
Hypothesis Alloy is more resistance to rust than pure metal.
C1 P2
Variables
(a) Manipulated Type of nail
C1 P3
(b) Responding Rate of rusting
(c) Constant Distilled water, temperature , time Note: All variables must be correct

Material/Apparatus Steel nail, pure iron nail, distilled water, test tubes , test tube
rack C1 P4
Procedure

Distilled water

Steel nail Iron nail

Test tube A Test tube B

1. Test tubes A and B are prepared.


2. 5cm3 of distilled water is poured into test tubes A and B.
3. A steel nail is put into test tube A and an iron nail is put into
test tube B and both test tubes are kept at room temperature
for 2 days.
4. After 2 days the condition of the nails are observed and
recorded in the table below. C1 P5
Results C3 P1
Types of nail Presence of rust
C3 P2 No rust
Steel nail
C3 P3
Iron nail Rust
Discussion The steel nail in test tube A is more resistant to rusting than the
iron nail in test tube B. C4 P1
Hypothesis is accepted. C4 P2

Conclusion Steel nail is more resistant to rust than iron nail. C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II (Carrying out the experiment)


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Performance indicator Score


1. Ability to use and handle the materials/apparatus
carefully and correctly Score 3
- Ability to hold the test tube Able to achieve/ acquire all the
- Ability to pour water into the test tube carefully. P.I correctly.
- Ability to add a nail in the test tube.

2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly Score 2


- Ability to clean the test tube properly. Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
or 3 P.I correctly.
3. Ability to store / put back the apparatus correctly
and safely.
- Ability to return the test tube and nails to its Score 1
original place. Able to achieve/ acquire any
one P.I correctly
4. Ability to draw and label science apparatus
accurately and in the correct arrangement.

CONSTRUCT V (Scientific attitudes and noble values)

Performance indicator Score


1. Inquisitiveness and show interest:
i) Frequently asking the teacher /friends questions Score 3
related to the task. Able to achieve/ acquire all the
ii) Ready to accept ideas and other peoples opinion. P.I correctly.
iii) Keen in all the task given
2. Systematic Score 2
i) Frequently carrying out the investigation or the Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
experiment systematically. or 3 P.I correctly.
ii) Reporting the exact data

3. Cooperation Score 1
i) Showing cooperation while carrying out the group Able to achieve/ acquire any
activities one P.I correctly
4. Responsibility
i) Showing self confidence while carrying out the
investigation and being brave to defend ones
ideas.
ii) Able to look out for the safety of oneself, friend and
surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 6
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Topic : Effect of Temperature on the growth of microorganisms

Aim To study the effect of temperature on the growth of


microorganisms C1 P1

Hypothesis Bacteria grows and reproduces quickly at room temperature


but not at low or high temperature C1 P2

Variables
(a) Constant Quantity of bacteria//Type of bacteria C1 P3
(b) Manipulated Temperature
(c) Responding Number of bacterial colonies
Note: All variables must be correct
Material/Apparatus Sterile nutrient agar, bacteria culture (Bacillus subtilis), sterile
petri dishes and lids, syringes, cellophane tape, refrigerator
and oven. C1 P4
Procedure
Moist nutrient agar

A B C

Petri Petri
dish dish
5oC Room 80 oC
temperature
(30oC)

1. Three sterile petri dishes containing sterile nutrient agar


are prepared and labeled A, B and C respectively.
2. 1cm3 of bacteria culture solution is added onto the agar
surface in each petri dish by using a syringe
3. The petri dishes are covered with their lids and sealed
using cellophane tape.
4. The petri dishes are inverted and placed as below
Petri dish A in a refrigerator set at 5oC
Petri dish B at room temperature (30oC)
Petri dish C in an oven at 80oC
5. The petri dishes are left for two days.
6. The number of bacterial colonies are observed and
recorded. C1 P5

C3 P1
Results o
Temperature ( C) Number of bacterial colonies
C3 P2 5 None
30 Many
None
80 C3 P3
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Discussion Microorganisms grow rapidly at room temperature


whereas temperatures that are C4too
P1 cold or too hot are not
suitable for bacterial growth.
Hypothesis is accepted.
C4 P2

Conclusion Bacteria grows and reproduces quickly at room temperature


but not temperatures that are too high or too low.
C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Performance Indicator( PI) Score


Able to carry out the experiment according
to the planning
1. Ability to use and handle the
materials/apparatus carefully and correctly Score 3
Prepare sterile petri dishes that contain Able to achieve/ acquire all the PI
sterile nutrient agar correctly.
Insert the bacteria culture onto the
surface of the agar correctly
Swirl the petri dish to spread the Score 2
bacterial colonies on the agar surface. Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI correctly
Seal the petri dishes properly.
All petri dishes are inverted and kept at
three different temperatures.
Score 1
2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly. Able to achieve any one of the PI
correctly
Do not dispose the bacteria culture into
the sink or rubbish bin.
3. Ability to store/put back the apparatus
correctly and safely.
Return the syringe

4. Ability to sketch and label the material and


apparatus accurately and in the correct
arrangement.

CONSTRUCT V

Scientific Attitude and Noble Values

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest


Frequently asking the teacher or
friends questions related to the
task. Score 3
Ready to accept ideas and opinions Able to achieve all the PI correctly.
of others.
Keen in all the tasks given.
Score 2
2. Systematic Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI correctly.
Frequently carrying out the
investigation or the experiment
systematically. Score 1
Reporting the exact Able to achieve any 1 of the PI correctly.
data/observation from the
experiment.
3. Cooperation
Cooperate while carrying out the
group activities.

4. Responsibility
Showing self confidence while
carrying out an investigation and
being brave to defend ones ideas.
Ensure the safety of oneself,
friends and surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 7

Topic: The effect of humidity on the growth of microorganisms


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Aim : To study the effect of humidity on the growth of microorganisms


C1 P1

Hypothesis : Microorganisms grow rapidly in moist condition C1 P2

Variables : Constant : Type of bread/ temperature/ nutrient content


Manipulated : Presence of moisture/ water C1 P3
Responding :The growth of microorganisms /mucor/fungi
Note: All variables must be correct
Materials/Apparatus : 2 pieces of bread, water, clear plastic bag.
C1 P4
Procedure : 1. A piece of bread is sprinkled with water and placed in a
clear plastic bag labeled A.
2. The other piece is kept dry and placed in the clear plastic
bag labeled B.
3. Both plastic bags are kept in a dark cupboard for two days.
4. The result of the experiment is observed and recorded in the
table below.
Plastic bag

A: Moist bread B: Dry bread


C1 P5

Results : C3 P1
C3 P2 Presence of moisture The growth of mucor
A Moist bread Yes / A lot of mucor
B Dry bread No / A few mucor
C3 P3

Data interpretation : After two days the mucor grows on the moist bread because of
and discussion the presence of water but no mucor grows on the dry bread.
Mucor needs water to grow.C4 P1

Hypothesis is accepted.C4 P2

Conclusion : Microorganisms grow rapidly in moist condition


C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II (Carrying out the experiment)

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Score 3
Able to carry out the experiment according to the Able to achieve/acquire all the
planning P.I. correctly.
5. Ability to prepare moist and dry bread Score 2
correctly. Able to achieve any 2 or 3 P.I.
6. Ability to place the bread in the plastic bag. correctly.
7. Ability to keep bread A and B in the Score 1
cupboard safely. Able to achieve any one of the
8. Ability to draw the mucor on the bread P.I. correctly.
correctly

CONSTRUCT V (Scientific attitudes and noble values)

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


Score 3
1. Inquisitiveness and show interest Able to achieve all the P.I.
correctly.
iv. Frequently asking the teacher/friends Score 2
questions related to the task. Able to achieve any 2 or 3 P.I.
v. Ready to accept ideas and opinions of correctly.
others. Score 1
vi. Keen in all the tasks given. Able to achieve any one of the
P.I. correctly.
a. Systematic
iii. frequently carrying out the investigation
or the experiment systematically.
iv. Reporting the exact data/observation
from the experiment

b. Cooperation
ii. Cooperate while carrying out the group
activities.

c. Responsibility
iii. Showing self confidence while carrying
out an investigation and being brave to
defend ones ideas.
iv. Ensure the safety of oneself, friends
and surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 8

Topic : The effect of pH on the growth of microorganisms


C3 P23

PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Aim : To study the relationship between pH value and the growth of


microorganisms C1 P1

Hypothesis : Bacteria thrives in neutral conditions / neutral condition is suitable


for the growth of microorganisms C1 P2

Variables : Constant variable : Volume of nutrient broth


Manipulated variable : pH value C1 P3
Responding variable : Cloudiness of the nutrient broth
Note: All variables must be correct
Materials/ : Sterile nutrient broth, bacteria culture (Bacillus subtilus), distilled water,
apparatus hydrochloric acid 1 mol/dm , sodium hydroxide solution 1 mol/dm3 ,
test tubes,cotton wool. C1 P4

A B C
Acidic Alkaline Neutral (Hydrochloride
acid) ( Sodium hydroxide solution) (Distilled water )

Nutrient broth + bacteria culture

Procedure 1. Three test tubes labeled A,B and C are prepared.


2. 5 cm3 of nutrient broth is poured into each test tubes
3. 1 cm3 of bacteria culture is added into each test tubes.
4. 1cm3 of hydrochloric acid, 1cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution and
1cm3 of distilled water are added by using syringes into the nutrient
broth in test tubes A ,B and C respectively.
5. The test tubes A, B and C are plugged with cotton wool
6. The three test tubes are kept in the dark cupboard for 2 days.
C1 P5
7. The content of the test tubes are observed and recorded.
Observation
C3 P1
Condition of the Cloudiness of the
Test tubes
nutrient agar nutrient broth
A Acidic Slightly cloudy C3 P3
C3 P2
B Alkaline Slightly cloudy
C Neutral Very cloudy

Discussion
After two days , nutrient broth in test tubes A and B becomes only slightly
cloudy because microorganisms do not grow well in acidic and alkaline
conditions. In test tube C, the nutrient broth becomes very cloudy because
microorganisms grow rapidly in neutral condition.. C4 P1
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Hypothesis is accepted C4 P2

Conclusion: . Bacteria grows rapidly in neutral condition/


neutral condition is the most suitable pH for the growth of
microorganisms. C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Performance Indicator( PI) Score


Able to carry out the experiment according to the
planning
1. Ability to use and handle the
Score 3
materials/apparatus carefully and correctly
Able to achieve/ acquire all
Prepare sterile test tubes that contain sterile
the PI correctly.
nutrient broth
Put the bacteria culture into the test tube
correctly Score 2
Put the acid, alkaline and distilled water into the Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI
test tubes A,B and C correctly correctly
Plug the test tubes with cotton wool properly.
All test tubes are kept in a dark cupboard

2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly. Score 1


Do not dispose the bacteria culture into the sink Able to achieve any one of the
or rubbish bin. PI correctly
3. Ability to store/put back the apparatus
correctly and safely.
Return the syringe

4. Ability to sketch and label the material and


apparatus accurately and in the correct arrangement.

CONSTRUCT V

Scientific Attitude and Noble Values

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


1. Inquisitiveness and show interest
Frequently asking the teacher or
friends questions related to the task.
Ready to accept ideas and opinions of Score 3
others. Able to achieve all the PI correctly.
Keen in all the tasks given.
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

2. Systematic Score 2
Frequently carrying out the Able to achieve any 2 or 3 PI correctly.
investigation or the experiment
systematically.
Reporting the exact data/observation Score 1
from the experiment. Able to achieve any 1 of the PI
correctly.

3. Cooperation
Cooperate while carrying out the group
activities.

4. Responsibility
Showing self confidence while carrying
out an investigation and being brave to
defend ones ideas.
Ensure the safety of oneself friends
and surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 9

Topic : Pressure

Aim To study the relationship between weight (force) and depth of


immersion of weight (pressure) C1 P1

Hypothesis The bigger the mass the deeper the immersion C1 of


P2weight.
// The bigger the force the higher the pressure

Variables
1. manipulated The mass of weight C1 P3
2. responding Depth of immersion
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

3. constant Surface area of weight


Note: All variables must be correct
Materials/Apparatus Flour, 100 g weight, 200 g weight, 300 g weight, retort stand,
clamp, container ,metre rule, thread, pair of scissors.C1 P4

thread

weight rod

Weight100 g

retort stand
40 cm

flour
20 cm
container

Diagram 1

mark
depth of immersion

flour

Diagram 2

Procedure 1. The apparatus as shown in Diagram 1 is prepared.


2. The threat is cut with a pair of scissors and the weight is
let to fall into the flour in the container.
3. The depth of immersion of the weight into the flour is
marked on the weight or weight rod as shown in
Diagram 2.
4. The depth of immersion is measured and recorded in
table below.
5. Steps 1 to 4 are repeated with 200g and 300g weights.
C1 P5
Observation C3 P2
C3 P1 Mass of weight (g) 100 200 300
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Depth of immersion (cm) 2 3


4C3 P3

Discussion The bigger the mass of weight, the bigger the force and
pressure produced. A higher pressure causes a deeper
immersion. C4 P1
C4 P2
Hypothesis is accepted.

C4 P3
Conclusion The bigger the force the higher the pressure.

CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Performance Indicator Score

Able to carry out the experiment according to the planning.


Score 3
1. Ability to measure the depth of immersion of the weight Able to achieve/ acquire
2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly all the Performance
3. Ability to store / put back the apparatus correctly and Indicator correctly.
safely Score 2
4. Ability to draw science apparatus accurately and in the Able to achieve any two or
correct arrangement. three of the Performance
Indicator
correctly.

Score 1
Able to achieve any one of
the Performance Indicator
correctly

CONSTRUCT V : Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values

Performance Indicator Score


Able to carry out the experiment according to the planning.
1. Inquistiveness and show interest Score 3

i. Frequently asking the teacher/ friends Able to achieve/ acquire all


questions related to the task. the Performance Indicator
ii. Ready to accept ideas and opinions of others correctly.
iii. Keen in all the tasks given

2. Systematic Score 2
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

i. frequently carrying out the investigation or the Able to achieve any two or
experiment systematically. three of the Performance
ii. Reporting the exact data/ observation from Indicator correctly.
the experiment.

3. Cooperation
Score 1
i. cooperation while carrying out the group
activities. Able to achieve any one of the
Performance Indicator
correctly.

4. Responsibility

i. Showing self confidence while carrying out an


investigation and being brave to defend ones
ideas.
ii. Ensure the safety of oneself, friends and
surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 10

Topic : Inertia

Aim To investigate the relationship between mass and inertia.


C1 P1
Hypothesis The larger the mass of an object ,the greater the inertia of the
object. C1 P2

Variables
(a) Manipulated The mass of sphere
C1 P3
(b) Responding The distance of the spheres movement

Note: All variables must be correct


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

(c) Constant The angle of inclination , the length of thread,


the mass of pendulum

Material/Apparatus Thread, mass of spheres of 50g, 100g,150g , retort stand ,


pendulum and metre rule. C1 P4

Procedure

30O

Retort stand
Thread
Pendulum

Table

Sphere

1. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram above.


2. The pendulum with 50g weight is tied to the retort stand
with a 50cm length of thread.
3. The pendulum is displaced at an angle of inclination of 30
from the perpendicular and released to knock the 50g
sphere on the table.
4. The distance of the spheres movement is measured with a
metre rule.
5. The result is recorded in the table below.
6. Steps 1- 5 are repeated by using 100g and 150g mass of
sphere. C1 P5

Results C3 P1
Mass of Distance of spheres movement/cm
sphere/g
C3 P2 50 60
100 45
150 25
C3 P3
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Discussion When the mass of the sphere increases the distance of the
spheres movement decreases. The greater the mass of an
object, the greater the inertia.
The greater the mass the more the object tends to remain at
rest and resist a change in motion. C4 P1

Hypothesis is accepted.
C4 P2

Conclusion The greater the mass of an object the greater the inertia
produced
C4 P3

CONSTRUCT II (Carrying out the experiment)

Performance indicator Score


1. Ability to use and handle the materials/apparatus
carefully and correctly Score 3
Ability to tie the pendulum to the retort stand.. Able to achieve/ acquire all the
Ability to displace the pendulum at an inclination P.I correctly.
angle of 30.
Ability to release the pendulum and to knock
onto Score 2
the sphere on the table. Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
Ability to measure the distance of the spheres or 3 P.I correctly.
movement.
2. Ability to clean all the apparatus properly
Ability to dismantle the pendulum from the retort Score 1
stand Able to achieve/ acquire any
one P.I correctly
3. Ability to store / put back the apparatus correctly
and safely.
Ability to return the apparatus to its original
place.

4. Ability to draw and label science apparatus


accurately and in the correct arrangement .

CONSTRUCT V (Scientific attitudes and noble values)

Performance indicator Score


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest: Score 3


i) Frequently asking the teacher /friends Able to achieve/ acquire all the
questions related to the task. P.I correctly.
ii) Ready to accept ideas and other peoples
opinion.
iii) Keen in all the task given Score 2
2. Systematic Able to achieve/ acquire any 2
i) Frequently carrying out the investigation or the or 3 P.I correctly.
experiment systematically.
ii) Reporting the exact data
3. Cooperation Score 1
i) Showing cooperation while carrying out the Able to achieve/ acquire any
group activities one P.I correctly
4. Responsibility
i) Showing self confidence while carrying out the
investigation and being brave to defend ones
ideas.
ii) Able to look out for the safety of oneself, friend
and surrounding.

SAMPLE EVIDENCE 11

Topic : Proprioceptor
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Aim : To observe the role of proprioceptors in arrange cans in the correct


order without looking C1P1

Hypothesis :. Proprioceptors helps us to arrange cans in the correct order


without looking C1P2

Variables : manipulated variable : Number of students C1P3


responding variable : Ability to arrange cans in the correct order
fixed variable : Mass of cans
Note: All variables must be correct

Apparatus : sand, five copper can of equal size C1P4


Procedures : 1. This activity must be done in groups
2. All the five cans must be filled with sand of different weights
for example:

Can One Two Three Four Five

Weight of sand 50 g 100 g 150 g 200 g 250 g

3. One of my friend is asked to close his eyes


4. His eyes are covered with a piece of cloth.
5. The five cans are arranged randomly in front of my friend whose eyes
have been covered.
6. He is asked to pick up the cans one by one and arrange the cans
according to their weight either in descending and ascending order.
7. Role among group members are exchanged and the step above are
repeated.
8. The observations are recorded in the table. C1P5
C3P1
Result
Number of
Ability to arrange in the correct order (Yes /No)
Student
Yes

C3P2 Yes

Yes

Yes C3P3

Yes

Discussion : Proprioceptors are receptor in our body that sense the position of our
body that sense the position of our body
We can arrange can without looking because our body has proprioceptors
PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

Proprioceptors are important because the enable us to be concious of the


position and the posture of our body.
The receptor in the muscle related to proprioceptore is called stretch receptor.
The other function of proprioceptors also enables us to detect the
C4P1
movement of our body without looking.

Hypothesis is accepted C4P2

Conclusion : Proprioceptors are receptor that enable us to be concious


about the movement of our body parts as well as its functions
without using our eyesight
C4P3

CONSTRUCT II : Carrying out the experiment

Performance Indicator( PI) Score


Able to carry out the experiment according to the planning

1. Ability to use and handle the Score 3


materials/apparatus carefully and correctly Able to achieve/ acquire
Able to weight cans according to the mass all the PI correctly.
correctly.
Able to arrange cans in correct order. Score 2
Able to rearrange cans randomly after the Able to achieve any 2 or 3
experiment PI correctly

Score 1
2. Ability to clear all the apparatus properly. Able to achieve any one of
Dispose the sand to the dustbin the PI correctly

3. Ability to store/put back the apparatus


correctly and safely.
Return the can to the right place

CONSTRUCT V : Scientific Attitude and Noble Values

Performance Indicator (PI) Score


PEKA SAINS SPM 1511/3

1. Inquisitiveness and show interest


Frequently asking the teacher or friends questions
related to the task.
Ready to accept ideas and opinions of others. Score 3
Keen in all the tasks given. Able to achieve all the PI
correctly.
2. Systematic
Frequently carrying out the investigation or the
experiment systematically. Score 2
Reporting the exact data/observation from the Able to achieve any 2 or 3
experiment. PI correctly.

3. Cooperation
Score 1
Cooperate while carrying out the group activities. Able to achieve any 1 of
the PI correctly.
4. Responsibility
Showing self confidence while carrying out an
investigation and being brave to defend ones ideas.
Ensure the safety of ones self friends and
surrounding.