TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION 2
2
2 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY 2
3 DATA 2
8 STABILITY CHECKS 15
9 REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION 16
1.1 SCOPE
The purpose of this calculation is to design the foundation of the centrifugal pump (6 HDX 24A).
Arya, S., O'Neil, M., & Pincus, G. (1981). Design of Structures and Foundations for
Vibrating Machines. Gulf Publishing Company.
Reinforcement
Yield Strength of steel fy = 410 N/mm2 (60000 psi)
unit weight of steel = 78.5 KN/m 3
3.2 Soil Data 3 of 17
Mz
Discharge
CL of
Z
Y
CL of Pump
hs
BB Ba Bs Hs
HB_AG
FGL
HB D
La X
LS Mx
LB
Therefore
Min. plinth length required = (2 xDmin)+La+Lm = (2 x 0.15 ) + (3.84+5) = 4.14 m
= ( 2 x Cmin ) + Ls+Lm = (2x0.075 ) + (4.5+5) = 4.65 m
Min. plinth length required = Max of the above = 4.65 m < 5.4 m
Hence O.K
Min. foundation depth = 0.60 + L/30 ( Where L is greater of length or width in meters )
= 0.780 m < 2 m
Hence O.K
Moment due to impact load (i.e.25% of pump weight acting laterally at shaft level)
4.4.2 Soil & Foundation parameters for Dynamic loads (From Geo tech report )
Damped Natural Frequencies shall be less than = 0.8 wm = 0.8 x 1800 = 1440 rpm
or more than = 1.2 wm = 1.2 x 1800 = 2160 rpm
Z Y
CL of Pump
C.G
C.G
HB D
origin X X
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origin X X
5.3 ECCENTRICITY OF CG OF FOUNDATION SYSTEM W.R.T. BASE BLOCK(check with limits in 4.4.3)
5.4 MASS MOMENTS OF INERTIA AND INERTIA RATIOS (Table 4.6 of Arya, Neil & Pincus)
mass
mass moment of inertia of Mass moment of inertia of
Elements mi individual elements abt its Distance between common C.G. & C.G. whole system about common
own axis of individual elements (m) CG
Ix = mi /12 xoi zoi yoi
*(Lyi2+Lzi2 Iy = mi /12 Iz = mi /12 Ix = mi* Iy = mi* Iz = mi*
kNsec /m
2
) *(Lxi2+Lzi2) *(Lxi2+Lyi2) xo  xi zo  zi yo  y i (yoi2+zoi2) (xoi2+zoi2) (xoi2+yoi2)
BFP 1.9    1.26 0.115 1.85 6.528 3.1 9.5
Motor 2.52    0.65 0.04 1.85 8.629 1.1 9.7
BP 0    2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Skid1 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Skid2 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
BFP_Mat 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Motor_Mat 56.27 43.562 142.035 135.986 0.01 0.01 0.15 1.272 0.0 1.3
Total 60.69 43.562 142.035 135.99 16.43 4.13 20.49
6.1 SPRING CONSTANTS (Table 4.1 & 4.2 of Arya, Neil & Pincus  Refer AppendixB)
Geometry
Mode of factors Equivalent radius r0 Embedment coefficients Spring Constant
Vibration
Fig4.1(Arya)
y Ky
= (BL/p) 0.5
= 1+0.6(1n)(h/r0) = (G/(1n)) by (B L)0.5 y
Vertical Y by = ### = (2.3x5.4/3.14)^0.5 = 1+0.6x(10.35)x(1.7/1.988) = 117877/(10.35)x2.262x
(Refer bz value (2.3x5.4)^0.5x1.334
in the Fig 4.1) = ### = 1.334 = 1928524 kN/m
x Kx
= (BL/p)0.5 = 1+0.55(2n)(h/r0) = 2(1+n)G bx(BL)0.5 x
Horizontal,
bx = ### = (2.3x5.4/3.14)^0.5 = 1+0.55x(20.35)x(1.7/1.988) = 2*(1+0.35)x117877x0.977x
X,Z
(2.3x5.4)^0.5x1.78
= ### = 1.78 = 1950600 kN/m
f Kf
= 1+1.2(1n)(h/r0)+0.2(2n)(h/ro) = (G/(1n)) bf (BL2)
3
= (BL3/3p)0.25
Rocking f bf = ### = (2.3x5.4^3/3x3.14)^0.25 = 1+1.2x(10.35)x(1.7/2.49)+ = 117877/(10.35)x0.635x
0.2x(20.35)x(1.7/2.49)^3 (2.3x5.4^2)x1.638
= ### = 1.638 = 12650821 kN/m/radian
y Ky
= 1+1.2(1n)(h/r0)+0.2(2n)(h/ro)
3
= (B3L/3p)0.25 = (G/(1n)) by (B2L) y
Pitching y by = ### = (2.3^3x5.4/3x3.14)^0.25 = 1+1.2x(10.35)x(1.7/1.625)+ = (117877/(10.35)x0.433x
(Refer for BB/LB 0.2x(20.35)x(1.7/1.625)^3 (2.3^2x5.4)x2.194
ratio in Fig 4.1) = ### = 2.194 = 4921411 kN/m/radian
2 Motor 7.41 1800 2.223 3.14 3.000 1.200 2.490 1.150 1.160
*Pump and motor locations assumed at L/4 & 3L/4 in Xdirection respectively.
6.2.1 Dynamic forces
Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Lateral Pitching Rocking (due to
No Description translation translation* translation translation) shaft ecentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M1 (kNm) M'kNm M2 kNm
1 Pump 1.677 0.000 1.677 3.295 2.118 0.193
2 Motor 2.223 0.000 2.223 4.201 1.438 0.089
Total transmitted force = 3.900 0.000 3.900 7.497 3.556 0.2818
* Longitudinal translation not considered since it is usually lesser than that of Lateral translation
6.3 CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT DAMPING RATIO (Tables 4.3 & 4.4 of Arya, Neil & Pincus)
Mode of
Mass (or Inertia) ratio Embedment factor Damping ratio D
Vibration
By ay Dy
= (1n) W / (4gr03) = (1+1.9(1n)(h/r0)) / (y)0.5 = 0.425 ay / (By)0.5
Vertical Y = (10.35)x595.33 / = (1+1.9x(10.35)(1.7/1.988))/(1.334)^0.5 = (0.425x1.78)/(0.653)^0.5
(4x18.87x1.988^3)
= 0.653 = 1.780 = 0.936
Bx a x Dx
= (78n) W / (32(1n) gr03) = (1+1.9(2n)(h/r0)) / (x)0.5 = 0.288 ax / (Bx)0.5
Horizontal,
= (78x0.35)x595.33 / = (1+1.9x(20.35)x(1.7/1.988))/(1.78)^0.5 = (0.288x2.759)/(0.811)^0.5
X,Z
(32x(10.35)x18.87x1.988^3)
= 0.811 = 2.759 = 0.882
B af Df
f
= (1+0.7(1n)(h/r0)+0.6(2n)(h/ro) ))/(f)
3 0.5
= 3(1n) If /(8 rr05) = 0.15 af / ((1+nfBf) (nfBf)0.5)
Rocking f = (3x(10.35)x140.254) / = (1+0.7x(10.35)x(1.7/2.49)+ = (0.15x1.27/((1+1.6x0.186)x
(8x(18.87/9.81)x2.49^5) 0.6x(20.35)x(1.7/2.49)^3)/(1.638)^0.5 (1.6x0.186)^0.5)
= 0.186 nf = ### ** = 1.270 = 0.269
By ay Dy
= (1+0.7(1n)(h/r0)+0.6(2n)(h/ro) ))/(y)
3 0.5
= 3(1n) Iy /(8 rr05) = 0.15 ay / ((1+nyBy) (nyBy)0.5)
Pitching y = (3*(10.35)x236.735) / = (1+0.7x(10.35)x(1.7/1.625)+ = (0.15x1.762/((1+1.122x2.65)x
8x(18.87/9.81)x1.625^5) 0.6x(20.35)x(1.7/1.625)^3)/(2.194)^0.5 (1.122x2.65)^0.5)
= 2.65 n y = ### ** = 1.762 = 0.039
** Values for nf, ny for various values of Bf , By (Table 4.5 of Arya, Neil & Pincus, reproduced below)
(Since the machine will operate at constant speed, formulae associated with sinusoidal force of constant amplitude are
used in the dynamic analysis)
Mode of Frequency Transmitted Displacement
Magnification factor, M Transmissiblity factor, Tr
Vibration ratio, r force/moment response, Ax
wm / wn 1/((1r2)2+(2Dr)2)0.5 (1+(2Dr)2)0.5 / [(1r2)2+(2Dr)2]0.5 Ftr = TrFo M(Fo/K)
Vertical,Y 1.058 0.940 1.368 5.334 kN 2 Micron
Horizontal,X 1.051 2.306 2.502 0.000 kN 0 Micron
Horizontal,Z 1.051 2.306 2.502 9.758 kN 5 Micron
Rocking,f 0.628 1.616 1.628 12.666 kNm 0.00 radians
Pitching,y 1.307 1.391 1.401 4.983 kNm 0.00 radians
Rotor Position Load Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Rocking (Due to shaft Pitching
Case Translation Translation Translation Translation Force) eccentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M' (kNm) M2 (kNm) M1 (kNm)
In Phase 1 3.900   7.497  
In Phase 2   3.900  0.281775 3.556
Out of Phase 3 0.546   1.010  
Out of Phase 4   0.546  0.06279 0.680
Rotor Position Load Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Rocking (Due to shaft Pitching
Case Translation Translation Translation Translation Force) eccentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M' (kNm) M2 (kNm) M1 (kNm)
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7.2 SUMMARY OF FREQUENCIES FOR VARIOUS 'G' VALUES WITH CHECK FOR FREQUENCY RANGE*
G Vertical,Y Horizontal,X Horizontal,Z Rocking,f Pitching, y
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7.3 SUMMARY OF AMPLITUDES FOR VARIOUS 'G' VALUES WITH CHECK FOR AMPLITUDE LIMIT
G Amplitude
Mode of Frequency Magnification Transmissiblity Transmitted Amplitude,
(Microns/rad Check
Vibration ratio, r factor, M factor, Tr force/moment Total
)
0.50G 1.727 0.380 0.759 2.960 2 2 microns SAFE
0.63G 1.538 0.486 0.892 3.479 2 2 microns SAFE
Vertical,Y 0.76G 1.401 0.588 1.013 3.949 2 2 microns SAFE
0.89G 1.294 0.685 1.121 4.371 2 2 microns SAFE
1.00G 1.221 0.760 1.199 4.677 2 2 microns SAFE
8 STABILITY CHECKS
The critical case for buoyancy check is, when the pump is under maintenance condition. So the self weight of
the block itself has to resist the buoyancy force.
Buoyancy Force Fb = 211.14 KN (Cl.4.2.2)
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Resisting Moment in Tran. Direction MRz = (718.21  211.14) x2.3 / 2 = 583.13 KNm
FOS against Overturning in Zaxis, FOSZ = 583.13 / 109.63 = 5.3 > 2
Hence O.K
Hence O.K
9 REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION:
As the foundation is designed as a block foundation, a minimum shrinkage reinforcement of 30kg/m 3 shall be
provided. (ACI 351.3R04 Cl 4.4)
Weight of reinf. required(footing) = 5.4 x 2.30 x 2.00 x 30 = 745.20 kg
Reinforcement provided :
Footing
Top 28 bars x ( 2.30 + 2.000 ) 2.47 = 297.39 kg
13 bars x ( 5.4 + 2.000 ) 2.47 = 237.61 kg
Bottom same as that in top = 535.00 kg
Sides (horz) 9 bars x 7.7 x 2.47 = 171.17 kg
17 of 17
SECTIONAL PLAN
18 of 17
F.G.L EL+100.000
Triaxial 8Nos of T12  600 c/c Triaxial 3Nos of T12  600 c/c
SECTIONAL ELEVATION
REINFORCEMENT ARRANGEMENT
19 of 17
Iz = mi*
(xoi2+yoi2)
9.5
9.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
20.49
Spring Constant
117877/(10.35)x2.262x
2*(1+0.35)x117877x0.977x
117877/(10.35)x0.635x
(117877/(10.35)x0.433x
1.160
Rocking (due to
shaft ecentricity)
M2 kNm
0.193
0.089
0.2818
Damping ratio D
24 of 17
Displacement
response, Ax
M(Fo/K)
2 Micron
0 Micron
5 Micron
0.00 radians
0.00 radians
Pitching
M1 (kNm)

3.556

0.680
Pitching
M1 (kNm)
25 of 17

4.983

0.953
Rotational Displacement
Due to My'
(Rad)

1.01E06

1.92E07
Amplitude Calculations
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
26 of 17
Check
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
27 of 17
Table 41 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Equivalent Spring Constants for Rigid Circular and Rectangular Footings
Figure 41 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Coefficients for Rectangular footings
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION
Figure 42 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Embedment coefficients for spring constants
Table 43  Ref. Suresh Arya, O'Neil & Pincus Equivalent Damping Ratio for Rigid Circular and Rectangular Footings
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION
Table 44 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Effect of Depth of Embedment on Damping Ratio
Table 49 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Typical values for Poisson's Ratio
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION
Table 14 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus  Freuquency & Amplitude calculations
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION