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2012
681.3.06
32.973.26018.2
60

. .
60 SolidWorks Simulation. . .: -,
2012. 448 .: . + DVD ()
ISBN 978-5-9775-0763-9
SolidWorks
Simulation: SolidWorks
Simulation, SolidWorks Flow Simulation, -
SolidWorks Motion. , , -
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DVD .

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681.3.06
32.973.26018.2


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02429 24.07.00. 07.09.2011.


701001/16. . . . . 36,12.
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199034, -, 9 , 12.

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ISBN 978-5-9775-0763-9
, "-", 2011

............................................................................................................................ 7

......................................................................................................... 9

1. SolidWorks Simulation .... 11


1.1. .................................................................. 11
1.2. ....................................................................................... 21
1.3. .............................................................................. 38
1.3.1. ............................................................................................. 38
1.3.2. .............................................................................................. 40
1.3.3. ...... 40
1.3.4. ......... 45
1.3.5. ........... 48
1.3.6. .............. 52
1.3.7. ............................................................................................................... 55
1.4. .......................................... 56
1.4.1. ............................................................................................. 56
1.4.2. .................................................. 57
1.4.3. ................. 64
1.4.4. ............................................................................................................... 68
1.5. ............................................................................. 68
1.5.1. ............................................................................................. 69
1.5.2. ............................................................................................... 69
1.5.3. ................................... 70
1.5.4.
................................................................................................................ 73
1.5.5. ............................................................................................................... 76
1.6. ............................... 76
1.6.1. ............................................................................................. 76
1.6.2. ............................................................................................... 77
1.6.3. .................................................................................... 80
1.6.4. .............................................................................. 80
1.6.5. .......................................................................... 81
1.6.6. ............................................................................................................... 89
1.7. ....................................................................... 89
1.7.1. ............................................................................................. 89
1.7.2. ............................................. 90
1.7.3. ............................................................................................... 93
1.7.4. ...................................................................... 104
1.7.5. ............................................................................................................. 109
4

1.8. .......................... 110


1.8.1. ........................................................................................... 110
1.8.2. ............................................................................................. 111
1.8.3. ........................................................ 118
1.8.4. ............................................................................................................. 125
1.9.
...................................................................................................................... 126
1.9.1. ........................................................................................... 126
1.9.2.
....................................................................................................................... 127
1.9.3. ...................................................................... 137
1.9.4. ............................................................................................................. 143

2. SolidWorks Flow
Simulation ...................................................................................................................... 145
2.1. ................................. 145
2.1.1. ........................................................................................... 146
2.1.2. .......................... 147
2.1.3. ................................... 159
2.1.4. 0,8 ............................................................. 170
2.1.5. .......................................................... 172
2.1.6. ............................................................................................................. 178
2.2. .............................................. 178
2.2.1. ........................................................................................... 178
2.2.2. ................................................... 180
2.2.3. ................................................................................ 201
2.2.4. ............................................................................................................. 216
2.3. ....................... 216
2.3.1. .......................................................................................... 216
2.3.2. ............................................................................................. 219
2.3.3. ........................................................................................................ 235
2.3.4. ............................................................................................................. 243
2.4. ................................................................ 243
2.4.1. ........................................................................................... 243
2.4.2. .................................... 248
2.4.3. ............................................................................................. 265
2.4.4. ........................................................................................................ 275
2.4.5. ............................................................................. 279
2.4.6. ............................................................................................................. 284
2.5. ............................................................... 284
2.5.1. ........................................................................................... 284
2.5.2. ....................................................................... 285
2.5.3. ...................................................................... 316
2.5.4. ............................................................................................................. 333
5

2.6. .................................................. 333


2.6.1. ........................................................................................... 335
2.6.2. ............................................................................................. 336
2.6.3. ................................................................................................. 345
2.6.4. .......................................................................................... 351
2.6.5. ..................................................................... 356
2.6.6. ................................................................................................ 358
2.6.7. ............................................................................................................. 363
2.7. ................................................ 364
2.7.1. ........................................................................................... 364
2.7.2. ............................................................................................. 365
2.7.3. ...................................................................... 372
2.7.4. ............................................................................................................. 375
2.8. ............................................. 376
2.8.1. ........................................................................................... 376
2.8.2. ............................................................................................. 377
2.8.3. ...................................................................... 387
2.8.4. ............................................................................................................. 396

3. SolidWorks Motion ..................................... 397


3.1. ..................................................................... 397
3.1.1. ........................................................................................... 397
3.1.2. .............................................................. 398
3.1.3. ........................................................................ 399
3.1.4. ............................................................................................................. 420
3.2. ..................................................................... 421
3.2.1. ........................................................................................... 421
3.2.2. .............................................................. 421
3.2.3. ........................................................................ 422
3.2.4. ............................................................................................................. 429

.................................................................................................................. 431

1. SOLIDWORKS FLOW
SIMULATION ............................................................................................................... 433

2. ,
.......................................................................... 439

3. - ............................................................... 443

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SolidWorks Simulation 23

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SolidWorks Simulation 25

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SolidWorks Simulation 33

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SolidWorks Simulation 39

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SolidWorks Simulation 41

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SolidWorks Simulation 45

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SolidWorks Simulation 57

( )
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SolidWorks Simulation 67


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SolidWorks Simulation 69

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. -
, ( -
) .
74 1

. 1.109. SolidWorks

. 1.110.

, -
. . -
.

. 1.111.
SolidWorks Simulation 75


, ( , -
, )
(. 1.112).
(. 1.113).

. 1.112.

. 1.113.
76 1

. 1.114. ,
, , ,
.

. 1.114.

1.5.5.
, ,
/. -
/ -
.
,
. -
.

1.6.


.

1.6.1.
300500 . -
SolidWorks.
3 . () : E = 2,1 1011 ;
= 0,28. ,
. .
SolidWorks Simulation 77

1.6.2.
. 1.115. , -
"" , .

. 1.115.

. 1.116.
, -
. (
) .
( -
, ) -
(. 1.117).
. 1.116 , -
( ) , -
.

. 1.116.
78 1

. 1.117.

, -
(. 1.118).
. 1.119. -
( "" ).
-
, .
. -

(Show as tensor plot), -
. 1.20. , ,
45 -
. 3, , -
, , . , ,

.
SolidWorks Simulation 79

. 1.118.

. 1.119.

. 1.120.
80 1

1.6.3.

:
2 D b2 E h3
= K 2 , K 5,35 + 4 2 , (b < a ) ; D =
b h a ( )
12 1 2

127 , b ( ).

1.6.4.
( )
, . 1.121.
. 1.122.

. 1.121.

, , -
, (Load Factor).
,
(, ) .
, , . 1.122.
( ) .
,
. , -
, , "-
" , 128 . -
.
SolidWorks Simulation 81

. 1.122.

1.6.5.
-
. Simulation :
(Force Control), (Displacement Control),
(Arc Length Control). -
, (
). , -
(, ) .
, -
.
82 1


-
: , -
. , , , -
, .

-
: ( -
) , "" .
. 1.133. , -
-
. ,
(
). -
.

. 1.123.
SolidWorks Simulation 83

(Advanced) (Force Control)


(. 1.124).

. 1.124.

" ", ,
, -
. ,
.
, ,
. . 1.125.
, 100 , .
, ,
.

. -
. -
, (-
).
84 1

.
, -
- .
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). "-
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" ".

. 1.125.

. 1.126. ,
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1000 . , "" -
.
, 150 ( -
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).
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.
SolidWorks Simulation 85

. 1.126.


, (-
) (. 1.127).
, ,
0,126 .

. 1.127.

86 1

(Probe) , , -
(. 1.128). (Response), -
, ( -
, . 1.129).

. 1.128.

. 1.129.
SolidWorks Simulation 87

: -
( ,
); ; -
. -
(. 1.130).
, 126128 , -
.

. 1.130.

, -
: , , " " 100 .
. , -
. , .
, -

.
, ,
(. 1.131). .
,
.
, , -
. 1.132. , - , -
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( ) .
88 1

, -
.

. 1.131.

. 1.132. ,


. , ( -
) , .
, -
. .
, , -
,
.
SolidWorks Simulation 89

-
: -
.

1.6.6.
,
. , -
, -
.

1.7.
-
. " " -
.

1.7.1.
. 1.133. -

, .
(. 1.134).
, .
, , -
.

. 1.133.

( ) (. 1.135).
( ) ,
. -
, " "
.
90 1

. 1.134.

. 1.135.

1.7.2.

- . , "-
" , "-
" "". , -
, /
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, . , -
,
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,
.
SolidWorks Simulation 91

,
- Simulation. -
( ) -
, , , .
, (
) " " . , -
, (
), . -
, Simulation, -
,
Simulation . ,
,
, -
SolidWorks. , , -

. ,
.
() -
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, - (. 1.136).

. 1.136.

. -
( -
). (
) -
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, (. 1.137).
92 1

. 1.137.

: -
- -
Simulation? . -
SolidWorks (
. 1.138 ) ,
SolidWorks ( ).
Simulation
( ). , SolidWorks (-
) ""
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Simulation .
,
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-
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,
. . -
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, . 1.138 .
.

, -
- . 1.138. -
/. " "
SolidWorks Simulation 93

. , -
, (. 1.139, ). -
(. 1.139,
) ( -
, , -
) ()
(. 1.139, ).
, ""
( ) -
. , -
. -
,
.

. 1.139.

1.7.3.
,
: ; ; -
.
94 1

, , , -
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, , ,
. , " ",
.
, . -
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, , ,
.

, , -
-
.

Simulation -
(Spring) (Tension only)
(Two locations).
,
. , (
, , c -
(Link) , , -
), -
( ) .
, , ,
. -
.
,
.
-
- . -
. , . -
, ,
, (
Simulation , . 1.140,
1.141). , , -
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. - -
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SolidWorks Simulation 95

. 1.140. ""

- -
:
1. .
2. .
3. , , -
, "" (. 1.142).
4. .
, , "-
" .
, "-
", (
Simulation ) c -
. -
. 1.142.
96 1

. 1.141. - Simulation

. 1.142. " "

, Simulation,
"". . 1.144.

SolidWorks Simulation 97

, (Treat as joint for clearance less then), -


/ (
/). "" , -
, "", .
. 1.145.

. 1.143. ""

(Edit Joints) -
-
(Keep modified joint on update). ,
(/ , ),
-
: , , . -
, -
,
. -
, -
: .
-
-
. . -
,
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. -
SolidWorks Simulation ( SolidWorks) -

, "" .
98 1

. 1.144.

. 1.145.
SolidWorks Simulation 99

-
SolidWorks, (-
"" ), .
.
(Bonded)
, (. 1.146).
, ( ). -

( ) . ,
.
, , ( )
, .
, ( -
) . -
, -
.

. 1.146.
100 1

. 1.147.

. -
. , -
,
. ,
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-
, . -
, -
.
(Virtual Wall),
-
() -
( ) .
,
(. 1.148).
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. -
,
SolidWorks Simulation 101

. , -
, ,
. ,
,
, . -
,
. , - -
. -
( ), -
, ,
, .

. 1.148.
102 1

. 1.149.

,
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. -
,
- . ,
, , . 1.149. ,
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. -
. , . -
, - .
, .
. 1.150,
. 1.151. , -
. " "
(Curved based). , -
.
SolidWorks Simulation 103

. 1.150.

. 1.151.
104 1

1.7.4.

( )
. 1.152. ,
: 6 600 -
360 .
/ . 1.153. -
( ), -
.

. 1.152.

. 1.153.
SolidWorks Simulation 105


(. 1.154). ,
. , , , -
, . -
, -
"" (
) .
,
.

. 1.154.

,
(Section Properties) /
(Apply/Edit Beam) . 1.155:
 (Torsional Constant)
" ";
 (Distance for Max Shear
Stress) , -
;
 (Shear Factor) , "-
" ( ), ,
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.
106 1

. 1.155. ,

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.
SolidWorks Simulation 107

. 1.156. /

. 1.157.
108 1

, .
(Contact/Friction
Force) (. 1.158) ( , -
, ).
, , (Virtual Wall).
. 1.159. -
, .

. 1.158.

, -

. 1.160. , , ,
, , -
.
SolidWorks Simulation 109

. 1.159. /

. 1.160.

1.7.5.
,
, SolidWorks Simulation -
- -
110 1

. -
, , , -
.

1.8.

,
. -
, - -
, -
. "- "
()
.

1.8.1.
, (
). ( )
. 1.161,
. 1.162. , -
.
.

.

. 1.161.

. 1.162.

SolidWorks Simulation 111

1.8.2.
. 1.163. -
( ) , ,
. -
, , . 1.164.
, -
. , -
, .

(Bonded).
.
, -

.

. 1.163.

, -
, ( -
) (. 1.164). ,
,
.
, . -
-
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). / ( -
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.
, -
, ,
( -
) (. 1.165). -
,
(. 1.166).
112 1

. 1.164.

. 1.165.

. 1.166.

-
. ( -
11 ) . 1.167.
. -
. ,
, "" .
SolidWorks Simulation 113

. 1.167.


-
,
(. 1.168). :
, -
.
, -
(, ),

, () -
.
, -
.

( ).

. , ( -
) , (. 1.169, 1.170).
, ,
, -
. , -
(Remote Load) (Direct
transfer), .
114 1

. 1.168.

. 1.169.
SolidWorks Simulation 115

. 1.171.
, , -
( ), 0,02. -
"" -
, , ,
, -
.

(Force control), -
(. 1.172).
( -
), ( -
) , .
, -
(Results) Si-
mulation.

. 1.170.
116 1

. 1.171.

. 1.174,
. 1.175. ,
, , -
.
-
.
, ,
.
SolidWorks Simulation 117

. 1.172.

. 1.173. ,
118 1

. 1.174.

. 1.175.

1.8.3.

. 1.176, 1.177. , -

. , , -
.

. 1.176.
SolidWorks Simulation 119

. 1.177.

-

(. 1.178). , -
, , , .

. 1.178.
120 1


. 1.1791.183. , :
1,1 c .
, (
) -
. , :
( ) (
, . 1.180). ,
.

. 1.179.

,
, (
) -
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,
, ,
. ,
SolidWorks Simulation (COSMOSWorks) -
( -
) -
.
( "" )
( ).
SolidWorks Simulation 121

. 1.180.

. 1.181. 200 /
122 1

. 1.182. 400 /

. 1.183. 600 /
SolidWorks Simulation 123

, -
: . 1.184, -
. 1.1851.187.

. 1.184.

. 1.185.
200 /
124 1

. 1.186.
400 /

. 1.187.
600 /
SolidWorks Simulation 125

, -
: -
1,13
0 400 /.
600 /, 0,010,02 c.
,
.

(. 1.188). , -
, , -
. , ,
,
.
310-8 , , -
, , - -
.

. 1.188.

1.8.4.
, -
, -
. -
,
( -
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.
126 1

1.9.


Simulation
- .
"" () -
.

1.9.1.
,
.
, .
. 1.189. -
,
. -
.
, .
,
. ,
.
Simulation
(Shrink Fit).
-
.
, -
.

. 1.189.
SolidWorks Simulation 127

1.9.2.


(Study)
2D
(Use 2D Simplification) (. 1.190).

,
( , So-
lidWorks Simulation)
. -
( 10%)
,
"" . -

- .
,
.

(. 1.191)
(Axi-symmetric),
, (
SolidWorks, ),
( -
). ,
, -
- . -
, ,
() , . 1.190.

. 2D
-
, ( , -
) . 1.1921.194.
,
, 1/100 . ""
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.

, . ()
10 .
, , ,
: -
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, ,
.
128 1

. 1.191.

. 1.192. /
SolidWorks Simulation 129

. 1.193.

-
.
,
, . 1.195. , -
( , ) (
) ( ). -
"".
, () , -
.
, -
, . 1.196.
, ,
.
( -
). ,
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( )
, .
130 1

. 1.194.

. 1.195.
SolidWorks Simulation 131

, ,
: 2D-
(), Solid-
Works, (), -
. , , ,
- . , -
, -
, . -
/ -
(, , . .).
. 1.196. ,
, -
. , -
. , -
-, . 1.197, 1.198.

. 1.196.
132 1

. 1.197. /.

. 1.198.

, () (Bonded) -
, ( 2011 SP2 -
), (Allow
Penetration). -
(Bonded) . -
( , ), -
, (Shrink Fit),
(. 1.199).
SolidWorks Simulation 133

( ) -
(No
Penetration) (Surface to Surface). -
,
( ) .
. 1.200.

. 1.199.

. 1.201. ,
, .
(Standard) , (Toler-
ance) .
, , -
(. 1.202).
( , , -
), ,
"-"
.
. 1.1 ,
.
134 1

. 1.200. " "

. 1.201.
SolidWorks Simulation 135

. 1.202.

1.1. /

- -
- -
-

- - -

- -

- - - -

; ; - -

-

136 1

1.1. ()

- -
- -
-

- - - -
: -
; ; - - -
-
- - -



- -

- -

, .
()
P
A0: = . (
A0
) A.
() :
l A
= ln = ln
l0 A0
: 1+ .
= ln (1 + ) . -
t = (1+ ) .
.
, 5%.
-
, .
"-"
. .

:
 .
 .
 -
.
SolidWorks Simulation 137

1.9.3.
. 1.2031.205 ( -
) : 0,1 c ;
0,9 c ; 1 , .
, . -

. (
); ,
( ) , -
.
,
, .
, -
-
. ,
Simulation . ( )
. -
. -
( )
. 1.206. ,
. -
.

. 1.203.
138 1

. 1.204.

. 1.205.

, -
, ,
. 0,9 . 1.207.
, ,
:
, -
.
SolidWorks Simulation 139

( ) , -
-
.

. 1.206.

. 1.207.

( ,
-
140 1

) . . 1.208
, . ,
-, , 0,05 c,
. ,
() -
(Shrink Fit).
( ,
), . ,
"", ( ,
) .

. 1.208.

, ()
, . , -
,
. ,
SolidWorks Simulation 141

. 1.209, ,
, -
,
, , , -
.
, , -

-
,
.

-
. -
( , -
. 1.209. -
,

),
(Strain type) (Strain Plot),
. 1.210.

. 1.210.

142 1

,
. 1.211, 1.212. , -
. , -
,
.

. 1.211.

. 1.212.
SolidWorks Simulation 143

1.9.4.

Simulation 2D-
. , -
-
( ).
, , - ,
(Bonded).
, , , - -
: -
.
, -
,
-
. ,
, .
-
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( ).
, (-
), -
.
,
.
( ), ,
.
144 1
2



SolidWorks Flow Simulation
. -
. , -
.
(. . 1.2 1.4) -
Flow Simulation.
.
: -
, . -
, , -
.
, .
Flow
Simulation, , -
.
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( ); ( ) .
.

2.1.

-
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, www.mentor.com.
146 2

2.1.1.
. 2.1,
. 2.2.
: x y
. : 0,35 0,8 . -
.

. 2.1.

. 2.2.

:
16 X
x = ;
v2 S
16 X
y = .
v2 S
X , ; Y , , = 1 p =
= 101 325 t = 15 C; v , /c2 , = 1, v = 341 /c M; M
; S .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 147

2.1.2.

-
. ( ),
, ,

2 . , -
.
. 2.32.6.

. 2.3.

. 2.4.

148 2

. 2.5.

. 2.6.

. 2.7.
( -
) . ,
, -
10 .
, -
Y
(. 2.8).

. 2.9.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 149

. 2.7.

. 2.8.

. 2.9.
150 2


, ( ), -
, .
,
(. 2.10), (
) x, y . 2.11. , ,
, .

. 2.10.

. 2.11. Cx

. 2.12.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 151

. 2.12.

. 2.13, . 2.14.
, Basic Mesh ( -
), ( , ).

. 2.13.
152 2

. 2.14.

. 2.15.

, -
. -
(), , . 2.15.
,
,
,
. -
, Components/faces/edges/vertices to ap-
ply the local initial mesh (/// -
) Local Initial Mesh ( )
Disable solid components (
) (. 2.16).
Refining Cells ( ) Refine fluid cells
( ) 2, Refine par-
tial cells ( ) 5 (. 2.17). -
/, -
() ,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 153

. 2.16.

. 2.17.

. 2.18, 2.19.
,
, ( -
)
. , Cal-
culation Control Options ( ), . 2.20, 2.21:
Finish (), Minimum refinement number
( ) 2, ""
, , ; Refinement (-
154 2

), Refinement ( ) -
2, .

. 2.18. ( )

. 2.19. ( )

. 2.20.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 155

. 2.21.

, -
.
. , -
"" ,
, ""
, .
-
" ".
. 2.22. ,
. -
5,985 . 2.23.

. 2.22.
156 2

. 2.23. 5,985

C x C y
. 2.24, 2.25. ,
. . -
: , -
. ""
,
. , , -
,
, , .
. ,
.
, , -
,
. -
.

, . -
- -
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( ) -
, . , ,
-
.
-
( 0,973). -
. 2.26. ( -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 157

) -
, , .
, -
: ( , - )
(. 2.28). -
, -
,
(. 2.27).

. 2.24.

. 2.25.

158 2

. 2.26.

. 2.27.

. 2.28.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 159

0,973 . 2.29.

. 2.29. 0,973

2.1.3.

,
,
,
. . 2.9,
, -
(. 2.30). ,
, , ,
,
. ,
, .

. 2.30.

160 2

-
: Local Initial Mesh ( -
) Refining Cells ( ) Level of refining fluid
cells ( ) Level of refining partial cells
( ), Refine fluid
cells ( ) Refine partial cells ( -
) , 2 (. 2.31).

. 2.31.

, ,
. Refining
Cells ( ), , -
4 (. 2.32). -
, Solid/Fluid Interface (
)
Curvature refinement level ( )
-
3, Curvature refinement criterion ( -
) 2. ,
,

, 3 (. 2.33).
, ,
Tolerance refinement criterion ( -
) 0,0001 (. 2.33). -
( -
, ).
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 161

. 2.32.

. 2.33.

( -
) . 2.34, 2.35.
. 2.36, 2.37, -
. .
162 2

. 2.34.

. 2.35.

. 2.36.

. 2.37.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 163

. 2.38. . 2.39
.

. 2.38.

. 2.39.

Cut Plot ( ) Display


Boundary Layer ( ) (. 2.40), ,
(. 2.41).
-
. 2.42, 2.43. , "" -
. , -
. ,
Cy, Cx.
164 2

. 2.40.

. 2.41.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 165

. 2.42.
17,78

. 2.43.
17,78

( ) -
, -
.

,
, - . -
166 2

, -
( , )
. ,
"" ,
, . -

. ,
.
, ,
,
.
-
"" , -
.
Averaged Value ( ).
Analysis
Interval ( ). ( )
(
),
.
Analysis Interval
Goal Plot ( ) (. 2.44),
Goal Plot Settings ( )
Show analysis interval ( ) (. 2.45).

. 2.44.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 167

. 2.45.

Averaged Value -
, MS Excel (
Edit Definition ( )
).
. 2.46.

. 2.46.


. 2.47, 2.48.
, .
20%.
, -
"" , -
.
-
-
. -
: Turbulence intensity and length (
) Turbulence energy and dissipation ( ).
General Settings ( )
(. 2.49). , -
,
, - .
168 2

. 2.47. Cy 0,35

. 2.48. Cx 0,35

, -
( ) (-
), -
.
, ,
.
, "" -
, , . 2.50, 2.51.
, -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 169

. 2.49.

. 2.50. ,
170 2

. 2.51. ,

2.1.4. 0,8
0,8 (. 2.52). -
( , , -
) 0,35 .
: "Supersonic flow is detected within a
considerable number of cells. Use of manual stopping criteria is recommended" (-
.
).

. 2.52. 0,8
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 171

, -
(3
1 ), High Mach number flow
( ) .
High Mach number flow ,
,
. , -
, ( )
, High Mach number flow.
, -
> 3 > 1 -
, .
, -
. ,
High Mach number flow ( -
< 1,5) .
, , -
2 +6 1,4 ,
.
.
Calculation Control Options
( ) Finish (): -
Finish Conditions ( ) If all are satisfied (
) Maximum iterations (
) (. 2.53).

. 2.53.


. 2.54, 2.55. , -
.
C y .
172 2

. 2.54. Cy 0,8

. 2.55. Cx 0,8

2.1.5.
SolidWorks Corp. ( ) -
SolidWorks Simulation Knowledge Base,
, .
, , -
. :
 , () .
 . -
, -
, , ,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 173

 . -
() .
 -
, .
 ,
, -
.
, , , -
.
(,
, , ,
23 = 8 ,
83 = 64 ). , -
, .
, -
.
, General Settings (-
) . , .
:
vx = v cos ( ) ;
v y = v sin ( ) .
, 9,941 , -
. 2.56.

. 2.56.
174 2

X Y
Cx, Cy,
X , Y ( , ):
X = X cos ( ) Y sin ( ) ;
Y = X sin ( ) Y cos ( ) .
,
, ,
C x , C y .
9,941
. 2.57.

. 2.57. 9,941


2 . 2.58, . 2.60.
,
3, , . 2.59, 2.61. -
, Cy 5%, Cx 3%.
,
"" , . 2.62, 2.63. ,
, ""
. ,
"" , -
. ,
,
,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 175

. 2.58.

. 2.59. 3

. 2.60. 2
176 2

. 2.61.
3


,
.
.
,
(
) . , -
.

. 2.62. Cy 0,35

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 177

. 2.63. Cx 0,35

-
Cy (. 2.64) Cx (. 2.65) ( ,
, -
, , ). -
2, -
3, .
: ,
. (
2) . ,
( , ), -
.

. 2.64. y

178 2

. 2.65. x

2.1.6.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation -
-
. -
.
-
.

2.2.

.
" -
" () , .

2.2.1.
,
. 2.66, 2.67. ,
. ,
. - ,
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 179


. 2.682.70. , .
-
. -
. -
, .
,
, , .
.
, ,
.
( ) ,
,
. -
.

. 2.66. . 2.67.

180 2

2.2.2.

: -
0,25 , . COSMOSFlo-
Works -
Narrow Channel ( ),
.
, Porous Medium ( ), "-
" - ,
. COSMOSFloWorks :
 ;
 ;
 -
( );

.
,
k -
:
 k = p S ( m L ) , p -
; m
; S L -
. k, -
, P m S L. -
m v, m = v ,
;
 k= ( A v + B )
, v ; -
; A B . k A B, V -
(, , -
);
 k = ( D ) ,
; D , -
;
 k = ( D ) f ( Re ) , , ,
f (Re ) .
,
-
.
,
. B,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 181

. 2.68. . 2.69.

. 2.70.
182 2


k = ( A v + B) /
:
k = grad ( p ) / ( v ) .
, -
:
grad ( p ) = A v 2 + B v.
-
. 2.71.
-
( ,
, ). -
, -
.
, ( -
-
).
, -
(. 2.72).

. 2.71.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 183

. 2.72. ,

. 2.73.
Total Pressure ( ), -
. Environment
Pressure ( ).
, , , ,
.
, -
. ,
. () -
. , -
() .
Ideal Wall ( ), -
. ,
, ,
Periodicity (), -
. , -
( -
/), .

. 2.73.
184 2

. 2.74.

. 2.74. -
. Basic Mesh (
) (. 2.75) -
.

. 2.75.

Solid/Fluid Interface (
) (. 2.76) c Small solid feature refinement level (-
),
07, -
. , ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 185


120.
3. Tolerance refinement level ( -
), -

, 6.
Tolerance refinement criterion ( -
),
, -
, 0,1 . , -
1,1 , -
0,20,3 .

. 2.76.

Refining Cells ( ) (. 2.77)


, .
Refine partial cells ( )
Level of refining partial cells (
) 2.
Narrow Channels ( ) (. 2.78), -
Enable narrow channels refinement (
), ,
.
. Characteristic number of cells across a narrow channel
186 2

. 2.77.

( )

: ,
. C Narrow channel refinement level (-
)
Characteristic
number of cells across a narrow channel (
): N 0 7 , -

2N
.
.
Enable the minimum height of narrow channels (-
) Enable the maximum height of
narrow channels ( ),
The minimum/maximum height of narrow channels (-
/ ) 0,02 0,5 -
. ,
"" . , -

. , ""
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 187

. 2.78.

. 2.79, 2.80
. Cut Plot ( )
. 2.81. , Interpolate () -
(, , ),
.
Use CAD geometry ( )
,
.

. 2.79.
188 2

. 2.80.

. 2.81.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 189

-
, ,
, - . , ,
, The maximum height of narrow channels -
0,5 ,
1,3 0,3 .
, , ,
0,5, 0,02.
, -
: ,
. -
.
(
), -
, , , ,
.
(-
) 0,1 .
, -
, . 2.82. , -
.
, -
. , , -
, , (. 2.83). -
, . 2.84
, (. 2.85).
, ,
, -
. -
, . 2.85.

. 2.82. ,
190 2

. 2.83.

,
p , . :
grad ( p ) = p / .
. -
, .
( ) -
(. . 2.84). "" (7 )
,
.

. 2.84.

-
( ).
.
. -
, -
(. 2.86). , , , -
( ) , -
, , . ,
"" , -
, ( -
), /.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 191

. 2.85. ,

. 2.86. ,

192 2

. 2.87.

, -
. . 2.88
, (
, , , -
) , .
-
"".

. 2.88. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 193

()
, , . 2.89. , -
. , -
B :
grad ( p) = Av2 + B v.

. 2.89.

NLREG,
http://www.nlreg.com.
. . 2.90. -
30 , -
.

. 2.90. NLREG

. 2.91,
"-
" . 2.92. , -
-
.
-
. , ,
194 2

. 2.93. Porosity ()
, -
(. . 2.4).

. 2.91.

, -
, .
,
. -
. , -
, ,
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 195

. 2.92.

. 2.93. ,

196 2

, -
. -
( , , -
) . 2.94.
. 2.95. , : -
. , -
, , -
: Flow Simulation
.

. 2.94.

. 2.95.


Periodicity ( ) (. 2.96), -
,
- . -

. ,
,
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 197

. 2.96.

, -

, .
- , -
.
,
. "-
" , . 2.97, -
. 2.98. ,
, .

. 2.97.

198 2

. 2.98. , ,


( ). ,
-
, . 2.99. ,
(. . 2.84), 7 .
, "" .
. 2.100: ,
, .

. 2.99.

. 2.100.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 199

, ,
. 2.101. , , -
10 . , -

. . -
. 2.102, , -
, . 2.103. ,
,
.
. 2.104, -
. 2.105, 2.106. -
, , -
"" . ,
-
. -
.
, -
, -
() "" -
.

. 2.101. :

200 2

. 2.102.

. 2.103. . 2.104.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 201

. 2.105.

. 2.106.

2.2.3.
-
. 2.107. , -
, .
, .
, .
202 2

. ,
, , , -
, , .
-
XY ( ), -
. .

. 2.107.

:
, . -
. -
, (),
Component Control ( ) (. 2.108).
( ),
, , , -
, (. 2.109). -
Flow Simulation (. 2.110).
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 203

. 2.108. ,

. 2.109.
204 2

. 2.110.

. 2.111, -
. 2.112.
Automatic settings ( )
Initial Mesh ( ),
.

. 2.111.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 205

. 2.112.

,
, Solid/Fluid Interface (
) (. 2.113).
Narrow Channels ( ) (. 2.114) -
( ,
""),
3.

. 2.113.
206 2

. 2.114.

Local Initial
Mesh ( ). ,
, . 2.115. , -
6, 5. ,
, ().

. 2.116. , ,
. -
, -
/
.
.
. -
56 . -
. -, ""
, -
. , -
.
Refinement ( ) Calculation Control Options
( )
1, (
) (. 2.117). Finish
() , -
1. ( -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 207

, , -
) ,
-
(. 2.118), , " ".

. 2.115.

,
Calculation () Solver ().

( ), -
( ). -
.
208 2

. 2.116.

. 2.117.

. 2.118.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 209

( ) . 2.119.
, .
, , -
. 2.120. , 3,32 /c (
) . -
0,1 /c.
. 2.121. , -
. , ""
, .

. 2.119. . 2.120.
,

210 2

. 2.121. . 2.122.
,

. 2.123. . 2.124.
, ,

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 211

. 2.125.
() , -
. Probe ()
: ,
. ,
5 , , 3 .

. 2.125. ,

-
Surface Parameters ( ). ,
, -
, ,
. 2.126. , 5,7
3,6 /2 . ,
. ,
.
212 2

. 2.127
, . , -
5 , Y (
) 0,017 / 0,021 /c. , -
, , , , ,
(, ) , -
.

. 2.126.

-
Flow Simulation -
- Dimensionless LMA
(Local ean ge) LACI
(Local Air Change Index). V/Q,
V , Q
() ,
- .
, Flow Simulation -
, LMA -
. Advanced (-
) Calculation Control Options ( )
(. 2.128). LMA.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 213


LMA . , -
, . -
View Settings ( ),
Parameter List ( )
Display Parameters ( ) LMA
(. 2.129, 2.130).

. 2.127.

. 2.128. L
214 2

, LMA
Flow Trajectories ( )
(. 2.131). LMA . 2.132. , -
"" 500 ,
700 . , LMA
, , ,
(
). Flow Trajectories, Par-
ticle Studies ( ). , (
, , , -
), : ,
, . -
.

. 2.129. LMA

. 2.130. LMA
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 215

. 2.131. ,

. 2.132. ,
216 2

2.2.4.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation
.
,
. -
, -
,
() -
. -
, .

2.3.

-
. "
. . " ()
.

2.3.1.
. 2.133, -
. 2.134, . 2.135,
. 2.136. , ""
. -, -
, , , ()
. -,
, () . -
, ( )

(. 2.137). "" -
, , -
. ,
,
.
, , -
, ,
. -
. , , -
-
. ,
,
,
SolidWorks.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 217

. 2.133.

. 2.134.

. 2.135.
218 2

. 2.136.

. 2.137. ,

:
. ,
, . -
,
. , -
, ,
. 38,4 .
, -
. -
, ,
(. 2.138).
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 219

. 2.138.

2.3.2.
. 2.139. ,
. -,
. , -
,
. , ,
,
.
, .

, : ,
. ,
.
General Settings ( ) . 2.140. -
, . -
Radiation ( ), Environment
radiation ( ) ,
( -
) -
220 2

( , ) . -
.

. 2.139.

. 2.140.

(. 2.141). -
, , -
, . , -
, : , ,
.
(, , ) -
( -
). , -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 221

. 2.141.

Wall conditions ( ) (. 2.142) -



.

, ,
().

.
() -
, -
. .

. 2.142.
222 2

Initial Conditions ( ) , -
Pressure potential ( ) (. 2.143).
- . , -
-
(Global Coordinate System),
-
(
) .

.
.
, "-
",
.

. 2.143.

. 2.144.
() ( ) -
Environment Pressure ( ),
-
. ,
, -
. , -
, Environment Pressure 101 075 ,
250 , ().
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 223

. 2.144.

0,3 3/
( , ).
(
, "", , ""),
200 (. 2.146).
-
Reference density ( ) ,
(. 2.145). -
.

Thermodynamics Parameters ( )
, , Use outlet temperature (-
, ), , -
(. 2.147).
, ( )
Inlet (from Fan to Fluid), Outlet
(from Fluid to Fan).
224 2

. 2.145.

. 2.146. -

( ,
), Insulator (), -
(. 2.148).
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 225

. 2.147.

. 2.148.
226 2

, -
-, ,
, , (. 2.149).

. 2.149.

, , "-
" Initial Mesh ( ) Automatic settings
( ), . 2.150.
, -
, . 2.151.
. 2.152.

,
. Solid/Fluid Interface
( ) Narrow Channels (
) . 2.153. ,
Small solid feature refinement criterion
( ). Tolerance
refinement criterion ( ),
, , 0,5 . ,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 227

. 2.150.

. 2.151.
228 2

. 2.152.

. 2.153.

Refining Cells ( ) -
2,
1 (. 2.154).
Narrow Channels ( ) (. 2.155) ,
Enable narrow channels refinement (
)
.
,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 229

. 2.154.

Characteristic number of cells across a narrow channel (


)
-
: , .
Narrow channel refinement level ( -
), 07, -

Characteristic number of cells across a narrow channel.
Enable the minimum height of narrow channels (
) Enable the maximum height of narrow
channels ( ), ,
-
, , -
.
,
. -
:
, ,
.
. .
, .
, ( )
. . -
, , -
.
230 2

. 2.155.


, , -
, , -
. , (),
Disable () (. 2.156).

. 2.156. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 231

.2.157.

Local Initial Mesh ( -


) (. 2.157) , -
(. 2.1582.160).
-
Small solid feature refinement level ( -
), Curvature refinement level (
). Curvature
refinement criterion ( ), -
( ) -
, 0,1 .
5 Tolerance refi-
nement criterion ( ):
( -
) , -
(. 2.158).

. 2.158.
232 2

,
( -
), .
3 Level of refining partial cells (
), Level of refining solid cells
( ) 2
(. 2.159).

, , ,
.

. 2.159. ,

, ,
5 ,
. 2.160.
4 . -
. 2.161,
. 2.162. ,
( ) 5. ,
, , , , -
. ,
,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 233

. 2.160.

. 2.161.
234 2

. 2.162.

. 2.163, 2.164.
, , -
, , -
. ,
. , -
, -
. , , ,
.

. 2.163.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 235

. 2.164.

2.3.3.
Results Summary ( ) (. 2.165) -
. -
140 . Core 2
Quad 3 . 7 .

. 2.165.
236 2

(,
) . 2.166. ,
450. , ,
.
"".
. 2.167. -
125. -
. .

. 2.166.

. 2.167.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 237

. 2.168 ,
, -
. , ( -
) .

. 2.168.

, , -
. , , , -
. -
, ( ,
). . 2.169,
. 2.170, . 2.171. ,
.
, , ,

( ) ,
"".
, -
,
.
238 2

. 2.169.

. 2.170.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 239

. 2.171.

, ,
Surface Parameters ( ), -
(. 2.172). ,
445,5 K, ""
150 292,2 K. , -
-
, .

. 2.172.
240 2

, ""
, , . 2.173.
. -
: ""
( ) . , , -
, .
, -
, ,
.

. 2.173. , ,

, , . 2.174. , -
( 18 /) , ,
. -
10 /c. , , , -
, , .
, -
, . 217.5, . -
. , (-
) ,
. -
, -
. , -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 241

. 2.174. ,

. 2.175. ,


(. 2.176). ,
242 2

,
, . -
, -
( ) .
, , -
, .
. 2.177.
, -
.

. 2.176.

. 2.177.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 243

2.3.4.
"" . -
, -
. - (
) , -
.
, . -
,
-
.

2.4.
.
" " -
.
.
, , -
, . -
, , , -
, ,
. -
.
, -
, -
, .
(
Flow Simulation), .

2.4.1.
, ,
. 2.1782.180. ,
, .
, , -
.

CFD ,
"" "". , -
. , ,
.
( ) -
. , -
.
( "" )
. .
"" (. 2.181). -
244 2

. , , ,
, -
- .
, ,
( ) .

. 2.178. . 2.179.

. 2.180. . 2.181.

,
( ,
) . , CFD-,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 245

, ,
45 , .
Flow
Simulation, ( ) ""
"" . ,
.
()
. ,
( ,
). , ,
. . 2.182.
, ,
" " ( -
), , ,
. , ,
.
"" ""
. -
,
-
.

. 2.182.

, (-

" " ) -
, , . ,
. , , -
( ) ( -
).
246 2

SolidWorks ,
. 2.183. ,
.

. 2.183.


, "" . -
Check Geometry ( ) Flow Simula-
tion. ,
, . -
( ), fluid volume
( ). -
. ( ) , -
. ,
.
"". . 2.184 ( ) 2.185 (
) ,
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 247

, , ,
"" .
, (-
) , , , ,
.
. ,
, (
,
).
, ,
.

. 2.184.
248 2

. 2.185.

2.4.2.

, -
-
. ( , ,
(), ) -
45
. -
. , -
, .
,
.
( -
) . Flow Simu-
lation ( ) ,
:
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 249

k = grad(P)/( V),
P ; l; V . -

, .
-
( Flow Simulation).
-
, -
( ) .
, ( -
) .
, -
Flow Simulation
.
( ),
, ,
.
. 2.186. ,
. ,
Y 910 -
( , Y
), 35. -
() -
, , ,
, .

Symmetry (), -
(. 2.187,
2.188). ( )
( X), , , -
. ( Z)
, -
, , . -
, .
, ,
.
. 2.187, 2.188 (-
) , -
, .
, , -
. -
, (. 2.189).
() -
( , )
.
250 2

. 2.186. . 2.187.

. 2.188.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 251

, -
. 2.190.
(
, ),
, -
, , , . (-
, ) Ideal Wall ( ),
, , .
, -
, -
.

. 2.189.

. 2.190.
252 2

, -
,
. -
(, ),

, -
, . 2.191.
,
, , -
.
-
-
(
, ,
).
""


( ) .
Equa-
tion Goal ( )
. 2.191. , ,

Surface Goal ( ) -
(. 2.192).

. 2.192.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 253

( -
), . -
"
" .
. 2.193.
. , -
10 , -
.
. 2.194,
100 300 10
. , -
( ) .
. -
,
.

. 2.193. . 2.194.

254 2

. 2.195.
, -
.

. 2.195.

, -
( ) -
. -
(. 2.196).
Orthotropic. -
( ),
( ) ( -
,
). ,

.
, , -
( ), ,
. 2.197, 2.198. , ,
X Y (, , , -
) . -
. , , -
. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 255

Z 10 . ,
( )
( ) .

. 2.196.

. 2.197.
x y,
256 2

Use calibration viscosity (-


) ,
" ".
.
Heat conductivity of porous matrix ( -
) , -
. , -
. ,
,
, .
:
() , ( )
. -
, .
,
.
, -
.

. 2.198.
z

-
.
( ) -
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 257

Porosity ()
.
, -
, , (
) . ( -
0 1), . -
. , ,
.
-
. .
:
( )
(. 2.199).

. 2.199.

. 2.200. , -
, .
,
Gravity () General Settings ( )
( -
Y).
258 2

. 2.201, 2.202.
.
, -
1,0, 0,5. -
, ( )
. , "", -
: (, , -
),
() .

. 2.200. . 2.201. 1,0


. 2.203.
.
,
, . 2.204. "" -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 259

. 2.202. 0,5

. 2.203.
260 2

. 2.204. ,

"" . -
,
(. 2.205). ,
, , -
.

. 2.205.

-
. 2.206, 2.207. (
) .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 261

. 2.206.

. 2.207.

262 2

-
(. . 2.203) (. 2.208). ,
-
. , , -
( ), .

. 2.208. ""

. 2.209.
( ) .
: , ,
,
.
"" -
( )
(. 2.210). ,
, "" .
:
 , 0,088 /,
31,6 C;
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 263

. 2.209.

. 2.210. ,
""

 , 0,108 /,
34,0 C;
 "" 0,14 /, -
14 C.
, :
"" (. 2.211, -
) 2.212. -
264 2

, -
.

. 2.211.

. 2.212.

, -
, , -
. -
.
, -
8 .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 265

2.4.3.
. 2.213.
, , , -
, -
.

. 2.213.

-
. -
(. 2.214). , -
.
,
-
. , Flow Simulation -
, . -
( 2011 .) -
,
,
( ) ( -
HVAC). Exclude cavities without flow con-
ditions ( ), -
( )
, ( ) -
. , -
. , -
.

(. 2.215).
266 2

. 2.214.

. 2.215.

-
() . ( -
)
. Default outer wall thermal condition (-
), -
, . 2.216. -
, ,
. -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 267

, -
, (-
, ""
, , "").

. 2.216.

( ) -
(. 2.217),
.

. 2.217.
268 2

( -
) -
Z , Symmetry (-
) (. 2.218, 2.219).

. 2.218.

. 2.219. Z = 0

, , -
, (. 2.220), -
.
(. 2.221) -
/ .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 269

. 2.220.

. 2.221.


. 2.222. , Environment Pressure (
270 2

), , Heat Genera-
tion Rate ( ), 220 .
, , ""
, .

, 10 (. 2.223).

. 2.222.

. 2.223.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 271

, ( ),
. 2.224. Solid1 , .

. 2.224.

, ,
. 2.225.
(gap size) 1
(minimum wall thickness) 0,05 .

. 2.225.
272 2

,
. 4 .
() -
, , " " -
. , , -
, .
( -
),
(. 2.226).
Component Control ( ),
Disable solid components ( ), "-
" .

. 2.226.

Solid/Fluid Interface ( -
) . 2.227. , 2 -
Small solid feature refinement level ( -
), Tolerance refinement level (
) 3. Tolerance refinement criterion
( ) 0,05 .
Narrow Channels ( ) . 2.228.
, Characteristic number of cells across a narrow channel (-
) 4, Narrow channel re-
finement level ( ) 4. -
Enable the minimum height of narrow channels (
) Enable the maximum height of narrow channels ( -
), . -
-
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 273

. 2.227.

. 2.228.

. 2.229,
. 2.230.
"" Use CAD geometry (-
) (. 2.231), "" -
, .
-
274 2

.
.
,
( ) . -
-
.
, -
.

. 2.229.

. 2.230.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 275

. 2.231.

2.4.4.
(,
) (Travels) (Iterations) -
. 2.232, 2.233. , , -
. (
), , ,
. ,
" "
8 .

( ) . 2.234.
. 2.235.

. 2.232.
276 2

. 2.233.

. 2.234.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 277

,
. ,
, -
. -
.

. 2.235.

-
. 2.236. , -
.

. 2.236.

278 2

. 2.237. ,
.
, , .

. 2.237.

, , -
. , -
, -
,
, (
) . ,
, -
. -
, . 2.238, -
, .

. 2.238.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 279

2.4.5.
-
. Flow Simulation -
. -
, . ,
, .
, -
. Flow Simulation
( -
). , -
, ( ,
) , -
,

. -
, , , -
.
, , -
.
, , ,
, , -
5%. -
.
, Flow Simulation -
( , -
, ) .

, ,
.
() -
.
.
,
-
. . -
, -
. , "" ,
. . "" Flow
Simulation .
/ -
:
 Mass fraction of condensate ( )
, ""
, ;
 Mass fraction of Steam ( ) (-
) ;
280 2

 Volume fraction of Steam ( ) (-


) ;
 Moisture content ( ) -
(
, );
 Relative humidity, % ( , %)
(-
) .
, -
(Steam) , Moisture content = Mass fraction
of condensate. Moisture content Mass fraction of condensate.
, -
:
 Mass fraction of dissolved gas ( )
, ;
 Mass fraction of vapor ( )
, , .
-
Fluids ( ), . 2.239. , -
, (-
Gases). (
)
( 2.240).
( , . 2.241). ,
, .

. 2.239.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 281

. 2.240.

. 2.241.
282 2

Info ( ) -
, , (
) , -
(. 2.242).

. 2.242.

-
. 2.243. . 2.235 (
), , .
,
, ,
( ) ,
, , .

. 2.243.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 283

. 2.244. -

. -
.

. 2.244.

. 2.245. , -
,
.
, 10 . -
, . ,
( ) -
( -
),
.

. 2.245.
284 2

2.4.6.
, -
.
-
. ,
, .
-
. , ( ) -
, -
.
. , , , (-
- ) -
, - -
. ,
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, 2030%.
, -
: , , -
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, -
: , ,
, . ,
, .
-
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.
.

2.5.
-
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.

2.5.1.
. 2.246. ,
, , , , .
, -
.
, .
, .
. , ,
, :
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 285

. 2.246.

-
, .

2.5.2.
Flow Simulation (. 2.247).
, .
, -
- .
, ,
37 . , -
( ) . ,
-
.

. 2.247.
286 2

,
(. 2.248). ,
() (. 2.249).

. 2.248.

. 2.249.


(. 2.250):
 , -
37 C, -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 287

10 / (2).
;
 , ;
 ,
( -
0,82).

. 2.250.

-
,
(. 2.251).

. 2.251.
288 2

.
-
.
. 2.252 . -
, , ,
, .
-
, -
, . -
, ,
.

. 2.252.

, -
. -
, -
. ,
, -
. , ,
: - ,
, . , ,
, . 2.253.
, Radiation Transparency ( )
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 289

Opaque ().
,
, , .

. 2.253.

, , ,
"" -
. -,
1 150 .
290 2


Printed Circuit Board ( ). , -
, -
, .
Flow Simulation & Electronic Cooling
( ).
Flow Simulation 1.
,
. 2.254. Type () -
:
 Layer Definition ( )
Conducting Layers ( ) Tables and Curves (
) (. 2.255) -
. Percentage Cover ( ) ,
"" . -
, .
 Conductor Volume Fraction ( ) -
.
 Board Mass ( ) PCB
total mass ( ) PCB total volume ( ).
-
, Layer Definition.
,
:
 Dielectric material density ;
 Dielectric material specific heat ;
 Dielectric material conductivity ;
 Conductor ;
 PCB total thickness .
-

:
 In-plane (planar) conductivity ;
 Through-plane (planar) conductivity -
;
 Effective density () ;
 Effective specific heat .
, -
.
, . ,
-
, .
, -
Flow Simula-
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 291

tion. -
0,35 2 / [4].
3 2 ()
0,117 / .

. 2.254.

. 2.255.
292 2

Flow Simulation , -
. ,
( ) -
, () -
. -
, ,
. -
,
.
"-
" Contact Resistance ( -
). , -
,
,
. , , -
, -
, - .
Flow simulation & electronic cooling Heat
Pipe ( ), -
. -
(. 2.256). : Heat In Faces
(, ) Heat Out Faces (, ), -
-
. , "" "" -
,
, , -
, "". Ef-
fective Thermal Resistance ( ). ,
/
, -
.
" "
,
, In-
finite resistance ( )
(. 2.257).
.
,
. -
.
, -
(. 2.258).
. , , ,
, -
, -
.
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 293

. 2.256.

. 2.257.
294 2

, . 2.258.
, "" -
.
, () 250 (. 2.259).

. 2.258.

. 2.259. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 295

, , -
( ), ( )
, ""
(. 2.260), .

. 2.260.

250 , , -
. 2.261, : 50
( )
(. 2.262). , 200 , ,
(. 2.263). Disabled (-
), "" , , ,
.
-
,
Internal Fan ( ). -
"" (
), , -
, (. 2.264).
, () -
. , , / -
, , .
, "-
" - (. 2.265, 2.266), ""
(. 2.264). , -
(Faces fluid exits the fan) -
, ( ).
296 2

. 2.261.

. 2.262. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 297

. 2.263. ,

. 2.264.
298 2

. 2.265.

. 2.266. -

30
(. 2.267). -
, .
. -, -
. ,
.
,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 299

, . -
,
(. 2.268, ).
,
" " . , ,
, -
, .
, ,
-
. -
0,04 3/, 0,0267 3/, 0,0133 3/.

. 2.267. ,

. 2.268.
300 2

,
(. 2.269). Fan Type ( -
) Fan Curve ( ).

, Axial () Radial (),
Fan Curve ( )
.

. 2.269.

. 2.270. ,
() -
, , ,
" ". , Thermodynamic
parameters ( ) Use outlet
temperature ( , ).
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 301

. 2.270.

" "
(. 2.271). , ,
37 C, 0,0267 3/.
, -
3500 , . 2.272.
.
( , , -
, ), ,
. -
. -
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302 2

. 2.271. ,

. 2.272. ""
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 303

. 2.273. (-
) 130 (. 2.274).

. 2.273. ,

. 2.274.
304 2

, ( ) -
, .
. , -
/ (. 2.275).

. 2.275. "" ,

,
.
,
(. 2.276). Pressure Openings (
) Environment Pressure ( ).
( , ).
Pressure Potential ( ), -
( -
) .
. 2.277, , -
: / 20,05 C,
" " 37 C, , -
.
-
(. 2.278), , , ,
. -

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 305

. (
),
. ,
.

. 2.276.

. 2.277.
306 2

. 2.278.

HVAC
, " ",
, " " (. 2.2792.282).

. 2.279.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 307

. 2.280.

. 2.281.

308 2

. 2.282.

.
, .
Radiative Surface ( -
) . -
, (. 2.283).

. 2.283.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 309

, -
. -
, .
Finish () Calculation Control Options
( ), Finish Conditions (
) If all are satisfied ( ) (. 2.284).
Maximum Iterations ( )
; 5000, -
. , -
.

. 2.284.

Flow Simulation c Electronic Cooling,


, , Advanced ( ) -
Calculate Local Mean Age ( )
Calculate Comfort Parameters ( )
(. 2.285).

. 2.285.

-
,
310 2

, , -
, -
(. 2.286).

. 2.286.

, ,
, .
, -
,
"" , .
Initial Mesh ( )
, Automatic settings ( )
,
. 2.287. . 2.288.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 311

. 2.287.

. 2.288.

Solid/Fluid Interface (
) Small solid feature refinement level (
) .
, -
.
, , -
, Tolerance refinement level (
) 4.
Tolerance refinement criterion (
312 2

), (
) -
, , 1 (. 2.289).

. 2.289.

-
3
(. 2.290). 2 .
Refining Cells ( ).

. 2.290.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 313

4. , ,
,
( ),
Narrow Channels ( ) 2
(. 2.291).

. 2.291.

, , -
Local Initial Mesh ( ), -
1
(. 2.292).

. 2.292.
314 2

(
"" ), -
, " "
() .
Local Initial Mesh , . 2.2932.296.
, -
, " ", , ,

. ,
, ,
, .

. 2.293.

. 2.294.


"" "", -
. "" -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 315

(. 2.297) , . 2.298, 2.299. ,


4 , -
(7) , -
.

. 2.295.

. 2.296. " "

. 2.297.
316 2

. 2.298.

. 2.299.

2.5.3.
Results Summary ( ) . 2.300.
800 . 134 . -
"" "-
" -
, .
.
. 2.301,
. 2.302, 2.303. ,
( ) , "",
, .
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 317

, , , ,
"", , ,
.

. 2.300.

"" ADPI (Air Diffusion Performance


Index) .
, HVAC.
. 2.304,
, , ( -
) .
, ,
.
, Trimmed Cells (-
). ,
, -
. -
Small solid feature refinement level ( -
). -
, .
318 2

. 2.301.

. 2.302.

. 2.303.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 319

. 2.304.

Mesh 3D View (
), ( )
. 2.305. . 2.306. -
. -
, , ,
. , -
, .
, Mesh 3D View -
Irregular Cells ( ), -
,
() . .

. 2.305.
320 2

. 2.306.

(
, ) . 2.307,
. 2.308. 1012
(travels), c. , ""
(. 2.309) .
,
"" () .

. 2.307.

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 321

. 2.308.

. 2.309.

, , -
0,34 /, 16 . -
(22 ) . -
0,06 /, , ,
.
,
, , . 2.310, 2.311.
"" 1 /. ,
, -
, - . -
, , ,
, -
.
322 2

c. 2.310. ,

c. 2.311. ,
,

(. 2.312) ,
. , -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 323

40 , -
, .

. 2.312. ,

( , -
) , , -
. . 2.313 ,
, "" .
(, , -
), , .
,
. , , -
, .

. 2.313. ,

324 2


. , (
), , "". ,
XY Plot (), -
( ) -
(. 2.314). . 2.315. ,
,
.
7 C. . -
, ,
.

. 2.314.
,

. 2.315.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 325

HVAC Flow Simulation ,


, ,
, -
. -
,
.
Flow Simulation :
 Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) ;
 Predicted Percent Dissatisfied (PPD)
( );
 Operative Temperature ;
 Mean Radiant Temperature (MRT) ;
 Effective Draft Temperature ;
 Air Diffusion Performance Index (ADPI) ;
 Contaminant Removal Effectiveness (CRE) ;
 Local Air Quality Index (LAQI) ;
 Flow Angle ;
 LACI (Local Air Change Index) .
-
, Default Reference Parameters (-
) (. 2.316):

. 2.316.

 Metabolic rate (M)


;
 External work (W) , -
;
326 2

 Clothing thermal resistance (Icl) , -


;
 Relative humidity .
,
, 2.

Flow Simulation, -
. . 2.317 ""
; 2.318 (
--) (Mean Radiant Temperature);
2.319 (Operative Temperature) .

. 2.317.

.
, , -
: Ta, Tr,
v .
,
() Predicted Mean
Vote ( ). , ,
(. 2.1).
, -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 327

. 2.318.

. 2.319.

-
,
.
328 2

2.1. PMV

3 2 1 0 +1 +2 +3

Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) ( ) -


. 2.320. ,
, "", " ".
, "" .
, : -
, () -

.

. 2.320.

, -
.
( 5 99,(9)%) -
:
( 0,03353 PMV 4
0,2179 PMV 2 )
PPD = 100 95e .


. 2.321. , -
, (5% ) -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 329

. 2.321.

. 2.322 -
Predicted Percent Dissatisfied (PPD)
.
, . ,
.
,
. -
, -
.

. 2.322.
330 2

EDT (Effective Draft Temperature) -


-
, -
. ,
, EDT
1,7 1 . . 2.323
. ,
( )
.
.

. 2.323.

ADPI (Air Diffusion Performance Index)


, , 0,35 /,
1,7 1,1 . -
, ""
Volume Parameters ( ), . 2.324 -
.
( , ).
. 2.325 LACI (Local Air Change
Index) ( )
. LACI -
, .
"" , , -
.
. , -
, , .
, , -
-
.
() , , , -
. -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 331

, , , -
.

Flow Angle ( ) , -
() (-
).

. 2.324. , ADPI,

332 2

. 2.325. ,

, -
,
. ( , -
, ) . 2.326. ,
- , "" , -
. 2,52,7 C
: , -
. /
.

. 2.326. , ,

SolidWorks Flow Simulation 333

2.5.4.
. -
. ,
, -
, . -
, , . , -

.
, , - -
.
, -
:

. -
. -
: -
,
( ) -
, .

, .

Flow Simulation HVAC
. , ,
.

. ,
: -
, , . -
, , -
.
(
).
, .

2.6.

-
. " "
() .
. 2.327.
, ,
. ,
, , . 2.328. -
. 2.329.
334 2

. 2.327.

. 2.328.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 335

. 2.329.

2.6.1.
-
= 1450 ./ Q = 800 3/. -
25 ( -
), , -
. 50 .
,
.
1 . ,
( -
) -
. -
: ( -
) .
.
, -
90 ,
( ) 9 , , -
, .
1 (,
336 2

9 ) .
10% -
. ,
.
-
.

2.6.2.
, ,
. , -
.
, , -
. -
.
. 2.330 , -
600 3/ (, ),
853 340 .
,
( , -
) 101 325 .

. 2.330.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 337

, . 2.331,
( -
). 1450 ./. , -
, , ,
, "" -
(. 2.332). ,
( ) .
, ,
-
( ).
() Disable (. 2.333),
.

. 2.331.

-
( 2010 .). ,
, -
, .
. -
,
,
(. 2.334).
338 2

. 2.332. ,

. 2.333.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 339

: (-
, )
.
: -
,
() . ,
, " ".
,
Flow Simulation .

. 2.334. . 2.335.

. 2.335, 2.336.
Basic Mesh ( ),
, . 2.337, 2.338. 1 2
Small solid features refinement level ( -
), Tolerance refinement level ( -
);
Tolerance refinement criterion ( -
).

. Refine partial cells ( ) -
340 2

5 (. 2.339) (
) (. 2.340).

. 2.336.

. 2.337. Solid/Fluid Interface


( )
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 341

. 2.338. Narrow Channels ( )

. 2.339.
342 2

. 2.340.

( ) -
. 2.341, 2.342. 171 332 256 506 -
. , , -
4
( , SolidWorks ).

. 2.341.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 343

. 2.342. ,

( )
, ,
(. 2.343), ( -
Equation Goal ( ),
. 2.344). , ,
g (
).

. 2.343.

(
) , -
Surface Parameters ( ). -
, ,
. . 2.345 ,

( SolidWorks),
344 2

. -
, Keep outer faces and faces in
contact with fluid (
). -
.

. 2.344.

. 2.345.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 345

2.6.3.
-
, . 2.346. , -
( , -
Travel), .

. 2.346.

. 2.347.
(
, -
). -
54,7 / , 3,26, 5,38 /.

. 2.347.
346 2

, ,
. 2.348 ( ). , -

( ). ,
" ", -
-
, "" .

. 2.348.

( )
. 2.349. ,
, Vectors () View
Settings ( ) (. 2.350, 2.351), -
Cut Plot ( ).

. 2.349.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 347

c. 2.350.

. 2.351.
348 2

. 2.352. -
, ,
-
. ,
, 100 3/ (. 2.353). , -
. .
Maximum Length (
) "" ( 10 000 50 000),
.

. 2.352.

-
. 2.354, 2.355. , , -
(, -
)
91 458 . -
.
, , ,
.
232 000 .
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 349

3
. 2.353. 100 /

. 2.354.
350 2

. 2.355.

-
Izosurfaces (). -
View Settings ( -
),
(. 2.356). -
. 2.357. , -
, .

. 2.356.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 351

. 2.357.

2.6.4.
- .
, ,
Local Initial Mesh ( ) ,
. 2.358. , Level of refin-
ing fluid cells ( ) 2.

. 2.358.
352 2

, -
. , -
(. 2.359), Component Con-
trol ( ) . 2.360.

. 2.359.

. 2.360.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 353

-
1 (. 2.361). Manual Only (
), ,
, Refine (). -
. 2.362.

. 2.361.

. 2.362.
354 2

. 2.363,
. 2.364. -
. 2.365. , 579-
, -
, .
5%. ,
, . -
, -
,
.

. 2.363.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 355

. 2.364.

. 2.365.

356 2

2.6.5.
-
. , ,
( ). -
""
() 1 .
, , -
( , , -
) . , -
, ; ,
.

9 ,
1 , . 2.366, 2.367. ,
, , -
. -
. -
().

. 2.366.


. 2.368. , -
: 13%.
1000 3/ . , -
-
. ,
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 357

.

. -
:
.
, .

. 2.367.

. 2.368. -

-
. 2.369. ,
9001000 3/.
358 2

:
N
= ,
N
:
N = Q g H ; N = M .
/; Q 3/.

. 2.369.

2.6.6.
, -
, . -
Cavitation () General Set-
tings ( ),
Dissolved gas mass fraction ( ).
0,00001,
.
Flow Simulation, 2010 ., -
: . ,
- .

. .
, -
.
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 359

. 2.370.

,
"" , - -
.
(Average Density) , -
, Analysis interval (travels)
( ()) 2,5. -

. Finish () Cal-
culation Control Options (. 2.371). , Finish
Conditions ( ) If all
are satisfied ( ).

. 2.371.
360 2

Flow Simulation -
( 2010 .):
 .
 .
 -
: T = 277,15583,15 K, P = 800107 .
 Cavi-
tation () , .
 flow openings
( ) .
 -
, .
 , , -
.
 0,1.

.
 , .
 .
 , ,
.
 , ,
.
104. 102 106.

. Cavitation effect ( -
) : Molar mass ( ); Saturation
pressure ( ) Temperature ().
, .
( . 2.372, 2.373 -

) 7 .
-
: 771 600 769 000 , 1222
1214 .
,
, . 2.374, . 2.375. -
,
, , -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 361

. 2.372.

. 2.373.

. 2.374. ,
362 2

. 2.375.


, . 2.376, ,
( . 2.377 20%).

. 2.376.

. 2.377. 20%
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 363

, Volume Fraction of Vapor (


) . ,
Parameter () -
, . , -
Display Parameters ( ) (. 2.378),
Parameter List ( ). ,
-
, ( -
) .

. 2.378. ,

, :
 Volume fraction of vapour ;
 Mass fraction of vapour ;
 Volume fraction of water ( -
);
 Mass fraction of water (
).

2.6.7.
, -
Flow Simulation .
,
.
364 2

2.7.

. -
"- " () -
. -
. 2.379. ,
,
, . -
. 2.380.

. 2.379.

. 2.380. ( )

2.7.1.
,
-
. -
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 365

, -
.
"" ,
, -
, ,
. -
( , ) -
-
.

.

2.7.2.
. 2.3812.383. ,
, , -
, ,
Exclude cavities without flow conditions ( -
).
, Gravity (), -
. -
. ( ) ,
,
. ,
.
:
, Liquids
() Gases () .

. 2.381.
366 2

. 2.382.

(. 2.383). -
Pressure potential ( ).
,
-
,
, -
.
.

. 2.383.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 367

,
(, -
, , ) .
(),
. , -
,
.
""
Disable (), "" (. 2.384).
- , , -
, , Boundary
Condition | Wall | Real Wall ( | | ) -
Stator ().
. 2.385.

. 2.384.

. 2.385.
368 2

Automatic settings (
), . 2.387
( . 2.386),
. 2.388, 3
, 6 (. 2.389).

. 2.386.

. 2.387.

, -
Local Initial Mesh (-
) (. 2.390). (), -
.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 369

. 2.388. Solid/Fluid Interface


( )

. 2.389. Narrow Channels ( )

6 ( 5)
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370 2

. 2.390.

. 2.391. Solid/Fluid Interface


( )


. 2.394, 2.395. 350 006 452 585
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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 371

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1012 . , -
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. 2.393. Narrow hannels


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372 2

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. 2.394.

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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 373

. 2.396.

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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 375

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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 377

. 2.404.

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2.8.2.

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.
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378 2

, General
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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 379

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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 381


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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 383

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384 2

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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 385

Refining Cells ( ) (. 2.415) ,


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SolidWorks Flow Simulation 387

2.8.3.

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. 2.418.

. 2.419.
388 2

. 2.420. ,

Results Summary ( ) . 2.421. -


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. 2.421.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 389

: -
. 2.422, 2.423. ,
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. 2.423. " "



390 2


. 2.424. ,
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.

. 2.424.

. 2.425. , -
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( ) 610 /c.
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. 2.425.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 391

. 2.426.
(. 2.427) . , -
.

. 2.426. . 2.427.

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. 2.430.

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Surface Parameters ( ).
. 2.431. , , , , -
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392 2

. 2.428.

. 2.429.
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 393

. 2.430.

. 2.431.

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394 2

. 2.432.

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. 2.433. 0,32 /c
SolidWorks Flow Simulation 395

( Flow Simulation)
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SolidWorks Motion
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3.1.
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SolidWorks Motion 399

. 3.2.

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Motion Analysis
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Motion SolidWorks (. 3.3).
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SolidWorks Motion -
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SolidWorks Motion 401

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SolidWorks Motion 405

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408

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SolidWorks Motion 409

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. 3.18.
410

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SolidWorks Motion 411


(Task), -
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. 3.23.

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. 3.24.
414

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SolidWorks Motion 415

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. 3.28.
416

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SolidWorks Motion 417

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418

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SolidWorks Motion 419

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3.2.
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SolidWorks Motion 423

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424

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SolidWorks Motion 425

(Expression Definition)
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IF({ }-L:0,0,-10000*(({ }-L)**1.5+STEP({ -
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428

. 3.49.

. 3.50.

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SolidWorks Motion 429

. 3.52. /

3.2.4.
So-
lidWorks Motion .

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,
SolidWorks Motion.

1


SOLIDWORKS FLOW SIMULATION
FLOW FLOW SIMULATION FLOW SIMULATION
SIMULATION & &
ELECTRONIC HVAC
COOLING
( -
( - ,
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434 1

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FLOW FLOW SIMULATION FLOW SIMULATION


SIMULATION & &
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SolidWorks

SOLIDWORKS FLOW SIMULATION 435

()

FLOW FLOW SIMULATION FLOW SIMULATION


SIMULATION & &
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FLOW FLOW SIMULATION FLOW SIMULATION


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SOLIDWORKS FLOW SIMULATION 437

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FLOW FLOW SIMULATION FLOW SIMULATION


SIMULATION & &
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BMP, JPEG, PNG, VRML AVI

MS Excel

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(Mean Radiant Temperature)
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