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Soundproofing

Abstract:
In this experiment, we want to know that which materials are the best for absorbing
sound in the boxes. There are a six empty boxes prepare to do an experiment. Then we filled in
the five different materials that we prepared to test which are panel eggs, sponge cloths, crate
box, fabric carpet, and wood. The result is sponge cloth that is the material that have the best
ability to absorb the sound.

Question: Which materials can absorb the music in the box the best?

Hypothesis: If we turn on music in the box that fills with sponge cloths, then sound level will
be the lowest.

Variable of the experiment:


Independent Variable: The material that we stick into the box consist of panel egg, sponge
cloths, crate box, fabric carpet, and wood.
Dependent Variable: How loud does the sound leaping out of the box.
Control Variable: Size of the box, the tool that we use for play a sound.
Control Group: Empty box

Background Research:
What makes one sound seem more compelling than another is the quantity of energy
that the source of the sound is tapping towards the listener in the form of pressure variations in
the air. That's the power of the sound, and it's an objective thingsomething we can easily
measure and agree on.
Sound level meter works by measuring the pressure of the sound waves moving through
the air from source. Devices like this give a measurement of sound intensity in units called
decibels, a scale first devised by telephone pioneer Alexander Graham Bell.
The decibel(dB) is the unit that uses for measure the strength of a sound. The decibel
scale is a little odd because the human ear is much more sensitive. Your ears can hear
everything from your fingertip brushing lightly over your skin to a loud jet engine. Regarding
power, the sound of the jet engine is about 1,000,000,000,000 times more compelling than the
smallest audible sound. On the decibel scale, the least audible sound (near total silence) is 0
dB. A sound ten times more compelling is 10 dB. A sound 100 times stronger than near total
silence is 20 dB. A sound 1,000 times more powerful than near total silence is 30 dB.
Decibel scale

Materials:
1. 6 Plastic boxes
2. Sound level meter
3. Glue
4. 5 Components
4.1. Panel eggs
4.2. Sponge cloths
4.3. Crate box
4.4. Fabric carpet
4.5. Wood

Procedure:
1. Prepare 6 boxes and cut all materials in shape of the boxes
2. Stick the materials into the box (every box will be filled in with different materials)
3. Open the music from mobile phone and put it into the box one at a time
4. Use a sound level meter to measure the sound
Result: * the sound was measured outside of the box *
The first result of the experiment
Non-fill 59.5 dB

Panel egg 51.4 dB

Sponge cloth 49.3 dB

Crate box 53.4 dB

Fabric carpet 51.7 dB

Wood 52.5 dB

The second result of the experiment


Non-fill 63.1 dB

Panel egg 51.5 dB

Sponge cloth 49.9 dB

Create box 52.4 dB

Fabric carpet 50.7 dB

Wood 51.2 dB

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the first result similar to the second result. Both tables show that same
result, sponge cloth is the most effective materials in absorbing sound in the box. Therefore, it
is the best material for soundproofing when it is compared with other four materials. According
to our hypothesis that if we open that sound in the box filled with a sponge cloth ,then the sound
level will be the lowest decibel one. During the experiment there were some struggles such as
the sound from outside the room that might make the result inaccurate.

Future Direction:
In the future, if we could improve our experiment, then we would try to find quieter place
to do an experiment to make sure that the result is accurate. We would fix any mistake and
make it better; moreover, we would find out more on materials those are better than that we
have used.
References:
What is a decibel (dB)? (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.rapidtables.com/electric/decibel.htm#definition
What is a decibel, and how is it measured? (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://science.howstuffworks.com/question124.htm
Woodford, C. Sound level(decibel) meters. (2016). Retrieved from
http://www.explainthatstuff.com/soundlevelmeters.html