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FINITE ELEMENT

METHOD
TRUSS ASSIGNMENT

P16ST001, P16ST002, P16ST003, P16ST004, P16ST005


STRUCTURAL ENGINNERING, AMD DEPARTMENT, SVNIT, SURAT
PROBLEM STATEMENT
Using available software determine nodal displacement and all reactions for following
problems.
Take A = 4 in2 and E = 30 X 106 psi
3000N

3000N
3000N #7m
10
14

3000N 11 #9m 3000N


#5m 18
13
6 9
7
1500N #3m 15
#11m
5 17 1500N
2 #6m
3 8 21
12 19
#4m #8m
4 16
#2m
#1m 1 #10
20
#12

3m 3m
3m 3m 3m 3m

METHODOLOGY ADOPTED
For the above given truss system, analysis is done using STAAD Pro (Select Series-6)
software.
Excel Program is also prepared for the given problem and result are matched with
software output, to verify the results obtained by the software.
MODEL PREPERATION IN STAAD-PRO
1. Software model showing node number, beam number and supports (1-pinned &
12-roller).

2. Model showing load application in software.


ANALYSIS RESULTS OBTAINED IN STAAD-PRO
1. Displacement diagram for the given problem.

2. Axial Force diagram and Reactions developed at each support.


(Blue-Tension, Red-Compression).
3. Nodal displacement of all the nodes and member axial force form Staad-pro.

4. Member axial forces form Staad-pro.


(- Tension, else compression)

RESULTS OBTAINED FROM EXCEL PROGRAM.


Error %
-0.81077 %
D2X

D2Y
= 0.000577319

-0.001984611 -0.92656 %
0.000913239 -0.84979 %
D3X
-0.001984555 -0.92942 %
D3Y
0.000828746 -0.99597 %
D4X
-0.002507089 -0.95372 %
D4Y
0.001048514 -1.00008 %
D5X
-0.002501621 -0.73467 %
D5Y
D6X 0.000962894 -0.9457 %
-0.002620012 -0.95372 %
D6Y
0.000962894 -0.9457 %
D7X
-0.002552338 -0.96627 %
D7Y
0.001097042 -0.90772 %
D8X
-0.002507089 -0.95372 %
D8Y
0.000877274 -0.99469 %
D9X
-0.002501621 -0.97451 %
D9Y
0.001348469 -1.00347 %
D10X
-0.001984611 -0.92656 %
D10Y
0.001012548 -1.0322 %
D11X
-0.001984555 -0.92942 %
D11Y
0.001925788 -0.9457 %
D12X

Conclusion:

The results obtained from STAAD pro and excel calculation are almost same with an error of + or
2%. Hence results are satisfactory.
APPENDIX:
STAAD INPUT FILE
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 06-Apr-17
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 3 1.66667 0; 3 3 0.666667 0; 4 6 3.33333 0; 5 6 1.33333 0; 6 9 5 0;
7 9 2 0; 8 12 3.33333 0; 9 12 1.33333 0; 10 15 1.66667 0; 11 15 0.666667 0;
12 18 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 3; 2 1 2; 3 2 3; 4 3 5; 5 2 5; 6 2 4; 7 4 5; 8 5 7; 9 4 7; 10 4 6; 11 7 6;
12 9 7; 13 8 7; 14 8 6; 15 8 9; 16 11 9; 17 10 9; 18 10 8; 19 10 11; 20 12 11;
21 12 10;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.067e+008
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
TYPE STEEL
STRENGTH FY 253200 FU 407800 RY 1.5 RT 1.2
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY
1 TO 21 PRIS YD 0.057
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
1 PINNED
12 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE Live REDUCIBLE TITLE LOAD CASE 1
JOINT LOAD
2 4 6 8 10 FY -3
1 12 FY -1.5
PERFORM ANALYSIS
FINISH