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1

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

Design/Commissioning

TipsforVariableSpeed

PumpingSystems

1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems
1 Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Design/Commissioning TipsforVariableSpeed PumpingSystems

2

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

DifferentialPressure

Transmitters

The main goal of the secondary chilled water system is to distribute the correct amount of water to satisfy the load. It must first accurately monitor the system for changes in load dynamics.

Secondly, it must respond to these load changes with the “correct” amount of flow.

Typically a differential pressure sensor is the device chosen for feedback in a building management system.

DifferentialPressureTransmitterTypes

Photo

Mfg.

ModelNo.

Accuracy

Differential

Pressure

Burst

Output

Name

Pressure

Range

Pressure

Taco DPS629 +/- 0.5% FS 0-25psid 50 psid 250 psi 4-20 mA | 0-10 VDC

Taco

DPS629

+/- 0.5% FS

0-25psid

50 psid

250 psi

4-20 mA | 0-10 VDC

Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi 4-20 mA |

Taco

DPS3100

+/- 0.075% FS

1-100psi

-14.5 to 2000 psi

10000 psi

4-20 mA | 0-10 VDC

mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi
mA | 0-10 VDC Taco DPS3100 +/- 0.075% FS 1-100psi -14.5 to 2000 psi 10000 psi

3

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

DifferentialPressure

TransmitterInstallation

NOTES:

• Material of construction as required by application.

• DP Transmitter may be wall mounted or pipe stand mounted.

• Orientation of DP XMTR and pipes has no effect on performance.

• Gauges can be rotated for best viewing.

DP XMTR Isolation Valve High Gauge DP XMTR Low Gauge DP XMTR Isolation Valve Supply
DP XMTR Isolation Valve
High Gauge
DP XMTR
Low Gauge
DP XMTR Isolation Valve
Supply
Upstream
Return
(High Side)
Manifold
Block Valve
Downstream
(Low Side)
Manifold
Block Valve

Tag: AHU-

HW

It

is critical that the design engineer

Tag: AHU-

HW

tell the installing contractor WHERE in the system they would like the sensors

Tag: AHU-

HW

Tag: AHU-

CW

installed. This is most easily done with

Tag: AHU-

CW

a

small schedule indicating which

Tag: AHU-

CW

terminal unit the engineer wants.

with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer
with Tag: AHU- CW a small schedule indicating which Tag: AHU- CW terminal unit the engineer

4

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

DifferentialPressure

TransmitterQuantity

Quantity:

Three sensors can provide a very accurate picture of system demand.

• One for the longest run

(Student dorm or remote part of East Campus)

• One for the dominant load

(New basketball arena in Central Campus)

• One for another zone

(Administrative office located in remote part of West Campus)

For buildings with a very asymmetric layout, other sensors may be added to monitor each zone.

TIP:

Provide three way valves or bypass at remote points of the system.

other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass
other sensors may be added to monitor each zone. TIP: Provide three way valves or bypass

5

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

DeterminingDifferential

PressureSetpoint

The sensor must keep enough pressure differential across the supply and return to “push” the design capacity flow through the coil and control valve.

3 psi (7’) PD 10’ PD DP
3 psi (7’) PD
10’ PD
DP

Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure drop at design conditions (17’)

(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure
(7’) PD 10’ PD DP Setpoint = Sum of coil pressure drop + control valve pressure

6

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

SensorPlacement

Whether the Dp sensor is located at the pump discharge or the end of the pipe loop with the highest head does not affect the ability of the pumps to move the design flow. However, it dramatically affects the amount of energy consumed by the pumps.

A ∆P sensor located near the pump discharge will save very little energy. The setpoint must be equal to the pressure drop through all the coils, control valves and connecting piping downstream of the sensor at design flow. This value is only slightly less than the pump’s design head. The shaded area represents the energy savings compared to constant speed pumps.

Pressure Area of Power Reduction TERMINAL UNIT Setpoint CONTROL 100% DIFF. PRESSURE VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS
Pressure
Area of Power
Reduction
TERMINAL
UNIT
Setpoint
CONTROL
100%
DIFF. PRESSURE
VALVE
TRANSMITTER
BYPASS
Motor
W/VALVE
Speed
Curves
PRIMARY
Speed

Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)

VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)
VALVE TRANSMITTER BYPASS Motor W/VALVE Speed Curves PRIMARY Speed Sensor Location 80’ setpoint (Across Pump)

7

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

A ∆P sensor located at the furthest most significant load will save the most energy. Its setpoint must be equal to the pressure drop through the single coil, control valve and connecting piping downstream of the sensor at design flow. This will be about 17’ like our example on the previous page. Again the shaded area is how much energy can be saved compared to constant speed pumps.

Pressure TERMINAL Area of Power Reduction UNIT CONTROL VALVE BYPASS W/VALVE PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint
Pressure
TERMINAL
Area of Power
Reduction
UNIT
CONTROL
VALVE
BYPASS
W/VALVE
PRIMARY
DIFF. PRESSURE
Setpoint
PUMP
TRANSMITTER
25%
Speed

Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)

PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)
PRIMARY DIFF. PRESSURE Setpoint PUMP TRANSMITTER 25% Speed Sensor Location with 17’ setpoint (Across Load)

8

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

MinimumAllowable

VFDSpeed

A good rule of thumb for 1750 RPM applications is that the minimum allowable VFD speed should be no less than 15Hz (25% max speed). The primary reasons are:

1. Protect the seal from premature failure

A minimum speed is required to overcome

the spring compression forces between the

stationary and rotating elements. Additionally,

it must overcome the difference in pressure

between the system fluid and atmosphere. There are speeds at which the seal spring (or large differential pressure) forces the two seal faces closed and forces out all of the fluid necessary for lubricating and cooling. Operating in this condition is equivalent to running the seal dry.

in this condition is equivalent to running the seal dry. A good rule of thumb for
A good rule of thumb for 1750 RPM applications is that the minimum allowable VFD
A good rule of thumb for 1750 RPM applications is that the minimum
allowable VFD speed should be no less than 15 Hz. Preferably 20 Hz.
The equivalent rule of thumb for 1150 RPM minimum VFD speed is 25Hz.
Process Fluid acts as
lubricant between faces
Pump Housing
Gland
Process Fluid
Primary Ring
Mating Ring
Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere
Housing Gland Process Fluid Primary Ring Mating Ring Invisible Leakage: Fluid evaporates upon reaching the atmosphere

9

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

2. Below 15hz (25% max speed) is unlikely to move water out of the mechanical room According to the pump affinity laws, flow is proportional to speed and head is proportional to speed squared. When you run a pump at ¼ speed or 15hz, you can only generate 1/16 of the pumps head.

i.e. 1/4 2 = 1/16 1/16 th of the head is unlikely to even move the water out of the mechanical room.

unlikely to even move the water out of the mechanical room. Energy reduction at 1/4 speed

Energy reduction at 1/4 speed = 1/4 3 or 1/64 of design HP. This is the realistic lower end of turn-down.

3. Specialty Pump Exceptions Some pumps such as vertical turbines require water to lubricate journals and bearings. Particularly vertical turbine pumps. The minimum speed must be set to move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are times that this will be above the hz.

move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are
move water up the height of the column and overcome any static head loss. There are

10

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

EstablishingMinimum

SystemFlow

The overall hydronic system and each of its major branches need a minimum amount of flow.

It is recommended to use a bypass with balancing valve or a three way valve at the end of each major zone for the following reasons:

• Prevents thermal stagnation.

• Increases the life of the pump by preventing dead-head or no-flow condition.

• Rule of thumb: Ensure there is at least 1/4 GPM per design HP to protect the pump at min speed.

at full speed Impeller at 1/4 speed
at full
speed
Impeller at
1/4 speed

Impeller

Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head on a full speed situation.

Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head
Impeller Note: More flow will be required if you are trying to protect against dead head

11

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

Designtipsfor

flowmeters

Drives Design/Commissioning Tips Designtipsfor flowmeters Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of

Use a Flow Meter for:

• Accurate Staging

• End of Curve Protection

• Shut Off Protection

• Best Efficiency Control

Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off
Use a Flow Meter for: • Accurate Staging • End of Curve Protection • Shut Off

12

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

Pumpstagingwithflow

• Here we show 2 pump parallel operation.

• Note the pumps are selected to allow the single pump curve to intersect the system curve.

• If the system flow increases beyond the single pump intersection point(a), the system will see a drop below the system setpoint and initiate the lag pump start.

Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP Lag Pump
Design System Head Curve
Design Point
One Pump
Two Pump
A
Control DP
Lag Pump Reject Zone
HEAD

GPM

lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP
lag pump start. Design System Head Curve Design Point One Pump Two Pump A Control DP

13

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

LiquidFlowSensor

InstallationDetail

NOTES:

• Refer to instruction manual for mechanical installation details.

• Orientation (Horizontally preferred).

• Locate for use in full pipe (Make sure to eliminate air).

• “A” Upstream — 10 pipe dia. length of straight rin pipe with no restrictions, enlargements, valves, couplings or other intrusions.

Fair (Unacceptable if air is present)

Best

Fair (Unacceptable if fluid contains sediment)

• “B” Upstream — 5 pipe dia. length of straight rin pipe with no restrictions,
• “B” Upstream — 5 pipe dia. length of straight rin pipe
with no restrictions, enlargements, valves, couplings
or other intrusions.
Flow Sensor (Supplied)
Hot Tap (Supplied)
2” NPT Coupling
(By Field)
Nipple (Supplied)
Flow
A
B
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A
intrusions. Flow Sensor (Supplied) Hot Tap (Supplied) 2” NPT Coupling (By Field) Nipple (Supplied) Flow A

14

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

CommonProblems

Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips CommonProblems Most systems are set up with the following problems: •

Most systems are set up with the following problems:

• Incorrect pressure sensor installation

• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint

• Air not bled out of sensor

• Control loops detuned to handle all situations

• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned
• Incorrect pressure sensor setpoint • Air not bled out of sensor • Control loops detuned

15

Taco Variable Speed Drives Design/Commissioning Tips

DifferentialTemperature

• Delta-T lends itself to even more cost effective variable speed pumping.

• The issues associate with placement and of Delta-T sensors is replaced with ease and simplicity of thermistors.

• As the Delta-T falls below setpoint, the pumps would slow down. • As the Delta-T rises above setpoint, the pumps speed up.

• Remember that BTUH = GPM x ∆T x 500

pumps speed up. • Remember that BTUH = GPM x ∆T x 500 TemperatureSensor TRP1 Series

TemperatureSensor

• Remember that BTUH = GPM x ∆T x 500 TemperatureSensor TRP1 Series Sensor is a

TRP1 Series Sensor is a thermistor type 10K Ohms (Type III) sensor. The TRP1 Series is a stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire leads. Output: 10K Ohm @ 77˚F.

stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire
stainless steel bullet probe which is 1/4” in diameter and 1” long with a 24” wire

©Taco Catalog #300-28 Supersedes: 08/30/12

16

Effective Date: 10/11/12 Printed in USA

08/30/12 16 Effective Date: 10/11/12 Printed in USA Taco, Inc.,1160 Cranston Street, Cranston, RI 02920 /

Taco, Inc.,1160 Cranston Street, Cranston, RI 02920 / (401) 942-8000 / Fax (401) 942-2360 Taco (Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax (905) 564-9436

(Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax
(Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax

www.taco-hvac.com

(Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax
(Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax
(Canada) Ltd. 8450 Lawson Road, Unit #3, Milton, Ontario L9T 0J8 / (905) 564-9422 / Fax

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