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 (), - . ..
http://www.elibrary.ru




 . .. . .
7755759
 28 2013.
http://www.vestnik.laspace.ru
37156 ()
. ..

-
2009
: 141400 ., ., . , .24
: (495) 575 55 63, (495) 575 54 69
: (495) 572 00 68
: vestnik@laspace.ru
: http://www.vestnik.laspace.ru
2015 3 (29)
professor
NPO IMENIS.A. LAVOCHKINA

hief editor d.eng.,


..Pichkhadze
COSMONAUTICSandROCKETENGINEERING
t a b l e o f c o n t e n t s
Congratulations ofI.A.Komarov, Head of the Federal Space Agency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
deputy chief editor Congratulations ofV.E.Fortov, the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Congratulation of Yu.V.Vlasov, Interim Director General of the United Rocket and Space Corporation. . . . . . . . . . . 5
d.eng., professor V.V.Efanov Congratulations of S.A. Lemeshevskiy, Director General of the Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association,
and V.V. Khartov, Designer General of the Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
e d i t o r i a l b o a r d Congratulations ofA.V.Degtyarev, Designer General and Director General ofM.K.Yangel
Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
c.sc. (eng.) P.A.Greshilov KhartovV.V.
V.M.Davydov From exploration to deployment of Moon resources. Yesterday and tomorrow (in tribute
to 50th anniversary of space activity of Lavochkin Association). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
d.eng. K.A.Zanin ChvanovV.., SudakovV.S.
Our neighbors from Khimki. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
c.sc. (ec.) K.Z.Karchayev ZelenyiL.M., KhartovV.V., ZastenkerG.N., KovrazhkinR.A. et al.
Study of solar-terrestrial relationship by means of Spacecraft built by Lavochkin Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
c.sc. (eng.) .B.Martynov PenyazkovO.G., AstashynskiV.M., Danilova-TretiakS.M.
c.sc. (eng.) ..Moisheev Lets conquer space together (on cooperation between.V.Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute
of the NAS of Belarus and Lavochkin Association). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
d.eng. ..Nazarov MurashkoV.., Kozubskiy.N.VertakovN.., Koryakin.I.
On scientific and technical cooperation between Lavochkin Association and Fakel EDB.
c.sc. (ec.) V.M.Romanov In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Lavochkin Association space activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
.V.Savchenko KochuraS.G., KuzoroV.I., ShanavrinV.S.
The successful experience of cooperation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
S.N.Solodovnikov Gafarov.., Golovin Yu.., PonomarevN.B., RebrovS.G.
Fifty year collaboration in space area between Lavochkin Association and Keldysh Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
e d i t o r i a l c o u n c i l Timchenko.Yu.
On the cooperation between Lavochkin Association andM.K.Yangel Yuzhnoye Design Office. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
hairman d.eng., Kotomin.., DushenokS.A., DemyanenkoD.B., EfanovV.V., GorovtsovV.V.
professor V.V.Khartov Anew generation of spacecraft pyroautomatic systems as the result of successful cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
VerbitskayaN.F., DmitrievV.V., Kobzev Yu.N., LuptakovB.V.
corresponding The main results of the cooperation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
SyrovA.S., SmirnovV.V., SokolovV.N., IodkoG.S., MischihinV.V., KosobokovV.N.,
member RAN ..Alifanov ShatskyM.A., DobryninD.A.
The Navigator platform on-board control system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
doctor of physical and mathematical DegtyarV.G.
sciences, professor V.V.Asmus Usage of submarine ballistic rockets practical launches for scientific studies and creation of new technologies. . . 64
Melnichuk.D.Popesku.P.Nazarov..
academician RAN ..Boyarchuk The milestones of cooperation between Lavochkin Association and Main Test Spaces Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Lebedev.L.
d.eng., professor B.I.Glazov Practical training at Lavochkin Association premises experience for the future. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
academician RAN L..Zelenyi RulevS.V., LebedevA.G., NikolaevA.V., ShulgaV.M., TelepnevP.P., KuznetsovD.A., ErmakovV.Yu.
Weight measuring devices for fueling the tanks of Fregat Upper Stage
corresponding (in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Lavochkin Association space activities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
ZelenyiL.., sanfomalitiL.V.
member ANRT H.I.Ibadinov From the Vega mission near Comet Halley to the Rosetta mission near comet 67P/ Churyumov Gerasimenko. . . . . 81
d.eng., professor ..Lyubomudrov ZelenyiL.., Zaitsev Yu.I.
The Vega mission: the way it was. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
academician RAN .Y.Marov Ageenko Yu.I., PaninI.G., PeginI.V., ChesnokovD.V.
Low-thrust liquid rocket engines with deflector centrifugal scheme of mixture formation
d.eng., professor Y..Matveev for spacecraft by Lavockin Association. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
d.eng., professor V.Y.Meleshko DanilukA.Yu., KlyushnikovV.Yu., KuznetsovI.I., OsadchenkoA.S.
Requirements for appearance and basic design parameters of the micro-rocket complex,
academician NASB O.G.Penyazkov designed for launch of nano, pico and femto-size small spacecraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Gektin Yu.M., SelivanovA.S.
academician RAN G..Popov Multi-zone scanning device for the Electro-L 1 geostationary meteo satellite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
d.eng., professor V..Usachov KochuraS.G., ShkolniyV.N., SuntsovS.B., EfremovS.V.
The development of onboard harness new technologies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
d.eng. V.S.Finchenko Koshkin.I.
The gas-jet propulsion system for microsatellites of Pulsar and Interball programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
d.eng., professor .N.Khokhlachev Nazarov..
Orbital arrangement and control of the rctika- innovative space system orbital structure
corresponding (in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Lavochkin Association space activities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
member RAN B..Shustov ShestikhinV.I., Nazarov.., Zelenevskiy Yu.V.
On issue of stabilization of the clusters of high-orbital satellites for continuous observations
academician NASU Ya.S.Yatskiv (in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Lavochkin Association space activities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Seleznev.P., SmirnovI.N., Dorodnikov..
Development and firing tests of monopropellant and bipropellant low-thrust engines by Isayev
Chemical Engineering Design Bureau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
the journal is a reviewed the journal is a reviewed publication
publication the journal is included into data base Russian Index of Scientific Citation (RISC) located at
ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY, internet link http://www.elibrary.ru
the journal is in the list of editions, authorized by the SUPREME CERTIFICATION COMMITTEE OF
THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION to publish the works of those applying for ascientific degree
f o u n d e r the opinion of editorial staff not always coincide with authors viewpoint
editorial staff is not responsible for the content of any advertisements
FSUE LAVOCHKIN ASSOCIATION manuscripts are not returned
the journal is registered in Federal Ser- no part of this publication may be reprinted without reference to Space journal of VESTNIK NPO
vice for telecommunications and mass IM. S.A. LAVOCHKINA
post-graduates have not to pay for the publication of articles
media oversight. magazine articles and features required of author manuscript design are available at Internet Site
certificate 7755759 http://www.vestnik.laspace.ru
dated october 28, 2013 subscription index 37156 in catalogue GAZETY I JOURNALY (ROSPECHAT)
FSUE LAVOCHKIN ASSOCIATION
article writers
scientific and technical quarterly journal
published since 2009
editorial office address: 141400 Moscow region, Khimki,
Leningradskaya str., 24
phone: (495) 575 55 63, (495) 575 54 69, fax: (495) 572 00 68
e-mail: vestnik@laspace.ru
internet: http://www.vestnik.laspace.ru
3.2015



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7
629.78(091)

From exploration to
. deployment of Moon resources.
Yesterday and tomorrow
(50- (in tribute to 50th anniversary
of space activity of Lavochkin
..) Association)

..1,
,
,
khartov@laspace.ru;
V.V.Khartov

The projects of advanced and farsighted moon


automatic vehicles and scientific objectives which can
, . be realized by means of these vehicles are represented.
The beginning of space activity of Lavochkin
... Association is described.
: ; Key words: Moon;
; fundamental space researches;
moon vehicles.

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629.78(091)

Our neighbors from Khimki

..1, ..1,
, vssudakov@gmail.com;
, V.S.Sudakov
energo@online.ru;
V..Chvanov
The article is devoted to the history of building
, of the two companies in Khimki, their joint work firstly
, - in the aviation domain, then in the field of the rocket-
. space technologies.
: ; ; Key words: aircrafts; rocket engines;
; ; antiaircraft missiles; spacecrafts;
-. launch vehicles.

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- MartynovM.B.Space modules of Phobos-Grunt complex
-301. -107/108 for prospective interplanetary stations // Solar System
- Research.2011. Vol.45, 7. .589-592.
-7, -253
- 03.02.2014.

16
629.78.001.5 3.2015

- Study of solar-terrestrial
relationship by means
, of Spacecraft built by
.. Lavochkin Association

..1, ..2, ..1, ..1, ..1,


L.M.Zelenyi V.V.Khartov G.N.Zastenker R.A.Kovrazhkin A.A.Petrukovich

..1, ..2, ..2, ..2, ..2,


A.A.Galeev V.E.Babyshkin M.I.Artyukhov ..Shirshakov V..Molodtsov

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


M.I.Shevchenko M.N.Bojarskii E.A.Gavrilova L.S.Chesalin V.I.Prokhorenko

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


V.N.Nazarov B.S.Novikov N.L.Borodkova Yu.I.Yermolaev O.L.Vaysberg

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1, .3,


M.I.Verigin Ju.N.Agafonov N.A.Eismont V.N.Lutsenko K.Kudela

.3, .4, .4, .4, .5,


J.Balaz Z.Nemecek J.Safrankova L.Prech Y.Vojta

The article overviews a big series of researches in the


- , field of solar-terrestrial relationship using Spacecraft
, developed and manufactured by Lavochkin Association.
... The specified researches have made a significant
contribution to the knowledge of Suns disturbances,
, interplanetary medium as well as the Earths
. magnetosphere.
: ; Key words: Suns disturbances; interplanetary medium;
; ; . solar wind; the Earths magnetosphere.

, () - -
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Space Research Institute of RAS, Russia, Moscow. Institute of Experimental Physics of Slovak Academy of
2
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, . . 4
, , . .
Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Russia, Charles University, Czech Republic, Prague.
Moscow region, Khimki. 5
, -
, . .
Institute of Atmospheric Physics AS CR, Czech Republic,
Prague.

17
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24
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26
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. .. . 2. -
// . ..-

.2012. 5. .4-11.
-
.., .., . .
,
-

-
- ,
// .1986. .24, 2.
-
.151-165.
, -
.., .., .. .
.. ,
- , -
, ,
, // .1998. .36,
. 3. .228-240.
- .., .., ..,
.. ., -
, - //
. ...2012. 3. .22-27.
, (- .., ., . .
) .
// -
- .2013. .51, 2. .1-12.
.. - .., .., ..,
, - .. -
. // -
.2007. .85, .4. .225-231.
.., .., ..
. -
.., ., ., - - // . 2013.
.. // // .51, 2. .83-87.
.1996. .34, 4. .371- .., .., .. -
380. -
.., .., .. // . 2012.
. .95, .5. .258-262.
// .., .., .. . -

. .: , 1984. .73-80.
.., ., .. . - -9 // . 1987.

.25, 1. .93-102.
1972 //
.., .., .. -
. .:
-2
, 1977. .155-174.
// -
.., .., .. .
.1996. .34, 4. .363-370.
-
Cambou F., Vaisberg O., Espagne H. et al.
, //
Characteristics of interplanetary plasma near the Earth
.2007. .45, 6. .489-498.
.., .., .. . observed during the solar events of August 1972// Space
Research.1975. V. 15. .461.
- Kovrazhkin R.A., Sauvaud J.A. Energy dispersed
-7 // - auroral structures from magnetotail ion beams, in Auroral
.1990. .28, 2. .218-225. phenomena and Solar-terrestrial relations // CAWSES
.. - Handbook-1, Boulder, 2004. P.165-171.
, , LutsenkoV.N., GavrilovaE.A.Properties and the origin
. .. . 1. - of Almost Monoenergetic ion (AMI) beams observed
// . ..- near the Earths bow shock// Ann. Geophys.2011. V.29.
.2012. 4. .24-38. .1439-1454.
.. -
, , 06.05.2015.

27
629.78(091)

Lets conquer space


( together (on cooperation
- between.V.Luikov Heat
.. and Mass Transfer Institute
of the NAS of Belarus
..) and Lavochkin Association)

.., ..1, ..-1,


, - ,
penyaz@dnp.itmo.by; , ast@hmti.ac.by; dts@hmti.ac.by;
O.G.Penyazkov V.M.Astashynski S.M.Danilova-Tretiak

The article summarizes the generic information about


- the joint activities of.V.Luikov Heat and Mass
.. Transfer Institute of the NAS of Belarus and Lavochkin
.., 70- , Association since the 70s as well about the cooperation
. perspectives.
: - Key words: .V.Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer
.. ; Institute of the NAS of Belarus;
..; Lavochkin Association;
; ; thermal protection materials; heat pipes;
. meteoroid protection.

- -
, . , - () ..
..
. -
. -
, , () -
, -
-1 (-
. 1) -4 ( 1) -
1 .
- -1 9 /2. -
, 4
. 15%.

- ..
1
.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute of the NAS of
, , . . Belarus, Belarus, Minsk.

28
3.2015



.
-
-5, -11,
-14 -47

-

- -
.
, -


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-5, -11 -14 -
-




. -
-




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) 4550 /,
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-
14 /2 20 /2
.
23 /2 (-
.. ., 1989; .. ., 1989; -
.. ., 1991).
-
-
-
, 2007 , ,
.

-
1. - -
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-
1980- - ( -2) -
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.. .., 2013; .. ., 2009).
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qw=0.45 /2,
28 . 3 -
- .

29
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-
-
,
,

.

-
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(.. .,
2014). 4 -
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q0=1750 /2 (=30 ).

3. -

2009 2012 . -
- -
-,

-
,
.. -

- .. -




. -
2530% 4. 1: 3,7 ;
( .. ., 2014), 9,6 . 2: 3,3 ; 7,3
( 5
100%) (.. ., 2013). -
-
, 150
. .

30
3.2015

, ..
, -
, .

. -

. .., .., .., -
, , .. ,
-
1970-. 197090. 20 - // . . . .-. . -
-
. . 2013. .59-61.
.., .., .., -
- .. .
(- // . . XI . .
2015 ). .1989. .1. .6-7.
- .., .., ..,
, , ..
, - -
// . ..-
... .2009. 2. .3-7.
- .., .., .., -
.. - .. -

, - // -
, . 2014.
- 24 - .1. .119-122.
410 /. - .., .., .., -
..
-2// . . .-.
(-3) , - . -
-
. -
, - .
.2013.
, .., .., ..,
.. -
-2018,
. ...// . ..-
.2014. 2. .5-12.
, - .., .., ..-
-
// . 2011. . 84, 5.
, - .1040-1045.
. .., .., ..,
..- .. -
.. // . .
, , , , VIII . .
, .1991. .2. .146-147.
- .., .., ..,
- .. .
. // . .
- . .-. .1989. 2. .28-31.
.. -
, 14.04.2015.

31
629.78.05.062.036

- On scientific and technical


cooperation between Lavochkin
.. Association and Fakel EDB.
. 50- In commemoration of the
50th anniversary of Lavochkin
.. Association space activities

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


info@fakel-russia.com; info@fakel-russia.com;
, , N..Vertakov .I.Koryakin
info@fakel-russia.com; info@fakel-russia.com;
V..Murashko .N.Kozubskiy

The article summarizes the main results


.. of the cooperation between Lavochkin Association,
the prime for design and development
of automated spacecraft for research in near
and deep space, and Fakel EDB,
the leading organization on development
of low-thrust electrojet engines for motion
. control in space.
: ..; Key words: Lavochkin Association;
; ; Lunokhod; electrojet engines;
; . hydrazine engines; Fakel EDB.

2014
, 100- () -
.

, - 1.
, 60- .
-
... : ,
60- , 1956
- .
- , -

1
, - FSUE Experimental Design Bureau Fakel, Russia,
, . . Kaliningrad.

32
3.2015

, - 2. 
(). ...
60- -
-1 .
-1, - 60- (
.. )
.
1964 - ( 1). -
: , -
, - .
- 300- -
-
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I (1998). -1
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-
()
...
70- -

( .. ., 1974; .. .,
2003).
, -
,
.. . 80-
-

- ;
, .
1.
-
() . -
-100 3. 

15 (BoberA.S. et
al., 1993).
-
(.., . -
2013). 50- (StuhlingerE.,
- 1960). -
.. 30 - .. -
. -
-
352 ( .. ., 2013).
100000 -
3000 . . 2 -
60% - 2003
- Smart-1.
.

- PPS-1350
. 24- SEP (). -
-70
. ...

33
- .. .
50- ..

3. 3D-
-.

-
.

- 150 -
2. - -
Smart-1 , 2003 .
-70 - (.. ., 2014). 4 -
.., 1997 -290 -40,
-140 ,
- - .
-

. -
-140 4,5,
. -
, -
9000 .
.
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. ,
,
-140 - -
() - -

()
( .. ., 2014).
-
140, 4. -290 -40,
: 140 , -
34...+14 - -
15 . -
() - 4. 
-
-
-140. 3 70--
- -
,
3D- ( .. ). -
-.

34
3.2015


350. -
, - 50-10.1, 500
() ()
. -
- .. ( 6, 7).
-

,
...
2012 30- -

.

10 500 (-
.., 2007).
,
-
. 30-
..
6. -
- 500 50-10.6
. 5
,

...

7.
-, ,

-
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-
. ,
50-10.1
2,5 , 500 7,5
.
5.
. ,
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-
- - -


. -


- ...
.., - -
- ..
- - -
50-10.5 -
.

35
- .. .
50- ..

8. 50-10.5. , - (3),

( 8). //
(1) -
(3) , - ,
. .2007.
.., .., .., -
. : .. .
50-10.5 - -
50-10.1, -
//
, . ....2013. 4. .68-74.
1 3 .., .., .., -
- (3), .. . //
. .2003. .29, 3. .277-292.
.. -
-
-
.. , -
, - // .2013.
, 1. .56-64.
.., K.H., ..-

, , //
.2014. .21, 2. .49-54.
. BoberA.S., KozubskiiK.N., KomarovG.A., KozlovA.G.
et al. Development and Qualification Test of an SPT
Electric Propulsion System for Gals Spacecraft //

IEPC, 23rd International Electric Propulsion Conference,
.., .., .., Seattle, Washington, 1993. . 108-115. URL: http://
.. . // - erps.spacegrant.org/uploads/images/images/iepc_
.1974. .12, 3. .451-468. articledownload_1988-2007/1993index/IEPC1993-008.
.., .., .., .. pdf ( : 16.03.2015).
. - StuhlingerE.Lunar Ferry with Electrical Propulsion
1030 System// Japanese Rocket Society. Tokyo, Japan.1959.
-140// Proceedings of the first international symposium, held
.2014. 1 (4). .48-59. in Tokyo, in 1959. Published by Yokendo, Tokyo, 1960,
.. 224p.
-
- 24.03.2015.

36
629.78.064.56 3.2015

The successful experience


of cooperation

..1, ..1, ..1,


, kvi@iss-reshetnev.ru; shanavrin@iss-reshetnev.ru;
kochura@iss-reshetnev.ru; V.I.Kuzoro V.S.Shanavrin
S.G.Kochura

The article overviews the successful experience


of the cooperation between the space industry
enterprises in Russia in the field of development
. of solar arrays for spacecraft.
: Key words:
; spacecraft;
; solar array;
; gallium arsenide;
. power efficiency.

..- , -
() 30- - -
. -
- .
.. -
-
.
- .
2004 . ()
.. , -
-
(). - .
- - , ,
- - -
(.. ., 2011; . -
.., 2011). , , -
- , 1

1
- Academician M.F. Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems,
.. , , Russia, Krasnoyarsk region, Zheleznogorsk.
, . .

37

, / -- -
. ;
, - -- -
, -
, ,
;
. -- -
- ,
-
. .
- , -

( ), . ,
: -
-- -
, , , .
;
-- - :
, -- 2011
; -, - 1;
-- - --
- 2, 3, -,
; -, -;
-- -- -
. , -400,
- -.
.. - -
, -
.
.
, ,
, . . -
- ,
, -
, .
-
.
- .., .., ..,
, - .. . (
- -) .
. //
- . ...2011. 3. .11-18.
.. , .. -
, -
- // . ..-
. - .2011. 1. .3-8.
..
: 03.04.2015.

38
629.7:621.45 3.2015

Fifty year collaboration


in space area between
.. Lavochkin Association
and Keldysh Center

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,



, , , ,
kerc@elnet.msk.ru; kerc@elnet.msk.ru, kerc@elnet.msk.ru, kerc@elnet.msk.ru;
..Gafarov uragol50@mail.ru; ponom@km.ru; S.G.Rebrov
Yu..Golovin N.B.Ponomarev

The joint efforts of the two enterprises have


allowed solving of the complex problems
, of providing the thermal conditions, development
, of onboard equipment for spacecraft for various
applications, radiation safety assurance
. of radioisotope power devices. The fruitful
. collaboration is being continued and developed.
: ; Key words: spacecraft;
; ; thermal conditions; onboard equipment;
; thermal vacuum tests;
; radioisotope heat unit;
. radiation safety assurance.

1933 -
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.. ( ) , 2003; .., .., 2012).
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1
.. - SSC FSUE Keldysh Research Centre, Russia, Moscow.
, , . .

39

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, - 474.
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. . ...2014. 4.
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- //
-
. ...2012. 4.

.74-80.
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..

-
-9 -10//
// ..-
.1976. 3. .579-582.
.., .., .., - .2011. 3. .3-10.
.. . - EkonomovA.P., Golovin Yu.M., MoshkinB.E.Visible
Radiation Observed Near the Surface of Venus: Results
and Their Interpretation// Icarus.1980. 41. .65-75.
// Golovin Yu.M., Ekonomov A.P., Moroz V.I.,
. ...2015. 1. .34-40. Moshkin B.E. et al. Spectrum of the Venus day sky //
.. : - Nature.1980. V.284. .243-244.
// .2004.
9. .42-45. 23.03.2015.

44
629.78(091) 3.2015

On the cooperation between


.. Lavochkin Association
andM.K.Yangel Yuzhnoye
.. Design Office

..1,
info@yuzhnoye.com;
.Yu.Timchenko

The article summarizes the history of cooperation


.. between Lavochkin Association andM.K.Yangel
... Yuzhnoye State Design Office.
: ; Key words: Yuzhnoye Design Office;
..; Lavochkin Association;
; -. Zenit complex; Electro-LSC.

.. -
, - , (-
.. - 14 -
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, 1986
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. 13 1985 , - (. -),
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1177, . .. .
- , , -
: - ( ), -

1
M.K. Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Ukraine,
.. , , . Dnepropetrovsk.
.

45
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..

.
,
.
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.., .., 2014). ..,
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...
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( 1). 2.

46
3.2015

- .
-, -
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.., .., ..
-
//
. .. . 2014. 1.
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.., .. -
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: . .. . 2011.
.. 4. .3-7.
- -3SL -
, - 02.04.2015.

47
629.78:621.43.019.8

A new generation of spacecraft


pyroautomatic systems as
the result of successful
cooperation
..1, ..1, ..1,
, , , ,
akotomin@mail.ru; s.dushenok@mail.ru; demdb@mail.ru;
..Kotomin S.A.Dushenok D.B.Demyanenko
.. ,2,3
.. , 2

, , gvv@laspace.ru;
vladimir_efanov@laspace.ru; V.V.Gorovtsov
V.V.Efanov
As a result of the long-term cooperation between Federal
.., () Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Saint-Petersburg
State Technological Institute (Technical University)
. and SKTB Technolog a new generation of spacecraft
pyroautomatic systems has been designed. The separation
systems on the basis of elastic explosive materials have
proved their high efficiency and reliability in the frame of a
. number of Russian and international interplanetary space
and astrophysical programs. The promising devices based
. on the new pyrotechnic compositions have been developed.
: ; Key words: spacecraft;
; separation device and system;
; ; pyro lock; detonation translator;
. high-energy material.

..- ( ),
, () ..,
1978 .. -
. . -
-,
.... - ()
- , -

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EfanovV.V., MartynovM.B., 2011). -
, , -
, ,
. , , ..
- .

1
- - 3
(-
( ), , - ), ,
. ..
Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University),
University), Russia, Saint-Petersburg. Russia, Moscow.
2
.. , , -
, . .
Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Russia,
Moscow region, Khimki.

48
3.2015

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52
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53

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; .. -
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. . 2002. 8.
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. . 2010. 2. .8-14.
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-2018//
.., .. - . .. . 2014. 2 (23). . 120-
// 123.
: . - .., .., .., -
.-. . , , 2003. .142- ..
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- . 2013. 2. .11-23.
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. 2013. 2. .49-54.
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. .. . 2012. 3 (14).
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.35-39.
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- .., .., .., -
// . . - .. -
/ . ... ., . ..-
, 2001. .3. .212-218. //
.., .., .. . . 2001. 4.
- .34-39.
Polishchuk G.M., Pichkhadze K.M., Efanov V.V.,
( ) // Actual Problems of MartynovM.B.Space modules of Phobos-Grunt complex
Aviation and Aerospace Systems: processes, models, for prospective interplanetary stations // Solar System
experiment= Research.2011. Vol.45, 7. .589-592.
: , , -
.2007. .12. .18-25. 31.03.2015.

54
629.78(091) 3.2015

The main results


of the cooperation

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


d1152@samspace.ru; d1152@samspace.ru;
N.F.Verbitskaya , Yu.N.Kobzev ,
d1152@samspace.ru; d1152@samspace.ru;
V.V.Dmitriev B.V.Luptakov

The article presents the overview of the main milestones


of joint cooperation between Progress RSC and
.. Lavochkin Association in frame of space technologies
, design and development. The main events of joint
operations of the launch vehicle of Soyuz type and
. Fregat interorbital space tug are pointed out.
: -; Key words: launch vehicle;
; interorbital space tug;
. geostationary orbit.

( 30.09.2010) 270
-) ..-
1965 , - . -
.. , , ,
.. 1, 1, 1.
. -
- () -, -
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. 45 - -
- (

1
- Joint Stock Company Rocket and Space Center Progress
( ), , . . (JSC RSC Progress), Russia, Samara.

55

- -
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4,11 - -
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..
- . 2
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-
, . 2003 -
-
.

56
3.2015

, , 11,43 -
4,11, . -
, ,
-2
Galaxy-14 . -2 -
Galaxy-14 Orbital .
Science Corporation -
Star-2 -2 1
.
- , ,
. . , -
Galaxy-14 ..
Arian, - .. , -
Arianespace, -
Starsem PanAmSat - , -
Starsem - -.
- . 26 2011 -
, -2
1
- ( --).
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-2 1, -
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- - -
// . .. . 2014.
, 1. .47-49.
i=95,4 . - .., .. -
- -
, - // . .. -
. - .2014. 1. .41-43.
-2
- 30.03.2015.

57
629.78.051-5

The Navigator platform


on-board control system

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


, office@mars-mokb.ru; , office@mars-mokb.ru;
, V.V.Smirnov office@mars-mokb.ru; G.S.Iodko
office@mars-mokb.ru; V.N.Sokolov
A.S.Syrov
..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,
office@mars-mokb.ru; office@mars-mokb.ru; , ,
V.V.Mischihin V.N.Kosobokov office@mars-mokb.ru; office@mars-mokb.ru;
M.A.Shatsky D.A.Dobrynin

The article overviews a description


, of design concept, structure and performances
of the on-board control system equipment
, of the Navigator platform, on which
Electro-L and Spektr-R
-. - spacecraft are based. The results of the
on-board control system flight development
test for stabilization accuracy are presented
and approaches to further development of
on-board control system equipment are defined
for advanced projects on design and development
. of spacecraft for various applications.
: ; Key words: on-board control system;
; non-pressurized equipment implementation;
; on-board computer network;
; hardware redundancy;
. star trackers stabilization.

() ( .., 2011; ..
- ., 2014).
, 2000 . -
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() . , -
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.
(, ..), -
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, - ,
.

1
- FSUE Mars Moscow Experimental Design Bureau,
, , . . Russia, Moscow.

58
3.2015




.



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60
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62
3.2015

. -- 0,76.;
1855, 2,5. -- -
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- - .2014. .52, 5. .399-407.
.., .., ..,
. - .. . -
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1,5 . , -
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||4104 /,
||=||2104/. .. -
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- ....2011. 3. .3-10.
(.. ., 2014) -
-: 02.04.2015.

63
629.762.2:629.782

Usage of submarine ballistic


rockets practical launches for
scientific studies and creation
of new technologies

..1,
,
,
- ,
src@makeyev.ru;
V.G.Degtyar

The article overviews a period of interaction between


.. of Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association and
, Academician Makeev State Rocket Center,
related to the practical work on conducting
of research experiments in space environment
. with new space technologies articles.
: ; Key words: space experiment;
; ; space technologies; Volna LV;
; . Solar Sail; Demonstrator.
- -
, -
- . 90-.,
- -
.. .
( )
- () - -
- , -
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, - .
,

, - -
, ,
.

1
Open Joint Stock Company Academician V.P. Makeyev
.. , , - State Rocket Centre, Russia, Chelyabinskaya oblast, Miass.
, . .

64
3.2015

. -
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66
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-2 -
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; .2012. 2. .4-11.
-- 6 2005
.., .., .. .
D-2R -
- -
-
. -
( 7). .. // . . . XIV.
- 1999. .1(43), 2. .142-157.
.. / .
: - . ... : , 2011.
() - 182.
ASTRIUM/EADS (), ESTEC/
ESA () . 12.03.2015.

68
629.78(091) 3.2015

The milestones
.. of cooperation between
Lavochkin Association
.. and Main Test Spaces Center

..1, ..1, ..1,


melnichukandreys@mail.ru; , ,
.D.Melnichuk melnichukandreys@mail.ru; melnichukandreys@mail.ru;
.P.Popesku ..Nazarov

- The article covers historical aspects


.. of the cooperation between Lavochkin Association
..- and Main Test Spaces Center (MTSC) in the course
() of implementation of the space missions
. by Lavochkin Association. There is an overview
, - of the interaction special features, their impact
- on the infrastructure of the spacecraft ground control
. loop. Besides the problems and perspectives
. of MTSC development are presented.
: - ; Key words: command-measuring complex;
; deep space spacecraft;
; Upper Stage;
; information support;
; ground control loop;
- . command-measuring complex structure.
17 1970 9 27 07 -
.. , ,
-
- -1.
. - 1956
, 20 -1
(.., 2010). (),
- -
. . ()
, -
.
... 60-
- -
.. .
... -

1
- Main Test Spaces Center, Russia, Moscow region,
.., , , . Krasnoznamensk.
.

69
..
..

-7
- (). .
, - -
, - -
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.
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, 68 -
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-
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, 26 1962
, - . 1973
- -
. ( ).
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1990 , 11 -
, -
. .
-
, . , ,
,
, . -
, . .. -
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. -, - .
, 70-
. -, - , -
, -
, .
, -
-
. . 1975
- -
, - , -

. (),
- 1- ,
23 1958 ,
- - - -
-1 1. .
,
2 10 1959 .. , -
-1 4 .
600 .
- -
, - .

70
3.2015

-
; .
- -
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; , -
-
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; - - -
, ,
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, 14 2001 , ,

.. (). ,
- .
- 2000

. - -
,
, - , -
, .
- .
.. . 2000 -
-
. . -
- .
(). , -
.. ,
, -
, - -
- .
(.., ., -
.., 2014). ,
- -
, .
413 1996 2004 . -
,
413, - - . -
- ,

, , -
. .
. - ,
- -

. .
90- -
, -
, -
. .., .., ..
- -
, - //
- . . ...2014. 1. .3-9.
1992 - .. //
- . ...2010. 4. .53-61.
.., .., .. -
. -
-
, . ... 1. -
. . .: - -, 2006.
- 479 .

, - 25.03.2015.

71
378.145.3:658.562.3

Practical training at Lavochkin


.. Association premises
experience for the future

..1,
, ,
zlebedev@yandex.ru;
.L.Lebedev

The results of the practical training received by the


, students of mechanical professions of the Military-
- Space Academy named after.F.Mozhayskiy at the
.. Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association premises
... are presented. The selection of the Federal Enterprise
, Lavochkin Association for the training is justified, its
. results are summarized. The importance of the training for
- the further service of the graduates of the Military-Space
... Academy named after.F.Mozhayskiy is pointed out.
: ; Key words: practical training;
; ; process; design;
; . manufacture; performance characteristics.
, , -
, .. -
- .. - , -

, (.., -
, - .., 2012).
- , -
() ; -
- ; -
( -
, 2011). ,
, -
- -
- , - ,
- .
- . 2013 ,
,
... -

-
1
Military-Space Academy named after .F. Mozhayskiy,
.. , , -. Russia, Saint-Petersburg.

72
3.2015

- .. ..
- -
- -
- . ...
-
, -
, - - ,
- ,
-
(.., .., , -
.., 2014), - .
. -

, -
.., .., .. -
, -
- . -
, - // . ...2014. 1.
, - .3-9.
.. - .., .. 75-
, ...: //
, . ...2012. 4. .7-23.
,
... -
- ()
160400. .24.11.2011. , -
.. , - -
. ., 2011. 69.

13.03.2015.

73
629.78.082.6

Weight measuring devices for


fueling the tanks of Fregat
Upper Stage (in commemoration
(50- of the 50th anniversary of
Lavochkin Association space
..) activities)
..1, ..2, ..2, ..2,
, dep103180@laspace.ru;
, A.G.Lebedev , ,
xan-rule@ya.ru; dep103180@laspace.ru; dep103180@laspace.ru;
S.V.Rulev A.V.Nikolaev V.M.Shulga
..3, ..3, ..3,4,
, , ,
dep103180@laspace.ru; dimuz@bk.ru; dep103180@laspace.ru;
P.P.Telepnev D.A.Kuznetsov V.Yu.Ermakov
- The process of developing the weighing
-5000, device UVPD-5000, designed for use
in the fueling system for Fregat
. Upper Stage.
: ; Key words: upper stage; fueling complex;
; . weight measuring device.

-
-
- ,
, -
. 3,8 3.
- ,
. -
.
() 2008 -
, 2014,
(.. ., 2012). -
() - .
( .. ., 2014) -

. - -
, , -
-,
,
. ().

1
- 3
.. , , -
, . .
, , . . Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Russia,
Military Academy of Strategic Missile Forces named after Moscow region, Khimki.
Peter the Great of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian 4
(-
Federation, Russia, Moscow. ), ,
2
..
- , , Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University),
.. Russia, Moscow.
Filial TsENKI Design Bureau for Chemical Transport
Engineering, Russia, Moscow.

74
3.2015

,

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76
3.2015

3. -
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9 3500 3499,80 3499,70 3500,10 3500,10 0,30 +0,10 3,0
10 4000 3999,80 3999,70 4000,10 4000,10 0,30 +0,10 3,0
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78
3.2015


, ped

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:
100 RU.C.28004 A 56671.
58366-14. 2014.
4.
10 21.04.2015.

80
629.78(091) 3.2015

From the Vega mission near


Comet Halley to the Rosetta
mission near comet
67P/ 67P/ Churyumov Gerasimenko

..1, ..1,
, -
lzelenyi@rssi.ru; ,
L..Zelenyi ksanf@rssi.ru;
L.V.sanfomaliti
, The article compares the data acquired by Vega
and Giotto SC while studying the Comet 1/Halley
1/ 1986 , in 1986 with the results of the first phase of studies of
the nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov Gerasimenko,
67P/ , performed by Rosetta and Philae modules.
. The overview of the Rosetta mission tasks
implementation and the status of the modules after
Philae probe landing on the comet nucleus are
. - presented. Due to failures of some lander elements, a
, number of experiments on the nucleus of the comet were
. not carried out.
: ; Key words: Vega SC;
; ; Rosetta mission; comets;
. descent vehicles.

-
, . -
- -1 -2
67P/ - ..-
, ( 5 (-1,
1/ -2), 2010; .., ..,
1986 . , - .., 2011). 1985 -
. 1986 6 9 -
. ( 1)
-
. - (SagdeevR.Z. et al., 1986).

1
, - Space Research Institute of RAS, Russia, Moscow.
, . .

81

67P/

1. .
1986

2 -
-1 .
,
75 /-1.


, ;
, .
, 8 1986 , (-
) (JAXA) -
.
14 1986 ,
(ESA)
.

1.

,
15-
() Nature (1521May
1986. Vol. 321, 6067). ,
,
-

. -
- 2. -1 () ()
-,
. , , , ,
, - -
, ,
, , 5000 -
. ,
, . , -
. - ,
- ..,
, 10-6 10-16 , . -
- 8890 (-1) 8030
, , (-2).
. , ,
. .

82
3.2015

1/ 67/ , -
( ..).
1/ 67P/
1758 ( ) 23 1969
17 1994 (JD2449400.5) 9 2014 (JDT2457000.5)
0.9671 0.6410
(a) 17.8584 . . 3.4628 . e.
(q) 0.5712 . . 1.2432 . e.
(Q) 35.082 . . 5.722 . e.
(P) 75.5 6.44
162.2366 7.0401
9 1986 28 2009
28 2061 13 2015
58.9407 50.1409
111.33249 12.7868
( ) 2.62.31.8 ,
15.37.27.2
( ) 4.13.31.8
2.21014 1013
550 250/ (
470 /; 7080%
200 1500 /)
0.04 0.030.05
25% 70%

1P/ 67P/

52 12.4

2 80%, 3 4% 2, 2,

2, 27%
300400 (27127) 70 3.7 ..

0.9 .. ( ) ( 40)
Q H2O 10271 1.35 ..
QH2O=410291 0.9..
( )
( )

H, O, C, S, Na, K, Ca, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, +, (34S), (Na+),

+, 2+, Fe+, Ca+, CH+, CN+, N2+, H2O+, H2S+ (Mg+)
(H2O), (CO), -
(CO2), (NH3), (CH4),
C2, CH, CN, CO, CS, NH, OH, C3, NH2, H2O, HCN,
(CH3OH), (CH2O),
CH3CN, S2, HCO, NH3, NH4
(H2S), (HCN),
(SO2), (CS2)
, 75 80 100 110
0.9.. 3.4 ..
D/H=(3.060.34)10-4 D/H=5.30.710-4
/ 1:78 4:1

67P/ ,
(67P/CG), 6 - 1976, 1982, 1989, 1996, 2002 2009 .
, -2, -2, -1
(3).
67P/ - . 67P/CG, , -
23 1969 .- . 67P/CG
. - , 1840 -
. . 4.0 .. -
() , .-
, . . 9, 11 3.0 ..,
21 1969 . 2.77 .. ,
- 1959 ,
1.29 .., -
- - . -
(Churyumov K.I., Gerasimenko S.I., 1972; 6.45 .
Churyumov K.I., 2004; .. ., 2012). XIX ,
; - 67P/CG .

83

67P/

81P/Wild 2 67P/Churyumov- 103P/Hartley 2


5.5 x 4.0 x 3.3 km Gerasimenko 2.2 x 0.5 km
Stardust, 2004 4 x 3 km Deep Impact/EPOXL,
Rosetta, 2014 2010

1P/Halley 19P/Borrelly 9P/Tempel 1


16 x 8 x 8 km 8 x 4 km 7.6 x 4.9 km
Vega 2, 1986 Deep Space 1, 2001 Deep Impact, 2005

3. 2015 ( ). -
,

2.
-
-
. ,

.
-
4. .
, -
2900 . () 32 , -
, 64 2. 3.4 ..
2014 . - 850 , 1,5 -
- . ( ESA)
Science,
. 7
1
2
22.05.14
- 6


23.01.11

. -

. - 5
25.02.07
, ..


4


-

. - 3
22.08.14
. 2
02.03.04


10.11.14
. - 1

, 0
.
01/2004
07/2004
01/2005
07/2005
01/2006
07/2006
01/2007
07/2007
01/2008
07/2008
01/2009
07/2009
01/2010
07/2010
01/2011
07/2011
01/2012
07/2012
01/2013
07/2013
01/2014
07/2014
01/2015
07/2015

67P -

ESA, -
5. -
-
2002 , -
( ESA)
-5.
, - ( 4)
( - 2
2004 . 10 ,
).

84
3.2015

. - MIRO -
, - .
( 5). OSIRIS , -
2014 -.
67P/CG. ROSINA
6 .
. - RPC
12 2014 . .
RSI .
VIRTIS
-.
2.82.12.0
142.3 3. 
232 2
32
2900
1670 -
165
98 .
395 , ,
: 5.25 ..; . -
850 -
3.40 .. . -
( 2014) ,
12 . , , , ,
, , ,
, , ,
64 , , (
1500 . VIRTIS ROSINA). -
24 32S,
10 . - 34
S, -
() (- . -
), 1670 . -
( COSIMA
8 2 .
GIADA), .
19 .
, ,

( ) -
12 2014
28 , . , -
, -
- , 70,
. ,
. , , -
, , -
.
( ): 67P/CG ,
ALICE -
. 2:1.
CONSERT 2002/03 . 60 /,
. 1982/83 220 /.
COSIMA - - ,
. 2003 2009 .,
GIADA - 2015 , -
. -
MIDAS - .
. 120 .

85

67P/

-
67P/CG
( 2014 ). ,
:
( )
2.52.52.0 OSIRIS.
( )
4.13.21.3 OSIRIS.

12,4043 OSIRIS.
:
=69 ; =+64 OSIRIS.
=1013 RSI.
=25 3 OSIRIS.
=0,4 /3 RSI/OSIRIS.
:
[Q] H2O=300 / ( 2014)
[Q] H2O =15 / ( 2014) MIRO.

205230 K ( 2014) VIRTIS.

25160 K ( 2014) MIRO.


-
, 6. .
. ( ESA)

, ,
. .
, 22 , 67P
, , -
? , .
20000 . , -2 67P/CG.
- D/H -2
( 6), - . 67P -
. , , 530 ppm, , -
( 6). , ,
- D/H.
2014 , -
, , , , ,

. 106 -
(H2O) 156
(HDO), ..156 ppm,
D/H 530 ppm.
-
, -
:
( ) PHILAE
? - -
, , , -
3040%. ,
,
. , 7.
, D/H. - . ( ESA)

86
3.2015

D/H ,
.
D/H (310 ppm). ,


D/H .

-
,
.


,
Torb . -
R=20 , -
Mc=1013
Torb = 2 (R3/GMc) = 2 [(20103)3/6.6710-111013)] =

= 191 ,
G . , 8. -
R=100, 30, 12 ( 8), -
8 Torb 620, 350, 1.33.24.1 ,
.
88 48 .
, (-
, - 8), ( 8).
12.4 .
( 8, ). (
4.  ESA)

.
- . -
- 28 , 1000 -
( 7) 12
2014 . 60 .
-
Ni-Cd 140 -,
.
. -

18.0 2.2 2 -
32 3..
3.9
.
12.2 .

4.1
. ,
2.9
10.0 , 1.33.24.1 (8).

1.4
, ,
- (-
2.9
8), ( 8).
2.4 -
9.8 , -
, - ,
3.6 , 8.
,
9. ,
26.7
, -
97.9 .

87

67P/

- PTOLEMY (Methods Of Determining and


- Understanding Light elements) -
. -, -
, - .
9. IVA (Comet Nucleus Infrared and Visible Analy
, - zer) -
. - ,
. , 10241024.
, 3%. ROLIS (Rosetta Lander Imaging System) -
- ,
: 10241024 .
, . - CONSERT (Cmet Nucleus Sounding Experiment by
, Radiowave Transmission)
4.5 ,
. -
-
9
.
, , 67P -
MUPUS (MUlti-PUrpose Sensors for Surface and
. ,
, Sub-Surface Science) -
. , -
0.23 .
, ROMAP (Rosetta Lander Magnetometer and Plasma
Monitor) -
( ). -
26.7 .
. SESAME (Surface Electric Sounding and Acoustic
10. Monitoring Experiments) -
APXS (Alpha Proton X-ray Spectrometer) - : CASSE
- . (Cometary Acoustic Sounding Surface Experiment)
COSAC (COmetary SAmpling and Composition)
- , PP (Permittivity Probe) -

, . DIM (Dust Impact Monitor)
, .
SD2 (Drill, Sample, and Distribution subsystem)
-
23
PTOLEMY COSAC.

5.

.12 2014
.

11. , -

,
. -
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Churyumov K.I., Gerasimenko S.I. Physical
- observations of the shortperiod comet 1969h. Motion,
, , origin and evolution orbit of comets // Proceedings of
. Symp.45 IAU.Dordrecht-Holland.1972. .27-34.
- Churyumov K.I. Discovery, observations and
investigations of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
in Kyiv // in the book The new ROSETTA targets.
. , Kluwer acad. Publ. Collangelli et al. (eds). 2004. .1-
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, , , Sagdeev R.Z., Blamont J., Galeev A.A., Moroz V.I.
, , , , - VEGA spacecraft encounters with comet Halley //
, , , Nature.1986. V.321. .259-261.
, , . Snodgrass C., Tubiana C., Bramich D.M., Meech K.
et al. Beginning of activity in 67P/Churyumov
, Gerasimenko and predictions for 20142015 // A&A
. 557-A33. 2014. .1-15.
, URL:http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/ ( :
, 15.11.2014).
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, - Reuters, December 3, 11, 2014.
. ,
. 09.04.2015.

93
629.78(091)

: The Vega mission: the way it was

..1, ..1,
,
lzelenyi@iki.rssi.ru;
L..Zelenyi , yzaitsev@iki.rssi.ru;
Yu.I.Zaitsev

30 In March of the next year there will be


a30thanniversary of the fly-by in the vicinity of
, the Halley comet of several space vehicles at once
. -1 including Vega-1 and Vega-2 developed by
-2. Lavochkin Association. For the first time by means of
these vehicles the direct measurements were performed
and data were acquired on the comet composition
. and its interaction with magnetic field and solar wind.
, Theinterplanetary stations were the Soviet ones,
, . but their scientific instruments were international,
developed by nine countries. The flight of the stations to
. the comet was combined with Venus studies. The studies
were conducted not only during the lander descent on
, the planet surface but also in its atmosphere by means
. of the drifting balloons.
: Key words:
-1; -2; Vega-1; Vega-2;
; descent vehicle;
; fly-by vehicle;
; stabilized platform;
. balloon probe.

, , ,
. , .
- , ,
, , , ,
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1528 : 1759
, -

1
, - Space Research Institute of RAS, Russia, Moscow.
, . .

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.
-1 30 27.02.2015.

102
629.7.036.54-63 3.2015

Low-thrust liquid rocket


engines with deflector
- centrifugal scheme
of mixture formation
for spacecraft
.. by Lavockin Association

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,


kbhimmash@ kbhimmash@ kbhimmash@
, korolev-net.ru; korolev-net.ru; korolev-net.ru;
kbhimmash@ I.G.Panin I.V.Pegin D.V.Chesnokov
korolev-net.ru;
Yu.I.Ageenko

The studies have been conducted on development of


50 - the correction engine of 50N thrust with deflector-
centrifugal scheme of the propellant components
. mixing. The descriptions of the propellant components
, mixing scheme, the engine scheme and the results
. of the engine fire tests are presented.
: ; ey words: engine;
- ; deflectors-centrifugal scheme;
; injector head;
; . deflector; spray plume

- ,
() - :
- -- , -
. (
, - 3000 )
- 0,045, -
, - 0,05 ;
--
, - 10000 ;
- - --
. 20000 ;

1
- Isaev Chemical Machinery Design Bureau the Branch of
.. federal State Unitary Enterprise Khrunichev State Research
.. , , , and Production Space Center, Russia, Moscow region,
.. Korolev.

103
-
..

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;
-- ,
I 2950/ (300) - 5

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-

104
3.2015

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(.., 2009).

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.. ., 2014). NbSi2, -
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. ; .
3. - 5.
. 5

(=0,05 ) . -
.. -
, -
I, I -
, . -
, // -
-
- .. . 2009. 3 (19), 2.
50. .171-177.
.., .., .., -
50 - .. -
- -
, // ...-
- .2014. 4 (25). .68-74.
(
70,3 45,9). 23.03.2015.

106
629.78 3.2015

Requirements for
appearance and basic
design parameters
, of the micro-rocket
complex, designed for
launch of nano, pico
, and femto-size small
spacecraft

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1,



, , , , ecologrcd@
daniluk@pochta.ru; wklj59@yandex.ru; i_kuz@inbox.ru; tsniimash.ru;
A.Yu.Daniluk V.Yu.Klyushnikov I.I.Kuznetsov A.S.Osadchenko

The article proposes the concept of micro-rocket


, complex designed to launch nano, pico
and femto-size small spacecraft into
, . the Earth orbit. The requirements for appearance
and basic design parameters of the micro-rocket
. complex are justified. The characteristics
of possible prototypes and analogues
. of this complex are analysed.
: -; Key words: extra-light-lift launch vehicle;
; , micro-rocket; payload mass
. injected into reference orbit.

- (),
, - (Martin Sweeting) (.. .,
- 2010), 1.
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.2010. .114. .15-26.
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. .: - .
, , 2006. 256. III.
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- //
// - .2007. .12, .1.
....2012. 5. .34-40. .153-155.
.. // Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA).
.2007. 8. .66-71. DARPA. URL: http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/
. // , TTO/Programs/Airborne_Launch_Assist_Space_
, 25.06.2007. - Access_%28ALASA%29.aspx ( :
online. URL: http://newsbabr.com/?IDE=38597 ( 19.03.2015).
: 21.03.2015). RahmM., DvinskikhS.V., FurI., BrinckT.Experimental
. Detection of Trinitramide, N(NO2)3 // Angewandte
(.) // Chemie International Edition.2011. 50. .1145-1148.
.1983. 4. .45-47. Reizniece-Ozola Dana, La Regina Veronica. Business
. - and legal aspects for small satellite control and payload
. URL: http://www.dsnews.ua/politics/ data download using available commercial space-based
art11007 ( : 20.03.2013). communication systems // ISU EMBA. 2012. Module
- () - E Thesis.85p.

() 100 , 23.03.2015.

113
621.396

Multi-zone scanning device


for the Electro-L 1
geostationary
- 1 meteo satellite

..1, ..1,
, ,
gektin_y@mail.ru; ,
Yu.M.Gektin selivanov@spacecorp.ru;
A.S.Selivanov

The operating principle and the design


features of the multi-zone scanning device
-, MSU-GS, intended for use onboard the
geostationary meteo satellite Electro-L 1,
- 1. are considered. The device provides a full survey
5 of the Earth hemisphere during 5minutes with
15 intervals up to 15 minutes in 10 spectral channels
of the visible and infrared (IR) bands with a spatial
1 resolution at nadir of 1km in the visible spectral
4 . band and 4km in the IR-band.
: ; Key words: geostationary meteo satellites;
; The Earth spectrozonal photography;
. scanning device.

(- -
.., 2012; .., 2014) -
- -
... (-
.., .., .. ., 2012).
:
,
-1. . -
- ,
,
-, , -
. .
- - 1
( 15) - -

1
, , JSC Russian Space Systems, Russia, Moscow.
..

114
3.2015

2011
. 2020. -

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- Imager GOES-12 , -
(Effects of Ice Decontaminatoin on GOES-12 Imager : 275 ,
Calibration, 2013). 1:1,25,
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35/ Calibration // Geo science and Remote Sensing. IEEE
. Transactions, March 2013. Vol.51, Issue 3. .1224-1230.
,
., .. 11.03.2015.

117
629.78.04/.06:621.3.052.62

The development of onboard


harness new technologies

..1, ..1, ..1, .. 1,


shkolniy@iss-reshetnev.ru; yefremov@iss-reshetnev.ru;
, V.N.Shkolniy , S.V.Efremov
kochura@iss-reshetnev.ru; sbsun@iss-reshetnev.ru;
S.G.Kochura S.B.Suntsov

New methods and manufacturing technologies


of spacecraft onboard harness are briefly described.
. The description of the main methods applied
during manufacturing of spacecraft onboard
harness and new materials the harness
, , is composed of is provided that allows reducing
the time of manufacturing and the mass
. of spacecraft onboard harness.
: ; Key words: Onboard harness;
; ; new technologies; designing;
. spacecraft.

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1
- Academician M.F. Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems,
.. , , Russia, Krasnoyarsk region, Zheleznogorsk.
, . .

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3.2015

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for prospective interplanetary stations // Solar System
-9110-VXI-12000, Research.2011. V.45, 7. .589-592.

. 31.03.2015.

120
629.78(091) 3.2015

The gas-jet propulsion


system for microsatellites
of Pulsar and Interball
programs

..,
info@yuzhnoye.com;
.I.Koshkin

The article overviews a brief history of the activities


performed on the gas-jet propulsion system of
Pulsar and Interball programs in the
frame of the international cooperation on Intercosmos
program between M.K.Yangel State Design Office,
.., .. Lavochkin Association and Czech Geotechnical
. Mechanics Institute.
: Key words:
; Yuzhnoye Design Office;
..; Lavochkin Association;
; . Pulsar; Interball.

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M.K. Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Ukraine,
.. , , . Dnepropetrovsk.
.

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3.2015

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, .24-38.
-
. , 02.04.2015.

123
629.783

Orbital arrangement and


control of the rctika-
innovative space system orbital
structure
- (50- (in commemoration of the
50th anniversary of Lavochkin
..) Association space activities)

..1,
,
nazae@yandex.ru;
..Nazarov

The options of orbital arrangement are


overviewed for the rctika-
high-elliptical hydro-meteo space system
-, designed for continuous twenty-four-hour
imaging of the Earth Arctic region, and its
, orbital structure control methods are considered.
. The control objective is a provision of target
task continuous performance during
the space system operational life in
- the environment of major spatio-temporal
, deformation of its orbital structure, stipulated
. by a nonuniformity of the orbital parameters
evolution. The high-elliptical orbits
. of Molniya type are reviewed as the orbits.
- The proposed motion is based on minimization
of the spatio-temporal deformation of the orbital
structure by means of differential selection
of the orbital initial parameters during the space
. system deployment and recovery phases.
: ; Key words: space system;
; ; high-elliptical orbit; orbit correction;
; orbital elements evolution;
; ; dynamic stability; satellite system;
; ; orbital structure; spacecraft;
. operational phase.

1
.. , , - Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Russia,
, . . Moscow region, Khimki.

124
3.2015

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-
. 5 10.04.2015.

131
629.782

On issue of stabilization
of the clusters
of high-orbital satellites
for continuous observations
(in commemoration
(50 of the 50th anniversary
of Lavochkin Association
..) space activities)

..1, ..2, ..1,


, ,
, naz-a-e@yandex.ru; ,
, ..Nazarov sys1434@mail.ru;
swi-55@yandex.ru; Yu.V.Zelenevskiy
V.I.Shestikhin

The article summarizes the main principles


of forming the orbital spacecraft cluster,
temporally and spatially stable, as a part
of satellite systems for continuous observations.
. The stability means a capability of the orbital
cluster to provide the required technical
performances of the satellite system
in environment of adverse effects
of the combined external and internal factors,
, determining the dynamics of the satellite
. cluster orbital arrangement change.
: ; Key words: stability; high-orbital
; ; space system; spacecraft;
; satellite system for continuous observations;
kinematically right orbital structure;
; - spatial-temporal properties
; of observations; multiply-synchronous
. high-elliptical orbits.

1
- 2
.. , , -
- , . .
- , , . . Federal Enterprise Lavochkin Association, Russia,
Scientific-Research Test Center of Central Scientific- Moscow region, Khimki.
Research Institute of the Air-space Defence Military Forces,
Russia, Moscow.

132
3.2015


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Development and firing tests


of monopropellant and
bipropellant low-thrust
engines by Isayev Chemical
.. Engineering Design Bureau

..1, ..1, ..1,


ea.seleznev@bk.ru; kbhimmash@korolev-net.ru; dorodnikov@bk.ru;
.P.Seleznev I.N.Smirnov ..Dorodnikov

The article overviews a history of Isayev Chemical


.. Engineering Design Bureau in terms of design and
- development of mono- and bipropellant low-thrust
engines for their subsequent usage in spacecraft built
... by Lavochkin Association.
: ; Key words: monopropellant engines;
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