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MATHEMATICS

Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 100

General Instructions:

1. All questions are compulsory.

2. The question paper consists of 29 questions divided into three sections, A, B


and C. Section A comprises of 10 questions of one mark each, Section B
comprises of 12 questions of four marks each and Section C comprises of 7
questions of six marks each.

3. All questions in Section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence or as


per the exact requirement of the question.

4. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 4


questions of four marks each and 2 questions of six marks each. You have to
attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5. Use of calculators is not permitted.

QUESTION PAPER CODE 65/1/1


SECTION A

Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each.

1. State the reason for the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(l, 2), (2, 1)} not
to be transitive.

1
2. Write the value of sin sin 1
3 2

i
3. For a 2 2 matrix, A = [aij], whose elements are given by a ij = , write the value
j
of a12.

5 x x + 1
For what value of x, the matrix
4
4. is singular ?
2

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2 5
5. Write A1 for A = .
1 3

6. Write the value of sec x (sec x + tan x) dx.

dx
7. Write the value of x 2
+16

8. For what value of 'a' the vectors 2 i 3j + 4k and ai + 6j 8k are collinear?

9. Write the direction cosines of the vector 2 i + j 5k .

10. Write the intercept cut off by the plane 2x + y z = 5 on x-axis.

SECTION - B

Question numbers 11 to 22 carry 4 marks each.

11. Consider the binary operation * on the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} defined by


a * b = min. {a, b}. Write the operation table of the operation *.

12. Prove the following:

1 + sin x + 1 sin x x
cot 1 = , x 0,
1 + sin x 1 sin x 2 4

OR

x x y
Find the value of tan 1 tan 1
y x+y

13. Using properties of determinants, prove that

a2 ab ac
ba b2 bc = 4a2b2c2
ca cb c2

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14. Find the value of 'a' for which the function f defined as


a sin 2 (x + 1), x0
f( x) =
tan x sin x , x>0
x3

is continuous at x = 0.

x2 +1
15. Differentiate x x cos x + w.r.t. x
x2 1

OR

d2y
If x = a ( sin ), y = a (1 + cos ), find
dx 2

16. Sand is pouring from a pipe at the rate of 12 cm3/s. The falling sand forms a cone on
the grou;nd in such a way that the height of the cone is always one-sixth of the radius
of the base. How fast is the height of the sand cone increasing when the height is
4cm?
OR

Find the points on the curve x2 + y2 2x 3 = 0 at which the tangents are parallel
to x-axis.

5x + 3
17. Evaluate: dx
x 2 + 4 x + 10

OR

2x
Evaluate:
( )(
x +1 x2 + 3
2
dx
)
18. Solve the following differential equation:

e x tan y dx + (1 e x) sec2y dy = 0

19. Solve the following differential equation:

dy
cos 2 x + y = tan x.
dx

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r r r r
20. Find a unit vector perpendicular to each of the vectors a + b and a b , where
r r
a = 3 i + 2j + 2k and b = i + 2j 2k.

21. Find the angle between the following pair of lines:

x + 2 y 1 z + 3 x + 2 2y 8 z 5
= = and = =
2 7 3 1 4 4

and check whether the lines are parallel or perpendicular.

1 1
22. Probabilities of solving a specific problem independently by A and B are and
2 3
respectively. If both try to solve the problem independently, find the probability that
(i) the problem is solved (ii) exactly one of them solves the problem.

SECTION - C

Question numbers 23 to 29 carry 6 marks each.

23. Using matrix method, solve the following system of equations:

2 3 10 4 6 5 6 9 20
+ + = 4, + = 1, + = 2; x, y, z 0
x y z x y z x y z

OR

Using elementary transformations, find the inverse of the matrix

1 3 2

3 0 1
2 1 0

24. Show that of all the rectangles inscribed in a given fixed circle, the square has the
maximum area.

25. Using integration find the area of the triangular region whose sides have equations
y = 2x + 1, y = 3x + 1 and x = 4.

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2

26. Evaluate:
0
2 sin x cos x tan1 (sin x) dx

OR

2
x sin x cos x
Evaluate:
0
sin 4 x + cos4 x
dx

27. Find the equation of the plane which contains the line of intersection of the planes
r
( ) r
( )
r i + 2j + 3k 4 = 0, r 2 i + j k + 5 = 0 and which is perpendicular to the
r
( )
plane r 5 i + 3j 6 k + 8 = 0 .

28. A factory makes tennis rackets and cricket bats. A tennis racket takes 1.5 hours of
machine time and 3 hours of craftman's time in its making while a cricket bat takes
3 hours of machine time and 1 hour of craftman's time. In a day, the factory has the
availability of not more than 42 hours of machine time and 24 hours of craftsman's
time. If the profit on a racket and on a bat is Rs. 20 and Rs. 10 respectively, find the
number of tennis rackets and crickets bats that the factory must manufacture to earn
the maximum profit. Make it as an L.P.P. and solve graphically.

29. Suppose 5% of men and 0.25% of women have grey hair. A grey haired person is
selected at random. What is the probability of this person being male? Assume that
there are equal number of males and females.

QUESTION PAPER CODE 65/1


SECTION A

Question numbers 1 to 10 carry 1 mark each.

1. Let A = {1, 2, 3}, B = {4, 5, 6, 7} and let f = {(1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6)} be a function
from A to B. State whether f is one-one or not.

2 1 2
2. What is the principal value of cot 1 cos + sin sin ?
3 3

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3. Evaluate :

cos 15o sin 15o


sin 75o cos 75o

2 3
4. If A = , write A in terms of A.
1

5 2

5. If a matrix has 5 elements, write all possible orders it can have.

6. Evaluate:

(ax + b)3 dx

7. Evaluate:

dx
1 x2

8. Write the direction-cosines of the line joining the points (1, 0, 0) and (0, 1, 1).

9. Write the projection of the vector i j on the vector i + j .

x 5 y+4 z6
10. Write the vector equation of a line given by = = .
3 7 2

SECTION B

Question numbers 11 to 22 carry 4 marks each.

11. Let f : R R be defined as f(x) = 10x + 7. Find the function g : R R such that
gof = fog = IR.

OR

A binary operation * on the set {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5} is defined as :

a + b, if a + b < 6
a*b =
a + b 6, if a + b 6

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Show that zero is the identity for this operation and each element 'a' of the set is,
invertible with 6 a, being the inverse of 'a'.

12. Prove that:

1+ x 1 x 1 1
tan 1 = cos 1 x, x 1
1+ x + 1 x 4 2 2

13. Using properties of determinants, solve the following for x :

x2 2x 3 3x 4
x4 2x 9 2x 16 = 0
x 8 2x 27 3x 64

14. Find the relationship between 'a' and 'b' so that the function 'f' defined by:

ax + 1, if x 3
f(x) = is continuous at x = 3.
bx + 3, if x > 3

OR

dy log x
If x y = e x y, show that = .
dx {log (x e)}2

4 sin
15. Prove that y = is an increasing function in 0, 2 .
2 + cos

OR

If the radius of a sphere is measured as 9 cm with an error of 0.03 cm, then find the
approximate error in calculating its surface area.

1
16. If x = tan log y , show that
a

d2y
2
dy
(1 + x ) 2 + (2x a) =0
dx dx

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17. Evaluate:

2
x + sin x

0
1 + cosx
dx

18. Solve the following differential equation:

x dy y dx = x 2 + y 2 dx

19. Solve the following differential equation:

dx
(y + 3x 2) =x
dy

20. Using vectors, find the area of the triangle with vertices A(1, 1, 2), B(2, 3, 5) and
C(1, 5, 5).

21. Find the shortest distance between the following lines whose vector equations are:
r
r = (1 t) i + (t 2) j + (3 2t) k and
r
r = (s + 1) i + (2s 1) j (2s + 1) k

22. A random variable X has the following probability distribution:

X 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

2 2 2
P(X) 0 K 2K 2K 3K K 2K 7K + K

Determine:

(i) K

(ii) P(X < 3)

(iii) P(X > 6)

(iv) P(0 < X < 3)

OR

Find the probability of throwing at most 2 sixes in 6 throws of a single die.

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SECTION C

Question numbers 23 to 29 carry 6 marks each.

23. Using matrices, solve the following system of equations:

4x + 3y + 2z = 60

x + 2y + 3z = 45

6x + 2y + 3z = 70

24. Show that the right-circular cone of least curved surface and given volume has an
altitude equal to 2 times the radius of the base.

OR

A window has the shape of a rectangle surmounted by an equilateral triangle. If the


perimeter of the window is 12 m, find the dimensions of the rectangle that will produce
the largest area of the window.

25. Evaluate:

/3
dx
1+
/6 tan x

OR
Evaluate:

6x + 7
(x 5) (x 4
dx

26. Sketch the graph of y = | x + 3 | and evaluate the area under the curve y = | x + 3 |
above x-axis and between x = 6 to x = 0.

27. Find the distance of the point (- 1, - 5, - 10), from the point of intersection of the line
r
( ) ( ) r
( )
r = 2 i j + 2k + 3 i + 4j + 2k and the plane r i j + k = 5.

28. Given three identical boxes I, II and III each containing two coins. In box I, both
coins are gold coins, in box II, both are silver coins and in box III, there is one gold

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and one silver coin. A person chooses a box at random and takes out a coin. If the
coin is of gold, what is the probability that the other coin in the box is also of gold?

29. A merchant plans to sell two types of personal computers - a desktop model and a
portable, model that will cost Rs. 25,000 and Rs. 40,000 respectively. He estimates
that the total monthly demand of computers will not exceed 250 units. Determine
the number of units of each type of computers which the merchant should stock to
get maximum profit if he does not want to invest more than Rs. 70 lakhs and his
profit on the desktop model is Rs. 4,500 and on the portable model is Rs. 5,000.
Make an L.P.P. and solve it graphically.

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Marking Scheme ---- Mathematics

General Instructions :

1. The Marking Scheme provides general guidelines to reduce subjectivity in the marking. The

answers given in the Marking Scheme are suggested answers. The content is thus indicative.

If a student has given any other answer which is different from the one given in the Marking

Scheme, but conveys the meaning, such answers should be given full weightage.

2. Evaluation is to be done as per instructions provided in the marking scheme. It should not

be done according to one's own interpretation or any other consideration __ Marking

Scheme should be strictly adhered to and religiously followed.

3. Alternative methods are accepted. Proportional marks are to be awarded.

4. In question(s) on differential equations, constant of integration has to be written.

5. If a candidate has attempted an extra question, marks obtained in the question attempted

first should be retained and the other answer should be scored out.

6. A full scale of marks - 0 to 100 has to be used. Please do not hesitate to award full

marks if the answer deserves it.

99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
0 is the identity for *.
Also, a {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, a * (6 a) = a + (6 a) 6
= 0 (which is identity) 2m
Each element a of the set is invertible with (6 a), being the inverse of a.

1 + cos 1 cos
12. Putting x = cos to get LHS = tan1 1m
1 + cos + 1 cos

cos sin
2 2 = tan 1 tan
LHS = tan 1
2 1+1 m
cos + sin 4
2 2
1 1
= = cos 1 x 1m
4 2 4 2

13. Applying C 2 C 2 2C1 and C3 C3 3C1 , we get

x2 1 2
x 4 1 4 = 0
2m
x 8 11 40

Applying R 1 R 1 + R 2 and R 3 R 3 11R 2 , We get

2x 6 0 2
x4 1 4 = 0
1m
10 x + 36 0 4
Expanding along C2, we get 1[8x 24 20x + 72] = 0
or 12x = 48 i.e. x = 4 1m

14. L.H.L. = 3a + 1
f (3) = 3a + 1 2m
RHL = 3b + 3
since f(x) is continuous at x = 3, 3a + 1 = 3b + 3 1m
or 3a 3b = 2, which is the required relation. 1m
OR
y xy
x = e y . log x = (x y) log e = x y 1m
x
y= m
1 + log x

112
1
(1 + log x) 1 x
dy
= x = log x 1+1 m
dx (1 + log x) 2
(1 + log x) 2

log x log x
= =
(log e + log x) 2
[log(xe)]2 m

dy
=
(2 + cos ) 4 cos 4 sin ( sin ) 1
15. 1m
d (2 + cos ) 2

8 cos + 4 (cos2 + sin 2 ) (4 + cos2 + 4 cos )


= m
(2 + cos ) 2

4 cos cos 2 4 cos


= = cos 1m
(2 + cos ) 2
(2 + cos ) 2

4 cos
since, > 0 for and cos 0 in 0, 1m
( 2 + cos ) 2
2

dy
0 in 0, 0,
2 2
, Hence the function is increasing in m
d

OR

Here r = 9 cm and r = 0.03 cm. m

dA
Error in surface area A r where A = 4 r 2 1m
dr

8r r 1m

8 (9) (0.03) = 2.16 cm 2 1 m

1
x = tan log y log y = atan 1x y = e a tan x
1

16. 1m
a

dy a
= e a tan x
1

1m
dx 1+ x2

113
(
1+ x2 ) dx
dy
= ay m

differentiating again w.r.t., x we get

(1 + x ) 2 d2y
dx 2
+ 2x
dy
dx
= a
dy
dx
1m

(1 + x ) dx
2
+ (2 x a )
d y dy
2
2
= 0 m
dx


2 2
x sin x
17. I = dx + dx m
0
1 + cos x 0
1 + cos x


2 2
1 x x
= 0
x sec 2 dx +
2 2
0
tan
2
dx 1m


x 2 2 2
x x
= x tan
2 0
0
tan dx +
2 tan 2 dx
0
1 m


= 1 0 = 1m
2 2

2
dy y y
18. Given equation can be written as = + 1+ m
dx x x

dv y
v+x = v + 1 + v2 where = v 1m
dx x

dv dx
1 + v2
= x m

log v + 1 + v 2 = log cx 1m

v + 1 + v 2 = cx y + x 2 + y 2 = cx 2 1m

114
19. Given equation can be written as

dy dy 1
x y = 3x 2 or y = 3x 1m
dx dx x

1 1
I.F. = e x = e log x = e x =
dx log 1
1m
x

1 1
solution is, y
x
= 3x x dx = 3x + c 1 m

y = 3x 2 + cx m

1
20. Area ABC = AB BC 1m
2

Here, AB = i + 2j + 3k and BC = i + 2j 1m

i j k
AB BC = 1 2 3 = 6i 3j + 4k
1m
1 2 0

1 1
Area = 36 + 9 + 16 = 61 sq. units 1m
2 2

21. Equations of the lines are,



( ) (
r = i 2j 3k + t i + j 2k and ) m


( ) (
r = i j k + s i + 2 j 2k )
(a 2 )(
a 1 b1 b 2 )
shortest distance = where m
b1 b 2

a1 = i 2j + 3k , a 2 = i j k , b1 = i + j 2k , b 2 = i + 2j 2k m

115
a 2 a1 = j 4k , b1 b 2 = 2i 4j 3k +1 m

0 4 + 12 8
S.D. = = 1m
29 29

22. Here k + 2k + 2k + 3k + k2 + 2k2 + 7k2 + k = 1 10k2 + 9k 1 = 0 1m

1
(10k 1) (k + 1) = 0 k =
10

1
(i) k = m
10

3
(ii) P(x < 3) = 0 + k + 2k = 3k = 1m
10

7 1 17
(iii) P(x > 6) = 7k2 + k = + = 1m
100 10 100

3
(iv) P(0 < x < 3) = k + 2k = 3k = m
10

OR

1
Here n = 6, probability of success (p) =
6

5
probability of failure (q) = m
6

P (at most 2 sixes) = P(0) + P(1) + P(2) 1m

( ) ( ) ( )
0 1 2
1 6 1 5 1 4
= 6 C0 5 6 + 6 C1 5 6 + 6 C 2 5 6 1 m
6 6 6

= (5 6 ) + (5 6 ) + 12 (5 6 )
6 5 5
= ( )
7 5
3 6
5
1m

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SECTION - C

23. Given system of equations can be written as

4 3 2 x 60

1 2 3 y = 45 or A X = B 1m
6 2 3 z 70

| A | = 4(0) 3 (15) + 2 (10) = 45 20 = 25 0 X = A 1 B 1m

C11 = 0 C12 = + 15 C13 = 10



Cofactors are C 21 = 5 C 22 = 0 C 23 = 10 1 mark for any 4 correct cofactors 2m
C = 5 C = 10 C = 5
31 32 33

0 5 5
1
A 1
= 15 0 10
25 m

10 10 5

x 0 5 5 60 5
1
y = 15 0 10 45 = 8
z 25
10 10 5 70

8

x = 5, y = 8, z = 8 1 m

24. Let radius of cone be r and height h

1 2 3v
v = r h (given) h = 1m
3 r 2

9v 2
C.S.A. = A = rl = r r + h = r r +
2 2 2
1m
2r 4

9v 2 9v 2
Let S = 2 r 2 r 2 + 2 4 = 2 r 4 + 2 m
r r

117
ds 18v 2
= 0 4 2 r 3 3 = 0 or 18v 2 = 4 2 r 6 1 m
dr r

1
18 2 r 4 h 2 = 4 2 r 6 h = 2 r 1m
9

d 2s 54v 2
= 12 2 2
r + > 0 curved surface area is least when h = 2 r 1m
dr 2 r4

OR

Correct fiqure 1m

let sides of rectangle be x and y and the sides


of equilateral triangle be x

12 3x
3x + 2y = 12 y = 1m
2

x2
Area = xy + 3 1m
4

(12 3x ) + x2
= x 3 m
2 4

1
A= [24x 6x2 + 3 x2 ]
4

dA
= 0 24 12x + 2 3 x = 0
dx

x =
24
or
4 6+ 3
m
( ) 1m
12 2 3 11

30 6 3
y = m m
11

d2A
= (12 + 2 3 ) < 0 Area is maximum for 1m
dx 2

x =
(
4 6+ 3 )
m and y =
30 6 3
m
11 11

118

3 3
dx cos x
25. I =
1 + tan x
=

cos x + sin x
dx .......................................... (i) 1m
6 6

x + x
3 6
( ) 1m


3 ( cos x )
3
sin x

= 2 dx =
cos ( x ) + sin ( x )
dx .........(ii) 1m
sin x + cos x
6 2 2 6

Adding (i) and (ii) to get


3
1 . dx = [x ] = =

2I = 6 3 6 6 1+1 m

6

I= 1m
12
OR

6x + 7 6x + 7
I = (x 5) (x 4)
dx = x 9x + 20
2
dx 1m

3 (2x 9) + 34
= x 2 9x + 20
dx 1m

2x 9 dx
= 3 dx + 34 dx 1
x 9x + 20
2
9 1
2 2

x
2 2

9
= 3.2 x 9x + 20 + 34. log x + x 2 9x + 20 + c
2
1+1
2

2x 9
= 6 x 9x + 20 + 34. log + x 2 9x + 20 + c
2

2

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26. For correct graph 1m

3 0
A = ( x + 3) dx + ( x + 3) dx 2m
6 3

3 0
( x + 3) 2 ( x + 3) 2
A = +
2 6 2 2m
3

9 9
= 0+ + 0 = 9 sq. U. 1m
2 2

27. Any point on the given line is (2 + 3 ) i + ( 1 + 4 ) j + (2 + 2 ) k 1m

If this point lies on plane, it must satisfy its equation

[(2 + 3) i + ( 1 + 4) j + (2 + 2) k ] (i j + k ) = 5 1m

2 + 3 + 1 4 + 2 + 2 5 = 0 = 0 1m

Point of intersection is (2, 1, 2) 1m

Distance = (2 + 1)2 + ( 1 + 5)2 + (2 + 10)2 = 13 2m

28. Let E1 : selecting box I, E2 : selecting box II and E3 : selecting box III m

1
P (E1) = P (E2) = P (E3) = 1m
3

let event A : Getting a gold coin

1
P (A/E1) = 1 P (A/E2) = 0 P (A/E3) = 1 m
2

P(E1 ) P(A/E1 )
P(E1/A) = 1m
P(E1 ) P(A/E1 ) + P(E 2 ) P(A/E 2 ) + P(E 3 ) P(A/E 3 )

1
1
3 2
= =
1 1 1 3 1+1 m
1 + 0 +
3 3 2

120
29. Let the number of desktop models, he stock be x and the number of
portable model be y
L.P.P. is, Maximise P = 4500 x + 5000y 1m
subject to x + y < 250
25000 x + 40000 y < 7000000
(or 5x + 8y < 1400) 2m
x > 0, y > 0
For correct graph 2m
Vertices of feasible region are
A (0, 175), B (200, 50), C (250, 0)
P(A) = Rs. 875000
P(B) = Rs. 900000 + 250000 = Rs. 1150000
P(C) = Rs. 1125000

For max. Profit destop model = 200


portable model = 50 1m

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