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1.

How did Janssen's, Hooke's, and Leewenhoek's work contribute to the work
of the scientists that came after them?
Since glass was invented, the scientists were able to create the microscope.
If this was never invented, the scientists would never have been able to
discover cells.

2. How would our lives be different if we had never realized the existence of
microorganisms?

There would be no development antibiotics to diseases such as infection

3. Describe the concept of spontaneous generation. Why do you think it took


such a long time for people to accept that this idea was incorrect?

Because its dangerous and people arent very sure about this method and
its only a hypothesis.

4. How do you think the cell theory impacted later scientific discoveries?
Explain your answer.

The Cell Theory states:

- All living organisms are composed of cells. They may be unicellular or


multicellular.

- The cell is the basic unit of life.

- Cells arise from pre-existing cells. (They are not derived


from spontaneous generation.)

The modern version of the Cell Theory includes the ideas that:
- Energy flow occurs within cells.

- Heredity information (DNA) is passed on from cell to cell.

-All cells have the same basic chemical composition.

5. The microscope and numerous experiments lead to the rejection of


spontaneous generation. This idea had been accepted by most people,
including scientists, for over 200 years. How does this demonstrate the true
nature of science?

By doing this we can proof that science can change the future, because science
is about changing
6. Review Pasteur's experiment. Relate his experiment to the scientific method.
a. What was Pasteur's question?
Where do the microbes come from to cause broth to decay?

b. State a reasonable hypothesis based upon this question.


Microbes come from cells of organisms on dust particles in the air; not the air
itself.

c. What was the independent variable in Pasteur's experiment? What was the
dependent variable?
The dependent variable is the growth of microorganisms in the broth while the
independent variable is the design or shape of the flask (Straight, opened, s-
shaped/swan-shaped, or sealed).

d. What did Pasteur conclude from his experiment?


Samples in the straight necked flasks that would become contaminated with
growing microorganisms while the samples in the sealed flasks would remain
sterile. If spontaneous generation did occur upon exposure to air, Pasteur
hypothesized that microorganisms would be found in both the swan-neck flasks
and the straight-necked flasks, but not in the sealed flasks. Instead, Pasteur found
that microorganisms appeared in the straight necked flasks, but not in the sealed
flasks or the swan-necked flasks. So microbes come from the dust particles in the
air, not from the air itself.

7.Examine your timeline. How long did it take to develop the cell theory?
What does this imply about the formulation of a theory?

the first step it was founded when 1590 by zacharius Jansen. On 1674,
Leuwenhoek discover unicellular organism with help of his microscope and he
discover bacteria.
8. Why do we still consider the cell theory a theory? Explain your answer.

Because its a theory it can still be change or develop but in science the use
word of theory it a strong word or fact