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ESTACIN : WEBERBAWER LATITUD : 07 10' 00" (S) DEPARTAMENTO: CAJAMARCA

INFORMACIN : PRECIPITACI mm/mes LONGITUD : 78 30' 00" (W) PROVINCIA : CAJAMARCA


RED.HIDROMET.: SENAMHI-CAJAMARCA ALTITUD : 2,736 m.s.n.m. DISTRITO : CAJAMARCA

AO ENE. FEBR. MAR. ABRIL MAYO JUNIO JULIO AGOST. SETIE. OCTU. NOV. DIC. TOTAL
1963 35.80 85.10 70.30 52.10 13.30 3.90 10.20 32.60 42.90 79.70 47.00 172.10 645.00
1964 30.30 50.40 357.30 56.20 12.30 6.60 1.60 23.80 12.60 52.60 58.80 115.20 777.70
1965 121.10 81.40 121.10 41.70 12.10 11.10 2.90 28.00 13.40 98.00 40.70 34.40 605.90
1966 62.70 45.90 54.50 41.90 44.00 0.00 7.50 0.70 13.10 76.80 62.70 18.70 428.50
1967 120.90 139.50 109.10 32.30 44.10 3.90 28.40 5.80 24.90 101.00 17.80 36.70 664.40
1968 58.00 81.00 67.70 26.20 14.90 1.60 1.60 16.20 50.00 66.40 54.60 70.80 509.00
1969 42.00 73.70 83.50 85.70 1.50 19.60 0.30 7.80 18.40 73.80 106.40 162.00 674.70
1970 71.00 41.80 79.90 54.50 33.80 19.90 3.20 2.50 18.20 103.00 51.50 54.10 533.40
1971 58.40 97.80 275.70 54.70 8.00 12.20 17.60 17.20 28.10 89.80 45.80 66.50 771.80
1972 55.50 67.60 11.80 76.20 18.10 4.40 3.40 20.60 31.90 31.40 66.50 50.20 437.60
1973 95.30 70.70 91.60 98.40 27.90 28.70 8.40 19.30 87.20 5.50 68.20 72.30 673.50
1974 76.80 128.20 95.20 58.50 4.60 17.30 6.50 26.40 39.70 71.00 55.10 84.60 663.90
1975 137.60 181.80 238.50 70.70 66.80 10.00 7.20 19.30 45.10 80.20 65.10 0.90 923.20
1976 130.40 62.90 81.30 55.20 43.00 23.00 0.10 4.40 12.30 32.20 71.60 44.40 560.80
1977 129.90 146.40 141.90 42.60 25.50 8.00 7.50 0.10 16.10 53.40 54.80 68.20 694.40
1978 12.70 34.40 48.80 37.00 65.60 3.90 4.40 3.80 25.00 24.40 54.00 44.80 358.80
1979 84.10 81.60 159.70 37.10 16.30 1.80 7.50 15.70 33.60 24.40 26.30 46.60 534.70
1980 34.90 42.40 65.00 29.30 6.90 15.10 3.20 6.70 2.30 130.40 111.00 106.70 553.90
1981 78.20 186.50 105.70 33.70 14.70 6.60 7.20 12.70 22.00 111.90 45.60 111.30 736.10
1982 71.80 102.90 75.70 88.70 38.20 7.80 2.10 6.60 43.90 124.80 67.30 87.40 717.20
1983 116.60 75.70 152.80 105.70 31.10 10.10 9.60 2.70 19.20 86.90 28.10 118.40 756.90
1984 24.70 233.60 123.80 80.00 69.50 25.10 23.40 18.70 36.70 68.60 97.60 104.10 905.80
1985 24.60 42.40 37.20 41.90 53.00 0.40 4.80 18.30 37.30 50.00 23.90 40.30 374.10
1986 84.40 47.70 96.80 120.20 16.00 0.60 1.20 14.60 1.30 43.60 66.20 51.80 544.40
1987 98.20 95.20 39.20 52.20 11.10 4.00 10.80 12.30 39.50 37.20 74.30 60.50 534.50
1988 109.70 105.50 44.80 95.60 10.60 5.40 0.00 0.40 32.90 69.90 65.20 63.90 603.90
1989 87.00 158.80 43.50 85.40 18.80 16.70 3.20 5.90 53.50 106.60 47.10 2.70 629.20
1990 101.80 68.50 58.30 27.40 39.80 24.60 0.80 7.10 20.10 87.60 99.10 72.30 607.40
1991 43.80 90.00 133.70 55.20 17.90 0.70 0.40 0.30 10.20 28.20 55.10 71.90 507.40
1992 52.60 31.80 66.60 46.50 18.90 21.20 4.60 10.00 40.80 64.00 32.00 34.10 423.10
1993 61.00 112.20 245.00 102.90 29.60 1.90 3.30 2.90 51.40 106.30 71.40 84.10 872.00
1994 116.90 103.10 170.20 144.90 35.30 3.30 0.00 0.20 11.90 27.20 89.80 122.60 825.40
1995 44.70 108.30 75.70 49.70 20.60 1.70 13.20 10.80 11.50 51.80 50.50 76.40 514.90
1996 65.20 124.00 121.00 50.40 13.70 0.80 0.50 15.80 13.90 76.20 68.80 34.10 584.40
1997 63.80 152.90 26.50 40.40 17.00 15.40 0.20 0.00 27.40 50.80 111.90 129.40 635.70
1998 103.00 116.50 257.00 83.90 19.60 4.80 1.30 4.70 17.80 79.60 29.10 47.90 765.20
1999 94.80 242.70 69.50 64.40 53.70 22.80 22.10 1.20 81.40 21.70 77.00 68.00 819.30
TOTAL 2800.20 3710.90 4095.90 2319.40 987.80 364.90 230.20 396.10 1087.50 2486.90 2257.90 2630.40 23368.10
MEDIA 75.68 100.29 110.70 62.69 26.70 9.86 6.22 10.71 29.39 67.21 61.02 71.09 631.57
DEVEST 33.83 52.26 77.18 28.23 18.10 8.54 6.93 8.93 19.27 31.46 24.00 39.35 144.53
INFORMACION BASICA PARA LA APLICACIN DEL MODELO DE BALANCE HIDRICO

REA DE LA CUENCA: 6400 Km2-------- 6.4E+09 m2


PENDIENTE DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL: 0.22%
COEFICIENTE DE ESCORRENTA:
RELIEVE: 20.0000
INFILTRACIN: 15.0000
COBERTURA: 20.0000
ALMACENAMIENTO: 30.0000
TOTAL 85.000
Ce = 0.85000
COEFICIENTE DE AGOTAMIENTO: a = 0.0039146
RETENCIN EN LA CUENCA:
POR ACUFEROS
LA= 403178.88 mm*km2/ao

POR LAGUNAS Y PANTANOS


LA= 0 mm*km2/ao

TOTAL= 403178.88 mm*km2/ao


TOTAL DE RETENCIN = 62.9967 mm/ao

PRECIPITACION EFECTIVA: ESTACION GENERADA (MICROCUENCA DEL RIO CAJAMARCA)


(mm/mes)

AO ENE. FEBR. MAR. ABRIL MAYO JUNIO JULIO AGOST. SETIE. OCTU. NOV. DIC.
1963 30.43 72.34 59.76 44.29 11.31 3.32 8.67 27.71 36.47 67.75 39.95 146.29
1964 25.76 42.84 303.71 47.77 10.46 5.61 1.36 20.23 10.71 44.71 49.98 97.92
1965 102.94 69.19 102.94 35.45 10.29 9.44 2.47 23.80 11.39 83.30 34.60 29.24
1966 53.30 39.02 46.33 35.62 37.40 0.00 6.38 0.60 11.14 65.28 53.30 15.90
1967 102.77 118.58 92.74 27.46 37.49 3.32 24.14 4.93 21.17 85.85 15.13 31.20
1968 49.30 68.85 57.55 22.27 12.67 1.36 1.36 13.77 42.50 56.44 46.41 60.18
1969 35.70 62.65 70.98 72.85 1.28 16.66 0.26 6.63 15.64 62.73 90.44 137.70
1970 60.35 35.53 67.92 46.33 28.73 16.92 2.72 2.13 15.47 87.55 43.78 45.99
1971 49.64 83.13 234.35 46.50 6.80 10.37 14.96 14.62 23.89 76.33 38.93 56.53
1972 47.18 57.46 10.03 64.77 15.39 3.74 2.89 17.51 27.12 26.69 56.53 42.67
1973 81.01 60.10 77.86 83.64 23.72 24.40 7.14 16.41 74.12 4.68 57.97 61.46
1974 65.28 108.97 80.92 49.73 3.91 14.71 5.53 22.44 33.75 60.35 46.84 71.91
1975 116.96 154.53 202.73 60.10 56.78 8.50 6.12 16.41 38.34 68.17 55.34 0.77
1976 110.84 53.47 69.11 46.92 36.55 19.55 0.09 3.74 10.46 27.37 60.86 37.74
1977 110.42 124.44 120.62 36.21 21.68 6.80 6.38 0.09 13.69 45.39 46.58 57.97
1978 35.70 62.65 70.98 72.85 1.28 16.66 0.26 6.63 15.64 62.73 90.44 137.70
1979 60.35 35.53 67.92 46.33 28.73 16.92 2.72 2.13 15.47 87.55 43.78 45.99
1980 49.64 83.13 234.35 46.50 6.80 10.37 14.96 14.62 23.89 76.33 38.93 56.53
1981 47.18 57.46 10.03 64.77 15.39 3.74 2.89 17.51 27.12 26.69 56.53 42.67
1982 61.03 87.47 64.35 75.40 32.47 6.63 1.79 5.61 37.32 106.08 57.21 74.29
1983 99.11 64.35 129.88 89.85 26.44 8.59 8.16 2.30 16.32 73.87 23.89 100.64
1984 21.00 198.56 105.23 68.00 59.08 21.34 19.89 15.90 31.20 58.31 82.96 88.49
1985 20.91 36.04 31.62 35.62 45.05 0.34 4.08 15.56 31.71 42.50 20.32 34.26
1986 71.74 40.55 82.28 102.17 13.60 0.51 1.02 12.41 1.11 37.06 56.27 44.03
1987 83.47 80.92 33.32 44.37 9.44 3.40 9.18 10.46 33.58 31.62 63.16 51.43
1988 93.25 89.68 38.08 81.26 9.01 4.59 0.00 0.34 27.97 59.42 55.42 54.32
1989 73.95 134.98 36.98 72.59 15.98 14.20 2.72 5.02 45.48 90.61 40.04 2.30
1990 86.53 58.23 49.56 23.29 33.83 20.91 0.68 6.04 17.09 74.46 84.24 61.46
1991 37.23 76.50 113.65 46.92 15.22 0.60 0.34 0.26 8.67 23.97 46.84 61.12
1992 44.71 27.03 56.61 39.53 16.07 18.02 3.91 8.50 34.68 54.40 27.20 28.99
1993 51.85 95.37 208.25 87.47 25.16 1.62 2.81 2.47 43.69 90.36 60.69 71.49
1994 99.37 87.64 144.67 123.17 30.01 2.81 0.00 0.17 10.12 23.12 76.33 104.21
1995 38.00 92.06 64.35 42.25 17.51 1.45 11.22 9.18 9.78 44.03 42.93 64.94
1996 55.42 105.40 102.85 42.84 11.65 0.68 0.43 13.43 11.82 64.77 58.48 28.99
1997 54.23 129.97 22.53 34.34 14.45 13.09 0.17 0.00 23.29 43.18 95.12 109.99
1998 87.55 99.03 218.45 71.32 16.66 4.08 1.11 4.00 15.13 67.66 24.74 40.72
1999 80.58 206.30 59.08 54.74 45.65 19.38 18.79 1.02 69.19 18.45 65.45 57.80
TOTAL 2394.62 3099.87 3542.46 2085.39 803.85 334.56 197.54 344.51 936.02 2119.73 1947.52 2255.73
MEDIA 64.72 83.78 95.74 56.36 21.73 9.04 5.34 9.31 25.30 57.29 52.64 60.97
DESV. ES 27.37658 42.009316 70.070110163 22.747559 14.656174 7.3557707 6.1715905 7.7459311 16.0219 24.166681 19.591249 34.860395
GENERACION DE CAUDALES MENSUALES PARA EL AO PROMEDIO DE LA CUENCA

MES PRECIPITACION MENSUAL CONTRIBUCIN DE LA RETENCIN CAUDALES MENSUALES


TOTAL EFECTIVA GASTO ABASTECIMIENTO GENERADOS VOLUMEN
bi Gi ai Ai MMC
N Das mm/mes mm/mes mm/mes mm/mes m3/seg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
ENERO 31 75.68 64.33 0.12 7.55 56.78 135.68 351.67
FEBRERO 28 100.29 85.25 0.16 10.00 75.25 179.80 466.04
MARZO 31 110.70 94.10 0.18 11.04 83.05 198.45 514.39
ABRIL 30 62.69 53.28 0.10 6.25 47.03 112.38 291.29
MAYO 31 26.70 22.69 0.889 15.79 38.49 91.96 238.37
JUNIO 30 9.86 8.38 0.788 13.99 22.37 53.46 138.56
JULIO 31 6.22 5.29 0.700 12.44 17.73 42.36 109.79
AGOSTO 31 10.71 9.10 0.620 11.02 20.12 48.07 124.59
SETIEMBRE 30 29.39 24.98 0.549 9.76 34.74 83.01 215.17
OCTUBRE 31 67.21 57.13 0.17 10.48 46.65 111.46 288.91
NOVIEMBRE 30 61.02 51.87 0.16 9.87 42.00 100.37 260.15
DICIEMBRE 31 71.09 60.43 0.18 11.50 48.93 116.91 303.03
AO 365 631.57 536.83 3.55 63.00 1.06 66.70 533.13 1273.91 3301.98

CLCULO DELOS PARMETROS DE LA CORRELACIN MLTIPLE ENTRE: Qt, Qt-1,PE

Qt Qt-1 PE (Qt-1)^2 (PE)^2 Qt-1*PE Qt*PE Qt-1*Qt Qt)^2


56.78 48.93 64.33 2393.87 4138.21 3147.4337 3652.5975 2778.0874 3223.97
75.25 56.78 85.25 3223.97 7267.63 4840.52 6414.7866 4272.4927 5662.02
83.05 75.25 94.10 5662.02 8853.87 7080.3106 7814.8816 6249.4474 6897.82
47.03 83.05 53.28 6897.82 2839.13 4425.3611 2505.9651 3906.052 2211.89
38.49 47.03 22.69 2211.89 514.96 1067.2555 873.35905 1810.0425 1481.20
22.37 38.49 8.38 1481.20 70.27 322.62474 187.53757 861.00133 500.49
17.73 22.37 5.29 500.49 27.97 118.30953 93.747813 396.5846 314.25
20.12 17.73 9.10 314.25 82.80 161.30977 183.05543 356.61466 404.69
34.74 20.12 24.98 404.69 624.16 502.58213 867.9471 698.88764 1206.96
46.65 34.74 57.13 1206.96 3264.01 1984.8254 2665.0351 1620.5939 2175.98
42.00 46.65 51.87 2175.98 2690.57 2419.6319 2178.7724 1959.3741 1764.33
48.93 42.00 60.43 1764.33 3651.56 2538.2182 2956.5779 2055.1347 2393.87
533.13 533.13 536.83 28237.47 34025.13 28608.38 30394.26 26964.31 28237.47

PARMETROS PARA LA GENERACIN SINTTICA DE CAUDALES

PARMET. VALOR
B1 12.108
B2 0.163 FORMULA PARA LA GENERACION DE CAUDALES
B3 0.370 Q =12.108+0.163*Qt-1+0.37*Pe+((1-R^2)^0.5)*S*Z
S 20.332
R^2 0.554
R 0.744
NMEROS ALEATORIOS PARA LA GENERACIN SINTTICA DE CAUDALES (Z)

AO ENE FEB MAR ABR MAY JUN JUL AGO SEP OCT NOV DIC
1963 0.050 0.710 0.580 0.650 0.450 0.330 0.970 0.840 0.440 0.620 0.010 0.180
1964 0.790 0.770 0.570 0.010 0.740 0.140 0.240 0.650 0.040 0.790 0.670 0.430
1965 0.810 0.590 0.930 0.170 0.950 0.860 0.930 0.130 0.810 0.810 0.140 0.170
1966 0.960 0.010 0.800 0.800 0.320 0.710 0.290 0.040 0.760 0.880 0.390 0.970
1967 0.300 0.060 0.610 0.060 0.610 0.280 0.400 0.120 0.050 0.700 0.150 0.510
1968 0.730 0.096 0.260 0.780 0.510 0.590 0.360 0.900 0.420 0.660 0.980 0.630
1969 0.940 0.500 0.120 0.990 0.980 0.390 0.830 0.560 0.970 0.390 0.080 0.220
1970 0.640 0.310 0.100 0.860 0.500 0.300 0.880 0.080 0.480 0.260 0.230 0.910
1971 0.350 0.960 0.420 0.350 0.390 0.580 0.620 0.890 0.490 0.160 0.560 0.500
1972 0.040 0.260 0.590 0.800 0.290 0.730 0.470 0.170 0.280 0.080 0.670 0.390
1973 0.070 0.700 0.800 0.650 0.200 0.630 0.170 0.550 0.080 0.060 0.750 0.090
1974 0.350 0.630 0.960 0.160 0.910 0.890 0.010 0.350 0.650 0.090 0.180 0.170
1975 0.160 0.150 0.160 0.750 0.400 0.780 0.940 0.930 0.630 0.880 0.130 0.270
1976 0.950 0.780 0.590 0.890 0.420 0.910 0.500 0.600 0.620 0.290 0.300 0.660
1977 0.340 0.300 0.430 0.690 0.980 0.330 0.540 0.510 0.420 0.090 0.620 0.430
1978 0.390 0.240 0.680 0.790 0.630 0.120 0.760 0.850 0.210 0.780 0.120 0.530
1979 0.620 0.860 0.170 0.950 0.370 0.430 0.270 0.490 0.510 0.550 0.690 0.390
1980 0.390 0.840 0.020 0.520 0.890 0.910 0.040 0.120 0.710 0.390 0.510 0.650
1981 0.070 0.700 0.870 0.410 0.170 0.330 0.980 0.350 0.820 0.960 0.560 0.610
1982 0.540 0.190 0.450 0.570 0.420 0.300 0.190 0.080 0.470 0.010 0.860 0.034
1983 0.050 0.940 0.990 0.900 0.040 0.760 0.710 0.990 0.640 0.000 0.510 0.320
1984 0.830 0.140 0.780 0.490 0.180 0.770 0.910 0.390 0.300 0.960 0.120 0.130
1985 0.100 0.730 0.760 0.120 0.950 0.540 0.490 0.660 0.710 0.450 0.520 0.740
1986 0.190 0.580 0.280 0.080 0.500 0.590 0.300 0.630 0.980 0.250 0.180 0.750
1987 0.710 0.710 0.460 0.180 0.190 0.240 0.490 0.510 0.220 0.400 0.370 0.590
1988 0.680 0.080 0.740 0.830 0.950 0.200 0.190 0.940 0.360 0.230 0.960 0.450
1989 0.590 0.090 0.760 0.400 0.170 0.950 0.610 0.660 0.350 0.630 0.010 0.700
1990 0.550 0.770 0.710 0.730 0.130 0.760 0.490 0.470 0.060 0.940 0.700 0.810
1991 0.050 0.540 0.140 0.470 0.250 0.184 0.485 0.506 0.526 0.450 0.846 1.206
1992 0.790 0.470 0.580 0.560 0.480 0.780 0.125 0.125 0.147 1.590 0.522 0.330
1993 0.910 0.560 0.890 0.410 0.470 0.848 0.145 0.246 0.459 0.478 0.450 0.446
1994 0.050 0.123 0.450 0.910 0.560 0.630 0.897 0.256 0.254 0.795 0.898 0.522
1995 0.230 0.870 0.140 0.850 0.145 0.157 0.570 0.589 0.414 0.568 0.455 0.746
1996 0.140 0.960 0.250 0.470 0.320 0.249 0.242 0.249 0.542 0.179 0.456 0.175
1997 0.780 0.480 0.350 0.310 0.870 0.128 0.246 0.873 0.445 0.975 0.449 0.245
1998 0.250 0.850 0.210 0.520 0.730 0.478 0.256 0.236 0.793 0.945 0.994 0.450
1999 0.480 0.120 0.250 0.890 0.490 0.698 0.255 0.746 0.489 0.846 0.556 0.449
CAUDALES MEDIOS MESUALES GENERADOS (mm/mes)

AO ENE FEB MAR ABR MAY JUN JUL AGO SEP OCT NOV DIC
1963 32.021 57.762 54.357 49.588 35.951 25.490 34.769 40.043 37.847 51.857 33.294 74.919
1964 40.345 47.671 144.419 42.183 39.576 23.757 22.150 34.697 22.890 45.650 45.968 60.433
1965 69.153 54.969 75.077 39.799 42.366 34.952 31.932 28.953 33.602 60.189 33.080 31.508
1966 52.837 35.933 52.380 48.420 43.834 29.426 24.684 19.150 32.828 54.478 43.390 37.441
1967 62.162 66.028 66.959 35.351 47.804 24.810 32.746 21.840 26.892 59.638 26.019 36.849
1968 48.235 48.132 49.193 43.214 37.269 28.299 23.780 35.704 39.806 48.221 48.859 49.196
1969 46.059 51.326 52.257 64.767 39.442 31.239 29.756 28.446 37.346 46.879 52.913 72.288
1970 51.098 38.720 50.854 53.195 43.073 30.111 31.347 20.260 30.627 54.289 37.697 47.751
1971 43.199 65.149 116.736 46.330 33.471 31.494 32.341 35.883 33.875 48.783 40.388 46.079
1972 38.076 46.149 36.108 59.200 35.286 31.080 25.840 27.171 32.216 29.342 48.388 39.462
1973 50.992 53.100 64.040 64.139 37.144 37.359 23.336 31.924 46.879 20.931 50.009 42.332
1974 48.982 70.220 67.345 44.943 39.466 37.308 20.566 31.438 39.694 41.923 38.149 47.284
1975 65.509 80.545 101.513 56.792 52.086 33.520 33.419 37.086 41.119 55.546 40.612 22.338
1976 73.977 51.736 57.950 53.823 44.878 39.371 25.211 27.920 30.675 32.446 44.965 41.307
1977 65.534 71.457 74.822 47.146 46.985 26.778 28.080 25.346 29.152 36.392 44.032 45.662
1978 38.588 47.794 59.864 62.050 34.688 27.571 28.805 32.385 27.022 52.176 53.456 76.500
1979 46.059 51.326 52.257 64.767 39.442 31.239 29.756 28.446 37.346 46.879 52.913 72.288
1980 55.309 45.104 57.510 53.603 41.986 38.397 26.185 27.323 32.529 54.697 38.648 44.355
1981 43.063 56.183 116.872 50.949 41.485 28.098 31.254 30.721 32.924 47.832 41.203 45.128
1982 42.831 45.877 37.330 59.064 39.905 22.794 29.780 36.408 31.265 38.851 40.917 41.363
1983 65.157 56.845 74.716 70.509 40.459 28.797 25.072 25.892 31.349 53.169 36.591 60.895
1984 33.151 106.198 63.564 56.591 59.591 40.031 26.285 25.894 39.566 45.244 55.988 59.933
1985 28.773 44.206 47.894 43.122 44.624 24.390 33.208 28.893 41.249 47.142 33.505 39.339
1986 53.951 38.944 60.920 69.904 36.392 24.045 21.345 24.062 25.180 32.225 50.875 35.128
1987 51.632 64.060 50.153 53.016 29.690 31.362 31.426 35.701 39.495 30.078 48.666 41.748
1988 65.842 56.430 49.060 61.086 31.435 31.938 30.749 23.811 32.802 53.396 40.508 40.235
1989 48.791 81.195 48.380 52.854 44.472 32.365 26.049 29.207 44.846 58.002 40.253 29.288
1990 54.665 50.779 46.511 34.083 44.959 35.527 22.714 29.177 38.017 49.314 51.977 51.297
1991 43.501 59.302 72.652 44.178 33.865 23.261 25.169 25.409 24.581 32.683 40.730 48.998
1992 45.859 32.453 55.368 50.274 44.503 29.161 22.414 34.299 36.100 41.625 41.485 35.217
1993 47.276 57.856 111.706 62.158 37.270 33.283 27.711 28.264 39.295 60.353 40.962 54.327
1994 64.301 64.234 87.519 79.840 38.518 31.142 25.043 24.835 22.942 39.705 56.118 67.921
1995 34.818 62.743 50.077 46.389 35.529 22.820 29.124 28.649 29.150 40.780 45.745 58.775
1996 51.313 66.727 70.291 47.831 36.484 30.628 20.242 25.056 24.750 63.931 47.094 33.593
1997 52.503 77.032 44.803 42.651 37.386 36.135 20.420 21.724 33.229 40.846 59.668 65.108
1998 53.140 59.656 111.267 63.114 39.425 29.848 30.981 23.346 27.435 54.203 39.729 40.534
1999 53.008 109.465 48.129 56.171 44.505 29.079 33.073 26.771 49.595 32.921 48.761 49.891
TOTAL 1861.709 2173.305 2480.853 1973.094 1495.247 1126.906 1016.761 1062.133 1256.116 1702.614 1633.555 1786.709
MEDIA 50.316 58.738 67.050 53.327 40.412 30.457 27.480 28.706 33.949 46.017 44.150 48.289
DESV. ES 10.880 16.693 25.420 10.212 5.786 4.779 4.233 5.052 6.619 10.269 7.403 13.486
CAUDALES MEDIOS MESUALES GENERADOS (m3/seg)

AO ENE FEB MAR ABR MAY JUN JUL AGO SEP OCT NOV DIC
1963 76.51 138.02 129.89 118.49 85.91 60.91 83.08 95.68 90.43 123.91 79.56 179.02
1964 96.40 113.91 345.09 100.80 94.57 56.77 52.93 82.91 54.70 109.08 109.84 144.40
1965 165.24 131.35 179.40 95.10 101.23 83.52 76.30 69.18 80.29 143.82 79.04 75.29
1966 126.25 85.86 125.16 115.70 104.74 70.31 58.98 45.76 78.44 130.17 103.68 89.46
1967 148.53 157.77 160.00 84.47 114.23 59.28 78.25 52.19 64.26 142.50 62.17 88.05
1968 115.26 115.01 117.55 103.26 89.05 67.62 56.82 85.31 95.12 115.22 116.75 117.55
1969 110.06 122.64 124.87 154.76 94.25 74.64 71.10 67.97 89.24 112.02 126.43 172.73
1970 122.10 92.52 121.51 127.11 102.92 71.95 74.90 48.41 73.18 129.72 90.08 114.10
1971 103.22 155.67 278.94 110.71 79.98 75.25 77.28 85.74 80.94 116.57 96.51 110.10
1972 90.98 110.27 86.28 141.46 84.32 74.27 61.74 64.92 76.98 70.11 115.62 94.29
1973 121.84 126.88 153.02 153.26 88.75 89.27 55.76 76.28 112.02 50.01 119.50 101.15
1974 117.04 167.79 160.92 107.39 94.30 89.15 49.14 75.12 94.85 100.18 91.16 112.98
1975 156.53 192.46 242.56 135.70 124.46 80.09 79.85 88.62 98.25 132.73 97.04 53.38
1976 176.77 123.62 138.47 128.61 107.23 94.08 60.24 66.72 73.30 77.53 107.44 98.70
1977 156.59 170.75 178.79 112.65 112.27 63.99 67.10 60.57 69.66 86.96 105.21 109.11
1978 92.21 114.20 143.04 148.27 82.89 65.88 68.83 77.38 64.57 124.67 127.73 182.79
1979 110.06 122.64 124.87 154.76 94.25 74.64 71.10 67.97 89.24 112.02 126.43 172.73
1980 132.16 107.78 137.42 128.08 100.33 91.75 62.57 65.29 77.73 130.70 92.35 105.99
1981 102.90 134.25 279.26 121.74 99.13 67.14 74.68 73.41 78.67 114.29 98.45 107.83
1982 102.34 109.62 89.20 141.13 95.35 54.47 71.16 87.00 74.71 92.83 97.77 98.84
1983 155.69 135.83 178.53 168.48 96.68 68.81 59.91 61.87 74.91 127.05 87.43 145.51
1984 79.21 253.76 151.89 135.22 142.39 95.65 62.81 61.87 94.54 108.11 133.78 143.21
1985 68.75 105.63 114.44 103.04 106.63 58.28 79.35 69.04 98.56 112.64 80.06 94.00
1986 128.92 93.06 145.57 167.03 86.96 57.46 51.00 57.50 60.17 77.00 121.56 83.94
1987 123.37 153.07 119.84 126.68 70.94 74.94 75.09 85.31 94.37 71.87 116.29 99.76
1988 157.33 134.84 117.23 145.96 75.11 76.32 73.47 56.90 78.38 127.59 96.79 96.14
1989 116.59 194.02 115.60 126.29 106.26 77.34 62.24 69.79 107.16 138.59 96.18 69.98
1990 130.62 121.33 111.14 81.44 107.43 84.89 54.27 69.72 90.84 117.83 124.20 122.57
1991 103.94 141.70 173.60 105.56 80.92 55.58 60.14 60.72 58.74 78.10 97.32 117.08
1992 109.58 77.55 132.30 120.13 106.34 69.68 53.56 81.96 86.26 99.46 99.13 84.15
1993 112.97 138.25 266.92 148.52 89.06 79.53 66.21 67.54 93.90 144.21 97.88 129.81
1994 153.65 153.49 209.13 190.78 92.04 74.41 59.84 59.34 54.82 94.87 134.09 162.30
1995 83.20 149.92 119.66 110.85 84.90 54.53 69.59 68.46 69.65 97.44 109.31 140.44
1996 122.61 159.44 167.96 114.29 87.18 73.19 48.37 59.87 59.14 152.76 112.53 80.27
1997 125.46 184.07 107.06 101.91 89.33 86.34 48.79 51.91 79.40 97.60 142.57 155.57
1998 126.98 142.55 265.87 150.81 94.21 71.32 74.03 55.78 65.56 129.52 94.93 96.86
1999 126.66 261.57 115.00 134.22 106.34 69.48 79.03 63.97 118.51 78.66 116.51 119.21
TOTAL 4448.528 5193.083 5927.964 4714.681 3572.872 2692.727 2429.536 2537.951 3001.472 4068.374 3903.358 4269.317
MEDIA 120.230 140.354 160.215 127.424 96.564 72.776 65.663 68.593 81.121 109.956 105.496 115.387
DESV. ES 25.998 39.889 60.741 24.401 13.826 11.420 10.115 12.071 15.815 24.539 17.690 32.226
CURVAS DE PERSISTENCIA (AL 95% DE DISPONOBILIDAD)

EJEMPLO: ENERO

m P (%) Q(lt/s)
1 2.63 176.77
2 5.26 165.24
3 7.89 157.33
4 10.53 156.59
5 13.16 156.53
6 15.79 155.69
7 18.42 153.65
8 21.05 148.53
9 23.68 132.16 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
10 26.32 130.62
11 28.95 128.92 200.00

12 31.58 126.98
180.00
13 34.21 126.66
14 36.84 126.25 160.00
f(x) = - 0.8895657839x + 164.7087803101
15 39.47 125.46
R = 0.9500132183
16 42.11 123.37

CAUDAL
140.00
17 44.74 122.61
18 47.37 122.10 120.00
19 50.00 121.84
20 52.63 117.04 100.00

21 55.26 116.59
80.00
22 57.89 115.26
23 60.53 112.97
60.00
24 63.16 110.06
25 65.79 110.06 40.00
26 68.42 109.58
27 71.05 103.94 20.00
28 73.68 103.22
29 76.32 102.90 0.00
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
30 78.95 102.34
PROBABILIDAD
31 81.58 96.40
32 84.21 92.21
33 86.84 90.98
34 89.47 83.20
35 92.11 79.21
36 94.74 76.51
37 97.37 68.75

Descripcin de trminos:

m = nmero de datos de los cuales se requiere calcular sus probabilidades


n = nmero total de datos
PP = Precipitaciones anuales (1963 a 1999) en mm. en orden descendente
P = (m / (n+1))*100 = Probabilidad de ocurrencia de la precipitacin en %
T = 1/P = (n+1)/m = Tiempo de retorno de la precipitacin en aos.

La frmula de la probabilidad utilizada es la de Weibull.


ENE FEB MAR ABR MAY JUN JUL AGO SEP OCT NOV DIC m
176.768 123.621 138.471 128.609 107.235 94.077 60.240 66.716 73.297 77.530 107.442 98.701 1
165.239 131.347 179.395 95.100 101.234 83.518 76.301 69.182 80.291 143.822 79.044 75.287 2
157.328 134.838 117.228 145.964 75.113 76.316 73.474 56.895 78.380 127.589 96.793 96.142 3
156.592 170.746 178.786 112.655 112.270 63.986 67.096 60.565 69.659 86.958 105.213 109.109 4
156.532 192.461 242.564 135.704 124.458 80.095 79.854 88.616 98.253 132.727 97.043 53.376 5
155.693 135.830 178.532 168.480 96.675 68.809 59.909 61.868 74.908 127.047 87.435 145.508 6
153.646 153.485 209.126 190.776 92.039 74.414 59.841 59.342 54.820 94.874 134.093 162.295 7
148.535 157.774 159.997 84.471 114.228 59.284 78.247 52.186 64.258 142.504 62.172 88.050 8
132.161 107.776 137.420 128.083 100.326 91.749 62.568 65.289 77.728 130.698 92.348 105.986 9
130.621 121.335 111.137 81.440 107.428 84.891 54.274 69.717 90.840 117.835 124.198 122.575 10
128.915 93.056 145.567 167.034 86.959 57.455 51.004 57.497 60.168 77.002 121.564 83.939 11
126.978 142.547 265.870 150.810 94.207 71.321 74.028 55.785 65.556 129.517 94.932 96.856 12
126.663 261.565 115.003 134.219 106.344 69.485 79.027 63.970 118.507 78.663 116.514 119.214 13
126.252 85.861 125.162 115.700 104.740 70.313 58.981 45.760 78.442 130.174 103.680 89.464 14
125.455 184.067 107.056 101.914 89.333 86.343 48.793 51.908 79.401 97.600 142.575 155.575 15
123.373 153.071 119.839 126.680 70.945 74.940 75.092 85.307 94.373 71.871 116.286 99.756 16
122.612 159.443 167.960 114.293 87.179 73.186 48.369 59.871 59.139 152.762 112.531 80.270 17
122.098 92.520 121.515 127.109 102.923 71.949 74.903 48.410 73.184 129.724 90.076 114.101 18
121.845 126.882 153.022 153.260 88.754 89.269 55.762 76.282 112.016 50.014 119.496 101.151 19
117.041 167.790 160.919 107.392 94.303 89.147 49.142 75.122 94.847 100.175 91.156 112.985 20
116.586 194.015 115.603 126.294 106.265 77.336 62.244 69.790 107.158 138.595 96.185 69.983 21
115.257 115.012 117.546 103.260 89.054 67.619 56.823 85.315 95.117 115.223 116.748 117.553 22
112.966 138.247 266.921 148.525 89.057 79.530 66.214 67.537 93.896 144.212 97.879 129.813 23
110.058 122.643 124.867 154.759 94.247 74.645 71.102 67.970 89.239 112.016 126.435 172.732 24
110.058 122.643 124.867 154.759 94.247 74.645 71.102 67.970 89.239 112.016 126.435 172.732 25
109.579 77.545 132.301 120.128 106.340 69.679 53.557 81.957 86.260 99.463 99.127 84.150 26
103.944 141.700 173.602 105.563 80.920 55.583 60.141 60.715 58.737 78.097 97.324 117.081 27
103.223 155.672 278.939 110.705 79.977 75.255 77.277 85.741 80.943 116.565 96.507 110.104 28
102.898 134.249 279.264 121.741 99.128 67.140 74.681 73.406 78.671 114.293 98.454 107.832 29
102.344 109.623 89.201 141.133 95.352 54.466 71.158 86.996 74.708 92.834 97.770 98.837 30
96.403 113.910 345.087 100.796 94.567 56.768 52.928 82.907 54.696 109.079 109.840 144.404 31
92.206 114.204 143.044 148.267 82.886 65.881 68.830 77.384 64.570 124.675 127.733 182.795 32
90.983 110.272 86.279 141.458 84.316 74.266 61.745 64.924 76.980 70.113 115.622 94.293 33
83.197 149.925 119.659 110.846 84.895 54.528 69.591 68.456 69.654 97.442 109.308 140.442 34
79.214 253.758 151.885 135.223 142.391 95.654 62.807 61.874 94.542 108.111 133.784 143.209 35
76.514 138.020 129.886 118.491 85.905 60.907 83.081 95.683 90.434 123.912 79.555 179.019 36
68.752 105.630 114.442 103.041 106.630 58.279 79.350 69.039 98.563 112.645 80.061 94.000 37

m P (%) ENE
1 2.63 176.77
2 5.26 165.24
3 7.89 157.33 BROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
4 10.53 156.59
5 13.16 156.53
200.00
6 15.79 155.69
7 18.42 153.65
180.00
8 21.05 148.53
CAUDAL (m3/S)

9 23.68 132.16 160.00


10 26.32 130.62 f(x) = - 0.8895657839x + 164.7087803101
R = 0.9500132183
11 28.95 128.92 140.00
12 31.58 126.98
13 34.21 126.66 120.00
14 36.84 126.25 Column D
15 39.47 125.46 100.00 Linear
(Column D)
16 42.11 123.37
17 44.74 122.61 80.00
18 47.37 122.10
19 50.00 121.84 60.00
20 52.63 117.04
21 55.26 116.59 40.00
22 57.89 115.26
23 60.53 112.97 20.00
24 63.16 110.06
0.00
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
60.00

40.00

20.00

25 65.79 110.06 0.00


0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
26 68.42 109.58
PROBABILIDAD (%)
27 71.05 103.94
28 73.68 103.22
29 76.32 102.90
30 78.95 102.34
31 81.58 96.40
32 84.21 92.21
33 86.84 90.98
34 89.47 83.20
35 92.11 79.21
36 94.74 76.51
37 97.37 68.75

m P (%) FEB
1 2.63 261.57
2 5.26 253.76
3 7.89 194.02
4 10.53 192.46
5 13.16 184.07
6 15.79 170.75 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDA
7 18.42 167.79
8 21.05 159.44 300.00
9 23.68 157.77
10 26.32 155.67
11 28.95 153.49

CAUDAL (m3/s)
250.00
12 31.58 153.07
13 34.21 149.92
14 36.84 142.55
15 39.47 141.70 200.00
f(x) = - 1.275996011x + 204.1534063956
16 42.11 138.25 R = 0.8302943399
17 44.74 138.02 Column D
18 47.37 135.83 Linear
150.00
(Column D)
19 50.00 134.84
20 52.63 134.25
21 55.26 131.35 100.00
22 57.89 126.88
23 60.53 123.62
24 63.16 122.64
50.00
25 65.79 122.64
26 68.42 121.33
27 71.05 115.01
28 73.68 114.20 0.00
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
29 76.32 113.91
PROBALIDAD (%)
30 78.95 110.27
31 81.58 109.62
32 84.21 107.78
33 86.84 105.63
34 89.47 93.06
35 92.11 92.52
36 94.74 85.86
37 97.37 77.55

m P (%) MAR
1 2.63 345.087
2 5.26 279.264
3 7.89 278.939
4 10.53 266.921
5 13.16 265.870
6 15.79 242.564
7 18.42 209.126
8 21.05 179.395
PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
9 23.68 178.786 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
10 26.32 178.532
11 28.95 173.602 400.000
12 31.58 167.960
13 34.21 160.919
14 36.84 159.997 350.000
15 39.47 153.022
16 42.11 151.885 300.000
17 44.74 145.567

CAUDAL
18 47.37 143.044
250.000
19 50.00 138.471 f(x) = - 1.8972910375x + 255.0797880673
20 52.63 137.420 R = 0.7916632905 Column D
21 55.26 132.301 Linear
200.000
(Column D)
22 57.89 129.886
23 60.53 125.162
150.000
24 63.16 124.867
25 65.79 124.867
26 68.42 121.515 100.000
27 71.05 119.839
28 73.68 119.659 50.000
29 76.32 117.546
30 78.95 117.228
31 81.58 115.603 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
32 84.21 115.003
PROBABILIDAD
33 86.84 114.442
34 89.47 111.137
35 92.11 107.056
36 94.74 89.201
37 97.37 86.279

m P (%) ABR
1 2.63 190.776
2 5.26 168.480
3 7.89 167.034
4 10.53 154.759
5 13.16 154.759
6 15.79 153.260
7 18.42 150.810
8 21.05 148.525
9 23.68 148.267 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
10 26.32 145.964
11 28.95 141.458 250.000
12 31.58 141.133
13 34.21 135.704
14 36.84 135.223
15 39.47 134.219 200.000
16 42.11 128.609
17 44.74 128.083
CAUDAL

18 47.37 127.109
f(x) = - 0.8370024891x + 169.2739336507
19 50.00 126.680 150.000 R = 0.9547500966
20 52.63 126.294 Column D
21 55.26 121.741 Linear
(Column D)
22 57.89 120.128
23 60.53 118.491 100.000
24 63.16 115.700
25 65.79 114.293
26 68.42 112.655
27 71.05 110.846 50.000
28 73.68 110.705
29 76.32 107.392
30 78.95 105.563
31 81.58 103.260 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
32 84.21 103.041
PROBABILIDAD
33 86.84 101.914
34 89.47 100.796
35 92.11 95.100
36 94.74 84.471
37 97.37 81.440

m P (%) MAY
1 2.63 142.391
2 5.26 124.458
3 7.89 114.228
4 10.53 112.270
5 13.16 107.428
6 15.79 107.235
7 18.42 106.630
8 21.05 106.344 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
9 23.68 106.340
10 26.32 106.265 160.000
11 28.95 104.740
12 31.58 102.923
13 34.21 101.234 140.000
14 36.84 100.326
15 39.47 99.128 120.000
16 42.11 96.675 f(x) = - 0.4529004295x + 119.2091305844

CAUDAL
17 44.74 95.352 R = 0.870602165
100.000
18 47.37 94.567
19 50.00 94.303 Column D
20 52.63 94.247 80.000 Linear
(Column D)
21 55.26 94.247
22 57.89 94.207
60.000
23 60.53 92.039
24 63.16 89.333
25 65.79 89.057 40.000
26 68.42 89.054
27 71.05 88.754 20.000
28 73.68 87.179
29 76.32 86.959
30 78.95 85.905 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
31 81.58 84.895
PROBABILIDAD
32 84.21 84.316
33 86.84 82.886
34 89.47 80.920
35 92.11 79.977
36 94.74 75.113
37 97.37 70.945

m P (%) JUN
1 2.63 95.654
2 5.26 94.077
3 7.89 91.749
4 10.53 89.269
5 13.16 89.147
6 15.79 86.343
7 18.42 84.891
8 21.05 83.518 PROBALIDAD VS CAUDAL
9 23.68 80.095
10 26.32 79.530 120.000
11 28.95 77.336
12 31.58 76.316
13 34.21 75.255
100.000
14 36.84 74.940
15 39.47 74.645
f(x) = - 0.3944225061x + 92.4975373298
16 42.11 74.645
CAUDAL

R = 0.9679270019
17 44.74 74.414 80.000
18 47.37 74.266
19 50.00 73.186 Column D
Linear
60.000
(Column D)
100.000

f(x) = - 0.3944225061x + 92.4975373298

CAUDAL
R = 0.9679270019
80.000

Column D
20 52.63 71.949 60.000 Linear
(Column D)
21 55.26 71.321
22 57.89 70.313
23 60.53 69.679 40.000
24 63.16 69.485
25 65.79 68.809
26 68.42 67.619
20.000
27 71.05 67.140
28 73.68 65.881
29 76.32 63.986
30 78.95 60.907 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
31 81.58 59.284
PROBALIDAD
32 84.21 58.279
33 86.84 57.455
34 89.47 56.768
35 92.11 55.583
36 94.74 54.528
37 97.37 54.466

m P (%) JUL
1 2.63 83.081
2 5.26 79.854
3 7.89 79.350
4 10.53 79.027
5 13.16 78.247 PROBALIDAD VS CAUDAL
6 15.79 77.277
7 18.42 76.301 90.000
8 21.05 75.092
9 23.68 74.903
80.000 f(x) = - 0.3534758883x + 83.3369335098
10 26.32 74.681 R = 0.9908555195
11 28.95 74.028
70.000
12 31.58 73.474
13 34.21 71.158

CAUDAL
14 36.84 71.102 60.000
15 39.47 71.102
16 42.11 69.591 50.000 Column D
17 44.74 68.830 Linear
(Column D)
18 47.37 67.096 40.000
19 50.00 66.214
20 52.63 62.807 30.000
21 55.26 62.568
22 57.89 62.244
20.000
23 60.53 61.745
24 63.16 60.240
10.000
25 65.79 60.141
26 68.42 59.909
27 71.05 59.841 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
28 73.68 58.981
PROBABILIDAD
29 76.32 56.823
30 78.95 55.762
31 81.58 54.274
32 84.21 53.557
33 86.84 52.928
34 89.47 51.004
35 92.11 49.142
36 94.74 48.793
37 97.37 48.369

m P (%) AGO
1 2.63 95.683
2 5.26 88.616
3 7.89 86.996
4 10.53 85.741 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL

120.000
PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
5 13.16 85.315
6 15.79 85.307 120.000
7 18.42 82.907
8 21.05 81.957
9 23.68 77.384
100.000
10 26.32 76.282
11 28.95 75.122
12 31.58 73.406 f(x) = - 0.414805042x + 89.3335294341

CAUDAL
13 34.21 69.790 80.000 R = 0.9581803812
14 36.84 69.717
15 39.47 69.182 Column D
16 42.11 69.039 Linear
60.000
(Column D)
17 44.74 68.456
18 47.37 67.970
19 50.00 67.970 40.000
20 52.63 67.537
21 55.26 66.716
22 57.89 65.289
20.000
23 60.53 64.924
24 63.16 63.970
25 65.79 61.874
26 68.42 61.868 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
27 71.05 60.715
PROBABILIDAD
28 73.68 60.565
29 76.32 59.871
30 78.95 59.342
31 81.58 57.497
32 84.21 56.895
33 86.84 55.785
34 89.47 52.186
35 92.11 51.908
36 94.74 48.410
37 97.37 45.760

m P (%) SEP
1 2.63 118.507
2 5.26 112.016
3 7.89 107.158
4 10.53 98.563 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
5 13.16 98.253
6 15.79 95.117 140.000
7 18.42 94.847
8 21.05 94.542
9 23.68 94.373 120.000
10 26.32 93.896
11 28.95 90.840
f(x) = - 0.5441881169x + 108.3302730113
12 31.58 90.434 100.000
CAUDAL

R = 0.9607038887
13 34.21 89.239
14 36.84 89.239
80.000
15 39.47 86.260 Column D
16 42.11 80.943 Linear
(Column D)
17 44.74 80.291
60.000
18 47.37 79.401
19 50.00 78.671
20 52.63 78.442 40.000
21 55.26 78.380
22 57.89 77.728
23 60.53 76.980 20.000
24 63.16 74.908
25 65.79 74.708
26 68.42 73.297 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
27 71.05 73.184
PROBABILIDAD
28 73.68 69.659
29 76.32 69.654
30 78.95 65.556
31 81.58 64.570
32 84.21 64.258
33 86.84 60.168
34 89.47 59.139
35 92.11 58.737
36 94.74 54.820
37 97.37 54.696

m P (%) OCT
1 2.63 152.762
2 5.26 144.212
3 7.89 143.822
4 10.53 142.504
5 13.16 138.595
6 15.79 132.727
7 18.42 130.698
8 21.05 130.174
9 23.68 129.724
10 26.32 129.517 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
11 28.95 127.589
12 31.58 127.047 180.000
13 34.21 124.675
14 36.84 123.912
160.000
15 39.47 117.835
16 42.11 116.565 f(x) = - 0.844665006x + 152.1892940094
140.000
17 44.74 115.223 R = 0.9614074922
18 47.37 114.293

CAUDAL
19 50.00 112.645 120.000
20 52.63 112.016
21 55.26 112.016 100.000 Column D
22 57.89 109.079 Linear
(Column D)
23 60.53 108.111 80.000
24 63.16 100.175
25 65.79 99.463 60.000
26 68.42 97.600
27 71.05 97.442
40.000
28 73.68 94.874
29 76.32 92.834
20.000
30 78.95 86.958
31 81.58 78.663
32 84.21 78.097 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
33 86.84 77.530
PROBABILIDAD
34 89.47 77.002
35 92.11 71.871
36 94.74 70.113
37 97.37 50.014

m P (%) NOV
1 2.63 142.575
2 5.26 134.093
3 7.89 133.784
4 10.53 127.733
5 13.16 126.435
6 15.79 126.435
7 18.42 124.198
8 21.05 121.564
9 23.68 119.496
10 26.32 116.748 PROBABI VS CAUDAL
11 28.95 116.514
12 31.58 116.286 160.000
13 34.21 115.622
14 36.84 112.531
15 39.47 109.840 140.000
f(x) = - 0.605741576x + 135.7832383869
R = 0.9514303956
120.000
PROBABI VS CAUDAL

160.000

140.000
16 42.11 109.308 f(x) = - 0.605741576x + 135.7832383869
17 44.74 107.442 R = 0.9514303956
120.000
18 47.37 105.213

CAUDAL
19 50.00 103.680
100.000
20 52.63 99.127
21 55.26 98.454 Column D
22 57.89 97.879 Linear
80.000
(Column D)
23 60.53 97.770
24 63.16 97.324
60.000
25 65.79 97.043
26 68.42 96.793
27 71.05 96.507 40.000
28 73.68 96.185
29 76.32 94.932 20.000
30 78.95 92.348
31 81.58 91.156
32 84.21 90.076 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
33 86.84 87.435
PROBABILIDAD
34 89.47 80.061
35 92.11 79.555
36 94.74 79.044
37 97.37 62.172

m P (%) DIC
1 2.63 182.795
2 5.26 179.019
3 7.89 172.732 PROBABILIDAD VS CAUDAL
4 10.53 172.732
5 13.16 162.295 200.000
6 15.79 155.575
7 18.42 145.508 180.000
8 21.05 144.404
9 23.68 143.209 160.000 f(x) = - 1.0942746283x + 170.1006790232
10 26.32 140.442 R = 0.9355843348
11 28.95 129.813

CAUDAL
140.000
12 31.58 122.575
13 34.21 119.214 120.000
14 36.84 117.553 Column D
15 39.47 117.081 Linear
100.000
(Column D)
16 42.11 114.101
17 44.74 112.985 80.000
18 47.37 110.104
19 50.00 109.109 60.000
20 52.63 107.832
21 55.26 105.986 40.000
22 57.89 101.151
23 60.53 99.756 20.000
24 63.16 98.837
25 65.79 98.701 0.000
0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00
26 68.42 96.856
PROBABILIDAD
27 71.05 96.142
28 73.68 94.293
29 76.32 94.000
30 78.95 89.464
31 81.58 88.050
32 84.21 84.150
33 86.84 83.939
34 89.47 80.270
35 92.11 75.287
36 94.74 69.983
37 97.37 53.376
ECUACIONES DE PERSISTENCIA

MES TIPO ECUACION A B R^2 DISP (95%)


(m3/s)
ENE LINEAL Q=A+B*P 164.710 -0.890 0.950 163.865
FER LINEAL Q=A+B*P 204.150 -1.276 0.830 202.938
MAR LINEAL Q=A+B*P 255.080 -1.897 0.792 253.278
ABR LINEAL Q=A+B*P 169.270 -0.837 0.955 168.475
MAY LINEAL Q=A+B*P 119.210 -0.453 0.871 118.780
JUN LINEAL Q=A+B*P 92.498 -0.394 0.968 92.123
JUL LINEAL Q=A+B*P 83.337 -0.354 0.991 83.001
AGO LINEAL Q=A+B*P 89.334 -0.415 0.958 88.940
SET LINEAL Q=A+B*P 108.330 -0.544 0.961 107.813
OCT LINEAL Q=A+B*P 152.190 -0.845 0.961 151.388
NOV LINEAL Q=A+B*P 135.780 -0.606 0.951 135.205
DIC LINEAL Q=A+B*P 170.100 -1.094 0.936 169.060

CAUDALES MENSUALES PROMEDIO AL 95% DE PROBALILIDAD DE OCURRENCIA

MES DISP (95%)


(m3/s)
ENE 163.86
FER 202.94
MAR 253.28
ABR 168.47
MAY 118.78
JUN 92.12
JUL 83.00
AGO 88.94
SET 107.81
OCT 151.39
NOV 135.20
DIC 169.06
Qtotal= 1734.86
Qpromedio= 144.57
PARAMETROS DE LA CUENCA DE TRABAJO

1.- AREA DE LA CUENCA


Comenzamos por delimitar la microcuenca siguiendo la lnea divisoria de las aguas.
Luego calculamos la equidistancia con la frmula:

(Cota superior - Cota inferior)


a =
6
Y el siguiente criterio:

Si 100 < a < 200 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 100 m.
Si 200 < a < 300 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 200 m.
Si a > 300 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 300 m.

a = 4100
-2695 = 234.2
6
Entonces para este caso tomaremos un aequidistancia de 200 m

COTAS m.s.n.m AREA PARCIAL (Km2)


2695 a 2700 A1 0.04
2700 a 2800 A2 6.42
2800 a 3000 A3 15.14
3000 a 3200 A4 22.01
3200 a 3400 A5 29.07
3400 a 3600 A6 47.46
3600 a 3800 A7 23.58
3800 a 4000 A8 4.46
4000 a 4100 A9 1.66
TOTAL AT 149.84

2.- PERIMETRO
El clculo se realiza mediante el curvmetro. Es recomendable tomar varias lecturas
y luego sacar el promedio. En este caso he utilizado el Auto CAD.

P= 59.17 Km

3.- LONGITUD DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL


Se refiere a la longitud del cauce con mayor nmero de orden.

L= 22302 m = 22.3 km

4.- FARTOR DE FORMA


Parmetro adimencional introducido por Horton que denota el efecto combinado de la
cuenca y la configuracin neta del drenaje.

A
F= F= 0.30
L^2

5.- INDICE DE COMPASIDAD


Mide el grado de circularidad y tiene gran influencia en el tiempo de equilibrio del area
colectora.

Kc = 0.2821 P A^(-1/2) Kc = 1.36


Si:
Kc < 1 Cuenca redondeada.
Kc > 2 Cuenca alargada.
1 < Kc < 2 Cuenca oval redondeada o oval alargada.
6.- ALTITUD MEDIA
n
1
Hm= HiAi
A i=1
COTA Hi (m.s.n.m) AREA Ai (km2) Hi *Ai
2700 0.04 108.00
2800 6.42 17976.00
3000 15.14 45420.00
3200 22.01 70432.00
3400 29.07 98838.00
3600 47.46 170856.00
3800 23.58 89604.00
4000 4.46 17840.00
4100 1.66 6806.00
TOTAL 149.84 517880.00

Hm = 3456 m.s.n.m

7- PENDIENTE DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL

L
S=
Li / ( Si )^( 1/2 )

COTAS m.s.n.m. Li (m) Si Li/(Si)^(1/2)


2695 a 2700 214 0.023368 1399.73
2700 a 2800 6483 0.015424 52201.88
2800 a 3000 4455 0.044898 21023.02
3000 a 3200 3315 0.060324 13498.85
3200 a 3400 3336 0.059957 13623.02
3400 a 3600 2411 0.082960 8369.97
3600 a 3800 1030 0.194179 2337.37
3800 a 4000 1059 0.188911 2435.82
TOTAL 22302 114889.66

PENDIENTE PROMEDIO 8.38%


PENDIENTE DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL 3.77%

8.- PENDIENTE DE LA CUENCA


Emplearemos el mtodo de Alvord; para lo cual necesitamos hallar la longitud de las
curvas de nivel Lc (suma de todas las curvas) y luego aplicar la siguiente frmula:

E* Lc Lc : Longitud total de curvas.


S=
A E : Equidistancia entre curvas
E = 0.2 Km

Long. Curva
COTAS
Km
2700 0.683
2800 10.55
3000 33.29
3200 40.002
3400 57.048
3600 45.562
3800 7.609
4000 6.644
TOTAL 201.388

Luego:
S= 0.27
9- TIEMPO DE CONCENTRACION
Es el tiempo que toma la partcula hidrulicamente ms lejana en viajar hasta el punto
emisor.
0.76
L
Tc = 0.3 * S^(1/4)

Donde:
C: ( 0.3 - 0.4 ), depende de la pendiente
L: Longitud del Cauce Principal (Km)
S: Pendiente del Cauce Principal.

Luego:
Tc = 5.92 horas
Tc = 355.27 minutos
CALCULO DE LA MAXIMA AVENIDA DE DISEO
INTENSIDADES MXIMAS (mm/hr)

ESTACIN : WEBERBAWER DEPARTAMENTO : CAJAMARCA


ALTITUD : 2536 msnm PROVINCIA : CAJAMARCA
LATITUD : 07 10 SUR LONGITUD : 78 30 W

m Ao 5 min. 10 min. 30 min. 60 min. 120 min.


1 1973 101.00 71.00 24.00 14.00 11.00
2 1974 73.00 58.00 34.00 18.00 19.00
3 1975 90.00 50.00 24.00 16.00 10.00
4 1976 68.00 63.00 37.00 19.00 9.00
5 1977 65.00 53.00 37.00 21.00 11.00
6 1978 26.00 24.00 21.00 12.00 6.00
7 1979 60.00 60.00 38.00 23.00 14.00
8 1980 73.02 61.00 33.80 21.08 9.28
9 1981 67.20 54.80 29.13 15.54 13.02
10 1982 88.29 75.15 37.20 23.10 13.27
11 1983 75.30 50.40 31.40 23.71 13.99
12 1984 112.80 71.80 27.60 15.63 9.80
13 1985 59.31 54.40 25.56 14.70 8.05
14 1986 84.60 65.40 30.11 15.60 8.23
15 1987 76.00 49.20 21.60 13.20 7.25
16 1988 70.40 52.80 23.00 13.79 7.85
17 1989 73.60 47.80 28.00 16.00 9.60
18 1990 111.60 75.00 37.94 23.00 12.00
19 1991 83.00 73.00 41.00 26.00 14.00
20 1992 56.00 39.00 19.00 10.00 5.00
21 1993 58.00 51.00 28.00 18.00 10.00
22 1994 91.49 64.18 36.22 19.04 12.91
23 1995 71.11 56.25 28.66 16.72 9.32
24 1996 81.30 60.21 22.44 17.88 11.12
25 1997 82.20 68.10 35.04 17.86 11.94
26 1998 92.00 66.34 40.60 27.10 13.50
27 1999 78.00 42.85 20.05 11.00 4.44

I.- TRANSPOSICION DE INTENSIDADES (mm/hr)

MICRO-
ALTITUD LATITUD LONGITUD ALT. MEDIA DEPARTAM. PROVINCIA
CUENCA
R. Mashcn 2695 07 03 S 78 38 W 3456.21997 Cajamarca Cajamarca

( H media )
I 2 = I 1
H1

Donde:
I2 : Intensidad de la micro cuenca
I1 : Intensidad de la est. Weberbawer
HMEDIA : De la micro cuenca
H1 : Altura de la est. Weberbawer
TABLA N 1: INTENSIDADES MAXIMAS TRANSPUESTAS A LA MICROCUENCA

m Ao 5 min. 10 min. 30 min. 60 min. 120 min.


1 1973 137.65 96.76 32.71 19.08 14.99
2 1974 99.49 79.05 46.34 24.53 25.89
3 1975 122.66 68.14 32.71 21.81 13.63
4 1976 92.67 85.86 50.43 25.89 12.27
5 1977 88.59 72.23 50.43 28.62 14.99
6 1978 35.43 32.71 28.62 16.35 8.18
7 1979 81.77 81.77 51.79 31.35 19.08
8 1980 99.52 83.13 46.06 28.73 12.65
9 1981 91.58 74.68 39.70 21.18 17.74
10 1982 120.33 102.42 50.70 31.48 18.09
11 1983 102.62 68.69 42.79 32.31 19.07
12 1984 153.73 97.85 37.62 21.30 13.36
13 1985 80.83 74.14 34.83 20.03 10.97
14 1986 115.30 89.13 41.04 21.26 11.22
15 1987 103.58 67.05 29.44 17.99 9.88
16 1988 95.95 71.96 31.35 18.79 10.70
17 1989 100.31 65.14 38.16 21.81 13.08
18 1990 152.10 102.21 51.71 31.35 16.35
19 1991 113.12 99.49 55.88 35.43 19.08
20 1992 76.32 53.15 25.89 13.63 6.81
21 1993 79.05 69.51 38.16 24.53 13.63
22 1994 124.69 87.47 49.36 25.95 17.59
23 1995 96.91 76.66 39.06 22.79 12.70
24 1996 110.80 82.06 30.58 24.37 15.16
25 1997 112.03 92.81 47.75 24.34 16.27
26 1998 125.38 90.41 55.33 36.93 18.40
27 1999 106.30 58.40 27.33 14.99 6.05
Prom. 104.40 78.63 40.95 24.33 14.36
Desv. Est. 24.46 16.15 9.23 6.09 4.36

II.- SELECION DEL MODELO MATEMATICO

II.1.- PARA EL MODELO MATEMTICO DE WEIBULL

PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE (SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV) : (T = 5 min)

x
( )

e
F( x )= e
Estimacin de los Parmetros:
Para N = 27

U= x u y
1 y
=
S
1 y
=
S
Donde:
X = Promedio de la intensidad para 5 min.
S = Desviacin Estndar de la intensidad para 5 min.

X = 104.40 y = 1.0998 uy = 0.53302


S = 24.46 = 22.24 u = 92.54

TABLA N 2: PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV PARA 5 min.

m I 5 min. P(X>X) Weibull 1- P(X>X) F(X < X) |P(X<x) - F(X < X)|
1 153.73 0.036 0.96 0.9382 0.026
2 152.10 0.071 0.93 0.9336 0.005
3 137.65 0.107 0.89 0.8767 0.016
4 125.38 0.143 0.86 0.7958 0.061
5 124.69 0.179 0.82 0.7901 0.031
6 122.66 0.214 0.79 0.7725 0.013
7 120.33 0.250 0.75 0.7508 0.001
8 115.30 0.286 0.71 0.6981 0.016
9 113.12 0.321 0.68 0.6727 0.006
10 112.03 0.357 0.64 0.6594 0.017
11 110.80 0.393 0.61 0.6441 0.037
12 106.30 0.429 0.57 0.5836 0.012
13 103.58 0.464 0.54 0.5440 0.008
14 102.62 0.500 0.50 0.5297 0.030
15 100.31 0.536 0.46 0.4940 0.030
16 99.52 0.571 0.43 0.4815 0.053
17 99.49 0.607 0.39 0.4811 0.088
18 96.91 0.643 0.36 0.4398 0.083
19 95.95 0.679 0.32 0.4240 0.103
20 92.67 0.714 0.29 0.3701 0.084
21 91.58 0.750 0.25 0.3521 0.102
22 88.59 0.786 0.21 0.3028 0.089
23 81.77 0.821 0.18 0.1973 0.019
24 80.83 0.857 0.14 0.1840 0.041
25 79.05 0.893 0.11 0.1597 0.053
26 76.32 0.929 0.07 0.1257 0.054
27 35.43 0.964 0.04 0.0000 0.036

0.103 = 0.103
POR LO TANTO:
Como t > 0 , entonces los datos se ajustan al modelo WEIBULL (Para t = 5 mins.)
Probabilidad

HISTOGRAMA (t = 5 min)
1.20

1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40
Proba
1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00 140.00 160.00 180.00
Intensidades(mm/hr)
Modelo Emprico - Weibull Modelo Terico

PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE (SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV) : (T = 10 min)

( x )
F( x )= e e
Estimacin de los parametros:
Para N = 27

U= x u y

1 y
=
S
Donde:
X = 78.63 y = 1.0998 uy = 0.53302
S = 16.15 = 14.68 u = 70.8

TABLA N 3: PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV PARA 10 min.

m I10 min. P(X>X) Weibull 1- P(X>X) F(X < X) |P(X<x) - F(X < X)|
1 102.42 0.036 0.96 0.8904 0.074
2 102.21 0.071 0.93 0.8890 0.040
3 99.49 0.107 0.89 0.8679 0.025
4 97.85 0.143 0.86 0.8535 0.004
5 96.76 0.179 0.82 0.8432 0.022
6 92.81 0.214 0.79 0.7999 0.014
7 90.41 0.250 0.75 0.7688 0.019
8 89.13 0.286 0.71 0.7506 0.036
9 87.47 0.321 0.68 0.7252 0.047
10 85.86 0.357 0.64 0.6987 0.056
11 83.13 0.393 0.61 0.6495 0.042
12 82.06 0.429 0.57 0.6285 0.057
13 81.77 0.464 0.54 0.6228 0.087
14 79.05 0.500 0.50 0.5654 0.065
15 76.66 0.536 0.46 0.5113 0.047
16 74.68 0.571 0.43 0.4642 0.036
17 74.14 0.607 0.39 0.4509 0.058
18 72.23 0.643 0.36 0.4037 0.047
19 71.96 0.679 0.32 0.3969 0.075
20 69.51 0.714 0.29 0.3355 0.050
21 68.69 0.750 0.25 0.3151 0.065
22 68.14 0.786 0.21 0.3017 0.087
23 67.05 0.821 0.18 0.2751 0.096
24 65.14 0.857 0.14 0.2299 0.087
25 58.40 0.893 0.11 0.0975 0.010
26 53.15 0.929 0.07 0.0359 0.036
27 32.71 0.964 0.04 0.0000 0.036

0.096 = 0.096
POR LO TANTO:
Como t > 0 los datos se ajustan al modelo WEIBULL (Para t = 10 mins.)
Probabilidad

HISTOGRAMA (t = 10 min)
1.20

1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 90.00 100.00 110.00
Intensidades(mm/hr)
Modelo Emprico - Weiull Modelo Terico

PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE (SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV) : (T = 30 min)

( x )
F( x )= e e
Estimacin de los parametros:
Para N = 27

U= x u y

1 y
=
S
Donde:
X = 40.95 y = 1.0998 uy = 0.53302
S = 9.23 = 8.39 u = 36.48
TABLA N 4: PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV PARA 30 min.

m I30 min. P(X>X) Weibull 1- P(X>X) F(X < X) |P(X<x) - F(X < X)|
1 55.88 0.036 0.96 0.9057 0.059
2 55.33 0.071 0.93 0.8997 0.029
3 51.79 0.107 0.89 0.8511 0.042
4 51.71 0.143 0.86 0.8497 0.007
5 50.70 0.179 0.82 0.8322 0.011
6 50.43 0.214 0.79 0.8272 0.041
7 50.43 0.250 0.75 0.8272 0.077
8 49.36 0.286 0.71 0.8063 0.092
9 47.75 0.321 0.68 0.7704 0.092
10 46.34 0.357 0.64 0.7343 0.091
11 46.06 0.393 0.61 0.7268 0.120
12 42.79 0.429 0.57 0.6243 0.053
13 41.04 0.464 0.54 0.5593 0.024
14 39.70 0.500 0.50 0.5060 0.006
15 39.06 0.536 0.46 0.4794 0.015
16 38.16 0.571 0.43 0.4411 0.013
17 38.16 0.607 0.39 0.4411 0.048
18 37.62 0.643 0.36 0.4175 0.060
19 34.83 0.679 0.32 0.2962 0.025
20 32.71 0.714 0.29 0.2086 0.077
21 32.71 0.750 0.25 0.2086 0.041
22 31.35 0.786 0.21 0.1582 0.056
23 30.58 0.821 0.18 0.1327 0.046
24 29.44 0.857 0.14 0.0988 0.044
25 28.62 0.893 0.11 0.0779 0.029
26 27.33 0.929 0.07 0.0509 0.021
27 25.89 0.964 0.04 0.0293 0.006

0.120 = 0.12
POR LO TANTO:
Como t > 0 los datos se ajustan al modelo WEIBULL (Para t = 30 mins.)
Probabilidad

HISTOGRAMA (t = 30 min)
1.20

1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00
Intensidades(mm/hr)
Modelo Empirico - Weibull Modelo Terico
PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE (SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV) : (T = 60 min)

( x )
F( x )= e e
Estimacin de los parametros:
Para N = 27

U= x u y

1 y
=
S
Donde:
X = 24.33 y = 1.0998 uy = 0.53302
S = 6.09 = 5.54 u = 21.37

TABLA N 5: PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV PARA 60 min.

m I60 min. P(X>X) Weibull 1- P(X>X) F(X < X) |P(X<x) - F(X < X)|
1 36.93 0.036 0.96 0.9415 0.023
2 35.43 0.071 0.93 0.9241 0.005
3 32.31 0.107 0.89 0.8705 0.022
4 31.48 0.143 0.86 0.8511 0.006
5 31.35 0.179 0.82 0.8477 0.026
6 31.35 0.214 0.79 0.8477 0.062
7 28.73 0.250 0.75 0.7673 0.017
8 28.62 0.286 0.71 0.7632 0.049
9 25.95 0.321 0.68 0.6456 0.033
10 25.89 0.357 0.64 0.6428 0.000
11 24.53 0.393 0.61 0.5683 0.039
12 24.53 0.429 0.57 0.5683 0.003
13 24.37 0.464 0.54 0.5587 0.023
14 24.34 0.500 0.50 0.5571 0.057
15 22.79 0.536 0.46 0.4610 0.003
16 21.81 0.571 0.43 0.3968 0.032
17 21.81 0.607 0.39 0.3968 0.004
18 21.30 0.643 0.36 0.3633 0.006
19 21.26 0.679 0.32 0.3606 0.039
20 21.18 0.714 0.29 0.3552 0.069
21 20.03 0.750 0.25 0.2801 0.030
22 19.08 0.786 0.21 0.2205 0.006
23 18.79 0.821 0.18 0.2035 0.025
24 17.99 0.857 0.14 0.1587 0.016
25 16.35 0.893 0.11 0.0843 0.023
26 14.99 0.929 0.07 0.0423 0.029
27 13.63 0.964 0.04 0.0175 0.018
0.069 = 0.069

Por lo tanto como t > 0 los datos se ajustan al modelo WEIBULL (Para t = 60 mins.)

PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE (SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV)


(T = 120 min)

Estimacin de los parametros:


Para N = 27

Donde:
X = 14.36 y = 1.0998 uy = 0.53302
S = 4.36 = 3.962 u = 12.25

TABLA N 6: PRUEBA DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE SMIRNOV - KOLMOGOROV PARA 120 min.

m I120 min. P(X>X) Weibull 1- P(X>X) F(X < X) |P(X<x) - F(X < X)|
1 25.89 0.036 0.96 0.9686 0.004
2 19.08 0.071 0.93 0.8366 0.092
3 19.08 0.107 0.89 0.8366 0.056
4 19.07 0.143 0.86 0.8361 0.021
5 18.40 0.179 0.82 0.8091 0.012
6 18.09 0.214 0.79 0.7951 0.009
7 17.74 0.250 0.75 0.7789 0.029
8 17.59 0.286 0.71 0.7714 0.057
9 16.35 0.321 0.68 0.7012 0.023
10 16.27 0.357 0.64 0.6961 0.053
11 15.16 0.393 0.61 0.6186 0.011
12 14.99 0.429 0.57 0.6062 0.035
13 14.99 0.464 0.54 0.6062 0.070
14 13.63 0.500 0.50 0.4936 0.006
15 13.63 0.536 0.46 0.4936 0.029
16 13.36 0.571 0.43 0.4693 0.041
17 13.08 0.607 0.39 0.4447 0.052
18 12.70 0.643 0.36 0.4097 0.053
19 12.65 0.679 0.32 0.4047 0.083
20 12.27 0.714 0.29 0.3693 0.084
21 11.22 0.750 0.25 0.2731 0.023
22 10.97 0.786 0.21 0.2513 0.037
23 10.70 0.821 0.18 0.2278 0.049
24 9.88 0.857 0.14 0.1623 0.019
25 8.18 0.893 0.11 0.0611 0.046
26 6.81 0.929 0.07 0.0194 0.052
27 6.05 0.964 0.04 0.0084 0.027

0.092 = 0.092

Por lo tanto como t > 0 los datos se ajustan al modelo WEIBULL (Para t = 120 mins.)

CUADRO RESUMEN

Weibull (Dc mx) 0.103 0.096 0.120 0.069 0.092


Duracin de la Intensidad 5 10 30 60 120

Clculo del Do Critico

Do = 1.36 / ( N )^0.5 = 0.262

Del cuadro resumen anterior podemos ver que:

Como Dcmx < Do , entonces los datos se ajustan al modelo de Gumbel.


TABLA N 7: PARAMETROS PARA MODELO GUMBELL

5min 10min 30min 60min 120min


Parmetro
Max. Max. Max. Max. Max.
Promedio 104.40 78.63 40.95 24.33 14.36
Desv.est. 24.46 16.15 9.23 6.09 4.36
22.24 14.68 8.39 5.54 3.96
u 92.54 70.80 36.48 21.37 12.25

TABLA N 8: CALCULO PARA DE LAS INTENSIDADES PARA UN TIEMPO DE RETORNO DE 25 AOS

TR = 25
5min 10min 30min 60min 120min
Max. Max. Max. Max. Max.
148.700 107.870 57.666 35.360 22.255

TABLA N 9: GRAFICA INTENSIDAD - DURACION -TIEMPO DE RETORNO

Tiempo (Min.) Intensidades (m.m)


5 148.700
10 107.870
30 57.666
60 35.360
120 22.255

ECUACIN DE AJUSTE DE LA CURVA

Donde en funcin del tiempo y de la intensidad se tiene


Donde: Adems:
I = Intensidad A= 418.48
T = Tiempo (en este caso tiempo de concentracin) E= -0.6015

Reemplazando el tiempo de concentracin (en minutos) en la ecuacin:

tc = 2.4600 horas

tc = 147.60 minutos

Resolviendo la ecuacin:

I= 20.748 mm/h

USANDO EL METODO RACIONAL PARA EL CALCULO DEL CAUDAL

Donde: Q = Caudal (m/s)


C = Coeficienrte de escorrentia (adimensional)
I = Intensidad en (m/s)
A = area de la cuenca en (m)

DATOS PARA LA CUENCA DEL RO GRANDE

I= 20.7477 mm/h
A= 37.9410 Km
C= 0.490 Obtenido del anexo N 1.
I= 5.76E-06 m/s
A= 37941000 m

REEMPLAZANDO DATOS EN LA ECUACIN:

SE TIENE:

Q = 107.218 m/s
PARAMETROS DE LA CUENCA DE TRABAJO

1.- AREA DE LA CUENCA


Comenzamos por delimitar la microcuenca siguiendo la lnea divisoria de las aguas.
Luego calculamos la equidistancia con la frmula:

(Cota superior - Cota inferior)


a =
6
Y el siguiente criterio:
CONSIDERACIONESA TENER EN CUENTA
Si 100 < a < 200 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 100 m.
Si 200 < a < 300 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 200 m.
Si a > 300 las curvas de nivel se toman cada 300 m.

4100 - 2695
a= = 234
6
Entonces para este caso tomaremos un aequidistancia de 200 m

COTAS m.s.n.m AREA PARCIAL (Km2)


2695 a 2700 A1 0.04
2700 a 2800 A2 6.42
2800 a 3000 A3 15.14
3000 a 3200 A4 22.01
3200 a 3400 A5 29.07
3400 a 3600 A6 47.46
3600 a 3800 A7 23.58
3800 a 4000 A8 4.46
4000 a 4100 A9 1.66
TOTAL AT 149.84

2.- PERIMETRO
El clculo se realiza mediante el curvmetro. Es recomendable tomar varias lecturas
y luego sacar el promedio. En este caso he utilizado el Auto CAD.

P= 59.2 Km

3.- LONGITUD DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL


Se refiere a la longitud del cauce con mayor nmero de orden.

L= ### m = 22.3 km

4.- FARTOR DE FORMA


Parmetro adimencional introducido por Horton que denota el efecto combinado de la
cuenca y la configuracin neta del drenaje.
A
F= F= 0.30
L^2

5.- INDICE DE COMPASIDAD


Mide el grado de circularidad y tiene gran influencia en el tiempo de equilibrio del area
colectora.

Kc = 0.2821 P A^(-1/2) Kc = 1.36


Si:
Kc < 1 Cuenca redondeada.
Kc > 2 Cuenca alargada.
1 < Kc < 2 Cuenca oval redondeada o oval alargada.

6.- ALTITUD MEDIA


n
1
Hm= HiAi
A i=1
COTA Hi (m.s.n.m) AREA Ai (km2) Hi *Ai
2700 0.04 108.00
2800 6.42 17976.00
3000 15.14 45420.00
3200 22.01 70432.00
3400 29.07 98838.00
3600 47.46 170856.00
3800 23.58 89604.00
4000 4.46 17840.00
4100 1.66 6806.00
TOTAL 149.84 517880.00

Hm = 3456 m.s.n.m

7- PENDIENTE DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL

L
S=
Li / ( Si )^( 1/2 )

COTAS m.s.n.m. Li (m) Si Li/(Si)^(1/2)


2695 a 2700 214 0.023368 1399.73
2700 a 2800 6483 0.015424 52201.88
2800 a 3000 4455 0.044898 21023.02
3000 a 3200 3315 0.060324 13498.85
3200 a 3400 3336 0.059957 13623.02
3400 a 3600 2411 0.082960 8369.97
3600 a 3800 1030 0.194179 2337.37
3800 a 4000 1059 0.188911 2435.82
TOTAL ### 114889.66

PENDIENTE PROMEDIO 8.38%


PENDIENTE DEL CAUCE PRINCIPAL 3.77%

8.- PENDIENTE DE LA CUENCA


Emplearemos el mtodo de Alvord; para lo cual necesitamos hallar la longitud de las
curvas de nivel Lc (suma de todas las curvas) y luego aplicar la siguiente frmula:

E* Lc Lc : Longitud total de curvas.


S=
A E : Equidistancia entre curvas
E 0.2 Km

Long. Curva
COTAS
Km
2700 0.683
2800 10.55
3000 33.29
3200 40.002
3400 57.048
3600 45.562
3800 7.609
4000 6.644
TOTAL 201.388

Luego:
S= 0.27
9- TIEMPO DE CONCENTRACION
Es el tiempo que toma la partcula hidrulicamente ms lejana en viajar hasta el punto
emisor.
0.76
L
Tc = 0.3
* S^(1/4)

Donde:
C: ( 0.3 - 0.4 ), depende de la pendiente
L: Longitud del Cauce Principal (Km)
S: Pendiente del Cauce Principal.

Luego:
Tc = 5.92 horas
Tc = 355.27 minutos
e las aguas.

rias lecturas

mbinado de la
uilibrio del area
ngitud de las
e frmula:

hasta el punto