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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR BFP FOUNDATION


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION PAGE NO.

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION 2
2
2 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY 2

3 DATA 2

4 STATIC DESIGN OF PUMP FOUNDATION 3

5 ECCENTRICITY CHECKS & INERTIA CALCULATIONS 7

6 CALCULATION OF SPRING CONSTANTS & DAMPING RATIOS 10

7 CHECK FOR VARIOUS SHEAR MODULUS VALUES 13

8 STABILITY CHECKS 15

9 REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION 16

APPENDIX-A LOAD INPUT

APPENDIX-B EXTRACT FROM REFERENCES


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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR BFP FOUNDATION


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1.0 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

1.1 SCOPE

The purpose of this calculation is to design the foundation of the centrifugal pump (6 HDX 24A).

1.2 STANDARDS vendor drawing.

Flowserve Drawing NO 50015HE0673 Refer Appendix -A

Arya, S., O'Neil, M., & Pincus, G. (1981). Design of Structures and Foundations for
Vibrating Machines. Gulf Publishing Company.

ACI 351.3R-04 Foundations for dynamic equipment

DEP 34.00.01.30-GEN Standard design and engineering of onshore structures

DEP 34.11.00.12-GEN Geotechnical and foundation engineering onshore

2.0 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY:


The pump and motor are mounted on an common skid which is supported by a rectangular block
foundation resting on soil. The block foundation is designed for the pump and motor weight as per
vendor drawing.
3.0 DATA:

3.1 Material Data


Concrete
Design Compr. Strength F'c = 27.5 N/mm2 (4000 psi)
Unit weight of concrete gc = 24 kN/m 3

Unit weight of water gw = 10 kN/m3


Concrete cover for foundationsCc = 50 mm

Reinforcement
Yield Strength of steel fy = 410 N/mm2 (60000 psi)
unit weight of steel = 78.5 KN/m 3
3.2 Soil Data 3 of 17

Unit weight of soil gs = 18.87 KN/m3 (From Geo tech report )


Coefficient of friction m = 0.35
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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4.0 STATIC DESIGN OF PUMP FOUNDATION


4.1. DESIGN DATA
4.1.1 Block Dimensions:

Length in X-direction LB = 5.4 m


Length in Z-direction BB = 2.3 m
Height of the Block Above FGL HB_AG = 0.3 m
Depth of Foundation from FGL D = 1.70 m
Total Height of Block HB = 2.00 m
Length in Z-direction(Motor/BP Area) Bm = 2.30 m
4.1.2 Pump Data:

Length of the skid in X-direction LS = 4.50 m


Width of the skid in Z-direction BS = 2.00 m
Ht.of the skid in Y-direction HS = 0.25 m
No. of anchor bolts = 12
Anchor Bolts Dia = 42
C/c distance bet. far end bolts along length,L a = 3.84 m
C/C distance bet. far end bolts along width,B a = 1.64 m
Height of shaft from u/s of skid hS = 0.95 m
Depth of grouting considered = 0.05 m

Mz
Discharge
CL of

Z
Y
CL of Pump

hs
BB Ba Bs Hs

HB_AG
FGL
HB D

La X
LS Mx
LB

PLAN VIEW SECTION VIEW

4.1.3 Motor & BFBP Data:


Length of the skid in X-direction Lm = 5.00 m
Width of the skid in Z-direction Bm = 2.00 m
Ht.of the block in Y-direction Hmb = 0.25 m
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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4.1.4 Unit Weights:


Unit weight of concrete nc = 24 kN/m
Unit weight of Water nw = 10 kN/m
Unit weight of soil gs = 18.87 kN/m
Co-eff of friction bet. Soil & Concrete = 0.35
4.1.5 Stability Limits:
Finished Ground Level Elevation = 100.0 m
Allowable Soil Bearing Pressure at Elevation 98.3 m = 100 kN/m
(Note: Bottom of lean concrete El. is 98.3 m.)
Depth from finished ground to bottom of the foundation, d = 1.70 m
Required depth of lean concrete, t = 0.00 m
Allowable bearing pressure at base of mat, = 100 kN/m
FOS against Sliding F Sliding = 1.5
FOS against Overturning FOT = 2
FOS against Buoyancy FBUO = 1.25

4.2 STATIC LOADS


4.2.1 Pump, Motor & BFBP Weight:
Pump Weight, Pp = 1900 kg = 18.64 kN
Pump rotor Weight, Ppr = 570 kg = 5.59 kN (if no vendor data, assume 30% of Pump wt)
Motor Weight, Pm = 2517 kg = 24.69 kN
Motor rotor Weight, Pmr = 755.1 kg = 7.41 kN (if no vendor data, assume 30% of motor wt)
Base Weight of BFP, Pb = 2520 kg = 24.72 kN
BP Weight Pbp = kg = 0.00 kN
BP rotor Weight Pbpr = 0 kg = 0.00 kN (if no vendor data, assume 30% of motor wt)
Base Weight of BP, Pbp = 0 kg = 0.00 kN
Other Po = 0 kg = 0.00 kN

Total weight of pump, WP=Pp+ Pm + Pb+Pbp+Pbp+Po = 68.05 kN

Weight of concrete fill inside the skid Wcf1 = 4.5x 2 x 0.25 x 24 = 54 KN


Wcf2 = 5x 2 x 0.25 x 24 = 60 KN

4.2.2 Buoyancy Force:


Buoyancy Force Fb = LB x BB x D x gw
= 5.4x2.3x1.7x10 = 211.14 KN

4.3 PRELIMINARY FOUNDATION CHECK:

4.3.1 Check for Plinth Size:


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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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Minimum bolt edge distance, Dmin = 150 mm = 0.15 m


Minimum edge of skid to concrete,Cmin = 75 mm = 0.075 m

Therefore
Min. plinth length required = (2 xDmin)+La+Lm = (2 x 0.15 ) + (3.84+5) = 4.14 m
= ( 2 x Cmin ) + Ls+Lm = (2x0.075 ) + (4.5+5) = 4.65 m
Min. plinth length required = Max of the above = 4.65 m < 5.4 m
Hence O.K

Min. plinth width required = ( 2 x Dmin ) + Wa = ( 2 x 0.15 ) + 1.64 = 1.94 m


= ( 2 x C min
) + B s = ( 2 x 0.075 ) + 2 = 2.15 m
Min. plinth width required = Max of the above = 2.15 m < 2.3 m
Hence O.K

4.3.2 Check for Foundation Depth:

Min. foundation depth = 0.60 + L/30 ( Where L is greater of length or width in meters )
= 0.780 m < 2 m
Hence O.K

4.3.3 Check for Foundation Weight:


Foundation weight should be greater than 3 times the total weight of the pump,
Machine or Pump total weight, WP = 68.05 kN
Foundation weight, Wf = (5.4 x 2.3 x 2 x 24 )
= 596.16 KN > 3 times the pump weight
Hence O.K
4.3.4 Preliminary Check for Bearnig pressure:

Total Vertical force FY = WP + Wcf1 +Wcf2+ Wf


= 68.05 + 54 + 60 + 596.16 = 718.21 KN

Total Vertical force with 50% impact load


= FY + 50% WP
Fyi = 718.21 + 0.5 x 68.05 = 752.24 KN

Moment due to impact load (i.e.25% of pump weight acting laterally at shaft level)

Total Mom in Long. Direction MX = Mx_I


at Bottom of base = 0.25 x 68.05 x (0.95 + 0.3 + 1.7 ) = 50.19 KNm
Total Mom in Tran. Direction Mz = Mz_I
at Bottom of base = 0.25 x 68.05 x (0.95 + 0.3 + 1.7 ) = 50.19 KNm

Maximum Base Pressure PMAX = P / A + MX / Z X


at founding depth below HPP
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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= (752.24 / (4.5 x 2.3 + 5 x 2.3 )) + (50.19 x 6 / (4.5 x 2.3^2 + 5 x 2.3^2 ))


= 40.42 KN/m2 < 80 KN/m2 (80% of allowable)
Hence O.K
PMAX = P / A + M Z
/ Z Z

= (752.24 / (4.5 x 2.3 + 2.3 x 5 )) + (50.19 x 6 / (2.3 x 4.5^2 + 2.3 x 5^2 ))


= 37.32 KN/m2 < 80 KN/m2
Hence O.K
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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4.4 DYNAMIC LOADS INPUT

4.4.1 Pump data:

Rotor Dynamic Dynamic forces from vendor data


Location No Description weight Speed force* Vertical Longitudinal Lateral Rocking Pitching
kN wm(rpm) kN Fy (kN) Fx (kN) Fz (kN) Tf (kNm) Ty (kNm)
1 Pump 5.59 1800 1.68 0 0 0 0 0
2 Motor 7.41 1800 2.22 0 0 0 0 0
3 BP 0.00 0 0.00 0 0 0 0 0
* Dynamic force (kN) = (Rotor weight )x(Rotor speed,r.p.,m) / 6000
ACI 351.3R-04 eq. 3.7 Cl. 3.2.2.1d

4.4.2 Soil & Foundation parameters for Dynamic loads (From Geo tech report )

Dynamic Shear Modulus( Gdyn ) = 117877 KN/m2


Poisson ratio,n = 0.35
Soil internal damping ratio (Dy) = 0.02

4.4.3 Alloawable limits for design

Allowable eccentricity of C.G.in X-direction,x = 5% of LB = 0.05 x 5.4 = 0.27 m


Allowable eccentricity of C.G.in Z-direction,z = 5% of BB = 0.05 x 2.3 = 0.115 m
C.G.in Y-direction,y = Below TOC = 2 = 2 m

Damped Natural Frequencies shall be less than = 0.8 wm = 0.8 x 1800 = 1440 rpm
or more than = 1.2 wm = 1.2 x 1800 = 2160 rpm

Allowable peak-to-peak amplitude = 16 microns Fig 3.7

Range of shear modulus (G) values to consider = 0.5 to 1

5 ECCENTRICITY CHECK & INERTIA CALCULATIONS


(Eccentricity of C.G. of machine+foundation system to be checked in all 3 directions w.r.t. C.G of foundation)

Z Y

CL of Pump

C.G

C.G
HB D

origin X X
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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origin X X

5.1 COMPUTATION OF CG OF BASE BLOCK

Area Coordinates of CG Static moment of


Elements Dimensions(m) (m2) of elements area
Lxi Lzi Lyi* Ai xi(m) zi(m) yi(m) Ai*Xi Ai*Zi Ai*Yi
Pump - - - 1.23 1.28 3.00 - - -
Motor - - - 3.14 1.20 3.00 - - -
BP - - - - - -
Skid1
Skid2
Mat_BFP
Motor/pump 5.00 2.30 2 11.5 2.50 1.15 1.00 28.8 13.2 11.5
Total 11.50 6.86 3.63 7.00 28.8 13.2 11.5
* Concrete fill in skid and grout thickness included in height of block for CG Calculation

C.G. of Foundation ,x dir-, X = AiXi/Ai = 28.75 / 11.5 = 2.500 m


C.G. of Foundation ,z dir-, Z = AiZi/Ai = 13.225 / 11.5 = 1.150 m
C.G. of Foundation ,y dir-, Y = AiYi/Ai = 11.5 / 11.5 = 1.000 m

5.2 COMPUTATION OF CG OF MACHINE & FOUNDATION BLOCK

Mass Coordinates of CG Static moment of


Elements Weight mi of elements mass (kNSec2)
Wi (kN) kNsec2/m xi zi yi mixi mizi miyi
BFP 18.64 1.9 1.23 1.28 3.00 2.33 2.42 5.70
Motor 24.69 2.52 3.14 1.20 3.00 7.91 3.02 7.56
BP 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00
Skid1 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00
Skid2 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00
Mat_BFP 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00
Mat_Motor 552 56.27 2.50 1.15 1.00 141 64.71 56.27
Total 595.33 60.69 6.86 3.63 7.00 151 70 70

Combined C.G. in X direction,xo= Smi.xi/Smi = 150.91154/60.69 = 2.49 m


Combined C.G. in Z direction,zo = Smi.zi/Smi = 70.157/60.69 = 1.16 m
Combined C.G. in Y direction,yo = Smi.yi/Smi = 69.53/60.69 = 1.15 m

5.3 ECCENTRICITY OF CG OF FOUNDATION SYSTEM W.R.T. BASE BLOCK(check with limits in 4.4.3)

Eccentricity in X direction (x-x0) = 2.5 - 2.49


= 0.01 m < 0.27 m Hence OK
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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Eccentricity in Z direction (z-z0) = 1.15 - 1.16


= -0.01 m < 0.115 m Hence OK

in Y direction, y0 = 1.15 < 2 m Hence OK

5.4 MASS MOMENTS OF INERTIA AND INERTIA RATIOS (Table 4.6 of Arya, Neil & Pincus)

mass
mass moment of inertia of Mass moment of inertia of
Elements mi individual elements abt its Distance between common C.G. & C.G. whole system about common
own axis of individual elements (m) CG
Ix = mi /12 xoi zoi yoi
*(Lyi2+Lzi2 Iy = mi /12 Iz = mi /12 Ix = mi* Iy = mi* Iz = mi*
kNsec /m
2
) *(Lxi2+Lzi2) *(Lxi2+Lyi2) xo - xi zo - zi yo - y i (yoi2+zoi2) (xoi2+zoi2) (xoi2+yoi2)
BFP 1.9 - - - 1.26 -0.115 -1.85 6.528 3.1 9.5
Motor 2.52 - - - -0.65 -0.04 -1.85 8.629 1.1 9.7
BP 0 - - - 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Skid1 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Skid2 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
BFP_Mat 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.49 1.16 1.15 0.000 0.0 0.0
Motor_Mat 56.27 43.562 142.035 135.986 -0.01 0.01 0.15 1.272 0.0 1.3
Total 60.69 43.562 142.035 135.99 16.43 4.13 20.49

Mass Moment of Inertia of the whole


Mass Moment of Inertia of the whole system about
system about each axis passing through Ratio between moments of
each axis passing through the common C.G. &
the centroid of the base area & inertia
perpendicular to the plane of vibration
perpendicular to the plane of vibration

Iox = 1/12 x Smi(lyi2+lzi2)+Smi(yoi2+zoi2) Ix = Iox + m.yo2 gx = Iox/Ix


= 43.562 + 16.429 = 59.991 + 60.69 x 1.15^2 = 59.991 / 140.254
= 60.0 kN sec2-m = 140.3 kN sec2-m = 0.428

Ioz = 1/12 x Smi(lxi2+lyi2)+Smi(xoi2+yoi2) Iz = Ioz + m.yo2 gz = Ioz/Iz


= 135.986 + 20.486 = 156.472 + 60.69 x 1.15^2 = 156.472 / 236.735
= 156.5 kN sec2-m = 236.7 kN sec2-m = 0.661

Ioy = 1/12 x Smi(lxi2+lzi2)+Smi(xoi2+zoi2) Iy = Ioy


= 142.035 + 4.126 = 146.16 kN sec2-m
= 146.16 kN sec2-m

Mass moment of inertia effective against


rocking excitation , If = 140.25 kN sec2-m
Mass moment of inertia effective against pitching
excitation ,Iy = 236.74 kN sec2-m
Mass moment of inertia effective against cross
excitation ,It = 146.16 kN sec2-m
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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Effective Mass for translation (both Vertical and


Horizontal) excitation ,mc = 60.69 kN sec2/m

6 CALCULATION OF SPRING CONSTANTS & DAMPING RATIOS


Length in X-direction LB = 5.4 m
Average Width in Z-direction Bavg = 2.3 m
L/B Ratio LB / Bav = 5.4 / 2.3 = 2.35
B/L Ratio BB / L B = 2.3 / 5.4 = 0.43
depth of foundation embedment below grade, h = 1.70 m

6.1 SPRING CONSTANTS (Table 4.1 & 4.2 of Arya, Neil & Pincus - Refer Appendix-B)
Geometry
Mode of factors Equivalent radius r0 Embedment coefficients Spring Constant
Vibration
Fig4.1(Arya)
y Ky
= (BL/p) 0.5
= 1+0.6(1-n)(h/r0) = (G/(1-n)) by (B L)0.5 y
Vertical Y by = ### = (2.3x5.4/3.14)^0.5 = 1+0.6x(1-0.35)x(1.7/1.988) = 117877/(1-0.35)x2.262x
(Refer bz value (2.3x5.4)^0.5x1.334
in the Fig 4.1) = ### = 1.334 = 1928524 kN/m
x Kx
= (BL/p)0.5 = 1+0.55(2-n)(h/r0) = 2(1+n)G bx(BL)0.5 x
Horizontal,
bx = ### = (2.3x5.4/3.14)^0.5 = 1+0.55x(2-0.35)x(1.7/1.988) = 2*(1+0.35)x117877x0.977x
X,Z
(2.3x5.4)^0.5x1.78
= ### = 1.78 = 1950600 kN/m
f Kf
= 1+1.2(1-n)(h/r0)+0.2(2-n)(h/ro) = (G/(1-n)) bf (BL2)
3
= (BL3/3p)0.25
Rocking f bf = ### = (2.3x5.4^3/3x3.14)^0.25 = 1+1.2x(1-0.35)x(1.7/2.49)+ = 117877/(1-0.35)x0.635x
0.2x(2-0.35)x(1.7/2.49)^3 (2.3x5.4^2)x1.638
= ### = 1.638 = 12650821 kN/m/radian
y Ky
= 1+1.2(1-n)(h/r0)+0.2(2-n)(h/ro)
3
= (B3L/3p)0.25 = (G/(1-n)) by (B2L) y
Pitching y by = ### = (2.3^3x5.4/3x3.14)^0.25 = 1+1.2x(1-0.35)x(1.7/1.625)+ = (117877/(1-0.35)x0.433x
(Refer for BB/LB 0.2x(2-0.35)x(1.7/1.625)^3 (2.3^2x5.4)x2.194
ratio in Fig 4.1) = ### = 2.194 = 4921411 kN/m/radian

6.2.0 CALCULATION OF DYNAMIC FORCES (in the absence of vendor data)


Rotor Dynamic Point of Application at Combined C.G of machine
Location No Description weight Speed force Shaft Location* and foundation
kN wm(rpm) kN X(m) Y(m) Z(m) Xo (m) Yo (m) Zo(m)
1 Pump 5.59 1800 1.677 1.227 3.000 1.275 2.490 1.150 1.160
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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2 Motor 7.41 1800 2.223 3.14 3.000 1.200 2.490 1.150 1.160
*Pump and motor locations assumed at L/4 & 3L/4 in X-direction respectively.
6.2.1 Dynamic forces
Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Lateral Pitching Rocking (due to
No Description translation translation* translation translation) shaft ecentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M1 (kNm) M'-kNm M2 -kNm
1 Pump 1.677 0.000 1.677 3.295 2.118 0.193
2 Motor 2.223 0.000 2.223 4.201 1.438 0.089
Total transmitted force = 3.900 0.000 3.900 7.497 3.556 0.2818
* Longitudinal translation not considered since it is usually lesser than that of Lateral translation

6.3 CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT DAMPING RATIO (Tables 4.3 & 4.4 of Arya, Neil & Pincus)

Mode of
Mass (or Inertia) ratio Embedment factor Damping ratio D
Vibration
By ay Dy
= (1-n) W / (4gr03) = (1+1.9(1-n)(h/r0)) / (y)0.5 = 0.425 ay / (By)0.5
Vertical Y = (1-0.35)x595.33 / = (1+1.9x(1-0.35)(1.7/1.988))/(1.334)^0.5 = (0.425x1.78)/(0.653)^0.5
(4x18.87x1.988^3)
= 0.653 = 1.780 = 0.936
Bx a x Dx
= (7-8n) W / (32(1-n) gr03) = (1+1.9(2-n)(h/r0)) / (x)0.5 = 0.288 ax / (Bx)0.5
Horizontal,
= (7-8x0.35)x595.33 / = (1+1.9x(2-0.35)x(1.7/1.988))/(1.78)^0.5 = (0.288x2.759)/(0.811)^0.5
X,Z
(32x(1-0.35)x18.87x1.988^3)
= 0.811 = 2.759 = 0.882
B af Df
f

= (1+0.7(1-n)(h/r0)+0.6(2-n)(h/ro) ))/(f)
3 0.5
= 3(1-n) If /(8 rr05) = 0.15 af / ((1+nfBf) (nfBf)0.5)
Rocking f = (3x(1-0.35)x140.254) / = (1+0.7x(1-0.35)x(1.7/2.49)+ = (0.15x1.27/((1+1.6x0.186)x
(8x(18.87/9.81)x2.49^5) 0.6x(2-0.35)x(1.7/2.49)^3)/(1.638)^0.5 (1.6x0.186)^0.5)
= 0.186 nf = ### ** = 1.270 = 0.269
By ay Dy
= (1+0.7(1-n)(h/r0)+0.6(2-n)(h/ro) ))/(y)
3 0.5
= 3(1-n) Iy /(8 rr05) = 0.15 ay / ((1+nyBy) (nyBy)0.5)
Pitching y = (3*(1-0.35)x236.735) / = (1+0.7x(1-0.35)x(1.7/1.625)+ = (0.15x1.762/((1+1.122x2.65)x
8x(18.87/9.81)x1.625^5) 0.6x(2-0.35)x(1.7/1.625)^3)/(2.194)^0.5 (1.122x2.65)^0.5)
= 2.65 n y = ### ** = 1.762 = 0.039
** Values for nf, ny for various values of Bf , By (Table 4.5 of Arya, Neil & Pincus, reproduced below)

Bf , By 5 3 2 1 0.8 0.5 0.2


nf, ny 1.08 1.11 1.143 1.219 1.251 1.378 1.6

6.3.1 SUMMARY OF DAMPING RATIOS


(Final D is 2/3 of Theoritical value + soil internal damping ratio or 0.7 whichever is lesser )
Mode of Soil internal Total Damping Ratio Max. Damping
Final Damping ratio
Vibration damping ratio = Concrete + Soil ratio
Vertical 0.02 2/3 x 0.936 + 0.02 = 0.644 0.70 Dy = 0.500
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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Horizontal 0.02 2/3 x 0.882 + 0.02 = 0.608 0.70 Dx = 0.200


Rocking 0.02 2/3 x 0.269 + 0.02 = 0.199 0.70 Df = 0.100
Pitching 0.02 2/3 x 0.039 + 0.02 = 0.046 0.70 Dy = 0.046

6.4 CALCULATION OF UNDAMPED NATURAL FREQUENCIES

Mode of Undamped Natural frequency, w n (rpm) Damped Natural frequency w mr


Vibration [ (60/2)x(K/m)0.5] [wn (1-D2)0.5] (rpm)
Vertical (60/(2x3.14))x(1928524/60.69)^0.5 = 1702 (1702x(1-0.5^2)^0.5 = 1474
Horizontal (60/(2x3.14))x(1950600/60.69)^0.5 = 1712 (1712x(1-0.2^2)^0.5 = 1677
Rocking (60/(2x3.14))x(12650821/140.254)^0.5 = 2868 (2868x(1-0.1^2)^0.5 = 2854
Pitching (60/(2x3.14))x(4921411/236.735)^0.5 = 1377 (1377x(1-0.046^2)^0.5 = 1376

6.5 CALCULATION OF FREQUENCY RATIO , MAGNIFICATION FACTOR , AMPLITUDE ,


TRANSMISSIBLITY FACTOR AND TRANSMITTED FORCE (Table 1.4 of Arya, Neil & Pincus, Ref.Appendix-B)

(Since the machine will operate at constant speed, formulae associated with sinusoidal force of constant amplitude are
used in the dynamic analysis)
Mode of Frequency Transmitted Displacement
Magnification factor, M Transmissiblity factor, Tr
Vibration ratio, r force/moment response, Ax
wm / wn 1/((1-r2)2+(2Dr)2)0.5 (1+(2Dr)2)0.5 / [(1-r2)2+(2Dr)2]0.5 Ftr = TrFo M(Fo/K)
Vertical,Y 1.058 0.940 1.368 5.334 kN 2 Micron
Horizontal,X 1.051 2.306 2.502 0.000 kN 0 Micron
Horizontal,Z 1.051 2.306 2.502 9.758 kN 5 Micron
Rocking,f 0.628 1.616 1.628 12.666 kNm 0.00 radians
Pitching,y 1.307 1.391 1.401 4.983 kNm 0.00 radians

6.6 FORCES & AMPLITUDES FOR VARIOUS ROTOR POSITIONS

6.6.1 Dynamic loads (Fo) - In-phase & 180 degrees out-of-phase

Rotor Position Load Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Rocking (Due to shaft Pitching
Case Translation Translation Translation Translation Force) eccentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M' (kNm) M2 (kNm) M1 (kNm)
In Phase 1 3.900 - - 7.497 - -
In Phase 2 - - 3.900 - 0.281775 3.556
Out of Phase 3 0.546 - - 1.010 - -
Out of Phase 4 - - 0.546 - -0.06279 0.680

6.6.2 Transmitted Force (Ftr) on Foundation due to various Rotor positions

Rotor Position Load Lateral Longitudinal Vertical Rocking (Due to Rocking (Due to shaft Pitching
Case Translation Translation Translation Translation Force) eccentricity)
Fz(kN) Fx(kN) Fy(kN) M' (kNm) M2 (kNm) M1 (kNm)
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In Phase 1 9.758 - - 12.207 - -


In Phase 2 - - 5.334 - 0.459 4.983
Out of Phase 3 1.366 - - 1.645 - -
Out of Phase 4 - - 0.747 - -0.102 0.953

6.6.3 Amplitudes (Ay)


(Maginfication factor M x Dynamic loads Fo / Spring constants K )
Translation Displacement Rotational Displacement
Rotor Position Load Due to Fz Due to Fx Due to Fy Due to Mf (Rad) 1
Due to Mf2 (Rad) Due to My'
Case ( micron ) ( micron ) ( micron ) (Rad)
In Phase 1 5 - - 9.57E-07 - -
In Phase 2 - - 2 - 3.60E-08 1.01E-06
Out of Phase 3 1 - - 1.29E-07 - -
Out of Phase 4 - - 0 - 0 1.92E-07

6.6.4 Total Amplitudes Calculation


(Maginfication factor M x Dynamic loads Fo / Spring constants K )
Mode of
Phase Amplitude Calculations
Vibration
Vertical Ky In phase AY+*BB/2+*LB/2 = 2+0E-06x5.4/2+1E-06x2.3/2 = 2 < 16 microns SAFE
Out of phase AY+*BB/2+*LB/2 = 0+0x5.4/2+0.2E-06x2.3/2 = 2E-07 < 16 microns SAFE
Horizontal Kx In phase AX+*(Y-Yo) = 0+1E-06x (3-1.15) = 2E-06 < 16 microns SAFE
Out of phase AX+*(Y-Yo) = 0+0.2E-06x (3-1.15) = 4E-07 < 16 microns SAFE
Horizontal Kz In phase Az+*(Y-Yo) = 5+1E-06x (3-1.15) = 5 < 16 microns SAFE
Out of phase Az+*(Y-Yo) = 1+0.1E-06x (3-1.15) = 1 < 16 microns SAFE

7.0 CHECK FOR VARIOUS SHEAR MODULUS VALUES

Shear Modulus values considered = 0.50G 0.63G 0.76G 0.89G 1.00G

7.1 SPRING CONSTANTS FOR VARIOUS G VALUES


G Vertical Ky Horizontal kx Translational kz Rocking K1 Pitching K1
KN/m KN/m KN/m kN/m/radian kN/m/radian
0.50G 964262 975300 975300 6325410 2460706
0.63G 1214970 1228878 1228878 7970017 3100489
0.76G 1465678 1482456 1482456 9614624 3740273
0.89G 1716386 1736034 1736034 11259230 4380056
1.00G 1928524 1950600 1950600 12650821 4921411

7.2 SUMMARY OF FREQUENCIES FOR VARIOUS 'G' VALUES WITH CHECK FOR FREQUENCY RANGE*
G Vertical,Y Horizontal,X Horizontal,Z Rocking,f Pitching, y
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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G
rpm Check rpm Check rpm Check rpm Check rpm Check
0.50G 1042 <20% ok 1186 <20% ok 1186 <20% ok 2018 - 973 <20% ok
0.63G 1170 <20% ok 1331 <20% ok 1331 <20% ok 2265 >20% ok 1092 <20% ok
0.76G 1285 <20% ok 1462 Not ok 1462 Not ok 2488 >20% ok 1199 <20% ok
0.89G 1391 <20% ok 1582 Not ok 1582 Not ok 2692 >20% ok 1298 <20% ok
1.00G 1474 - 1677 - 1677 - 2854 >20% ok 1375 <20% ok
* Frequencies are damped natural frequencies
** Here G is maximum value of G. For clays 88% of this value shall be used. (Ref: Page 66 AOP)

7.3 SUMMARY OF AMPLITUDES FOR VARIOUS 'G' VALUES WITH CHECK FOR AMPLITUDE LIMIT

G Amplitude
Mode of Frequency Magnification Transmissiblity Transmitted Amplitude,
(Microns/rad Check
Vibration ratio, r factor, M factor, Tr force/moment Total
)
0.50G 1.727 0.380 0.759 2.960 2 2 microns SAFE
0.63G 1.538 0.486 0.892 3.479 2 2 microns SAFE
Vertical,Y 0.76G 1.401 0.588 1.013 3.949 2 2 microns SAFE
0.89G 1.294 0.685 1.121 4.371 2 2 microns SAFE
1.00G 1.221 0.760 1.199 4.677 2 2 microns SAFE

0.50G 1.518 0.695 0.813 0.000 0 0 microns SAFE


0.63G 1.352 1.011 1.150 0.000 0 0 microns SAFE
Horizontal,X 0.76G 1.231 1.403 1.564 0.000 0 0 microns SAFE
0.89G 1.138 1.843 2.025 0.000 0 0 microns SAFE
1.00G 1.073 2.197 2.391 0.000 0 0 microns SAFE

0.50G 1.518 0.695 0.813 3.171 3 3 microns SAFE


0.63G 1.352 1.011 1.150 4.484 3 3 microns SAFE
Horizontal,Z 0.76G 1.231 1.403 1.564 6.099 4 4 microns SAFE
0.89G 1.138 1.843 2.025 7.899 4 4 microns SAFE
1.00G 1.073 2.197 2.391 9.326 4 4 microns SAFE

0.50G 0.892 3.687 3.745 29.129 4.53E-06


0.63G 0.795 2.495 2.526 19.649 2.44E-06
Rocking,f 0.76G 0.723 2.005 2.026 15.760 1.62E-06
0.89G 0.669 1.759 1.775 13.807 1.22E-06
1.00G 0.631 1.626 1.639 12.750 1.00E-06

0.50G 1.85 0.412 0.418 1.485 5.95E-07


0.63G 1.648 0.581 0.587 2.088 6.66E-07
Pitching,y 0.76G 1.501 0.793 0.801 2.848 7.54E-07
0.89G 1.387 1.072 1.081 3.845 8.71E-07
1.00G 1.309 1.382 1.392 4.950 9.99E-07
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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8 STABILITY CHECKS

8.1 SUMMARY OF TRANSMITTED FORCE /MOMENT


Transmitted
S.No Mode of Vibration Force/Moment
kN / kNm
1 Vertical Translation 4.677
2 Lateral Translation -Z 9.326
3 Rocking about X-axis 29.129
4 Pitching about Z-axis 4.950

8.1.1 Calculation of additional loads due to Transmitted force /moment

Total Horizontal load in Z-direction Thz = 9.326+29.129/(2+0.25+0.95+0.05)


= 18.29 kN
8.2 CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE:

Total Vertical force FY = 718.21 kN


Total Vertical force(with impact load) FYi = 752.24 kN
Total Mom in Tran. Direction Mx = Mz_I + Thz x distance b/w shaft & bottom of base
at Bottom of base = 50.19+18.29x(2+0.25+0.95+0.05) = 109.63 KNm

Maximum Base Pressure PMAX = P / A + MX / ZX


at founding depth below HPP = 752.24/(5.4x2.3)+109.63x6/(5.4x2.3^2)
= 83.594 KN/m2 > 80 KN/m2
Revise the size

8.3 CHECK FOR BUOYANCY:

The critical case for buoyancy check is, when the pump is under maintenance condition. So the self weight of
the block itself has to resist the buoyancy force.
Buoyancy Force Fb = 211.14 KN (Cl.4.2.2)
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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Resisting Force Fresist = LB x BB x (D+HB_AG) x gc


= 5.4x2.3x(1.7+0.3)x24 = 596.16 KN
FOS for Buoyancy Check = 596.16 / 211.14
= 2.82 > 1.25
Hence O.K

8.4 CHECK FOR OVERTURNING:

Considering water table at ground level, vertical force will be taken as F Y - Fb

Resisting Moment in Tran. Direction MRz = (718.21 - 211.14) x2.3 / 2 = 583.13 KN-m
FOS against Overturning in Z-axis, FOSZ = 583.13 / 109.63 = 5.3 > 2
Hence O.K

8.5 CHECK FOR SLIDING

Considering water table at ground level, vertical force will be taken as F Y - Fb

Frictional co-efficient m = = 0.35


Sliding Force along Z-axis FSz = Fz_I = 35.30 KN
Frictional Resistance FRr = m x (FY - Fb) = 0.35x(718.21-211.14) = 273.2 KN
Actual Factor of Safety against Sliding, FOS = 273.163 / 35.3025 = 7.74 > 1.5

Hence O.K

9 REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION:

Provide T 20 @ 200 c/c E/W Top and Bottom of Footing


Provide T 20 @ 200 c/c Sides of Footing
Provide T 12 @ 600 c/c Triaxial Vertical Only for blocks with depth more than 1.0 m
Provide T 12 @ 600 c/c Triaxial Horizontal

9.1 CHECK FOR WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT

As the foundation is designed as a block foundation, a minimum shrinkage reinforcement of 30kg/m 3 shall be
provided. (ACI 351.3R-04 Cl 4.4)
Weight of reinf. required(footing) = 5.4 x 2.30 x 2.00 x 30 = 745.20 kg
Reinforcement provided :
Footing
Top 28 bars x ( 2.30 + 2.000 ) 2.47 = 297.39 kg
13 bars x ( 5.4 + 2.000 ) 2.47 = 237.61 kg
Bottom same as that in top = 535.00 kg
Sides (horz) 9 bars x 7.7 x 2.47 = 171.17 kg
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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9 bars x 7.7 x 2.47 = 171.17 kg


Triaxial (Horz) 8 bars x 2.3 x 0.89 = 16.38 kg
3 bars x 5.4 x 0.89 = 14.42 kg
Triaxial (Ver) 16 bars x 2 x 0.89 = 28.48 kg
Total Reinforcement in Foundation = 1471.62 kg > 745.200 kg
Hence O.K

9.2 REINFORCEMENT SKETCH:

T20 - 200 c/c E/W Top and Bottom

SECTIONAL PLAN
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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


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T20 - 200 c/c T.O.G EL+100.300

F.G.L EL+100.000

Triaxial 16Nos of T12 - 600 c/c


B.O.F EL+98.300

Triaxial 8Nos of T12 - 600 c/c Triaxial 3Nos of T12 - 600 c/c
SECTIONAL ELEVATION

REINFORCEMENT ARRANGEMENT
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

Mass moment of inertia of


whole system about common
CG

Iz = mi*
(xoi2+yoi2)
9.5
9.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
20.49

Ratio between moments of


inertia
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

Spring Constant

117877/(1-0.35)x2.262x

2*(1+0.35)x117877x0.977x

117877/(1-0.35)x0.635x

(117877/(1-0.35)x0.433x

Combined C.G of machine


and foundation
Zo(m)
1.160
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

1.160

Rocking (due to
shaft ecentricity)
M2 -kNm
0.193
0.089
0.2818

Damping ratio D
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

Displacement
response, Ax
M(Fo/K)
2 Micron
0 Micron
5 Micron
0.00 radians
0.00 radians

Pitching

M1 (kNm)
-
3.556
-
0.680

Pitching

M1 (kNm)
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

-
4.983
-
0.953

Rotational Displacement
Due to My'
(Rad)
-
1.01E-06
-
1.92E-07

Amplitude Calculations

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by

Check

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
SAFE
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
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ALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION


Approved by
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by


ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by

Table 4-1 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Equivalent Spring Constants for Rigid Circular and Rectangular Footings

Figure 4-1 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Coefficients for Rectangular footings
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by

Figure 4-2 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Embedment coefficients for spring constants

Table 4-3 - Ref. Suresh Arya, O'Neil & Pincus -Equivalent Damping Ratio for Rigid Circular and Rectangular Footings
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by

Table 4-4 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Effect of Depth of Embedment on Damping Ratio

Table 4-5 - Ref. Suresh Arya, O'Neil & Pincus

Table 4-9 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Typical values for Poisson's Ratio
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

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ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by

Table 1-4 Ref. Suresh Arya , O'Neill & Pincus - Freuquency & Amplitude calculations
ANALYSIS & DESIGN CALCULATION FOR6 HDX 24A FOUNDATION

Designed by Checked by Approved by